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Psychology & Health

F Marijn Stok, Astrid F Junghans, Denise T D de Ridder, Britta Renner, Catharine Evers
OBJECTIVE: Previous research has shown that people consume less food in the dark compared to normal vision conditions. While this effect is commonly attributed to increased attention to internal cues, it could also be caused by increased difficulty to maneuver in a dark setting. This study investigated this potential alternative explanation. DESIGN: A 2 (dark versus normal vision setting) × 2 (highlighted versus non-highlighted utensils) between-subjects design was employed...
August 28, 2018: Psychology & Health
Anna Madill, Paul Flowers, Nollaig Frost, Abigail Locke
AIM: Our aim is to offer and illustrate a novel meta-methodology to enhance the rigour of method selection and understanding of results in pluralist qualitative research (PQR). METHOD: To do so, we make innovative use of articulation of four discrete dimensions characterising different forms of thematic analysis. We provide secondary analyses of an interview from the Social Media, Men who have Sex with Men and Sexual Health project using critical discursive psychology, dialogical analysis, interpretative phenomenological analysis and psychosocial narrative analysis...
July 5, 2018: Psychology & Health
Matthew Reaney, Nik Chmiel, Susan Churchill
OBJECTIVES: People with type 2 diabetes (T2DM) should check their feet and protect them against harm, but few do. Living with a spouse contributes to good foot care behaviour. This study explores awareness, perceived susceptibility of, and concern about, foot problems, and reported foot care behaviour, and ways in which a spouse may or may not contribute to foot care in T2DM. METHODS: 1:1 interviews were conducted with 6 individuals with T2DM. Half had a spouse half did not...
September 2018: Psychology & Health
Julie Wagner, Stephen Armeli, Howard Tennen, Angela Bermudez-Millan, Rafael Pérez-Escamilla
OBJECTIVE: Stress management and relaxation (SMR) interventions can reduce symptoms of chronic disease and associated distress. However, there is little evidence that such interventions disrupt associations between symptoms and affect. This study examined whether SMR dampened the link between symptoms of hyperglycemia and proximal levels of affect. We predicted that during periods of increased hyperglycemia, individuals receiving SMR training, relative to controls, would demonstrate smaller increases in negative affect...
September 2018: Psychology & Health
Gregg H Rawlings, Ian Brown, Brendan Stone, Markus Reuber
OBJECTIVE: We investigated the feasibility, acceptability and preliminary effectiveness of a writing intervention for individuals with epilepsy or psychogenic nonepileptic seizures. METHODS: Individuals were randomised to write about potentially 'therapeutic' topics (n = 43) or about their daily events (n = 25). Participants were asked to write on four separate occasions for at least 20 min. Repeated-measures analysis of variance was used to investigate change in measures of health-related quality of life (NEWQoL-6D), depression (NDDI-E), anxiety (GAD-7) and illness perception (B-IPQ) from baseline to one and three-month follow-ups...
September 2018: Psychology & Health
Anne Kjeldsen, Mike Stoolmiller, John W Toumbourou, Wendy Nilsen
OBJECTIVE: We examined behaviour problem precursors (i.e. internalising and externalising) in childhood (ages 1.5 to 8.5) and early adolescence (age 12.5) and consequences (i.e. harmful alcohol use) in emerging adulthood (age 19), of developmental trajectories of drinking to intoxication across adolescence (ages 14.5-19). DESIGN AND OUTCOME MEASURES: Data from 921 children and their parents followed for 18 years from the population-based Tracking Opportunities and Problems (TOPP) Study were used to examine adolescent trajectories of drinking to intoxication...
September 2018: Psychology & Health
Helen Cheng, Scott Montgomery, Luke Treglown, Adrian Furnham
OBJECTIVE: The study set out to investigate socio-economic, biomedical, health and behavioural and psychological factors in childhood and adulthood associated with the prevalence of asthma in adulthood, drawing data from The National Child Development Studies (NCDS), a birth cohort in the UK. DESIGN: The National Child Development Study, a nationally representative sample of 17,415 babies born in Great Britain in 1958 and followed up at 7, 11, 33 and 50 years was used...
September 2018: Psychology & Health
Angelina R Sutin, Yannick Stephan, Antonio Terracciano
OBJECTIVE: To examine the association between six facets of conscientiousness (self-control, order, industriousness, traditionalism, virtue, responsibility) and objective markers of health status, including adiposity, blood markers and physical performance. DESIGN: Cross-sectional analysis of participants from the health and retirement study (N = 12,188). MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Adiposity (body mass index, waist circumference), blood markers (A1c, HDL cholesterol, total cholesterol, cystatin c, c-reactive protein) and physical performance (lung function, grip strength, walking speed)...
September 2018: Psychology & Health
Anke Versluis, Bart Verkuil, Philip Spinhoven, Jos F Brosschot
OBJECTIVE: Perseverative cognition (e.g. worry) and unconscious stress are suggested to be important mediators in the relation between stressors and physiological health. We examined whether a smartphone-based worry-reduction training improved a physiological marker of stress (i.e. increased heart rate variability [HRV]) and unconscious stress. DESIGN: Randomised-controlled trial was conducted with individuals reporting work stress (n = 136). Participants were randomised to the experimental, control or waitlist condition (resp...
