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Clinical Anatomy

Jean Fasel, R Tubbs, R Tubbs
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 19, 2018: Clinical Anatomy
Tomas Marek, Kimberly K Amrami, Robert J Spinner
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 19, 2018: Clinical Anatomy
R Shane Tubbs
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 12, 2018: Clinical Anatomy
Yaser Ahmad, John M Starbuck
INTRODUCTION: Unilateral cleft lip and palate (UCLP) is a craniofacial deformity characterized by lip and palate clefting on one side of the face. UCLP originates from failures in neural crest migration and differentiation during embryological development, impairing facial primordia fusion (medial nasal, maxillary, and lateral processes) resulting in clefting. Persons with UCLP experience issues in nasal breathing, speaking, and mastication. Facial directional asymmetry (DA), consisting of left-right side differences biased towards one particular side, can arise from environmental or hereditary factors...
September 11, 2018: Clinical Anatomy
A S Augustine, A M Ewen, D T Wallace, F Picard
INTRODUCTION: The anterior pelvic plane (APP) is a useful anatomical reference with both clinical and research applications in orthopaedic surgery and rehabilitation medicine. It is used as a marker for computer assisted total hip replacement as well as image-guided assessment of the hip centre in clinical gait analysis. Despite its common use, no published data exist on the variations in height and width in an adult population. AIM: The aim of this study was to determine the range of dimensions for the anterior pelvic plane found in the [removed for blinding] adult population...
September 11, 2018: Clinical Anatomy
Paul E Neumann
The frequency of diminutives in anatomical Latin has often been noted to be high, but that is not unusual in post-classical Latin. Although the connotation of "little" is well known, many of the diminutives in anatomical Latin do not have that meaning. The morphology of regular, irregular and secondary diminutives is presented, along with that of adjectival forms of diminutives. Several transgendered and malformed diminutives are discussed. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved...
September 11, 2018: Clinical Anatomy
Bipasha Choudhury, Anthony Freemont
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 11, 2018: Clinical Anatomy
James R Wright
P.T. Barnum's career as the Greatest Showman on Earth began in 1835, when he "leased" and then publically exhibited a frail African-American slave Joice Heth, who was reportedly the 161 year old former nursemaid of George Washington, throughout New England; the contract was a lease, as slave ownership had recently become illegal in northern states. Barnum exhibited Heth six days a week for up to 12 hours a day. Under this grueling schedule, Heth became ill and died while under contract. Barnum sold tickets for her autopsy, which was performed by David L...
September 11, 2018: Clinical Anatomy
Robert J Spinner
My research on intraneural ganglion cysts has led me on a journey through history to discover a Six Degrees of Separation network, linking my interest in joint connections (of nerve) with personal interconnections. This research took me on an exciting personal journey through the history of neurology, anatomy, and hand and peripheral nerve surgery in Paris, France and New York City. Following famous footsteps like breadcrumbs, my Six Degrees of Separation to Duchenne de Boulogne and Edme François Chauvot de Beauchêne (Beauchêne fils) could be traced through personal connections with leaders including Baron Guillaume Dupuytren, Emanuel Kaplan, J...
September 10, 2018: Clinical Anatomy
David Ezra, Viviane Slon, Einat Kedar, Youssef Masharawi, Khalil Salame, Deborah Alperovitch-Najenson, Israel Hershkovitz
INTRODUCTION: The ratio between the sagittal diameter of the spinal canal and the sagittal diameter of the vertebral body, known as the "Torg ratio", is often used to test for spinal canal narrowing. Here we investigate this ratio in a large population, consisting of two ethnicities, both sexes and three age groups. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Measurements were taken on the dry cervical verterbrae (C3-C7) of 277 individuals using a digital apparatus allowing for the recording of 3D coordinates of a set of landmarks on the vertebral body...
September 9, 2018: Clinical Anatomy
Laura W Lewallen, Robert J Spinner, Kimberly K Amrami, Sanjeev Kakar
Volar radial wrist masses are common. Adventitial cysts of the radial artery are rarely reported and poorly understood. We describe a case series of adventitial cysts in association with the radial artery and detail their pathophysiology and treatment. We conducted an IRB-approved retrospective review of patients treated at our institution from 1997 to 2018. Twelve patients were identified. Presenting symptoms typically included pain and swelling over the volar radial wrist. High resolution magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) demonstrated tubular, cystic lesions within the adventitia of the radial artery with connections to the wrist joint confirmed on multiplanar imaging: (radiocarpal joint = 10; scaphotrapeziotrapezoidal joint = 1; and intercarpal joint = 1)...
