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Surgical Endoscopy

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28091748/sages-vte-prophylaxis-for-laparoscopic-surgery-guidelines-an-update
#1
William S Richardson, Giselle G Hamad, Dimitrios Stefanidis
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 13, 2017: Surgical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28078467/clinical-characteristics-risk-factors-and-outcomes-of-asymptomatic-rectal-neuroendocrine-tumors
#2
Sun-Hye Ko, Myong Ki Baeg, Seung Yeon Ko, Hee Sun Jung
BACKGROUND: Rectal neuroendocrine tumors (NET) are often asymptomatic and frequently discovered during health examinations. However, data on the risk factors of asymptomatic rectal NETs are lacking. We investigated the risk factors, clinical characteristics and outcomes of asymptomatic rectal NETs discovered during health screening. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Asymptomatic subjects who underwent colonoscopy during routine health screening at a tertiary hospital from March 2009 to July 2014 were reviewed...
January 11, 2017: Surgical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28078466/does-stoma-site-specimen-extraction-increase-postoperative-ileostomy-complication-rates
#3
Wanglin Li, Cigdem Benlice, Luca Stocchi, Hermann Kessler, Emre Gorgun, Meagan Costedio
BACKGROUND: Minimizing incisions has the potential to decrease hernia formation and wound complications following laparoscopic surgery. It is currently unknown if using the stoma site for specimen extraction affects outcomes. This study aims to evaluate the impact of stoma site extraction on postoperative complication rates in laparoscopic colorectal surgery. METHODS: After IRB approval, a retrospective comparative review of 738 consecutive patients (405 M) who underwent laparoscopic colorectal surgery with ileostomy between January 2008 and December 2014 was performed...
January 11, 2017: Surgical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28078465/non-inferiority-of-minimally-invasive-oesophagectomy-an-8-year-retrospective-case-series
#4
L Findlay, C Yao, D H Bennett, R Byrom, N Davies
BACKGROUND: The trend towards laparoscopic surgery seen in other specialties has not occurred at the same pace in oesophagectomy. This stems from concerns regarding compromised oncological clearance, and complications associated with gastric tube necrosis and anastomotic failure. We present our experience of minimally invasive oesophagectomy (MIO) compared to open and hybrid surgery. We aim to ascertain non-inferiority of MIO by evaluating impact on survival, oncological clearance by resection margin and lymph node harvest and post-operative complications...
January 11, 2017: Surgical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28078464/outcome-of-stent-grafting-for-esophageal-perforations-single-center-experience
#5
Fausto Biancari, Tuomas Tauriainen, Tatu Ylikotila, Misa Kokkonen, Jukka Rintala, Elisa Mäkäräinen-Uhlbäck, Vesa Koivukangas, Juha Saarnio
BACKGROUND: Recent studies showed that stent grafting is a promising technique for treatment of esophageal perforation. However, the evidence of its benefits is still scarce. METHODS: Forty-three consecutive patients underwent stent grafting for esophageal perforation at the Oulu University Hospital, Finland. The main endpoints of this study were early and mid-term mortality. Secondary outcome endpoints were the need of esophagectomy and additional surgical procedures on the esophagus and extraesophageal structures...
January 11, 2017: Surgical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28078463/endoscopic-vacuum-therapy-for-various-defects-of-the-upper-gastrointestinal-tract
#6
Florian Kuehn, Gunnar Loske, Leif Schiffmann, Michael Gock, Ernst Klar
BACKGROUND: Postoperative, iatrogenic or spontaneous upper gastrointestinal defects result in significant morbidity and mortality of the patients. In the last few years, endoscopic vacuum therapy (EVT) has been recognized as a new promising method for repairing upper gastrointestinal defects of different etiology. However, probably due to insufficient data and no commercially available system for EVT of the upper gastrointestinal tract, until the end of 2014, covering of esophageal defects with self-expanding metal stents (SEMS) were still the mainstay of endoscopic therapy...
January 11, 2017: Surgical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28078462/assessment-of-predictive-factors-for-recurrence-in-laparoscopic-ventral-hernia-repair-using-a-bridging-technique
#7
P Hauters, J Desmet, D Gherardi, S Dewaele, H Poilvache, P Malvaux
AIM: To assess the long-term incidence and predictive factors for recurrence after laparoscopic ventral hernia repair using a bridging technique. METHODS: The study group consisted of 213 consecutive patients operated by laparoscopy for primary ventral (n = 158) or incisional hernia (n = 55) between 2001 and 2014. Patients had a repair without fascia closure by intra-peritoneal onlay placement of a Parietex(®) composite mesh centred on the defect with an overlap of at least 3 cm...
