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Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology. B, Biology

Sireesh Babu Maddinedi, Badal Kumar Mandal, Swetha Kameswari Maddili
A facile biosynthetic approach for the size controllable production of silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) using the leaf extract of Cinnamomum tsoi as reducing and capping agent is developed. The polyphenolic functionalities present in the extract are essentially responsible for the synthesis and stabilization of AgNPs. The size and morphology of the AgNPs were effectively tuned by changing the volume of the extract. The availability of oxidized polyphenols play key role in tuning the size and morphology of the prepared NPs...
January 7, 2017: Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology. B, Biology
Sumaira Anjum, Bilal Haider Abbasi, Joël Doussot, Alain Favre-Réguillon, Christophe Hano
Lignans and neolignans are principal bioactive components of Linum usitatissimum L. (Flax), having multiple pharmacological activities. In present study, we are reporting an authoritative abiotic elicitation strategy of photoperiod regimes along with UV-C radiations. Cell cultures were grown in different photoperiod regimes (24h-dark, 24h-light and 16L/8D h photoperiod) either alone or in combination with various doses (1.8-10.8kJ/m(2)) of ultraviolet-C (UV-C) radiations. Secoisolariciresinol diglucoside (SDG), lariciresinol diglucoside (LDG), dehydrodiconiferyl alcohol glucoside (DCG), and guaiacylglycerol-β-coniferyl alcohol ether glucoside (GGCG) were quantified by using reverse phase-high performance liquid chromatography (RP-HPLC)...
January 7, 2017: Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology. B, Biology
Cydia de Menezes Furtado, Fernando Sergio Escocio Drumond Viana de Faria, Ricardo Bentes Azevedo, Karen Py-Daniel, Ana Lygia Dos Santos Camara, Jaqueline Rodriguez da Silva, Everton de Holanda Oliveira, Anselmo Fortunato Ruiz Rodriguez, Igor Anatolievich Degterev
Over the past six years we have been studying extracts from tropical, specially Amazon, plants, to search for new sensitizers for photodynamic therapy of cancer and infectious diseases. Tectona grandis is a genus of tropical hardwood trees in the mint family, Lamiaceae. That is native to south and southeast Asia, but since the end of the 20th century is also gaining ground in the Amazon. The present work aims to evaluate the photodynamic potential of hydro-alcoholic extract from Tectona grandis LF leaves (TGE) and the same extract prepared as the oil-water nanoemulsion (TGE-NE) against melanoma B16 F10 cells...
January 5, 2017: Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology. B, Biology
Kinga Westphal, Magdalena Zdrowowicz, Agnieszka Zylicz-Stachula, Janusz Rak
The sensitizing propensity of radio-/photosensitizing nucleoside depends on DNA sequence surrounding a sensitizer. Therefore, in order to compare sensitizers with regard to their ability to induce a DNA damage one has to study the sequence dependence of damage yield. However, chemical synthesis of oligonucleotides labeled with sensitizing nucleosides is hindered due to the fact that a limited number of such nucleoside phosphoramidites are accessible. Here, we report on a chemically-enzymatic method, employing a DNA polymerase and ligase, that enables a modified nucleoside, in the form of its 5'-triphosphate, to be incorporated into DNA fragment in a pre-determined site...
January 5, 2017: Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology. B, Biology
Liliani Carolini Thiesen, Thaisa Baccarin, Ana Flávia Fischer-Muller, Christiane Meyre-Silva, Angelica Garcia Couto, Tania Mari Bellé Bresolin, José Roberto Santin
Actually, there has been an increase in the use of natural products as skin photoprotective agents. In this way, the aim of present study was to investigate the L. chinensis leaves extract photochemoprotection potential and photosafety using in vitro methods. The extract cytotoxicity, cytoprotection and photochemoprotection against UVA and UVB radiation were assayed in L929 cells. The DNA damage was evaluated by comet assay. DCFH-DA, SOD, CAT and GSH assays were employed to verify the oxidative stress. We also determined the spectrophotometric Solar Protection Factor (SPF) of the extract...
January 5, 2017: Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology. B, Biology
Jie Zhou, Tung-Yung Fan, John Beardall, Kunshan Gao
Coral reefs are vulnerable to ultraviolet radiation (UVR, 280-400nm). Not only do the fluxes of UVR fluctuate daily, they are also increasing due to global ocean and atmospheric changes. The deleterious effects of UVR on scleractinian corals have been intensively studied, but much less is known about the response of corals in the early pre-settlement phase. In this study, we tested how UVR exposure affects survival and development of Seriatopora caliendrum larvae and examined the photophysiological changes induced in the symbiotic dinoflagellate Symbiodinium...
