Read by QxMD icon Read

Journal of Biological Regulators and Homeostatic Agents

M Portelli, A Lucchese, A Lo Giudice, A Militi, P Spinuzza, A M Bellocchio, R Nucera, S Croce, G Ghilardi, M Manuelli
In straight-wire mechanics, friction can significantly influence the forces expressed by wires. The aim of this study is to assess whether the aging and the sum of elastomeric ligatures affect the static friction during orthodontic space closure. A 0.017x 0.025-in SS was drawn throughout a 3-bracket experimental model and engaged with elastomeric ligatures. Before performing the test, the ligatures were soaked in artificial saliva for 48 hours (Group 1), 2 weeks (Group 2) and 4 weeks (Group 3); brand-new ligatures were also tested as control group (Group 4)...
March 15, 2018: Journal of Biological Regulators and Homeostatic Agents
C Incorvaia, S Masieri, C Cavaliere, E Makri, B Sposato, F Frati
A large amount of data show that AR and asthma are associated both epidemiologically and clinically, introducing the definition of “united airway disease”. The mechanisms underlying such association were initially suggested to start from the nose, including the loss of the protective and homeostatic effects of nasal function, the activation of a naso-bronchial reflex and the spread of allergic inflammation from the nose to the lower airways. Later, other factors such as microbial stimuli and systemic inflammatory mechanisms, involving bloodstream and bone marrow, were advocated...
January 2018: Journal of Biological Regulators and Homeostatic Agents
C Incorvaia, C Cavaliere, F Frati, S Masieri
Allergic rhinitis (AR) was long considered a quite trivial disease, but the advance in epidemiological and clinical knowledge, with a major role for Allergic rhinitis and its Impact on Asthma (ARIA) initiative, substantially changed the scene. Now we know that AR has significant effects on patients’ quality of life and also has a relevant economic burden. The ARIA phenotypes related to the duration of symptoms and to the severity of AR are very useful in establishing the optimal strategy in each patient with AR, also according to the kind of allergens that cause rhinitis...
January 2018: Journal of Biological Regulators and Homeostatic Agents
M Sacchetti, I Abicca, A Bruscolini, C Cavaliere, M Nebbioso, A Lambiase
Allergic conjunctivitis (AC) includes a wide spectrum of clinical entities characterized by different incidence, age of onset, natural course, clinical outcome and response to treatment. Taken together, they represent one of the most frequent ocular surface diseases affecting more than 30% of the young-adult population and show an increasing incidence over the years. Moreover, comorbidities with other systemic atopic conditions such as asthma, atopic dermatitis and rhinitis require a multidisciplinary approach...
January 2018: Journal of Biological Regulators and Homeostatic Agents
D Messineo, S Masieri, C Cavaliere
Rhinitis is an underestimated clinical condition, which has a considerable impact on the quality of life of the affected patients. The subject of this review focuses on three fundamental aspects: the development of knowledge concerning anatomic landmarks, the development of radiological imaging technology, and developments that can make a difference in the treatment of allergic rhinitis. The anatomical study of paranasal sinuses has been conducted since the time of the ancient Egyptians. Development of radiological equipment from the early 1900s has helped to improve information on the morphology of paranasal sinuses, sufficient to be considered valuable information regarding frontal anatomy and its variability...
January 2018: Journal of Biological Regulators and Homeostatic Agents
M Gelardi, C Cavaliere, L Jannuzzi
Nasal cytology represents a useful, inexpensive and easy-to-apply diagnostic method to better detail the phenotypic characteristics of rhinitis. In fact, it allows to detect and quantify the cell population within the nasal mucosa at a given time. The technique involves sampling, processing and microscope reading. Sampling requires the collection of cells from the surface of nasal mucosa that is usually done by a sterile disposable curette. Samples should be collected from the middle portion of the inferior turbinate where the ratio ciliate/mucinous cells is expected to be well balanced...
January 2018: Journal of Biological Regulators and Homeostatic Agents
C Cavaliere, D Rosati, D Messineo, S Masieri
Allergic rhinitis (AR) is a disease that afflicts a large percentage of the world population. It concerns both allergists and otolaryngologists, therefore it is important for both specialists to be aware of the characteristics of a patient who suffers from AR. Often, patients complain of nasal breathing difficulty only, initially not reporting any other symptoms typical of AR. In this brief review, the most important investigations, physical examination, nasal endoscopy, nasal peak flow and rhinomanometry, are described...
