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Journal of Human Hypertension

Gontse Gratitude Mokwatsi, Aletta Elisabeth Schutte, Catharina Martha Cornelia Mels, Ruan Kruger
In the article "Morning blood pressure surge in young black and white adults: The African-PREDICT Study" by Gontse Gratitude Mokwatsi, Aletta Elisabeth Schutte, Catharina Martha Cornelia Mels and Ruan Kruger which appeared in 'Journal of Human Hypertension' (2018) volume 32, DOI 10.1038/s41371-018-0089-3, the authors regret that they mentioned erroneously that none of their study participants had an exaggerated morning blood pressure surge. They would like to point out that 40 participants in their study population had an exaggerated sleep-trough surge whereas 128 had an exaggerated dynamic surge...
November 19, 2018: Journal of Human Hypertension
Hui Li, Yu Ren, Yun Wu, Xingsheng Zhao
To deeply investigate the correlation between sleep duration and hypertension. The electronic databases Cochrane Library, Pubmed and Embase updated to December 2017 were retrieved, and manual searching for paper-based documents was also performed. After studies were selected according to the predefined screening criteria, their qualities were assessed using Newcastle-Ottawa Scale. Based on R 3.43 software, the association between sleep duration and hypertension was analyzed by dose-response meta-analysis, using relative risk (RR) and 95% confidence interval (95% CI) as effect indexes...
November 19, 2018: Journal of Human Hypertension
Di Zhao, Hui Liu, Pingshuan Dong
The antidiabetic effect of empagliflozin in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus has been explored in several trials. We performed this meta-analysis determining the effects of empagliflozin on blood pressure, uric acid, estimated glomerular filtration rate, blood lipids, blood glucose, and body weight in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus. We searched three electronic databases (Pubmed, Web of Science, and Cochrane Central) for all published articles evaluating the effects of empagliflozin on blood glucose or blood pressure in subjects with type 2 diabetes mellitus...
November 15, 2018: Journal of Human Hypertension
Yuka Okuyama, Haruhito A Uchida, Toshiyuki Iwahori, Hiroyoshi Segawa, Ayako Kato, Hidemi Takeuchi, Yuki Kakio, Ryoko Umebayashi, Masashi Kitagawa, Hitoshi Sugiyama, Katsuyuki Miura, Hirotsugu Ueshima, Jun Wada
This study aimed to clarify the relationship between repeated measurements of casual (spot) and 24-h urinary sodium-to-potassium (Na/K) ratios in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD). A total of 61 inpatients with CKD, 31 in stage 1-3 (eGFR [estimated glomerular filtration rate] ≥ 30 ml/min/1.73 m2 ) and 30 in stage 4-5 (eGFR < 30 ml/min/1.73 m2 ), aged 20-85 consuming a low-sodium diet (NaCl [sodium chloride] 6 g/day) were recruited. Urinary Na, K, and Na/K ratios were measured in both casual urine samples and 2-day, 24 h urine samples, and then analyzed by correlation and Bland-Altman analyses...
November 15, 2018: Journal of Human Hypertension
Rachel E Climie, Martin G Schultz, James W Fell, Lorena Romero, Petr Otahal, James E Sharman
Due to systolic blood pressure (SBP) amplification, brachial SBP may not accurately reflect central SBP, the pressure the organs are exposed to. Patients with type 2 diabetes (T2D) have vascular irregularities that may affect blood pressure (BP) amplification and central BP indices (i.e. augmentation index [AIx] and augmentation pressure [AP]). By systematic review and meta-analysis, this study aimed firstly to determine the magnitude of central-to-brachial SBP and pulse pressure (PP) amplification in T2D compared to healthy controls and secondly, the difference in AIx and AP between the groups...
November 13, 2018: Journal of Human Hypertension
Paola Helena Ponte Márquez, Albert Feliu-Soler, María José Solé-Villa, Laia Matas-Pericas, David Filella-Agullo, Montserrat Ruiz-Herrerias, Joaquím Soler-Ribaudi, Alex Roca-Cusachs Coll, Juan Antonio Arroyo-Díaz
The objective of this randomized controlled trial is to evaluate the benefits of mindfulness meditation in controlling ambulatory blood pressure (BP) and the impact of the intervention on anxiety, stress and depression levels in a Mediterranean population. Twenty-four and 18 patients [n = 42; mean age 56.5 (7.7) years; similar men and women proportions] with high-normal BP or grade I hypertension were enrolled to an intervention and a control group, respectively. For 2 h/week over 8 weeks, the intervention group received mindfulness training and the control group attended health education talks...
