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Journal of Cardiology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29208341/hemodynamic-correlates-of-nutritional-indexes-in-heart-failure
#1
Yu Horiuchi, Shuzou Tanimoto, Taishi Okuno, Jiro Aoki, Kazuyuki Yahagi, Yu Sato, Tetsu Tanaka, Keita Koseki, Kota Komiyama, Hiroyoshi Nakajima, Kazuhiro Hara, Kengo Tanabe
BACKGROUND: Malnutrition in heart failure (HF) is related to altered intestinal function, which could be due to hemodynamic changes. We investigated the usefulness of novel nutritional indexes in relation to hemodynamic parameters. METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed 139 HF patients with reduced ejection fraction who underwent right heart catheterization. We investigated correlations between right side pressures and nutritional indexes, which include controlling nutritional (CONUT) score and geriatric nutritional risk index (GNRI)...
December 2, 2017: Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29208340/different-indicators-for-postprocedural-mitral-stenosis-caused-by-single-or-multiple-clip-implantation-after-percutaneous-mitral-valve-repair
#2
Yuji Itabashi, Hiroto Utsunomiya, Shunsuke Kubo, Yukiko Mizutani, Hirotsugu Mihara, Mitsushige Murata, Robert J Siegel, Saibal Kar, Keiichi Fukuda, Takahiro Shiota
BACKGROUND: Postprocedural mitral stenosis (MS) is a main limitation for MitraClip™ (Abbot Vascular, Inc., Santa Clara, CA, USA) procedure. The purpose of this study was to detect the preprocedural predictors of high transmitral pressure gradient (TMPG) after MitraClip™ implantation, which indicated postprocedural mitral stenosis (MS). METHODS: We studied 79 patients who were implanted with MitraClip™ in our institute. Before the procedure, mitral valve orifice area (MVOA), and anterior-posterior (AP) and medial-lateral (ML) mitral annular diameters were measured at diastole using three-dimensional (3D) transesophageal echocardiography (TEE) data set...
December 2, 2017: Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29203080/diastolic-wall-strain-is-associated-with-incident-heart-failure-in-african-americans-insights-from-the-atherosclerosis-risk-in-communities-study
#3
Daisuke Kamimura, Takeki Suzuki, Michael E Hall, Wanmei Wang, Michael D Winniford, Amil M Shah, Carlos J Rodriguez, Kenneth R Butler, Thomas H Mosley
BACKGROUND: Increased left ventricular (LV) myocardial stiffness may be associated with impaired LV hemodynamics and incident heart failure (HF). However, an indicator that estimates LV myocardial stiffness easily and non-invasively is lacking. The purpose of this study was to determine whether diastolic wall strain (DWS), an echocardiographic estimator of LV myocardial stiffness, is associated with incident HF in a middle-aged community-based cohort of African Americans. METHODS AND RESULTS: We investigated associations between DWS and incident HF among 1528 African Americans (mean age 58...
December 1, 2017: Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29203079/residual-pressure-gradient-across-the-implanted-stent-an-important-factor-of-post-pci-physiological-results
#4
Yoshiaki Kawase, Masanori Kawasaki, Jun Kikuchi, Tetsuo Hirata, Syuuichi Okamoto, Toru Tanigaki, Hiroyuki Omori, Hideaki Ota, Munenori Okubo, Hiroki Kamiya, Akihiro Hirakawa, Hitoshi Matsuo
BACKGROUND: Instantaneous wave-free ratio (iFR) has the potential to improve the accuracy of the prediction of the physiological result of percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). The aim of this study was to evaluate the accuracy of iFR to predict the final physiological results following PCI, and investigate the factors for failed prediction. METHODS: In 73 lesions, iFR pullback recordings were measured and comparisons were made between the predicted improvement following PCI and the observed result...
December 1, 2017: Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29198920/impact-of-post-dilatation-on-longitudinal-stent-elongation-an-in-vitro-study
#5
Takuya Sumi, Hideki Ishii, Akihito Tanaka, Susumu Suzuki, Hiroki Kojima, Naoki Iwakawa, Toshijiro Aoki, Kenshi Hirayama, Takayuki Mitsuda, Kazuhiro Harada, Yosuke Negishi, Tomoyuki Ota, Kenji Kada, Toyoaki Murohara
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate whether balloon inflation for post-dilatation causes longitudinal stent deformation (LSD). METHODS AND RESULTS: Two stents, sized 2.5mm×28mm and 3.5mm×28mm (Nobori®, biodegradable polymer biolimus-eluting stent; Ultimaster®, biodegradable polymer sirolimus-eluting stent; Terumo Co., Tokyo, Japan), were deployed at nominal pressure in straight and tapered silicon vessel models. Then, post-dilatation was performed in two ways: dilatation from the distal (D-P group) or proximal (P-D group) side of the stent...
