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Clinical Neuropsychologist

Bryce P Mulligan, Colette M Smart, Sidney J Segalowitz
OBJECTIVE: This study was undertaken to explore multimethod neurocognitive screening tools to aid in detection of older adults who may be at heightened risk of pathological cognitive decline (preclinical dementia). In so doing, this study advances the theoretical conceptualization of neurocognitive adaptability in the context of aging and dementia. METHOD: This article reports original data from the baseline measurement occasion of a longitudinal study of healthy, community-dwelling older adults from the Victoria, British Columbia region...
January 16, 2019: Clinical Neuropsychologist
Holly Tuokko, Lauren E Griffith, Martine Simard, Vanessa Taler, Megan E O'Connell, Stacey Voll, Helena Kadlec, Christina Wolfson, Susan Kirkland, Parminder Raina
OBJECTIVE: We present descriptive information on the cognitive measures used in the Canadian Longitudinal Study on Aging (CLSA) Comprehensive Cohort, relate this to information on these measures in the extant literature, and identify key considerations for their use in research and clinical practice. METHOD: The CLSA Comprehensive Cohort is composed of 30,097 participants aged 45-85 years at baseline who provided a broad range of sociodemographic, physical, social, and psychological health information via questionnaire and took part in detailed physical and cognitive assessments...
January 13, 2019: Clinical Neuropsychologist
Erin Trifilio, Jared J Tanner, London Butterfield, Paul Mangal, Jacqueline E Maye, Michael Marsiske, Catherine C Price, Dawn Bowers
OBJECTIVE: Many patients require repeat neuropsychological evaluations to determine change over time. Repeat evaluations lead to practice effects, which can impact the validity of the assessment. The current study assessed, in older adults, the validity of an alternative set of verbal memory stories created by Newcomer and colleagues. METHOD: A total 154 of non-demented adults, ages 60-92, completed the WMS-III logical memory (LM) stories and two Newcomer stories (Carson-Jones) as part of a larger battery of neurocognitive tests...
January 12, 2019: Clinical Neuropsychologist
Lee Ashendorf
OBJECTIVE: Performance validity assessment is a crucial component of any neuropsychological evaluation, particularly in settings where potential exaggeration of complaints and deficits is heightened. Standalone performance validity measures can be time-consuming, so many investigations have explored embedded indices within existing measures. The Rey Auditory Verbal Learning Test (RAVLT) and the Rey-Osterrieth Complex Figure Test (ROCF) each have a number of available embedded performance validity tests (PVTs)...
January 12, 2019: Clinical Neuropsychologist
Victoria C Merritt, Christine R Padgett, Amy J Jak
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this review was to examine sex differences in concussion, or mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI) outcome, updating previous critical reviews of the literature. METHOD: Within adult human studies, we reviewed a wide range of concussion outcome variables: prevalence of concussion, injury characteristics, postconcussion symptom trajectories and psychiatric distress, neuropsychological performance, and neuroimaging findings. Sports-related concussion, civilian, and military samples were included in the review...
January 8, 2019: Clinical Neuropsychologist
Laura Germine, Katharina Reinecke, Naomi S Chaytor
OBJECTIVE: Digital devices are now broadly accessible and have the capacity to measure aspects of human behavior with high precision and accuracy, in a standardized manner. The purpose of this article is to characterize opportunities and barriers for modern digital neuropsychology, particularly those that are unique to digital assessment. METHODS: We provide a critical overview of the state-of-the-art in digital neuropsychology, focusing on personal digital devices...
January 6, 2019: Clinical Neuropsychologist
Diane Howieson
OBJECTIVE: Neuropsychological tests are used for a wide variety of purposes: assessing basic cognitive abilities or disabilities; determining cognitive patterns associated with brain disorders or injury; exploring brain-behavior relationships; and, in some cases, addressing psycho-legal issues. This paper will focus on the limitations of current neuropsychological tests for these purposes. METHOD: Current limits of neuropsychological tests and assessment procedures are reviewed and recommendations for improvements are made...
January 4, 2019: Clinical Neuropsychologist
Philip Gerard Gasquoine, Amy A Weimer, Marlene Orta
OBJECTIVE: To measure failure rates among non-clinical, Mexican American, bilinguals on embedded performance validity measures from the California Verbal Learning Test3 and verbal fluency and the stand-alone Rey 15-item test plus recognition (Rey 15-IR) using valid/invalid performance cut scores developed for monolingual, English-speakers. METHOD: Participants were 60 consecutive recruits, aged between 18 and 75 years, with ≤16 years of education who self-identified as bilingual (confirmed via formal assessment) and chose the language of assessment, Spanish or English, for the performance validity tests...
December 26, 2018: Clinical Neuropsychologist
Adam R Cassidy, Jane Holmes Bernstein, David C Bellinger, Jane W Newburger, David R DeMaso
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether visual-spatial processing style is associated with psychopathology in a large sample of adolescents with critical congenital heart disease (CHD). Local (part-oriented) style was hypothesized to increase risk for internalizing (but not externalizing) forms of psychopathology. METHOD: Participants included 278 adolescents with critical CHD (dextro-transposition of the great arteries = 134, tetralogy of Fallot = 58, single-ventricle cardiac anatomy requiring the Fontan procedure = 86)...
December 26, 2018: Clinical Neuropsychologist
Chris Morrison
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 20, 2018: Clinical Neuropsychologist
Laurence M Binder
OBJECTIVE: To discuss specific issues regarding consent for neuropsychological evaluation and the patient-psychologist relationship within the context of the Ethics Code of the American Psychological Association and relevant literature. METHOD: The author makes recommendations based on the Ethics Code and published sources. This article is advisory and does not prescribe ethical practice. CONCLUSIONS: The presence or absence of a patient-psychologist relationship is an essential consideration...
