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Journal of Traumatic Stress

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29194763/posttraumatic-stress-somatization-and-quality-of-life-among-ivorian-refugees
#1
Kossi B Kounou, Fabrice Brodard, Afèignindou Gnassingbe, Ayoko A Dogbe Foli, Julia C Sager, Laurent Schmitt, Eric Bui
The present study examined the relationship between peritraumatic reactions, posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms, somatization, and quality of life (QoL) in a sample of refugees, two years after the 2011 Ivory Coast sociopolitical crisis. Participants were 101 Ivorian adult refugees (mean age = 31.61 years, SD = 7.84; 45.5% women) who completed several questionnaires relating to peritraumatic reactions, PTSD symptoms, somatization, and QoL. Most participants (86.1%) scored above the cutoff for probable PTSD...
December 1, 2017: Journal of Traumatic Stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29193316/posttraumatic-stress-symptom-trajectories-among-children-after-disaster-exposure-a-review
#2
Betty S Lai, Rayleen Lewis, Michelle S Livings, Annette M La Greca, Ann-Margaret Esnard
Natural disasters, such as hurricanes and floods, are increasing in frequency and scope. Youth exposed to disasters are at risk for developing posttraumatic stress symptoms (PTSS). However, not all youth who report initially elevated PTSS report persistent PTSS that last beyond the first three to six months postdisaster. Thus, it is crucial to understand how and why youth differ in their patterns of PTSS. This study reviewed the literature on children's postdisaster PTSS, evaluating the typical number and types of patterns for children's PTSS trajectories, as well as risk and protective factors predicting trajectory membership...
November 28, 2017: Journal of Traumatic Stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29193294/posttraumatic-stress-disorder-and-somatic-complaints-in-a-deployed-cohort-of-georgian-military-personnel-mediating-effect-of-depression-and-anxiety
#3
Giorgi Sikharulidze, Nan van Geloven, Estate Lelashvili, Giorgi Kalandarishvili, Nino Gugushvili, Eric Vermetten
Several studies have shown the relationship between symptoms of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), somatic symptoms, and the mediating effect of depression and anxiety. The following study was conducted to investigate the relationship between PTSD symptoms and somatic complaints through underlying symptoms of depression and anxiety. The participants of the study were 2,799 veterans who were examined after a 6-month deployment. They were assessed using the PTSD Checklist (PCL-5) and Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ) for depression, anxiety, and somatic complaints...
November 28, 2017: Journal of Traumatic Stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29193289/disproportionate-mental-health-burden-associated-with-past-year-intimate-partner-violence-among-women-receiving-care-in-the-veterans-health-administration
#4
Melissa E Dichter, Anneliese Sorrentino, Scarlett Bellamy, Elina Medvedeva, Christopher B Roberts, Katherine M Iverson
Experience of intimate partner violence (IPV) can lead to mental health conditions, including anxiety, depression, and unhealthy substance use. Women seen in the Veterans Health Administration (VHA) face high rates of both IPV and mental health morbidity. This study aimed to identify associations between recent IPV experience and mental health diagnoses among women VHA patients. We examined medical records data for 8,888 female veteran and nonveteran VHA patients across 13 VHA facilities who were screened for past-year IPV between April, 2014 and April, 2016...
November 28, 2017: Journal of Traumatic Stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29178535/peritraumatic-assessment-of-autobiographical-memory-after-exposure-to-a-traumatic-event
#5
Sophie Billoux, Virginie Voltzenlogel, Norbert Telmon, Philippe Birmes, Christophe Arbus
Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is commonly acknowledged to be associated with reduced specificity of autobiographical memory (AM). However, very few studies have assessed AM in the peritraumatic phase. The aim of the present study was to examine whether the AM impairment reported in PTSD is present a few days after a traumatic event. We assessed AM in 41 participants who had recently been exposed to trauma, and 34 controls who had never experienced a traumatic situation. The trauma-exposed participants also completed the Impact of Event Scale-R (IES-R), the Inventory of Peritraumatic Distress, and the Peritraumatic Dissociative Experiences Questionnaire...
