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Journal of Human Hypertension

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28205551/applying-recovery-biomarkers-to-calibrate-self-report-measures-of-sodium-and-potassium-in-the-hispanic-community-health-study-study-of-latinos
#1
Y Mossavar-Rahmani, D Sotres-Alvarez, W W Wong, C M Loria, M D Gellman, L Van Horn, M H Alderman, J M Beasley, C M Lora, A M Siega-Riz, R C Kaplan, P A Shaw
Measurement error in assessment of sodium and potassium intake obscures associations with health outcomes. The level of this error in a diverse US Hispanic/Latino population is unknown. We investigated the measurement error in self-reported dietary intake of sodium and potassium and examined differences by background (Central American, Cuban, Dominican, Mexican, Puerto Rican and South American). In 2010-2012, we studied 447 participants aged 18-74 years from four communities (Miami, Bronx, Chicago and San Diego), obtaining objective 24-h urinary sodium and potassium excretion measures...
February 16, 2017: Journal of Human Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28181496/haplotype-based-case-control-study-of-the-receptor-calcitonin-activity-modifying-protein-ramp-1-gene-in-essential-hypertension
#2
T Nakayama, T Nakazato, H Naruse, Z Fu, Z Wang, M Soma, T Hoshino, M Shimodaira, N Aoi
The adrenomedullin receptor is a complex molecule that comprises the calcitonin-receptor-like receptor (CRLR) and the receptor-activity-modifying protein (RAMP). RAMP1 is a vasodilation factor, and RAMP1-deficient mice (RAMP1(-/-)) exhibit inflammatory responses with a significant transient increase in serum calcitonin-gene-related peptide levels and proinflammatory cytokines when compared with RAMP1(+/+) mice. The purpose of the present study was to investigate the relationships between essential hypertension (EH) and RAMP1 gene single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) or haplotypes in a Japanese population via a case-control study...
February 9, 2017: Journal of Human Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28150818/a-case-of-monozygotic-twins-with-primary-aldosteronism-a-case-report
#3
T Yoshida, Y Uchiwa, K Sugimachi, M Naruse
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2, 2017: Journal of Human Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28124685/blood-pressure-and-cardiovascular-morbidity-risk-in-type-2-diabetes-with-hypertension-over-a-decade-of-follow-up-evidence-for-j-shaped-phenomenon
#4
S Riyahi-Alam, A Derakhshan, M A Mansournia, N Mansournia, M Almasi, F Azizi, F Hadaegh
There is still debate on whether the relationship between blood pressure (BP) and risk of cardiovascular diseases (CVD) in patients with type 2 diabetes (T2D) is linear or not. Since these cardio-metabolic disturbances share interrelated complex pathogenic mechanisms, we aimed to assess the relationship of baseline systolic (SBP)/diastolic pressures with CVD and coronary heart disease (CHD) events in a cohort of Iranians with T2D during a median follow-up of 8.8 years. Of all 1009 eligible participants with T2D with a mean (s...
January 26, 2017: Journal of Human Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28124684/a-novel-cuffless-device-for-self-measurement-of-blood-pressure-concept-performance-and-clinical-validation
#5
N Boubouchairopoulou, A Kollias, B Chiu, B Chen, S Lagou, P Anestis, G S Stergiou
A pocket-size cuffless electronic device for self-measurement of blood pressure (BP) has been developed (Freescan, Maisense Inc., Zhubei, Taiwan). The device estimates BP within 10 s using three embedded electrodes and one force sensor that is applied over the radial pulse to evaluate the pulse wave. Before use, basic anthropometric characteristics are recorded on the device, and individualized initial calibration is required based on a standard BP measurement performed using an upper-arm BP monitor. The device performance in providing valid BP readings was evaluated in 313 normotensive and hypertensive adults in three study phases during which the device sensor was upgraded...
