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Journal of Human Hypertension

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28332512/a-lack-of-day-by-day-variability-in-blood-pressure-in-a-cushing-s-disease-patient
#1
K Eguchi, H Kurita, E Matsumoto, M Hashimoto, K Kario
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 23, 2017: Journal of Human Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28332511/risk-of-acute-myocardial-infarction-after-discontinuation-of-antihypertensive-agents-a-case-control-study
#2
F F Alharbi, P C Souverein, M C de Groot, A H Maitland-van der Zee, A de Boer, O H Klungel
We performed a nested case-control study in a cohort of antihypertensive drug users to assess the association between discontinuation of different antihypertensive agents and the risk of acute myocardial infarction (AMI). Cases and controls were drawn from the Utrecht Cardiovascular Pharmacogenetics database. Patients who were hospitalised for their first AMI were considered cases and controls were not hospitalised for AMI. Antihypertensive users were defined as current users if the index date (date of AMI) fell within the prescribed duration or as discontinuers if this date fell outside the prescribed duration...
March 23, 2017: Journal of Human Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28332510/recent-advances-in-understanding-hypertension-development-in-sub-saharan-africa
#3
REVIEW
A E Schutte, S Botha, C M T Fourie, L F Gafane-Matemane, R Kruger, L Lammertyn, L Malan, C M C Mels, R Schutte, W Smith, J M van Rooyen, L J Ware, H W Huisman
Consistent reports indicate that hypertension is a particularly common finding in black populations. Hypertension occurs at younger ages and is often more severe in terms of blood pressure levels and organ damage than in whites, resulting in a higher incidence of cardiovascular disease and mortality. This review provides an outline of recent advances in the pathophysiological understanding of blood pressure elevation and the consequences thereof in black populations in Africa. This is set against the backdrop of populations undergoing demanding and rapid demographic transition, where infection with the human immunodeficiency virus predominates, and where under and over-nutrition coexist...
March 23, 2017: Journal of Human Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28332509/the-hypertension-diabetes-and-chronic-kidney-disease-triangle-in-arab-countries
#4
I Abraham, S Kurdi, K MacDonald
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 23, 2017: Journal of Human Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28332508/prolactin-as-a-predictor-of-endothelial-dysfunction-and-arterial-stiffness-progression-in-menopause
#5
G Georgiopoulos, I Lambrinoudaki, F Athanasouli, E Armeni, A Koliviras, A Augoulea, D Rizos, C Papamichael, A Protogerou, K Stellos, K Stamatelopoulos
Postmenopausal women are at increased risk for progression of arteriosclerosis and hypertension. Recent cross-sectional evidence suggests that high normal circulating prolactin levels may accelerate vascular ageing in menopause. Postmenopausal women (n=201) were consecutively recruited from a Menopause Clinic and re-evaluated in at least one follow-up visit within the next 3 years. Baseline circulating prolactin levels were measured while both baseline and follow-up vascular and biochemical measurements were performed...
March 23, 2017: Journal of Human Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28332507/blood-pressure-trajectories-in-relation-to-cardiovascular-mortality-the-rancho-bernardo-study
#6
S M A J Tielemans, J M Geleijnse, G A Laughlin, H C Boshuizen, E Barrett-Connor, D Kromhout
The added value of blood pressure (BP) trajectories for predicting cardiovascular disease (CVD) is currently unknown. We investigated the association of systolic BP (SBP) trajectories with CVD and all-cause mortality and compared these associations with those of average SBP, taking antihypertensive medication into account. Data from 762 participants of the Rancho Bernardo Study were used. SBP from five examinations (maximum) from 1984 to 2002 was used; mortality data were obtained from 2002 to 2013. SBP trajectories were derived using group-based trajectory modelling...
March 23, 2017: Journal of Human Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28332506/effectiveness-of-home-blood-pressure-telemonitoring-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-randomised-controlled-studies
#7
REVIEW
Y Duan, Z Xie, F Dong, Z Wu, Z Lin, N Sun, J Xu
To summarise evidence about the effectiveness of home blood pressure telemonitoring (HBPT) and identify the key components of intervention. We comprehensively searched PubMed, EMBASE and the Cochrane Library for relevant studies. The authors were contacted for additional information. Two authors independently extracted the data and assessed the risk of bias. 46 randomised controlled trials including a total of 13 875 cases were identified. Compared with usual care, HBPT improved office systolic blood pressure (BP) and diastolic BP by 3...
