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Psychology & Health

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28417643/feeling-bad-about-progress-does-not-lead-people-want-to-change-their-health-behaviour
#1
James P Reynolds, Thomas L Webb, Yael Benn, Betty P I Chang, Paschal Sheeran
OBJECTIVE: When do people decide to do something about problematic health behaviours? Theoretical models and pragmatic considerations suggest that people should take action when they feel bad about their progress - in other words, when they experience negative progress-related affect. However, the impact of progress-related affect on goal striving has rarely been investigated. DESIGN AND METHODS: Study 1 (N = 744) adopted a cross-sectional design and examined the extent to which measures of progress-related affect were correlated with intentions to take action...
April 18, 2017: Psychology & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28415855/predicting-jet-lag-in-long-haul-cabin-crew-the-role-of-illness-cognitions-and-behaviour
#2
Cristina Ruscitto, Jane Ogden
OBJECTIVE: Established risk factors for jet lag are mostly physiological including circadian preference, age, gender, the number of flight zones crossed and to some extent direction of travel. Some research has also highlighted a role for psychosocial factors including sleep, diet and 'circadian' health behaviours and illness cognitions although this remains relatively untested. The aim of this study was to evaluate the role of sleep, diet and illness cognitions in predicting perceived jet lag amongst long-haul crew...
April 18, 2017: Psychology & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28403660/value-based-choice-an-integrative-neuroscience-informed-model-of-health-goals
#3
Elliot T Berkman
OBJECTIVE: Traditional models of health behaviour focus on the roles of cognitive, personality and social-cognitive constructs (e.g. executive function, grit, self-efficacy), and give less attention to the process by which these constructs interact in the moment that a health-relevant choice is made. Health psychology needs a process-focused account of how various factors are integrated to produce the decisions that determine health behaviour. DESIGN: I present an integrative value-based choice model of health behaviour, which characterises the mechanism by which a variety of factors come together to determine behaviour...
April 13, 2017: Psychology & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28402140/reducing-behavioural-risk-factors-for-cancer-an-affect-regulation-perspective
#4
Daniel O'Leary, Gaurav Suri, James J Gross
Nearly half of all cancer deaths are attributable to preventable causes, primarily unhealthy behaviours such as tobacco use, alcohol use and overeating. In this review, we argue that people engage in these behaviours, at least in part, as a means of regulating their affective states. To better understand why people engage in these behaviours and how researchers might design interventions to promote the selection of healthier methods for regulating affect, we propose a conceptual model of affect regulation. We synthesise research from both the stress and coping tradition as well as the emotion and emotion regulation tradition, two literatures that are not typically integrated...
April 12, 2017: Psychology & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28399681/older-adults-experiences-of-internet-based-vestibular-rehabilitation-for-dizziness-a-longitudinal-study
#5
Rosie Essery, Sarah Kirby, Adam W A Geraghty, Lucy Yardley
OBJECTIVE: Factors influencing engagement with self-managed rehabilitation are not well understood, but evidence suggests they may change over time. Despite increasing digitalisation of self-managed interventions, little is known about the role of internet-based interventions in patients' experiences of self-directed rehabilitation. This longitudinal qualitative study investigated individuals' ongoing experiences of internet-guided, self-managed rehabilitation within the context of rehabilitation for dizziness...
April 11, 2017: Psychology & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28398091/the-relative-role-of-cognitive-and-emotional-reactions-in-mediating-the-effects-of-a-social-comparison-sun-protection-intervention
#6
Heike I M Mahler
OBJECTIVE: This experiment examined the cognitive and emotional impact of two social comparison-based sun protection interventions in a sample of Southern California college students (N = 223). One of the interventions employed comparison UV photos of peers who had either much more (downward social comparison) or much less (upward social comparison) skin damage than did participants themselves. The second intervention consisted of descriptive norms information suggesting that a large majority of the participants' peer group regularly protect their skin from the sun...
April 11, 2017: Psychology & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28391720/effects-of-daily-maladaptive-coping-on-nightly-sleep-in-mothers
#7
Jennifer N Felder, Elissa S Epel, Michael Coccia, Eli Puterman, Aric A Prather
OBJECTIVE: We examined effects of daily rumination and suppression in response to stressors on objective and subjective sleep among mothers. DESIGN: Participants were 183 mothers, including chronically stressed mothers of children with an autism spectrum disorder (M-ASD; n = 92) and age-matched mothers of neurotypical children (M-NT; n = 91). In an intensive longitudinal design, participants provided reports of daily rumination and suppression, nightly objective actigraphy-defined sleep and nightly subjective sleep quality for seven consecutive days at baseline, 9 months and 18 months...
