journal
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Immunology and Allergy Clinics of North America

journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29631744/exercise-and-the-total-airway-a-call-to-action
#1
EDITORIAL
J Tod Olin, James H Hull
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2018: Immunology and Allergy Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29631743/exercise-induced-airway-dysfunction-in-athletes
#2
EDITORIAL
Stephen A Tilles
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2018: Immunology and Allergy Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29631742/food-allergy-point-of-care-pearls
#3
REVIEW
J Andrew Bird
Food allergy should be suspected in individuals with a history of immediate reactivity following ingestion (ie, typically within 20 minutes and almost always within 2 hours) with typical symptoms of immunoglobulin E-mediated reactivity (eg, urticaria, angioedema, coughing, wheezing, vomiting). Testing for food allergy should focus on the most likely allergen to provoke the reaction based on the patient's history. Safe introduction of peanut-containing foods into the diet of an infant at high risk of developing peanut allergy at 4 to 6 months is likely to reduce the risk of peanut allergy...
May 2018: Immunology and Allergy Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29631741/the-future-of-exertional-respiratory-problems-what-do-we-know-about-the-total-airway-approach-and-what-do-we-need-to-know
#4
REVIEW
J Tod Olin, James H Hull
Exercise is increasingly viewed as a preventative and therapeutic modality for medical and behavioral health disorders. Therefore, it is imperative that the medical and scientific communities minimize barriers that discourage exercise. This issue of Immunology and Allergy Clinics of North America details a "total airway approach" to the evaluation of exertional respiratory problems. Reviews guide clinicians through evaluation and therapy. Moving forward, there is much room for growth with respect to research in each of these areas as well as for common inflammatory pathways and neurophysiologic coupling across all airway segments...
May 2018: Immunology and Allergy Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29631740/exertional-dyspnea-and-excessive-dynamic-airway-collapse
#5
REVIEW
Michael J Morris, Jeffrey T Woods, Cameron W McLaughlin
Excessive dynamic airway collapse is a relatively new diagnosis separate from tracheobronchomalacia that is manifested by functional collapse of the large airways. Most commonly described in patients with underlying obstructive lung disease such as chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and asthma, it may contribute to increased dyspnea, cough, or exacerbations. There are few data published on the role of excessive dynamic airway collapse as related specifically to exercise. It was recently described as the cause for exertional dyspnea in individuals without underlying lung disease...
May 2018: Immunology and Allergy Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29631739/surgical-intervention-for-exercise-induced-laryngeal-obstruction
#6
REVIEW
John-Helge Heimdal, Robert Maat, Leif Nordang
Respiratory distress during exercise can be caused by exercise-induced laryngeal obstruction (EILO). The obstruction may appear at the level of the laryngeal inlet (supraglottic), similar to supraglottic collapse observed in infants with congenital laryngomalacia (CLM). This observation has encouraged surgeons to treat supraglottic EILO with procedures proven efficient for severe CLM. This article summarizes key features of the published experience related to surgical treatment of EILO. Supraglottoplasty is an irreversible procedure with potential complications...
May 2018: Immunology and Allergy Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29631738/exercise-induced-laryngeal-obstruction-and-performance-psychology-using-the-mind-as-a-diagnostic-and-therapeutic-target
#7
REVIEW
J Tod Olin, Erika Westhoff Carlson
Exercise-induced laryngeal obstruction causes severe shortness of breath during exercise. Episodes are associated with severe distress. These patients and those with inducible laryngeal obstruction triggered by other factors have been noted to demonstrate mental health disorders, personality features that may be associated with symptoms, and dysfunctional stress responses. This literature review calls attention to the observation that patients with isolated exercise-induced laryngeal obstruction are generally mentally healthy...
