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Journal of Traumatic Stress

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28585777/natural-course-of-co-occurring-ptsd-and-alcohol-use-disorder-among-recent-combat-veterans
#1
Kyle Possemato, Stephen A Maisto, Michael Wade, Kimberly Barrie, Emily M Johnson, Paige C Ouimette
Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and alcohol use disorder (AUD) commonly co-occur in veterans, yet little is known about the longitudinal course of PTSD and drinking in comorbid populations. This study assessed the natural course of daily alcohol consumption and weekly changes in PTSD symptoms in 112 recent combat veterans over the course of 11 months. Latent class growth mixture modeling was used to classify individuals into distinct classes with similar PTSD symptom and alcohol use growth trajectories...
June 6, 2017: Journal of Traumatic Stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28585761/somatic-experiencing-for-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-a-randomized-controlled-outcome-study
#2
Danny Brom, Yaffa Stokar, Cathy Lawi, Vered Nuriel-Porat, Yuval Ziv, Karen Lerner, Gina Ross
This study presents the first known randomized controlled study evaluating the effectiveness of somatic experiencing (SE), an integrative body-focused therapy for treating people with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). There were 63 participants meeting DSM-IV-TR full criteria for PTSD included. Baseline clinical interviews and self-report measures were completed by all participants, who were then randomly assigned to study (n = 33) or waitlist (n = 30) groups. Study participants began 15 weekly SE sessions, whereas waitlist participants waited the same period, after which the second evaluation was conducted...
June 6, 2017: Journal of Traumatic Stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28585746/randomized-clinical-trial-investigating-the-effects-of-an-anxiety-sensitivity-intervention-on-posttraumatic-stress-symptoms-a-replication-and-extension
#3
Nicole A Short, Joseph W Boffa, Aaron M Norr, Brian J Albanese, Nicholas P Allan, Norman B Schmidt
A growing body of research suggests the importance of anxiety sensitivity (AS) in the development and maintenance of posttraumatic stress symptoms (PTSS). Specifically, AS cognitive concerns (fears of cognitive dyscontrol) may be particularly relevant for those with elevated PTSS. Preliminary research has suggested that interventions targeting AS may be beneficial in decreasing PTSS, but to date there has been no randomized controlled trial testing the direct and indirect effects of an AS cognitive concerns intervention among a clinical sample of trauma-exposed individuals...
June 6, 2017: Journal of Traumatic Stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28585740/comparing-trauma-exposure-mental-health-needs-and-service-utilization-across-clinical-samples-of-refugee-immigrant-and-u-s-origin-children
#4
Theresa S Betancourt, Elizabeth A Newnham, Dina Birman, Robert Lee, B Heidi Ellis, Christopher M Layne
Most mental health services for trauma-exposed children and adolescents were not originally developed for refugees. Information is needed to help clinicians design services to address the consequences of trauma in refugee populations. We compared trauma exposure, psychological distress, and mental health service utilization among children and adolescents of refugee-origin, immigrant-origin, and U.S.-origin referred for assessment and treatment by U.S. providers in the National Child Traumatic Stress Network (NCTSN)...
June 6, 2017: Journal of Traumatic Stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28585733/life-threat-and-sleep-disturbances-in-adolescents-a-two-year-follow-up-of-survivors-from-the-2011-ut%C3%A3-ya-norway-terror-attack
#5
Grønli Janne, Melinder Annika, Olga Therese Ousdal, Pallesen Ståle, Endestad Tor, Anne Marita Milde
A significant number of adolescents have been exposed to traumatic life events. However, knowledge about the specific sleep disturbance that occurs in individuals after trauma exposure is predominantly based on studies of adults. This study reports specific sleep disturbance in 42 survivors of the 2011 mass shooting at a youth summer camp on the Norwegian island Utøya, mean age = 20.91 years, SD = 2.32, 62.5% females. When compared with matched controls, significantly more survivors reported having sleep disturbances, 52...
