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Journal of Traumatic Stress

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544024/contribution-of-perceived-cognitive-functioning-to-quality-of-life-in-service-members-and-veterans-with-posttraumatic-stress-disorder
#1
Noah D Silverberg, Magdalena Wojtowicz, Eric Bui, Rebecca Wershba, Ross Zafonte, Lauren M Laifer, Naomi M Simon, Grant L Iverson
Perceived cognitive impairment is a core clinical feature of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and may be an important determinant of quality of life (QOL) in those who suffer from this disorder. Using a clinical data repository, we evaluated this hypothesis in a cross-sectional sample of U.S. military service members and veterans who served after September 11, 2001, and were seeking mental health treatment at a tertiary outpatient clinic. A consecutive series of 117 patients with a clinical diagnosis of PTSD completed a battery of questionnaires at intake, including the PTSD Checklist (Weathers, Litz, Herman, Huska, & Keane, 1993), a 4-item Cognitive Symptom subscale of the Neurobehavioral Symptom Inventory (Cicerone & Kalmar, 1995), the Depression Anxiety Stress Scale-21 (Lovibond & Lovibond, 1995), and the Quality of Life Enjoyment and Satisfaction Questionnaire (Endicott, Nee, Harrison, & Blumenthal, 1993)...
May 19, 2017: Journal of Traumatic Stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28498555/trauma-related-pain-reexperiencing-symptoms-and-treatment-of-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-a-longitudinal-study-of-veterans
#2
Gregory Bartoszek, Susan M Hannan, Janina Kamm, Barbara Pamp, Kelly P Maieritsch
Research has demonstrated a strong positive association between posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms and physical pain. However, few studies have explored the impact of pain problems on the symptoms and treatment of PTSD, and results remain inconsistent. This longitudinal study examined whether trauma-related and trauma-unrelated pain differentially and uniquely predicted reexperiencing symptoms. We also examined whether levels of reexperiencing symptoms mediated the relationship between pain intensity and posttreatment symptoms of avoidance, numbing, and hyperarousal (ANH)...
May 12, 2017: Journal of Traumatic Stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28471014/reckless-self-destructive-behavior-and-ptsd-in-veterans-the-mediating-role-of-new-adverse-events
#3
Joanna D Lusk, Naomi Sadeh, Erika J Wolf, Mark W Miller
The addition of self-destructive and reckless behavior as a symptom of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in DSM-5 has stimulated renewed interest in understanding relationships between these behaviors and trauma-related psychopathology. This study examined the relationship between reckless and self-destructive behaviors (RSDB), intervening exposure to new adverse events, and later PTSD severity in a sample of trauma-exposed veterans. At baseline, participants were assessed for RSDB (past 5 years) and current PTSD severity (N = 222)...
May 4, 2017: Journal of Traumatic Stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28470977/longitudinal-measurement-invariance-of-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-in-deployed-marines
#4
Ateka A Contractor, Elisa Bolton, Matthew W Gallagher, Charla Rhodes, William P Nash, Brett Litz
The meaningful interpretation of longitudinal study findings requires temporal stability of the constructs assessed (i.e., measurement invariance). We sought to examine measurement invariance of the construct of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) as based on the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders indexed by the PTSD Checklist (PCL) and the Clinician-Administered PTSD Scale (CAPS) in a sample of 834 Marines with significant combat experience. PTSD was assessed 1-month predeployment (T0), and again at 1-month (T1), 5-months (T2), and 8-months postdeployment (T3)...
May 4, 2017: Journal of Traumatic Stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449365/duty-related-trauma-exposure-and-posttraumatic-stress-symptoms-in-professional-firefighters
#5
Junghyun H Lee, Dayoung Lee, Jiae Kim, Kyoungsun Jeon, Minyoung Sim
Firefighters commonly encounter traumatic events during duty hours. The purpose of this study was to investigate the characteristics of duty-related trauma as risk factors for posttraumatic stress disorder in professional firefighters. A sample of 212 firefighters participated in the study and completed self-reported questionnaires. Potentially traumatic events (PTE) were assessed using a list of 17 traumatic event types. The posttraumatic stress symptoms (PTSS) were measured by the Impact of Event Scale-Revised (Lim et al...
April 2017: Journal of Traumatic Stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449364/the-association-between-peritraumatic-dissociation-and-ptsd-symptoms-the-mediating-role-of-negative-beliefs-about-the-self
#6
Johanna Thompson-Hollands, Janie J Jun, Denise M Sloan
Peritraumatic dissociation, a term used to describe a complex array of reactions to trauma, including depersonalization, derealization, and emotional numbness, has been associated with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms across a number of studies. Cognitive theory suggests that interpretations of traumatic events and reactions underlie the persistence of PTSD. The present study examined the associations among peritraumatic dissociation, posttraumatic cognitions, and PTSD symptoms in a group of trauma-exposed adults (N = 169)...