January 11, 2017: Surgical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28078461/cost-effectiveness-of-prophylactic-appendectomy-a-markov-model
#8
Karina Newhall, Benjamin Albright, Anna Tosteson, Elissa Ozanne, Thadeus Trus, Philip P Goodney
BACKGROUND: Appendectomy is the most common emergency surgery performed in the USA. Removal of a non-inflamed appendix during unrelated abdominal surgery (prophylactic or incidental appendectomy) can prevent the downstream risks and costs of appendicitis. It is unknown whether such a strategy could be cost saving for the health system. METHODS: We considered hypothetical patient cohorts of varying ages from 18 to 80, undergoing elective laparoscopic abdominal and pelvic procedures...
January 11, 2017: Surgical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28078460/imbedding-pancreaticojejunostomy-used-in-pure-laparoscopic-pancreaticoduodenectomy-for-nondilated-pancreatic-duct
#9
Min Wang, Simiao Xu, Hang Zhang, Shuyou Peng, Feng Zhu, Renyi Qin
BACKGROUND: LPD has been cautiously regarded as feasible and safe for resection and reconstruction. However, anastomosis of the remnant pancreas is still thought to be a critical obstacle to the dissemination of LPD in general practice. This study presents a new technique of pancreaticojejunostomy for nondilated pancreatic duct and evaluates its safety and reliability. METHODS: From July 2014 to June 2015, a total of 52 patients underwent LPD with the new technique...
January 11, 2017: Surgical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28078459/endotherapy-in-case-of-relapse-of-neoplastic-barrett-s-esophagus-after-successful-initial-endoscopic-resection
#10
Sébastien Godat, Fabrice Caillol, Aurélie Autret, Erwan Bories, Christian Pesenti, Jean Philippe Ratone, Chiara De Cassan, Flora Poizat, Marc Giovannini
BACKGROUND: Endotherapy in cases of neoplastic Barrett esophagus (BE) relapse after successful initial endoscopic management is commonly accepted, but few studies analyze this topic and also take into account the metachronous lesions. AIMS: To evaluate the efficiency of endotherapy in the case of neoplastic BE relapse after successful complete endoscopic eradication of neoplastic BE and metaplastic BE. METHODS: Retrospective review of medical records was collected in a computerized and prospective manner between 2000 and 2015, in a single tertiary care center...
January 11, 2017: Surgical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28078458/superiority-of-laparoscopic-proximal-gastrectomy-with-hand-sewn-esophagogastrostomy-over-total-gastrectomy-in-improving-postoperative-body-weight-loss-and-quality-of-life
#11
Tatsuto Nishigori, Hiroshi Okabe, Shigeru Tsunoda, Hisashi Shinohara, Kazutaka Obama, Hisahiro Hosogi, Shigeo Hisamori, Kikuko Miyazaki, Takeo Nakayama, Yoshiharu Sakai
BACKGROUND: Proximal gastrectomy is not widely performed because the procedure is complicated, particularly under laparoscopy. We developed a simple laparoscopic technique of hand-sewn esophagogastrostomy with an anti-reflux mechanism. This study aimed to evaluate and compare the postoperative body weight loss (BWL) and quality of life (QOL) following laparoscopic proximal gastrectomy (LPG) and laparoscopic total gastrectomy (LTG) in patients with upper gastric cancer. METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed patients with stage I upper gastric cancer undergoing LPG or LTG at Kyoto University Hospital between March 2006 and June 2014...
January 11, 2017: Surgical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28078457/equal-patient-satisfaction-quality-of-life-and-objective-recurrence-rate-after-laparoscopic-hiatal-hernia-repair-with-and-without-mesh
#12
Jan H Koetje, Jelmer E Oor, David J Roks, Henderik L Van Westreenen, Eric J Hazebroek, Vincent B Nieuwenhuijs
INTRODUCTION: Laparoscopic hiatal hernia repair has become standard practice for most surgeons performing antireflux surgery. Hiatal hernia repair consists of cruroplasty with sutures only or additional reinforcement using mesh. Use of mesh was initiated to reduce recurrence rates. Recent analyses show that use of mesh may influence radiologic recurrence rates, but it does not seem to prevent symptomatic recurrences and the need for reoperation. This study compares clinical and radiologic outcomes of primary cruroplasty and cruroplasty with non-absorbable mesh after laparoscopic hiatal hernia repair...
January 11, 2017: Surgical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28078456/a-video-presentation-on-technique-of-laparoscopic-redo-of-stenotic-gastrojejunostomy-with-hiatal-hernioplasty-and-right-crural-release-in-a-patient-with-previous-roux-en-y-gastric-bypass
#13
Amit Surve, Hinali Zaveri, Daniel Cottam, LeGrand Belnap, Walter Medlin, Christina Richards, Austin Cottam, Samuel Cottam
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 11, 2017: Surgical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28078455/retention-of-laparoscopic-and-robotic-skills-among-medical-students-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#14
Megan S Orlando, Lauren Thomaier, Melinda G Abernethy, Chi Chiung Grace Chen
BACKGROUND: Although simulation training beneficially contributes to traditional surgical training, there are less objective data on simulation skills retention. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the retention of laparoscopic and robotic skills after simulation training. METHODS: We present the second stage of a randomized single-blinded controlled trial in which 40 simulation-naïve medical students were randomly assigned to practice peg transfer tasks on either laparoscopic (N = 20, Fundamentals of Laparoscopic Surgery, Venture Technologies Inc...
