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Psychology & Health

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728445/the-mediating-and-moderating-role-of-planning-on-mothers-decisions-for-early-childhood-dietary-behaviours
#1
Kyra Hamilton, Emily J Kothe, Barbara Mullan, Teagan Spinks
OBJECTIVE: Examine the roles of action and coping planning on the intention-behaviour relationship for mothers' decisions for their young children's dietary behaviours. DESIGN: Prospective design with two waves of data collection, one week apart. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Mothers (N = 197, Mage = 34.39, SD = 5.65) of children aged 2-3 years completed a main questionnaire assessing planning constructs and intentions, and a one-week follow-up of the target behaviours - 'healthy eating' and 'discretionary choices'...
July 20, 2017: Psychology & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28691519/the-role-of-stressful-life-events-on-the-cortisol-reactivity-patterns-of-breast-cancer-survivors
#2
Cynthia Wan, Marie-Ève Couture-Lalande, Sophie Lebel, Catherine Bielajew
OBJECTIVE: Atypical patterns of cortisol secretion following an acute stressor have been commonly reported in breast cancer survivors. Stressful life events have been associated with blunted acute cortisol levels in other populations. The purpose of this study was to explore the role of stressful life events on cortisol secretion patterns of breast cancer survivors following an acute stressor. DESIGN: The Trier Social Stress (TSST) was used to elicit a moderate stress response in breast cancer survivors (n = 19) and a control group (n = 17)...
July 10, 2017: Psychology & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28691513/use-of-social-networking-sites-and-associations-with-skin-tone-dissatisfaction-sun-exposure-and-sun-protection-in-a-sample-of-australian-adolescents
#3
John Mingoia, Amanda D Hutchinson, David H Gleaves, Nadia Corsini, Carlene Wilson
OBJECTIVE: Previous research has indicated that greater exposure to traditional media (i.e. television, film, and print) predicted skin cancer risk factors in adolescents; however, the relationship between social media usage and these outcomes remains unexplored. We examined whether social networking site (SNS) usage, and the particular manner of this use, was associated with skin tone dissatisfaction, sun exposure and sun protection among Australian adolescents. We also explored sex differences in SNS usage related to tanning...
July 10, 2017: Psychology & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28681612/a-cluster-randomised-controlled-trial-of-an-intervention-based-on-the-health-action-process-approach-for-increasing-fruit-and-vegetable-consumption-in-iranian-adolescents
#4
Chung-Ying Lin, Janneke F M Scheerman, Mehdi Yaseri, Amir H Pakpour, Thomas L Webb
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate an intervention programme based on the Health Action Process Approach and designed to increase the intake of fruit and vegetables (F&V) among Iranian adolescents aged 13 to 18. DESIGN: A randomised controlled trial with three arms examined the short- (1 month) and long-term (6 months) effects of the intervention. There were two intervention groups (one included adolescents only [A group; n = 510]; the second included mothers and adolescents [M + A group; n = 462]) and a control group (n = 483)...
July 6, 2017: Psychology & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28671480/the-impact-of-experiential-avoidance-on-the-relations-between-illness-representations-pain-catastrophising-and-pain-interference-in-chronic-pain
#5
Evangelos C Karademas, Maria Karekla, Magdalini Flouri, Vasilis S Vasiliou, Orestis Kasinopoulos, Savvas S Papacostas
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to examine the effects of experiential avoidance (EA) on the indirect relationship of chronic pain patients' illness representations to pain interference, through pain catastrophising Design and main outcome measure: The sample consisted of 162 patients diagnosed with an arthritis-related or a musculoskeletal disorder. The effects of EA on the pathway between illness representations, pain catastrophising and pain interference were examined with PROCESS, a computational tool for SPSS Results: After controlling for patient and illness-related variables and pain severity, the 'illness representations-pain catastrophising-pain interference' pathway was interrupted at the higher levels of EA...
July 3, 2017: Psychology & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28665227/reciprocal-within-day-associations-between-incidental-affect-and-exercise-an-ema-study
#6
Jessica A Emerson, Shira Dunsiger, David M Williams
Previous research suggests that how people feel throughout the course of a day (i.e. incidental affect) is predictive of exercise behaviour. A mostly separate literature suggests that exercise can lead to more positive incidental affect. OBJECTIVE: This study examines the potential reciprocal effects of incidental affect and exercise behaviour within the same day. DESIGN: Fifty-nine low-active (exercise <60 min/week), overweight (BMI: 25.0-39.9) adults (ages 18-65) participated in a six-month print-based exercise promotion programme...
