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Substance Abuse

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28481713/internalized-smoking-stigma-in-relation-to-quit-intentions-quit-attempts-and-current-e-cigarette-use
#1
Richard J O'Connor, Vaughan W Rees, Cheryl Rivard, Dorothy K Hatsukami, K Michael Cummings
BACKGROUND: Reducing the social acceptability of smoking is associated with lowered smoking prevalence. However, denormalization strategies can also contribute to the stigmatization that some smokers may feel about their smoking. Smoking stigma may be more acute if smokers are also members of other stigmatized groups, such as racial/ethnic minorities. This study examined correlates of smoking self- and felt-stigma and discrimination, among current smokers. METHODS: Participants were recruited in the United States via a national commercial consumer panel to complete a cross-sectional, web-based survey...
May 8, 2017: Substance Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28394740/self-regulating-profession-administrative-discipline-of-pill-mill-physicians-in-florida
#2
Corey S Davis, Derek H Carr
BACKGROUND: A relatively large number of "pill mills," in which physicians prescribed and sometimes dispensed controlled substances without medical justification, operated in Florida beginning in the mid-2000's. Investigations into these operations have resulted in the arrest and conviction of dozens of physicians for activities related to illegal trafficking in controlled substances. METHODS: Using information from the federal Drug Enforcement Administration, the Florida Department of Health, and court records, we constructed a database of Florida-licensed medical doctors who had been indicted or convicted of crimes related to illegal prescribing of controlled substances in Florida during 2010-2015...
April 10, 2017: Substance Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28486076/medical-providers-knowledge-and-concerns-about-opioid-overdose-education-and-take-home-naloxone-rescue-kits-within-veterans-affairs-health-care-medical-treatment-settings
#3
Rachel P Winograd, Corey S Davis, Maria Niculete, Elizabeth Oliva, Richard P Martielli
BACKGROUND: Overdose from opioids is a serious public health and clinical concern. Veterans are at increased risk for opioid overdose compared with the civilian population, suggesting the need for enhanced efforts to address overdose prevention in Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) health care settings, such as primary care clinics. METHODS: Prescribing providers (N = 45) completed surveys on baseline knowledge and concerns about the VA Overdose Education and Naloxone Distribution (OEND) initiative prior to attending an OEND educational training...
April 2017: Substance Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28486075/barriers-to-patient-centered-human-immunodeficiency-virus-hiv-care-with-african-american-patients-who-use-drugs-social-construction-of-the-typical-and-ideal-care-visit
#4
Suzanne Carlberg-Racich, Lindsey Roden
BACKGROUND: A successful patient-provider relationship ensures that patients are treated as individuals and receive appropriate care for their unique circumstances. For this to occur, the relationship needs open communication and trust. African American persons who inject drugs (PWIDs) and who smoke crack cocaine are at elevated risks of poor health outcomes and are often lost to care. In addition, providers often experience difficulty serving this population. Although some barriers are documented in the peer-reviewed literature, this study sought to provide in-depth context to the relationship and how it is constructed...
April 2017: Substance Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28418816/safe-and-competent-opioid-prescribing-education-increasing-dissemination-with-a-train-the-trainer-program
#5
Lara Zisblatt, Sean M Hayes, Patrice Lazure, Ilana Hardesty, Julie L White, Daniel P Alford
BACKGROUND: Due to the high prevalence of prescription opioid misuse, the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) mandated a Risk Evaluation and Mitigation Strategy (REMS) requiring manufacturers of extended-release/long-acting (ER/LA) opioids to fund continuing education based on an FDA curricular Blueprint. This paper describes the Safe and Competent Opioid Prescribing Education (SCOPE of Pain) train-the-trainer program and its impact on (1) disseminating the SCOPE of Pain curriculum and (2) knowledge, confidence, attitudes, and performance of the participants of trainer-led compared with expert-led meetings...
April 2017: Substance Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28418777/er-la-opioid-rems-and-accredited-education-survey-results-provide-insight-into-clinical-roles-educational-needs-and-learner-preferences
#6
Cynthia Kear, Tom McKeithen, Sheila Robertson
BACKGROUND: The Collaborative for REMS (Risk Evaluation and Mitigation Strategy) Education (CO*RE) includes 13 organizations that provide REMS Program Companies (RPC) grant-supported accredited education on extended-release and long-acting (ER/LA) opioid therapy. This report summarizes results of a survey designed to investigate the impact of participant criteria and to better understand the roles and preferences of continuing medical education/continuing education (CME/CE) participants...
April 2017: Substance Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28398192/an-interventionist-adherence-scale-for-a-specialized-brief-negotiation-interview-focused-on-treatment-engagement-for-opioid-use-disorders
#7
Michael V Pantalon, James Dziura, Fang-Yong Li, Patricia H Owens, Patrick G O'Connor, Gail D'Onofrio
BACKGROUND: No psychometrically validated instrument for evaluating the extent to which interventionists correctly implement brief interventions designed to motivate treatment engagement for opioid use disorders has been reported in the literature. The objective of this study was to develop and examine the psychometric properties of the Brief Negotiation Interview (BNI) Adherence Scale for Opioid Use Disorders (BAS-O). METHODS: In the context of a randomized controlled trial evaluating the efficacy of 3 models of emergency department care for opioid use disorders, the authors developed and subsequently examined the psychometric properties of the BAS-O, a 38-item scale that required raters to answer whether or not ("Yes" or "No") each of the critical actions of the BNI was correctly implemented by the research interventionist...
