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Journal of Human Hypertension

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27882931/plasma-sfrp5-and-adiponectin-levels-in-relation-to-blood-pressure-among-obese-children
#1
C Yin, H Chu, H Li, Y Xiao
The aim was to clarify the associations of five adipocytokines: Sfrp5, Wnt5a, adiponectin, chemerin and high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hsCRP) with blood pressure (BP), and to examine whether BP can be influenced by changes in these adipocytokines in obese children after a 6-month lifestyle intervention. We conducted a cross-sectional study in 263 obese children and performed a 6-month lifestyle intervention in a subgroup of 89 obese children with hypertension. Anthropometric data, adiponectin, chemerin, Sfrp5 and Wnt5a were assessed at baseline and after 6-month lifestyle intervention...
November 24, 2016: Journal of Human Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27882930/hypertension-is-an-important-risk-determinant-for-chronic-kidney-disease-results-from-a-cross-sectional-observational-study-from-a-rural-population-in-south-india
#2
Y J Anupama, S N Hegde, G Uma, M Patil
Hypertension (HTN) is an important cause for chronic kidney disease (CKD). There is a paucity of studies exploring the association of HTN with CKD from rural India. The objective of the study was to determine the prevalence and the determinants for HTN in a rural population in South India, focusing on the association with CKD. In a cross-sectional study on 2984 adults in three villages, demographic and anthropometric data were collected. Blood pressure was recorded on all individuals and prevalence was estimated...
November 24, 2016: Journal of Human Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27853150/changing-work-stressors-and-coping-resources-influence-blood-pressure-and-hypertension-incidence-in-a-large-ohspiw-cohort
#3
Y Lian, C Qi, N Tao, R Han, Y Jiang, S Guan, H Ge, L Ning, J Xiao, J Liu
Psychosocial work environments may adversely influence blood pressure, but the benefits of altering these factors and introducing coping resources is unclear. We examined whether changing work stressors and coping resources affect the risk of hypertension and elevated BP. A total of 13,145 workers from the Occupational Health Study of Petroleum Industry Workers were included in this study. A baseline evaluation of work-related stress and coping resources was followed up in all participants after 12 years. The changes in task stressors and coping resources were measured using the Occupation Stress Inventory-Revised Edition, and changes in job control and organizational stressors were evaluated using the Instrument for Stress-Related Job Analysis (v...
November 17, 2016: Journal of Human Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27853149/factors-associated-with-false-positive-self-reported-adherence-to-antihypertensive-drugs
#4
Y G Tedla, L E Bautista
Self-reported medication adherence is known to overestimate true adherence. However, little is known about patient factors that may contribute to the upward bias in self-reported medication adherence. The objective of this study is to examine whether demographic, behavioral, medication and mood factors are associated with being a false-positive self-reported adherer (FPA) to antihypertensive drug treatment. We studied 175 patients (mean age: 50 years; 57% men) from primary-care clinics starting antihypertensive drug treatment...
November 17, 2016: Journal of Human Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27762309/visit-to-visit-blood-pressure-variability-average-bp-level-and-carotid-arterial-stiffness-in-the-elderly-a-prospective-study
#5
M Nagai, K Dote, M Kato, S Sasaki, N Oda, E Kagawa, Y Nakano, A Yamane, Y Kubo, T Higashihara, S Miyauchi, W Harada, H Masuda
In a cross-sectional study, visit-to-visit blood pressure (BP) variability was shown to be associated with artery remodelling. Here, we investigated the impact of visit-to-visit BP variability and average BP on the carotid artery remodelling progression in high-risk elderly according to different classes of antihypertension medication use/non-use. BP measurements and carotid ultrasound were performed in the common carotid artery in 164 subjects (mean age 79.7 years at baseline, 74.7% females) with one or more cardiovascular risk factors...
October 20, 2016: Journal of Human Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27734827/association-of-left-atrial-phasic-volumes-with-systemic-arterial-stiffness-and-ankle-brachial-index-in-hypertensive-patients
#6
M Iida, M Yamamoto, Y Ishiguro, M Yamazaki, N Ueda, H Honjo, K Kamiya
Left atrial (LA) phasic volumes consist of reservoir, conduit and booster pump volumes. Arterial stiffness is linked to lower systemic arterial compliance (SAC) contributing to cardiac afterload. Arterial stiffness may be a modulator of LA phasic volumes. Echocardiography was performed in 161 hypertensive patients and in 50 normotensive subjects in order to assess biplane LA volumes (maximum, before atrial contraction, minimum), early and late diastolic mitral annular velocity (e' and a'), and LV stroke volume...
