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Psychology & Health

Cristina Guerrero Rodríguez, Francisco Palmero Cantero, Consuelo Gómez-Íñiguez
OBJECTIVE: This study investigated the importance of the combination of the hostility and defensiveness variables as psychosocial factors that predict the risk of cardiovascular dysfunction. We examined the impact of a stressful situation on blood pressure responses, using a continuous psychophysiological assessment approach. DESIGN: We measured the evolution of these responses over three experimental phases (adaptation, task and recovery), also considering a minute-by-minute analysis within each phase...
March 13, 2018: Psychology & Health
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 8, 2018: Psychology & Health
Milou Fredrix, Jenny McSharry, Caragh Flannery, Sean Dinneen, Molly Byrne
BACKGROUND: Goal-setting is recommended and widely used within diabetes self-management programmes. However, empirical evidence around its effectiveness lacks clarity. This review aims to evaluate the effectiveness of goal-setting interventions on diabetes outcomes and to determine which behaviour change techniques (BCTs) are frequently used within these interventions. METHODS: A systematic search identified 14 studies, describing 12 interventions targeting diabetic-control which incorporated goal-setting as the main intervention strategy...
March 2, 2018: Psychology & Health
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 1, 2018: Psychology & Health
Donna C Jessop, Susan Ayers, Flora Burn, Corin Ryda
OBJECTIVE: Self-affirmation has repeatedly been shown to reduce adverse psychological and physiological responses to stress. However, it is plausible that self-affirmation could exacerbate negative reactions to stress under certain conditions. The current research explored whether self-affirmation would increase negative psychological responses to a stressor occurring in a central life domain characterised by low levels of control. DESIGN: Female participants (Study 1 N = 132; Study 2 N = 141) completed baseline measures of anxiety and mood...
February 19, 2018: Psychology & Health
Ines Pfeffer, Tilo Strobach
OBJECTIVES: Trait self-control has been shown to be associated with physical activity behaviour. However, in contrast with the theoretical assumption underlying the strength model of self-control, self-control seems to be more important for automatic compared with controlled behaviours. It is argued that self-control might facilitate the formation of adaptive habits (behavioural automaticity) and therefore enhance health behaviour through an indirect effect. The credibility of this hypothesis was empirically assessed in a proof-of-concept study...
February 12, 2018: Psychology & Health
Danielle Arigo, Max Cornell, Joshua M Smyth
OBJECTIVE: To examine reasons for selecting a social comparison target (i.e. a specific other for relative self-evaluation), and their influence on affect and motivation for self-care, in type 2 diabetes (T2DM). DESIGN: Adults with T2DM (n = 180, MA1c = 7.6%) chose to read about one of four targets. Participants rated five reasons for their choice (strongly disagree - strongly agree), and rated affect and self-care motivation before and after reading. RESULTS: To boost confidence in my ability to manage diabetes was rated highest overall (ps < 0...
February 9, 2018: Psychology & Health
Jingwen Zhang, John B Jemmott, Larry D Icard, G Anita Heeren, Zolani Ngwane, Monde Makiwane, Ann O'Leary
OBJECTIVE: To develop targeted interventions for high-risk drinkers among South African men, we assessed whether sociodemographic factors and history of childhood sexual abuse predicted binge drinking at six-month follow-up assessment and their psychological pathways according to the extended Theory of Reasoned Action (TRA). DESIGN: Survey responses with a sample of 1181 South African men from randomly selected neighbourhoods in Eastern Cape Province were collected at baseline and six-month follow-up...
February 7, 2018: Psychology & Health
Bethany M Kwan, Angela D Bryan, Paschal Sheeran
OBJECTIVE: Exercise behaviour change involves multiple experiences with success and failure. The Model of Action Phases (MAP) offers a dynamic account of how success and failure influence both immediate evaluations and future decisions and actions. However, predictions from the MAP have not been formally tested. DESIGN: A longitudinal daily diary study was used to examine how post-behaviour evaluations of exercise success and failure influence subsequent exercise intentions and behaviour...
January 25, 2018: Psychology & Health
Debbie M Smith, Peter J Donnelly, John Howe, Terry Mumford, Alan Campbell, Angela Ruddock, Stephanie Tierney, Alison Wearden
OBJECTIVE: While many people with Type 1 diabetes find it difficult to achieve recommended blood glucose levels, a minority do achieve good control. Our study was conceived by patient and public (PP) partners and sought to learn about experiences of people living with well-controlled diabetes. DESIGN: A collaboration between academic health psychologists and five PP partners with experience of diabetes, who were trained to conduct and analyse semi-structured interviews...
January 19, 2018: Psychology & Health
Katherine A Finlay, Sue Peacock, James Elander
OBJECTIVE: The experience of long-term membership of a successful chronic pain support group (CPSG) was explored to identify; (i) factors associated with social support, and; (ii) ways that health care professionals (HCPs) could help CPSGs become more effective and supportive. DESIGN: Interpretative Phenomenological Analysis enabled exploration of participants' experiences of membership and rationales for continued attendance. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Twelve participants (four males, eight females), recruited from a regional CPSG, completed semi-structured interviews lasting from 45 to 120 minutes...
