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Psychology & Health

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28073287/psychological-growth-and-well-being-in-individuals-born-with-cleft-an-application-of-self-determination-theory
#1
Aidan Searle, Patricia Neville, Andrea Waylen
OBJECTIVE: Many studies of individuals born with cleft lip and/or palate (CLP) address the psychological impact of CLP in terms of stigma and/or 'resilience'. The present study challenges the usefulness of resilience in CLP research with the application of self-determination theory (SDT). It is proposed that SDT can serve to better understand how individuals born with CLP can achieve psychological growth and well-being. DESIGN: Interviews were conducted with 15 individuals born with CLP in the UK...
January 10, 2017: Psychology & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28052692/measuring-illness-representations-in-breast-cancer-survivors-bcs-prescribed-tamoxifen-modification-and-validation-of-the-revised-illness-perceptions-questionnaire-ipq-bcs
#2
Zoe Moon, Rona Moss-Morris, Myra S Hunter, Lyndsay D Hughes
OBJECTIVE: The Revised Illness Perceptions Questionnaire (IPQ-R), widely used to assess illness perceptions, may fail to measure unique characteristics of different illnesses. This study modified and validated the IPQ-R for breast cancer survivors to provide detailed understanding of the specific illness perceptions held by these patients. DESIGN: Initial modifications were made following qualitative interviews and were revised in a think-aloud study. The modified scale was tested in 753 breast cancer survivors prescribed tamoxifen...
January 4, 2017: Psychology & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28049344/changes-in-physical-activity-among-coronary-and-hypertensive-patients-a-longitudinal-study-using-the-health-action-process-approach
#3
P Steca, L Pancani, F Cesana, F Fattirolli, C Giannattasio, A Greco, M D'Addario, D Monzani, E R Cappelletti, M E Magrin, M Miglioretti, M Sarini, M Scrignaro, L Vecchio, C Franzelli
OBJECTIVES: Physical activity (PA) is a key factor in cardiovascular disease prevention. Through the Health Action Process Approach (HAPA), the present study investigated the process of change in PA in coronary patients (CPs) and hypertensive patients (HPs). DESIGN: Longitudinal survey study with two follow-up assessments at 6 and 12 months on 188 CPs and 169 HPs. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Intensity and frequency of PA. RESULTS: A multi-sample analysis indicated the equivalence of almost all the HAPA social cognitive patterns for both patient populations...
January 4, 2017: Psychology & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28043163/assessing-adherence-to-multiple-medications-and-in-daily-life%C3%A2-among-patients-with-multimorbidity
#4
Jennifer Inauen, Walter Bierbauer, Janina Lüscher, Claudia König, Robert Tobias, Andreas Ihle, Lukas Zimmerli, Barbara M Holzer, Edouard Battegay, Klarissa Siebenhüner, Matthias Kliegel, Urte Scholz
OBJECTIVE: Chronic conditions often require multiple medication intake. However, past research has focused on assessing overall adherence or adherence to a single index medication only. This study explored adherence measures for multiple medication intake, and in daily life, among patients with multiple chronic conditions (i.e. multimorbidity). DESIGN: Eighty-four patients with multimorbidity and multiple-medication regimens completed three monthly panel questionnaires...
January 2, 2017: Psychology & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28042705/the-role-of-pain-behaviour-and-family-caregiver-responses-in-the-link-between-pain-catastrophising-and-pain-intensity-a-moderated-mediation-model
#5
Somayyeh Mohammadi, Mohsen Dehghani, Robbert Sanderman, Mariët Hagedoorn
OBJECTIVES: This study investigated the mediating role of pain behaviours in the association between pain catastrophising and pain intensity and explored the moderating role of family caregivers' responses to pain in the link between pain behaviours and pain intensity. METHODS: The sample consisted of 154 chronic pain patients and their family caregivers. Patients completed questionnaires regarding pain intensity, pain catastrophising, pain behaviours and their caregivers' responses to their pain...
January 1, 2017: Psychology & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28027683/adjustment-modes-in-the-trajectory-of-progressive-multiple-sclerosis-a-qualitative-study-and-conceptual-model
#6
Angeliki Bogosian, Myfanwy Morgan, Felicity L Bishop, Fern Day, Rona Moss-Morris
OBJECTIVE: We examined cognitive and behavioural challenges and adaptations for people with progressive multiple sclerosis (MS) and developed a preliminary conceptual model of changes in adjustment over time. DESIGN: Using theoretical sampling, 34 semi-structured interviews were conducted with people with MS. Participants were between 41 and 77 years of age. Thirteen were diagnosed with primary progressive MS and 21 with secondary progressive MS. Data were analysed using a grounded theory approach...
