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Journal of Sport & Exercise Psychology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27834564/linking-narcissism-motivation-and-doping-attitudes-in-sport-a-multilevel-investigation-involving-coaches-and-athletes
#1
Doris Matosic, Nikos Ntoumanis, Ian David Boardley, Andrew Stenling, Constantine Sedikides
Research on coaching (Bartholomew, Ntoumanis, & Thøgersen-Ntoumani, 2009) has shown that coaches can display controlling behaviors that have detrimental effects on athletes' basic psychological needs and quality of sport experiences. The current study extends this literature by considering coach narcissism as a potential antecedent of coaches' controlling behaviors. Further, the study tests a model linking coaches' (n = 59) own reports of narcissistic tendencies with athletes' (n = 493) perceptions of coach controlling behaviors, experiences of need frustration, and attitudes toward doping...
November 11, 2016: Journal of Sport & Exercise Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27834551/an-exercise-in-resistance-inoculation-messaging-as-a-strategy-for-protecting-motivation-during-a-monotonous-and-controlling-exercise-class
#2
James A Dimmock, Marylène Gagné, Lauren Proud, Timothy C Howle, Amanda L Rebar, Ben Jackson
Sustained attention has been devoted to studying the factors that support (or thwart) individuals' enjoyment of, interest in, and value judgments regarding, their exercise activities. We employed a resistance-inducing (i.e., inoculation theory) messaging technique with the aim of protecting these desirable perceptions in the face of environmental conditions designed to undermine one's positive exercise experiences. Autonomously-motivated exercisers (N = 146, Mage = 20.57, SD = 4.02) performed a 25-minute, group-based, instructor-led exercise circuit, in which the activities were deliberately monotonous, and during which the confederate instructor acted in a disinterested, unsupportive, and critical manner...
November 11, 2016: Journal of Sport & Exercise Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27834550/ironic-and-reinvestment-effects-in-baseball-pitching-how-information-about-an-opponent-can-influence-performance-under-pressure
#3
Rob Gray, Anders Orn, Tim Woodman
Are pressure-induced performance errors in experts associated with novice-like skill execution (as predicted by reinvestment/conscious processing theories) or expert execution towards a result that the performer typically intends to avoid (as predicted by ironic processes theory)? The present study directly compared these predictions using a baseball pitching task with two groups of experienced pitchers. One group was shown only their target while the other was shown the target and an ironic (avoid) zone. Both groups demonstrated significantly fewer target hits under pressure...
November 11, 2016: Journal of Sport & Exercise Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27834547/moderators-of-implicit-explicit-exercise-cognition-concordance
#4
Tanya R Berry, Wendy M Rodgers, David Markland, Craig R Hall
Investigating implicit-explicit concordance can aid in understanding underlying mechanisms and possible intervention effects. This research examined the concordance between implicit associations of exercise with health or appearance and related explicit motives. Variables considered as possible moderators were behavioral regulations, explicit attitudes, and social desirability. Participants (N = 454) completed measures of implicit associations of exercise with health and appearance, and questionnaire measures of health and appearance motives, attitudes, social desirability, and behavioral regulations...
November 11, 2016: Journal of Sport & Exercise Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27736369/should-we-be-looking-at-the-forest-or-the-trees-overall-psychological-need-satisfaction-and-individual-needs-as-predictors-of-physical-activity
#5
Jennifer Brunet, Katie E Gunnell, Pedro Teixeira, Catherine M Sabiston, Mathieu Bélanger
The objectives of this study were to examine if: (a) measures designed to assess satisfaction of competence, autonomy, and relatedness needs in physical activity contexts can represent both general and specific needs satisfaction, and (b) the specific needs are associated with concurrent moderate-to-vigorous intensity physical activity (MVPA) participation (Time 1) and MVPA participation four months later (Time 2), beyond general psychological need satisfaction (PNS). Data from 544 adolescents (Mage = 14.1 years, SD = 0...
