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Gynecological Endocrinology

Jorge Rodriguez-Purata, Marta Devesa, Mónica Parriego, Clara Pardos, Ignacio Rodriguez, Nikolaos P Polyzos, Francisca Martínez, Buenaventura Coroleu
This retrospective study was carried out to determine which strategy is associated with improved outcomes in two back-to-back cycles when undergoing embryo accumulation. Eighty patients with two stimulation cycles performed with <45 days between retrievals between Jan'16-Mar'17 were included. Patients were segregated according to the strategy used to link stimulations: spontaneous menses (SM), vaginal micronized progesterone (VMP) or oral contraceptive pills (OCP). Main outcome measure was oocytes retrieved...
May 17, 2018: Gynecological Endocrinology
Aafia Rashid, Javaid Ahmad Bhat, Mohd Ashraf Ganie, Imtiyaz Ahmad Wani, Moomin Hussain Bhat, Zaffar Amin Shah, Shariq R Masoodi, R K Marwaha
Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS), a major endocrinopathy is associated with barrage of metabolic aberrations. Reports in literature on association of PCOS and autoimmunity are conflicting. We aim to evaluate serum levels of anti-nuclear antibody (ANA) among Indian women with PCOS. In this hospital-based single center cross-sectional study, women qualifying a diagnosis of PCOS by Rotterdam criteria 2003 were recruited. Eighty-nine eligible women who consented were enrolled. All these women along with 87 age-matched, healthy controls underwent, clinical (menstrual history, anthropometry, hirsutism scoring), biochemical, hormonal assessment and serum ANA estimation...
May 7, 2018: Gynecological Endocrinology
Rauf Melekoglu, Osman Ciftci, Sevil Eraslan, Aslı Cetin, Nese Basak
The objective of this article is to analyze the effects of nerolidol and hesperidin treatment on surgically induced endometriosis in a rat model. Endometriosis was induced in 24 healthy adult female Wistar albino rats via homologous uterine horn transplantation. Three operations were performed on each rat. After the second operation, the rats were randomized into control, nerolidol, and hesperidin treatment groups, and medications were administered for 2 weeks. The effects of the drugs on the endometriotic foci were evaluated after the third operation...
May 7, 2018: Gynecological Endocrinology
Sara Babcock Gilbert, Julia I Reading, Miriam D Post, Ruben Alvero, Zain A Al-Safi
The discovery of a uterine diverticulum is a rare event. Diverticula can lead to outcomes including pelvic pain, ectopic pregnancy, and diverticula rupture and should be considered in cases of uterine cystic masses. We report a case of a 32-year-old G3P0030 with a complicated pregnancy and surgical history who presented to us following an abnormal laparoscopy for severe pelvic pain four years after salpingectomy for a tubal pregnancy. This laparoscopy reported a cornual uterine cystic structure. Saline infusion sonohysterography was performed with fluid filling a uterine cornual cystic mass...
May 7, 2018: Gynecological Endocrinology
Seon Hwa Jeong, Dayong Lee, Seul Ki Kim, Byung Chul Jee
The purpose was to evaluate the effects of dienogest on Korean women with endometriosis. A cross-sectional questionnaire-based survey was conducted for 100 premenopausal women. They had taken or were taking 2 mg of dienogest daily. We assessed the pelvic pain score and quality-of-life (QOL) score before and after taking dienogest as well as the prevalence of short-term (≤12 weeks) and long-term adverse effects (>52 weeks). Patients were classified into three groups: dienogest treatment immediately following surgery (A), dienogest treatment for a recurrence of endometriosis after surgery (B), or dienogest treatment without any surgery (C)...
May 7, 2018: Gynecological Endocrinology
Gulay Beydilli Nacak, Enis Ozkaya, Cigdem Yayla Abide, Bulent Emre Bilgic, Belgin Devranoglu, Reyyan Gokcen Iscan
The aim of this study was to investigate the impact of anti-thyroid peroxidase antibodies (Anti-TPO) on the in vitro fertilization and embryo transfer (IVF-ET) outcome in women with poor ovarian reserve but normal thyrotropin levels. A total of 300 patients with poor ovarian reserve undergoing ICSI cycle from April 2015 to December 2017 were analyzed retrospectively. Subjects were divided into two groups: Group 1: Women with early ovarian aging, Group 2: Women with age related poor ovarian reserve. All subjects underwent anti-thyroid peroxidase antibody (anti-TPO) analysis...
