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Cytotechnology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777434/ascorbic-acid-inhibits-senescence-in-mesenchymal-stem-cells-through-ros-and-akt-mtor-signaling
#1
Mengkai Yang, Songsong Teng, Chunhui Ma, Yinxian Yu, Peilin Wang, Chengqing Yi
Mesenchymal stem cell (MSC) aging seriously affects its function in stem cell transplantation for treatment. Extensive studies have focused on how to inhibit senescence in MSCs. However, the mechanism of senescence in MSC was not clear. In this study, we used D-galactose to induce MSC aging. Then we found that the number of aging cells was increased compared with untreated MSCs. We discovered that ascorbic acid could inhibit the production of reactive oxygen species (ROS) and activation of AKT/mTOR signaling in MSCs caused by D-galactose...
May 18, 2018: Cytotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29766333/treatment-of-donor-cells-with-recombinant-kdm4d-protein-improves-preimplantation-development-of-cloned-ovine-embryos
#2
Yumei Zhang, Qianqian Wang, Kailing Liu, Enen Gao, Hong Guan, Jian Hou
Incomplete epigenetic reprogramming is one of the major factors affecting the development of embryos cloned by somatic cell nuclear transfer (SCNT). Histone 3 lysine 9 (H3K9) trimethylation has been identified as a key barrier to efficient reprogramming by SCNT. The aim of this study was to explore a method of downregulating H3K9me3 levels in donor cells by using histone lysine demethylase (KDM) protein. When sheep fetal fibroblast cells were treated with recombinant human KDM4D protein (rhKDM4D), the levels of H3K9 trimethylation and dimethylation were both significantly decreased...
May 15, 2018: Cytotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29736810/a-novel-dendritic-cell-based-direct-ex-vivo-assay-for-detection-and-enumeration-of-circulating-antigen-specific-human-t-cells
#3
Roberto Carrio, Ge Zhang, Donald R Drake, Brian C Schanen
Although a variety of assays have been used to examine T cell responses in vitro, standardized ex vivo detection of antigen-specific CD4+ T cells from human circulatory PBMCs remains constrained by low-dimensional characterization outputs and the need for polyclonal, mitogen-induced expansion methods to generate detectable response signals. To overcome these limitations, we developed a novel methodology utilizing antigen-pulsed autologous human dendritic target cells in a rapid and sensitive assay to accurately enumerate antigen-specific CD4+ T cell precursor frequency by multiparametric flow cytometry...
May 7, 2018: Cytotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29696482/in-vitro-safety-assessment-of-the-strawberry-tree-arbutus-unedo-l-water-leaf-extract-and-arbutin-in-human-peripheral-blood-lymphocytes
#4
K Jurica, I Brčić Karačonji, A Mikolić, D Milojković-Opsenica, V Benković, N Kopjar
Strawberry tree (Arbutus unedo L.) leaves have long been used in the traditional medicine of the Mediterranean region. One of their most bioactive constituents is the glycoside arbutin, whose presence makes A. unedo suitable as a potential substitute for bearberry [Arctostaphylos uva ursi (L.) Spreng] leaves, an herbal preparation widely used for treating urinary tract infections. The safety and biocompatibility of strawberry tree water leaf extract have not yet been documented well. This study estimated arbutin content in strawberry tree water leaf extract (STE) using high performance liquid chromatography...
April 25, 2018: Cytotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29675734/co-culture-system-of-hepatocytes-and-endothelial-cells-two-in-vitro-approaches-for-enhancing-liver-specific-functions-of-hepatocytes
#5
Gaoxiong Wang, Youshi Zheng, Yingchao Wang, Zhixiong Cai, Naishun Liao, Jingfeng Liu, Wenmin Zhang
Although hepatocyte transplantation and bioartificial liver support system provide new promising opportunities for those patients waiting for liver transplantation, hepatocytes are easily losing liver-specific functions by using the common in vitro cultured methods. The co-culture strategies with mimicking the in vivo microenvironment would facilitate the maintenance of liver-specific functions of hepatocytes. Considering that hepatocytes and endothelial cells (ECs) account for 80-90% of total cell populations in the liver, hepatocytes and ECs were directly co-cultured with hepatic stellate cells (HSCs) or adipose tissue-derived stem cells (ADSCs) at a ratio of 700:150:3 or 14:3:3 in the present study, and the liver-specific functions were carefully analyzed...
