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Psychology & Health

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934860/affect-and-between-meal-snacking-in-daily-life-the-moderating-role-of-gender-and-age
#1
Saskia Wouters, Nele Jacobs, Mira Duif, Lilian Lechner, Viviane Thewissen
OBJECTIVE: Affect-related energy intake from snacks remains relatively unexplored in daily life. This study examines the associations between momentary positive affect (PA) and momentary negative affect (NA) and subsequent energy intake from snacks. In addition, the moderating role of BMI, gender, age and level of education is investigated. DESIGN: Adults (N = 269), aged 20-50, participated in this study. Demographics were assessed in an online composite questionnaire...
September 22, 2017: Psychology & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28911240/understanding-the-prevalence-and-correlates-of-implicit-theories-of-weight-in-the-united-states-insights-from-a-nationally-representative-sample
#2
Lisa A Auster-Gussman, Alexander J Rothman
OBJECTIVES: The primary aim of this research is to understand how mindsets about weight controllability in the United States relate to population health. We examined the distribution of people's implicit theories of weight, from an incremental (controllable) to an entity (not controllable) mindset, in a nationally representative sample, as well as their relation to: sociodemographic factors, beliefs about behaviour and genetics as causes of obesity and engagement in weight management-relevant behaviours...
September 15, 2017: Psychology & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28911238/talking-about-sunbed-tanning-in-online-discussion-forums-assertions-and-arguments
#3
Jennifer Taylor, Alexandra Lamont, Michael Murray
OBJECTIVE: There is increasing evidence of both health and appearance risks associated with sunbed use. At the same time, the sunbed industry promotes the benefits of using sunbeds, and the image of a tanned skin as attractive and healthy arguably remains embedded within contemporary western culture. These tensions are played out in everyday conversations, and this paper reports a study which explored how sunbed users manage them within online discussion forums. DESIGN: A total of 556 posts from 13 sunbed-related threads, taken from six different UK-based online forums, were analysed thematically followed by techniques from discourse analysis...
September 15, 2017: Psychology & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28891328/an-illness-specific-version-of-the-revised-illness-perception-questionnaire-in-patients-with-atrial-fibrillation-af-ipq-r-unpacking-beliefs-about-treatment-control-personal-control-and-symptom-triggers
#4
Elaina C Taylor, Mark O'Neill, Lyndsay D Hughes, Rona Moss-Morris
OBJECTIVE: This study modified the Revised Illness Perception Questionnaire (IPQ-R) in patients with persistent atrial fibrillation (AF). DESIGN: Qualitative interviews and think-aloud techniques informed modification of the IPQ-R to be specific to AF patients. Confirmatory Factor Analysis (CFA) (n = 198) examined the validity of the modified IPQ-R (AF-IPQ-R). Exploratory factor analysis (EFA) examined the new AF-triggers scale. Construct validity examined associations between the AF-IPQ-R, quality of life (QoL) and beliefs about medicines...
September 11, 2017: Psychology & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28880686/preliminary-evidence-of-attenuated-blood-pressure-reactivity-to-acute-stress-in-adults-following-a-recent-marital-separation
#5
Austin M Grinberg, Karey L O'Hara, Dave A Sbarra
OBJECTIVE: This study explores cardiovascular reactivity during an acute-stress task in a sample of recently separated adults. DESIGN: In a cross-sectional design, we examined the association between adults' subjective separation-related distress and changes in heart rate and blood pressure across the acute-stress laboratory paradigm in a sample of 133 (n = 49 men) recently separated adults. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Heart rate (HR) and Blood pressure (BP) were recorded across a resting baseline period, a math stressor task, and a recovery period...
September 7, 2017: Psychology & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28880576/increasing-physical-activity-through-an-internet-based-motivational-intervention-supported-by-pedometers-in-a-sample-of-sedentary-students-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#6
Marta Miragall, Alejandro Domínguez-Rodríguez, Jessica Navarro, Ausiàs Cebolla, Rosa M Baños
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to analyse the effect of an Internet-based motivational intervention (IMI) supported by pedometers (in comparison with IMI alone and non-intervention) on increasing daily steps and changing constructs related to physical activity (PA) in a sample of sedentary students. DESIGN: A randomised-controlled trial was conducted with 76 sedentary or low-active college students. The purpose of the IMI was to deliver information to increase motivation and set individualised PA goals...
