Read by QxMD icon Read

Current Opinion in Psychiatry

Lynn E DeLisi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 13, 2018: Current Opinion in Psychiatry
Jan Cosgrave, Katharina Wulff, Philip Gehrman
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The review is designed to give an overview of the latest developments in research exploring the relationship between sleep and psychosis, with particular attention paid to the evidence for a causal relationship between the two. RECENT FINDINGS: The most interesting avenues currently in pursuit are focused upon sleep spindle deficits which may hallmark an endophenotype; explorations of the continuum of psychotic experiences, and experimental manipulations to explore the evidence for bidirectional causality; inflammatory markers, psychosis and sleep disturbances and finally, treatment approaches for sleep in psychosis and the subsequent impact on positive experiences...
March 13, 2018: Current Opinion in Psychiatry
Pamela J Taylor, Natasha Kalebic
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The contribution of people with psychosis to homicide statistics is small, but there is a statistically significantly higher rate of homicide among them than in the general population. Legal authorities and the wider public call for more information. Our aim was a narrative synthesis of empirical literature generated by systematic searches for the five complete years 2013-2017. RECENT FINDINGS: One article showed that people with psychosis are five times more likely to be homicide victims than those without, but focus remains on perpetrators...
March 13, 2018: Current Opinion in Psychiatry
Christopher Paul Szabo
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 9, 2018: Current Opinion in Psychiatry
Sohag N Sanghani, Georgios Petrides, Charles H Kellner
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: ECT remains an important, yet underutilized, treatment for schizophrenia. Recent research shows that medication-resistant patients with schizophrenia, including those resistant to clozapine, respond well to ECT augmentation. The purpose of this article is to review recent studies of the use of ECT in the treatment of schizophrenia. RECENT FINDINGS: We performed an electronic database search for articles on ECT and schizophrenia, published in 2017...
March 9, 2018: Current Opinion in Psychiatry
Elson Asevedo, Carolina Ziebold, Elton Diniz, Ary Gadelha, Jair Mari
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This was a retrospective ecological study to examine the relationship between suicide rates and economic indicators in large Brazilian urban centers. Data on macroeconomic indicators (GDP and unemployment rates) and suicide rates of the largest Brazilian cities were collected from January 2006 to December 2015. RECENT FINDINGS: Six cities were included in the study: Porto Alegre in the South, Recife and Salvador in the Northeast, and Belo Horizonte, São Paulo and Rio de Janeiro in the Southeast region...
March 9, 2018: Current Opinion in Psychiatry
Prabha S Chandra, Lakshmi Shiva, Madhuri H Nanjundaswamy
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: India has experienced rapid urbanization in the last few decades. This review focuses on recent research related to the effects of urbanization on mental health with a specific focus on various population groups in urban India. RECENT FINDINGS: With a specific focus on recent research undertaken amongst special populations such as youth, women and the elderly, the findings demonstrate increasing rates of substance use and technology addiction among youth; high self-harm rates in various groups such as adolescents and women; the effects of violence and abuse on the mental health of women; psychological distress among the elderly in modern urban India...
March 9, 2018: Current Opinion in Psychiatry
Petr Victorovich Morozov
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Despite being a pressing problem, the influence of urbanization on mental health is still underestimated in Russia. Although few studies on the topic in recent years were available, viewpoints of the expert community in Russia will be presented. Intensive urbanization impacts on the living conditions of the majority of the country's population being associated with mass migration of the population, a change in the structure of employment, the restructuring of family relations, and the need to adapt to unaccustomed living conditions...
March 9, 2018: Current Opinion in Psychiatry
Clement C Zai, Arun K Tiwari, Gwyneth C Zai, Miriam S Maes, James L Kennedy
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This review highlights recent advances in the investigation of genetic factors for antipsychotic response and side effects. RECENT FINDINGS: Antipsychotics prescribed to treat psychotic symptoms are variable in efficacy and propensity for causing side effects. The major side effects include tardive dyskinesia, antipsychotic-induced weight gain (AIWG), and clozapine-induced agranulocytosis (CIA). Several promising associations of polymorphisms in genes including HSPG2, CNR1, and DPP6 with tardive dyskinesia have been reported...
March 9, 2018: Current Opinion in Psychiatry
Niels Okkels, Christina Blanner Kristiansen, Povl Munk-Jørgensen, Norman Sartorius
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: To provide an update on urban mental health and highlight the challenges that require urgent attention. RECENT FINDINGS: The majority of the world's population live in towns and urbanization is expected to increase in all areas of the world. Challenges to mental health in urban areas include loneliness, violence, high crime rates, homelessness, noise and other pollutants, traffic accidents, drug abuse, and insufficiency of mental health services...
March 9, 2018: Current Opinion in Psychiatry
Iris E Sommer, Hidde Kleijer, Kenneth Hugdahl
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Hallucinations are common and often stressful experiences, occurring in all sensory modalities. They frequently complicate many disorders or situations, such as Parkinson's disease, schizophrenia, hearing or vision loss, intoxications and delirium. Although psychoeducation, coping techniques and psychotherapy may be broadly applicable, they do not address a specific underlying brain mechanism. Pharmacotherapy may effectively alleviate hallucinations if the corresponding mechanism is present, whereas in its absence, may only cause harmful side effects...