January 2018: Journal of Biological Regulators and Homeostatic Agents
E Savi, S Peveri, C Cavaliere, S Masieri, M Montagni
The introduction of highly purified natural and recombinant single allergenic molecules represented an important improvement in the diagnosis of IgE sensitization. The identification of specific IgE against cross-reacting molecules such as profilin, lipid transfer proteins, calcium binding proteins or against “genuine molecules”, represents an added value and allows to distinguish between true and false polysensitization. In vitro tests add information to recognize patients with sensitization to genuine molecules that cause allergic diseases and to evaluate in childhood the spreading of sensitization for each molecule in order to choose the best treatment and to identify the ideal patient for allergen immunotherapy...
January 2018: Journal of Biological Regulators and Homeostatic Agents
F Frati, C Incorvaia, C Cavaliere, G Di Cara, F Marcucci, S Esposito, S Masieri
The skin prick test (SPT) is the most common test for the diagnosis of allergy. SPT is performed by pricking the skin, usually in the volar surface of the forearm, with a lancet through a drop of an allergen extract and is usually the first choice test in the diagnostic workup for allergic diseases because of its reliability, safety, convenience and low cost. SPT is minimally invasive and has the advantage of testing multiple allergens in 15 to 20 min. In children, SPT is far less disturbing than venipuncture and is used to obtain a sample of serum to measure specific IgE through in vitro tests...
January 2018: Journal of Biological Regulators and Homeostatic Agents
A Travaglini, S Masieri, C Cavaliere, M A Brighetti
Allergies caused by inhalant allergens, particularly pollens, are steadily increasing in urban centers. It is known that atmospheric pollution is strongly related to the inflammatory disease of the upper and lower airways but it is equally important in the development of sensitization towards pollens. Particulate Matter (PM), sulfur dioxide (SO2) and nitrogen dioxide (NO2) have an enhancement function on the persistence of pollens in the air, increasing the concentration and duration of pollinosis. It is therefore essential to use air quality control methods in urban centers to monitor the presence of pollen and fine dust that can drive the doctor and the patient to improve prevention, a step of primary importance in the treatment of allergies...
January 2018: Journal of Biological Regulators and Homeostatic Agents
E Ridolo, I Martignago, S Masieri
Allergic Rhinitis (AR) is an IgE-mediated hypersensitivity disease caused by inhalation of an allergen to which the patients is sensitized. Etiopathogenesis of AR comprises a sensitization phase, an immediate phase and a late phase. In the sensitization phase, inhaled allergens are processed in peptides and come into contact with the nasal mucosa cells. Antigen-Presenting Cells (APCs), especially represented by Dendritic Cells (DCs), capture them through the interaction with their own MHC class II complexes and migrate to lymph nodes...
January 2018: Journal of Biological Regulators and Homeostatic Agents
A Porzia, C Cavaliere, E Begvarfaj, S Masieri, F Mainiero
The mucosal immune system located in correspondence to the olfactory organs in adult humans is not well identifiable but has proven important in establishing an effective immune response against inhaled antigens, including the generation of Helper 1 (TH1)- and TH2-cells, cytotoxic T lymphocytes (CTLs), plasma cells (PCs) and memory B cells. It is constituted by a diffused network of cells of epithelial and immune origin, as well as organized lymphoid tissue, where each component has a role in the initiation and maintenance of a long-lasting immune response, which is evoked not only in the oral and nasal cavities but also in the respiratory, intestinal and genito-urinary tracts...
January 2018: Journal of Biological Regulators and Homeostatic Agents
S Masieri, C Cavaliere, C Incorvaia, F Frati
Allergic rhinitis (AR) is a global health problem because of its steadily increasing incidence and prevalence that currently concerns about 30% of the world’s population. Although AR is not a disease that reduces the life expectancy, it is a disorder with a major impact on the quality of life of patients, resulting from an impaired social life, school performance and work productivity. Furthermore, AR produces significant costs for its treatment.
