Read by QxMD icon Read

Psychology & Health

Estelle Fall, Marie Izaute, Nadia Chakroun Baggioni
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Seasonal influenza is frequent among students and often responsible for impaired academic performance and lower levels of general health. However, the vaccination rate in this population is very low. As the seasonal influenza vaccine is not compulsory in France, it is important to improve the vaccination uptake by identifying predictors of both intention and behaviour. This study investigated the effect of decisional balance, motivation and self-efficacy on vaccination acceptance using the Extended Health Belief Model (HBM) and Self-Determination Theory (SDT)...
November 13, 2017: Psychology & Health
Meenakshi Shukla, Rakesh Pandey, Dharmendra Jain, Jennifer Y F Lau
Psychological factors are known to play an important part in the origin of many medical conditions including hypertension. Recent studies have reported elevated blood pressure (even in the normal range of variation) to be associated with a reduced responsiveness to emotions or 'emotional dampening'. Our aim was to assess emotional dampening in individuals with more extreme blood pressure levels including prehypertensives (N=58) and hypertensives (N=60) by comparing their emotion recognition ability with normotensives (N=57)...
November 12, 2017: Psychology & Health
Holli H Seitz, Marilyn M Schapira, Laura A Gibson, Christine Skubisz, Susan Mello, Katrina Armstrong, Joseph N Cappella
OBJECTIVE: This study examines the effects of a mammography decision intervention on perceived susceptibility to breast cancer (PSBC) and emotion and investigates how these outcomes predict mammography intentions. DESIGN: Randomised between-subjects online experiment. Participants were stratified into two levels of risk. Within each stratum, conditions included a basic information condition and six decision intervention conditions that included personalised risk estimates and varied according to a 2 (amount of information: brief vs...
October 26, 2017: Psychology & Health
Sam M Dorros, Chris Segrin, Terry A Badger
OBJECTIVE: Understanding the concerns of cancer survivors is essential for effective interventions. This study was designed to identify the primary concerns of dyads coping with cancer, how concerns differed by role and sex, and whether concerns expressed during counselling were associated with survivors' psychosocial well-being and adjustment. DESIGN: Forty-three dyads with breast and prostate cancer (N = 86 participants) were enrolled in an interpersonal telephone counselling intervention...
October 19, 2017: Psychology & Health
Irit Heruti, Sigal Levy, Ronit Avitsur, Daniel Deutscher, Moshe Gutvirtz, Tamar Berkovitz, Shoshana Shiloh
OBJECTIVES: Injuries are major causes of morbidity and mortality in the population. Given the central role of perceptions in self-regulation of health conditions, it is important to investigate how they are perceived. This article describes the development of the Injury Perceptions Questionnaire (InjPQ). METHODS: A concurrent study in a diverse sample of injured individuals (n = 333). The internal structure and the reliability (Cronbach's α) of InjPQ sub-scales were explored by factor analyses...
October 12, 2017: Psychology & Health
Marie Johnston, Derek Johnston, Caroline E Wood, Wendy Hardeman, Jill Francis, Susan Michie
OBJECTIVE: Communication of the content of a behaviour change intervention (BCI) involves clear description followed by appropriate recognition and interpretation. We investigated accuracy of recognition of BCI descriptions and the effects of training in the behaviour change taxonomy BCTTv1. METHODS: Materials were 166 written descriptions of two BCIs previously written by 166 separate writers after viewing a video of the BCI. Each of the current participants (12 naïve and 12 trained in BCTTv1) was presented with a random sample of the written descriptions and asked to form groups of descriptions they judged to be describing the same intervention...
October 11, 2017: Psychology & Health
Tina A G Venema, Floor M Kroese, Denise T D De Ridder
OBJECTIVE: This study assessed the effect of a default nudge to reduce sedentary behaviour at work over time. DESIGN AND MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: A field study was conducted at a governmental organisation. In the present study, the default setting of sit-stand desks (SSDs) was changed from sitting to standing height during a two-week intervention. Stand-up working rates were calculated based on observations that were done prior to, during, two weeks after and two months after the intervention...
October 10, 2017: Psychology & Health
Ralf Schwarzer, Lisa M Warner, Lena Fleig, Maryam Gholami, Lluis Serra-Majem, Joy Ngo, Luisella Cianferotti, Maria Kritikou, Piergiorgio Mossi, Evangelia Ntzani, Maria L Brandi
OBJECTIVE: An online intervention to improve fruit and vegetable (FV) intake examines the role of planning, outcome expectancies, self-efficacy and gender. Women are not only expected to eat more FV than men, but they are also expected to be more responsive to nutritional advice and benefit more from treatment. METHOD: A two-arm digital intervention with 269 men and 395 women (Mage = 41.2, SDage = 11.45; range: 19-66 years) was conducted in Italy, Spain and Greece, followed up at three and six months, comparing a static with a dynamic, feedback-intensive platform...
October 9, 2017: Psychology & Health
Erin E Brannon, Christopher C Cushing, Ryan W Walters, Christopher Crick, Amy E Noser, Larry L Mullins
OBJECTIVE: Adolescents are not meeting the recommended guidelines for physical activity. Social support and self-regulatory skills are two factors known to impact physical activity and sedentary behaviour. The study sought to examine how targeting feedback as part of a self-regulatory process could increase physical activity, and the individual who should be providing the feedback. DESIGN: The study utilised an aggregated N-of-1 RCT which allows for an iterative process of intervention development, and examines variability within participants to answer the question for whom did the intervention work...