November 27, 2017: Journal of Traumatic Stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29178524/exposure-to-trauma-and-mental-health-service-engagement-among-adults-who-were-children-of-the-northern-ireland-troubles-of-1968-to-1998
#6
Finola Ferry, Edel Ennis, Brendan Bunting, Samuel Murphy, David Bolton, Siobhan O'Neill
Northern Ireland is an appropriate region to examine the impact of traumatic experiences, owing to the many years of civil violence that have characterized its recent history, known colloquially as the "Troubles." Given the prominence of traumatic experiences among the aging population of Northern Ireland (NI), an evidence base is required to inform the planning and provision of effective mental health and other services. We analyzed the follow-up interviews (n = 225) of individuals from the Northern Ireland Study of Health and Stress (NISHS), aged 45 years and older, who experienced one or more conflict-related traumatic events...
November 27, 2017: Journal of Traumatic Stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29178377/examination-of-the-world-health-organization-disability-assessment-system-as-a-measure-of-disability-severity-among-veterans-receiving-cognitive-processing-therapy
#7
Jeremiah A Schumm, Whitney L Gore, Kathleen M Chard, Eric C Meyer
Cognitive processing therapy (CPT) is effective for reducing posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and depression among military veterans. However, studies have not examined whether CPT is associated with reductions in disability severity. The current study examines the association between disability severity and PTSD and depression among U.S. veterans who are receiving CPT. Veterans completed measures at pre- and posttreatment and received CPT through a Veterans Affairs PTSD outpatient (n = 155) or residential (n = 177) program...
November 27, 2017: Journal of Traumatic Stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29178338/disorder-and-treatment-specific-therapeutic-competence-scales-for-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-intervention-development-and-psychometric-properties
#8
Clara Dittmann, Meike Müller-Engelmann, Ulrich Stangier, Kathlen Priebe, Thomas Fydrich, Nora Görg, Sophie Rausch, Patricia A Resick, Regina Steil
Although the assessment of therapeutic competence in psychotherapy research is essential for examining its possible associations with treatment outcomes, it is often neglected due to high costs and a lack of valid instruments. This study aimed to develop two therapeutic competence scales that assess disorder-specific and treatment-specific therapeutic competence, and to examine these scales' psychometric properties along with those of the already established Cognitive Therapy Scale (CTS) in a posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) sample...
November 27, 2017: Journal of Traumatic Stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29160560/a-functional-near-infrared-spectroscopy-study-of-trauma-related-auditory-and-olfactory-cues-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-or-combat-experience
#9
Michael A Gramlich, Sandra M Neer, Deborah C Beidel, Corey J Bohil, Clint A Bowers
The prevalence of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) among U.S. veterans deployed to Iraq or Afghanistan necessitates the need for comprehensive assessment and treatment strategies. This study investigated the utility of a combat-related PTSD symptom provocation paradigm to elicit unique neurological responses across three groups: combat veterans with PTSD, combat veterans without PTSD, and nonmilitary participants without PTSD. Using functional near-infrared spectroscopy (fNIRS) the results indicated that combat veterans with PTSD demonstrated significant activation to a trauma-related sound compared with nonmilitary personnel, channel 14: d = 1...
November 21, 2017: Journal of Traumatic Stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29160557/the-complex-trauma-inventory-a-self-report-measure-of-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-and-complex-posttraumatic-stress-disorder
#10
Justin M Litvin, Patricia L Kaminski, Shelley A Riggs
The work group revising the criteria for trauma-related disorders in the International Classification of Diseases (ICD-11) made several changes. Specifically, they simplified the criteria for posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and added a new trauma disorder called complex PTSD (CPTSD). These proposed changes to taxonomy require new instruments to assess these novel constructs. We developed a measure of PTSD and CPTSD (the Complex Trauma Inventory; CTI) according to the proposed domains, creating several items to assess each domain...