October 13, 2016: Journal of Human Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27734826/leisure-time-and-commuting-physical-activity-and-high-blood-pressure-the-brazilian-longitudinal-study-of-adult-health-elsa-brasil
#7
C Treff, I M Benseñor, P A Lotufo
This study investigates the association between leisure-time physical activity and commuting-related physical activity and high blood pressure among participants in the Brazilian Longitudinal Study of Adult Health (ELSA-Brasil). Physical activity was assessed through application of the International Physical Activity Questionnaire, particularly the domains addressing leisure and transportation. We used the World Health Organization's definition (⩾150 min per week of moderate activities or 75 min per week of vigorous activities) to establish three categories: active, insufficiently active and inactive...
October 13, 2016: Journal of Human Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27680390/a-randomized-controlled-trial-to-assess-the-central-hemodynamic-response-to-exercise-in-patients-with-transient-ischaemic-attack-and-minor-stroke
#8
J Faulkner, Y-C Tzeng, D Lambrick, B Woolley, P D Allan, T O'Donnell, J Lanford, L Wong, L Stoner
Early exercise engagement elicits meaningful changes in peripheral blood pressure in patients diagnosed with transient ischaemic attack (TIA) or minor stroke. However, central hemodynamic markers may provide clinicians with important diagnostic and prognostic information beyond that provided by peripheral blood pressure readings. The purpose of this single-centre, randomized, parallel-group clinical trial was to determine the effect of a 12-week aerobic exercise intervention on central and peripheral hemodynamic variables in patients with TIA or minor stroke...
September 29, 2016: Journal of Human Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27654329/effects-of-blueberry-supplementation-on-blood-pressure-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-randomized-clinical-trials
#9
Y Zhu, J Sun, W Lu, X Wang, X Wang, Z Han, C Qiu
Blueberries belong to the genus Vaccinium of the family Ericaceae. A series of epidemiological studies have demonstrated that blueberry polyphenols, particularly blueberry anthocyanins provide significant beneficial effects for humans. However, the findings of clinical studies have been equivocal. Therefore, we sought to assess the potential anti-hypertensive effects of blueberry supplementation through a meta-analysis of available randomized controlled trials (RCTs). A comprehensive literature search of PubMed, The Cochrane Library, AMED (Allied and Complementary Medicine Database), Embase, Web of Science, Wanfang Database, and China National Knowledge Infrastructure were performed to identify potential studies published before June 2015...
September 22, 2016: Journal of Human Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27654328/pre-and-undiagnosed-hypertension-in-urban-chinese-adults-a-population-based-cross-sectional-study
#10
H Zhang, M Deng, H Xu, H Wang, F Song, C Bao, S Paillard-Borg, W Xu, X Qi
Hypertension is common in adults and often undiagnosed, and the prevalence of pre- and undiagnosed-hypertension remains unclear. We aimed to investigate the prevalence of pre- and undiagnosed-hypertension and their correlates among urban Chinese adults. A total of 7435 participants aged 20-79 were included in this study. Data on demographics, lifestyle and medical history were collected through a structured interview. Pre- and undiagnosed-hypertension was defined as systolic blood pressure/ diastolic blood pressure (SBP/DBP) of 120-139/80-89 mm Hg and SBP⩾140 mm Hg and/or DBP⩾90 mm Hg, respectively, in participants without a history of hypertension and use of antihypertensive medication...
September 22, 2016: Journal of Human Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27629245/circulating-mir-92a-expression-level-in-patients-with-essential-hypertension-a-potential-marker-of-atherosclerosis
#11
Y Huang, S Tang, C Ji-Yan, C Huang, J Li, A-P Cai, Y-Q Feng
MicroRNAs (miRs) are key posttranscriptional regulators of gene expression in all eukaryotic cells and have a vital role in the evolution of hypertension and cardiovascular remodelling and, therefore, have emerged as potential biomarkers for cardiovascular disease. We assessed 240 participants, including 60 healthy volunteers with normal carotid intima-media thickness (nCIMT), 60 healthy volunteers with increased CIMT (iCIMT), 60 hypertensive patients with nCIMT and 60 hypertensive patients with iCIMT. All patients underwent measurements of CIMT, carotid-femoral pulse wave velocity (cfPWV) and ambulatory blood pressure (BP) monitoring...
September 15, 2016: Journal of Human Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27629244/cadmium-body-burden-and-increased-blood-pressure-in-middle-aged-american-indians-the-strong-heart-study
#12
N Franceschini, R C Fry, P Balakrishnan, A Navas-Acien, C Oliver-Williams, A G Howard, S A Cole, K Haack, E M Lange, B V Howard, L G Best, K A Francesconi, W Goessler, J G Umans, M Tellez-Plaza
Cadmium (Cd) is an environmental pollutant that has been associated with cardiovascular disease in populations, but the relationship of Cd with hypertension has been inconsistent. We studied the association between urinary Cd concentrations, a measure of total body burden, and blood pressure in American Indians, a US population with above national average Cd burden. Urinary Cd was measured using inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry, and adjusted for urinary creatinine concentration. Among 3714 middle-aged American Indian participants of the Strong Heart Study (mean age 56 years, 41% male, 67% ever-smokers, 23% taking antihypertensive medications), urinary Cd ranged from 0...
