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Asian Journal of Surgery

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28501387/surgical-treatment-of-isolated-zygomatic-fracture-outcome-comparison-between-titanium-plate-and-bioabsorbable-plate
#1
Chao-Ming Wu, Ying-An Chen, Han-Tsung Liao, Chih-Hao Chen, Chun-Hao Pan, Chien-Tzung Chen
BACKGROUND: Zygoma fracture is of clinical importance because malar prominence plays an essential role in facial appearance. Traditionally, most maxillofacial surgeons perform osteosynthesis with titanium plates and screws for rigid fixation. However, this procedure has certain disadvantages that include the possibility of implant exposure, palpability or loosening of the screws, painful irritation, temperature sensitization, and radiographic artifacts. In this study, we compared the function and satisfaction outcome between Bonamates(®) bioabsorbable implant and Leibinger titanium implant...
May 10, 2017: Asian Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28454667/optimal-extent-of-prophylactic-central-neck-dissection-for-papillary-thyroid-carcinoma-comparison-of-unilateral-versus-bilateral-central-neck-dissection
#2
Han Seok Yoo, Myung Chul Shin, Yong Bae Ji, Chang Myeon Song, Seung Hwan Lee, Kyung Tae
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to determine the optimal extent of prophylactic central neck dissection (pCND) in papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC). MATERIALS AND METHODS: We studied 384 patients with clinically node-negative unilateral PTC who had undergone total thyroidectomy with pCND. Of these, 169 patients underwent unilateral pCND, and 215, bilateral pCND. RESULTS: Age, sex, and TNM stage did not differ between the two groups. The rates of occult central lymph node metastasis were 34...
April 25, 2017: Asian Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28428006/the-relation-between-the-location-and-the-perforation-rate-of-lung-hydatid-cysts-in-children
#3
Omer Onal, Omer Faruk Demir
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVE: The pressure, size, and central or peripheral location of lung hydatid cysts are the most studied topics among the factors affecting perforation. The aim of this study is to investigate the relation between the location and the perforation rate of lung hydatid cysts in children. METHODS: 197 patients under the age of 16 years, who were operated between January 2000 and December 2016 due to pulmonary hydatid cysts, were evaluated retrospectively...
April 17, 2017: Asian Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28428005/older-age-impacts-on-survival-outcome-in-patients-receiving-curative-surgery-for-solid-cancer
#4
Chang-Hsien Lu, Shu-Hui Lee, Keng-Hao Liu, Yu-Shin Hung, Chao-Hui Wang, Yung-Chang Lin, Ta-Sen Yeh, Wen-Chi Chou
BACKGROUND: Given the global increase in aging populations and cancer incidence, understanding the influence of age on postoperative outcome after cancer surgery is imperative. This study aimed to evaluate the impact of age on survival outcome in solid cancer patients receiving curative surgery. METHODS: A total of 37,288 patients receiving curative surgeries for solid cancers between 2007 and 2012 at four affiliated Chang Gung Memorial Hospital were included in the study...
April 17, 2017: Asian Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28412038/surgical-treatment-of-postintubation-tracheal-stenosis-a-retrospective-22-patient-series-from-a-single-center
#5
Ahmet Ulusan, Maruf Sanli, Ahmet Feridun Isik, İlknur Aytekin Celik, Bulent Tuncozgur, Levent Elbeyli
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVE: We aimed to present cases of postintubation tracheal stenosis (PITS), all due to long-term intubation and treated surgically in a university hospital, and to discuss them in light of the literature. METHODS: In this retrospective study, 22 patients who were treated with tracheal resection and reconstruction due to PITS were included. Demographics, intubation characteristics, localization of stenosis, surgical technique and material, postoperative complications, and survival of patients were recorded...