April 19, 2018: Cytotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29633064/expression-profile-of-long-non-coding-rnas-during-the-differentiation-of-human-umbilical-cord-derived-mesenchymal-stem-cells-into-cardiomyocyte-like-cells
#6
Zhong-Bao Ruan, Ge-Cai Chen, Yin Ren, Li Zhu
We aimed to investigate the differentially expressed long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) during the differentiation of human umbilical cord derived mesenchymal stem cells (hUCMSCs) into cardiomyocyte-like cells induced by 5-aza. hUCMSCs were isolated and purified from umbilical cords. After treated with 10 μmol/L 5-Aza for 24 h, hUCMSCs wereas continued to be cultured for 14 days. Comparison of cardiac specific genes and the expression profile of lncRNAs on hUCMSCs between day 14 and day 0 was performed using immunofluorescence staining, immunohistochemistry, Western blot assay, RT-PCR and lncRNA microarray...
April 9, 2018: Cytotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29633063/establishment-and-characterization-of-cell-clones-from-the-papilio-cell-line-riri-pade-3-by-a-high-efficiency-clonal-method
#7
Zhi-Gang Liu, Wei-Feng Ding, Shi-Cong Xie, Na Sun, Xin Zhang, Xian Li, Ying Feng
Cell cloning is of great importance in keeping particular properties of cultured cells, and interesting cells can be selected by cloning from heterogeneous cell populations. In addition, continuous cell lines usually from primary culture are prone to heterologous constitution and genetic instability, so that supplementary cloning steps are necessary for achieving a homogenous cell population. In this study, limiting dilution culture and feeder layer culture were originally used for cloning RIRI-PaDe-3 cell line, but both failed...
April 9, 2018: Cytotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29611058/anti-inflammatory-intravenous-immunoglobulin-ivig-suppresses-homeostatic-proliferation-of-b-cells
#8
Ayane Hori, Takashi Fujimura, Seiji Kawamoto
An intravenous injection of plasma-derived immunoglobulins is used for the treatment of severe infectious and autoimmune disorders. Despite of its clinical efficacy, precise mechanisms by which intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIg) suppresses proinflammatory immune response are still enigmatic. Here, we provide in vitro evidence that IVIg inhibits homeostatic proliferation of B cells accompanied by induction of their cell aggregation. The IVIg-driven suppression of B cell proliferation and induction of cell aggregation are both unaffected by treatment with a neutralizing antibody against low-affinity Fc receptors for IgG (CD16/FcγRIII and CD32/FcγRII), known cell surface ligands for IVIg...
April 2, 2018: Cytotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29589263/combination-of-temperature-shift-and-hydrolysate-addition-regulates-anti-ige-monoclonal-antibody-charge-heterogeneity-in-chinese-hamster-ovary-cell-fed-batch-culture
#9
Chen Zheng, Chao Zhuang, Jinyan Qin, Yantian Chen, Qiang Fu, Hui Qian, Tong Wu, Yanchao Wang, Xiang Wu, Nianmin Qi
Charge heterogeneity has been broadly studied as a critical quality attribute during monoclonal antibody (mAb) production that may subsequently affect product stability and biopotency. However, the charge variation distribution is poorly controlled, so methods of more effective control need to be explored. In this study, the combined effects of temperature shift (37-34, 37-32, or 37-30 °C) and hydrolysate addition (0.100 g/L) to culture feed on the charge heterogeneity of anti-IgE mAb were investigated. The results showed that the distribution of charge variation was significantly regulated by the combination of hydrolysate addition with a highly sub-physiological temperature (34 °C)...
March 27, 2018: Cytotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29582201/friedelane-isolated-from-pouzolzia-indica-gaud-exhibits-toxic-effect-against-melanoma
#10
Debasish Maiti, Ashish Kumar Singha, Chaitali Sarkar, Soham Sarkar, Indrajit Sil Sarma, Kuntal Manna, Biswanath Dinda
Melanoma is a predominant cause of skin cancer-related deaths. It was reported that, the methanolic extract of Pouzolzia Indica (P. indica) on chromatography gave five compounds (1-hentriacontanyl palmitate, myricyl alcohol, 6,7-dimethoxycoumarin, trichadonic acid and friedelane), which inhibited the acute promyelocytic leukemia cell lines, NB4, and HT93A. Friedelane was extracted as active compound from methanolic extract of P. indica. In this study, friedelane was tested on murine metastatic B16F10 and B16BL6 melanoma cell lines...
