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Journal of Human Hypertension

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28748919/changing-concepts-in-hypertension-management
#1
REVIEW
P S Gudsoorkar, S W Tobe
Hypertension is the most common modifiable risk factor for cardiovascular disease and death, and lowering blood pressure with anti-hypertensive drugs reduces target organ damage and prevents cardiovascular disease outcomes. The recent trials SPRINT and HOPE-3 will lead to changes in the way we manage hypertension and impact on clinical practice guidelines. These studies also demonstrate the shift toward automated blood pressure measurements. We have reviewed these studies and others to put them in context with the guidelines that have come before and to describe how they will impact on hypertension treatment thresholds and targets, the treatment of hypertension in the elderly, and changing approaches to the management of hypertension including resistant hypertension...
July 27, 2017: Journal of Human Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28748918/different-combinations-of-glucose-tolerance-and-blood-pressure-status-and-incident-cardiovascular-disease-and-all-cause-mortality-events
#2
M A Hajebrahimi, S Akbarpour, A Eslami, F Azizi, F Hadaegh
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of combinations of blood pressure and glucose tolerance status on cardiovascular and all-cause mortality. A total of 7619 participants aged ⩾30 years old were stratified to nine categories as follows: (1) normotension (NTN) and normal glucose tolerance (NGT) (reference group), (2) NTN and pre-diabetes mellitus (pre-DM), (3) NTN and DM, (4) pre-hypertension (pre-HTN) and NGT, (5) pre-HTN and pre-DM, (6) pre-HTN and DM, (7) HTN and NGT, (8) HTN and pre-DM and (9) HTN and DM...
July 27, 2017: Journal of Human Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726796/three-year-change-in-endothelin-1-and-markers-of-vascular-remodelling-in-a-bi-ethnic-south-african-cohort-the-sabpa-study
#3
C S du Plooy, C M C Mels, H W Huisman, R Kruger
South Africans are at high risk for developing cardiovascular disease. Endothelin-1 is known for its vasoconstrictive properties and its ability to contribute to vascular structural changes. In this study we investigated the association of change in endothelin-1 levels and change in markers implicated in vascular remodelling after 3 years. Serum endothelin-1 levels and markers of vascular remodelling such as carotid intima-media thickness, carotid cross-sectional wall area (CSWA) and arterial compliance were measured...
July 20, 2017: Journal of Human Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726795/a-retrospective-analysis-of-hypertension-screening-at-a-mass-gathering-in-india-implications-for-non-communicable-disease-control-strategies
#4
S Balsari, P Vemulapalli, M Gofine, K Oswal, R Merchant, S Saunik, G Greenough, T Khanna
Cardiovascular disease is the leading case of mortality from non-communicable diseases (NCD) in India. The government's National Programme for Prevention and Control of Cancer, Diabetes, Cardiovascular Diseases and Stroke seeks to increase capacity building, screening, referral and management of NCDs across India, and includes community-based outreach and screening programmes. The government in India routinely provides basic care at religious mass gatherings. However, in 2015, at the Kumbh Mela in Nashik and Trimbakeshwar, the state government extended its services to include a hypertension screening programme...
July 20, 2017: Journal of Human Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28703124/comparison-between-the-effects-of-hydrochlorothiazide-and-indapamide-on-the-kidney-in-hypertensive-patients-inadequately-controlled-with-losartan
#5
S Wang, J Li, X Zhou, K Liu, X Zhang, Q Meng, R Shi, D Shi, X Chen
The aim of the study is to compare the effects of hydrochlorothiazide and indapamide on the kidney in patients with hypertension inadequately controlled with losartan. A total of 140 patients who met the criteria and inadequately controlled with losartan 50 mg per day for 2 weeks were randomized in two groups and administered either hydrochlorothiazide 12.5 mg per day (n=70) or indapamide (sustained release) 1.5 mg per day (n=70) in combination with losartan 50 mg per day. Office blood pressure (BP) were collected at baseline and upon each follow-up visit...
July 13, 2017: Journal of Human Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28660887/association-between-hypertensive-disorders-of-pregnancy-and-the-risk-of-postpartum-hypertension-a-cohort-study-in-women-with-gestational-diabetes
#6
L Wang, J Leng, H Liu, S Zhang, J Wang, W Li, W Li, N Li, T Zhang, A A Baccarelli, L Hou, X Yang, Z Yu, G Hu
Previous studies in general people indicated that hypertensive disorders of pregnancy (HDP) increased the risk of subsequent hypertension after delivery. Some studies found that women with gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) had an increased risk of HDP. However, very few studies have assessed the association between HDP and the risk of postpartum hypertension among GDM women. To evaluate the association between HDP and the risk of postpartum hypertension among GDM women, a retrospective cohort study was conducted in 1261 women with prior GDM at their postpartum 1-5 years using the baseline data from Tianjin Gestational Diabetes Mellitus Prevention Program...
