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Clinical Anatomy

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28342284/survey-of-body-donation-programs-in-the-us-concerning-the-use-of-donor-personal-information-with-medical-students
#1
Johanna Gerwer, Thomas R Gest
Body donor programs need to balance ethical concerns and educational needs. Among donor programs in the US, there is variability in the amount of donor personal information that is provided to medical students. This study assesses this variability and investigates the reasons for the variability among donor programs. Telephone interviews and email surveys were used to collect information concerning the provision and use of donor personal information with medical students. One hundred fifty-one donor programs in the US were contacted via email or telephone interview or both...
March 25, 2017: Clinical Anatomy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340518/prevalence-and-distribution-of-sesamoid-bones-in-the-hand-determined-using-digital-tomosynthesis
#2
Bon San Koo, Yoonah Song, Yoon-Kyoung Sung, Seunghun Lee, Jae-Bum Jun
The aim of this study was to identify the prevalence and distribution of sesamoid bones in the hand using digital tomosynthesis (DTS) in comparison to previous studies. Using conventional radiography (CR) and DTS, hand images (81 left and 100 right) taken at a tertiary hospital were retrospectively reviewed. The sesamoid bones were identified in the interphalangeal (IP) and metacarpophalangeal (MCP) joints of the thumb (I), and in the distal interphalangeal (DIP) and metacarpophalangeal (MCP) of index (II), middle (III), ring (IV), and little (V) fingers...
March 24, 2017: Clinical Anatomy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340499/pagan-symbols-associated-with-the-female-anatomy-in-the-medici-chapel-by-michelangelo-buonarroti
#3
Deivis de Campos, Andrea Oxley da Rocha, Rodrigo de Oliveira Lemos, Tais Malysz, João Antonio Bonatto-Costa, Geraldo Pereira Jotz, Lino Pinto de Oliveira Junior, Miriam da Costa Oliveira
Numerous studies have shown that many works of art from the Renaissance period contain hidden symbols and codes that could have religious, mathematical and/or pagan significance and even anatomical allusions. In this context, the present manuscript offers new evidence that the great genius of anatomy, Michelangelo Buonarroti (1475-1564), included pagan symbols associated with female anatomy in the funerary monuments found in the Sagrestia Nuova/Medici Chapel (1519-1533) in Florence, Italy. The interpretation of the symbols provided in this study will interest those with a passion for the history of anatomy...
March 24, 2017: Clinical Anatomy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28321940/anatomy-of-psoas-muscle-innervation-cadaveric-study
#4
Mark A Mahan, Luke E Sanders, Jian Guan, Andrew T Dailey, William Taylor, David A Morton
INTRODUCTION: Hip flexion weakness is relatively common after lateral transpsoas surgery. Persistent weakness may result from injury to the innervation of the psoas major muscles (PMMs); however, anatomical texts have conflicting descriptions of this innervation, and the branching pattern of the nerves within the psoas major, particularly relative to vertebral anatomy, has not been described. The authors dissected human cadavers to describe the branching pattern of nerves supplying the PMMs...
March 21, 2017: Clinical Anatomy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318062/breast-anatomy-time-to-classify-the-subpectoral-and-prepectoral-spaces
#5
LETTER
R Vidya, F M Iqbal
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 20, 2017: Clinical Anatomy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28295613/the-clinical-view-for-dissection-of-the-lingual-nerve-with-application-to-minimizing-iatrogenic-injury
#6
J Iwanaga
The importance of the position of the lingual nerve in the oral cavity cannot be understated for dentists and oral surgeons. Therefore, the location of the lingual nerve with various positions of the tongue is important. However, most dental and medical students are taught oral cadaveric anatomy where tissues are fixed. Therefore, the focus of this paper is to demonstrate how the lingual nerve moves based on tongue movement in fresh tissues and how this is important for dentists and oral surgeons. This article is protected by copyright...
