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Asian Journal of Surgery

Okan Demiray, Dogan Gonullu, Mehmet Lari Gedik, Aysenur Akyildiz Igdem, Ferda Nihat Koksoy
OBJECTIVE: Polypropylene meshes are one of the most frequently used patches in inguinal hernia repairs. This material was proved to be not completely inert, and may cause inflammatory responses like foreign body reactions. One of the physical results of these inflammatory reactions against the mesh is mesh shrinkage which is responsible for recurrence and pain. In this study, we aimed to investigate the effects of the suture technique on mesh shrinkage. METHODS: 36 animals were used for the study...
April 20, 2018: Asian Journal of Surgery
Nao Imai, Mika Kitayama, Akiko Shibahara, Yuri Bessho, Mai Shibusawa, Aya Noro, Keiko Inakami, Noriko Hanamura, Hiroshi Imai, Tomoko Ogawa
BACKGROUND: After the ACOSOG Z0011 trial, it became important to evaluate the number of metastatic axillary lymph nodes (LNs) preoperatively. The purpose of this paper is to confirm whether the number of metastases can be accurately diagnosed by preoperative computed tomography (CT), ultrasound sonography (US), and US-guided fine-needle aspiration cytology (FNAC). METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed the axillary LNs finding of preoperative CT/US of 470 breast cancer patients...
April 13, 2018: Asian Journal of Surgery
I-Shiow Jan, Ya-Ting Lee, Chun-Ming Wang, Tsu-Yao Cheng, Chih-Yuan Wang, Tien-Chun Chang, Shyang-Rong Shih
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVE: The atypia of undetermined significance/follicular lesion of undetermined significance (AUS/FLUS) category is one of six diagnostic categories of The Bethesda System for Reporting Thyroid Cytopathology (TBSRTC). In this study, we report the diagnostic distribution of thyroid fine needle aspiration (FNA) cytology and analyze the outcome of AUS/FLUS cases. METHODS: A total of 29,937 thyroid FNA results, reported between April 2012 and December 2016, were retrieved from the database of a medical center...
April 10, 2018: Asian Journal of Surgery
Wei-Jei Lee, Yi-Cheng Chang, Owaid Almalki, Seh-Huang Chao, Chieh Hsiang Lu, Ching-Chu Chen, Yu-Yao Huang, Yi-Chih Lee, Chih-Cheng Hsu
BACKGROUND: Strong evidence has shown that metabolic surgery is more effective than medical treatment in the treatment of type 2 diabetic patients. However, no study demonstrated a survival benefit and reduction of diabetes-related end-organ damage. Here, we describe the study design of a large prospective cohort study, the Taiwan Diabesity Study (TDS) which would compare the long-term survival rate and end-organ damage between overweight/obese type 2 diabetic patients receiving metabolic surgery and medical treatment...
April 6, 2018: Asian Journal of Surgery
Mahfouz Shehata Ibrahim Ahmed, Emad Salah Ibrahim, Hazem Ibrahim Eltayeb
BACKGROUND: Posttraumatic dorsal hand defects with exposed tendons and/or bones represent a challenge to reconstructive surgeons. Many options are suggested ranging from local, regional, distant up to free flaps. First dorsal metacarpal artery island flap was commonly prescribed for reconstructing the thumb or first web space defects. METHODS: During a 30 month's period, 23 patients, 15 males aged between 17 and 48 years and 8 females aged between 18 and 36 years presented by posttraumatic dorsal hand defects...
April 5, 2018: Asian Journal of Surgery
Toru Nakamura, Yoshiro Otsuki, Hidenori Nakamura, Kazuhito Funai
BACKGROUND: There are two issues to be discussed in pleural lavage cytology (PLC) for resected non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) whether it should be performed before (pre-PLC) or after (post-PLC) the lung resection and the dose of saline varies widely among the institutions. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the clinical records of 466 consecutive patients who underwent a curative resection for NSCLC and received both a pre- and post- PLC using 20 mL of saline from January 2001 to December 2011...
