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Psychology & Health

Ashlea Bartram, Jaklin Eliott, Scott Hanson-Easey, Shona Crabb
OBJECTIVE: Limiting alcohol consumption is beneficial for health, but can be challenging given the role alcohol plays in the rituals of many social occasions. We examined how people who stopped or reduced their alcohol consumption incorporated this change within their social rituals. DESIGN: We conducted 16 semi-structured one-on-one interviews with adults aged 25-65 years, who lived in Australia and had stopped or significantly reduced their alcohol consumption in the previous year...
March 14, 2017: Psychology & Health
Aleksandra Berezowska, Arnout R H Fischer, Hans C M van Trijp
OBJECTIVE: This study identifies how autonomous and controlled motivation moderates the cognitive process that drives the adoption of personalised nutrition services. The cognitive process comprises perceptions of privacy risk, personalisation benefit, and their determinants. DESIGN: Depending on their level of autonomous and controlled motivation, participants (N = 3453) were assigned to one of four motivational orientations, which resulted in a 2 (low/high autonomous motivation) × 2 (low/high controlled motivation) quasi-experimental design...
March 8, 2017: Psychology & Health
Sarah P Elbert, Arie Dijkstra, Andrea D Rozema
OBJECTIVE: Health messages can be tailored by applying different tailoring ingredients, among which personalisation, feedback and adaptation. This experiment investigated the separate effects of these tailoring ingredients on behaviour in auditory health persuasion. Furthermore, the moderating effect of self-efficacy was assessed. DESIGN: The between-participants design consisted of four conditions. A generic health message served as a control condition; personalisation was applied using the recipient's first name, feedback was given on the personal state, or the message was adapted to the recipient's value...
March 7, 2017: Psychology & Health
Miranda A Cary, Danielle R Brittain, Nancy C Gyurcsik
OBJECTIVE: Adults with arthritis struggle to meet the physical activity recommendation for disease self-management. Identifying psychosocial factors that differentiate adults who meet (sufficiently active) or do not meet (insufficiently active) the recommendation is needed. This study sought to examine differences in psychosocial responses to arthritis pain among adults who were sufficiently or insufficiently active. DESIGN: This prospective study included adults with medically diagnosed arthritis (N = 136, Mage = 49...
March 6, 2017: Psychology & Health
Terry Lynn Gall, Cynthia Bilodeau
OBJECTIVE: This study addressed the role of positive (event is due to God's Love or to God's Will) and negative (event is due to God's Anger) spiritual causal attributions in women's adjustment to breast cancer. DESIGN: Ninety-three women diagnosed with breast cancer were assessed at six times from pre-diagnosis through two years post-surgery. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Women completed positive and negative measures of spiritual causal attributions (e...
March 1, 2017: Psychology & Health
Zetta G Kougiali, Alessandra Fasulo, Adrian Needs, Darren Van Laar
OBJECTIVE: The dominant theoretical perspective that guides treatment evaluations in addiction assumes linearity in the relationship between treatment and outcomes, viewing behaviour change as a 'before and after event'. In this study we aim to examine how the direction of the trajectory of the process from addiction to recovery is constructed in personal narratives of active and recovering users. DESIGN: 21 life stories from individuals at different stages of recovery and active use were collected and analysed following the principles of narrative analysis...
March 1, 2017: Psychology & Health
Petra Haas, Johanna Schmid, Gertraud Stadler, Merle Reuter, Caterina Gawrilow
OBJECTIVE: Negative affect in daily life is linked to poorer mental and physical health. Activity could serve as an effective, low-cost intervention to improve affect. However, few prior studies have assessed physical activity and affect in everyday life, limiting the ecological validity of prior findings. This study investigates whether daily activity is associated with negative and positive evening affect in young adults. DESIGN: Young adults (N = 189, Mdn = 23...
