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Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry and Neurology

Xin Xu, Cheuk Ni Kan, Tien Yin Wong, Ching-Yu Cheng, M Kamran Ikram, Christopher Li-Hsian Chen, Narayanaswamy Venketasubramanian
OBJECTIVE: Sleep disturbances were found to be associated with more behavioral and psychological symptoms (BPS) in early patients with Alzheimer's disease (AD). However, data on preclinical stages of dementia are lacking. Hence, the present study sought to investigate the association between sleep disturbances and BPS in dementia-free elderly with varying severity of cognitive impairment in an Asian sample. METHODS: Community-living elderly were recruited and administered a comprehensive cognitive battery (vascular dementia battery [VDB]) and the Neuropsychiatric Inventory to assess symptoms of sleep disturbances and BPS...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry and Neurology
Manuel E Machado-Duque, Juan Pablo Castaño-Montoya, Diego A Medina-Morales, Alejandro Castro-Rodríguez, Alexandra González-Montoya, Jorge E Machado-Alba
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVE: To determine the association between the use of anticholinergic drugs and the risk of falls with hip fracture in a population older than 60 years. METHODS: A case-control study in patients older than 60 years with a diagnosis of hip fracture. All drugs dispensed during the previous 30 days were identified. Sociodemographic, clinical, pharmacological (drugs according to the Anticholinergic Risk Scale [ARS]), and polypharmacy variables were analyzed...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry and Neurology
Martinus P G Broen, A F G Leentjens, J T Hinkle, A J H Moonen, M L Kuijf, N M Fischer, K Perepezko, A Bakker, G M Pontone
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this work was to investigate marker profiles for proposed anxiety subtypes in Parkinson disease (PD). METHODS: We used the persistent anxiety, episodic anxiety, and avoidance behavior subscales of the Parkinson Anxiety Scale as dependent variables in multivariable linear regression analyses using a cross-sectional data set of 311 patients with PD. Independent variables consisted of a range of demographic, psychiatric, and disease-specific markers...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry and Neurology
Panagiota Voskou, Athanasios Douzenis, Alexandra Economou, Sokratis G Papageorgiou
INTRODUCTION: The increase in the aging population and the number of patients with dementia led to the research in older adults' capacity assessment over the last 3 decades. Many cases of contested wills occur due to lack of testamentary capacity (TC), especially in cases of dementia. AIM: Purpose of the present study was to overview the legal, medical, and neuropsychological aspects of TC as well as the instruments used for TC assessment. FINDINGS: The testator/testatrix with intact TC has realistic perception of his or her property value, lack of psychopathology affecting contact with reality, and intact intention of how and to whom he or she will dispose his or her assets...
January 2018: Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry and Neurology
Natalie J Sachs-Ericsson, Greg Hajcak, Julia L Sheffler, Ian H Stanley, Edward A Selby, Guy G Potter, David C Steffens
BACKGROUND: Individuals with major depressive disorder (MDD) may exhibit smaller striatal volumes reflecting deficits in the reward circuit. Deficits may change with age and be more pronounced among the melancholic subtype. Limited research has investigated striatal volume differences in older adults and by depression subtypes. METHOD: We used baseline data from the Neurocognitive Outcomes of Depression in the Elderly study. We examined volumetric differences in the putamen and caudate nucleus among older adults (60 years and older), comparing healthy control participants (n = 134) to depressed participants (n = 226), and comparing nonmelancholic depressed participants (n = 93) to melancholic depressed participants (n = 133)...
January 2018: Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry and Neurology
D Santos-García, E Suárez-Castro, J Ernandez, I Expósito-Ruiz, C Tuñas-Gesto, M Aneiros-Díaz, T de Deus-Fonticoba, M López-Fernández, D Núñez-Arias
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study is to identify risk factors for mortality in a community-based cohort of nondemented patients with Parkinson disease (PD) during prospective long-term follow-up, while also comparing the effect of motor complications to nonmotor symptoms (NMS) on risk of mortality. METHODS: One hundred forty seven nondemented patients with PD (57.1% males; 70.9 ± 8.6 years old) were included in this 48 month follow-up, longitudinal, single, evaluation study...
