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Clinical Neuropsychologist

Robyn M Busch, Olivia Hogue, Lisa Ferguson, Michael W Parsons, Cynthia S Kubu, Darlene P Floden
OBJECTIVE: To examine the convergent and discriminant validity of two brief computerized episodic memory measures in a large, diverse clinical sample of adults undergoing neuropsychological assessment. METHOD: Computerized measures of word and face memory were administered to 233 adults (age 30 and over) who also completed comprehensive neuropsychological testing. RESULTS: Moderate correlations were observed between the computerized memory tests and a wide range of traditional neuropsychological measures of episodic memory (e...
July 11, 2018: Clinical Neuropsychologist
Anne Sophie Champod, Gord J Gubitz, Stephen J Phillips, Christine Christian, Yvette Reidy, Luiza M Radu, Sultan Darvesh, John M Reid, Franziska Kintzel, Gail A Eskes
OBJECTIVE: The Clock Drawing Test (CDT) is commonly used as a screening tool for the assessment of dementia. The association between the CDT in acute stroke and long-term functional and cognitive outcomes in this population is unknown. The present prospective study is the first to examine if CDT scores in the acute stage after stroke are related to long-term outcomes and to compare the predictive ability of two scoring systems in a large sample of stroke patients. METHOD: A total of 340 patients admitted to an acute stroke unit were included in the present study...
July 9, 2018: Clinical Neuropsychologist
Joanne Ryan, Robyn L Woods, Carlene Britt, Anne M Murray, Raj C Shah, Christopher M Reid, Brenda Kirpach, Rory S Wolfe, Mark R Nelson, Jessica E Lockery, Suzanne G Orchard, Ruth E Trevaks, John J McNeil, Elsdon Storey
OBJECTIVE: To present normative performance data on the Modified Mini-Mental State (3MS) examination for healthy community-dwelling older individuals according to gender, age, education level, and ethno-racial group. METHOD: More than 19,000 generally healthy older men and women without a diagnosis of dementia were recruited from the general population in Australia and the U.S. for the ASPirin in Reducing Events in the Elderly (ASPREE) study. The 3MS exam was administered as part of the baseline screening and individuals scoring above 77 were eligible to participate...
July 5, 2018: Clinical Neuropsychologist
Constantinos Kormas, Anastasia Megalokonomou, Ioannis Zalonis, Ioannis Evdokimidis, Elisabeth Kapaki, Constantin Potagas
OBJECTIVE: The Face-Name Associative Memory Examination (FNAME) is a cross-modal associative memory test with a high sensitivity for detecting Alzheimer's disease-related subtle memory problems at an early preclinical stage. The present study examined the psychometric characteristics of a Greek version of the short form of FNAME (GR-FNAME12) to evaluate the contribution of demographic characteristics, report the range of performance within our sample, and estimate regression-based norms in cognitively normal elderly individuals...
July 2, 2018: Clinical Neuropsychologist
Sara M Fernandes, Alexandra M Araújo, Enrique Vázquez-Justo, Carolina Pereira, Ana Silva, Nuria Paul, Raquel Yubero, Fernando Maestú
OBJECTIVE: Previous literature has shown that executive functions (EF) are related to performance in memory tasks. The fact that there are no psychometric tests that evaluate these two constructs simultaneously led a group of researchers to develop the Test of Memory Strategies (TSM). Given the potential importance of this instrument for neuropsychological evaluation, in this study, we aimed to evaluate the psychometric properties of the TMS in Portuguese sample. We also examined the effect of aging by exploring profiles of performance on the TMS, comparing young and elderly healthy subjects...
June 28, 2018: Clinical Neuropsychologist
Damian Leitner, Harry Miller, Maya Libben
OBJECTIVE: Few studies have examined the relationship between cognition and function for acute stroke inpatients utilizing comprehensive methods. This study aimed to assess the relationship of a neuropsychological model, above and beyond a baseline model, with concurrent functional status across multiple domains in the early weeks of stroke recovery and rehabilitation. METHOD: Seventy-four acute stroke patients were administered a comprehensive neuropsychological assessment...
