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Asian Journal of Surgery

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918071/the-masseteric-nerve-an-anatomical-study-in-thai-population-with-an-emphasis-on-its-use-in-facial-reanimation
#1
Apichai Angspatt, Chirayu Pannanusorn
BACKGROUND: The use of the masseteric nerve has been escalated as a donor nerve for facial reanimation in facial palsy patient (Wang et al., 2014; Manktelow et al., 2006; Klebuc, 2011; Bianchi et al., 2012; Zuker et al., 2000; Bae et al., 2006; Terzis, Konofaos, 2013; Terzis, Olivares, 2009; Bianchi et al., 2014). Previous studies had been done in Euro-Caucasian cadavers (Kaya et al., 2014). However, difference in anatomical details does exist between Asian and Euro-Caucasian population (Tzou et al...
September 13, 2017: Asian Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28912048/effectiveness-and-safety-of-robotic-assisted-versus-laparoscopic-hepatectomy-for-liver-neoplasms-a-meta-analysis-of-retrospective-studies
#2
REVIEW
Lidong Hu, Liang Yao, Xiaofei Li, Penghui Jin, Kehu Yang, Tiankang Guo
This meta-analysis aimed to investigate the effectiveness and safety of RAH and LLR for liver neoplasms. A systematic search was performed in PubMed, EMbase, the Cochrane Library, Web of science, and China Biology Medicine disc up to July 2016 for studies that provided comparisons between the surgical outcomes of RAH and LLR for liver neoplasms. WMD, OR and 95% CI were calculated and data combined using the random-effect model. The quality of the evidence was assessed using GRADE methods. A total of 17 studies were included in the meta-analysis, in which 487 patients were in the RAH group and 902 patients were in the LLR group...
September 11, 2017: Asian Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28869103/clinical-manifestations-and-stk11-germline-mutations-in-taiwanese-patients-with-peutz-jeghers-syndrome
#3
Jy-Ming Chiang, Tse-Ching Chen
BACKGROUNDS: Clinical manifestations and molecular basis of Taiwanese patients with Peutz-Jeghers syndrome (PJS) were investigated to add the knowledge of phenotype and genotype of the disease. METHODS: Based on the Pathology Data Bank and the Colorectal Cancer Register, we collected their clinical data. The entire coding sequence of the STK11 gene was amplified and analyzed by sequencing using the genomic DNA. RESULTS: Fifteen patients diagnosed with PJS from 11 unrelated families were collected until 2015...
August 28, 2017: Asian Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28851612/-all-in-one-mesh-hernioplasty-a-new-procedure-for-primary-inguinal-hernia-open-repair
#4
Angelo Guttadauro, Matteo Maternini, Silvia Frassani, Matilde De Simone, Marco Chiarelli, Daniele Macchini, Nicoletta Pecora, Aimone Bertolini, Ugo Cioffi, Francesco Gabrielli
BACKGROUND: We propose a new open mesh hernia repair procedure for the treatment of inguinal hernias in adults aiming to improve patients' comfort and to reduce the incidence of chronic neuralgia. METHODS: From September 2012 to August 2015, 250 consecutive patients were treated with "all in-one" mesh hernioplasty procedure in our Institution. According to the devised technique, a new smaller prosthesis was placed on the floor of the inguinal canal in order to strengthen all areas of weakness from which hernias may originate...
August 26, 2017: Asian Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28851611/the-efficacy-of-infliximab-combined-with-surgical-treatment-of-fistulizing-perianal-crohn-s-disease-comparative-analysis-according-to-fistula-subtypes
#5
Eun Jung Park, Ki-Hwan Song, Seung Hyuk Baik, Jae Jun Park, Jeonghyun Kang, Kang Young Lee, Ja Il Goo, Nam Kyu Kim
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVE: Infliximab is regarded as an effective therapeutic to treat Crohn's disease. This study aimed to assess the efficacy of infliximab combined with surgery and to analyze clinical manifestations according to fistula subtypes in patients with fistulizing perianal Crohn's disease. METHODS: From April 2013 to December 2015, 47 patients with perianal Crohn's disease in two hospitals of South Korea (Goo Hospital, Gangnam Severance Hospital) were evaluated retrospectively...
