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Diseases of the Esophagus: Official Journal of the International Society for Diseases of the Esophagus

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28375450/patient-reported-outcome-measures-in-dysphagia-a-systematic-review-of-instrument-development-and-validation
#1
D A Patel, R Sharda, K L Hovis, E E Nichols, N Sathe, D F Penson, I D Feurer, M L McPheeters, M F Vaezi, David O Francis
OBJECTIVE: Patient-reported outcome (PRO) measures are commonly used to capture patient experience with dysphagia and to evaluate treatment effectiveness. Inappropriate application can lead to distorted results in clinical studies. A systematic review of the literature on dysphagia-related PRO measures was performed to (1) identify all currently available measures and (2) to evaluate each for the presence of important measurement properties that would affect their applicability. DESIGN: MEDLINE via the PubMed interface, the Cumulative Index of Nursing and Allied Health Literature, and the Health and Psychosocial Instrument database were searched using relevant vocabulary terms and key terms related to PRO measures and dysphagia...
May 1, 2017: Diseases of the Esophagus: Official Journal of the International Society for Diseases of the Esophagus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28375449/modified-anastomotic-technique-for-thoracolaparoscopic-ivor-lewis-esophagectomy-early-outcomes-and-technical-details
#2
H Zhang, L Chen, Y Geng, Y Zheng, Y Wang
Thoracoscopic intrathoracic esophagogastrostomy is a technically demanding operation; these technical requirements restrict the extensive application of minimally invasive Ivor-Lewis esophagectomy. In an attempt to reduce the difficulty of this surgical procedure, this study developed a modified anastomotic technique for thoracolaparoscopic Ivor-Lewis esophagectomy. During the entirety of this modified approach, neither technically challenging operations such as intrathoracic suturing or knotting, nor special instruments such as an OrVil system or a reverse-puncture head are required...
May 1, 2017: Diseases of the Esophagus: Official Journal of the International Society for Diseases of the Esophagus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28375448/alginate-therapy-is-effective-treatment-for-gerd-symptoms-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#3
D A Leiman, B P Riff, S Morgan, D C Metz, G W Falk, B French, C A Umscheid, J D Lewis
In patients with gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) and erosive esophagitis, treatment with proton pump inhibitors (PPIs) is highly effective. However, in some patients, especially those with nonerosive reflux disease or atypical GERD symptoms, acid-suppressive therapy with PPIs is not as successful. Alginates are medications that work through an alternative mechanism by displacing the postprandial gastric acid pocket. This study performed a systematic review and meta-analysis to examine the benefit of alginate-containing compounds in the treatment of patients with symptoms of GERD...
May 1, 2017: Diseases of the Esophagus: Official Journal of the International Society for Diseases of the Esophagus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28375447/bioinformatics-analysis-of-gene-expression-profiles-of-esophageal-squamous-cell-carcinoma
#4
Y He, J Liu, Z Zhao, H Zhao
The objective of this study is to explore the potential target genes in the pathogenesis of esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC). The mRNA expression profile data of GSE17351 were downloaded from the Gene Expression Omnibus database, including five paired ESCC and normal tissue samples from five ESCC patients. The differentially expressed genes (DEGs) between ESCC and normal samples were identified using the limma package. The identified DEGs were then performed clustering analysis and functional enrichment analysis...
May 1, 2017: Diseases of the Esophagus: Official Journal of the International Society for Diseases of the Esophagus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28375446/quality-of-life-in-children-who-have-undergone-fundoplication-surgery-for-the-treatment-of-gastroesophageal-reflux-disease-a-review-of-literature
#5
S Pilli, A Jiwane, U Krishnan
Health-related quality of life (QOL) in children is not just related to physical symptoms but also how a disease impacts them psychosocially-mental, emotional, behavioral, and school functioning, all of which contribute to the growth and development of a child. A chronic disease, such as gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) characterized by troublesome symptoms and complications, can significantly impair a child's QOL. This makes it vital that treatment options aim at addressing this. Fundoplication, the surgical treatment for GERD, is one of the most common upper gastrointestinal surgeries performed by pediatric surgeons...
