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Journal of Cardiology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30527532/genetic-and-non-genetic-determinants-of-clinical-phenotypes-in-cardiomyopathy
#1
REVIEW
Seitaro Nomura
Cardiomyopathy, a leading cause of death worldwide, is etiologically and phenotypically heterogeneous and is caused by a combination of genetic and non-genetic factors. Major genomic determinants of dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM) are titin truncating mutations and lamin A/C mutations. Patients with these two genotypes show critically different phenotypes, including penetrance, coexistence with a conduction system abnormality, cardiac prognosis, and treatment response. The transcriptomic and epigenomic characteristics of DCM include activation of the DNA damage response, metabolic reprogramming, and dedifferentiation...
December 4, 2018: Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30522897/prevalence-and-predictors-of-high-on-treatment-platelet-reactivity-during-prasugrel-treatment-in-patients-with-acute-coronary-syndrome-undergoing-stent-implantation
#2
Monica Verdoia, Patrizia Pergolini, Matteo Nardin, Roberta Rolla, Lucia Barbieri, Paolo Marino, Alessandro Carriero, Harry Suryapranata, Giuseppe De Luca
BACKGROUND: ADP-antagonists such as prasugrel have reduced but yet not overcome the phenomenon of high-on treatment platelet reactivity (HRPR), that has been shown to increase the rate of major cardiovascular events after an acute coronary syndrome (ACS) or percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). However, the exact prevalence and the principal determinants of suboptimal platelet inhibition in patients treated with dual antiplatelet therapy (DAPT) with prasugrel have not been completely clarified and were therefore the aim of the present study...
December 3, 2018: Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30509510/high-sensitivity-cardiac-troponin-t-in-patients-with-st-segment-elevation-myocardial-infarction
#3
LETTER
Gjin Ndrepepa, Adnan Kastrati
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 30, 2018: Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30509509/efficacy-and-safety-of-alirocumab-150mg-every-4-weeks-in-hypercholesterolemic-patients-on-non-statin-lipid-lowering-therapy-or-lowest-strength-dose-of-statin-odyssey-nippon
#4
Tamio Teramoto, Arihiro Kiyosue, Yasushi Ishigaki, Mariko Harada-Shiba, Yumiko Kawabata, Asuka Ozaki, Marie T Baccara-Dinet, Masataka Sata
BACKGROUND: Alirocumab, a fully human monoclonal antibody to proprotein convertase subtilisin/kexin type 9, given every 2 weeks (Q2W), significantly reduced low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) levels in Japanese hypercholesterolemic patients on background statin. We evaluated alirocumab 150mg every 4 weeks (Q4W) in patients on lowest-dose statin or non-statin lipid-lowering therapy (LLT). METHODS: ODYSSEY NIPPON was a double-blind study conducted in Japanese patients with LDL-C ≥100mg/dL (heterozygous familial hypercholesterolemia or non-familial hypercholesterolemia with coronary heart disease) or ≥120mg/dL (non-familial hypercholesterolemia, Japan Atherosclerosis Society category III) on atorvastatin 5mg/day or non-statin LLT...
November 30, 2018: Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30477926/comparative-effectiveness-and-safety-of-warfarin-and-dabigatran-in-patients-with-non-valvular-atrial-fibrillation-in-japan-a-claims-database-analysis
#5
Yukihiro Koretsune, Takeshi Yamashita, Masahiro Yasaka, Yasuhisa Ono, Takeshi Hirakawa, Kosuke Ishida, Daisuke Kuroki, Toshiyuki Sumida, Hisashi Urushihara
BACKGROUND: Antithrombotic therapy, including direct oral anticoagulants, is recommended in patients with non-valvular atrial fibrillation (NVAF) who are at intermediate-to-high risk of stroke. The aims of this study were to assess the patterns of oral anticoagulant (OAC) prescription in Japanese patients with NVAF and compare the effectiveness and safety of dabigatran and warfarin. METHODS: This was a retrospective observational study of adults with NVAF who initiated dabigatran or warfarin between March 14, 2011 and June 30, 2016, using electronic claims data of approximately 12...