October 9, 2017: Psychology & Health
Massimo Miglioretti, Claudia Meroni, Giacomo Baiardo, Gaia Savioli, Veronica Velasco
OBJECTIVE: This study verifies whether the open-ended question of the B-IPQ can collect causal attributions of patients with cardiac diseases, define the more frequent causal attributions reported, classify them and describe the relation between the classification of the causes and patients' characteristics. DESIGN: A group of 2011 patients with cardiac diseases was recruited during the first week of cardiac rehabilitation. PRIMARY OUTCOME MEASURES: Every participant filled in the B-IPQ and the HADS...
October 6, 2017: Psychology & Health
Amanda J Dillard, Rebecca A Ferrer, Jessica D Welch
OBJECTIVE: Narrative messages may be an effective strategy to increase risk perceptions and motivate preventive behaviours related to cancer. The aim of this research was to examine associations between narrative transportation (i.e. psychological absorption into a narrative), risk perceptions, and intentions following narrative messages about skin cancer. DESIGN: In two studies, women who reported indoor tanning read first-person narrative messages about skin cancer...
October 4, 2017: Psychology & Health
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 30, 2017: Psychology & Health
Hanneke Hendriks, Loes Janssen
OBJECTIVE: It is imperative for public health to investigate what factors may reduce defensive responses and increase the effectiveness of health information. The present research investigated gender differences in responses to threatening health-promoting information communicated with humour. DESIGN: Male and female participants were exposed to a health message stressing the negative consequences of binge drinking (Experiment 1; N = 209) or caffeine consumption (Experiment 2; N = 242), that did or did not contain a funny visual metaphor (Experiment 1) or a slapstick cartoon (Experiment 2)...
September 27, 2017: Psychology & Health
Cheryl Jordan, Ruth Ohlsen, Bu'Hussain Hayee, Trudie Chalder
BACKGROUND: People with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) are at increased risk of developing anxiety and low mood. We sought to explore the experience of people with IBD and moderate-severe symptoms of anxiety/low mood to identify psychological processes which could be targeted in psychological interventions, as well as the kind of psychological support preferred. METHODS: Twenty-five participants with IBD and moderate-severe symptoms of anxiety/low mood were recruited for interview...
September 26, 2017: Psychology & Health
Saskia Wouters, Nele Jacobs, Mira Duif, Lilian Lechner, Viviane Thewissen
OBJECTIVE: Affect-related energy intake from snacks remains relatively unexplored in daily life. This study examines the associations between momentary positive affect (PA) and momentary negative affect (NA) and subsequent energy intake from snacks. In addition, the moderating role of BMI, gender, age and level of education is investigated. DESIGN: Adults (N = 269), aged 20-50, participated in this study. Demographics were assessed in an online composite questionnaire...
September 22, 2017: Psychology & Health
Lisa A Auster-Gussman, Alexander J Rothman
OBJECTIVES: The primary aim of this research is to understand how mindsets about weight controllability in the United States relate to population health. We examined the distribution of people's implicit theories of weight, from an incremental (controllable) to an entity (not controllable) mindset, in a nationally representative sample, as well as their relation to: sociodemographic factors, beliefs about behaviour and genetics as causes of obesity and engagement in weight management-relevant behaviours...
September 15, 2017: Psychology & Health
Jennifer Taylor, Alexandra Lamont, Michael Murray
OBJECTIVE: There is increasing evidence of both health and appearance risks associated with sunbed use. At the same time, the sunbed industry promotes the benefits of using sunbeds, and the image of a tanned skin as attractive and healthy arguably remains embedded within contemporary western culture. These tensions are played out in everyday conversations, and this paper reports a study which explored how sunbed users manage them within online discussion forums. DESIGN: A total of 556 posts from 13 sunbed-related threads, taken from six different UK-based online forums, were analysed thematically followed by techniques from discourse analysis...
September 15, 2017: Psychology & Health
Elaina C Taylor, Mark O'Neill, Lyndsay D Hughes, Rona Moss-Morris
OBJECTIVE: This study modified the Revised Illness Perception Questionnaire (IPQ-R) in patients with persistent atrial fibrillation (AF). DESIGN: Qualitative interviews and think-aloud techniques informed modification of the IPQ-R to be specific to AF patients. Confirmatory Factor Analysis (CFA) (n = 198) examined the validity of the modified IPQ-R (AF-IPQ-R). Exploratory factor analysis (EFA) examined the new AF-triggers scale. Construct validity examined associations between the AF-IPQ-R, quality of life (QoL) and beliefs about medicines...
September 11, 2017: Psychology & Health
Austin M Grinberg, Karey L O'Hara, Dave A Sbarra
OBJECTIVE: This study explores cardiovascular reactivity during an acute-stress task in a sample of recently separated adults. DESIGN: In a cross-sectional design, we examined the association between adults' subjective separation-related distress and changes in heart rate and blood pressure across the acute-stress laboratory paradigm in a sample of 133 (n = 49 men) recently separated adults. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Heart rate (HR) and Blood pressure (BP) were recorded across a resting baseline period, a math stressor task, and a recovery period...
September 7, 2017: Psychology & Health
Marta Miragall, Alejandro Domínguez-Rodríguez, Jessica Navarro, Ausiàs Cebolla, Rosa M Baños
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to analyse the effect of an Internet-based motivational intervention (IMI) supported by pedometers (in comparison with IMI alone and non-intervention) on increasing daily steps and changing constructs related to physical activity (PA) in a sample of sedentary students. DESIGN: A randomised-controlled trial was conducted with 76 sedentary or low-active college students. The purpose of the IMI was to deliver information to increase motivation and set individualised PA goals...
September 7, 2017: Psychology & Health
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"