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Asian Journal of Surgery

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209461/prostate-cancer-detection-rate-in-indonesian-men
#1
Chaidir Arif Mochtar, Widi Atmoko, Rainy Umbas, Agus Rizal Ardy Hariandy Hamid
PURPOSES OF THE STUDY: To evaluate the overall detection rate of prostate cancer in biopsies according to serum prostate-specific antigen levels, determine the number of cores biopsied in Indonesian men, and provide a correlated staging of prostate cancer patients at varying intervals of prostate-specific antigen levels. METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed the data from Indonesian men who had undergone prostate biopsy at two national referral medical centers in Jakarta from January 1995 to December 2014...
February 13, 2017: Asian Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28190751/expression-of-the-stem-cell-marker-cd133-is-related-to-tumor-development-in-colorectal-carcinogenesis
#2
Shinsuke Kazama, Junko Kishikawa, Tomomichi Kiyomatsu, Kazushige Kawai, Hiroaki Nozawa, Soichiro Ishihara, Toshiaki Watanabe
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVE: CD133 is currently considered the most robust surface marker for colorectal cancer stem cells. Two meta-analysis reports have suggested that CD133 expression is significantly associated with shorter survival, and CD133 may play an important role in the progression of colorectal cancer. However, the role of CD133 in colorectal adenoma has not been fully elucidated. METHODS: We used immunohistochemistry to evaluate CD133 expression in 200 endoscopically resected colorectal polyps from 200 patients and 20 normal mucosae between January 1993 and December 1996...
February 10, 2017: Asian Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28190750/role-of-diclofenac-sodium-and-paracetamol-on-colonic-anastomosis-an-experimental-rodent-model
#3
Osman Bilgin Gulcicek, Ali Solmaz, Hakan Yigitbas, Candas Ercetin, Erkan Yavuz, Kamil Ozdogan, Aytac Biricik, Asli Kahraman Akkalp, Hafize Uzun, Muge Kutnu, Fatih Celebi, Atilla Celik
BACKGROUND: Despite many advances in surgery and technology, colonic anastomosis remains a challenge after colonic resection. The purpose of this study is to compare the safety of using diclofenac sodium and paracetamol for analgesia in colonic anastomosis on rats. METHODS: Wistar-Hannover rats were randomly allocated to four groups: Group 1, sham-operated group; Group 2, control group; Group 3, diclofenac sodium group; Group 4, paracetamol group. After laparotomy, the left colon was transected and a single-layer anastomosis was made with 5/0 vicryl in Groups 2, 3, and 4...
February 10, 2017: Asian Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28189339/natural-mastopexy-repositioning-based-on-age-related-mean-breast-shape
#4
Tatsuki Kono, Taro Kusano, Nobuhiro Sato, Shinya Yoshimoto, Seigo Nakamura
BACKGROUND: The most important element during breast reconstruction preoperative planning is determining the new position and shape of the breast. A youthful breast with no signs of ptosis may not necessarily be the ideal breast for women of all ages. However, indicators have not been established on how breasts should be positioned depending on age. We investigated and reported on the proper positioning of the breasts based on age during breast reconstruction using mean age-based data from three-dimensional (3D) modeling...
February 8, 2017: Asian Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28185774/is-the-superior-laryngeal-nerve-really-safe-when-using-harmonic-focus-in-total-thyroidectomy-a-prospective-randomized-study
#5
Kemal Arslan, Bulent Erenoglu, Osman Dogru, Gultekin Ovet, Ersin Turan, Arif Atay, Hande Koksal
BACKGROUND: Harmonic focus (HF) was introduced in thyroid surgery in an effort to reduce operation time and complications. OBJECTIVE: The present study aimed to compare function of superior laryngeal nerve and incidence of other postoperative complications in total thyroidectomies using HF and conventional ligation (CL). METHODS: The trial is a randomized single-center, single-blinded study. Patients aged ≥ 18 years scheduled for total thyroidectomy were considered for participation...
February 6, 2017: Asian Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28139339/can-laparoscopic-appendectomy-be-safely-performed-by-surgical-residents-without-prior-experience-of-open-appendectomy
#6
Kosuke Hiramatsu, Shigeo Toda, Tomohiro Tate, Yudai Fukui, Kenji Tomizawa, Yutaka Hanaoka, Jin Moriyama, Shuichiro Matoba, Hiroya Kuroyanagi
BACKGROUND: As laparoscopic surgery has become the mainstream technique for abdominal surgery, it has become difficult for surgical residents to have opportunities to perform open surgery. This study aimed to examine the appropriateness and feasibility of laparoscopic appendectomy performed by surgical trainees who had little experience with open appendectomy or laparoscopic training with animal models. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed all the records of patients who underwent appendectomy for acute appendicitis from April 2008 to December 2014...
