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Psychology & Health

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28604105/the-relations-of-child-adiposity-with-parent-to-child-and-parent-to-parent-hostility
#1
Michael F Lorber, Mandi L White-Ajmani, Denise Dixon, Amy M S Slep, Richard E Heyman
OBJECTIVE: Investigate (1) the association of child adiposity with parent-to-child and parent-to-parent hostility, (2) the mediation of these associations by dietary behaviours and (3) moderation by gender. DESIGN: One hundred thirty-five couples with 6- to 14-year-old children completed measures of emotional and physical aggression, overreactive discipline and child diet. Parent-to-parent hostility was also coded from laboratory observations. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE: Child adiposity was a combination of body mass index and waist-to-hip ratio...
June 11, 2017: Psychology & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28580803/erratum
#2
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 5, 2017: Psychology & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28537090/-i-think-a-little-bit-of-a-kick-is-sometimes-what-you-need-women-s-accounts-of-whole-body-scanning-and-likely-impact-on-health-related-behaviours
#3
Sarah Grogan, Mariyah A Siddique, Simeon Gill, Kathryn Brownbridge, Emma Storey, Christopher J Armitage
OBJECTIVE: This study was designed to investigate whether whole-body scanning might promote healthy eating and physical activity in women, and to explore the effects of scanning on body image. DESIGN: Fourteen women aged 22-45 years without histories of eating disorders or whole-body scanning took part in semi-structured interviews before and after scanning. Data were analysed using inductive thematic analysis. RESULTS: Scans did not look as expected, and participants expressed 'surprise' and 'shock'...
May 24, 2017: Psychology & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535696/the-role-of-the-affect-heuristic-and-cancer-anxiety-in-responding-to-negative-information-about-medical-tests
#4
Laura D Scherer, Victoria A Shaffer, Tanner Caverly, Aaron M Scherer, Brian J Zikmund-Fisher, Jeffrey T Kullgren, Angela Fagerlin
OBJECTIVE: Little is known about the affective implications of communicating negative information about medical tests. This research explored how affective processes - particularly the Affect Heuristic and cancer anxiety - influence the way in which people respond to such information. DESIGN: Participants received different types of information about PSA screening for prostate cancer and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scans for migraine headaches. This was a 2 (Test harm information: present vs...
May 23, 2017: Psychology & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532197/differential-effects-of-approach-bias-and-eating-style-on-unhealthy-food-consumption-in-overweight-and-normal-weight-women
#5
Naomi Kakoschke, Eva Kemps, Marika Tiggemann
OBJECTIVE: The current study aimed to examine the effects of approach bias for unhealthy food and trait eating style on consumption of unhealthy food in overweight and normal weight individuals. METHOD: Participants were 245 undergraduate women aged 17 - 26 years. They completed an Approach-Avoidance Task, the Dutch Eating Behaviour Questionnaire (to assess restrained, emotional, and external eating), and a taste test to measure consumption of unhealthy food. RESULTS: An external eating style predicted increased consumption of unhealthy food...
May 22, 2017: Psychology & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511605/-it-was-all-intertwined-illness-representations-and-self-management-in-patients-with-cancer-and-anxiety-depression
#6
Emma M Richardson, Jennifer L Scott, Natalie Schüz, Kristy Sanderson, Benjamin Schüz
OBJECTIVE: Cancer and anxiety/depression frequently co-occur, leading to poorer outcomes for these illnesses. However, the majority of existing research investigates how participants view single illnesses alone. This study aimed to explore the content of individuals' multimorbid representations and how these relate to their coping behaviours and self-management strategies for cancer and anxiety/depression. DESIGN: A semi-structured qualitative research design with theoretical thematic analysis...
May 17, 2017: Psychology & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28498722/positive-affective-processes-underlie-positive-health-behaviour-change
#7
Patty Van Cappellen, Elise L Rice, Lahnna I Catalino, Barbara L Fredrickson
Positive health behaviours such as physical activity can prevent or reverse many chronic conditions, yet a majority of people fall short of leading a healthy lifestyle. Recent discoveries in affective science point to promising approaches to circumvent barriers to lifestyle change. Here, we present a new theoretical framework that integrates scientific knowledge about positive affect with that on implicit processes. The upward spiral theory of lifestyle change explains how positive affect can facilitate long-term adherence to positive health behaviours...