November 21, 2017: Journal of Traumatic Stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29160555/the-effect-of-sleep-disorders-sedating-medications-and-depression-on-cognitive-processing-therapy-outcomes-a-fuzzy-set-qualitative-comparative-analysis
#11
Patricia L Haynes, Sarah E Emert, Dana Epstein, Suzanne Perkins, Sairam Parthasarathy, James Wilcox
Cognitive processing therapy (CPT) for posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is an effortful process requiring engagement in cognitive restructuring. Sleep disorders may lead to avoidance of effortful tasks and cognitive performance deficits. We explored whether sleep disorders, as assessed by polysomnography, were consistently associated with treatment response in combination with other factors. This study included 32 U.S. veterans who were examined both before and after CPT for combat-related PTSD. We employed a novel, case-comparative technique, fuzzy set qualitative comparative analysis (fsQCA), to identify combinations of fuzzy and crisp factors (recipes) that achieve a clinically significant outcome...
November 21, 2017: Journal of Traumatic Stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140560/negative-posttrauma-cognitions-mediate-the-association-between-morally-injurious-events-and-trauma-related-psychopathology-in-treatment-seeking-veterans
#12
Philip Held, Brian J Klassen, Denise S Zou, Blake S Schroedter, Niranjan S Karnik, Mark H Pollack, Alyson K Zalta
Exposure to potentially morally injurious events has been shown to be associated with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and depression symptoms in military personnel. Few studies have examined factors that help to explain how potentially morally injurious events may contribute to the development of trauma-related psychopathology. Negative posttrauma cognitions are thought to play a role in the etiology of PTSD and depression following trauma; however, it is unclear whether more global beliefs about the self, others, and world play a role in the development of PTSD and depression due to morally injurious events...
November 15, 2017: Journal of Traumatic Stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29131408/parent-and-child-trauma-symptoms-during-child-parent-psychotherapy-a-prospective-cohort-study-of-dyadic-change
#13
Melissa J Hagan, Dillon T Browne, Michael Sulik, Chandra Ghosh Ippen, Nicole Bush, Alicia F Lieberman
Five randomized controlled trials have shown that child-parent psychotherapy (CPP) improves trauma symptoms in children. Less is known about parent symptoms or moderators of symptom change. In a sample of 199 parent (81% biological mother; 54% Latina/o) and child (aged 2 to 6 years; 52% male; 49% Latina/o) dyads who participated in an open treatment study of CPP, this study investigated whether parent and child symptoms similarly decreased during treatment and whether improvement was moderated by parent, child, and treatment characteristics...
November 13, 2017: Journal of Traumatic Stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29131407/posttraumatic-stress-disorder-gender-and-risk-factors-world-trade-center-tower-survivors-10-to-11-years-after-the-september-11-2001-attacks
#14
Rosemarie M Bowler, Shane W Adams, Vihra V Gocheva, Jiehui Li, Donna Mergler, Robert Brackbill, James E Cone
Ten to eleven years after the September 11, 2001 terrorist attacks, probable posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) was evaluated in 1,755 World Trade Center (WTC) evacuees based on data from the WTC Health Registry. Characteristics of men and women were compared and factors associated with PTSD symptom severity were examined using the PTSD Checklist (PCL). Compared with men (n = 1,015, 57.8%), women (n = 740, 42.2%) were younger and of lower socioeconomic status. Ten to eleven years after September 11, 2001, 13...
November 13, 2017: Journal of Traumatic Stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29131398/response-to-cognitive-processing-therapy-in-veterans-with-and-without-obstructive-sleep-apnea
#15
Franklin Mesa, Benjamin D Dickstein, Virgil D Wooten, Kathleen M Chard
Recent studies have called attention to the need for enhancing treatment outcome in trauma-focused psychotherapies, such as cognitive processing therapy (CPT), with veterans. Given the prevalence of posttraumatic-related sleep disturbances, and the role of sleep in emotional learning and processing, sleep quality may be a target for improving CPT outcome. Elevated rates of obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) have been reported in samples of veterans with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD); however, the impact of OSA on response to CPT is unclear...
