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Journal of Sport & Exercise Psychology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29251084/further-evidence-for-an-external-focus-of-attention-in-running-looking-at-specific-focus-instructions-and-individual-differences
#1
Antje Hill, Linda Schücker, Norbert Hagemann, Bernd Strauß
Although attentional focusing in sports has been broadly investigated, the findings vary when it comes to endurance sports. This study provides a comparison between relevant foci in the literature of running economy. These include two internal foci-one addressing automated processes (running movement) and the other nonautomated processes (internal body signals and perceived exertion), an external focus (video) and a control condition. Furthermore, we investigated the influence of interoceptive sensitivity on oxygen consumption within the different attention conditions...
December 18, 2017: Journal of Sport & Exercise Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29185374/the-digest
#2
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 29, 2017: Journal of Sport & Exercise Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29185373/the-digest
#3
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 29, 2017: Journal of Sport & Exercise Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29185368/the-digest
#4
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 29, 2017: Journal of Sport & Exercise Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29185367/aiming-to-deceive-examining-the-role-of-the-quiet-eye-during-deceptive-aiming-actions
#5
Greg Wood, Samuel J Vine, Johnny Parr, Mark R Wilson
In three experiments, we explored the use of deceptive gaze in soccer penalty takers using eye-tracking equipment. In Experiment 1, players competed against a goalkeeper while taking unconstrained shots. Results indicated that when players used deception (looking to the opposite side to which they shot), they extended the duration of their final aiming (quiet eye) fixation and maintained shooting accuracy. In Experiment 2, with no goalkeeper present, players still used extended quiet-eye durations when using a deceptive strategy, but this time, their accuracy suffered...
November 29, 2017: Journal of Sport & Exercise Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29182423/the-digest
#6
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 28, 2017: Journal of Sport & Exercise Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29179631/bulimic-symptomatology-among-male-collegiate-athletes-a-test-of-an-etiological-model
#7
Justine Chatterton, Trent A Petrie, Keke L Schuler, Camilo Ruggero
We tested Petrie and Greenleaf's psychosocial model in relation to male athletes' bulimic symptomatology. Through structural equation modeling, we cross-sectionally examined the direct and indirect effects of general and sport-specific appearance pressures, internalization, body satisfaction, drive for muscularity, negative affect, and dietary restraint on bulimic symptomatology. Participants were U.S. male collegiate athletes (N = 698; Mage = 19.87 years) representing 17 sports. With minor respecifications, the model had acceptable fit, and the psychosocial variables explained 48% of the bulimic symptomatology variance...
November 28, 2017: Journal of Sport & Exercise Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29251089/the-antecedents-of-coaches-interpersonal-behaviors-the-role-of-the-coaching-context-coaches-psychological-needs-and-coaches-motivation
#8
Meredith Rocchi, Luc G Pelletier
This study explored how the coaching context influences coaches' psychological needs, motivation, and reported interpersonal behaviors, using self-determination theory. In Study 1, 56 coaches identified how contextual factors influence their coaching experience. Coaches identified administration, athlete motivation, colleagues, parents, professional development, time, and work-life as having the largest impact on them. In Study 2, 424 coaches reported on their perceptions of the factors identified in Study 1 and their psychological needs, motivation, and interpersonal behaviors...
October 1, 2017: Journal of Sport & Exercise Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29202628/-i-kinda-feel-like-wonder-woman-an-interpretative-phenomenological-analysis-of-pole-fitness-and-positive-body-image
#9
Ariel J Dimler, Kimberley McFadden, Tara-Leigh F McHugh
The purpose of this research was to describe and interpret the positive body image experiences of women actively engaged in pole fitness. A total of seven women between the ages of 20 and 36 years participated in semistructured one-on-one interviews and follow-up interviews. Participant observation was also used to generate data. Data were analyzed using an interpretative phenomenological analysis approach, and the positive body image experiences of women are represented by five themes: (a) observation and exposure fostering body acceptance, (b) performance promoting self-confidence, (c) personal growth and sexual expression, (d) unconditional community support creates comfort, and (e) body appreciation through physical skill development...