June 25, 2018: Clinical Neuropsychologist
Siew-Tim Lai, Kheng-Seang Lim, Wah-Yun Low, Venus Tang
OBJECTIVES: Psychological well-being in people with neurological diseases can be compromised due to brain damage or psychological reactions towards chronic disabilities. This systematic review evaluated the efficacy of positive psychological intervention (PPI) in neurological populations. METHODS: Previous studies relevant to this topic were identified by searches in PUBMED, EMBASE, MEDLINE, and PSYCINFO databases from Jan 1980 to August 2017. RESULTS: Of 1361 articles identified, 31 studies were included...
June 24, 2018: Clinical Neuropsychologist
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No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2018: Clinical Neuropsychologist
Courtney McCaul, Kyle B Boone, Annette Ermshar, Maria Cottingham, Tara L Victor, Elizabeth Ziegler, Michelle A Zeller, Matthew Wright
OBJECTIVE: To cross-validate the Dot Counting Test in a large neuropsychological sample. METHOD: Dot Counting Test scores were compared in credible (n = 142) and non-credible (n = 335) neuropsychology referrals. RESULTS: Non-credible patients scored significantly higher than credible patients on all Dot Counting Test scores. While the original E-score cut-off of ≥17 achieved excellent specificity (96.5%), it was associated with mediocre sensitivity (52...
August 2018: Clinical Neuropsychologist
Virginia C Persinger, Douglas M Whiteside, Lyuba Bobova, Seema D Saigal, Marla J Vannucci, Michael R Basso
OBJECTIVE: Among embedded performance validity tests (PVTs), little research addresses the use of Total Hits and Total False Positives from the California Verbal Learning Test, Second Edition (CVLT-II) in spite of low sensitivity, particularly in psychiatric samples. METHOD: This study examined the classification accuracy of these two measures in individuals with psychiatric disorders or mild traumatic brain injury (MTBI). These samples were separated into two groups using the criteria of passing all PVTs versus failing 2 or more PVTs...
August 2018: Clinical Neuropsychologist
April Au, Susan Vandermorris, Peter G Rendell, Fergus I M Craik, Angela K Troyer
OBJECTIVE: Prospective memory is the ability to 'remember to remember' and a facet of memory important to everyday functioning. For older adults, prospective memory slips are a common concern. In the present study, we conducted an initial validation of a paper-and-pencil adaptation of the Actual Week test, and reported on internal consistency, inter-rater and test-retest reliability, convergent and divergent validity, as well as veridicality of the task. METHOD: Fifty-eight healthy, community-dwelling older adults were recruited from a larger randomized controlled trial and tested at baseline...
August 2018: Clinical Neuropsychologist
Sarah A Raskin
OBJECTIVE: Prospective memory (PM) has emerged as a form of episodic memory that is frequently impaired in a variety of clinical populations. Neuropsychologists who routinely evaluate these populations are often unaware of the possibility of PM deficits or the impact these deficits may have on everyday functioning. The objective of this special issue is to provide an overview of the nature of prospective deficits in a range of clinical populations, to discuss neuropsychological assessment techniques, and to critically evaluate management strategies...
July 2018: Clinical Neuropsychologist
Glynda J Kinsella, Kerryn E Pike, Marina G Cavuoto, Stephen D Lee
OBJECTIVE: There has been a recent rapid development of research characterizing prospective memory performance in mild cognitive impairment (MCI) in older age. However, this body of literature remains largely separated from routine clinical practice in neuropsychology. Furthermore, there is emerging evidence of effective interventions to improve prospective memory performance. Therefore, our objective in this article was to offer a clinical neuropsychological perspective on the existing research in order to facilitate the translation of the evidence-base into clinical practice...
