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Clinical Anatomy

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27888604/mri-depiction-and-3d-visualization-of-three-anterior-cruciate-ligament-bundles
#1
H Otsubo, Y Akatsuka, H Takashima, T Suzuki, D Suzuki, T Kamiya, Y Ikeda, T Matsumura, T Yamashita, K Shino
The anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) is divided into three fiber bundles (AM-M: anteromedial-medial, AM-L: anteromedial-lateral, PL: posterolateral). We attempted to depict the three bundles of the human ACL on MRI images and to obtain 3-dimensional visualization of them. Twenty-four knees of healthy volunteers (14 males, 10 females) were scanned by 3T-MRI using the fat suppression 3D coherent oscillatory state acquisition for the manipulation of imaging contrast (FS 3D-COSMIC). The scanned images were reconstructed after the isotropic voxel data, which allows the images to be reconstructed in any plane, was acquired...
November 26, 2016: Clinical Anatomy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27859787/microsurgical-anatomy-of-the-oculomotor-nerve
#2
REVIEW
HaeKwan Park, HyungKeun Rha, KyungJin Lee, ChungKee Chough, Wonil Joo
The oculomotor nerve supplies the extraocular muscles. It also supplies the ciliary and sphincter pupillae muscles through the ciliary ganglion. The nerve fibers leave the midbrain through the most medial part of the cerebral peduncle and enter the interpeduncular cistern. After the oculomotor nerve emerges from the interpeduncular fossa, it enters the cavernous sinus slightly lateral and anterior to the dorsum sellae. It enters the orbit through the superior orbital fissure, after exiting the cavernous sinus, to innervate the extraocular muscles...
November 18, 2016: Clinical Anatomy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27910135/towards-a-terminologia-neuroanatomica
#3
Hans J Ten Donkelaar, Jonas Broman, Paul E Neumann, Luis Puelles, Alessandro Riva, R Shane Tubbs, David Kachlik
This article deals with a recent revision of the terminology of the Sections Central Nervous System (CNS; Systema nervosum centrale) and Peripheral Nervous System (PNS; Systema nervosum periphericum) of the Terminologia Anatomica (TA, 1998) and the Terminologia Histologica (TH, 2008). These sections were extensively updated by the Federative International Programme for Anatomical Terminology (FIPAT) Working Group Neuroanatomy of the International Federation of Associations of Anatomists (IFAA). After extensive discussions by FIPAT, and consultation with the IFAA Member Societies, these parts were merged to form a Terminologia Neuroanatomica (TNA)...
November 7, 2016: Clinical Anatomy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27889923/normal-radiological-unossified-hip-joint-space-and-femoral-head-size-development-during-growth-in-675-children-and-adolescents
#4
Veronika Wegener, Gabriele Jorysz, Andreas Arnoldi, Sandra Utzschneider, Bernd Wegener, Volkmar Jansson, Bernhard Heimkes
Evaluation of hip joint space width during child growth is important to aid in the early diagnosis of hip pathology in children. We established reference values for hip joint space and femoral head size for each age. Hip joint space development during growth was retrospectively investigated medial and cranial in 1350 hip joints of children using standard anteroposterior supine plain pelvic radiographs. Maximum capital femoral epiphysis diameter and femoral radii were further more investigated. Hip joint space values show a slow decline during growth...
November 7, 2016: Clinical Anatomy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27889919/human-anatomy-nomenclature-rules-for-the-computer-age
#5
Paul E Neumann, Robert Baud, Pierre Sprumont
Information systems are increasing in importance in biomedical sciences and medical practice. The nomenclature rules of human anatomy were reviewed for adequacy with respect to modern needs. New rules are proposed here to ensure that each Latin term is uniquely associated with an anatomical entity, as short and simple as possible, and machine-interpretable. Observance of these recommendations will also benefit students and translators of the Latin terms into other languages. Clin. Anat., 2016. © 2016 Wiley Periodicals, Inc...
November 7, 2016: Clinical Anatomy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27889910/elimination-of-the-apposition-in-latin-anatomical-terms
#6
Paul E Neumann
The anatomical nomenclature rules require that terms be as short and simple as possible. One common exception to that rule is Latin terms that contain two nouns in nominative case, for example, Musculus masseter and Os ischium. Although these may appear to speakers of other languages to be compound nouns, they are appositions, grammatical structures in which one noun renames, defines or describes the entity named by the other noun. More than 125 terms in Terminologia Anatomica can be simplified, without loss of clarity, by prohibiting use of more than one noun in nominative case in Latin anatomical terms (e...
