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Psychology & Health

Katherine A Finlay, Sue Peacock, James Elander
OBJECTIVE: The experience of long-term membership of a successful chronic pain support group (CPSG) was explored to identify; (i) factors associated with social support, and; (ii) ways that health care professionals (HCPs) could help CPSGs become more effective and supportive. DESIGN: Interpretative Phenomenological Analysis enabled exploration of participants' experiences of membership and rationales for continued attendance. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Twelve participants (four males, eight females), recruited from a regional CPSG, completed semi-structured interviews lasting from 45 to 120 minutes...
January 4, 2018: Psychology & Health
L C Van Gestel, F M Kroese, D T D De Ridder
OBJECTIVE: The current study is a longitudinal conceptual replication of the study by Kroese et al. (2015) and aimed to investigate the effect of a food repositioning nudge on healthy food choice in a kiosk. DESIGN: During eight weeks, sales data were collected. The former four weeks formed the baseline phase and the latter four weeks formed the nudge phase where healthy food products were repositioned at the checkout counter display, while unhealthy alternatives remained available elsewhere in the store...
December 18, 2017: Psychology & Health
S Puig-Perez, M M Pulopulos, V Hidalgo, A Salvador
OBJECTIVE: Investigate the relationship between optimism and pessimism and the cortisol awakening response (CAR) and past life review in healthy older people. DESIGN: 76 older volunteers summarised their lives, highlighting the most important events, impressions and experiences. Cortisol saliva samples were collected on two consecutive weekdays. High and low optimism and pessimism groups were computed by mean split. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Percentages of positive (PE) and negative events (NE) and positive (PCE) and negative cognitions and emotions (NCE) were obtained...
December 5, 2017: Psychology & Health
L Alidu, E A Grunfeld
Objective There is extensive evidence for weight gain among people migrating from low/middle-income to high-income countries, which may be due, in part, to acculturation factors. This review aimed to identify associations between acculturation and body weight among immigrants to high-income countries and identify if studies accounted for the role played by health behaviours. Methods A systematic literature search using keywords was performed with three databases (Medline, PsychINFO and EMBASE). The 35 studies were included that utilised quantitative methodology and presented empirical findings focused on acculturation and body weight among adult immigrants...
November 24, 2017: Psychology & Health
Estelle Fall, Marie Izaute, Nadia Chakroun Baggioni
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Seasonal influenza is frequent among students and often responsible for impaired academic performance and lower levels of general health. However, the vaccination rate in this population is very low. As the seasonal influenza vaccine is not compulsory in France, it is important to improve the vaccination uptake by identifying predictors of both intention and behaviour. This study investigated the effect of decisional balance, motivation and self-efficacy on vaccination acceptance using the Extended Health Belief Model (HBM) and Self-Determination Theory (SDT)...
November 13, 2017: Psychology & Health
Meenakshi Shukla, Rakesh Pandey, Dharmendra Jain, Jennifer Y F Lau
Psychological factors are known to play an important part in the origin of many medical conditions including hypertension. Recent studies have reported elevated blood pressure (even in the normal range of variation) to be associated with a reduced responsiveness to emotions or 'emotional dampening'. Our aim was to assess emotional dampening in individuals with more extreme blood pressure levels including prehypertensives (N=58) and hypertensives (N=60) by comparing their emotion recognition ability with normotensives (N=57)...
November 12, 2017: Psychology & Health
Holli H Seitz, Marilyn M Schapira, Laura A Gibson, Christine Skubisz, Susan Mello, Katrina Armstrong, Joseph N Cappella
OBJECTIVE: This study examines the effects of a mammography decision intervention on perceived susceptibility to breast cancer (PSBC) and emotion and investigates how these outcomes predict mammography intentions. DESIGN: Randomised between-subjects online experiment. Participants were stratified into two levels of risk. Within each stratum, conditions included a basic information condition and six decision intervention conditions that included personalised risk estimates and varied according to a 2 (amount of information: brief vs...
October 26, 2017: Psychology & Health
Rebecca A Ferrer, Wendy Berry Mendes
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2018: Psychology & Health
Kyra Hamilton, Emily J Kothe, Barbara Mullan, Teagan Spinks
OBJECTIVE: Examine the roles of action and coping planning on the intention-behaviour relationship for mothers' decisions for their young children's dietary behaviours. DESIGN: Prospective design with two waves of data collection, one week apart. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Mothers (N = 197, Mage = 34.39, SD = 5.65) of children aged 2-3 years completed a main questionnaire assessing planning constructs and intentions, and a one-week follow-up of the target behaviours - 'healthy eating' and 'discretionary choices'...
December 2017: Psychology & Health
Chung-Ying Lin, Janneke F M Scheerman, Mehdi Yaseri, Amir H Pakpour, Thomas L Webb
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate an intervention programme based on the Health Action Process Approach and designed to increase the intake of fruit and vegetables (F&V) among Iranian adolescents aged 13 to 18. DESIGN: A randomised controlled trial with three arms examined the short- (1 month) and long-term (6 months) effects of the intervention. There were two intervention groups (one included adolescents only [A group; n = 510]; the second included mothers and adolescents [M + A group; n = 462]) and a control group (n = 483)...
December 2017: Psychology & Health
Evangelos C Karademas, Maria Karekla, Magdalini Flouri, Vasilis S Vasiliou, Orestis Kasinopoulos, Savvas S Papacostas
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to examine the effects of experiential avoidance (EA) on the indirect relationship of chronic pain patients' illness representations to pain interference, through pain catastrophising Design and main outcome measure: The sample consisted of 162 patients diagnosed with an arthritis-related or a musculoskeletal disorder. The effects of EA on the pathway between illness representations, pain catastrophising and pain interference were examined with PROCESS, a computational tool for SPSS Results: After controlling for patient and illness-related variables and pain severity, the 'illness representations-pain catastrophising-pain interference' pathway was interrupted at the higher levels of EA...
