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Lucie Křížová, Milan Kuchař, Hana Petroková, Radim Osička, Marie Hlavničková, Ondřej Pelák, Jiří Černý, Tomáš Kalina, Petr Malý
Interleukin-23 (IL-23), a heterodimeric cytokine of covalently bound p19 and p40 proteins, has recently been closely associated with development of several chronic autoimmune diseases such as psoriasis, psoriatic arthritis or inflammatory bowel disease. Released by activated dendritic cells, IL-23 interacts with IL-23 receptor (IL-23R) on Th17 cells, thus promoting intracellular signaling, a pivotal step in Th17-driven pro-inflammatory axis. Here, we aimed to block the binding of IL-23 cytokine to its cell-surface receptor by novel inhibitory protein binders targeted to the p19 subunit of human IL-23...
January 19, 2017: Autoimmunity
Kerstin Sarter, Manuel Kulagin, Georg Schett, Nicola L Harris, Mario M Zaiss
Infections with different helminth species have been observed to ameliorate a variety of chronic inflammatory diseases. Herein, we show that the natural murine helminth species, Heligmosomoides polygyrus bakeri (Hp) is capable of attenuating disease severity in two different inflammatory arthritis models. Furthermore, we show that excretory-secretory (ES) products from Hp directly suppress osteoclast differentiation in vitro. Taken together, these results demonstrate that helminth infections can dampen autoimmune diseases and highlight a previously unrecognized and important role for ES products, by directly impacting on bone destruction...
January 13, 2017: Autoimmunity
Naoya Inoue, Yuka Katsumata, Mikio Watanabe, Naoko Ishido, Yu Manabe, Ayano Watanabe, Ryota Masutani, Yoh Hidaka, Yoshinori Iwatani
Graves' disease (GD) and Hashimoto's disease (HD) are autoimmune thyroid diseases (AITDs). Prognosis of AITDs varies in each patient. Toll-like receptors (TLRs) are pattern-recognition receptors that activate signaling pathways involved in the production of proinflammatory cytokines. UNC93B1 is a transcription factor of TLR7 and TLR9. In this study, we examined the association of TLR expression and TLR and UNC93B1 polymorphisms with the development and prognosis of AITDs. The ratio of intracellular TLR7 (iTLR7) and iTLR9 intensities in B cells was lower in patients with GD in remission than in patients with intractable GD (p = 0...
December 26, 2016: Autoimmunity
Moncef Zouali
Initial studies of periodontal disease suggested that T cell-mediated immunity against oral Gram-negative microorganisms is a key player in the pathogenesis of this inflammatory disease. Recent investigations, however, revealed that B cells are also engaged. Given their chief role in innate-like and adaptive immune responses, B cells could exert protective functions in periodontitis. However, the periodontal bacteria-specific antibody response is generally unable to halt disease progression in affected subjects, suggesting that the antibodies produced could exhibit low anti-bacterial blocking functions or opsonophagocytic potential, and/or unfavorable effects...
December 26, 2016: Autoimmunity
Osamu Ichii, Masataka Chihara, Shin-Hyo Lee, Teppei Nakamura, Saori Otsuka-Kanazawa, Taro Horino, Yaser Hosny Ali Elewa, Yasuhiro Kon
Inbred MRL/MpJ mice show several unique phenotypes in tissue regeneration processes and the urogenital and immune systems. Clarifying the genetic and molecular bases of these phenotypes requires the analysis of their genetic susceptibility locus. Herein, hydronephrosis development was incidentally observed in MRL/MpJ-derived chromosome 11 (D11Mit21-212)-carrying C57BL/6N-based congenic mice, which developed bilateral or unilateral hydronephrosis in both males and females with 23.5% and 12.5% prevalence, respectively...
December 23, 2016: Autoimmunity
Lidiane Zito Grund, Ivan Novaski, Valerie F Quesniaux, Bernhard Ryffel, Monica Lopes-Ferreira, Carla Lima
Interleukin (IL) 17A in chronic inflammation is also produced by innate immune cells as neutrophils. Mice with chronic humoral response induced by venom of Thalassophryne nattereri (VTn) proved to be a good tool for evaluating the impact of IL-17A on the development of long-lived plasma cells in the inflamed peritoneal cavity. Here, we report that VTn induces IL-17A production by neutrophils accumulating in the peritoneal cavity and triggers the extrusion of IL-17A along with neutrophil extracellular traps (NETs)...
