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Clinical Neuropsychologist

Rebecca Wiseheart, Robin Wellington
BACKGROUND: Dyslexia is the most common type of learning disability and studies have shown that student-athletes with learning disabilities sustain more concussions than their non-affected peers. However, current methods of dyslexia identification in college students are potentially invalid because they rely on students to self-report formal dyslexia diagnoses. METHODS: To test the accuracy of self-report against two alternative methods of dyslexia screening, 94 college students completed three dyslexia symptom inventories, two rapid naming (RAN) tasks, and a standard word reading measure...
May 15, 2018: Clinical Neuropsychologist
Amber Kippie, Brittany J Ryan, Heather McManemy, Maria R Escobar Medina, Pamela M Porter, Michael Malek-Ahmadi
OBJECTIVE: The National Association of Psychometrists (NAP) conducted a salary survey to collect data regarding common practices and income of individuals employed as psychometrists. METHODS: An email with a survey link was sent to NAP members and posted on the NAP website. There were 118 responses; most from the United States. RESULTS: Canadian data was excluded from compensation analysis due to imprecision in the survey/exchange rates. Most respondents reported full time employment...
May 11, 2018: Clinical Neuropsychologist
Valérie Turcotte, Marie-Eve Gagnon, Sven Joubert, Isabelle Rouleau, Jean-François Gagnon, Frédérique Escudier, Lisa Koski, Olivier Potvin, Joël Macoir, Carol Hudon
OBJECTIVE: The Clock Drawing Test (CDT) is frequently used to screen for cognitive impairment, however, normative data for Rouleau et al.'s scoring system are scarce. The present study aims to provide norms for Rouleau et al.'s scoring system that are tailored to Quebec French-speaking mid- and older aged healthy adults. METHODS: Six researchers from various research centers across the Province of Quebec (Canada) sent anonymous data for 593 (391 women) healthy community-dwelling volunteers (age range: 43-93 years; education range: 5-23 years) who completed the CDT 'drawing on command' version...
May 9, 2018: Clinical Neuropsychologist
Erica Sieg, Quan Mai, Caterina Mosti, Michael Brook
OBJECTIVE: This was a retrospective study designed to examine the relationship between inpatient neuropsychological status and future utilization costs. METHODS: We completed a retrospective chart review of 280 patients admitted to a large academic medical center who were referred for bedside neuropsychological evaluation. Patients were grouped based on neuropsychological recommendation regarding level of supportive needs post-discharge (low, moderate, high). Level of support was used as a gross surrogate indicator of cognitive status in this heterogeneous sample...
May 6, 2018: Clinical Neuropsychologist
Douglas P Terry, Michelle Brassil, Grant L Iverson, William J Panenka, Noah D Silverberg
OBJECTIVE: The current study examined the effect of depression on cognitive test performance in a sample of adults seeking treatment for a mild traumatic brain injury (MTBI). We hypothesized that patients with greater depressive symptoms would perform worse on tasks of fluid cognition compared to those without depression, after controlling for potential confounds. METHOD: Patients (N = 76) completed a brief cognitive test battery (NIH Toolbox Cognition Battery; NIHTB-CB) and a depression screening questionnaire (PHQ-9) at 11...
May 4, 2018: Clinical Neuropsychologist
Alexandre St-Hilaire, Camille Parent, Olivier Potvin, Louis Bherer, Jean-François Gagnon, Sven Joubert, Sylvie Belleville, Maximiliano A Wilson, Lisa Koski, Isabelle Rouleau, Carol Hudon, Joël Macoir
OBJECTIVE: The Trail Making Test (TMT) is mainly used to assess visual scanning/processing speed (part A) and executive functions (part B). The test has proven sensitive at detecting cognitive impairment during aging. However, previous studies have shown differences between normative data from different countries and cultures, even when corrected for age and education. Such inconsistencies between normative data may lead to serious diagnostic errors, thus, the development of local norms is warranted...
May 4, 2018: Clinical Neuropsychologist
Sandra Freitas, Gerardo Prieto, Mário R Simões, Joana Nogueira, Isabel Santana, Cristina Martins, Lara Alves
OBJECTIVE: The present study aims to analyze the psychometric characteristics of the TeLPI (Irregular Words Reading Test), a Portuguese premorbid intelligence test, using the Rasch model for dichotomous items. RESULTS: The results reveal an overall adequacy and a good fit of values regarding both items and persons. A high variability of cognitive performance level and a good quality of the measurements were also found. The TeLPI has proved to be a unidimensional measure with reduced DIF effects...
May 3, 2018: Clinical Neuropsychologist
Glynda J Kinsella, Kerryn E Pike, Marina G Cavuoto, Stephen D Lee
OBJECTIVE: There has been a recent rapid development of research characterizing prospective memory performance in mild cognitive impairment (MCI) in older age. However, this body of literature remains largely separated from routine clinical practice in neuropsychology. Furthermore, there is emerging evidence of effective interventions to improve prospective memory performance. Therefore, our objective in this article was to offer a clinical neuropsychological perspective on the existing research in order to facilitate the translation of the evidence-base into clinical practice...
April 30, 2018: Clinical Neuropsychologist
Christine Resch, Esther Keulers, Rosa Martens, Caroline van Heugten, Petra Hurks
OBJECTIVE: Providing children with organizational strategy instruction on the Rey Osterrieth Complex Figure (ROCF) has previously been found to improve organizational and accuracy performance on this task. It is unknown whether strategy instruction on the ROCF would also transfer to performance improvement on copying and the recall of another complex figure. METHODS: Participants were 98 typically developing children (aged 9.5-12.6 years, M = 10.6). Children completed the ROCF (copy and recall) as a pretest...