April 5, 2018: Asian Journal of Surgery
Tsubasa Aiyoshi, Kouji Masumoto, Yasuhisa Urita, Fumiko Chiba
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 4, 2018: Asian Journal of Surgery
Weidong Jia, Wenbin Liu, Xiaofei Qiao
Enhanced recovery after surgery (ERAS) is a series of perioperative optimized treatment measures based on evidence-based medicine which can control perioperative pathological and physiological responses, reduce surgical trauma and postoperative stress, and then achieve rapid recovery. This is a new concept in the 21st century, which is a revolution to the medical treatment and rehabilitation mode. Based on the clinical application study and expert experience in present ERAS in hepatectomy field at home and abroad, Chinese Expert Consensus on Enhanced Recovery After Hepatectomy (Version 2017) is established...
April 4, 2018: Asian Journal of Surgery
Mustafa Yaşar Özdamar, Sevinç Şahin, Kürşad Zengin, Selda Seçkin, Mesut Gürdal
PURPOSE: Previous studies of undescended testis (UT) has focused on insulin-like hormone 3 (INSL3), the genitofemoral nerve, and androgens in the testicular descent. Leydig cells, which are under the control of insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF1), produce both androgens and INSL3. We aimed to investigate whether insulin-like growth factor receptor-1(IGFR1) exists in the cremaster muscle (CM) complex and is associated with normally descended testis as well as UT cases in humans. METHODS: We studied 30 CM from 15 patients who comprised the UT group (UTG), and 15 patients with unilateral testicular torsion (Control group; CG)...
March 31, 2018: Asian Journal of Surgery
Wei Gao, Zhi Guo, Shumiao Shu, Wenge Xing, Weihao Zhang, Xueling Yang
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVE: A retrospective review is required to assess the application effect of percutaneous cryoablation on the stage IIIB/IV advanced non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) after the failure of chemoradiotherapy. A total of twenty-two cases with stage IIIB/IV advanced NSCLC after failure of chemoradiotherapy were enrolled. METHODS: Computed Tomography (CT) was used for the assessment of tumor response, and Functional Assessment of Cancer Therapy-General (FACT-G) was applied for the evaluation of quality of life...
March 30, 2018: Asian Journal of Surgery
Fang-Liang Huang, Sheng-Jie Yu
The poor prognosis and rising incidence of esophageal cancer highlight the need for improved detection and prediction methods that are essential prior to treatment. Esophageal cancer is one of the most fatal malignancies worldwide, with a dramatic increase in incidence in the Western world occurring over the past few decades. Despite improvements in the management and treatment of esophageal cancer patients, the general outcome remains very poor for overall 5-year survival rates (∼10%) and 5-year postesophagectomy survival rates (∼15-40%)...
May 2018: Asian Journal of Surgery
Chaidir Arif Mochtar, Widi Atmoko, Rainy Umbas, Agus Rizal Ardy Hariandy Hamid
PURPOSES OF THE STUDY: To evaluate the overall detection rate of prostate cancer in biopsies according to serum prostate-specific antigen levels, determine the number of cores biopsied in Indonesian men, and provide a correlated staging of prostate cancer patients at varying intervals of prostate-specific antigen levels. METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed the data from Indonesian men who had undergone prostate biopsy at two national referral medical centers in Jakarta from January 1995 to December 2014...
March 2018: Asian Journal of Surgery
Matthias Aurich, Veit Koenig, Gunther Hofmann
Posttraumatic osteoarthritis (PTOA) of the knee is a common complication after intra- and extra-articular fractures. Moreover, PTOA may also be a result of isolated cartilage defects, meniscus resections, and ligament injuries. There are various methods of treatment of knee joint fractures. However, in the final stage of a PTOA, when nonoperative treatment fails, endoprosthetic joint replacement is the method of choice. Primary total knee replacement (TKR) for the treatment for a fracture of the knee joint is a rare indication, even at major treatment centers...