January 2018: Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry and Neurology
Tatiana Belfort, Pedro Simões, Maria Fernanda Barroso de Sousa, Raquel Luiza Santos, Isabel Barbeito, Bianca Torres, Marcia Cristina N Dourado
A large body of evidence highlights the social cognitive impairment in neurodegenerative diseases such Alzheimer disease (AD). This study investigated the relationship among social and emotional functioning (SEF), awareness of disease, and other clinical aspects in people with AD (PwAD). A consecutive series of 50 people with mild to moderate AD and their 50 family caregivers were assessed. There was a significant difference between self-rated SEF and informant-rated SEF. In 56% of PwAD, self-rated SEF is lower than informant-rated SEF...
January 2018: Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry and Neurology
Ibrahim Abdollahpour, Saharnaz Nedjat, Yahya Salimi
BACKGROUND: Now positive aspect of caregiving (PAC) is well-defined as caregiver gains, satisfaction, meaningful life, and enhanced family relationship. The adjusted association of PAC and caregiver burden is not well acknowledged. This study investigated the association of caregiver burden and PAC adjusting for potential confounders. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study that recruited 132 caregivers. A linear regression model with PAC was used to estimate the adjusted associations...
January 2018: Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry and Neurology
Renee J Flores, Adalberto Campo-Arias, Jim P Stimpson, Claudia M Chalela, Carlos A Reyes-Ortiz
To explore the association between past sexual abuse and depression in elders living in Bogotá, Colombia, we used data from the SABE (Salud, Bienestar y Envejecimiento [Health, Well-being, and Aging]) Bogotá Study. Participants were 2000 community-dwelling adults aged 60 years and older in 2012. Sexual abuse was assessed by self-report. Depression was measured by the Geriatric Depression Scale. The weighted prevalence estimate was 2.6% for past sexual abuse and 23.4% for depression. Multivariate data analyses showed significantly higher odds of depression for past sexual abuse (odds ratio [OR] = 3...
January 2018: Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry and Neurology
Sevdenur Cizginer, Edward Marcantonio, Sarinnapha Vasunilashorn, Alvaro Pascual-Leone, Mouhsin Shafi, Eva M Schmitt, Sharon K Inouye, Richard N Jones
We evaluated the role of cognitive and brain reserve markers in modifying the risk of postoperative delirium associated with a pathophysiologic marker. The Successful Aging after Elective Surgery study (SAGES) enrolled 556 adults age ≥70 years without dementia scheduled for major surgery. Patients were assessed preoperatively and daily during hospitalization for delirium. We used C-reactive protein (CRP) as a pathophysiologic marker of inflammation, previously associated with delirium. Markers of reserve included vocabulary knowledge, education, cognitive activities, occupation type and complexity, head circumference, intracranial volume, and leisure activities...
November 2017: Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry and Neurology
Tabina K Choudhury, Celeste Harris, Kathleen Crist, Terry K Satterwhite, Michele K York
BACKGROUND: Available treatment options for Parkinson's disease (PD) are primarily aimed at pharmacological and/or neurosurgical management of motor symptoms. However, many patients also experience chronic non-motor symptoms (NMS), including significant cognitive and mood changes. Currently, there is a gap in the neuropsychological literature regarding the efficacy of nonpharmacological treatment options for cognitive and mood changes in PD. OBJECTIVE: We sought to evaluate the efficacy and patient satisfaction of a pilot nonpharmacological intervention for alleviating NMS in patients with PD...
September 2017: Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry and Neurology
Seoyoung Yoon, Cheolmin Shin, Changsu Han
BACKGROUND: The coexistence of depression with mild cognitive impairment (MCI) seems to increase the risk of dementia. However, the explanations of that relationship have been inconsistent. We investigated cognitive profiles in patients with MCI with and without depression and whether changes in depression symptoms affect cognition longitudinally. METHODS: For the study, 161 patients with MCI were divided into a depressed group (D+) and a nondepressed group (D-)...
September 2017: Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry and Neurology
Jennifer Y Y Szeto, Glenda M Halliday, Sharon L Naismith, Simon J G Lewis
To date, only limited research has concurrently investigated the presence of rapid eye movement sleep behavior disorder (RBD) and other features associated with Parkinson disease (PD) and dementia with Lewy bodies (DLB) in people presenting with mild cognitive impairment (MCI). As a first step towards a longitudinal research project, the present study explored the relationships between MCI, RBD, and depression in 108 older adults who presented with subjective memory complaints but were not known to have a neurodegenerative condition...