December 27, 2016: Psychology & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28004586/psycho-ophthalmology-contributions-of-health-psychology-to-the-assessment-and-treatment-of-glaucoma
#7
Jorge Luis Méndez-Ulrich, Antoni Sanz
BACKGROUND: Asymptomatic in its early stages, glaucoma is the second leading cause of blindness worldwide. While psychosocial factors are taken into consideration for a host of diseases such as cancer, heart disease and autoimmune conditions, to date, psychological issues have been ignored in the clinical management of glaucoma. OBJECTIVE: This work reviews the most relevant contributions from a health psychology perspective for the assessment and treatment of glaucoma, which is emerging in the field of psycho-ophthalmology...
December 22, 2016: Psychology & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27997220/identifying-determinants-of-medication-adherence-following-myocardial-infarction-using-the-theoretical-domains-framework-and-the-health-action-process-approach
#8
Justin Presseau, J D Schwalm, Jeremy M Grimshaw, Holly O Witteman, Madhu K Natarajan, Stefanie Linklater, Katrina Sullivan, Noah M Ivers
BACKGROUND: Despite evidence-based recommendations, adherence with secondary prevention medications post-myocardial infarction (MI) remains low. Taking medication requires behaviour change, and using behavioural theories to identify what factors determine adherence could help to develop novel adherence interventions. OBJECTIVE: Compare the utility of different behaviour theory-based approaches for identifying modifiable determinants of medication adherence post-MI that could be targeted by interventions...
December 20, 2016: Psychology & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27966369/the-theory-of-agency-and-breastfeeding
#9
Kath Ryan, Victoria Team, Jo Alexander
OBJECTIVE: In this paper, we apply psychological agency theory to women's interviews of their breastfeeding experiences to understand the role of agency in relation to breastfeeding initiation, maintenance and duration. DESIGN: Qualitative, video interviews were collected from 49 women in the UK from a wide range of ethnic, religious, educational and employment backgrounds about their breastfeeding experiences. We undertook secondary analysis of the data focusing on their accounts of vulnerability and agency...
December 14, 2016: Psychology & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27925479/psychological-adjustment-to-craniofacial-conditions-excluding-oral-clefts-a-review-of-the-literature
#10
Kristin Billaud Feragen, Nicola Marie Stock
OBJECTIVE: A congenital craniofacial anomaly (CFA) is expected to impact upon several domains of psychological, emotional and social functioning, yet no recent reviews have comprehensively summarised the available literature. Further, existing reviews tend to draw upon literature in the field of cleft lip and palate, and do not give substantive attention to other types of CFAs. DESIGN: A review of 41 papers published between January 2000 and March 2016 pertaining to psychological adjustment to CFAs...
December 7, 2016: Psychology & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27775430/the-two-sides-of-goal-intentions-intention-self-concordance-and-intention-strength-as-predictors-of-physical-activity
#11
Reinhard Fuchs, Harald Seelig, Wiebke Göhner, Martina Schlatterer, Nikos Ntoumanis
OBJECTIVE: The present research introduces an extended conceptualisation of self-concordance, which is considered an attribute not only of goals, but also of goal intentions. Based on a corresponding operationalisation, we investigate the interplay of both intention strength and intention self-concordance in the prediction of physical activity. DESIGN: Data were taken from a longitudinal study of 134 obese people who were asked to fill out a questionnaire three times every six months...
October 24, 2016: Psychology & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27766906/unemployment-as-a-chronic-stressor-a-systematic-review-of-cortisol-studies
#12
Rachel C Sumner, Stephen Gallagher
OBJECTIVE: Unemployment is a type of chronic stressor that impacts human health. The reasons for how the stress of unemployment affect health is still a matter of discussion. One of the pathways from chronic stress to ill health is mediated by cortisol, and so we set out to compile extant data on how its secretion is affected by unemployment. DESIGN: A systematic literature search was conducted to establish the cortisol dysregulatory effects of this stressor. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Only studies that specifically examined the effects of unemployment on cortisol excretion, and were written in English were included...
October 21, 2016: Psychology & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27884071/a-pilot-study-on-the-motivational-effects-of-an-internet-delivered-physical-activity-behaviour-change-programme-in-nova-scotian-cancer-survivors
#13
Cynthia C Forbes, Chris M Blanchard, W Kerry Mummery, Kerry S Courneya
OBJECTIVE: To examine the effects of an internet-delivered, distance-based physical activity (PA) behaviour change programme on motivation to perform PA in cancer survivors. DESIGN: Breast, prostate and colorectal cancer survivors (N = 95) were randomized to either an online Theory of Planned Behaviour (TPB)-based PA behaviour change programme (UCAN) or usual care. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Motivational variables from the TPB including intention, planning, attitude, subjective norm, perceived behavioural control and underlying beliefs...
February 2017: Psychology & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27845569/the-experience-of-receiving-a-kidney-transplant-from-a-deceased-donor-implications-for-renal-services
#14
Diarmaid Ó Lonargáin, Dawn Brannigan, Craig Murray
OBJECTIVE: The study aimed to explore the psychological experiences of receiving a kidney transplant from a deceased donor and to examine resulting implications for renal services. DESIGN: A qualitative design was utilised within an interpretative phenomenological analysis (IPA) framework. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Semi-structured interviews were conducted with six adults (male = 5, mean age = 45 yrs) on their experiences of receiving a kidney transplant from a deceased donor...