May 4, 2018: Gynecological Endocrinology
Chiara Di Tucci, Mara Di Feliciantonio, Flaminia Vena, Carmela Capone, Michele Carlo Schiavi, Daniela Pietrangeli, Ludovico Muzii, Pierluigi Benedetti Panici
Alpha-Lipoic acid (ALA) is a natural antioxidant synthetized by plants and animals, identified as a catalytic agent for oxidative decarboxylation of pyruvate and α-ketoglutarate. In this review, we analyzed the action of ALA in gynecology and obstetrics focusing in particular on neuropathic pain and antioxidant and anti-inflammatory action. A comprehensive literature search was performed in PubMed and Cochrane Library for retrieving articles in English language on the antioxidant and anti-inflammatory effects of ALA in gynecological and obstetrical conditions...
May 4, 2018: Gynecological Endocrinology
Luisa Casadei, Francesca Dominici, Doriana Scaldaferri, Veronica Vicomandi, Susanna Ciacci, Emilio Piccione
This prospective study had the objective to compare anti-Müllerian hormone (AMH) serum levels among women with endometriomas and those with other benign ovarian cysts and verify a possible correlation between the AMH post-operative decline and the achievement of pregnancy. The study included 57 women undergoing laparoscopic surgery. Serum levels of AMH were measured preoperatively and at 6 and 12 months postoperatively. AMH serum levels decreased in both endometriomas and other benign cysts, but significant recovery was reported only in endometriomas (p = ...
May 4, 2018: Gynecological Endocrinology
Anna Ghizzani, Simone Bruni, Stefano Luisi
The diagnosis of breast cancer elicits diverse emotional responses in patients and partners. Surviving cancer has raised new needs and caretakers must understand the medical and psychological latent effects of oncology therapy. Improving patients' well-being is crucial as 19 million survivors are expected in the next decade in the United States alone. In general, sexuality contributes to one's well-being but when it is disrupted by the occurrence of cancer, women withdraw emotionally, no longer feel desirable due to esthetic damage, and become overwhelmed by the thought of sex...
April 27, 2018: Gynecological Endocrinology
Dan Pan, Juanzi Shi, Hanying Zhou, Na Li, Pengfei Qu
We aimed to evaluate the impact of elevated basal androgen levels on the endometrial receptivity. This study retrospectively enrolled 5278 fresh in vitro fertilization (IVF) cycles and sought to determine whether increased basal androgen levels are associated with adverse outcomes in regard to ongoing pregnancy rates. The results showed that the average age of our sample was 29.31 years. Almost 61.6% of all embryo transfers were with Day 3 embryos and the remaining 38.4% were with Day 5 embryos. The ongoing pregnancy rate was 56...
April 23, 2018: Gynecological Endocrinology
Xiang Hu, Qiao Zhang, Feng Gao, Lu-Lu Chen
Premature ovarian failure (POF) is a heterogeneous condition affecting girls and women. We detected a previously healthy 18-year-old adolescent girl, presented with amenorrhea over six months, as well as circulating levels of estradiol lower decreased and follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) increased. She was 138 cm tall. Results of laboratory tests and/or ultrasound investigations showed 46, X, i(X)(q10) karyotype and Hashimoto's disease. This case suggests that pubertal onset and progression, as well as karyotype analysis, should be evaluated in girls with Hashimoto's disease and short stature...
April 22, 2018: Gynecological Endocrinology
Paolo Maniglio, Enzo Ricciardi, Federica Meli, Federica Tomao, Michele Peiretti, Donatella Caserta
The most recent evidences suggest the use of progesterone mimicking drugs for the treatment of endometriosis. Particularly, dienogest has been largely tested. However, the standard treatment of extra-pelvic endometriosis is debated. Particularly, cerebral localization of endometriosis is a very rare clinical condition. The surgical approach for such a particular disorder would consist in difficult procedures, thus leading to prefer the medical treatment. We hereby report the clinical case of a cerebral localization of endometriosis treated with dienogest who experienced a complete remission of the disease...
April 20, 2018: Gynecological Endocrinology
Pinxiu Huang, Lihong Wei, Xinlin Li, Zhong Lin
To evaluate the clinical efficacy of modified human menopausal gonadotropin (hMG) stimulated, hormone replacement therapy (HRT), natural cycling and letrozole ovulation induction during endometrial preparation for frozen-thawed embryo transfer (FET) in patients with normal menstrual cycles. This retrospective analysis included a total of 5070 cycles of patients with normal menstrual patterns who underwent FET between October 2009 and September 2015. The patients were divided into four groups according to the method of endometrial preparation for FET: 1838 cycles were natural, 1666 underwent HRT, 340 underwent letrozole ovulation induction and 1226 underwent modified hMG stimulated...