November 13, 2017: Journal of Traumatic Stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29083498/examining-physical-and-sexual-abuse-histories-as-correlates-of-suicide-risk-among-firefighters
#16
Melanie A Hom, Natalie L Matheny, Ian H Stanley, Megan L Rogers, Jesse R Cougle, Thomas E Joiner
Research indicates that physical and sexual abuse are associated with increased suicide risk; however, these associations have not been investigated among firefighters-an occupational group that has been shown to be at elevated suicide risk. This study examined whether physical and sexual abuse histories are associated with (a) career suicide ideation, plans, and attempts; and (b) current suicide risk (controlling for theoretically relevant symptoms) in this occupational group. A sample of 929 U.S. firefighters completed self-report surveys that assessed lifetime history of physical and sexual abuse; career suicide ideation, plans, and attempts; current suicide risk; and theoretically relevant symptoms...
October 30, 2017: Journal of Traumatic Stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29078001/coping-strategies-as-moderators-of-the-association-between-combat-exposure-and-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-symptoms
#17
Thomas W Britt, Amy B Adler, Gargi Sawhney, Paul D Bliese
The present research examined selected coping strategies as moderators of the relationship between combat exposure and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms among service members who were deployed to Iraq (N = 2,023) and Afghanistan (N = 1,023). A three-factor model of coping was confirmed for both military operations: positive emotion-focused, self-blame, and prayer/spirituality. Positive emotion-focused coping was inversely associated with PTSD symptoms (r = -.14) and buffered service members from the negative effects of combat exposure in both Iraq (r(2) = ...
October 2017: Journal of Traumatic Stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29078000/erratum-for-why-we-should-worry-about-malingering-in-the-va-system-comment-on-jackson-et%C3%A2-al-2011
#18
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2017: Journal of Traumatic Stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29077999/caregiver-responses-to-child-posttraumatic-distress-a-qualitative-study-in-a-high-risk-context-in-south-africa
#19
Victoria Williamson, Ian Butler, Mark Tomlinson, Sarah Skeen, Hope Christie, Jackie Stewart, Sarah L Halligan
Many low- and middle-income countries (LMIC) have high rates of child trauma exposure and limited access to psychological services. Caregivers are often a child's key source of support following trauma in such contexts. The aim of this study was to explore the experiences of primary caregivers in supporting their child posttrauma. Qualitative interviews were conducted with 20 female caregivers from a high-risk settlement in Cape Town following child trauma exposure. Children were exposed to significant traumatic events, including gang violence, assault, and fatalities of close relatives...
October 2017: Journal of Traumatic Stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29077998/a-pilot-study-of-reduced-olfactory-bulb-volume-as-a-marker-of-ptsd-in-childhood-trauma-exposed-adult-hiv-infected-patients
#20
Evaristus A Nwulia, Narayan Rai, Kamyar Sartip, Maria Mananita S Hipolito, Charlee K McLean, Kyla Flanagan, Flora Hamilton, Sharon Lambert, Huynh-Nhu Le, John VanMeter, Suad Kapetanovic
Evidence suggests that olfactory bulb (OB), a key structure in odor processing, may also be involved in mechanisms of traumatic stress. In animals, chronic stress reduces OB plasticity, and olfactory bulbectomy results in stress-enhanced startle reflex and autonomic dysregulation. However, OB morphometry has not been adequately studied in the development of stress disorders following childhood trauma in humans. The researchers conducted a pilot study evaluating the relationships between OB volume, childhood trauma, and lifetime posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in a sample of 16 HIV-positive individuals, 13 of whom were exposed to childhood trauma of 9 developed PTSD...
October 2017: Journal of Traumatic Stress
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