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Diseases of the Esophagus: Official Journal of the International Society for Diseases of the Esophagus

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27878904/venous-thromboembolism-in-patients-with-esophageal-or-gastric-cancer-undergoing-neoadjuvant-chemotherapy
#1
M Marshall-Webb, T Bright, T Price, S K Thompson, D I Watson
There is a well-established link between cancer and venous thromboembolism (VTE), and patients receiving chemotherapy for esophageal or gastric cancer appear at high risk of developing VTE. The incidence of VTE in the neoadjuvant setting in these patients is poorly understood, as is the role for thromboprophylaxis during neoadjuvant chemotherapy. A PubMed search was conducted using a combination of terms including; esophageal & gastric cancer, deep venous thrombosis (DVT), VTE, neoadjuvant, chemotherapy and chemoradiotherapy...
November 23, 2016: Diseases of the Esophagus: Official Journal of the International Society for Diseases of the Esophagus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27878898/feasibility-and-safety-of-peroral-endoscopic-myotomy-for-achalasia-after-failed-endoscopic-interventions
#2
X Tang, W Gong, Z Deng, J Zhou, Y Ren, Q Zhang, Z Chen, B Jiang
With advances in natural orifice transluminal endoscopic surgery, peroral endoscopic myotomy (POEM) has become a novel treatment for esophageal achalasia. In this study, we investigated the feasibility and safety of POEM in patients with achalasia after failed endoscopic interventions. Data on all patients undergoing POEM treatment of achalasia were collected prospectively. We enrolled 61 patients who underwent POEM for achalasia between July 2011 and January 2014. The preoperative intervention group included patients who had undergone botulinum toxin injection or pneumatic balloon dilation before POEM...
November 23, 2016: Diseases of the Esophagus: Official Journal of the International Society for Diseases of the Esophagus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27878893/survival-outcomes-of-consolidation-chemoradiotherapy-in-esophageal-cancer-patients-who-achieve-clinical-complete-response-but-refuse-surgery-after-neoadjuvant-chemoradiotherapy
#3
Hsin-Yueh Fang, Yin-Kai Chao, Hsien-Kun Chang, Chen-Kan Tseng, Yun-Hen Liu
Some esophageal cancer patients may be reluctant to accept the scheduled resection after neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy (nCRT) because of its potential negative impact on quality of life as a result of high morbidity. This study was performed to investigate the survival outcomes of these patients. Between 2000 and 2012, we identified 190 patients with resectable esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) who did not proceed to surgery following nCRT. Subjects who had a clinical complete response (cCR) and were medically fit for surgery were deemed eligible...
November 23, 2016: Diseases of the Esophagus: Official Journal of the International Society for Diseases of the Esophagus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27868307/effects-of-eosinophilic-oesophagitis-on-quality-of-life-in-an-adult-uk-population-a-case-control-study
#4
R Hewett, C Alexakis, A D Farmer, J Ainley, V Chhaya, J O Hayat, A Poullis, J-Y Kang
Eosinophilic oesophagitis (EoE) is a chronic immune-mediated esophageal disease, characterized by symptoms related to esophageal dysfunction and histologically by eosinophil predominant inflammation. Current evidence for an adverse impact on quality of life (QoL) is conflicting and there are no data from a UK population regarding QoL. We conducted a prospective cross-sectional observational study using the Short Form-36 Health Survey, Hospital Dysphagia/Odynophagia Questionnaire, and the EoE Adult Quality of Life Questionnaire to assess QoL and severity of dysphagia in EoE patients, compared to age and gender matched healthy control subjects...
November 21, 2016: Diseases of the Esophagus: Official Journal of the International Society for Diseases of the Esophagus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27868295/efficacy-and-safety-of-cisplatin-based-versus-nedaplatin-based-regimens-for-the-treatment-of-metastatic-recurrent-and-advanced-esophageal-squamous-cell-carcinoma-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#5
Fei Zhang, Yun Wang, Zhi-Qiang Wang, Peng Sun, De-Shen Wang, Yuan-Xue Jiang, Dong-Sheng Zhang, Feng-Hua Wang, Rui-Hua Xu, Yu-Hong Li
Cisplatin and nedaplatin show significant antitumor activity and have been widely used for esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC). However, it is still unclear whether the efficacy and safety of nedaplatin-based regimens are comparable to those of cisplatin-based regimens in patients with metastatic/recurrent or advanced ESCC. Therefore, we conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis to compare the efficacy and safety of these two regimens for the treatment of metastatic/recurrent and advanced ESCC. We systematically searched Pubmed, Web of Science, and the Cochrane Database, as well as abstracts presented at conferences (all up to January 2015), for randomized-controlled and nonrandomized clinical trials that compared cisplatin-based and nedaplatin-based regimens in patients with metastatic/recurrent or advanced ESCC...