May 2018: Immunology and Allergy Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29631737/speech-language-pathology-as-a-primary-treatment-for-exercise-induced-laryngeal-obstruction
#8
REVIEW
Monica Shaffer, Juliana K Litts, Emily Nauman, Jemma Haines
Exercise-induced laryngeal obstruction is a condition that restricts respiration during exercise via inappropriate glottic or supraglottic obstruction. The literature supports behavioral treatment provided by a speech-language pathologist as an effective means of treating exercise-induced laryngeal obstruction. Treatment includes educating the patient, training on relaxation, instruction on paced exercise, and use of various breathing techniques to optimize laryngeal aperture. Intervention for patients with exercise-induced laryngeal obstruction may be delivered by a speech-language pathologist, given their clinical skill of facilitating long-term behavioral change and expertise in the laryngeal mechanism...
May 2018: Immunology and Allergy Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29631736/working-towards-a-common-transatlantic-approach-for-evaluation-of-exercise-induced-laryngeal-obstruction
#9
REVIEW
Ola Drange Røksund, J Tod Olin, Thomas Halvorsen
Exertional dyspnea can be a manifestation of dysfunction in a variety of organ systems. Exercise-induced laryngeal obstruction (EILO), a condition previously known as vocal cord dysfunction and paradoxic vocal fold motion, is defined as inappropriate, reversible narrowing of the larynx during vigorous exercise. EILO is usually characterized by typical symptoms, which nevertheless frequently are confused with those of other conditions, including asthma. Laryngoscopy performed as symptoms evolve from rest to peak exercise is pivotal in patient work-up...
May 2018: Immunology and Allergy Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29631735/exercise-induced-laryngeal-obstruction-an-overview
#10
REVIEW
Leif Nordang, Katarina Norlander, Emil Schwarz Walsted
Exertional dyspnea is common in health and disease. Despite having known for centuries that breathlessness can arise from the larynx, exercise-induced laryngeal obstruction is a more prevalent condition than previously assumed. This article provides a brief overview of the history, epidemiology, and pathophysiology of exercise-induced laryngeal obstruction.
May 2018: Immunology and Allergy Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29631734/exercise-and-sinonasal-disease
#11
REVIEW
Brecht Steelant, Valerie Hox, Peter W Hellings, Dominique M Bullens, Sven F Seys
Physical exercise requires proper function of the upper and lower airways in order to meet exertional ventilatory requirements. Athletes performing frequent intensive exercise experience more sino-nasal symptoms and demonstrate objective decreases in sino-nasal function when compared with the general population. Sino-nasal dysfunction is known to interfere with sport performance. Nasal epithelial injury, neutrophilic influx, and decreased mucociliary clearance have been associated with intensive training. In this review, the authors provide a comprehensive overview of the prevalence of sino-nasal disease in athletes, the possible underlying pathophysiologic mechanisms, and a summary of diagnostic and treatment options...
May 2018: Immunology and Allergy Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29631733/nonpharmacologic-strategies-to-manage-exercise-induced-bronchoconstriction
#12
REVIEW
John Dickinson, Israel Amirav, Morten Hostrup
Pharmacologic management of exercise-induced bronchoconstriction (EIB) is the mainstay of preventative therapy. There are some nonpharmacologic interventions, however, that may assist the management of EIB. This review discusses these nonpharmacologic interventions and how they may be applied to patients and athletes with EIB.
May 2018: Immunology and Allergy Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29631732/pharmacologic-strategies-for-exercise-induced-bronchospasm-with-a-focus-on-athletes
#13
REVIEW
Vibeke Backer, John Mastronarde
Exercise-induced bronchoconstriction (EIB) is the transient narrowing of the airways during and after exercise that occurs in response to increased ventilation in susceptible individuals. It occurs across the age spectrum in patients with underlying asthma and can occur in athletes without baseline asthma. The inflammatory mechanisms underlying EIB in patients without asthma may be distinct from those underlying EIB in patients with asthma. This review summarizes mechanistic and clinical data that can guide the choice of chronic and acute pharmacologic therapies targeting control of EIB...
