journal
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Journal of Traumatic Stress

journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29030878/the-association-between-ptsd-and-functional-outcome-is-mediated-by-perception-of-cognitive-problems-rather-than-objective-neurological-test-performance
#1
Kristin W Samuelson, Linda Abadjian, Joshua T Jordan, Alisa Bartel, Jennifer Vasterling, Karen Seal
Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) has been consistently linked to poorer functional outcomes, including quality of life, health problems, and social and occupational functioning. Less is known about the potential mechanisms by which PTSD leads to poorer functional outcomes. We hypothesized that neurocognitive functioning and perception of cognitive problems would both mediate the relationship between PTSD diagnosis and functioning. In a sample of 140 veterans of the recent wars and conflicts in Iraq and Afghanistan, we assessed PTSD symptoms, history of traumatic brain injury (TBI), depression, self-report measures of quality of life, social and occupational functioning, and reintegration to civilian life, as well as perception of cognitive problems...
October 14, 2017: Journal of Traumatic Stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29024124/examining-a-dual-process-model-of-desensitization-and-hypersensitization-to-community-violence-in-african-american-male-adolescents
#2
Noni K Gaylord-Harden, Grace J Bai, Dusan Simic
The purpose of the current study was to examine a dual-process model of reactivity to community violence exposure in African American male adolescents from urban communities. The model focused on desensitization and hypersensitization effects as well as desensitization and hypersensitization as predictors of aggressive behavior. Participants were 133 African American male high school students, mean age = 15.17 years, SD = 0.96. Participants completed measures of exposure to community violence, depressive symptoms, hyperarousal symptoms, aggressive beliefs, and aggressive behaviors at two time points...
October 12, 2017: Journal of Traumatic Stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29024028/emotion-dysregulation-and-social-support-in-ptsd-and-depression-a-study-of-trauma-exposed-veterans
#3
Daniel W Cox, A Myfanwy Bakker, James A Naifeh
Emotion dysregulation has been associated with impaired interpersonal functioning and increased risk of posttraumatic psychopathology. Given that social support is a robust predictor of psychiatric morbidity following trauma exposure, we examined whether emotion dysregulation was associated with posttraumatic psychopathology through its negative effect on social support. Using self-report data from 90 military veterans (89.9% men) enrolled in an outpatient psychotherapy program for posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), we found that social support partially mediated the effect of emotion dysregulation on PTSD (PM = ...
October 12, 2017: Journal of Traumatic Stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29024005/functional-limitations-among-responders-to-the-world-trade-center-attacks-14-years-after-the-disaster-implications-of-chronic-posttraumatic-stress-disorder
#4
Sean A P Clouston, Jack M Guralnik, Roman Kotov, Evelyn J Bromet, Benjamin J Luft
Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is associated with self-reported difficulties navigating the social and physical world and may also be associated with risk of functional limitations. The Short Physical Performance Battery (SPPB), an objective functional assessment, was administered during monitoring exams between January and December 2015 to a consecutive sample of 1,268 rescue workers, volunteers, and other responders who had aided in response, recovery, and cleanup efforts at the World Trade Center (WTC) in New York after the September 11, 2011 attacks...
October 12, 2017: Journal of Traumatic Stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29023929/friendship-in-war-camaraderie-and-prevention-of-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-prevention
#5
Michael D Nevarez, Hannah M Yee, Robert J Waldinger
Aspects of social support during combat deployment, such as unit cohesion, have been shown to affect later posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) development among veterans. We utilized a longitudinal database to assess how relationship quality with fellow soldiers in World War II (WWII) might be linked with postwar PTSD symptoms. Data were available on 101 men who experienced combat exposure in WWII, documented through postwar assessment. Upon study entry (1939 to 1942), data were collected on the quality of participants' early childhood relationships and their emotional adjustment during college...
