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Journal of Biomaterials Applications

Hongzhang Guo, Changde Wang, Jixiang Wang, Yufang He
This study aimed to explore the surface modification of deproteinized bovine bone using lithium-ion and evaluate its efficacy on osteogenesis improvement and critical-sized bone defect repair. Hydrothermal treatment was performed to produce lithium-incorporated deproteinized bovine bone. In vitro study, human osteosarcoma cell MG63 (MG63) was cultured with the bone substitute to evaluate the cell viability and then calcium deposition was measured to analyze the osteogenesis. In vivo studies, male adult goats were chosen to build critical-sized bone defect model and randomly divided into three groups...
May 2018: Journal of Biomaterials Applications
Engie Safwat, Mohammad L Hassan, Sayed Saniour, Dalia Yehia Zaki, Mervat Eldeftar, Dalia Saba, Mohamed Zazou
Nanofibrillated cellulose, obtained from rice straw agricultural wastes was used as a substrate for the preparation of a new injectable and mineralized hydrogel for bone regeneration. Tetramethyl pyridine oxyl (TEMPO) oxidized nanofibrillated cellulose, was mineralized through the incorporation of a prepared and characterized biphasic calcium phosphate at a fixed ratio of 50 wt%. The TEMPO-oxidized rice straw nanofibrillated cellulose was characterized using transmission electron microscopy, Fourier transform infrared, and carboxylic content determination...
May 2018: Journal of Biomaterials Applications
Xiaolong Liu, Yiran Xia, Lulu Liu, Dongmei Zhang, Zhaosheng Hou
The purpose of this study is to offer a novel kind of polyurethane with improved surface blood compatibility for long-term implant biomaterials. In this work, the aliphatic poly(ester-urethane) (PEU) with uniform-size hard segments was prepared and the PEU surface was grafted with hydrophilic poly(ethylene glycol) (PEG). The PEU was obtained by chain-extension of poly(ɛ-caprolactone) (PCL) with isocyanate-terminated urethane triblock. Free amino groups were introduced onto the surface of PEU film via aminolysis with hexamethylenediamine, and then the NH2 -grafted PEU surfaces (PEU-NH2 ) were reacted with isocyanate-terminated monomethoxyl PEG (MPEG-NCO) to obtain the PEG-grafted PEU surfaces (PEU-PEG)...
May 2018: Journal of Biomaterials Applications
Kentaro Imamura, Keita Tachi, Tadahiro Takayama, Ryutaro Shohara, Hironori Kasai, Jisen Dai, Seiichi Yamano
We have developed a unique delivery system of growth factors using collagen membranes (CMs) to induce bone regeneration. We hypothesized that fibroblast growth factor18 (FGF-18), a pleiotropic protein that stimulates proliferation in several tissues, can be a good candidate to use our delivery system for bone regeneration. Cell viability, cell proliferation, alkaline phosphatase activity, mineralization, and marker gene expression of osteoblastic differentiation were evaluated after mouse preosteoblasts were cultured with a CM containing FGF-18, a CM containing platelet-derived growth factor, or a CM alone...
May 2018: Journal of Biomaterials Applications
Ali Deniz Dalgic, Ammar Z Alshemary, Ayşen Tezcaner, Dilek Keskin, Zafer Evis
In this study, novel graphene oxide-incorporated silicate-doped nano-hydroxyapatite composites were prepared and their potential use for bone tissue engineering was investigated by developing an electrospun poly(ε-caprolactone) scaffold. Nanocomposite groups were synthesized to have two different ratios of graphene oxide (2 and 4 wt%) to evaluate the effect of graphene oxide incorporation and groups with different silicate-doped nano-hydroxyapatite content was prepared to investigate optimum concentrations of both silicate-doped nano-hydroxyapatite and graphene oxide...
May 2018: Journal of Biomaterials Applications
Da Yong Shin, Min-Ho Kang, In-Gu Kang, Hyoun-Ee Kim, Seol-Ha Jeong
A biodegradable polylactic acid composite containing tricalcium phosphate microsphere was fabricated. The composite exhibited enhanced biocompatibility and a well-interconnected porous structure that enabled tissue ingrowth after degradation. The tricalcium phosphate microspheres had an average size of 106 ± 43 μm and were incorporated into the polylactic acid matrix using a high-shear mixer. The resulting bioactivity and hydrophilicity were enhanced to levels comparable to those of a polylactic acid composite containing tricalcium phosphate powder, which is a well-known material used in the medical field...
May 2018: Journal of Biomaterials Applications
Tomasz Zbigniew Osmałek, Anna Froelich, Barbara Jadach, Marek Krakowski
Purpose Most of the studies concerning gellan have been focused on its application as a food ingredient, however, gellan is often considered as a candidate for the development of novel pharmaceutical formulations. Taking into account that gellan is ion-sensitive, it can be assumed that its initial mechanical properties can change upon contact with body secretions. Therefore, the aim of the work was to investigate the rheological properties of pure high-acyl gellan gum hydrogel (0.4%) and its mixtures with selected simulated body fluids...