April 12, 2017: Asian Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28410943/efficacy-of-single-stage-and-two-stage-fowler-stephens-laparoscopic-orchidopexy-in-the-treatment-of-intraabdominal-high-testis
#6
Chang-Yuan Wang, Yang Wang, Xiao-Hua Chen, Xiao-Yu Wei, Feng Chen, Min Zhong
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVE: To compare the curative effect of single-stage and two-stage Fowler-Stephens (F-S) laparoscopic orchidopexy for intraabdominal high testis and explore the appropriate surgical approach. METHODS: We performed a prospective analysis of the clinical data of 28 patients who underwent F-S laparoscopic orchidopexy for intraabdominal high testis in our department from May 2012 to April 2015, including 15 cases of the single-stage F-S operation and 13 cases of the two-stage F-S operation...
April 12, 2017: Asian Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28389063/a-novel-transperitoneal-abdominal-wall-nerve-block-for-postoperative-pain-in-laparoscopic-colorectal-surgery
#7
Jun Nagata, Jun Watanabe, Yusuke Sawatsubashi, Masaki Akiyama, Koichi Arase, Noritaka Minagawa, Takayuki Torigoe, Kotaro Hamada, Yoshifumi Nakayama, Keiji Hirata
BACKGROUND: Although the laparoscopic approach reduces pain associated with abdominal surgery, postoperative pain remains a problem. Ultrasound-guided rectus sheath block and transversus abdominis plane block have become increasingly popular means of providing analgesia for laparoscopic surgery. METHODS: Ninety patients were enrolled in this study. A laparoscopic puncture needle was inserted via the port, and levobupivacaine was injected into the correct plane through the peritoneum...
April 4, 2017: Asian Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28372933/factors-associated-with-recurrent-bacterial-empyema-thoracis
#8
Apichat Tantraworasin, Asara Thepbunchonchai, Sophon Siwachat, Chidchanok Ruengorn, Daowan Khunyotying, Andrew J Kaufman, Emanuela Taioli, Somcharoen Saeteng
BACKGROUND: Empyema thoracis (ET) is one of the common thoracic diseases frequently found in developing countries. In the past, only a few studies have analyzed recurrent ET, and none had clearly identified the prognostic factors for recurrence. The aim of this study is to identify the prognostic factors of recurrent ET in Northern Thailand. METHODS: A retrospective cohort study was conducted. All patients diagnosed with Stage II and III ET at Maharaj Nakorn Chiang Mai Hospital (a tertiary-care hospital in northern Thailand) between January 1, 2007 and November 31, 2012 were enrolled in this study...
March 31, 2017: Asian Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28372932/relationship-between-the-incidence-and-risk-factors-of-postoperative-nausea-and-vomiting-in-patients-with-intravenous-patient-controlled-analgesia
#9
Myung Sub Yi, Hyun Kang, Min Kyoung Kim, Geun-Joo Choi, Yong-Hee Park, Chong Wha Baek, Yong Hun Jung, Young Cheol Woo
OBJECTIVE: This study aims to evaluate retrospectively the electronic medical records of surgical patients who received intravenous patient-controlled analgesia, to identify potential relationships between the incidence and risk factors of postoperative nausea and vomiting (PONV). METHODS: Records of 6773 adult patients who received fentanyl-based intravenous patient-controlled analgesia after surgery at Chung-Ang University Hospital between January 1, 2010 and December 31, 2015 were reviewed...
March 31, 2017: Asian Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28366494/intertrochanteric-fracture-association-between-the-coronal-position-of-the-lag-screw-and-stress-distribution
#10
Changxiang Liang, Ruiping Peng, Nan Jiang, Guoping Xie, Lei Wang, Bin Yu
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: The best position of the lag screw in the femoral head for the fixation of intertrochanteric fracture is controversial. Traditional view suggests that it should be positioned in the central axis of the femoral neck with a tip-apex distance (TAD) of <25 mm, but the mechanical properties have not been reported yet. Herein, we aimed to investigate internal fixation with the lag screw placed in different positions on the femoral coronal plane by performing a finite element analysis and to identify a reasonable lag screw position after the internal stress distributions at the femoral head...