November 30, 2017: Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29198919/does-colchicine-decrease-the-rate-of-recurrence-of-acute-idiopathic-pericarditis-treated-with-glucocorticoids
#6
Aviv Mager, Yeela Talmor, Chava Chezar Azzerad, Zaza Iakobishvili, Avital Porter, Ran Kornowski, David Hasdai
BACKGROUND: The traditional treatment of acute pericarditis includes non-steroidal anti-inflammatory agents (NSAIDs) or glucocorticoids. The addition of colchicine has been found to reduce the rate of recurrences. Glucocorticoids, however, may attenuate this effect, although the available data are limited. We examined the impact of colchicine on the rate of recurrence of acute idiopathic pericarditis pretreated with prednisone. METHODS: The frequency of recurrence in patients hospitalized for acute idiopathic pericarditis in a tertiary medical center in 2004-2014 who were treated with glucocorticoids or with non-steroidal therapy was assessed from the computerized hospital database...
November 30, 2017: Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29195788/transcatheter-aortic-valve-replacement-suitable-for-all
#7
EDITORIAL
Kenji Minakata
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 28, 2017: Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29191630/efficacy-and-safety-of-bivalirudin-in-coronary-artery-disease-patients-with-mild-to-moderate-chronic-kidney-disease-meta-analysis
#8
Xiaofang Zeng, A Michael Lincoff, Stefanie Schulz-Schüpke, Philippe Gabriel Steg, Yedid Elbez, Roxana Mehran, Gregg W Stone, Thomas McAndrew, Jianhui Lin, Xindan Zhang, Wenhai Shi, Han Lei, Zhicheng Jing, Wei Huang
BACKGROUND: Patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) have elevated bleeding and ischemic outcomes. We aim to assess the short- and long-term efficacy and safety of bivalirudin compared to heparin plus glycoprotein IIb/IIIa inhibitors (GPIs) in coronary artery disease (CAD) patients with CKD. METHODS: Randomized trials were searched in PubMed, Cochrane, and Embase databases up to January 2017. Among the trials retrieved, efficacy endpoints were defined as mortality, myocardial infarction (MI), repeat revascularization, stent thrombosis, and major adverse cardiac events (MACEs)...
November 27, 2017: Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29183646/a-risk-score-to-predict-the-absence-of-left-ventricular-reverse-remodeling-implications-for-the-timing-of-icd-implantation-in-primary-prevention
#9
Jordi Pérez-Rodon, Enrique Galve, Carmen Pérez-Bocanegra, Teresa Soriano-Sánchez, Jesús Recio-Iglesias, Eva Domingo-Baldrich, Mila Alzola-Guevara, Ignacio Ferreira-González, Josep Ramon Marsal, Aida Ribera-Solé, Laura Gutierrez García-Moreno, Luz María Cruz-Carlos, Nuria Rivas-Gandara, Ivo Roca-Luque, Jaume Francisco-Pascual, Artur Evangelista-Masip, Àngel Moya-Mitjans, David García-Dorado
BACKGROUND: A prophylactic implantable cardioverter defibrillator (ICD) in patients with heart failure and reduced left ventricular ejection fraction (HFrEF) is only indicated when left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) reassessment remains ≤35% after 3-6 months on optimal pharmacological therapy. However, LVEF may not improve during this period and the patient may be exposed to an unnecessary risk of sudden cardiac death. This study aimed to determine the incidence and predictors of the absence of left ventricular reverse remodeling (LVRR) after pharmacological treatment optimization in patients with HFrEF to design a risk score of absence of LVRR...
November 25, 2017: Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29174841/new-hope-for-hyperlipidemia-management-inclisiran
#10
LETTER
Dhrubajyoti Bandyopadhyay, Adrija Hajra, Kumar Ashish, Arshna Qureshi, Somedeb Ball
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 23, 2017: Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29174599/strategy-of-delayed-surgery-for-ventricular-septal-perforation-after-acute-myocardial-infarction
#11
Masato Furui, Takeshi Yoshida, Bunpachi Kakii, Gaku Uchino, Hiroaki Nishioka
BACKGROUND: The timing of surgical repair for ventricular septal perforation (VSP) is important because patients are susceptible to bleeding from fragile myocardial tissue or residual shunt during the acute phase of acute myocardial infarction (AMI). This study aimed to assess the results of delayed surgery for VSP performed 2 weeks after AMI. METHODS: In total, 24 consecutive postinfarction patients with VSP (mean age: 72.6±10.4 years; 13 males) underwent operation between May 2003 and June 2016...
November 22, 2017: Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29174598/acute-coronary-syndrome-still-a-valid-contraindication-to-perform-rotational-atherectomy-early-and-one-year-outcomes
#12
Piotr Kübler, Wojciech Zimoch, Michał Kosowski, Brunon Tomasiewicz, Artur Telichowski, Krzysztof Reczuch
BACKGROUND: Rotational atherectomy (RA) is an acknowledged method of percutaneous treatment of highly calcified or fibrotic coronary lesions. However, using the rotablator system in patients presenting with acute coronary syndromes (ACS) remains controversial and is considered as a relative contraindication. The aim of our study was to assess in-hospital and 1-year outcomes in patients undergoing RA presenting with ACS, in comparison to elective RA procedures. METHODS: This single-center observational study included all consecutive patients who underwent RA and PCI in our institution from April 2008 to October 2015...
