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Clinical Neuropsychologist

Elyssa Scharaga
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 15, 2017: Clinical Neuropsychologist
Céline Souchay, Lydia Dubourg, Nicola Ballhausen, Maude Schneider, Charline Cerf, Katharina Schnitzspahn, Laurence Faivre, Matthias Kliegel, Stephan Eliez
OBJECTIVE: 22q11.2 deletion syndrome, also known as velo-cardio-facial syndrome (VCFS) is a genetic disorder caused by a microdeletion on chromosome 22q11.2 and characterized by marked impairment in visual attention and executive function. The present study examined if this cognitive deficit extends to prospective memory (the type of memory involved in remembering to perform actions in the future). METHOD: 20 participants with 22q11.2DS aged between 6 and 14 were included in the study as well as 22 typically developing individuals (TDC) aged 6-12...
November 14, 2017: Clinical Neuropsychologist
Skye McDonald, Cynthia Honan, Samantha K Allen, Rebecca El-Helou, Michelle Kelly, Fiona Kumfor, Olivier Piguet, Jessica L Hazelton, Christine Padgett, Hannah A D Keage
There is a need for short, reliable, sensitive assessment tools to measure social cognition. The Awareness of Social Inference Test (TASIT) is an ecologically valid instrument that uses videos of actors engaged in everyday conversations to assess emotion perception, the ability to detect lies, sarcasm and sincerity, and the ability to judge what others are thinking, intending, feeling, and saying. A recently developed short version of TASIT retains the structure of the original test and its clinical sensitivity...
November 13, 2017: Clinical Neuropsychologist
Dana L Rosado, Susan Buehler, Emilie Botbol-Berman, Maia Feigon, Adeline León, Hien Luu, Carmen Carrión, Mitzi Gonzalez, Julia Rao, Taylor Grief, Michael Seidenberg, Neil H Pliskin
OBJECTIVE: In more recent years, studies have begun to examine levels of satisfaction of individuals or family members of individuals who undergo neuropsychological evaluation. However, to date there have been only a handful of formal studies that have specifically examined the role and contribution of neuropsychological assessment in patient care and management. This study sought to examine one specific component of neuropsychological assessment, namely the impact of patient feedback regarding neuropsychological testing on patient outcome...
November 8, 2017: Clinical Neuropsychologist
Chun-Yi Lee, Sheng-Yu Lee, Yu-Chi Huang, Chi-Fa Hung, Yu Lee, Meng-I Lee, Liang-Jen Wang
OBJECTIVE: The Brief Assessment of Cognition in Affective Disorders (BAC-A) is administered to assess the cognitive impairments in patients with affective disorders. This study aims to develop the normative data and to explore the factor structure of the Chinese version of the BAC-A in a Mandarin-speaking population. METHOD: This cross-sectional study consisted of 220 healthy participants (age range: 19-79 years; mean age: 51.5 ± 15.9 years, 48.2% male) in communities in Taiwan...
November 6, 2017: Clinical Neuropsychologist
Ondrej Bezdicek, Tomáš Nikolai, Jiří Nepožitek, Pavla Peřinová, David Kemlink, Pavel Dušek, Iva Příhodová, Simona Dostálová, Veronika Ibarburu, Jiří Trnka, Karel Kupka, Zuzana Mecková, Jiří Keller, Josef Vymazal, Evžen Růžička, Karel Šonka, Petr Dušek
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the present study was to investigate if prospective memory (PM) is impaired in idiopathic rapid eye movement (REM) sleep behavior disorder (iRBD). RBD is a parasomnia characterized by dream enactment and by REM sleep without muscle atonia. iRBD is considered as the initial stage of neurodegeneration with pathological storage of alpha-synuclein. METHOD: Sixty iRBD patients with polysomnography-confirmed RBD without parkinsonism and dementia and 30 demographically matched normal controls (NC) were enrolled in the present study...
October 26, 2017: Clinical Neuropsychologist
Mark T Wagner, Dana M Szeles, Blakely Mulder, Mimi Sohn, Aljoeson Walker
OBJECTIVE: A case of Posterior Cortical Atrophy syndrome of a suspected non-Alzheimer disease pathology type is presented to illustrate prospective diagnosis and course. METHOD: A 54-year-old woman with vague memory complaints underwent serial neuropsychological assessment, MRI, PET, and CSF screening; data are reviewed. RESULTS: While early diagnosis was confounded by multiple factors, classic visuospatial symptoms were later demonstrated using routine neuropsychological methods...