March 9, 2018: Current Opinion in Psychiatry
Mary V Seeman, Alexandre González-Rodríguez
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Drugs have been extensively prescribed for the treatment of psychotic symptoms in schizophrenia and related disorders, as well as for the management of psychotic features in delirium, dementia and affective disorders. The aim of this narrative review is to focus on the recent literature on drug treatment in women with psychosis at the transition to menopause and subsequently. RECENT FINDINGS: The recent literature emphasizes the following points: the efficacy of antipsychotic medication in psychosis is largely confined to the alleviation of delusions and hallucinations; menopause and ageing alter the kinetics and dynamics of drug action; drugs other than antipsychotics are currently being tested to address the cognitive, affective and negative symptoms of psychotic illnesses; menopausal symptoms add to comorbidities and require simultaneous treatment, raising the probability of deleterious drug interactions; antipsychotic drugs have many side effects and contribute to high mortality rates in the older psychosis population...
March 9, 2018: Current Opinion in Psychiatry
Kevin J Li, Aaron P Greenstein, Lynn E Delisi
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: To examine the recent literature regarding sudden death in patients with schizophrenia and synthesize salient conclusions based on this evidence. RECENT FINDINGS: Sudden cardiac death (SCD) is the largest subset of sudden unexpected death (SUD), with up to 40% of SUD from cardiovascular causes. SCD has been associated with exposure to both first and second-generation antipsychotics. Clozapine [odds ratio (OR) 3.67, 95% confidence interval (CI) 1...
March 6, 2018: Current Opinion in Psychiatry
Antonio Vita, Stefano Barlati
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Schizophrenia has a heterogeneous range of end states, from severe cases requiring repeated hospitalization to cases in which a single illness episode is followed by complete remission. The purpose of the present review is to examine recent literature on recovery in schizophrenia, focusing on the predictive factors and on the possibility to achieve it. RECENT FINDINGS: Roughly half of schizophrenia patients recovered or significantly improved over the long term, suggesting that functional remission is possible...
February 22, 2018: Current Opinion in Psychiatry
Laura Asher, Abebaw Fekadu, Charlotte Hanlon
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The aim was to synthesize recent evidence on schizophrenia illness experience and outcomes and models of care in low and middle-income countries (LMICs). RECENT FINDINGS: There is a plurality of explanatory models for psychosis and increasing evidence that context influences experiences of stigma. People with schizophrenia in LMICs are vulnerable to food insecurity, violence and physical health problems, in addition to unmet needs for mental healthcare...
February 22, 2018: Current Opinion in Psychiatry
Els van der Ven, Jean-Paul Selten
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Arguably, the strongest evidence of an environmental contribution to the cause of psychosis is the increased risk for certain groups of migrants and ethnic minorities. This article summarizes findings published since 2016. RECENT FINDINGS: Two studies suggested that migration or minority status are proxies for exposure to an inferior social status. A study from Bologna, Italy, showed that the psychosis risk for internal migrants from Southern Italy was as much increased as that for international migrants...
February 22, 2018: Current Opinion in Psychiatry
Keith R Laws, Karen Irvine, Tim M Gale
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Women are more impacted by Alzheimer's disease than men - they are at significantly greater risk of developing Alzheimer's disease, and recent research shows that they also appear to suffer a greater cognitive deterioration than men at the same disease stage. The purpose of this article is to review recent studies on examining sex differences in cognitive function in Alzheimer's disease. RECENT FINDINGS: We searched electronically for articles, reviews and meta-analyses published between 1/2016 and 12/2017 and identified 298 articles on sex differences in cognition in Alzheimer's disease...
January 10, 2018: Current Opinion in Psychiatry
Lee Elizabeth Wachtel, Edward Shorter, Max Fink
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Self-injurious behaviour (SIB) is a devastating condition frequently encountered in autism spectrum disorders (ASDs) that can lead to dangerous tissue injury and profound psychosocial difficulty. An increasing number of reports over the past decade have demonstrated the swift and well tolerated resolution of intractable SIB with electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) when psychopharmacological and behavioural interventions are ineffective. The current article provides a review of the salient literature, including the conceptualization of repetitive self-injury along the catatonia spectrum, and further clarifies the critical distinction between ECT and contingent electric shock...
March 2018: Current Opinion in Psychiatry
Chelsea Sherman, Myuri Ruthirakuhan, Danielle Vieira, Krista L Lanctôt, Nathan Herrmann
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Efficacious treatment for neuropsychiatric symptoms (NPS), pain and weight loss for dementia patients is desperately needed. This review presents an up-to-date look at the literature investigating the use of cannabinoid for these symptoms in dementia. RECENT FINDINGS: We searched electronically for publications regarding cannabinoid use in dementia, with a focus on Alzheimer's disease. Seven studies and one case report have been conducted to examine the use of cannabinoids for the treatment of NPS of dementia, and three of these trials reported on the effect of cannabinoids on weight...
March 2018: Current Opinion in Psychiatry
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"