June 6, 2017: Journal of Traumatic Stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28569390/do-children-and-adolescents-have-different-types-of-trauma-narratives-and-does-it-matter-reliability-and-face-validation-for-a-narrative-taxonomy
#6
Michael S Scheeringa, Megan E Lilly, Allison B Staiger, Maren L Heller, Edward G Jones, Carl F Weems
The construction of trauma narratives is a major component of several psychotherapy approaches for trauma-related problems, but questions remain as to whether fully expressive narratives are necessary and whether it is detrimental to ask avoidant youths to tell their narratives repeatedly. Characteristics of trauma narratives during psychotherapy have not been examined in youths and this represents a salient gap in knowledge. This study aimed to begin filling this gap by identifying categories of trauma narratives and empirically validating them...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Traumatic Stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28561945/beta-blocker-administration-during-emergency-department-evaluation-for-acute-coronary-syndrome-is-associated-with-lower-posttraumatic-stress-symptoms-1-month-later
#7
Laura Meli, Bernard P Chang, Daichi Shimbo, Brendan W Swan, Donald Edmondson, Jennifer A Sumner
We examined whether beta blocker administration in the emergency department (ED) during evaluation for suspected acute coronary syndrome (ACS) was associated with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms 1-month later. Participants (N = 350) were enrolled in the Reactions to Acute Care and Hospitalization (REACH) study, an ongoing observational cohort study of ED predictors of medical and psychological outcomes after evaluation for suspected ACS. Beta blockade during evaluation in the ED was extracted from medical records, and PTSD symptoms in response to the experience of suspected ACS were assessed 1-month later via telephone...
May 31, 2017: Journal of Traumatic Stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28556998/sometimes-less-is-more-establishing-the-core-symptoms-of-ptsd
#8
Jessica L Walton, Lisa-Ann J Cuccurullo, Amanda M Raines, Desirae N Vidaurri, Nicholas P Allan, Kelly P Maieritsch, C Laurel Franklin
Historically, the symptoms of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) have garnered attention and controversy due to symptom overlap with other disorders. To improve diagnostic specificity, researchers have proposed to reformulate PTSD symptoms into a parsimonious set of core criteria. The core symptoms consisted of recurrent distressing dreams or flashbacks; internal or external avoidance; and hypervigilance or exaggerated startle. The purpose of this study was to examine a previously proposed set of "core" PTSD criteria in identifying cases of PTSD within a veteran sample...
May 29, 2017: Journal of Traumatic Stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28556275/physical-injury-and-somatic-complaints-the-mediating-role-of-posttraumatic-stress-symptoms-in-young-survivors-of-a-terror-attack
#9
Ingrid Bugge, Grete Dyb, Synne Øien Stensland, Øivind Ekeberg, Tore Wentzel-Larsen, Trond H Diseth
Physically injured trauma survivors have particularly high risk for later somatic complaints and posttraumatic stress symptoms (PTSS). However, the potential mediating role of PTSS linking injury to later somatic complaints has been poorly investigated. In this study, survivors (N = 255) were interviewed longitudinally at 2 timepoints after the terror attack on Utøya Island, Norway, in 2011. Assessments included injury sustained during the attack, PTSS (after 4-5 months), somatic complaints (after 14-15 months), and background factors...
May 27, 2017: Journal of Traumatic Stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544024/contribution-of-perceived-cognitive-functioning-to-quality-of-life-in-service-members-and-veterans-with-posttraumatic-stress-disorder
#10
Noah D Silverberg, Magdalena Wojtowicz, Eric Bui, Rebecca Wershba, Ross Zafonte, Lauren M Laifer, Naomi M Simon, Grant L Iverson
Perceived cognitive impairment is a core clinical feature of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and may be an important determinant of quality of life (QOL) in those who suffer from this disorder. Using a clinical data repository, we evaluated this hypothesis in a cross-sectional sample of U.S. military service members and veterans who served after September 11, 2001, and were seeking mental health treatment at a tertiary outpatient clinic. A consecutive series of 117 patients with a clinical diagnosis of PTSD completed a battery of questionnaires at intake, including the PTSD Checklist (Weathers, Litz, Herman, Huska, & Keane, 1993), a 4-item Cognitive Symptom subscale of the Neurobehavioral Symptom Inventory (Cicerone & Kalmar, 1995), the Depression Anxiety Stress Scale-21 (Lovibond & Lovibond, 1995), and the Quality of Life Enjoyment and Satisfaction Questionnaire (Endicott, Nee, Harrison, & Blumenthal, 1993)...