November 21, 2016: Diseases of the Esophagus: Official Journal of the International Society for Diseases of the Esophagus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27868292/patterns-of-reflux-in-gastroesophageal-reflux-disease-in-pediatric-population-of-new-south-wales
#6
Sarath Kumar Narayanan, Ralph Clinton Cohen, Jonathan Saul Karpelowsky
This study is to determine the association of ambulatory pH monitoring (24hr pH) with symptoms of gastroesophageal reflux and its other investigations. The clinical and epidemiological profiles of subjects referred for reflux disorders are also studied. Symptoms or group of symptoms, profiles and prior investigations of 1259 consecutive pediatric subjects (with 1332 24hr pH studies performed) referred for evaluation of reflux disorders between 1988 and 2012 were retrospectively studied. Chi-square or fisher exact test was used for hypothesis testing, student t-test for the comparison of means and the Wilcoxon rank-sum test for comparing medians of continuous variables...
November 21, 2016: Diseases of the Esophagus: Official Journal of the International Society for Diseases of the Esophagus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27868291/tagging-polymorphisms-of-methyl-cpg-binding-domain-4-and-gastric-cardiac-adenocarcinoma-risk-in-a-chinese-population
#7
Xu Wang, Changqing Dong, Jun Yin, Weifeng Tang, Zhenya Shen
Potential effects of genetic factors on carcinogenesis of gastric cardiac adenocarcinoma (GCA) may exist. The present experiment specifically evaluated the genetic influence of single nucleotide in methyl-CpG binding domain 4 (MBD4) on GCA tumorigenesis. A case-control experiment based on hospital recruited 330 GCA patients and 608 non-cancer patients was carried out. We employed ligation detection reaction method to detect the genotypes. The results revealed that MBD4 rs3138373, rs2005618, and rs3138355 mutations had no significant association with the risk of GCA...
November 21, 2016: Diseases of the Esophagus: Official Journal of the International Society for Diseases of the Esophagus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27868290/outcomes-of-definitive-chemoradiation-in-patients-with-esophageal-cancer
#8
REVIEW
Sameh Mikhail, Lai Wei, Mohamed E Salem, Tanios Bekaii-Saab
The incidence of esophageal cancer has risen dramatically in the Western world. Although surgical resection of esophageal tumors is considered the cornerstone of curative approaches in localized esophageal cancer, approximately 40% of patients who undergo chemoradiation followed by surgery will experience a recurrence. Additionally, surgical resection is not a viable option for many patients with locally advanced unresectable disease, poor general condition or whose condition deteriorated following chemoradiation...
November 21, 2016: Diseases of the Esophagus: Official Journal of the International Society for Diseases of the Esophagus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27868288/p21-cox-2-and-e-cadherin-are-potential-prognostic-factors-for-esophageal-squamous-cell-carcinoma
#9
Yao Lin, Lu-Yan Shen, Hao Fu, Bin Dong, He-Li Yang, Wan-Pu Yan, Xiao-Zheng Kang, Liang Dai, Hai-Tao Zhou, Yong-Bo Yang, Zhen Liang, Ke-Neng Chen
Much research effort has been devoted to identifying prognostic factors for esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) by immunohistochemistry; however, no conclusive findings have been reached thus far. We hypothesized that certain molecules identified in previous studies might serve as useful prognostic markers for ESCC. Therefore, the aim of the current study was to validate the most relevant markers showing potential for ESCC prognosis in our prospective esophageal cancer database. A literature search was performed using the PubMed database for papers published between 1980 and 2015 using the following key words: 'esophageal cancer,' 'prognosis,' and 'immunohistochemistry...
November 21, 2016: Diseases of the Esophagus: Official Journal of the International Society for Diseases of the Esophagus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27868287/development-of-a-nomogram-for-the-prediction-of-pathological-complete-response-after-neoadjuvant-chemoradiotherapy-in-patients-with-esophageal-squamous-cell-carcinoma
#10
Yin-Kai Chao, Hsien-Kun Chang, Chen-Kan Tseng, Yun-Hen Liu, Yu-Wen Wen
Nomograms incorporating multiple prognostic factors are useful for individualized estimation of survival in cancer patients. However, nomograms for the prediction of pathological complete response (pCR) after neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy (nCRT) in patients with esophageal cancer are scarce. Here, we describe the development of a nomogram for predicting pCR after nCRT in patients with esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC). We retrospectively reviewed the records of 392 ESCC patients who underwent nCRT followed by esophagectomy...