January 26, 2017: Journal of Human Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28124683/the-association-between-seven-day-objectively-measured-habitual-physical-activity-and-24%C3%A2-h-ambulatory-blood-pressure-the-sabpa-study
#6
M Hamer, E J Bruwer, J H de Ridder, M Swanepoel, A P Kengne, M Cockeran, L Malan
Few studies have examined objective physical activity in relation to 24 h ambulatory blood pressure (BP). We aimed to assess the association of 7-day objectively measured habitual physical activity with ambulatory BP in a sample of African and Caucasian school teachers (n=216, age 49.7 years) from the sympathetic activity and blood pressure in Africans prospective cohort study. Hypertension (ambulatory systolic BP⩾130 and/or diastolic BP⩾80 mm Hg) was prevalent in 53.2% of the sample, particularly in black Africans...
January 26, 2017: Journal of Human Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28124682/psychosocial-correlates-of-apparent-treatment-resistant-hypertension-in-the-jackson-heart-study
#7
A J Shallcross, M Butler, R M Tanner, A Bress, P Muntner, D Shimbo, G Ogedegbe, M Sims, T M Spruill
Apparent treatment-resistant hypertension (aTRH) is associated with adverse cardiovascular outcomes. aTRH is common and disproportionately affects African Americans. The objective of this study is to explore psychosocial correlates of aTRH in a population-based cohort of African Americans with hypertension. The sample included 1392 participants in the Jackson Heart Study with treated hypertension who reported being adherent to their antihypertensive medications. aTRH was defined as uncontrolled clinic BP (⩾140/90 mm Hg) with ⩾3 classes of antihypertensive medication or treatment with ⩾4 classes of antihypertensive medication, including a diuretic...
January 26, 2017: Journal of Human Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28102195/positive-association-between-kcnj5-rs2604204-a-c-polymorphism-and-plasma-aldosterone-levels-but-also-plasma-renin-and-angiotensin-i-and-ii-levels-in-newly-diagnosed-hypertensive-chinese-a-case-control-study
#8
H Wang, C Weng, H Chen
Variants in G protein-coupled inward rectifier K(+) channels 4 (GIRK4 also known as KCNJ5) gene are associated with primary aldosteronism, which is the most common cause of secondary hypertension. The KCNJ5 rs2604204 variant was shown to be common (minor allele frequency=32.5%) in Chinese patients with essential hypertension (EH). The relationship between KCNJ5 variant and plasma aldosterone (ALD) levels in EH patients has not been reported. We collected 229 patients with newly diagnosed EH without any antihypertensive agents...
January 19, 2017: Journal of Human Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079050/bipolar-radiofrequency-renal-denervation-with-the-vessix-catheter-in-patients-with-resistant-hypertension-2-year-results-from-the-reduce-htn-trial
#9
H Sievert, J Schofer, J Ormiston, U C Hoppe, I T Meredith, D L Walters, M Azizi, J Diaz-Cartelle
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 12, 2017: Journal of Human Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079049/lateralization-index-but-not-contralateral-suppression-at-adrenal-vein-sampling-predicts-improvement-in-blood-pressure-after-adrenalectomy-for-primary-aldosteronism
#10
M Tagawa, M Ghosn, H Wachtel, D Fraker, R R Townsend, S Trerotola, D L Cohen
Adrenal vein sampling (AVS) is essential in differentiating unilateral from bilateral sources of aldosterone excess in primary aldosteronism (PA). However, its ability to predict blood pressure (BP) improvement after adrenalectomy has not been well studied. This is a retrospective observational study of 119 patients who underwent AVS by sequential technique followed by adrenalectomy for PA at the Hospital of the University of Pennsylvania from 1997 to 2015. Median age was 52 years (interquartile range 44-59), 67% were male and median duration of hypertension was 10 (interquartile range 6-20) years...