April 2017: Substance Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28394752/the-risks-of-opioid-treatment-perspectives-of-primary-care-practitioners-and-patients-from-safety-net-clinics
#8
Emily E Hurstak, Margot Kushel, Jamie Chang, Rachel Ceasar, Kara Zamora, Christine Miaskowski, Kelly Knight
BACKGROUND: Patients with a history of substance use are more likely than those without substance use to experience chronic noncancer pain (CNCP), to be prescribed opioids, and to experience opioid misuse or overdose. Primary care practitioners (PCPs) in safety-net settings care for low-income patients with CNCP and substance use, usually without specialist consultation. To inform communication related to opioid risk, we explored PCPs' and patients' perceptions of the risks of chronic opioid therapy...
April 2017: Substance Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28394736/what-do-providers-want-to-know-about-opioid-prescribing-a-qualitative-analysis-of-their-questions
#9
Phoebe A Cushman, Jane M Liebschutz, Joseph G Hodgkin, Christopher W Shanahan, Julie L White, Ilana Hardesty, Daniel P Alford
BACKGROUND: In 2012, the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) responded to the opioid crisis with a Risk Evaluation and Mitigation Strategy, requiring manufacturers of extended-release/long-acting opioids to fund continuing medical education based on the "FDA Blueprint for Prescriber Education." Topics in the Blueprint are "Assessing Patients for Treatment," "Initiating Therapy, Modifying Dosing, and Discontinuing Use," "Managing Therapy," "Counseling Patients and Caregivers about Safe Use," "General Drug Information," and "Specific Drug Information...
April 2017: Substance Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28394733/training-internal-medicine-residents-to-manage-chronic-pain-and-prescription-opioid-misuse
#10
Allison L Ruff, Daniel P Alford, Robert Butler, J Henry Isaacson
BACKGROUND: Residents feel unprepared to care for patients with chronic pain on long-term opioids who exhibit signs of prescription opioid misuse. OBJECTIVE: Describe an educational intervention for internal medicine residents to improve confidence, practices, attitudes, and self-reported knowledge of resources for chronic pain and opioid misuse. METHODS: The intervention included 2 sessions. Session 1 (3 hours): a lecture on chronic pain, prescription opioid misuse, and opioid use disorders and communication skills practice...
April 2017: Substance Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28394732/impact-of-a-brief-addiction-medicine-training-experience-on-knowledge-self-assessment-among-medical-learners
#11
Jan Klimas, Keith Ahamad, Christoper Fairgrieve, Mark McLean, Annabel Mead, Seonaid Nolan, Evan Wood
BACKGROUND: Implementation of evidence-based approaches to the treatment of various substance use disorders is needed to tackle the existing epidemic of substance use and related harms. Most clinicians, however, lack knowledge and practical experience with these approaches. Given this deficit, the authors examined the impact of an inpatient elective in addiction medicine amongst medical trainees on addiction-related knowledge and medical management. METHODS: Trainees who completed an elective with a hospital-based Addiction Medicine Consult Team (AMCT) in Vancouver, Canada, from May 2015 to May 2016, completed a 9-item self-evaluation scale before and immediately after the elective...
April 2017: Substance Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28332942/a-statewide-screening-brief-intervention-and-referral-to-treatment-sbirt-curriculum-for-medical-residents-differential-implementation-strategies-in-heterogeneous-medical-residency-programs
#12
Janice L Pringle, Shannon M Kearney, Sherry Rickard-Aasen, Melinda M Campopiano, Adam J Gordon
BACKGROUND: Many screening, brief intervention, and referral to treatment (SBIRT) training curricula have been implemented within graduate medical residency training programs, with varying degrees of success. The authors examined the implementation of a uniform, but adaptable, statewide SBIRT curriculum in 7 diverse residency training programs and whether it could improve resident knowledge, skills, and attitudes regarding SBIRT and unhealthy alcohol and other drug (AOD) use. METHODS: The authors assessed the implementation of the Pennsylvania SBIRT Medical and Residency Training (SMaRT) curriculum at 7 residency sites training a variety of disciplines...
April 2017: Substance Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28328384/the-surgeon-general-s-facing-addiction-report-an-historic-document-for-health-care
#13
Sharon Levy, J Paul Seale, Victoria A Osborne, Kevin L Kraemer, Daniel P Alford, Jeffrey Baxter, Deborah S Finnell, Hillary Kunins, Alexander Y Walley, David C Lewis, Doreen MacLane-Baeder, Adam J Gordon
The publication of Facing Addiction in America: The Surgeon General's Report on Alcohol, Drugs, and Health presents an historic moment not only for the field of addiction medicine, but also for the United States as a nation. The Board of Directors of the Association for Medical Education and Research in Substance Abuse (AMERSA), on behalf of our organization, would like to express our appreciation of the efforts of Dr. Vivek Murthy and the Surgeon General's Office to publish the first surgeon general's report covering substance misuse and substance use disorders...
