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Psychology & Health

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28165771/predicting-sugar-sweetened-behaviours-with-theory-of-planned-behaviour-constructs-outcome-and-process-results-from-the-sipsmarter-behavioural-intervention
#1
Jamie M Zoellner, Kathleen J Porter, Yvonnes Chen, Valisa E Hedrick, Wen You, Maja Hickman, Paul A Estabrooks
OBJECTIVE: Guided by the theory of planned behaviour (TPB) and health literacy concepts, SIPsmartER is a six-month multicomponent intervention effective at improving SSB behaviours. Using SIPsmartER data, this study explores prediction of SSB behavioural intention (BI) and behaviour from TPB constructs using: (1) cross-sectional and prospective models and (2) 11 single-item assessments from interactive voice response (IVR) technology. DESIGN: Quasi-experimental design, including pre- and post-outcome data and repeated-measures process data of 155 intervention participants...
February 6, 2017: Psychology & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28165767/what-is-the-key-to-culturally-competent-care-reducing-bias-or-cultural-tailoring
#2
Adolfo G Cuevas, Kerth O'Brien, Somnath Saha
OBJECTIVE: To gain a better understanding as to whether disparities in patient-provider relationships arise from ethnic minority patients being treated differently than European American patients while they would prefer to be treated the same, or whether disparities arise when ethnic minority patients are treated the same as European American patients while they would prefer to be treated differently. METHOD: African-American, Latina/Latino and European American community members were recruited to participate in one of 27 focus group discussions...
February 6, 2017: Psychology & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28156138/effects-of-optimism-on-recovery-and-mental-health-after-a-tornado-outbreak
#3
Eric G Carbone, Erin Thomas Echols
OBJECTIVE: Dispositional optimism, a stable expectation that good things will happen, has been shown to improve health outcomes in a wide range of contexts, but very little research has explored the impact of optimism on post-disaster health and well-being. DESIGN: Data for this study come from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's Public health systems and mental health community recovery (PHSMHCR) Survey. Participants included 3216 individuals living in counties affected by the April 2011 tornado outbreak in Mississippi and Alabama...
February 3, 2017: Psychology & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28135848/self-reported-overeating-and-attributions-for-food-intake
#4
Lenny R Vartanian, Natalie M Reily, Samantha Spanos, C Peter Herman, Janet Polivy
OBJECTIVE: We examined whether people's attributions for their eating behaviour differ according to whether they believe they have eaten more, less or about the same as they normally would. DESIGN: Participants were served a small or large portion of pasta for lunch. Afterwards, they were asked to compare how much they ate in the study to how much they normally eat for lunch, resulting in three intake-evaluation categories: 'ate less', 'ate about the same' or 'ate more'...
January 30, 2017: Psychology & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28125902/effectiveness-and-content-analysis-of-interventions-to-enhance-medication-adherence-and-blood-pressure-control-in-hypertension-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#5
Eimear C Morrissey, Hannah Durand, Robby Nieuwlaat, Tamara Navarro, R Brian Haynes, Jane C Walsh, Gerard J Molloy
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this systematic review is to evaluate the effectiveness of medication adherence interventions on blood pressure control in hypertensive patients. In addition, we aim to explore what barriers and facilitators in the interventions may have been targeted and how these might be related to the effect size on blood pressure (BP). DESIGN: This review is a hypertension-specific update to the previous Cochrane Review by Nieuwlaat et al. ( 2014 ) on interventions to enhance medication adherence...
January 27, 2017: Psychology & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28097876/the-relationship-of-perfectionism-with-psychological-symptoms-in-cancer-patients-and-the-contributing-role-of-hyperarousability-and-coping
#6
Claudia Trudel-Fitzgerald, Josée Savard, Lisa-Maria Slim, Renée-Claude Roy, Gordon L Flett, Paul L Hewitt, Hans Ivers
OBJECTIVE: Significant levels of anxiety, depression and insomnia symptoms are found in cancer patients. Perfectionism, arousability and coping have been associated with these psychological symptoms in the general population but their role among cancer patients remains to be assessed. This study examined the longitudinal relationships between perfectionism and psychological symptoms (anxiety, depression, insomnia), and the intermediate role of the arousability trait and coping strategies...
January 18, 2017: Psychology & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28073287/psychological-growth-and-well-being-in-individuals-born-with-cleft-an-application-of-self-determination-theory
#7
Aidan Searle, Patricia Neville, Andrea Waylen
OBJECTIVE: Many studies of individuals born with cleft lip and/or palate (CLP) address the psychological impact of CLP in terms of stigma and/or 'resilience'. The present study challenges the usefulness of resilience in CLP research with the application of self-determination theory (SDT). It is proposed that SDT can serve to better understand how individuals born with CLP can achieve psychological growth and well-being. DESIGN: Interviews were conducted with 15 individuals born with CLP in the UK...
