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Journal of Investigative Surgery: the Official Journal of the Academy of Surgical Research

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28135891/successful-treatment-of-hypersplenism-in-wilson-s-disease-by-partial-splenic-embolization
#1
Liang-Yong Li, Huai-Zhen Chen, Yuan-Cheng Bao, Qing-Sheng Yu, Wen-Ming Yang
AIM: Hypersplenism can occur in patients with Wilson's disease (WD). Surgical splenectomy is a conventional treatment for this condition; however, emotional and neurological deterioration may follow splenectomy. In recent years, partial splenic embolization (PSE) has been increasingly performed as a nonsurgical alternative treatment for hypersplenism. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness and safety of PSE compared with splenectomy in the treatment of hypersplenism in WD patients...
January 31, 2017: Journal of Investigative Surgery: the Official Journal of the Academy of Surgical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107102/effects-of-traditional-chinese-medicine-dilong-injection-on-random-skin-flap-survival-in-rats
#2
Lina Xu, Dingsheng Lin, Bin Cao, Dongnan Ping
BACKGROUND: Dilong injection as a medicinal preparation extracted from earthworm in traditional Chinese medicine, is used to activate blood circulation and remove blood stasis. In this research, we aim to investigate its potential effect on random skin flap survival in rat models. MATERIALS AND METHODS: McFarlane flaps were established in 60 male Sprague-Dawley rats randomly divided into two groups: the control group and the Dilong injection group. Diong injection group was injected with the Diong injection (4 mL/kg) once a day for seven days, and the control group was given an equal volume of saline solution...
January 20, 2017: Journal of Investigative Surgery: the Official Journal of the Academy of Surgical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107097/comparison-of-systemic-and-topical-hypericum-perforatum-on-diabetic-surgical-wounds
#3
Mehmet Altıparmak, Teoman Eskitaşçıoğlu
BACKGROUND: Surgical wounds in diabetic patients still remain a problem till the present day. As a common plant found around the world, Hypericum perforatum L. (Hypericaceae) is traditionally prepared as an oily extract and used as a folk remedy for various diseases such as wounds, burns, cuts, etc. This study aims to evaluate the effect of St. John's wort (Hypericum perforatum) on problematic wounds while comparing oral and topical applications. METHODS: Incisional and excisional wound models were made on the dorsal regions of 54 diabetic Spraque-Dawley rats...
January 20, 2017: Journal of Investigative Surgery: the Official Journal of the Academy of Surgical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107094/dynamic-volume-assessment-of-hepatocellular-carcinoma-in-rat-livers-using-a-clinical-3t-mri-and-novel-segmentation
#4
Lorenzo A Orci, Graziano Oldani, Stephanie Lacotte, Florence Slits, Iris Friedli, Wolfgang Wirth, Christian Toso, Jean-Paul Vallée, Lindsey A Crowe
PURPOSE: In vivo liver cancer research commonly uses rodent models. One of the limitations of such models is the lack of accurate and reproducible endpoints for a dynamic assessment of growing tumor nodules. The aim of this study was to validate a noninvasive, true volume segmentation method using two rat hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) models, correlating magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) with histological volume measurement, and with blood levels of α-fetoprotein. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We used 3T clinical MRI to quantify tumor volume with follow-up over time...
January 20, 2017: Journal of Investigative Surgery: the Official Journal of the Academy of Surgical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107089/the-trainee-effect-on-early-postoperative-surgical-outcomes-reflects-the-effect-of-resident-involvement-or-hospital-capacity-to-overcome-complications
#5
Mehmet F Can
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 20, 2017: Journal of Investigative Surgery: the Official Journal of the Academy of Surgical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28060566/the-role-of-ultrasonography-in-the-assessment-of-vocal-cord-functions-after-thyroidectomy
#6
Murat Ö Kılıç, Serdar G Terzioğlu, Serap Y Gülçek, Engin Sarı
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 6, 2017: Journal of Investigative Surgery: the Official Journal of the Academy of Surgical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28060555/efficacy-of-n-acetylcysteine-in-preventing-acute-kidney-injury-after-cardiac-surgery-a-meta-analysis-study
#7
Mei Mei, Hong-Wen Zhao, Qian-Guang Pan, You-Min Pu, Mao-Zhi Tang, Bing-Bing Shen
PURPOSE: To evaluate whether perioperative N-acetylcysteine (NAC) administration reduces the risk of cardiac surgery associated acute kidney injury (CSA-AKI). MATERIALS AND METHODS: A systematic literature review (Medline, PubMed, Cochrane, Biomedical central, Google Scholar) identified 10 studies (1391 patients; 695 NAC and 696 placebo) that compared the efficacy and adverse effects of perioperative NAC administration for CSA-AKI prevention in adults undergoing elective cardiac surgery...
