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Asian Journal of Surgery

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27856106/surgical-management-of-colorectal-cancer-for-the-aging-population-a-survey-by-the-japanese-society-for-cancer-of-colon-and-rectum
#1
Hiroshi Matsuoka, Kotaro Maeda, Tsunekazu Hanai, Harunobu Sato, Koji Masumori, Yosikazu Koide, Hidetoshi Katsuno, Tomoyoshi Endo, Miho Shiota, Kenichi Sugihara
OBJECTIVE: The treatment policy of colorectal cancer in elderly patients is controversial due to a lack of specific guidelines. To clarify the present management of colorectal cancer for aged patients, a questionnaire survey was conducted by the Japanese Society for Cancer of the Colon and Rectum. METHODS: Questionnaire forms were sent to the 430 member institutions of the Japanese Society for Cancer of the Colon and Rectum. RESULTS: The response rate of the surgical department to the questionnaire was 39%...
November 14, 2016: Asian Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27825548/is-the-abramson-technique-effective-in-pectus-carinatum-repair
#2
Ozgur Katrancioglu, Yucel Akkas, Sule Karadayi, Ekber Sahin, Melih Kaptanoğlu
BACKGROUND: The minimally invasive pectus carinatum (PC) surgery described by Abramson has been performed in many centers. We have been using this technique since 2011. This article describes our experience with PC correction. METHODS: Between 2011 and 2016, 32 patients at our institution underwent minimally invasive repair of a PC deformity. All patients presented with cosmetic complaints. The deformity involved the lower sternum (all had chondrogladiolar type PC), and three patients had asymmetrical deformities...
November 4, 2016: Asian Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27816407/embedding-fistulojejunostomy-an-easy-and-secure-technique-for-refractory-external-pancreatic-fistula
#3
Shao-Ciao Luo, Shao-Bin Cheng, Cheng-Chung Wu, Chu-Chun Huang, Yi-Ling Lin, Fang-Ku P'eng
BACKGROUND: Refractory external pancreatic fistula (REPF) is a rare but troublesome event. Fistulojejunostomy with direct suture of the fistula wall to jejunal wall has been demonstrated as a solution. However, it is sometimes technically difficult and some cases of failure were reported. METHODS: An embedding fistulojejunostomy (EFJ) was designed. The fistula tract was detached from the abdominal wall and impactedly inserted into a Roux-en-Y jejunal lumen without direct suture of the fistula wall to the jejunal wall...
November 2, 2016: Asian Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27816406/two-layer-sheet-of-gelatin-a-new-topical-hemostatic-agent
#4
Toshitaka Takagi, Hiroyuki Tsujimoto, Hiroko Torii, Yuki Ozamoto, Akeo Hagiwara
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVE: Uncontrolled surgical bleeding is associated with increased morbidity, mortality, and hospital cost. Topical hemostatic agents available today have problems controlling hemostatic effects; furthermore, their handling is difficult and they are unsafe. METHODS: We devised a new hemostatic agent comprising gelatin sponge and film designed to be applied to the bleeding site, thereby creating a topical hemostatic agent made of gelatin alone. The gelatin was prepared by alkali treatment to eliminate viral activity...
November 2, 2016: Asian Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27810167/comparative-clinical-outcomes-after-thymectomy-for-myasthenia-gravis-thoracoscopic-versus-trans-sternal-approach
#5
Sophon Siwachat, Apichat Tantraworasin, Worakitti Lapisatepun, Chidchanok Ruengorn, Emanuela Taioli, Somcharoen Saeteng
BACKGROUND: Thymectomy is an effective treatment option for long-term remission of myasthenia gravis. The superiority of the trans-sternal and thoracoscopic surgical approaches is still being debated. The aims of this study are to compare postoperative outcomes and neurologic outcomes between the two approaches and to identify prognostic factors for complete stable remission (CSR). METHODS: Myasthenia gravis patients who underwent thymectomy with trans-sternal or thoracoscopic approach in MahaRaj Nakorn Chiang Mai Hospital, Chiang Mai, Thailand between January1, 2006 and December 31, 2013 were retrospectively reviewed...
November 1, 2016: Asian Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27697309/recurrence-factors-and-prevention-of-complications-of-pediatric-differentiated-thyroid-cancer
#6
Changyuan Wang, Xiaohua Chen, Xiaoyu Wei, Feng Chen, Yang Wang, Zhiyong Shen
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVE: To investigate the factors associated with recurrence of differentiated thyroid cancer in children. We combined the clinical and pathological features to guide surgical treatment options, ensure efficacy, and reduce complications. METHODS: A prospective analysis of clinical data of 43 cases of pediatric differentiated thyroid cancer from March 2008 to June 2014 admitted in our department, including 38 cases of papillary cancers and five cases of follicular cancer; 40 cases were Stage I and three cases were Stage II (Union for International Cancer Control [UICC] Tumor Node Metastasis classification [TNM] staging)...
