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Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803401/immigrants-from-mexico-experience-serious-behavioral-and-psychiatric-problems-at-far-lower-rates-than-us-born-americans
#1
Christopher P Salas-Wright, Michael G Vaughn, Trenette Clark Goings
PURPOSE: To examine the prevalence of self-reported criminal and violent behavior, substance use disorders, and mental disorders among Mexican immigrants vis-à-vis the US born. METHODS: Study findings are based on national data collected between 2012 and 2013. Binomial logistic regression was employed to examine the relationship between immigrant status and behavioral/psychiatric outcomes. RESULTS: Mexican immigrants report substantially lower levels of criminal and violent behaviors, substance use disorders, and mental disorders compared to US-born individuals...
August 12, 2017: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28801755/a-cross-national-comparison-of-violence-among-young-men-in-china-and-the-uk-psychiatric-and-cultural-explanations
#2
Jeremy Coid, Junmei Hu, Constantinos Kallis, Yuan Ping, Juying Zhang, Yueying Hu, Laura Bui, Simone Ullrich, Paul Bebbington
PURPOSE: Public health psychiatry has a key role in violence prevention. Cross-national comparisons of violence and associated psychiatric morbidity can indicate targets for preventive interventions. METHOD: Data on young adult men in households, 18-34 years, were drawn from the Second Men's Modern Lifestyles survey in Great Britain (n = 2046) and from a corresponding survey in Chengdu, China (n = 4132), using a translated questionnaire. Binary logistic regression models were carried out to estimate the cross-national differences for different types of violence and to identify explanatory variables...
August 11, 2017: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28748307/systematic-review-of-mental-health-disorders-and-intimate-partner-violence-victimisation-among-military-populations
#3
REVIEW
Katherine Sparrow, Jamie Kwan, Louise Howard, Nicola Fear, Deirdre MacManus
PURPOSE: There is growing awareness of the problem of intimate partner violence (IPV) among military populations. IPV victimisation has been shown to be associated with mental disorder. A better understanding of the link between IPV and mental disorder is needed to inform service development to meet the needs of military families. We aimed to systematically review the literature on the association between IPV victimisation and mental health disorders among military personnel. METHODS: Searches of four electronic databases (Embase, Medline, PsycINFO, and Web of Science) were supplemented by reference list screening...
July 26, 2017: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28748306/low-emotion-oriented-coping-and-informal-help-seeking-behaviour-as-major-predictive-factors-for-improvement-in-major-depression-at-5-year-follow-up-in-the-adult-community
#4
S Rodgers, C L Vandeleur, M-P F Strippoli, E Castelao, A Tesic, J Glaus, A M Lasserre, M Müller, W Rössler, V Ajdacic-Gross, M Preisig
PURPOSE: Given the broad range of biopsychosocial difficulties resulting from major depressive disorder (MDD), reliable evidence for predictors of improved mental health is essential, particularly from unbiased prospective community samples. Consequently, a broad spectrum of potential clinical and non-clinical predictors of improved mental health, defined as an absence of current major depressive episode (MDE) at follow-up, were examined over a 5-year period in an adult community sample...
July 26, 2017: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28733913/social-identity-continuity-and-mental-health-among-syrian-refugees-in-turkey
#5
Anouk Smeekes, Maykel Verkuyten, Elif Çelebi, Ceren Acartürk, Samed Onkun
PURPOSE: Building upon social psychological work on social identity and mental health, this study among Syrian refugees in Turkey examined the importance of multiple group memberships and identity continuity for mental health and well-being. METHOD: A survey study was conducted among the very difficult to reach population of Syrian refugees (N = 361). With path analysis in AMOS the associations were examined between multiple group memberships, social identity continuity and mental health and psychological well-being...
July 21, 2017: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712041/nightmares-in-the-general-population-identifying-potential-causal-factors
#6
Stephanie Rek, Bryony Sheaves, Daniel Freeman
BACKGROUND: Nightmares are inherently distressing, prevent restorative sleep, and are associated with a number of psychiatric problems, but have rarely been the subject of empirical study. Negative affect, linked to stressful events, is generally considered the key trigger of nightmares; hence nightmares have most often been considered in the context of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). However, many individuals with heightened negative affect do not have nightmares. The objective of this study was to identify mechanistically plausible factors, beyond negative affect, that may explain why individuals experience nightmares...
July 15, 2017: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28698927/time-trends-in-mental-well-being-the-polarisation-of-young-people-s-psychological-distress
#7
Andy Ross, Yvonne Kelly, Amanda Sacker
PURPOSE: Previous research on time trends of young people's mental health in Britain has produced conflicting findings: evidence for deterioration in mental health during the late 20th century followed by stability and slight improvement during the early 21st century is contrasted with evidence showing continued deterioration. The present study adds to the evidence base by assessing time trends in means, variances, and both low and high psychological distress scores covering a similar period...
