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Gynecological Endocrinology

Angelika Stapinska-Syniec, Klaudia Grabowska, Monika Szpotanska-Sikorska, Bronislawa Pietrzak
Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) increases the risk of depression, poor quality of life, and low sexual satisfaction of women. The aim of the study was to evaluate the prevalence of these disorders and to assess the need for psychological consultation at the time of PCOS diagnosis. A case-control single-center study of 250 women who were diagnosed with PCOS voluntarily filled in an anonymous, interactive questionnaire. The inquiry form included 27 questions covering the woman's characteristics, satisfaction with their outer appearance and sexual life, as well as the Beck Depression Inventory (BDI)...
January 16, 2018: Gynecological Endocrinology
Shao-Liang Yang, Tian-Tian Niu, Xue-Lian Li, Da-Jin Li, Ming-Qing Li, Hai-Yan Wang
Recurrent spontaneous abortion (RSA) is a common health problem that affects about 5% of fertile women, when it occurs for unknown reasons, it is called unexplained recurrent spontaneous abortion (URSA). Traditional Chinese medicine, such as Bu-Shen-Yi-Qi formula which consists of Dangshen, Tusizi, Baizhu, Baishuo, Duzhong, Sangjisheng, Sugeng, and Tiaohuangqin, has played an invaluable role in the treatment of RSA since ancient times. However, the mechanism of how it takes effect is still not clear. To identify Bu-Shen-Yi-Qi formula could modulate immune condition at maternal-fetal interface via its effect on trophoblasts, HTR-8 of different treatment were co-cultured with peripheral or decidual natural killer (NK) cells, and the receptors such as NKP30 and NKP46 expression on NK cells were measured by flow cytometry (FCM)...
January 15, 2018: Gynecological Endocrinology
Filippo Murina, Stefania Di Francesco, Silvia Oneda
The study aimed to assess the effects of ospemifene on vulvar vestibule in postmenopausal women with vulvar pain and dyspareunia. Fifty-five postmenopausal women used oral ospemifene 60 mg/d for 60 d. Symptoms of dryness, burning, and dyspareunia were evaluated on a 10 cm visual analog scale. Visual examination of the vulvar vestibule was also conducted. Patients also underwent current perception threshold (CPT) testing obtained from the vulvar vestibule. Fifty-five patients (94.6%) completed the treatment...
January 15, 2018: Gynecological Endocrinology
Emaduldin Seyam, Enas Hefzy
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this work was to investigate the value of laparoscopic ovarian drilling (LOD) compared with GnRH antagonist flexible protocol combined with cabergoline (Cb), as a prophylaxis against the re-development of ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome (OHSS) in women with clomiphene citrate-resistant polycystic ovary disease (CCR-PCOD) who had severe OHSS before in a previous ICSI cycle. STUDY DESIGN: It is a prospective controlled study, where 250 CCR-PCOD women (n = 250) with a history of severe OHSS before, had been recruited for the study...
January 15, 2018: Gynecological Endocrinology
Adam Kamiński, Anna Bogacz, Bogusław Czerny
Population association studies have demonstrated a strong association between ESR2 SNPs and BMD, indicating that ESR2 may influence attainment of bone mass. The aim of the study was to investigate the ESR2 gene, located on chromosome 14q linked with BMD, which demonstrates a correlation with changes in bone mass in healthy Caucasian women. The study included 675 unrelated Polish postmenopausal women, including 109 with osteopenia, 333 with osteoporosis and 233 healthy women. The women were classified into the following groups: osteopenia, osteoporosis and normal T-score...
January 11, 2018: Gynecological Endocrinology
Raffaella Fabbri, Rossella Vicenti, Roberto Paradisi, Stefania Rossi, Lucia De Meis, Renato Seracchioli, Maria Macciocca
In this case report, the outcomes of cryopreserved ovarian tissue transplantation performed in a patient affected by struma-ovarii associated with mature cystic teratoma, recurrent endometriotic cysts and diffuse peritoneal malignant struma-ovarii implants were described. Before cryopreservation, the patient underwent two left ovarian surgeries for enucleation cysts 8 years after righ salpingo-oophorectomy for struma-ovarii. Ovarian biopsy was collected in another hospital and transported to our laboratory for cryopreservation...
