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Clinical Anatomy

R Shane Tubbs
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 8, 2016: Clinical Anatomy
Brandon Michael Henry, Krzysztof A Tomaszewski, Piravin Kumar Ramakrishnan, Joyeeta Roy, Jens Vikse, Marios Loukas, R Shane Tubbs, Jerzy A Walocha
BACKGROUND: Critical appraisal of anatomical studies is essential before the evidence from them undergoes meta-epidemiological synthesis. However, no instrument for appraising anatomical studies with inherent applicability to different study designs is available. We aim to develop a generic yet comprehensive tool for assessing the quality of anatomical studies using a formal consensus method. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study steering committee formulated an initial conceptual design and generated items for a preliminary tool on the basis of a literature review and expert opinion...
October 7, 2016: Clinical Anatomy
Hyung-Jin Won, In Jun Koh, Hyung-Sun Won
Morphological variations of the deltoid ligament were investigated in this study, with the aim of classifying the different types on the basis of their components. Sixty ankles from 39 cadavers were dissected. The origin and insertion sites of the deltoid ligament were identified, and its length, width, and thickness were measured. The deltoid ligament was divided into two layers, superficial and deep, which respectively comprised four components (tibionavicular, tibiospring, tibiocalcaneal, and superficial posterior tibiotalar ligaments) and two components (anterior tibiotalar and deep posterior tibiotalar ligaments)...
October 6, 2016: Clinical Anatomy
Anna Żurada, Andrzej Ustymowicz, Marios Loukas, Maciej Michalak, Dorota Czyżewska, Jerzy Gielecki
The transverse pericardial sinus is a uniquely located structure subdivided into many parts. However, discrepancies still exist on the nomenclature and divisions. As noninvasive diagnostic technology such as CT and MR imaging improve, the transverse pericardial sinus and constituent recesses are visualized with more clarity, increasing the risk for misinterpretation. In this review, we will explore the anatomy of the transverse pericardial sinus and associated recesses with the goal of heightening awareness regarding the differential diagnosis between normal and pathological states as seen on CT...
October 6, 2016: Clinical Anatomy
Koichi Watanabe, Tsuyoshi Saga, Joe Iwanaga, Yoko Tabira, Koh-Ichi Yamaki
INTRODUCTION: The transversus nuchae muscle appears inconsistently in the occipital region. It has gained attention as one of the muscles composing the superficial musculoaponeurotic system (SMAS). The purpose of this study was to clarify its detailed anatomical features. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We examined 124 sides of 62 cadavers. The transversus nuchae muscle was identified when present and examined after it had been completely exposed. We also examined its relationship to the occipital cutaneous nerves...
September 29, 2016: Clinical Anatomy
Andrea Porzionato, Veronica Macchi, Carla Stecco, Marios Loukas, R Shane Tubbs, Raffaele De Caro
Forensic Clinical Anatomy is a new practical application of the discipline of Clinical Anatomy for ascertaining and evaluating medico-legal questions. In particular, individual anatomy (normal anatomy, anatomical variations, age-, disease- or surgery-related modifications) can acquire significant relevance in various fields of legal medicine such as child abuse, sudden death, medical responsibility and/or liability, personal injury and damage. Anatomical data of forensic interest frequently arise from the correct application of methods of ascertainment; anatomical methods may then be required for further comprehensive analysis...
September 20, 2016: Clinical Anatomy
P Charlier, C Hervé
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 20, 2016: Clinical Anatomy
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 20, 2016: Clinical Anatomy
P J Egan, T C Mitrovics, B F Tomandl
Routine magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of the skull and brain for diagnostic purposes sometimes reveals a wider tip of the frontal ventricular horn on one side and a wider tip of the temporal horn on the other. A search for 'alternate ventricular asymmetry' in Google Scholar, Medline and PubMed Central yielded no results, so the digital archive of the hospital was searched for such cases. A total of 5908 examinations were reviewed and 508 cases were found, comprising 6% of the neurological inpatients and 20% of the psychiatric inpatients (p=0...
September 6, 2016: Clinical Anatomy
Anna Puigdellívol-Sánchez, Miguel A Reina, Xavier Sala-Blanch, Jaume Pomés-Talló, Alberto Prats-Galino
The classical recommendation for paramedian approaches is needle insertion 1-2 cm paramedian and an angle of 10°-15° medial-cephalad to the plane of the back, but contact with vertebrae is frequent. A mathematical approach to individualizing punctures is proposed on the basis of skin-dural sac distance (d): Optimal angle ∼ inverse cosine [d/ (1+d2) ] and the distance covered by the needle ∼ 1+d2 for 1 cm paramedian punctures. The inferred angles were compared to optimal angles leading to the central dorsal part of the dural sac from 1 to 2 cm paramedian, measured by Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) in seven cases and in a short stature volunteer (1...