September 7, 2017: Psychology & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28870108/positive-and-negative-affectivity-stress-and-well-being-in-african-americans-initial-demonstration-of-a-polynomial-regression-and-response-surface-methodology-approach
#7
Jennifer Pierce, Ludmila Zhdanova, Todd Lucas
OBJECTIVE: The extent to which positive (PA) and negative (NA) affect conjointly impact well-being is not yet well understood. Additionally, research investigating the role of affectivity in maintaining well-being among ethnic and racial minorities is scant. The current research demonstrates how polynomial regression and response surface methodology (PR and RSM) may be used to better understand how PA and NA jointly influence stress and well-being. DESIGN: In Study 1, 291 African-American undergraduates (Mage = 22...
September 5, 2017: Psychology & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28786698/qualitative-analysis-of-feedback-on-functional-imagery-training-a-novel-motivational-intervention-for-type-2-diabetes
#8
Sophie C Parham, David J Kavanagh, Mika Shimada, Jon May, Jackie Andrade
OBJECTIVE: Effective motivational support is needed in chronic disease management. This study was undertaken to improve a novel type 2 diabetes motivational intervention, (functional imagery training, FIT) based on participant feedback and results from a self-management randomised controlled trial. DESIGN: Qualitative inductive thematic analysis of semi-structured interviews. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Open-ended questions on participant experiences of the FIT intervention content, process, most/least helpful features, suggestions for improvement and general feedback...
August 8, 2017: Psychology & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28782378/-it-s-bit-of-an-eye-opener-a-qualitative-study-of-women-s-attitudes-towards-tanning-sun-protection-and-a-facial-morphing-intervention
#9
Sofia Persson, Sarah Grogan, Katie Dhingra, Yael Benn
OBJECTIVE: Skin cancer is to a large degree behaviourally preventable, meaning that evidence-based interventions have scope to make a difference. Previous research indicates that appearance-based interventions such as facial morphing may be more effective than health-based interventions, and that it can personalise the issue of skin cancer. METHOD: This study examined attitudes to UV exposure, as well as reactions to a facial morphing intervention, through interviews with 25 women aged 35 years and older...
August 7, 2017: Psychology & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28758796/on-the-origin-of-worries-about-modern-health-hazards-experimental-evidence-for-a-conjoint-influence-of-media-reports-and-personality-traits
#10
Michael Witthöft, Ina Freitag, Christiane Nußbaum, Anne-Kathrin Bräscher, Fabian Jasper, Josef Bailer, G James Rubin
OBJECTIVE: Worries about health threatening effects of potential health hazards of modern life (e.g. electric devices and pollution) represent a growing phenomenon in Western countries. Yet, little is known about the causes of this growing special case of affective risk perceptions termed Modern Health Worries (MHW). The purpose of this study is to examine a possible role of biased media reports in the formation of MHW. DESIGN: In two experiments, we investigated whether typical television reports affect MHW...
July 31, 2017: Psychology & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28752774/erratum
#11
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 28, 2017: Psychology & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28749185/internalised-hiv-stigma-loneliness-depressive-symptoms-and-sleep-quality-in-people-living-with-hiv
#12
Erin M Fekete, Stacey L Williams, Matthew D Skinta
OBJECTIVE: People living with HIV (PLWH) commonly report sleep disturbances which are associated with long-term health consequences, including disease progression. PLWH also experience internalised stigma as a result of their HIV status, which can be associated with increased loneliness and depression. Little attention focuses on the impact of these factors on sleep. Therefore, we examined whether internalised HIV-stigma was indirectly related to poorer sleep quality through higher levels of loneliness and depressive symptoms...
July 27, 2017: Psychology & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28743194/corrigendum
#13
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 26, 2017: Psychology & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728445/the-mediating-and-moderating-role-of-planning-on-mothers-decisions-for-early-childhood-dietary-behaviours
#14
Kyra Hamilton, Emily J Kothe, Barbara Mullan, Teagan Spinks
OBJECTIVE: Examine the roles of action and coping planning on the intention-behaviour relationship for mothers' decisions for their young children's dietary behaviours. DESIGN: Prospective design with two waves of data collection, one week apart. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Mothers (N = 197, Mage = 34.39, SD = 5.65) of children aged 2-3 years completed a main questionnaire assessing planning constructs and intentions, and a one-week follow-up of the target behaviours - 'healthy eating' and 'discretionary choices'...