January 12, 2017: Journal of Human Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28054572/relationship-between-urinary-sodium-with-blood-pressure-and-hypertension-among-a-kazakh-community-population-in-xinjiang-china
#11
W Han, Y Hu, Y Tang, F Xue, L Hou, S Liang, B Zhang, W Wang, K Asaiti, H Pang, Z Wang, Y Wang, M Zhang, J Jiang
Urinary sodium levels are reported to be associated with blood pressure in clinical trials and epidemiology studies. Nevertheless, the public health message of reducing sodium intake in free-living community populations remains under debate. Based on an ongoing prospective study initiated in 2012 with a community-based design in Xinjiang, China, 1668 adults (⩾30 years old) were assessed in the current study for associations between urinary sodium and blood pressure and hypertension in a free-living population of Kazakh people...
January 5, 2017: Journal of Human Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28054571/factors-associated-with-awareness-treatment-and-control-of-hypertension-in-a-disadvantaged-rural-indian-population
#12
D Busingye, S Arabshahi, R G Evans, V K Srikanth, K Kartik, K Kalyanram, M A Riddell, X Zhu, O Suresh, A G Thrift
The aim of this study was to identify factors associated with awareness, treatment and control of hypertension in a rural setting in India. Following screening of the population, all individuals with hypertension (blood pressure (BP) ⩾140/90 mm Hg or taking antihypertensive medications) were invited to participate in this study. We measured BP, height, weight, skinfolds, waist and hip circumference, and administered a questionnaire to obtain information regarding socioeconomic and behavioural characteristics...
January 5, 2017: Journal of Human Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28054570/socioeconomic-differences-in-prevalence-awareness-control-and-self-management-of-hypertension-among-four-minority-ethnic-groups-na-xi-li-shu-dai-and-jing-po-in-rural-southwest-china
#13
L Cai, J Dong, W L Cui, D Y You, A R Golden
This study investigates socioeconomic differences in prevalence, awareness, control and self-management of hypertension in rural China. A cross-sectional survey was conducted among four ethnic minority groups in Yunnan Province: Na Xi, Li Shu, Dai and Jing Po. Approximately 5532 consenting individuals aged ⩾35 years (48.4% of whom were male) were selected to participate in the study using a stratified, multistage sampling technique. Information about participants' demographic characteristics and hypertension awareness, treatment, control and self-management practices was obtained using a standard questionnaire...
January 5, 2017: Journal of Human Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28032631/effect-of-diabetes-and-metabolic-syndrome-on-myocardial-mechano-energetic-efficiency-in-hypertensive-patients-the-campania-salute-network
#14
C Mancusi, M A Losi, R Izzo, G Canciello, M V Manzi, A Sforza, N De Luca, B Trimarco, G de Simone
Reduced myocardial mechano-energetic efficiency (MEE), estimated as stroke volume/heart rate ratio per g of left ventricular (LV) mass (LVM), and expressed in μl s(-1) g(-1) (MEEi), is a strong predictor of cardiovascular (CV) events, independently of LV hypertrophy and other confounders, including type II diabetes (DM). Decreased MEEi is more frequent in patients with diabetes. In the present analysis we evaluated the interrelation among MEEi, DM and metabolic syndrome (MetS) in the setting of arterial hypertension...
December 29, 2016: Journal of Human Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28032630/preventive-effect-of-renin-angiotensin-system-inhibitors-on-new-onset-atrial-fibrillation-in-hypertensive-patients-a-propensity-score-matching-analysis
#15
T Horio, M Akiyama, Y Iwashima, F Yoshihara, S Nakamura, T Tokudome, M Okutsu, H Tanaka, I Komatsubara, N Okimoto, S Kamakura, Y Kawano
It is still controversial whether treatment with renin-angiotensin system (RAS) inhibitors reduces the risk of incident atrial fibrillation (AF). This longitudinal observational study was performed to investigate the confounder-independent effects of RAS inhibitors on new-onset AF in hypertensive patients. Among 1263 consecutive hypertensive patients who underwent echocardiography, 964 eligible patients (mean age, 63 years) were enrolled as the study population. Forty-nine patients developed new-onset AF during the follow-up period (mean: 4...
