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Journal of Radiological Protection: Official Journal of the Society for Radiological Protection

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726678/collateral-contamination-concomitant-to-the-polonium-210-poisoning-of-mr-alexander-litvinenko
#1
John D Harrison, Tracy Smith, Tim Fell, Jenny Smith, George Ham, Richard Haylock, Alan Hodgson, George Etherington
Mr Litvinenko died on 23rd November 2006, having been poisoned with polonium-210 on 1st November, with evidence of a previous poisoning attempt during October 2006. Measurements of 210Po in urine samples were made for a large number of people to determine whether they may have been contaminated. In the majority of cases, measured levels were attributable to the presence of 210Po from normal dietary sources. For a small number of cases, elevated levels provided evidence of direct contamination associated with the poisonings...
July 20, 2017: Journal of Radiological Protection: Official Journal of the Society for Radiological Protection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721950/summaries-of-articles-in-this-issue
#2
(no author information available yet)
Summaries of the articles in this issue are given in the PDF file.
July 19, 2017: Journal of Radiological Protection: Official Journal of the Society for Radiological Protection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721948/summaries-of-articles-in-this-issue
#3
(no author information available yet)
Summaries of the articles in this issue are given in the PDF file.
July 19, 2017: Journal of Radiological Protection: Official Journal of the Society for Radiological Protection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721947/removal-of-scatter-radiation-in-paediatric-cardiac-catheterisation-a-randomised-controlled-clinical-trial
#4
Richard Gould, Sonyia L McFadden, Andrew J Sands, Brian A McCrossan, Simon Horn, Kevin M Prise, Philip Doyle, Ciara M Hughes
This study sought to determine if DNA integrity was compromised by ionising radiation from paediatric cardiac catheterisations and if dose optimisation techniques allowed DNA integrity to be maintained. Materials and Methods: Children were imaged using either: (i) an anti-scatter grid (current departmental protocol), (ii) no anti-scatter grid or, (iii) no anti-scatter grid and a 15 cm air-gap between the child and the X-ray detector. Dose area product and image quality were assessed, lifetime attributable cancer risk estimates were calculated and DNA double-strand breakages quantified using the γH2AX assay...
July 19, 2017: Journal of Radiological Protection: Official Journal of the Society for Radiological Protection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721946/summaries-of-articles-in-this-issue
#5
(no author information available yet)
Summaries of the articles in this issue are given in the PDF file.
July 19, 2017: Journal of Radiological Protection: Official Journal of the Society for Radiological Protection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721945/summaries-of-articles-in-this-issue
#6
(no author information available yet)
Summaries of the articles in this issue are given in the PDF file.
July 19, 2017: Journal of Radiological Protection: Official Journal of the Society for Radiological Protection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714463/summaries-of-articles-in-this-issue
#7
(no author information available yet)
Summaries of the articles in this issue are given in the PDF file.
July 17, 2017: Journal of Radiological Protection: Official Journal of the Society for Radiological Protection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714457/summaries-of-articles-in-this-issue
#8
(no author information available yet)
Summaries of the articles in this issue are given in the PDF file.
July 17, 2017: Journal of Radiological Protection: Official Journal of the Society for Radiological Protection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28696339/dose-estimation-to-eye-lens-of-industrial-gamma-radiography-workers-using-monte-carlo-method
#9
Alexandre Roza Lima, John Graham Hunt, Francisco Cesar Augusto Da Silva
The ICRP Statement on Tissue Reactions (2011) based on epidemiological evidences recommended a reduction for the eye lens equivalent dose limit from 150 to 20 mSv per year. This paper presents mainly the doses estimation received by industrial gamma radiography workers, during planned or accidental exposure situations to eye lens, Hp(10) and effective dose. A Brazilian Visual Monte Carlo Dose Calculation program was used and two relevant scenarios were considered. For the planned exposure situation, twelve radiographic exposures per day for 250 days per year, which leads to a direct exposure of 10 hours per year, were considered...
July 11, 2017: Journal of Radiological Protection: Official Journal of the Society for Radiological Protection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28696335/a-double-diamond-anniversary-kyshtym-and-windscale-the-nuclear-accidents-of-1957
#10
Richard Wakeford
Editorial, so no Abstract.
July 11, 2017: Journal of Radiological Protection: Official Journal of the Society for Radiological Protection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28696332/world-association-of-medical-editors-wame-statement-on-predatory-journals
#11
Richard Wakeford
N&I piece so no abstract.
July 11, 2017: Journal of Radiological Protection: Official Journal of the Society for Radiological Protection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28682791/individual-external-dose-monitoring-of-all-citizens-of-date-city-by-passive-dosimeter-5-to-51-months-after-the-fukushima-npp-accident-series-ii-prediction-of-lifetime-additional-effective-dose-and-evaluating-the-effect-of-decontamination-on-individual-dose
#12
Makoto Miyazaki, Ryugo Hayano
In the first paper of this series, we showed that the ratio c of individual dose to ambient dose did not change with time in Date City, Fukushima Prefecture, after the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant accident. The purpose of the present paper, the second in a series, is to estimate the lifetime doses of the Date City residents, based on continuous glass badge monitoring data, extrapolated by means of the ambient-dose-rate reduction function obtained from the airborne monitoring data. As a result, we found that the external exposure contribution to the mean additional lifetime dose of residents living in Date City is not expected to exceed 18 mSv...
