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Psychology & Health

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28786698/qualitative-analysis-of-feedback-on-functional-imagery-training-a-novel-motivational-intervention-for-type-2-diabetes
#1
Sophie C Parham, David J Kavanagh, Mika Shimada, Jon May, Jackie Andrade
OBJECTIVE: Effective motivational support is needed in chronic disease management. This study was undertaken to improve a novel type 2 diabetes motivational intervention, (functional imagery training, FIT) based on participant feedback and results from a self-management randomised controlled trial. DESIGN: Qualitative inductive thematic analysis of semi-structured interviews. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Open-ended questions on participant experiences of the FIT intervention content, process, most/least helpful features, suggestions for improvement and general feedback...
August 8, 2017: Psychology & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28782378/-it-s-bit-of-an-eye-opener-a-qualitative-study-of-women-s-attitudes-towards-tanning-sun-protection-and-a-facial-morphing-intervention
#2
Sofia Persson, Sarah Grogan, Katie Dhingra, Yael Benn
OBJECTIVE: Skin cancer is to a large degree behaviourally preventable, meaning that evidence-based interventions have scope to make a difference. Previous research indicates that appearance-based interventions such as facial morphing may be more effective than health-based interventions, and that it can personalise the issue of skin cancer. METHOD: This study examined attitudes to UV exposure, as well as reactions to a facial morphing intervention, through interviews with 25 women aged 35 years and older...
August 7, 2017: Psychology & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28758796/on-the-origin-of-worries-about-modern-health-hazards-experimental-evidence-for-a-conjoint-influence-of-media-reports-and-personality-traits
#3
Michael Witthöft, Ina Freitag, Christiane Nußbaum, Anne-Kathrin Bräscher, Fabian Jasper, Josef Bailer, G James Rubin
OBJECTIVE: Worries about health threatening effects of potential health hazards of modern life (e.g. electric devices and pollution) represent a growing phenomenon in Western countries. Yet, little is known about the causes of this growing special case of affective risk perceptions termed Modern Health Worries (MHW). The purpose of this study is to examine a possible role of biased media reports in the formation of MHW. DESIGN: In two experiments, we investigated whether typical television reports affect MHW...
July 31, 2017: Psychology & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28752774/erratum
#4
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 28, 2017: Psychology & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28749185/internalised-hiv-stigma-loneliness-depressive-symptoms-and-sleep-quality-in-people-living-with-hiv
#5
Erin M Fekete, Stacey L Williams, Matthew D Skinta
OBJECTIVE: People living with HIV (PLWH) commonly report sleep disturbances which are associated with long-term health consequences, including disease progression. PLWH also experience internalised stigma as a result of their HIV status, which can be associated with increased loneliness and depression. Little attention focuses on the impact of these factors on sleep. Therefore, we examined whether internalised HIV-stigma was indirectly related to poorer sleep quality through higher levels of loneliness and depressive symptoms...
July 27, 2017: Psychology & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28743194/corrigendum
#6
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 26, 2017: Psychology & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728445/the-mediating-and-moderating-role-of-planning-on-mothers-decisions-for-early-childhood-dietary-behaviours
#7
Kyra Hamilton, Emily J Kothe, Barbara Mullan, Teagan Spinks
OBJECTIVE: Examine the roles of action and coping planning on the intention-behaviour relationship for mothers' decisions for their young children's dietary behaviours. DESIGN: Prospective design with two waves of data collection, one week apart. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Mothers (N = 197, Mage = 34.39, SD = 5.65) of children aged 2-3 years completed a main questionnaire assessing planning constructs and intentions, and a one-week follow-up of the target behaviours - 'healthy eating' and 'discretionary choices'...
July 20, 2017: Psychology & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28691519/the-role-of-stressful-life-events-on-the-cortisol-reactivity-patterns-of-breast-cancer-survivors
#8
Cynthia Wan, Marie-Ève Couture-Lalande, Sophie Lebel, Catherine Bielajew
OBJECTIVE: Atypical patterns of cortisol secretion following an acute stressor have been commonly reported in breast cancer survivors. Stressful life events have been associated with blunted acute cortisol levels in other populations. The purpose of this study was to explore the role of stressful life events on cortisol secretion patterns of breast cancer survivors following an acute stressor. DESIGN: The Trier Social Stress (TSST) was used to elicit a moderate stress response in breast cancer survivors (n = 19) and a control group (n = 17)...
