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Journal of Human Hypertension

M Nagai, K Dote, M Kato, S Sasaki, N Oda, E Kagawa, Y Nakano, A Yamane, Y Kubo, T Higashihara, S Miyauchi, W Harada, H Masuda
In a cross-sectional study, visit-to-visit blood pressure (BP) variability was shown to be associated with artery remodelling. Here, we investigated the impact of visit-to-visit BP variability and average BP on the carotid artery remodelling progression in high-risk elderly according to different classes of antihypertension medication use/non-use. BP measurements and carotid ultrasound were performed in the common carotid artery in 164 subjects (mean age 79.7 years at baseline, 74.7% females) with one or more cardiovascular risk factors...
October 20, 2016: Journal of Human Hypertension
M Iida, M Yamamoto, Y Ishiguro, M Yamazaki, N Ueda, H Honjo, K Kamiya
Left atrial (LA) phasic volumes consist of reservoir, conduit and booster pump volumes. Arterial stiffness is linked to lower systemic arterial compliance (SAC) contributing to cardiac afterload. Arterial stiffness may be a modulator of LA phasic volumes. Echocardiography was performed in 161 hypertensive patients and in 50 normotensive subjects in order to assess biplane LA volumes (maximum, before atrial contraction, minimum), early and late diastolic mitral annular velocity (e' and a'), and LV stroke volume...
October 13, 2016: Journal of Human Hypertension
C Treff, I M Benseñor, P A Lotufo
This study investigates the association between leisure-time physical activity and commuting-related physical activity and high blood pressure among participants in the Brazilian Longitudinal Study of Adult Health (ELSA-Brasil). Physical activity was assessed through application of the International Physical Activity Questionnaire, particularly the domains addressing leisure and transportation. We used the World Health Organization's definition (⩾150 min per week of moderate activities or 75 min per week of vigorous activities) to establish three categories: active, insufficiently active and inactive...
October 13, 2016: Journal of Human Hypertension
J Faulkner, Y-C Tzeng, D Lambrick, B Woolley, P D Allan, T O'Donnell, J Lanford, L Wong, L Stoner
Early exercise engagement elicits meaningful changes in peripheral blood pressure in patients diagnosed with transient ischaemic attack (TIA) or minor stroke. However, central hemodynamic markers may provide clinicians with important diagnostic and prognostic information beyond that provided by peripheral blood pressure readings. The purpose of this single-centre, randomized, parallel-group clinical trial was to determine the effect of a 12-week aerobic exercise intervention on central and peripheral hemodynamic variables in patients with TIA or minor stroke...
September 29, 2016: Journal of Human Hypertension
Y Zhu, J Sun, W Lu, X Wang, X Wang, Z Han, C Qiu
Blueberries belong to the genus Vaccinium of the family Ericaceae. A series of epidemiological studies have demonstrated that blueberry polyphenols, particularly blueberry anthocyanins provide significant beneficial effects for humans. However, the findings of clinical studies have been equivocal. Therefore, we sought to assess the potential anti-hypertensive effects of blueberry supplementation through a meta-analysis of available randomized controlled trials (RCTs). A comprehensive literature search of PubMed, The Cochrane Library, AMED (Allied and Complementary Medicine Database), Embase, Web of Science, Wanfang Database, and China National Knowledge Infrastructure were performed to identify potential studies published before June 2015...
September 22, 2016: Journal of Human Hypertension
H Zhang, M Deng, H Xu, H Wang, F Song, C Bao, S Paillard-Borg, W Xu, X Qi
Hypertension is common in adults and often undiagnosed, and the prevalence of pre- and undiagnosed-hypertension remains unclear. We aimed to investigate the prevalence of pre- and undiagnosed-hypertension and their correlates among urban Chinese adults. A total of 7435 participants aged 20-79 were included in this study. Data on demographics, lifestyle and medical history were collected through a structured interview. Pre- and undiagnosed-hypertension was defined as systolic blood pressure/ diastolic blood pressure (SBP/DBP) of 120-139/80-89 mm Hg and SBP⩾140 mm Hg and/or DBP⩾90 mm Hg, respectively, in participants without a history of hypertension and use of antihypertensive medication...
September 22, 2016: Journal of Human Hypertension
Y Huang, S Tang, C Ji-Yan, C Huang, J Li, A-P Cai, Y-Q Feng
MicroRNAs (miRs) are key posttranscriptional regulators of gene expression in all eukaryotic cells and have a vital role in the evolution of hypertension and cardiovascular remodelling and, therefore, have emerged as potential biomarkers for cardiovascular disease. We assessed 240 participants, including 60 healthy volunteers with normal carotid intima-media thickness (nCIMT), 60 healthy volunteers with increased CIMT (iCIMT), 60 hypertensive patients with nCIMT and 60 hypertensive patients with iCIMT. All patients underwent measurements of CIMT, carotid-femoral pulse wave velocity (cfPWV) and ambulatory blood pressure (BP) monitoring...
