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Korean Journal of Ophthalmology: KJO

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770644/comparative-efficacy-of-the-new-optical-biometer-on-intraocular-lens-power-calculation-al-scan-versus-iolmaster
#1
Ahnul Ha, Won Ryang Wee, Mee Kum Kim
PURPOSE: To evaluate the agreement in axial length (AL), keratometry, and anterior chamber depth measurements between AL-Scan and IOLMaster biometers and to compare the efficacy of the AL-Scan on intraocular lens (IOL) power calculations and refractive outcomes with those obtained by the IOLMaster. METHODS: Medical records of 48 eyes from 48 patients who underwent uneventful phacoemulsification and IOL insertion were retrospectively reviewed. One of the two types of monofocal aspheric IOLs were implanted (Tecnis ZCB00 [Tecnis, n = 34] or CT Asphina 509M [Asphina, n = 14])...
May 15, 2018: Korean Journal of Ophthalmology: KJO
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770643/use-of-the-bispectral-index-to-predict-eye-position-of-children-during-general-anesthesia
#2
Koung Hoon Kook, Seung Ah Chung, Suyoun Park, Dae Hee Kim
PURPOSE: To assess the relationship between eye position and anesthesia depth using the bispectral index (BIS) value, a parameter derived from electroencephalography data. METHODS: We investigated the relationship between BIS value and eye position in 32 children who underwent surgery for epiblepharon under general anesthesia. BIS values were recorded continuously throughout the procedure (from induction to awakening). Eye positions were video-recorded and analyzed after surgery...
May 15, 2018: Korean Journal of Ophthalmology: KJO
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770642/differences-among-ophthalmology-patients-referred-to-tertiary-medical-centers-according-to-referral-hospital
#3
Heesuk Kim, Hong Kyu Kim, Tyler Hyungtaek Rim, Ji Won Kim, Jin Hyung Kim, Sung Soo Kim
PURPOSE: This study aimed to investigate the diagnosis and severity of patients who were referred to tertiary medical centers according to the type and function of the referral hospitals. METHODS: First-visit patients referred from July 2015 to June 2016 were retrospectively reviewed with regard to referral hospital, final diagnosis, treatment necessity, and medical fees for the six months after their first hospital visit. Based on these data, differences in type and function of medical institution were examined...
May 15, 2018: Korean Journal of Ophthalmology: KJO
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770641/long-term-surgical-outcomes-of-initial-postoperative-overcorrection-in-adults-with-intermittent-exotropia
#4
Jong Ho Ahn, Haejung Paik
PURPOSE: To evaluate the relationship between initial postoperative overcorrection and long-term surgical success in exotropia patients. METHODS: The medical records of 46 patients who underwent surgery for intermittent exotropia after the age of 18 were enrolled. Enrolled patients also had at least 2 years of postoperative follow-up. Based on the initial postoperative deviation at distance measured by prism and the alternating cover test at 1 week, patients were assigned to one of the following groups: group A included patients who demonstrated any esodeviation, while group B included patients who showed orthophoria to exodeviation of 10 prism diopters...
May 15, 2018: Korean Journal of Ophthalmology: KJO
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770640/comparison-of-anterior-posterior-and-total-corneal-astigmatism-measured-using-a-single-scheimpflug-camera-in-healthy-and-keratoconus-eyes
#5
Young Choi, Youngsub Eom, Jong Suk Song, Hyo Myung Kim
PURPOSE: To compare the effect of posterior corneal astigmatism on the estimation of total corneal astigmatism using anterior corneal measurements (simulated keratometry [K]) between eyes with keratoconus and healthy eyes. METHODS: Thirty-three eyes of 33 patients with keratoconus of grade I or II and 33 eyes of 33 age- and sex-matched healthy control subjects were enrolled. Anterior, posterior, and total corneal cylinder powers and flat meridians measured by a single Scheimpflug camera were analyzed...
May 15, 2018: Korean Journal of Ophthalmology: KJO
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770639/effect-of-cataract-grade-according-to-wide-field-fundus-images-on-measurement-of-macular-thickness-in-cataract-patients
#6
Mingue Kim, Youngsub Eom, Jong Suk Song, Hyo Myung Kim
PURPOSE: To investigate the effects of cataract grade based on wide-field fundus imaging on macular thickness measured by spectral domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT) and its signal-to-noise ratio (SNR). METHODS: Two hundred cataract patients (200 eyes) with preoperative measurements by wide-field fundus imaging and macular SD-OCT were enrolled. Cataract severity was graded from 1 to 4 according to the degree of macular obscuring by cataract artifact in fundus photo images...
