journal
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Substance Abuse

journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28910591/the-denial-of-the-association-between-youth-cannabis-and-opiate-use-a-split-brain-syndrome
#1
Yifrah Kaminer
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 14, 2017: Substance Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28901836/the-overlap-of-sleep-disturbance-and-depression-in-primary-care-patients-treated-with-buprenorphine
#2
Sarah L Garnaat, Risa B Weisberg, Lisa A Uebelacker, Debra S Herman, Genie L Bailey, Bradley J Anderson, Katherine M Sharkey, Michael D Stein
BACKGROUND: Sleep disturbance is common among patients receiving long-term opioid therapies, such as methadone maintenance. However, little is known about sleep disturbances in patients receiving medication treatment with buprenorphine. We sought to determine the frequency of subjective sleep disturbance in a sample of patients receiving medication treatment and to examine clinical factors related to sleep disturbance. METHOD: Participants were 328 persons receiving buprenorphine at three primary care sites...
September 13, 2017: Substance Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28895809/sbirt-curriculum-integration-and-sustainability-social-work-and-nursing-faculty-perspectives
#3
M Nicole Belfiore, Marcela D Blinka, Karlynn BrintzenhofeSzoc, Joseph Shields
BACKGROUND: The Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA) has funded grants to universities to provide training and conduct research on the dissemination of Screening, Brief Intervention, and Referral to Treatment (SBIRT) to health care professionals. However, when it comes to integrating SBIRT content into an existing curriculum, difficulties can arise. When there is so much content already in the curriculum, adding more can be challenging. Additionally, some faculty believe that course curricula should be driven by the expertise and knowledge of faculty, not by opportunities afforded because of grant funding...
September 12, 2017: Substance Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28873050/randomized-pilot-trial-measuring-knowledge-acquisition-of-opioid-education-in-emergency-department-patients-using-a-novel-media-platform
#4
Bharath Chakravarthy, Shashank Somasundaram, Jennifer Mogi, Roshan Burns, Wirachin Hoonpongsimanont, Warren Wiechmann, Shahram Lotfipour
BACKGROUND: The number of active opioid analgesic prescriptions has risen steadily causing increases in nonmedical opioid use, addiction and overdose. Insufficient focus on patient discharge instructions has contributed to lack of patient awareness regarding dangers of opioids. We examine whether an educational Khan Academy-styled animation discharge instruction on the dangers and safe usage of opioid analgesics elicits higher knowledge acquisition than current standard of care. Additionally, we measure the feasibility of implementing this video discharge instruction in the emergency department (ED)...
September 5, 2017: Substance Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28850302/a-clinical-instrument-to-guide-brief-interventions-for-adolescents-with-substance-use-concerns
#5
Mary M Ramos, Teddy Warner, Daisy Rosero, Timothy P Condon
BACKGROUND: Adolescent substance use is an important public health problem in New Mexico and the US. The NM Department of Health school-based health centers (SBHCs) universally administer a validated screen, the CRAFFT, for adolescent substance use concerns; however, quality assurance efforts revealed that SBHC providers needed more information at the point of screening to initiate brief interventions for students with positive CRAFFT screens. The CHISPA (Cocaine, Heroin, IV drugs, Synthetic Pot, Pot, Alcohol), was developed to gather specific information on recent substance use experience to guide brief interventions...
August 29, 2017: Substance Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28832279/gender-differences-in-substance-use-and-psychiatric-distress-among-medical-students-a-comprehensive-statewide-evaluation
#6
Lisa J Merlo, John S Curran, Robert Watson
BACKGROUND: Medical student wellness has emerged as an important issue in medical education. The purpose of the present study was to obtain a comprehensive assessment of substance use, psychological distress, and help-seeking among male and female medical students in order to identify targets for continued intervention efforts. METHODS: Medical students from all 9 medical schools in the state of Florida were invited via e-mail and/or announcements to complete an anonymous online questionnaire assessing their well-being...
August 23, 2017: Substance Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28799890/country-wide-distance-training-for-delivery-of-screening-and-brief-intervention-for-problematic-substance-use-a-pilot-evaluation-of-participant-experiences-and-patient-outcomes
#7
Ana Paula Leal Carneiro, Maria Lucia Oliveira Souza-Formigoni
BACKGROUND: In this study, the authors evaluated if the 120-hour distance learning (DL) course SUPERA (an acronym in Portuguese meaning "System for detection of excessive use or dependence on psychoactive substances: brief Intervention, social reinsertion and follow-up") was an effective way to train health professionals and social workers to apply screening and brief intervention (SBI) for patients with substance use disorders. METHODS: In the first phase, 2420 health professionals or social workers, who had completed the course, answered an online survey about their use of the SBI...
