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Clinical Neuropsychologist

Daniel P Sheppard, Jelle P Bruineberg, Anett Kretschmer-Trendowicz, Mareike Altgassen
OBJECTIVE: The current article set out to review all research conducted to date investigating prospective memory (PM) in autism. METHOD: All studies on PM in autism are first described, followed by a critical review and discussion of experimental findings within the multiprocess framework. PM in autism is then considered through an embodied predictive-coding account of autism. RESULTS: Overall, despite somewhat inconsistent methodologies, a general deficit in PM in autism is observed, with evidence mostly in line with the multiprocess framework...
March 14, 2018: Clinical Neuropsychologist
Cynthia Z Burton, Lea Vella, Elizabeth W Twamley
OBJECTIVE: Prospective memory (the ability to remember to do things) has clear implications for everyday functioning, including employment, in people with severe mental illnesses (SMI). This study aimed to evaluate prospective memory performance and its relationship to real-world functional variables in an employment-seeking sample of people with SMI (Clinical Trial registration number NCT00895258). METHOD: 153 individuals with DSM-IV diagnosis of depression (n = 58), bipolar disorder (n = 37), or schizophrenia (n = 58) who were receiving outpatient psychiatric care at a university clinic enrolled in a trial of supported employment and completed a baseline assessment...
February 25, 2018: Clinical Neuropsychologist
Stella H Kim, Adriana M Strutt, Laiene Olabarrieta-Landa, Anthony H Lequerica, Diego Rivera, Carlos Jose De Los Reyes Aragon, Oscar Utria, Juan Carlos Arango-Lasprilla
OBJECTIVE: The Boston Naming Test (BNT) is a widely used measure of confrontation naming ability that has been criticized for its questionable construct validity for non-English speakers. This study investigated item difficulty and construct validity of the Spanish version of the BNT to assess cultural and linguistic impact on performance. METHODS: Subjects were 1298 healthy Spanish speaking adults from Colombia. They were administered the 60- and 15-item Spanish version of the BNT...
February 23, 2018: Clinical Neuropsychologist
Robert J Kanser, Lisa J Rapport, Jesse R Bashem, Robin A Hanks
OBJECTIVE: The present study examined the incremental utility of item-level response time (RT) variables on a traditional performance validity test in distinguishing adults with verified TBI from adults coached to feign neurocognitive impairment. METHOD: Participants were 45 adults with moderate to severe TBI, 45 healthy adults coached to feign neurocognitive impairment (SIM), and 61 healthy adult comparisons providing full effort (HC). All participants completed a computerized version of the Test of Memory Malingering (TOMM-C) in the context of a larger test battery...
February 22, 2018: Clinical Neuropsychologist
Daryl E M Fujii
OBJECTIVE: With the increasing diversification of the American population, the discipline of neuropsychology is challenged to develop appropriate tools and conceptual models to meet its evolving client base. Thus far, the focus has been on developing appropriate tests and norms to obtain accurate testing data. By contrast, far less attention has been paid to the contextual impact of culture on an evaluation. This paper attempts to address this shortcoming. METHODS: This manuscript introduces the ECLECTIC framework for conceptualizing different facets of culture pertinent for understanding a culturally diverse client when conducting a neuropsychological evaluation...
February 20, 2018: Clinical Neuropsychologist
Emily H Trittschuh, Brett A Parmenter, Eric R Clausell, M J Mariano, Mark A Reger
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this paper is to provide an overview of helpful clinical practices when working with transgender adult individuals. METHOD: While the number of openly transgender individuals appears to be growing with society's increased acceptance and awareness, many neuropsychologists have had few opportunities to gain experience with this patient population. In this article, we review the existing literature as it relates to clinical neuropsychological practice...
February 20, 2018: Clinical Neuropsychologist
Beat Meier, Severin Fanger, Giannina Toller, Sibylle Matter, René Müri, Klemens Gutbrod
OBJECTIVE: To investigate, in two separate studies, whether amnesic patients with a severe memory impairment can learn to perform a habitual prospective memory task when they receive immediate feedback on prospective memory failures (Study 1) and whether amnesic patients are able to benefit from previous habitual prospective memory performance after a 24-h retention interval. METHOD: A prospective memory task was embedded in a lexical decision task (Study 1) and in a perceptual discrimination task (Study 2)...
