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Clinical Neuropsychologist

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28156190/the-visual-association-test-extended-a-cross-sectional-study-of-the-performance-validity-measures
#1
Sascha R A Meyer, Jos F M de Jonghe, Ben Schmand, Rudolf W H M Ponds
OBJECTIVE: Given the hazards of knowledge about performance validity tests (PVTs) being proliferated among the general public, there is a continuous need to develop new PVTs. The purpose of these studies was to validate the newly developed Visual Association Test-Extended (VAT-E). METHOD: The VAT-E consists of 24 pairs of line drawings; it is partly based on Green's Word Memory Test (WMT) paradigm. In study 1, we compared VAT-E total scores of healthy controls (n = 226), patients with mild cognitive impairment (MCI) (n = 76), patients with Alzheimer's disease (AD) (n = 26), and persons instructed to feign memory deficit (n = 29)...
February 3, 2017: Clinical Neuropsychologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28084893/strategies-of-successful-and-unsuccessful-simulators-coached-to-feign-traumatic-brain-injury
#2
Robert J Kanser, Lisa J Rapport, Jesse R Bashem, Nia M Billings, Robin A Hanks, Bradley N Axelrod, Justin B Miller
OBJECTIVE: The present study evaluated strategies used by healthy adults coached to simulate traumatic brain injury (TBI) during neuropsychological evaluation. METHOD: Healthy adults (n = 58) were coached to simulate TBI while completing a test battery consisting of multiple performance validity tests (PVTs), neuropsychological tests, a self-report scale of functional independence, and a debriefing survey about strategies used to feign TBI. RESULTS: "Successful" simulators (n = 16) were classified as participants who failed 0 or 1 PVT and also scored as impaired on one or more neuropsychological index...
January 13, 2017: Clinical Neuropsychologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28080301/assessing-social-cognition-age-related-changes-in-moral-reasoning-in-childhood-and-adolescence
#3
V Chiasson, E Vera-Estay, G Lalonde, J J Dooley, M H Beauchamp
OBJECTIVE: There is increasing recognition that socio-cognitive skills, such as moral reasoning (MR), are affected in a wide range of developmental and neuropsychological conditions. However, the lack of appropriate measures available to neuropsychologists poses a challenge for the direct assessment of these skills. This study sought to explore age-related changes in MR using an innovative visual tool and examine the developmental sensitivity of the task. METHOD: To address some of the methodological limitations of traditional measures of MR, a novel, visual task, the Socio-Moral Reasoning Aptitude Level (So-Moral), was used to evaluate MR in 216 healthy participants aged 6-20 years...
January 12, 2017: Clinical Neuropsychologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28080264/convergent-and-criterion-validity-of-the-cogstate-computerized-brief-battery-cognitive-assessment-in-women-with-and-without-breast-cancer
#4
Sunita K Patel, Adrienne M Meier, Nathaniel Fernandez, Tracy T Y Lo, Colleen Moore, Nicole Delgado
OBJECTIVE: Computerized tests have increasingly garnered interest for assessing cognitive functioning due to their potential logistical and financial advantages over traditional 'pencil and-paper' neuropsychological tests. However, psychometric information is necessary to guide decisions about their clinical and research utility with varied populations. We explored the convergent construct validity and criterion validity of the CogState computerized tests in breast cancer survivors, a group known to present with mostly mild, subtle cognitive dysfunction...
January 12, 2017: Clinical Neuropsychologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28080261/performance-of-hispanics-and-non-hispanic-whites-on-the-nih-toolbox-cognition-battery-the-roles-of-ethnicity-and-language-backgrounds
#5
Ilse Flores, Kaitlin B Casaletto, Maria J Marquine, Anya Umlauf, David J Moore, Dan Mungas, Richard C Gershon, Jennifer L Beaumont, Robert K Heaton
OBJECTIVE: This study examined the influence of Hispanic ethnicity and language/cultural background on performance on the NIH Toolbox Cognition Battery (NIHTB-CB). METHOD: Participants included healthy, primarily English-speaking Hispanic (n = 93; Hispanic-English), primarily Spanish-speaking Hispanic (n = 93; Hispanic-Spanish), and English speaking Non-Hispanic white (n = 93; NH white) adults matched on age, sex, and education levels. All participants were in the NIH Toolbox national norming project and completed the Fluid and Crystallized components of the NIHTB-CB...
January 12, 2017: Clinical Neuropsychologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077020/relationship-between-18-f-flutemetamol-uptake-and-rbans-performance-in-non-demented-community-dwelling-older-adults
#6
Dustin B Hammers, Taylor J Atkinson, Bonnie C A Dalley, Kayla R Suhrie, Britney E Beardmore, Lance D Burrell, Kevin P Horn, Kelli M Rasmussen, Norman L Foster, Kevin Duff, John M Hoffman
OBJECTIVE: The Repeatable Battery for the Assessment of Neuropsychological Status (RBANS) has been used extensively for clinical care and in research for patients with mild cognitive impairment and Alzheimer's disease (AD); however, relatively few studies have evaluated the relationship between RBANS performance and AD imaging biomarkers. The purpose of the current study was to evaluate the association between a relatively new amyloid positron emission tomography imaging biomarker and performance on the RBANS...
