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Canadian Journal of Gastroenterology, Journal Canadien de Gastroenterologie

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24340317/evaluation-of-funding-gastroenterology-research-in-canada-illustrates-the-beneficial-role-of-partnerships
#1
Philip M Sherman, Kimberly Banks Hart, Keeley L Rose, Kwadwo Bosompra, Christopher Manuel, Paul Belanger, Sandra Daniels, Paul Sinclair, Stephen Vanner, Andre Buret
BACKGROUND: Funders of health research in Canada seek to determine how their funding programs impact research capacity and knowledge creation. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the impact of a focused grants and award program that was cofunded by the Canadian Institutes of Health Research Institute of Nutrition, Metabolism and Diabetes, and the Canadian Association of Gastroenterology; and to measure the impact of the Program on the career paths of funded researchers and assess the outcomes of research supported through the Program...
December 2013: Canadian Journal of Gastroenterology, Journal Canadien de Gastroenterologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24340316/use-of-fecal-occult-blood-test-in-hospitalized-patients-survey-of-physicians-practicing-in-a-large-central-canadian-health-region-and-canadian-gastroenterologists
#2
Stephen Ip, AbdulRazaq A H Sokoro, Al Buchel, Debrah Wirtzfeld, Gerald Konrad, Tunji Fatoye, Harminder Singh
BACKGROUND: Although the fecal occult blood test (FOBT) was developed for colorectal cancer screening in the outpatient setting, it continues to be used among hospitalized patients. No previous study has evaluated the knowledge, beliefs and attitudes of practicing physicians on the use of FOBT among hospitalized patients and compared practices among physicians with different medical specialty training. OBJECTIVE: To survey physicians in the Winnipeg Regional Health Authority (WRHA) and Canadian gastroenterologists (GIs) on the use of FOBT in hospitals...
December 2013: Canadian Journal of Gastroenterology, Journal Canadien de Gastroenterologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24340315/treatment-of-chronic-hepatitis-c-in-a-canadian-aboriginal-population-results-from-the-prairie-study
#3
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Gerald Y Minuk, Meaghan O'Brien, Kim Hawkins, Didi Emokpare, James McHattie, Paul Harris, Lawrence Worobetz, Karen Doucette, Kelly Kaita, Stephen Wong, Gilles Pinette, Julia Uhanova
BACKGROUND: The Aboriginal population of Canada is at increased risk of exposure to the hepatitis C virus (HCV). Previous data indicate that spontaneous clearance of HCV occurs more often in Aboriginals than Caucasians. Whether this enhanced response extends to antiviral therapy for chronic HCV remains to be determined. OBJECTIVES: To document and compare the biochemical and virological responses to antiviral therapy in HCV-infected Canadian Aboriginals and Caucasians...
December 2013: Canadian Journal of Gastroenterology, Journal Canadien de Gastroenterologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24340314/a-randomized-controlled-trial-comparing-sequential-with-triple-therapy-for-helicobacter-pylori-in-an-aboriginal-community-in-the-canadian-north
#4
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Amy L Morse, Karen J Goodman, Rachel Munday, Hsiu-Ju Chang, John Wi Morse, Monika Keelan, Janis Geary, Veldhuyzen van Zanten Sander
BACKGROUND: Helicobacter pylori infection occurs more frequently in Arctic Aboriginal settings than elsewhere in North America and Europe. Research aimed at reducing health risks from H pylori infection has been conducted in the Aboriginal community of Aklavik, Northwest Territories. OBJECTIVE: To compare the effectiveness of the Canadian standard therapy with an alternative therapy for eliminating H pylori infection in Aklavik. METHODS: Treatment-naive H pylori-positive individuals were randomly assigned to a 10-day regimen (oral twice-daily doses) with rabeprazole (20 mg): standard triple therapy (proton pump inhibitor, added clarithromycin [500 mg] and amoxicillin [1 g] [PPI-CA]); sequential therapy (ST) added amoxicillin (1 g) on days 1 to 5, and metronidazole (500 mg) and clarithromycin (500 mg) on days 6 to 10...
December 2013: Canadian Journal of Gastroenterology, Journal Canadien de Gastroenterologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24340313/improving-the-quality-of-colonoscopy-bowel-preparation-using-an-educational-video
#5
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Sateesh Reddy Prakash, Siddharth Verma, John McGowan, Betsy E Smith, Anjali Shroff, Gregory H Gibson, Michael Cheng, Douglas Lowe Ii, Kavitha Gopal, Smruti R Mohanty
Colonoscopy is the preferred modality for colon cancer screening. A successful colonoscopy requires proper bowel preparation. Adequate bowel preparation continues to remain a limiting factor. One hundred thirty-three patients scheduled for an outpatient colonoscopy were prospectively randomized in a single-blinded manner to video or nonvideo group. In addition to written bowel preparation instructions, patients in the video group viewed a brief instructional video. Quality of colon preparation was measured using the Ottawa Bowel Preparation Quality scale, while patient satisfaction with preparation was evaluated using a questionnaire...
