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Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry and Neurology

YanHong Dong, Melissa Tan Yi Ling, Kelly Ee Teng Ng, Aijing Wang, Esther Yee Shuang Wan, Reshma A Merchant, Narayanaswamy Venketasubramanian, Christopher Li-Hsian Chen, Rathi Mahendran, Simon Lowes Collinson
BACKGROUND: We aimed to examine the discriminant validity of a brief self-administered cognitive screening test, the Test Your Memory (TYM) and a brief neuropsychological test, the Repeatable Battery for the Assessment of Neuropsychological Status (RBANS), supplemented with executive and language tests (Color Trail Test [CTT] and modified Boston Naming Test [mBNT], respectively), in detecting cognitive impairment (CI) in a one-stop memory clinic in Singapore. METHODS: Ninety patients ≥50 years old with a diagnosis of no cognitive impairment, mild cognitive impairment, and mild Alzheimer disease were recruited from memory clinic...
January 10, 2019: Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry and Neurology
Ali Ezzati, Mindy J Katz, Carol A Derby, Molly E Zimmerman, Richard B Lipton
BACKGROUND: There is increasing evidence that depressive symptoms are associated with increased risk of cognitive impairment and dementia in older adults. In current study, we aimed to investigate the effect of depressive symptoms on incident Alzheimer disease and all-cause dementia in a community sample of older adults. METHODS: Participants were 1219 older adults from the Einstein Aging Study, a longitudinal cohort study of community-dwelling older adults in Bronx County, New York...
January 10, 2019: Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry and Neurology
Akin Ojagbemi, Toyin Bello, Fisayo Elugbadebo
OBJECTIVES: Poststroke suicide has not been studied in Black Africans. We assessed the characteristics and contexts of serious suicidal thoughts after first-ever stroke in Nigerians. METHODS: Using a comparative cross-sectional design, we consecutively recruited 130 stroke survivors attending rehabilitation in a large university hospital. Also included were 130 age-, sex-, and education-matched caregivers who were unrelated to stroke survivors. Along with clinical and historical details, cognitive functions, experience of serious suicidal thoughts, and major depressive disorder (MDD) were independently assessed using validated semi-structured interviews...
January 10, 2019: Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry and Neurology
Ayşe İnel Manav, Nuray Simsek
This study was carried out to assess the effects of reminiscence therapy that was supported with internet-based videos on the cognitive condition and apathy levels of older people with mild dementia living in nursing homes. This randomized controlled experimental study was conducted between May 15, 2016, and August 25, 2016, in two nursing homes in Adana, Turkey. A total of 32 people participated in this study, 16 individuals were in the intervention group and 16 individuals were in the control group. The data were collected using a Personal Information Form, the Standardized Mini-Mental State Examination (SMMSE) test, and the Apathy Rating Scale (ARS) Self-assessment Form...
January 6, 2019: Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry and Neurology
Maryam Pourhassan, Bjoern Angersbach, Gero Lueg, Christiane Nicola Klimek, Rainer Wirth
AIM: We sought to identify any association between whole blood thiamine level and functional status in older hospitalized patients. METHODS: This cross-sectional study retrospectively analyzed the results of routine measurements of whole blood thiamine levels of 233 older patients who were consecutively hospitalized to a geriatric acute care ward. Nutritional status, depression, and the participants' cognitive impairment were evaluated using the Mini Nutritional Assessment-Short Form, Depression in Old Age Scale, and Montreal Cognitive Assessment, respectively...
December 20, 2018: Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry and Neurology
Ana Paula S Pereira, Victor Marinho, Daya Gupta, Francisco Magalhães, Carla Ayres, Silmar Teixeira
AIM: This review aims to demonstrate the efficiency of music and dance for gait improvement and symptom alleviation in Parkinson disease. METHODOLOGY: Studies that analyzed sound stimuli and dance in gait improvement in Parkinson disease were searched through PubMed, Scopus, Doaj, MEDLINE, and ScienceDirect databases from November 2017 to April 2018 and repeated in September 2018. RESULTS AND DISCUSSION: Forty-five studies met the inclusion criteria to synthesize the findings on dance and music performance as a treatment for classical symptoms of Parkinson disease...
December 17, 2018: Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry and Neurology
Ruoyi Sun, Simin Yang, Bing Zheng, Jianping Liu, Xiaowei Ma
A large number of case-control studies have investigated the association of apolipoprotein E ( APOE) polymorphisms with Parkinson disease (PD) and Parkinson disease dementia (PDD), with inconsistent results. This meta-analysis aimed to evaluate the relationship between APOE polymorphisms and PD/PDD risk. We searched for published studies in PubMed, Web of Science, WanFang Data (in Chinese), and CNKI (in Chinese) from inception to June 2017. Case-control studies reporting part or complete APOE genotype and allele frequency data were included...
