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Journal of Biological Regulators and Homeostatic Agents

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28514842/gender-difference-in-radiotherapy-induced-carotid-stenosis
#1
Y Yang, W Yang, T J Wang
Radiotherapy (RT) is often the first choice of treatment for cancer of the larynx. Studies have shown that the incidence of carotid stenosis (CS) after radiotherapy of laryngeal cancer is increasing, and that gender difference in radiotherapy-induced side effects exist. Thus, we examined the gender difference in the incidence of CS and the impact of microinflammatory factors after radiotherapy. We reported this study on patients who received radiotherapy as part of the treatment for laryngeal cancer in the Jilin Province in China...
June 30, 2017: Journal of Biological Regulators and Homeostatic Agents
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28387110/femoral-nerve-repair-using-an-h-type-nerve-regeneration-chamber-in-rats
#2
X Y Hong, X Hong, W W Gu, J Lin, W T Yin
Peripheral nerve injury in surgical trauma patients is very common. The femoral nerve can be divided into two branches: one regarding the quadricep muscles, and one the skin. After nerve transection and suture, the motor axons have an equal opportunity to regenerate into the original muscle branch, or regenerate into the sensory skin nerves. These anatomical features of femoral nerve have made it important in nerve regeneration research. Thus, this study was designed to examine the effects of an H-type nerve regeneration chamber on motor nerve regeneration after femoral nerve injury...
April 7, 2017: Journal of Biological Regulators and Homeostatic Agents
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28116144/retraction-mechanism-of-age-related-changes-of-bone-marrow-mesenchymal-stem-cells-in-senile-osteoporosis
#3
C Huang, G F Zhang, J Han, G J Liao, B G Zou
HASH(0x3292120)
March 31, 2017: Journal of Biological Regulators and Homeostatic Agents
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28337902/helicobacter-pylori-in-periodontal-pockets-and-saliva-a-possible-role-in-gastric-infection-relapses
#4
L Azzi, F Carinci, S Gabaglio, F Cura, F Croveri, L Tettamanti, A Tagliabue, S Segato
It has been a long time since the scientific community started to speculate upon the presence of Helicobacter pylori (HP) in periodontal pockets as an extra-gastric reservoir responsible for gastric relapses after eradication therapy. The aim of this study is to evaluate the presence of oral HP in a group of patients who underwent examination for gastric infection. Sixty patients were enrolled in the current study, subdivided into two groups: 30 patients with a positive result for HP gastric infection with C-Breath Test Urea examination, and 30 patients with a negative result for HP gastric infection...
January 2017: Journal of Biological Regulators and Homeostatic Agents
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28337901/cardiopathy-and-osteoporosis-the-epidemiology-in-a-region-of-italy
#5
A Notarnicola, G Maccagnano, L Moretti, S Tafuri, B Moretti
Cardiopathies and osteoporosis are inter-related due to pathogenetic, hormonal, genetic features as well as an increased risk of fragility. An important feature is attributed to the process of atherosclerosis, which is responsible for an osteopenia effect and degeneration of vascular walls. To date the study populations have been limited. To verify the incidence of cardio-vascular disease in a larger osteoporotic population, we designed a retrospective clinical study analyzing the “Hospital Discharge Data” (HDD) in Apulia between 2006 and 2010...
January 2017: Journal of Biological Regulators and Homeostatic Agents
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28337900/the-fingerprint-of-the-human-gastrointestinal-tract-microbiota-a-hypothesis-of-molecular-mapping
#6
G Tomasello, M Mazzola, A Jurjus, F Cappello, F Carini, P Damiani, A Gerges Geagea, M N Zeenny, A Leone
The precise etiology of Inflammatory Bowel Disease (IDB) remains unclear and several factors are believed to play a role in its development and progression, including the composition of microbial communities resident in the gastrointestinal tract. Human intestinal microbiota are extensive with at least 15,000-36,000 bacterial species. However, thanks to the new development in sequencing and molecular taxonomic methodologies, our understanding of the microbiota population composition, dynamics, and ecology has greatly increased...
