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Clinical Anatomy

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28815746/matthew-baillie-s-specimens-and-engravings
#1
Caitlin Spear, Maggie Reilly, Stuart W McDonald
In 1799, Matthew Baillie, William Hunter's nephew, published his famous atlas of pathology. It was entitled A Series of Engravings Accompanied with Explanations which are Intended to Illustrate the Morbid Anatomy of Some of the Most Important Parts of the Human Body. The present study aims to match the illustrations to extant specimens in the collections of William and John Hunter, preserved at the University of Glasgow and at the Royal College of Surgeons of England respectively. Baillie's book contains 10 fasciculi, consisting of 73 plates and 206 figures...
August 17, 2017: Clinical Anatomy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28795440/single-site-neural-tube-closure-in-human-embryos-revisited
#2
Bernadette S de Bakker, Stan Driessen, Bastiaan Jd Boukens, Maurice Jh van den Hoff, Roelof-Jan Oostra
Introduction Since the multi-site closure theory was first proposed in 1991 as explanation for the preferential localizations of neural tube defects, the closure of the neural tube has been debated. Although the multi-site closure theory is much cited in clinical literature, single-site closure is most apparent in literature concerning embryology. Inspired by Victor Hamburgers (1900-2001) statement that "our real teacher has been and still is the embryo, who is, incidentally, the only teacher who is always right", we decided to critically review both theories of neural tube closure...
August 10, 2017: Clinical Anatomy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28795436/anatomic-characterization-of-the-humeral-nutrient-artery-application-to-fracture-and-surgery-of-the-humerus
#3
Koichiro Ichimura, Shota Kinose, Yuto Kawasaki, Taro Okamura, Kota Kato, Tatsuo Sakai
Anatomic characterization of the humeral nutrient artery varies among the several textbooks on human anatomy. To clarify the anatomic characteristics of the humeral nutrient artery, we reexamined its origin and course by cadaveric dissection. In typical cases, one prominent nutrient foramen was situated on the anteromedial surface of the humeral shaft, and the nutrient canal distally penetrated the cortical bone layer. The humeral nutrient artery originated from the brachial artery below the level of the nutrient foramen as a short ascending branch...
August 10, 2017: Clinical Anatomy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28795431/students-attitudes-towards-body-image-donation-for-3d-printing
#4
LETTER
Yousef AbouHashem, Manisha Dayal, Stanley Serafin, Goran Štrkalj
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 10, 2017: Clinical Anatomy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28791739/human-liver-territories-think-beyond-the-8-segments-scheme
#5
Jean H D Fasel
Worldwide, compartmentalization of the human liver into portal venous territories today follows the eight-segments scheme credited to Couinaud. However, there are increasing reports of anatomical, radiological and surgical observations that contradict this concept. This paper presents a viewpoint that enhances understanding of these inconsistencies and can serve as a basis for customized liver interventions. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
August 9, 2017: Clinical Anatomy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28791732/the-importance-of-normal-pressures-in-the-compartment-of-the-leg
#6
LETTER
Sanjeet S Grewal, Kimberly K Amrami, Naveen S Murthy, Robert J Spinner
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 9, 2017: Clinical Anatomy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28791730/arterial-supply-of-the-thumb-systemic-review
#7
REVIEW
J Miletin, A Sukop, V Baca, D Kachlik
INTRODUCTION: We offer a complete systematic review of the anatomy of arteries of the thumb, including their sources in the first web space. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Eleven studies were selected from the PubMed, Medline, Embase, Scopus and Ovid databases. Data about each artery of the thumb were obtained; in particular, the incidence and dominance of each of these arteries were calculated. RESULTS: The ulnopalmar digital artery of the thumb (UPDAT) was found in 99...
August 9, 2017: Clinical Anatomy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28762568/a-new-space-of-the-face-the-bucco-mandibular-space
#8
Joe Iwanaga, Yasuhiko Kamura, Tsuyoshi Tanaka, Koichi Watanabe, Jingo Kusukawa, Rod J Oskouian, R Shane Tubbs
Our previous studies based on intraoral dissection of fresh cadavers demonstrated the fissure and loose connective tissues behind the mucosa between the incisivus labii inferioris (ILI) and buccinator (BM) muscles. However, this raised new questions about the relationship among these muscles, the fissure and the buccal space. To our knowledge, no pathway to the oral cavity from the buccal space has been previously demonstrated, although such a pathway would better explain some routes of infection. Therefore, the aim of this study was to clarify the relationship among the mimetic muscles attached to the mandible, the fissure, and the buccal space...