November 13, 2018: Journal of Human Hypertension
Shu-Ling Rong, Xue-Dong Zhou, Ze-Kun Wang, Xiao-Lin Wang, Yu-Chuan Wang, Cun-Shui Xue, Bao Li
Recently, Glutathione S-transferase M1 (GSTM1), glutathione S-transferase T1 (GSTT1), and their interaction with hypertension risk have been focused on. However, the results of previous studies have been inconsistent. Hence, the present meta-analysis was performed to explore the association. Twenty-two case-control studies met the inclusion criteria for GSTM1 (including 3577 hypertension cases and 3784 controls), twenty-two for GSTT1 (including 3741 cases and 4444 controls), and nine for their combined effects (including 1073 cases and 781 controls)...
November 12, 2018: Journal of Human Hypertension
Kai Liu, Ying Xu, Si Wang, Rufeng Shi, Shenzhen Gong, Xinran Li, Yujie Yang, Xiaoping Chen
Previous studies suggest sedentary behavior (SB) is a risk factor for hypertension. However, buddhist activities related to SB in Tibetan monks is quite different from common SB. Meditation, chanting, and buddhist teaching are the main features during sitting. There is no study to examine the association between buddhist activities related to sitting and hypertension. There were 594 Tibetan monks included for analysis. Buddhist activities related to SB involve hours of meditation, chanting, and buddhist teaching for a typical weekday and weekend day...
November 12, 2018: Journal of Human Hypertension
Ilaria Figliuzzi, Vivianne Presta, Francesca Miceli, Barbara Citoni, Roberta Coluccia, Giovanni Ceccarini, Guido Salvetti, Ferruccio Santini, Maria Beatrice Musumeci, Andrea Ferrucci, Massimo Volpe, Giuliano Tocci
Effective and sustained blood pressure (BP) control in hypertensive patients with moderate-to-severe obesity is often difficult to achieve. We evaluated clinic, 24h, day-time and night-time systolic/diastolic BP levels and control in a large cohort of adult outpatients with different classes of obesity. A single center, prospective, cohort study was conducted at Hypertension Unit, Division of Cardiology, Sant'Andrea Hospital, Rome Italy. All BP measurements were performed and BP thresholds were set according to guidelines...
November 12, 2018: Journal of Human Hypertension
Naoyuki Takashima, Takayoshi Ohkubo, Katsuyuki Miura, Akira Okayama, Nagako Okuda, Hideaki Nakagawa, Shigeyuki Saito, Kiyomi Sakata, Sohel Reza Choudhury, Naoko Miyagawa, Queenie Chan, Liancheng Zhao, Paul Elliott, Hirotsugu Ueshima, Jeremiah Stamler
Several studies demonstrated that visit-to-visit variability of blood pressure (BP) predicted future events of total death, stroke and cardiovascular disease. Little is known about factors associated with visit-to-visit BP variability in different countries. We recruited participants aged 40-59 years from four countries (Japan, the People's Republic of China [PRC], the United Kingdom [UK] and the United States [US]). At each study visit, BP was measured twice by trained observers using random zero sphygmomanometers after five minutes resting...
November 12, 2018: Journal of Human Hypertension
Nicholas I Cole, Pauline A Swift, Feng J He, Graham A MacGregor, Rebecca J Suckling
Dietary salt reduction in the general population lowers blood pressure and cardiovascular risk. Despite being widely recommended, there is limited evidence as to whether this is applicable to individuals with end-stage renal disease (ESRD) receiving dialysis. Therefore, we carried out a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomised controlled trials (RCTs) investigating dietary salt reduction in individuals receiving dialysis. Studies were identified through search strategies for CENTRAL, MEDLINE, and EMBASE...
November 9, 2018: Journal of Human Hypertension
Yuanyuan Zhang, Liu Yang, Yaping Hou, Min Zhao, Arnaud Chiolero, Pascal Bovet, Bo Xi
The 2017 American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) guideline for assessing "elevated blood pressure (BP) (90th BP percentile)" and "high BP (95th BP percentile)" includes a large number of BP cut-offs based on sex, age and height, which makes it cumbersome to use in clinical practice. We developed and evaluated the performance of a simple table based on a child's height only to assess elevated and high BP in children compared to the reference AAP guideline based on sex, age and height. Data came from 6816 children aged 8-12 years from the U...
November 6, 2018: Journal of Human Hypertension
Nizal Sarrafzadegan, Razieh Hassannejad, Hamidreza Roohafza, Masoumeh Sadeghi, Mohammad Talaei, Shahram Oveisgharan, Marjan Mansourian
A 10-year longitudinal population-based study entitled Isfahan Cohort Study (ICS) was conducted in 2001-2011 with cardiovascular disease (CVD) as the primary outcome. We considered ICS as a master plan for a multi-level non-communicable disease (NCD) study named Isfahan Cohort Study 2 (ICS2). ICS2 is a multi-generation 10-year cohort study with new goals and outcomes that have been started in 2013, recruiting a sub-sample of ICS (n = 1487) and a new recruited sample (n = 1355) aged 35 years and over, all living in urban and rural areas of two counties in central Iran...
