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Journal of Sport & Exercise Psychology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28573943/applying-the-integrated-behavior-change-model-to-understanding-physical-activity-among-older-adults-a-qualitative-study
#1
Urska Arnautovska, Frances O'Callaghan, Kyra Hamilton
We explored older adults' experiences of physical activity (PA) and related decision-making processes underlying PA. Twenty Australians (Mage = 73.8 years) participated in semistructured interviews. Data were analyzed using thematic analysis, and identified themes were matched deductively within motivational, volitional, and implicit processes of the integrated behavior change model for PA. Motivational influences such as participants' time orientation toward health and perceptions of what PA should be like were frequently featured in participants' narratives...
June 2, 2017: Journal of Sport & Exercise Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28573918/-unknown-title
#2
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2, 2017: Journal of Sport & Exercise Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28253062/the-effects-of-feedback-valence-and-style-on-need-satisfaction-self-talk-and-perseverance-among-tennis-players-an-experimental-study
#3
Gert-Jan De Muynck, Maarten Vansteenkiste, Jochen Delrue, Nathalie Aelterman, Leen Haerens, Bart Soenens
Grounded in self-determination theory, this experimental study examined whether the valence (i.e., positive vs. negative) and style (i.e., autonomy-supportive vs. controlling) of normative feedback impact the self-talk, motivational experiences (i.e., psychological need satisfaction and enjoyment), and behavioral functioning (i.e., perseverance and performance) of tennis players (N = 120; Mage = 24.50 ± 9.86 years). Positive feedback and an autonomy-supportive style positively influenced players' enjoyment and perseverance, with psychological need satisfaction and self-talk playing an intervening role...
June 2, 2017: Journal of Sport & Exercise Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28169571/a-preliminary-exploration-of-the-application-of-self-compassion-within-the-context-of-sport-injury
#4
Zenzi Huysmans, Damien Clement
In a prospective study of collegiate athletes (N = 117), the application of self-compassion within the context of sport injury was explored. Previous literature indicated that self-compassion enhances adaptive coping and well-being and reduces anxiety in stress-provoking situations. This research suggested that it could potentially reduce the stress response and subsequent injury risk. Findings indicated that self-compassion may buffer the experience of somatic anxiety (rs = -.436, p < .01) and worry (rs = -...
June 2, 2017: Journal of Sport & Exercise Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28033034/understanding-the-consequences-of-newcomer-integration-processes-the-sport-team-socialization-tactics-questionnaire
#5
Alex J Benson, Mark Eys
The ways in which newcomers are integrated into sport teams may have broad consequences for the athletes entering the group, as well as for the existing team members. Drawing from organizational socialization theory, the current research developed a questionnaire to assess athletes' perceptions of how newcomers are socialized into their group. Across four studies, think-aloud interviews (N = 8), an expert panel review (N = 6), cross-sectional tests of the factor structure (NStudy 2 = 197; NStudy 3 = 460), and a two-wave correlational design (NStudy 4 = 194) were used to evaluate the construct validity and the internal consistency of the Sport Team Socialization Tactics Questionnaire (STSTQ)...
June 2, 2017: Journal of Sport & Exercise Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28033031/a-test-of-basic-psychological-needs-theory-in-a-physical-activity-based-program-for-underserved-youth
#6
Lindley McDavid, Meghan H McDonough, Bonnie T Blankenship, James M LeBreton
This study used a randomized controlled design to test the pathways in basic psychological needs theory, where social relationships characterized by autonomy support, involvement, and structure foster psychological need satisfaction and well-being. Participants were recruited from a physical-activity-based youth program. A new staff training was implemented to manipulate the use of each interpersonal characteristic by program staff (N = 24 observed) and perceptions of each interpersonal characteristic, psychological needs, hope, and self-worth in youth (N = 379 surveyed pre- and postprogram)...
June 2, 2017: Journal of Sport & Exercise Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28033030/kinesthetic-imagery-provides-additive-benefits-to-internal-visual-imagery-on-slalom-task-performance
#7
Nichola Callow, Dan Jiang, Ross Roberts, Martin G Edwards
Recent brain imaging research demonstrates that the use of internal visual imagery (IVI) or kinesthetic imagery (KIN) activates common and distinct brain areas. In this paper, we argue that combining the imagery modalities (IVI and KIN) will lead to a greater cognitive representation (with more brain areas activated), and this will cause a greater slalom-based motor performance compared with using IVI alone. To examine this assertion, we randomly allocated 56 participants to one of the three groups: IVI, IVI and KIN, or a math control group...