January 2017: Journal of Biological Regulators and Homeostatic Agents
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28337899/substance-p-expression-in-the-gingival-tissue-after-upper-third-molar-extraction-effect-of-ketoprofen-a-preliminary-study
#7
G M Abbate, A Mangano, P Sacerdote, G Amodeo, G Moschetti, L Levrini
The aim of this study was to evaluate substance P (SP) levels and the effect of a non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID), ketoprofen, on SP in the pericoronal gingival tissue after extraction of upper third molars. A sample of 20 young non-smoking systemically healthy adults of both sexes, with a healthy upper third molar to extract for orthodontic purposes, was selected. After extraction, a sample of the gingival tissue of the pericoronal region was collected with a sterile scalpel, placed into test tubes and kept frozen at -20°C until the SP determination...
January 2017: Journal of Biological Regulators and Homeostatic Agents
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28337898/melanin-of-the-nipple-areola-complex
#8
A Goren, M Kovacevic, T Lotti
Biological pigments or biochromes are ubiquitous in animals, plants, and simpler organisms such as fungi and bacteria. They serve a wide spectrum of functions from photosynthesis, camouflage, mimicry, photo protection from the environment to attracting mates. The human female nipple areola complex (NAC) is a highly-pigmented area. Currently, the prevailing theory as to the evolution of the pigmented human NAC is based on infant recognition of breast feeding latching zone; however, due to the protruding shape of the nipple and surrounding breast, the authors of this letter believe that the evolutionary advantage of the pigmented NAC has a direct physiological function, namely the initiation of involution at the end of the infant lactation period...
January 2017: Journal of Biological Regulators and Homeostatic Agents
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28337897/exhaled-breath-temperature-measurement-influence-of-circadian-rhythm
#9
G E Carpagnano, D Lacedonia, M Malerba, D Martinelli, G Cotugno, M P Foschino-Barbaro
Exhaled breath temperature (EBT) is an expression of airway inflammation, an event that drives several lung diseases. The measurement of the exhaled breath temperature has recently been proposed as a popular tool in the diagnosis and monitoring of inflammatory lung diseases due to the fact that it is a non-invasive method. The influence of external factors on EBT, its reproducibility, and its sensitivity to treatment have already been explored. However, to reach clinical practice, EBT requires a complete validation that is still lacking...
January 2017: Journal of Biological Regulators and Homeostatic Agents
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28337896/maternal-obesity-and-perinatal-oxidative-stress-the-strength-of-the-association
#10
S Negro, T Boutsikou, D D Briana, M L Tataranno, M Longini, F Proietti, F Bazzini, C Dani, A Malamitsi-Puchner, G Buonocore, S Perrone
Maternal obesity is a chronic inflammatory state, which has been shown to induce increased levels of free fatty acids, reactive oxygen species and inflammatory cells. Recent evidence reveals increased levels of lipid peroxidation products in the plasma of obese women during pregnancy. The aim of this study was to test the hypothesis that maternal overweight or obesity is associated with increased oxidative stress (OS) in offspring. Two hundred and forty-five pregnant women and their newborns were prospectively enrolled...
January 2017: Journal of Biological Regulators and Homeostatic Agents
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28337895/use-of-supercharged-cover-screw-as-static-magnetic-field-generator-for-bone-healing-1st-part-in-vitro-enhancement-of-osteoblast-like-cell-differentiation
#11
F Bambini, A Santarelli, A Putignano, M Procaccini, G Orsini, L Memè, D Sartini, M Emanuelli, L Lo Muzio
Since 1979, Pulsed electromagnetic fields (PEMFs) have been approved by the Food and Drug Administration as an effective method in the treatment of non-unions. As well as PEMFs, also static magnetic fields (SMFs) have been widely investigated in orthopaedic studies. Even if the exact mechanism of action is not well understood, a large number of studies showed specific effects both at cellular and tissue levels. As bone fracture healing and osseointegration share the same biological events, the application of magnetic field stimulation in order to facilitate the osseointegration process has been suggested...