March 26, 2018: Cytotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29582200/pig-testis-extract-augments-adiponectin-expression-and-secretion-through-the-peroxisome-proliferator-activated-receptor-signaling-pathway-in-3t3-l1-adipocytes
#11
Keishi Kadooka, Mikako Sato, Takashi Matsumoto, Satoru Kuhara, Yoshinori Katakura, Tatsuya Fujimura
Adiponectin is a key molecule whose upregulation may ameliorate symptoms of type 2 diabetes mellitus and disorders of lipid metabolism. Several plant-derived components have been shown to enhance adiponectin secretion; however, there have been no reports on the effects of animal-derived products. Therefore, in the current study, we investigated whether hot-water extracts of specific livestock by-products induce the expression of adiponectin in mouse 3T3-L1 adipocytes. Out of the 11 extracts tested, pig testis extract (PTE) was found to enhance adiponectin expression and secretion by 3T3-L1 cells...
March 26, 2018: Cytotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29564589/development-and-validation-of-a-simple-method-for-the-extraction-of-human-skin-melanocytes
#12
Yinjuan Wang, Marion Tissot, Gwenaël Rolin, Patrice Muret, Sophie Robin, Jean-Yves Berthon, Li He, Philippe Humbert, Céline Viennet
Primary melanocytes in culture are useful models for studying epidermal pigmentation and efficacy of melanogenic compounds, or developing advanced therapy medicinal products. Cell extraction is an inevitable and critical step in the establishment of cell cultures. Many enzymatic methods for extracting and growing cells derived from human skin, such as melanocytes, are described in literature. They are usually based on two enzymatic steps, Trypsin in combination with Dispase, in order to separate dermis from epidermis and subsequently to provide a suspension of epidermal cells...
March 21, 2018: Cytotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29556897/plant-derived-polysaccharides-activate-dendritic-cell-based-anti-cancer-immunity
#13
REVIEW
Siambi Kikete, Li Luo, Beitian Jia, Li Wang, Gregory Ondieki, Yuhong Bian
Today, cancers pose a major public health burden. Although a myriad of cancer treatments are available, only a few have achieved clinical efficacy. This is partly attributed to cancers capability to evade host immunity by converting dendritic cells (DCs) from potent stimulators to negative modulators of immunity. Dendritic cell-based immunotherapy attempts to resolve this problem by manipulating the functional characteristics of DCs. Plant-derived polysaccharides (PDPs) can stimulate the maturation of DCs conferring on them the capacity to present internalised tumorigenic antigens to naïve T cells and subsequently priming T cells to eliminate tumours...
March 19, 2018: Cytotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29549558/human-adipose-derived-mesenchymal-stem-cells-promote-recovery-of-injured-hepg2-cell-line-and-show-sign-of-early-hepatogenic-differentiation
#14
Ling Ling Liau, Suzana Makpol, Abdul Ghani Nur Azurah, Kien Hui Chua
Currently, orthotopic liver transplantation is the gold standard therapy for liver failure. However, it is limited by the insufficient organ donor and risk of immune rejection. Stem cell therapy is a promising alternative treatment for liver failure. One of the most ideal sources of stem cells for regenerative medicine is adipose-derived stem cells (ADSCs). In this study, primary ADSCs seeded on cell culture insert were indirectly co-cultured with injured HepG2 to elucidate the role of ADSCs in promoting the recovery of injured HepG2 in non-contact manner...
March 16, 2018: Cytotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29546683/antidiabetic-effects-of-novel-cell-culture-established-from-grapevine-vitis-vinifera-cv-koshu
#15
Keiko Fujita, Yoshinao Aoki, Shunji Suzuki
Vitis vinifera cv. Koshu is an indigenous cultivar in Japan and has several characteristics that distinguish it from European V. vinifera. In Japan, Koshu is the most popular cultivar for wine making. We report herein a cell culture established from Koshu for use as a system for the production of resveratrol and its derivatives. Grape cell culture YU-1 was developed from the apex tissues of Koshu. YU-1 growth was favorably compared with BY-2 growth, a standard cell line in plant cell biology. Stilbene production and stilbene synthesis gene expression in YU-1 were upregulated by UV-C irradiation...