December 2013: Canadian Journal of Gastroenterology, Journal Canadien de Gastroenterologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24340312/putting-an-end-to-the-misuse-of-the-fecal-occult-blood-test-in-diagnostic-medicine
#6
EDITORIAL
Catherine Dubé
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2013: Canadian Journal of Gastroenterology, Journal Canadien de Gastroenterologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24340311/what-is-the-best-regimen-for-helicobacter-pylori-eradication-in-canadian-arctic-aboriginals
#7
EDITORIAL
Nicola Jones
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2013: Canadian Journal of Gastroenterology, Journal Canadien de Gastroenterologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24340310/endoscopic-submucosal-dissection-in-the-colorectum-feasibility-in-the-canadian-setting
#8
REVIEW
Marietta Iacucci, Gregory Eustace, Toshio Uraoka, Yutaka Saito, Miriam Fort Gasia, Jon Love, Naohisa Yahagi
Endoscopic submucosal dissection is a minimally invasive endoscopic technique for the removal of gastrointestinal tumours that is increasingly being used for colonic neoplasms to spare resection of colon in selected patients. Colonic endoscopic submucosal dissection is technically challenging and was initially pioneered in Japan but increasingly used in selected western centres. Its use in Canada is currently limited, and the authors review the challenges and opportunities, in addition to the unique training infrastructure required to practice the procedure under supervision...
December 2013: Canadian Journal of Gastroenterology, Journal Canadien de Gastroenterologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24340309/endoscopic-ultrasonographic-features-of-gastric-mucosa-associated-lymphoid-tissue-lymphoma-with-a-pseudocircumvolutory-appearance
#9
João Santos-Antunes, Susana Lopes, Manuel Sobrinho-Simões, Helder Cardoso, Guilherme Macedo
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2013: Canadian Journal of Gastroenterology, Journal Canadien de Gastroenterologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24340308/a-polyp-from-another-polyp
#10
Vincent Kuo, Wareef Kabbani, Jeffrey Linder
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2013: Canadian Journal of Gastroenterology, Journal Canadien de Gastroenterologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24228262/yield-and-cost-of-performing-screening-tests-for-constipation-in-children
#11
Ashish Chogle, Miguel Saps
BACKGROUND: Chronic constipation is one of the most common reasons for pediatric outpatient visits. Clinical guidelines recommend that the work-up for chronic refractory constipation include thyroid function tests, celiac serology, and measurement of calcium and lead levels. Data to justify routine screening of constipated children using these laboratory tests are lacking. OBJECTIVES: To study the prevalence of celiac disease, hypothyroidism, hypercalcemia and lead poisoning in children with chronic constipation; and to estimate the health care costs of applying the guideline recommendations...
December 2013: Canadian Journal of Gastroenterology, Journal Canadien de Gastroenterologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24199212/percutaneous-liver-biopsy-practice-patterns-among-canadian-hepatologists
#12
Mohammed Aljawad, Eric M Yoshida, Julia Uhanova, Paul Marotta, Natasha Chandok
BACKGROUND: Percutaneous liver biopsy (PLB) is the standard procedure to obtain histological samples essential for the management of various liver diseases. While safe, many hepatologists no longer perform their own PLBs; the reasons for this practice shift are unknown. OBJECTIVE: To describe the attitudes, practice patterns and barriers to PLB among hepatologists in Canada. METHODS: A survey was distributed to all hepatologists in Canada...
November 2013: Canadian Journal of Gastroenterology, Journal Canadien de Gastroenterologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24199211/bile-acid-malabsorption-in-chronic-diarrhea-pathophysiology-and-treatment
#13
REVIEW
Alan N Barkun, Jonathan Love, Michael Gould, Henryk Pluta, Hillary Steinhart
BACKGROUND: Bile acid malabsorption (BAM) is a common but frequently under-recognized cause of chronic diarrhea, with an estimated prevalence of 4% to 5%. METHODS: The published literature for the period 1965 to 2012 was examined for articles regarding the pathophysiology and treatment of BAM to provide an overview of the management of BAM in gastroenterology practice. RESULTS: BAM is classified as type 1 (secondary to ileal dysfunction), type 2 (idiopathic) or type 3 (secondary to gastrointestinal disorders not associated with ileal dysfunction)...
November 2013: Canadian Journal of Gastroenterology, Journal Canadien de Gastroenterologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24199210/employment-prospects-and-trends-for-gastroenterology-trainees-in-canada-a-nationwide-survey
#14
Roshan Razik, Maria Cino, Geoffrey C Nguyen
BACKGROUND: Many gastroenterology (GI) trainees face a variety of barriers to stable employment and are finding it increasingly difficult to secure employment in their chosen field. OBJECTIVE: To elucidate factors that contribute to the burden of unemployment and underemployment, and to examine solutions that may remedy this growing problem in the field of GI. METHODS: A nationwide survey of current, incoming and recently graduated individuals of GI training programs in Canada was conducted...