July 2018: Clinical Neuropsychologist
Sarah A Raskin, Jasmin Williams, Emily M Aiken
OBJECTIVE: Prospective memory (PM) deficits have emerged as an important predictor of difficulty in daily life for individuals with acquired brain injury (BI). This review examines the variables that have been found to influence PM performance in this population. In addition, current methods of assessment are reviewed with a focus on clinical measures. Finally, cognitive rehabilitation therapies are reviewed, including compensatory, restorative and metacognitive approaches. METHOD: Preferred reporting items for systematic reviews and meta-analyses guidelines were used to identify studies...
July 2018: Clinical Neuropsychologist
Daniel P Sheppard, Jelle P Bruineberg, Anett Kretschmer-Trendowicz, Mareike Altgassen
OBJECTIVE: The current article set out to review all research conducted to date investigating prospective memory (PM) in autism. METHOD: All studies on PM in autism are first described, followed by a critical review and discussion of experimental findings within the multiprocess framework. PM in autism is then considered through an embodied predictive-coding account of autism. RESULTS: Overall, despite somewhat inconsistent methodologies, a general deficit in PM in autism is observed, with evidence mostly in line with the multiprocess framework...
July 2018: Clinical Neuropsychologist
Marc Bedard, Vanessa Taler, Jason Steffener
OBJECTIVE: We aimed to examine the extent to which loss of consciousness (LOC) following mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI) may be associated with impairments in time- and event-based prospective memory (PM). PM is thought to involve executive processes and be subserved by prefrontal regions. Neuroimaging research suggests alterations to these areas of the brain several years after mTBI, particularly if LOC was experienced. However, it remains unclear whether impairments in time- or event-based functioning may persist more than a year after mTBI, and what the link with duration of LOC may be...
July 2018: Clinical Neuropsychologist
Saima Saleem, Devvarta Kumar, Ganesan Venkatasubramanian
OBJECTIVES: Among various cognitive impairments in schizophrenia, prospective memory (ProM) deficit is unequivocally established. However, there is a paucity of research examining whether ProM impairment can be considered a cognitive endophenotypic marker in schizophrenia. An important step toward this is to assess the status of ProM in first-degree relatives (FDRs) of patients with schizophrenia. Keeping this in view, present study has been conducted to assess event- and time-based ProM in FDRs of patients with schizophrenia...
July 2018: Clinical Neuropsychologist
Alberto Costa, Carlo Caltagirone, Giovanni Augusto Carlesimo
Objective There is growing interest in investigating prospective memory (PM) functioning in individuals with Parkinson's disease (PD) without dementia because evidence suggests that PM may be impaired in this clinical population. This paper reviews current literature on PM functioning in PD patients with the aim of discussing (i) the potential contribution of executive and episodic memory disorders to PM impairments, (ii) whether PM impairment is an independent disorder in PD or whether it is a sign of mild cognitive impairment (MCI) and (iii) the efficacy of cognitive interventions in treating PM disorders in these patients...
July 2018: Clinical Neuropsychologist
Ya Wang, Raymond C K Chan, David H K Shum
OBJECTIVE: Prospective memory (PM) is the ability to remember to carry out intended actions in the future. Prospective forgetting has been shown to be one of the key cognitive impairments that contribute to medication non-adherence, reduced independence, and social dysfunction in individuals with schizophrenia. This review aimed to provide an up to date appraisal of the nature and extent of PM impairments in individuals with schizophrenia and those who are at risk and to discuss clinical applications in this area...
July 2018: Clinical Neuropsychologist
Céline Souchay, Lydia Dubourg, Nicola Ballhausen, Maude Schneider, Charline Cerf, Katharina Schnitzspahn, Laurence Faivre, Matthias Kliegel, Stephan Eliez
OBJECTIVE: 22q11.2 deletion syndrome, also known as velo-cardio-facial syndrome (VCFS) is a genetic disorder caused by a microdeletion on chromosome 22q11.2 and characterized by marked impairment in visual attention and executive function. The present study examined if this cognitive deficit extends to prospective memory (the type of memory involved in remembering to perform actions in the future). METHOD: 20 participants with 22q11.2DS aged between 6 and 14 were included in the study as well as 22 typically developing individuals (TDC) aged 6-12...
July 2018: Clinical Neuropsychologist
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