April 2017: Journal of Traumatic Stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429858/trauma-related-disgust-in-veterans-with-interpersonal-trauma
#7
Jessica Bomyea, Carolyn B Allard
Although traditionally conceptualized as an anxiety disorder, variability in posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) may be explained by individual differences in peri- or posttraumatic disgust. We examined relationships between disgust reactions and other trauma-related symptoms in 100 veterans with a history of interpersonal trauma and gender differences in these variables. We also evaluated the mediating role of posttraumatic disgust and guilt in the relationship between peritraumatic disgust and PTSD symptoms...
April 2017: Journal of Traumatic Stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422323/validating-a-virtual-environment-for-sexual-assault-victims
#8
Claudie Loranger, Stéphane Bouchard
Virtual reality has shown promising results in the treatment of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) for some traumatic experiences, but sexual assault has been understudied. One important question to address is the relevance and safety of a virtual environment (VE) allowing patients to be progressively exposed to a sexual assault scenario. The aim of this study was to validate such a VE. Thirty women (victims and nonvictims of sexual assault) were randomly assigned in a counter-balanced order to 2 immersions in a virtual bar: a control scenario where the encounter with the aggressor does not lead to sexual assault and an experimental scenario where the participant is assaulted...
April 2017: Journal of Traumatic Stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28407321/stability-and-change-in-posttraumatic-distress-a-7-year-follow-up-study-of-mothers-and-young-children-exposed-to-cumulative-trauma
#9
Ruth Pat-Horenczyk, Sarale Cohen, Yuval Ziv, M Achituv, Sophie Brickman, Tamar Blanchard, Danny Brom
In situations of cumulative trauma, it is often unclear why some people remain resilient, whereas others experience distress, and how likely these responses are to change over time. To investigate the constancy of responses to cumulative trauma, stability and change in posttraumatic distress and resistance (as defined by no evidence of clinical symptoms) were assessed twice in 140 Israeli children and mothers exposed to continual rocket attacks over approximately 7 years, when the children were 2-4 (Time 1) and 9-11 years of age (Time 2)...
April 2017: Journal of Traumatic Stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28398626/initial-findings-from-project-recover-overcoming-co-occurring-eating-disorders-and-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-through-integrated-treatment
#10
Kathryn Trottier, Candice M Monson, Stephen A Wonderlich, Marion P Olmsted
This pilot study is the initial investigation of an integrated cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) for co-occurring eating disorders (ED) and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Following a course of intensive hospital-based ED treatment focused on ED behavioral symptom interruption, 10 individuals with ED-PTSD received 16 sessions of CBT that focused on maintaining improvements in ED symptoms outside of the hospital environment and integrated cognitive processing therapy for PTSD. We hypothesized that the treatment would be associated with significant improvements in PTSD symptoms, depression, and anxiety, as well as sustained improvements in ED symptomatology...
April 2017: Journal of Traumatic Stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28370461/hurricane-sandy-exposure-and-the-mental-health-of-world-trade-center-responders
#11
Evelyn J Bromet, Sean Clouston, Adam Gonzalez, Roman Kotov, Kathryn M Guerrera, Benjamin J Luft
The psychological consequences of a second disaster on populations exposed to an earlier disaster have rarely been studied prospectively. Using a pre- and postdesign, we examined the effects of Hurricane Sandy on possible World Trade Center (WTC) related posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD Checklist score of ≥ 50) and overall depression (major depressive disorder [MDD]; Patient Health Questionnaire depression score of ≥ 10) among 870 WTC responders with a follow-up monitoring visit at the Long Island WTC Health Program during the 6 months post-Hurricane Sandy...
April 2017: Journal of Traumatic Stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28370328/modern-warfare-video-game-playing-and-posttraumatic-symptoms-in-veterans
#12
Darryl Etter, Charles Kamen, Kelly Etter, Cheryl Gore-Felton
Many of the current generation of veterans grew up with video games, including military first-person shooter (MFPS) video games. In MFPS games, players take the role of soldiers engaged in combat in environments modeled on real-life warzones. Exposure to trauma-congruent game content may either serve to exacerbate or to ameliorate posttraumatic symptoms. The current study examined the relationship between MFPS and other shooter video game playing and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms among current and former members of the military (N = 111)...
April 2017: Journal of Traumatic Stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28370300/predictive-validity-of-icd-11-ptsd-as-measured-by-the-impact-of-event-scale-revised-a-15-year-prospective-study-of-political-prisoners
#13
Philip Hyland, Chris R Brewin, Andreas Maercker
The 11(th) edition of the International Classification of Diseases (ICD-11; World Health Organization, 2017) proposes a model of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) that includes 6 symptoms. This study assessed the ability of a classification-independent measure of posttraumatic stress symptoms, the Impact of Event Scale-Revised (Weiss & Marmar, 1996), to capture the ICD-11 model of PTSD. The current study also provided the first assessment of the predictive validity of ICD-11 PTSD. Former East German political prisoners were assessed in 1994 (N = 144) and in 2008-2009 (N = 88) on numerous psychological variables using self-report measures...
