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Journal of Human Hypertension

H Sievert, J Schofer, J Ormiston, U C Hoppe, I T Meredith, D L Walters, M Azizi, J Diaz-Cartelle
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 12, 2017: Journal of Human Hypertension
M Tagawa, M Ghosn, H Wachtel, D Fraker, R R Townsend, S Trerotola, D L Cohen
Adrenal vein sampling (AVS) is essential in differentiating unilateral from bilateral sources of aldosterone excess in primary aldosteronism (PA). However, its ability to predict blood pressure (BP) improvement after adrenalectomy has not been well studied. This is a retrospective observational study of 119 patients who underwent AVS by sequential technique followed by adrenalectomy for PA at the Hospital of the University of Pennsylvania from 1997 to 2015. Median age was 52 years (interquartile range 44-59), 67% were male and median duration of hypertension was 10 (interquartile range 6-20) years...
January 12, 2017: Journal of Human Hypertension
W Han, Y Hu, Y Tang, F Xue, L Hou, S Liang, B Zhang, W Wang, K Asaiti, H Pang, Z Wang, Y Wang, M Zhang, J Jiang
Urinary sodium levels are reported to be associated with blood pressure in clinical trials and epidemiology studies. Nevertheless, the public health message of reducing sodium intake in free-living community populations remains under debate. Based on an ongoing prospective study initiated in 2012 with a community-based design in Xinjiang, China, 1668 adults (⩾30 years old) were assessed in the current study for associations between urinary sodium and blood pressure and hypertension in a free-living population of Kazakh people...
January 5, 2017: Journal of Human Hypertension
D Busingye, S Arabshahi, R G Evans, V K Srikanth, K Kartik, K Kalyanram, M A Riddell, X Zhu, O Suresh, A G Thrift
The aim of this study was to identify factors associated with awareness, treatment and control of hypertension in a rural setting in India. Following screening of the population, all individuals with hypertension (blood pressure (BP) ⩾140/90 mm Hg or taking antihypertensive medications) were invited to participate in this study. We measured BP, height, weight, skinfolds, waist and hip circumference, and administered a questionnaire to obtain information regarding socioeconomic and behavioural characteristics...
January 5, 2017: Journal of Human Hypertension
L Cai, J Dong, W L Cui, D Y You, A R Golden
This study investigates socioeconomic differences in prevalence, awareness, control and self-management of hypertension in rural China. A cross-sectional survey was conducted among four ethnic minority groups in Yunnan Province: Na Xi, Li Shu, Dai and Jing Po. Approximately 5532 consenting individuals aged ⩾35 years (48.4% of whom were male) were selected to participate in the study using a stratified, multistage sampling technique. Information about participants' demographic characteristics and hypertension awareness, treatment, control and self-management practices was obtained using a standard questionnaire...
January 5, 2017: Journal of Human Hypertension
C Mancusi, M A Losi, R Izzo, G Canciello, M V Manzi, A Sforza, N De Luca, B Trimarco, G de Simone
Reduced myocardial mechano-energetic efficiency (MEE), estimated as stroke volume/heart rate ratio per g of left ventricular (LV) mass (LVM), and expressed in μl s(-1) g(-1) (MEEi), is a strong predictor of cardiovascular (CV) events, independently of LV hypertrophy and other confounders, including type II diabetes (DM). Decreased MEEi is more frequent in patients with diabetes. In the present analysis we evaluated the interrelation among MEEi, DM and metabolic syndrome (MetS) in the setting of arterial hypertension...
December 29, 2016: Journal of Human Hypertension
T Horio, M Akiyama, Y Iwashima, F Yoshihara, S Nakamura, T Tokudome, M Okutsu, H Tanaka, I Komatsubara, N Okimoto, S Kamakura, Y Kawano
It is still controversial whether treatment with renin-angiotensin system (RAS) inhibitors reduces the risk of incident atrial fibrillation (AF). This longitudinal observational study was performed to investigate the confounder-independent effects of RAS inhibitors on new-onset AF in hypertensive patients. Among 1263 consecutive hypertensive patients who underwent echocardiography, 964 eligible patients (mean age, 63 years) were enrolled as the study population. Forty-nine patients developed new-onset AF during the follow-up period (mean: 4...