October 1, 2017: Journal of Sport & Exercise Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29111866/moral-identity-predicts-doping-likelihood-via-moral-disengagement-and-anticipated-guilt
#10
Maria Kavussanu, Christopher Ring
In this study, we integrated elements of social cognitive theory of moral thought and action and the social cognitive model of moral identity to better understand doping likelihood in athletes. Participants (N = 398) recruited from a variety of team sports completed measures of moral identity, moral disengagement, anticipated guilt, and doping likelihood. Moral identity predicted doping likelihood indirectly via moral disengagement and anticipated guilt. Anticipated guilt about potential doping mediated the relationship between moral disengagement and doping likelihood...
August 1, 2017: Journal of Sport & Exercise Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29111863/multicomponent-exercise-intervention-and-metacognition-in-obese-preadolescents-a-randomized-controlled-study
#11
Feng-Tzu Chen, Su-Ru Chen, I-Hua Chu, Jen-Hao Liu, Yu-Kai Chang
This study examines the effect of a 12-week multicomponent exercise intervention on metacognition among preadolescents with obesity. Seventy-five preadolescents were randomly assigned to either a multicomponent exercise group or a reading control group. An exercise intervention consisting of a jumping rope was utilized to develop multifaceted fitness features, with each session lasting for 75 min and three sessions being conducted per week for 12 weeks. Results revealed significant interactions between group and time point for cardiovascular fitness, muscular endurance, flexibility, and power, as well as for Tower of London task measures, including total move score, total executive time, and total planning-solving time, with better postintervention performances achieved by the exercise group...
August 1, 2017: Journal of Sport & Exercise Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29084461/proposed-sources-of-coaching-efficacy-a-meta-analysis
#12
Nicholas D Myers, Sung Eun Park, Soyeon Ahn, Seungmin Lee, Philip J Sullivan, Deborah L Feltz
Coaching efficacy refers to the extent to which a coach believes that he or she has the capacity to affect the learning and performance of his or her athletes. The purpose of the current study was to empirically synthesize findings across the extant literature to estimate relationships between the proposed sources of coaching efficacy and each of the dimensions of coaching efficacy. A literature search yielded 20 studies and 278 effect size estimates that met the inclusion criteria. The overall relationship between the proposed sources of coaching efficacy and each dimension of coaching efficacy was positive and ranged from small to medium in size...
August 1, 2017: Journal of Sport & Exercise Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29064317/executive-functions-trait-self-control-and-the-intention-behavior-gap-in-physical-activity-behavior
#13
Ines Pfeffer, Tilo Strobach
Many people fail to translate their physical activity intentions into behavior. This intention-behavior gap can be explained by (a) explicit trait self-control, (b) implicit executive functions, and (c) their interactions. In 118 participants, the intention-behavior gap was measured in a prospective design. Trait self-control was assessed via self-report questionnaires, whereas executive functioning was measured with test performance in inhibition, updating, and shifting at baseline. Regression analysis showed that (a) higher trait self-control predicts a smaller intention-behavior gap; (b) updating performance is related with this gap; and (c) behavior in tests on inhibition, updating, and shifting moderate the relation between the trait self-control and the intention-behavior gap...
August 1, 2017: Journal of Sport & Exercise Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28985100/aerobic-exercise-during-encoding-impairs-hippocampus-dependent-memory
#14
Keishi Soga, Keita Kamijo, Hiroaki Masaki
We investigated how aerobic exercise during encoding affects hippocampus-dependent memory through a source memory task that assessed hippocampus-independent familiarity and hippocampus-dependent recollection processes. Using a within-participants design, young adult participants performed a memory-encoding task while performing a cycling exercise or being seated. The subsequent retrieval phase was conducted while sitting on a chair. We assessed behavioral and event-related brain potential measures of familiarity and recollection processes during the retrieval phase...
