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Trends in Ecology & Evolution

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28923494/transformative-research-is-not-easily-predicted
#1
REVIEW
Sarah A Gravem, Silke M Bachhuber, Heather K Fulton-Bennett, Zachary H Randell, Alissa J Rickborn, Jenna M Sullivan, Bruce A Menge
Transformative research (TR) statements in scientific grant proposals have become mainstream. However, TR is defined as radically changing our understanding of a concept, causing a paradigm shift, or opening new frontiers. We argue that it is rarely possible to predict the transformative nature of research. Interviews and surveys of 78 transformative ecologists suggest that most TR began with incremental goals, while transformative potential was recognized later. Most respondents thought TR is unpredictable and should not be prioritized over 'incremental' research that typically leads to breakthroughs...
September 15, 2017: Trends in Ecology & Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919204/understanding-the-processes-underpinning-patterns-of-phylogenetic-regionalization
#2
REVIEW
Barnabas H Daru, Tammy L Elliott, Daniel S Park, T Jonathan Davies
A key step in understanding the distribution of biodiversity is the grouping of regions based on their shared elements. Historically, regionalization schemes have been largely species centric. Recently, there has been interest in incorporating phylogenetic information into regionalization schemes. Phylogenetic regionalization can provide novel insights into the mechanisms that generate, distribute, and maintain biodiversity. We argue that four processes (dispersal limitation, extinction, speciation, and niche conservatism) underlie the formation of species assemblages into phylogenetically distinct biogeographic units...
September 14, 2017: Trends in Ecology & Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919203/process-mechanism-and-modeling-in-macroecology
#3
REVIEW
Sean R Connolly, Sally A Keith, Robert K Colwell, Carsten Rahbek
Macroecology has traditionally relied on descriptive characterization of large-scale ecological patterns to offer narrative explanations for the origin and maintenance of those patterns. Only recently have macroecologists begun to employ models termed 'process-based' and 'mechanistic', in contrast to other areas of ecology, where such models have a longer history. Here, we define and differentiate between process-based and mechanistic features of models, and we identify and discuss important advantages of working with models possessing such features...
September 14, 2017: Trends in Ecology & Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28899581/deconstructing-superorganisms-and-societies-to-address-big-questions-in-biology
#4
REVIEW
Patrick Kennedy, Gemma Baron, Bitao Qiu, Dalial Freitak, Heikki Helanterä, Edmund R Hunt, Fabio Manfredini, Thomas O'Shea-Wheller, Solenn Patalano, Christopher D Pull, Takao Sasaki, Daisy Taylor, Christopher D R Wyatt, Seirian Sumner
Social insect societies are long-standing models for understanding social behaviour and evolution. Unlike other advanced biological societies (such as the multicellular body), the component parts of social insect societies can be easily deconstructed and manipulated. Recent methodological and theoretical innovations have exploited this trait to address an expanded range of biological questions. We illustrate the broadening range of biological insight coming from social insect biology with four examples. These new frontiers promote open-minded, interdisciplinary exploration of one of the richest and most complex of biological phenomena: sociality...
September 9, 2017: Trends in Ecology & Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28890126/the-nebulous-ecology-of-native-invasions
#5
REVIEW
Lloyd L Nackley, Adam G West, Andrew L Skowno, William J Bond
In the Anthropocene, alien species are no longer the only category of biological organism establishing and rapidly spreading beyond historical boundaries. We review evidence showing that invasions by native species are a global phenomenon and present case studies from Southern Africa, and elsewhere, that reveal how climate-mediated expansions of native plants into adjacent communities can emulate the functional and structural changes associated with invasions by alien plant species. We conclude that integrating native invasions into ecological practice and theory will improve mechanistic models and better inform policy and adaptive ecological management in the 21st century...
September 7, 2017: Trends in Ecology & Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28890125/reply-to-eberhard-cryptic-female-choice-a-general-phenomenon
#6
LETTER
Renée C Firman, Clelia Gasparini, Mollie K Manier, Tommaso Pizzari
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 7, 2017: Trends in Ecology & Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28886924/cryptic-female-choice-revisited-a-response-to-firman-et-al
#7
LETTER
William G Eberhard
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 5, 2017: Trends in Ecology & Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28870412/the-conventional-versus-alternative-agricultural-divide-a-response-to-garibaldi-et-al
#8
LETTER
Zia Mehrabi, Verena Seufert, Navin Ramankutty
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 1, 2017: Trends in Ecology & Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28867138/winning-arguments-coexistence-not-competition-a-reply-to-saul-et-al
#9
LETTER
Mike Begon
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 31, 2017: Trends in Ecology & Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28867137/invasion-science-in-the-developing-world-a-response-to-ricciardi-et-al
#10
LETTER
Rafael D Zenni, Sílvia R Ziller, Anibal Pauchard, Mariano Rodriguez-Cabal, Martin A Nuñez
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 31, 2017: Trends in Ecology & Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28863858/invasion-science-looking-forward-rather-than-revisiting-old-ground-a-reply-to-zenni-et-al
#11
LETTER
Anthony Ricciardi, Tim M Blackburn, James T Carlton, Jaimie T A Dick, Philip E Hulme, Josephine C Iacarella, Jonathan M Jeschke, Andrew M Liebhold, Julie L Lockwood, Hugh J MacIsaac, Petr Pyšek, David M Richardson, Gregory M Ruiz, Daniel Simberloff, William J Sutherland, David A Wardle, David C Aldridge
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 29, 2017: Trends in Ecology & Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28890127/is-reintroduction-biology-an-effective-applied-science
#12
REVIEW
Gemma Taylor, Stefano Canessa, Rohan H Clarke, Dean Ingwersen, Doug P Armstrong, Philip J Seddon, John G Ewen
Reintroduction biology is a field of scientific research that aims to inform translocations of endangered species. We review two decades of published literature to evaluate whether reintroduction science is evolving in its decision-support role, as called for by advocates of evidence-based conservation. Reintroduction research increasingly addresses a priori hypotheses, but remains largely focused on short-term population establishment. Similarly, studies that directly assist decisions by explicitly comparing alternative management actions remain a minority...
