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Journal of Biological Regulators and Homeostatic Agents

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30378391/differential-expression-of-cyp2j2-gene-and-protein-in-camelus-dromedarius
#1
LETTER
S Kamel, M Ibrahim, E T Awad, H M A El-Hindi, S A Abdel-Aziz
CYP2J2 is a member of the cytochrome P450 superfamily. It had been described in different mammalian species; however, no studies have described this gene in Camelus dromedarius. CYP2J2 is an epoxygenase enzyme which oxidizes various fatty acids, mainly arachidonic acid, via NADPH-dependent epoxidation to generate epoxyeicosatrienoic acids (EETs). It is a multi-functional enzyme that plays crucial roles in inflammation, cancer, drug metabolism, and embryo development. It controls the water re-absorption in the kidney and maintains the blood pressure and glucose homeostasis...
October 31, 2018: Journal of Biological Regulators and Homeostatic Agents
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30334436/use-of-a-short-term-whole-blood-intracellular-staining-assay-to-study-the-t-cell-response-in-respiratory-syncytial-virus-infected-pediatric-patients
#2
LETTER
A Frassanito, G Fedele, P Leone, R Nenna, F Midulla, I Schiavoni
The aim of the present study was the development of a reliable method to evaluate the pattern of the ongoing T-cell response in young infants affected by respiratory infection. To this purpose, we enrolled 44 infants hospitalized with a diagnosis of respiratory syncytial virus bronchiolitis. After a short-term stimulation of whole blood samples, intracellular IFN-g and IL-4 cytokines were measured in CD4+ and CD8+ T-cell subsets by flow cytometry. A stringent staining and gating strategy was used in order to maximize the reduction of background noise and to exclude false positives...
September 2018: Journal of Biological Regulators and Homeostatic Agents
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30334435/-superficial-infiltration-to-treat-white-hypomineralized-defects-of-enamel-clinical-trial-with-12-month-follow-up
#3
LETTER
L Giannetti, A Murri Dello Diago, G Silingardi, E Spinas
Hypomineralization represents one of the most common defects in tooth crowns. Thanks to a wide understanding of aesthetics, patients request a treatment to resolve these defects. Different techniques are available, such as crowns/veneers, traditional restorative treatments, microabrasion, whitening, remineralizing agents and infiltration technique. The objective of this trial is to assess the effectiveness of superficial infiltration with Icon (DMG, Hamburg, Germany) on the attenuation of crown hypomineralized lesions of various etiological origins with a 12-month follow-up...
September 2018: Journal of Biological Regulators and Homeostatic Agents
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30334434/clinical-results-of-improvement-in-periodontal-condition-by-administration-of-oral-probiotics
#4
LETTER
S Cantore, A Ballini, D De Vito, A Abbinante, V Altini, G Dipalma, F Inchingolo, R Saini
Dental plaque-related diseases (cavities, gingivitis, periodontitis and halitosis) have been traditionally controlled by mechanical non-specific removal of plaque. However, many novel treatment approaches aim to inhibit the growth of pathogenic bacteria or to remove their toxins. Probiotics are viable microorganisms which, when administered in adequate amounts, provide a health benefit to the host. Recently, probiotics have been applied as new tools for the improvement of dental health. They have been used to substitute existing antibiotic treatments due to increased resistant bacteria...
September 2018: Journal of Biological Regulators and Homeostatic Agents
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30334433/microbiological-results-of-improvement-in-periodontal-condition-by-administration-of-oral-probiotics
#5
LETTER
F Inchingolo, G Dipalma, N Cirulli, S Cantore, R S Saini, V Altini, L Santacroce, A Ballini, R Saini
Oral bacteria that degrade sulphur-containing amino acids (cysteine, cystine, and methionine) produce volatile sulphur compounds (VSCs = hydrogen sulphide, methyl mercaptan, and dimethyl sulphide) highly correlated with halitosis. When these bacteria are given the right environment, i.e. periodontal disease, cariogenic biofilm or food source they can grow in number very quickly and will start to convert proteins to VSC that, together with volatile fatty acids are largely responsible for oral malodor. Recently, the prevention of dental caries and periodontal diseases using various probiotics has been attempted...
