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Current Opinion in Psychiatry

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28708737/factors-associated-with-sexual-health-and-well-being-in-older-adulthood
#1
Maria Kleinstäuber
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: To provide an update of recent studies on factors associated with sexual well being in older people with a special focus on sexual activity, satisfaction and function. RECENT FINDINGS: Most recent studies confirmed the relationship between mental health status, especially negative affect and depressive symptoms, and sexual health in older adulthood. However, when this relationship is investigated more deeply, it seems that in fact positive psychological well being (positive affect and quality of life) accounts for sexual activity rather than the lack of depressive symptoms...
July 13, 2017: Current Opinion in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28704238/perspectives-about-mental-health-illness-and-recovery
#2
Kuruthukulangara S Jacob
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Patient and physician perspectives about mental health, illness, and recovery, which affect different aspects of help seeking and healthcare, needs to be understood and theorized. RECENT FINDINGS: People seem to simultaneously hold multiple and contradictory illness beliefs and seek help from diverse sources of cure and healing. Explanatory models elicited at baseline do not predict outcomes of illness, change over time, and are dependent on the interaction between the trajectory of individual's illness and the sociocultural milieu...
July 12, 2017: Current Opinion in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28700360/stigma-and-substance-use-disorders-an-international-phenomenon
#3
Lawrence H Yang, Liang Y Wong, Margaux M Grivel, Deborah S Hasin
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: To collect and update published information on the stigma associated with substance abuse in nonclinical samples, which has not been recently reviewed. RECENT FINDINGS: Searching large databases, a total of only 17 articles were published since 1999, with the majority of studies conducted outside the United States. Using major stigma concepts from a sociological framework (stereotyping, devaluation in terms of status loss, discrimination, and negative emotional reactions), the studies reviewed predominantly indicated that the public holds very stigmatized views toward individuals with substance use disorders (SUDs), and that the level of stigma was higher toward individuals with SUDs than toward those with other psychiatric disorders...
July 11, 2017: Current Opinion in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28682801/upping-the-ante-working-harder-to-address-physical-inactivity-in-older-adults
#4
Denise Taylor, Elizabeth Binns, Nada Signal
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Physical inactivity in older adults is associated with declining functional capacity, sarcopenia, metabolic changes, and cognitive changes. Current Physical Activity Guidelines recommend 150 min of moderate-intensity exercise along with strengthening and balance exercises. Despite the guidelines there is little evidence of a population-based change in physical activity. RECENT FINDINGS: There is a growing body of research investigating the use of high-intensity interval training in older adult to improve health-related outcomes...
July 5, 2017: Current Opinion in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28682800/advances-in-psychological-interventions-for-lifestyle-disorders-overview-of-interventions-in-cardiovascular-disorder-and-type-2-diabetes-mellitus
#5
Paulomi M Sudhir
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The present review examines the recent advances in psychological interventions for two major lifestyle disorders in adults namely, type 2 diabetes mellitus and cardiovascular disorders. The review summarizes findings from studies carried out between the years 2015 and 2017. RECENT FINDINGS: The effectiveness of psychological interventions in the management of lifestyle disorders has been examined with respect to adaptation, self-care, adherence, negative emotions and improving quality of life...
July 5, 2017: Current Opinion in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28661907/behavioural-interventions-for-life-style-diseases-where-are-we-now
#6
Mohan Isaac, Winfried Rief
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 28, 2017: Current Opinion in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28661906/mental-health-promotion-a-narrative-review-of-emerging-trends
#7
Avdesh Sharma, Sujatha D Sharma, Manasi Sharma
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The current review aims to provide an update on the recent work in mental health promotion with a special emphasis on emerging evidence and innovations in the field. RECENT FINDINGS: Studies reviewed across settings like the home, school, workplace, communities, and internet-based platforms, have indicated a growing evidence base for effective mental health promotion strategies that are holistic, multicomponent, and targeted at both, specific vulnerable groups and whole populations...