September 15, 2016: Journal of Human Hypertension
N Franceschini, R C Fry, P Balakrishnan, A Navas-Acien, C Oliver-Williams, A G Howard, S A Cole, K Haack, E M Lange, B V Howard, L G Best, K A Francesconi, W Goessler, J G Umans, M Tellez-Plaza
Cadmium (Cd) is an environmental pollutant that has been associated with cardiovascular disease in populations, but the relationship of Cd with hypertension has been inconsistent. We studied the association between urinary Cd concentrations, a measure of total body burden, and blood pressure in American Indians, a US population with above national average Cd burden. Urinary Cd was measured using inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry, and adjusted for urinary creatinine concentration. Among 3714 middle-aged American Indian participants of the Strong Heart Study (mean age 56 years, 41% male, 67% ever-smokers, 23% taking antihypertensive medications), urinary Cd ranged from 0...
September 15, 2016: Journal of Human Hypertension
G Tocci, G Nati, C Cricelli, D Parretti, F Lapi, A Ferrucci, C Borghi, M Volpe
Systematic assessment of blood pressure (BP) control rates may help to improve the clinical management of hypertension in clinical practice. This approach had limited application in Europe over the last three decades and only recently has been implemented in some countries. The present study is aimed at evaluating hypertension prevalence and control among adult outpatients followed by a large, representative sample of general practitioners (GPs) in Italy. We retrospectively analysed the data derived from the GP Health Search-CSD database in 2013...
September 15, 2016: Journal of Human Hypertension
M Pucci, U Martin
Poor adherence with pharmacotherapy is well recognised as one of the main barriers to achieving satisfactory blood pressure control, although accurately measuring patient adherence has historically been very challenging. Urine analysis by high-performance liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry has recently become routinely available as a method of screening for non-adherence. In addition to measuring rates of adherence in hypertensive patients, this study aimed to investigate the reasons for non-adherence given by patients and how patients react when they are informed of their results...
September 15, 2016: Journal of Human Hypertension
D Agnoletti, A S Mansour, Y Zhang, A D Protogerou, S Ouerdane, J Blacher, M E Safar
Diabetes complications increase with disease duration. No study was performed on the relationship between aortic stiffness and diabetes duration, taking into account the respective influence of such factors on macro- and microcirculation. In total, 618 subjects with type 2 diabetes (259 men) attending the Department of Internal Medicine of Tizi Ouzou Hospital (Algeria) were studied in collaboration with Hotel-Dieu Hospital (Paris, France). Brachial blood pressure (BP), anthropometric, clinical and biological data were evaluated...
September 8, 2016: Journal of Human Hypertension
N Eikelis, D Hering, P Marusic, A S Walton, E A Lambert, Y Sata, H Krum, G W Lambert, M D Esler, M P Schlaich
Renal denervation (RDN) has been shown in several studies to reduce blood pressure (BP) in patients with resistant hypertension (RH). Data on potential biomarkers associated with BP changes remain scarce. We evaluated whether soluble vascular endothelial growth factor receptor (sVEGFR-1) is affected by the procedure. A total of 57 patients with RH participated in this study. BP and heart rate were recorded at baseline and at 3 months follow-up, at which time blood samples were collected to determine the levels of sVEGFR-1, VEGF-A, VEGF-C, nitric oxide (NO), soluble vascular adhesion molecule 1 and soluble intracellular adhesion molecule 1...
September 8, 2016: Journal of Human Hypertension
A Shantsila, E Shantsila, P S Gill, G Y H Lip
Renal dysfunction is frequently associated with left ventricular (LV) hypertrophy and diastolic dysfunction in hypertensive patients. Limited data exist on renal dysfunction and diastolic impairment among British ethnic minorities with hypertension. We studied associations between renal impairment and diastolic dysfunction in hypertensive subjects of African-Caribbean and South Asian origin. Five hundred and ten hypertensive subjects with ejection fraction ⩾55% and with no history of ischaemic heart disease/valve pathology were included from the original population of the Ethnic-Echocardiographic Heart of England Screening Study (E-ECHOES)...
