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Journal of Sport & Exercise Psychology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29543537/the-digest
#1
Kim Gammage, Rachel Arnold, Nicole Bolter, Lori Dithurbide, Karl Erickson, Blair Evans, Larkin Lamarche, Sean Locke, Eric Martin, Kathleen Wilson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 15, 2018: Journal of Sport & Exercise Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29488827/the-digest
#2
Kim Gammage, Rachel Arnold, Nicole Bolter, Lori Dithurbide, Karl Erickson, Blair Evans, Larkin Lamarche, Sean Locke, Eric Martin, Kathleen Wilson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 28, 2018: Journal of Sport & Exercise Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29580155/self-compassion-and-the-self-regulation-of-exercise-reactions-to-recalled-exercise-setbacks
#3
Brittany N Semenchuk, Shaelyn M Strachan, Michelle Fortier
Self-compassion facilitates health behavior self-regulation; few studies have examined self-compassion and exercise. This online, cross-sectional study investigated self-compassion's relationship with exercise self-regulation of an exercise setback. Adults (N = 105) who had experienced an exercise setback within the last 6 months completed baseline measures, recalled an exercise setback, and completed questionnaires assessing self-regulation in this context. Self-compassion associated with self-determined motivations and exercise goal reengagement, and negatively related to extrinsic motivations, state rumination, and negative affect...
February 1, 2018: Journal of Sport & Exercise Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29565235/team-action-imagery-and-team-cognition-imagery-of-game-situations-and-required-team-actions-promotes-a-functional-structure-in-players-representations-of-team-level-tactics
#4
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Cornelia Frank, Gian-Luca Linstromberg, Linda Hennig, Thomas Heinen, Thomas Schack
A team's cognitions of interpersonally coordinated actions are a crucial component for successful team performance. Here, we present an approach to practice team action by way of imagery and examine its impact on team cognitions in long-term memory. We investigated the impact of a 4-week team action imagery intervention on futsal players' mental representations of team-level tactics. Skilled futsal players were assigned to either an imagery training group or a no imagery training control group. Participants in the imagery training group practiced four team-level tactics by imagining team actions in specific game situations for three times a week...
February 1, 2018: Journal of Sport & Exercise Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29523049/adaptation-and-retention-of-a-perceptual-motor-task-in-children-effects-of-a-single-bout-of-intense-endurance-exercise
#5
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Blai Ferrer-Uris, Albert Busquets, Rosa Angulo-Barroso
We assessed the effect of an acute intense exercise bout on the adaptation and consolidation of a visuomotor adaptation task in children. We also sought to assess if exercise and learning task presentation order could affect task consolidation. Thirty-three children were randomly assigned to one of three groups: (a) exercise before the learning task, (b) exercise after the learning task, and (c) only learning task. Baseline performance was assessed by practicing the learning task in a 0° rotation condition...
February 1, 2018: Journal of Sport & Exercise Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29521569/in-it-together-a-qualitative-evaluation-of-participant-experiences-of-a-10-week-group-based-workplace-hiit-program-for-insufficiently-active-adults
#6
Florence-Emilie Kinnafick, Cecilie Thøgersen-Ntoumani, Sam O Shepherd, Oliver J Wilson, Anton J M Wagenmakers, Christopher S Shaw
Using guidance from the reach, efficacy, adoption, implementation, and maintenance evaluation framework, we aimed to qualitatively evaluate the participant experiences of a workplace high-intensity interval training (HIIT) intervention. Twelve previously insufficiently active individuals (four males and eight females) were interviewed once as part of three focus groups. Perceptions of program satisfaction, barriers to and facilitators of adherence, and persistence to exercise were explored. HIIT initiates interest because of its novelty, provides a sense of accomplishment, and overcomes the barriers of perceived lack of time...