December 29, 2016: Journal of Human Hypertension
A Barbouni, M Nalmpanti, D Gennimata, D Theodoridis, K Merakou
Although it has been proven that decreasing the arterial blood pressure decreases cardiovascular morbidity and mortality, <25% of hypertensive patients receiving antihypertensive treatment achieve target values, which are mainly attributed to failure of the patients to comply to treatment. Ensuring patient compliance to antihypertensive treatment, to prevent the development of hypertension-associated complications, has proven to be challenging in several countries. The aim of the present study was to investigate the knowledge, perceptions and practices applied by doctors treating hypertensive patients regarding patient compliance to the prescribed treatment...
December 29, 2016: Journal of Human Hypertension
Y Yu, T Liu, J Wu, P Zhu, M Zhang, W Zheng, Y Gu
Delayed heart rate recovery (HRR) post treadmill exercise testing reflects autonomic dysfunction and is related to worse cardiovascular outcome. The present study compared HRR in normotensive subjects and hypertensive patients taking anti-hypertensive medications with controlled blood pressure (BP) and uncontrolled BP. A total of 279 consecutive patients with (n=140, HP) and without (n=139, N-HP) essential hypertension who were hospitalized in our department during May 2012 to March 2016 were included in this study...
December 29, 2016: Journal of Human Hypertension
L Y Wang, Q Liu, X T Cheng, J J Jiang, H Wang
We aimed to evaluate the performance of blood pressure-to-height ratio (BPHR) and establish their optimal thresholds for elevated blood pressure (BP) among children aged 6 to 17 years in Chongqing, China. Data were collected from 11 029 children and adolescents aged 6-17 years in 12 schools in Chongqing according to multistage stratified cluster sampling method. The gold standard for elevated BP was defined as systolic blood pressure (SBP) and/or diastolic blood pressure (DBP) ⩾95th percentile for gender, age and height...
December 29, 2016: Journal of Human Hypertension
A Grajda, Z Kułaga, B Gurzkowska, M Wojtyło, M Góźdź, M Litwin
We aimed to construct blood pressure (BP) references for the Polish preschool children and to compare them with the United States, German and European references. BP was measured oscillometrically using a validated device in 4378 randomly selected Polish children aged 3-6 years who were free of chronic diseases and behaved quietly during BP measurement. Height and weight were also measured. Gender-specific BP percentiles were constructed for age and height simultaneously with the use of quantile regression and a polynomial regression model...
December 29, 2016: Journal of Human Hypertension
J D Sluyter, A D Hughes, S A McG Thom, A Lowe, C A Camargo, B Hametner, S Wassertheurer, K H Parker, R K R Scragg
Little is known about how aortic waveform parameters vary with ethnicity and lifestyle factors. We investigated these issues in a large, population-based sample. We carried out a cross-sectional analysis of 4798 men and women, aged 50-84 years from Auckland, New Zealand. Participants were 3961 European, 321 Pacific, 266 Maori and 250 South Asian people. We assessed modifiable lifestyle factors via questionnaires, and measured body mass index (BMI) and brachial blood pressure (BP). Suprasystolic oscillometry was used to derive aortic pressure, from which several haemodynamic parameters were calculated...
December 22, 2016: Journal of Human Hypertension
C Yin, H Chu, H Li, Y Xiao
The aim was to clarify the associations of five adipocytokines: Sfrp5, Wnt5a, adiponectin, chemerin and high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hsCRP) with blood pressure (BP), and to examine whether BP can be influenced by changes in these adipocytokines in obese children after a 6-month lifestyle intervention. We conducted a cross-sectional study in 263 obese children and performed a 6-month lifestyle intervention in a subgroup of 89 obese children with hypertension. Anthropometric data, adiponectin, chemerin, Sfrp5 and Wnt5a were assessed at baseline and after 6-month lifestyle intervention...
November 24, 2016: Journal of Human Hypertension
Y J Anupama, S N Hegde, G Uma, M Patil
Hypertension (HTN) is an important cause for chronic kidney disease (CKD). There is a paucity of studies exploring the association of HTN with CKD from rural India. The objective of the study was to determine the prevalence and the determinants for HTN in a rural population in South India, focusing on the association with CKD. In a cross-sectional study on 2984 adults in three villages, demographic and anthropometric data were collected. Blood pressure was recorded on all individuals and prevalence was estimated...