April 2017: Journal of Traumatic Stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329434/integrated-treatment-of-ptsd-and-substance-use-disorders-examination-of-imaginal-exposure-length
#14
Adam C Mills, Christal L Badour, Kristina J Korte, Therese K Killeen, Aisling V Henschel, Sudie E Back
Efforts to improve the efficiency of prolonged exposure (PE) therapy for posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) have demonstrated that reducing the length of imaginal exposures does not negatively affect treatment outcome. A recent adaptation of PE, called Concurrent Treatment of PTSD and Substance Use Disorders Using Prolonged Exposure [COPE], integrates substance use disorder treatment with PE in the same timeframe (twelve 90-minute sessions, 8 of which include imaginal exposure). The current study, which represents a subanalysis of a larger randomized controlled trial, examined how the length of imaginal exposures (nonrandomized and measured continually) related to PTSD, substance use, and depression in a sample of military veterans (N = 31) who completed the COPE treatment...
April 2017: Journal of Traumatic Stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329423/does-the-vulnerability-paradox-in-ptsd-apply-to-women-and-men-an-exploratory-study
#15
Michel L A Dückers, Miranda Olff
Recent research suggests that greater country vulnerability is associated with a decreased, rather than increased, risk of mental health problems. Because societal parameters may have gender-specific implications, our objective was to explore whether the "vulnerability paradox" equally applies to women and men. Lifetime posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) prevalence data for women and men were retrieved from 11 population studies (N = 57,031): conducted in Australia, Brazil, Canada, France, Lebanon, Mexico, Netherlands, Portugal, Sweden, Switzerland, and the United States...
April 2017: Journal of Traumatic Stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329406/treating-veterans-with-ptsd-and-borderline-personality-symptoms-in-a-12-week-intensive-outpatient-setting-findings-from-a-pilot-program
#16
Laura Meyers, Emily K Voller, Ethan B McCallum, Paul Thuras, Sandra Shallcross, Tina Velasquez, Laura Meis
Rates of comorbidity between borderline personality disorder and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) are high in veteran populations, and clinicians are hesitant to treat PTSD given high rates of suicidality. Given promising early work integrating dialectical behavior therapy (DBT) and prolonged exposure (PE) therapy, we created a 12-week intensive outpatient program combining these two treatments. PE and DBT were provided concurrently to 33 veterans with PTSD symptoms and BPD symptoms at a large, midwestern Veteran Affairs medical center...
April 2017: Journal of Traumatic Stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28273379/the-amplification-of-common-somatic-symptoms-by-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-in-firefighters
#17
Josie S Milligan-Saville, Helen M Paterson, Emily L Harkness, Annabel M Marsh, Mark Dobson, Richard I Kemp, Richard A Bryant, Samuel B Harvey
Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in emergency service personnel and other trauma-exposed populations is known to be associated with a variety of physical health problems. However, little attention has been paid to the health of ageing emergency service personnel, who may be forced into early medical retirement because of a combination of these issues. Currently employed (N = 274) Australian firefighters completed a cross-sectional survey using validated, self-report measures of PTSD and somatic symptoms...
April 2017: Journal of Traumatic Stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28273371/sleep-disordered-breathing-impact-on-efficacy-of-prolonged-exposure-therapy-for-posttraumatic-stress-disorder
#18
Christopher Reist, Andrea Gory, Michael Hollifield
There is growing evidence that sleep disturbances may impede the utility of existing therapeutic interventions for people with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). This retrospective medical record review examined the hypothesis that sleep disturbance affects the outcome of prolonged exposure (PE) therapy for PTSD. We identified 18 combat veterans with PTSD who had completed PE therapy. There were 6 subjects who had sleep-disordered breathing, 5 of whom were documented by sleep polysomnography. All subjects in the sleep-disordered group took part in a minimum of 10 sessions; the mean number of sessions was comparable between the sleep-disordered group and the group without a sleep disorder...
April 2017: Journal of Traumatic Stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28141895/domestic-civil-support-missions-can-aggravate-negative-mental-health-outcomes-among-national-guardsmen-the-moderating-role-of-economic-difficulties
#19
Dale W Russell, Josh B Kazman, David M Benedek, Robert J Ursano, Cristel A Russell
Little research has addressed potentially negative health outcomes associated with domestic civil-oriented operations, but has focused instead on traditional military operations (e.g., combat). This study, conducted following a United States Defense Support to Civilian Authorities mission undertaken by National Guard forces (N = 330), showed that responding to such missions was linked to more negative mental health outcomes, including posttraumatic stress disorder (β = 0.23) and depression (β = 0.23), but only among those who reported difficulty meeting their basic socioeconomic needs and not among those who did not have difficulty meeting their basic needs...
April 2017: Journal of Traumatic Stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28190267/inaugural-editorial
#20
EDITORIAL
Patricia K Kerig
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2017: Journal of Traumatic Stress
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