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Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology

Marina Widmann, Bernice Apondi, Abednego Musau, Abdulkadir Hussein Warsame, Maimuna Isse, Victoria Mutiso, Clemens Veltrup, David Ndetei, Michael Odenwald
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Migration and khat use were found to correlate with high rates of psychopathology. In this paper we aimed for assessing baseline multimorbidity and its interactions with a Brief Intervention. METHODS: In the RCT, 330 male Somali khat users were assigned to treatment conditions (khat use is a predominantly male habit). The ASSIST-linked BI for khat users was administered. Using the TLFB Calendar, the PHQ-9, a Somali short version of the PDS and parts from the CIDI, khat use and comorbidity was assessed...
March 20, 2017: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
Andrew Tomita, Alain M Vandormael, Diego Cuadros, Rob Slotow, Frank Tanser, Jonathan K Burns
Proximity to primary healthcare facilities may be a serious barrier to accessing mental health services in resource-limited settings. In this study, we examined whether the distance to the primary healthcare clinic (PHCC) was associated with risk of depression in KwaZulu-Natal Province, South Africa. Depressive symptoms and household coordinates data were accessed from the nationally representative South African National Income Dynamics Study. Distances between households and their nearest PHCCs were calculated and mixed-effects logistic regression models fitted to the data...
March 15, 2017: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
Margaret Nixon, Stuart D M Thomas, Michael Daffern, James R P Ogloff
PURPOSE: People with intellectual disability (PWID) appear more likely to be victims and perpetrators of crime. However, extant evidence pertaining to these risks is limited by methodological weaknesses and the absence of consistent operational definitions. This research aimed to estimate the prevalence of criminal histories and victimisation using a large, well-defined sample of PWID. METHODS: A case-linkage study was conducted comprising 2220 PWID registered with disability services in Victoria, Australia, whose personal details were linked with a state-wide police database...
March 13, 2017: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
Martin Webber, Meredith Fendt-Newlin
PURPOSE: The association between social networks and improved mental and physical health is well documented in the literature, but mental health services rarely routinely intervene to improve an individual's social network. This review summarises social participation intervention models to illustrate different approaches which practitioners use, highlight gaps in the evidence base and suggest future directions for research. METHODS: A systematic search of electronic databases was conducted, and social participation interventions were grouped into six categories using a modified narrative synthesis approach...
March 12, 2017: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
Lynn McIntyre, Xiuyun Wu, Cynthia Kwok, Scott B Patten
PURPOSE: We used longitudinal data to clarify the association between self-report of hunger and subsequent depression risk among youth and young adults, accounting for other risk factors. METHODS: Youth self-report of ever experiencing hunger data were collected from cycles 4-6 of the National Longitudinal Survey of Children and Youth cohort of Canadian youth 16 years and older (n = 4139). Data on depressive symptoms (CES-D 12) were collected over three cycles (2004-2009, cycles 6-8)...
March 11, 2017: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
Dzmitry Krupchanka, Hind Khalifeh, Jibril Abdulmalik, Sara Ardila-Gómez, Aishatu Yusha'u Armiya'u, Visnja Banjac, Alexey Baranov, Nikita Bezborodovs, Petrana Brecic, Zoran Čavajda, Giovanni de Girolamo, Maria Denisenko, Howard Akena Dickens, Josip Dujmovic, Dubravka Ergovic Novotny, Ilya Fedotov, Marina A Fernández, Iryna Frankova, Marta Gasparovic, Catalina Giurgi-Oncu, Tanja Grahovac, Bawo O James, Rabaa Jomli, Ivana Kekin, Rajna Knez, Mariangela Lanfredi, Francesca Lassman, Nisha Mehta, Fethi Nacef, Alexander Nawka, Martin Nemirovsky, Bolanle Adeyemi Ola, Yewande O Oshodi, Uta Ouali, Tomislav Peharda, Andrea Razic Pavicic, Martina Rojnic Kuzman, Costin Roventa, Rinat Shamenov, Daria Smirnova, Davorka Smoljanic, Anna Spikina, Amalia Thornicroft, Marko Tomicevic, Domagoj Vidovic, Paul Williams, Yulia Yakovleva, Olena Zhabenko, Tatiana Zhilyaeva, Maja Zivkovic, Graham Thornicroft, Norman Sartorius
PURPOSE: There is disregard in the scientific literature for the evaluation of psychiatric in-patient care as rated directly by patients. In this context, we aimed to explore satisfaction of people treated in mental health in-patient facilities. The project was a part of the Young Psychiatrist Program by the Association for the Improvement of Mental Health Programmes. METHODS: This is an international multicentre cross-sectional study conducted in 25 hospitals across 11 countries...