September 15, 2016: Journal of Human Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27629243/prevalence-and-control-of-hypertension-in-the-general-practice-in-italy-updated-analysis-of-a-large-database
#13
G Tocci, G Nati, C Cricelli, D Parretti, F Lapi, A Ferrucci, C Borghi, M Volpe
Systematic assessment of blood pressure (BP) control rates may help to improve the clinical management of hypertension in clinical practice. This approach had limited application in Europe over the last three decades and only recently has been implemented in some countries. The present study is aimed at evaluating hypertension prevalence and control among adult outpatients followed by a large, representative sample of general practitioners (GPs) in Italy. We retrospectively analysed the data derived from the GP Health Search-CSD database in 2013...
September 15, 2016: Journal of Human Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27629242/detecting-non-adherence-by-urine-analysis-in-patients-with-uncontrolled-hypertension-rates-reasons-and-reactions
#14
M Pucci, U Martin
Poor adherence with pharmacotherapy is well recognised as one of the main barriers to achieving satisfactory blood pressure control, although accurately measuring patient adherence has historically been very challenging. Urine analysis by high-performance liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry has recently become routinely available as a method of screening for non-adherence. In addition to measuring rates of adherence in hypertensive patients, this study aimed to investigate the reasons for non-adherence given by patients and how patients react when they are informed of their results...
September 15, 2016: Journal of Human Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27169827/ambulatory-blood-pressure-monitoring-phenotypes-among-individuals-with-and-without-diabetes-taking-antihypertensive-medication-the-jackson-heart-study
#15
S G Bromfield, D Shimbo, A G Bertoni, M Sims, A P Carson, P Muntner
Ambulatory blood pressure monitoring (ABPM) can detect phenotypes associated with increased cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk. Diabetes is associated with increased CVD risk but few data are available documenting whether blood pressure (BP) phenotypes, detected by ABPM, differ between individuals with versus without diabetes. We conducted a cross-sectional analysis of 567 participants in the Jackson Heart Study, a population-based study of African Americans, taking antihypertensive medication to evaluate the association between diabetes and ABPM phenotypes...
December 2016: Journal of Human Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26818804/management-of-resistant-hypertension-expert-consensus-statement-from-the-french-society-of-hypertension-an-affiliate-of-the-french-society-of-cardiology
#16
T Denolle, B Chamontin, G Doll, J-P Fauvel, X Girerd, D Herpin, B Vaïsse, F Villeneuve, J M Halimi
To improve the management of resistant hypertension, the French Society of Hypertension, an affiliate of the French Society of Cardiology, has published a set of eleven recommendations. The primary objective is to provide the most up-to-date information based on the strongest scientific rationale and that is easily applicable to daily clinical practice. Resistant hypertension is defined as uncontrolled blood pressure on office measurements and confirmed by out-of-office measurements despite a therapeutic strategy comprising appropriate lifestyle and dietary measures and the concurrent use of three antihypertensive agents including a thiazide diuretic, a renin-angiotensin system blocker (ARB or ACEI) and a calcium channel blocker, for at least 4 weeks, at optimal doses...
November 2016: Journal of Human Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27600030/abstracts-from-the-2016-annual-scientific-meeting-of-the-bhs
#17
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2016: Journal of Human Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27600029/dietary-and-lifestyle-factors-in-hypertension
#18
EDITORIAL
D Shimbo
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2016: Journal of Human Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27306085/fruit-and-vegetables-consumption-and-incident-hypertension-dose-response-meta-analysis-of-prospective-cohort-studies
#19
REVIEW
L Wu, D Sun, Y He
The role of dietary factors on chronic diseases seems essential in the potentially adverse or preventive effects. However, no evidence of dose-response meta-analysis of prospective cohort studies has verified the association between the intake of fruit and/or vegetables and the risk of developing hypertension. The PubMed and Embase were searched for prospective cohort studies. A generic inverse-variance method with random effects model was used to calculate the pooled relative risks (RRs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs)...
October 2016: Journal of Human Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27278926/improvement-of-hypertension-endothelial-function-and-systemic-inflammation-following-short-term-supplementation-with-red-beet-beta-vulgaris-l-juice-a-randomized-crossover-pilot-study
#20
S Asgary, M R Afshani, A Sahebkar, M Keshvari, M Taheri, E Jahanian, M Rafieian-Kopaei, F Malekian, N Sarrafzadegan
Hypertension is a major risk factor for cardiovascular disease and has a prevalence of about one billion people worldwide. It has been shown that adherence to a diet rich in fruits and vegetables helps in decreasing blood pressure (BP). This study aimed to investigate the effect of raw beet juice (RBJ) and cooked beet (CB) on BP of hypertensive subjects. In this randomized crossover study, 24 hypertensive subjects aged 25-68 years old were divided into two groups. One group took RBJ for 2 weeks and the other group took CB...
October 2016: Journal of Human Hypertension
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