October 13, 2016: Journal of Sport & Exercise Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27736294/delivery-and-receipt-of-a-self-determination-theory-based-extra-curricular-physical-activity-intervention-exploring-theoretical-fidelity-in-action-3-30
#6
Simon J Sebire, Mark J Edwards, Kenneth R Fox, Ben Davies, Kathryn Banfield, Lesley Wood, Russell Jago
The implementation, fidelity and receipt of a self-determination theory-based after-school physical activity intervention (Action 3:30) delivered by Teaching Assistants (TAs) was examined using a mixed-methods process evaluation. Physical activity motivation and need satisfaction were reported by 539 participants at baseline, the end of intervention and 4-month follow-up. Pupil and TA-reported autonomy-support and teaching efficacy were collected alongside interviews with 18 TAs and focus groups with 60 participants...
October 13, 2016: Journal of Sport & Exercise Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27736288/linking-psychological-need-satisfaction-and-physical-activity-to-dimensions-of-health-related-quality-of-life-during-adolescence-a-test-of-direct-reciprocal-and-mediating-effects
#7
Katie E Gunnell, Jennifer Brunet, Catherine Sabiston, Mathieu Bélanger
Despite research attention towards understanding relationships between psychological need satisfaction (PNS), moderate-to-vigorous intensity physical activity (MVPA), and health-related quality of life (HRQoL), methodological limitations make it difficult to establish reciprocal and mediating effects. Reciprocal relationships between PNS and MVPA were examined over four years and their effects on adolescents' change in dimensions of HRQoL were examined. Self-reported data were collected from 932 adolescents (Mage=10...
October 13, 2016: Journal of Sport & Exercise Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27736283/development-and-validation-of-the-adolescent-psychological-need-support-in-exercise-questionnaire
#8
Lydia G Emm-Collison, Martyn Standage, Fiona B Gillison
Grounded within self-determination theory (SDT; Ryan & Deci, in press; Deci & Ryan, 2000), three studies were conducted to develop and psychometrically test a measure of adolescents' perceptions of psychological need support for exercise (viz., for autonomy, competence, and relatedness): the Adolescent Psychological Need Support in Exercise Questionnaire (APNSEQ). In Study 1, 34-items were developed in collaboration with an expert panel. Through categorical confirmatory factor analysis and item response theory, responses from 433 adolescents were used to identify the best fitting and performing items in Study 2...
October 13, 2016: Journal of Sport & Exercise Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27736282/the-quiet-eye-provides-pre-planning-and-online-control-support-for-interceptive-task-performance
#9
Guoxiao Sun, Liwei Zhang, Samuel J Vine, Mark R Wilson
Longer quiet eye (QE) periods are associated with better performance across a range of targeting and interceptive tasks. However, the direction of this relationship is still unclear. The two studies presented aimed to narrow this knowledge gap by experimentally manipulating QE duration - by delaying its onset or by truncating its offset - in an aiming interceptive task. In experiment 1, the early trajectory was occluded, causing significantly shorter QE durations and worse subsequent performance. In experiment 2, both early and/or late trajectory were occluded...
October 13, 2016: Journal of Sport & Exercise Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27736281/prioritising-intentions-on-the-margins-effects-of-marginally-higher-prioritisation-strategies-on-physical-activity-participation
#10
Nikos L D Chatzisarantis, Vasilis Barkoukis, Panagiotis Petridis, Cecilie Thøgersen-Ntoumani, Nikos Ntoumanis, Sandra Gountas, John Gountas, Dimitrios Adam, Martin S Hagger
Previous research documented that 'extremely high prioritisation' strategies that involved allocation of all resources for time or energy on pursuing goals related to leisure-time physical activity and none of available resources on competing behavioural goals were the most optimal in terms of yielding highest levels of participation in physical activities. This study examined whether a 'marginally higher prioritisation' strategy that involved an intention to invest large but slightly more resources on physical activity than competing behaviours was optimal...
