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Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143859/socioeconomic-risk-factors-for-hospital-admittance-due-to-a-suicide-attempt-in-belgium-a-population-based-study-using-administrative-data
#1
Marc Roelands, Johan Vanoverloop, Leila Maron, Johan Bilsen
PURPOSE: This population-based study aims to investigate socio-economic factors, depression and psychosis as independent risk factors for a suicide attempt that requires hospitalization, and estimate the incidence of suicide attempts. METHODS: Individual-level administrative data were analysed that were collected for all members of the Socialist Health Insurance Schemes in Belgium during the period 2011-2013 (N = 3,156,030) in the context of the financing of the health care services provided...
November 16, 2017: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143095/areca-nut-chewing-is-associated-with-common-mental-disorders-a-population-based-study
#2
Tzu-Yu Lin, Huan-Cheng Chang, Kuang-Hung Hsu
INTRODUCTION: Forms of habitual substance use including cigarette smoking and alcohol consumption have been documented as risk factors of common mental disorders (CMDs). The effects of areca nut chewing on biophysiological tests, metabolic syndromes, and liver function have been reported previously; however, the relationship between areca nut chewing and CMDs remains unclear. This study examined the association between areca nut chewing and CMDs and explored the relationships between areca nut chewing and biophysiological indicators...
November 15, 2017: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29124294/the-relationship-between-financial-difficulty-and-childhood-symptoms-of-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-a-uk-longitudinal-cohort-study
#3
Abigail Emma Russell, Tamsin Ford, Ginny Russell
PURPOSE: Attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is associated with socioeconomic status (SES), in that children who grow up in low SES families are at an increased risk of ADHD symptoms and diagnosis. The current study explores whether different levels of ADHD symptoms are associated with prior changes in the SES facet of financial difficulty. METHODS: Using the Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children (ALSPAC), we examined symptoms of ADHD measured by the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ) hyperactivity subscale in relation to parent-reported changes in financial difficulty, grouped into four repeated measures at four time points across childhood; (n = 6416)...
November 9, 2017: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29124293/identification-of-major-depressive-disorder-among-the-long-term-unemployed
#4
Kirsti Nurmela, Aino Mattila, Virpi Heikkinen, Jukka Uitti, Aarne Ylinen, Pekka Virtanen
PURPOSE: Depression is a common mental health disorder among the unemployed, but research on identifying their depression in health care is scarce. The present study aimed to explore the identification of major depressive disorder (MDD) in health care on long-term unemployed and find out if the duration of unemployment correlates with the risk for unidentified MDD. METHODS: The study sample consisted the patient files of long-term unemployed people (duration of unemployment 1-35 years, median 11 years), who in a screening project diagnosed with MDD (n = 243)...
November 9, 2017: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29124292/homelessness-as-a-predictor-of-mortality-an-11-year-register-based-cohort-study
#5
Sandra Feodor Nilsson, Thomas Munk Laursen, Carsten Hjorthøj, Merete Nordentoft
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to examine the association between homelessness and psychiatric disorders, including substance use disorders, on one hand, and cause-specific and all-cause mortality on the other in a high-income country. METHODS: A historical nationwide register-based cohort study of the Danish population from 15 years of age between 2000 and 2011 was conducted. The association between homelessness, psychiatric disorders, and mortality was analysed by Poisson Regression adjusting for important confounders...
November 9, 2017: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29124291/self-reported-discriminatory-and-positive-behaviours-towards-people-with-mental-health-problems-findings-from-an-australian-national-survey
#6
Nicola J Reavley, Amy J Morgan, Alyssia Rossetto, Anthony F Jorm
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to explore self-reported avoidance, discrimination, and positive treatment by members of the public towards people with mental health problems. METHODS: In 2014, telephone interviews were carried out with 5220 Australians aged 18 +. Respondents were asked if they had known an adult with a mental health problem over the previous 12 months. If they had, they were asked further questions about the person's age, gender, relationship to the respondent, and their mental health problem...
November 9, 2017: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29124290/predicting-psychiatric-readmission-sex-specific-models-to-predict-30-day-readmission-following-acute-psychiatric-hospitalization
#7
Lucy Church Barker, Andrea Gruneir, Kinwah Fung, Nathan Herrmann, Paul Kurdyak, Elizabeth Lin, Paula A Rochon, Dallas Seitz, Valerie H Taylor, Simone N Vigod
PURPOSE: Psychiatric readmission is a common negative outcome. Predictors of readmission may differ by sex. This study aimed to derive and internally validate sex-specific models to predict 30-day psychiatric readmission. METHODS: We used population-level health administrative data to identify predictors of 30-day psychiatric readmission among women (n = 33,353) and men (n = 32,436) discharged from all psychiatric units in Ontario, Canada (2008-2011). Predictor variables included sociodemographics, health service utilization, and clinical characteristics...
