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Psychology & Health

Helen Cheng, Scott Montgomery, Luke Treglown, Adrian Furnham
OBJECTIVE: The study set out to investigate socio-economic, biomedical, health and behavioural and psychological factors in childhood and adulthood associated with the prevalence of asthma in adulthood, drawing data from The National Child Development Studies (NCDS), a birth cohort in the UK. DESIGN: The National Child Development Study, a nationally representative sample of 17,415 babies born in Great Britain in 1958 and followed up at 7, 11, 33 and 50 years was used...
May 8, 2018: Psychology & Health
Angelina R Sutin, Yannick Stephan, Antonio Terracciano
OBJECTIVE: To examine the association between six facets of conscientiousness (self-control, order, industriousness, traditionalism, virtue, responsibility) and objective markers of health status, including adiposity, blood markers and physical performance. DESIGN: Cross-sectional analysis of participants from the health and retirement study (N = 12,188). MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Adiposity (body mass index, waist circumference), blood markers (A1c, HDL cholesterol, total cholesterol, cystatin c, c-reactive protein) and physical performance (lung function, grip strength, walking speed)...
May 2, 2018: Psychology & Health
Raymond P Voss, Ryan Corser, Michael McCormick, John D Jasper
OBJECTIVE: Previous research has provided evidence that colour associations and frame can influence behavioural intentions to engage in vaccination behaviours. In this study, the extension of these effects to sunscreen application behaviours was investigated. Additional colours and the manner in which colour primes were employed were also explored. DESIGN: Two hundred and eighty-six college students were primed with either short wavelength colours (blue/purple) or long wavelength colours (red/orange) as part of goal framed sunscreen information pamphlets...
April 18, 2018: Psychology & Health
Janani Pinidiyapathirage, Rohan Jayasuriya, N Wah Cheung, Ralf Schwarzer
INTRODUCTION: Regular physical activity can reduce the risk of developing diabetes in high risk populations including in women with gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM). This study applied the Health Action Process Approach (HAPA) to determine the motivational and volitional factors important in increasing physical activity among women with previous GDM. METHODS: Women with GDM receiving obstetric care at a teaching hospital in Sri Lanka were invited to participate in a survey 6-36 months post-delivery...
April 9, 2018: Psychology & Health
Yingqiu Wu, Arie Dijkstra, Simon E Dalley, Florentine S Roerink
OBJECTIVES: When the course of a disease can be positively changed by health professionals the disease can be indicated as 'highly treatable'. This 'high treatability information' (HTI) may have negative side-effects on people's preventative motivation. This study examined the effects of HTI regarding skin cancer on preventative motivation. DESIGN: This study employed a 2 (high treatability (HTI) versus low treatability (LTI)) × 2 (high versus low susceptibility)-experiment with a hanging control group...
April 4, 2018: Psychology & Health
John Spencer Ingels, Sam Zizzi
OBJECTIVE: To explore participant perspectives of the impact emotions have on weight loss. DESIGN: A qualitative design gathered data through semi-structured interviews with participants in a weight management programme. The interview addresses the following research questions: (1) how do individuals working to lose weight perceive the impact emotions have on their long-term success, and (2) what strategies do more or less successful participants use to regulate their emotions? Researchers conducted and transcribed the interviews then completed content analysis to create and organise themes...
April 4, 2018: Psychology & Health
Anke Versluis, Bart Verkuil, Philip Spinhoven, Jos F Brosschot
OBJECTIVE: Perseverative cognition (e.g. worry) and unconscious stress are suggested to be important mediators in the relation between stressors and physiological health. We examined whether a smartphone-based worry-reduction training improved a physiological marker of stress (i.e. increased heart rate variability [HRV]) and unconscious stress. DESIGN: Randomised-controlled trial was conducted with individuals reporting work stress (n = 136). Participants were randomised to the experimental, control or waitlist condition (resp...
April 3, 2018: Psychology & Health
Eva Pila, Catherine M Sabiston, Andrée L Castonguay, Kelly Arbour-Nicitopoulos, Valerie H Taylor
OBJECTIVES: Weight cycling is linked with advanced breast cancer diagnosis, increased risk of cancer reoccurrence and cancer-related mortality. While women treated for breast cancer report challenges with navigating their post-treatment body shape and weight, the effects of weight cycling on body image and mental health have not been elucidated. This study examined associations between weight changes and weight cycling on psychological health (i.e. weight-related guilt, shame and depressive symptoms) among women in the first-year post-treatment...
March 30, 2018: Psychology & Health
Sean J Ryan, Michael A Hoyt
OBJECTIVE: Cancer during young adulthood can limit the extent to which one adopts an adult self-image. However, the relationship of adult self-image to cancer-related adjustment remains unexplored. The current study examines relationships of adult self-image and social/emotional well-being and job-related problems in young testicular cancer survivors. Factors thought to facilitate future-oriented goals (i.e. agency and meaning) are examined as intermediary processes. DESIGN: Testicular cancer survivors (N = 171) between the ages of 18 and 29 completed questionnaire measures of adult self-image, agency, sense of meaning and indicators of adjustment...