April 9, 2017: Psychology & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28391710/does-psychosocial-stress-exacerbate-avoidant-responses-to-cancer-information-in-those-who-are-afraid-of-cancer-a-population-based-survey-among-older-adults-in-england
#8
Charlotte Vrinten, David Boniface, Siu Hing Lo, Lindsay C Kobayashi, Christian von Wagner, Jo Waller
OBJECTIVE: Communication of cancer information is an important element of cancer control, but cancer fear may lead to information avoidance, especially when coping is low. We examined the association between cancer fear and cancer information avoidance, and tested whether this was exacerbated by psychosocial stress. DESIGN: Cross-sectional survey of 1258 population-based adults (58-70 years) in England. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Cancer fear (intensity and frequency), perceived psychosocial stress and cancer information avoidance...
April 9, 2017: Psychology & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28391707/structure-and-content-of-affective-associations-with-health-behaviours-is-the-behaviour-good-or-bad-or-good-and-bad
#9
Marc T Kiviniemi
OBJECTIVE: The feelings and emotions individuals associate with health-related behaviours influence engagement in those behaviours. However, the structure and the content of these affective associations have not been examined. The studies reported here examined competing hypotheses about the structure (unidimensional or bidimensional) and content (generalised affect or specific emotions) of affective associations with two health-related behaviours: physical activity and fruit/vegetable consumption...
April 9, 2017: Psychology & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28385093/cigarette-graphic-warning-labels-increase-both-risk-perceptions-and-smoking-myth-endorsement
#10
Abigail T Evans, Ellen Peters, Abigail B Shoben, Louise R Meilleur, Elizabeth G Klein, Mary Kate Tompkins, Martin Tusler
OBJECTIVE: Cigarette graphic warning labels elicit negative emotion, which increases risk perceptions through multiple processes. We examined whether this emotion simultaneously affects motivated cognitions like smoking myth endorsement (e.g. 'exercise can undo the negative effects of smoking') and perceptions of cigarette danger versus other products. DESIGN: 736 adult and 469 teen smokers/vulnerable smokers viewed one of three warning label types (text-only, low emotion graphic or high emotion graphic) four times over two weeks...
April 7, 2017: Psychology & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28366052/social-comparison-processes-and-catastrophising-in-fibromyalgia-a-path-analysis
#11
V Cabrera-Perona, A P Buunk, M C Terol-Cantero, Y Quiles-Marcos, M Martín-Aragón
INTRODUCTION: In addition to coping strategies, social comparison may play a role in illness adjustment. However, little is known about the role of contrast and identification in social comparison in adaptation to fibromyalgia. AIM: To evaluate through a path analysis in a sample of fibromyalgia patients, the association between identification and contrast in social comparison, catastrophising and specific health outcomes (fibromyalgia illness impact and psychological distress)...
April 3, 2017: Psychology & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28366018/the-effectiveness-of-narrative-versus-informational-smoking-education-on-smoking-beliefs-attitudes-and-intentions-of-low-educated-adolescents
#12
Anneke de Graaf, Bas van den Putte, Minh-Hao Nguyen, Simon Zebregs, Jeroen Lammers, Peter Neijens
OBJECTIVE: This study tests the effectiveness of narrative versus informational smoking education on smoking beliefs, attitudes and intentions of low-educated adolescents. DESIGN: A field experiment with three waves of data collection was conducted. Participants (N = 256) were students who attend lower secondary education. At the first and third waves, they completed a questionnaire. At the second wave, 50.8% of the participants read a smoking education booklet in narrative form and 49...
April 3, 2017: Psychology & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28355890/a-randomized-controlled-trial-of-expressive-writing-in-breast-cancer-survivors-with-lymphedema
#13
Stephanie J Sohl, Mary S Dietrich, Kenneth A Wallston, Sheila H Ridner
OBJECTIVE: Breast cancer survivors who develop lymphedema report poorer quality of life (QoL) than those without lymphedema. Expressive writing is a potential intervention to address QoL. DESIGN: Adult women (N = 107) with breast cancer and chronic Stage II lymphedema were randomised to writing about thoughts and feelings specific to lymphedema and its treatment (intervention) or about daily activities (control) for four, 20-min sessions. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Outcome measures were several indicators of QoL assessed at baseline, one, three, and six months post-intervention (total scores and subscales of Upper Limb Lymphedema 27 and Functional Assessment of Cancer Therapy-Breast)...