December 23, 2016: Autoimmunity
Sajad Ahmad Dar, Shafiul Haque, Raju Kumar Mandal, Taru Singh, Mohd Wahid, Arshad Jawed, Aditya K Panda, Naseem Akhter, Mohtashim Lohani, Mohammed Yahya Areeshi, Gargi Rai, Shyama Datt, Sambit Nath Bhattacharya, Vishnampettai Ganapathysubramanian Ramachandran, Shukla Das
The association of interleukin-6 (IL-6)-174G > C (rs1800795) single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) with the risk of acquiring rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a relevant issue because of conflicting and consensus lacking reports published in literature. We investigated IL-6-174G > C promoter polymorphism in 34 RA patients, attending a tertiary care hospital in north India. We also performed a meta-analysis, of the previously published studies reporting this genetic relationship, in overall population, and independently in Asian and Caucasian ethnicities to further elucidate this association...
December 23, 2016: Autoimmunity
Phillip P Domeier, Stephanie L Schell, Ziaur S M Rahman
Germinal centers (GCs) are dynamic microenvironments that form in the secondary lymphoid organs and generate somatically mutated high-affinity antibodies necessary to establish an effective humoral immune response. Tight regulation of GC responses is critical for maintaining self-tolerance. GCs can arise in the absence of purposeful immunization or overt infection (called spontaneous GCs, Spt-GCs). In autoimmune-prone mice and patients with autoimmune disease, aberrant regulation of Spt-GCs is thought to promote the development of somatically mutated pathogenic autoantibodies and the subsequent development of autoimmunity...
February 2017: Autoimmunity
Rachel Ettinger, Jodi L Karnell, Jill Henault, Santosh K Panda, Jeffrey M Riggs, Roland Kolbeck, Miguel A Sanjuan
Autoantibodies of the IgG subclass are pathogenic in a number of autoimmune disorders such as systemic lupus erythomatosus. The presence of circulating IgE autoantibodies in autoimmune patients has also been known for almost 40 years. Despite their role in allergies, IgE autoantibodies are not associated with a higher rate of atopy in these patients. However, recently they have been recognized as active drivers of autoimmunity through mechanisms involving the secretion of Type I interferons by plasmacytoid dendritic cells (pDC), the recruitment of basophils to lymph nodes, and the activation of adaptive immune responses through B and T cells...
February 2017: Autoimmunity
Seung-Chul Choi, Laurence Morel
Systemic lupus erythematosus is an autoimmune disease in which the effector molecules responsible for tissue damage are antibodies directed against a large number of self-antigens, among which nucleic acids complexed with proteins play a prominent role. These pathogenic autoantibodies are produced by plasma cells differentiated from activated autoreactive B cells, a process that requires complex interactions between multiple components of the immune systems. A key step in the activation of autoreactive B cells is provided by CD4(+ )T cells through cytokines and cell-to-cell contact...
February 2017: Autoimmunity
Hamid Mattoo, John H Stone, Shiv Pillai
IgG4-related disease (IgG4-RD) is a systemic condition of unknown cause characterized by highly fibrotic lesions, with dense lymphoplasmacytic infiltrates containing a preponderance of IgG4-expressing plasma cells. CD4(+) T cells and B cells constitute the major inflammatory cell populations in IgG4-RD lesions. IgG4-RD patients with active, untreated disease show a marked expansion of plasmablasts in the circulation. Although the therapeutic depletion of B cells suggests a role for these cells in the disease, a direct role for B cells or IgG4 in the pathogenesis of IgG4-RD is yet to be demonstrated...
February 2017: Autoimmunity
Hartmut Wekerle
B lymphocytes have essential roles in the autoimmune pathogenesis of multiple sclerosis (MS). They regulate the autoimmune response and participate in the development of the CNS lesions. This review discusses nature and functions of B cells in MS, and retraces the recruitment of brain-autoimmune B cells from the B cell repertoire. Multiple sclerosis is commonly considered as an autoimmune demyelinating disease, where myelin-reactive T cells enter the CNS from outside, and drive the inflammatory changes that ultimately create the degenerative MS plaque...
February 2017: Autoimmunity
Tin Kyaw, Peter Tipping, Alex Bobik, Ban-Hock Toh
Atherosclerosis is initiated by cholesterol entry into arteries that triggers chronic immune-inflammatory lesions in the vessels. Early lesions are clinically insignificant but advanced complex lesions and vulnerable rupture prone lesions impact on quality of life and can be life threatening. Rupture of vulnerable atherosclerotic lesions initiates thrombotic occlusion of vital arteries precipitating heart attacks and strokes that remain major killers globally despite therapeutic use of statins to lower blood cholesterol levels...
