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Journal of Sport & Exercise Psychology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30404573/the-need-relevant-instructor-behaviors-scale-development-and-initial-validation
#1
Eleanor Quested, Nikos Ntoumanis, Andreas Stenling, Cecilie Thogersen-Ntoumani, Jennie E Hancox
PURPOSE: This article outlines the development and validation of the Need-Relevant Instructor Behaviors Scale (NIBS). Drawing from self-determination theory, the NIBS is the first observation tool designed to code the frequency and the intensity of autonomy-, competence-, and relatedness-relevant behaviors of exercise instructors. The scale also captures the frequency of need-indifferent behaviors. METHODS: The behaviors of 27 exercise instructors were coded by trained raters on two occasions, before and after they received training in adaptive motivational communication...
November 7, 2018: Journal of Sport & Exercise Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30384795/the-digest
#2
Kim Gammage, Rachel Arnold, Nicole Bolter, Lori Dithurbide, Karl Erickson, Blair Evans, Larkin Lamarche, Sean Locke, Eric Martin, Kathleen Wilson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 1, 2018: Journal of Sport & Exercise Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30380980/in-the-zone-an-exploration-of-personal-characteristics-underlying-affective-responses-to-heavy-exercise
#3
Leighton Jones, Jasmin C Hutchinson, Elizabeth M Mullin
Positive affective responses to exercise have been linked to longer-term adherence. The dual-mode model indicates that affective responses during heavy exercise (between the ventilatory threshold and the respiratory compensation point) are subject to interindividual variability (zone of response variability). Participants (N = 48) completed measures to assess personal characteristics prior to a graded exercise test. Responses to the Feeling Scale were recorded during the graded exercise test and subsequently used to group participants as either negative responders or neutral/positive responders to heavy exercise...
October 31, 2018: Journal of Sport & Exercise Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30380971/effects-of-the-timing-of-acute-exercise-and-movement-complexity-on-young-adults-psychomotor-learning
#4
Phillip D Tomporowski, Daniel M Pendleton
The role of acute bouts of exercise on young adults' psychomotor learning was assessed in two experiments. In Experiment 1, 10 min of exercise performed immediately following pursuit-rotor training improved retention of tracking movements, but only when measured 7 days following encoding and only under exercise conditions that required complex decisions. In Experiment 2, 10 min of exercise performed immediately prior to encoding resulted in a retention pattern similar to that seen in Experiment 1; however, performance did not differ significantly between exercise and control groups...
October 31, 2018: Journal of Sport & Exercise Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30376755/head-toes-knees-skip-improving-preschool-children-s-executive-function-through-a-motor-competence-intervention
#5
Kelly Lynn Mulvey, Sally Taunton, Adam Pennell, Ali Brian
Executive function skills play a critical role in school readiness for young children and can be improved through targeted intervention. However, children in preschool often experience deficits in multiple developmental domains. Thus, there is a need for integrated interventions that target multiple domains in concert. This study tested whether a proven gross motor skill intervention, Successful Kinesthetic Instruction for Preschoolers (SKIP), also improves preschoolers' executive function. Participants were randomly assigned to either intervention (n = 50) or control (n = 57) conditions...
October 30, 2018: Journal of Sport & Exercise Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30193559/student-motivation-in-high-school-physical-education-a-latent-profile-analysis-approach
#6
Barbara E Bechter, James A Dimmock, Joshua L Howard, Peter R Whipp, Ben Jackson
Guided by the principles of self-determination theory, the purpose of this study was to identify latent profiles representing high school students' motivational regulations for physical education (PE) and to model putative predictors and outcomes of profile membership. A sample of 532 Australian high school students, age 12-16 years (M = 13.83, SD = 1.13), reported their motivation for PE, perceptions of need satisfaction in PE, and effort expended in PE. Latent profile analysis revealed evidence of 3 distinct profiles that were consistent with continuum expectations outlined in self-determination theory (i...
August 1, 2018: Journal of Sport & Exercise Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30185099/providing-social-support-to-female-olympic-athletes
#7
Zoë A Poucher, Katherine A Tamminen, Gretchen Kerr
Support providers may experience positive and negative outcomes associated with supporting others. However, there is a lack of research on support provision to elite athletes and the views of athletes' support providers. This study addressed this gap by exploring the experiences of providing and receiving support between female Olympians and their main support providers. Five female Olympians and their main support providers participated in separate semistructured interviews. It appeared that support provision was personally and professionally rewarding, as well as challenging, for support providers, and athletes were generally satisfied with the support they received...