October 13, 2016: Journal of Sport & Exercise Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27736280/participant-perceptions-of-character-concepts-in-a-physical-activity-based-positive-youth-development-program
#11
Shaina Riciputi, Meghan H McDonough, Sarah Ullrich-French
Physical activity-based positive youth development (PYD) programs often aim to foster character development. This study examined youth perspectives of character development curricula and the impact these activities have on their lives within and beyond the program. This case study examined youth from low-income families in a physical activity-based summer PYD program that integrated one character concept (respect, caring, responsibility, trust) in each of 4 weeks. Participants (N = 24) included a cross-section of age, gender, ethnicity, and past program experience...
October 13, 2016: Journal of Sport & Exercise Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27736277/he-dies-he-scores-evidence-that-reminders-of-death-motivate-improved-performance-in-basketball
#12
Colin A Zestcott, Uri Lifshin, Peter Helm, Jeff Greenberg
This research applied insights from terror management theory (TMT; Greenberg, Pyszczynski, & Solomon, 1986) to the world of sport. According to TMT, self-esteem buffers against the potential for death anxiety. Because sport allows people to attain self-esteem, reminders of death may improve performance in sport. In Study 1, a mortality salience induction led to improved performance in a "one-on-one" basketball game. In Study 2, a subtle death prime led to higher scores on a basketball shooting task, which was associated with increased task related self-esteem...
October 13, 2016: Journal of Sport & Exercise Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27736273/transfer-of-training-after-an-organizational-intervention-in-swedish-sports-clubs-a-self-determination-theory-perspective
#13
Andreas Stenling, Susanne Tafvelin
Leadership development programs are common in sports, but seldom evaluated, hence, we have limited knowledge about what the participants actually learn and the impact these programs have on sports clubs' daily operations. The purpose of the present study was to integrate a transfer of training model with self-determination theory to understand predictors of learning and training transfer, following a leadership development program among organizational leaders in Swedish sports clubs. Bayesian multilevel path analysis showed that autonomous motivation and an autonomy-supportive implementation of the program positively predicted near transfer (i...
October 13, 2016: Journal of Sport & Exercise Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27736272/training-attentional-control-improves-cognitive-and-motor-task-performance
#14
Emmanuel Ducrocq, Mark Wilson, Sam Vine, Nazanin Derakshan
Attentional control is a necessary function for the regulation of goal-directed behavior. In three experiments we investigated whether training inhibitory control using a visual search task could improve task specific measures of attentional control and performance. In experiment 1 results revealed that training elicited a near-transfer effect; improving performance on a cognitive (antisaccade) task assessing inhibitory control. In Experiment 2 an initial far-transfer effect of training was observed on an index of attentional control validated for tennis...
October 13, 2016: Journal of Sport & Exercise Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27634288/within-day-time-varying-associations-between-behavioral-cognitions-and-physical-activity-in-adults
#15
Jaclyn P Maher, Eldin Dzubur, Jimi Huh, Stephen Intille, Genevieve F Dunton
This study used time-varying effect modeling to examine time of day differences in how behavioral cognitions predict subsequent physical activity (PA). Adults (N =116) participated in three, four-day "bursts" of Ecological Momentary Assessment (EMA). Participants were prompted with eight EMA questionnaires/day assessing behavioral cognitions (i.e., intentions, self-efficacy, outcome expectations) and wore an accelerometer during waking hours. Subsequent PA was operationalized as accelerometer-derived minutes of moderate- or vigorous-intensity PA in the two hours following the EMA prompt...