November 21, 2016: Diseases of the Esophagus: Official Journal of the International Society for Diseases of the Esophagus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27868286/a-high-number-of-stromal-tumor-infiltrating-lymphocytes-is-a-favorable-independent-prognostic-factor-in-m0-stages-i-iii-esophageal-squamous-cell-carcinoma
#11
Jing Li, Yang Tang, Liu Huang, Qianqian Yu, Guangyuan Hu, Yanmei Zou, Xianglin Yuan
Esophageal cancer is a highly invasive tumor with a poor prognosis. Lymphocytes play an important role in systemic immune responses, but their role in cancers varies depending on the specific tumor microenvironment. The aim of this study was to provide evidence for tumor-infiltrating lymphocytes (TILs) as a prognostic biomarker in esophageal squamous cell carcinoma. TIL analysis was retrospectively performed on full-face hematoxylin and eosin-stained sections from 127 patients. A majority (92.6%) of tumors had at least 10% stromal TILs (sTILs) (range, 10%-90%), and 84...
November 21, 2016: Diseases of the Esophagus: Official Journal of the International Society for Diseases of the Esophagus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27868285/review-of-chemotherapeutic-approaches-for-operable-and-inoperable-esophageal-squamous-cell-carcinoma
#12
REVIEW
Y Baba, H Saeki, Y Nakashima, E Oki, H Shigaki, N Yoshida, M Watanabe, Y Maehara, H Baba
The predominant histological types of esophageal cancer are adenocarcinoma and squamous cell carcinoma. Since these two histological types present as different diseases in terms of their epidemiology, pathologenesis, and tumor biology, separate therapeutic approaches should be developed against each type. While surgical resection remains the dominant therapeutic intervention for patients with operable esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC), their high rates of tumor recurrence have prompted investigation of multimodality therapies that combine surgery with chemotherapy, radiotherapy, and chemoradiotherapy...
November 21, 2016: Diseases of the Esophagus: Official Journal of the International Society for Diseases of the Esophagus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27868281/long-term-benefit-of-transoral-incisionless-fundoplication-using-the-esophyx-device-for-the-management-of-gastroesophageal-reflux-disease-responsive-to-medical-therapy
#13
Gerasimos Stefanidis, Nikos Viazis, Nikolaos Kotsikoros, Nikolaos Tsoukalas, Eythymia Lala, Loukas Theocharis, Andreas Fassaris, Spilios Manolakopoulos
Transoral incisionless fundoplication (TIF) using the EsophyX device has been shown to be effective and safe in patients with Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD); however, the subset of patients that would mostly benefit from this technique remains unknown. The aim of this study was to evaluate the long-term efficacy and safety of the TIF procedure in patients with a history of esophagitis or proven chronic GERD who have achieved symptom control with the administration of proton pump inhibitors (PPIs) but did not wish to continue receiving medications for life...
November 21, 2016: Diseases of the Esophagus: Official Journal of the International Society for Diseases of the Esophagus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27862622/metabolic-tumor-volume-provides-complementary-prognostic-information-to-eus-staging-in-esophageal-and-junctional-cancer
#14
Vinod Malik, Ciaran Johnston, Dermot O'Toole, Julie Lucey, Naoimh O'Farrell, Zieta Claxton, John V Reynolds
To determine the correlation between (18) F-fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography-computed tomography (PET-CT) derived esophageal tumor parameters [maximum standardized uptake value (SUVmax), metabolic tumor volume (MTV)] and endoscopic ultrasound (EUS) derived tumor parameters (T stage, N stage) and their prognostic implications. 150 consecutive patients with cancer of the esophagus or esophagogastric junction underwent staging PET-CT and staging EUS. PET-CT derived SUVmax and MTV of the primary tumor was recorded...
November 15, 2016: Diseases of the Esophagus: Official Journal of the International Society for Diseases of the Esophagus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27862680/the-natural-history-of-gastro-esophageal-reflux-disease-a-comprehensive-review
#15
REVIEW
E Savarino, N de Bortoli, C De Cassan, M Della Coletta, O Bartolo, M Furnari, A Ottonello, E Marabotto, G Bodini, V Savarino
Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) is a common disorder of the upper gastrointestinal tract which is typically characterized by heartburn and acid regurgitation. These symptoms are widespread in the community and range from 2.5% to more than 25%. Economic analyses showed an increase in direct and indirect costs related to the diagnosis, treatment and surveillance of GERD and its complications. The aim of this review is to provide current information regarding the natural history of GERD, taking into account the evolution of its definition and the worldwide gradual change of its epidemiology...