December 14, 2018: Clinical Neuropsychologist
Lisa M Manderino, Angela M Zachman, John Gunstad
OBJECTIVE: Immediate Post-Concussion Assessment and Cognitive Testing (ImPACT) assesses neurocognitive functioning in sports-related concussion. Previous work demonstrates ImPACT's validity indices detect poor effort at disproportionately higher rates in athletes with histories of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) or academic difficulties. The present study examines whether previously suggested 'dormant' validity indices, Word Memory Correct Distractors (WMCD), and Design Memory Correct Distractors (DMCD), reduce disproportionate invalidity in collegiate athletes with such histories...
December 5, 2018: Clinical Neuropsychologist
Justin B Miller
OBJECTIVE: Neuropsychology is poised for a fundamental shift as we modernize the ways in which behavior is measured. The amount and complexity of data generated by these new methods will be several orders of magnitude greater than what is currently created by analog measures and will quickly adopt characteristics of "Big Data." Adequate preparation for managing the influx of data will be critical for technology integration and modernization to be successful. Drawing from information technology, mathematics, statistics, computer science, and engineering, as well as, biology, genetics, and medicine, the field of biomedical informatics has rapidly evolved from its early days in computational biology to a burgeoning independent discipline that has much to offer neuropsychology...
December 4, 2018: Clinical Neuropsychologist
Carolyn A Kuehnel, Rafael Castro, William M Furey
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to explore changes in verbal comprehension subtest and index scores from Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children, fourth edition (WISC)-IV to WISC-V for individuals with autism spectrum disorder (ASD), as the test revision dropped the subtest that has proven to be most challenging for those with ASD (i.e. Comprehension). METHODS: In all, 48 children with ASD who had been assessed with WISC-IV and re-evaluated with WISC-V were included in this study...
December 4, 2018: Clinical Neuropsychologist
Edan Critchfield, Jason R Soble, Janice C Marceaux, Kathleen M Bain, K Chase Bailey, Troy A Webber, W Alex Alverson, Johanna Messerly, David Andrés González, Justin J F O'Rourke
OBJECTIVE: Performance validity tests (PVTs) are essential in neuropsychological evaluations; however, it has been questioned how PVTs function in the context of cognitive impairment, and whether cognitive impairment alone is sufficient to cause PVT failure. Further, there is concern that some clinicians will disregard failed PVTs due to their perception that failures represent false-positive errors secondary to cognitive impairment. This study examined patterns associated with cognitively impaired versus noncredible performance across a battery of PVTs and neuropsychological tests...
November 26, 2018: Clinical Neuropsychologist
Julie K Janecek, Katherine E Dorociak, Lauren E Piper, Thomas Kelleher, Neil H Pliskin, Michel Gowhari, Robert E Molokie
OBJECTIVE: Growing literature has documented the clinical utility of neuropsychological evaluations for predicting functional outcomes, including reduced healthcare service utilization, in a variety of clinical samples. The present study investigates the relationship between the integration of clinical neuropsychology services into an existing outpatient sickle cell clinic and frequency of emergency department (ED) visits and hospitalizations for pain crises. METHOD: Participants included 144 adults diagnosed with sickle cell disease (SCD) who either underwent neuropsychological evaluation (NP+), including interview, neuropsychological testing, and feedback, or treatment as usual (NP-)...
November 24, 2018: Clinical Neuropsychologist
William F Goette, Haley E Goette
OBJECTIVE: Meta-analyze the embedded performance validity tests of the Repeatable Battery for the Assessment of Neuropsychological Status (RBANS), emphasizing two topics: diagnostic accuracy and relationships with demographics. METHOD: Literature was identified through a review of PsycINFO, PubMed, and Google Scholar. Bivariate linear mixed models were used for diagnostic accuracy analyses. Random-effects analysis of correlations with demographic variables was also used for the Effort Index...
November 24, 2018: Clinical Neuropsychologist
Mary Godfrey, M Meredith Gillis, Divya Khurana, Erica Poletto, Reem A Tarazi
OBJECTIVE: Medial thalamic stroke in adults commonly results in severe learning and memory impairments and executive dysfunction, particularly during the acute phase. However, there is limited research on the cognitive recovery from thalamic stroke in physically healthy adolescents. This study aimed to fill this gap in the literature by utilizing a monozygotic twin control to investigate the neuropsychological outcomes of bilateral thalamic stroke in adolescence. METHOD: We evaluated an otherwise healthy 17-year-old male with a history of premature birth, developmental delay, and learning disability 2 and 7 months after he sustained a bilateral medial/anterior thalamic stroke of unknown etiology...
November 24, 2018: Clinical Neuropsychologist
Andrea Zangrandi, Federico Gasparini, Annalisa Imovilli, Manuela Napoli, Alessandro Marti, Damiano Angelini, Caterina Barletta-Rodolfi, Enrico Ghidoni
OBJECTIVE: A case report of a 74-year-old male presenting with an atypical multimodal semantic impairment. The patient was diagnosed with Waldenström macroglobulinemia (WM) for which he received allogeneic bone marrow transplantation (BMT) due to disease progression. Following BMT, he developed a sudden onset of semantic difficulties that have remained unchanged for eight years. No other cognitive functions have been affected and his activities of daily living remain fully preserved...
November 23, 2018: Clinical Neuropsychologist
Brett A Parmenter
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 22, 2018: Clinical Neuropsychologist
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