October 26, 2017: Clinical Neuropsychologist
Karley-Dale S Talbot, Ulrich Müller, Kimberly A Kerns
OBJECTIVE: The objective of the paper is to synthesize the research on prospective memory (PM) in children with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). METHOD: Research on PM and ADHD in youth was synthesized according to the PRISMA guidelines and a summary of the types of PM deficits typically seen in these children, as well as the methods currently available to assess and treat these deficits is provided. Suggestions on ways to better manage PM deficits in children's everyday lives are also discussed...
October 24, 2017: Clinical Neuropsychologist
Kerry Donnelly, James P Donnelly, Gary C Warner, C James Kittleson, Paul R King
OBJECTIVE: To describe changes in post-deployment objective and subjective cognitive performance in combat Veterans over 18 months, relative to traumatic brain injury (TBI) status and psychological distress. METHOD: This prospective cohort study examined 500 Veterans from Upstate New York at four time points, six months apart. TBI status was determined by a structured clinical interview. Neuropsychological instruments focused on attention, memory, and executive functions...
October 20, 2017: Clinical Neuropsychologist
Holly K Rau, Rebecca Hendrickson, Hannah C Roggenkamp, Sarah Peterson, Brett Parmenter, David G Cook, Elaine Peskind, Kathleen F Pagulayan
OBJECTIVE: Memory problems that affect daily functioning are a frequent complaint among Veterans reporting a history of repetitive mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI), especially in cohorts with comorbid PTSD. Here, we test the degree to which subjective sleep impairment and daytime fatigue account for the association of PTSD and self-reported mTBI history with prospective memory. METHOD: 82 Veterans with and without personal history of repeated blast-related mTBI during deployment were administered the Clinician Administered PTSD Scale (CAPS), Memory for Intentions Test (MIST), Patient Health Questionnaire-9 (PHQ-9), Neurobehavioral Symptom Inventory (NSI), and the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI)...
October 13, 2017: Clinical Neuropsychologist
Susan Goedeken, Cathryne Potempa, Eliza M Prager, Erin R Foster
Objective To compare the effects of laboratory-based training in implementation intentions (II; experimental strategy) and verbal rehearsal (VR; control strategy) on self-reported everyday prospective memory among people with Parkinson disease (PD) and to investigate potential correlates of change in self-reported everyday prospective memory in response to this training. Method This was a randomized-controlled trial. Participants with mild to moderate PD without dementia underwent one session of training in either II (n = 25) or VR (n = 27)...
October 13, 2017: Clinical Neuropsychologist
Kristin Wilmoth, Christian LoBue, Matthew A Clem, Rajadhar Reddy, Linda S Hynan, Nyaz Didehbani, Kathleen Bell, Kyle B Womack, John Hart, Hunt Batjer, C Munro Cullum
OBJECTIVE: Medical history information regarding prior traumatic brain injury (TBI) usually relies on self-report, although little is known about the reliability of this information with regard to injuries sustained years or decades earlier. Even less is known about the reliability of self-reported medical history information in older individuals with cognitive impairment. To this end, we assessed the test-retest reliability of self-reported TBI history in a large, national sample. METHODS: Participants (n = 4309) were older adults with intact cognition, mild cognitive impairment (MCI) and Alzheimer's disease (AD) from the National Alzheimer's Coordinating Center...
October 9, 2017: Clinical Neuropsychologist
Jessica Klusek, Alexis Ruber, Jane E Roberts
OBJECTIVE: The Fragile X Mental Retardation-1 (FMR1) premutation is a common genetic abnormality, affecting ~1:150 women in the United States. Clinical neuropsychologists are becoming increasingly aware of their role in the clinical management of the FMR1 premutation, which is associated with risk for a range of cognitive, executive, neuromotor, and psychological impairments, including neurodegenerative disease. This study investigated atypical eye contact as a critical neuropsychological phenotype associated with the FMR1 premutation...