January 10, 2017: Psychology & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28052692/measuring-illness-representations-in-breast-cancer-survivors-bcs-prescribed-tamoxifen-modification-and-validation-of-the-revised-illness-perceptions-questionnaire-ipq-bcs
#8
Zoe Moon, Rona Moss-Morris, Myra S Hunter, Lyndsay D Hughes
OBJECTIVE: The Revised Illness Perceptions Questionnaire (IPQ-R), widely used to assess illness perceptions, may fail to measure unique characteristics of different illnesses. This study modified and validated the IPQ-R for breast cancer survivors to provide detailed understanding of the specific illness perceptions held by these patients. DESIGN: Initial modifications were made following qualitative interviews and were revised in a think-aloud study. The modified scale was tested in 753 breast cancer survivors prescribed tamoxifen...
January 4, 2017: Psychology & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28049344/changes-in-physical-activity-among-coronary-and-hypertensive-patients-a-longitudinal-study-using-the-health-action-process-approach
#9
P Steca, L Pancani, F Cesana, F Fattirolli, C Giannattasio, A Greco, M D'Addario, D Monzani, E R Cappelletti, M E Magrin, M Miglioretti, M Sarini, M Scrignaro, L Vecchio, C Franzelli
OBJECTIVES: Physical activity (PA) is a key factor in cardiovascular disease prevention. Through the Health Action Process Approach (HAPA), the present study investigated the process of change in PA in coronary patients (CPs) and hypertensive patients (HPs). DESIGN: Longitudinal survey study with two follow-up assessments at 6 and 12 months on 188 CPs and 169 HPs. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Intensity and frequency of PA. RESULTS: A multi-sample analysis indicated the equivalence of almost all the HAPA social cognitive patterns for both patient populations...
January 4, 2017: Psychology & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28043163/assessing-adherence-to-multiple-medications-and-in-daily-life%C3%A2-among-patients-with-multimorbidity
#10
Jennifer Inauen, Walter Bierbauer, Janina Lüscher, Claudia König, Robert Tobias, Andreas Ihle, Lukas Zimmerli, Barbara M Holzer, Edouard Battegay, Klarissa Siebenhüner, Matthias Kliegel, Urte Scholz
OBJECTIVE: Chronic conditions often require multiple medication intake. However, past research has focused on assessing overall adherence or adherence to a single index medication only. This study explored adherence measures for multiple medication intake, and in daily life, among patients with multiple chronic conditions (i.e. multimorbidity). DESIGN: Eighty-four patients with multimorbidity and multiple-medication regimens completed three monthly panel questionnaires...
January 2, 2017: Psychology & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28042705/the-role-of-pain-behaviour-and-family-caregiver-responses-in-the-link-between-pain-catastrophising-and-pain-intensity-a-moderated-mediation-model
#11
Somayyeh Mohammadi, Mohsen Dehghani, Robbert Sanderman, Mariët Hagedoorn
OBJECTIVES: This study investigated the mediating role of pain behaviours in the association between pain catastrophising and pain intensity and explored the moderating role of family caregivers' responses to pain in the link between pain behaviours and pain intensity. METHODS: The sample consisted of 154 chronic pain patients and their family caregivers. Patients completed questionnaires regarding pain intensity, pain catastrophising, pain behaviours and their caregivers' responses to their pain...
January 1, 2017: Psychology & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28027683/adjustment-modes-in-the-trajectory-of-progressive-multiple-sclerosis-a-qualitative-study-and-conceptual-model
#12
Angeliki Bogosian, Myfanwy Morgan, Felicity L Bishop, Fern Day, Rona Moss-Morris
OBJECTIVE: We examined cognitive and behavioural challenges and adaptations for people with progressive multiple sclerosis (MS) and developed a preliminary conceptual model of changes in adjustment over time. DESIGN: Using theoretical sampling, 34 semi-structured interviews were conducted with people with MS. Participants were between 41 and 77 years of age. Thirteen were diagnosed with primary progressive MS and 21 with secondary progressive MS. Data were analysed using a grounded theory approach...
December 27, 2016: Psychology & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28004586/psycho-ophthalmology-contributions-of-health-psychology-to-the-assessment-and-treatment-of-glaucoma
#13
Jorge Luis Méndez-Ulrich, Antoni Sanz
BACKGROUND: Asymptomatic in its early stages, glaucoma is the second leading cause of blindness worldwide. While psychosocial factors are taken into consideration for a host of diseases such as cancer, heart disease and autoimmune conditions, to date, psychological issues have been ignored in the clinical management of glaucoma. OBJECTIVE: This work reviews the most relevant contributions from a health psychology perspective for the assessment and treatment of glaucoma, which is emerging in the field of psycho-ophthalmology...
