journal
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Substance Abuse

journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28328384/the-surgeon-general-s-facing-addiction-report-an-historic-document-for-healthcare
#1
Sharon Levy, J Paul Seale, Victoria A Osborne, Kevin L Kraemer, Daniel P Alford, Jeffrey Baxter, Deborah S Finnell, Hillary Kunins, Alexander Y Walley, David C Lewis, Doreen MacLane-Baeder, Adam J Gordon
The publication of Facing Addiction in America: The Surgeon General's Report on Alcohol, Drugs, and Health presents an historic moment not only for the field of addiction medicine, but also for the United States as a nation. The Board of Directors of the Association for Medical Education and Research in Substance Abuse (AMERSA), on behalf of our organization, would like to express our appreciation of the efforts of Dr. Vivek Murthy and the Surgeon General's Office to publish the first surgeon general's report covering substance misuse and substance use disorders...
March 22, 2017: Substance Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28328314/from-education-to-practice-addressing-opioid-misuse-through-healthcare-provider-training-a-special-issue-of-saj
#2
Adam J Gordon, John Daniel Harding
Opioid misuse may be ignored by providers who are unwilling or not confident in engaging the complex nature of substance use disorders among their patient populations. Addiction is a complex disease and although providers often are comfortable in identifying, assessing, and treating the complex diseases of their patients, basic knowledge and skills of identification, assessment, and treatment expertise involving opioids for pain, addressing opioid misuse, and treatment of opioid use disorder are lacking. Initiatives to improve knowledge of opioid use, misuse, and opioid use disorder among health care providers are emerging...
March 22, 2017: Substance Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28277828/cultivating-change-door-to-door-educational-outreach-to-improve-prescribing-practices-in-rural-veterans-with-ptsd
#3
Macgregor Montaño, Nancy C Bernardy, Kathleen Sherrieb
BACKGROUND: Clinical guidelines for the management of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) recommend against the use of benzodiazepines. Benzodiazepines and PTSD are both associated with addiction-related risks. VA prescribing trends show continued use of benzodiazepines and polysedative use in veterans with PTSD, particularly in rural areas. The authors examine the use of an educational intervention to improve pharmacologic management of veterans with PTSD in rural clinics. METHODS: The VA Academic Detailing Service Informatics Toolset provides prescribing, demographic and risk factor data for veterans with PTSD treated at the White River Junction VA Medical Center (WRJ VA) and affiliated rural clinics in Vermont and New Hampshire...
March 9, 2017: Substance Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28332942/a-statewide-screening-brief-intervention-and-referral-to-treatment-sbirt-curriculum-for-medical-residents-differential-implementation-strategies-in-heterogeneous-medical-residency-programs
#4
Janice L Pringle, Shannon M Kearney, Sherry Rickard-Aasen, Melinda M Campopiano, Adam J Gordon
BACKGROUND: Many screening, brief intervention, and referral to treatment (SBIRT) training curricula have been implemented within graduate medical residency training programs, with varying degrees of success. The authors examined the implementation of a uniform, but adaptable, statewide SBIRT curriculum in 7 diverse residency training programs and whether it could improve resident knowledge, skills, and attitudes regarding SBIRT and unhealthy alcohol and other drug (AOD) use. METHODS: The authors assessed the implementation of the Pennsylvania SBIRT Medical and Residency Training (SMaRT) curriculum at 7 residency sites training a variety of disciplines...
February 8, 2017: Substance Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28328312/adolescent-substance-use-assessing-the-knowledge-attitudes-and-practices-of-a-school-based-health-center-workforce
#5
Mary M Ramos, Rachel A Sebastian, Mary Murphy, Kristin Oreskovich, Timothy P Condon
BACKGROUND: Recent attention has focused on the potential for school-based health centers (SBHCs) to provide access points for adolescent substance use care. In 2015, the University of New Mexico began screening, brief intervention, and referral to treatment (SBIRT) training for providers at New Mexico Department of Health (NMDOH)-funded SBHCs across the state. This study assesses baseline knowledge, attitudes, and practices of the New Mexico SBHC provider workforce regarding adolescent substance use and provision of services...
February 8, 2017: Substance Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28328306/integration-and-evaluation-of-substance-abuse-research-education-training-saret-into-a-master-of-social-work-program
#6
Ellen Tuchman, Kathleen Hanley, Madeline Naegle, Frederick More, Sewit Bereket, Marc N Gourevitch
BACKGROUND: The Substance Abuse Research and Education Training (SARET) program is funded by the National Institutes of Drug Abuse in 2006 as a novel approach to spark interest in substance abuse research among medical, dental, nursing, and social work graduate students through a Web-based curriculum and research mentorships. This report presents the initial integration of the intervention in a Master of Social Work (MSW) program, the components of the program, and the mixed-methods evaluation of its effect on students' attitudes towards substance abuse research and treatment...