May 1, 2017: Diseases of the Esophagus: Official Journal of the International Society for Diseases of the Esophagus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28375445/the-effect-of-increased-chewing-strokes-on-the-demeester-score
#6
V Arya, S Agarwal, S Singh, C Sison, K A Gupta
Saliva is known to be protective for esophageal mucosa. Increased chewing strokes result in a quantitative and qualitative enhancement of saliva. Reduction in the amount of saliva produced results in an increased incidence of gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD), which can be objectively measured by the DeMeester score. The impact of increased chewing strokes on the DeMeester score remains largely unknown, thus this study aimed to find out their impact on the value of the DeMeester score and its individual components...
May 1, 2017: Diseases of the Esophagus: Official Journal of the International Society for Diseases of the Esophagus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28375444/self-assembling-peptide-matrix-for-the-prevention-of-esophageal-stricture-after-endoscopic-resection-a-randomized-controlled-trial-in-a-porcine-model
#7
M Barret, B Bordaçahar, F Beuvon, B Terris, M Camus, R Coriat, S Chaussade, F Batteux, F Prat
Esophageal stricture formation after extensive endoscopic resection remains a major limitation of endoscopic therapy for early esophageal neoplasia. This study assessed a recently developed self-assembling peptide (SAP) matrix as a wound dressing after endoscopic resection for the prevention of esophageal stricture. Ten pigs were randomly assigned to the SAP or the control group after undergoing a 5-cm-long circumferential endoscopic submucosal dissection of the lower esophagus. Esophageal diameter on endoscopy and esophagogram, weight variation, and histological measurements of fibrosis, granulation tissue, and neoepithelium were assessed in each animal...
May 1, 2017: Diseases of the Esophagus: Official Journal of the International Society for Diseases of the Esophagus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28375443/long-term-outcomes-of-peroral-endoscopic-myotomy-for-patients-with-achalasia-a-retrospective-single-center-study
#8
H Guo, H Yang, X Zhang, L Wang, Y Lv, X Zou, T Ling
Peroral endoscopic myotomy (POEM) has been widely applied to the treatment of achalasia. The aim of this study is to retrospectively investigate the long-term outcome of POEM in patients with achalasia. Patients undergoing POEM at our center with a minimum follow-up of 3 years were enrolled in this study. Relief of patients' symptom was defined as the primary outcome. Secondary outcomes included lower esophageal sphincter pressure, esophageal emptying, symptoms relapse, and clinical reflux adverse events. The Chi-square test was performed to determine the potential predictors of surgical failure...
May 1, 2017: Diseases of the Esophagus: Official Journal of the International Society for Diseases of the Esophagus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28375442/radioactive-self-expanding-stents-for-palliative-management-of-unresectable-esophageal-cancer-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#9
Hong-Lin Chen, Wang-Qin Shen, Kun Liu
Stent insertion is a feasible and safe palliative management for advanced unresectable esophageal cancer. The aim of this study is to assess the efficacy of radioactive stent for unresectable esophageal cancer compared with conventional stent. Systematic searches of the PubMed and Web of science are dated from their beginning to January 25, 2016. Studies that compared radioactive stent with conventional stent for unresectable esophageal cancer were included. The outcomes were postimplantation survival, relief of dysphagia, and complications related to stent implant...
May 1, 2017: Diseases of the Esophagus: Official Journal of the International Society for Diseases of the Esophagus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28375441/esd-learning-curve-for-esophageal-neoplasms-defining-the-educational-science
#10
N Sharma
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 1, 2017: Diseases of the Esophagus: Official Journal of the International Society for Diseases of the Esophagus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28375440/high-resolution-manometry-findings-in-patients-with-achalasia-and-massive-dilated-megaesophagus
#11
M A Menezes, C Andolfi, F A M Herbella, M G Patti
Achalasia may present in a non-advanced or an advanced (end stage) stage based on the degree of esophageal dilatation. Manometric parameters and esophageal caliber may be prognostic for the outcome of treatment. The correlation between manometry and disease stage has not been yet fully studied. This study aims to describe high-resolution manometry findings in patients with achalasia and massive dilated megaesophagus. Eighteen patients (mean age 61 years, 55% females) with achalasia and massive dilated megaesophagus, as defined by a maximum esophageal dilatation >10 cm at the barium esophagram, were studied...
