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Clinical Neuropsychologist

Robyn M Busch, Olivia Hogue, Lisa Ferguson, Michael W Parsons, Cynthia S Kubu, Darlene P Floden
OBJECTIVE: To examine the convergent and discriminant validity of two brief computerized episodic memory measures in a large, diverse clinical sample of adults undergoing neuropsychological assessment. METHOD: Computerized measures of word and face memory were administered to 233 adults (age 30 and over) who also completed comprehensive neuropsychological testing. RESULTS: Moderate correlations were observed between the computerized memory tests and a wide range of traditional neuropsychological measures of episodic memory (e...
July 11, 2018: Clinical Neuropsychologist
Anne Sophie Champod, Gord J Gubitz, Stephen J Phillips, Christine Christian, Yvette Reidy, Luiza M Radu, Sultan Darvesh, John M Reid, Franziska Kintzel, Gail A Eskes
OBJECTIVE: The Clock Drawing Test (CDT) is commonly used as a screening tool for the assessment of dementia. The association between the CDT in acute stroke and long-term functional and cognitive outcomes in this population is unknown. The present prospective study is the first to examine if CDT scores in the acute stage after stroke are related to long-term outcomes and to compare the predictive ability of two scoring systems in a large sample of stroke patients. METHOD: A total of 340 patients admitted to an acute stroke unit were included in the present study...
July 9, 2018: Clinical Neuropsychologist
Joanne Ryan, Robyn L Woods, Carlene Britt, Anne M Murray, Raj C Shah, Christopher M Reid, Brenda Kirpach, Rory S Wolfe, Mark R Nelson, Jessica E Lockery, Suzanne G Orchard, Ruth E Trevaks, John J McNeil, Elsdon Storey
OBJECTIVE: To present normative performance data on the Modified Mini-Mental State (3MS) examination for healthy community-dwelling older individuals according to gender, age, education level, and ethno-racial group. METHOD: More than 19,000 generally healthy older men and women without a diagnosis of dementia were recruited from the general population in Australia and the U.S. for the ASPirin in Reducing Events in the Elderly (ASPREE) study. The 3MS exam was administered as part of the baseline screening and individuals scoring above 77 were eligible to participate...
July 5, 2018: Clinical Neuropsychologist
Constantinos Kormas, Anastasia Megalokonomou, Ioannis Zalonis, Ioannis Evdokimidis, Elisabeth Kapaki, Constantin Potagas
OBJECTIVE: The Face-Name Associative Memory Examination (FNAME) is a cross-modal associative memory test with a high sensitivity for detecting Alzheimer's disease-related subtle memory problems at an early preclinical stage. The present study examined the psychometric characteristics of a Greek version of the short form of FNAME (GR-FNAME12) to evaluate the contribution of demographic characteristics, report the range of performance within our sample, and estimate regression-based norms in cognitively normal elderly individuals...
July 2, 2018: Clinical Neuropsychologist
Sara M Fernandes, Alexandra M Araújo, Enrique Vázquez-Justo, Carolina Pereira, Ana Silva, Nuria Paul, Raquel Yubero, Fernando Maestú
OBJECTIVE: Previous literature has shown that executive functions (EF) are related to performance in memory tasks. The fact that there are no psychometric tests that evaluate these two constructs simultaneously led a group of researchers to develop the Test of Memory Strategies (TSM). Given the potential importance of this instrument for neuropsychological evaluation, in this study, we aimed to evaluate the psychometric properties of the TMS in Portuguese sample. We also examined the effect of aging by exploring profiles of performance on the TMS, comparing young and elderly healthy subjects...
June 28, 2018: Clinical Neuropsychologist
Damian Leitner, Harry Miller, Maya Libben
OBJECTIVE: Few studies have examined the relationship between cognition and function for acute stroke inpatients utilizing comprehensive methods. This study aimed to assess the relationship of a neuropsychological model, above and beyond a baseline model, with concurrent functional status across multiple domains in the early weeks of stroke recovery and rehabilitation. METHOD: Seventy-four acute stroke patients were administered a comprehensive neuropsychological assessment...