August 1, 2018: Journal of Sport & Exercise Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30176746/individual-differences-in-the-competence-for-physical-activity-related-affect-regulation-moderate-the-activity-affect-association-in-real-life-situations
#8
Gorden Sudeck, Stephanie Jeckel, Tanja Schubert
Physical activity (PA) is positively associated with affective well-being in adults. This study investigated the moderating role of the competence for PA-related affect regulation in the PA-affect association in real-life situations. A total of 37 women and 27 men completed an ecological momentary assessment study in which the authors used accelerometers to record PA and e-diaries to collect data on affective well-being on 4 study days. They applied multilevel analyses to estimate the within-person effects of PA on affective well-being and cross-level interactions between PA (within person) and PA-related affect regulation (between persons)...
August 1, 2018: Journal of Sport & Exercise Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30157704/female-athletes-experiences-of-positive-growth-following-deselection-in-sport
#9
Kacey C Neely, John G H Dunn, Tara-Leigh F McHugh, Nicholas L Holt
The purpose of this study was to explore female athletes' experiences of positive growth following deselection from provincial sport teams. Interviews were conducted with 18 women (Mage  = 22.45 years, SD = 1.38) who were deselected from provincial soccer, ice hockey, and volleyball teams as adolescents. Interpretative phenomenological analysis methodology was used. The analysis was guided by Tedeschi and Calhoun's model of posttraumatic growth. Results showed that participants questioned their identity and ability as athletes following deselection...
August 1, 2018: Journal of Sport & Exercise Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30157692/longitudinal-sport-motivation-among-young-athletes-in-intensive-training-settings-the-role-of-basic-psychological-needs-satisfaction-and-thwarting-in-the-profiles-of-motivation
#10
Valérian Cece, Noémie Lienhart, Virginie Nicaise, Emma Guillet-Descas, Guillaume Martinent
The purpose of this study was to examine the longitudinal profiles of sport motivation using a 3-wave design (beginning, middle, and end of the season) among a sample of 736 adolescent athletes involved in intensive training centers. The authors explored whether several subgroups of athletes representing distinct motivation profiles emerged from the analyses and whether athletes reporting various scores of satisfaction and thwarting of basic psychological needs (BPNS and BPNT) at time 1 (T1) belonged to distinct motivational profiles at T1, T2, and T3...
August 1, 2018: Journal of Sport & Exercise Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30073885/north-american-society-for-the-psychology-of-sport-and-physical-activity
#11
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 1, 2018: Journal of Sport & Exercise Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29543537/the-digest
#12
Kim Gammage, Rachel Arnold, Nicole Bolter, Lori Dithurbide, Karl Erickson, Blair Evans, Larkin Lamarche, Sean Locke, Eric Martin, Kathleen Wilson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 1, 2018: Journal of Sport & Exercise Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30008246/mediating-effects-of-parents-coping-strategies-on-the-relationship-between-parents-emotional-intelligence-and-sideline-verbal-behaviors-in-youth-soccer
#13
Pedro Teques, Luís Calmeiro, Henrique Martins, Daniel Duarte, Nicholas L Holt
The overall purpose of this study was to examine the mediating effects of parents' coping strategies on the relationship between parents' emotional intelligence and sideline verbal behaviors during their children's soccer games. Participants were 232 parents (120 mothers and 110 fathers) of youth soccer players age 9-13 years. Observations in situ were carried out at 30 soccer games during a soccer tournament. At the end of the game, parents were approached and asked to complete the Emotional Intelligence Scale and the Brief COPE scale...
June 1, 2018: Journal of Sport & Exercise Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30008243/within-person-relationships-between-recreational-running-and-psychological-well-being
#14
John B Nezlek, Marzena Cypryańska, Piotr Cypryański, Karolina Chlebosz, Karolina Jenczylik, Joanna Sztachańska, Anna M Zalewska
Participants in the study were recreational runners (N = 244) who maintained online diaries. Once a week for approximately 3 months they indicated how far they had run each day that week, and at the end of the week, they provided measures of their psychological well-being. A series of multilevel modeling analyses (weeks nested within persons) found that well-being, measured in terms of self-esteem, life satisfaction, self-efficacy, meaning in life, and affect, was positively related to how many days people ran each week and how far they ran each week...
