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Clinical Neuropsychologist

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29345214/deciding-to-adopt-revised-and-new-psychological-and-neuropsychological-tests-an-inter-organizational-position-paper
#1
Shane S Bush, Jerry J Sweet, Kevin J Bianchini, Doug Johnson-Greene, Pamela M Dean, Mike R Schoenberg
OBJECTIVE: Neuropsychological tests undergo periodic revision intended to improve psychometric properties, normative data, relevance of stimuli, and ease of administration. In addition, new tests are developed to evaluate psychological and neuropsychological constructs, often purporting to improve evaluation effectiveness. However, there is limited professional guidance to neuropsychologists concerning the decision to adopt a revised version of a test and/or replace an older test with a new test purporting to measure the same or overlapping constructs...
January 18, 2018: Clinical Neuropsychologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29345192/cross-validation-of-the-dot-counting-test-in-a-large-sample-of-credible-and-non-credible-patients-referred-for-neuropsychological-testing
#2
Courtney McCaul, Kyle B Boone, Annette Ermshar, Maria Cottingham, Tara L Victor, Elizabeth Ziegler, Michelle A Zeller, Matthew Wright
OBJECTIVE: To cross-validate the Dot Counting Test in a large neuropsychological sample. METHOD: Dot Counting Test scores were compared in credible (n = 142) and non-credible (n = 335) neuropsychology referrals. RESULTS: Non-credible patients scored significantly higher than credible patients on all Dot Counting Test scores. While the original E-score cut-off of ≥17 achieved excellent specificity (96.5%), it was associated with mediocre sensitivity (52...
January 18, 2018: Clinical Neuropsychologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29283307/using-the-california-verbal-learning-test-second-edition-as-an-embedded-performance-validity-measure-among-individuals-with-tbi-and-individuals-with-psychiatric-disorders
#3
Virginia C Persinger, Douglas M Whiteside, Lyuba Bobova, Seema D Saigal, Marla J Vannucci, Michael R Basso
OBJECTIVE: Among embedded performance validity tests (PVTs), little research addresses the use of Total Hits and Total False Positives from the California Verbal Learning Test, Second Edition (CVLT-II) in spite of low sensitivity, particularly in psychiatric samples. METHOD: This study examined the classification accuracy of these two measures in individuals with psychiatric disorders or mild traumatic brain injury (MTBI). These samples were separated into two groups using the criteria of passing all PVTs versus failing 2 or more PVTs...
December 28, 2017: Clinical Neuropsychologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29272971/examining-the-beneficial-effect-of-neuropsychological-assessment-on-adult-patient-outcomes-a-systematic-review
#4
Stephanie Watt, Simon F Crowe
OBJECTIVE: Neuropsychological assessment (NPA) addresses important aspects of diagnosis, prognosis, treatment, and rehabilitation planning. This review set out to determine the impact of NPA on the adult patient's outcome, by examining how and whether NPA influences diagnostic decision-making and surgical planning, how NPA can be used to predict patient outcome, and how clients, referrers, and significant others perceive the value of NPA. METHOD: Eligible studies were selected according to pre-defined selection criteria and accessed via the electronic databases Medline and PsycInfo...
December 22, 2017: Clinical Neuropsychologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29265992/dissociation-between-facial-and-bodily-expressions-in-emotion-recognition-a-case-study
#5
Samanta Leiva, Laura Margulis, Andrea Micciulli, Aldo Ferreres
OBJECTIVE: Existing single-case studies have reported deficit in recognizing basic emotions through facial expression and unaffected performance with body expressions, but not the opposite pattern. The aim of this paper is to present a case study with impaired emotion recognition through body expressions and intact performance with facial expressions. METHODS: In this single-case study we assessed a 30-year-old patient with autism spectrum disorder, without intellectual disability, and a healthy control group (n = 30) with four tasks of basic and complex emotion recognition through face and body movements, and two non-emotional control tasks...
December 21, 2017: Clinical Neuropsychologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29265961/framework-for-assessing-individuals-with-rare-genetic-disorders-associated-with-profound-intellectual-and-multiple-disabilities-pimd-the-example-of-phelan-mcdermid-syndrome
#6
Latha Soorya, Jill Leon, M Pilar Trelles, Audrey Thurm
BACKGROUND: Specialized strategies are needed to understand the complex neuropsychological impairments reported in individuals with profound intellectual and multiple disabilities (PIMD) associated with rare genetic disorders. METHODS: This narrative review focuses on assessment of individuals with Phelan-McDermid Syndrome (PMS) as a condition commonly associated with PIMD. Published case series and prospective studies were reviewed to evaluate approaches to cognitive, language, motor/sensory, and behavioral domains...