May 2018: Journal of Biomaterials Applications
Gabriele Böhm, Jürgen Groll, Karl-Heinz Heffels, Nicole Heussen, Peter Ink, Hamid Patrick Alizai, Ulf Peter Neumann, Reinhild Schnabel, Ursula Mirastschijski
Polypropylene meshes are standard for hernia repair. Matrix metalloproteinases play a central role in inflammation. To reduce the inflammatory response and improve remodelling with an associated reduction of hernia recurrence, we modified polypropylene meshes by nanofibre coating and saturation with the broad-spectrum matrix metalloproteinase inhibitor GM6001. The aim was to modulate the inflammatory reaction, increase collagen deposition and improve mesh biointegration. Polypropylene meshes were surface-modified with star-configured NCO-sP(EO -stat-PO) and covered with electrospun nanofibres (polypropylene-nano) and GM6001 (polypropylene-nano-GM)...
May 2018: Journal of Biomaterials Applications
Anna Cb Oliveira, Thayz Fl Morais, Claudia Bernal, Virginia Ca Martins, Ana Mg Plepis, Priscila Fc Menezes, Janice R Perussi
Development of biomaterials' substitutes and/or equivalents to mimic normal tissue is a current challenge in tissue engineering. Thus, three-dimensional cell culture using type I collagen as a polymeric matrix cell support designed to promote cell proliferation and differentiation was employed to create a dermal equivalent in vitro, as well to evaluate the photobiomodulation using red light. Polymeric matrix cell support was prepared from porcine serous collagen (1.1%) hydrolyzed for 96 h. The biomaterial exhibited porosity of 95%, a median pore of 44 µm and channels with an average distance between the walls of 78 ± 14 µm...
April 2018: Journal of Biomaterials Applications
Da-Wei Li, Jin He, Feng-Li He, Ya-Li Liu, Yang-Yang Liu, Ya-Jing Ye, Xudong Deng, Da-Chuan Yin
As a biodegradable polymer thin film, silk fibroin/chitosan composite film overcomes the defects of pure silk fibroin and chitosan films, respectively, and shows remarkable biocompatibility, appropriate hydrophilicity and mechanical properties. Silk fibroin/chitosan thin film can be used not only as metal implant coating for bone injury repair, but also as tissue engineering scaffold for skin, cornea, adipose, and other soft tissue injury repair. However, the biocompatibility of silk fibroin/chitosan thin film for mesenchymal stem cells, a kind of important seed cell of tissue engineering and regenerative medicine, is rarely reported...
April 2018: Journal of Biomaterials Applications
Jasmina Stojkovska, Zeljka Djurdjevic, Ivan Jancic, Biljana Bufan, Marina Milenkovic, Radmila Jankovic, Vesna Miskovic-Stankovic, Bojana Obradovic
In the present study, possibilities for using novel nanocomposites based on alginate and silver nanoparticles for wound treatment were investigated in a second-degree thermal burn model in Wistar rats. Silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) were electrochemically synthesized in alginate solutions that were further utilized to obtain the Ag/alginate solution and microfibers for subsequent in vivo studies. Daily applications of the Ag/alginate colloid solution, containing AgNPs, alginate and ascorbic acid (G3), wet Ag/alginate microfibers containing AgNPs (G5) and dry Ag/alginate microfibers containing AgNPs (G6) were compared to treatments with a commercial cream containing silver sulfadiazine (G2) and a commercial Ca-alginate wound dressing containing silver ions (G4), as well as to the untreated controls (G1)...
April 2018: Journal of Biomaterials Applications
Cristian Covarrubias, Monserrat Cádiz, Miguel Maureira, Isabel Celhay, Felipe Cuadra, Alfredo von Marttens
Bone repair bionanocomposite scaffolds were produced by incorporating dense bioactive glass nanoparticles or mesoporous bioactive glass nanospheres into a chitosan-gelatin polymer blend. The in vitro bioactivity of the scaffolds was assessed in simulated body fluid, and cell viability and osteogenic differentiation assays were performed with dental pulp stem cells. Bone regeneration properties of the scaffold materials were in vivo assessed by using a critical-sized femoral defect model in rat. The scaffold nanocomposites showed excellent cytocompatibility and ability to accelerate the crystallization of bone-like apatite in vitro...
April 2018: Journal of Biomaterials Applications
Takashi Tanaka, Akiko Uemura, Ryo Tanaka, Yugo Tasei, Tetsuo Asakura
Development of a small-diameter artificial vascular graft is urgent because existing materials often occlude within a short time. We have shown that small-diameter vascular graft using Bombyx mori silk fibroin is a potential candidate. Silk fibroin grafts are fabricated by coating silk fibroin on the knit tube prepared from silk fibroin fibers. However, there is a serious problem that the coated silk fibroin portion hardens when alcohol is used for insolubilization of the coated silk fibroin. This hardening prevents the desired biodegradation of the coated silk fibroin...