August 28, 2017: Trends in Ecology & Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28869048/ecologists-winning-arguments-ends-don-t-justify-the-means-a-response-to-begon
#13
LETTER
Wolf-Christian Saul, Ross T Shackleton, Florencia A Yannelli
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 28, 2017: Trends in Ecology & Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28844791/climates-past-present-and-yet-to-come-shape-climate-change-vulnerabilities
#14
REVIEW
Christopher P Nadeau, Mark C Urban, Jon R Bridle
Climate change is altering life at multiple scales, from genes to ecosystems. Predicting the vulnerability of populations to climate change is crucial to mitigate negative impacts. We suggest that regional patterns of spatial and temporal climatic variation scaled to the traits of an organism can predict where and why populations are most vulnerable to climate change. Specifically, historical climatic variation affects the sensitivity and response capacity of populations to climate change by shaping traits and the genetic variation in those traits...
August 24, 2017: Trends in Ecology & Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28843439/symbiotic-dinoflagellate-functional-diversity-mediates-coral-survival-under-ecological-crisis
#15
REVIEW
David J Suggett, Mark E Warner, William Leggat
Coral reefs have entered an era of 'ecological crisis' as climate change drives catastrophic reef loss worldwide. Coral growth and stress susceptibility are regulated by their endosymbiotic dinoflagellates (genus Symbiodinium). The phylogenetic diversity of Symbiodinium frequently corresponds to patterns of coral health and survival, but knowledge of functional diversity is ultimately necessary to reconcile broader ecological success over space and time. We explore here functional traits underpinning the complex biology of Symbiodinium that spans free-living algae to coral endosymbionts...
August 23, 2017: Trends in Ecology & Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28844790/multidimensional-performance-of-farming-approaches-a-reply-to-mehrabi-et-al
#16
LETTER
Lucas A Garibaldi, Barbara Gemmill-Herren, Raffaele D'Annolfo, Benjamin E Graeub, Saul A Cunningham, Tom D Breeze
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 21, 2017: Trends in Ecology & Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28823589/cognition-in-contests-mechanisms-ecology-and-evolution
#17
REVIEW
Michael S Reichert, John L Quinn
Animal contests govern access to key resources and are a fundamental determinant of fitness within populations. Little is known about the mechanisms generating individual variation in strategic contest behavior or what this variation means for population level processes. Cognition governs the expression of behaviors during contests, most notably by linking experience gained with decision making, but its role in driving the evolutionary ecological dynamics of contests is only beginning to emerge. We review the kinds of cognitive mechanisms that underlie contest behavior, emphasize the importance of feedback loops and socio-ecological context, and suggest that contest behavior provides an ideal focus for integrative studies of phenotypic variation...
August 17, 2017: Trends in Ecology & Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28823588/advances-and-limits-of-using-population-genetics-to-understand-local-adaptation-trends-in-ecology-evolution-29-673-680-2014
#18
Peter Tiffin, Jeffrey Ross-Ibarra
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 17, 2017: Trends in Ecology & Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818341/harnessing-the-power-of-genomics-to-secure-the-future-of-seafood
#19
REVIEW
Louis Bernatchez, Maren Wellenreuther, Cristián Araneda, David T Ashton, Julia M I Barth, Terry D Beacham, Gregory E Maes, Jann T Martinsohn, Kristina M Miller, Kerry A Naish, Jennifer R Ovenden, Craig R Primmer, Young Suk Ho, Nina O Therkildsen, Ruth E Withler
Best use of scientific knowledge is required to maintain the fundamental role of seafood in human nutrition. While it is acknowledged that genomic-based methods allow the collection of powerful data, their value to inform fisheries management, aquaculture, and biosecurity applications remains underestimated. We review genomic applications of relevance to the sustainable management of seafood resources, illustrate the benefits of, and identify barriers to their integration. We conclude that the value of genomic information towards securing the future of seafood does not need to be further demonstrated...
August 14, 2017: Trends in Ecology & Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28807398/which-latitudinal-gradients-for-genetic-diversity
#20
Paolo Gratton, Silvio Marta, Gaëlle Bocksberger, Marten Winter, Petr Keil, Emiliano Trucchi, Hjalmar Kühl
A recent global analysis of GenBank DNA sequences from amphibians and mammals indicated consistent poleward decrease of intraspecific genetic diversity in both classes. We highlight that this result was biased by not accounting for distance decay of similarity and reanalyse the datasets, revealing distinct latitudinal gradients in mammals and amphibians.
August 11, 2017: Trends in Ecology & Evolution
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