August 1, 2017: Clinical Anatomy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28762540/three-dimensional-ultrasound-and-hdlive-technology-as-possible-tools-in-teaching-embryology
#9
Razvan Popovici, Anda Pristavu, Anca Sava
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 1, 2017: Clinical Anatomy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28762535/anatomical-complications-of-hysterectomy-a-review
#10
REVIEW
Rebecca C Ramdhan, Marios Loukas, R Shane Tubbs
INTRODUCTION: Hysterectomy is the most commonly performed gynecological procedure in the United States with three possible surgical approaches; vaginal, abdominal and laparoscopic. As with any surgical procedure, various anatomical complications can arise. These include injuries to anatomical structures such as the urinary bladder, ureter, intestines, rectum, anus and a multitude of nervous structures. Other complications include sexual dysfunction, vaginal cuff dehiscence and urinary incontinence...
August 1, 2017: Clinical Anatomy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28736964/exceptionalism-is-not-exceptional-in-relation-to-sexual-and-reproduction-mechanisms-contrasts-of-human-and-animal-sexuality
#11
REVIEW
Roy J Levin
Speculation that the release of oxytocin by orgasm in the human female during coitus facilitates fertility by enhancing uterine sperm transport has been criticised as having no unequivocal empirical human evidence. However, a counter claim that this supports human 'exceptionalism' as some form of uterine sperm transport occurs in other species. This is a misconception as it ignores that human uterine peristalsis, powered by contractions of the smooth muscle of the archimyometrium, facilitates sperm transport even without any systemic oxytocin involvement...
July 24, 2017: Clinical Anatomy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726321/the-prevalence-of-transpancreatic-common-hepatic-artery-and-coexisting-variant-anatomy
#12
Kousei Ishigami, Akihiro Nishie, Yoshiki Asayama, Yasuhiro Ushijima, Yukihisa Takayama, Daisuke Okamoto, Nobuhiro Fujita, Tomoharu Yoshizumi, Norifumi Harimoto, Takao Ohtsuka, Kohei Nakata, Hiroshi Honda
PURPOSE: We studied the prevalence of the transpancreatic common hepatic artery (tp-CHA) and coexisting variant anatomy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study group comprised 788 consecutive liver transplant donor candidates who had undergone thin-section multidetector-row computed tomography (MDCT) studies to investigate vascular anatomy. Multiplanar reformatted (MPR) images obtained from the arterial phase were retrospectively reviewed to assess the presence/absence of the tp-CHA...
July 20, 2017: Clinical Anatomy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726308/the-collateral-venous-system-in-late-pregnancy-a-systematic-review-of-the-literature
#13
REVIEW
Aimee Humphries, Peter Stone, S Ali Mirjalili
INTRODUCTION: Recent literature has reported an association between maternal supine sleep position and stillbirth during late pregnancy. In this position the gravid uterus almost completely obstructs the inferior vena cava. A small number of women experience supine hypotension, thought to be due in part to inadequate collateral venous circulation. The aim of this paper is to review the literature describing the anatomy of the collateral venous system and in particular the azygos system, the abdominal portion of which has not been well studied...
July 20, 2017: Clinical Anatomy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726265/how-to-havest-the-greatest-length-of-tibialis-posterior-tendon-in-tibialis-posterior-tendon-transfer-a-cadaveric-study
#14
Korakot Thamphongsri, Thos Harnroongroj, Atthakorn Jarusriwanna, Bavornrit Chuckpaiwong
INTRODUCTION: In anterior transfer of the tibialis posterior tendon, the tendon was harvested using two incisions, the first at its attachment point on the navicular bone and second on the medial side of the leg above the medial malleolus. To provide the maximum tendon length, the second incision needs to be as proximal as possible but injury to the muscle origin must be avoided. The purpose of this study is to establish the location of the second incision that yields the greatest tendon length...