December 2017: Psychology & Health
Alexandra J Werntz, Jennifer S Green, Bethany A Teachman
OBJECTIVE: Explicit reports of one's health self-concept (e.g. rate your overall health) are commonly used in research and clinical practice. These measures predict important health outcomes, but rely on conscious introspection so may not fully capture the different components of the health self-concept (e.g. more automatic components) that relate to actual health. This study examined the health-implicit association test (health-IAT), and how it may add to our prediction of health from self-reports...
December 2017: Psychology & Health
Sam M Dorros, Chris Segrin, Terry A Badger
OBJECTIVE: Understanding the concerns of cancer survivors is essential for effective interventions. This study was designed to identify the primary concerns of dyads coping with cancer, how concerns differed by role and sex, and whether concerns expressed during counselling were associated with survivors' psychosocial well-being and adjustment. DESIGN: Forty-three dyads with breast and prostate cancer (N = 86 participants) were enrolled in an interpersonal telephone counselling intervention...
October 19, 2017: Psychology & Health
Irit Heruti, Sigal Levy, Ronit Avitsur, Daniel Deutscher, Moshe Gutvirtz, Tamar Berkovitz, Shoshana Shiloh
OBJECTIVES: Injuries are major causes of morbidity and mortality in the population. Given the central role of perceptions in self-regulation of health conditions, it is important to investigate how they are perceived. This article describes the development of the Injury Perceptions Questionnaire (InjPQ). METHODS: A concurrent study in a diverse sample of injured individuals (n = 333). The internal structure and the reliability (Cronbach's α) of InjPQ sub-scales were explored by factor analyses...
October 12, 2017: Psychology & Health
Marie Johnston, Derek Johnston, Caroline E Wood, Wendy Hardeman, Jill Francis, Susan Michie
OBJECTIVE: Communication of the content of a behaviour change intervention (BCI) involves clear description followed by appropriate recognition and interpretation. We investigated accuracy of recognition of BCI descriptions and the effects of training in the behaviour change taxonomy BCTTv1. METHODS: Materials were 166 written descriptions of two BCIs previously written by 166 separate writers after viewing a video of the BCI. Each of the current participants (12 naïve and 12 trained in BCTTv1) was presented with a random sample of the written descriptions and asked to form groups of descriptions they judged to be describing the same intervention...
October 11, 2017: Psychology & Health
Tina A G Venema, Floor M Kroese, Denise T D De Ridder
OBJECTIVE: This study assessed the effect of a default nudge to reduce sedentary behaviour at work over time. DESIGN AND MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: A field study was conducted at a governmental organisation. In the present study, the default setting of sit-stand desks (SSDs) was changed from sitting to standing height during a two-week intervention. Stand-up working rates were calculated based on observations that were done prior to, during, two weeks after and two months after the intervention...
October 10, 2017: Psychology & Health
Ralf Schwarzer, Lisa M Warner, Lena Fleig, Maryam Gholami, Lluis Serra-Majem, Joy Ngo, Luisella Cianferotti, Maria Kritikou, Piergiorgio Mossi, Evangelia Ntzani, Maria L Brandi
OBJECTIVE: An online intervention to improve fruit and vegetable (FV) intake examines the role of planning, outcome expectancies, self-efficacy and gender. Women are not only expected to eat more FV than men, but they are also expected to be more responsive to nutritional advice and benefit more from treatment. METHOD: A two-arm digital intervention with 269 men and 395 women (Mage = 41.2, SDage = 11.45; range: 19-66 years) was conducted in Italy, Spain and Greece, followed up at three and six months, comparing a static with a dynamic, feedback-intensive platform...
October 9, 2017: Psychology & Health
Erin E Brannon, Christopher C Cushing, Ryan W Walters, Christopher Crick, Amy E Noser, Larry L Mullins
OBJECTIVE: Adolescents are not meeting the recommended guidelines for physical activity. Social support and self-regulatory skills are two factors known to impact physical activity and sedentary behaviour. The study sought to examine how targeting feedback as part of a self-regulatory process could increase physical activity, and the individual who should be providing the feedback. DESIGN: The study utilised an aggregated N-of-1 RCT which allows for an iterative process of intervention development, and examines variability within participants to answer the question for whom did the intervention work...
October 9, 2017: Psychology & Health
Massimo Miglioretti, Claudia Meroni, Giacomo Baiardo, Gaia Savioli, Veronica Velasco
OBJECTIVE: This study verifies whether the open-ended question of the B-IPQ can collect causal attributions of patients with cardiac diseases, define the more frequent causal attributions reported, classify them and describe the relation between the classification of the causes and patients' characteristics. DESIGN: A group of 2011 patients with cardiac diseases was recruited during the first week of cardiac rehabilitation. PRIMARY OUTCOME MEASURES: Every participant filled in the B-IPQ and the HADS...
October 6, 2017: Psychology & Health
Amanda J Dillard, Rebecca A Ferrer, Jessica D Welch
OBJECTIVE: Narrative messages may be an effective strategy to increase risk perceptions and motivate preventive behaviours related to cancer. The aim of this research was to examine associations between narrative transportation (i.e. psychological absorption into a narrative), risk perceptions, and intentions following narrative messages about skin cancer. DESIGN: In two studies, women who reported indoor tanning read first-person narrative messages about skin cancer...
October 4, 2017: Psychology & Health
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