January 2017: Journal of Biological Regulators and Homeostatic Agents
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28337894/actn3-ace-genotypes-and-mitochondrial-genome-in-professional-soccer-players%C3%A2-performance
#12
V Galeandro, A Notarnicola, A Bianco, S Tafuri, L Russo, V Pesce, B Moretti, V Petruzzella
Two nuclear genes, ACTN3, encoding for the α-actinin skeletal muscle isoform 3, and ACE encoding the angiotensin-converting enzyme, have both been associated with quantitative physical performance traits in the general population. The purpose of our study was to assess the association between the two nuclear gene variants, R577X (rs1815739) in ACTN3 and I/D (rs4340) in ACE, with elite athletes’ performance and the effect of training on the mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) content in peripheral blood. We evaluated the genotypes and frequencies of ACTN3 R577X and ACE I/D polymorphisms between soccer players (n = 43) and healthy non-athletic controls (n = 128)...
January 2017: Journal of Biological Regulators and Homeostatic Agents
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28337893/adjuvant-treatment-with-a-symbiotic-in-patients-with-inflammatory-non-allergic-rhinitis
#13
M Gelardi, C De Luca, S Taliente, M L Fiorella, N Quaranta, C Russo, A Ciofalo, A Macchi, M Mancini, P Rosso, V Seccia, F Guagnini, G Ciprandi
Inflammatory non-allergic rhinitis (INAR) is characterized by the presence of an inflammatory infiltrate and a non-IgE-mediated pathogenesis. This retrospective, controlled, multicentre study investigated whether a symbiotic, containing Lactobacillus acidophilus NCFM, Bifidobacterium lactis, and fructo-oligosaccharides (Pollagen®, Allergy Therapeutics, Italy), prescribed as adjunctive therapy to a standard pharmacological treatment, was able to reduce symptom severity, endoscopic features, and nasal cytology in 93 patients (49 males and 44 females, mean age 36...
January 2017: Journal of Biological Regulators and Homeostatic Agents
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28337892/idiopathic-intracranial-hypertension-in-a-paediatric-population-a-retrospective-observational-study-on-epidemiology-symptoms-and-treatment
#14
M Barbagallo, G Vitaliti, F Greco, P Pavone, N Matin, G Panta, R Lubrano, R Falsaperla
Idiopathic intracranial hypertension (IIH) is a disorder of unknown origin, which is characterized by elevated intracranial pressure (ICP) without underlying etiological evidence of neurological disease. The purpose of the current study was to evaluate epidemiological features, clinical presentation, diagnostic findings and treatment of sixteen children (7 males and 9 females) with IIH. Medical records of the patients were obtained from the University Paediatric Hospital of Catania, Italy. Clinical features, investigations and treatment approaches were retrieved...
January 2017: Journal of Biological Regulators and Homeostatic Agents
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28337891/screening-and-comparison-of-polychromatic-and-monochromatic-image-reconstruction-of-abdominal-arterial-energy-spectrum-ct
#15
X P Wang, B Wang, P Hou, R Li, J B Gao
We screened the suitable image reconstruction to observe the abdominal artery and compare the quality between the polychromatic and the monochromatic reconstruction images of the abdominal artery spectrum CT. Eighty patients underwent Gemstone CT energy spectrum imaging to obtain an abdominal artery polychromatic image (140 kVp) and a monochromatic image from 40 ~ 140 keV. The CT value of region of interest (ROI) was measured on the polychromatic image and the single energy image. The signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) and contrast-to-noise ratio (CNR) of the abdominal aorta and hepatic artery were determined...