September 8, 2016: Journal of Human Hypertension
K Kario
Out-of-office blood pressure (BP) measured by home BP monitoring, or ambulatory BP monitoring, was demonstrated to be superior to office BP for the prediction of cardiovascular events. The J-HOP study of a nationwide Japanese cohort demonstrated that morning home BP is the best stroke predictor. In the prospective HONEST study of >21 000 hypertensives, on-treatment morning home BP was shown to be a strong predictor both of future coronary artery disease and stroke events. In subjects whose office BP was maintained at ⩾150 mm Hg, there was no increase in cardiovascular events when their morning systolic BP was well-controlled at <125 mm Hg...
September 8, 2016: Journal of Human Hypertension
J C L Rodrigues, T Erdei, A G Dastidar, B McIntyre, A E Burchell, L E K Ratcliffe, E C Hart, M C K Hamilton, J F R Paton, A K Nightingale, N E Manghat
Left atrial enlargement (LAE) has adverse prognostic implications in hypertension. We sought to determine the accuracy of five electrocardiogram (ECG) criteria for LAE in hypertension relative to cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) gold standard and investigate the effect of concomitant obesity. One hundred and thirty consecutive patients (age: 51.4±15.1 years, 47% male, 51% obese, systolic blood pressure (BP): 171±29 mm Hg, diastolic BP: 97±15 mm Hg) referred for CMR (1.5 T) from a tertiary hypertension clinic were included...
September 8, 2016: Journal of Human Hypertension
Y N Boutcher, S H Boutcher
One bout of aerobic exercise and regular participation in aerobic exercise has been shown to result in a lowering of office and ambulatory blood pressure of hypertensive individuals. Higher-intensity aerobic exercise, up to 70% of maximal oxygen consumption, does not produce a greater hypotensive effect, compared with moderate-intensity aerobic exercise. Intermittent aerobic and anaerobic exercise, however, performed at an intensity >70% of maximal oxygen uptake has been shown to significantly reduce office and ambulatory blood pressure of hypertensive individuals...
September 8, 2016: Journal of Human Hypertension
K Kamemura, N Wada, T Ichijo, Y Matsuda, Y Fujii, T Kai, T Fukuoka, R Sakamoto, A Ogo, T Suzuki, H Umakoshi, M Tsuiki, M Naruse
Although laterality assessed by computed tomography (CT) in primary aldosteronism (PA) is not always concordant with that assessed by adrenal vein sampling (AVS), it is unclear whether all patients diagnosed with PA should undergo AVS for subtype classification. The aim of the current study was to investigate the accuracy of CT in subtype classification and to develop a prediction score for bilateral subtype in patients without adrenal tumour. As part of the WAVES-J study, 393 patients with PA were analysed...
September 1, 2016: Journal of Human Hypertension
F Jiang, A Liu, Y Lai, X Yu, C Li, C Han, Y Zhang, X Wang, Z Wang, S Bao, N Lv, M Jin, F Yang, Y Fan, T Jin, W Zhao, Z Shan, W Teng
Controversy exists on the relationship between serum thyrotropin (TSH) and blood pressure, and only a few prospective studies are available up to now. The study aimed to investigate the association between serum TSH within the reference range and blood pressure through a 5-year follow-up study. A total of 623 subjects with normal TSH were followed up for 5 years, including the measurement of demographic data, blood pressure, height, weight and serum TSH. Finally, 531 subjects were included in this prospective study...
August 25, 2016: Journal of Human Hypertension
I Mateo-Gavira, F J Vílchez-López, M V García-Palacios, F Carral-San Laureano, F M Visiedo-García, M Aguilar-Diosdado
The aim of this study was to evaluate the relationship between early blood pressure (BP) changes (detected using ambulatory BP monitoring; ABPM) with different markers of inflammation and endothelial dysfunction in patients with type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM). The study design was observational cross-sectional in 85 T1DM patients, clinically normotensive and with normo-albuminuria. We analyzed the relationships between ABPM-measured BP alterations over 24 h with the inflammatory cytokines (interleukin-6 (IL-6), tumor necrosis factor-α and vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF)) and the markers of endothelial damage (vascular adhesion molecule, intercellular adhesion molecule and plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 (PAI))...
August 18, 2016: Journal of Human Hypertension
T He, X Liu, Y Li, X Y Liu, Q Y Wu, M L Liu, H Yuan
In this study, we evaluated the efficacy and safety of high-dose calcium channel blocker (CCB) monotherapy and standard-dose CCBs combined with angiotensin receptor blockers (ARBs) for patients with hypertension. A comprehensive search of PubMed, Embase and the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials was performed in December 2015. Randomized controlled trials designed to identify the above goal were included. Thirteen trials including 2371 patients were identified. The standard-dose CCB/ARB combination resulted in a greater reduction of systolic blood pressure (WMD -2...
August 11, 2016: Journal of Human Hypertension
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