August 26, 2017: Asian Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28844781/comparison-of-efficacies-of-the-self-expandable-metallic-stent-versus-transanal-drainage-tube-and-emergency-surgery-for-malignant-left-sided-colon-obstruction
#6
Jun Kawachi, Hiroyuki Kashiwagi, Rai Shimoyama, Naoko Isogai, Ryuta Fukai, Katsunori Miyake, Hideto Egashira, Ayumu Sugitani, Hidemitsu Ogino
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVE: Patients with left-sided malignant colorectal obstruction require emergency treatment. Emergency stoma surgery has traditionally been recommended, however many stomas became permanent, decreasing patient quality of life. Recently, self-expandable metallic stents (SEMS) and transanal decompression tubes (TDT) have become widely used decompression methods to avoid stoma surgery. In this study, we evaluated: 1) the efficacy of SEMS compared with TDT and emergency surgery (ES) to avoid permanent stomas; and 2) the safety and success rate of each treatment...
August 24, 2017: Asian Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28844780/5-aminolevulinic-acid-fluorescence-guided-resection-of-malignant-glioma-hong-kong-experience
#7
Danny Tat Ming Chan, Hsieh Yi-Pin Sonia, Wai Sang Poon
BACKGROUND: 5-Aminolevulinic Acid (5-ALA) induced fluorescence is useful in guiding glioma resection. The extent of 5-ALA accumulation is beyond gadolinium contrast enhancement.(1,2) Supratotal resection may be achieved, potentially granting patients with better survival. We present our experience on 5-ALA guided glioma resection in Chinese ethnics. METHOD: Sixteen Patients ingested 5-ALA (Gliolan, Medas Germany) 20 mg/kg·m(2) 4 h before surgery. The tumor resection was guided by fluorescence with neurosurgical microscope...
August 24, 2017: Asian Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28823414/pros-and-cons-of-immediate-vicryl-mesh-insertion-after-lumpectomy
#8
Wakako Tsuji, Fumiaki Yotsumoto
BACKGROUND: Lumpectomy is a standard surgery for breast cancer; however, it results in breast deformity, especially after radiation therapy. Wider surgical margin correlates lower local recurrence rate. However, bigger defect brings worse cosmetic outcome. The use of a simple filler for the defect is expected. We aimed to improve the cosmetic outcome by using an absorbable Vicryl mesh for breast reconstruction immediately post-lumpectomy. METHODS: One sheet of Vicryl woven mesh was prepared for insertion, washed the cavity with natural saline, and placed into the space...
August 18, 2017: Asian Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800864/prospective-study-of-sexual-dysfunction-after-proctectomy-for-rectal-cancer
#9
Wafi Attaallah, Suleyman Caglar Ertekin, Cumhur Yegen
BACKGROUND: Although rectal cancer is a common malignancy and has an improved cure rate in response to oncological treatment, research on rectal-cancer survivors' sexual function remains limited. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this prospective study is to assess sexual dysfunction after rectal cancer surgery. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Patients undergoing curative rectal cancer surgery were included in the study. Sexual function before and 6 months after the operation was measured using the validated questionnaires...
August 8, 2017: Asian Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28750798/functional-pectoralis-minor-myocutaneous-flap-transplantation-for-reconstruction-of-thumb-opposition-an-anatomic-study-with-clinical-applications
#10
Yong-Qing Zhuang, Hong-Tao Xiong, Qiang Fu, Xuan Zhang, Hao-Li Jiang, Xi-Chi Fang
OBJECTIVE: To develop a myocutaneous flap for reconstruction of thumb opposition function in patients with loss of the thenar muscles and skin. METHODS: An anatomic experiment on the dimensions of the pectoralis minor muscle and its neurovascular supply in 10 adult human cadavers was conducted to evaluate the feasibility of microsurgical transplantation using part of the muscle for thumb opposition reconstruction. Based on these results, we performed surgical thenar reconstruction with a pectoralis minor myocutaneous flap in seven patients (34...