January 4, 2018: Psychology & Health
Rebecca A Ferrer, Wendy Berry Mendes
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2018: Psychology & Health
Elliot T Berkman
OBJECTIVE: Traditional models of health behaviour focus on the roles of cognitive, personality and social-cognitive constructs (e.g. executive function, grit, self-efficacy), and give less attention to the process by which these constructs interact in the moment that a health-relevant choice is made. Health psychology needs a process-focused account of how various factors are integrated to produce the decisions that determine health behaviour. DESIGN: I present an integrative value-based choice model of health behaviour, which characterises the mechanism by which a variety of factors come together to determine behaviour...
January 2018: Psychology & Health
L C Van Gestel, F M Kroese, D T D De Ridder
OBJECTIVE: The current study is a longitudinal conceptual replication of the study by Kroese et al. (2015) and aimed to investigate the effect of a food repositioning nudge on healthy food choice in a kiosk. DESIGN: During eight weeks, sales data were collected. The former four weeks formed the baseline phase and the latter four weeks formed the nudge phase where healthy food products were repositioned at the checkout counter display, while unhealthy alternatives remained available elsewhere in the store...
December 18, 2017: Psychology & Health
S Puig-Perez, M M Pulopulos, V Hidalgo, A Salvador
OBJECTIVE: Investigate the relationship between optimism and pessimism and the cortisol awakening response (CAR) and past life review in healthy older people. DESIGN: 76 older volunteers summarised their lives, highlighting the most important events, impressions and experiences. Cortisol saliva samples were collected on two consecutive weekdays. High and low optimism and pessimism groups were computed by mean split. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Percentages of positive (PE) and negative events (NE) and positive (PCE) and negative cognitions and emotions (NCE) were obtained...
December 5, 2017: Psychology & Health
Estelle Fall, Marie Izaute, Nadia Chakroun-Baggioni
Background and objective Seasonal influenza is frequent among students and often responsible for impaired academic performance and lower levels of general health. However, the vaccination rate in this population is very low. As the seasonal influenza vaccine is not compulsory in France, it is important to improve the vaccination uptake by identifying predictors of both intention and behaviour. This study investigated the effect of decisional balance, motivation and self-efficacy on vaccination acceptance using the Extended Health Belief Model (HBM) and Self-Determination Theory (SDT)...
December 5, 2017: Psychology & Health
Kyra Hamilton, Emily J Kothe, Barbara Mullan, Teagan Spinks
OBJECTIVE: Examine the roles of action and coping planning on the intention-behaviour relationship for mothers' decisions for their young children's dietary behaviours. DESIGN: Prospective design with two waves of data collection, one week apart. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Mothers (N = 197, Mage  = 34.39, SD = 5.65) of children aged 2-3 years completed a main questionnaire assessing planning constructs and intentions, and a one-week follow-up of the target behaviours - 'healthy eating' and 'discretionary choices'...
December 2017: Psychology & Health
Cynthia Wan, Marie-Ève Couture-Lalande, Sophie Lebel, Catherine Bielajew
OBJECTIVE: Atypical patterns of cortisol secretion following an acute stressor have been commonly reported in breast cancer survivors. Stressful life events have been associated with blunted acute cortisol levels in other populations. The purpose of this study was to explore the role of stressful life events on cortisol secretion patterns of breast cancer survivors following an acute stressor. DESIGN: The Trier Social Stress (TSST) was used to elicit a moderate stress response in breast cancer survivors (n = 19) and a control group (n = 17)...
December 2017: Psychology & Health
John Mingoia, Amanda D Hutchinson, David H Gleaves, Nadia Corsini, Carlene Wilson
OBJECTIVE: Previous research has indicated that greater exposure to traditional media (i.e. television, film, and print) predicted skin cancer risk factors in adolescents; however, the relationship between social media usage and these outcomes remains unexplored. We examined whether social networking site (SNS) usage, and the particular manner of this use, was associated with skin tone dissatisfaction, sun exposure and sun protection among Australian adolescents. We also explored sex differences in SNS usage related to tanning...
December 2017: Psychology & Health
Chung-Ying Lin, Janneke F M Scheerman, Mehdi Yaseri, Amir H Pakpour, Thomas L Webb
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate an intervention programme based on the Health Action Process Approach and designed to increase the intake of fruit and vegetables (F&V) among Iranian adolescents aged 13 to 18. DESIGN: A randomised controlled trial with three arms examined the short- (1 month) and long-term (6 months) effects of the intervention. There were two intervention groups (one included adolescents only [A group; n = 510]; the second included mothers and adolescents [M + A group; n = 462]) and a control group (n = 483)...
December 2017: Psychology & Health
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