February 8, 2017: Substance Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28328303/the-role-of-pain-in-quitting-among-human-immunodeficiency-virus-hiv-positive-smokers-enrolled-in-a-smoking-cessation-trial
#7
Carrie J Aigner, Ellen R Gritz, Irene Tamí-Maury, George P Baum, Roberto C Arduino, Damon J Vidrine
BACKGROUND: Smoking rates among people living with human immunodeficiency virus/acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (HIV/AIDS; PLWHA) are at least twice as high as rates in the general population. Consistent with the reciprocal model of pain and smoking, PLWHA with pain who smoke may use smoking as a means of coping with pain, thus presenting a potential barrier to quitting. The aim of this study is to better understand how pain relates to smoking cessation among 474 HIV-positive adults enrolled in a cell phone-delivered smoking cessation trial...
February 8, 2017: Substance Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28166464/implementation-of-a-pharmacy-consult-to-reduce-co-prescribing-of-opioids-and-benzodiazepines-in-a-veteran-population
#8
Deborah Pardo, Lacey Miller, Dana Chiulli
BACKGROUND: The dangers of co-administration of opioid pain relievers (OPRs) and benzodiazepines (BZDs) are well documented. The combination of OPRs and BZDs make up the majority of medications involved in prescription drug-related overdose and are often used concomitantly. This pattern is consistent among the veteran population where mental health illness and substance abuse are prominent. The Veterans Health Administration implemented the Opioid Safety Initiative (OSI) aimed at improving patient safety surrounding OPRs...
February 6, 2017: Substance Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28113039/smartphone-application-for-unhealthy-alcohol-use-a-pilot-study
#9
Nicolas Bertholet, Jean-Bernard Daeppen, Jennifer McNeely, Vlad Kushnir, John A Cunningham
BACKGROUND: Technology-delivered interventions are useful tools for addressing unhealthy alcohol use. Smartphones in particular offer opportunities to deliver interventions at the user's convenience. A smartphone application with 5 modules (personal feedback, self-monitoring of drinking, designated driver tool, blood alcohol content [BAC] calculator, information) was developed. Its acceptability and associations between use and drinking outcomes were assessed. METHODS: One hundred thirty adults with unhealthy alcohol use (>14 [men]/>7 [women] drinks/week or ≥1 episode/month with 6 or more drinks) recruited in Switzerland (n = 70) and Canada (n = 60) were offered to use the application...
January 23, 2017: Substance Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28113004/development-of-an-opioid-related-overdose-risk-behavior-scale-orbs
#10
Enrique R Pouget, Alex S Bennett, Luther Elliott, Brett Wolfson-Stofko, Ramona Almeñana, Peter C Britton, Andrew Rosenblum
BACKGROUND: Drug overdose has emerged as the leading cause of injury-related death in the United States, driven by prescription opioid (PO) misuse, polysubstance use, and use of heroin. To better understand opioid-related overdose risks that may change over time and across populations, there is a need for a more comprehensive assessment of related risk behaviors. Drawing on existing research, formative interviews, and discussions with community and scientific advisors an opioid-related Overdose Risk Behavior Scale (ORBS) was developed...
January 23, 2017: Substance Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28027019/screening-and-brief-intervention-in-high-schools-school-nurses-practices-and-attitudes-in-massachusetts
#11
Julie Lunstead, Elissa R Weitzman, Dylan Kaye, Sharon Levy
BACKGROUND: Screening, brief intervention, and referral to treatment (SBIRT) is recommended as a strategy to prevent or reduce adolescent substance use. Offering SBIRT in schools may provide an opportunity to reach adolescents not accessing primary care. The objective is to assess school nurses' attitudes and practices regarding adolescent SBIRT. METHODS: The authors administered electronically and in person a questionnaire including 29 items on SBIRT attitudes and practices to school nurses registered for the Northeastern University's School Health Institute Summer Program in Massachusetts (N = 168)...
December 27, 2016: Substance Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28027016/opioid-overdose-prevention-training-with-naloxone-an-adjunct-to-basic-life-support-training-for-first-year-medical-students
#12
Noah Berland, Aaron Fox, Babak Tofighi, Kathleen Hanley
BACKGROUND: Opioid overdose deaths have reached epidemic proportions in the United States. This problem stems from both licit and illicit opioid use. Physicians play a role in prescribing opioids, recognizing risky use, and initiating prevention, including Opioid Overdose Prevention Training (OOPT). The American Heart Association (AHA) modified their basic life support (BLS) algorithms to consider naloxone in high risk populations and when a pulse is appreciated; however, the AHA did not provide OOPT...
