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Journal of Human Hypertension

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934190/people-with-the-major-alleles-of-atp2b1-rs17249754-increases-the-risk-of-hypertension-in-high-ratio-of-sodium-and-potassium-and-low-calcium-intakes
#1
J W Daily, B C Kim, M Liu, S Park
It is important to understand what genetic risk factors lead to hypertension and how genotype-specific dietary and lifestyle modification can mitigate the risk of developing hypertension. The ATP2B1 rs17249754 gene, which encodes a calcium pump expressed in vascular smooth muscle was identified as having variants that conferred higher or lower risk of hypertension-with the major allele carriers being increased at risk. However, the effects of dietary intakes on risk of hypertension among carriers of the different alleles have not been fully elucidated...
September 21, 2017: Journal of Human Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934189/cystatin-c-as-a-predictor-of-cardiovascular-outcomes-in-a-hypertensive-population
#2
R Garcia-Carretero, L Vigil-Medina, O Barquero-Perez, R Goya-Esteban, I Mora-Jimenez, C Soguero-Ruiz, J Ramos-Lopez
Calculating the estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) using creatinine-based equations may underestimate cardiovascular risk. Cystatin C-based eGFR may be a stronger prognostic biomarker than creatinine-based eGFR when assessing cardiovascular outcomes and mortality. Our aim was to determine whether levels of serum cystatin C, as an estimator of GFR, had a higher predictive value than creatinine-based eGFR for incident cardiovascular disease among hypertensive patients. We retrospectively analyzed the records of 2016 hypertensive patients from the Hypertension Unit at Mostoles University Hospital between 2006 and 2016...
September 21, 2017: Journal of Human Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934188/effect-of-aldosterone-antagonists-on-obstructive-sleep-apnea-in-patients-with-resistant-hypertension-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#3
W-D Zhang, J-W Zhang, K-F Wu, X Chen, Y-P Wang, L-H Zhou, H-T Wang, S-M Chen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 21, 2017: Journal of Human Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28906485/weight-status-cardiorespiratory-fitness-and-high-blood-pressure-relationship-among-5-12-year-old-chinese-primary-school-children
#4
W J Liu, L H Xiong, C S Guo, B Li, M Pallan, T Griffin, K K Cheng, P Adab
Cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF) and adiposity contribute to high blood pressure (HBP) in adults and children. However, their relative importance as risk factors is unknown. We examined the relationships between weight status, CRF and HBP among Chinese primary school children. A cross-sectional study was conducted with 4926 school children aged 5-12 years. CRF was estimated from a modified Cooper test, body mass index z-scores and weight categories were calculated from objective height and weight measurements and BP was measured using an electronic sphygmomanometer...
September 14, 2017: Journal of Human Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28880257/inverse-association-between-cigarette-and-water-pipe-smoking-and-hypertension-in-an-elderly-population-in-iran-bushehr-elderly-health-programme
#5
M B Mehboudi, I Nabipour, K Vahdat, H Darabi, A Raeisi, N Mehrdad, R Heshmat, G Shafiee, B Larijani, A Ostovar
The collected data in Bushehr Elderly Health (BEH) Program which had detailed the data on participants' smoking status and habits, was analysed to investigate the association between smoking of both water pipes and cigarettes and hypertension in an elderly population. Three thousand elderly men and women who participated in the baseline assessment of the BEH Program-a prospective population-based study being conducted in Bushehr, Iran-were selected randomly through a multistage, stratified cluster sampling method...
September 7, 2017: Journal of Human Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816230/plasma-pcsk9-levels-are-unrelated-to-arterial-stiffness-in-a-community-based-4-8-year-prospective-study
#6
J Han, X Wang, P Ye, R Cao, X Yang, W Xiao, Y Zhang, Y Bai, H Wu
Proprotein convertase subtilisin/kexin type 9 (PCSK9) is an important circulating serine protease in low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) metabolism. Increased plasma PCSK9 levels lead to increased plasma levels of LDL-C and an increased risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD). LDL-C is positively correlated with arterial stiffness, a surrogate endpoint of CVD. However, whether plasma levels of PCSK9 could influence arterial stiffness is still unclear. Our study examined the relationship between plasma levels of PCSK9 and arterial stiffness (carotid-femoral pulse wave velocity (cf-PWV)) in a community-based population...
August 17, 2017: Journal of Human Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816229/plasma-expression-level-of-mirna-let-7-is-positively-correlated-with-carotid-intima-media-thickness-in-patients-with-essential-hypertension
#7
Y-Q Huang, C Huang, J-Y Chen, J Li, Y-Q Feng
MicroRNAs (miRNA, miR) play vital part in the pathophysiology of arterial remodeling in hypertension patients, and are increasingly becoming novel biomarkers in cardiovascular disease. The study was designed to evaluate the correlation between let-7 expression level and subclinical atherosclerosis in untreated patients with newly diagnosed essential hypertension. We assessed 240 participants including 60 healthy volunteers with normal carotid intima-media thickness (nCIMT), 60 healthy volunteers with increased CIMT (iCIMT), 60 hypertension patients with nCIMT and 60 hypertension patients with iCIMT...