March 11, 2017: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
Kristian Wahlbeck, Johanna Cresswell-Smith, Peija Haaramo, Johannes Parkkonen
PURPOSE: To review psychosocial and policy interventions which mitigate the effects of poverty and inequality on mental health. METHODS: Systematic reviews, controlled trials and realist evaluations of the last 10 years are reviewed, without age or geographical restrictions. RESULTS: Effective psychosocial interventions on individual and family level, such as parenting support programmes, exist. The evidence for mental health impact of broader community-based interventions, e...
March 9, 2017: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
Pamela Scorza, Cristiane S Duarte, Anne Stevenson, Christine Mushashi, Fredrick Kanyanganzi, Morris Munyana, Theresa S Betancourt
PURPOSE: Prevention of mental disorders worldwide requires a greater understanding of protective processes associated with lower levels of mental health problems in children who face pervasive life stressors. This study aimed to identify culturally appropriate indicators of individual-level protective factors in Rwandan adolescents where risk factors, namely poverty and a history of trauma, have dramatically shaped youth mental health. METHODS: The sample included 367 youth aged 10-17 in rural Rwanda...
March 8, 2017: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
Sarah A Sullivan, Andy Thompson, Daphne Kounali, Glyn Lewis, Stan Zammit
PURPOSE: To investigate the longitudinal associations between social cognitive ability an external locus of control (externality) and adolescent psychopathology. METHODS: 7058 participants from a prospective population-based cohort provided data on externality, social communication, and emotion perception between 7 and 16 years and psychotic experiences and depressive symptoms at 12 and 18 years. Bivariate probit modelling was used to investigate associations between these risk factors and psychopathological outcomes...
March 7, 2017: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
Sarosh Sadiq, Kausar Suhail, John Gleeson, Mario Alvarez-Jimenez
PURPOSE: Aim of the study is to evaluate the predictive power of Expressed Emotion in Schizophrenia relapse in Pakistan. METHOD: A longitudinal study was conducted comprising 53 in-patients' sample diagnosed with Schizophrenia and their 101 key carers. Participants fulfilled DSM-IV-TR criteria for Schizophrenia based on Structural Clinical Interview for the DSM-IV diagnosis. Symptomatic status was measured through Brief Psychiatric Rating Scales-Expanded (BPRS-E)...
March 4, 2017: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
Sven G Bremberg
PURPOSE AND METHODS: The aim of this study was to investigate, with multiple regression analyses, the effect of selected characteristics on the rate of decrease of suicide rates in 21 OECD (Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development) nations over the period 1990-2010, with initial levels of suicide rates taken into account. RESULTS: The rate of decrease seems mainly (83%) to be determined by the initial suicide rates in 1990. In nations with relatively high initial rates, the rates decreased faster...
March 4, 2017: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
Elizabeth A Evans, Christine E Grella, Dawn M Upchurch
PURPOSE: To examine gender differences in the associations between childhood adversity and different types of substance use disorders and whether gender moderates these relationships. METHODS: We analyzed data from 19,209 women and 13,898 men as provided by Wave 2 (2004-2005) of the National Epidemiologic Survey on Alcohol and Related Conditions (NESARC) to examine whether gender moderates the associations between childhood adversity and DSM-IV defined lifetime occurrence of alcohol, drug, and polysubstance-related disorders...
March 3, 2017: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
Joseph T F Lau, Yoona Kim, Anise M S Wu, Zixin Wang, Bishan Huang, Phoenix K H Mo
PURPOSE: Political tension, as expressed by mass movements such as the Occupy Central movement (2014) in Hong Kong, is a potential but understudied structural factor of population mental health. METHODS: A random population-based telephone survey anonymously interviewed 344 Hong Kong Chinese adults aged 18-65 years during the 2 weeks since the termination date of the 2-month-long Occupy Central movement (15/12/2014). Linear regression models were fit using mental distress (depression, anxiety and negative mood) and self-perceived changes in mood/sleeping quality as dependent variables...