March 14, 2017: Clinical Anatomy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28295651/the-cremasteric-reflex-and-its-muscle-a-paragon-of-ongoing-scientific-discussion-a-systematic-review
#7
Gilbert Schwarz, Lena Hirtler
PURPOSE: The technique of triggering the cremasteric reflex and its respective signaling pathway is not described uniformly throughout the literature. As this reflex is a useful sign in diagnosing testicular torsion, orchitis, varicocele and undescended testis, it seems desirable to identify and define the correct mechanism. Our aim was to investigate how the cremasteric reflex and its signaling pathway are described in the current literature and how the variability of the innervation of the inguinal region could affect the frequency of this reflex...
March 13, 2017: Clinical Anatomy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28295608/incidence-and-anatomical-variations-of-accessory-navicular-bone-in-patients-with-foot-pain-a-retrospective-radiographic-analysis
#8
Heba Kalbouneh, Omar Alajoulin, Mohammad Alsalem, Noor Humoud, Jamil Shawaqfeh, Mohammad Alkhoujah, Hana Abu-Hassan, Waleed Mahafza, Darwish Badran
INTRODUCTION: The accessory navicular (AN) is an accessory ossicle anatomically located on the medial side of the foot, proximal to the navicular and continuous with the tibialis posterior tendon. It is occasionally a source of pain and local tenderness. Knowledge of the AN and its morphological variations can help identify the source of a patient's symptoms and prevent misinterpreting them as fractures. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Foot radiographs from 1240 patients who presented in two centers with chronic foot pain, or persistent pain developed after trauma, were retrospectively reviewed to determine the incidence and variations of the AN in relation to gender...
March 13, 2017: Clinical Anatomy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28295578/measurement-of-acetabular-version-based-on-biplanar-radiographs-with-3d-reconstructions-in-comparison-to-ct-as-reference-standard-in-cadavers
#9
Christoph A Agten, Maciej Jonczy, Oliver Ullrich, Christian W A Pfirrmann, Reto Sutter, Florian M Buck
INTRODUCTION: To quantify acetabular version using 3D reconstructions based on biplanar radiographs (BPR) with CT as reference standard. MATERIALS AND METHODS: No institutional review board approval was needed. Nine dry-bone pelvises underwent BPR in five different positions (rotation/tilt). 3D models of each pelvis were reconstructed by two radiologists on the basis of anatomical landmarks using semi-automated software. Automated software was used to assess the 3D models and to calculate acetabular versions perpendicular to the anterior pelvic plane on all levels in the craniocaudal direction in 1mm steps...
March 13, 2017: Clinical Anatomy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28281304/variations-in-sural-nerve-formation-pattern-and-distribution-on-the-dorsum-of-the-foot
#10
Su Kyoung Jeon, Doo-Jin Paik, Young-Il Hwang
The sural nerve, a cutaneous nerve, is clinically important because it is frequently for nerve conduction testing, biopsy, and harvesting for nerve grafts. This nerve exhibits a wide variety of variation in formation, distribution on the dorsum of the foot, and so on, depending on the population observed. In this study, we examined the variation in the sural nerve in 110 Korean cadavers. Of these cadavers, 86.1% of the sural nerves corresponded to type A, where tibial and peroneal components were united to form the sural nerve...
March 9, 2017: Clinical Anatomy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28281300/the-effect-of-anatomical-placental-location-on-the-third-stage-of-labor
#11
Ulaş Fidan, Mustafa Ulubay, Serkan Bodur, Mehmet Ferdi Kıncı, Kazım Emre Karaşahin, Müfit Cemal Yenen
INTRODUCTION: According to the lower uterine segment and trophotropism hypotheses of placental implantation, placentation occurs in uterine segments with a high blood supply. The present study was designed to determine the clinical implications of these hypotheses by assessing the dynamics of the third stage of labor. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Two-hundred and ninety-two prospectively followed pregnant women were assessed at the time of delivery. The uterine locations of the placentas were determined according to the position of the main placental volume and mass under a sagittal view obtained using a centrally-located ultrasonography probe...