June 2, 2017: Journal of Sport & Exercise Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28787253/adversarial-growth-after-anterior-cruciate-ligament-reconstruction
#8
Britton W Brewer, Allen E Cornelius, Judy L Van Raalte, Howard Tennen
Although psychological research on sport injury has long focused on negative responses to injury, investigators have begun to explore positive consequences as well. This study examined adversarial growth longitudinally after anterior cruciate ligament surgery and rehabilitation. Participants (N = 108) completed questionnaires measuring (a) aspects of adversarial growth before anterior cruciate ligament surgery and at 6, 12, and 24 months after surgery and (b) daily pain and negative mood for 42 days postoperatively...
April 2017: Journal of Sport & Exercise Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28787252/an-intervention-to-improve-teachers-interpersonally-involving-instructional-practices-in-high-school-physical-education-implications-for-student-relatedness-support-and-in-class-experiences
#9
Cassandra Sparks, Chris Lonsdale, James Dimmock, Ben Jackson
Research grounded in self-determination theory has demonstrated the important role of teachers in shaping students' physical education experiences. Utilizing a cluster-randomized controlled design, this study aimed to examine whether an interpersonally involving training program based on self-determination theory principles could enhance students' in-class experiences. With 18 teachers (males = 8, females = 10, Mage = 32.75, SD = 8.14) and a final sample of 382 students (males = 155, females = 227, Mage = 13...
April 2017: Journal of Sport & Exercise Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28787251/let-s-walk-outdoors-self-paced-walking-outdoors-improves-future-intention-to-exercise-in-women-with-obesity
#10
Kleverton Krinski, Daniel G S Machado, Luciana S Lirani, Sergio G DaSilva, Eduardo C Costa, Sarah J Hardcastle, Hassan M Elsangedy
In order to examine whether environmental settings influence psychological and physiological responses of women with obesity during self-paced walking, 38 women performed two exercise sessions (treadmill and outdoors) for 30 min, where oxygen uptake, heart rate, ratings of perceived exertion, affect, attentional focus, enjoyment, and future intentions to walk were analyzed. Physiological responses were similar during both sessions. However, during outdoor exercise, participants displayed higher externally focused attention, positive affect, and lower ratings of perceived exertion, followed by greater enjoyment and future intention to participate in outdoor walking...
April 2017: Journal of Sport & Exercise Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28686519/regulatory-fit-improves-fitness-for-people-with-low-exercise-experience
#11
Sophie A Kay, Lisa R Grimm
Considering only 20.8% of American adults meet current physical activity recommendations, it is important to examine the psychological processes that affect exercise motivation and behavior. Drawing from regulatory fit theory, this study examined how manipulating regulatory focus and reward structures would affect exercise performance, with a specific interest in investigating whether exercise experience would moderate regulatory fit effects. We predicted that regulatory fit effects would appear only for participants with low exercise experience...
April 2017: Journal of Sport & Exercise Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28253050/does-walking-mitigate-affective-and-cognitive-responses-to-social-exclusion
#12
Anthony G Delli Paoli, Alan L Smith, Matthew B Pontifex
Social exclusion can produce harmful affective and cognitive responses that undermine healthy functioning. Physical activity is known to have acute affective and cognitive effects that are adaptive and therefore may mitigate these responses. The purpose of this study was to assess walking as a strategy to reduce the effects of social exclusion on affect and working memory performance. Healthy female college students (N = 96, Mage = 19.2 ± 0.8 years) were randomly assigned to one of four experimental conditions: (a) sedentary plus neutral feedback, (b) sedentary plus exclusion feedback, (c) walking plus neutral feedback, or (d) walking plus exclusion feedback...
April 2017: Journal of Sport & Exercise Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28169565/tracing-how-normative-messages-may-influence-physical-activity-intention
#13
René van Bavel, Gabriele Esposito, Tom Baranowski, Néstor Duch-Brown
Normative messages have been shown to increase intention to do physical activity. We traced how "positive" and "negative" normative messages influenced physical activity intention by comparing constructs of the model of goal-directed behavior with descriptive norms (MGDB + DNs) across control and treatment groups in an experiment. For this purpose, 16-24-year-old respondents (n = 1,200) in Bulgaria, Croatia, and Romania were asked about their age, sex, and levels of physical activity before being exposed to positive and negative normative messages and completing a questionnaire with MGDB + DNs scales...