May 12, 2017: Psychology & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28498009/-i-feel-better-when%C3%A2-an-analysis-of-the-memory-experience-gap-for-peoples-estimates-of-the-relationship-between-health-behaviours-and-experiences
#8
Andrew T Gloster, Andrea H Meyer, Cornelia Witthauer, Roselind Lieb, Jutta Mata
OBJECTIVE: People often overestimate how strongly behaviours and experiences are related. This memory-experience gap might have important implications for health care settings, which often require people to estimate associations, such as "my mood is better when I exercise". This study examines how subjective correlation estimates between health behaviours and experiences relate to calculated correlations from online reports and whether subjective estimates are associated with engagement in actual health behaviour...
May 12, 2017: Psychology & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28488897/mediation-moderation-and-context-understanding-complex-relations-among-cognition-affect-and-health-behaviour
#9
Marc T Kiviniemi, Erin M Ellis, Marissa G Hall, Jennifer L Moss, Sarah E Lillie, Noel T Brewer, William M P Klein
OBJECTIVE: Researchers have historically treated cognition and affect as separate constructs in motivating health behaviour. We present a framework and empirical evidence for complex relations between cognition and affect in predicting health behaviour. Main Outcome, Design and Results: First, affect and cognition can mediate each other's relation to health behaviour. Second, affect and cognition can moderate the other's impact. Third, context can change the interplay of affect and cognition...
May 10, 2017: Psychology & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28480746/subjective-age-and-sleep-in-middle-aged-and-older-adults
#10
Yannick Stephan, Angelina R Sutin, Sophie Bayard, Antonio Terracciano
OBJECTIVE: Chronological age is commonly used to explain change in sleep. The present study examines whether subjective age is associated with change in sleep difficulties across middle adulthood and old age. DESIGN: Participants were drawn from the second (2004-2005) and third (2013-2014) waves of the Midlife in the United States Survey (MIDUS, N = 2350; Mean Age: 55.54 years), the 2008 and 2014 waves of the Health and Retirement Study (HRS, N = 4066; Mean Age: 67...
May 8, 2017: Psychology & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28475370/stomaching-rejection-self-compassion-and-self-esteem-moderate-the-impact-of-daily-social-rejection-on-restrictive-eating-behaviours-among-college-women
#11
Janine B Beekman, Michelle L Stock, George W Howe
OBJECTIVE: The present study examined whether having high self-esteem or a self-compassionate perspective help mitigate the impact of daily social rejection on negative affect and restrictive eating behaviours. DESIGN: Following a baseline survey assessing self-esteem and self-compassion, 121 college women completed online daily diaries for one week. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Negative affect and restrictive eating behaviours. RESULTS: On days when women reported more rejection, they also reported higher restrictive eating behaviours and greater negative affect...
May 5, 2017: Psychology & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28475365/the-differences-between-medical-trust-and-mistrust-and-their-respective-influences-on-medication-beliefs-and-art-adherence-among-african-americans-living-with-hiv
#12
Jennifer A Pellowski, Devon M Price, Aerielle M Allen, Lisa A Eaton, Seth C Kalichman
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to examine the relationships between medical mistrust and trust and to determine if these measures differentially predict antiretroviral therapy (ART) medication adherence for African-American adults living with HIV. DESIGN: A total of 458 HIV positive African-Americans completed a cross-sectional survey. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Self-reported ART adherence was collected using the visual-analog scale...
May 5, 2017: Psychology & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28452595/erratum
#13
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 28, 2017: Psychology & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28452564/emotional-processes-in-risky-and-multiattribute-health-decisions
#14
Stephanie M Carpenter, Paula M Niedenthal
OBJECTIVE: Here, we develop an integrative account of the roles of emotion in decision-making. In Part I, we illustrate how emotional inputs into decisions may rely on physiological signals from emotions experienced while making the decision, and we review evidence suggesting that the failure to represent the emotional meaning of options can often reduce decision quality. We propose that health-related decrements in the ability to generate emotional reactions lead people to inaccurately represent emotional responses and compromise decisions, particularly about risk...