January 4, 2017: Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology. B, Biology
Viswanathan Karthika, Ayyakannu Arumugam, Kasi Gopinath, Periyannan Kaleeswarran, Marimuthu Govindarajan, Naiyf S Alharbi, Shine Kadaikunnan, Jamal M Khaled, Giovanni Benelli
In the present study, we focused on a quick and green method to fabricate Ag, Au and Ag/Au alloy nanoparticles (NPs) using the bark extract of Guazuma ulmifolia L. Green synthesized metal NPs were characterized using different techniques, including UV-Vis spectroscopy, FT-IR, XRD, AFM and HR-TEM analyses. The production of Ag, Au and Ag/Au alloy NPs was observed monitoring color change from colorless to brown, followed by pink and dark brown, as confirmed by UV-Vis spectroscopy characteristic peaks at 436, 522 and 510nm, respectively...
January 4, 2017: Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology. B, Biology
Mehtab Parveen, Shaista Azaz, Atif Zafar, Faheem Ahmad, Manuela Ramos Silva, Pedro Sidonio Pereira Silva
Garcinia nervosa is an abundant source of bioactive phytochemicals. The present paper deals with the isolation of a novel isoflavone 5,7-dihydroxy-3-(3'-hydroxy-4',5'-dimethoxyphenyl)-6-methoxy-4H-chromen-4-one (1) along with a known compound DL-Allantoin (2) from the ethanolic extract of the leaves of Garcinia nervosa (Family: Guttiferae). Their structures were elucidated on the basis of chemical and physical evidences viz. elemental analysis, UV, FT-IR, (1)H NMR, (13)C NMR and mass spectral analysis. Single-crystal X-ray analysis was further used for the authentication of structure of both compounds (1 and 2)...
December 30, 2016: Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology. B, Biology
Erum Nosheen, Syed Mujtaba Shah, Zafar Iqbal
This article provides a facile one step synthesis of CdS (cadmium sulphide) and CdS/rGO (reduced graphene oxide CdS nanocomposites) using DMF (N, N-Dimethyl formamide) both as a solvent and a reducing agent for the reduction of grapheme oxide. XRD (X-ray diffraction), FESEM (Field emission scanning electron microscopy), EDX (Elemental dispersive X-ray analysis), TEM (Transmission electron microscopy), UV-Vis (UV-visible) and Raman spectroscopy have been employed for the characterization of prepared samples...
December 30, 2016: Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology. B, Biology
Shigenobu Yoshida, Syuntaro Hiradate, Motoo Koitabashi, Tsunashi Kamo, Seiya Tsushima
Microbes inhabiting the phyllosphere encounter harmful ultraviolet rays, and must develop adaptive strategies against this irradiation. In this study, we screened bacterial isolates originating from the phyllosphere of various plants which harbored absorbers of ultraviolet A (UVA), a wavelength range which is recognized as harmful to human skin. Of the 200 phyllosphere bacterial isolates we screened, methanol extracts from bacterial cells of seventeen isolates absorbed wavelengths in the range of 315-400nm...
December 29, 2016: Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology. B, Biology
V Sai Saraswathi, J Tatsugi, Paik-Kyun Shin, K Santhakumar
Synthesis of metal oxide nanoparticles using novel methodologies always attracts great importance in research. The use of plant extract to synthesize nano-particle has been considered as one of the eco-friendly methods. This paper describes the biosynthetic route of preparation of zinc oxide nanoparticles (ZnO NPs) from the Lagerstroemia speciosa leaf extract. This approach appears to be low-cost preparation and alternative method to conventional methods. Highly stable and hexagonal phase ZnO NPs with average particle size of 40nm were synthesized and characterized by UV-Vis absorption spectroscopy (surface Plasmon resonance), Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (surface functionalities), X-ray Diffraction analysis (crystallinity), TEM and SEM (size and morphology), Energy Dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (elemental composition), Thermogravimetric analysis (weight loss) and Zeta potential (stability)...
December 28, 2016: Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology. B, Biology
Maiara de Moraes, Roseane Carvalho Vasconcelos, João Paulo Figueiró Longo, Luis Alexandre Muehlmann, Ricardo Bentes de Azevedo, Raimundo Fernandes de Araújo Júnior, Aurigena Antunes Araujo, Antonio de Lisboa Lopes Costa
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Emerging evidence suggests that photodynamic therapy (PDT) can exhibit immunomodulatory activity. The purpose of the present study was to analyse cytokine profiles after application of PDT in gingival tissues of rats with ligature-induced periodontal disease (PD). STUDY DESIGN/MATERIAL AND METHODS: Periodontal disease was induced through the introduction of a cotton thread around the first left mandibular molar, while the right side molars did not receive ligatures...
December 26, 2016: Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology. B, Biology
Sauradipta Banerjee
Methylglyoxal, a highly reactive α-oxoaldehyde, increases in diabetic condition and reacts with proteins to form advanced glycation end products (AGEs) following Maillard-like reaction. In the present study, the effect of methylglyoxal on experimental rat hemoglobin in vivo has been investigated with respect to structural alterations and amino acid modifications, after external administration of the α-dicarbonyl compound in animals. Different techniques, mostly biophysical, were used to characterize and compare methylglyoxal-treated rat hemoglobin with that of control, untreated rat hemoglobin...