June 25, 2018: Clinical Neuropsychologist
Siew-Tim Lai, Kheng-Seang Lim, Wah-Yun Low, Venus Tang
OBJECTIVES: Psychological well-being in people with neurological diseases can be compromised due to brain damage or psychological reactions towards chronic disabilities. This systematic review evaluated the efficacy of positive psychological intervention (PPI) in neurological populations. METHODS: Previous studies relevant to this topic were identified by searches in PUBMED, EMBASE, MEDLINE, and PSYCINFO databases from Jan 1980 to August 2017. RESULTS: Of 1361 articles identified, 31 studies were included...
June 24, 2018: Clinical Neuropsychologist
Laura Hokkanen, Sandra Lettner, Fernando Barbosa, Marios Constantinou, Lauren Harper, Erich Kasten, Sara Mondini, Bengt Persson, Nataliya Varako, Erik Hessen
OBJECTIVE: The aims of the study were to analyze the current European situation of specialist education and training within clinical neuropsychology, and the legal and professional status of clinical neuropsychologists in different European countries. METHOD: An online survey was prepared in 2016 by a Task Force established by the European Federation of Psychological Associations, and representatives of 30 countries gave their responses. Response rate was 76%. RESULTS: Only three countries were reported to regulate the title of clinical neuropsychologist as well as the education and practice of clinical neuropsychologists by law...
June 20, 2018: Clinical Neuropsychologist
Beate Gaertner, Michael Wagner, Tobias Luck, Amanda K Buttery, Judith Fuchs, Markus A Busch
OBJECTIVE: To provide normative data for the Digit Symbol Substitution Test (DSST) of the Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale, 3rd edition (WAIS-III) in a population-based sample of community-dwelling older adults in Germany according to age, sex, and level of education. METHOD: The sample comprised 1385 participants aged 65-79 years from the nationwide representative 'German Health Interview and Examination Survey for Adults' (DEGS1, 2008-2011). Participants with known cognitive impairment or dementia, other medical conditions affecting cognition, or currently using psychotropic drugs were excluded...
June 17, 2018: Clinical Neuropsychologist
Hala Darwish, Pia Zeinoun, Natali Farran, Souha Fares
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to provide normative data for four trials of the Rey figure Test - a complex design used to assess visuoconstructional abilities, aspects of visual memory, and aspects of executive functioning. Despite its frequent clinical and research use in the Arab region, published studies regarding the measures' adaptation or normative data remain absent. METHOD: We administered the Rey figure on a convenience sample of Lebanese (n = 254) aged 30 years to 99...
June 12, 2018: Clinical Neuropsychologist
Ryan W Schroeder, Phillip K Martin, Robin J Heinrichs, Lyle E Baade
OBJECTIVE: Performance validity test (PVT) research studies commonly utilize a known-groups design, but the criterion grouping approaches within the design vary greatly from one study to another. At the present time, it is unclear as to what degree different criterion grouping approaches might impact PVT classification accuracy statistics. METHOD: To analyze this, the authors used three different criterion grouping approaches to examine how classification accuracy statistics of a PVT (Word Choice Test; WCT) would differ...
June 8, 2018: Clinical Neuropsychologist
Kevin Duff, Kayla R Suhrie, Bonnie C A Dalley, Jeffrey S Anderson, John M Hoffman
OBJECTIVE: Within neuropsychology, a number of mathematical formulae (e.g. reliable change index, standardized regression based) have been used to determine if change across time has reliably occurred. When these formulae have been compared, they often produce different results, but 'different' results do not necessarily indicate which formulae are 'best.' The current study sought to further our understanding of change formulae by comparing them to clinically relevant external criteria (amyloid deposition and hippocampal volume)...
June 8, 2018: Clinical Neuropsychologist
Anjuli S Bodapati, Hannah L Combs, Nicholas J Pastorek, Brian Miller, Maya Troyanskaya, Jennifer Romesser, Anita Sim, John Linck
OBJECTIVE: As part of routine care at Veterans Affairs facilities, veterans with a service-related traumatic brain injury (TBI) are administered a self-report post-concussive symptom measure, the Neurobehavioral Symptom Inventory (NSI). Interpreting the NSI can be problematic given that over-reporting on self-report measures is often found in both civilian and military patient populations. This study investigates embedded scales on the NSI that identify possible and probable symptom exaggeration...