March 15, 2018: Cytotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29546682/down-regulation-of-human-telomerase-reverse-transcriptase-htert-expression-by-bibr1532-in-human-glioblastoma-ln18-cells
#16
C Lavanya, Manjunatha M Venkataswamy, M K Sibin, M M Srinivas Bharath, G K Chetan
Increased telomerase activity can be blocked by targeting the hTERT activity at both RNA and catalytic subunits. Various inhibitors had been used to regulate hTERT activity in glioblastoma cell lines and showed promising results. The present study hypothesized that the telomerase specific inhibitor BIBR1532 can effectively down-regulate the telomerase activity in LN18 glioblastoma cell line. LN18 glioblastoma cell line was treated with various concentrations of BIBR1532 at different time intervals. MTT assay was performed to determine cell viability after BIBR1532 treatment...
March 15, 2018: Cytotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29541961/comparative-analysis-of-different-dietary-antioxidants-on-oxidative-stress-pathway-genes-in-l6-myotubes-under-oxidative-stress
#17
Purabi Sarkar, Ananya Bhowmick, Sofia Banu
Enhanced oxidative stress plays an important role in the progression and onset of diabetes and its complications. Strategies or efforts meant to reduce the oxidative stress are needed which may mitigate these pathogenic processes. The present study aims to investigate the in vitro ameliorative potential of nine antioxidant molecules in L6 myotubes under oxidative stress condition induced by 4-hydroxy-2-nonenal and also to comprehend the gene expression patterns of oxidative stress genes upon the supplementation of different antioxidants in induced stress condition...
March 14, 2018: Cytotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29541960/the-role-of-sox9-in-maintaining-the-characteristics-and-pluripotency-of-arbas-cashmere-goat-hair-follicle-stem-cells
#18
Nimantana He, Zhenguo Dong, Dapeng Tai, Hao Liang, Xudong Guo, Ming Cang, Dongjun Liu
In our previous work, we isolated Arbas Cashmere goat hair follicle stem cells (gHFSCs) and explored the pluripotency. In this study, we investigated the expression and putative role of Sox9 in the gHFSCs. Immunofluorescence staining showed that Sox9 is predominantly expressed in the bulge region of the Arbas Cashmere goat hair follicle, and also positively expressed in both nucleus and cytoplasm of the gHFSCs. When the cells were transfected using Sox9-shRNA, cell growth slowed down and the expression of related genes decreased significantly, cell cycle was abnormal, while the expression of terminal differentiation marker loricrin was markedly increased; cells lost the typical morphology of HFSCs; the mRNA and protein expression of gHFSCs markers and stem cell pluripotency associated factors were all significantly decreased; the expression of Wnt signaling pathway genes LEF1, TCF1,c-Myc were significantly changed...
March 14, 2018: Cytotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29516261/therapeutic-potential-of-bama-miniature-pig-adipose-stem-cells-induced-hepatocytes-in-a-mouse-model-with-acute-liver-failure
#19
Shuang Zhang, Zhiqiang Zhu, Yufeng Wang, Shi Liu, Chenqiong Zhao, Weijun Guan, Yuhua Zhao
The role of mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) in cellular therapy is well recognized in this work. MSCs have advantages of high proliferation, clone formation, multi-lineage differentiation and immunosuppression. Furthermore, adipose-resident MSCs (ADSCs) are extensively employed due to its advantages of abundant source, low cost and simple operation. Many researchers have emphasized the role of adipose-resident MSCs in the development of therapies for liver injury, but few attentions were paid on the use of induced functional hepatocytes...
March 7, 2018: Cytotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29511946/adipose-tissue-extract-shows-potential-for-wound-healing-in-vitro-proliferation-and-migration-of-cell-types-contributing-to-wound-healing-in-the-presence-of-adipose-tissue-preparation-and-platelet-rich-plasma
#20
Jenny F López, Jertta-Riina Sarkanen, Outi Huttala, Ilkka S Kaartinen, Hannu O Kuokkanen, Timo Ylikomi
Growth factors are the key elements in wound healing signaling for cell migration, differentiation and proliferation. Platelet-rich plasma (PRP), one of the most studied sources of growth factors, has demonstrated to promote wound healing in vitro and in vivo. Adipose tissue is an alternative source of growth factors. Through a simple lipoaspirate method, adipose derived growth factor-rich preparation (adipose tissue extract; ATE) can be obtained. The authors set out to compare the effects of these two growth factor sources in cell proliferation and migration (scratch) assays of keratinocyte, fibroblast, endothelial and adipose derived stem cells...
March 6, 2018: Cytotechnology
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