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Clinical Neuropsychologist

Andreia Geraldo, Andreia Azeredo, Rita Pasion, Artemisa Rocha Dores, Fernando Barbosa
OBJECTIVES: The current review aimed to explore the advances in neuropsychological assessment in light of a recent research framework designed to improve our knowledge on mental health - the Research Domain Criteria (RDoC). METHODS: RDoC proposals on neuropsychological tests were reviewed across the RDoC cognitive systems domain. The focus is on the physiological unit of analysis and the potential applications are illustrated given the functional relevance of RDoC constructs to psychopathological and neurological conditions...
November 5, 2018: Clinical Neuropsychologist
Roy P C Kessels
OBJECTIVE: In cognitive neuroscience, well-controlled and highly specific paradigms have been developed to measure cognitive processes over the last decades, often using computer-assisted presentation and response registration. This approach is in contrast with the traditional paper-and-pencil tests used in clinical neuropsychology, which typically assess cognitive function in a less specific manner, often even at the level of a cognitive domain. As a result, important aspects of cognitive (dys)function may be missed during a neuropsychological assessment...
November 5, 2018: Clinical Neuropsychologist
Monica Rivera-Mindt, Robin C Hilsabeck
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 28, 2018: Clinical Neuropsychologist
Hannah Tehan, Kate Witteveen, G Anne Tolan, Gerald Tehan
OBJECTIVE: To test the effectiveness of using a non-targeted, dual-task methodology to promote positive cognitive behavior change in acute stroke. METHOD: Three stroke survivors, selected because they exhibited different recovery profiles, different lesion sites, and time since suffering a stroke, were administered an anagram task five or six times across a two-week period in the days following a stroke. Task difficulty increased across sessions by means of adding a category instance detection task, where participants had to identify instances from either one or two different semantic categories...
October 26, 2018: Clinical Neuropsychologist
Jordan Pierce, Arnaud Saj
OBJECTIVE: Unilateral spatial neglect is a multi-faceted syndrome that arises from brain lesions, typically in the right hemisphere, and is characterized by the failure to attend or respond to stimuli in contralesional space. Here, we expand on the proposal that one deficit contributing to the diverse symptoms in neglect involves spatial remapping processes. Spatial remapping is required to maintain a stable visual representation despite frequent eye movements that change the retinal image...
October 25, 2018: Clinical Neuropsychologist
Daniel H Olsen, Ryan W Schroeder, Robin J Heinrichs, Phillip K Martin
OBJECTIVE: This study investigated whether indices within the Brief Visuospatial Memory Test - Revised (BVMT-R) could function as embedded performance validity measures in an outpatient clinical sample. METHOD: A sample of 138 neuropsychological outpatients was utilized; approximately 45% had a known or suspected external incentive. Patients were determined to be valid performers if they passed all criterion performance validity tests (PVTs) and determined to be invalid performers if they failed two or more PVTs...
October 24, 2018: Clinical Neuropsychologist
Marie Geurten, Thierry Meulemans, Xavier Seron
OBJECTIVE: Symptom exaggeration and malingering are core issues in forensic and clinical evaluation. Generally, experts use two main types of instruments to assess the credibility of symptoms: performance validity tests that aim to detect underperformance and self-report validity tests that appraise over-reporting of symptoms. However, while many tools can be used to assess underperformance, far fewer instruments are available to evaluate over-reporting of symptoms. METHODS: In this study, we adapted the Self-Report Symptom Inventory (SRSI) for use with French-speaking participants and tested its psychometric properties on a sample of 575 healthy adults (aged from 18 to 65 years), alongside various smaller subgroups...
October 15, 2018: Clinical Neuropsychologist
Sara N Edmond
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 29, 2018: Clinical Neuropsychologist
John P K Bernstein, Matthew Calamia, Molly Z Meth, Daniel Tranel
OBJECTIVE: To determine which patient, provider and practice-related characteristics are associated with increased likelihood of driving-related recommendations following a neuropsychological evaluation. METHOD: A total of 309 clinical neuropsychologists completed a survey evaluating the frequency with which they made various driving-related recommendations (e.g., take an on-road driving test) to a variety of clinical populations. Information regarding patient characteristics (e...
September 29, 2018: Clinical Neuropsychologist
William Perry, Laura Lacritz, Tresa Roebuck-Spencer, Cheryl Silver, Robert L Denney, John Meyers, Charles E McConnel, Neil Pliskin, Deb Adler, Christopher Alban, Mark Bondi, Michelle Braun, Xavier Cagigas, Morgan Daven, Lisa Drozdick, Norman L Foster, Ula Hwang, Laurie Ivey, Grant Iverson, Joel Kramer, Melinda Lantz, Lisa Latts, Ana Maria Lopez, Michael Malone, Lori Martin-Plank, Katie Maslow, Don Melady, Melissa Messer, Randi Most, Margaret P Norris, David Shafer, Colin M Thomas, Laura Thornhill, Jean Tsai, Nirav Vakharia, Martin Waters, Tamara Golden
In December 2017, the National Academy of Neuropsychology convened an interorganizational Summit on Population Health Solutions for Assessing Cognitive Impairment in Geriatric Patients in Denver, Colorado. The Summit brought together representatives of a broad range of stakeholders invested in the care of older adults to focus on the topic of cognitive health and aging. Summit participants specifically examined questions of who should be screened for cognitive impairment and how they should be screened in medical settings...