May 15, 2018: Korean Journal of Ophthalmology: KJO
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770638/factors-associated-with-pain-following-intravitreal-injections
#7
Seong Hwan Shin, Sung Pyo Park, Yong Kyu Kim
PURPOSE: To investigate factors associated with pain intensity following intravitreal injection and factors that might be associated with changes in pain intensity in patients who received repeated injections. METHODS: A total of 172 eyes (147 patients) were prospectively enrolled. Patients rated their pain from 0 to 10 using a visual analogue scale. Multiple linear regression analysis was used to evaluate factors associated with pain score. Sixty-eight patients evaluated their degree of pain more than once and were divided into three groups according to changes in pain during repeated injections...
May 15, 2018: Korean Journal of Ophthalmology: KJO
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770637/time-series-changes-in-cataract-surgery-in-korea
#8
Ju Hwan Song, Jung Youb Kang, Ki Yup Nam, Seung Uk Lee, Sang Joon Lee
PURPOSE: We analyzed time series changes in cataract surgeries in Korea, and provide basic data to enhance the efficiency of medical services for cataract surgery. METHODS: Among cataract surgery statistics registered in the Korean National Health Insurance Cooperation from 2006 to 2012, we used data regarding the number of patients and operations and the number of patients and operations per 100,000 people. We analyzed various time series changes, including differences by sex and age...
May 15, 2018: Korean Journal of Ophthalmology: KJO
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770636/factors-associated-with-outcomes-of-combined-phacoemulsification-and-ahmed-glaucoma-valve-implantation
#9
Junki Kwon, Kyung Rim Sung
PURPOSE: To evaluate outcomes and factors associated with surgical failure in patients who underwent combined phacoemulsification and Ahmed glaucoma valve (AGV) implantation. METHODS: This retrospective and longitudinal study enrolled 40 eyes (38 patients) that underwent combined phacoemulsification and AGV implantation. Visual acuity, intraocular pressure (IOP), and number of antiglaucoma medications were evaluated preoperatively and postoperatively. Complete success was defined as a last follow-up IOP of 6 to 21 mmHg without medication, qualified success as an IOP of 6 to 21 mmHg with medication, and failure as an IOP of >21 or <6 mmHg...
May 15, 2018: Korean Journal of Ophthalmology: KJO
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770635/clinical-course-and-prognostic-factors-of-acquired-third-fourth-and-sixth-cranial-nerve-palsy-in-korean-patients
#10
Kiyoung Kim, Sung Rae Noh, Min Seok Kang, Kyung Hyun Jin
PURPOSE: This study aimed to evaluate the clinical course and prognostic factors of acquired third, fourth, and sixth cranial nerve (CN) palsy grouped according to etiology. METHODS: This study involved a retrospective review of the medical records of 153 patients who were diagnosed with acquired paralytic strabismus from January 2004 to July 2015. Outcomes, recovery rates, and time to recovery were investigated according to the affected CN: CN3, CN4, and CN6 palsies...
March 20, 2018: Korean Journal of Ophthalmology: KJO
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29611376/orbital-cellulitis-from-orbital-compressed-air-and-diesel-injury
#11
LETTER
Kyoung Hwa Bae, Nam Chun Cho, In Cheon You, Min Ahn
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 20, 2018: Korean Journal of Ophthalmology: KJO
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29611375/congenital-bilateral-inferior-rectus-muscle-absence-with-a-type-exotropia
#12
LETTER
Hae Rang Kim, Soo Jung Lee
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 13, 2018: Korean Journal of Ophthalmology: KJO
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29611374/recurrent-endophthalmitis-caused-by-achromobacter-xylosoxidans-importance-of-aggressive-surgical-removal-of-capsular-bag
#13
LETTER
Joong Hyun Park, Eun Kyoung Lee, Sang Yoon Lee, Jin Young Kim, Dong Yoon Kim
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 13, 2018: Korean Journal of Ophthalmology: KJO
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29611373/lamina-cribrosa-changes-after-laser-in-situ-keratomileusis-in-myopic-eyes
#14
Soomin Lee, Da Ye Diana Choi, Dong Hui Lim, Tae Young Chung, Jong Chul Han, Changwon Kee
PURPOSE: To determine deep optic nerve head structure changes after transient intraocular pressure elevation during laser in situ keratomileusis (LASIK) for myopia. METHODS: Enhanced depth imaging-optical coherence tomography was performed in each myopic eye that underwent LASIK surgery. Enhanced depth imaging-optical coherence tomography images were created at postoperative 1 day, 1 week, 2 weeks, and 1 month. Lamina cribrosa (LC) thickness, LC depth and prelaminar thickness at the superior, middle and inferior portions of the optic nerve head were measured by two investigators...