July 24, 2017: Asian Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28734658/kidney-transplantation-a-new-era-of%C3%A2-laparoscopic-living-donor-nephrectomy-in%C3%A2-indonesia
#11
Albertus Marcelino, Chaidir Arif Mochtar, Irfan Wahyudi, Agus Rizal Hamid
BACKGROUND: Since its introduction in 1995, laparoscopic living donor nephrectomy (LLDN) has been a standard procedure in many transplantation centers worldwide. In 2011, LLDN was performed for the first time in Indonesia and became a standard procedure at our institution. The aim of this study is to evaluate the first 250 cases of LLDN at our institution. METHODS: Retrospective analyses were conducted of the first 250 cases of LLDN. All operations were performed between November 2011 and July 2015 at Cipto Mangunkusumo Hospital, Jakarta...
July 19, 2017: Asian Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28732676/expansion-of-lymph-node-metastasis-in-mixed-type-submucosal-invasive-gastric-cancer
#12
Koji Mikami, Yukiko Hirano, Kitaro Futami, Takafumi Maekawa
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVE: Mixed-type early gastric cancer (differentiated and undifferentiated components) incurs a higher risk of lymph node metastasis than pure-type early gastric cancer (only differentiated or only undifferentiated components). Therefore, we investigated the expansion of lymph node metastasis in mixed-type submucosal invasive gastric cancer in order to establish the most appropriate treatment for mixed-type cancer. METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed 279 consecutive patients with submucosal invasive gastric cancer who underwent curative gastrectomy for gastric cancer between 1996 and 2015...
July 18, 2017: Asian Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716501/high-incidence-of-recess-formation-at-myopectineal-orifice-during-laparoscopic-surgery
#13
Yuka Mine, Fumihiko Fujita, Hiroko Kinoe, Yousuke Inoue, Kosyo Yamanouchi, Kengo Kanetaka, Kazuma Kobayashi, Mitsuhisa Takatsuki, Susumu Eguchi
BACKGROUND: Groin hernias are frequently seen in clinical practice. The purpose of this study was to determine the rate of patients who might have latent groin hernia. METHODS: During laparoscopic abdominal surgery, we observed the area around the groin lesion and attempted to evaluate the degree of recess at myopectineal orifice. The classification defining the recess was as follows: Grade 0: no recess, Grade I: slight recess with a visible bottom, Grade II: deep recess with an invisible bottom, Grade III: other organ invaginated into the recess, and Grade IV: confirmed bulging on the body surface...
July 14, 2017: Asian Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28698000/topical-diltiazem-ointment-in-post-hemorrhoidectomy-pain-relief-a-meta-analysis-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#14
Yan-Jiun Huang, Chien-Yu Chen, Ray-Jade Chen, Yi-No Kang, Po-Li Wei
BACKGROUND: Hemorrhoidectomy is commonly associated with postoperative pain. Calcium channel blockers are known to cause relaxation of gastrointestinal smooth muscle and oral diltiazem has also been shown to reduce the resting anal pressure. OBJECTIVE: We attempted to analyze efficacy and side effects of topical diltiazem oint. in post-operative pain control. METHODS: This is a meta-analysis of patients who underwent hemorrhoidectomy using topical diltiazem oint...
July 8, 2017: Asian Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28693960/the-lateral-backdoor-approach-to-open-thyroid-surgery-a-comparative-study
#15
R M Singaporewalla, B C Tan, A D Rao
INTRODUCTION: The traditionally taught technique for conventional open thyroidectomy is via a midline splitting of the strap muscles following a skin crease neck incision - midline approach (MA). The lateral "backdoor" approach (LA) uses the same central neck incision but approaches the thyroid gland between the anterior border of sternocleidomastoid (SCM) and strap muscles. This technique is usually reserved for re-do thyroid surgery. We compared the results of the two approaches in patients undergoing conventional thyroidectomy for the first time...