February 2017: Psychology & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27838920/a-longitudinal-investigation-of-older-adults-physical-activity-testing-an-integrated-dual-process-model
#15
Urska Arnautovska, Lena Fleig, Frances O'Callaghan, Kyra Hamilton
OBJECTIVE: To assess the effects of conscious and non-conscious processes for prediction of older adults' physical activity (PA), we tested a dual-process model that integrated motivational (behavioural intention) and volitional (action planning and coping planning) processes with non-conscious, automatic processes (habit). METHOD: Participants (N = 215) comprised community-dwelling older adults (M = 73.8 years). A longitudinal design was adopted to investigate direct and indirect effects of intentions, habit strength (Time 1), and action planning and coping planning (Time 2) on PA behaviour (Time 3)...
February 2017: Psychology & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27830950/successes-and-failures-in-resisting-cigarettes-affect-partner-support-for-smoking-cessation
#16
Michelle R vanDellen, Savannah M Boyd, Krista W Ranby, LeeAnn B Beam
OBJECTIVE: Potential support providers may rely on observable behaviours (e.g. resisting a cigarette vs. smoking) to determine how much and what kind of support to provide. We evaluated the effect of smokers' salient behaviour on partners' likelihood of providing positive and negative support. DESIGN: Partners of smokers (N = 131) were randomly assigned to recall a time when their partner either successfully resisted a cigarette, failed to resist a cigarette or a control condition (no recall)...
February 2017: Psychology & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27804317/a-meta-analysis-of-children-s-self-reports-of-dietary-intake
#17
Brittany Merson, Kathy Pezdek, Karen Saywitz
OBJECTIVE: Although research studies increasingly use children as primary reporters in dietary assessments, it is unclear how well children's self-reported intake correlates with independently validated reports of their intake; this meta-analysis assesses that correlation. DESIGN: Moderators of the correlation between self-reported and independently validated intake were predicted a priori: type of dietary intake assessment (24 h recall, food diary and food frequency questionnaires), validation measures, parental assistance and age...
February 2017: Psychology & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27712095/predicting-dental-attendance-from-dental-hygienists-autonomy-support-and-patients-autonomous-motivation-a-randomised-clinical-trial
#18
Anne E Münster Halvari, Hallgeir Halvari, Geoffrey C Williams, Edward L Deci
OBJECTIVE: To test the hypothesis that a Self-Determination Theory (SDT) intervention designed to promote oral health care competence in an autonomy-supportive way would predict change in caries competence relative to standard care. Further, to test the SDT process path-model hypotheses with: (1) the intervention and individual differences in relative autonomous locus of causality (RALOC) predicting increases in caries competence, which in turn would positively predict dental attendance; (2) RALOC negatively predicting dental anxiety, which would negatively predict dental attendance; (3) RALOC and caries disease referred to the dentist after an autonomy-supportive clinical exam directly positively predicting dental attendance; and (4) the intervention moderating the link between RALOC and dental attendance...
February 2017: Psychology & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27701902/motivational-interviewing-or-reminders-for-glaucoma-medication-adherence-results-of-a-multi-site-randomised-controlled-trial
#19
Paul F Cook, Sarah J Schmiege, Steven L Mansberger, Christina Sheppler, Jeffrey Kammer, Timothy Fitzgerald, Malik Y Kahook
OBJECTIVE: Nonadherence reduces glaucoma treatment efficacy. Motivational interviewing (MI) is a well-studied adherence intervention, but has not been tested in glaucoma. Reminder interventions also may improve adherence. DESIGN: 201 patients with glaucoma or ocular hypertension were urn-randomised to receive MI delivered by an ophthalmic technician (OT), usual care or a minimal behavioural intervention (reminder calls). MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Outcomes included electronic monitoring with Medication Event Monitoring System (MEMS) bottles, two self-report adherence measures, patient satisfaction and clinical outcomes...
February 2017: Psychology & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27775432/positive-changes-among-patients-with-advanced-colorectal-cancer-and-their-family-caregivers-a-qualitative-analysis
#20
Catherine E Mosher, Rebecca N Adams, Paul R Helft, Bert H O'Neil, Safi Shahda, Nicholas A Rattray, Victoria L Champion
OBJECTIVE: This study assessed positive changes in patients with advanced colorectal cancer and their family caregivers following diagnosis. We compared self-reported positive changes within patient-caregiver dyads as well as self-reports and patient reports of positive changes in caregivers. DESIGN: Individual, semi-structured qualitative interviews were conducted with 23 patients with advanced colorectal cancer and 23 caregivers. A theoretical thematic analysis of interview transcripts was framed by posttraumatic growth theory...
January 2017: Psychology & Health
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