March 13, 2018: Korean Journal of Ophthalmology: KJO
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29611372/scleral-buckling-under-a-slit-lamp-illumination-system-with-a-contact-wide-angle-viewing-lens-compared-with-an-indirect-ophthalmoscope
#15
Seung Yong Choi, Youlim Lee, Mirinae Kim, Young Hoon Park
PURPOSE: To investigate the outcomes of scleral buckling surgery performed under a slit-lamp illumination system (Visulux) with a contact wide-angle viewing lens (Mini Quad) in patients with rhegmatogenous retinal detachment (RRD) and to compare these outcomes with those of surgery performed under an indirect ophthalmoscope. METHODS: By retrospective review of electronic medical records, patients with RRD who had undergone scleral buckling surgery were identified...
March 13, 2018: Korean Journal of Ophthalmology: KJO
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29611371/visual-recovery-after-macular-hole-surgery-and-related-prognostic-factors
#16
Soo Han Kim, Hong Kyu Kim, Jong Yun Yang, Sung Chul Lee, Sung Soo Kim
PURPOSE: To describe the visual recovery and prognostic factors after macular hole surgery. METHODS: A retrospective chart review was conducted. Charts of patients with idiopathic macular holes who underwent surgery by a single surgeon at Severance Hospital between January 1, 2013 and July 31, 2015 were reviewed. The best-corrected visual acuity (BCVA) score was recorded preoperatively and at 1 day and 1, 3, 6, 9, and 12 months after surgery. The variables of age, sex, macular hole size, basal hole diameter, choroidal thickness, and axial length were also noted...
March 13, 2018: Korean Journal of Ophthalmology: KJO
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29611370/influence-of-sodium-hyaluronate-concentration-on-corneal-aberration-in-soft-contact-lens-wearers
#17
Jong Soo Lee, Jong Moon Park, Hyun Kyung Cho, Su Jin Kim, Hyoun Do Huh, Young Min Park
PURPOSE: This study aimed to evaluate the influence of varying concentrations of sodium hyaluronate (SH) eye drops on corneal aberrations in normal individuals wearing silicone hydrogel contact lenses. METHODS: Normal individuals wearing silicone hydrogel contact lenses were enrolled in this study. Subjects were classified into two groups depending on the concentration of the preservative-free SH used (group 1, 0.1% SH; group 2, 0.3% SH). All subjects were asked to blink five times after instillation of the SH eye drop and before the Galilei measurements...
March 13, 2018: Korean Journal of Ophthalmology: KJO
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29560622/bilateral-vertical-gaze-palsy-after-cerebral-digital-subtraction-angiography-due-to-unilateral-midbrain-infarction
#18
LETTER
Jong Hoon Kim, Won Jae Kim
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2018: Korean Journal of Ophthalmology: KJO
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29560621/distribution-of-interleukin-22-secreting-immune-cells-in-conjunctival-associated-lymphoid-tissue
#19
Chang Ho Yoon, Daeseung Lee, Hyun Jeong Jeong, Jin Suk Ryu, Mee Kum Kim
PURPOSE: Interleukin (IL)-22 is a cytokine involved in epithelial cell regeneration. Currently, no research studies have analyzed the distribution of the three distinct IL-22-secreting cell populations in human or mouse conjunctiva. This study investigated the distribution of the three main populations of IL-22-secreting immune cells, αβ Th cells, γδ T cells, or innate cells (innate lymphoid cells [ILCs] or natural killer cells), in conjunctival associated lymphoid tissues (CALTs) in human and mouse models...
April 2018: Korean Journal of Ophthalmology: KJO
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29560620/long-term-lens-complications-following-removal-of-persistent-pupillary-membrane
#20
Haeng Jin Lee, Jeong Hun Kim, Seong Joon Kim, Young Suk Yu
PURPOSE: We evaluated the long-term surgical outcome and lens complications in children with persistent pupillary membrane following removal using vitreous scissors. METHODS: Patients diagnosed with persistent pupillary membrane who received surgical treatment from 1987 to 2012 were retrospectively reviewed. The removal was performed using vitreous scissors after instillation of miotics. The minimum follow-up period after surgery was four years. Factors of age, sex, visual acuity, refractive errors, and complications during or after surgery were evaluated...
April 2018: Korean Journal of Ophthalmology: KJO
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