January 11, 2017: Surgical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28039655/the-effect-of-component-separation-technique-on-quality-of-life-qol-and-surgical-outcomes-in-complex-open-ventral-hernia-repair-ovhr
#15
Laurel J Blair, Tiffany C Cox, Ciara R Huntington, Steven A Groene, Tanushree Prasad, Amy E Lincourt, Kent W Kercher, B Todd Heniford, Vedra A Augenstein
INTRODUCTION: Outcomes following OVHR may be affected by type of component separation. In this study, outcomes including QOL of patients undergoing OVHR were evaluated based on the utilization of transversus abdominis release (TAR), posterior rectus sheath release (PRSR) alone or in combination with external oblique release (EOR + PRSR). METHODS: A prospective, single-institution study following open ventral hernia repair involving component separation was performed from May 2005 to April 2015...
December 30, 2016: Surgical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28039654/radiofrequency-energy-delivery-to-the-lower-esophageal-sphincter-improves-gastroesophageal-reflux-patient-reported-outcomes-in-failed-laparoscopic-nissen-fundoplication-cohort
#16
Mark Noar, Patrick Squires, Sulman Khan
BACKGROUND: Patients with uncontrollable gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) often undergo laparoscopic Nissen fundoplication (LNF); however, long-term there are often recurring symptoms and need for continuous medication use. Refractory LNF patients may receive radiofrequency energy delivery to the lower esophageal sphincter (Stretta) to ameliorate symptoms and medication requirements. The aim was to assess and compare long-term patient-reported outcomes of Stretta in refractory patients with and without previous LNF...
December 30, 2016: Surgical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28039653/effect-of-ultrasound-guided-phrenic-nerve-block-on-shoulder-pain-after-laparoscopic-cholecystectomy-a-prospective-randomized-controlled-trial
#17
Myung Sub Yi, Won Joong Kim, Min Kyoung Kim, Hyun Kang, Yong-Hee Park, Yong Hun Jung, Seung Eun Lee, Hwa Yong Shin
BACKGROUND: Post-laparoscopic shoulder pain (PLSP) frequently follows a laparoscopic cholecystectomy. A proposed mechanism for PLSP is the irritation or injury of the phrenic nerve by the CO2 pneumoperitoneum during laparoscopic surgery. Here, we investigated whether a phrenic nerve block (PNB), performed under ultrasound guidance, could reduce the incidence and severity of PLSP after laparoscopic cholecystectomy. METHOD: Sixty patients were randomized into two groups, with one group receiving PNB with 4 ml (30 mg) of 0...
December 30, 2016: Surgical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28039652/polypoid-lesions-of-the-gallbladder-analysis-of-1204-patients-with-long-term-follow-up
#18
Shu-Cheng Chou, Shih-Chin Chen, Yi-Ming Shyr, Shin-E Wang
BACKGROUND: Polypoid lesions of the gallbladder (PLG) are common, and most are benign. Few lesions are found to be malignant, but are not preoperatively distinguished as such using common imaging modalities. Therefore, we compared characteristics of benign and malignant PLGs in depth. METHODS: We enrolled 1204 consecutive patients diagnosed with PLG at Taipei Veterans General Hospital between January 2004 and December 2013. Patients underwent either surgery or regular follow-up with various imaging modalities for at least 24 months...
December 30, 2016: Surgical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28039651/prevention-of-internal-hernias-and-pelvic-adhesions-following-laparoscopic-left-sided-colorectal-resection-the-role-of-fibrin-sealant
#19
Pierluigi Angelini, Antonio Sciuto, Diego Cuccurullo, Felice Pirozzi, Stefano Reggio, Francesco Corcione
BACKGROUND: Laparoscopy has increasingly become the standard of care for patients who undergo colorectal surgery for both benign and malignant diseases. This growing experience has also resulted in more reports of postoperative complications from the minimally invasive approach to primary colorectal resection. Small bowel obstruction from internal hernias and pre-sacral adhesions is an uncommon but not negligible complication. However, there is little literature specific to this topic with recommendations for different methods to prevent it...
December 30, 2016: Surgical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28039650/is-bariatric-surgery-safe-in-the-elderly-population
#20
Federico Perez Quirante, Lisandro Montorfano, Rajmohan Rammohan, Nisha Dhanabalsamy, Aaron Lee, Samuel Szomstein, Emanuele Lo Menzo, Raul J Rosenthal
BACKGROUND: Bariatric surgery has proven to be the most effective treatment for morbid obesity in all age groups and is considered superior to medical treatment. The aim of our study was to report the outcomes of bariatric surgery in patients over 65 years of age at our institution. METHODS: A retrospective review of a prospectively collected database was conducted of all patients > 65 years who underwent a bariatric procedure between 2005 and 2015 at our institution...
December 30, 2016: Surgical Endoscopy
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