September 30, 2016: Asian Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27693065/gastrectomy-with-limited-surgery-for-elderly-patients-with-gastric-cancer
#7
Koji Mikami, Kimikazu Hirano, Kitarou Futami, Takafumi Maekawa
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVE: Elderly patients with gastric cancer can receive standard gastrectomy or gastrectomy with reduced nodal dissection, i.e., limited surgery, in order to prevent postoperative complications. This study evaluated the feasibility of gastrectomy with limited surgery for elderly patients with gastric cancer. METHODS: A total of 267 elderly patients (≥70 years old) were divided into two groups according to the level of nodal dissection: patients who received nodal dissection according to guidelines were included in the standard surgery group (standard group), and those who received reduced nodal dissection were included in the limited surgery group (limited group)...
September 29, 2016: Asian Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27693064/colorectal-cancer-with-venous-tumor-thrombosis
#8
Kensuke Otani, Soichiro Ishihara, Keisuke Hata, Koji Murono, Kazuhito Sasaki, Koji Yasuda, Takeshi Nishikawa, Toshiaki Tanaka, Tomomichi Kiyomatsu, Kazushige Kawai, Hiroaki Nozawa, Hironori Yamaguchi, Toshiaki Watanabe
Colorectal cancer is seldom accompanied by venous tumor thrombosis, and little is known about the features of venous tumor thrombosis in colorectal cancer. However, some reports show that colorectal cancer patients can develop venous tumor thrombosis and warn clinicians not to overlook this complication. In this report, we perform a review of 43 previously reported cases and investigate the characteristics of colorectal cancer accompanied by venous tumor thrombosis. The histological type of more than half of the cases was moderately differentiated adenocarcinoma, which is known to be aggressive...
September 29, 2016: Asian Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27688035/current-status-of-laparoscopic-pancreaticoduodenectomy-and-pancreatectomy
#9
Akira Umemura, Hiroyuki Nitta, Takeshi Takahara, Yasushi Hasegawa, Akira Sasaki
This review describes the recent advances in, and current status of, minimally invasive pancreatic surgery (MIPS). Typical MIPS procedures are laparoscopic pancreaticoduodenectomy (LPD), laparoscopic distal pancreatectomy (LDP), laparoscopic central pancreatectomy (LCP), and laparoscopic total pancreatectomy (LTP). Some retrospective studies comparing LPD or LDP and open procedures have demonstrated the safety and feasibility as well as the intraoperative outcomes and postoperative recovery of these procedures...
September 26, 2016: Asian Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27659020/influence-of-change-in-surgical-practice-for-benign-thyroid-disease-on-postsurgical-outcome-single-center-experience-in-1400-patients
#10
Urte Kunz-Zurbuchen, Heinz Johannes Buhr, Hubert G Hotz, Martin E Kreis, Kai S Lehmann
PURPOSE: To evaluate the rate of surgical complications during the change from subtotal resection to hemithyroidectomy or thyroidectomy over a period of 17 years. METHODS: All operations for benign goiter at our hospital were analyzed for the periods 1996-2002 (Group 1) and 2003-2012 (Group 2). The groups were compared for recurrent laryngeal nerve damage, hypocalcemia, and other surgical complications directly postoperatively. RESULTS: In total, 1462 patients were operated on for goiter between 1996 and 2012...
September 19, 2016: Asian Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27649862/new-polyglycolic-acid-fabric-for-the-prevention-of-postoperative-pancreatic-fistulas
#11
Toshitaka Takagi, Hiroyuki Tsujimoto, Hiroko Torii, Yuki Ozamoto, Akeo Hagiwara
BACKGROUND: The incidence of postoperative pancreatic fistula (POPF) after distal pancreatectomy is approximately 30%. The most serious complications of pancreatic resection, such as mortality and prolonged hospitalization, are unresolved despite the proposal of various surgical procedures. We developed a new polyglycolic acid (PGA) fabric composed of fine diameter fibers to prevent POPF, and macroscopically and microscopically evaluated the effects of applying it to the pancreatic remnant...
September 17, 2016: Asian Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27647607/rouviere-s-sulcus-aspects-of-incorporating-this-valuable-sign-for-laparoscopic-cholecystectomy
#12
Stuart Lockhart, Gurpreet Singh-Ranger
Laparoscopic cholecystectomy is one of the most common procedures performed worldwide. Despite advances in technique, injury to the common bile duct and blood vessels still occurs. Rouviere's sulcus, a naturally occurring cleft in the right lobe, anterior to Segment 1, occurs in over 80% of normal livers. It is a useful, but often ignored, anatomical landmark for beginning dissection of Calot's triangle, and also for confirming its location. Despite this, its usefulness is not widely known or appreciated by general surgeons...