December 27, 2016: Substance Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28027011/smokeless-tobacco-use-among-united-states-air-force-trainees
#13
Brittany D Linde, Jon O Ebbert, Darrell R Schroeder, Andy C Hanson, G Wayne Talcott, Robert C Klesges
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of smokeless tobacco use in the United States Air Force (USAF) exceeds civilian use rates. We assessed the prevalence of smokeless tobacco use and evaluated the correlates of smokeless tobacco use in a sample of United States Air Force trainees. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional survey of USAF Technical Training school personnel at Joint Base San Antonio-Lackland and Fort Sam Houston (N = 14,810). Survey completion rate was 78%. Logistic regression was used to analyze the associations between demographic variables, tobacco use, and social factors for both regular and infrequent smokeless tobacco (e...
December 27, 2016: Substance Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28080324/the-40th-annual-meeting-of-amersa-highlights-abstracts-and-awards
#14
Adam J Gordon
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: Substance Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28075715/abstracts-of-the-18th-annual-meeting-of-the-international-society-of-addiction-medicine-isam-2016
#15
Adam J Gordon
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: Substance Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27925868/overlapping-buprenorphine-opioid-and-benzodiazepine-prescriptions-among-veterans-dually-enrolled-in-department-of-veterans-affairs-and-medicare-part-d
#16
Walid F Gellad, Xinhua Zhao, Carolyn T Thorpe, Joshua M Thorpe, Florentina E Sileanu, John P Cashy, Maria Mor, Jennifer A Hale, Thomas Radomski, Leslie R M Hausmann, Michael J Fine, Chester B Good
BACKGROUND: Buprenorphine is a key tool in the management of opioid use disorder, but there are growing concerns about abuse, diversion, and safety. These concerns are amplified for the Department of Veterans Affairs (VA), whose patients may receive care concurrently from multiple prescribers within and outside VA. To illustrate the extent of this challenge, we examined overlapping prescriptions for buprenorphine, opioids, and benzodiazepines among veterans dually enrolled in VA and Medicare Part D...
January 2017: Substance Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27925866/there-s-something-about-molly-the-underresearched-yet-popular-powder-form-of-ecstasy-in-the-united-states
#17
Joseph J Palamar
Molly has been the street name for powder or crystalline ecstasy (3,4-methylenedioxymethamphetamine [MDMA]) in the United States since the early 2000s; however, few studies have examined Molly use or included Molly in the definition of ecstasy/MDMA. Prevalence of self-reported ecstasy use is being underreported on surveys due to the lack of inclusion of "Molly," although Molly is often so adulterated with novel psychoactive substances such as synthetic cathinones ("bath salts") that the name "Molly" may no longer adequately represent ecstasy/MDMA...
January 2017: Substance Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27925865/public-health-messages-about-perinatal-marijuana-use-in-an-evolving-policy-context
#18
Marian Jarlenski, Jennifer Zank, Jill Tarr, Judy C Chang
BACKGROUND: Marijuana is a commonly used substance in pregnancy in the United States. It is unknown what public health messages about perinatal marijuana use are being disseminated in the changing policy landscape. METHODS: The authors systematically searched 51 state and 5 federal public health agencies' Web sites in February 2016 for information about perinatal marijuana use. Of these, 1 federal agency and 10 state agencies had published information about perinatal marijuana use...
January 2017: Substance Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27925864/intravenous-use-of-intranasal-naloxone-a-case-of-overdose-reversal
#19
Smita Das, Nina Shah, Murtuza Ghadiali
BACKGROUND: Opioid overdose is a growing concern in the United States and internationally. Prehospital or pre-medical personnel (layperson) administration of naloxone, an opioid antagonist, to reverse overdose, is an expanding mode of harm reduction. Recently, community clinics, methadone clinics, needle exchanges, some pharmacies, and other health care facilities have made naloxone available to the community. CASE: This case describes heroin overdose reversal of a 28-year-old male who had been using about a gram of heroin intravenously for 3 years but recently reduced frequency of use in an attempt to stop...
January 2017: Substance Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27925860/-alcoholic-or-person-with-alcohol-use-disorder-applying-person-first-diagnostic-terminology-in-the-clinical-domain
#20
Sean M Robinson
A recent publication by Broyles et al. has recommended extending the use of diagnostically accurate, person-first language (e.g., "person with alcohol use disorder") as an alternative to non-diagnostic, idiosyncratic terms (e.g., "addict", "alcoholic") when describing individuals with substance use disorders (SUDs) in academic publications. Given the high levels of stigma towards individuals with SUDs in both the public and professional community alike, however, the present commentary advocates for extending the use of appropriate terminology in the description of individuals with SUDs beyond the academic arena- i...
January 2017: Substance Abuse
journal
journal
29900
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"