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Journal of Human Hypertension

Ioanna Eleftheriadou, George C Drosos, Anastasios Tentolouris, Konstantonis George, Petros P Sfikakis, Athanasios D Protogerou, Nikolaos Tentolouris
The main aim of this cross-sectional study was to investigate the association between pulse pressure amplification (PPA) and cardiac autonomic activity (baroreflex sensitivity (BRS) and heart rate variability (HRV)) in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). In addition, we examined the association between cardiac autonomic activity and central hemodynamic parameters that may affect PPA such as augmentation index (AIx), aortic stiffness (pulse wave velocity (PWV)), and common carotid artery stiffness distensibility coefficient (DC)...
May 23, 2018: Journal of Human Hypertension
Sara Q C Giampá, Rodrigo P Pedrosa, Carolina C Gonzaga, Adriana Bertolami, Celso Amodeo, Sofia F Furlan, Luiz A Bortolotto, Geraldo Lorenzi-Filho, Luciano F Drager
Obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA) is the main secondary form associated with resistant hypertension (RH), but it is largely underdiagnosed and consequently undertreated in clinical practice. The Berlin questionnaire (BQ) is a useful tool among general population, but seems to not perform well among patients with RH. Recently, NoSAS score was validated in a large population, however, has not been tested in the cardiovascular scenario. Thus, we aimed to compare BQ versus the NoSAS score as screening tools for OSA in RH...
May 23, 2018: Journal of Human Hypertension
Wenjun Cao, Guoqiang Hou, Chongzheng Guo, Ying Guo, Jianzhong Zheng
Hypertension (HTN) related to health-promoting behaviors (HPB) and quality of life (QOL) in older Chinese has not been clearly identified. We sought to compare the HPB and QOL of elderly adults (aged ≥60) living with HTN in China to a community normotensive control group. Using multistage stratified cluster sampling, a sample of 543 elderly people with HTN and 550 with normotension were randomly selected and asked to complete questionnaires. The Chinese version of the Health Promoting Lifestyle Profile (HPLP-IICR) and The World Health Organization Quality of life-BREF instrument (WHOQOL-BREF) were used to evaluate the HPB and QOL of elderly adults...
May 23, 2018: Journal of Human Hypertension
Xiaoyu Shu, Mei Mei, Linqiang Ma, Zhihong Wang, Shumin Yang, Jinbo Hu, Ying Song, Wenwen He, Ting Luo, Qingfeng Cheng, Yue Wang, Qianna Zhen, Qifu Li
Plasma aldosterone/renin ratio (ARR) is a useful method for primary aldosteronism (PA) screening. However some confounders, such as medications and dietary, affect plasma renin and aldosterone levels, resulting in false-negative or -positive plasma ARR. This study investigated the association between postmenopausal osteoporosis (PMO) and plasma ARR. Bone mineral density (BMD) was measured by dual-energy X-ray-absorptiometry (DXA) in 324 normotensive postmenopausal women. Based on clinical characteristics and BMD, 186 and 96 subjects were diagnosed as PMO and osteopenia respectively, and the remaining 42 subjects were grouped as normal BMD...
May 22, 2018: Journal of Human Hypertension
Yi Zhang, Dian-Zhong Zhang
The objective of this study was to examine the associations of red meat, poultry, and egg consumption with the risk of hypertension (HTN). The electronic databases of PubMed, Web of Science, and Embase were searched up to August 2017, for prospective cohort studies on the associations between red meat, poultry, or egg consumption with the risk of HTN. The pooled relative risk (RR) of HTN for the highest vs. lowest category of red meat, poultry, and egg consumption as well as their corresponding 95% confidence interval (CI) were calculated...
May 4, 2018: Journal of Human Hypertension
Ganmi Wang, Yujie Chen, Liangjin Li, Wenlu Tang, James M Wright
First-line renin-angiotensin system (RAS) inhibitors are recommended for diabetic patients because of their potential nephron-protective properties. For hypertensive patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus, little is known about first-line RAS inhibitors vs. other first-line antihypertensive agents in terms of cardiovascular outcomes. We performed a meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials (RCTs) to assess the comparative efficacy of first-line RAS inhibitors vs. other first-line antihypertensive drug classes in hypertensive patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus...