January 6, 2017: Journal of Investigative Surgery: the Official Journal of the Academy of Surgical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28060554/current-molecular-and-genetic-aspects-of-pancreatic-cancer-the-role-of-metastasis-associated-proteins-mta-a-review
#8
Efstathios T Pavlidis, Theodoros E Pavlidis
: Purpose/aim: To focus on current molecular and genetic aspects and MTA proteins, since pancreatic cancer is a lethal malignant with poor prognosis. Early diagnosis is essential step, contributing to potential curative resection. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A PubMed search of relevant articles published up to August 2016 was performed to identify current information about pancreatic cancer regarding molecular biomarkers, with emphasis on carcinogenesis, novel therapeutic targets, and MTA proteins...
January 6, 2017: Journal of Investigative Surgery: the Official Journal of the Academy of Surgical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28045566/preoperative-fasting-plasma-c-peptide-levels-as-predictors-of-remission-of-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-after-bariatric-surgery-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#9
Wenmao Yan, Rixing Bai, Ming Yan, Maomin Song
AIMS: The study evaluated the predictive role of preoperative fasting C-peptide, hemoglobin (Hb)A1c, fasting plasma glucose (FPG), and body mass index (BMI) levels on diabetes remission in patients with type 2 diabetes following bariatric surgery. METHODS: Medline, PubMed, Central, and Google Scholar databases of up to September 7, 2016 were searched using the following terms: type 2 diabetes mellitus, gastric bypass, Roux-en-Y, anastomosis, C-peptide, weight loss, HbA/HbA1c, predictive/predictor...
January 3, 2017: Journal of Investigative Surgery: the Official Journal of the Academy of Surgical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28045555/clinicopathologic-characteristics-of-elderly-with-gastric-cancer-and-the-risk-factors-of-postoperative-complications
#10
Yong Li, Bibo Tan, Liqiao Fan, Qun Zhao, Ming Tan, Dong Wang, Nan Jia, Qingwei Liu
PURPOSE: In China, gastric cancer (GC), which is one of the most common malignant tumors, has an increasing incidence in elderly population due to aging process. Since a considerable number of elderly patients with GC accepting surgical treatments developed postoperative complications, it is necessary to evaluate risk factors for postoperative complications. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In the present study, the clinicopathologic characteristics of 3,024 elderly patients (aged ≥65 years) with GC, who underwent surgery between 1996 and 2006, were examined and contributing factors for postoperative complications were analyzed...
January 3, 2017: Journal of Investigative Surgery: the Official Journal of the Academy of Surgical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28045550/splenic-autotransplantation-is-always-valid-after-splenectomy
#11
Isidoro Di Carlo, Adriana Toro
When splenectomy is performed, autotransplantation is the only method to preserve splenic function. The most frequently used technique for splenic autotransplantation in humans is the implantation of multiple sections of the splenic parenchyma into pouches created in the greater omentum. However, this technique of autotransplantation is associated with complications. For this reason, a technique in which only one 35-g slice of spleen is transplanted into the greater omentum but positioned within the native hypochondrium can be considered safe and useful for patients...
January 3, 2017: Journal of Investigative Surgery: the Official Journal of the Academy of Surgical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27929699/elucidating-trainee-effect-on-outcomes-for-general-gynecologic-and-urologic-oncology-procedures
#12
Megan Sippey, Konstantinos Spaniolas, Kevin R Kasten
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Surgical complications delay adjuvant therapy in oncology patients. Current literature remains unclear regarding resident effect on postoperative outcomes, with inappropriate coverage possibly endangering patients in spite of attending oversight. We assessed resident postgraduate year (PGY) effect on 30-day overall morbidity in cancer patients undergoing major intra-abdominal and non-abdominal surgery. METHODS: Patients undergoing non-emergent major intra- and extra-abdominal operations from 2005-2012 were queried using the American College of Surgeons' National Surgical Quality Improvement Program...
December 8, 2016: Journal of Investigative Surgery: the Official Journal of the Academy of Surgical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27929692/osteoporotic-animal-models-of-bone-healing-advantages-and-pitfalls
#13
Elena Calciolari, Nikolaos Donos, Nikos Mardas
The aim of this review was to summarize the advantages and pitfalls of the available osteoporotic animal models of bone healing. A thorough literature search was performed in MEDLINE via OVID and EMBASE to identify animal studies investigating the effect of experimental osteoporosis on bone healing and bone regeneration. The osteotomy model in the proximal tibia is the most popular osseous defect model to study the bone healing process in osteoporotic-like conditions, although other well-characterized models, such as the post-extraction model, might be taken into consideration by future studies...
December 8, 2016: Journal of Investigative Surgery: the Official Journal of the Academy of Surgical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922766/diagnostic-value-of-high-mobility-group-box-1-hmgb1-protein-in-acute-and-perforated-appendicitis
#14
Shabanali Alizadeh, Ali Ghazavi, Ali Ganji, Ghasem Mosayebi
AIM: Acute appendicitis is the most common cause of abdominal surgical emergencies. Early diagnosis of appendicitis can reduce perforation and mortality rate. High-mobility group box 1 (HMGB1) protein has been identified as a pro-inflammatory factor and its elevated serum levels have been noted in different diseases. So, the aim of this study was to determine the serum levels of HMGB1 in patients with acute and perforated appendicitis in compare to normal appendix. MATERIAL AND METHODS: For this purpose, serum samples were obtained from 81 patients with primary criteria-based appendicitis 6 hr before and 72 hr after appendectomy, in which serum levels of HMGB1 were analyzed by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay...