October 12, 2017: Journal of Traumatic Stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28992383/evaluation-of-a-trauma-focused-group-intervention-for-unaccompanied-young-refugees-a-pilot-study
#6
Elisa Pfeiffer, Lutz Goldbeck
Recent research has shown that unaccompanied young refugees (UYR) encounter a wide range of traumatic events during preflight, flight, and resettlement. Although many UYR are resourceful, many develop posttraumatic stress symptoms (PTSS). However, only a small number of vulnerable UYR have access to trauma-focused interventions. Trauma-focused group interventions, adapted to the needs of UYR, may be one way of improving their mental health. A total of 29 male UYR between 14 and 18 years of age, mainly from Afghanistan, participated in the evaluation study of a trauma-focused group intervention entitled Mein Weg (My Way)...
October 9, 2017: Journal of Traumatic Stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28906037/patterns-of-smoking-and-unhealthy-alcohol-use-following-sexual-trauma-among-u-s-service-members
#7
Amber D Seelig, Anna C Rivera, Teresa M Powell, Emily C Williams, Arthur V Peterson, Alyson J Littman, Charles Maynard, Amy E Street, Jonathan B Bricker, Edward J Boyko
In the first known longitudinal study of the topic, we examined whether experiencing sexual assault or sexual harassment while in the military was associated with increased risk for subsequent unhealthy alcohol use and smoking among U.S. service members in the Millennium Cohort Study (2001-2012). Adjusted complementary log-log models were fit to estimate the relative risk of (a) smoking relapse among former smokers (men: n = 4,610; women: n = 1,453); (b) initiation of unhealthy alcohol use (problem drinking and/or drinking over recommended limits) among those with no known history of unhealthy alcohol use (men: n = 8,459; women: n = 4,816); and (c) relapse among those previously reporting unhealthy alcohol use (men: n = 3,487; women: n = 1,318)...
September 14, 2017: Journal of Traumatic Stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28763568/comorbidity-of-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-and-depression-in-tortured-treatment-seeking-refugees
#8
Angela Nickerson, Matthis Schick, Ulrich Schnyder, Richard A Bryant, Naser Morina
Comorbid posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and depression is common in refugee groups; however, little is known about the predictors and correlates of comorbidity in treatment-seeking refugees. Participants in this study were 134 refugees resettled in Switzerland. Most participants were from Turkey, Iran, and Sri Lanka, and 92.7% had been exposed to torture. Self-report measures were implemented to assess PTSD, depression, mental and physical health-related quality of life (QoL), as well as pre- and postmigration experiences...
August 2017: Journal of Traumatic Stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28763565/resilience-and-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-symptoms-in-national-guard-soldiers-deployed-to-iraq-a-prospective-study-of-latent-class-trajectories-and-their-predictors
#9
Melissa A Polusny, Christopher R Erbes, Mark D Kramer, Paul Thuras, Dave DeGarmo, Erin Koffel, Brett Litz, Paul A Arbisi
This study examined the prospective course of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms in a cohort of National Guard soldiers (N = 522) deployed to combat operations in Iraq. Participants were assessed 4 times: 1 month before deployment, 2-3 months after returning from deployment, 1 year later, and 2 years postdeployment. Growth mixture modeling revealed 3 distinct trajectories: low-stable symptoms, resilient, 76.4%; new-onset symptoms, 14.2%; and chronic distress, 9.4%. Relative to the resilient class, membership in both the new-onset symptoms and chronic distress trajectory classes was predicted by negative emotionality/neuroticism, odds ratios (ORs) = 1...
August 2017: Journal of Traumatic Stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28746747/association-of-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-with-rs2267735-in-the-adcyap1r1-gene-a-meta-analysis
#10
Mackenzie J Lind, Marisa E Marraccini, Christina M Sheerin, Kaitlin Bountress, Silviu-Alin Bacanu, Ananda B Amstadter, Nicole R Nugent
Recent studies point to the potential role of the (pituitary) adenylate cyclase activating polypeptide receptor 1 (ADCYAP1R1) gene, which has been implicated in stress response, in posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Multiple genetic association studies have examined potential PTSD risk related to this gene, with mixed results. We conducted a meta-analysis of rs2267735 in ADCYAP1R1 in PTSD. A literature search was conducted using PubMed and PsycINFO, resulting in nine studies that met criteria for inclusion in analysis...