June 5, 2018: Clinical Neuropsychologist
Rebecca Wiseheart, Robin Wellington
BACKGROUND: Dyslexia is the most common type of learning disability and studies have shown that student-athletes with learning disabilities sustain more concussions than their non-affected peers. However, current methods of dyslexia identification in college students are potentially invalid because they rely on students to self-report formal dyslexia diagnoses. METHODS: To test the accuracy of self-report against two alternative methods of dyslexia screening, 94 college students completed three dyslexia symptom inventories, two rapid naming (RAN) tasks, and a standard word reading measure...
May 15, 2018: Clinical Neuropsychologist
Amber Kippie, Brittany J Ryan, Heather McManemy, Maria R Escobar Medina, Pamela M Porter, Michael Malek-Ahmadi
OBJECTIVE: The National Association of Psychometrists (NAP) conducted a salary survey to collect data regarding common practices and income of individuals employed as psychometrists. METHODS: An email with a survey link was sent to NAP members and posted on the NAP website. There were 118 responses; most from the United States. RESULTS: Canadian data was excluded from compensation analysis due to imprecision in the survey/exchange rates. Most respondents reported full time employment...
May 11, 2018: Clinical Neuropsychologist
Valérie Turcotte, Marie-Eve Gagnon, Sven Joubert, Isabelle Rouleau, Jean-François Gagnon, Frédérique Escudier, Lisa Koski, Olivier Potvin, Joël Macoir, Carol Hudon
OBJECTIVE: The Clock Drawing Test (CDT) is frequently used to screen for cognitive impairment, however, normative data for Rouleau et al.'s scoring system are scarce. The present study aims to provide norms for Rouleau et al.'s scoring system that are tailored to Quebec French-speaking mid- and older aged healthy adults. METHODS: Six researchers from various research centers across the Province of Quebec (Canada) sent anonymous data for 593 (391 women) healthy community-dwelling volunteers (age range: 43-93 years; education range: 5-23 years) who completed the CDT 'drawing on command' version...
May 9, 2018: Clinical Neuropsychologist
Erica Sieg, Quan Mai, Caterina Mosti, Michael Brook
OBJECTIVE: This was a retrospective study designed to examine the relationship between inpatient neuropsychological status and future utilization costs. METHODS: We completed a retrospective chart review of 280 patients admitted to a large academic medical center who were referred for bedside neuropsychological evaluation. Patients were grouped based on neuropsychological recommendation regarding level of supportive needs post-discharge (low, moderate, high). Level of support was used as a gross surrogate indicator of cognitive status in this heterogeneous sample...
May 6, 2018: Clinical Neuropsychologist
Douglas P Terry, Michelle Brassil, Grant L Iverson, William J Panenka, Noah D Silverberg
OBJECTIVE: The current study examined the effect of depression on cognitive test performance in a sample of adults seeking treatment for a mild traumatic brain injury (MTBI). We hypothesized that patients with greater depressive symptoms would perform worse on tasks of fluid cognition compared to those without depression, after controlling for potential confounds. METHOD: Patients (N = 76) completed a brief cognitive test battery (NIH Toolbox Cognition Battery; NIHTB-CB) and a depression screening questionnaire (PHQ-9) at 11...
May 4, 2018: Clinical Neuropsychologist
Alexandre St-Hilaire, Camille Parent, Olivier Potvin, Louis Bherer, Jean-François Gagnon, Sven Joubert, Sylvie Belleville, Maximiliano A Wilson, Lisa Koski, Isabelle Rouleau, Carol Hudon, Joël Macoir
OBJECTIVE: The Trail Making Test (TMT) is mainly used to assess visual scanning/processing speed (part A) and executive functions (part B). The test has proven sensitive at detecting cognitive impairment during aging. However, previous studies have shown differences between normative data from different countries and cultures, even when corrected for age and education. Such inconsistencies between normative data may lead to serious diagnostic errors, thus, the development of local norms is warranted...
May 4, 2018: Clinical Neuropsychologist
Sandra Freitas, Gerardo Prieto, Mário R Simões, Joana Nogueira, Isabel Santana, Cristina Martins, Lara Alves
OBJECTIVE: The present study aims to analyze the psychometric characteristics of the TeLPI (Irregular Words Reading Test), a Portuguese premorbid intelligence test, using the Rasch model for dichotomous items. RESULTS: The results reveal an overall adequacy and a good fit of values regarding both items and persons. A high variability of cognitive performance level and a good quality of the measurements were also found. The TeLPI has proved to be a unidimensional measure with reduced DIF effects...
May 3, 2018: Clinical Neuropsychologist
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