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Current Opinion in Psychiatry

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30234526/current-conceptualizations-of-narcissism
#1
Robert A Ackerman, M Brent Donnellan, Aidan G C Wright
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Definitions of narcissism have traditionally differed across psychiatry and subfields of psychology. This review aims to highlight emerging points of consensus and suggest further directions needed to obtain a more comprehensive and cohesive conceptualization of the construct. RECENT FINDINGS: An emerging consensus is that stable individual differences in the phenotypic expression of narcissism are best captured with a taxonomy that includes the core traits of entitlement, grandiosity, and vulnerability...
September 17, 2018: Current Opinion in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30234525/diagnosis-and-classification-of-personality-disorders-novel-approaches
#2
Roger Mulder, Peter Tyrer
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: To provide an update of the recent studies, which have evaluated the radical changes in personality disorder classification in DSM-5 and ICD-11. RECENT FINDINGS: Although the DSM-5 Committee rejected the personality disorders Work Group proposal for personality disorder classification, the model was published in DSM-5 Section III. This Alternative Model of Personality Disorders (AMPD) has been widely adopted by the research community resulting in multiple studies evaluating its reliability and clinical utility...
September 17, 2018: Current Opinion in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30234524/internet-eating-disorder-prevention
#3
Tracey D Wade, Simon M Wilksch
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Internet prevention of eating disorders is a relatively new field that is expanding rapidly. We review randomized controlled trial designs examining the efficacy of Internet prevention in eating disorders that have emerged from 2016. RECENT FINDINGS: Our literature search identified five studies that used randomized controlled trial designs to examine the efficacy of Internet prevention in eating disorders. All of the studies represented indicated prevention, that is, young women who have body image concerns...
September 17, 2018: Current Opinion in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30188385/enhanced-cognitive-behavioural-therapy-for-patients-with-eating-disorders-a-systematic-review
#4
Martie de Jong, Maartje Schoorl, Hans W Hoek
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The aim of this study was to provide an update of the most recent (since January 2014) enhanced cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT-E) effectiveness studies (randomized controlled trials and open trials) on bulimia nervosa, binge eating disorder and transdiagnostic samples. RECENT FINDINGS: Out of 451 screened studies, seven effectiveness studies (five randomized and two open trials) were included in this review: of these, three had a bulimia nervosa sample and four a transdiagnostic sample (all conducted in an outpatient setting)...
September 3, 2018: Current Opinion in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30169467/psychotic-symptoms-in-borderline-personality-disorder-an-update
#5
Alessandra D'Agostino, Mario Rossi Monti, Vladan Starcevic
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The purpose of this article is to review the most recent literature on psychotic symptoms in borderline personality disorder (BPD). RECENT FINDINGS: Both auditory hallucinations and delusional ideation (especially paranoid delusions) are relatively common in individuals with BPD. It is still difficult to distinguish these and related phenomena in BPD from the corresponding experiences in psychotic disorders and schizophrenia, despite numerous attempts to do so...
August 29, 2018: Current Opinion in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30138137/editorial
#6
Richa Bhatia
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 21, 2018: Current Opinion in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30138136/genetic-testing-in-children-and-adolescents-with-intellectual-disability
#7
Nick Bass, David Skuse
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Investigation for genetic causes of intellectual disability has advanced rapidly in recent years. We review the assessment of copy number variants (CNVs) and the use of next-generation sequencing based assays to identify single nucleotide variation in intellectual disability. We discuss the diagnostic yields which can be expected with the different assays. There is high co-morbidity of intellectual disability and psychiatric disorders. We review the relationship between variants which are pathogenic for intellectual disability and the risk of child and adolescent onset psychiatric disorders...