May 19, 2017: Journal of Traumatic Stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28498555/trauma-related-pain-reexperiencing-symptoms-and-treatment-of-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-a-longitudinal-study-of-veterans
#11
Gregory Bartoszek, Susan M Hannan, Janina Kamm, Barbara Pamp, Kelly P Maieritsch
Research has demonstrated a strong positive association between posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms and physical pain. However, few studies have explored the impact of pain problems on the symptoms and treatment of PTSD, and results remain inconsistent. This longitudinal study examined whether trauma-related and trauma-unrelated pain differentially and uniquely predicted reexperiencing symptoms. We also examined whether levels of reexperiencing symptoms mediated the relationship between pain intensity and posttreatment symptoms of avoidance, numbing, and hyperarousal (ANH)...
May 12, 2017: Journal of Traumatic Stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28471014/reckless-self-destructive-behavior-and-ptsd-in-veterans-the-mediating-role-of-new-adverse-events
#12
Joanna D Lusk, Naomi Sadeh, Erika J Wolf, Mark W Miller
The addition of self-destructive and reckless behavior as a symptom of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in DSM-5 has stimulated renewed interest in understanding relationships between these behaviors and trauma-related psychopathology. This study examined the relationship between reckless and self-destructive behaviors (RSDB), intervening exposure to new adverse events, and later PTSD severity in a sample of trauma-exposed veterans. At baseline, participants were assessed for RSDB (past 5 years) and current PTSD severity (N = 222)...
May 4, 2017: Journal of Traumatic Stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28470977/longitudinal-measurement-invariance-of-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-in-deployed-marines
#13
Ateka A Contractor, Elisa Bolton, Matthew W Gallagher, Charla Rhodes, William P Nash, Brett Litz
The meaningful interpretation of longitudinal study findings requires temporal stability of the constructs assessed (i.e., measurement invariance). We sought to examine measurement invariance of the construct of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) as based on the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders indexed by the PTSD Checklist (PCL) and the Clinician-Administered PTSD Scale (CAPS) in a sample of 834 Marines with significant combat experience. PTSD was assessed 1-month predeployment (T0), and again at 1-month (T1), 5-months (T2), and 8-months postdeployment (T3)...
May 4, 2017: Journal of Traumatic Stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449365/duty-related-trauma-exposure-and-posttraumatic-stress-symptoms-in-professional-firefighters
#14
Junghyun H Lee, Dayoung Lee, Jiae Kim, Kyoungsun Jeon, Minyoung Sim
Firefighters commonly encounter traumatic events during duty hours. The purpose of this study was to investigate the characteristics of duty-related trauma as risk factors for posttraumatic stress disorder in professional firefighters. A sample of 212 firefighters participated in the study and completed self-reported questionnaires. Potentially traumatic events (PTE) were assessed using a list of 17 traumatic event types. The posttraumatic stress symptoms (PTSS) were measured by the Impact of Event Scale-Revised (Lim et al...
April 2017: Journal of Traumatic Stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449364/the-association-between-peritraumatic-dissociation-and-ptsd-symptoms-the-mediating-role-of-negative-beliefs-about-the-self
#15
Johanna Thompson-Hollands, Janie J Jun, Denise M Sloan
Peritraumatic dissociation, a term used to describe a complex array of reactions to trauma, including depersonalization, derealization, and emotional numbness, has been associated with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms across a number of studies. Cognitive theory suggests that interpretations of traumatic events and reactions underlie the persistence of PTSD. The present study examined the associations among peritraumatic dissociation, posttraumatic cognitions, and PTSD symptoms in a group of trauma-exposed adults (N = 169)...