April 2017: Substance Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28328314/from-education-to-practice-addressing-opioid-misuse-through-health-care-provider-training-a-special-issue-of-substance-abuse-journal
#14
Adam J Gordon, John Daniel Harding
Opioid misuse may be ignored by providers who are unwilling or not confident in engaging the complex nature of substance use disorders among their patient populations. Addiction is a complex disease, and although providers often are comfortable in identifying, assessing, and treating the complex diseases of their patients, basic knowledge and skills of identification, assessment, and treatment expertise involving opioids for pain, addressing opioid misuse, and treatment of opioid use disorder are lacking. Initiatives to improve knowledge of opioid use, misuse, and opioid use disorder among health care providers are emerging...
April 2017: Substance Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28328312/adolescent-substance-use-assessing-the-knowledge-attitudes-and-practices-of-a-school-based-health-center-workforce
#15
Mary M Ramos, Rachel A Sebastian, Mary Murphy, Kristin Oreskovich, Timothy P Condon
BACKGROUND: Recent attention has focused on the potential for school-based health centers (SBHCs) to provide access points for adolescent substance use care. In 2015, the University of New Mexico began screening, brief intervention, and referral to treatment (SBIRT) training for providers at New Mexico Department of Health (NMDOH)-funded SBHCs across the state. This study assesses baseline knowledge, attitudes, and practices of the New Mexico SBHC provider workforce regarding adolescent substance use and provision of services...
April 2017: Substance Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28328306/integration-and-evaluation-of-substance-abuse-research-education-training-saret-into-a-master-of-social-work-program
#16
Ellen Tuchman, Kathleen Hanley, Madeline Naegle, Frederick More, Sewit Bereket, Marc N Gourevitch
BACKGROUND: The Substance Abuse Research and Education Training (SARET) program is funded by the National Institutes of Drug Abuse in 2006 as a novel approach to spark interest in substance abuse research among medical, dental, nursing, and social work graduate students through a Web-based curriculum and research mentorships. This report presents the initial integration of the intervention in a Master of Social Work (MSW) program, the components of the program, and the mixed-methods evaluation of its effect on students' attitudes towards substance abuse research and treatment...
April 2017: Substance Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28277828/cultivating-change-door-to-door-educational-outreach-to-improve-prescribing-practices-in-rural-veterans-with-posttraumatic-stress-disorder
#17
Macgregor Monta├▒o, Nancy C Bernardy, Kathleen Sherrieb
BACKGROUND: Clinical guidelines for the management of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) recommend against the use of benzodiazepines. Benzodiazepines and PTSD are both associated with addiction-related risks. The Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) prescribing trends show continued use of benzodiazepines and polysedative use in veterans with PTSD, particularly in rural areas. The authors examine the use of an educational intervention to improve pharmacologic management of veterans with PTSD in rural clinics...
April 2017: Substance Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28166464/implementation-of-a-pharmacy-consult-to-reduce-co-prescribing-of-opioids-and-benzodiazepines-in-a-veteran-population
#18
Deborah Pardo, Lacey Miller, Dana Chiulli
BACKGROUND: The dangers of co-administration of opioid pain relievers (OPRs) and benzodiazepines (BZDs) are well documented. The combination of OPRs and BZDs make up the majority of medications involved in prescription drug-related overdose and are often used concomitantly. This pattern is consistent among the veteran population where mental health illness and substance abuse are prominent. The Veterans Health Administration implemented the Opioid Safety Initiative (OSI) aimed at improving patient safety surrounding OPRs...
April 2017: Substance Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28027016/opioid-overdose-prevention-training-with-naloxone-an-adjunct-to-basic-life-support-training-for-first-year-medical-students
#19
Noah Berland, Aaron Fox, Babak Tofighi, Kathleen Hanley
BACKGROUND: Opioid overdose deaths have reached epidemic proportions in the United States. This problem stems from both licit and illicit opioid use. Prescribing opioids, recognizing risky use, and initiating prevention, including opioid overdose prevention training (OOPT), are key roles physicians play. The American Heart Association (AHA) modified their basic life support (BLS) algorithms to consider naloxone in high-risk populations and when a pulse is appreciated; however, the AHA did not provide OOPT...
April 2017: Substance Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27715714/law-enforcement-attitudes-towards-naloxone-following-opioid-overdose-training
#20
Donna Purviance, Bradley Ray, Abigail Tracy, Erik Southard
BACKGROUND: Opioid intoxication and overdoses are life-threatening emergencies requiring rapid treatment. One response to this has been to train law enforcement to detect the signs of an opioid overdose and train them to administer naloxone to reverse the effects. Although not a new concept, few studies have attempted to examine this policy. METHODS: At 4 different locations in Indiana, law enforcement personnel were trained to detect the signs of an opioid-related overdose and how to administer naloxone to reverse the effects of the overdose...
April 2017: Substance Abuse
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