July 11, 2017: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28698926/diagnosis-of-dementia-by-machine-learning-methods-in-epidemiological-studies-a-pilot-exploratory-study-from-south-india
#8
Sheshadri Iyengar Raghavan Bhagyashree, Kiran Nagaraj, Martin Prince, Caroline H D Fall, Murali Krishna
BACKGROUND: There are limited data on the use of artificial intelligence methods for the diagnosis of dementia in epidemiological studies in low- and middle-income country (LMIC) settings. A culture and education fair battery of cognitive tests was developed and validated for population based studies in low- and middle-income countries including India by the 10/66 Dementia Research Group. AIMS: We explored the machine learning methods based on the 10/66 battery of cognitive tests for the diagnosis of dementia based in a birth cohort study in South India...
July 11, 2017: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28681265/a-systematic-review-on-the-prevalence-of-conduct-disorder-in-the-middle-east
#9
REVIEW
Maryam Salmanian, Fatemeh Asadian-Koohestani, Mohammad Reza Mohammadi
OBJECTIVE: Several epidemiological studies have been done on conduct disorder in the Middle East, but no systematic review has been conducted on this topic. Thus, we aimed at investigating the prevalence of conduct disorder in the Middle East in this systematic review of the literature. METHODS: We searched all the cross-sectional studies in the scientific databases of PubMed, Scopus, Google Scholar, Index Medicus for the Eastern Mediterranean Region, Islamic World Science Citation Center, and Grey Literature including conference proceedings, and hand searching of key journals from 1995 to the end of 2014...
July 5, 2017: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28681264/patterns-of-illness-and-care-over-the-5%C3%A2-years-following-onset-of-psychosis-in-different-ethnic-groups-the-gap-5-study
#10
Olesya Ajnakina, John Lally, Marta Di Forti, Anna Kolliakou, Poonam Gardner-Sood, Javier Lopez-Morinigo, Paola Dazzan, Carmine M Pariante, Valeria Mondelli, James MacCabe, Anthony S David, Fiona Gaughran, Robin M Murray, Evangelos Vassos
PURPOSE: Previous research has not provided us with a comprehensive picture of the longitudinal course of psychotic disorders in Black people living in Europe. We sought to investigate clinical outcomes and pattern of care in Black African and Black Caribbean groups compared with White British patients during the first 5 years after first contact with mental health services for psychosis. METHODS: 245 FEP cases aged 18-65 who presented to psychiatric services in 2005-2010 in South London (UK)...
July 5, 2017: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28676948/does-social-support-modify-the-effect-of-disability-acquisition-on-mental-health-a-longitudinal-study-of-australian-adults
#11
Zoe Aitken, Lauren Krnjacki, Anne Marie Kavanagh, Anthony Daniel LaMontagne, Allison Milner
PURPOSE: Disability acquisition in adulthood is associated with deterioration in mental health. Social support may act as a "buffer" against poor mental health following disability acquisition. We tested the hypothesis that women and men with low social support experienced larger declines in mental health on acquisition of a disability compared to women and men with high social support. METHODS: We assessed whether social support, measured both prior and subsequent to disability acquisition, modified the association between disability acquisition and mental health using 14 annual waves of data from the Household, Income and Labour Dynamics in Australia Survey...
July 4, 2017: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28667486/a-cluster-randomised-controlled-trial-of-a-staff-training-intervention-in-residential-units-for-people-with-long-term-mental-illness-in-portugal-the-promqual-trial
#12
Graça Cardoso, Ana Papoila, Gina Tomé, Helen Killaspy, Michael King, José Miguel Caldas-de-Almeida
PURPOSE: This study aimed to assess the efficacy of a staff-training intervention to improve service users' engagement in activities and quality of care, by means of a cluster randomised controlled trial. METHOD: All residential units with at least 12-h a day staff support (n = 23) were invited to participate. Quality of care was assessed with the Quality Indicator for Rehabilitative Care (QuIRC) filled online by the unit's manager. Half the units (n = 12) were randomly assigned to continue providing treatment as usual, and half (n = 11) received a staff-training intervention that focused on skills for engaging service users in activities, with trainers working alongside staff to embed this learning in the service...
June 30, 2017: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28667485/income-inequality-among-american-states-and-the-conditional-risk-of-post-traumatic-stress-disorder
#13
Roman Pabayo, Daniel Fuller, Risë B Goldstein, Ichiro Kawachi, Stephen E Gilman
PURPOSE: Vulnerability to post-traumatic disorder (PTSD) following a traumatic event can be influenced by individual-level as well as contextual factors. Characteristics of the social and economic environment might increase the odds for PTSD after traumatic events occur. One example that has been identified as a potential environmental determinant is income inequality. The purpose of this study is to investigate the association between State-level income inequality and PTSD among adults who have been exposed to trauma...