July 20, 2017: Psychology & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28691519/the-role-of-stressful-life-events-on-the-cortisol-reactivity-patterns-of-breast-cancer-survivors
#15
Cynthia Wan, Marie-Ève Couture-Lalande, Sophie Lebel, Catherine Bielajew
OBJECTIVE: Atypical patterns of cortisol secretion following an acute stressor have been commonly reported in breast cancer survivors. Stressful life events have been associated with blunted acute cortisol levels in other populations. The purpose of this study was to explore the role of stressful life events on cortisol secretion patterns of breast cancer survivors following an acute stressor. DESIGN: The Trier Social Stress (TSST) was used to elicit a moderate stress response in breast cancer survivors (n = 19) and a control group (n = 17)...
July 10, 2017: Psychology & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28691513/use-of-social-networking-sites-and-associations-with-skin-tone-dissatisfaction-sun-exposure-and-sun-protection-in-a-sample-of-australian-adolescents
#16
John Mingoia, Amanda D Hutchinson, David H Gleaves, Nadia Corsini, Carlene Wilson
OBJECTIVE: Previous research has indicated that greater exposure to traditional media (i.e. television, film, and print) predicted skin cancer risk factors in adolescents; however, the relationship between social media usage and these outcomes remains unexplored. We examined whether social networking site (SNS) usage, and the particular manner of this use, was associated with skin tone dissatisfaction, sun exposure and sun protection among Australian adolescents. We also explored sex differences in SNS usage related to tanning...
July 10, 2017: Psychology & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28681612/a-cluster-randomised-controlled-trial-of-an-intervention-based-on-the-health-action-process-approach-for-increasing-fruit-and-vegetable-consumption-in-iranian-adolescents
#17
Chung-Ying Lin, Janneke F M Scheerman, Mehdi Yaseri, Amir H Pakpour, Thomas L Webb
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate an intervention programme based on the Health Action Process Approach and designed to increase the intake of fruit and vegetables (F&V) among Iranian adolescents aged 13 to 18. DESIGN: A randomised controlled trial with three arms examined the short- (1 month) and long-term (6 months) effects of the intervention. There were two intervention groups (one included adolescents only [A group; n = 510]; the second included mothers and adolescents [M + A group; n = 462]) and a control group (n = 483)...
July 6, 2017: Psychology & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28671480/the-impact-of-experiential-avoidance-on-the-relations-between-illness-representations-pain-catastrophising-and-pain-interference-in-chronic-pain
#18
Evangelos C Karademas, Maria Karekla, Magdalini Flouri, Vasilis S Vasiliou, Orestis Kasinopoulos, Savvas S Papacostas
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to examine the effects of experiential avoidance (EA) on the indirect relationship of chronic pain patients' illness representations to pain interference, through pain catastrophising Design and main outcome measure: The sample consisted of 162 patients diagnosed with an arthritis-related or a musculoskeletal disorder. The effects of EA on the pathway between illness representations, pain catastrophising and pain interference were examined with PROCESS, a computational tool for SPSS Results: After controlling for patient and illness-related variables and pain severity, the 'illness representations-pain catastrophising-pain interference' pathway was interrupted at the higher levels of EA...
July 3, 2017: Psychology & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28665227/reciprocal-within-day-associations-between-incidental-affect-and-exercise-an-ema-study
#19
Jessica A Emerson, Shira Dunsiger, David M Williams
Previous research suggests that how people feel throughout the course of a day (i.e. incidental affect) is predictive of exercise behaviour. A mostly separate literature suggests that exercise can lead to more positive incidental affect. OBJECTIVE: This study examines the potential reciprocal effects of incidental affect and exercise behaviour within the same day. DESIGN: Fifty-nine low-active (exercise <60 min/week), overweight (BMI: 25.0-39.9) adults (ages 18-65) participated in a six-month print-based exercise promotion programme...
June 30, 2017: Psychology & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28580803/erratum
#20
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2017: Psychology & Health
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