November 23, 2018: Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30420105/update-of-acute-and-long-term-tolvaptan-therapy
#6
REVIEW
Teruhiko Imamura, Koichiro Kinugawa
One of the vasopressin type 2 receptor antagonists, tolvaptan, has been used to treat congestive heart failure patients for over seven years in Japan. Beyond the initially suggested standard procedure, tolvaptan is currently used in patients with acute heart failure soon after their admission or it is used for long-term treatment in the ambulatory situation. Nevertheless, definitive evidence is lacking, particularly for the implication of long-term tolvaptan therapy. Now is the time to update the accumulating evidence and consider the optimal therapeutic strategy for short- and long-term tolvaptan therapy...
November 9, 2018: Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30420104/relation-between-prognostic-impact-of-hyperuricemia-and-sympathetic-overactivation-in-patients-with-heart-failure
#7
Shuji Joho, Ryuichi Ushijima, Masaki Nakagaito, Koichiro Kinugawa
BACKGROUND: Uric acid (UA), which could provide additional prognostic information in patients with heart failure (HF), can activate sympathetic nerve activity and vice versa, thus creating a vicious cycle in the cardiovascular system. However, it remains unclear whether hyperuricemia (UA>7.0mg/dl) can provide prognostic information independent of sympathetic nerve activity. METHODS: UA and potential prognostic variables including sympathetic nerve activity using microneurography (MSNA) were evaluated in 139 patients with HF (ejection fraction<45%)...
November 9, 2018: Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30409701/comparison-of-successful-percutaneous-coronary-intervention-versus-optimal-medical-therapy-in-patients-with-coronary-chronic-total-occlusion
#8
Eun Ho Choo, Yoon-Seok Koh, Suk Min Seo, Jong Min Lee, Hee Yeol Kim, Hun-Jun Park, Pum-Joon Kim, Kiyuk Chang, Doo Soo Jeon, Dong Bin Kim, Sung-Ho Her, Chul Soo Park, Ki-Dong Yoo, Wook Sung Chung, Ki-Bae Seung
BACKGROUND: Chronic total occlusion (CTO) is a challenging entity in coronary interventions. With improvements in technology and techniques, success rates for percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) of CTO continue to improve. However, the clinical benefits of PCI remain unclear. The aim of the study was to determine the effectiveness of successful PCI on clinical outcomes using drug-eluting stents in patients with CTO. METHODS: From 2004 to 2010, we analyzed 898 patients with at least one CTO who underwent successful PCI (n=424, 448 lesions) or only medical treatment (n=474, 519 lesions) from a multicenter registry...
November 5, 2018: Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30389305/prosthetic-valve-endocarditis-a-trouble-or-a-challenge
#9
REVIEW
Branislava Ivanovic, Danijela Trifunovic, Snezana Matic, Jelena Petrovic, Dalila Sacic, Marijana Tadic
Prosthetic valve endocarditis (PVE) represents a rare and serious complication of valve replacement associated with high morbidity and mortality, which significantly differs from native valve endocarditis (NVE). There are two major problems: establishing diagnosis and treatment of PVE. Diagnosis in PVE is challenging and often requires several imaging methods besides standard microbiological analyzes. Transesophageal echocardiographic examination remains the widely used imaging technique in PVE diagnosis, but additional techniques such as computed tomography (CT) and 18 F-fluodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography/CT are often necessary...
October 30, 2018: Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30377016/calcitonin-as-an-anticalcification-treatment-for-implantable-biological-tissues
#10
E Andreas Agathos, Periklis I Tomos, Nikolaos Kostomitsopoulos, Petros G Koutsoukos
BACKGROUND AND AIM OF THE STUDY: Calcification remains the major role of failure of implantable biomedical material and in particular of bioprosthetic valves. Various treatments have been proposed to mitigate calcification of glutaraldehyde-fixed bioprosthetic valves but none have succeeded in inhibiting or mitigating efficiently the calcification process of the implantable biological tissues. Since the discovery of calcitonin (CT) and its therapeutic role in treating hypercalcemic patients, CT has never been tried as an anticalcification treatment for biomaterials...
