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Heena Mehta, Philippe-Olivier Goulet, Vinh Nguyen, Gemma Pérez, Martial Koenig, Jean-Luc Senécal, Marika Sarfati
DNA Topoisomerase I (TopoI) is a candidate autoantigen for diffuse cutaneous systemic sclerosis (dcSSc) associated with fatal lung disease. Dendritic cells (DCs) contribute to bleomycin-induced lung fibrosis. However, the possibility that TopoI-loaded DCs are involved in the initiation and/or perpetuation of dcSSc has not been explored. Here, we show that immunization with TopoI peptide-loaded DCs induces anti-TopoI autoantibody response and long-term fibrosis. Mice were repeatedly immunized with unpulsed DCs or DCs loaded with either TOPOIA or TOPOIB peptides, selected from different regions of TopoI...
November 3, 2016: Autoimmunity
Minori Saeki, Mikio Watanabe, Naoya Inoue, Ena Tokiyoshi, Yukina Takuse, Yuya Arakawa, Yoh Hidaka, Yoshinori Iwatani
Dicer and Drosha are RNase III enzymes that are necessary for the biogenesis of most miRNAs. However, there are no reports on the association of Dicer and Drosha with the pathogenesis of autoimmune thyroid disease (AITD). We genotyped DICER rs3742330A/G and rs1057035T/C as well as DROSHA rs644236C/T and rs10719C/T polymorphisms in 255 Hashimoto's disease (HD) patients, in 255 Graves' disease (GD) patients and in 128 healthy controls by the polymerase chain reaction (PCR)- restriction fragment length polymorphism (RFLP) method...
November 3, 2016: Autoimmunity
Heng Cao, Jin Lin, Weiqian Chen, Guanhua Xu, Chuanyin Sun
To determine the pathogenic role of adipokines, such as adiponectin and leptin, in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) by investigating whether serum levels of these adipokines correlated with disease activity in RA patients. Medline, Cochrane, EMBASE and Google Scholar were searched for studies published until 5 November 2015 reporting serum levels of leptin and adiponectin and measures of disease activity including DAS scores and radiographic progression scores (such as total change in SHS scores and number of erosions)...
September 30, 2016: Autoimmunity
Daniel Sánchez, Pavel Gregor, Karol Čurila, Iva Hoffmanová, Věra Hábová, Ludmila Tučková, Helena Tlaskalová-Hogenová
Distinct cellular level of the Ca(2+)-binding chaperone calreticulin (CRT) is essential for correct embryonal cardiac development and postnatal function. However, CRT is also a potential autoantigen eliciting formation of antibodies (Ab), whose role is not yet clarified. Immunization with CRT leads to cardiac injury, while overexpression of CRT in cardiomyocytes induces dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM) in animals. Hence, we analysed levels of anti-CRT Ab and calreticulin in the sera of patients with idiopatic DCM and hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM)...
September 30, 2016: Autoimmunity
Davina Gorton, Suchandan Sikder, Natasha L Williams, Lisa Chilton, Catherine M Rush, Brenda L Govan, Madeleine W Cunningham, Natkunam Ketheesan
Rheumatic fever and rheumatic heart disease (RF/RHD) develop following repeated infection with group A streptococci (GAS). We used the Rat Autoimmune Valvulitis (RAV) model of RF/RHD to demonstrate that repetitive booster immunization with GAS-derived recombinant M protein (rM5) resulted in an enhanced anti-cardiac myosin antibody response that may contribute to the breaking of immune tolerance leading to RF/RHD and increased infiltration of heart valves by mononuclear cells. With each boost, more inflammatory cells were observed infiltrating heart tissue which could lead to severe cardiac damage...