March 27, 2018: Psychology & Health
Cristina Guerrero Rodríguez, Francisco Palmero Cantero, Consuelo Gómez-Íñiguez
OBJECTIVE: This study investigated the importance of the combination of the hostility and defensiveness variables as psychosocial factors that predict the risk of cardiovascular dysfunction. We examined the impact of a stressful situation on blood pressure responses, using a continuous psychophysiological assessment approach. DESIGN: We measured the evolution of these responses over three experimental phases (adaptation, task and recovery), also considering a minute-by-minute analysis within each phase...
March 13, 2018: Psychology & Health
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 8, 2018: Psychology & Health
Milou Fredrix, Jenny McSharry, Caragh Flannery, Sean Dinneen, Molly Byrne
BACKGROUND: Goal-setting is recommended and widely used within diabetes self-management programmes. However, empirical evidence around its effectiveness lacks clarity. This review aims to evaluate the effectiveness of goal-setting interventions on diabetes outcomes and to determine which behaviour change techniques (BCTs) are frequently used within these interventions. METHODS: A systematic search identified 14 studies, describing 12 interventions targeting diabetic-control which incorporated goal-setting as the main intervention strategy...
March 2, 2018: Psychology & Health
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 1, 2018: Psychology & Health
Jingwen Zhang, John B Jemmott, Larry D Icard, G Anita Heeren, Zolani Ngwane, Monde Makiwane, Ann O'Leary
OBJECTIVE: To develop targeted interventions for high-risk drinkers among South African men, we assessed whether sociodemographic factors and history of childhood sexual abuse predicted binge drinking at six-month follow-up assessment and their psychological pathways according to the extended Theory of Reasoned Action (TRA). DESIGN: Survey responses with a sample of 1181 South African men from randomly selected neighbourhoods in Eastern Cape Province were collected at baseline and six-month follow-up...
June 2018: Psychology & Health
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2018: Psychology & Health
Austin M Grinberg, Karey L O'Hara, David A Sbarra
OBJECTIVE: This study explores cardiovascular reactivity during an acute-stress task in a sample of recently separated adults. DESIGN: In a cross-sectional design, we examined the association between adults' subjective separation-related distress and changes in heart rate and blood pressure across the acute-stress laboratory paradigm in a sample of 133 (n = 49 men) recently separated adults. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Heart rate (HR) and Blood pressure (BP) were recorded across a resting baseline period, a math stressor task, and a recovery period...
March 2018: Psychology & Health
Sophie C Parham, David J Kavanagh, Mika Shimada, Jon May, Jackie Andrade
OBJECTIVE: Effective motivational support is needed in chronic disease management. This study was undertaken to improve a novel type 2 diabetes motivational intervention, (functional imagery training, FIT) based on participant feedback and results from a self-management randomised controlled trial. DESIGN: Qualitative inductive thematic analysis of semi-structured interviews. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Open-ended questions on participant experiences of the FIT intervention content, process, most/least helpful features, suggestions for improvement and general feedback...
March 2018: Psychology & Health
Sofia Persson, Sarah Grogan, Katie Dhingra, Yael Benn
OBJECTIVE: Skin cancer is to a large degree behaviourally preventable, meaning that evidence-based interventions have scope to make a difference. Previous research indicates that appearance-based interventions such as facial morphing may be more effective than health-based interventions, and that it can personalise the issue of skin cancer. METHOD: This study examined attitudes to UV exposure, as well as reactions to a facial morphing intervention, through interviews with 25 women aged 35 years and older...
March 2018: Psychology & Health
Michael Witthöft, Ina Freitag, Christiane Nußbaum, Anne-Kathrin Bräscher, Fabian Jasper, Josef Bailer, G James Rubin
OBJECTIVE: Worries about health threatening effects of potential health hazards of modern life (e.g. electric devices and pollution) represent a growing phenomenon in Western countries. Yet, little is known about the causes of this growing special case of affective risk perceptions termed Modern Health Worries (MHW). The purpose of this study is to examine a possible role of biased media reports in the formation of MHW. DESIGN: In two experiments, we investigated whether typical television reports affect MHW...
March 2018: Psychology & Health
Erin M Fekete, Stacey L Williams, Matthew D Skinta
OBJECTIVE: People living with HIV (PLWH) commonly report sleep disturbances which are associated with long-term health consequences, including disease progression. PLWH also experience internalised stigma as a result of their HIV status, which can be associated with increased loneliness and depression. Little attention focuses on the impact of these factors on sleep. Therefore, we examined whether internalised HIV-stigma was indirectly related to poorer sleep quality through higher levels of loneliness and depressive symptoms...
March 2018: Psychology & Health
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