December 21, 2017: Clinical Neuropsychologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29265960/who-does-she-think-she-is-women-leadership-and-the-b-ias-word
#7
Cynthia S Kubu
OBJECTIVE: Despite the increasing number of women in professional fields, women are under-represented in leadership roles. The goal of this paper is to identify potential explanations for the gender gap in leadership. METHOD: The academic literature with respect to gender roles, leadership, and organizational expectations; gender differences in leadership; and the potential role of second generation bias was reviewed. RESULTS: Women are as effective as male leaders in a variety of organizational settings...
December 21, 2017: Clinical Neuropsychologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29261088/cognitive-and-gait-decrements-among-non-demented-older-adults-with-type-2-diabetes-or-hypertension-a-systematic-review
#8
Madison A Niermeyer
OBJECTIVE: Older adults with Type 2 diabetes (DM2) and hypertension (HTN) often experience cognitive weaknesses. Growing evidence suggests that such weaknesses place patients at risk for gait disturbance and falls. The current systematic review evaluated (a) the impact of DM2 and HTN on cognition and gait and (b) the association between cognition and gait in the context of DM2 and HTN. METHODS: PubMed was searched to identify studies published in English before 15 April 2017 that evaluated both cognition and gait among non-demented older adults either as a function of DM2 or HTN status or as a function of continuous variables that indicate disease severity and/or management (e...
December 20, 2017: Clinical Neuropsychologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29261024/toward-patient-centered-outcomes-for-cognitive-evaluations-the-perspective-of-those-affected-by-parkinson-s-disease
#9
Jared F Benge, Teresa Heemsbergen, Ronald A Nelson, David O Konesheck, Bonny Konesheck, Charles S Aaron
OBJECTIVE: Patient-centered outcomes research is predicated on the idea that the opinions, attitudes, and preferences of patients should help inform study design and interpretation. To date, little is known about what defines patient-centered outcomes from cognitive evaluations. The current evaluation sought to explore this issue in persons with Parkinson's disease (PwPD) and their care partners (CP). METHOD: Focus groups of 22 PwPD/CP dyads were conducted to identify potential consumer oriented endpoints from cognitive evaluations...
December 20, 2017: Clinical Neuropsychologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29256334/utility-of-various-wais-iv-digit-span-indices-for-identifying-noncredible-performance-validity-among-cognitively-impaired-and-unimpaired-examinees
#10
Troy A Webber, Jason R Soble
OBJECTIVE: Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale-Fourth Edition (WAIS-IV) Reliable Digit Span (RDS), RDS-revised (RDS-R), and age-corrected scaled score (ACSS) are validated and commonly used embedded performance validity tests (PVTs), though existing validation studies have largely examined younger (approximate ages 19-35) patients with mild traumatic brain injury or those without cognitive impairment. This study compared the classification accuracy of RDS, RDS-R, and ACSS in a mixed clinical sample of relatively older (M age = 54...
December 19, 2017: Clinical Neuropsychologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29249173/long-term-prospective-memory-impairment-following-mild-traumatic-brain-injury-with-loss-of-consciousness-findings-from-the-canadian-longitudinal-study-on-aging
#11
Marc Bedard, Vanessa Taler, Jason Steffener
OBJECTIVE: We aimed to examine the extent to which loss of consciousness (LOC) following mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI) may be associated with impairments in time- and event-based prospective memory (PM). PM is thought to involve executive processes and be subserved by prefrontal regions. Neuroimaging research suggests alterations to these areas of the brain several years after mTBI, particularly if LOC was experienced. However, it remains unclear whether impairments in time- or event-based functioning may persist more than a year after mTBI, and what the link with duration of LOC may be...
December 18, 2017: Clinical Neuropsychologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29243544/communication-is-key-the-utility-of-a-revised-neuropsychological-report-format
#12
Katherine T Baum, Christian von Thomsen, Megan Elam, Christel Murphy, Melissa Gerstle, Cynthia A Austin, Dean W Beebe
OBJECTIVE: The neuropsychological report is a critical tool for communicating evaluation results to multiple audiences who have varying knowledge about neuropsychology and often have limited ability to review long, complex reports. Considerable time is spent writing these reports and challenges persist related to readability, length/complexity, and billable clinical time (which may be capped by third-party payors or families' ability to pay). METHODS: This quality improvement effort systematically evaluated the redesign of pediatric neuropsychological reports in an outpatient clinic serving primarily medical populations...
December 15, 2017: Clinical Neuropsychologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29235387/work-life-integration-in-neuropsychology-a-review-of-the-existing-literature-and-preliminary-recommendations
#13
Maia Feigon, Cady Block, Leslie Guidotti Breting, Laura Boxley, Erica Dawson, Derin Cobia
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of the current review paper is to identify and describe challenges to work-life integration in neuropsychology, and from this review extrapolate an initial set of recommendations and present a set of scenarios in which the recommendations might apply in the hopes of improving quality of life for current and prospective neuropsychologists. Specific areas of focus include diversity, early and mid-career transitions, and potential barriers to advancement in specific practice settings...