December 2016: Autoimmunity
Zuzana Parackova, Jana Kayserova, Klara Danova, Kristyna Sismova, Eva Dudkova, Zdenek Sumnik, Stanislava Kolouskova, Jan Lebl, Katerina Stechova, Anna Sediva
T regulatory cells (Tregs) are essential for maintaining tolerance and preventing autoimmune diseases, such as type 1 diabetes (T1D). In our study, we investigated CD25 + FoxP3 + Tregs and thymic FoxP3 + Helios + Tregs in large cohorts of children with T1D at onset and with long-term T1D, and further in their relatives and healthy controls. We observed significantly decreased numbers of CD25 + FoxP3 + Tregs, but not FoxP3 + Helios + Tregs, in long-term patients compared with the control group and T1D onset...
August 25, 2016: Autoimmunity
Matthias Klein, Marc Schmalzing, Giovanni Almanzar, Sandrine Benoit, Henning Hamm, Hans-Peter Tony, Matthias Goebeler, Martina Prelog
Only limited attention has been paid to the role of CD8 + T cells in the etiopathogenesis and progression of systemic sclerosis (SSc). CD8 + T cells may have autoantigen-specific and pro-inflammatory but also immunomodulatory properties. To investigate the differentiation of CD8 + T cells, staining of cell surface factors and of chemokine receptors were performed. In addition, the cytokine-producing ability of circulating CD8 + T cells and their sensitivity to suppression by regulatory T cells (Tregs) were compared between patients with diffuse (dcSSc) or limited cutaneous SSc (lcSSc) and healthy individuals...
August 25, 2016: Autoimmunity
Jeffrey T Guptill, Vern C Juel, Janice M Massey, Amanda C Anderson, Manisha Chopra, John S Yi, Ehsanollah Esfandiari, Tim Buchanan, Bryan Smith, Paul Atherfold, Emma Jones, James F Howard
An integrated understanding of therapeutic plasma exchange (TPE) effects on immunoglobulins, autoantibodies, and natural or acquired (vaccine) protective antibodies in patients with autoimmune myasthenia gravis (MG) is lacking. Prior studies measured TPE effects in healthy volunteers or heterogeneous autoimmune disease populations. We prospectively profiled plasma IgA, IgM, IgG, IgG subclasses (IgG1-4), acetylcholine receptor autoantibodies (AChR+), and protective antibodies in patients with AChR + MG receiving TPE for an exacerbation...
August 11, 2016: Autoimmunity
Sylvie Chabot, Fernando Alvarez, Abdelaziz Amrani, Idriss Djilali-Saiah
Identifying the type of diabetogenic CD8(+) T cells that initiate autoimmune diabetes (AID) is a critical step in designing appropriate strategies for the early detection of beta cell-directed autoimmunity and its progression to diabetes. We generated a novel double transgenic (Tg) mouse model on the naturally diabetes resistant C57Bl/6 background, co-expressing two transgenes including a specific TCR anti-lymphocytic choriomeningitis virus nucleoprotein (LCMV-NP) carried by CD8(+) T cells and LCMV-NP (as neo-self antigen) expressed by pancreatic beta cells...
August 11, 2016: Autoimmunity
Marc Rancier, Ines Zaaber, Maria G Stathopoulou, Jérôme Chatelin, Abdelsalam Saleh, Héla Marmouch, Said El Shamieh, Christine Masson, Helena Murray, John Lamont, Peter Fitzgerald, Silvia Mahjoub, Khaled Said, Besma Bel Haj Jrad Tensaout, Souhir Mestiri, Sophie Visvikis-Siest
The aim of this study was to assess the relationships between five different splice isoforms of VEGF mRNA and its plasma levels in individuals treated for autoimmune thyroid diseases (AITD); mainly Graves' disease (GD) and Hashimoto's thyroiditis (HT). In a population from Tunisia, levels of thyroid hormones and antibodies were quantified simultaneously with plasma VEGF and VEGF mRNA isoforms after a period of 6 months of patients' treatment. Plasma VEGF was measured in 110 AITD patients (21 GD and 89 HT patients)...
