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Clinical Anatomy

İlke Ali Gürses, Adnan Öztürk
Scientific meetings are valuable for sharing ideas and are essential for enabling young researchers to benefit from senior scientists' experience. Abstracts presented at these meetings could also provide valuable insight into the scientific performance of the organizing associations. In addition, these studies provide the chance to evaluate and improve the ethical policies of the given associations. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
January 13, 2017: Clinical Anatomy
Amal Elkattan, Amal Mahdy, Mohamed Eltomey, Radwa Ismail
Knowledge of the effects of healthy aging on brain structures is necessary to identify abnormal changes due to diseases. Many studies have demonstrated age-related volume changes in the brain using MRI. 60 healthy individuals who had normal MRI aged from 20 years to 80 years were examined and classified into three groups: Group I: 21 persons; nine males and 12 females aging between 20-39 years old. Group II: 22 persons; 11 males and 11 females aging between 40-59 years old. Group III: 17 persons; eight males and nine females aging between 60-80 years old...
January 12, 2017: Clinical Anatomy
Robert J Spinner, Scott L Zuckerman
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 3, 2017: Clinical Anatomy
Adriana Handra-Luca, Seung-Mo Hong
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 30, 2016: Clinical Anatomy
Puhan He, Mindy K Truong, Nimer Adeeb, R Shane Tubbs, Joe Iwanaga
The lingual foramina and canals can be categorized as medial or lateral based on their relation to the midline of the mandible. Investigation of the mandibular lingual region is often done with gross anatomical dissections of cadavers, 2D panoramic radiographic imaging, CT and cone beam CT (CBCT). While gross studies are the most reliable at qualifying canal contents and course, CBCT proved to be superior to other radiographic techniques for visualizing lingual foramina and canals. The submental and sublingual arteries, and their branches are found in the lingual vascular canals...
December 29, 2016: Clinical Anatomy
Marion S Kennedy, Helen D Nicholson, Stephanie J Woodley
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 29, 2016: Clinical Anatomy
Malik Ghannam, Fareed Jumah, Shaden Mansour, Amjad Samara, Saja Alkhdour, Muayad A Alzuabi, Loai Aker, Nimer Adeeb, Justin Massengale, RodJ Oskouian, R Shane Tubbs
The intervertebral disc (IVD) is a joint unique in structure and functions. Lying between adjacent vertebrae, it provides both the primary support and the elasticity required for the spine to move stably. Various aspects of the IVD have long been studied by researchers seeking a better understanding of its dynamics, aging and subsequent disorders. In the present paper, we review the surgical anatomy, imaging modalities, and molecular biology of the lumbar IVD. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved...
December 20, 2016: Clinical Anatomy
Lionel Rebibo, Ilan Darmon, Johann Peltier, Abdennaceur Dhahri, Jean-Marc Regimbeau
INTRODUCTION: During laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG), adhesions between the stomach and the pancreas are sometimes found, forming a "gastropancreatic ligament" (GPL). However, the GPL has only been described once in the literature, in 1985. The objective of this study was to determine the incidence of the GPL during LSG, describe this structure and assess its effect on the surgical technique. MATERIAL AND METHODS: All patients undergoing primary LSG in our institution (n=240) and patients referred for gastric fistula (GF) after primary LSG (n=18) between January 2015 and December 2015 were included...
December 9, 2016: Clinical Anatomy
Masroor Badshah, Roger Soames, Muhammad Jaffar Khan, Muhammad Ibrahim, Adnan Khan
To compare key thoracic anatomical surface landmarks between healthy and patient adult populations using Computed Tomography (CT). Sixteen slice CT images of 250 age and gender matched healthy individuals and 99 patients with lung parenchymal disease were analyzed to determine the relationship of 17 thoracic structures and their vertebral levels using a 32-bit Radiant DICOM viewer. The structures studied were: aortic hiatus, azygos vein, brachiocephalic artery, gastroesophageal junction (GEJ), left and right common carotid arteries, left and right subclavian arteries, pulmonary trunk bifurcation, superior vena cava junction with the right atrium, carina, cardiac apex, manubriosternal junction, xiphisternal joint, inferior vena cava (IVC) crossing the diaphragm, aortic arch and junction of brachiocephalic veins...
December 9, 2016: Clinical Anatomy
Lenie van den Engel-Hoek, Marloes Lagarde, Nens van Alfen
Patients with neuromuscular disorders often present with swallowing difficulties due to oral phase problems and pharyngeal residue after swallow. It is important to assess the underlying pathology and cause of the swallowing disturbance in this patient group, such as dystrophic changes in oral and masticatory muscles. This allows for more patient-tailored recommendations, for example optimal compensation strategies to maintain function for longer. Ultrasound can show structural changes caused by dystrophy or denervation of muscles, detect involuntary movements such as fasciculations, and provide dynamic video images of tongue motion during swallowing attempts...