June 29, 2017: Journal of Human Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28660886/gallstone-disease-associated-with-increased-risk-of-arterial-stiffness-in-a-taiwanese-population
#7
J-Y Wang, F-H Lu, Z-J Sun, J-S Wu, Y-C Yang, C-T Lee, C-J Chang
Arterial stiffness has similar risk factors to gallstone disease (GSD). However, there are few studies on the association between arterial stiffness and GSD. The aim of this study was to determine the relationship between arterial stiffness and GSD in a Taiwanese population. We enroled 6211 subjects from a health examination centre after excluding those who received medications for diabetes, hypertension and hyperlipidemia or had a history of cardiovascular disease, cerebrovascular disease, cancer, cholecystectomy or ankle-brachial index of ⩽ 0...
June 29, 2017: Journal of Human Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28660885/factors-associated-with-antihypertensive-medication-non-adherence-a-systematic-review
#8
REVIEW
D M van der Laan, P J M Elders, C C L M Boons, J J Beckeringh, G Nijpels, J G Hugtenburg
Non-adherence to antihypertensive medication is the most important cause of uncontrolled blood pressure and is influenced by multiple interrelating factors. Understanding the complexity of medication non-adherence and its associated factors is important to determine intervention strategies. Therefore, a systematic review was performed aimed to identify factors associated with antihypertensive medication non-adherence. Different databases were searched for observational studies reporting on factors associated with non-adherence to antihypertensive medication...
June 29, 2017: Journal of Human Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28660884/the-association-between-consistent-licorice-ingestion-hypertension-and-hypokalaemia-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#9
R Penninkilampi, E M Eslick, G D Eslick
There have been numerous case reports of severe adverse events including deaths following chronic licorice ingestion. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the effect of chronic ingestion of licorice on blood pressure, plasma potassium, plasma renin activity and plasma aldosterone. A search of MEDLINE, PubMed, EMBASE, CENTRAL, DARE, CINAHL and Current Contents Connect was performed from inception through to 26 April 2017. Trials that included a treatment group ingesting a product containing at least 100 mg of glycyrrhizic acid daily were selected...
June 29, 2017: Journal of Human Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639612/elevated-serum-retinol-binding-protein-4-levels-are-correlated-with-blood-pressure-in-prehypertensive-chinese
#10
J-X Zhang, G-P Zhu, B-L Zhang, Y-Y Cheng
Retinol-binding protein 4 (RBP4) has been reported involving in the occurrence and development of hypertension. However, to date, few data are available on the correlation between serum RBP4 level and blood pressure (BP) in prehypertension. Therefore, this association was investigated in prehypertensive Chinese. Overall, 160 subjects with prehypertension (Pre-HT group) and 160 subjects with normal BP (NBP group) were recruited in this study. The subjects were divided into the following four subgroups according to body mass index (BMI): obese Pre-HT subgroup; non-obese Pre-HT subgroup; obese NBP subgroup; and non-obese NBP subgroup (n=80 in each)...
June 22, 2017: Journal of Human Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639611/masked-hypertension-and-effort-reward-imbalance-at-work-among-2369-white-collar-workers
#11
P Boucher, M Gilbert-Ouimet, X Trudel, C S Duchaine, A Milot, C Brisson
Hypertension is an important risk factor of cardiovascular diseases, the leading cause of death worldwide. Adverse effects of psychosocial factors at work might increase the risk of masked hypertension, but evidences are still scarce. The objective of this study is then to determine whether adverse psychosocial work factors from the effort-reward imbalance (ERI) model are associated with the prevalence of masked hypertension in a population of white-collar workers. White-collar workers were recruited from three public organizations...