February 13, 2018: Clinical Neuropsychologist
Martine Simard, Isabelle Rouleau, Helena Kadlec, Vanessa Taler, Holly Tuokko, Stacey Voll, Megan E O'Connell, Lauren E Griffith, Christina Wolfson, Susan Kirkland, Parminder Raina
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to verify the effect of age, education and sex on Miami Prospective Memory Test (MPMT) performance obtained at baseline of the Canadian Longitudinal Study on Aging (CLSA) by neurologically healthy French- and English-speaking subsamples of participants (N = 18,511). METHOD: The CLSA is a nation-wide large epidemiological study with participants aged 45-85 years old at baseline. The MPMT is an event- and time-based measure of prospective memory, with scores of intention, accuracy and need for reminders, administered as part of the Comprehensive data collection...
February 12, 2018: Clinical Neuropsychologist
Sonia Marcone, Jean-François Gagnon, Catherine Desjardins, Annie-Claude David, Ronald B Postuma, Jacques Montplaisir, Sven Joubert, Isabelle Rouleau
OBJECTIVE: The ability to execute delayed intentions, known as prospective memory (PM), is crucial to everyday living. PM failures are reported in mild cognitive impairment (MCI) and Parkinson's disease, however, no study to date has investigated PM functioning in individuals at high risk of developing these conditions, precisely those diagnosed with idiopathic REM sleep behavior disorder (iRBD). We aimed to assess PM in iRBD according to patients' cognitive status and to determine the underlying nature of their difficulties...
February 7, 2018: Clinical Neuropsychologist
Monica Lavoie, Louis Bherer, Sven Joubert, Jean-François Gagnon, Sophie Blanchet, Isabelle Rouleau, Joël Macoir, Carol Hudon
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to establish normative data for the Rey Auditory Verbal Learning Test, a test assessing verbal episodic memory, in the older French-Quebec population. METHOD: A total of 432 French-speaking participants aged between 55 and 93 years old, from the Province of Quebec (Canada), were included in the study. Using multiple regression analyses, normative data were developed for five variable of interest, namely scores on trial 1, sum of trials 1 to 5, interference list B, immediate recall of list A, and delayed recall of list A...
February 1, 2018: Clinical Neuropsychologist
Bonnie C Sachs, Andreana Benitez, Melissa T Buelow, Amanda Gooding, Lynn A Schaefer, Anita H Sim, Chriscelyn M Tussey, Paula K Shear
OBJECTIVE: Although psychology has become a female-dominated field, this pattern of gender representation has not held true within the specialty of neuropsychology. In recent years more women have been pursuing careers in neuropsychology, and while the balance of male and female neuropsychologists as a whole has shifted, it is unclear whether the gender composition of leadership has also changed. Our goal was to survey various neuropsychological organizations, training programs, editorial boards, and organizations granting board certification to determine the current gender composition of leadership positions within neuropsychology...
January 28, 2018: Clinical Neuropsychologist
T Rune Nielsen, Kurt Segers, Valérie Vanderaspoilden, Peter Bekkhus-Wetterberg, Lennart Minthon, Anna Pissiota, Guro Hanevold Bjørkløf, Ulrike Beinhoff, Magda Tsolaki, Mara Gkioka, Gunhild Waldemar
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to examine test performance on a cross-cultural neuropsychological test battery for assessment of middle-aged and elderly ethnic minority and majority populations in western Europe, and to present preliminary normative data. METHOD: The study was a cross-sectional multi-center study. Tests in the European Cross-Cultural Neuropsychological Test Battery (CNTB) cover several cognitive domains, including global cognitive function, memory, executive functions, and visuospatial functions...
January 24, 2018: Clinical Neuropsychologist
Zachary C Merz, John D Wright, Jillon S Vander Wal, Jeffrey D Gfeller
OBJECTIVE: Neurocognitive deficits commonly are an accompanying feature of Multiple Sclerosis (MS). A brief, yet comprehensive neuropsychological battery is desirable for assessing the extent of these deficits. Therefore, the present study examined the validity of the Mercy Evaluation of Multiple Sclerosis (MEMS) for use with the MS population. METHODS: Archival data from individuals diagnosed with MS (N = 378) by independent neurologists was examined. Cognitive domains assessed included processing speed and attention, learning, and memory, visuospatial, language, and executive functioning...