June 30, 2017: Psychology & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28648098/the-effect-of-perceived-control-on-self-reported-cardiovascular-disease-incidence-across-adulthood-and-old-age
#7
Frank J Infurna, Axel Mayer, Kaarin J Anstey
OBJECTIVE: To examine whether rates of change in perceived control are predictive of cardiovascular disease (CVD) incidence across adulthood and old age. DESIGN: We used the PATH Through Life Project (n = 7103, M = 40, SD = 16; 52% women), a longitudinal panel survey that encompasses three cohorts at Time 1, ages 20-24, 40-44 and 60-64, who have been assessed three times at four-year intervals. METHOD: We examined whether rates of change in perceived control were associated with CVD incidence over 8 years of time, over and above that of baseline levels of perceived control and known risk factors for CVD...
June 26, 2017: Psychology & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641449/the-positive-eating-scale-relationship-with-objective-health-parameters-and-validity-in-germany-the-usa-and-india
#8
Gudrun Sproesser, Verena Klusmann, Matthew B Ruby, Naomi Arbit, Paul Rozin, Harald T Schupp, Britta Renner
OBJECTIVE: The prevailing focus regarding eating behaviour is on restriction, concern, worry and pathology. In contrast, the purpose of the present studies was to focus on a positive relationship with eating in non-clinical samples from Germany, the USA and India. DESIGN: In Study 1, the Positive Eating Scale (PES) was tested and validated in a large longitudinal sample (T1: N = 772; T2: N = 510). In Study 2, the PES was tested in online samples from the USA, India and Germany (total N = 749)...
June 23, 2017: Psychology & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639834/implicit-health-associations-across-the-adult-lifespan
#9
Alexandra J Werntz, Jennifer S Green, Bethany A Teachman
OBJECTIVE: Explicit reports of one's health self-concept (e.g. rate your overall health) are commonly used in research and clinical practice. These measures predict important health outcomes, but rely on conscious introspection so may not fully capture the different components of the health self-concept (e.g. more automatic components) that relate to actual health. This study examined the health-implicit association test (health-IAT), and how it may add to our prediction of health from self-reports...
June 22, 2017: Psychology & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28604105/the-relations-of-child-adiposity-with-parent-to-child-and-parent-to-parent-hostility
#10
Michael F Lorber, Mandi L White-Ajmani, Denise Dixon, Amy M S Slep, Richard E Heyman
OBJECTIVE: Investigate (1) the association of child adiposity with parent-to-child and parent-to-parent hostility, (2) the mediation of these associations by dietary behaviours and (3) moderation by gender. DESIGN: One hundred thirty-five couples with 6- to 14-year-old children completed measures of emotional and physical aggression, overreactive discipline and child diet. Parent-to-parent hostility was also coded from laboratory observations. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE: Child adiposity was a combination of body mass index and waist-to-hip ratio...
June 11, 2017: Psychology & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28580803/erratum
#11
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 5, 2017: Psychology & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28537090/-i-think-a-little-bit-of-a-kick-is-sometimes-what-you-need-women-s-accounts-of-whole-body-scanning-and-likely-impact-on-health-related-behaviours
#12
Sarah Grogan, Mariyah A Siddique, Simeon Gill, Kathryn Brownbridge, Emma Storey, Christopher J Armitage
OBJECTIVE: This study was designed to investigate whether whole-body scanning might promote healthy eating and physical activity in women, and to explore the effects of scanning on body image. DESIGN: Fourteen women aged 22-45 years without histories of eating disorders or whole-body scanning took part in semi-structured interviews before and after scanning. Data were analysed using inductive thematic analysis. RESULTS: Scans did not look as expected, and participants expressed 'surprise' and 'shock'...
May 24, 2017: Psychology & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535696/the-role-of-the-affect-heuristic-and-cancer-anxiety-in-responding-to-negative-information-about-medical-tests
#13
Laura D Scherer, Victoria A Shaffer, Tanner Caverly, Aaron M Scherer, Brian J Zikmund-Fisher, Jeffrey T Kullgren, Angela Fagerlin
OBJECTIVE: Little is known about the affective implications of communicating negative information about medical tests. This research explored how affective processes - particularly the Affect Heuristic and cancer anxiety - influence the way in which people respond to such information. DESIGN: Participants received different types of information about PSA screening for prostate cancer and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scans for migraine headaches. This was a 2 (Test harm information: present vs...