August 5, 2016: Autoimmunity
Kaori Uomori, Kazuhisa Nozawa, Keigo Ikeda, Kentaro Doe, Yusuke Yamada, Ayako Yamaguchi, Maki Fujishiro, Mikiko Kawasaki, Shinji Morimoto, Kenji Takamori, Iwao Sekigawa, Edward K L Chan, Yoshinari Takasaki
Novel autoantibodies against nuclear antigen of 14 kDa (NA-14)/Sjögren's syndrome nuclear antigen-1 (SSNA-1) are predominantly recognized in sera of patients with primary Sjögren's syndrome (pSS). However, the detailed characteristics of the anti-NA-14 antibody remain unknown. Here, we sought to clarify the characteristics of anti-SSNA-1/NA-14 antibodies and the mechanisms of autoantibody production using sera from patients with connective tissue diseases (including pSS), autoimmune sera reacting with standard autoantigens (SS-A/Ro and/or SS-B/La, ds DNA, Scl-70 and Jo-1), and normal healthy controls (NHCs)...
August 2016: Autoimmunity
Maiko Akahane, Mikio Watanabe, Naoya Inoue, Yumi Miyahara, Yuya Arakawa, Yuka Inoue, Yuka Katsumata, Yoh Hidaka, Yoshinori Iwatani
Chemokines induce leukocyte chemotaxis and contribute to chronic inflammation. To clarify the association between functional polymorphisms in genes encoding some chemokines and the pathogenesis of Autoimmune thyroid disease (AITD), we genotyped IL8 -251T/A, Regulated upon Activation, Normal T cell Expressed and presumably Secreted (RANTES) - 403G/A, -28C/G, MIG rs2276886G/A, IP10 -1596C/T, Monocyte Chemoattractant Protein1 (MCP1) - 2518G/A and IL16 -295T/C polymorphisms. We genotyped these polymorphisms using the PCR-RFLP method in 149 Graves' disease (GD) patients, including 59 patients with intractable GD and 53 patients with GD in remission, as well as 131 Hashimoto's disease (HD) patients, including 54 patients with severe HD, 46 patients with mild HD and 99 healthy controls...
August 2016: Autoimmunity
Christine S Haddad, Palash Bhattacharya, Khaled Alharshawi, Alejandra Marinelarena, Prabhakaran Kumar, Osama El-Sayed, Hatem A Elshabrawy, Alan L Epstein, Bellur S Prabhakar
Earlier, we have shown that GM-CSF derived bone marrow (BM) dendritic cells (G-BMDCs) can expand Foxp3(+) regulatory T-cells (Tregs) through a TCR-independent, but IL-2 dependent mechanism that required OX40L/OX40 interaction. While some reports have shown suppression of autoimmunity upon treatment with an OX40 agonist, others have shown exacerbation of autoimmune disease instead. To better understand the basis for these differing outcomes, we compared the effects of OX40L treatment in 6-week-old pre-diabetic and 12-week-old near diabetic NOD mice...
August 2016: Autoimmunity
Mika Sarumaru, Mikio Watanabe, Naoya Inoue, Yuko Hisamoto, Emi Morita, Yuya Arakawa, Yoh Hidaka, Yoshinori Iwatani
Sirtuin1 (SIRT1) is a Class 3 nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide-dependent histone deacetylase (HDAC) that is thought to be implicated in the protection against autoimmune diseases. However, an association between SIRT1 and autoimmune thyroid disease (AITD) has not been reported. In this study, we selected four single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in the SIRT1 gene, rs12049646 T/C (termed SNP1), rs12778366 T/C (termed SNP2), rs3758391 T/C (termed SNP3), and rs4746720 T/C (termed SNP4). We genotyped each of these polymorphic sites in 185 patients with Graves' disease (GD), including 76 patients with intractable GD and 57 patients with GD in remission; 151 patients with Hashimoto's disease (HD), including 68 patients with severe HD and 54 patients with mild HD; and 96 healthy volunteers...
August 2016: Autoimmunity
Mark Plander, Bernadette Kalman
Autoimmune diseases represent a heterogeneous group of common disorders defined by complex trait genetics and environmental effects. The genetic variants usually align in immune and metabolic pathways that affect cell survival or apoptosis and modulate leukocyte function. Nevertheless, the exact triggers of disease development remain poorly understood and the current therapeutic interventions only modify the disease course. Both the prevention and the cure of autoimmune disorders are beyond our present medical capabilities...