December 6, 2016: Journal of Investigative Surgery: the Official Journal of the Academy of Surgical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922759/the-effects-of-hyperbaric-oxygen-treatment-on-total-antioxidant-capacity-and-prolidase-activity-after-bile-duct-ligation-in-rats
#15
Duygu Terzioglu, Lebriz Uslu, Gonul Simsek, Pinar Atukeren, Hayriye Erman, Remise Gelisgen, Suleyman Ayvaz, Burhan Aksu, Hafize Uzun
BACKGROUND: Hyperbaric oxygen (HBO) therapy may improve cholestasis, increase hepatic regeneration, and decrease oxidative stress in liver. In this study, we aimed to investigate the effects of HBO therapy on hepatic oxidative stress parameters, such as total thiol groups (T-SH), protein carbonyl (PCO), and total antioxidant capacity (TAC) as well as the predictive value of the noninvasive biochemical marker, sialic acid (SA), and prolidase activity in bile duct ligation (BDL)-induced oxidative damage and fibrosis in rats...
December 6, 2016: Journal of Investigative Surgery: the Official Journal of the Academy of Surgical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905817/according-the-article-cytokine-expression-in-human-osteoblasts-after-antiseptic-treatment-a-comparative-study-between-polyhexanide-and-chlorhexidine-by-r%C3%A3-hner-e-et%C3%A2-al-journal-of-investigative-surgery-28-1-7-2015
#16
Thomas Eberlein, Cornelia Wiegand, Florian H H Brill
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 1, 2016: Journal of Investigative Surgery: the Official Journal of the Academy of Surgical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27901645/fenestrated-adipofascial-reverse-flap-a-modified-technique-for-the-reconstruction-of-fingertip-amputations
#17
Francesco Idone, Andrea Sisti, Juri Tassinari, Giuseppe Nisi
AIMS OF THE STUDY: Fingertip injuries can be treated in different ways, including shortening with primary closure, skin graft, and local or distant flaps. Several local flaps for the reconstruction of the amputated fingertip were described. We present our experience with a new concept of homodigital adipofascial reverse flap that avoids the second surgical stage and allows a complete and anatomically perfect reconstruction of nail bed, with preservation of the nail lamina. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Between March 2014 and February 2015, five patients with digital amputations (distally to the nail matrix) were treated using the Fenestrated Adipofascial Reverse (F...
November 30, 2016: Journal of Investigative Surgery: the Official Journal of the Academy of Surgical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27901623/autotransplantation-of-spleen-mitigates-drug-induced-liver-damage-in-splenectomized-mice
#18
Sabrine Teixeira Ferraz Grunewald, Alice Belleigoli Rezende, Bárbara Bruna Muniz Figueiredo, Ana Carolina de Paula Mendonça, Caroline de Souza Almeida, Erick Esteves de Oliveira, Flávia de Paoli, Henrique Couto Teixeira
PURPOSE: The spleen presents numerous functions, including the production of immunoglobulins and blood filtration, removing microorganisms and cellular debris. The spleen also has anatomical and functional relationship with the liver, but there are few studies on this topic. The aim of this study was to assess the effect of splenectomy and autologous spleen transplantation on both filtering functions of spleen and acetaminophen-induced hepatotoxicity. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Fifty-two BALB/c mice were randomized into four groups: splenectomized; splenectomy and splenic autotransplantation in the greater omentum; sham operated control; and non-operated control...
November 30, 2016: Journal of Investigative Surgery: the Official Journal of the Academy of Surgical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27282341/right-colectomy-for-cancer-a-matched-comparison-of-three-different-surgical-approaches
#19
Laura Lorenzon, Francesco Montebelli, Paolo Mercantini, Simone Sebastiani, Vincenzo Ziparo, Mario Ferri
PURPOSE: The standard approach to right colon cancer resection is still a matter of debate and includes laparoscopy, open midline incision, or open transverse incision. We aimed this study to compare the short- and long-term results of laparoscopic right-colectomy with those provided by the open approaches. METHODS: Of the 176 patients who underwent right-colectomy at our Department for nonmetastatic colon cancer, 40 patients treated by laparoscopy, 40 treated by transverse incisions, and 40 treated by midline incisions were selected and matched using the propensity score method...
December 2016: Journal of Investigative Surgery: the Official Journal of the Academy of Surgical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27267083/early-onset-scoliosis-a-comprehensive-guide-from-the-oxford-meetings-2015
#20
Jessica A Marston, Karen Bovid
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Journal of Investigative Surgery: the Official Journal of the Academy of Surgical Research
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