April 20, 2018: Gynecological Endocrinology
Jieru Zhu, Tao Li, Weijie Xing, Hui Lin, Jianping Ou
The aim of the present study was to determine the correlation between chronological age and biological age by characterizing age-specific serum anti-Müllerian hormone (AMH) values for 3280 Chinese women. A retrospective analysis including 3280 females between 10 to 52 years old was conducted from January 2016 to December 2016 in the clinical laboratory of Center for Reproductive Medicine, The Third Affiliated Hospital of Sun Yat-sen University, China. All included women were divided into several groups by age...
April 19, 2018: Gynecological Endocrinology
An-Cong Wang, Yu-Song Zhang, Bao-Song Wang, Xiang-Yu Zhao, Feng-Xia Wu, Xiang-Hong Zhai, Ju-Xiang Sun, Shi-Yue Mei
Tubulin beta eight class VIII (TUBB8) is a subtype of β-tubulin that only exists in primates. Mutations in the TUBB8 gene have been proven to cause oocyte maturation arrest. The aim of this study was to identify the new types of mutations in TUBB8. Six women (families) with oocyte maturation arrest and 100 healthy controls were recruited. The sequence of the TUBB8 gene was amplified and analyzed by Sanger sequencing, which revealed a de novo heterozygous variant c.292G > A (p.G98R) of TUBB8 in one affected individual...
April 19, 2018: Gynecological Endocrinology
Mingzhao Li, Zhibin Li, Juanzi Shi
We aimed to investigate the different effects of low oxygen (5% O2 ) and atmospheric oxygen (20% O2 ) on in vitro fertilization for older poor ovarian responders (PORs). We selected 1080 older PORs who met two criteria: (i) advanced maternal age (≥40) and (ii) an abnormal ovarian reserve test. All the patients used the ultra-short term protocols with GnRH agonist and recombinant FSH for controlled ovarian hyperstimulation (COH). About 506 cycles were performed in the incubators with 5% O2 and 574 cycles were performed in the incubators with 20% O2 ...
April 18, 2018: Gynecological Endocrinology
Bingjie Zhang, Jing Wang, Shanmei Shen, Jiayi Liu, Jie Sun, Tianwei Gu, Dalong Zhu, Yan Bi
Obese women are at high risk for polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS). Subclinical hypothyroidism (SCH) has been associated with weight gain, insulin resistance and impaired fertility, which are also factors involved in PCOS. However, there is limited information regarding the influence of SCH on the presence of PCOS. In order to determine whether SCH increases the prevalence of PCOS, we performed a cross-sectional study in a cohort of reproductive-aged obese women. All subjects underwent anthropometric evaluation, laboratory tests and ultrasound examination...
April 16, 2018: Gynecological Endocrinology
Julie Refardt, Patricia Farina, Irene Hoesli, Christian Meier
Hypercalcemia due to primary hyperparathyroidism during pregnancy is a rare condition and associated with increased morbidity and mortality for the mother and the unborn child. Whereas parathyroidectomy is favored during the second trimester, no clear recommendations exist for its management during the third trimenon. We here report the case of a 26-year-old woman in the 29th week of her first pregnancy, who was admitted to our clinic with hypertension, intra-uterine growth retardation and polyhydramnios. Severe hypercalcemia due to primary hyperparathyroidism was diagnosed (total calcium 3...
April 16, 2018: Gynecological Endocrinology
Xuezhou Yang, Xiaozhen Quan, Yanli Lan, Qipeng Wei, Jinhai Ye, Xiaofang Yin, Zhisong Ji, Hui Xing, Ying Yang
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Insulin resistance (IR) was recognized as a risk factor for the occurrence of abortion in patients with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS). Chemerin was an adipokine which could induce IR and associated with reproductive process closely. However, few studies have inquired the relativity between chemerin and the occurrence of abortion in patients with PCOS. The aim of this study was to evaluate the relationship between serum chemerin and the occurrence of abortion in women with PCOS...
April 16, 2018: Gynecological Endocrinology
Yang Cheng, Shuyi Jiang, Jin Yuan, Junxiu Liu, Tommaso Simoncini
Vascular endothelial growth factor C (VEGF-C) accelerates cervical cancer metastasis, while the detailed mechanism remains largely unknown. Recent evidence indicates that microRNA play a crucial role in controlling cancer cell invasiveness. In the present study, we investigated the role of miR-326 in VEGF-C-induced cervical cancer cell invasion. VEGF-C expression was higher and miR-326 was much lower in primary cervical cancer specimens than that in non-cancerous specimens, and a negative correlation between VEGF-C and miR-326 was found...
April 16, 2018: Gynecological Endocrinology
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