November 2013: Canadian Journal of Gastroenterology, Journal Canadien de Gastroenterologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24199209/the-second-canadian-symposium-on-hepatitis-c-virus-a-call-to-action
#15
Jason Grebely, Marc Bilodeau, Jordan J Feld, Julie Bruneau, Benedikt Fischer, Jennifer F Raven, Eve Roberts, Norma Choucha, Rob P Myers, Selena M Sagan, Joyce A Wilson, Frank Bialystok, D Lorne Tyrrell, Michael Houghton, Mel Krajden
In Canada, hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection results in considerable morbidity, mortality and health-related costs. Within the next three to 10 years, it is expected that tolerable, short-duration (12 to 24 weeks) therapies capable of curing >90% of those who undergo treatment will be approved. Given that most of those already infected are aging and at risk for progressive liver disease, building research-based interdisciplinary prevention, care and treatment capacity is an urgent priority. In an effort to increase the dissemination of knowledge in Canada in this rapidly advancing field, the National CIHR Research Training Program in Hepatitis C (NCRTP-HepC) established an annual interdisciplinary Canadian Symposium on Hepatitis C Virus...
November 2013: Canadian Journal of Gastroenterology, Journal Canadien de Gastroenterologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24199208/liver-transplantation-for-alcoholic-liver-disease-a-devilish-dilemma
#16
EDITORIAL
Stephen E Congly, Samuel S Lee
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2013: Canadian Journal of Gastroenterology, Journal Canadien de Gastroenterologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24199207/hypersecretory-villous-adenoma-as-the-primary-cause-of-an-intestinal-intussusception-and-mckittrick-wheelock-syndrome
#17
Susana Sanchez Garcia, Pedro Villarejo Campos, Maria Del Carmen Manzanares Campillo, Aurora Gil Rendo, Virginia Muñoz Atienza, Esther Pilar García Santos, Francisco Javier Ruescas García, Jose Luis Bertelli Puche
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2013: Canadian Journal of Gastroenterology, Journal Canadien de Gastroenterologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24040632/do-we-eradicate-helicobacter-pylori-in-hospitalized-patients-with-peptic-ulcer-disease
#18
Frank Wong, George Ou, Sigrid Svarta, Ricky Kwok, Kieran Donaldson, Joe Frenette, Robert Enns
BACKGROUND: Helicobacter pylori infection is the most common chronic infection in humans. It is a major contributor to the cause of duodenal and gastric ulcers worldwide. Its eradication has been shown to reduce rates of H pylori-related ulcers as well as other complications such as gastric cancer. OBJECTIVE: To determine the rate of appropriate treatment in patients following a diagnosis of H pylori infection on biopsy during esophagoduodenoscopy for upper gastrointestinal bleeding over a four-year period at a tertiary centre in Vancouver, British Columbia...
November 2013: Canadian Journal of Gastroenterology, Journal Canadien de Gastroenterologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24040631/liver-transplantation-for-alcoholic-liver-disease-among-canadian-transplant-centres-a-national-study
#19
Natasha Chandok, Mohammed Aljawad, Angela White, Roberto Hernandez-Alejandro, Paul Marotta, Eric M Yoshida
UNLABELLED: BACKGROUND⁄ OBJECTIVE: Alcoholic liver disease (ALD) is a controversial yet established indication for liver transplantation (LT), and there is emerging evidence supporting a survival benefit in selected patients with severe acute alcoholic hepatitis. The aim of the present survey was to describe policies among Canadian transplant centres for patients with ALD. METHODS: A survey was distributed to the medical directors of all seven liver transplant centres in Canada...
November 2013: Canadian Journal of Gastroenterology, Journal Canadien de Gastroenterologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24040630/hepatitis-c-as-a-prognostic-indicator-among-noncirrhotic-patients-hospitalized-with-alcoholic-hepatitis
#20
Paul J Thuluvath, Eric Ahn, Geoffrey C Nguyen
OBJECTIVE: A nationwide analysis of alcoholic hepatitis (AH) admissions was conducted to determine the impact of hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection on short-term survival and hospital resource utilization. METHODS: Using the Nationwide Inpatient Sample, noncirrhotic patients admitted with AH throughout the United States between 1998 and 2006 were identified with diagnostic codes from the International Classification of Diseases, Ninth Revision. The in-hospital mortality rate (primary end point) of AH patients with and without co-existent HCV infection was determined...
November 2013: Canadian Journal of Gastroenterology, Journal Canadien de Gastroenterologie
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