March 3, 2017: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
David L Snowden, Sehun Oh, Christopher P Salas-Wright, Michael G Vaughn, Erika King
BACKGROUND: Evidence indicates that a substantial proportion of military personnel are involved in high-risk and antisocial behaviors that place them at jeopardy for criminal justice system involvement. However, prior research on military service and crime has disproportionately focused on veterans from the Vietnam War era (1955-1975), and has tended to focus on either current or former military members. METHODS: This study employed data from a population-based study (i...
March 3, 2017: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
Christoffer Thomsen, Liis Starkopf, Lene Halling Hastrup, Per Kragh Andersen, Merete Nordentoft, Michael Eriksen Benros
PURPOSE: Reducing the use of coercion among patients with mental disorders has long been a political priority. However, risk factors for coercive measures have primarily been investigated in smaller studies. To reduce the use of coercion, it is crucial to identify people at risk which we aim to do in this first large-scale study. METHODS: A cohort study was conducted among all psychiatric inpatients in Denmark, following 112,233 individuals during 1999-2014. Data from Danish registers were analysed using logistic regression for repeated measures...
March 2, 2017: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
Dzmitry Krupchanka, Nina Kruk, Norman Sartorius, Silvia Davey, Petr Winkler, Joanna Murray
PURPOSE: Mental health-related stigma affects people with mental disorders and their families. We aimed to investigate the experience of stigma among relatives of patients with schizophrenia in Belarus and formulate recommendations for anti-stigma interventions. METHODS: We conducted and thematically analysed 20 interviews with relatives of people diagnosed with schizophrenia. Experience of discrimination, strategies to cope with it, and requests for interventions were examined...
March 1, 2017: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
Inga Dora Sigfusdottir, Bryndis Bjork Asgeirsdottir, Hildigunnur Anna Hall, Jon Fridrik Sigurdsson, Susan Young, Gisli H Gudjonsson
PURPOSE: To examine the role of family conflict in the relationship between attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and conduct disorder (CD). METHODS: A cross-sectional national population survey was carried out among 10,838 14-16 year old students in all secondary schools in Iceland. Three latent measures, financial status, ADHD and CD, and one observed measure, family structure, were included in the study. A structural equation model was used to evaluate direct effects between ADHD and CD for four different groups; females and males, experiencing family conflict and those not experiencing family conflict...
February 24, 2017: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
S M Cotton, M Lambert, B G Schimmelmann, K Filia, V Rayner, L Hides, D L Foley, A Ratheesh, A Watson, P Rodger, P D McGorry, P Conus
OBJECTIVE: Most patients with first episode psychosis (FEP) are neither studying nor employed (have a poor functional status) when first accessing care. Knowledge of the characteristics of patients with poor functioning and the features influencing functional status over time may pave the way to better treatment. METHOD: A medical file audit was used to collect data on premorbid, entry, treatment and 18-month outcome characteristics on 661 FEP patients who consecutively attended the Early Psychosis Prevention and Intervention Centre, Melbourne, Australia, between 1998 and 2000...
February 23, 2017: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
Cindy-Lee Dennis, Lisa Merry, Anita J Gagnon
PURPOSE: The objective was to examine and compare risk factors for postpartum depression among: (1) recent (≤5 years) migrant and Canadian-born women, and (2) refugee, asylum-seeking, and non-refugee immigrant women. METHODS: A sample of 1536 women (1024 migrant and 512 Canadian-born) were recruited from 12 hospitals. Women completed questionnaires at 1-2 and 16 weeks postpartum including questions on socio-demographics, biomedical history, health services, and migration and resettlement factors...
February 20, 2017: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
Halis Ulaş, Tolga Binbay, Umut Kırlı, Hayriye Elbi, Köksal Alptekin
PURPOSE: There is no report on various patterns of alcohol drinking and related impairment, help-seeking in Turkey. We investigated the 12-month prevalence and correlates of drinking patterns and alcohol use disorders in the general population of Izmir-Turkey, with further analyses on role impairment and help-seeking. METHOD: A multi-stage clustered area probability sample of adult household residents in the Izmir Metropolitan Area was assessed using the Composite International Diagnostic Interview 2...
February 20, 2017: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
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