March 30, 2017: Psychology & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28349736/the-role-of-fear-in-predicting-sexually-transmitted-infection-screening
#14
Lee Shepherd, Michael A Smith
OBJECTIVE: This study assessed the extent to which social-cognitive factors (attitude, subjective norm and perceived control) and the fear of a positive test result predict sexually transmitted infection (STI) screening intentions and subsequent behaviour. DESIGN: Study 1 (N = 85) used a longitudinal design to assess the factors that predict STI screening intention and future screening behaviour measured one month later at Time 2. Study 2 (N = 102) used an experimental design to determine whether the relationship between fear and screening varied depending on whether STI or HIV screening was being assessed both before and after controlling for social-cognitive factors...
March 28, 2017: Psychology & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28343414/zika-virus-and-pregnant-women-a-psychological-approach
#15
Juliana Fernandes Filgueiras Meireles, Clara Mockdece Neves, Fabiane Frota da Rocha Morgado, Maria Elisa Caputo Ferreira
Zika virus presents risk of physical harm to pregnant women, but the fear of infection is also affecting women around the world. There is a gap in the research on Zika virus in the areas involving the impact on the psychosocial well-being of pregnant women. Therefore, this study is aimed at the investigation of the psychosocial adjustment of pregnant women to the risks of Zika virus infection during pregnancy. We investigated 14 pregnant women who were classified in three different groups: six in the first trimester, five in the second trimester and three in the third trimester, aged from 28 to 40 years (33...
March 27, 2017: Psychology & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28343410/change-in-subjective-social-status-following-hiv-diagnosis-and-associated-effects-on-mental-and-physical-health-among-hiv-positive-gay-men-in-australia
#16
Wendy Heywood, Anthony Lyons
OBJECTIVE: This study investigates the impact of HIV diagnosis on subjective social status and if changes are linked to health outcomes. DESIGN: Two measures of subjective social status, socio-economic and standing in the community were examined in 342 Australian HIV-positive gay men in 2014. Participants recalled ratings at diagnosis were compared with current ratings. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Self-reported mental (psychological distress, self-esteem, positive mental health and satisfaction with life) and physical health (self-rated health, CD4 count, viral load)...
March 27, 2017: Psychology & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28335615/personality-and-sexuality-in-older-adults
#17
Mark S Allen, Annelil E Desille
OBJECTIVE: This study explored cross-time associations between personality and multiple components of sexual functioning and behaviour in a large cohort of older adults (n = 5745). DESIGN: Participants (Mage = 65.57 ± 8.28 years) completed questionnaires in 2010 and 2012. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Outcomes explored included sexual attitudes, sexual activity, sexual satisfaction, lifetime sexual partners, sexual orientation and sexual dysfunction...
March 23, 2017: Psychology & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323457/n-of-1-study-of-weight-loss-maintenance-assessing-predictors-of-physical-activity-adherence-to-weight-loss-plan-and-weight-change
#18
Dominika Kwasnicka, Stephan U Dombrowski, Martin White, Falko F Sniehotta
OBJECTIVE: Behaviour change interventions are effective in supporting individuals to achieve clinically significant weight loss, but weight loss maintenance (WLM) is less often attained. This study examined predictive variables associated with WLM. DESIGN: N-of-1 study with daily ecological momentary assessment combined with objective measurement of weight and physical activity, collected with wireless devices (Fitbit™) for six months. Eight previously obese adults who had lost over 5% of their body weight in the past year took part...
March 21, 2017: Psychology & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28290223/how-have-people-who-have-stopped-or-reduced-their-alcohol-consumption-incorporated-this-into-their-social-rituals
#19
Ashlea Bartram, Jaklin Eliott, Scott Hanson-Easey, Shona Crabb
OBJECTIVE: Limiting alcohol consumption is beneficial for health, but can be challenging given the role alcohol plays in the rituals of many social occasions. We examined how people who stopped or reduced their alcohol consumption incorporated this change within their social rituals. DESIGN: We conducted 16 semi-structured one-on-one interviews with adults aged 25-65 years, who lived in Australia and had stopped or significantly reduced their alcohol consumption in the previous year...
March 14, 2017: Psychology & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28271742/the-moderating-effect-of-motivation-on-health-related-decision-making
#20
Aleksandra Berezowska, Arnout R H Fischer, Hans C M van Trijp
OBJECTIVE: This study identifies how autonomous and controlled motivation moderates the cognitive process that drives the adoption of personalised nutrition services. The cognitive process comprises perceptions of privacy risk, personalisation benefit, and their determinants. DESIGN: Depending on their level of autonomous and controlled motivation, participants (N = 3453) were assigned to one of four motivational orientations, which resulted in a 2 (low/high autonomous motivation) × 2 (low/high controlled motivation) quasi-experimental design...
March 8, 2017: Psychology & Health
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