November 1, 2018: Journal of Human Hypertension
Lisa Jayne Ware, Glory Chidumwa, Karen Charlton, Aletta Elisabeth Schutte, Paul Kowal
South Africa has one of the highest levels of hypertension globally, coupled with poor rates of diagnosis, treatment and control. Risk factors that predict hypertension in high income countries may perform differently in the African context, where communicable disease, obesity and malnutrition co-exist. This study investigated traditional risk factors alongside other health and sociodemographic indicators to determine predictors of hypertension prevalence and management. Participants were recruited from households across South Africa as part of WHO's Study on global AGEing and adult health (WHO SAGE) Wave 2 (2015)...
October 31, 2018: Journal of Human Hypertension
James E Sharman, Thomas H Marwick
Hypertension is the most significant modifiable risk factor for cardiovascular disease and contributes to the highest global burden of disease. Blood pressure (BP) measurement is among the most important of all medical tests, and it is critical for BP monitoring devices to be accurate. Comprehensive new evidence from meta-analyses clearly shows that many BP monitoring devices (including oscillometric machines and "gold standard" mercury auscultation) do not accurately represent the BP within the arteries at the upper arm (brachial) or central aorta...
October 31, 2018: Journal of Human Hypertension
Maria Marketou, Joanna Kontaraki, John Papadakis, George Kochiadakis, George Vrentzos, Spyros Maragkoudakis, Kostantinos Fragkiadakis, Eleni Katsouli, Marina Plataki, Alexandros Patrianakos, Gregory Chlouverakis, Konstantinos Papanikolaou, Panos Vardas, Fragiskos Parthenakis
Platelets contain abundant microRNAs (miRs) that regulate gene expression and protein synthesis and may reflect platelet activation. We assessed platelet levels of miR-223, miR-126, and miR-22 in 82 patients with essential hypertension and 28 healthy individuals, using real-time reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction, and evaluated their relation with the patients' clinical profile. Hypertensives had significantly lower platelet miR-22 and miR-223 levels (97.6 ± 170.3 in hypertensives versus 193...
October 30, 2018: Journal of Human Hypertension
Erik Beune, Pythia Nieuwkerk, Karien Stronks, Karlijn Meeks, Matthias B Schulze, Frank P Mockenhaupt, Ina Danquah, Kerstin Klipstein-Grobusch, Peter Agyei-Baffour, Joachim Spranger, Juliet Addo, Liam Smeeth, Charles Agyemang
Large differences in blood pressure (BP) control rates have been observed between sub-Saharan African migrant populations in Europe compared to their counterparts living in Africa. Our main objective was to investigate whether inter-geographical differences in BP control rates can be explained by differences in medication non-adherence. Additionally, we studied the prevalence of medication non-adherence and associations between medication non-adherence, socio-demographic-related, clinical/treatment-related, lifestyle factors, and experienced stress on the one hand and BP control on the other hand...
October 15, 2018: Journal of Human Hypertension
Praew Kotruchin, Satoshi Hoshide, Hiroshi Kanegae, Chatlert Pongchaiyakul, Kazuomi Kario
The divergence in cardiovascular disease risk among Asian countries may be related to differences in economics, lifestyles, and cultural backgrounds. We examined the differential association of overweight and hypertension between the high- and middle-income Asian countries, namely Japan and Thailand and extended to compare other cardiovascular risk factors between these two countries, using the data sets from the annual health examinations conducted in 127,152 Japanese (mean age, 41.5 ± 11.1 years; mean body mass index [BMI], 22...
October 3, 2018: Journal of Human Hypertension
Shengnan Hu, Jun Cheng, Justin Weinstock, Xiu Fan, Scott A Venners, Yi-Hsiang Hsu, Suwen Wu, Faming Pan, Xiangdong Zha, Jinlu Sun, Shanqun Jiang, Xiping Xu
This study was conducted to explore interactions in the association of the kininogen (KNG1) Ile197Met polymorphism and gender with plasma concentrations of irbesartan in Chinese patients with essential hypertension. A total of 1100 subjects with essential hypertension received a daily oral dose of 150 mg irbesartan for twenty-eight consecutive days. High-performance liquid chromatography-fluorescence (HPLC) was used to detect plasma irbesartan concentrations on day 28. The KNG1 Ile197Met gene polymorphism was determined using high-throughput TaqMan technology...
October 3, 2018: Journal of Human Hypertension
Ana Sofia Quinteiros Fidalgo, Peter Vollenweider, Pedro Marques-Vidal
Few studies assessed incidence and determinants of hypertension. We assessed the incidence and determinants of hypertension in a cohort of healthy adults aged 35-75 years living in Lausanne, Switzerland. Baseline data were collected from 2003 to 2006. Follow-ups were conducted in 2009-2012 and 2014-2017. Incident hypertension, defined as a systolic BP ≥140 mm Hg or a diastolic BP ≥90 mm Hg or anti-hypertensive medication, was assessed at 1) second follow-up only; 2) first and/or second follow-up. After 10...
October 3, 2018: Journal of Human Hypertension
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