November 7, 2016: Clinical Anatomy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27885708/oldest-medical-description-of-osteogenesis-imperfecta-17th-century-france
#7
Philippe Charlier, Antonio Perciaccante, Raffaella Bianucci
Osteogenesis imperfecta (OI), also known as Lobstein's syndrome or Vrolik's syndrome, comprises a heterogeneous group of rare genetic connective tissue disorders. It is characterized by increased bone fragility, low bone mass, and susceptibility to bone fractures of variable severity. Originally named "osteomalacia congenita," the condition was first medically described in a family by Ekman in 1778. Here, we report a 17th century medical account from France, which predates Eckman's doctoral dissertation by about a century...
November 7, 2016: Clinical Anatomy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27801507/development-of-the-anatomical-quality-assurance-aqua-checklist-guidelines-for-reporting-original-anatomical-studies
#8
Krzysztof A Tomaszewski, Brandon Michael Henry, Piravin Kumar Ramakrishnan, Joyeeta Roy, Jens Vikse, Marios Loukas, R Shane Tubbs, Jerzy A Walocha
BACKGROUND: The rise of evidence-based anatomy (EBA) has emphasized the need for original anatomical studies with high clarity, transparency, and comprehensiveness in reporting. Currently, inconsistencies in the quality and reporting of such studies have placed limits on accurate reliability and impact assessment. Our aim was to develop a checklist of reporting items that should be addressed by authors of original anatomical studies. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study steering committee formulated a preliminary conceptual design and began to generate items on the basis of a literature review and expert opinion...
November 1, 2016: Clinical Anatomy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27792257/scanning-plane-comparison-of-ultrasound-derived-morphological-characteristics-of-the-vastus-lateralis
#9
Alyssa N Varanoske, David H Fukuda, Carleigh H Boone, Kyle S Beyer, Jeffrey R Stout, Jay R Hoffman
Muscle morphological characteristics obtained via ultrasonography have been used to quantify the size, architecture, and quality of skeletal muscle. Previous research has utilized varying ultrasonographic techniques, however there is little information comparing these different techniques. Muscle morphological characteristics, including cross-sectional area (CSA), muscle thickness (MT), echo intensity (EI), and subcutaneous adipose tissue thickness (SubQ) were assessed in 24 males (20.2 ± 1.6 y) via three panoramic-images captured in the transverse plane (PTI) and three still-images captured in the longitudinal plane (SLI)...
October 28, 2016: Clinical Anatomy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27792251/the-effect-of-aging-on-the-anatomic-position-of-the-thyroid-gland
#10
Darrin V Bann, Yesul Kim, Thomas Zacharia, David Goldenberg
Thyroid disease is common among elderly patients, frequently necessitating thyroid gland examination, imaging, and surgery. However, no prior studies have determined the effect of age on the anatomic position of the thyroid gland in the anterior neck. We hypothesized that the thyroid gland resides at a more caudal position in the neck in elderly patients as compared to younger patients. Head and neck CT scans were collected from 122 atraumatic patients without thyroid disease aged 18-39 years, 40-59 years, 60-79 years, and 80+ years...
October 28, 2016: Clinical Anatomy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27785824/a-core-syllabus-for-the-teaching-of-embryology-and-teratology-to-medical-students
#11
Francis A Fakoya, Elpida Emmanouil-Nikoloussi, Deepak Sharma, Bernard J Moxham
Clinical relevance in the teaching of biomedical sciences within health care courses presupposes that there is internationally agreed core material within the curricula. However, with the exception of a syllabus for neuroanatomy and gross anatomy of the head and neck for medical students, core syllabuses within many of the specialised anatomical sciences have yet to be developed. The International Federation of Associations of Anatomists aims to formulate internationally accepted core syllabuses for all anatomical sciences disciplines initially using Delphi Panels that comprise anatomists, scientists and clinicians who evaluate syllabus content...
October 27, 2016: Clinical Anatomy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27718281/development-of-the-anatomical-quality-assessment-aqua-tool-for-the-quality-assessment-of-anatomical-studies-included-in-meta-analyses-and-systematic-reviews
#12
Brandon Michael Henry, Krzysztof A Tomaszewski, Piravin Kumar Ramakrishnan, Joyeeta Roy, Jens Vikse, Marios Loukas, R Shane Tubbs, Jerzy A Walocha
BACKGROUND: Critical appraisal of anatomical studies is essential before the evidence from them undergoes meta-epidemiological synthesis. However, no instrument for appraising anatomical studies with inherent applicability to different study designs is available. We aim to develop a generic yet comprehensive tool for assessing the quality of anatomical studies using a formal consensus method. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study steering committee formulated an initial conceptual design and generated items for a preliminary tool on the basis of a literature review and expert opinion...