August 2016: Autoimmunity
Kathrine Skarstein, Lara A Aqrawi, Gunnvor Øijordsbakken, Roland Jonsson, Janicke Liaaen Jensen
A minor salivary gland (SG) biopsy with focal lymphocytic sialadenitis and a focus score of ≥1 is today's widely accepted pathological finding confirming the SG component of Sjögren's syndrome (SS). Adipocytes can occupy a large percentage of the SG area although little is known about their significance in SS lesions. This study aimed to characterise adipose tissue infiltration in labial SG biopsies from 27 SS patients and 28 non-SS sicca controls. Biopsies were evaluated by one oral pathologist and assessed for focus score, acinar atrophy, fatty replacement and non-specific chronic inflammation...
August 2016: Autoimmunity
Artur Bossowski, Marcin Moniuszko, Ewelina Idźkowska, Kamil Grubczak, Paulina Singh, Anna Bossowska, Tanja Diana, George J Kahaly
Until now, altered balance of Th1 and Th2 immune cells has been postulated to play an important role in the pathogenesis of autoimmune thyroid diseases (AITD). However, recent studies on thyroid diseases have suggested a new role for Th17 cells that have been classified as a new lineage, distinct from Th1, Th2 and Treg cells. Despite wide interest, the role of Th17 cells in the pathogenesis of inflammatory and autoimmune diseases is still debated. The aim of the study was to estimate the proportions of Th17/Treg T cells in peripheral blood from patients with Graves' disease (GD; n = 29, mean age 15...
August 2016: Autoimmunity
Nan Zhang, Jiandong Tai, Zhihui Qu, Zhihui Zhang, Songchen Zhao, Jiaxue He, Songling Zhang, Yanfang Jiang
BACKGROUND: T follicular helper (Tfh) cells are known to regulate humoral immune response. In this study we examined the correlation of different subsets of peripheral blood Tfh cells in patients with diabetic nephropathy (DN). METHODS: A total of 23 DN patients and 15 healthy controls (HC) were investigated for various subsets of Tfh cells by flow cytometry. The molecules ICOS(+), PD-1(+), CD28(+), CD154(+), IL-21(+), IFN-γ(+), IL-4(+), IL-17(+) Tfh cells were examined...
July 31, 2016: Autoimmunity
Laure Zucchini, Delphine Giusti, Grégory Gatouillat, Amélie Servettaz, Thierry Tabary, Coralie Barbe, Bach-Nga Pham
Algorithms for celiac disease diagnosis provided by guidelines are based primarily on anti-tissue transglutaminase 2 (TG2) antibodies and/or anti-endomysium antibodies. The place of anti-deamidated gliadin peptide (DGP) antibodies is less well established. This study was designed to assess the clinical relevance of anti-DGP antibodies. Two thousand and twenty-six consecutive unselected patients systematically tested for anti-TG2, endomysium, gliadin, DGP antibodies and IgA dosage were investigated. The serological interpretation was assessed by analyzing the medical records of patients...
July 23, 2016: Autoimmunity
Antonio Fernández-Suárez, Aurora Muñoz-Colmenero, Esther Ocaña-Pérez, Daniel Fatela-Cantillo, José L Domínguez-Jiménez, José M Díaz-Iglesias
BACKGROUND: Antinuclear antibody (ANA) testing is useful for screening, diagnosis and follow-up of patients with systemic rheumatic diseases. Indirect immunofluorescence (IIF) on HEp-2 cells is the gold standard for ANA testing. However, ANA have also been detected in patients with different cancer types but without any autoimmune disease. To overcome these shortcomings, different automated solid-phase assays have been developed. AIM: To determine the positive rate of a new ANA detection method (EliA CTD Screen, Phadia, Germany), in CRC patients without systemic rheumatic diseases...
July 16, 2016: Autoimmunity
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