May 1, 2017: Diseases of the Esophagus: Official Journal of the International Society for Diseases of the Esophagus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28375439/stability-of-cervical-esophagogastrostomy-via-hand-sewn-anastomosis-after-esophagectomy-for-esophageal-cancer
#12
Y Akiyama, T Iwaya, F Endo, Y Shioi, T Chiba, T Takahara, K Otsuka, H Nitta, K Koeda, M Mizuno, Y Kimura, A Sasaki
The aim of the present study is to evaluate the outcome of hand-sewn esophagogastric anastomosis during radical esophagectomy for esophageal cancer. The outcomes of 467 consecutive esophageal cancer patients who underwent cervical esophagogastric anastomosis using interrupted and double-layered sutures after radical esophagectomy via right thoracotomy or thoracoscopic surgery were retrospectively reviewed. Anastomotic leakage, including conduit necrosis, occurred in 11 of 467 patients (2.4%); 7 of 11 (63.6%) cases experienced only minor leakage, whereas the other four (36...
May 1, 2017: Diseases of the Esophagus: Official Journal of the International Society for Diseases of the Esophagus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28375438/extremes-of-body-mass-index-and-postoperative-complications-after-esophagectomy
#13
S C Wightman, M C Posner, M G Patti, S Ganai, S Watson, V Prachand, M K Ferguson
Obesity has been variously associated with reduced or similar rates of postoperative complications compared to normal weight patients undergoing esophagectomy for cancer. In contrast, little is known about esophagectomy risks in the underweight population. The relationship between the extremes of body mass index (BMI) and postoperative complications after esophagectomy was evaluated. Consecutive esophagectomy patients (2000-2013) were reviewed. The patients were stratified based on BMI at the time of diagnosis: underweight (<18...
May 1, 2017: Diseases of the Esophagus: Official Journal of the International Society for Diseases of the Esophagus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28375437/achalasia-an-unnecessary-long-way-to-diagnosis
#14
S Niebisch, E Hadzijusufovic, M Mehdorn, M Müller, U Scheuermann, O Lyros, H G Schulz, B Jansen-Winkeln, H Lang, I Gockel
Although achalasia presents with typical symptoms such as dysphagia, regurgitation, weight loss, and atypical chest pain, the time until first diagnosis often takes years and is frustrating for patients and nevertheless associated with high costs for the healthcare system. A total of 563 patients were interviewed with confirmed diagnosis of achalasia regarding their symptoms leading to diagnosis along with past clinical examinations and treatments. Included were patients who had undergone their medical investigations in Germany...
May 1, 2017: Diseases of the Esophagus: Official Journal of the International Society for Diseases of the Esophagus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28375436/a-national-audit-of-colonic-interposition-for-esophageal-replacement
#15
R A Fisher, E A Griffiths, F Evison, R C Mason, J Zylstra, A R Davies, D Alderson, J A Gossage
Esophageal replacement by colonic interposition is an uncommon procedure. This study sought to identify the frequency of this operation in England, identify techniques and associated problems, and also assess health-related quality of life (HR QOL) from the two largest centers performing this procedure. Hospital Episode Statistics were used to identify patients and centers undertaking colon interposition between March 2001 and March 2015. An online survey of UK consultants discussed methods and experience. HR QOL was assessed using the Short Form 36(SF-36v2) with additional gastrointestinal questions...