July 8, 2017: Asian Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28693959/value-and-limits-of-stapled-transanal-rectal-repair-for-obstructed-defecation-syndrome-10-years-experience-with-450-cases
#16
Angelo Guttadauro, Marco Chiarelli, Matteo Maternini, Melissa Baini, Nicoletta Pecora, Francesco Gabrielli
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVE: In the late's 90' a new surgical treatment, the stapled trans-anal rectal resection (STARR) was born to treat obstructed defecation syndrome (ODS). In this study we retrospectively analyze a series of 450 cases that underwent STARR in 10 years. METHODS: Between January 2001 to December 2011, 450 patients, diagnosed with ODS syndrome caused by rectocele or intussusception, underwent to STARR procedure. The presence of rectocele and/or intussusception was verified by dynamic defecography...
July 7, 2017: Asian Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28689733/long-term-outcome-of-laparoscopic-sleeve-gastrectomy-from-a-single-center-in-mainland-china
#17
Pankaj Kumar Hans, Wei Guan, Shibo Lin, Hui Liang
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVE: Laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG) is at present the most popular bariatric procedure due to its significant weight loss, remission of co-morbidities, and acceptable morbidity. But, there are not many studies showing its long term efficacy and safety in Chinese patients. The aim of this study is to give five results of LSG in terms of weight loss, co-morbidity (Type 2 diabetes mellitus) resolution and possible complications from a single center in mainland China...
July 7, 2017: Asian Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28689731/surgical-management-of-primary-hyperparathyroidism-a-single-center-experience
#18
David Kwan-Ru Huang, Fong-Fu Chou, Shun-Yu Chi, Yi-Chia Chan, Shun-Chen Huang
BACKGROUND: Primary hyperparathyroidism (PHPT) can occur at any age. This study aimed to compare the necessity, feasibility, safety, and outcomes of parathyroidectomy in the management of minor-symptomatic or asymptomatic PHPT patients according to age (young vs. old). METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the medical records of 146 consecutive patients who underwent surgery for PHPT from January 2005 to June 2016 in our institution. The patients ranged in age from 12 to 85 years...
July 7, 2017: Asian Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28689730/feasibility-of-endo-gia%C3%A2-reinforced-reload-with-tri-staple%C3%A2-technology-for-delta-shaped-anastomosis
#19
Yoshio Nagahisa, Akitaka Morikawa, Takashi Kato, Kazuki Hashida, Yusuke Ome, Kazuyuki Kawamoto
BACKGROUND: We report the short-term clinical outcomes of a delta-shaped (DS) anastomosis in laparoscopic distal gastrectomy (LDG), comparing Endo GIA™ Reinforced Reload (Reinforced GIA) with Endo GIA™ (GIA) staplers. METHODS: This was a retrospective analysis of 40 patients who underwent totally LDG with DS anastomosis with Reinforced GIA (group A) and 90 patients who underwent the same procedure with GIA (group B) for clinical T1-T3 gastric cancer from May 2013 to December 2016...
July 7, 2017: Asian Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28689732/applying-preoperative-dipyridamole-thallium-201-scintigraphy-for-preventing-cardiac-mortality-and-complications-for-patients-with-secondary-hyperparathyroidism-undergoing-parathyroidectomy
#20
Shih-Min Yin, Fong-Fu Chou, Shao-Chun Wu, Shun-Yu Chi
BACKGROUND: To evaluate the value of preoperative dipyridamole thallium-201 scintigraphy for reducing cardiovascular complication in secondary hyperparathyroidism (SHPTH) patients. METHODS: Thallium scintigraphy was arranged for all dialysis patients who underwent parathyroidectomy from Jan 2011 to July 2015. Management of defects on thallium scintigraphy included cardiac catheterization and ultrasonography. Analysis includes 30-day mortality, morbidity and the predicting factors for thallium scintigraphy defect...
July 6, 2017: Asian Journal of Surgery
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