April 2017: Journal of Traumatic Stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429858/trauma-related-disgust-in-veterans-with-interpersonal-trauma
#16
Jessica Bomyea, Carolyn B Allard
Although traditionally conceptualized as an anxiety disorder, variability in posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) may be explained by individual differences in peri- or posttraumatic disgust. We examined relationships between disgust reactions and other trauma-related symptoms in 100 veterans with a history of interpersonal trauma and gender differences in these variables. We also evaluated the mediating role of posttraumatic disgust and guilt in the relationship between peritraumatic disgust and PTSD symptoms...
April 2017: Journal of Traumatic Stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422323/validating-a-virtual-environment-for-sexual-assault-victims
#17
Claudie Loranger, Stéphane Bouchard
Virtual reality has shown promising results in the treatment of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) for some traumatic experiences, but sexual assault has been understudied. One important question to address is the relevance and safety of a virtual environment (VE) allowing patients to be progressively exposed to a sexual assault scenario. The aim of this study was to validate such a VE. Thirty women (victims and nonvictims of sexual assault) were randomly assigned in a counter-balanced order to 2 immersions in a virtual bar: a control scenario where the encounter with the aggressor does not lead to sexual assault and an experimental scenario where the participant is assaulted...
April 2017: Journal of Traumatic Stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28407321/stability-and-change-in-posttraumatic-distress-a-7-year-follow-up-study-of-mothers-and-young-children-exposed-to-cumulative-trauma
#18
Ruth Pat-Horenczyk, Sarale Cohen, Yuval Ziv, M Achituv, Sophie Brickman, Tamar Blanchard, Danny Brom
In situations of cumulative trauma, it is often unclear why some people remain resilient, whereas others experience distress, and how likely these responses are to change over time. To investigate the constancy of responses to cumulative trauma, stability and change in posttraumatic distress and resistance (as defined by no evidence of clinical symptoms) were assessed twice in 140 Israeli children and mothers exposed to continual rocket attacks over approximately 7 years, when the children were 2-4 (Time 1) and 9-11 years of age (Time 2)...
April 2017: Journal of Traumatic Stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28398626/initial-findings-from-project-recover-overcoming-co-occurring-eating-disorders-and-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-through-integrated-treatment
#19
Kathryn Trottier, Candice M Monson, Stephen A Wonderlich, Marion P Olmsted
This pilot study is the initial investigation of an integrated cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) for co-occurring eating disorders (ED) and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Following a course of intensive hospital-based ED treatment focused on ED behavioral symptom interruption, 10 individuals with ED-PTSD received 16 sessions of CBT that focused on maintaining improvements in ED symptoms outside of the hospital environment and integrated cognitive processing therapy for PTSD. We hypothesized that the treatment would be associated with significant improvements in PTSD symptoms, depression, and anxiety, as well as sustained improvements in ED symptomatology...
April 2017: Journal of Traumatic Stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28370461/hurricane-sandy-exposure-and-the-mental-health-of-world-trade-center-responders
#20
Evelyn J Bromet, Sean Clouston, Adam Gonzalez, Roman Kotov, Kathryn M Guerrera, Benjamin J Luft
The psychological consequences of a second disaster on populations exposed to an earlier disaster have rarely been studied prospectively. Using a pre- and postdesign, we examined the effects of Hurricane Sandy on possible World Trade Center (WTC) related posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD Checklist score of ≥ 50) and overall depression (major depressive disorder [MDD]; Patient Health Questionnaire depression score of ≥ 10) among 870 WTC responders with a follow-up monitoring visit at the Long Island WTC Health Program during the 6 months post-Hurricane Sandy...
April 2017: Journal of Traumatic Stress
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