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Surgical Endoscopy

G Donatini, J L Kraimps, C Caillard, E Mirallie, F Pierre, Loïc De Calan, A Hamy, O Larin, O Tovkay, S Cherenko
The original article was updated to correct the listing of A. Hamy's name; it is correct as displayed above.
March 20, 2018: Surgical Endoscopy
Philip H Pucher, L Michael Brunt, Neil Davies, Ali Linsk, Amani Munshi, H Alejandro Rodriguez, Abe Fingerhut, Robert D Fanelli, Horacio Asbun, Rajesh Aggarwal
BACKGROUND: Laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC), one of the most commonly performed surgical procedures, remains associated with significant major morbidity including bile leak and bile duct injury (BDI). The effect of changes in practice over time, and of interventions to improve patient safety, on morbidity rates is not well understood. The aim of this review was to describe current incidence rates and trends for BDI and other complications during and after LC, and to identify risk factors and preventative measures associated with morbidity and BDI...
March 19, 2018: Surgical Endoscopy
E Duchalais, N Machairas, S R Kelley, R G Landmann, A Merchea, D T Colibaseanu, K L Mathis, E J Dozois, D W Larson
BACKGROUND: Several studies have shown a correlation between longer operative times and higher rates of postoperative morbidity for open and laparoscopic surgery for rectal cancer. The aim of the study was to determine the impact of prolonged operative time on early postoperative morbidity in patients undergoing robotic-assisted rectal cancer resection. METHODS: The study was a retrospective review of a prospectively maintained database conducted in two centers of the same institution...
March 15, 2018: Surgical Endoscopy
Jan Friso Nast, Christoph Berliner, Thomas Rösch, Daniel von Renteln, Tania Noder, Guido Schachschal, Stefan Groth, Harald Ittrich, Jan F Kersten, Gerhard Adam, Yuki B Werner
BACKGROUND: The newly developed technique of peroral endoscopic myotomy (POEM) has been shown to be effective in several short- and mid-term studies. Limited information is available about the adequacy of immediate post-POEM monitoring tests. METHODS: POEM was performed under general anesthesia in 228 patients (59.6% male, mean age 45.6 ± 15.5 years). Post-procedural checks comprised clinical and laboratory examination, and, during post-procedure days 1-5, endoscopy and-in the first 114 cases-radiologic examination using water-soluble contrast (1st group); the remaining patients underwent post-procedure controls without radiology (2nd group)...
March 15, 2018: Surgical Endoscopy
Andrea Moglia, Luca Morelli, Vincenzo Ferrari, Mauro Ferrari, Franco Mosca, Alfred Cuschieri
BACKGROUND: There is an increasing interest for a test assessing objectively the innate aptitude for surgery as a craft specialty to complement the current selection process of surgical residents. The aim of this study was to quantify the size of individuals with high, average, and low level of innate psychomotor skills among medical students. METHODS: A volunteer sample of 155 medical students, without prior experience with surgical simulator, executed five tasks at a virtual simulator for robot-assisted surgery...
March 14, 2018: Surgical Endoscopy
Patrick Sven Plum, Arnulf Heinrich Hölscher, Kristin Pacheco Godoy, Henner Schmidt, Felix Berlth, Seung-Hun Chon, Hakan Alakus, Elfriede Bollschweiler
BACKGROUND: The aim of this retrospective study was to compare the prognosis of patients with esophageal cancer after non-curative endoscopic resection (ER) followed by esophagectomy (ER + S) with that of patients after primary surgery (PS). METHODS: Between 2000 and 2015, 287 patients had esophagectomy for T1 esophageal cancer. 81 of these patients underwent at least one ER in curative intention before surgery (7 squamous cell carcinomas, 74 adenocarcinomas)...
March 13, 2018: Surgical Endoscopy
Felicia Turowski, Ulrich Hügle, Arno Dormann, Matthias Bechtler, Ralf Jakobs, Uwe Gottschalk, Ellen Nötzel, Dirk Hartmann, Albrecht Lorenz, Frank Kolligs, Wilfried Veltzke-Schlieker, Andreas Adler, Olaf Becker, Bertram Wiedenmann, Nataly Bürgel, Hanno Tröger, Michael Schumann, Severin Daum, Britta Siegmund, Christian Bojarski
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: The aim of the study was to evaluate the usefulness and diagnostic and therapeutic outcome of the single-operator cholangiopancreatoscopy (SOC) with SpyGlassDS™. METHODS: In a retrospective multicenter study between November 2015 and January 2017, SpyGlassDS™ procedures were analyzed in participating centers. Indications, accuracy of SOC-guided biopsies, management of large bile duct stones, and complications were analyzed. Follow-up was 4 months...
March 12, 2018: Surgical Endoscopy
Justin Gerard, Minh B Luu, Jennifer Poirier, Daniel J Deziel
INTRODUCTION: The revised Tokyo Guidelines include criteria for determining the severity of acute cholecystitis with treatment algorithms based on severity. The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship of the revised Tokyo Guidelines severity grade to clinical outcomes of cholecystectomy for acute cholecystitis. METHODS: We identified 66 patients with acute cholecystitis from a prior study of difficult cholecystectomy cases. We examined the relationship between severity grade and multiple variables related to perioperative and postoperative outcomes...