April 2017: Journal of Sport & Exercise Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28169576/applying-the-integrated-behavior-change-model-to-understanding-physical-activity-among-older-adults-a-qualitative-study
#14
Urska Arnautovska, Frances O'Callaghan, Kyra Hamilton
We explored older adults' experiences of physical activity (PA) and related decision-making processes underlying PA. Twenty Australians (Mage= 73.8 years) participated in semi-structured interviews. Data were analyzed using thematic analysis and identified themes were matched deductively within motivational, volitional, and implicit processes of the integrated behavior change model for PA. Motivational influences such as participants' time orientation towards health and perceptions of what PA should be like were frequently featured in participants' narratives...
February 7, 2017: Journal of Sport & Exercise Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27834550/ironic-and-reinvestment-effects-in-baseball-pitching-how-information-about-an-opponent-can-influence-performance-under-pressure
#15
Rob Gray, Anders Orn, Tim Woodman
Are pressure-induced performance errors in experts associated with novice-like skill execution (as predicted by reinvestment/conscious processing theories) or expert execution toward a result that the performer typically intends to avoid (as predicted by ironic processes theory)? The present study directly compared these predictions using a baseball pitching task with two groups of experienced pitchers. One group was shown only their target, while the other group was shown the target and an ironic (avoid) zone...
February 2017: Journal of Sport & Exercise Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28033036/nonverbal-communication-of-confidence-in-soccer-referees-an-experimental-test-of-darwin-s-leakage-hypothesis
#16
Philip Furley, Geoffrey Schweizer
The goal of the present paper was to investigate whether soccer referees' nonverbal behavior (NVB) differed based on the difficulty of their decisions and whether perceivers could detect these systematic variations. On the one hand, communicating confidence via NVB is emphasized in referee training. On the other hand, it seems feasible from a theoretical point of view that particularly following relatively difficult decisions referees have problems controlling their NVB. We conducted three experiments to investigate this question...
December 2016: Journal of Sport & Exercise Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28033024/the-thin-line-a-phenomenological-study-of-mental-toughness-and-decision-making-in-elite-high-altitude-mountaineers
#17
Lee Crust, Christian Swann, Jacquelyn Allen-Collinson
Mental toughness (MT) is a key psychological variable related to achievement in performance domains and perseverance in challenging circumstances. We sought to understand the lived experiences of mentally tough high-altitude mountaineers, focusing primarily upon decisions to persevere or abort summit attempts. Phenomenological interviews were conducted with 14 mountaineers including guides, expedition leaders, and doctors (Mage = 44 years). A content analysis was employed to identify key themes in the data...
December 2016: Journal of Sport & Exercise Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28033023/affective-evaluations-of-exercising-the-role-of-automatic-reflective-evaluation-discrepancy
#18
Ralf Brand, Franziska Antoniewicz
Sometimes our automatic evaluations do not correspond well with those we can reflect on and articulate. We present a novel approach to the assessment of automatic and reflective affective evaluations of exercising. Based on the assumptions of the associative-propositional processes in evaluation model, we measured participants' automatic evaluations of exercise and then shared this information with them, asked them to reflect on it and rate eventual discrepancy between their reflective evaluation and the assessment of their automatic evaluation...
December 2016: Journal of Sport & Exercise Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28033022/students-motivational-profiles-in-the-physical-education-context
#19
John C K Wang, Alexandre J S Morin, Richard M Ryan, W C Liu
The purpose of the current study is to test the self-determination theory (SDT) continuum hypothesis of motivation using latent profile analysis (LPA). A total of 3,220 school students took part in the study. We compared LPA solutions estimated using the four motivation types versus the two higher-order dimensions to assess their degree of correspondence to the SDT continuum hypothesis. To examine the concurrent validity of the profiles, we also verified their associations with three predictors (age, gender, perception of physical education teachers' autonomy-supportive behaviors) and two outcomes variables (perceived competence and intentions to be physically active)...
December 2016: Journal of Sport & Exercise Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27834564/linking-narcissism-motivation-and-doping-attitudes-in-sport-a-multilevel-investigation-involving-coaches-and-athletes
#20
Doris Matosic, Nikos Ntoumanis, Ian David Boardley, Andreas Stenling, Constantine Sedikides
Research on coaching (Bartholomew, Ntoumanis, & Thøgersen-Ntoumani, 2009) has shown that coaches can display controlling behaviors that have detrimental effects on athletes' basic psychological needs and quality of sport experiences. The current study extends this literature by considering coach narcissism as a potential antecedent of coaches' controlling behaviors. Further, the study tests a model linking coaches' (n = 59) own reports of narcissistic tendencies with athletes' (n = 493) perceptions of coach controlling behaviors, experiences of need frustration, and attitudes toward doping...
December 2016: Journal of Sport & Exercise Psychology
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