October 7, 2016: Clinical Anatomy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27618430/morphological-variations-of-the-deltoid-ligament-of-the-medial-ankle
#13
Hyung-Jin Won, In Jun Koh, Hyung-Sun Won
Morphological variations of the deltoid ligament were investigated in this study, with the aim of classifying the different types on the basis of their components. Sixty ankles from 39 cadavers were dissected. The origin and insertion sites of the deltoid ligament were identified, and its length, width, and thickness were measured. The deltoid ligament was divided into two layers, superficial and deep, which respectively comprised four components (tibionavicular, tibiospring, tibiocalcaneal, and superficial posterior tibiotalar ligaments) and two components (anterior tibiotalar and deep posterior tibiotalar ligaments)...
October 6, 2016: Clinical Anatomy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27578603/computerized-tomography-of-the-transverse-pericardial-sinus-normal-or-pathologic
#14
Anna Żurada, Andrzej Ustymowicz, Marios Loukas, Maciej Michalak, Dorota Czyżewska, Jerzy Gielecki
The transverse pericardial sinus is a uniquely located structure subdivided into many parts. However, discrepancies still exist on the nomenclature and divisions. As noninvasive diagnostic technology such as CT and MR imaging improve, the transverse pericardial sinus and constituent recesses are visualized with more clarity, increasing the risk for misinterpretation. In this review, we will explore the anatomy of the transverse pericardial sinus and associated recesses with the goal of heightening awareness regarding the differential diagnosis between normal and pathological states as seen on CT...
October 6, 2016: Clinical Anatomy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27685778/an-anatomical-study-of-the-transversus-nuchae-muscle-application-to-better-understanding-occipital-neuralgia
#15
Koichi Watanabe, Tsuyoshi Saga, Joe Iwanaga, Yoko Tabira, Koh-Ichi Yamaki
INTRODUCTION: The transversus nuchae muscle appears inconsistently in the occipital region. It has gained attention as one of the muscles composing the superficial musculoaponeurotic system (SMAS). The purpose of this study was to clarify its detailed anatomical features. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We examined 124 sides of 62 cadavers. The transversus nuchae muscle was identified when present and examined after it had been completely exposed. We also examined its relationship to the occipital cutaneous nerves...
September 29, 2016: Clinical Anatomy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27646460/forensic-clinical-anatomy-a-new-field-of-study-with-application-to-medico-legal-issues
#16
Andrea Porzionato, Veronica Macchi, Carla Stecco, Marios Loukas, R Shane Tubbs, Raffaele De Caro
Forensic Clinical Anatomy is a new practical application of the discipline of Clinical Anatomy for ascertaining and evaluating medico-legal questions. In particular, individual anatomy (normal anatomy, anatomical variations, age-, disease- or surgery-related modifications) can acquire significant relevance in various fields of legal medicine such as child abuse, sudden death, medical responsibility and/or liability, personal injury and damage. Anatomical data of forensic interest frequently arise from the correct application of methods of ascertainment; anatomical methods may then be required for further comprehensive analysis...
September 20, 2016: Clinical Anatomy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27646202/what-new-life-for-the-parisian-and-european-anatomical-and-pathological-collections-struggle-for-medical-education
#17
P Charlier, C Hervé
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 20, 2016: Clinical Anatomy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27646059/abstracts
#18
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 20, 2016: Clinical Anatomy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27718291/-anatomy-does-not-exclude-physiology-but-physiology-certainly-presupposes-anatomy
#19
R Shane Tubbs
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2016: Clinical Anatomy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27598547/pythagoras-and-cosines-the-skin-dural-sac-distance-and-optimal-angles-in-paramedian-spinal-anesthesia
#20
Anna Puigdellívol-Sánchez, Miguel A Reina, Xavier Sala-Blanch, Jaume Pomés-Talló, Alberto Prats-Galino
The classical recommendation for paramedian approaches is needle insertion 1-2 cm paramedian and an angle of 10°-15° medial-cephalad to the plane of the back, but contact with vertebrae is frequent. A mathematical approach to individualizing punctures is proposed on the basis of skin-dural sac distance (d): Optimal angle ∼ inverse cosine [d/ √(1+d^2) ] and the distance covered by the needle ∼ √(1+d^2) for 1 cm paramedian punctures. The inferred angles were compared to optimal angles leading to the central dorsal part of the dural sac from 1 to 2 cm paramedian, measured by Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) in seven cases and in a short stature volunteer (1...
November 2016: Clinical Anatomy
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