January 2017: Journal of Biological Regulators and Homeostatic Agents
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28337890/beneficial-effects-of-protein-hydrolysates-in-exercise-and-sports-nutrition
#16
J Yuan, B Jiang, K Li, W Shen, J L Tang
Protein hydrolysates (PH) are rich sources of proteins that supply the need of exercising muscles. PHs are enriched in di- and tripeptides and are better than free amino acids or intact proteins when muscle anabolic effect is considered. Digestion, absorption and muscle uptake of amino acids are faster and more efficient when PH is ingested in comparison to the respective intact protein. PHs not only enhance endurance in high intensity exercise regimen, but also help in faster post-exercise recovery of muscle by promoting glycogen synthesis, although the latter effect requires more convincing evidence...
January 2017: Journal of Biological Regulators and Homeostatic Agents
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28337889/detection-of-combined-procalcitonin-and-c-reactive-protein-applied-in-the-diagnosis-of-bacterial-infections
#17
Y L Li, L C Zhai, J H Ji, L Y Liu
In recent years, procalcitonin and C-reactive protein have been used as important indexes in the detection of inflammation. In order to analyze the combined detection of procalcitonin and C-reactive protein in infected patients, 57 subjects in the Clinical Laboratory of Zhengzhou Maternal and Child Health Hospital with a bacterial infection were selected as the observation group. Correspondingly, 57 non-infected subjects were selected for the control group. The procalcitonin and C-reactive protein levels in the included cases were analyzed and compared by extracting peripheral blood...
January 2017: Journal of Biological Regulators and Homeostatic Agents
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28337888/decitabine-treatment-for-acute-myeloid-leukemia-relapse-after-allogeneic-hematopoietic-stem-cell-transplantation
#18
X L Liu, X Zhao, C Wang, S J Gao, Y H Tan
Therapeutic options for patients with relapse of acute myeloid leukemia (AML) after allo-SCT are limited. Here, we present a case of a 49-year female with AML who underwent myeloablative allo-SCT from a matched sibling donor. Seven months after transplantation she developed cGVHD and suffered from extramedullary plus concurrent medullary relapse. The presence of CNS extramedullary disease is unique. Our patient was treated with decetabine. After one cycle the patient achieved complete remission and full donor chimerism without severe side effects or the occurrence of GVHD...
January 2017: Journal of Biological Regulators and Homeostatic Agents
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28337887/up-regulation-of-mir-888-5p-in-hepatocellular-carcinoma-cell-lines-and-its-effect-on-malignant-characteristics-of-cells
#19
E Hao, J Yu, S Xie, W Zhang, G Wang
MicroRNA (miRNA) expression has been linked to the molecular pathogenesis of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). The aberrant expression of miRNA is involved in the processes of tumorigenesis and cancer progression. According to the latest research, miR-888-5p is associated with strong cancer-promoting effect. For instance, miR-888-5p is up-regulated in prostate cancer and breast cancer. Nevertheless, the role of miR-888-5p in HCC has not been investigated to date. In this study, we found that miR-888-5p levels in four HCC cell lines (SMMC7721, HepG2, Huh-7 and Bel7402) were significantly up-regulated compared with human hepatocyte cell line (HHL-5)...
January 2017: Journal of Biological Regulators and Homeostatic Agents
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28337886/osteogenesis-promoting-activity-of-composites-sba-15-mesoporous-particles-carrying-oxytocin-in-vitro-and-in-vivo
#20
L Cheng, X He, Y Che, H Che, M Qian
This study analyzes the performance of SBA-15 mesoporous particles carrying oxytocin (OT) in promoting osteogenesis in vitro and in vivo. The SBA-15 particles synthesized in the previous studies (about 30 μm in diameter and containing 10 nm deep pores) were loaded with the drug oxytocin and cultured with human osteosarcoma MG-63 cell line in vitro. The influence of particles on cell proliferation was studied. The level of the osteogenic marker (alkaline phosphatase and type I collagen) was measured. For in vivo studies, the connectivity defects of rabbit skull were prepared, and SBA-15 suspensions were regularly injected at the defect sites...
January 2017: Journal of Biological Regulators and Homeostatic Agents
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