December 9, 2016: Clinical Anatomy
Bernard Moxham, Susan Morgan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 9, 2016: Clinical Anatomy
Hasan Yiğit, Elif Ergün
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 9, 2016: Clinical Anatomy
Emma C Alexander, Charlotte Burford, George W Miller, Thomas L Lewis
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 9, 2016: Clinical Anatomy
Hugh Furness, George W Miller, Oliver Putt, Thomas L Lewis
A recent study examined the rate of full-length research paper publication following abstract presentation at the British Association of Clinical Anatomists (BACA) annual meetings. The accepted standard for research dissemination is peer-reviewed publication following presentation at a national or international meeting. The study objectives were quantitative assessment of the abstracts presented at the American Association of Clinical Anatomists' (AACA) annual meetings with regards to the rate of subsequent full-length publication and comparison to BACA publication rates...
December 9, 2016: Clinical Anatomy
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 6, 2016: Clinical Anatomy
H Otsubo, Y Akatsuka, H Takashima, T Suzuki, D Suzuki, T Kamiya, Y Ikeda, T Matsumura, T Yamashita, K Shino
The anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) is divided into three fiber bundles (AM-M: anteromedial-medial, AM-L: anteromedial-lateral, PL: posterolateral). We attempted to depict the three bundles of the human ACL on MRI images and to obtain 3-dimensional visualization of them. Twenty-four knees of healthy volunteers (14 males, 10 females) were scanned by 3T-MRI using the fat suppression 3D coherent oscillatory state acquisition for the manipulation of imaging contrast (FS 3D-COSMIC). The scanned images were reconstructed after the isotropic voxel data, which allows the images to be reconstructed in any plane, was acquired...
November 26, 2016: Clinical Anatomy
Hans J Ten Donkelaar, Jonas Broman, Paul E Neumann, Luis Puelles, Alessandro Riva, R Shane Tubbs, David Kachlik
This article deals with a recent revision of the terminology of the Sections Central Nervous System (CNS; Systema nervosum centrale) and Peripheral Nervous System (PNS; Systema nervosum periphericum) of the Terminologia Anatomica (TA, 1998) and the Terminologia Histologica (TH, 2008). These sections were extensively updated by the Federative International Programme for Anatomical Terminology (FIPAT) Working Group Neuroanatomy of the International Federation of Associations of Anatomists (IFAA). After extensive discussions by FIPAT, and consultation with the IFAA Member Societies, these parts were merged to form a Terminologia Neuroanatomica (TNA)...
November 7, 2016: Clinical Anatomy
Veronika Wegener, Gabriele Jorysz, Andreas Arnoldi, Sandra Utzschneider, Bernd Wegener, Volkmar Jansson, Bernhard Heimkes
Evaluation of hip joint space width during child growth is important to aid in the early diagnosis of hip pathology in children. We established reference values for hip joint space and femoral head size for each age. Hip joint space development during growth was retrospectively investigated medial and cranial in 1350 hip joints of children using standard anteroposterior supine plain pelvic radiographs. Maximum capital femoral epiphysis diameter and femoral radii were further more investigated. Hip joint space values show a slow decline during growth...
November 7, 2016: Clinical Anatomy
Paul E Neumann, Robert Baud, Pierre Sprumont
Information systems are increasing in importance in biomedical sciences and medical practice. The nomenclature rules of human anatomy were reviewed for adequacy with respect to modern needs. New rules are proposed here to ensure that each Latin term is uniquely associated with an anatomical entity, as short and simple as possible, and machine-interpretable. Observance of these recommendations will also benefit students and translators of the Latin terms into other languages. Clin. Anat., 2016. © 2016 Wiley Periodicals, Inc...
November 7, 2016: Clinical Anatomy
Paul E Neumann
The anatomical nomenclature rules require that terms be as short and simple as possible. One common exception to that rule is Latin terms that contain two nouns in nominative case, for example, Musculus masseter and Os ischium. Although these may appear to speakers of other languages to be compound nouns, they are appositions, grammatical structures in which one noun renames, defines or describes the entity named by the other noun. More than 125 terms in Terminologia Anatomica can be simplified, without loss of clarity, by prohibiting use of more than one noun in nominative case in Latin anatomical terms (e...
November 7, 2016: Clinical Anatomy
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