October 27, 2018: Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30366637/short-term-outcomes-from-drug-coated-balloon-for-coronary-de-novo-lesions-in-large-vessels
#11
Wenjie Lu, Yongjian Zhu, Zhanying Han, Guoju Sun, Xiaofei Qin, Zhengbin Wang, Guanghui Liu, Wang Xi, Xule Wang, Liang Pan, Chunguang Qiu
BACKGROUND: A drug-coated balloon (DCB) has been designed as a new device for the treatment of coronary artery disease. The data regarding DCB-treated lesions in large coronary artery are limited. The purpose of our study was to explore the effectiveness and safety of DCB in large coronary artery. METHODS: We prospectively analyzed all patients treated with DCB in de novo lesions consistent with inclusion criteria between May 2015 and April 2017. The observed outcomes included target lesion revascularization (TLR), myocardial infarction, cardiac death and non-cardiac death, and major adverse cardiac events (MACE)...
October 23, 2018: Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30366636/prognostic-implications-of-prealbumin-level-on-admission-in-patients-with-acute-heart-failure-referred-to-a-cardiac-intensive-care-unit
#12
Madoka Akashi, Yuichiro Minami, Shintaro Haruki, Kentaro Jujo, Nobuhisa Hagiwara
BACKGROUND: Prealbumin is a marker of nutritional and inflammatory status, and low prealbumin level at discharge is associated with poor outcome in hospitalized patients with heart failure. However, the prognostic value of prealbumin level on admission in patients with acute heart failure (AHF) has not been established, especially in an acute care setting. We aimed to clarify the association between prealbumin level on admission and outcome in patients with AHF referred to a cardiac intensive care unit...
October 23, 2018: Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30360893/risk-prediction-for-30-day-heart-failure-specific-readmission-or-death-after-discharge-data-from-the-korean-acute-heart-failure-korahf-registry
#13
Nam-Kyoo Lim, Sang Eun Lee, Hae-Young Lee, Hyun-Jai Cho, Won-Seok Choe, Hokon Kim, Jin Oh Choi, Eun-Seok Jeon, Min-Seok Kim, Jae-Joong Kim, Kyung-Kuk Hwang, Shung Chull Chae, Sang Hong Baek, Seok-Min Kang, Dong-Ju Choi, Byung-Su Yoo, Kye Hun Kim, Myeong-Chan Cho, Byung-Hee Oh, Hyun-Young Park
BACKGROUND: Identifying patients with acute heart failure (HF) at high risk for readmission or death after hospital discharge will enable the optimization of treatment and management. The objective of this study was to develop a risk score for 30-day HF-specific readmission or death in Korea. METHODS: We analyzed the data from the Korean Acute Heart Failure (KorAHF) registry to develop a risk score. The model was derived from a multiple logistic regression analysis using a stepwise variable selection method...
October 22, 2018: Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30342788/safety-and-efficacy-of-in-hospital-cardiac-rehabilitation-following-antiarrhythmic-therapy-for-patients-with-electrical-storm
#14
Jo Kato, Akira Koike, Kenji Kuroki, Yuta Takayanagi, Masafumi Takahashi, Hirotomo Konno, Yukio Sekiguchi, Akihiko Nogami, Kazutaka Aonuma
BACKGROUND: Exercise-based in-hospital rehabilitation for patients with electrical storm (ventricular tachycardia/ventricular fibrillation, VT/VF) following antiarrhythmic therapy may prevent the deleterious outcomes of prolonged immobility, but the safety and efficacy of this strategy are still uncertain. We retrospectively investigated the rate of electrical storm recurrence in patients receiving rehabilitation. METHODS: Sixty-seven patients receiving therapy for electrical storm were included in this study...