November 9, 2017: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29119266/civilians-in-world-war-ii-and-dsm-iv-mental-disorders-results-from-the-world-mental-health-survey-initiative
#8
Rochelle Frounfelker, Stephen E Gilman, Theresa S Betancourt, Sergio Aguilar-Gaxiola, Jordi Alonso, Evelyn J Bromet, Ronny Bruffaerts, Giovanni de Girolamo, Semyon Gluzman, Oye Gureje, Elie G Karam, Sing Lee, Jean-Pierre Lépine, Yutaka Ono, Beth-Ellen Pennell, Daniela G Popovici, Margreet Ten Have, Ronald C Kessler
PURPOSE: Understanding the effects of war on mental disorders is important for developing effective post-conflict recovery policies and programs. The current study uses cross-sectional, retrospectively reported data collected as part of the World Mental Health (WMH) Survey Initiative to examine the associations of being a civilian in a war zone/region of terror in World War II with a range of DSM-IV mental disorders. METHODS: Adults (n = 3370) who lived in countries directly involved in World War II in Europe and Japan were administered structured diagnostic interviews of lifetime DSM-IV mental disorders...
November 8, 2017: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29110024/parenting-style-and-mental-disorders-in-a-nationally-representative-sample-of-us-adolescents
#9
John David Eun, Diana Paksarian, Jian-Ping He, Kathleen Ries Merikangas
PURPOSE: We examined associations between parenting style and past-year mental disorders in a nationally representative cross-sectional survey of US adolescents and whether the associations differed by adolescent demographic characteristics. METHODS: The sample included 6483 adolescents aged 13-18 years who were interviewed for a full range of DSM-IV mental disorders. Parenting style was assessed by adolescent-reported maternal and paternal care and control using items from the Parental Bonding Instrument...
November 6, 2017: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29101447/short-video-interventions-to-reduce-mental-health-stigma-a-multi-centre-randomised-controlled-trial-in-nursing-high-schools
#10
Petr Winkler, Miroslava Janoušková, Jiří Kožený, Jiří Pasz, Karolína Mladá, Aneta Weissová, Eva Tušková, Sara Evans-Lacko
BACKGROUND: We aimed to assess whether short video interventions could reduce stigma among nursing students. METHODS: A multi-centre, randomised controlled trial was conducted. Participating schools were randomly selected and randomly assigned to receive: (1) an informational leaflet, (2) a short video intervention or (3) a seminar involving direct contact with a service user. The Community Attitudes towards Mental Illness (CAMI) and Reported and Intended Behaviour Scale (RIBS) were selected as primary outcome measures...
November 3, 2017: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29101446/analyzing-the-presentation-and-the-stigma-of-schizophrenia-in-french-newspapers
#11
Dimitrios Lampropoulos, Angelika Wolman, Thémis Apostolidis
PURPOSE: It has been suggested that the stigmatizing presentation of people with schizophrenia by newspapers is an example of structural stigma. In this study, we explore how French newspapers contribute to the stigma of people with schizophrenia. METHODS: All the articles of eight major newspapers (four national and four regional) that include the term schizophr* and that were published in 2015 were therefore analyzed using a coding scheme that we developed inductively...
November 3, 2017: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29090324/cumulative-effects-of-negative-life-events-and-family-stress-on-children-s-mental-health-the-bergen-child-study
#12
Tormod Bøe, Anna Sofia Serlachius, Børge Sivertsen, Keith J Petrie, Mari Hysing
PURPOSE: Numerous studies have documented that lower socioeconomic status (SES) is associated with increased mental health problems in children. One proposed pathway for this association has been differential exposure to accumulated risk factors in children of lower SES. The aim of the current study was to investigate the socioeconomic distribution of exposure to negative life events and family stress and to examine the direct and interactive association between lower SES and exposure to life events and family stress in relation with mental health problems...
October 31, 2017: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29080941/social-isolation-in-mental-health-a-conceptual-and-methodological-review
#13
REVIEW
Jingyi Wang, Brynmor Lloyd-Evans, Domenico Giacco, Rebecca Forsyth, Cynthia Nebo, Farhana Mann, Sonia Johnson
PURPOSE: Social isolation and related concepts have been discussed increasingly in the field of mental health. Despite this, there is a lack of conceptual clarity and consistency in the definition and operationalisation of these terms. This review aimed to provide a clear framework for social isolation and related concepts, and to identify well-established measures in the field of mental health for each conceptual domain discussed. METHODS: We used an iterative strategy of expert consultation and literature searching...