December 13, 2017: Clinical Neuropsychologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214908/prospective-memory-in-first-degree-relatives-of-patients-with-schizophrenia
#14
Saima Saleem, Devvarta Kumar, Ganesan Venkatasubramanian
OBJECTIVES: Among various cognitive impairments in schizophrenia, prospective memory (ProM) deficit is unequivocally established. However, there is a paucity of research examining whether ProM impairment can be considered a cognitive endophenotypic marker in schizophrenia. An important step toward this is to assess the status of ProM in first-degree relatives (FDRs) of patients with schizophrenia. Keeping this in view, present study has been conducted to assess event- and time-based ProM in FDRs of patients with schizophrenia...
December 7, 2017: Clinical Neuropsychologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214891/core-competencies-in-clinical-neuropsychology-training-across-the-world
#15
Erik Hessen, Laura Hokkanen, Jennie Ponsford, Martine van Zandvoort, Ann Watts, Jonathan Evans, Kathleen Y Haaland
OBJECTIVE: This work aimed to review main competency requirements from training models in countries with well-established specialties in clinical neuropsychology and to extract core competencies that likely will apply to clinical neuropsychologists regardless of regional and cultural context. METHOD: We reviewed standards for post-graduate training in clinical neuropsychology from countries in Europe, Australia, and North America based on existing literature, presentations at international conferences, and from description of the training models from national psychological or neuropsychological associations...
December 7, 2017: Clinical Neuropsychologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29183225/prospective-memory-functioning-in-individuals-with-parkinson-s-disease-a-systematic-review
#16
Alberto Costa, Carlo Caltagirone, Giovanni Augusto Carlesimo
Objective There is growing interest in investigating prospective memory (PM) functioning in individuals with Parkinson's disease (PD) without dementia because evidence suggests that PM may be impaired in this clinical population. This paper reviews current literature on PM functioning in PD patients with the aim of discussing (i) the potential contribution of executive and episodic memory disorders to PM impairments, (ii) whether PM impairment is an independent disorder in PD or whether it is a sign of mild cognitive impairment (MCI) and (iii) the efficacy of cognitive interventions in treating PM disorders in these patients...
November 28, 2017: Clinical Neuropsychologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29182444/performance-validity-testing-in-neuropsychology-a-clinical-guide-critical-review-and-update-on-a-rapidly-evolving-literature
#17
Sara M Lippa
OBJECTIVE: Over the past two decades, there has been much research on measures of response bias and myriad measures have been validated in a variety of clinical and research samples. This critical review aims to guide clinicians through the use of performance validity tests (PVTs) from test selection and administration through test interpretation and feedback. METHOD/RESULTS: Recommended cutoffs and relevant test operating characteristics are presented. Other important issues to consider during test selection, administration, interpretation, and feedback are discussed including order effects, coaching, impact on test data, and methods to combine measures and improve predictive power...
November 28, 2017: Clinical Neuropsychologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29169294/susceptibility-of-functional-impairment-scales-to-noncredible-responses-in-the-clinical-evaluation-of-adult-adhd
#18
Anselm B M Fuermaier, Oliver Tucha, Janneke Koerts, Marah Butzbach, Matthias Weisbrod, Steffen Aschenbrenner, Lara Tucha
OBJECTIVE: A growing body of research questions the reliance of symptom self-reports in the clinical evaluation of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in adulthood. A recent study suggested that also impairment reports are vulnerable to noncredible responses, as derived from a simulation design using a global functional impairment scale. The present study aims to add evidence to this issue, by using an ADHD specific impairment scale in a simulation design on large samples...
November 23, 2017: Clinical Neuropsychologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161969/schizophrenia-and-prospective-memory-impairments-a-review
#19
Ya Wang, Raymond C K Chan, David H K Shum
OBJECTIVE: Prospective memory (PM) is the ability to remember to carry out intended actions in the future. Prospective forgetting has been shown to be one of the key cognitive impairments that contribute to medication non-adherence, reduced independence, and social dysfunction in individuals with schizophrenia. This review aimed to provide an up to date appraisal of the nature and extent of PM impairments in individuals with schizophrenia and those who are at risk and to discuss clinical applications in this area...
November 22, 2017: Clinical Neuropsychologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161968/assessment-of-depression-in-epilepsy-the-utility-of-common-and-disease-specific-self-report-depression-measures
#20
Lauren B Strober, Jessica Chapin, Angela Spirou, George Tesar, Adele Viguera, Imad Najm, Robyn M Busch
OBJECTIVES: Depression is common in epilepsy, with rates ranging from 20 to 55% in most samples and reports as high as 70% in patients with intractable epilepsy. However, some contend that depression may be over- and/or under-reported and treated in this population. This may be due to the use of common self-report depression measures that fail to take into account the overlap of disease and depressive symptoms and also the host of side effects associated with antiepileptic medication, which may also be construed as depression...
November 22, 2017: Clinical Neuropsychologist
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