March 23, 2017: Journal of Human Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28300071/hypomethylation-of-interleukin-6-il-6-gene-increases-the-risk-of-essential-hypertension-a-matched-case-control-study
#8
S-Q Mao, J-H Sun, T-L Gu, F-B Zhu, F-Y Yin, L-N Zhang
Essential hypertension (EH) is a chronic disease with clear epigenetic component. Inflammation and endothelial dysfunction have a great role in the development of persistent blood pressure elevation. The aim of this study was to explore an association between EH and DNA methylation in pro-inflammation cytokine gene interleukin-6 (IL-6) during the inflammatory process. We performed methylation analysis of peripheral blood DNA using bisulphite pyrosequencing technology between 96 EH patients and 96 age- and gender-matched healthy controls...
March 16, 2017: Journal of Human Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28300070/hypertensive-disorders-of-pregnancy-in-women-with-gestational-diabetes-mellitus-on-overweight-status-of-their-children
#9
S Zhang, L Wang, J Leng, H Liu, W Li, T Zhang, N Li, W Li, H Tian, A A Baccarelli, L Hou, G Hu
Hypertensive disorders of pregnancy (HDP) as a group of medical complications in pregnancy are believed to be associated with an increased risk of poor fetal growth, but the influence on offspring's body composition is not clear. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the association between maternal HDP and overweight status in the offspring of mothers with gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM). A cross-sectional study among 1263 GDM mother-child pairs was performed in Tianjin, China. General linear models and logistic regression models were used to assess the associations of maternal hypertension in pregnancy with anthropometry and overweight status in the offspring from birth to 1-5 years old...
March 16, 2017: Journal of Human Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28276424/-11-c-metomidate-pet-ct-scanning-can-identify-aldosterone-producing-adenomas-after-unsuccessful-lateralisation-with-ct-mri-and-adrenal-venous-sampling
#10
J Ouyang, R Hardy, M Brown, T Helliwell, M Gurnell, D J Cuthbertson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 9, 2017: Journal of Human Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28252041/protective-effects-of-nebivolol-from-oxidative-stress-to-prevent-hypertension-related-target-organ-damage
#11
REVIEW
A Coats, S Jain
Hypertension is one of the leading risk factors for morbidity and mortality in patients with cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases and renal impairment. It also leads to target organ damage (TOD), which worsens organ function and the patient's clinical status. Reactive oxygen species (ROS)-mediated oxidative stress may contribute significantly to TOD in patients with hypertension. NO (nitric oxide) is a paracrine factor derived from endothelial cells that has been shown to alleviate ROS-mediated oxidative damage...
March 2, 2017: Journal of Human Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28252040/plasma-levels-of-natriuretic-peptides-and-year-by-year-blood-pressure-variability-a-population-based-study
#12
J Kato, Y Kawagoe, D Jiang, K Kuwasako, S Shimamoto, K Igarashi, M Tokashiki, K Kitamura
Augmented blood pressure (BP) variability over various time periods has been recognized as a risk factor for cardiovascular diseases. Both atrial and B-type natriuretic peptides (ANP and BNP) are secreted in response to volume or pressure overload to the heart, exerting natriuretic and vasodilator actions. In this study, we examined the relationships between year-by-year BP variability and plasma levels of ANP and BNP in the general population. Study subjects were local residents receiving an annual heath checkup, who had an estimated glomerular filtration rate of >30 ml min(-1) per 1...
March 2, 2017: Journal of Human Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230063/effects-of-calcium-plus-vitamin-d-supplementation-on-blood-pressure-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#13
REVIEW
L Wu, D Sun
The effect of calcium or vitamin D supplement on blood pressure (BP) has been explored in previous meta-analyses, but the results are conflicting. The combined efficacy of calcium and vitamin D on BP has not been systematically assessed. Thus, we conducted a meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials (RCTs) to explore the effect of calcium plus vitamin D (CaD) supplementation on changes of systolic blood pressure (SBP) and diastolic blood pressure among male and female participants (with and without diagnosed hypertension) aged 18 years or older...
February 23, 2017: Journal of Human Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230062/triple-combination-therapy-in-the-treatment-of-hypertension-a-review-of-the-evidence
#14
REVIEW
R Düsing, B Waeber, M Destro, C Santos Maia, P Brunel
Hypertension is a serious public health concern with inadequate control of blood pressure (BP) worldwide. Contributing factors include low efficacy of drugs, underuse of combination therapies, irrational combinations, physicians' therapeutic inertia and poor adherence to treatment. Current guidelines recommend the use of initial (dual) combination therapy in high-risk patients for immediate BP response, better short- and long-term BP control, and continued/improved patient adherence. This article aims to review the existing evidence of triple-combination therapies with respect to efficacy, safety and adherence to treatment...