September 16, 2016: Journal of Sport & Exercise Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27634106/scarred-for-the-rest-of-my-career-career-long-effects-of-abusive-leadership-on-professional-athlete-aggression-and-task-performance
#16
Erica L Carleton, Julian Barling, Amy M Christie, Melissa Trivisonno, Kelsey Tulloch, Mark R Beauchamp
Based on the contention that leadership has sustained effects on followers even after the leader-follower relationship has ended, we investigated the career-long effects of abusive coach leadership on athlete aggression and task performance. Abusive leadership scores were derived from ratings by two independent raters' evaluations of coaches' biographies, and athlete aggression and task performance data were derived from objective sources. Data were obtained from players (N = 693) and coaches (N = 57) involved in the National Basketball Association (NBA) between 2000/2001 and 2005/2006 seasons...
September 16, 2016: Journal of Sport & Exercise Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27633956/quiet-eye-and-performance-in-sport-a-meta-analysis
#17
Jean-Charles Lebeau, Sicong Liu, Camilo Sáenz-Moncaleano, Susana Sanduvete-Chaves, Salvador Chacón-Moscoso, Betsy Jane Becker, Gershon Tenenbaum
Research linking the "quiet eye" (QE) period to subsequent performance has not been systematically synthesized. In this paper we review the literature on the link between the two through non-intervention (Synthesis 1) and intervention (Synthesis 2) studies. In the first synthesis, 27 studies with 38 effect sizes resulted in a large mean effect (d̄ = 1.04) reflecting differences between experts' and novices' QE periods, and a moderate effect size (d̄ = .58) comparing QE periods for successful and unsuccessful performances within individuals...
September 16, 2016: Journal of Sport & Exercise Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27385735/the-effects-of-acute-exercise-on-memory-and-brain-derived-neurotrophic-factor-bdnf
#18
Jennifer L Etnier, Laurie Wideman, Jeffrey D Labban, Aaron Piepmeier, Daniel M Pendleton, Kelly Dvorak, Katie Becofsky
Acute exercise benefits cognition, and some evidence suggests that brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) plays a role in this effect. The purpose of this study was to explore the dose-response relationship between exercise intensity, memory, and BDNF. Young adults completed 3 exercise sessions at different intensities (VO2 max, Vt-20%, Vt+20%). For each session, participants exercised for approximately 30 minutes. Following exercise, they performed the Rey Auditory Verbal Learning Test (RAVLT) to assess short-term memory, learning, and long-term memory recall...
July 7, 2016: Journal of Sport & Exercise Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27385719/dose-response-and-time-course-effects-of-acute-resistance-exercise-on-executive-function
#19
Christopher J Brush, Ryan L Olson, Peter J Ehmann, Steven Osovsky, Brandon L Alderman
The purpose of this study was to examine possible dose-response and time course effects of an acute bout of resistance exercise on the core executive functions of inhibition, working memory, and cognitive flexibility. Twenty-eight participants (14 females; Mage = 20.5 ± 2.1 yrs) completed a control condition and resistance exercise bouts performed at 40%, 70%, and 100% of their individual 10-repetition maximum. An executive function test battery was administered at 15-min and 180-min post-exercise to assess immediate and delayed effects of exercise on executive functioning...
July 7, 2016: Journal of Sport & Exercise Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27383379/interpersonal-emotion-regulation-among-adolescent-athletes-a-bayesian-multilevel-model-predicting-sport-enjoyment-and-commitment
#20
Katherine A Tamminen, Patrick Gaudreau, Carolyn E McEwen, Peter R Crocker
Efforts to regulate emotions can influence others, and interpersonal emotion regulation within teams may affect athletes' own affective and motivational outcomes. We examined adolescent athletes' (N = 451, N teams = 38) self- and interpersonal emotion regulation, as well as associations with peer climate, sport enjoyment, and sport commitment within a multilevel model of emotion regulation in teams. Results of multilevel Bayesian structural equation modeling showed that athletes' self-worsening emotion regulation strategies were negatively associated with enjoyment, while other-improving emotion regulation strategies were positively associated enjoyment and commitment...
July 7, 2016: Journal of Sport & Exercise Psychology
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