October 17, 2018: Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30342787/the-necessity-of-conversion-from-coronary-care-unit-to-the-cardiovascular-intensive-care-unit-required-for-cardiologists
#15
REVIEW
Hiroshi Nonogi
The in-hospital mortality rate of acute myocardial infarction (AMI) has dramatically decreased due to the treatment at the coronary care unit (CCU), especially with the progress of arrhythmia therapy and reperfusion therapy. On the other hand, severe heart failure and multiple organ failure are increasing due to aging populations and multiple organ diseases. As a result, patients with AMI without complications are less likely to be admitted to the CCU, and cardiologists staying in the CCU have also decreased...
October 17, 2018: Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30318179/mechanism-by-which-dipeptidyl-peptidase-4-inhibitors-increase-the-risk-of-heart-failure-and-possible-differences-in-heart-failure-risk
#16
REVIEW
Motoaki Sano
Dipeptidyl peptidase-4 (DPP-4) inhibitors are oral antidiabetic drugs that safely reduce the blood glucose level over the long term. In Japan, DPP-4 inhibitors have become the oral antidiabetic drugs most frequently prescribed for patients with type 2 diabetes. However, the results of several cardiovascular outcomes studies have suggested that some DPP-4 inhibitors may increase the risk of hospitalization for heart failure. In patients with diabetes, heart failure is the most frequent cardiovascular condition, and it has a negative impact on the quality of life as well as being a potentially fatal complication...
October 11, 2018: Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30293674/triple-therapy-a-review-of-antithrombotic-treatment-for-patients-with-atrial-fibrillation-undergoing-percutaneous-coronary-intervention
#17
REVIEW
Yuichi Saito, Yoshio Kobayashi
In patients with atrial fibrillation (AF), concomitant coronary artery disease is often present, and vice versa. Optimal antithrombotic treatment for patients with AF undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) is one of the major concerns in the field of cardiology. Triple therapy, a combination of oral anticoagulant (OAC) plus dual antiplatelet therapy with aspirin and P2Y12 inhibitor, has been used for patients with AF undergoing PCI in recent decades to reduce ischemic events under guideline recommendations...
October 4, 2018: Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30509352/is-overreduction-of-the-mitral-annulus-for-valve-competence-considered-mitral-valve-repair-addressing-prosthesis-patient-mismatch
#18
LETTER
Mi Kyung Lee, Jong Bum Choi, Dae Woong Ryu
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2019: Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30509351/association-of-potent-p2y12-blockers-with-ischemic-and-bleeding-outcomes-in-non-st-segment-elevation-myocardial-infarction
#19
Doo Sun Sim, Myung Ho Jeong, Hyo Soo Kim, Hyeon Cheol Gwon, Ki Bae Seung, Seung Woon Rha, Shung Chull Chae, Chong Jin Kim, Kwang Soo Cha, Jong Sun Park, Jung Han Yoon, Jei Keon Chae, Seung Jae Joo, Dong Ju Choi, Seung Ho Hur, In Whan Seong, Myeong Chan Cho, Doo Il Kim, Seok Kyu Oh, Tae Hoon Ahn, Jin Yong Hwang
BACKGROUND: Potent P2Y12 blockers are preferred in patients with acute non-ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (NSTEMI) undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). However, the risk of bleeding remains a major concern. We assessed the association of potent P2Y12 blockers with ischemic and bleeding outcomes in patients with NSTEMI. METHODS: From the Korea Acute Myocardial Infarction Registry-National Institute of Health database, 4927 patients with NSTEMI receiving drug-eluting stents (DES) were divided into potent P2Y12 blocker (ticagrelor or prasugrel, n=901) and clopidogrel (n=3180) groups...
February 2019: Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30420106/progress-and-challenge-of-cardiac-regeneration-to-treat-heart-failure
#20
REVIEW
Mari Isomi, Taketaro Sadahiro, Masaki Ieda
Cardiac muscle has limited proliferative capacity, and regenerative therapies are highly in demand as a new treatment strategy. Pharmacological and non-pharmacological therapies have been developed, but these medical therapies have limited effects to cure patients with severe heart failure. Moreover, heart transplantation is limited due to the low number of donor organs. Thus, heart regeneration holds great potential to offer innovative therapy to treat heart failure patients. Currently, there are several strategies for heart regeneration...
February 2019: Journal of Cardiology
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