March 30, 2017: Asian Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28365200/postoperative-changes-in-neutrophil-to-lymphocyte-ratio-and-platelet%C3%A2-count-a-simple-prognostic-predictor%C3%A2-for-adult-to-adult-living-donor%C3%A2-liver%C3%A2-transplantation
#11
Hironori Hayashi, Hiroyuki Takamura, Yoshinao Ohbatake, Shinichi Nakanuma, Hidehiro Tajima, Sachio Fushida, Ichiro Onishi, Takashi Tani, Koichi Shimizu, Tetsuo Ohta
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVE: The neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) is a simple index that represents systemic inflammatory change. The number of platelets is also known to reflect both post-transplant graft regeneration and dysfunction. Thus, we aimed to investigate the usefulness of NLR and platelet number in predicting the clinical course after adult-to-adult living donor liver transplantation (AA-LDLT) in the acute postoperative period in recipients. METHODS: Between January 1999 and December 2013, 61 patients underwent their first AA-LDLT at our institute...
March 29, 2017: Asian Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28359676/transplantation-of-the-decellularized-tracheal-allograft-in-animal-model-rabbit
#12
Reza Ershadi, Mohamadbagher Rahim, Siavash Jahany, Siamak Rakei
BACKGROUND: It has been difficult to perform tracheal allotransplantation without immunosuppression. To determine whether decellularized trachea can be used in tracheal replacement, we evaluated the viability of decellularized tracheal allografts in a rabbit model of immunosuppressant-free transplantation. METHOD: Half allograft (Group 1, n = 7) was harvested from adult New Zealand white rabbits, subjected to a detergent-enzymatic method (containing sodium deoxycholate/DNase lavations) of decellularization for as many cycles as needed, and the other half was stored in phosphate-buffered saline at 4°C as a control (Group 2, n = 7)...
March 27, 2017: Asian Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28291565/significance-of-carcinoembryonic-antigen-mrna-in-peritoneal-lavage-determined-by-transcription-reverse-transcription-concerted-method-in-patients-with-low-rectal-cancer
#13
Koji Murono, Soichiro Ishihara, Kazushige Kawai, Manabu Kaneko, Kazuhito Sasaki, Kensuke Otani, Koji Yasuda, Takeshi Nishikawa, Toshiaki Tanaka, Tomomichi Kiyomatsu, Keisuke Hata, Hiroaki Nozawa, Yumiko Satoh, Makiko Kurihara, Yutaka Yatomi, Toshiaki Watanabe
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVE: Positive carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA) messenger RNA (mRNA) in peritoneal lavage is associated with poor prognosis in patients with colon cancer. However, there are no reports about rectal cancer. Therefore we aimed to evaluate the frequency of positive CEA mRNA in peritoneal lavage and the significance of CEA mRNA in patients with low rectal cancer. METHODS: A total of 55 patients with low rectal cancer who received curative surgical resection were enrolled...
March 11, 2017: Asian Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28286020/a-modified-technique-of-pancreaticogastrostomy-with-short-internal-stent-a-single-surgeon-s-experience
#14
Pei Yi Yap, Jung Shan Hwang, Jan Jin Bong
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVE: Postoperative pancreatic fistula (POPF) remains an important cause of morbidity and mortality after pancreaticoduodenectomy. Pancreaticogastrostomy (PG) as a reconstruction method after pancreaticoduodenectomy is a safe and optional surgical technique in decreasing the risk of POPF. In this study, a retrospective analysis was carried out to evaluate a new modification of PG technique that uses a two-layer anastomoses with an internal stent. METHODS: Forty-seven patients underwent this newly modified PG technique between February 2012 and August 2016...
March 10, 2017: Asian Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28286021/role-of-breast-magnetic-resonance-imaging-in-predicting-residual-lobular-carcinoma-in-situ-after-initial-excision
#15
Ryu Kyung Lee, Hye Jung Kim, Jeeyeon Lee
BACKGROUND: Breast magnetic resonance (MR) imaging is a useful screening modality in detecting suspicious lesions in patients with a history of lobular carcinoma in situ (LCIS). This study aimed to evaluate the effectiveness of breast MR imaging in detecting remnant LCIS lesions after initial excision. METHODS: Between 2011 and 2015, 29 patients with LCIS who underwent initial excision were enrolled. Breast ultrasonography and breast MR imaging was conducted after initial excision...