May 23, 2017: Psychology & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532197/differential-effects-of-approach-bias-and-eating-style-on-unhealthy-food-consumption-in-overweight-and-normal-weight-women
#14
Naomi Kakoschke, Eva Kemps, Marika Tiggemann
OBJECTIVE: The current study aimed to examine the effects of approach bias for unhealthy food and trait eating style on consumption of unhealthy food in overweight and normal weight individuals. METHOD: Participants were 245 undergraduate women aged 17 - 26 years. They completed an Approach-Avoidance Task, the Dutch Eating Behaviour Questionnaire (to assess restrained, emotional, and external eating), and a taste test to measure consumption of unhealthy food. RESULTS: An external eating style predicted increased consumption of unhealthy food...
May 22, 2017: Psychology & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511605/-it-was-all-intertwined-illness-representations-and-self-management-in-patients-with-cancer-and-anxiety-depression
#15
Emma M Richardson, Jennifer L Scott, Natalie Schüz, Kristy Sanderson, Benjamin Schüz
OBJECTIVE: Cancer and anxiety/depression frequently co-occur, leading to poorer outcomes for these illnesses. However, the majority of existing research investigates how participants view single illnesses alone. This study aimed to explore the content of individuals' multimorbid representations and how these relate to their coping behaviours and self-management strategies for cancer and anxiety/depression. DESIGN: A semi-structured qualitative research design with theoretical thematic analysis...
May 17, 2017: Psychology & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28498722/positive-affective-processes-underlie-positive-health-behaviour-change
#16
Patty Van Cappellen, Elise L Rice, Lahnna I Catalino, Barbara L Fredrickson
Positive health behaviours such as physical activity can prevent or reverse many chronic conditions, yet a majority of people fall short of leading a healthy lifestyle. Recent discoveries in affective science point to promising approaches to circumvent barriers to lifestyle change. Here, we present a new theoretical framework that integrates scientific knowledge about positive affect with that on implicit processes. The upward spiral theory of lifestyle change explains how positive affect can facilitate long-term adherence to positive health behaviours...
May 12, 2017: Psychology & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28498009/-i-feel-better-when%C3%A2-an-analysis-of-the-memory-experience-gap-for-peoples-estimates-of-the-relationship-between-health-behaviours-and-experiences
#17
Andrew T Gloster, Andrea H Meyer, Cornelia Witthauer, Roselind Lieb, Jutta Mata
OBJECTIVE: People often overestimate how strongly behaviours and experiences are related. This memory-experience gap might have important implications for health care settings, which often require people to estimate associations, such as "my mood is better when I exercise". This study examines how subjective correlation estimates between health behaviours and experiences relate to calculated correlations from online reports and whether subjective estimates are associated with engagement in actual health behaviour...
May 12, 2017: Psychology & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28488897/mediation-moderation-and-context-understanding-complex-relations-among-cognition-affect-and-health-behaviour
#18
Marc T Kiviniemi, Erin M Ellis, Marissa G Hall, Jennifer L Moss, Sarah E Lillie, Noel T Brewer, William M P Klein
OBJECTIVE: Researchers have historically treated cognition and affect as separate constructs in motivating health behaviour. We present a framework and empirical evidence for complex relations between cognition and affect in predicting health behaviour. Main Outcome, Design and Results: First, affect and cognition can mediate each other's relation to health behaviour. Second, affect and cognition can moderate the other's impact. Third, context can change the interplay of affect and cognition...
May 10, 2017: Psychology & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28480746/subjective-age-and-sleep-in-middle-aged-and-older-adults
#19
Yannick Stephan, Angelina R Sutin, Sophie Bayard, Antonio Terracciano
OBJECTIVE: Chronological age is commonly used to explain change in sleep. The present study examines whether subjective age is associated with change in sleep difficulties across middle adulthood and old age. DESIGN: Participants were drawn from the second (2004-2005) and third (2013-2014) waves of the Midlife in the United States Survey (MIDUS, N = 2350; Mean Age: 55.54 years), the 2008 and 2014 waves of the Health and Retirement Study (HRS, N = 4066; Mean Age: 67...
May 8, 2017: Psychology & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28475370/stomaching-rejection-self-compassion-and-self-esteem-moderate-the-impact-of-daily-social-rejection-on-restrictive-eating-behaviours-among-college-women
#20
Janine B Beekman, Michelle L Stock, George W Howe
OBJECTIVE: The present study examined whether having high self-esteem or a self-compassionate perspective help mitigate the impact of daily social rejection on negative affect and restrictive eating behaviours. DESIGN: Following a baseline survey assessing self-esteem and self-compassion, 121 college women completed online daily diaries for one week. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Negative affect and restrictive eating behaviours. RESULTS: On days when women reported more rejection, they also reported higher restrictive eating behaviours and greater negative affect...
May 5, 2017: Psychology & Health
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