March 1, 2017: Psychology & Health
Caitriona Cahir, Stephan U Dombrowski, M John Kennedy, Linda Sharp, Kathleen Bennett
OBJECTIVE: Taking adjuvant hormonal therapy for 5-10 years is recommended to prevent breast cancer recurrence in those with oestrogen positive disease. Despite proven clinical efficacy many women do not take their hormonal therapy as prescribed. This study reports the development and initial validation of a questionnaire measuring the behavioural determinants of hormonal therapy medication taking behaviour (MTB) based on the theoretical domains framework (TDF). DESIGN: Women with Stage I-III breast cancer (N = 223) completed the questionnaire based on the TDF...
February 28, 2017: Psychology & Health
Catherine Moran, Frank Doyle, Imran Sulaiman, Kathleen Bennett, Garrett Greene, Gerard J Molloy, Richard B Reilly, Richard W Costello, Lisa Mellon
OBJECTIVE: To compare the Inhaler Compliance Assessment(TM) (INCA(TM)), a novel audio-recording device objectively measuring timing and proficiency of inhaler use, against established adherence measures, and explore its discriminant and predictive validity. DESIGN: Prospective observational study; 184 chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) patients used an INCA(TM)-enabled salmeterol/fluticasone inhaler for one-month post-hospital discharge. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: INCA(TM) (Attempted, Attempted Interval, Actual) adherence correlated with Doses Used Rate, self-reported adherence and prescription refill for concurrent validity...
February 28, 2017: Psychology & Health
Roy A Willems, Lilian Lechner, Peter Verboon, Ilse Mesters, Iris M Kanera, Catherine A W Bolman
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate whether problem-solving skills and perceived personal control over cancer recovery mediated the intervention effects on depression and fatigue of a web-based computer-tailored intervention for cancer survivors - the Kanker Nazorg Wijzer (Cancer Aftercare Guide). DESIGN: Patients were recruited through 21 Dutch hospitals (November 2013-June 2014). The mediation model was tested in a randomised controlled trial with an intervention group (n = 231) and a waiting list control group (n = 231)...
February 21, 2017: Psychology & Health
Kate Faasse, Anna Perera, Kate Loveys, Andrew Grey, Keith J Petrie
OBJECTIVE: Medical treatments take place in social contexts; however, little research has investigated how social modelling might influence treatment outcomes. This experimental pilot study investigated social modelling of treatment effectiveness and placebo treatment outcomes. DESIGN: Fifty-nine participants took part in the study, ostensibly examining the use of beta-blockers (actually placebos) for examination anxiety. Participants were randomly assigned to observe a female confederate report positive treatment effects (reduced heart rate, relaxed, calm) or feeling no different...
February 20, 2017: Psychology & Health
Alexandra L Dima, Eric van Ganse, Laurent Laforest, Nathalie Texier, Marijn de Bruin, The Astro-Lab Group
OBJECTIVE: This study presents the development and validation of MIS-A (Medication Intake Survey-Asthma), a new self-report instrument measuring key adherence properties during long-term asthma treatment. DESIGN: Within a longitudinal asthma cohort study in France and the United Kingdom, adult patients and caregivers of children responded to computer-assisted telephone interviews. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Scores for distinct adherence properties (taking adherence, correct dosing, therapeutic coverage, drug holidays, overuse) and composite measures were computed for several time intervals...
February 20, 2017: Psychology & Health
Sarah F Allen, Mark A Wetherell, Michael A Smith
OBJECTIVE: The present study aimed to investigate the factor structure and psychometric properties of the Cohen-Hoberman inventory of physical symptoms (CHIPS). Construct and discriminant validity were examined by assessing associations between factors and subjective health complaints (SHC) inventory subscales in addition to measures of pain sensitivity, perceived stress and psychological distress. DESIGN: A cross-sectional online survey was conducted with 535 healthy individuals from the general population (80...