March 2018: Asian Journal of Surgery
Shih-Chiang Shen, Chun-Yi Tsai, Chien-Hung Liao, Yu-Yin Liu, Ta-Sen Yeh, Keng-Hao Liu
BACKGROUND: Obesity has become a healthcare burden in Taiwan and the rest of Asia. Laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (LRYGB) provides good weight loss outcome, and improves comorbidity as well as quality of life. We present our experience of the learning curve for LRYGB in a low-volume bariatric unit. METHODS: From March 2009 to August 2011, 60 consecutive patients who underwent LRYGB were included. They were separated into two groups, with the first 30 cases in Group 1 and the remaining 30 cases in Group 2...
March 2018: Asian Journal of Surgery
Yuk Law, Yiu Che Chan, Stephen W K Cheng
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVE: Deep vein thrombosis (DVT) was thought to be uncommon in Asians and routine thromboprophylaxis in the form of anticoagulation for surgical patients was considered to be unnecessary. The current study aims to provide a contemporary epidemiology of venous thromboembolism in a population-based scale. METHODS: Information from January 1, 2010 to December 31, 2011 was retrieved from a centralized computer public healthcare database serving mainly an ethnic Han Chinese population of 7...
March 2018: Asian Journal of Surgery
Chih-Po Hsu, Jun-Te Hsu, Chien-Hung Liao, Shih-Ching Kang, Being-Chuan Lin, Yu-Pao Hsu, Chun-Nan Yeh, Ta-Sen Yeh, Tsann-Long Hwang
OBJECTIVE: Pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma is one of the most malignant types of cancer. This study evaluated the 3-year and 5-year surgical outcomes associated with the cancer and determined whether statistically identified factors can be used to predict survival. METHODS: This retrospective review was conducted from 1995 to 2010. Patients who had resectable pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma and received surgical treatment were included. Cases of hospital mortality were excluded...
March 2018: Asian Journal of Surgery
Ayman El Nakeeb, Ali Salem, Yousef Mahdy, Mohamed El Dosoky, Rami Said, Mohamed Abd Ellatif, Helmy Ezzat, Ahmed M Elsabbagh, Hosam Hamed, Talaat Abd Alah, Gamal El Ebidy
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVE: The potential benefit of preoperative biliary drainage (PBD) on postoperative outcomes remains controversial. The aim of this study was to elucidate surgical outcomes of pancreaticoduodenectomy (PD) in patients with PBD and to show the impact of bilirubin level. METHODS: We retrospectively studied all patients who underwent PD in our center between January 2003 and June 2015. Patients were divided into: Group A (PBD) and Group B (no PBD). The primary outcome was the rate of postoperative complication...
March 2018: Asian Journal of Surgery
Chia-Yen Lin, Cheng-Kuang Yang, Yen-Chuan Ou, Kun-Yuan Chiu, Chen-Li Cheng, Hao-Chung Ho, Shian-Shiang Wang, Chuan-Shu Chen, Jian-Ri Li
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVE: To present the long-term result and efficacy of robotic partial nephrectomy (RPN) for renal angiomyolipomas (AMLs) with perioperative outcome and renal function preservation. METHODS: From September 2006 to October 2014, the database of a single medical center was reviewed and patients who underwent RPN for AMLs were enrolled. The patient demographics, perioperative complications, and postoperative outcomes were analyzed. RESULTS: We identified 23 patients who were treated with RPN for renal AMLs...
March 2018: Asian Journal of Surgery
Sze Li Siow, Hans Alexander Mahendran, Chee Ming Wong, Mark Hardin, Tien Loong Luk
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to compare the outcomes of patients who underwent laparoscopic and open repair of perforated peptic ulcers (PPUs) at our institution. METHODS: This is a retrospective review of a prospectively collected database of patients who underwent emergency laparoscopic or open repair for PPU between December 2010 and February 2014. RESULTS: A total of 131 patients underwent emergency repair for PPU (laparoscopic repair, n=63, 48...
March 2018: Asian Journal of Surgery
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