May 2018: Immunology and Allergy Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29631731/testing-for-exercise-induced-bronchoconstriction
#14
REVIEW
John D Brannan, Celeste Porsbjerg
Exercise-induced bronchoconstriction (EIB) is a form of airway hyperresponsiveness that occurs with or without current symptoms of asthma. EIB is an indicator of active and treatable pathophysiology in persons with asthma. The objective documentation of EIB permits the identification of an individual who may be at risk during a recreational sporting activity or when exercising as an occupational duty. EIB can be identified with laboratory exercise testing or surrogate tests for EIB. These include eucapnic voluntary hyperpnea and osmotic stimuli (eg, inhaled mannitol) and offer improved diagnostic sensitivity to identify EIB and improved standardization when compared with laboratory exercise...
May 2018: Immunology and Allergy Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29631730/exercise-induced-bronchoconstriction-background-prevalence-and-sport-considerations
#15
REVIEW
Matteo Bonini, William Silvers
The transient airway narrowing that occurs as a result of exercise is defined as exercise-induced bronchoconstriction (EIB). The prevalence of EIB has been reported to be up to 90% in asthmatic patients, reflecting the level of disease control. However, EIB may develop even in subjects without clinical asthma, particularly in children, athletes, patients with atopy or rhinitis, and following respiratory infections. The intensity, duration, and type of training have been associated with the occurrence of EIB...
May 2018: Immunology and Allergy Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29631729/exercise-induced-bronchoconstriction-and-the-air-we-breathe
#16
REVIEW
Kenneth W Rundell, James M Smoliga, Valérie Bougault
An association between airway dysfunction and airborne pollutant inhalation exists. Volatilized airborne fluorocarbons in ski wax rooms, particulate matter, and trichloromines in indoor environments are suspect to high prevalence of exercise-induced bronchoconstriction and new-onset asthma in athletes competing in cross-country skiing, ice rink sports, and swimming. Ozone is implicated in acute decreases in lung function and the development of new-onset asthma from exposure during exercise. Mechanisms and genetic links are proposed for pollution-related new-onset asthma...
May 2018: Immunology and Allergy Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29631728/mechanisms-and-biomarkers-of-exercise-induced-bronchoconstriction
#17
REVIEW
Pascale Kippelen, Sandra D Anderson, Teal S Hallstrand
Exercise is a common trigger of bronchoconstriction. In recent years, there has been increased understanding of the pathophysiology of exercise-induced bronchoconstriction. Although evaporative water loss and thermal changes have been recognized stimuli for exercise-induced bronchoconstriction, accumulating evidence points toward a pivotal role for the airway epithelium in orchestrating the inflammatory response linked to exercise-induced bronchoconstriction. Overproduction of inflammatory mediators, underproduction of protective lipid mediators, and infiltration of the airways with eosinophils and mast cells are all established contributors to exercise-induced bronchoconstriction...
May 2018: Immunology and Allergy Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132679/food-allergy
#18
EDITORIAL
J Andrew Bird
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2018: Immunology and Allergy Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132678/the-quest-for-food-allergy-treatments-on-course-and-gaining-steam%C3%A2-finally
#19
EDITORIAL
Stephen A Tilles
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2018: Immunology and Allergy Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132677/adjuvant-therapies-in-food-immunotherapy
#20
REVIEW
Wenyin Loh, Mimi Tang
Finding an effective curative treatment for food allergy is a research priority. Although oral immunotherapy (OIT) is effective at inducing desensitization, the temporary nature of this effect and high rates of adverse reactions have highlighted a need for novel strategies to improve tolerance induction and safety. One such strategy is the use of an adjuvant together with food immunotherapy to either suppress allergic reactions and/or modulate the underlying allergic immune response. In particular, the use of bacterial adjuvants seems to be a promising means of enhancing OIT-induced sustained unresponsiveness and warrants further investigation...
February 2018: Immunology and Allergy Clinics of North America
journal
journal
29830
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"