July 10, 2017: Psychology & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28691513/use-of-social-networking-sites-and-associations-with-skin-tone-dissatisfaction-sun-exposure-and-sun-protection-in-a-sample-of-australian-adolescents
#9
John Mingoia, Amanda D Hutchinson, David H Gleaves, Nadia Corsini, Carlene Wilson
OBJECTIVE: Previous research has indicated that greater exposure to traditional media (i.e. television, film, and print) predicted skin cancer risk factors in adolescents; however, the relationship between social media usage and these outcomes remains unexplored. We examined whether social networking site (SNS) usage, and the particular manner of this use, was associated with skin tone dissatisfaction, sun exposure and sun protection among Australian adolescents. We also explored sex differences in SNS usage related to tanning...
July 10, 2017: Psychology & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28681612/a-cluster-randomised-controlled-trial-of-an-intervention-based-on-the-health-action-process-approach-for-increasing-fruit-and-vegetable-consumption-in-iranian-adolescents
#10
Chung-Ying Lin, Janneke F M Scheerman, Mehdi Yaseri, Amir H Pakpour, Thomas L Webb
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate an intervention programme based on the Health Action Process Approach and designed to increase the intake of fruit and vegetables (F&V) among Iranian adolescents aged 13 to 18. DESIGN: A randomised controlled trial with three arms examined the short- (1 month) and long-term (6 months) effects of the intervention. There were two intervention groups (one included adolescents only [A group; n = 510]; the second included mothers and adolescents [M + A group; n = 462]) and a control group (n = 483)...
July 6, 2017: Psychology & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28671480/the-impact-of-experiential-avoidance-on-the-relations-between-illness-representations-pain-catastrophising-and-pain-interference-in-chronic-pain
#11
Evangelos C Karademas, Maria Karekla, Magdalini Flouri, Vasilis S Vasiliou, Orestis Kasinopoulos, Savvas S Papacostas
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to examine the effects of experiential avoidance (EA) on the indirect relationship of chronic pain patients' illness representations to pain interference, through pain catastrophising Design and main outcome measure: The sample consisted of 162 patients diagnosed with an arthritis-related or a musculoskeletal disorder. The effects of EA on the pathway between illness representations, pain catastrophising and pain interference were examined with PROCESS, a computational tool for SPSS Results: After controlling for patient and illness-related variables and pain severity, the 'illness representations-pain catastrophising-pain interference' pathway was interrupted at the higher levels of EA...
July 3, 2017: Psychology & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28665227/reciprocal-within-day-associations-between-incidental-affect-and-exercise-an-ema-study
#12
Jessica A Emerson, Shira Dunsiger, David M Williams
Previous research suggests that how people feel throughout the course of a day (i.e. incidental affect) is predictive of exercise behaviour. A mostly separate literature suggests that exercise can lead to more positive incidental affect. OBJECTIVE: This study examines the potential reciprocal effects of incidental affect and exercise behaviour within the same day. DESIGN: Fifty-nine low-active (exercise <60 min/week), overweight (BMI: 25.0-39.9) adults (ages 18-65) participated in a six-month print-based exercise promotion programme...
June 30, 2017: Psychology & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28648098/the-effect-of-perceived-control-on-self-reported-cardiovascular-disease-incidence-across-adulthood-and-old-age
#13
Frank J Infurna, Axel Mayer, Kaarin J Anstey
OBJECTIVE: To examine whether rates of change in perceived control are predictive of cardiovascular disease (CVD) incidence across adulthood and old age. DESIGN: We used the PATH Through Life Project (n = 7103, M = 40, SD = 16; 52% women), a longitudinal panel survey that encompasses three cohorts at Time 1, ages 20-24, 40-44 and 60-64, who have been assessed three times at four-year intervals. METHOD: We examined whether rates of change in perceived control were associated with CVD incidence over 8 years of time, over and above that of baseline levels of perceived control and known risk factors for CVD...