January 27, 2017: Asian Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28131634/comminuted-intraarticular-fractures-of-the-tibial-plateau-lead-to-posttraumatic-osteoarthritis-of-the-knee-current-treatment-review
#7
REVIEW
Matthias Aurich, Veit Koenig, Gunther Hofmann
Posttraumatic osteoarthritis (PTOA) of the knee is a common complication after intra- and extra-articular fractures. Moreover, PTOA may also be a result of isolated cartilage defects, meniscus resections, and ligament injuries. There are various methods of treatment of knee joint fractures. However, in the final stage of a PTOA, when nonoperative treatment fails, endoprosthetic joint replacement is the method of choice. Primary total knee replacement (TKR) for the treatment for a fracture of the knee joint is a rare indication, even at major treatment centers...
January 25, 2017: Asian Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28131633/factors-predicting-malignancy-in-adult%C3%A2-intussusception-an-experience-in%C3%A2-university-affiliated-hospitals
#8
Jong Wan Kim, Bong Hwa Lee, Sung Gil Park, Byung Chun Kim, Samuel Lee, Sang-Jeon Lee
BACKGROUND: Intussusception is one of the common causes of intestinal obstruction in children but is uncommon in adults. Unlike pediatric intussusception, most adult cases have a demonstrable etiology. The purpose of this study was to review our experience of adult intussusception and to identify the predictive factors for malignancy in this disease. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the medical records of patients who were diagnosed with intussusception and admitted to the six Hallym University-affiliated hospitals between January 2005 and July 2016...
January 25, 2017: Asian Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28118954/does-circumferential-tumor-location-affect-the-circumferential-resection-margin-status-in-mid-and-low-rectal-cancer
#9
Byung Mo Kang, Yong-Koo Park, Sun Jin Park, Kil Yeon Lee, Chang Woo Kim, Suk-Hwan Lee
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to assess the impact of circumferential tumor location on circumferential resection margin (CRM) status and the depth of tumor invasion in mid and low rectal cancer. METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed whole-mount slides of 58 patients who underwent total mesorectal excision for mid and low rectal cancer. The rate of tumor-positive CRM was compared according to the circumferential tumor location. In 31 patients, morphometric analyses of whole-mount specimens were performed to measure the depth of tumor invasion according to circumferential tumor location...
January 21, 2017: Asian Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28108085/learning-curve-of-laparoscopic-roux-en-y-gastric-bypass-in-an-asian-low-volume-bariatric-unit
#10
Shih-Chiang Shen, Chun-Yi Tsai, Chien-Hung Liao, Yu-Yin Liu, Ta-Sen Yeh, Keng-Hao Liu
BACKGROUND: Obesity has become a healthcare burden in Taiwan and the rest of Asia. Laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (LRYGB) provides good weight loss outcome, and improves comorbidity as well as quality of life. We present our experience of the learning curve for LRYGB in a low-volume bariatric unit. METHODS: From March 2009 to August 2011, 60 consecutive patients who underwent LRYGB were included. They were separated into two groups, with the first 30 cases in Group 1 and the remaining 30 cases in Group 2...
January 17, 2017: Asian Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28012866/epidemiological-updates-of-venous-thromboembolism-in-a-chinese-population
#11
Yuk Law, Yiu Che Chan, Stephen W K Cheng
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVE: Deep vein thrombosis (DVT) was thought to be uncommon in Asians and routine thromboprophylaxis in the form of anticoagulation for surgical patients was considered to be unnecessary. The current study aims to provide a contemporary epidemiology of venous thromboembolism in a population-based scale. METHODS: Information from January 1, 2010 to December 31, 2011 was retrieved from a centralized computer public healthcare database serving mainly an ethnic Han Chinese population of 7...
December 21, 2016: Asian Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28010955/three-year-and-five-year-outcomes-of-surgical-resection-for-pancreatic-ductal-adenocarcinoma-long-term-experiences-in-one-medical-center
#12
Chih-Po Hsu, Jun-Te Hsu, Chien-Hung Liao, Shih-Ching Kang, Being-Chuan Lin, Yu-Pao Hsu, Chun-Nan Yeh, Ta-Sen Yeh, Tsann-Long Hwang
OBJECTIVE: Pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma is one of the most malignant types of cancer. This study evaluated the 3-year and 5-year surgical outcomes associated with the cancer and determined whether statistically identified factors can be used to predict survival. METHODS: This retrospective review was conducted from 1995 to 2010. Patients who had resectable pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma and received surgical treatment were included. Cases of hospital mortality were excluded...
December 20, 2016: Asian Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27986415/esophageal-cancer-risk-factors-genetic-association-and-treatment
#13
REVIEW
Fang-Liang Huang, Sheng-Jie Yu
The poor prognosis and rising incidence of esophageal cancer highlight the need for improved detection and prediction methods that are essential prior to treatment. Esophageal cancer is one of the most fatal malignancies worldwide, with a dramatic increase in incidence in the Western world occurring over the past few decades. Despite improvements in the management and treatment of esophageal cancer patients, the general outcome remains very poor for overall 5-year survival rates (∼10%) and 5-year postesophagectomy survival rates (∼15-40%)...