September 16, 2016: Asian Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27630035/comparison-of-aesthetic-facial-criteria-between-caucasian-and-east-asian-female-populations-an-esthetic-surgeon-s-perspective
#13
Y Gao, J Niddam, W Noel, B Hersant, J P Meningaud
Objective aesthetic criteria are important for patient evaluation and analysis during aesthetic surgeries, while successful aesthetic surgeries must take into account the underlying ethnic differences. The aim of this study is to help surgeons and scientists better plan facial aesthetic surgeries and understand the aesthetic needs according to different patients by reviewing and comparing the current aesthetic principles and preferences in Caucasian and East Asian populations. PubMed and The Cochrane Library were searched using keywords regarding anthropometric measurements...
September 11, 2016: Asian Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27664600/parathyroid-carcinoma-in-tertiary-hyperparathyroidism
#14
Byung Seup Kim, Han Suk Ryu, Kyung Ho Kang, Sung Jun Park
Parathyroid carcinoma is a rare disease of unknown etiology. This study presents a case of parathyroid carcinoma in a patient with tertiary hyperparathyroidism. Despite a successful kidney transplantation, the intact parathyroid hormone (iPTH) level of the patient was elevated consistently and could not be controlled by medical therapy. Due to the development of tertiary hyperparathyroidism with bone pain and osteoporosis, subtotal parathyroidectomy was performed 4 months after the kidney transplantation. Histological evaluation revealed that one of four parathyroid lesions was a parathyroid carcinoma, while the others were diffuse hyperplasia...
October 2016: Asian Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27632896/evolution-of-video-assisted-thoracic-surgery-vats-techniques-for-lung-cancer-minimizing-surgical-injury-and-expanding-applications
#15
LETTER
Eunjue Yi, Dongjin Kim, Kwhanmien Kim
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2016: Asian Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27524514/perforation-of-the-colon-in-end-colostomy
#16
LETTER
Tetsunori Ikegami, Akira Kuriyama
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2016: Asian Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27321177/management-for-pilonidal-disease-before-you-compare-use-a-classification-system
#17
LETTER
Oktay Irkörücü
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2016: Asian Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26857852/surgical-complications-after-simultaneous-pancreas-kidney-transplantation-a-single-center-experience
#18
Mogely Shalvovich Khubutia, Alexey Valerjevich Pinchuk, Ilya Victorovich Dmitriev, Aslan Galievich Balkarov, Roman Vasiljevich Storozhev, Yury Andreevich Anisimov
BACKGROUND: We investigated the rate of early surgical complications after simultaneous pancreas-kidney transplantation (SPKT) and their impact on both grafts and recipient survival. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The retrospective analysis of typical pancreas-related complications, different methods of correction, and their efficacy were performed. Data describing pancreas transplant recipients were drawn from our SPKT waiting list. RESULTS: The overall surgical complications rate was 37...
October 2016: Asian Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26340884/factors-determining-low-anterior-resection-syndrome-after-rectal-cancer-resection-a-study-in-thai-patients
#19
Patomphon Ekkarat, Teeranut Boonpipattanapong, Kasaya Tantiphlachiva, Surasak Sangkhathat
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVE: Defective defecation function, also known as low anterior resection syndrome (LARS), is a common problem after surgical treatment of rectal cancer that has a detrimental effect on quality of life. This study aimed to look for the incidence of LARS in patients whose native rectum could not be kept and determine factors influencing major LARS. METHODS: Rectal cancer patients who underwent tumor removal with mesorectal excision and colorectal anastomosis by a colorectal surgeon during the years 2004-2013 were asked to participate a structured interview using the verified version of the Low Anterior Resection Score questionnaire...
October 2016: Asian Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26143970/new-insights-after-the-first-1000-liver-transplantations-at-the-university-of-hong-kong
#20
See Ching Chan, Tan To Cheung, Albert C Y Chan, Kenneth S H Chok, William W Sharr, James Y Y Fung, Chi Leung Liu, Sheung Tat Fan, Chung Mau Lo
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVE: One thousand liver transplantations have been performed at the only liver transplant center in Hong Kong over a period of 22 years, which covered the formative period of living donor liver transplantation. These 1000 transplantations, which marked the journey of liver transplantation from development to maturation at the center, should be educational. This research was to study the experience and to reflect on the importance of technical innovations and case selection...
October 2016: Asian Journal of Surgery
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