April 5, 2018: Clinical Neuropsychologist
Sarah A Raskin, Jasmin Williams, Emily M Aiken
OBJECTIVE: Prospective memory (PM) deficits have emerged as an important predictor of difficulty in daily life for individuals with acquired brain injury (BI). This review examines the variables that have been found to influence PM performance in this population. In addition, current methods of assessment are reviewed with a focus on clinical measures. Finally, cognitive rehabilitation therapies are reviewed, including compensatory, restorative and metacognitive approaches. METHOD: Preferred reporting items for systematic reviews and meta-analyses guidelines were used to identify studies...
April 2, 2018: Clinical Neuropsychologist
Molly Z Meth, John P K Bernstein, Matthew Calamia, Daniel Tranel
OBJECTIVE: To identify types of recommendations that neuropsychologists most frequently give to patients, and determine which specific recommendations are most and least consistently given to patients across and within different diagnostic populations. METHOD: A total of 309 clinical neuropsychologists completed a survey evaluating the frequency with which they made particular types of recommendations (e.g. driving, employment and education, health and rehabilitation referrals) to patients with various disorders (e...
March 30, 2018: Clinical Neuropsychologist
Yana Suchy, Chris Morrison, Douglas Whiteside
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 26, 2018: Clinical Neuropsychologist
Joana Nogueira, Sandra Freitas, Diana Duro, Jorge Almeida, Isabel Santana
OBJECTIVE: The Alzheimer's disease assessment scale-Cognitive Subscale (ADAS-Cog) is a battery to assess cognitive performance in Alzheimer's disease (AD) and was developed according to the core characteristics of cognitive decline in AD: memory, language, praxis, constructive ability, and orientation. The aim of this study was to explore the diagnostic accuracy and discriminative capacity of the ADAS-Cog for Mild Cognitive Impairment (MCI) and AD, using cut-off points for the Portuguese population...
March 23, 2018: Clinical Neuropsychologist
Daniel P Sheppard, Jelle P Bruineberg, Anett Kretschmer-Trendowicz, Mareike Altgassen
OBJECTIVE: The current article set out to review all research conducted to date investigating prospective memory (PM) in autism. METHOD: All studies on PM in autism are first described, followed by a critical review and discussion of experimental findings within the multiprocess framework. PM in autism is then considered through an embodied predictive-coding account of autism. RESULTS: Overall, despite somewhat inconsistent methodologies, a general deficit in PM in autism is observed, with evidence mostly in line with the multiprocess framework...
March 14, 2018: Clinical Neuropsychologist
Cynthia Z Burton, Lea Vella, Elizabeth W Twamley
OBJECTIVE: Prospective memory (the ability to remember to do things) has clear implications for everyday functioning, including employment, in people with severe mental illnesses (SMI). This study aimed to evaluate prospective memory performance and its relationship to real-world functional variables in an employment-seeking sample of people with SMI (Clinical Trial registration number NCT00895258). METHOD: 153 individuals with DSM-IV diagnosis of depression (n = 58), bipolar disorder (n = 37), or schizophrenia (n = 58) who were receiving outpatient psychiatric care at a university clinic enrolled in a trial of supported employment and completed a baseline assessment...
February 25, 2018: Clinical Neuropsychologist
Stella H Kim, Adriana M Strutt, Laiene Olabarrieta-Landa, Anthony H Lequerica, Diego Rivera, Carlos Jose De Los Reyes Aragon, Oscar Utria, Juan Carlos Arango-Lasprilla
OBJECTIVE: The Boston Naming Test (BNT) is a widely used measure of confrontation naming ability that has been criticized for its questionable construct validity for non-English speakers. This study investigated item difficulty and construct validity of the Spanish version of the BNT to assess cultural and linguistic impact on performance. METHODS: Subjects were 1298 healthy Spanish speaking adults from Colombia. They were administered the 60- and 15-item Spanish version of the BNT...
February 23, 2018: Clinical Neuropsychologist
Stephanie Watt, Simon F Crowe
OBJECTIVE: Neuropsychological assessment (NPA) addresses important aspects of diagnosis, prognosis, treatment, and rehabilitation planning. This review set out to determine the impact of NPA on the adult patient's outcome, by examining how and whether NPA influences diagnostic decision-making and surgical planning, how NPA can be used to predict patient outcome, and how clients, referrers, and significant others perceive the value of NPA. METHOD: Eligible studies were selected according to pre-defined selection criteria and accessed via the electronic databases Medline and PsycInfo...
April 2018: Clinical Neuropsychologist
Katherine T Baum, Christian von Thomsen, Megan Elam, Christel Murphy, Melissa Gerstle, Cynthia A Austin, Dean W Beebe
OBJECTIVE: The neuropsychological report is a critical tool for communicating evaluation results to multiple audiences who have varying knowledge about neuropsychology and often have limited ability to review long, complex reports. Considerable time is spent writing these reports and challenges persist related to readability, length/complexity, and billable clinical time (which may be capped by third-party payors or families' ability to pay). METHODS: This quality improvement effort systematically evaluated the redesign of pediatric neuropsychological reports in an outpatient clinic serving primarily medical populations...
April 2018: Clinical Neuropsychologist
Sara M Lippa
OBJECTIVE: Over the past two decades, there has been much research on measures of response bias and myriad measures have been validated in a variety of clinical and research samples. This critical review aims to guide clinicians through the use of performance validity tests (PVTs) from test selection and administration through test interpretation and feedback. METHOD/RESULTS: Recommended cutoffs and relevant test operating characteristics are presented. Other important issues to consider during test selection, administration, interpretation, and feedback are discussed including order effects, coaching, impact on test data, and methods to combine measures and improve predictive power...
April 2018: Clinical Neuropsychologist
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