December 13, 2016: Asian Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27964997/clinical-study-for-pancreatic-fistula-after-distal-pancreatectomy-with-mesh-reinforcement
#14
Akira Hayashibe, Nobuo Ogino
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this cohort study was to determine whether distal pancreatectomy with mesh reinforcement can reduce postoperative pancreatic fistula (POPF) rates compared with bare stapler. METHODS: In total, 51 patients underwent stapled distal pancreatectomy. Out of these, 22 patients (no mesh group) underwent distal pancreatectomy with bare stapler and 29 patients (mesh group) underwent distal pancreatectomy with mesh reinforced stapler. The risk factor for clinically relevant POPF (grades B and C) after distal pancreatectomy was also evaluated...
December 10, 2016: Asian Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27955973/value-of-preoperative-biliary-drainage-on-postoperative-outcome-after-pancreaticoduodenectomy-a-case-control-study
#15
Ayman El Nakeeb, Ali Salem, Yousef Mahdy, Mohamed El Dosoky, Rami Said, Mohamed Abd Ellatif, Helmy Ezzat, Ahmed M Elsabbagh, Hosam Hamed, Talaat Abd Alah, Gamal El Ebidy
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVE: The potential benefit of preoperative biliary drainage (PBD) on postoperative outcomes remains controversial. The aim of this study was to elucidate surgical outcomes of pancreaticoduodenectomy (PD) in patients with PBD and to show the impact of bilirubin level. METHODS: We retrospectively studied all patients who underwent PD in our center between January 2003 and June 2015. Patients were divided into: Group A (PBD) and Group B (no PBD). The primary outcome was the rate of postoperative complication...
December 9, 2016: Asian Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27939847/open-tension-free-three-dimensional-cooper-ligament-repair-for-femoral-hernia
#16
Fikret Aksoy
BACKGROUND: The objective of this study was to investigate the outcome of modified three-dimensional (3D) anterior polypropylene mesh technique for recurrent inguinal and femoral hernias. METHODS: This study was designed as a prospective cohort clinical trial and 75 patients with femoral hernia and/or recurrent hernia were recruited between 2005 and 2014. Patients were operated upon using a modified 3D anterior polypropylene mesh technique. RESULTS: Sixty-three femoral and 12 recurrent hernias in 75 patients were treated by a single surgeon through a 9-year period using a modified 3D polypropylene mesh, fashioned by the same surgeon...
December 8, 2016: Asian Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27955873/long-term-outcome-of-robotic-partial-nephrectomy-for-renal-angiomyolipoma
#17
Chia-Yen Lin, Cheng-Kuang Yang, Yen-Chuan Ou, Kun-Yuan Chiu, Chen-Li Cheng, Hao-Chung Ho, Shian-Shiang Wang, Chuan-Shu Chen, Jian-Ri Li
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVE: To present the long-term result and efficacy of robotic partial nephrectomy (RPN) for renal angiomyolipomas (AMLs) with perioperative outcome and renal function preservation. METHODS: From September 2006 to October 2014, the database of a single medical center was reviewed and patients who underwent RPN for AMLs were enrolled. The patient demographics, perioperative complications, and postoperative outcomes were analyzed. RESULTS: We identified 23 patients who were treated with RPN for renal AMLs...
December 7, 2016: Asian Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27955872/laparoscopic-versus-open-repair-of-perforated-peptic-ulcer-improving-outcomes-utilizing-a-standardized-technique
#18
Sze Li Siow, Hans Alexander Mahendran, Chee Ming Wong, Mark Hardin, Tien Loong Luk
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to compare the outcomes of patients who underwent laparoscopic and open repair of perforated peptic ulcers (PPUs) at our institution. METHODS: This is a retrospective review of a prospectively collected database of patients who underwent emergency laparoscopic or open repair for PPU between December 2010 and February 2014. RESULTS: A total of 131 patients underwent emergency repair for PPU (laparoscopic repair, n=63, 48...
December 7, 2016: Asian Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27938929/surgical-management-of-psoas-abscess-in-the-human-immunodeficiency-virus-era
#19
Raza Aboobakar, Shalen Cheddie, Bhugwan Singh
OBJECTIVES: Thai aims of this study were to provide an epidemiological and microbiological analysis of psoas abscess in the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infected population, and to describe the optimal investigative and management approach of this condition. METHODS: A retrospective chart analysis of 20 patients with a diagnosis of psoas abscess admitted to a regional academic hospital from January 2012 to December 2014 was performed. RESULTS: Twenty patients with psoas abscess were identified, of which 14 were HIV positive (70%) and five HIV negative (25%)...
December 7, 2016: Asian Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27927579/evaluation-of-relative-criteria-for-single-incision-laparoscopic-cholecystectomy
#20
Yoichi Matsui, So Yamaki, Satoshi Hirooka, Tomohisa Yamamoto, Hiroaki Yanagimoto, Sohei Satoi, Masanori Kon
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVE: Although single-incision laparoscopic cholecystectomy (SILC) has no advantage over conventional laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC), except for better cosmesis, few reports have discussed the criteria for SILC. The aim of this study was to evaluate the suitability of our criteria for SILC. METHODS: During the study period, SILC was performed at our institution under the following criteria. The inclusion criteria were elective surgery, age of < 60 years, and body mass index of < 30 kg/m(2)...
December 5, 2016: Asian Journal of Surgery
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