April 28, 2017: Psychology & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448163/the-interplay-between-feelings-and-beliefs-about-condoms-as-predictors-of-their-use
#15
Erin M Ellis, Rekha Rajagopal, Marc T Kiviniemi
OBJECTIVE: Negative feelings about condoms are a key barrier to their use. Using the behavioural affective associations model, we examined the joint effects of affective associations and cognitive beliefs about condoms on condom use. DESIGN: In Study 1 (N = 97), students completed measures of their affective associations and cognitive beliefs about sex and condoms, sexual activity and condom use. In Study 2 (N = 171), a measure of behavioural intentions and condom selection task were added...
April 27, 2017: Psychology & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28443687/experiencing-menopause-in-the-context-of-cancer-women-s-constructions-of-gendered-subjectivities
#16
Chloe Parton, Jane M Ussher, Janette Perz
OBJECTIVE: Many women experience premature menopause following cancer treatment, accompanied by psychological distress, and poor health-related quality of life. In this qualitative study, we examined how women construct their gendered subjectivities - their sense of self as a woman - in the context of premature menopause after cancer. DESIGN: We analysed data from open-ended survey items and semi-structured interviews with women who had experienced cancer. Six hundred and ninety-five women completed the online survey and 61 took part in a semi-structured interview...
April 26, 2017: Psychology & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28436287/positive-affect-and-physical-activity-testing-effects-on-goal-setting-activation-prioritisation-and-attainment
#17
David S Cameron, Emma J Bertenshaw, Paschal Sheeran
OBJECTIVE: The present research tested whether incidental positive affect promotes pursuit of physical activity goals. Four key features of goal pursuit were examined - setting physical activity goals (Study 1), goal activation (Study 2), and goal prioritization and goal attainment (Study 3). DESIGN: Participants (Ns = 80, 81, and 59, in Studies 1-3, respectively) were randomized to positive affect (joy, hope) or neutral affect (control) conditions in each study...
April 23, 2017: Psychology & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28436272/moderation-of-the-effects-of-discrimination-induced-affective-responses-on-health-outcomes
#18
Meg Gerrard, Frederick X Gibbons, Mary E Fleischli, Carolyn E Cutrona, Michelle L Stock
OBJECTIVE: The goal of the study was to examine differential mediation of long-term effects of discrimination on health behaviour and health status by internalising (anxiety and depression) and externalising (hostility and anger), and to explore moderation of these effects, specifically, by the presence of support networks and coping tendencies. DESIGN: The current analyses employed structural equation modelling of five waves of data from Black female participants of the Family and Community Health Study over 11 years (M age 37-48)...
April 23, 2017: Psychology & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28417643/feeling-bad-about-progress-does-not-lead-people-want-to-change-their-health-behaviour
#19
James P Reynolds, Thomas L Webb, Yael Benn, Betty P I Chang, Paschal Sheeran
OBJECTIVE: When do people decide to do something about problematic health behaviours? Theoretical models and pragmatic considerations suggest that people should take action when they feel bad about their progress - in other words, when they experience negative progress-related affect. However, the impact of progress-related affect on goal striving has rarely been investigated. DESIGN AND METHODS: Study 1 (N = 744) adopted a cross-sectional design and examined the extent to which measures of progress-related affect were correlated with intentions to take action...
April 18, 2017: Psychology & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28415855/predicting-jet-lag-in-long-haul-cabin-crew-the-role-of-illness-cognitions-and-behaviour
#20
Cristina Ruscitto, Jane Ogden
OBJECTIVE: Established risk factors for jet lag are mostly physiological including circadian preference, age, gender, the number of flight zones crossed and to some extent direction of travel. Some research has also highlighted a role for psychosocial factors including sleep, diet and 'circadian' health behaviours and illness cognitions although this remains relatively untested. The aim of this study was to evaluate the role of sleep, diet and illness cognitions in predicting perceived jet lag amongst long-haul crew...
April 18, 2017: Psychology & Health
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