September 2018: Journal of Biological Regulators and Homeostatic Agents
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30334432/mediterranean-diet-and-physical-activity-improve-posture-fat-mass-and-salivary-ph
#6
LETTER
R G Bellomo, D Tripodi, C Bosna, S D'Ercole, G Barassi, A Porreca, R Veraldi, L Prosperi, C Barbato
Many researchers have revealed that diet and physical activity influence metabolic function and posture in various stages of life. This paper aims to combine them and demonstrate how they could promote a healthy lifestyle. For this purpose, 14 healthy subjects followed a three-month protocol combining physical activity with dietary advice. At the end of the protocol, the results of the study underlined a significant reduction in fat mass, an improvement in salivary pH, and a realignment and rebalancing of body segments...
September 2018: Journal of Biological Regulators and Homeostatic Agents
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30334431/-guidelines-for-the-prevention-and-control-of-legionnaire-s-disease-in-italy-guidelines-or-guidance
#7
LETTER
S Ditommaso, M Giacomuzzi, E Ricciardi, C M Zotti
The creation of guidelines is a methodologically complex activity that requires technical expertise, resources and time. Methods of guideline production must meet at least these three criteria: multidisciplinarity, systematic review, and ranked recommendations. In May 2015, the new "Guidelines for the prevention and control of Legionnaire's disease" were published on the website of the Italian Ministry of Health in order to "gather, update and integrate in a single document all the previous national recommendations published"...
September 2018: Journal of Biological Regulators and Homeostatic Agents
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30334430/intra-articular-hyaluronic-acid-injections-for-hip-osteoarthritis
#8
LETTER
G Letizia Mauro, D Scaturro, A Sanfilippo, M G Benedetti
Although viscosupplementation has been used in the past few years both for knee and hip osteoarthritis (OA), the number of intra-articular injections and the interval between doses still remains an undetermined subject. The aim of this open retrospective study was to evaluate the clinical and functional outcome in patients with mild-moderate hip OA treated with a course of 1, 2 or 3 Hyaluronic Acid (HA) intra-articular injections. Ninety-six patients were included: 19 patients received only one injection, 24 received two injections, and 44 received three injections...
September 2018: Journal of Biological Regulators and Homeostatic Agents
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30334429/augmentation-of-the-atrophic-maxillary-sinus-floor-graft-stiffness-implant-shape-and-length
#9
LETTER
L La Barbera, S Corbella, S Taschieri, F Galbusera, A B Giannì, L Francetti
This study investigates the characteristics of load transmission to bone of alternative treatments for posterior maxilla edentulism with relatively limited available bone volume. Implant shape (conical and cylindrical), augmentation technique and the effect of bone-graft stiffness were taken into consideration. The finite element models of the atrophic sinus implanted with short implant were compared to two grafted-sinus models implanted with longer implants, engaged bicortically. Bone-graft stiffness was varied to describe different stages of graft-maturation (from short-term to long-term)...
September 2018: Journal of Biological Regulators and Homeostatic Agents
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30334428/3d-software-scanning-processing-and-archiving-palatal-rugae-identity-base-technology
#10
LETTER
A Pacifici, M Gargari, L Pacifici
The palatal rugae, which are anatomically described as folds or wrinkles of the palate, are located on the anterior third of the palate on each side of the palatal raphe and behind the incisive papilla. The use of palatal rugae for personal identification was suggested several years ago, and attracted interest from different researchers which created different classifications, still used in scientific literature. The "identity base" (IB) system has as its object a complex information system and a personal identification protocol by means of three-dimensional palatal scans in digital format...