June 22, 2017: Journal of Human Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28569260/association-of-left-ventricular-structural-and-functional-abnormalities-with-aortic-and-brachial-blood-pressure-variability-in-hypertensive-patients-the-safar-study
#12
C Chi, S-K Yu, R Auckle, A A Argyris, E Nasothimiou, C Tountas, E Aissopou, J Blacher, M E Safar, P P Sfikakis, Y Zhang, A D Protogerou
Both brachial blood pressure (BP) level and its variability (BPV) significantly associate with left ventricular (LV) structure and function. Recent studies indicate that aortic BP is superior to brachial BP in the association with LV abnormalities. However, it remains unknown whether aortic BPV better associate with LV structural and functional abnormalities. We therefore aimed to investigate and compare aortic versus brachial BPV, in terms of the identification of LV abnormalities. Two hundred and three participants who underwent echocardiography were included in this study...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Human Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28540934/monozygotic-twins-discordant-for-primary-aldosteronism-a-case-report
#13
Y Kobayashi, K Yatsu, K Nakata-Shimokihara, N Inoue, T Fujikawa, N Hirawa, S Umemura, F Satoh, G P Rossi, K Tamura
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 25, 2017: Journal of Human Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28540933/the-effect-of-high-altitude-on-central-blood-pressure-and-arterial-stiffness
#14
C J Boos, E Vincent, A Mellor, D R Woods, C New, R Cruttenden, M Barlow, M Cooke, K Deighton, P Scott, S Clarke, J O'Hara
Central arterial systolic blood pressure (SBP) and arterial stiffness are known to be better predictors of adverse cardiovascular outcomes than brachial SBP. The effect of progressive high altitude (HA) on these parameters has not been examined. Ninety healthy adults were included. Central BP and the augmentation index (AI) were measured at the level of the brachial artery (Uscom BP(+) device) at <200 m and at 3619, 4600 and 5140 m. The average age of the subjects (70% men) were 32.2±8.7 years. Compared with central arterial pressures, brachial SBP (+8...
May 25, 2017: Journal of Human Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28540931/hyperkalemia-in-both-surgically-and-medically-treated-patients-with-primary-aldosteronism
#15
N Wada, Y Shibayama, H Umakoshi, T Ichijo, Y Fujii, K Kamemura, T Kai, R Sakamoto, A Ogo, Y Matsuda, T Fukuoka, M Tsuiki, T Suzuki, M Naruse
Hyperkalemia is an important complication of adrenalectomy for patients with primary aldosteronism (PA). The frequency of hyperkalemia after medication using mineralocorticoid receptor antagonists (MRAs) for PA is unclear. The aim of this study is to investigate the frequency and the risk factors of hyperkalemia after surgery and medication for PA. The data of 376 patients with PA registered in a multicentre-collaborative study in Japan, including surgically treated patients (group A; n=142) and medically treated patients with MRAs (group B; n=234) were studied...
May 25, 2017: Journal of Human Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28492239/reductions-in-blood-pressure-during-a-community-based-overweight-and-obesity-treatment-in-children-and-adolescents-with-prehypertension-and-hypertension
#16
P M Mollerup, U Lausten-Thomsen, C E Fonvig, J L Baker, J-C Holm
Due to the pandemic of childhood obesity and thus obesity-related hypertension, improvements in treatment availability are needed. Hence, we investigated whether reductions in blood pressure (BP) would occur in children with overweight and obesity exhibiting prehypertension/hypertension during a community-based overweight and obesity treatment program, and if changes in body mass index (BMI) are associated with changes in BP. The study included 663 children aged 3-18 years with a BMI ⩾85th percentile for sex and age that entered treatment from June 2012 to January 2015...
May 11, 2017: Journal of Human Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28492238/association-of-oxygen-uptake-at-ventilatory-threshold-with-risk-of-incident-hypertension-a-long-term-prospective-cohort-study
#17
S K Kunutsor, S Kurl, J A Laukkanen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 11, 2017: Journal of Human Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28540932/association-of-g-protein-%C3%AE-3-subunit-c825t-polymorphism-with-essential-hypertension-evidence-from-63%C3%A2-729-subjects
#18
S-L Rong, J-Z Zheng, X-L Wang, C-Y Zhang, J Su, B Li
Many studies have reported that G-protein β3 subunit (GNB3) C825T polymorphism is associated with essential hypertension (EH), although this remains subject to debate. Thus, meta-analysis was carried out to clarify this relationship. A total of 75 articles, reporting 81 case-control studies evaluating 28 369 patients and 34 933 control individuals, were assessed. Overall, a significant association was observed in the dominant model (odds ratio (OR)=1.11, 95% CI 1.04-1.19), recessive model (OR=1.09, 95% CI 1...
August 2017: Journal of Human Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28406234/recommended-standards-for-assessing-blood-pressure-in-human-research-where-blood-pressure-or-hypertension-is-a-major-focus
#19
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2017: Journal of Human Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28332511/risk-of-acute-myocardial-infarction-after-discontinuation-of-antihypertensive-agents-a-case-control-study
#20
F F Alharbi, P C Souverein, M C de Groot, A H Maitland-van der Zee, A de Boer, O H Klungel
We performed a nested case-control study in a cohort of antihypertensive drug users to assess the association between discontinuation of different antihypertensive agents and the risk of acute myocardial infarction (AMI). Cases and controls were drawn from the Utrecht Cardiovascular Pharmacogenetics database. Patients who were hospitalised for their first AMI were considered cases and controls were not hospitalised for AMI. Antihypertensive users were defined as current users if the index date (date of AMI) fell within the prescribed duration or as discontinuers if this date fell outside the prescribed duration...
August 2017: Journal of Human Hypertension
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