February 17, 2017: Psychology & Health
Kasia Banas, Ramsey A Lyimo, Harm J Hospers, Andre van der Ven, Marijn de Bruin
OBJECTIVES: Combination antiretroviral therapy (cART) for HIV is widely available in sub-Saharan Africa. Adherence is crucial to successful treatment. This study aimed to apply an extended theory of planned behaviour (TPB) model to predict objectively measured adherence to cART in Tanzania. DESIGN: Prospective observational study (n = 158) where patients completed questionnaires on demographics (Month 0), socio-cognitive variables including intentions (Month 1), and action planning and self-regulatory processes hypothesised to mediate the intention-behaviour relationship (Month 3), to predict adherence (Month 5)...
February 13, 2017: Psychology & Health
Catherine S Hurt, Sophie Cleanthous, Stanton P Newman
OBJECTIVE: Dominant models of illness uncertainty define uncertainty as 'an inability to determine the meaning of illness-related events'. Recent research has shown patient uncertainty to be multidimensional encompassing personal issues indirectly affected by illness. The nature of carer uncertainty has yet to be fully explored. The present study aimed to investigate the nature of illness uncertainty in the carers of patients with Parkinson's disease (PD). DESIGN: Eighteen carers of a spouse with PD participated in semistructured interviews...
February 7, 2017: Psychology & Health
Jamie M Zoellner, Kathleen J Porter, Yvonnes Chen, Valisa E Hedrick, Wen You, Maja Hickman, Paul A Estabrooks
OBJECTIVE: Guided by the theory of planned behaviour (TPB) and health literacy concepts, SIPsmartER is a six-month multicomponent intervention effective at improving SSB behaviours. Using SIPsmartER data, this study explores prediction of SSB behavioural intention (BI) and behaviour from TPB constructs using: (1) cross-sectional and prospective models and (2) 11 single-item assessments from interactive voice response (IVR) technology. DESIGN: Quasi-experimental design, including pre- and post-outcome data and repeated-measures process data of 155 intervention participants...
February 6, 2017: Psychology & Health
Adolfo G Cuevas, Kerth O'Brien, Somnath Saha
OBJECTIVE: To gain a better understanding as to whether disparities in patient-provider relationships arise from ethnic minority patients being treated differently than European American patients while they would prefer to be treated the same, or whether disparities arise when ethnic minority patients are treated the same as European American patients while they would prefer to be treated differently. METHOD: African-American, Latina/Latino and European American community members were recruited to participate in one of 27 focus group discussions...
February 6, 2017: Psychology & Health
Eric G Carbone, Erin Thomas Echols
OBJECTIVE: Dispositional optimism, a stable expectation that good things will happen, has been shown to improve health outcomes in a wide range of contexts, but very little research has explored the impact of optimism on post-disaster health and well-being. DESIGN: Data for this study come from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's Public health systems and mental health community recovery (PHSMHCR) Survey. Participants included 3216 individuals living in counties affected by the April 2011 tornado outbreak in Mississippi and Alabama...
February 3, 2017: Psychology & Health
Lenny R Vartanian, Natalie M Reily, Samantha Spanos, C Peter Herman, Janet Polivy
OBJECTIVE: We examined whether people's attributions for their eating behaviour differ according to whether they believe they have eaten more, less or about the same as they normally would. DESIGN: Participants were served a small or large portion of pasta for lunch. Afterwards, they were asked to compare how much they ate in the study to how much they normally eat for lunch, resulting in three intake-evaluation categories: 'ate less', 'ate about the same' or 'ate more'...
January 30, 2017: Psychology & Health
Eimear C Morrissey, Hannah Durand, Robby Nieuwlaat, Tamara Navarro, R Brian Haynes, Jane C Walsh, Gerard J Molloy
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this systematic review is to evaluate the effectiveness of medication adherence interventions on blood pressure control in hypertensive patients. In addition, we aim to explore what barriers and facilitators in the interventions may have been targeted and how these might be related to the effect size on blood pressure (BP). DESIGN: This review is a hypertension-specific update to the previous Cochrane Review by Nieuwlaat et al. ( 2014 ) on interventions to enhance medication adherence...
January 27, 2017: Psychology & Health
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