April 2018: Journal of Biomaterials Applications
Jing-Hua Sun, Wei Zhang, Dong-Yang Zhang, Jianliang Shen, Cai-Ping Tan, Liang-Nian Ji, Zong-Wan Mao
A multimodal nanocarrier based on mesoporous silica nanoparticles (MSNs) is developed to co-delivery photosensitizer chlorin e6 (Ce6) and chemotherapeutic agent doxorubicin (Dox) for cancer combination therapy. Ce6 was covalently conjugated with mesoporous silica nanoparticles, which could increase the loading efficiency, and allowed for photodynamic therapy. Doxorubicin was loaded into the pores of mesoporous silica nanoparticles to afford the dual drug delivery system Dox@MSNs-Ce6. These hybrid nanoparticles have an average diameter of about 100 nm and slightly negative charge of about -17 mV...
April 2018: Journal of Biomaterials Applications
Yanxian Zhang, Chaofang Dong, Sefei Yang, Te-Wei Chiu, Junsheng Wu, Kui Xiao, Yunhua Huang, Xiaogang Li
In this study, we present a novel strategy for hierarchical antibacterial implant coating by controlling structural and componential features as regulators of surface bactericidal property. Anodized titanium dioxide nanotubes and self-polymerized polydopamine were both used as preliminary antibacterial agents with a significant positive effect on surface bioactivity. At the same time, the storage capacity of nanotubes and the in situ reduction activity of polydopamine can introduce large amounts of strong attached silver nanoparticles for enhanced stable antibacterial performance...
April 2018: Journal of Biomaterials Applications
Cédric P Laurent, Cédryck Vaquette, Xing Liu, Jean-François Schmitt, Rachid Rahouadj
Poly(lactide-co-ε-caprolactone) (PLCL) has been reported to be a good candidate for tissue engineering because of its good biocompatibility. Particularly, a braided PLCL scaffold (PLL/PCL ratio = 85/15) has been recently designed and partially validated for ligament tissue engineering. In the present study, we assessed the in vivo biocompatibility of acellular and cellularised scaffolds in a rat model. We then determined its in vitro biocompatibility using stem cells issued from both bone marrow and Wharton Jelly...
April 2018: Journal of Biomaterials Applications
Josefina Rivadeneira, M C Audisio, Alejandro Gorustovich
No single material can provide all requirements for wound dressings. Here, we evaluated the influence of different soy protein isolate and agar proportions (3:1, 1:1, and 1:3) in blend films on some of their physical-chemical and antibacterial properties to elucidate their potential as wound dressings. The films were synthesized by the gel casting method and ciprofloxacin hydrochloride was incorporated into the films. Films were characterized based on their surface morphology, water uptake ability, and weight loss profile...
April 2018: Journal of Biomaterials Applications
Hang Li, Jukuan Zheng, Huifeng Wang, Mathew L Becker, Nic D Leipzig
Encapsulated cell viability within crosslinked hydrogels is a critical factor to consider in regenerative medicine/cell delivery applications. Herein, a "click" hydrogel system is presented encompassing 4-dibenzocyclooctynol functionalized polyethylene glycol, a four arm polyethylene glycol tetraazide crosslinker, tethered native protein attachment ligands (laminin), and a tethered potent neurogenic differentiation factor (interferon-γ). With this approach, hydrogel formation occurs via strain-promoted, metal-free, azide-alkyne cycloaddition in an aqueous buffer...
April 2018: Journal of Biomaterials Applications
Ozan Ozkan, Hilal Turkoglu Sasmazel
In this study, dry air plasma jet and dielectric barrier discharge Ar + O2 or Ar + N2 plasma modifications and their effects on wettability, topography, functionality and biological efficiency of the hybrid polymeric poly (ε-caprolactone)/chitosan scaffolds were reported. The samples treated with Ar + O2 dielectric barrier discharge plasma (80 sccm O2 flow rate, 3-min treatment) or with dry air plasma jet (15-cm nozzle-sample distance, 13-min treatment) had the closest wettability (49.11 ± 1...
April 2018: Journal of Biomaterials Applications
Shijun Wei, Chao Jian, Feng Xu, Tongzhu Bao, Shenghui Lan, Gang Wu, BaiWen Qi, Zikui Bai, Aixi Yu
There is no consensus for the management of critical infected bone defects. The purpose of this study was to produce a vancomycin-impregnated electrospun polycaprolactone (PCL) membrane for the treatment of infected critical bone defects, and test it in a rabbit model. Electrospinning produced a resorbable PCL fiber membrane containing vancomycin approximately 1 mm in thickness, with a pore diameter of <10 μm. Femur defects were made in the limbs of 18 rabbits and infected with Staphylococcus aureus. The rabbits were divided into three groups according to treatment: (1) Experimental group: rabbit freeze-dried allogeneic bone graft and the vancomycin-PCL membrane...
April 2018: Journal of Biomaterials Applications
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