November 22, 2017: Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29174597/intravascular-hemolysis-in-patients-with-mitral-regurgitation-evaluation-by-erythrocyte-creatine
#13
Tetsuro Sugiura, Toshika Okumiya, Mikio Kamioka, Toru Kubo, Yoko Hirakawa, Taisuke Hisahara, Yoshihisa Matsumura
BACKGROUND: Intravascular hemolysis has been reported in patients with cardiac valve prostheses, but intravascular hemolysis in patients with mitral regurgitation with native valve has not been evaluated in detail. We designed a study to elucidate the impact of regurgitation flow on intravascular hemolysis in patients with primary mitral regurgitation by measuring erythrocyte creatine. METHODS: Erythrocyte creatine was enzymatically assayed in 29 patients with moderate to severe primary mitral regurgitation and 12 age-matched healthy volunteers...
November 22, 2017: Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29174596/author-s-reply
#14
LETTER
Masatsune Ogura
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 22, 2017: Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29174595/impact-of-everolimus-eluting-stent-length-on-long-term-clinical-outcomes-of-percutaneous-coronary-intervention
#15
Hideki Yano, Shigeo Horinaka, Toshihiko Ishimitsu
BACKGROUND: Even though longer stented lengths may increase the risk of restenosis, full coverage of diffuse long lesions with longer stents seems to be the optimal strategy for percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) in the new drug-eluting stent (DES) era. However, it remains unclear whether this strategy will indicate favorable outcome or not. This study evaluated the impact of stent length on two-year clinical outcomes after PCI with the XIENCE Alpine everolimus-eluting stent. METHODS: This was a retrospective, non-randomized, observational study...
November 22, 2017: Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29169980/hyponatremia-as-a-surrogate-marker-for-optimal-diuretic-selection-in-acute-heart-failure
#16
EDITORIAL
Arata Fukushima, Shintaro Kinugawa
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 20, 2017: Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29158023/statin-has-more-protective-effects-in-ami-patients-with-higher-plasma-bnp-or-nt-probnp-level-but-not-with-lower-left-ventricular-ejection-fraction
#17
Jaelim Cho, Ie Byung Park, Kiyoung Lee, Tae Hoon Ahn, Won Bin Park, Ju Han Kim, Youngkeun Ahn, Myung Ho Jeong, Dae Ho Lee
BACKGROUND: The benefit of statin therapy in patients with higher grades of heart failure has yet to be determined. The present study investigated whether statin therapy affects major composite outcomes (MCOs) and all-cause mortality in patients with acute myocardial infarction (AMI) within 1 year after AMI, according to their plasma natriuretic peptide (NP) levels and left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF). METHODS: A total of 11,492 patients with AMI from two nationwide registry databases in Korea were analyzed...
November 17, 2017: Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29153742/direct-oral-anticoagulants-for-japanese-atrial-fibrillation-in-the-elderly
#18
EDITORIAL
Yusuke Kondo, Keitaro Senoo, Yoshio Kobayashi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 16, 2017: Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29153741/left-atrial-function-in-patients-with-light-chain-amyloidosis-a-transthoracic-3d-speckle-tracking-imaging-study
#19
Dania Mohty, Vincent Petitalot, Julien Magne, Bahaa M Fadel, Cyrille Boulogne, Dounia Rouabhia, Chahrazed ElHamel, David Lavergne, Thibaud Damy, Victor Aboyans, Arnaud Jaccard
BACKGROUND: Systemic light chain amyloidosis (AL) is characterized by the extracellular deposition of amyloid fibrils. Transthoracic echocardiography is the modality of choice to assess cardiac function in patients with AL. Whereas left ventricular (LV) function has been well studied in this patient population, data regarding the value of left atrial (LA) function in AL patients are lacking. In this study, we aim to examine the impact of LA volumes and function on survival in AL patients as assessed by real-time 3D echocardiography...
November 16, 2017: Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29153740/cost-effectiveness-of-transcatheter-aortic-valve-implantation-in-patients-with-aortic-stenosis-in-japan
#20
Satoshi Kodera, Arihiro Kiyosue, Jiro Ando, Issei Komuro
BACKGROUND: Transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) is a less invasive treatment for elderly patients with aortic stenosis. However, the cost of TAVI is a major issue. This study analyzed the cost effectiveness of TAVI in Japan. METHODS: We developed an economic model to evaluate the quality-adjusted life years (QALYs) and costs of TAVI, surgical aortic valve replacement (SAVR), and medical therapy over a 10-year time horizon from the perspective of Japanese public healthcare payers...
November 16, 2017: Journal of Cardiology
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