January 2018: Journal of Biological Regulators and Homeostatic Agents
A Notarnicola, I Covelli, G Maccagnano, R Marvulli, L Mastromauro, G Ianieri, S Boodhoo, A Turitto, L Petruzzella, G Farì, F P Bianchi, S Tafuri, B Moretti
The aim of this study is to investigate the effects of extracorporeal shock wave therapy (ESWT) on muscle rheological and functional properties in a population of young athletes. Thirty-two football and basketball players were recruited and randomized into two groups. The athletes underwent three sessions of therapy administered every five days to the thigh muscles. The treatment consisted of ESWT (electromagnetic generator, Energy Flux Density=0.03 mJ/mm2) or a placebo treatment bilaterally on the quadricep and femoral bicep muscles...
January 2018: Journal of Biological Regulators and Homeostatic Agents
P E Gallenga, M Del Boccio, C E Gallenga, G Neri, A Pennelli, E Toniato, L Lobefalo, M Maritati, P Perri, C Contini, G Del Boccio
An early double case of acute Ophthalmia neonatorum in 3-day-old twins is reported. Culture of eye swabs showed a wide bacterial polymorphism, in which common bacteria, such as Klebsiella pneumoniae, Streptococcus pneumoniae, Corynebacterium ulcerans and other Enterobacteriaceae, coexisted with atypical Mycoplasmataceae and Chlamydiaceae from resident cervical-vaginal maternal microbiota. The neonates were in an apparently healthy state, but showed red eyes with abundant greenish-yellow secretion, mild chemosis and lid edema...
January 2018: Journal of Biological Regulators and Homeostatic Agents
A Portincasa, E M C Trecca, F Ciancio, L Annacontini, P Bufo, F Fortunato, L Cecchino, D Parisi, M Cassano
Skin and soft tissue reconstruction represents one of the most debated issues of plastic surgery. The advent of regenerative medicine has shown new pathways with the use of lipofilling and dermal regeneration templates. The aim of this study was to investigate the histological and clinical modifications occurring after lipofilling in the areas previously reconstructed with Integra® and an autologous thin dermal-epidermal graft. Histological and immunohistochemical analysis were performed on nine patients to compare skin before and after lipofilling...
January 2018: Journal of Biological Regulators and Homeostatic Agents
C Cavaliere, E Begvarfaj, F Frati, S Masieri
Omalizumab, a monoclonal antibody against IgE, may be effective on nasal polyps, but its use is not currently authorized to treat that disease. We report the cases of three patients who were given omalizumab for asthma after undergoing nasal surgical polypectomy. Although such procedure is frequently followed by polyp recurrence, none of the three patients developed this complication, and in one subject the regression of initial polyp return was registered after starting omalizumab. Our data support the hypothesis that omalizumab may be useful to treat nasal polyposis...
January 2018: Journal of Biological Regulators and Homeostatic Agents
A Gigante, E Rosato, B Barbano, F Di Mario, G Di Lazzaro-Giraldi, M L Gasperini, R Pofi, A Laviano
Cardiorenal syndrome (CRS) describes the concurrent failure of cardiac and renal function, each influencing the other. Malnutrition and cachexia frequently develop in patients with heart failure or kidney failure. However, no information is currently available on the prevalence of malnutrition in CRS patients. We studied CRS patients admitted to an internal medicine ward during a 5-month period and evaluated their clinical characteristics and nutritional status. Malnutrition risk was assessed by using the validated screening tool NRS-2002 whilst body composition was assessed by bioimpedance analysis and muscle function was measured by handgrip (HG) strength...
January 2018: Journal of Biological Regulators and Homeostatic Agents
I L Kruglikov, U Wollina
It is widely accepted that obesity is a systemic comorbidity factor in psoriasis. At the same time, there is rapidly growing evidence that the adipose tissue is not only systemically but also locally involved in the pathophysiology of psoriasis and in response to successful anti-psoriatic treatment.
January 2018: Journal of Biological Regulators and Homeostatic Agents
L S Zhang, J Zhang, X M Zou
This study aimed to investigate the effectiveness of perioperative nursing intervention on patients undergoing laparoscopic gastric stromal tumor resection. Sixty patients with gastric stromal tumor were selected from our hospital and evenly divided into group A and group B. Patients in both groups underwent laparoscopic resection. Patients in group A were given conventional nursing intervention before and after surgery, while those in group B were given comprehensive nursing intervention. Various indicators were compared between the two groups...
January 2018: Journal of Biological Regulators and Homeostatic Agents
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"