July 6, 2017: Journal of Radiological Protection: Official Journal of the Society for Radiological Protection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28677594/optimization-of-imaging-protocols-in-interventional-cardiology-impact-on-patient-doses
#13
José Manuel Ordiales, Eliseo Vano, Juan Manuel Nogales, José Ramos, José Ramón López-Mínguez, Ginés Martínez, Pablo Cerrato, Fernando Alvarez
The purpose of this work is to evaluate the impact of the imaging protocol as part of the optimization of patient doses in interventional cardiology. This paper reports the results of an initial study to refine the existing fluoroscopy and cine settings, evaluates a new imaging protocol by measuring the image quality and phantom entrance air kerma values, and tests the clinical implementation of the new protocol in terms of the reduction in patient doses and the impact on clinical images. The initial study developed a new fluoroscopy mode using 7...
July 5, 2017: Journal of Radiological Protection: Official Journal of the Society for Radiological Protection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28675752/re-the-high-price-of-public-fear-of-low-dose-radiation
#14
Sergei V Jargin
Letter to the Editor Re.: Waltar A E et al 2016 The high price of public fear of low-dose radiation J. Radiol. Prot. 36 387.
July 4, 2017: Journal of Radiological Protection: Official Journal of the Society for Radiological Protection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28657905/methods-of-minimizing-doses-incurred-by-external-exposure-while-moving-in-radiation-hazardous-areas
#15
Konstantin Chizhov, Malgorzata K Sneve, Sergey Shinkarev, Alexander Tsovyanov, Graham Smith, Aleksander Krasnoschekov, Aleksander Kosnikov, Igor Kemsky, Victor Kryuchkov
Radiation doses received by workers during their movement within areas contaminated as a result of events and activities, leading to emergency or existing exposure situations, may provide a substantial contribution to total external exposure during remediation work. This paper describes an approach to minimize worker external exposure in these circumstances, based on graph theory. The paper describes several tasks, including: searching for a route with the lowest dose, searching for an optimal bypass with a given set of control points and searching for the optimal road network coverage...
June 28, 2017: Journal of Radiological Protection: Official Journal of the Society for Radiological Protection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632136/perinatal-mortality-after-the-fukushima-accident
#16
Alfred Korblein, Helmut Küchenhoff
This is a letter, so no abstract is needed.
June 20, 2017: Journal of Radiological Protection: Official Journal of the Society for Radiological Protection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631620/effectiveness-of-pelvic-lead-blanket-to-reduce-the-doses-to-eye-lens-and-hands-of-interventional-cardiologists-and-assistant-nurses
#17
Włodzimierz Grabowicz, Joanna Karolina Domienik-Andrzejewska, Konrad Masiarek, Tomasz Górnik, Tomasz Grycewicz, Marcin Brodecki, Andrzej Lubiński
The aim of the present study is to analyse quantitatively the potential reduction of the doses to eye lens and the hands of an operator and a nurse by the pelvic lead blanket during coronary angiography (CA) and percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty (PTCA) procedures. Thermoluminescent dosimeters (TLDs) were used to assess dose levels to left eye lens and left and right fingers of both physician and nurses during single procedures performed with or without lead blanket. The measurements were carried out in one medical centre and include dosimetric data from100 procedures...
June 20, 2017: Journal of Radiological Protection: Official Journal of the Society for Radiological Protection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28617675/application-of-rodes-software-to-experimental-biokinetic-data-for-dose-assessment-in-mice-and-rats
#18
H Miloudi, M Locatelli, G Autret, D Balvay, A Desbree, E Blanchardon, J M Bertho
H Miloudi, M Locatelli, G Autret, D Balvay, A Desbrée, E Blanchardon, J M Bertho: application of RODES software to experimental biokinetic data for dose assessment in mice and rats. In support of experimental studies of chronic, long-term contamination in rodents, voxel-based computer models were built representing adult mice and juvenile, adult and elderly rats of both sexes. RODES software was created to calculate absorbed radiation doses to organs with these specific anatomical models. Absorbed doses were then calculated starting from previously published biokinetic data...
June 15, 2017: Journal of Radiological Protection: Official Journal of the Society for Radiological Protection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28617669/representativeness-of-individual-external-doses-estimated-for-one-quarter-of-residents-in-the-fukushima-prefecture-after-the-nuclear-disaster-the-fukushima-health-management-survey
#19
Tetsuo Ishikawa, Hideto Takahashi, Seiji Yasumura, Akira Ohtsuru, Akira Sakai, Tetsuya Ohira, Ritsu Sakata, Kotaro Ozasa, Keiichi Akahane, Shunsuke Yonai, Osamu Kurihara, Kenji Kamiya, Masafumi Abe
After the Fukushima Dai-ichi Nuclear Power Plant accident, the Fukushima Health Management Survey (FHMS) was launched. The Basic Survey, a component of FHMS, is a questionnaire used to survey residents across the Fukushima Prefecture about their behaviour in the first 4 months after the accident. The questionnaire findings are used to determine individual external doses by linking behaviour data to a computer programme with daily gamma ray dose rate maps, drawn after the accident. Through 30 June 2015, the response rate was only 27...
June 15, 2017: Journal of Radiological Protection: Official Journal of the Society for Radiological Protection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28608782/residential-radon-in-galicia-a-cross-sectional-study-in-a-radon-prone-area
#20
María Lorenzo-González, A Ruano-Ravina, Joaquín Peón, María Piñeiro, Juan Barros-Dios
Residential radon exposure is a major public health problem. It is the second greatest cause of lung cancer, after smoking, and the greatest in never-smokers. This study shows the indoor radon exposure distribution in Galicia and estimates the percentage of dwellings exceeding reference levels. It is based on 3,245 residential radon measurements obtained from the Galician Radon Map project and from controls of two previous case-control studies on residential radon and lung cancer. Results show a high median residential radon concentration in Galicia (99 Bq/m3), with 49...
June 13, 2017: Journal of Radiological Protection: Official Journal of the Society for Radiological Protection
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