July 20, 2017: Clinical Anatomy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726262/double-aortic-arch-anomalies-in-children-a-systematic-20-year-single-center-study
#15
M Kaldararova, I Simkova, I Varga, P Tittel, M Kardos, M Ondriska, V Vrsanska, J Masura
INTRODUCTION: Aortic arch anomalies underlie numerous congenital disorders. Effectively diagnosing and treating them requires close understanding of cardiovascular embryology. As our Center serves the entire pediatric population of our country, we performed a comprehensive retrospective analysis of all aortic arch anomalies diagnosed at our Center over the past 20 years. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We analyzed 40 children with aortic arch anomalies, distinguishing two defect types: Group 1 displayed ring-forming anomalies, and Group 2 other types of aortic arch anomalies that did not form a vascular ring...
July 20, 2017: Clinical Anatomy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726261/origin-and-prevalence-of-the-accessory-phrenic-nerve-a-meta-analysis-and-clinical-appraisal
#16
REVIEW
Matthew J Graves, Brandon Michael Henry, Wan Chin Hsieh, Beatrice Sanna, Przemysław A Pękala, Joe Iwanaga, Marios Loukas, Krzysztof A Tomaszewski
INTRODUCTION: The Accessory Phrenic Nerve (APN) is a common anatomical variant with differing reports of prevalence in the literature. It can be injured during operative procedures to the neck and thorax or by regional anesthetic techniques in its vicinity. Our aim was to provide a comprehensive evidence-based assessment of the prevalence and origins of the APN. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The databases PubMed, China National Knowledge Infrastructure, ScienceDirect, EMBASE, BIOSIS, SciELO, and Web of Science were searched comprehensively, followed by assessment of eligibility and extraction of data concerning the APN...
July 20, 2017: Clinical Anatomy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726243/the-effect-of-near-peer-tutoring-on-medical-students-performance-in-anatomical-and-physiological-sciences
#17
Katrina Morgan, Emily E Northey, Mohammed K Khalil
INTRODUCTION: Healthcare professional schools across the world are implementing near-peer tutoring (NPT) programs owing to numerous benefits to both tutors and tutees. This study determined whether higher attendance at NPT sessions led to improvements in course grades for high and low performing students. METHODS: Fourth-year medical students used the USMLE Step 1 question format to tutor first-year medical students during the second half of the Structure and Function (SF) module, i...
July 20, 2017: Clinical Anatomy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714187/a-critique-of-utilitarian-and-instrumentalist-concepts-for-the-teaching-of-gross-anatomy-to-medical-and-dental-students-an-opinion-piece
#18
Bernard J Moxham, Diogo Pais
Medical and dental curricula, together with anatomical sciences courses, are increasingly having to change, mainly because there is a drive to being what is termed, without adequate definition, 'clinically relevant'. The concept of 'clinical anatomy' has accordingly been invented and it is expected that, at all times, the teaching of anatomy is directly focussed on clinical scenarios, meaning almost invariably the 'disease-based model of medicine and dentistry'. Furthermore, students are not expected to have a detailed knowledge of gross anatomy and the time devoted to teaching and learning the subject has decreased significantly...
July 16, 2017: Clinical Anatomy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714106/prevalence-and-distribution-of-sesamoid-bones-and-accessory-ossicles-of-the-foot-as-determined-by-digital-tomosynthesis
#19
Bon San Koo, Yoonah Song, Seunghun Lee, Yoon-Kyoung Sung, Il-Hoon Sung, Jae-Bum Jun
We previously reported that digital tomosynthesis (DTS) is a reliable tool for evaluating bony structures of the hand. The current study aimed to identify the prevalence and distribution of sesamoid bones and accessory ossicles of the foot using DTS and to compare the results to those of conventional radiography (CR). Foot images (DTS, 213; CR, 44) of 213 patients taken at a tertiary hospital were retrospectively reviewed. Sesamoid bones were identified in the metatarsaophalangeal (MTP), distal interphalangeal (DIP) and interphalangeal (IP) joints of the great (I), second (II), third (III), fourth (IV), and fifth (V) toes...
July 16, 2017: Clinical Anatomy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28699286/clinical-anatomy-of-fecal-incontinence-in-women
#20
REVIEW
Priyanka K Kadam-Halani, Lily A Arya, Uduak U Andy
Fecal incontinence is a devastating condition that has a severe impact on quality of life. This condition disproportionately affects women and its incidence is increasing with the aging United States population. Fecal continence is maintained by coordination of a functioning anal sphincter complex, intact sensation of the anorectum, rectal compliance, and the ability to consciously control defecation. Particularly important are the puborectalis sling of the levator ani muscle complex and intact innervation of the central and peripheral nervous systems...
July 12, 2017: Clinical Anatomy
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