August 17, 2017: Journal of Human Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28795685/the-risk-factors-of-9-year-follow-up-on-hypertension-in-middle-aged-people-in-tujia-nationality-settlement-of-china
#8
X Liu, C Liu, H Schenck, X Yi, H Wang, X Shi
The aim of this study was to investigate the risk factors of hypertension in middle-aged people within the Tujia-Nationality settlement in China. Demographics questionnaires and fitness tests were performed to identify the risk factors of hypertension in middle-aged people in the years 2005, 2010 and 2014 in the area of southwest Hubei of China. Of the 2428 participants, 568 were classified as hypertensive, giving an overall occurrence of hypertension at 23.4%, and the prevalence of hypertension was the highest in the year 2014 (34...
August 10, 2017: Journal of Human Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28770819/a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-exercise-and-exercise-hypertension-in-patients-with-aortic-coarctation
#9
REVIEW
H J A Foulds, N B Giacomantonio, S S D Bredin, D E R Warburton
Exercise hypertension is a common occurrence among individuals with aortic coarctation. Although exercise is known to be beneficial among the general population, the risks and benefits of exercise among those with aortic coarctation are less clear. This systematic review evaluates the benefits and risks of exercise for persons with aortic coarctation. Electronic databases were systematically searched (that is, MEDLINE and EMBASE) and key reviews cross-referenced to identify articles for inclusion. Original research articles reporting exercise among individuals with aortic coarctation were included...
August 3, 2017: Journal of Human Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28748919/changing-concepts-in-hypertension-management
#10
REVIEW
P S Gudsoorkar, S W Tobe
Hypertension is the most common modifiable risk factor for cardiovascular disease and death, and lowering blood pressure with anti-hypertensive drugs reduces target organ damage and prevents cardiovascular disease outcomes. The recent trials SPRINT and HOPE-3 will lead to changes in the way we manage hypertension and impact on clinical practice guidelines. These studies also demonstrate the shift toward automated blood pressure measurements. We have reviewed these studies and others to put them in context with the guidelines that have come before and to describe how they will impact on hypertension treatment thresholds and targets, the treatment of hypertension in the elderly, and changing approaches to the management of hypertension including resistant hypertension...
July 27, 2017: Journal of Human Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28748918/different-combinations-of-glucose-tolerance-and-blood-pressure-status-and-incident-cardiovascular-disease-and-all-cause-mortality-events
#11
M A Hajebrahimi, S Akbarpour, A Eslami, F Azizi, F Hadaegh
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of combinations of blood pressure and glucose tolerance status on cardiovascular and all-cause mortality. A total of 7619 participants aged ⩾30 years old were stratified to nine categories as follows: (1) normotension (NTN) and normal glucose tolerance (NGT) (reference group), (2) NTN and pre-diabetes mellitus (pre-DM), (3) NTN and DM, (4) pre-hypertension (pre-HTN) and NGT, (5) pre-HTN and pre-DM, (6) pre-HTN and DM, (7) HTN and NGT, (8) HTN and pre-DM and (9) HTN and DM...
July 27, 2017: Journal of Human Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726796/three-year-change-in-endothelin-1-and-markers-of-vascular-remodelling-in-a-bi-ethnic-south-african-cohort-the-sabpa-study
#12
C S du Plooy, C M C Mels, H W Huisman, R Kruger
South Africans are at high risk for developing cardiovascular disease. Endothelin-1 is known for its vasoconstrictive properties and its ability to contribute to vascular structural changes. In this study we investigated the association of change in endothelin-1 levels and change in markers implicated in vascular remodelling after 3 years. Serum endothelin-1 levels and markers of vascular remodelling such as carotid intima-media thickness, carotid cross-sectional wall area (CSWA) and arterial compliance were measured...
July 20, 2017: Journal of Human Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726795/a-retrospective-analysis-of-hypertension-screening-at-a-mass-gathering-in-india-implications-for-non-communicable-disease-control-strategies
#13
S Balsari, P Vemulapalli, M Gofine, K Oswal, R Merchant, S Saunik, G Greenough, T Khanna
Cardiovascular disease is the leading case of mortality from non-communicable diseases (NCD) in India. The government's National Programme for Prevention and Control of Cancer, Diabetes, Cardiovascular Diseases and Stroke seeks to increase capacity building, screening, referral and management of NCDs across India, and includes community-based outreach and screening programmes. The government in India routinely provides basic care at religious mass gatherings. However, in 2015, at the Kumbh Mela in Nashik and Trimbakeshwar, the state government extended its services to include a hypertension screening programme...