September 8, 2018: Clinical Anatomy
Mi-Sun Hur, Kwan Hyun Youn, Hee-Jin Kim
The present study aimed to determine the arrangement and terminal attachments of the zygomaticus minor muscle (Zmi) fibers connecting the orbital and mouth regions. The Zmi was examined in 32 specimens of embalmed Korean adult cadavers. The Zmi was present in all 32 specimens (100%). In 31 of the specimens (96.9%), the Zmi that inserted into the upper lip was formed by muscle fibers that arose from the zygomatic bone and muscle fibers that extended from the orbicularis oculi muscle (OOc). In 14 of the specimens (43...
September 8, 2018: Clinical Anatomy
Rucira Ooi, Sanjeev Agarwal
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 5, 2018: Clinical Anatomy
C Morris, B Kramer, E F Hutchinson
Human ear ossicles are essential for normal sound conduction from the external environment to the inner ear. These bones are subjected to high biomechanical loads due to the sustained vibrations which occur with reception of sound. It is expected that the bones would undergo a significant amount of remodeling and change in bone mineral density during the lifespan of an individual. Therefore, the aim of the study was to evaluate the possible changes in bone mineral density of regions of the ossicular chain during postnatal life...
September 3, 2018: Clinical Anatomy
Fernando A M Herbella, Laercio G Lourenço, Andre L Bonini, Francisco Schlottmann, Marco G Patti
Lymphadenectomy is a crucial part of the surgical therapy for gastric cancer. The number of normal lymph nodes could indicate the number of nodes that need to be retrieved during the procedure. The aim of this study is to analyze the number of lymph nodes in cadavers without gastric cancer according to the Japanese Gastric Cancer Association guidelines. Twenty fresh adult cadavers (14 males, mean age 55, range 24-93 years) were used. Abdominal lymph nodes were dissected and classified according to the Japanese Gastric Cancer Association...
September 3, 2018: Clinical Anatomy
P Charlier, C Hervé
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 1, 2018: Clinical Anatomy
Ang Eng Tat, Chan Jia Min, Vik Gopal, N G Li Shia
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 31, 2018: Clinical Anatomy
Warren J Scherer
Based on embryological commonalities between eye and heart development, a global, country-specific meta-analysis of normal, adult corneal endothelial cell density (ECD) was performed and correlated against mortality rates secondary to diseases affecting cardiac neural crest cell (CNCC)-derived cardiovascular structures. A country-specific survey of ECD was performed by searching PubMed for studies reporting ECD datasets from normal adults. All eligible datasets were assigned a country of origin. Country-specific weighted mean ECD were calculated based on dataset n...
August 31, 2018: Clinical Anatomy
Łukasz Olewnik, Bartosz Gonera, Konrad Kurtys, Michał Podgórski, Michał Polguj, Marcin Sibiński, Mirosław Topol
INTRODUCTION: The anterolateral ligament (ALL) is a potential stabilizer of the knee and cooperates with the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL). It originates on the lateral epicondyle of the femur, to which it is mainly posterior and proximal; insertion is posterior to Gerdy's tubercle. Its anatomical characteristics vary. Recent publications have focused on morphological variations concerning mainly the femoral and tibial attachments, and on morphometric measurements. Histological and cystochemical examinations have also been performed...
August 25, 2018: Clinical Anatomy
Maxime Blain, Dina Dinova, Marie-France Bellin, Laurence Rocher, Olivier Gagey, Marc Soubeyrand, Maud Creze
INTRODUCTION: The lumbar paraspinal compartment (PMC) is a stabilizing system of the spine whose efficiency depends on its elastic properties, which may be quantifiable by supersonic shear wave elastography (SWE). The thoracolumbar fascia (TLF) encapsulates the lumbar paraspinal muscles (LPM) and creates a paraspinal muscle compartment (PMC). Tensioning of the TLF via the stretching of the latissimus dorsi is supposed to increase stiffness within the PMC. The aims of this study were 1) to test the reliability of SWE in the multifidus and the erector spinae (ES) in prone and sited position; 2) to investigate the role of the tensioning of the pTLF, via stretching of the latissimus dorsi (LD), on LPM stiffness...
August 25, 2018: Clinical Anatomy
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