September 2018: Journal of Biological Regulators and Homeostatic Agents
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30334427/anatomical-variations-of-the-median-nerve-and-of-the-vascular-nervous-structures-at-the-wrist
#11
LETTER
N R Pepe, M Artico, L Bardella, F Nucci, F Svolacchia, L Pepe, L Fumagalli, S Taurone
Three cases of anatomical variation of the median nerve at the wrist found during our surgical activity led us to take the opportunity to expose anatomical variations by reviewing already published reviews. Consequently, on the basis of anatomical studies, clinical reports and imaging, as a result of careful examination of the published literature, it has been observed that the interventions in such anatomical area must take into account these variations. In particular, the most performed procedure is the lysis of the transverse carpal ligament (TCL), which is not free from complications...
September 2018: Journal of Biological Regulators and Homeostatic Agents
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30334426/remodeling-the-neck-and-the-lower-jaw-with-dehoxycholate-injections
#12
LETTER
R Rauso, G Tartaro, L Rugge, F Chirico, N Zerbinati
Nonsurgical cosmetic facial procedures have gained popularity in recent decades. These procedures are commonly referred to as facial rejuvenation, and only a few are performed in the neck region. Herein, the authors describe their experience with off-label use of deoxycholic acid (DC) injections on 18 patients for remodeling of the neck and lower jaw. The injection protocol was personalized for each patient, and lidocaine was always premixed with the DC. After the initial injection visit, at least 3 months passed before further injections were considered...
September 2018: Journal of Biological Regulators and Homeostatic Agents
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30334425/updates-in-regenerative-medicine-applied-to-dental-sciences
#13
LETTER
A Pacifici, A Polimeni, L Pacifici
Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) are found in high concentrations in several tissues, such as umbilical cord, adipose tissue and dental tissue. Dental stem cells reside in many areas of the oral cavity. Thanks to their abilities, dental stem cells could be used to treat diseases and to understand the basic mechanisms of developmental pathologies. There are currently numerous ongoing clinical trials evaluating a broad spectrum of conditions and situations using different stem cell populations. However, stem cell studies are raising profound ethical questions that weigh on the world of scientific research...
September 2018: Journal of Biological Regulators and Homeostatic Agents
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30334424/internal-nasal-dilatator-nas-air%C3%A2-in-patients-who-snore
#14
LETTER
M Gelardi, G Porro, B Sterlicchio, N Quaranta, G Ciprandi
Snoring is a very common human habit, and for this reason it is considered more a social nuisance that a disease symptom. The nasal valve area has the minimal cross-sectional area of the upper airways. A problem at this level may easily induce impaired breathing and consequently snoring, therefore nasal dilation might significantly improve this complaint. Nas-Air® is a new internal nasal dilator which was tested on 41 outpatients who snore. Snoring duration, assessed by smartphone, visual analogue scale for the perception of sleep quality were measured before and during Nas-Air® use...
September 2018: Journal of Biological Regulators and Homeostatic Agents
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30334423/influence-of-circadian-rhythm-on-exhaled-breath-profiling-by-electronic-nose
#15
LETTER
V Liotino, S Dragonieri, V N Quaranta, P Carratu, T Ranieri, O Resta
Electronic noses (e-noses) are a cheap and easy method for exhaled Volatile Organic Compound (VOC)-analysis which has shown its potential in several diseases. Before obtaining a full validation of these instruments in clinical settings, a number of methodological issues still have to be established. We aimed to investigate a potential influence of circadian variation on VOC-profile analyzed by an e-nose in healthy subjects. We enrolled 22 adults free of any known diseases. A sequence of exhaled breath samplings were performed on all participants at predetermined hours (7am, 12pm, 17pm, 23pm) and analyzed by an e-nose (Cyranose 320)...