January 12, 2017: Clinical Neuropsychologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077000/specificity-rates-for-non-clinical-bilingual-mexican-americans-on-three-popular-performance-validity-measures
#7
Philip G Gasquoine, Amy A Weimer, Arnoldo Amador
OBJECTIVE: To measure specificity as failure rates for non-clinical, bilingual, Mexican Americans on three popular performance validity measures: (a) the language format Reliable Digit Span; (b) visual-perceptual format Test of Memory Malingering; and (c) visual-perceptual format Dot Counting, using optimal/suboptimal effort cut scores developed for monolingual, English-speakers. METHODS: Participants were 61 consecutive referrals, aged between 18 and 65 years, with <16 years of education who were subjectively bilingual (confirmed via formal assessment) and chose the language of assessment, Spanish or English, for the performance validity tests...
January 12, 2017: Clinical Neuropsychologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28075223/the-statistical-crisis-in-science-how-is-it-relevant-to-clinical-neuropsychology
#8
Andrew Gelman, Hilde M Geurts
There is currently increased attention to the statistical (and replication) crisis in science. Biomedicine and social psychology have been at the heart of this crisis, but similar problems are evident in a wide range of fields. We discuss three examples of replication challenges from the field of social psychology and some proposed solutions, and then consider the applicability of these ideas to clinical neuropsychology. In addition to procedural developments such as preregistration and open data and criticism, we recommend that data be collected and analyzed with more recognition that each new study is a part of a learning process...
January 11, 2017: Clinical Neuropsychologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27937143/discriminating-cognitive-screening-and-cognitive-testing-from-neuropsychological-assessment-implications-for-professional-practice
#9
Cady K Block, Doug Johnson-Greene, Neil Pliskin, Corwin Boake
OBJECTIVE: To provide clarification on the distinction between cognitive screening, cognitive testing, and neuropsychological assessment and highlight practical implications. METHOD: Non-systematic brief clinical review. RESULTS: There is a present lack of explicit distinction between the various levels of measurement of cognitive functioning with regard to goals, indications for use, levels of complexity, and outcome. There is also a lack of guidance regarding the identification of who should be responsible for the administration and interpretation at each level...
December 12, 2016: Clinical Neuropsychologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27911221/the-effect-of-a-third-party-observer-and-trait-anxiety-on-neuropsychological-performance-the-attentional-control-theory-act-perspective
#10
Fatemeh Rezaei, Nasrin Alsadat Hosseini Ramaghani, Rachel L Fazio
OBJECTIVE: Studies have reported that the presence of a third party observer (TPO) during neuropsychological assessments negatively affects the test performance of the examinee. The present study aimed to investigate the effects of a TPO and trait anxiety on neuropsychological performance according to Attentional Control Theory (ACT). METHOD: A sample of college students was recruited (n = 318) and then 80 participants were selected to represent the high and low trait anxiety groups...
December 2, 2016: Clinical Neuropsychologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27892809/civil-capacity-in-transition-age-youth-with-history-of-central-nervous-system-compromise-a-review
#11
Jacobus Donders
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this paper is to review various aspects of decision-making capacities in children and adolescents with a history of central nervous system compromise over the course of development and into transition to adulthood. METHOD: The literature on consent capacity in various domains is reviewed, with reference to state-specific legal definitions and requirements, and illustrated with a case example. CONCLUSIONS: Neuropsychologists who use an evidence-based assessment approach, and who can clearly communicate their findings in reference to specific probate court standards, can make a unique contribution to the legal system while serving their clients who are transitioning from adolescence into adulthood...
November 28, 2016: Clinical Neuropsychologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28140827/preschoolers-not-just-very-young-children
#12
Ida Sue Baron
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2017: Clinical Neuropsychologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28084188/-formula-see-text-associations-among-parent-child-relationships-and-cognitive-and-language-outcomes-in-a-clinical-sample-of-preschool-children
#13
Kara Leiser, Amy Heffelfinger, Astrida Kaugars
OBJECTIVE: To examine associations among parent-child relationship characteristics and child cognitive and language outcomes. METHODS: Preschool children (n = 72) with early neurological insult completed assessments of cognitive and language functioning and participated in a parent-child semi-structured interaction. RESULTS: Quality of the parent-child relationship accounted for a significant amount of unique variance (12%) in predicting children's overall cognitive and language functioning...