July 20, 2017: Journal of Human Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28703124/comparison-between-the-effects-of-hydrochlorothiazide-and-indapamide-on-the-kidney-in-hypertensive-patients-inadequately-controlled-with-losartan
#14
S Wang, J Li, X Zhou, K Liu, X Zhang, Q Meng, R Shi, D Shi, X Chen
The aim of the study is to compare the effects of hydrochlorothiazide and indapamide on the kidney in patients with hypertension inadequately controlled with losartan. A total of 140 patients who met the criteria and inadequately controlled with losartan 50 mg per day for 2 weeks were randomized in two groups and administered either hydrochlorothiazide 12.5 mg per day (n=70) or indapamide (sustained release) 1.5 mg per day (n=70) in combination with losartan 50 mg per day. Office blood pressure (BP) were collected at baseline and upon each follow-up visit...
July 13, 2017: Journal of Human Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28660887/association-between-hypertensive-disorders-of-pregnancy-and-the-risk-of-postpartum-hypertension-a-cohort-study-in-women-with-gestational-diabetes
#15
L Wang, J Leng, H Liu, S Zhang, J Wang, W Li, W Li, N Li, T Zhang, A A Baccarelli, L Hou, X Yang, Z Yu, G Hu
Previous studies in general people indicated that hypertensive disorders of pregnancy (HDP) increased the risk of subsequent hypertension after delivery. Some studies found that women with gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) had an increased risk of HDP. However, very few studies have assessed the association between HDP and the risk of postpartum hypertension among GDM women. To evaluate the association between HDP and the risk of postpartum hypertension among GDM women, a retrospective cohort study was conducted in 1261 women with prior GDM at their postpartum 1-5 years using the baseline data from Tianjin Gestational Diabetes Mellitus Prevention Program...
June 29, 2017: Journal of Human Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28660885/factors-associated-with-antihypertensive-medication-non-adherence-a-systematic-review
#16
REVIEW
D M van der Laan, P J M Elders, C C L M Boons, J J Beckeringh, G Nijpels, J G Hugtenburg
Non-adherence to antihypertensive medication is the most important cause of uncontrolled blood pressure and is influenced by multiple interrelating factors. Understanding the complexity of medication non-adherence and its associated factors is important to determine intervention strategies. Therefore, a systematic review was performed aimed to identify factors associated with antihypertensive medication non-adherence. Different databases were searched for observational studies reporting on factors associated with non-adherence to antihypertensive medication...
June 29, 2017: Journal of Human Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28660884/the-association-between-consistent-licorice-ingestion-hypertension-and-hypokalaemia-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#17
R Penninkilampi, E M Eslick, G D Eslick
There have been numerous case reports of severe adverse events including deaths following chronic licorice ingestion. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the effect of chronic ingestion of licorice on blood pressure, plasma potassium, plasma renin activity and plasma aldosterone. A search of MEDLINE, PubMed, EMBASE, CENTRAL, DARE, CINAHL and Current Contents Connect was performed from inception through to 26 April 2017. Trials that included a treatment group ingesting a product containing at least 100 mg of glycyrrhizic acid daily were selected...
June 29, 2017: Journal of Human Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28875979/abstracts-from-the-2017-annual-scientific-meeting-of-the-british-and-irish-hypertension-society-bihs
#18
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2017: Journal of Human Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28660886/gallstone-disease-associated-with-increased-risk-of-arterial-stiffness-in-a-taiwanese-population
#19
J-Y Wang, F-H Lu, Z-J Sun, J-S Wu, Y-C Yang, C-T Lee, C-J Chang
Arterial stiffness has similar risk factors to gallstone disease (GSD). However, there are few studies on the association between arterial stiffness and GSD. The aim of this study was to determine the relationship between arterial stiffness and GSD in a Taiwanese population. We enroled 6211 subjects from a health examination centre after excluding those who received medications for diabetes, hypertension and hyperlipidemia or had a history of cardiovascular disease, cerebrovascular disease, cancer, cholecystectomy or ankle-brachial index of ⩽ 0...
October 2017: Journal of Human Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639612/elevated-serum-retinol-binding-protein-4-levels-are-correlated-with-blood-pressure-in-prehypertensive-chinese
#20
J-X Zhang, G-P Zhu, B-L Zhang, Y-Y Cheng
Retinol-binding protein 4 (RBP4) has been reported involving in the occurrence and development of hypertension. However, to date, few data are available on the correlation between serum RBP4 level and blood pressure (BP) in prehypertension. Therefore, this association was investigated in prehypertensive Chinese. Overall, 160 subjects with prehypertension (Pre-HT group) and 160 subjects with normal BP (NBP group) were recruited in this study. The subjects were divided into the following four subgroups according to body mass index (BMI): obese Pre-HT subgroup; non-obese Pre-HT subgroup; obese NBP subgroup; and non-obese NBP subgroup (n=80 in each)...
October 2017: Journal of Human Hypertension
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