September 2018: Journal of Biological Regulators and Homeostatic Agents
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30334422/association-between-5-10-methylenetetrahydrofolate-gene-polymorphism-and-congenital-heart-disease
#16
LETTER
H L Wang, L Sun, S Zhou, F Wang
This article is to investigate the association between C677T polymorphism of 5, 10-methylenetetrahydrofolate (MTHFR) gene and congenital heart defects (CHD). Two hundred thirty-five nuclear families (father, mother and child) with CHD were enrolled in the study (experimental group), and two hundred thirty-five healthy nuclear families were selected as a control group. Under the case-control study, the C677T polymorphism of MTHFR gene was detected with polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphism and DNA sequencing...
September 2018: Journal of Biological Regulators and Homeostatic Agents
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30334421/decreased-serum-levels-of-interleukin-35-among-multiple-sclerosis-patients-may-be-related-to-disease-progression
#17
LETTER
S Badihian, V Shaygannejad, P Soleimani, O Mirmosayyeb, Z Samee, N Manouchehri, N Esmaeil
The regulatory role of interleukin (IL) -35 in the immunopathogenesis of multiple sclerosis (MS) is suggested in very few studies. We aimed to measure serum levels of IL-35 among clinically isolated syndrome (CIS) and relapsing-remitting MS (RRMS) patients and evaluate the associations between this cytokine and the disease clinical course. This cross-sectional study was conducted during 2017 in a referral university clinic. Forty patients and 40 healthy controls were included in the study. The level of IL-35 in the serum of all subjects was determined by ELISA...
September 2018: Journal of Biological Regulators and Homeostatic Agents
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30334420/vitamin-d-receptor-gene-polymorphisms-and-prostate-cancer
#18
LETTER
R S Braczkowski, R Kwiatkowski, A Danikiewicz, S Górczyńska-Kosiorz, W Trautsolt, B Braczkowska, W Grzeszczak
Prostate cancer (PC) is the most common cancer among men worldwide and its pathogenesis is complex. The development of PC depends on family and environmental factors. Vitamin D can be associated with both of these factors. Its reduced serum concentration has been reported in a number of tumors. However, in the case of PC, the study results are conflicting. Polymorphism of VDR gene may also be involved in the development of this cancer. The aim of the study was to compare the frequency of selected polymorphisms in patients with PC and in men without this disease...
September 2018: Journal of Biological Regulators and Homeostatic Agents
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30334419/treatment-mechanism-of-tolerogenic-dendritic-cells-on-rheumatoid-arthritis
#19
LETTER
X Y Wang, J Y Zhang
This study aims to explore the possible mechanism of treatment of collagen-induced rheumatoid arthritis (RA) by tolerogenic dendritic cells (tDCs). Different methods were used to induce and cultivate tDCs, and suitable conditions for tDC cultivation were explored. The experimental RA induced by collagen in mouse was treated by the obtained tDCs, and the possible mechanism was explored. The serum concentration of TNF-α, IFN-β, IL-4 and anti-type II collagen antibody were detected by ELISA. The anti-type II collagen antibody of mice without treatment was higher than that without disease onset, while the Blank-DC group, VIP-DC group and Bay-D had no statistically significant differences (P>0...
September 2018: Journal of Biological Regulators and Homeostatic Agents
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30334418/relationship-between-sleep-disorders-and-lymphocyte-subsets-and-cytokines-in-patients-with-lung-cancer
#20
LETTER
Y Wang, X J Cheng, A H Yin, Y Cao, Z G Zhao, H J Zhang, D X Liu, Y Zhang, Z X Liu, Y Lu, J C Jia, J T Liu, F Pan
This study aimed to investigate the relationship between sleep disorders and lymphocyte subsets and cytokines in patients with lung cancer undergoing radiotherapy, and to establish a theoretical foundation for predicting sleep disorders and preventing interventions in radiotherapy in lung cancer patients. Ninety-two patients with lung cancer requiring radiotherapy were selected as the study subjects. The patients' demographic data and disease-related conditions were investigated. Their quality of sleep was measured before radiotherapy, after two and four weeks of radiotherapy, and at the end of radiotherapy...
September 2018: Journal of Biological Regulators and Homeostatic Agents
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