December 26, 2016: Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology. B, Biology
Yan-Yue Lou, Kai-Li Zhou, Dong-Qi Pan, Jia-Le Shen, Jie-Hua Shi
Clonazepam, a type of benzodiazepine, is a classical drug used to prevent and treat seizures, panic disorder, movement disorder, among others. For further clarifying the distribution of clonazepam in vivo and the pharmacodynamic and pharmacokinetic mechanisms, the binding interaction between clonazepam and bovine serum albumin (BSA) was investigated using ultraviolet spectroscopy (UV), steady-state fluorescence spectroscopy, synchronous fluorescence spectroscopy, three-dimensional (3D) fluorescence spectroscopy, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR) and molecular docking methods...
December 24, 2016: Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology. B, Biology
Violet V Bumah, Ebrahim Aboualizadeh, Daniela S Masson-Meyers, Janis T Eells, Chukuka S Enwemeka, Carol J Hirschmugl
Blue light inactivates methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA), a Gram-positive antibiotic resistant bacterium that leads to fatal infections; however, the mechanism of bacterial death remains unclear. In this paper, to uncover the mechanism underlying the bactericidal effect of blue light, a combination of Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy and chemometric tools is employed to detect the photoreactivity of MRSA and its distinctive pathway toward apoptosis after treatment. The mechanism of action of UV light and vancomycin against MRSA is also investigated to support the findings...
December 23, 2016: Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology. B, Biology
Ali Fakhri, Mahsa Naji
In this project, synthesis of pure and gold doped PdO-reduced graphene oxide nanocomposites by sonochemical and deposition-precipitation process was performed and characterized using X-ray diffraction (XRD), transmission electronic microscopy (TEM) and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) and Raman spectroscopy. The specific surface area of synthesized un-doped and Au doped PdO-RGO nanocomposites is 83.2, 109.1m(2)g(-1) and total pore volume is 0.31, 0.40cm(3)g(-1), respectively. With Tetrodotoxin as a target pollutant, photocatalytic system of UV+photocatalyst+H2O2 was set up...
December 23, 2016: Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology. B, Biology
Cristiane Neves Alessi Pissulin, Paula Aiello Tomé de Souza Castro, Flávio Codina, Carina Guidi Pinto, Ivan Jose Vechetti-Junior, Selma Maria Michelin Matheus
BACKGROUND: Local anesthetics are used to relieve pre- and postoperative pain, acting on both sodium channels and nicotinic acetylcholine receptors (nAChR) at the neuromuscular junction (NMJ). Bupivacaine acts as a non-competitive antagonist and has limitations, such as myotoxicity, neurotoxicity, and inflammation. Low-level laser therapy (LLLT) has anti-inflammatory, regenerative, and analgesic effects. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the effects of a gallium arsenide laser (GaAs) on the morphology of the NMJ and nAChRs after application of bupivacaine in the sternomastoid muscle...
December 22, 2016: Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology. B, Biology
Hang Yang, Guangying Hou, Li Zhang, Lei Ju, Chunguang Liu
Sewage sludge, as a very significant sources of BPS (up to 523mg/kg dw) introduction into the environment, must be handled properly. Therefore, it is important to access BPS removal and its effect on sludge treatment with the biological treatment. However, it is unclear for its effect on the hydrolysis of sludge. In this research, impact of BPS on sludge hydrolysis by α-Amylase is studied from the respect of component of soluble organic matter in sludge using three-dimensional fluorescence spectra. Enzyme activity assay suggests that sludge hydrolysis is inhibited due to the denaturation of α-Amylase with BPS exposure...
December 22, 2016: Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology. B, Biology
Baishakhi Saha, Gopinatha Suresh Kumar
RNA targeting through small molecules is an emerging and promising therapeutic route that necessitates identification of small molecules that can selectively target specific RNA structures. In this context a comparative study of the interaction of two phenothiazinium dyes thionine (THN) and toluidine blue O (TBO) with three double stranded RNA polynucleotides (ds RNAs) viz. poly(I).poly(C), poly(A).poly(U) and poly(C).poly(G) was conducted by various biophysical techniques. A higher binding of THN with poly(I)...
December 22, 2016: Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology. B, Biology
Murugesan Dinesh, Selvaraj Mohana Roopan, Chinnadurai Immanuel Selvaraj, Prabhakarn Arunachalam
Ecofriendly synthesis of Palladium nanoparticles (PdNPs) were achieved using Phyllanthus emblica (P. emblica) seeds as reducing agent. Further the ecofriendly synthesized PdNPs were subjected for various analytical techniques like UV-Vis, FT-IR, XRD, Zeta potential, SEM and TEM. The results indicated that green synthesized PdNPs were spherical in shape with average particle size of 28±2nm with moderate stability. Further the synthesized PdNPs and extract were subjected for its antibacterial studies against various disease causing pathogens by agar well diffusion method...
December 22, 2016: Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology. B, Biology
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