May 1, 2018: Journal of Human Hypertension
Alena Shantsila, Eduard Shantsila, Paramjit S Gill, Gregory Y H Lip
The study aimed to establish a relationship of ethnicity to diastolic dysfunction in subjects of African-Caribbean and South Asian origins and the impact of diastolic dysfunction and ethnicity on all-cause and cardiovascular mortality. Hypertensive subjects with ejection fraction ≥55% and no history of ischaemic heart disease/valve pathology (n  =  1546, 830 South Asians and 716 African-Caribbeans) were identified from the Ethnic-Echocardiographic Heart of England Screening Study (E-ECHOES). Diastolic function and cardiac remodelling were measured by echocardiography...
May 1, 2018: Journal of Human Hypertension
Valeria Visco, Rosa Finelli, Antonietta Valeria Pascale, Pietro Mazzeo, Nicola Ragosa, Valentina Trimarco, Maddalena Illario, Michele Ciccarelli, Guido Iaccarino
Difficult-to-control (DTC) hypertension represents a burden in real life that can be partially solved through identification of the characteristics of clinical patterns and tailoring antihypertensive strategies, including ICT-enabled integrated care (ICT-IC). In the quest for clinical predictors of DTC hypertension, we screened 482 hypertensive patients who were consecutively referred to the departmental hypertension clinic. Following a data quality check, patients were divided into controlled (C, 49.37%) and uncontrolled (UC, 50...
May 1, 2018: Journal of Human Hypertension
Ai Zhao, Shengjie Tan, Ignatius Man-Yau Szeto, Yan Wang, Liping Meng, Ting Li, Wenzhi Zhao, Meichen Wang, Yumei Zhang
Hypertension is a serious public health threat worldwide. This study sought to explore gaps in urban Chinese adults' awareness and control of hypertension. A cross-sectional study was carried out in eight Chinese cities in 2016. Participants were organized into four groups on the basis of blood pressure (BP) and self-reported disease history: healthy group (63.0%), well-controlled BP group (9.1%), unaware hypertension group (14.0%), and poorly controlled BP group (13.9%). Multinomial logistic regression with the healthy group as the reference group showed that younger age and body mass index <24 kg/m2 were negatively associated with lack of awareness of hypertension and poor control of BP...
May 1, 2018: Journal of Human Hypertension
Toshiki Kaihara, Yuki Imaizumi, Kazuo Eguchi, Kazuomi Kario
We tested the hypothesis that the maximum value of home systolic BP (MSBP) is a marker of hypertensive target organ damage (TOD). We conducted a cross-sectional study of 220 hypertensives. The subjects performed HBP monitoring using a telemonitoring system and measured their HBP for 7 days. Mean, maximum, standard deviation, and coefficient of variation of SBPs were used as independent variables. Brachial-ankle pulse wave velocity, left ventricular mass index (LVMI), mean carotid intima-media thickness, and left atrial diameter index (LADI) were used as dependent variables...
May 1, 2018: Journal of Human Hypertension
Martin R Salazar, Walter G Espeche, Rodolfo N Stavile, Eduardo Balbín, Betty C Leiva Sisnieguez, Carlos E Leiva Sisnieguez, Carlos E March, Susana Cor, Irma Eugenio Acero, Horacio A Carbajal
Blood pressure (BP) was assessed by patients themselves in recently published trials. Self-measured office blood pressure (SMOBP) seems particularly interesting for limited health resources regions. The aim of our study was to evaluate the relationship between SMOBP values and those estimated by ambulatory blood pressure monitoring (ABPM). Six hundred seventy-seven patients were evaluated using both, SMOBP and ABPM. The differences between SMOBP and daytime ABPM were evaluated with paired "t" test...
May 1, 2018: Journal of Human Hypertension
Alexandros Kasiakogias, Costas Tsioufis, Kyriakos Dimitriadis, Dimitrios Konstantinidis, Areti Koumelli, Ioannis Leontsinis, Eirini Andrikou, Nikos Vogiatzakis, Smaragdi Marinaki, Dimitrios Petras, Christos Fragoulis, Konstantinos Konstantinou, Vasilios Papademetriou, Dimitrios Tousoulis
Data regarding the prognosis of resistant hypertension (RHTN) with respect to its severity is limited. We investigated the cardiovascular risk of severe RHTN in a prospective observational study. A cohort of 1700 hypertensive patient with treated uncontrolled HTN was followed for a mean period of 3.6 ± 1.8 years. At baseline, standard clinical and laboratory workup was performed, including testing for secondary causes of RHT where applicable. Three groups were identified depending on presence of RHTN (office-based uncontrolled HTN under at least three drugs including a diuretic) and levels of office systolic blood pressure (BP): 1187 patients (70%) without RHTN, 313 (18%) with not-severe RHTN (systolic BP < 160 mmHg) and 200 (12%) with severe RHTN (systolic BP ≥ 160 mmHg)...