August 2017: Journal of Traumatic Stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28741845/self-regulation-shift-theory-a-dynamic-systems-approach-to-traumatic-stress
#11
Charles C Benight, Kotaro Shoji, Douglas L Delahanty
Self-regulation shift theory (SRST) is a threshold theory explaining self-regulation following trauma that utilizes nonlinear dynamics to capture systemic shifts in trauma adaptation. Cusp catastrophe modeling tests nonlinear changes in an outcome (e.g., posttraumatic distress) based on an identified bifurcation factor under specific conditions (i.e., asymmetry variables). We evaluated two cusp models in a motor vehicle accident (MVA) database and then confirmed findings within a similar dataset. Based on SRST, we tested coping self-efficacy (CSE) as the bifurcation factor and a set of asymmetry controlling variables...
August 2017: Journal of Traumatic Stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28741810/gender-differences-in-machine-learning-models-of-trauma-and-suicidal-ideation-in-veterans-of-the-iraq-and-afghanistan-wars
#12
Jaimie L Gradus, Matthew W King, Isaac Galatzer-Levy, Amy E Street
Suicide rates among recent veterans have led to interest in risk identification. Evidence of gender-and trauma-specific predictors of suicidal ideation necessitates the use of advanced computational methods capable of elucidating these important and complex associations. In this study, we used machine learning to examine gender-specific associations between predeployment and military factors, traumatic deployment experiences, and psychopathology and suicidal ideation (SI) in a national sample of veterans deployed during the Iraq and Afghanistan conflicts (n = 2,244)...
August 2017: Journal of Traumatic Stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28741736/increased-mindfulness-skills-as-predictors-of-reduced-trauma-related-guilt-in-treatment-seeking-veterans
#13
Philip Held, Gina P Owens, J Richard Monroe, Kathleen M Chard
The present study examined the predictive role of increased self-reported mindfulness skills on reduced trauma-related guilt in a sample of veterans over the course of residential treatment for posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD; N = 128). The residential treatment consisted of seven weeks of intensive cognitive processing therapy (CPT) for PTSD, as well as additional psychoeducational groups, including seven sessions on mindfulness skills. Increased mindfulness skills describing, acting with awareness, and accepting without judgment were significantly associated with reductions in trauma-related guilt over the course of treatment...
August 2017: Journal of Traumatic Stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28708283/acute-stress-symptoms-in-seriously-injured-patients-precipitating-versus-cumulative-trauma-and-the-contribution-of-peritraumatic-distress
#14
John Briere, Colin P Dias, Randye J Semple, Catherine Scott, NoƩmie Bigras, Natacha Godbout
The relationship between type of trauma exposure, cumulative trauma, peritraumatic distress, and subsequent acute stress disorder (ASD) symptoms was examined prospectively in 96 individuals presenting with acute medical injuries to a Level 1 emergency/trauma department. Common precipitating traumas included motor vehicle-related events, stabbings, shootings, and physical assaults. At 2 to 3 weeks follow-up, 22.9% of participants had developed ASD. Univariate analysis revealed no relationship between type of precipitating trauma and ASD symptoms, whereas robust path analysis indicated direct effects of gender, lifetime cumulative trauma exposure, and peritraumatic distress...
August 2017: Journal of Traumatic Stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28700808/the-moderating-effect-of-childhood-maltreatment-on-the-relations-among-ptsd-symptoms-positive-urgency-and-negative-urgency
#15
Matthew Price, Julie P Connor, Holley C Allen
Childhood maltreatment increases the risk for posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and comorbid substance use disorder (SUD). One pathway by which this occurs is through impaired emotion regulation. Past research has shown that negative urgency, a deficit in the regulation of negative emotions, is strongly related to PTSD in those with comorbid SUD. However, there is minimal research on the relation between positive urgency and PTSD in those with comorbid SUD. The current study investigated the association between childhood maltreatment, positive urgency, negative urgency, and PTSD symptoms among those with SUD...