August 11, 2017: Substance Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28799883/operating-a-motor-vehicle-after-marijuana-use-perspectives-from-people-who-use-high-potency-marijuana
#8
Patricia A Cavazos-Rehg, Melissa J Krauss, Shaina J Sowles, Kidist Zewdie, Laura Bierut
BACKGROUND: With advancing marijuana legalization in the United States, a primary concern is the possible increase in consequences relating to marijuana driving impairment, especially among people who use high-potency marijuana (i.e., extracts). In this study, the research team assessed the risk perception and experiences of driving under the influence of marijuana by investigating people who use extracts. METHODS: Participants from 2 studies were queried about driving after using marijuana...
August 11, 2017: Substance Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28799863/interprofessional-prescription-opioid-abuse-communication-among-prescribers-and-pharmacists-a-qualitative-analysis
#9
Nicholas E Hagemeier, Fred Tudiver, Scott Brewster, Elizabeth J Hagy, Brittany Ratliff, Angela Hagaman, Robert P Pack
BACKGROUND: Prescribers and community pharmacists commonly perceive prescription opioid abuse to be a problem in their practice settings and communities. Both cohorts have expressed support for interventions that improve interprofessional communication and reduce prescription opioid abuse. The objective of this study was to describe prescription opioid abuse-related communication among and between prescribers and community pharmacists in South Central Appalachia. METHODS: The investigators conducted five focus groups with 35 Appalachian Research Network practice-based research network providers between February and October, 2014...
August 11, 2017: Substance Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28799847/the-willingness-of-people-who-inject-drugs-in-boston-to-use-a-supervised-injection-facility
#10
Casey León, Lena Cardoso, Sarah Mackin, Barry Bock, Jessie M Gaeta
BACKGROUND: In Massachusetts, the number of opioid-related deaths has increased 350% since 2000. In the setting of increasing overdose deaths, one potential intervention is Supervised Injection Facilities (SIFs). This study explores willingness of people who inject drugs in Boston to use a SIF and examines factors associated with willingness. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey of a convenience sample of 237 people who inject drugs and utilize Boston's needle exchange program (NEP)...
August 11, 2017: Substance Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28796591/utilization-of-buprenorphine-and-methadone-among-opioid-users-who-inject-drugs
#11
Judith I Tsui, Richard Burt, Hanne Thiede, Sara N Glick
BACKGROUND: There has been a rise in opioid abuse and related injection drug use in the United States and treatment for opioid use disorders may be underutilized. The study aim was to describe utilization of opioid agonist therapy (OAT), and assess factors associated with utilization of OAT, among persons who inject drugs (PWID) in the Seattle metropolitan area. METHODS: We used data from the 2015 National HIV Behavioral Surveillance (NHBS) system among PWID in the Seattle area...
August 10, 2017: Substance Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28771096/trajectories-of-cannabis-use-beginning-in-adolescence-associated-with-symptoms-of-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-in-the-mid-thirties
#12
Jung Yeon Lee, Judith S Brook, Stephen J Finch, David W Brook
BACKGROUND: Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms are related to a number of adverse consequences such as substance use and general medical conditions. The present longitudinal study seeks to find the longitudinal patterns of cannabis use as precursors of PTSD symptoms. Such information will serve as a guide for intervention programs for PTSD. METHODS: Growth mixture modeling was conducted to identify the cannabis use trajectory groups using a community sample of 674 participants (53% African Americans, 47% Hispanics of Puerto Rican decent; 60% females) from the Harlem Longitudinal Development Study...
August 3, 2017: Substance Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28771091/metabolic-syndrome-among-individuals-with-heroin-use-disorders-on-methadone-therapy-prevalence-characteristics-and-related-factors
#13
Gabriel Vallecillo, María José Robles, Marta Torrens, Pilar Samos, Albert Roquer, Paula K Martires, Arantza Sanvisens, Roberto Muga, Juan Pedro-Botet
BACKGROUND: Observational studies have reported a high prevalence of obesity and diabetes in subjects on methadone therapy; there are, however, limited data about metabolic syndrome. The aim of the study was to evaluate the prevalence of metabolic syndrome and related factors in individuals with heroin use disorder on methadone therapy. METHODS: A cross-sectional study in individuals with heroin use disorder on methadone therapy at a drug abuse outpatient center...
August 3, 2017: Substance Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28762888/ten-years-of-implementing-screening-brief-intervention-and-referral-to-treatment-sbirt-lessons-learned
#14
Ana P Nunes, Melissa K Richmond, Kelly Marzano, Carolyn J Swenson, Jodi Lockhart
The US Surgeon General recently issued a comprehensive report indicating that substance use is a major public health concern that must be addressed using a number of strategies. Screening, brief intervention, and referral to treatment (SBIRT) is one such strategy. SBIRT Colorado, funded by the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA), has implemented a statewide initiative for the past 10 years that has provided ample opportunities to identify key components for successful implementation...