March 9, 2017: Clinical Anatomy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28281294/the-influence-of-wrist-posture-grip-type-and-grip-force-on-median-nerve-shape-and-cross-sectional-area
#12
Jeffrey C Cowley, Joshua Leonardis, David B Lipps, Deanna H Gates
INTRODUCTION: During grasping, the median nerve undergoes mechanical stress in the carpal tunnel which may contribute to carpal tunnel syndrome. This study investigated the effects of wrist posture, grip type, and grip force on the shape and cross-sectional area of the median nerve. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Ultrasound examination was used to obtain cross-sectional images of the dominant wrist of 16 healthy subjects (8 male) at the proximal carpal tunnel during grasping...
March 9, 2017: Clinical Anatomy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28281291/the-innominate-tubercle-of-the-femur-application-to-anterior-surgical-approaches-to-the-hip
#13
O Kielbasinski Podlaszewska, J Bekvalac, R L Williams, P J Adds
INTRODUCTION: There has recently been an increase in popularity of the direct anterior approach (DAA) hip arthroplasty, due to the muscle sparing nature of its interneural intervals, with the innominate tubercle being used as a lateral reference point for the femoral neck osteotomy. However, there is very little information in the literature on this rather enigmatic structure, with no evidence as to whether it is a consistent and reliable marker, or if it varies significantly in the population...
March 9, 2017: Clinical Anatomy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28281277/study-of-normal-volumetric-variation-in-the-putamen-with-age-and-gender-using-magnetic-resonance-imaging
#14
Sujay Halkur Shankar, Sandeep Ballal, Shubha R
INTRODUCTION: Putamen volume is seen to alter in neurological and psychiatric disorders such as Parkinson's disease, depression, schizophrenia, Alzheimer's disease and in patients treated with antipsychotics. To establish a trend in volume changes in pathologic states, studies on factors influencing normal variation in a given population become essential. This study aimed to evaluate the normal variations in putamen volume in the Indian population and correlate them with the effects of age and sex...
March 9, 2017: Clinical Anatomy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28247975/integrating-ultrasound-into-modern-medical-curricula
#15
REVIEW
Shilpan G Patel, Brion Benninger, S Ali Mirjalili
INTRODUCTION: Ultrasonography is widely practiced in many disciplines. It is becoming increasingly important to design well-structured curricula to introduce imaging to students during medical school. This review aims to analyze the literature for evidence of how ultrasonography has been incorporated into anatomy education in medical school curricula worldwide. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A literature search was conducted using multiple databases with the keywords: "Ultrasound OR Ultrasonographic examination*" AND "Medical student* OR Undergraduate teaching* OR Medical education*" AND "Anatomy* OR Living anatomy* OR Real-time anatomy*"...
March 1, 2017: Clinical Anatomy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28247967/back-to-the-bedside-cutting-costs-with-physical-examination-skills
#16
LETTER
Simon De Freitas, Caoilfhionn Connolly, Faisal Sharif
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 1, 2017: Clinical Anatomy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28247958/response-to-guidelines-for-reporting-original-anatomical-studies-quality-and-ethics
#17
LETTER
Brandon Michael Henry, Krzysztof A Tomaszewski
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 1, 2017: Clinical Anatomy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28247951/response-to-authorship-guidelines-for-anatomical-studies
#18
LETTER
Brandon Michael Henry, Krzysztof A Tomaszewski
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 1, 2017: Clinical Anatomy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28247942/superficial-ulnar-nerve-articular-branch-more-than-arcane-trivia
#19
EDITORIAL
Thomas J Wilson, Kimberly K Amrami, Robert J Spinner
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 1, 2017: Clinical Anatomy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28247938/carpal-tunnel-release-safe-and-simple-identification-of-the-flexor-retinaculum-based-on-superficial-anatomical-landmarks
#20
G M Hohenberger, M J Maier, C Grechenig, A M Schwarz, V Matzi, A H Weiglein
INTRODUCTION: The aim of our study was to project the borders of the flexor retinaculum (FR) onto superficial landmarks since its insufficient splitting is the most common reason for persistence of symptoms after carpal tunnel release. MATERIAL/METHODS: In 60 hands the radial and ulnar styloid processes were linked by a horizontal line and a longitudinal line was laid through the ring finger's radial side. These were intersected resulting in the reference point "A" on the forearm...
March 1, 2017: Clinical Anatomy
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