October 28, 2017: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29058017/are-work-demands-associated-with-mental-distress-evidence-from-women-in-rural-india
#14
Robin A Richardson, Arijit Nandi, Surinder Jaswal, Sam Harper
PURPOSE: High work demands might be a determinant of poor mental health among women in low- and middle-income countries, especially in rural settings where women experience greater amounts of labor-intensive unpaid work. Research originating from such settings is lacking. METHODS: We estimated the cross-sectional association between work demands and mental distress among 3177 women living in 160 predominantly tribal communities in southern Rajasthan, India. A structured questionnaire captured the number of minutes women spent on various activities in the last 24 h, and we used this information to measure women's work demands, including the total work amount, nature of work (e...
October 20, 2017: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29022074/probable-psychiatric-disorder-in-a-rural-community-of-west-bengal-india
#15
Anamitra Barik, Sujit Sarkhel, Saugata Basu, Abhijit Chowdhury, Rajesh Kumar Rai
PURPOSE: India faces multiple challenges to mitigate a high burden of psychiatric disorders. The risk of developing psychiatric disorder among the rural Indian population is poorly investigated. This study aims to understand the factors associated with probable psychiatric disorder (PPD) among a select rural Indian population. METHODS: Data from the Birbhum population project of the society for health and demographic surveillance, West Bengal, India, were utilized...
October 11, 2017: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28980024/socioeconomic-deprivation-and-the-clinical-management-of-self-harm-a-small-area-analysis
#16
Robert Carroll, Duleeka Knipe, Paul Moran, David Gunnell
PURPOSE: Socioeconomic deprivation is associated with increased rates of self-harm but its association with levels of clinical care has not previously been explored. The aim of the current study was to investigate socioeconomic differences in the clinical management of people who self-harm. METHODS: Cross-sectional analysis of 3607 people presenting to a large inner-city hospital following self-harm. RESULTS: People living in the least deprived quintile were more likely to receive a psychosocial assessment (most vs...
October 4, 2017: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29043375/assessing-the-structure-and-meaningfulness-of-the-dissociative-subtype-of-ptsd
#17
Jana Ross, Gabriel Baník, Mária Dědová, Gabriela Mikulášková, Cherie Armour
PURPOSE: Studies conducted in the USA, Canada and Denmark have supported the existence of the dissociative PTSD subtype, characterized primarily by symptoms of depersonalization and derealization. The current study aimed to examine the dissociative PTSD subtype in an Eastern European, predominantly female (83.16%) sample, using an extended set of dissociative symptoms. METHODS: A latent profile analysis was applied to the PTSD and dissociation data from 689 trauma-exposed university students from Slovakia...
September 29, 2017: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28956087/a-compromise-solution-between-overlapping-and-overlooking-dsm-personality-disorders-in-chinese-psychiatric-practice
#18
SuoYu Zhu, TianHong Zhang, ChengQing Yang, YanYan Wei, LiHua Xu, JunJie Wang, Annabelle Chow, XiaoHua Liu, KaiDa Jiang, ZePing Xiao, Hui Zhou, JiJun Wang
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to examine the overlaps between the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual-5 (DSM-5) Personality Disorders (PDs) in a high-risk clinical population and to explore a transitional model for implementing DSM-5 PDs. METHOD: A sample population of 982 outpatients with at least one diagnosed PD was selected from 3,075 outpatients of the Shanghai Mental Health Center. The diagnostic process comprised of a personality diagnostic questionnaire and a structured clinical interview...
September 27, 2017: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28916865/erratum-to-masculinity-and-suicidal-thinking
#19
Jane Pirkis, Matthew J Spittal, Louise Keogh, Tass Mousaferiadis, Dianne Currier
In the original publication there was an error in the calculation of scores for a number of the CMNI subscales and consequently the overall scale score. Recalculating the scores did not alter the substantive finding, and largely resulted in only small adjustments to estimates. Tables 1 and 2 are revised to show the corrected values, and revisions to the text reflecting these changes are noted.
September 15, 2017: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28916860/the-effect-of-migration-on-social-capital-and-depression-among-older-adults-in-china
#20
Qiuju Li, Xudong Zhou, Sha Ma, Minmin Jiang, Lu Li
PURPOSE: An estimated 9 million elderly people accompanied their adult children to urban areas in China, raising concerns about their social capital and mental health following re-location. The aim of this study was to examine the effect of migration on social capital and depression among this population. METHODS: Multistage stratified cluster sampling was applied to recruit the migrant and urban elderly in Hangzhou from May to August, 2013. Data were collected from face-to-face interviews by trained college students using a standardized questionnaire...
September 15, 2017: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
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