August 2018: Clinical Neuropsychologist
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2018: Clinical Neuropsychologist
Courtney McCaul, Kyle B Boone, Annette Ermshar, Maria Cottingham, Tara L Victor, Elizabeth Ziegler, Michelle A Zeller, Matthew Wright
OBJECTIVE: To cross-validate the Dot Counting Test in a large neuropsychological sample. METHOD: Dot Counting Test scores were compared in credible (n = 142) and non-credible (n = 335) neuropsychology referrals. RESULTS: Non-credible patients scored significantly higher than credible patients on all Dot Counting Test scores. While the original E-score cut-off of ≥17 achieved excellent specificity (96.5%), it was associated with mediocre sensitivity (52...
August 2018: Clinical Neuropsychologist
Virginia C Persinger, Douglas M Whiteside, Lyuba Bobova, Seema D Saigal, Marla J Vannucci, Michael R Basso
OBJECTIVE: Among embedded performance validity tests (PVTs), little research addresses the use of Total Hits and Total False Positives from the California Verbal Learning Test, Second Edition (CVLT-II) in spite of low sensitivity, particularly in psychiatric samples. METHOD: This study examined the classification accuracy of these two measures in individuals with psychiatric disorders or mild traumatic brain injury (MTBI). These samples were separated into two groups using the criteria of passing all PVTs versus failing 2 or more PVTs...
August 2018: Clinical Neuropsychologist
Susan Goedeken, Cathryne Potempa, Eliza M Prager, Erin R Foster
Objective To compare the effects of laboratory-based training in implementation intentions (II; experimental strategy) and verbal rehearsal (VR; control strategy) on self-reported everyday prospective memory among people with Parkinson disease (PD) and to investigate potential correlates of change in self-reported everyday prospective memory in response to this training. Method This was a randomized-controlled trial. Participants with mild to moderate PD without dementia underwent one session of training in either II (n = 25) or VR (n = 27)...
August 2018: Clinical Neuropsychologist
Jessica Klusek, Alexis Ruber, Jane E Roberts
OBJECTIVE: The Fragile X Mental Retardation-1 (FMR1) premutation is a common genetic abnormality, affecting ~1:150 women in the United States. Clinical neuropsychologists are becoming increasingly aware of their role in the clinical management of the FMR1 premutation, which is associated with risk for a range of cognitive, executive, neuromotor, and psychological impairments, including neurodegenerative disease. This study investigated atypical eye contact as a critical neuropsychological phenotype associated with the FMR1 premutation...
August 2018: Clinical Neuropsychologist
April Au, Susan Vandermorris, Peter G Rendell, Fergus I M Craik, Angela K Troyer
OBJECTIVE: Prospective memory is the ability to 'remember to remember' and a facet of memory important to everyday functioning. For older adults, prospective memory slips are a common concern. In the present study, we conducted an initial validation of a paper-and-pencil adaptation of the Actual Week test, and reported on internal consistency, inter-rater and test-retest reliability, convergent and divergent validity, as well as veridicality of the task. METHOD: Fifty-eight healthy, community-dwelling older adults were recruited from a larger randomized controlled trial and tested at baseline...
August 2018: Clinical Neuropsychologist
Robyn M Busch, Olivia Hogue, Lisa Ferguson, Michael W Parsons, Cynthia S Kubu, Darlene P Floden
OBJECTIVE: To examine the convergent and discriminant validity of two brief computerized episodic memory measures in a large, diverse clinical sample of adults undergoing neuropsychological assessment. METHOD: Computerized measures of word and face memory were administered to 233 adults (age 30 and over) who also completed comprehensive neuropsychological testing. RESULTS: Moderate correlations were observed between the computerized memory tests and a wide range of traditional neuropsychological measures of episodic memory (e...
July 11, 2018: Clinical Neuropsychologist
Anne Sophie Champod, Gord J Gubitz, Stephen J Phillips, Christine Christian, Yvette Reidy, Luiza M Radu, Sultan Darvesh, John M Reid, Franziska Kintzel, Gail A Eskes
OBJECTIVE: The Clock Drawing Test (CDT) is commonly used as a screening tool for the assessment of dementia. The association between the CDT in acute stroke and long-term functional and cognitive outcomes in this population is unknown. The present prospective study is the first to examine if CDT scores in the acute stage after stroke are related to long-term outcomes and to compare the predictive ability of two scoring systems in a large sample of stroke patients. METHOD: A total of 340 patients admitted to an acute stroke unit were included in the present study...
July 9, 2018: Clinical Neuropsychologist
Joanne Ryan, Robyn L Woods, Carlene Britt, Anne M Murray, Raj C Shah, Christopher M Reid, Brenda Kirpach, Rory S Wolfe, Mark R Nelson, Jessica E Lockery, Suzanne G Orchard, Ruth E Trevaks, John J McNeil, Elsdon Storey
OBJECTIVE: To present normative performance data on the Modified Mini-Mental State (3MS) examination for healthy community-dwelling older individuals according to gender, age, education level, and ethno-racial group. METHOD: More than 19,000 generally healthy older men and women without a diagnosis of dementia were recruited from the general population in Australia and the U.S. for the ASPirin in Reducing Events in the Elderly (ASPREE) study. The 3MS exam was administered as part of the baseline screening and individuals scoring above 77 were eligible to participate...
July 5, 2018: Clinical Neuropsychologist
Constantinos Kormas, Anastasia Megalokonomou, Ioannis Zalonis, Ioannis Evdokimidis, Elisabeth Kapaki, Constantin Potagas
OBJECTIVE: The Face-Name Associative Memory Examination (FNAME) is a cross-modal associative memory test with a high sensitivity for detecting Alzheimer's disease-related subtle memory problems at an early preclinical stage. The present study examined the psychometric characteristics of a Greek version of the short form of FNAME (GR-FNAME12) to evaluate the contribution of demographic characteristics, report the range of performance within our sample, and estimate regression-based norms in cognitively normal elderly individuals...
July 2, 2018: Clinical Neuropsychologist
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