August 21, 2018: Current Opinion in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30113325/relapse-in-anorexia-nervosa-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#8
Tamara Berends, Nynke Boonstra, Annemarie van Elburg
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Relapse is common in patients with anorexia nervosa. The aim of this study is to systematically review the existing literature on relapse in anorexia nervosa. RECENT FINDINGS: A systematic literature search was conducted in PubMed, PsychInfo and CINAHL published up to April 2018. Of the 1527 studies screened, 16 studies were included in the present review. SUMMARY: This analysis shows that, of the patients included in this review, 31% relapsed after treatment...
August 13, 2018: Current Opinion in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30113324/epidemiology-of-binge-eating-disorder
#9
Holly E Erskine, Harvey A Whiteford
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: In 2013, binge eating disorder (BED) was officially recognized as a distinct eating disorder in the Fifth Edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders. The purpose of this review is to assess the available epidemiological data to determine whether BED should be considered for inclusion in global disease burden quantification efforts, such as the Global Burden of Disease Study (GBD). RECENT FINDINGS: A systematic search of three electronic databases (PubMed, EMBASE, and PsycINFO) found 32 studes meeting GBD inclusion criteria...
August 13, 2018: Current Opinion in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30102641/cognitive-behavioral-treatment-of-avoidant-restrictive-food-intake-disorder
#10
Jennifer J Thomas, Olivia B Wons, Kamryn T Eddy
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Avoidant/restrictive food intake disorder (ARFID) was added to the psychiatric nomenclature in 2013, but little is known about its optimal treatment. The purpose of this article is to review the recent literature on ARFID treatment and highlight a novel cognitive-behavioral approach, currently under study. RECENT FINDINGS: The current evidence base for ARFID treatment relies primarily on case reports, case series, and retrospective chart reviews, with only a handful of randomized controlled trials in young children...
August 9, 2018: Current Opinion in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30063479/family-therapy-for-eating-disorders-in-youth-current-confusions-advances-and-new-directions
#11
James Lock
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Family interventions for eating disorders are often recommended for the treatment of children and adolescents. Treatment studies and a range of treatment guidelines now recommend family-based treatment (FBT) for adolescents with AN and bulimia nervosa. The current report focused on studies that have been conducted over the past 2 years, most of them aimed at augmenting or improving outcomes using a range of new family approaches or adding other forms of therapy to standard FBT...
July 30, 2018: Current Opinion in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30045147/development-and-evaluation-of-addiction-treatment-programs-in-latin-america-erratum
#12
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2018: Current Opinion in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30024420/situational-expectations-mediate-the-effect-of-global-beliefs-on-depressive-symptoms-a-1-year-prospective-study-using-a-student-sample
#13
Tobias Kube, Julia Anna Glombiewski, Winfried Rief
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Recent research suggests that expectations might be a particularly important subgroup of cognitions in major depression. The present study aimed to further specify the role of situation-specific dysfunctional expectations (SDEs) in the development of depressive symptoms. It was hypothesized that the effects of intermediate beliefs and dispositional optimism on depressive symptoms would be mediated via SDEs. RECENT FINDINGS: We examined 125 students (age M = 22...
September 2018: Current Opinion in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30015671/an-update-on-dementia-training-programmes-in-home-and-community-care
#14
Anita M Y Goh, Ellen Gaffy, Brendan Hallam, Briony Dow
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Many people living with dementia (PLWD) wish to continue living at home. The quality of home care services directly influences their ability to stay at home, their quality of life, and can promote independence for PLWD, and reduce burden for the family carer. For high-quality, effective, person-centred community-based dementia care, a knowledgeable and empathetic workforce is crucial. This article presents an up-to-date review and summary of the literature investigating dementia training programmes for community home care professionals and care workers, referred to collectively as home care workers (HCWs)...