February 23, 2017: Journal of Human Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28205551/applying-recovery-biomarkers-to-calibrate-self-report-measures-of-sodium-and-potassium-in-the-hispanic-community-health-study-study-of-latinos
#15
Y Mossavar-Rahmani, D Sotres-Alvarez, W W Wong, C M Loria, M D Gellman, L Van Horn, M H Alderman, J M Beasley, C M Lora, A M Siega-Riz, R C Kaplan, P A Shaw
Measurement error in assessment of sodium and potassium intake obscures associations with health outcomes. The level of this error in a diverse US Hispanic/Latino population is unknown. We investigated the measurement error in self-reported dietary intake of sodium and potassium and examined differences by background (Central American, Cuban, Dominican, Mexican, Puerto Rican and South American). In 2010-2012, we studied 447 participants aged 18-74 years from four communities (Miami, Bronx, Chicago and San Diego), obtaining objective 24-h urinary sodium and potassium excretion measures...
February 16, 2017: Journal of Human Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28181496/haplotype-based-case-control-study-of-the-receptor-calcitonin-activity-modifying-protein-ramp-1-gene-in-essential-hypertension
#16
T Nakayama, T Nakazato, H Naruse, Z Fu, Z Wang, M Soma, T Hoshino, M Shimodaira, N Aoi
The adrenomedullin receptor is a complex molecule that comprises the calcitonin-receptor-like receptor (CRLR) and the receptor-activity-modifying protein (RAMP). RAMP1 is a vasodilation factor, and RAMP1-deficient mice (RAMP1(-/-)) exhibit inflammatory responses with a significant transient increase in serum calcitonin-gene-related peptide levels and proinflammatory cytokines when compared with RAMP1(+/+) mice. The purpose of the present study was to investigate the relationships between essential hypertension (EH) and RAMP1 gene single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) or haplotypes in a Japanese population via a case-control study...
February 9, 2017: Journal of Human Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28150818/a-case-of-monozygotic-twins-with-primary-aldosteronism-a-case-report
#17
T Yoshida, Y Uchiwa, K Sugimachi, M Naruse
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2, 2017: Journal of Human Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28124685/blood-pressure-and-cardiovascular-morbidity-risk-in-type-2-diabetes-with-hypertension-over-a-decade-of-follow-up-evidence-for-j-shaped-phenomenon
#18
S Riyahi-Alam, A Derakhshan, M A Mansournia, N Mansournia, M Almasi, F Azizi, F Hadaegh
There is still debate on whether the relationship between blood pressure (BP) and risk of cardiovascular diseases (CVD) in patients with type 2 diabetes (T2D) is linear or not. Since these cardio-metabolic disturbances share interrelated complex pathogenic mechanisms, we aimed to assess the relationship of baseline systolic (SBP)/diastolic pressures with CVD and coronary heart disease (CHD) events in a cohort of Iranians with T2D during a median follow-up of 8.8 years. Of all 1009 eligible participants with T2D with a mean (s...
January 26, 2017: Journal of Human Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28124684/a-novel-cuffless-device-for-self-measurement-of-blood-pressure-concept-performance-and-clinical-validation
#19
N Boubouchairopoulou, A Kollias, B Chiu, B Chen, S Lagou, P Anestis, G S Stergiou
A pocket-size cuffless electronic device for self-measurement of blood pressure (BP) has been developed (Freescan, Maisense Inc., Zhubei, Taiwan). The device estimates BP within 10 s using three embedded electrodes and one force sensor that is applied over the radial pulse to evaluate the pulse wave. Before use, basic anthropometric characteristics are recorded on the device, and individualized initial calibration is required based on a standard BP measurement performed using an upper-arm BP monitor. The device performance in providing valid BP readings was evaluated in 313 normotensive and hypertensive adults in three study phases during which the device sensor was upgraded...
January 26, 2017: Journal of Human Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28124683/the-association-between-seven-day-objectively-measured-habitual-physical-activity-and-24%C3%A2-h-ambulatory-blood-pressure-the-sabpa-study
#20
M Hamer, E J Bruwer, J H de Ridder, M Swanepoel, A P Kengne, M Cockeran, L Malan
Few studies have examined objective physical activity in relation to 24 h ambulatory blood pressure (BP). We aimed to assess the association of 7-day objectively measured habitual physical activity with ambulatory BP in a sample of African and Caucasian school teachers (n=216, age 49.7 years) from the sympathetic activity and blood pressure in Africans prospective cohort study. Hypertension (ambulatory systolic BP⩾130 and/or diastolic BP⩾80 mm Hg) was prevalent in 53.2% of the sample, particularly in black Africans...
January 26, 2017: Journal of Human Hypertension
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