November 9, 2016: Diseases of the Esophagus: Official Journal of the International Society for Diseases of the Esophagus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27862678/comparison-of-synchronous-versus-staged-surgeries-for-patients-with-synchronous-double-cancers-of-the-esophagus-and-head-and-neck
#16
Akira Matsumoto, Masayuki Watanabe, Shinji Mine, Koujiro Nishida, Hironobu Shigaki, Kazuyoshi Kawabata, Katsuhiko Yanaga, Takeshi Sano
Esophageal and head and neck (H&N) cancers often occur synchronously, this study aimed to clarify the benefits and disadvantages of synchronous and staged operations for double H&N/esophagus cancers. We retrospectively reviewed 43 patients with synchronous double cancer of H&N and esophagus treated between July 2005 and July 2014, of whom 33 patients underwent synchronous operation (SYN) and 10 underwent staged operations (STG). We compared the short-term outcomes between the groups. Operation time was longer, amount of blood loss was larger, and hospital stay was longer in the SYN group than in each single surgery of the STG group...
November 9, 2016: Diseases of the Esophagus: Official Journal of the International Society for Diseases of the Esophagus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27862675/the-physiotherapist-and-the-esophageal-cancer-patient-from-prehabilitation-to-rehabilitation
#17
REVIEW
E M Guinan, J Dowds, C Donohoe, J V Reynolds, J Hussey
Esophageal cancer is a serious malignancy often treated with multimodal interventions and complex surgical resection. As treatment moves to centers of excellence with emphasis on enhanced recovery approaches, the role of the physiotherapist has expanded. The aim of this review is to discuss the rationale behind both the evolving prehabilitative role of the physiotherapist and more established postoperative interventions for patients with esophageal cancer. While a weak association between preoperative cardiopulmonary fitness and post-esophagectomy outcome is reported, cardiotoxicity during neoadjuvant chemotherapy and/or radiotherapy may heighten postoperative risk...
November 9, 2016: Diseases of the Esophagus: Official Journal of the International Society for Diseases of the Esophagus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27862652/an-age-period-cohort-analysis-of-obesity-and-incident-esophageal-adenocarcinoma-among-white-males
#18
Caitlin C Murphy, Y Claire Yang, Nicholas J Shaheen, Wayne L Hofstetter, Robert S Sandler
The incidence of esophageal adenocarcinoma (EAC) has increased in recent decades. Increases in incidence have been attributed to changes in the prevalence of risk factors for EAC; however, the extent to which these changes explain increases in EAC incidence has not been studied in detail. We used age-period-cohort analysis to estimate changes in the incidence of EAC among white males by age, time period, and birth cohort. Incidence rates per 100,000 individuals were analyzed from 1973 to 2012. Hierarchical Poisson models were used to estimate age, period, and cohort effects, whereby age-specific incidence rates were nested within periods and cohorts...
November 9, 2016: Diseases of the Esophagus: Official Journal of the International Society for Diseases of the Esophagus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27862648/accuracy-of-the-air-flow-sphincter-locator-system-in-identifying-the-lower-esophageal-sphincter-for-placement-of-ph-catheters
#19
Joan W Chen, Jason R Baker, Jessica M Compton, Mark McDermott, Joel H Rubenstein
The Air Flow Sphincter Locator (AFSL) is marketed as an alternative method to manometry for localizing the lower esophageal sphincter (LES) for pH probe placement. Such a system is desirable due to the additional time, cost, and discomfort associated with dual nasal intubation, but its accuracy has never been assessed. To assess the accuracy of the AFSL in localizing the LES. Fifty consecutive outpatients presenting for pH and manometry studies were included. The upper border of the LES was determined using HRM and the AFSL by two technicians independently...
November 9, 2016: Diseases of the Esophagus: Official Journal of the International Society for Diseases of the Esophagus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27862623/patterns-of-care-and-survival-outcomes-in-the-treatment-of-esophageal-melanoma
#20
Joseph P Weiner, Meng Shao, David Schwartz, Andrew Wong, David Schreiber
Because of the rarity of esophageal melanoma, the optimal management of this disease is limited. The pooled dataset in the National Cancer Database (NCDB) was used to identify the prognostic factors and treatment outcomes. Patients who were diagnosed with esophageal melanoma between 2004 and 2011 were identified. Patients were stratified as either localized (T1-4N0M0), regional (T1-4N+M0), or metastatic (M1). The primary endpoint of this study was overall survival (OS) which was analyzed using the Kaplan-Meier method and multivariate Cox regression, which was performed to identify potential factors influencing survival...
November 9, 2016: Diseases of the Esophagus: Official Journal of the International Society for Diseases of the Esophagus
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