September 2018: Current Opinion in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30015670/postgraduate-training-in-psychiatry-in-asia
#15
Mohan Isaac, Helal U Ahmed, Santosh K Chaturvedi, Malcolm J Hopwood, Afzal Javeed, Shigenobu Kanba, Ali Ahsan Mufti, Albert Maramis, Rene M Samaniego, Pichet Udomratn, He Yanling, Nor Z Zainal, Norman Sartorius
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: To understand the current situation, needs and challenges in the area of postgraduate training in psychiatry in Asia and identify implementable solutions.Leaders in psychiatric education from nine Asia Pacific countries prepared country reports, based on a suggested list of items and met for a day to discuss and identify implementable solutions to improve the current unsatisfactory status of postgraduate training in psychiatry. RECENT FINDINGS: Except Japan, all the other countries have a very low number of psychiatrists per 100 000 population - far lower than the global target of 10 psychiatrist per 100 000 population...
September 2018: Current Opinion in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29985179/recent-developments-in-the-use-of-smartphone-interventions-for-mental-health
#16
Seema Mehrotra, Ravikesh Tripathi
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The purpose of this update is to provide an overview of the breadth of research studies published from April 2017 to April 2018 on mobile-based interventions for mental health, with a special emphasis on smartphone-based interventions. RECENT FINDINGS: Several studies during the review period have described the process of applying user-centred design in the development of mental health apps and novel approaches to enhance user-engagement. Studies on consumer perspectives indicate largely positive findings about open-ness to utilize mental health apps...
September 2018: Current Opinion in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29985178/clozapine-pharmacogenomics-a-review-of-efficacy-pharmacokinetics-and-agranulocytosis
#17
Kevin J Li, Haley V Solomon, Lynn E DeLisi
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: To examine recent literature regarding the pharmacogenomics of clozapine (CLZ) efficacy, pharmacokinetics, and agranulocytosis. RECENT FINDINGS: Several genetic loci (FKBP5, NR3C1, BDNF, NTRK2) along the hypothalamic pituitary adrenal axis have been investigated as targets for CLZ response. Homozygous FKBP5-rs1360780, homozygous NTRK2-rs1778929, and homozygous NTRK2-rs10465180 conferred significant risks for CLZ nonresponse - 2.11x risk [95% confidence interval (CI) 1...
September 2018: Current Opinion in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29985177/psychological-interventions-in-palliative-care
#18
Pia von Blanckenburg, Nico Leppin
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: To provide an update on recent studies about psychological interventions in palliative (mainly cancer) care with a focus on physical, psychological, spiritual, and social aspects. RECENT FINDINGS: Some promising psychological interventions for physical challenges, such as fatigue, pain, dyspnea, and insomnia do exist, but further research is needed. Regarding psychological aspects, current reviews showed small to large effects in the reduction of depression and anxiety symptoms through cognitive behavioral-based interventions, mindfulness-based interventions, and meaning-based interventions...
September 2018: Current Opinion in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29847345/spirituality-in-geriatric-psychiatry
#19
Alessandra Lucchetti, Ricardo Barcelos-Ferreira, Dan G Blazer, Alexander Moreira-Almeida
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Academic recognition of the implications of religion/spirituality (R/S) for mental health is increasing, with a growing number of studies involving older adults. The present review provides an overview of these studies, highlighting the influence of R/S on older adults' mental health and the clinical implications of addressing R/S in the geriatrics and gerontology context. RECENT FINDINGS: The available evidence suggests that R/S involvement is usually associated with lower levels of depression, substance use/abuse, and cognitive declining and better quality of life, well being, and functional status in older persons...
July 2018: Current Opinion in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29847344/the-number-of-parents-who-are-patients-attending-adult-psychiatric-services
#20
Darryl Maybery, Andrea E Reupert
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Having a parent with a mental illness is a major risk to children's wellbeing. The first step in developing policies and procedures that could assist these children is to determine the numbers of parents attending adult psychiatric services. This is the first systematic examination of the literature regarding the prevalence and family circumstances of parents attending adult psychiatric services. RECENT FINDINGS: Nine peer reviewed publications showed parent prevalence in adult services ranging from 12...
July 2018: Current Opinion in Psychiatry
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