June 26, 2017: Psychology & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641449/the-positive-eating-scale-relationship-with-objective-health-parameters-and-validity-in-germany-the-usa-and-india
#14
Gudrun Sproesser, Verena Klusmann, Matthew B Ruby, Naomi Arbit, Paul Rozin, Harald T Schupp, Britta Renner
OBJECTIVE: The prevailing focus regarding eating behaviour is on restriction, concern, worry and pathology. In contrast, the purpose of the present studies was to focus on a positive relationship with eating in non-clinical samples from Germany, the USA and India. DESIGN: In Study 1, the Positive Eating Scale (PES) was tested and validated in a large longitudinal sample (T1: N = 772; T2: N = 510). In Study 2, the PES was tested in online samples from the USA, India and Germany (total N = 749)...
June 23, 2017: Psychology & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639834/implicit-health-associations-across-the-adult-lifespan
#15
Alexandra J Werntz, Jennifer S Green, Bethany A Teachman
OBJECTIVE: Explicit reports of one's health self-concept (e.g. rate your overall health) are commonly used in research and clinical practice. These measures predict important health outcomes, but rely on conscious introspection so may not fully capture the different components of the health self-concept (e.g. more automatic components) that relate to actual health. This study examined the health-implicit association test (health-IAT), and how it may add to our prediction of health from self-reports...
June 22, 2017: Psychology & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28604105/the-relations-of-child-adiposity-with-parent-to-child-and-parent-to-parent-hostility
#16
Michael F Lorber, Mandi L White-Ajmani, Denise Dixon, Amy M S Slep, Richard E Heyman
OBJECTIVE: Investigate (1) the association of child adiposity with parent-to-child and parent-to-parent hostility, (2) the mediation of these associations by dietary behaviours and (3) moderation by gender. DESIGN: One hundred thirty-five couples with 6- to 14-year-old children completed measures of emotional and physical aggression, overreactive discipline and child diet. Parent-to-parent hostility was also coded from laboratory observations. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE: Child adiposity was a combination of body mass index and waist-to-hip ratio...
June 11, 2017: Psychology & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535696/the-role-of-the-affect-heuristic-and-cancer-anxiety-in-responding-to-negative-information-about-medical-tests
#17
Laura D Scherer, Victoria A Shaffer, Tanner Caverly, Aaron M Scherer, Brian J Zikmund-Fisher, Jeffrey T Kullgren, Angela Fagerlin
OBJECTIVE: Little is known about the affective implications of communicating negative information about medical tests. This research explored how affective processes - particularly the Affect Heuristic and cancer anxiety - influence the way in which people respond to such information. DESIGN: Participants received different types of information about PSA screening for prostate cancer and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scans for migraine headaches. This was a 2 (Test harm information: present vs...
May 23, 2017: Psychology & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532197/differential-effects-of-approach-bias-and-eating-style-on-unhealthy-food-consumption-in-overweight-and-normal-weight-women
#18
Naomi Kakoschke, Eva Kemps, Marika Tiggemann
OBJECTIVE: The current study aimed to examine the effects of approach bias for unhealthy food and trait eating style on consumption of unhealthy food in overweight and normal weight individuals. METHOD: Participants were 245 undergraduate women aged 17 - 26 years. They completed an Approach-Avoidance Task, the Dutch Eating Behaviour Questionnaire (to assess restrained, emotional, and external eating), and a taste test to measure consumption of unhealthy food. RESULTS: An external eating style predicted increased consumption of unhealthy food...
May 22, 2017: Psychology & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28580803/erratum
#19
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2017: Psychology & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28537090/-i-think-a-little-bit-of-a-kick-is-sometimes-what-you-need-women-s-accounts-of-whole-body-scanning-and-likely-impact-on-health-related-behaviours
#20
Sarah Grogan, Mariyah A Siddique, Simeon Gill, Kathryn Brownbridge, Emma Storey, Christopher J Armitage
OBJECTIVE: This study was designed to investigate whether whole-body scanning might promote healthy eating and physical activity in women, and to explore the effects of scanning on body image. DESIGN: Fourteen women aged 22-45 years without histories of eating disorders or whole-body scanning took part in semi-structured interviews before and after scanning. Data were analysed using inductive thematic analysis. RESULTS: Scans did not look as expected, and participants expressed 'surprise' and 'shock'...
September 2017: Psychology & Health
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