December 9, 2018: Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry and Neurology
Francis B Annor, Rana A Bayakly, Reynolds A Morrison, Michael J Bryan, Leah K Gilbert, Asha Z Ivey-Stephenson, Kristin M Holland, Thomas R Simon
INTRODUCTION: Findings from studies examining the relationship between dementia and suicide have been inconsistent. This study examined the characteristics, precipitants, and risk factors for suicide among persons with dementia. METHODS: Data from the Georgia Alzheimer's Disease and Related Dementia registry were linked with 2013 to 2016 data from Georgia Vital Records and Georgia Violent Death Reporting System. Descriptive statistics were calculated and logistic regression was used to examine risk factors for suicide...
November 26, 2018: Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry and Neurology
Hayun Choi, Jahyun Jeong, Heejun Kim, Chuljin Shin, In-Young Yoon
OBJECTIVE: In elderly patients, women have better qualities of sleep than men in objective parameters; however, women subjectively complain more about sleep disturbances than men. We performed visual scoring and spectral analysis of sleep electroencephalograms to explain these gender differences in the degree of arousal, the most representative marker in insomnia. METHODS: A total of 354 participants (≥60 years old) were recruited from a Korean community underwent nocturnal polysomnography (NPSG)...
November 26, 2018: Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry and Neurology
Sophie Germain, Vinciane Wojtasik, Françoise Lekeu, Anne Quittre, Catherine Olivier, Vinciane Godichard, Eric Salmon
INTRODUCTION: The benefit of cognitive rehabilitation (CR) for patients with early-stage Alzheimer disease (AD) remains difficult to assess. METHOD: An observational, prospective study was conducted in a sample of 52 patients with AD included in a clinical, individualized CR program. Cognitive rehabilitation consisted of 1 weekly session during 3 months at home, followed by 1 monthly contact for 9 months. Rehabilitation techniques were used by experienced therapists to adapt activities important for the patient...
November 26, 2018: Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry and Neurology
Maria Grazia Maggio, Maria Cristina De Cola, Desirèe Latella, Giuseppa Maresca, Chiara Finocchiaro, Gianluca La Rosa, Vincenzo Cimino, Chiara Sorbera, Placido Bramanti, Rosaria De Luca, Rocco Salvatore Calabrò
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study is to evaluate the effects of a virtual reality training with BTS Nirvana (BTS-N) system in the cognitive and behavioral recovery in patients with Parkinson disease (PD). The BTS-N is a semi-immersive therapy system used for motor and cognitive rehabilitation of patients with neurological diseases, by creating virtual scenarios with which the patient may interact. METHODS: We enrolled 20 patients with PD undergoing neurorehabilitation...
October 25, 2018: Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry and Neurology
Caroline Masse-Sibille, Bennabi Djamila, Giustiniani Julie, Haffen Emmanuel, Vandel Pierre, Chopard Gilles
BACKGROUND: Geriatric depression is a heterogeneous disorder that increases morbidity and mortality in a population that is already vulnerable. Predicting response and remission to antidepressants could help clinicians to optimize the management of antidepressants and reduce the consequences of depression. METHOD: The aim of this article is to present results of a systematic review of the literature on predictive factors related to antidepressant response and remission in older adults with depression...
November 2018: Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry and Neurology
Roxane Villeneuve, Céline Meillon, Valérie Bergua, Nicole Rascle, Jean-François Dartigues, Karine Pérès, Hélène Amieva
OBJECTIVES: Quality of life is regarded as a major outcome in epidemiologic research, especially in the older population. Nevertheless, some cohort studies lack a specific instrument to evaluate it. The aim of this study was to propose a subjective quality of life proxy using easily accessible items, available in most epidemiologic studies. METHOD: We used data from the PAQUID (Personnes Agées Quid) cohort study (1991-1992, France). A subjective quality of life proxy was created based on items on positive affects, subjective health, and life satisfaction...
November 2018: Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry and Neurology
Restria Fauziana, Rajeswari Sambasivam, Janhavi Ajit Vaingankar, Edimansyah Abdin, Hui Lin Ong, Min-En Tan, Siow Ann Chong, Mythily Subramaniam
BACKGROUND: Satisfaction with life is recognized to be a factor in alleviating burden in stressful caregiving duties. However, the mechanism underlying this relationship is indistinct. Positive aspects of caregiving (PAC) may help to regulate caregiving burden among caregivers of older adults. The study aims to examine whether positive caregiving characteristics mediate the effect between satisfaction with life and burden of care. METHODS: Participants were 285 caregivers of older adults (aged 60 and above) in Singapore and were recruited in a cross-sectional, self-report study (mean [M] = 47...