July 2017: Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry and Neurology
Caroline L Lassen-Greene, Kayla Steward, Ozioma Okonkwo, Ellen Porter, Michael Crowe, David E Vance, H Randall Griffith, Karlene Ball, Daniel C Marson, Virginia G Wadley
OBJECTIVES: Research estimates that a significant percentage of individuals with mild cognitive impairment (MCI) experience functional difficulties. In addition to reduced accuracy on measures of everyday function, cross-sectional research has demonstrated that speed of performing instrumental activities of daily living (IADLs) is slowed in individuals with MCI. The present study investigated whether baseline and longitudinal changes in speed and accuracy of IADL performance differed between persons with MCI and cognitively normal peers...
July 2017: Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry and Neurology
Emre Bora, Görsev G Yener
Social cognitive abilities are impaired in Alzheimer disease and other dementias. Recent studies suggested that social cognitive abilities might be also impaired in mild cognitive impairment (MCI). Current meta-analysis aimed to summarize available evidence for deficits in theory of mind (ToM) and emotion recognition in MCI. In this meta-analysis of 17 studies, facial emotion recognition and ToM performances of 513 individuals with MCI and 693 healthy controls were compared. Mild cognitive impairment was associated with significant impairments falling in the medium effect sizes range in ToM ( d = 0...
July 2017: Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry and Neurology
Dimitrios Adamis, Geraldine McCarthy, Edmond O'Mahony, David Meagher
Motor disturbances in delirious patients are common, but their relationship to cognition and severity of illness has not been studied. We examined motor subtypes in an older age inpatient population, their relationship to clinical variables including delirium, and their association with 1-year mortality in a prospective study, using the Confusion Assessment Method, Acute Physiology and Chronic Health Evaluation II, Montreal Cognitive Assessment (MoCA), Barthel Index, and Delirium Rating Scale-Revised 98 (DRS-R98)...
July 2017: Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry and Neurology
Gomez-Gallego Maria, Gomez-Garcia Juan
BACKGROUND: There is some controversy about the ability of patients with Alzheimer disease (AD) to experience and remember emotional stimuli. This study aims to assess the emotional experience of patients with AD and the existence of emotional enhancement of memory. We also investigated the influence of affective state on these processes. METHODS: Sixty pictures from the International Affective Picture System were administered to 106 participants (72 patients with AD and 54 controls)...
May 2017: Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry and Neurology
Bora Yoon, Yong S Shim, Yun Jeong Hong, Seong Hye Choi, Hee Kyung Park, Sun Ah Park, Jee Hyang Jeong, Soo Jin Yoon, Dong-Won Yang
BACKGROUND: We investigated differences in the prevalence of anosognosia and neuropsychiatric symptoms (NPSs) characteristics according to disease severity in patients with early-onset Alzheimer disease (EOAD). METHODS: We recruited 616 patients with EOAD. We subdivided participants into 2 groups based on the presence or absence of anosognosia and then again by Clinical Dementia Rating (CDR) scale. We compared the differences in the Neuropsychiatric Inventory (NPI) scores according to anosognosia and disease severity...
May 2017: Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry and Neurology
Joël Macoir, Monica Lavoie, Robert Laforce, Simona M Brambati, Maximiliano A Wilson
Primary progressive aphasia (PPA) is a heterogeneous neurodegenerative condition in which the most prominent clinical feature is language difficulties. Other cognitive domains have been described to remain unaffected at the early stages of the disease and, therefore, excluded from diagnostic criteria. However, we show in this article that executive function (EF) disorders may be present in the 3 variants (nonfluent/agrammatic, logopenic, and semantic) of PPA. We also illustrate changes in language and EF by means of a 3-year behavioral and neuroimaging longitudinal study of a patient suffering from the semantic variant of PPA...
May 2017: Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry and Neurology
Filippo Cieri, Roberto Esposito, Nicoletta Cera, Valentina Pieramico, Armando Tartaro, Massimo di Giannantonio
Late-life depression (LLD) is a common emotional and mental disability in the elderly population characterized by the presence of depressed mood, the loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities, and other depression symptoms. It has a serious effect on the quality of life of elderly individuals and increases their risk of developing physical and mental diseases. It is an important area of research, given the growing elderly population. Brain functional connectivity modifications represent one of the neurobiological biomarker for LLD even if to date remains poorly understood...
May 2017: Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry and Neurology
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