August 1, 2017: Substance Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727957/awareness-of-state-legislation-on-naloxone-accessibility-associated-with-willingness-to-prescribe-naloxone
#15
Olihe N Okoro, Karen M Bastianelli, Ya-Feng Wen, Elisabeth F Bilden, Brian K Konowalchuk, Mark E Schneiderhan
BACKGROUND: Increasing rates of opioid-related deaths, state naloxone legislation changes, and negativity prompted investigation of predictive factors associated with willingness to prescribe naloxone to populations at risk of overdose, including knowledge of risk factors, assessment of persons at risk, awareness of legislative changes, perceptions of professional responsibility, and confidence around naloxone prescribing and distribution. METHODS: Cross-sectional, Web-based, anonymous, voluntary survey to prescribers of 2 regional health care systems serving urban and rural North Dakota, northern Minnesota, and northwestern Wisconsin...
July 20, 2017: Substance Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727956/increasing-availability-of-benzodiazepines-among-people-who-inject-drugs-in-a-canadian-setting
#16
Geoffrey Walton, Huiru Dong, M J Milloy, Kora DeBeck, Thomas Kerr, Evan Wood, Kanna Hayashi
BACKGROUND: Benzodiazepine misuse is associated with mortality and is common among people who inject drugs (PWID). This study aimed to examine the temporal trends in the availability of benzodiazepines among PWID in a Canadian setting, and to identify factors associated with more immediate access to benzodiazepines. METHODS: Data were derived from three prospective cohorts of PWID in Vancouver, Canada, between June 2012 and May 2015. The primary outcome was the perceived availability of benzodiazepines, measured in three levels: not available, delayed availability (available in ≥10 min), and immediate availability (available in <10 min)...
July 20, 2017: Substance Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727541/postdischarge-smoking-cessation-in-subgroups-of-hospitalized-smokers-a-latent-class-analysis
#17
Thomas Ylioja, Gerald Cochran, Yuchiao Chang, Hilary A Tindle, Nancy A Rigotti
BACKGROUND: Hospitalization presents a window of opportunity to treat smoking, and hospital-initiated smoking treatment has demonstrated effectiveness. Despite effective interventions, not all smokers will discontinue use, highlighting the need to better understand which patients achieve cessation. Traditional regression methods may not capture the complexity of inpatient smoker subgroups. METHODS: Latent class analysis (LCA) was conducted with data from 397 hospitalized adult cigarette smokers enrolled in a randomized trial...
July 20, 2017: Substance Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727514/similarity-in-romantic-couples-drinking-motivations-and-drinking-behaviors
#18
Ivy-Lee L Kehayes, Sean P Mackinnon, Simon B Sherry, Kenneth E Leonard, Sherry H Stewart
BACKGROUND: Research suggests that enhancement, conformity, social, coping-with-anxiety, and coping-with-depression drinking motives are linked to specific drinking outcomes in a theoretically expected manner. Social learning theory suggests that people who spend more time together emulate each other's behavior to acquire reinforcing outcomes. The present study sought to integrate drinking motives theory and social learning theory to investigate similarity in drinking behaviors and drinking motives in romantic couples...
July 20, 2017: Substance Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726580/high-intensity-and-simultaneous-alcohol-and-marijuana-use-among-high-school-seniors-in-the-united-states
#19
Megan E Patrick, Philip T Veliz, Yvonne M Terry-McElrath
BACKGROUND: Simultaneous alcohol and marijuana (SAM) use poses threats to health, particularly among adolescents. These risks would be exacerbated to the extent that high-intensity drinking (e.g., 10+ drinks in a row) and marijuana use (e.g., 1+ joints per day) are associated with a higher likelihood of SAM use. The current study examines the extent to which the intensity of alcohol use and of marijuana use are associated with adolescent SAM use prevalence, and whether associations remain after controlling for key covariates known to associate with both alcohol and marijuana use; it identifies alcohol and marijuana use intensity levels associated with the highest risk of adolescent SAM use...
July 20, 2017: Substance Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726549/homeless-veterans-experiences-with-substance-use-recovery-and-treatment-through-photo-elicitation
#20
Samuel F Sestito, Keri L Rodriguez, Shaddy K Saba, James W Conley, Michael A Mitchell, Adam J Gordon
BACKGROUND: Homeless veterans often have addictions and comorbidities that complicate utilization of longitudinal health care services, such as primary care. An understanding of experiences of veterans enrolled in a Homeless Patient Aligned Care Team (H-PACT) may improve addiction treatment engagement in these settings. The authors aimed to describe H-PACT veterans' experiences with substance use (SU), substance use recovery (SUR), and substance use treatment (SUT). METHODS: Homeless veterans were recruited from a veteran primary care medical home clinic between September 2014 and March 2015...
July 20, 2017: Substance Abuse
journal
journal
29900
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"