May 1, 2018: Journal of Human Hypertension
Beverly B Green
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 1, 2018: Journal of Human Hypertension
Shouling Luo, Jiangnan Pei, Xiaotian Li, Weirong Gu
The exact mechanism of preeclampsia (PE) remains unclear, accumulating researches have indicated multiple epigenetic factors relate to PE and histone methylation plays a crucial role in modifying the gene expression. So we aimed to confirm that abnormal expression of histone demethylase JHDM1D contributes to PE and lower expression of HLA-G in PE. We tested the expression of JHDM1D, H3K9me2, and H3K27me2 in the placentas of PE and normal control (NC)women who had a healthy pregnancy with Immunohistochemistry and we found that JHDM1D, H3K9me2, and H3K27me2 were all mainly expressed in the nuclei of the extra-villous trophoblasts (EVTs)...
April 6, 2018: Journal of Human Hypertension
Bruce S Alpert
The aim of this report is to describe a new device that can validate, by automated auscultation, individual blood pressure (BP) readings taken by automated sphygmomanometers.The Accutension Stetho utilizes a smartphone application in conjunction with a specially designed stethoscope that interfaces directly into the smartphone via the earphone jack. The Korotkoff sounds are recorded by the application and are analyzed by the operator on the screen of the smartphone simultaneously with the images from the sphygmomanometer screen during BP estimation...
April 6, 2018: Journal of Human Hypertension
Yuanyuan Zhang, Chuanwei Ma, Lili Yang, Pascal Bovet, Bo Xi
Blood pressure-to-height ratio (BPHR) has been reported to perform well for identifying hypertension (HTN) in adolescents but not in young children. Our study was aimed to evaluate the performance of BPHR and modified BPHR (MBPHR) for screening HTN in children. A total of 5268 Chinese children (boys: 53.1%) aged 6-12 years and 5024 American children (boys: 48.1%) aged 8-12 years were included in the present study. BPHR was calculated as BP/height (mmHg/cm). MBPHR7 was calculated as BP/(height + 7*(13-age))...
April 6, 2018: Journal of Human Hypertension
Jamie G Hijmans, Kyle J Diehl, Tyler D Bammert, Philip J Kavlich, Grace M Lincenberg, Jared J Greiner, Brian L Stauffer, Christopher A DeSouza
microRNAs (miRNAs) have a key role in regulating inflammation, vascular health and in turn, cardiovascular disease. Specifically, altered circulating expression of miR-17, miR-21, miR-34a, miR-92a, miR-126, miR-145, miR-146a, and miR-150 has been linked with the pathogenesis and progression of cardiovascular disease. The aim of this study was to determine whether the circulating profile of these vascular-related miRNAs is disrupted with hypertension. Thirty sedentary, middle-aged adults were studied: 15 normotensive (10M/5F; age: 56 ± 1 year; BP: 113/71 ± 2/1 mmHg) and 15 hypertensive (10M/5F; 56 ± 2 year; 140/87 ± 2/2 mmHg)...
April 4, 2018: Journal of Human Hypertension
Franklin C Barcellos, Fabricio Boscolo Del Vecchio, Annelise Reges, Gregore Mielke, Iná S Santos, Daniel Umpierre, Maristela Bohlke, Pedro C Hallal
Hypertension and chronic kidney disease (CKD) are global public health problems, both associated with higher risk of cardiovascular (CV) and renal events. This trial randomized non-diabetic adult patients with hypertension and CKD stages 2-4 to 16 weeks of aerobic and resistance training or usual care. The primary outcome was the change in estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR). Secondary outcomes included changes in systolic and diastolic blood pressure (BP), body weight, fasting blood glucose, lipid profile, high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP), and functional capacity...
April 4, 2018: Journal of Human Hypertension
Peng-Peng Niu
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 3, 2018: Journal of Human Hypertension
Jonathan Graff-Radford, Alejandro A Rabinstein, Timothy G Lesnick, R Ross Reichard, David S Knopman, Kejal Kantarci
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 3, 2018: Journal of Human Hypertension
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