June 28, 2017: Current Opinion in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28654462/depressed-gut-the-microbiota-diet-inflammation-trialogue-in-depression
#8
Judith K Daniels, Margreet Koopman, Sahar El Aidy
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: According to the WHO reports, around 350 billion people worldwide suffer from depression. Despite its high prevalence, the complex interaction of multiple mechanisms underlying depression still needs to be elucidated. RECENT FINDINGS: Over the course of the last few years, several neurobiological alterations have been linked to the development and maintenance of depression. One basic process that seems to link many of these findings is inflammation...
June 24, 2017: Current Opinion in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632512/why-current-drug-adherence-programs-fail-addressing-psychological-risk-factors-of-nonadherence
#9
Antje D Arlt, Yvonne Nestoriuc, Winfried Rief
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: To provide an overview of a selection of largely neglected psychological risk factors for nonadherence, and to offer new approaches to improve medication adherence. RECENT FINDINGS: Current adherence research and intervention programs focus on a few risk factors for nonadherence, such as complexity of the drug regimen. In addition, other important risk factors of nonadherence are neglected or insufficiently addressed. There is good evidence for the significant role of the quality of the patient-healthcare provider relationship...
June 16, 2017: Current Opinion in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525398/likely-impact-of-the-un-convention-on-disability-on-mental-health-services
#10
Ina Jahn, Thomas Becker, Katarina Stengler
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: After a large majority of UN member states ratified the Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (UNCRPD), this article aims to provide an overview of its implementation and possible effects in the area of mental health services in individual contract states. RECENT FINDINGS: This article looks at the implementation processes of the UNCRPD in individual industrialized, emerging and developing countries. In addition to changes in national legislation, potential influences on the supply and support systems for persons with mental illness are considered...
July 2017: Current Opinion in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28505032/do-preventive-interventions-for-children-of-mentally-ill-parents-work-results-of-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#11
Martina Thanhäuser, Gunnar Lemmer, Giovanni de Girolamo, Hanna Christiansen
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The transgenerational transmission of mental disorders is one of the most significant causes of psychiatric morbidity. Several risk factors for children of parents with mental illness (COPMI) have been identified in numerous studies and meta-analyses. RECENT FINDINGS: Many interventions have been developed for this high-risk group, but data about their efficacy are heterogeneous. SUMMARY: The current meta-analysis reports on 96 articles including 50 independent samples from randomized controlled trials quantifying effects of preventive interventions for COPMI...
July 2017: Current Opinion in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28459731/occupational-therapy-interventions-in-the-treatment-of-people-with-severe-mental-illness
#12
Werner Höhl, Sandra Moll, Andreas Pfeiffer
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Life expectancy of people with severe mental illness is considerably shortened and their risk for cardiovascular and metabolic disorders is increased. They spend more time in solitary and less time in structured activities than the general population.Engagement in healthy patterns of activity, including active, meaningful participation in the community can, therefore, be critical to recovery from severe mental illness. Occupational therapy is a profession that focuses on time use, activity patterns and occupational engagement, and the links to health and well-being...
July 2017: Current Opinion in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28459730/substance-use-and-addictive-disorders-in-dsm-5-and-icd-10-and-the-draft-icd-11
#13
John B Saunders
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The present review compares and contrasts the diagnostic entities and taxonomy of substance use and addictive disorders in the beta draft of the Eleventh Revision of the International Classification of Diseases (ICD 11), which was released in November 2016, and the Fifth Edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-5), which was published in mid-2013. Recently published papers relevant to these two classification systems are examined. New initiatives in diagnosis and assessment including the addictions neuroclinical assessment are noted...
July 2017: Current Opinion in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441171/prevalence-of-psychopathology-in-children-of-parents-with-mental-illness-and-or-addiction-an-up-to-date-narrative-review
#14
Sophie Leijdesdorff, Karin van Doesum, Arne Popma, Rianne Klaassen, Therese van Amelsvoort
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Children of parents with a mental illness and/or addiction are at high risk for developing a mental illness themselves. Parental mental illness is highly prevalent leading to a serious number of children at high risk. The aim of this review is to give an up-to-date overview of psychopathology in children of parents with various mental illnesses and/or addiction, based on recent literature. RECENT FINDINGS: Worldwide, 15-23% of children live with a parent with a mental illness...