September 27, 2018: Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry and Neurology
Sabina Vatter, Kathryn R McDonald, Emma Stanmore, Linda Clare, Iracema Leroi
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Providing care to people with Parkinson-related dementia (PwPRD) may result in significant stress, strain, and burden for life partners. A common measurement of life partner burden is the Zarit Burden Interview (ZBI), which considers "burden" as a unitary concept; however, burden is highly complex and most likely comprises several dimensions. This study aimed to explore the factor structure of the ZBI in life partners of PwPRD and to examine the relationships among the emerging factors and the demographic and clinical features...
September 24, 2018: Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry and Neurology
Devaki B Kotian, Maria Mathews, Shradha S Parsekar, Suma Nair, V S Binu, Sonu Hangma Subba
OBJECTIVE: To explore the factors associated with social isolation among older people using the data from Building Knowledge Base on Population Ageing in India (BKPAI) survey. METHODS: Multiple logistic regression and classification and regression tree (CART) analysis were used to identify the factors associated with social isolation using data from BKPAI survey. An individual was regarded as socially isolated if the response was "never" to all 4 activities in the last 12 months: (1) attending public meeting, (2) attending any group/club/organizational meeting, (3) attending any religious program, and (4) visiting friends or relatives...
September 2018: Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry and Neurology
Zhong Jie Kua, Nancy A Pachana, Gerard J Byrne, John D O'Sullivan, Rodney Marsh, Elizabeth Torbey, Peter A Silburn, George D Mellick, Nadeeka N W Dissanayaka
Depression and anxiety are prevalent in Parkinson disease (PD) yet underrecognized in clinical practice. Caregiver reports are frequently utilized to aid in the assessment of neuropsychiatric symptoms but little is known about caregivers' ability to recognize them in patients with PD. This study sought to examine the accuracy of caregiver reports. Eighty patient-caregiver dyads were involved. Accuracy of caregiver recognition was assessed by examining the level of agreement between caregiver ratings on the Neuropsychiatric Inventory and patients' diagnosis of depression and anxiety on the Mini-International Neuropsychiatric Interview (MINI)-Plus...
September 2018: Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry and Neurology
Lydia Stone, Jessica Heward, Stella-Maria Paddick, Catherine L Dotchin, Richard W Walker, Cecilia Collingwood, Jessica Thornton, Vanessa Yarwood, Judith McCartney, Charlotte Irwin, Sarah Mkenda, John Kissima, Bernadette Swai, William K Gray
BACKGROUND: Task shifting has been suggested as one way to help manage the increasing burden of dementia in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA). However, brief, easy-to-use and valid screening tools are needed to support this approach. Our team has developed an 11-item questionnaire to assess instrumental activities of daily living (IADLs) in SSA, the Identification and Intervention for Dementia in Elderly Africans (IDEA)-IADL questionnaire. We aimed to externally validate the questionnaire and develop a shorter, more efficient version...
September 2018: Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry and Neurology
Raymond Y Lo, Shu-Ching Chen, Ya-Ling Yang, Yi-Hsuan Wang, Hsin-Dean Chen, Jer-Chuan Li, Du-An Wu
We aim to test whether the association between glucose control and cognitive function still holds true in elderly patients with diabetes mellitus (DM) and Alzheimer disease (AD) under health-care case management. We enrolled 100 patients with DM (mean age: 74.6 years; male: 49%) and 102 patients with AD (mean age: 77.9 years; male: 41.2%) consecutively from the Diabetes Shared Care Program and the memory clinic. These patients were followed up every 3 months with scheduled examinations. Most patients with AD were at early stage and DM was a common comorbidity (n = 42)...
September 2018: Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry and Neurology
Oleg A Levada, Alexandra S Troyan, Nataliya V Cherednichenko
BACKGROUND: Diagnosis of subcortical vascular neurocognitive disorders' (ScVNCDs) is currently based on neuropsychological and neuroimaging approaches; nevertheless, clinical features, apart from cognitive impairments (CI), may provide additional information about ScVNCD phenotypes. We aimed to determine whether CI and neuropsychiatric symptoms (NPS) form such clinical phenotypes in the mild and early stage of major ScVNCD. METHODS: Our sample included 88 cognitively normal elderly individuals, 100 patients with mild ScVNCD, and 60 patients with early major ScVNCD...
September 2018: Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry and Neurology
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