September 2018: Psychology & Health
Janani Pinidiyapathirage, Rohan Jayasuriya, N Wah Cheung, Ralf Schwarzer
INTRODUCTION: Regular physical activity can reduce the risk of developing diabetes in high risk populations including in women with gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM). This study applied the Health Action Process Approach (HAPA) to determine the motivational and volitional factors important in increasing physical activity among women with previous GDM. METHODS: Women with GDM receiving obstetric care at a teaching hospital in Sri Lanka were invited to participate in a survey 6-36 months post-delivery...
August 2018: Psychology & Health
Yingqiu Wu, Arie Dijkstra, Simon E Dalley, Florentine S Roerink
OBJECTIVES: When the course of a disease can be positively changed by health professionals the disease can be indicated as 'highly treatable'. This 'high treatability information' (HTI) may have negative side-effects on people's preventative motivation. This study examined the effects of HTI regarding skin cancer on preventative motivation. DESIGN: This study employed a 2 (high treatability (HTI) versus low treatability (LTI)) × 2 (high versus low susceptibility)-experiment with a hanging control group...
August 2018: Psychology & Health
John Spencer Ingels, Sam Zizzi
OBJECTIVE: To explore participant perspectives of the impact emotions have on weight loss. DESIGN: A qualitative design gathered data through semi-structured interviews with participants in a weight management programme. The interview addresses the following research questions: (1) how do individuals working to lose weight perceive the impact emotions have on their long-term success, and (2) what strategies do more or less successful participants use to regulate their emotions? Researchers conducted and transcribed the interviews then completed content analysis to create and organise themes...
August 2018: Psychology & Health
Eva Pila, Catherine M Sabiston, Andrée L Castonguay, Kelly Arbour-Nicitopoulos, Valerie H Taylor
OBJECTIVES: Weight cycling is linked with advanced breast cancer diagnosis, increased risk of cancer reoccurrence and cancer-related mortality. While women treated for breast cancer report challenges with navigating their post-treatment body shape and weight, the effects of weight cycling on body image and mental health have not been elucidated. This study examined associations between weight changes and weight cycling on psychological health (i.e. weight-related guilt, shame and depressive symptoms) among women in the first-year post-treatment...
August 2018: Psychology & Health
Sean J Ryan, Michael A Hoyt
OBJECTIVE: Cancer during young adulthood can limit the extent to which one adopts an adult self-image. However, the relationship of adult self-image to cancer-related adjustment remains unexplored. The current study examines relationships of adult self-image and social/emotional well-being and job-related problems in young testicular cancer survivors. Factors thought to facilitate future-oriented goals (i.e. agency and meaning) are examined as intermediary processes. DESIGN: Testicular cancer survivors (N = 171) between the ages of 18 and 29 completed questionnaire measures of adult self-image, agency, sense of meaning and indicators of adjustment...
August 2018: Psychology & Health
Cristina Guerrero Rodríguez, Francisco Palmero Cantero, Consuelo Gómez-Íñiguez
OBJECTIVE: This study investigated the importance of the combination of the hostility and defensiveness variables as psychosocial factors that predict the risk of cardiovascular dysfunction. We examined the impact of a stressful situation on blood pressure responses, using a continuous psychophysiological assessment approach. DESIGN: We measured the evolution of these responses over three experimental phases (adaptation, task and recovery), also considering a minute-by-minute analysis within each phase...
August 2018: Psychology & Health
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No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2018: Psychology & Health
Milou Fredrix, Jenny McSharry, Caragh Flannery, Sean Dinneen, Molly Byrne
BACKGROUND: Goal-setting is recommended and widely used within diabetes self-management programmes. However, empirical evidence around its effectiveness lacks clarity. This review aims to evaluate the effectiveness of goal-setting interventions on diabetes outcomes and to determine which behaviour change techniques (BCTs) are frequently used within these interventions. METHODS: A systematic search identified 14 studies, describing 12 interventions targeting diabetic-control which incorporated goal-setting as the main intervention strategy...
August 2018: Psychology & Health
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2018: Psychology & Health
Raymond P Voss, Ryan Corser, Michael McCormick, John D Jasper
OBJECTIVE: Previous research has provided evidence that colour associations and frame can influence behavioural intentions to engage in vaccination behaviours. In this study, the extension of these effects to sunscreen application behaviours was investigated. Additional colours and the manner in which colour primes were employed were also explored. DESIGN: Two hundred and eighty-six college students were primed with either short wavelength colours (blue/purple) or long wavelength colours (red/orange) as part of goal framed sunscreen information pamphlets...
July 2018: Psychology & Health
Donna C Jessop, Susan Ayers, Flora Burn, Corin Ryda
OBJECTIVE: Self-affirmation has repeatedly been shown to reduce adverse psychological and physiological responses to stress. However, it is plausible that self-affirmation could exacerbate negative reactions to stress under certain conditions. The current research explored whether self-affirmation would increase negative psychological responses to a stressor occurring in a central life domain characterised by low levels of control. DESIGN: Female participants (Study 1 N = 132; Study 2 N = 141) completed baseline measures of anxiety and mood...
July 2018: Psychology & Health
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