February 1, 2018: Journal of Sport & Exercise Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29436923/thriving-on-pressure-a-factor-mixture-analysis-of-sport-performers-responses-to-competitive-encounters
#7
Daniel J Brown, Rachel Arnold, Martyn Standage, David Fletcher
Although considerable research exists on performers' responses to sporting encounters, little is known about thriving in sport contexts. The current study examined if distinct response patterns existed between sport performers who thrived in competitive encounters compared with those who did not. Participants were 535 sport performers (134 women; Mage  = 23.60 years, SDage  = 8.08; Mcompeting  = 11.84 years, SDcompeting  = 7.11). Results of factor mixture analysis supported a four-profile solution comprising a thriving group (n = 146), a low-functioning group (n = 38), and two groups characterized by scores marginally above (n = 131) and below (n = 209) the sample mean...
December 1, 2017: Journal of Sport & Exercise Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29424609/effects-of-mental-fatigue-on-physical-endurance-performance-and-muscle-activation-are-attenuated-by-monetary-incentives
#8
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Denver M Y Brown, Steven R Bray
Physical performance is impaired following cognitive control exertion. Incentives can ameliorate adverse carryover effects of cognitive control exertion but have not been investigated for physical endurance. This study examined the effect of monetary incentives on physical performance and muscle activation following exposure to a mentally fatiguing, cognitive control task. Participants (N = 82) performed two isometric endurance handgrip trials separated by a 12-min cognitive control manipulation using a 2 (high cognitive control [HCC]/low cognitive control [LCC]) × 2 (incentive/no incentive) design...
December 1, 2017: Journal of Sport & Exercise Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29419355/the-impact-of-agentic-and-communal-exercise-messages-on-individuals-exercise-class-attitudes-self-efficacy-beliefs-and-intention-to-attend
#9
Timothy C Howle, James A Dimmock, Nikos Ntoumanis, Nikos L D Chatzisarantis, Cassandra Sparks, Ben Jackson
We tested the effects of advertisements about a fictitious exercise class-derived using the theoretical constructs of agency and communion-on recipients' perceptions about, and interest in, the class. The final sample consisted of 150 adults (Mage  = 44.69, SD = 15.83). Results revealed that participants who received a communal-oriented message reported significantly greater exercise task self-efficacy and more positive affective attitudes relative to those who received an agentic-oriented message. Communal (relative to agentic) messages were also indirectly responsible for greater intentions to attend the class, via more positive self-efficacy beliefs and affective attitudes...
December 1, 2017: Journal of Sport & Exercise Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29417874/adaptive-working-memory-training-reduces-the-negative-impact-of-anxiety-on-competitive-motor-performance
#10
Emmanuel Ducrocq, Mark Wilson, Tim J Smith, Nazanin Derakshan
Optimum levels of attentional control are essential to prevent athletes from experiencing performance breakdowns under pressure. The current study explored whether training attentional control using the adaptive dual n-back paradigm, designed to directly target processing efficiency of the main executive functions of working memory (WM), would result in transferrable effects on sports performance outcomes. A total of 30 tennis players were allocated to an adaptive WM training or active control group and underwent 10 days of training...
December 1, 2017: Journal of Sport & Exercise Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29400607/experienced-and-anticipated-pride-and-shame-as-predictors-of-goal-directed-behavior
#11
Jenna D Gilchrist, David E Conroy, Catherine M Sabiston
This study examined how experienced and anticipated pride and shame were related to time spent training and effort expended toward training the following week. Participants (N = 158, 76% women; Mage  = 35.51, SD = 10.29 years) training for a marathon/half-marathon completed a weekly online questionnaire for 5 weeks leading up to a race. In the multilevel models, time spent training was positively predicted by race proximity, age, and effort expended that week. Effort expended toward training was predicted by the current week's effort, the amount of time spent training that week, and was greater for participants who usually reported experiencing more pride than others...
