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Current Opinion in Psychiatry

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781843/international-collaborative-research-in-the-addictions
#1
John B Saunders, Linda B Cottler
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 16, 2018: Current Opinion in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771746/editorial-provision-of-services-to-people-with-mental-illness
#2
Thomas Becker, Giovanni de Girolamo
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 15, 2018: Current Opinion in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771745/national-institute-on-drug-abuse-international-program-improving-opioid-use-disorder-treatment-through-international-research-training
#3
Steven W Gust, Judy McCormally
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: For more than 25 years, the National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA) has supported research-training programs, establishing a global research network and expanding the knowledge base on substance use disorders. International research to inform approaches to opioid addiction is particularly important and relevant to the United States, where opioid misuse, addiction, and overdose constitute an emerging public health crisis. This article summarizes the NIDA International Program and illustrates its impact by reviewing recent articles about treatment approaches for opioid use disorders (OUD)...
May 15, 2018: Current Opinion in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29746422/alcohol-policies-and-programmes-which-reduced-alcohol-related-harm
#4
Allaman Allamani
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This review is a critical reflection on the effectiveness of evidence-based alcohol policies and their implementation, based on studies and observations that have arisen in recent years. RECENT FINDINGS: This article covers themes in recent literature of: the relationship between alcohol consumption and harm, the variability of country contextual factors and the interactions of both country contexts and alcohol policies on changes in alcohol consumption and harm...
May 8, 2018: Current Opinion in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29746421/reducing-the-health-risks-derived-from-exposure-to-addictive-substances
#5
Peter Anderson, Antoni Gual, Jürgen Rehm
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: To discuss the health risks due to exposure to alcohol, illegal drugs and nicotine and how these risks might be reduced. RECENT FINDINGS: In 2016, worldwide, alcohol, illegal drugs and nicotine were responsible for some 10 million deaths. There is evolutionary and biological evidence that humans are predisposed to consuming alcohol, illegal drugs and nicotine - present-day problems are caused by high levels of potency, exposure and drug delivery systems...
May 8, 2018: Current Opinion in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29746420/decriminalization-of-drug-use
#6
Balasingam Vicknasingam, Suresh Narayanan, Darshan Singh, Marek Chawarski
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: To review the literature on decriminalization of drug use from 2016 to 2017 and suggest the way forward. RECENT FINDINGS: The systematic review of the literature on decriminalization resulted in seven articles that discuss decriminalization as compared with 57 published articles on legalization. Decriminalization of drug use did not have an effect on the age of onset of drug use and the prices of drugs did not decrease after the implementation of drug decriminalization...
May 8, 2018: Current Opinion in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29746419/comprehensive-interventions-for-reducing-cannabis-use
#7
Judit Tirado-Muñoz, Juan I Mestre-Pintó, Magí Farré, Francina Fonseca, Marta Torrens
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Cannabis is globally the most commonly cultivated, trafficked and consumed illicit drug of abuse. The current article provides an updated overview of existing comprehensive interventions for preventing and reducing cannabis use. RECENT FINDINGS: The PubMed database was searched for evidence regarding comprehensive interventions for preventing and reducing cannabis use from June 2016 to January 2018. The search resulted in 274 articles. Twenty-one studies were selected for assessment and 13 fulfilled the inclusion criteria...
May 8, 2018: Current Opinion in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29708893/recent-approaches-to-provision-of-mental-healthcare-in-refugee-populations
#8
Markus Koesters, Corrado Barbui, Marianna Purgato
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The present review provides an overview of key issues and concepts on the provision of mental healthcare to refugees with mental health conditions. RECENT FINDINGS: Several barriers to mental healthcare for refugees have been described, and principles for good mental care in this group have been framed. Evidence for specific interventions for refugees is available for trauma-related mental health problems. The best evidence is available for psychosocial interventions for the treatment of posttraumatic stress disorder...
April 27, 2018: Current Opinion in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29708895/offspring-of-parents-with-mood-disorders-time-for-more-transgenerational-research-screening-and-preventive-intervention-for-this-high-risk-population
#9
Dominique Maciejewski, Manon Hillegers, Brenda Penninx
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Offspring of parents with mood disorders (major depressive and bipolar disorder) are at increased risk for developing mood disorders. In this review, an overview regarding the intergenerational transmission of mood disorders, screening, and preventive intervention is given for this vulnerable group. RECENT FINDINGS: Offspring of parents with depression have a 40% chance of developing a depression, whereas offspring of parents with bipolar disorder have a 10% chance of developing a bipolar disorder by adulthood...
April 26, 2018: Current Opinion in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29708894/alcohol-drinking-and-problems-in-young-populations-the-challenge-in-asia
#10
Nadia Wang, Chuan-Yu Chen
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The current article reviews recent research (from 2016 onward) on drinking behaviors and alcohol-related problems among young people in Asia with an emphasis on population-based evidence. RECENT FINDINGS: Recent evidence concerning underage drinking in Asia was limited to certain countries and societies with most data derived from cross-sectional surveys. Measures of alcohol drinking or problems were less sophisticated. The prevalence of recent alcohol drinking varies widely with the highest estimates reported in Hong Kong and Korea (∼21%)...