June 30, 2017: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28664241/the-epidemiology-of-current-depression-in-macau-china-towards-a-plan-for-mental-health-action
#14
Brian J Hall, Agnes Iok Fong Lam, Tat Leong Wu, Wai-Kai Hou, Carl Latkin, Sandro Galea
PURPOSE: Macau is a Special Administrative Region in China that has experienced tremendous development in its gambling industry during its post-colonial years. To inform mental health planning, this study presents the first population estimates and correlates of the current depression in Macau. METHODS: A population-representative sample of 1068 Macau Chinese citizens aged 18 or above responded to a household telephone survey in January, 2015. The Patient Health Questionnaire-9 measured the current depression...
June 29, 2017: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28656452/homeless-women-with-schizophrenia-reported-lower-adherence-to-their-medication-than-men-results-from-the-french-housing-first-experience
#15
A Tinland, K Zemmour, P Auquier, M Boucekine, V Girard, S Loubière, G Fond, Laurent Boyer
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate the factors associated with non-adherence to medication in a large multi-center sample of homeless schizophrenia (HSZ) patients. METHODS: This multi-center study was conducted in four French cities: Lille, Marseille, Paris, and Toulouse. In addition to the Medication Adherence Rating Scale (MARS), sociodemographic information, history of homelessness, illness severity using the Modified Colorado Symptom Index (MCSI) and the Multnomah Community Integration Scale (MCAS), and drug information were collected...
June 27, 2017: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28656451/individual-level-exposure-to-disaster-neighborhood-environmental-characteristics-and-their-independent-and-combined-associations-with-depressive-symptoms-in-women
#16
Symielle A Gaston, Julia Volaufova, Edward S Peters, Tekeda F Ferguson, William T Robinson, Nicole Nugent, Edward J Trapido, Ariane L Rung
PURPOSE: The severity of the stress response to experiencing disaster depends on individual exposure and background stress prior to the event. To date, there is limited research on the interaction between neighborhood environmental stress and experiencing an oil spill, and their effects on depression. The objective of the current study was to assess if the association between exposure to the Deepwater Horizon Oil Spill (DHOS) and depressive symptoms varied by neighborhood characteristics...
June 27, 2017: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646295/the-role-of-socio-economic-status-and-neighborhood-social-capital-on-loneliness-among-older-adults-evidence-from-the-sant-boi-aging-study
#17
Joan Domènech-Abella, Jordi Mundó, Elvira Lara, Maria Victoria Moneta, Josep Maria Haro, Beatriz Olaya
PURPOSE: The aim of the present study is to analyze the role of age in the association between socio-economic status (SES) and loneliness as well as the role of neighborhood social capital (NSC) in the association between individual social capital and loneliness. METHODS: Data include a representative population-based sample from Sant Boi de Llobregat (a suburb of Barcelona) of 1124 adults aged 50 and over. Logistic regression models were used to analyze the survey data...
June 23, 2017: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28638965/internalizing-and-externalizing-problems-in-childhood-and-adolescence-as-predictors-of-work-incapacity-in-young-adulthood
#18
Jurgita Narusyte, Annina Ropponen, Kristina Alexanderson, Pia Svedberg
BACKGROUND: There is limited information regarding the association between youth mental health problems and work incapacity in adulthood. We investigated whether internalizing (depressive, anxious, somatic complaints) and externalizing (aggressive, rule-breaking) behavior problems in childhood and adolescence were associated with sickness absence (SA) and disability pension (DP) in young adulthood. METHODS: Data were used from the population-based and prospective Twin Study of Child and Adolescent Development (TCHAD) which includes all Swedish twins born in 1985-1986 (N = 2570)...
June 21, 2017: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28577211/prognostic-factors-for-return-to-work-of-employees-with-common-mental-disorders-a-meta-analysis-of-cohort-studies
#19
REVIEW
Yeshambel T Nigatu, Yan Liu, Mandi Uppal, Shelby McKinney, Katharine Gillis, Sanjay Rao, JianLi Wang
PURPOSE: To examine prognostic factors for return to work (RTW) of employees with common mental disorders (CMDs). METHODS: A systematic review and meta-analysis were performed using data from 18 published cohort studies with 24,579 participants. The studies were identified from MEDLINE/PubMed, PsycINFO, EMBASE, SocINDEX, and Human resource management databases from 1995 to 2016. Two authors independently screened selected studies and assessed the quality of the studies as well as the extracted data...
June 2, 2017: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28550520/homotypic-and-heterotypic-psychopathological-continuity-a-child-cohort-study
#20
Mark Shevlin, Eoin McElroy, Jamie Murphy
BACKGROUND: Heterotypic psychopathological continuity (i.e. one disorder predicting another at a later time point) contradicts the conventional view that psychiatric disorders are discrete, static entities. Studying this phenomenon may help to tease out the complex mechanisms that underpin psychiatric comorbidity. To date, no studies have explicitly compared heterotypic effects within and across higher order dimensions of psychopathology. METHODS: Patterns of homotypic and heterotypic psychopathological continuity were examined using cohort data from the Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children (ALSPAC, N = 4815)...
May 26, 2017: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
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