January 10, 2018: Gynecological Endocrinology
Antoaneta Gateva, Vittorio Unfer, Zdravko Kamenov
The aim of this review is to present the current data about the role of inositols in the management of polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) women and in the prevention and treatment of gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM). We analyzed the available literature with key words PCOS, Myo-inositol, D-chiro-inositol, assisted reproductive technologies and GDM. The most recent literature would suggest that Myo-inositol, D-chiro-inositol and their combination in physiological ratio 40:1 could represent an important therapeutic strategy for the improvement of metabolic, hormonal and reproductive aspects of PCOS...
January 8, 2018: Gynecological Endocrinology
Yan-Yan Fan, Hong-Yu Chen, Wei Chen, Yi-Nan Liu, Yan Fu, Li-Na Wang
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the level of inflammatory cytokines in endometriosis patients, and explore the relationship between IL-37 concentration and endometriosis stages. METHODS: Inflammatory cytokine concentrations from 27 patients with different stages of endometriosis and 52 controls without endometriosis were examined by ELISA. Then, the specificity and sensitivity of cytokines for distinguishing from controls and the different stages of endometriosis were analyzed using the ROC curve...
January 8, 2018: Gynecological Endocrinology
Min Jae Kang, Yeon Joung Oh, Young Suk Shim, Joon Woo Baek, Seung Yang, Il Tae Hwang
This study investigated the relationships of circulating leptin, kisspeptin, and neurokinin B (NKB) levels with precocious puberty (PP) in overweight/obese girls and evaluated the usefulness of these markers in the initiation of puberty. One hundred and twenty-eight girls aged 7.0-8.9 years with PP (group A, normal-weight; group B, overweight/obese) and 30 age-matched normal controls (NC) were enrolled. Serum levels of leptin, kisspeptin, and NKB were measured by commercial kits. Serum leptin levels were higher in group A (4...
January 5, 2018: Gynecological Endocrinology
YuanYuan Zhang, SuiYu Luo, ZhiQuan Gong, XiaoYa Feng, ZiYi Wang, HaoHui Zhu, Yu Wang
Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is an endocrinological abnormality which typically presents as hormones disorder and/or infertility. It has received more and more attention in recent years though its pathogenesis is still unclear. Ovarian mucinous adenoma is a rarely pathological type which generates from epithelial cell of ovary. Here we present a patient with PCOS and ovarian mucinous tumor (occasionally discovered by cesarean section) receiving a complete relief after benign ovarian tumor excision. In this case, tumor excision played as a partial resection of ovary which might result in the normalized concentration level of hormones and morphology of ovary...
January 3, 2018: Gynecological Endocrinology
Chong Feng, Zhen Jin, Xinshu Chi, Bao Zhang, Xiaoyan Wang, Lei Sun, Jiehui Fan, Qian Sun, Xuan Zhang
Decreased sex hormone-binding globulin (SHBG) expression is an independent risk factor for gestational diabetes mellitus(GDM).However, the mechanisms that link low SHBG expression and insulin resistance in GDM is unclear. In this study, we investigated the placenta SHBG in the PI3K/AKT pathway to reveal the mechanism that links decreased SHBG to insulin resistance. A insulin resistance cells model was established by the method of insulin stimulation. Two groups were set up, HTR8/Svneo cells and insulin-resistance cells of HTR8/SVneo...
January 3, 2018: Gynecological Endocrinology
Meryem Kurek Eken, Cigdem Yayla Abide, Gulcin Sahin Ersoy, Tugba Altun Ensari, Oya Pekin, Ozge Cevik
OBJECTIVE: Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) is defined as glucose intolerance detected during pregnancy. GDM is increasing worldwide and is associated with adverse maternal and fetal outcomes. Neuregulin 4 (NGR4) is epidermal growth factor like signaling molecule. It plays an important role in cell to cell communication furthermore recent studies indicate that NRG4 may work as a novel adipokine with a possible role in maintaining energy and metabolic homeostasis. The aim of the present study was to assess serum NRG4 levels along with several metabolic parameters in patients diagnosed with gestational diabetic mellitus...