March 9, 2018: Surgical Endoscopy
A Arezzo, R Passera, E Forcignanò, L Rapetti, R Cirocchi, M Morino
BACKGROUND: Over the last decade, single-incision laparoscopic cholecystectomy (SLC) has gained popularity, although it is not evident if benefits of this procedure overcome the potential increased risk. Aim of the study is to compare the outcome of SLC with conventional multi-incision laparoscopic cholecystectomy (MLC) in a meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials only. METHODS: A systematic Medline, Embase, and Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials literature search of articles on SLC and MLC for any indication was performed in June 2017...
March 9, 2018: Surgical Endoscopy
José Luis Muñoz, María Oliva Alvarez, Vicent Cuquerella, Elena Miranda, Carlos Picó, Raquel Flores, Marta Resalt-Pereira, Pedro Moya, Ana Pérez, Antonio Arroyo
BACKGROUND: C-reactive protein (CRP) and procalcitonin (PCT) have been described as good predictors of anastomotic leak after colorectal surgery, obtaining the highest diagnostic accuracy on the 5th postoperative day. However, if an enhanced recovery after surgery (ERAS) program is performed, early predictors are needed in order to ensure a safe and early discharge. The aim of this study was to investigate the efficacy of CRP, PCT, and white blood cell (WBC) count determined on first postoperative days, in predicting septic complications, especially anastomotic leak, after laparoscopic colorectal surgery performed within an ERAS program...
March 8, 2018: Surgical Endoscopy
Woo Hyun Paik, Sang Hyub Lee, Dong Won Ahn, Ji Bong Jeong, Jin Woo Kang, Jun Hyuk Son, Ji Kon Ryu, Yong-Tae Kim
BACKGROUND: One major adverse event of endoscopic sphincterotomy (EST) is bleeding, which could be more common and severe in patients receiving anticoagulant therapy. However, the cessation of anticoagulants for long periods could lead to thromboembolic events. We aimed to evaluate the optimal timing of resumption of anticoagulants after EST in patients at risk for thromboembolism. MATERIALS AND METHODS: From January 2010 through October 2017, a retrospective cohort at risk for thromboembolism who had taken warfarin and bridging therapy with heparin around EST from three tertiary hospitals in South Korea was investigated...
March 6, 2018: Surgical Endoscopy
Martin Wagner, Benjamin Friedrich Berthold Mayer, Sebastian Bodenstedt, Katherine Stemmer, Arash Fereydooni, Stefanie Speidel, Rüdiger Dillmann, Felix Nickel, Lars Fischer, Hannes Götz Kenngott
BACKGROUND: This study aimed at developing and evaluating a tool for computer-assisted 3D bowel length measurement (BMS) to improve objective measurement in minimally invasive surgery. Standardization and quality of surgery as well as its documentation are currently limited by lack of objective intraoperative measurements. To solve this problem, we developed BMS as a clinical application of Quantitative Laparoscopy (QL). METHODS: BMS processes images from a conventional 3D laparoscope...
March 5, 2018: Surgical Endoscopy
Yasuhiro Oono, Takeshi Kuwata, Kenji Takashima, Yusuke Yoda, Hiroaki Ikematsu, Kohei Shitara, Takahiro Kinoshita, Tomonori Yano
BACKGROUND: Human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2) expression in gastric cancer is highly heterogeneous. Therefore, it is important to take endoscopic samples from appropriate tumor sites. METHODS: Between January 2008 and April 2015, patients with gastric or gastroesophageal junction cancer with histologically confirmed adenocarcinoma were included. Surgical samples or endoscopic biopsy samples were examined for HER2 using immunohistochemistry (IHC) and fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH)...
March 2, 2018: Surgical Endoscopy
Ally Ha, Carly Richards, Erik Criman, Jillian Piaggione, Christopher Yheulon, Robert Lim
BACKGROUND: Surgical energy injuries are an underappreciated phenomenon. Improper use of surgical energy or poor attention to patient safety can result in operating room fires, tissue injuries, and interferences with other electronic devices, while rare complications can be devastatingly severe. Despite this, there is no current standard requirement for educating surgeons on the safe use of energy-based devices or evaluation of electrosurgery (ES) education in residency training, credentialing, or practice...
March 1, 2018: Surgical Endoscopy
Shuntaro Yoshimura, Kazuhiko Mori, Yukinori Yamagata, Susumu Aikou, Koichi Yagi, Masato Nishida, Hiroharu Yamashita, Sachiyo Nomura, Yasuyuki Seto
BACKGROUND: The aim of this retrospective study was to assess postoperative quality of life (QOL) after robot-assisted radical transmediastinal esophagectomy, defined as a nontransthoracic esophagectomy with radical mediastinal lymphadenectomy combining a robotic transhiatal approach and a video-assisted cervical approach. The results were compared to those of transthoracic esophagectomy. METHODS: In this study, all consecutive patients who underwent robot-assisted radical transmediastinal esophagectomy or transthoracic esophagectomy for esophageal cancer at University of Tokyo between January 2010 and December 2014 were included...
March 1, 2018: Surgical Endoscopy
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