August 1, 2017: Journal of Sport & Exercise Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937320/self-regulation-and-implicit-attitudes-toward-physical-activity-influence-exercise-behavior
#15
Avelina C Padin, Charles F Emery, Michael Vasey, Janice K Kiecolt-Glaser
Dual-process models of health behavior posit that implicit and explicit attitudes independently drive healthy behaviors. Prior evidence indicates that implicit attitudes may be related to weekly physical activity (PA) levels, but the extent to which self-regulation attenuates this link remains unknown. This study examined the associations between implicit attitudes and self-reported PA during leisure time among 150 highly active young adults and evaluated the extent to which effortful control (one aspect of self-regulation) moderated this relationship...
August 1, 2017: Journal of Sport & Exercise Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28573943/applying-the-integrated-behavior-change-model-to-understanding-physical-activity-among-older-adults-a-qualitative-study
#16
Urska Arnautovska, Frances O'Callaghan, Kyra Hamilton
We explored older adults' experiences of physical activity (PA) and related decision-making processes underlying PA. Twenty Australians (Mage = 73.8 years) participated in semistructured interviews. Data were analyzed using thematic analysis, and identified themes were matched deductively within motivational, volitional, and implicit processes of the integrated behavior change model for PA. Motivational influences such as participants' time orientation toward health and perceptions of what PA should be like were frequently featured in participants' narratives...
June 2, 2017: Journal of Sport & Exercise Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28573918/-unknown-title
#17
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2, 2017: Journal of Sport & Exercise Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28253062/the-effects-of-feedback-valence-and-style-on-need-satisfaction-self-talk-and-perseverance-among-tennis-players-an-experimental-study
#18
Gert-Jan De Muynck, Maarten Vansteenkiste, Jochen Delrue, Nathalie Aelterman, Leen Haerens, Bart Soenens
Grounded in self-determination theory, this experimental study examined whether the valence (i.e., positive vs. negative) and style (i.e., autonomy-supportive vs. controlling) of normative feedback impact the self-talk, motivational experiences (i.e., psychological need satisfaction and enjoyment), and behavioral functioning (i.e., perseverance and performance) of tennis players (N = 120; Mage = 24.50 ± 9.86 years). Positive feedback and an autonomy-supportive style positively influenced players' enjoyment and perseverance, with psychological need satisfaction and self-talk playing an intervening role...
June 2, 2017: Journal of Sport & Exercise Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28169571/a-preliminary-exploration-of-the-application-of-self-compassion-within-the-context-of-sport-injury
#19
Zenzi Huysmans, Damien Clement
In a prospective study of collegiate athletes (N = 117), the application of self-compassion within the context of sport injury was explored. Previous literature indicated that self-compassion enhances adaptive coping and well-being and reduces anxiety in stress-provoking situations. This research suggested that it could potentially reduce the stress response and subsequent injury risk. Findings indicated that self-compassion may buffer the experience of somatic anxiety (rs = -.436, p < .01) and worry (rs = -...
June 2, 2017: Journal of Sport & Exercise Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28033034/understanding-the-consequences-of-newcomer-integration-processes-the-sport-team-socialization-tactics-questionnaire
#20
Alex J Benson, Mark Eys
The ways in which newcomers are integrated into sport teams may have broad consequences for the athletes entering the group, as well as for the existing team members. Drawing from organizational socialization theory, the current research developed a questionnaire to assess athletes' perceptions of how newcomers are socialized into their group. Across four studies, think-aloud interviews (N = 8), an expert panel review (N = 6), cross-sectional tests of the factor structure (NStudy 2 = 197; NStudy 3 = 460), and a two-wave correlational design (NStudy 4 = 194) were used to evaluate the construct validity and the internal consistency of the Sport Team Socialization Tactics Questionnaire (STSTQ)...
June 2, 2017: Journal of Sport & Exercise Psychology
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