February 2017: Autoimmunity
Moncef Zouali
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2017: Autoimmunity
Mohamed Khass, Robert L Schelonka, Cun Ren Liu, Ada Elgavish, Laurence Morel, Peter D Burrows, Harry W Schroeder
Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is an autoimmune disease that reflects a failure to block the production of self-reactive antibodies, especially those that bind double-stranded DNA (dsDNA). Backcrossing the lupus-prone NZM2410 genome onto C57BL/6 led to the identification of three genomic intervals, termed sle1, sle2 and sle3, which are associated with lupus susceptibility. We previously generated a C57BL/6 strain congenic for an immunoglobulin DH locus (ΔD-iD) that enriches for arginine at dsDNA-binding positions...
February 2017: Autoimmunity
Minori Saeki, Mikio Watanabe, Naoya Inoue, Ena Tokiyoshi, Yukina Takuse, Yuya Arakawa, Yoh Hidaka, Yoshinori Iwatani
Dicer and Drosha are RNase III enzymes that are necessary for the biogenesis of most miRNAs. However, there are no reports on the association of Dicer and Drosha with the pathogenesis of autoimmune thyroid disease (AITD). We genotyped DICER rs3742330A/G and rs1057035T/C as well as DROSHA rs644236C/T and rs10719C/T polymorphisms in 255 Hashimoto's disease (HD) patients, in 255 Graves' disease (GD) patients and in 128 healthy controls by the polymerase chain reaction (PCR)- restriction fragment length polymorphism (RFLP) method...
November 3, 2016: Autoimmunity
Heng Cao, Jin Lin, Weiqian Chen, Guanhua Xu, Chuanyin Sun
To determine the pathogenic role of adipokines, such as adiponectin and leptin, in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) by investigating whether serum levels of these adipokines correlated with disease activity in RA patients. Medline, Cochrane, EMBASE and Google Scholar were searched for studies published until 5 November 2015 reporting serum levels of leptin and adiponectin and measures of disease activity including DAS scores and radiographic progression scores (such as total change in SHS scores and number of erosions)...
December 2016: Autoimmunity
Davina Gorton, Suchandan Sikder, Natasha L Williams, Lisa Chilton, Catherine M Rush, Brenda L Govan, Madeleine W Cunningham, Natkunam Ketheesan
Rheumatic fever and rheumatic heart disease (RF/RHD) develop following repeated infection with group A streptococci (GAS). We used the Rat Autoimmune Valvulitis (RAV) model of RF/RHD to demonstrate that repetitive booster immunization with GAS-derived recombinant M protein (rM5) resulted in an enhanced anti-cardiac myosin antibody response that may contribute to the breaking of immune tolerance leading to RF/RHD and increased infiltration of heart valves by mononuclear cells. With each boost, more inflammatory cells were observed infiltrating heart tissue which could lead to severe cardiac damage...
December 2016: Autoimmunity
Heena Mehta, Philippe-Olivier Goulet, Vinh Nguyen, Gemma Pérez, Martial Koenig, Jean-Luc Senécal, Marika Sarfati
DNA Topoisomerase I (TopoI) is a candidate autoantigen for diffuse cutaneous systemic sclerosis (dcSSc) associated with fatal lung disease. Dendritic cells (DCs) contribute to bleomycin-induced lung fibrosis. However, the possibility that TopoI-loaded DCs are involved in the initiation and/or perpetuation of dcSSc has not been explored. Here, we show that immunization with TopoI peptide-loaded DCs induces anti-TopoI autoantibody response and long-term fibrosis. Mice were repeatedly immunized with unpulsed DCs or DCs loaded with either TOPOIA or TOPOIB peptides, selected from different regions of TopoI...
November 3, 2016: Autoimmunity
Jeffrey T Guptill, Vern C Juel, Janice M Massey, Amanda C Anderson, Manisha Chopra, John S Yi, Ehsanollah Esfandiari, Tim Buchanan, Bryan Smith, Paul Atherfold, Emma Jones, James F Howard
An integrated understanding of therapeutic plasma exchange (TPE) effects on immunoglobulins, autoantibodies, and natural or acquired (vaccine) protective antibodies in patients with autoimmune myasthenia gravis (MG) is lacking. Prior studies measured TPE effects in healthy volunteers or heterogeneous autoimmune disease populations. We prospectively profiled plasma IgA, IgM, IgG, IgG subclasses (IgG1-4), acetylcholine receptor autoantibodies (AChR+), and protective antibodies in patients with AChR + MG receiving TPE for an exacerbation...
November 2016: Autoimmunity
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