March 9, 2017: Asian Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28284749/can-the-timing-of-laparoscopic-cholecystectomy-after-biliary-pancreatitis-change-the-conversion-rate-to-open-surgery
#16
Fikret Aksoy, Gökhan Demiral, Özgür Ekinci
BACKGROUND: Biliary pancreatitis (BP) constitutes 30-55% of all cases of acute pancreatitis. Laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC) has become the gold standard for the surgical treatment of gallbladder disease. We aimed to compare and evaluate the relation between the timing of LC and the rates and reasons of conversion to open surgery (OS) after BP. METHODS: Data were collected of patients who presented for the first time with acute BP and underwent LC. The patients were divided into two groups: early cholecystectomy (Group 1), patients who underwent cholecystectomy during the first pancreatitis attack upon admission and before discharge from hospital (1-3 days); and late cholecystectomy (Group 2), patients who received medical treatment during their first pancreatitis episode and underwent surgery after 4-10 weeks...
March 9, 2017: Asian Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26626099/laparoendoscopic-single-site-adrenalectomy-in-patients-with-primary-hyperaldosteronism-a-prospective-study-with-long-term-follow-up
#17
Ya-Hui Hu, Che-Hsiung Wu, Leay-Kiaw Er, Chia Da Lin, Ying-Buh Liu, Shih-Chieh Chueh, Yao-Chou Tsai
OBJECTIVE: Laparoendoscopic single-site (LESS) adrenalectomy is a promising minimally invasive technique, however, the current evidence has not confirmed its long-term effectiveness in primary aldosteronism (PA). We conducted a study to analyze the long-term efficacy of LESS adrenalectomy in patients with PA. METHODS: A total of 49 patients who had been clinically confirmed with PA who had an indication for unilateral adrenalectomy were included in this study. Perioperative data were obtained for all patients...
May 2017: Asian Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26971818/initial-experience-with-application-of-single-layer-modified-kugel-mesh-for-inguinal-hernia-repair-case-series-of-72-consecutive-patients
#18
Pao-Hwa Chen, Heng-Chieh Chiang, Yao-Li Chen, Jesen Lin, Bai-Fu Wang, Meng-Yi Yan, Chun-Chi Chen, Hung-Jen Shih, Jian-Ting Chen
OBJECTIVE: This is an initial review of the safety and efficacy of anterior preperitoneal modified Kugel (MK) mesh herniorrhaphy application without using optional onlay mesh. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed patients who underwent herniorrhaphy by a single surgeon from July 1(st), 2009 to December 31(st), 2010. During these 18 months, a total of 72 patients underwent single-layer MK mesh herniorrhaphy. Anterior preperitoneal approach was used to place the mesh...
April 2017: Asian Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26420667/evaluation-of-the-possum-p-possum-o-possum-and-apache-ii-scoring-systems-in%C3%A2-predicting-postoperative-mortality-and-morbidity-in-gastric-cancer-patients
#19
Shikai Hong, Shengying Wang, Guozeng Xu, JinLu Liu
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVE: Gastric cancer is the fourth most prevalent cancer worldwide. The ability to accurately predict surgery-related morbidity and mortality is critical in deciding both the timing of surgery and choice of surgical procedure. The aim of this study is to compare the POSSUM, p-POSSUM, o-POSSUM, and APACHE II scoring systems for predicting surgical morbidity and mortality in Chinese gastric cancer patients, as well as to create new scoring systems to achieve better prediction...
April 2017: Asian Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209461/prostate-cancer-detection-rate-in-indonesian-men
#20
Chaidir Arif Mochtar, Widi Atmoko, Rainy Umbas, Agus Rizal Ardy Hariandy Hamid
PURPOSES OF THE STUDY: To evaluate the overall detection rate of prostate cancer in biopsies according to serum prostate-specific antigen levels, determine the number of cores biopsied in Indonesian men, and provide a correlated staging of prostate cancer patients at varying intervals of prostate-specific antigen levels. METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed the data from Indonesian men who had undergone prostate biopsy at two national referral medical centers in Jakarta from January 1995 to December 2014...
February 13, 2017: Asian Journal of Surgery
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