November 24, 2016: Journal of Human Hypertension
Y Lian, C Qi, N Tao, R Han, Y Jiang, S Guan, H Ge, L Ning, J Xiao, J Liu
Psychosocial work environments may adversely influence blood pressure, but the benefits of altering these factors and introducing coping resources is unclear. We examined whether changing work stressors and coping resources affect the risk of hypertension and elevated BP. A total of 13,145 workers from the Occupational Health Study of Petroleum Industry Workers were included in this study. A baseline evaluation of work-related stress and coping resources was followed up in all participants after 12 years. The changes in task stressors and coping resources were measured using the Occupation Stress Inventory-Revised Edition, and changes in job control and organizational stressors were evaluated using the Instrument for Stress-Related Job Analysis (v...
November 17, 2016: Journal of Human Hypertension
Y G Tedla, L E Bautista
Self-reported medication adherence is known to overestimate true adherence. However, little is known about patient factors that may contribute to the upward bias in self-reported medication adherence. The objective of this study is to examine whether demographic, behavioral, medication and mood factors are associated with being a false-positive self-reported adherer (FPA) to antihypertensive drug treatment. We studied 175 patients (mean age: 50 years; 57% men) from primary-care clinics starting antihypertensive drug treatment...
November 17, 2016: Journal of Human Hypertension
M Nagai, K Dote, M Kato, S Sasaki, N Oda, E Kagawa, Y Nakano, A Yamane, Y Kubo, T Higashihara, S Miyauchi, W Harada, H Masuda
In a cross-sectional study, visit-to-visit blood pressure (BP) variability was shown to be associated with artery remodelling. Here, we investigated the impact of visit-to-visit BP variability and average BP on the carotid artery remodelling progression in high-risk elderly according to different classes of antihypertension medication use/non-use. BP measurements and carotid ultrasound were performed in the common carotid artery in 164 subjects (mean age 79.7 years at baseline, 74.7% females) with one or more cardiovascular risk factors...
October 20, 2016: Journal of Human Hypertension
I Mateo-Gavira, F J Vílchez-López, M V García-Palacios, F Carral-San Laureano, F M Visiedo-García, M Aguilar-Diosdado
The aim of this study was to evaluate the relationship between early blood pressure (BP) changes (detected using ambulatory BP monitoring; ABPM) with different markers of inflammation and endothelial dysfunction in patients with type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM). The study design was observational cross-sectional in 85 T1DM patients, clinically normotensive and with normo-albuminuria. We analyzed the relationships between ABPM-measured BP alterations over 24 h with the inflammatory cytokines (interleukin-6 (IL-6), tumor necrosis factor-α and vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF)) and the markers of endothelial damage (vascular adhesion molecule, intercellular adhesion molecule and plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 (PAI))...
February 2017: Journal of Human Hypertension
T He, X Liu, Y Li, X Y Liu, Q Y Wu, M L Liu, H Yuan
In this study, we evaluated the efficacy and safety of high-dose calcium channel blocker (CCB) monotherapy and standard-dose CCBs combined with angiotensin receptor blockers (ARBs) for patients with hypertension. A comprehensive search of PubMed, Embase and the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials was performed in December 2015. Randomized controlled trials designed to identify the above goal were included. Thirteen trials including 2371 patients were identified. The standard-dose CCB/ARB combination resulted in a greater reduction of systolic blood pressure (WMD -2...
February 2017: Journal of Human Hypertension
M S Brian, A Dalpiaz, E L Matthews, S Lennon-Edwards, D G Edwards, W B Farquhar
Impaired nocturnal blood pressure (BP) dipping (i.e., <10% decline in nocturnal BP) is associated with an increased risk of cerebrovascular and cardiovascular diseases. Excess sodium has been shown to impair BP regulation and increase cardiovascular disease risk, yet few studies have assessed the influence of dietary sodium on nocturnal dipping in normotensive adults. The purpose of this study was to determine the effects of dietary sodium on BP dipping in normotensive men and women. Eighty healthy normotensive adults participated in a controlled feeding study (men: n=39, 34±2 years; women: n=41, 41±2 years)...
February 2017: Journal of Human Hypertension
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