April 26, 2018: Current Opinion in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29537984/communication-collaborations-and-networking-the-keys-to-progress
#11
Lynn E DeLisi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2018: Current Opinion in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29537983/sleep-circadian-rhythms-and-schizophrenia-where-we-are-and-where-we-need-to-go
#12
Jan Cosgrave, Katharina Wulff, Philip Gehrman
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The review is designed to give an overview of the latest developments in research exploring the relationship between sleep and psychosis, with particular attention paid to the evidence for a causal relationship between the two. RECENT FINDINGS: The most interesting avenues currently in pursuit are focused upon sleep spindle deficits which may hallmark an endophenotype; explorations of the continuum of psychotic experiences, and experimental manipulations to explore the evidence for bidirectional causality; inflammatory markers, psychosis and sleep disturbances and finally, treatment approaches for sleep in psychosis and the subsequent impact on positive experiences...
May 2018: Current Opinion in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29537982/psychosis-and-homicide
#13
Pamela J Taylor, Natasha Kalebic
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The contribution of people with psychosis to homicide statistics is small, but there is a statistically significantly higher rate of homicide among them than in the general population. Legal authorities and the wider public call for more information. Our aim was a narrative synthesis of empirical literature generated by systematic searches for the five complete years 2013-2017. RECENT FINDINGS: One article showed that people with psychosis are five times more likely to be homicide victims than those without, but focus remains on perpetrators...
May 2018: Current Opinion in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29528903/urbanization-and-mental-health-a-developing-world-perspective
#14
Christopher Paul Szabo
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2018: Current Opinion in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29528902/electroconvulsive-therapy-ect-in-schizophrenia-a-review-of-recent-literature
#15
Sohag N Sanghani, Georgios Petrides, Charles H Kellner
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: ECT remains an important, yet underutilized, treatment for schizophrenia. Recent research shows that medication-resistant patients with schizophrenia, including those resistant to clozapine, respond well to ECT augmentation. The purpose of this article is to review recent studies of the use of ECT in the treatment of schizophrenia. RECENT FINDINGS: We performed an electronic database search for articles on ECT and schizophrenia, published in 2017...
May 2018: Current Opinion in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29528901/ten-year-evolution-of-suicide-rates-and-economic-indicators-in-large-brazilian-urban-centers
#16
Elson Asevedo, Carolina Ziebold, Elton Diniz, Ary Gadelha, Jair Mari
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This was a retrospective ecological study to examine the relationship between suicide rates and economic indicators in large Brazilian urban centers. Data on macroeconomic indicators (GDP and unemployment rates) and suicide rates of the largest Brazilian cities were collected from January 2006 to December 2015. RECENT FINDINGS: Six cities were included in the study: Porto Alegre in the South, Recife and Salvador in the Northeast, and Belo Horizonte, São Paulo and Rio de Janeiro in the Southeast region...
May 2018: Current Opinion in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29528900/the-impact-of-urbanization-on-mental-health-in-india
#17
Prabha S Chandra, Lakshmi Shiva, Madhuri H Nanjundaswamy
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: India has experienced rapid urbanization in the last few decades. This review focuses on recent research related to the effects of urbanization on mental health with a specific focus on various population groups in urban India. RECENT FINDINGS: With a specific focus on recent research undertaken amongst special populations such as youth, women and the elderly, the findings demonstrate increasing rates of substance use and technology addiction among youth; high self-harm rates in various groups such as adolescents and women; the effects of violence and abuse on the mental health of women; psychological distress among the elderly in modern urban India...
May 2018: Current Opinion in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29528899/mental-health-and-urbanization-a-russian-perspective
#18
Petr Victorovich Morozov
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Despite being a pressing problem, the influence of urbanization on mental health is still underestimated in Russia. Although few studies on the topic in recent years were available, viewpoints of the expert community in Russia will be presented. Intensive urbanization impacts on the living conditions of the majority of the country's population being associated with mass migration of the population, a change in the structure of employment, the restructuring of family relations, and the need to adapt to unaccustomed living conditions...
May 2018: Current Opinion in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29528898/new-findings-in-pharmacogenetics-of-schizophrenia
#19
Clement C Zai, Arun K Tiwari, Gwyneth C Zai, Miriam S Maes, James L Kennedy
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This review highlights recent advances in the investigation of genetic factors for antipsychotic response and side effects. RECENT FINDINGS: Antipsychotics prescribed to treat psychotic symptoms are variable in efficacy and propensity for causing side effects. The major side effects include tardive dyskinesia, antipsychotic-induced weight gain (AIWG), and clozapine-induced agranulocytosis (CIA). Several promising associations of polymorphisms in genes including HSPG2, CNR1, and DPP6 with tardive dyskinesia have been reported...
May 2018: Current Opinion in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29528897/urban-mental-health-challenges-and-perspectives
#20
Niels Okkels, Christina Blanner Kristiansen, Povl Munk-Jørgensen, Norman Sartorius
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: To provide an update on urban mental health and highlight the challenges that require urgent attention. RECENT FINDINGS: The majority of the world's population live in towns and urbanization is expected to increase in all areas of the world. Challenges to mental health in urban areas include loneliness, violence, high crime rates, homelessness, noise and other pollutants, traffic accidents, drug abuse, and insufficiency of mental health services...
May 2018: Current Opinion in Psychiatry
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