February 2017: Clinical Neuropsychologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079460/development-of-a-version-of-the-self-ordered-pointing-task-a-working-memory-task-for-brazilian-preschoolers
#14
Isabela Sallum, Fernanda Gomes da Mata, Nathália Falcone Cheib, Charles W Mathias, Débora Marques Miranda, Leandro Fernandes Malloy-Diniz
OBJECTIVE: Working memory is a fundamental cognitive function and is predictive of outcomes and achievement in a wide range of domains from an early age. The focus of this study was to develop a computerized Brazilian version of the Self-Ordered Pointing Task (SOPT) for preschoolers and to provide initial normative and validation data for this task. METHODS: The sample of the present study was composed of 248 children aged 3 (n = 41), 4 (n = 88) and 5 (n = 119) years from 13 private and public schools in Belo Horizonte...
February 2017: Clinical Neuropsychologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27875931/early-numeracy-skills-in-preschool-aged-children-a-review-of-neurocognitive-findings-and-implications-for-assessment-and-intervention
#15
Kimberly P Raghubar, Marcia A Barnes
OBJECTIVES: The goals are to (1) provide a review of the typical and atypical development of early numeracy; (2) present what is known about the neurocognitive underpinnings of early numeracy; and (3) discuss the implications for early assessment and intervention. METHOD: Studies on the development of typical and atypical early numeracy are reviewed with a particular focus on longitudinal findings including those from our work on spina bifida myelomeningocele. Implications of this research for assessment are presented...
February 2017: Clinical Neuropsychologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27801620/preschool-self-regulation-predicts-later-mental-health-and-educational-achievement-in-very-preterm-and-typically-developing-children
#16
Lianne J Woodward, Zhigang Lu, Alyssa R Morris, Dione M Healey
OBJECTIVE: To examine the extent to which preschool emotional and behavioral regulatory difficulties were associated with an increased risk of later mental health and educational problems. Of particular interest was whether early regulatory abilities contributed to later risk once baseline child behavioral adjustment and cognitive function were taken into account. METHOD: Data were drawn from a prospective longitudinal study of 223 children born very preterm (VPT; <32 weeks gestation, n = 110) and full term (37-40 weeks gestation)...
February 2017: Clinical Neuropsychologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27750544/the-effect-of-task-complexity-on-planning-in-preterm-born-children
#17
John C Sheehan, Kimberly A Kerns, Ulrich Müller
OBJECTIVE: Planning is an important executive function (EF) skill that is fundamental to the capacity to achieve everyday goals that require a series of intermediate steps. This study examined the effect of preterm birth on planning skills in early and middle childhood using Tower problems that made different cognitive workload demands. METHOD: We administered a novel touchscreen Tower of Hanoi task (Monkey Tree Task; MTT) in three age cohorts (3, 6, and 9 years) to 485 children born between 2000 and 2010 (105 extremely low birth weight [ELBW], 248 late preterm [LP], and 132 term-born [Term])...
February 2017: Clinical Neuropsychologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27724157/neuropsychological-functioning-in-preschool-aged-children-undergoing-evaluation-for-organ-transplant
#18
Tanya N Antonini, Stacey S Beer, Tamir Miloh, William J Dreyer, Susan E Caudle
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to review the current literature on neuropsychological functioning in two groups of children requiring organ transplants (liver or heart) and present recent clinical data collected through the liver and cardiac transplantation programs at a large pediatric academic medical center. METHOD: Data included in this study came from 18 patients who completed evaluations for heart transplant (n = 8) or liver transplant (n = 10) between the ages of 2 and 6 years (inclusive)...
February 2017: Clinical Neuropsychologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27705181/birth-at-22-gestational-weeks-case-report-of-cognitive-resilience
#19
Crista A Hopp, Ida Sue Baron
OBJECTIVE: Children delivered at the edge of viability are at greatest risk of medical and neuropsychological disability, their adverse outcomes overshadowing extremely preterm survivors with more optimal outcomes. We aimed to describe an exceptionally early-born extremely preterm (EEEP) preschooler whose neurobiological, familial, and socioeconomic factors likely influenced her unexpected cognitive resilience. METHOD: Baby G was a 3-years 10-months-old, English-speaking, Caucasian, singleton girl born weighing 435 g at 22(5/7) weeks' gestation to well-educated married parents...
February 2017: Clinical Neuropsychologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27705180/preschool-predictors-of-school-age-academic-achievement-in-autism-spectrum-disorder
#20
Lauren E Miller, Jeffrey D Burke, Eva Troyb, Kelley Knoch, Lauren E Herlihy, Deborah A Fein
OBJECTIVE: Characterization of academic functioning in children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD), particularly predictors of achievement, may have important implications for intervention. The current study aimed to characterize achievement profiles, confirm associations between academic ability and concurrent intellectual and social skills, and explore preschool predictors of school-age academic achievement in a sample of children with ASD. METHOD: Children with ASD (n = 26) were evaluated at the approximate ages of two, four, and ten...
February 2017: Clinical Neuropsychologist
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