June 1, 2018: Journal of Sport & Exercise Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30008241/goalkeepers-reputations-bias-shot-placement-in-soccer-penalties
#15
Florian Müller, Jonathan F Best, Rouwen Cañal-Bruland
Research has demonstrated that in addition to minor changes in goalkeepers' position or height, goalkeeper reputation seems to influence penalty takers' shot placement. However, this evidence is based on correlative designs. Here, the authors experimentally manipulated both height and reputation to examine their causal impact on actual shot placement. Penalty takers performed kicks facing goalkeepers of different height (tall vs. short) and reputation (high vs. low) projected on a life-size screen. Results showed that tall goalkeepers were judged as taller than short goalkeepers...
June 1, 2018: Journal of Sport & Exercise Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30008239/chunking-conscious-processing-and-eeg-during-sequence-acquisition-and-performance-pressure-a-comprehensive-test-of-reinvestment-theory
#16
Eduardo Bellomo, Andrew Cooke, James Hardy
This study was designed to test the theorized link between reinvestment, motor chunks, and conscious processing, to provide a thorough examination of reinvestment theory. The authors measured electroencephalographic power and connectivity alongside self-reported conscious processing and behavioral indices of chunking in a 2 (group) × 5 (block) mixed-model design. A total of 55 individuals acquired a motor sequence (blocks A1, A2, A3, and A4) by relatively explicit (errorful) or implicit (errorless) paradigms...
June 1, 2018: Journal of Sport & Exercise Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30001165/everyone-else-is-doing-it-the-association-between-social-identity-and-susceptibility-to-peer-influence-in-ncaa-athletes
#17
Scott A Graupensperger, Alex J Benson, M Blair Evans
The authors examined athletes' conformity to teammates' risky behaviors through a performance-based manipulation paradigm. They hypothesized that athletes who strongly identified with their team would be at increased risk of conforming to teammates' behaviors. Athletes (N = 379) from 23 intact National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) teams completed surveys (e.g., social identity) and reported the extent to which they would engage in risky behavior scenarios (e.g., drinking and driving). Then, researchers displayed ostensible responses that were manipulated to appear as though teammates reported high engagement in the risky behaviors...
June 1, 2018: Journal of Sport & Exercise Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29999460/does-visual-attention-impact-on-decision-making-in-complex-dynamic-events
#18
Stefanie Hüttermann, Werner F Helsen, Koen Put, Daniel Memmert
In recent years, several publications examined the underlying mechanisms that might have an impact on decision-making processes under time pressure. This study investigated how individual differences in attentional capability relate to decision making in complex dynamic offside events. A total of 24 professional football assistant referees (ARs) performed an offside decision-making task and an attention-demanding task. ARs with higher attentional capability along the horizontal meridian of their attentional focus made fewer mistakes when judging offside situations in football than ARs with lower capability...
June 1, 2018: Journal of Sport & Exercise Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29488827/the-digest
#19
Kim Gammage, Rachel Arnold, Nicole Bolter, Lori Dithurbide, Karl Erickson, Blair Evans, Larkin Lamarche, Sean Locke, Eric Martin, Kathleen Wilson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 1, 2018: Journal of Sport & Exercise Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29945470/mediating-mechanisms-in-a-physical-activity-intervention-a-test-of-habit-formation
#20
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Navin Kaushal, Ryan E Rhodes, John T Meldrum, John C Spence
BACKGROUND: A recent randomized controlled trial found that an intervention focused on developing an exercise habit increased weekly minutes of moderate to vigorous physical activity (MVPA) over 8 wk compared to a control group. The purpose of the current study was to test if changes in habit, as well as other behavioral strategy constructs from the Multi-Process Action Control Test, mediated between group condition and MVPA (self-report and accelerometry). METHODS: Inactive new gym members (N = 94) were randomized into control or experimental (habit-building) groups...
April 1, 2018: Journal of Sport & Exercise Psychology
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