December 1, 2017: Journal of Sport & Exercise Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29185368/the-digest
#12
Kim Gammage, Rachel Arnold, Nicole Bolter, Angela Coppola, Thomas Curran, Lori Dithurbide, Karl Erickson, Mary Jung, Larkin Lamarche, Luc Martin, Kathleen Wilson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 1, 2017: Journal of Sport & Exercise Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29185373/the-digest
#13
Kim Gammage, Rachel Arnold, Nicole Bolter, Angela Coppola, Thomas Curran, Lori Dithurbide, Karl Erickson, Larkin Lamarche, Sean Locke, Luc Martin, Kathleen Wilson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 29, 2017: Journal of Sport & Exercise Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29182423/the-digest
#14
Kim Gammage, Rachel Arnold, Nicole Bolter, Angela Coppola, Thomas Curran, Lori Dithurbide, Karl Erickson, Larkin Lamarche, Sean Locke, Luc Martin, Kathleen Wilson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 28, 2017: Journal of Sport & Exercise Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29251089/the-antecedents-of-coaches-interpersonal-behaviors-the-role-of-the-coaching-context-coaches-psychological-needs-and-coaches-motivation
#15
Meredith Rocchi, Luc G Pelletier
This study explored how the coaching context influences coaches' psychological needs, motivation, and reported interpersonal behaviors, using self-determination theory. In Study 1, 56 coaches identified how contextual factors influence their coaching experience. Coaches identified administration, athlete motivation, colleagues, parents, professional development, time, and work-life as having the largest impact on them. In Study 2, 424 coaches reported on their perceptions of the factors identified in Study 1 and their psychological needs, motivation, and interpersonal behaviors...
October 1, 2017: Journal of Sport & Exercise Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29251084/further-evidence-for-an-external-focus-of-attention-in-running-looking-at-specific-focus-instructions-and-individual-differences
#16
Antje Hill, Linda Schücker, Norbert Hagemann, Bernd Strauß
Although attentional focusing in sports has been broadly investigated, the findings vary when it comes to endurance sports. This study provides a comparison between relevant foci in the literature of running economy. These include two internal foci-one addressing automated processes (running movement) and the other nonautomated processes (internal body signals and perceived exertion), an external focus (video) and a control condition. Furthermore, we investigated the influence of interoceptive sensitivity on oxygen consumption within the different attention conditions...
October 1, 2017: Journal of Sport & Exercise Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29202628/-i-kinda-feel-like-wonder-woman-an-interpretative-phenomenological-analysis-of-pole-fitness-and-positive-body-image
#17
Ariel J Dimler, Kimberley McFadden, Tara-Leigh F McHugh
The purpose of this research was to describe and interpret the positive body image experiences of women actively engaged in pole fitness. A total of seven women between the ages of 20 and 36 years participated in semistructured one-on-one interviews and follow-up interviews. Participant observation was also used to generate data. Data were analyzed using an interpretative phenomenological analysis approach, and the positive body image experiences of women are represented by five themes: (a) observation and exposure fostering body acceptance, (b) performance promoting self-confidence, (c) personal growth and sexual expression, (d) unconditional community support creates comfort, and (e) body appreciation through physical skill development...
October 1, 2017: Journal of Sport & Exercise Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29185374/the-digest
#18
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 1, 2017: Journal of Sport & Exercise Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29185367/aiming-to-deceive-examining-the-role-of-the-quiet-eye-during-deceptive-aiming-actions
#19
Greg Wood, Samuel J Vine, Johnny Parr, Mark R Wilson
In three experiments, we explored the use of deceptive gaze in soccer penalty takers using eye-tracking equipment. In Experiment 1, players competed against a goalkeeper while taking unconstrained shots. Results indicated that when players used deception (looking to the opposite side to which they shot), they extended the duration of their final aiming (quiet eye) fixation and maintained shooting accuracy. In Experiment 2, with no goalkeeper present, players still used extended quiet-eye durations when using a deceptive strategy, but this time, their accuracy suffered...
October 1, 2017: Journal of Sport & Exercise Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29179631/bulimic-symptomatology-among-male-collegiate-athletes-a-test-of-an-etiological-model
#20
Justine Chatterton, Trent A Petrie, Keke L Schuler, Camilo Ruggero
We tested Petrie and Greenleaf's psychosocial model in relation to male athletes' bulimic symptomatology. Through structural equation modeling, we cross-sectionally examined the direct and indirect effects of general and sport-specific appearance pressures, internalization, body satisfaction, drive for muscularity, negative affect, and dietary restraint on bulimic symptomatology. Participants were U.S. male collegiate athletes (N = 698; Mage  = 19.87 years) representing 17 sports. With minor respecifications, the model had acceptable fit, and the psychosocial variables explained 48% of the bulimic symptomatology variance...
October 1, 2017: Journal of Sport & Exercise Psychology
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