October 3, 2017: Clinical Neuropsychologist
Peter Vik, Margaret Legarreta, Sarah Riffel
OBJECTIVE: Nonverbal memory decline is a concern associated with aging. Visuospatial memory tests often do not distinguish between learning, recall, or retrieval, yet such distinctions may help clarify the nature of memory difficulties. Further, many visuospatial tests rely on abilities not directly related to memory (e.g. graphomotor skill). The present study examined the feasibility and initial psychometric evidence of the Visual-Spatial Memory and Recall Test (V-SMART). METHOD: Ninety-nine adults (71% women) were recruited from two sources: undergraduate students (n = 37) and healthy older adults (n = 62)...
September 28, 2017: Clinical Neuropsychologist
Gunes Avci, David P Sheppard, Savanna M Tierney, Victoria M Kordovski, Kelli L Sullivan, Steven Paul Woods
OBJECTIVE: Prospective memory (PM) is described as the capacity to form and maintain an intention that is executed in response to a specific cue. Neural injury and associated neurocognitive disorders are common among persons living with HIV disease, who might therefore be susceptible to impairment in PM. METHOD: This literature review utilized a structured qualitative approach to summarize and evaluate our current understanding of PM functioning in people living with HIV disease...
September 27, 2017: Clinical Neuropsychologist
Karen Postal, Clifton Chow, Sharon Jung, Kalen Erickson-Moreo, Flannery Geier, Margaret Lanca
OBJECTIVE: Though some neuropsychological groups have proposed criteria and suggestions for clinical report writing there has never been professional consensus or accepted published guidelines on how to write reports. Given the paucity of guidelines and the evolving practice climate, we sought to survey neuropsychologists and referral source stakeholders to understand current report writing practices. METHOD: The data were collected in two SurveyMonkey surveys via professional list servs, email, and LinkedIn clinical interest groups...
September 17, 2017: Clinical Neuropsychologist
Jerry J Sweet, Catherine Lee, Leslie M Guidotti Breting, Laura M Benson
OBJECTIVE: This paper describes gender-related trends within clinical neuropsychology, based primarily on recurrent practice surveys within the specialty and, to a lesser extent, job-related information from medical specialties and the general U.S. labor market. METHOD: Chronological and cross-sectional analyses of professional practice survey data from 2005, 2010, and 2015 relevant to gender. As is common with survey data, descriptive analysis and independent samples t-tests were conducted...
September 5, 2017: Clinical Neuropsychologist
David S Nichols
The 'Commentary' of Drs. Larrabee, Bianchini, Boone, and Rohling (this issue) attributes to us a view of the Fake Bad/Symptom Validity Scale (FBS/FBS-r) that is wholly erroneous, a view we do not hold and have never taken. In doing so, the authors have confused the thrust of our article with the assertions made in an earlier article which preceded publication of the FBS. This earlier article held that many physical and cognitive symptoms/complaints observed in personal injury plaintiffs are most parsimoniously understood as manifestations of the stresses that may routinely accompany plaintiffs' involvement in such litigation...
September 2, 2017: Clinical Neuropsychologist
R Saloner, K B Casaletto, G Marx, S Dutt, A B Vanden Bussche, M You, E Fox, J Stiver, J H Kramer
OBJECTIVE: Traditional episodic memory tests employ a delayed recall length ranging from 10 to 30 min. The neurobiological process of memory consolidation extends well beyond these time intervals, however, raising the possibility that these tests might not be fully sensitive to the subtle neurocognitive changes found in early disease or age-related decline. We aimed to determine the sensitivity of a 1-week delayed recall paradigm to medial temporal lobe (MTL) structure among neurologically normal older adults...
August 31, 2017: Clinical Neuropsychologist
Kasper Jørgensen, Peter Johannsen, Asmus Vogel
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of the present study was to develop a Danish adaptation of the Boston Naming Test (BNT) including a shortened 30-item version of the BNT for routine clinical use and two parallel 15-item versions for screening purposes. METHOD: The Danish adaptation of the BNT was based on ranking of items according to difficulty in a sample of older non-patients (n = 99). By selecting those items with the largest discrepancy in difficulty for non-patients compared to a mild Alzheimer's disease (AD) sample (n = 53), the shortened versions of the BNT were developed...
August 30, 2017: Clinical Neuropsychologist
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