May 1, 2017: Diseases of the Esophagus: Official Journal of the International Society for Diseases of the Esophagus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28375487/the-role-of-heller-myotomy-and-poem-for-nonachalasia-motility-disorders
#16
F Schlottmann, N J Shaheen, R D Madanick, M G Patti
The best-defined primary esophageal motor disorder is achalasia. However, symptoms such as dysphagia, regurgitation and chest pain can be caused by other esophageal motility disorders such as Diffuse Esophageal Spasm (DES), Nutcracker Esophagus (NE) and the Hypertensive Lower Esophageal Sphincter (HTN-LES). Most patients with DES and HTN-LES who complain of dysphagia improve after a myotomy. Patients with NE whose main complaint is chest pain, often do not have relief of the pain and can even develop dysphagia as a consequence of the myotomy...
April 1, 2017: Diseases of the Esophagus: Official Journal of the International Society for Diseases of the Esophagus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28375486/impact-of-neoadjuvant-chemotherapy-and-chemoradiotherapy-on-postoperative-cardiopulmonary-complications-in-patients-with-esophageal-cancer
#17
Z Zhang, H Zhang
The effectiveness of neoadjuvant chemotherapy (nCT) or chemoradiotherapy (nCRT) for esophageal cancer patients is well established. However, neoadjuvant therapy may induce severe adverse effects that could increase postoperative morbidity. The current study evaluated the impacts of nCT and nCRT on postoperative cardiopulmonary complications in patient with esophageal cancer. We conducted a prospective study in esophageal cancer patients who received nCT (n  =  126) or nCRT (n  =  141) prior to surgery...
April 1, 2017: Diseases of the Esophagus: Official Journal of the International Society for Diseases of the Esophagus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28375485/upper-esophageal-sphincter-motility-in-gastroesophageal-reflux-disease-in-the-light-of-the-high-resolution-manometry
#18
B F Nadaleto, F A M Herbella, B R Pinna, M G Patti
This study aims to evaluate the upper esophageal sphincter (UES) motility in patients with gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) as compared to healthy volunteers. We retrospectively studied the HRM tests of 44 patients (median age: 61 years, 54% females) under evaluation for GERD. The manometric UES parameters of these patients were compared to 40 healthy volunteers (median age: 27 years, 50% females). Almost half of the patients had a short and hypotonic UES. Patients with extraesophageal symptoms had a higher proportion of hypotonic UES as compared to patients with esophageal symptoms...
April 1, 2017: Diseases of the Esophagus: Official Journal of the International Society for Diseases of the Esophagus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28375484/mutational-profile-of-tp53-in-esophageal-squamous-cell-carcinoma-associated-with-chagasic-megaesophagus
#19
C F Lacerda, A Cruvinel-Carloni, A T Torres de Oliveira, C Scapulatempo-Neto, R V M López, E Crema, S J Adad, M A M Rodrigues, M A C A Henry, D P Guimarães, R M Reis
Chaga's disease is an important communicable neglected disease that is gaining wider attention due to its increasing incidence worldwide. Achalasia due to chagasic megaesophagus (CM), a complication of this disease, is a known-yet, poorly understood-etiological factor for esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) development. In this study, we aimed to perform the analysis of TP53 mutations in a series of Brazilian patients with ESCC that developed in the context CM (ESCC/CM), and to compare with the TP53 mutation profile of patients with benign CM and patients with nonchagasic ESCC...
April 1, 2017: Diseases of the Esophagus: Official Journal of the International Society for Diseases of the Esophagus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28375483/esophageal-cancer-s-100-most-influential-manuscripts-a-bibliometric-analysis
#20
A G M T Powell, D L Hughes, J Brown, M Larsen, J Witherspoon, W G Lewis
Bibliometric analysis highlights key topics and publications that have shaped the understanding and management of esophageal cancer (EC). Here, the 100 most cited manuscripts in the field of EC are analyzed. The Thomson Reuters Web of Science database with the search terms 'esophageal cancer' or 'esophageal carcinoma' or 'oesophageal cancer' or 'oesophageal carcinoma' or 'gastroscopy' was used to identify all English language full manuscripts for the study. The 100 most cited papers were further analyzed by topic, journal, author, year, and institution...
April 1, 2017: Diseases of the Esophagus: Official Journal of the International Society for Diseases of the Esophagus
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