December 28, 2017: Gynecological Endocrinology
Santiago Palacios
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 23, 2017: Gynecological Endocrinology
Maryam Seyyed Abootorabi, Parvin Ayremlou, Tahereh Behroozi-Lak, Sakineh Nourisaeidlou
INTRODUCTION: Low plasma 25-hydroxy-vitamin D (25OHD) is associated with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS). Vitamin D deficiency may contribute to the development of insulin resistance, visceral fat and low level of adiponectin which are common feature in PCOS women. This study aimed to evaluate the effect of vitamin D supplementation on insulin resistance, visceral fat, and adiponectin in hypovitaminosis D women with polycystic ovary syndrome. METHODS: In this randomized, placebo-controlled clinical trial, 44 PCOS women aged 20-38 years with plasma 25OHD <20 ng/mL were randomized in the intervention or placebo groups and followed for 8 weeks...
December 22, 2017: Gynecological Endocrinology
Vito Cela, Maria Elena Rosa Obino, Ylenia Alberga, Sara Pinelli, Claudia Sergiampietri, Elena Casarosa, Giovanna Simi, Francesca Papini, Paolo Giovanni Artini
Controlled ovarian stimulation (COH) in PCOS is a challenge for fertility expert both ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome (OHSS) and oocytes immaturity are the two major complication. Ovarian response to COH vary widely among POCS patients and while some patients are more likely to show resistance to COH, other experienced an exaggerated response. The aim of our study is to investigate a possible correlation between PCOS phenotypes and the variety of ovarian response to COH and ART outcomes in patients with different PCOS phenotypes...
December 22, 2017: Gynecological Endocrinology
Keshav Godha, Kelly M Tucker, Colton Biehl, David F Archer, Sebastian Mirkin
A woman's vaginal pH has many implications on her health and it can be a useful tool in disease diagnosis and prevention. For that reason, the further examination of the relationship between the human vaginal pH and microbiota is imperative. In the past several decades, much has been learned about the physiological mechanisms modulating the vaginal pH, and exogenous/genetic factors that may influence it. A unified, coherent understanding of these concepts is presented to comprehend their interrelationships and their cumulative effect on a woman's health...
December 22, 2017: Gynecological Endocrinology
Nazish Rafique, Ayad M Salem, Rabia Latif, Mona H ALSheikh
We compared serum leptin levels during various phases of menstrual cycle and its correlation with serum estradiol between normal weight and overweight/obese young females. Fifty-six young females with normal menstrual cycle were grouped into 26 normal weight and 30 overweight/obese subjects. Serum leptin and estradiol levels were measured during early follicular, pre-ovulatory and luteal phases of menstrual cycle in both groups using ELISA technique. Serum leptin levels were significantly different across different phases of menstrual cycle with a steady increment from follicular phase (9...
December 21, 2017: Gynecological Endocrinology
M Stracquadanio, L Ciotta, M A Palumbo
Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is a heterogeneous endocrine and metabolic disorder, characterized by chronic anovulation/oligomenorrhea, hyperandrogenism, and insulin-resistance. Moreover, some studies propose a possible association between insulin resistance and hyperhomocysteinemia, which is a significant long-term risk for factor for atherogenesis and chronic vascular damage, especially in situations where insulin levels are increased. Insulin-sensitizing agents are used in the treatment of PCOS: in fact, inositols were shown to have insulin-mimetic properties...
December 21, 2017: Gynecological Endocrinology
Nian-Jun Su, Jian Ma, De-Feng Feng, Shuai Zhou, Zi-Tao Li, Wei-Ping Zhou, Hua Deng, Jia-Ying Liang, Xu-Hui Yang, Yue-Mei Zhang, Feng-Hua Liu, Liang Zhang
Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is a common endocrine disorder in women, resulting in ovulation failure and other metabolic problems. However, the underlying mechanisms of it remain largely uncertain due to the complexity of clinical manifestations. This systemic disorder is involved in endocrine, metabolism, immune system and many organs, and few studies have explored peripheral blood transcriptome in patients with PCOS. We performed gene expression profiling of peripheral blood from 8 PCOS patients and eight healthy women with microarray...
December 20, 2017: Gynecological Endocrinology
Josep Estadella, Pia Español, Fiorella Ascencio, Josep Perelló, Joaquim Calaf
Heavy menstrual bleeding is a common condition among women of childbearing age. Although hysterectomy was the usual approach in acute cases in the past, other minimally invasive therapies or pharmacological alternatives, such as the levonorgestrel intrauterine device have shown to be highly effective. This case report presents the case of a pluripathological patient with acute heavy menstrual bleeding and severe anemia, who was successfully managed with ulipristal acetate, a selective progesterone receptor modulator...
December 20, 2017: Gynecological Endocrinology
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