September 6, 2016: Clinical Anatomy
Shuntaro Yoshida, Koichiro Ichimura, Tatsuo Sakai
INTRODUCTION: The quadriceps femoris (QF), a major extensor of the knee joint, plays an important role in human movement. However, descriptions of the three vastus muscles of the QF in anatomy textbooks remain confusing. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We analyzed 33 QFs by a novel approach, using isolated muscle specimens to clarify the structures of the vastus lateralis (VL), vastus medialis (VM), and vastus intermedius (VI) origins. RESULTS: The origins of the VL and VM were quite constant in shape and location, but the VI was much more structurally diverse...
September 6, 2016: Clinical Anatomy
Fernanda V Sidequersky, Andrea Mapelli, Isabella Annoni, Matteo Zago, Cláudia M De Felício, Chiarella Sforza
Functional impairments of facial expressions alter the quality of life and their quantitative analysis is key to describing and grading facial function and dysfunction. The aim of this investigation was to quantify 3D lip movements in a group of healthy young subjects. Lip movements during five repetitions of common and random sequences of vowels and nonverbal expressions were recorded using an optoelectronic 3D motion analyzer. The mean maximum displacement of facial landmarks was used to compute 3D unilateral mobility and the symmetry indices (SI) separately for each sex...
September 6, 2016: Clinical Anatomy
Vincenzo Puppo
The World Health Organization reports that more than 200 million women currently alive have been subjected to female genital mutilation/cutting (FGM/C) worldwide, and three million girls continue to be at risk each year. FGM/C today is women's business. The vulva is formed by the labia majora and the vestibule, with its erectile apparatus. These structures are located under the urogenital diaphragm, behind the pubic symphysis in the anterior perineal region. The clitoris is entirely an external genital organ: the glans and body covered by the prepuce are visible/free while the roots are hidden...
September 6, 2016: Clinical Anatomy
Keiichi Yoshida, Yoshiaki Itoigawa, Yuichiro Maruyama, Yoshitomo Saita, Yuji Takazawa, Hiroshi Ikeda, Kazuo Kaneko, Tatsuo Sakai, Toru Okuwaki
INTRODUCTION: Muscle strain of the gastrocnemius medial head mainly occurs at the musculotendinous junction (MTJ), and stiffness is a risk factor. Shear wave elastography (SWE) measures elasticity by determining the propagation velocity. The aim of this study was to measure the elasticity of the normal muscle and aponeurosis in the MTJ of the gastrocnemius medial head using SWE, thus obtaining information relevant to muscle strain at this point. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Forty-one volunteers (82 legs) were recruited and the gastrocnemius medial heads were examined at four points: three on the aponeurosis, namely at the center of the MTJ (Central), 10 mm proximal to it (Proximal) and 10 mm distal to it (Distal); and at one on the muscle belly (Muscle)...
September 4, 2016: Clinical Anatomy
Jisoo Yoon, Nalini Pather
INTRODUCTION: The anterior ethmoidal foramen (AEF) and posterior ethmoidal foramina (AEF and PEF, respectively) on the medial wall and the cranio-orbital foramen (COF) on the lateral wall are used as landmarks in orbital surgeries. In surgery these foramina, the neurovascular structures they transmit and other orbital structures in close proximity need to be identified to minimise their risk of damage. Despite the clinical importance, the current understandings lack consistency in the precise location, microanatomy and morphology of the foramina...
September 4, 2016: Clinical Anatomy
H N Furness, G W Miller, T L Lewis
INTRODUCTION: Dissemination of research is an integral part of the scientific process. Failure to disseminate research limits the scope for critical appraisal and potentially wastes valuable resources. The gold standard for dissemination of research is peer-reviewed publication following presentation at a national meeting. The primary objective of this study was quantitative assessment of the abstracts presented at British Association of Clinical Anatomists (BACA) summer and winter meetings with regards to the rates of subsequent publication and comparison to other medical specialties...
September 4, 2016: Clinical Anatomy
Shuhei Nozaki, Kota Watanabe, Masaki Katayose
INTRODUCTION: Three-dimensional (3D) behavior of the talocrural joint is primarily determined by the articular surface morphology of the talar trochlea and tibiofibular mortise. However, morphological features of the anterior and posterior regions of the talar trochlea remain unclear. The objectives of this study were to evaluate anterior and posterior radii of the medial and lateral talar trochlea and to estimate subject-specific kinematics of the talocrural joint. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Fifty dry tali were scanned using computed tomography to create 3D bone models...
September 4, 2016: Clinical Anatomy
Sameera Usman, Rod J Oskouian, Marios Loukas, R Shane Tubbs
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2, 2016: Clinical Anatomy
Thomas L Lewis, Markus L Sagmeister, George W Miller, Matthew A Boissaud-Cooke, Peter H Abrahams
INTRODUCTION: There are concerns regarding the anatomy knowledge amongst medical school graduates and foundation doctors. Clinical procedures performed without relevant anatomical knowledge could result in serious harm to patients. The aim of this quantitative study was to assess education provision in the domains of anatomy, radiology and practical procedures for foundation year doctors during their first two years of training (FY1, FY2). MATERIALS AND METHODS: A national survey of acute hospital trusts in England was conducted...
August 31, 2016: Clinical Anatomy
Nikhil Prasad, Alexandra P Wolanskyj, Kimberly K Amrami, Robert J Spinner
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 31, 2016: Clinical Anatomy
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