July 2017: Current Opinion in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441170/provision-of-arts-therapies-for-people-with-severe-mental-illness
#15
Patricia Fenner, Radwa S Abdelazim, Iris Bräuninger, Gitta Strehlow, Kathrin Seifert
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Arts therapies are still inadequately regulated throughout the world despite a 100-year-long tradition, a vast number of academically trained therapists and importance in treating psychiatric patients. It is essential that more evidence-based studies are undertaken. RECENT FINDINGS: Current international guidelines focus on the efficacy and effectiveness of arts therapies. New international evidence-based studies reporting clear-cut therapeutic effects of art therapy, music therapy and dance movement therapy are described here, with a focus on developments in Australia, Egypt and the United States...
July 2017: Current Opinion in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441169/psychosocial-interventions-in-stimulant-use-disorders-a-focus-on-women
#16
Riccardo De Giorgi, Gian L D'Alò, Franco De Crescenzo
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Stimulant use disorders are significant contributors to the global burden of disease, with a growing impact on women. Psychosocial interventions are the gold standard for treating this condition, but several barriers may prevent women from accessing appropriate treatment. Therefore, we systematically reviewed the most recent findings about psychosocial interventions for stimulant use disorders, focussing on results relevant to women. RECENT FINDINGS: Twenty-two eligible studies were identified...
July 2017: Current Opinion in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441168/a-review-of-caffeine-use-as-a-risk-or-protective-factor-for-women-s-health-and-pregnancy
#17
Amy Peacock, Richard P Mattick, Raimondo Bruno
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: To provide a narrative synthesis of recently published studies on caffeine use as a risk or protective factor for health outcomes, with a focus on women's health and pregnancy. RECENT FINDINGS: Based on predominantly observational studies, moderate caffeine intake has been shown to be a protective factor for liver cancer, certain bowel conditions, colorectal cancer, skin cancer, and regular menstrual cycle function. However, heavy consumption is a risk factor for osteoporosis, urinary incontinence, and poorer birth and child developmental outcomes...
July 2017: Current Opinion in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426547/excessive-internet-use-in-young-women-what-are-the-implications
#18
Nik Ruzyanei Nik Jaafar, Norharlina Bahar, Normala Ibrahim, Wan Salwina Wan Ismail, Azlin Baharudin
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: There are considerable gender differences in youth engaging in excessive internet use (EIU). This review provides updates based on the recent literature focusing on the EIU in young women to describe its implications including what it constitutes of, its correlates, sequelae and preventive and/or treatment strategies. RECENT FINDINGS: Definition of EIU and its conceptualization still requires refinement. Recent studies indicate a changing trend towards female predominance of EIU...
July 2017: Current Opinion in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426546/methamphetamine-use-and-dependence-in-vulnerable-female-populations
#19
Phunnapa Kittirattanapaiboon, Soontaree Srikosai, Apisak Wittayanookulluk
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The study reviews recent publications on methamphetamine use and dependence women in term of their epidemic, physical health impact, psychosocial impacts, and also in the identified vulnerable issues. RECENT FINDINGS: Studies of vulnerable populations of women are wide ranging and include sex workers, sexual minorities, homeless, psychiatric patients, suburban women, and pregnant women, in which amphetamine type stimulants (ATSs) are the most commonly reported illicit drug used among them...
July 2017: Current Opinion in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426545/sex-differences-in-prescription-opioid-use
#20
Mirsada Serdarevic, Catherine W Striley, Linda B Cottler
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Recent literature focused on prescription opioids has neglected sex differences in use. Here, we evaluated the recent literature (since 2015) examining sex differences in prescription opioid use. RECENT FINDINGS: Between 2015 and 2016, our review found only eight articles addressing sex differences in prescription opioid use mostly opioid misuse in North America among individuals with chronic pain. Risk factors included depression, pain, and polydrug use...
July 2017: Current Opinion in Psychiatry
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