August 2017: Journal of Traumatic Stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28699663/posttraumatic-stress-symptoms-and-alcohol-related-outcomes-among-municipal-firefighters
#16
Joe Tomaka, Dejan Magoc, Stormy M Morales-Monks, Anabel C Reyes
This study examined levels of posttraumatic stress symptoms (PTSS) and relationships between PTSS and alcohol-related outcomes in a near census of municipal firefighters. The study also assessed substance-use coping and drinking to cope as potential mediators of such outcomes. Firefighters (N = 740) completed measures that assessed PTSS, alcohol risk behaviors, alcohol problems, drinking motives, and coping with stress. Results showed that 32.4% of firefighters reported significant levels of PTSS using National Center for PTSD (2014) screening cutoff scores...
August 2017: Journal of Traumatic Stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28696563/secondary-traumatization-and-differentiation-among-the-wives-of-former-pows-a-reciprocal-association
#17
Yael Lahav, Yafit Levin, Moshe Bensimon, Yaniv Kanat-Maymon, Zahava Solomon
Repercussions of war captivity may transmit to spouses of former prisoners of war (POW) via posttraumatic stress symptoms (PTSS). Overidentification with their partners underlies the PTSS experienced by former wives of POWs, thus implying impaired self-differentiation. Although wives' indirect exposure to their husbands' captivity and subsequent PTSS has been associated with the wives' PTSS and differentiation, the combined effects remain unclear. Furthermore, previous cross-sectional studies could not illuminate directionality...
August 2017: Journal of Traumatic Stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28696543/sense-of-threat-as-a-mediator-of-peritraumatic-stress-symptom-development-during-wartime-an-experience-sampling-study
#18
Liron Lapid Pickman, Talya Greene, Marc Gelkopf
Exposure and sense of threat have been associated with stress symptoms, yet these relationships have not been clarified during the peritraumatic period. We investigated the mediating role of sense of threat in the link between exposure to rocket warning sirens and stress symptoms during wartime, and the effect of severe mental illness (SMI) status and gender on this mediation. A 30-day twice-daily smartphone-based intensive assessment of exposure to sirens, sense of threat, and peritraumatic stress symptoms was performed during the 2014 Israel-Gaza conflict...
August 2017: Journal of Traumatic Stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28665526/cognitive-emotion-regulation-strategies-associated-with-the-dsm-5-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-criteria
#19
Antonia N Kaczkurkin, Yinyin Zang, Natalie G Gay, Alan L Peterson, Jeffrey S Yarvis, Elisa V Borah, Katherine A Dondanville, Elizabeth A Hembree, Brett T Litz, Jim Mintz, Stacey Young-McCaughan, Edna B Foa
Maladaptive cognitive emotion regulation strategies have been proposed to contribute to the maintenance of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Prior work has focused on the relationship between these strategies and PTSD as a whole, rather than on how they are related to each PTSD symptom cluster. The purpose of the current study was to determine whether cognitive emotion regulation strategies are predictive of certain PTSD symptom clusters under the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders 5th ed...
August 2017: Journal of Traumatic Stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28585777/natural-course-of-co-occurring-ptsd-and-alcohol-use-disorder-among-recent-combat-veterans
#20
Kyle Possemato, Stephen A Maisto, Michael Wade, Kimberly Barrie, Emily M Johnson, Paige C Ouimette
Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and alcohol use disorder (AUD) commonly co-occur in veterans, yet little is known about the longitudinal course of PTSD and drinking in comorbid populations. This study assessed the natural course of daily alcohol consumption and weekly changes in PTSD symptoms in 112 recent combat veterans over the course of 11 months. Latent class growth mixture modeling was used to classify individuals into distinct classes with similar PTSD symptom and alcohol use growth trajectories...
June 6, 2017: Journal of Traumatic Stress
journal
journal
29921
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"