December 29, 2016: Journal of Human Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28032629/beliefs-and-practices-of-greek-doctors-in-relation-to-patients-adherence-to-antihypertensive-medication
#16
A Barbouni, M Nalmpanti, D Gennimata, D Theodoridis, K Merakou
Although it has been proven that decreasing the arterial blood pressure decreases cardiovascular morbidity and mortality, <25% of hypertensive patients receiving antihypertensive treatment achieve target values, which are mainly attributed to failure of the patients to comply to treatment. Ensuring patient compliance to antihypertensive treatment, to prevent the development of hypertension-associated complications, has proven to be challenging in several countries. The aim of the present study was to investigate the knowledge, perceptions and practices applied by doctors treating hypertensive patients regarding patient compliance to the prescribed treatment...
December 29, 2016: Journal of Human Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28032628/heart-rate-recovery-in-hypertensive-patients-relationship-with-blood-pressure-control
#17
Y Yu, T Liu, J Wu, P Zhu, M Zhang, W Zheng, Y Gu
Delayed heart rate recovery (HRR) post treadmill exercise testing reflects autonomic dysfunction and is related to worse cardiovascular outcome. The present study compared HRR in normotensive subjects and hypertensive patients taking anti-hypertensive medications with controlled blood pressure (BP) and uncontrolled BP. A total of 279 consecutive patients with (n=140, HP) and without (n=139, N-HP) essential hypertension who were hospitalized in our department during May 2012 to March 2016 were included in this study...
December 29, 2016: Journal of Human Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28032627/blood-pressure-to-height-ratio-as-a-screening-indicator-of-elevated-blood-pressure-among-children-and-adolescents-in-chongqing-china
#18
L Y Wang, Q Liu, X T Cheng, J J Jiang, H Wang
We aimed to evaluate the performance of blood pressure-to-height ratio (BPHR) and establish their optimal thresholds for elevated blood pressure (BP) among children aged 6 to 17 years in Chongqing, China. Data were collected from 11 029 children and adolescents aged 6-17 years in 12 schools in Chongqing according to multistage stratified cluster sampling method. The gold standard for elevated BP was defined as systolic blood pressure (SBP) and/or diastolic blood pressure (DBP) ⩾95th percentile for gender, age and height...
December 29, 2016: Journal of Human Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28032626/preschool-children-blood-pressure-percentiles-by-age-and-height
#19
A Grajda, Z Kułaga, B Gurzkowska, M Wojtyło, M Góźdź, M Litwin
We aimed to construct blood pressure (BP) references for the Polish preschool children and to compare them with the United States, German and European references. BP was measured oscillometrically using a validated device in 4378 randomly selected Polish children aged 3-6 years who were free of chronic diseases and behaved quietly during BP measurement. Height and weight were also measured. Gender-specific BP percentiles were constructed for age and height simultaneously with the use of quantile regression and a polynomial regression model...
December 29, 2016: Journal of Human Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28004730/arterial-waveform-parameters-in-a-large-population-based-sample-of-adults-relationships-with-ethnicity-and-lifestyle-factors
#20
J D Sluyter, A D Hughes, S A McG Thom, A Lowe, C A Camargo, B Hametner, S Wassertheurer, K H Parker, R K R Scragg
Little is known about how aortic waveform parameters vary with ethnicity and lifestyle factors. We investigated these issues in a large, population-based sample. We carried out a cross-sectional analysis of 4798 men and women, aged 50-84 years from Auckland, New Zealand. Participants were 3961 European, 321 Pacific, 266 Maori and 250 South Asian people. We assessed modifiable lifestyle factors via questionnaires, and measured body mass index (BMI) and brachial blood pressure (BP). Suprasystolic oscillometry was used to derive aortic pressure, from which several haemodynamic parameters were calculated...
December 22, 2016: Journal of Human Hypertension
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