January 23, 2018: Clinical Neuropsychologist
Shane S Bush, Jerry J Sweet, Kevin J Bianchini, Doug Johnson-Greene, Pamela M Dean, Mike R Schoenberg
OBJECTIVE: Neuropsychological tests undergo periodic revision intended to improve psychometric properties, normative data, relevance of stimuli, and ease of administration. In addition, new tests are developed to evaluate psychological and neuropsychological constructs, often purporting to improve evaluation effectiveness. However, there is limited professional guidance to neuropsychologists concerning the decision to adopt a revised version of a test and/or replace an older test with a new test purporting to measure the same or overlapping constructs...
January 18, 2018: Clinical Neuropsychologist
Courtney McCaul, Kyle B Boone, Annette Ermshar, Maria Cottingham, Tara L Victor, Elizabeth Ziegler, Michelle A Zeller, Matthew Wright
OBJECTIVE: To cross-validate the Dot Counting Test in a large neuropsychological sample. METHOD: Dot Counting Test scores were compared in credible (n = 142) and non-credible (n = 335) neuropsychology referrals. RESULTS: Non-credible patients scored significantly higher than credible patients on all Dot Counting Test scores. While the original E-score cut-off of ≥17 achieved excellent specificity (96.5%), it was associated with mediocre sensitivity (52...
January 18, 2018: Clinical Neuropsychologist
Virginia C Persinger, Douglas M Whiteside, Lyuba Bobova, Seema D Saigal, Marla J Vannucci, Michael R Basso
OBJECTIVE: Among embedded performance validity tests (PVTs), little research addresses the use of Total Hits and Total False Positives from the California Verbal Learning Test, Second Edition (CVLT-II) in spite of low sensitivity, particularly in psychiatric samples. METHOD: This study examined the classification accuracy of these two measures in individuals with psychiatric disorders or mild traumatic brain injury (MTBI). These samples were separated into two groups using the criteria of passing all PVTs versus failing 2 or more PVTs...
December 28, 2017: Clinical Neuropsychologist
Stephanie Watt, Simon F Crowe
OBJECTIVE: Neuropsychological assessment (NPA) addresses important aspects of diagnosis, prognosis, treatment, and rehabilitation planning. This review set out to determine the impact of NPA on the adult patient's outcome, by examining how and whether NPA influences diagnostic decision-making and surgical planning, how NPA can be used to predict patient outcome, and how clients, referrers, and significant others perceive the value of NPA. METHOD: Eligible studies were selected according to pre-defined selection criteria and accessed via the electronic databases Medline and PsycInfo...
December 22, 2017: Clinical Neuropsychologist
Samanta Leiva, Laura Margulis, Andrea Micciulli, Aldo Ferreres
OBJECTIVE: Existing single-case studies have reported deficit in recognizing basic emotions through facial expression and unaffected performance with body expressions, but not the opposite pattern. The aim of this paper is to present a case study with impaired emotion recognition through body expressions and intact performance with facial expressions. METHODS: In this single-case study we assessed a 30-year-old patient with autism spectrum disorder, without intellectual disability, and a healthy control group (n = 30) with four tasks of basic and complex emotion recognition through face and body movements, and two non-emotional control tasks...
December 21, 2017: Clinical Neuropsychologist
Latha Soorya, Jill Leon, M Pilar Trelles, Audrey Thurm
BACKGROUND: Specialized strategies are needed to understand the complex neuropsychological impairments reported in individuals with profound intellectual and multiple disabilities (PIMD) associated with rare genetic disorders. METHODS: This narrative review focuses on assessment of individuals with Phelan-McDermid Syndrome (PMS) as a condition commonly associated with PIMD. Published case series and prospective studies were reviewed to evaluate approaches to cognitive, language, motor/sensory, and behavioral domains...
December 21, 2017: Clinical Neuropsychologist
Cynthia S Kubu
OBJECTIVE: Despite the increasing number of women in professional fields, women are under-represented in leadership roles. The goal of this paper is to identify potential explanations for the gender gap in leadership. METHOD: The academic literature with respect to gender roles, leadership, and organizational expectations; gender differences in leadership; and the potential role of second generation bias was reviewed. RESULTS: Women are as effective as male leaders in a variety of organizational settings...
December 21, 2017: Clinical Neuropsychologist
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