December 22, 2016: Psychology & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27997220/identifying-determinants-of-medication-adherence-following-myocardial-infarction-using-the-theoretical-domains-framework-and-the-health-action-process-approach
#14
Justin Presseau, J D Schwalm, Jeremy M Grimshaw, Holly O Witteman, Madhu K Natarajan, Stefanie Linklater, Katrina Sullivan, Noah M Ivers
BACKGROUND: Despite evidence-based recommendations, adherence with secondary prevention medications post-myocardial infarction (MI) remains low. Taking medication requires behaviour change, and using behavioural theories to identify what factors determine adherence could help to develop novel adherence interventions. OBJECTIVE: Compare the utility of different behaviour theory-based approaches for identifying modifiable determinants of medication adherence post-MI that could be targeted by interventions...
December 20, 2016: Psychology & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27966369/the-theory-of-agency-and-breastfeeding
#15
Kath Ryan, Victoria Team, Jo Alexander
OBJECTIVE: In this paper, we apply psychological agency theory to women's interviews of their breastfeeding experiences to understand the role of agency in relation to breastfeeding initiation, maintenance and duration. DESIGN: Qualitative, video interviews were collected from 49 women in the UK from a wide range of ethnic, religious, educational and employment backgrounds about their breastfeeding experiences. We undertook secondary analysis of the data focusing on their accounts of vulnerability and agency...
December 14, 2016: Psychology & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27925479/psychological-adjustment-to-craniofacial-conditions-excluding-oral-clefts-a-review-of-the-literature
#16
Kristin Billaud Feragen, Nicola Marie Stock
OBJECTIVE: A congenital craniofacial anomaly (CFA) is expected to impact upon several domains of psychological, emotional and social functioning, yet no recent reviews have comprehensively summarised the available literature. Further, existing reviews tend to draw upon literature in the field of cleft lip and palate, and do not give substantive attention to other types of CFAs. DESIGN: A review of 41 papers published between January 2000 and March 2016 pertaining to psychological adjustment to CFAs...
December 7, 2016: Psychology & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28219295/no-blank-slates-pre-existing-schemas-about-pharmaceuticals-predict-memory-for-side-effects
#17
Monika K Heller, Sarah C E Chapman, Rob Horne
OBJECTIVES: Attribution of symptoms as medication side effects is informed by pre-existing beliefs about medicines and perceptions of personal sensitivity to their effects (pharmaceutical schemas). We tested whether (1) pharmaceutical schemas were associated with memory (recall/recognition) for side effect information (2) memory explained the attribution of a common unrelated symptom as a side effect. DESIGN: In this analogue study participants saw the patient leaflet of a fictitious asthma drug listing eight side effects...
April 2017: Psychology & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27884071/a-pilot-study-on-the-motivational-effects-of-an-internet-delivered-physical-activity-behaviour-change-programme-in-nova-scotian-cancer-survivors
#18
Cynthia C Forbes, Chris M Blanchard, W Kerry Mummery, Kerry S Courneya
OBJECTIVE: To examine the effects of an internet-delivered, distance-based physical activity (PA) behaviour change programme on motivation to perform PA in cancer survivors. DESIGN: Breast, prostate and colorectal cancer survivors (N = 95) were randomized to either an online Theory of Planned Behaviour (TPB)-based PA behaviour change programme (UCAN) or usual care. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Motivational variables from the TPB including intention, planning, attitude, subjective norm, perceived behavioural control and underlying beliefs...
February 2017: Psychology & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27845569/the-experience-of-receiving-a-kidney-transplant-from-a-deceased-donor-implications-for-renal-services
#19
Diarmaid Ó Lonargáin, Dawn Brannigan, Craig Murray
OBJECTIVE: The study aimed to explore the psychological experiences of receiving a kidney transplant from a deceased donor and to examine resulting implications for renal services. DESIGN: A qualitative design was utilised within an interpretative phenomenological analysis (IPA) framework. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Semi-structured interviews were conducted with six adults (male = 5, mean age = 45 yrs) on their experiences of receiving a kidney transplant from a deceased donor...
February 2017: Psychology & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27838920/a-longitudinal-investigation-of-older-adults-physical-activity-testing-an-integrated-dual-process-model
#20
Urska Arnautovska, Lena Fleig, Frances O'Callaghan, Kyra Hamilton
OBJECTIVE: To assess the effects of conscious and non-conscious processes for prediction of older adults' physical activity (PA), we tested a dual-process model that integrated motivational (behavioural intention) and volitional (action planning and coping planning) processes with non-conscious, automatic processes (habit). METHOD: Participants (N = 215) comprised community-dwelling older adults (M = 73.8 years). A longitudinal design was adopted to investigate direct and indirect effects of intentions, habit strength (Time 1), and action planning and coping planning (Time 2) on PA behaviour (Time 3)...
February 2017: Psychology & Health
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