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Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology

Matt R Nobles, Robert J Cramer, Samantha A Zottola, Sarah L Desmarais, Tess M Gemberling, Sarah R Holley, Susan Wright
PURPOSE: Public health and criminal justice stalking victimization data collection efforts are plagued by subjective definitions and lack of known psychosocial correlates. The present study assesses the question of stalking victimization prevalence among three groups. Psychosocial risk and protective factors associated with stalking victimization experiences were assessed. METHODS: Archival data (n = 2159) were drawn from a three-sample (i.e., U.S. nationwide sexual diversity special interest group, college student, and general population adult) cross-sectional survey of victimization, sexuality, and health...
July 12, 2018: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
Erin C Berenz, Timothy P York, Hanaan Bing-Canar, Ananda B Amstadter, Briana Mezuk, Charles O Gardner, Roxann Roberson-Nay
PURPOSE: Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) often co-occurs with panic disorder (PD), with some etiological models positing a causal role of panic reactivity in PTSD onset; however, data addressing the temporal ordering of these conditions are lacking. The aim of this study was to examine the bi-directional associations between PD and PTSD in a nationally representative, epidemiologic sample of trauma-exposed adults. METHODS: Participants were community-dwelling adults (62...
July 12, 2018: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
Aake Packness, Frans Boch Waldorff, René dePont Christensen, Lene Halling Hastrup, Erik Simonsen, Mogens Vestergaard, Anders Halling
In the original publication of this article, Table 3 was published incorrectly. The corrected table is shown below.
July 10, 2018: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
C Chaves, T Castellanos, M Abrams, Carmelo Vazquez
PURPOSE: Although there is abundant evidence about the impact of economic crises on depression and other mental health problems, little is known about the protective role of variables linked to positive functioning (i.e., psychological well-being). METHODS: We analyzed data from Spain, one of the European countries most affected by the 2008-2013 economic recession, collected in Round 3 (R3, 2006) and Round 6 (R6, 2013) of the European Social Survey interviews. Both surveys included measures of psychological well-being, social well-being and depression...
July 10, 2018: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
Yusaku Yoshimura, Ioannis Bakolis, Claire Henderson
PURPOSE: This study aims to examine whether psychiatric diagnosis is associated with likelihoods of experienced and anticipated workplace discrimination and the concealment of psychiatric diagnoses. METHODS: 5924 mental health service users in England were interviewed as part of the Viewpoint survey between 2009 and 2014 using the Discrimination and Stigma Scale. Associations of psychiatric diagnosis with experienced and anticipated work-related discrimination or the concealment of mental illness were examined with the use of logistic regression models...
July 9, 2018: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
Ella Baruch, Nancy Pistrang, Chris Barker
PURPOSE: Clinical guidelines emphasise the central role of family members in supporting people with bipolar disorder. However, there has been little focus on the challenges family members face in supporting their relative. This qualitative study explored the challenges of providing support to a relative with bipolar disorder, and how family members attempted to meet these challenges. Factors that helped or hindered their efforts were also explored, including experiences of professional support...
July 9, 2018: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
Mark J Edlund, Jiantong Wang, Kristen Gulledge Brown, Valerie L Forman-Hoffman, Sara L Calvin, Sarra L Hedden, Jonaki Bose
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study is to estimate the comparative associations of mental disorders with three measures of functional impairment: the Global Assessment of Functioning (GAF); the number of days in the past 12 months of total inability to work or carry out normal activities because of emotions, nerves, or mental health (i.e., days out of role); and a modified version of the World Health Organization Disability Assessment Schedule 2.0 (WHODAS 2.0). METHODS: Secondary data analysis of the linked Mental Health Surveillance Study and the National Survey on Drug Use and Health (n = 5653), nationally representative population surveys conducted in the United States...
June 29, 2018: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
Amy Degnan, Katherine Berry, Daryl Sweet, Kathryn Abel, Nick Crossley, Dawn Edge
PURPOSE: To conduct a systematic review and meta-analysis to examine the strength of associations between social network size and clinical and functional outcomes in schizophrenia. METHOD: Studies were identified from a systematic search of electronic databases (EMBASE, Medline, PsycINFO, and Web of Science) from January 1970 to June 2016. Eligible studies included peer-reviewed English language articles that examined associations between a quantitative measure of network size and symptomatic and/or functional outcome in schizophrenia-spectrum diagnoses...
June 27, 2018: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
Richard Layte, Cathal McCrory
BACKGROUND: Social disadvantage is often associated with worse child psychological adjustment which itself is implicated in educational failure and poor adult social position. The family stress model holds that the association between social disadvantage and psychological adjustment stems from the impact of economic pressure on parental mental health mediated through the parent/child relationship. METHODS: We take advantage of a natural experiment offered by the 'great recession' in Ireland between 2008 and 2012...
June 27, 2018: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
Grace W K Ho, D Bressington, S F Leung, K K C Lam, A Y M Leung, A Molassiotis, J Ligot, C Ranoco, C Sophal, M Valimaki
In the original publication of this article, Acknowledgements Section was not included. The Acknowledgements are given below. The original article has been corrected.
June 25, 2018: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
Keren Lehavot, Simon B Goldberg, Jessica A Chen, Jodie G Katon, Joseph E Glass, John C Fortney, Tracy L Simpson, Paula P Schnurr
OBJECTIVES: To examine factors that account for women veterans' higher prevalence of past-year DSM-5 posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) compared to women civilians and men veterans. METHODS: Cross-sectional analyses of the 2012-2013 National Epidemiologic Survey on Alcohol and Related Conditions-III (NESARC-III). Face-to-face interviews with 379 women veterans, 20,007 women civilians, and 2740 men veterans were conducted. Trauma type (child abuse, interpersonal violence, combat or war zone, and other), number of trauma types, past-year stressful life events, current social support, and DSM-5 PTSD were assessed using the Alcohol Use Disorder and Associated Disabilities Interview Schedule-5...
June 23, 2018: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
Andrea L Murphy, Randa Ataya, Dani Himmelman, Claire O'Reilly, Alan Rosen, Luis Salvador-Carulla, Ruth Martin-Misener, Fred Burge, Stanley Kutcher, David M Gardner
PURPOSE: To explore Canadian and Australian community pharmacists' practice experiences in caring for people at risk of suicide. METHODS: We conducted a thematic analysis of 176 responses to an open-ended extension question in an online survey. RESULTS: Four themes were identified and include referrals and triage, accessibility for confiding, emotional toll, and stigma. Subthemes included gatekeeping the medication supply, sole disclosure, planning for end of life, concerns of support people, assessing the validity of suicidality, gaps in the system, not directly asking, ill-equipped, resources in the pharmacy, relying on others to continue care, and attention seeking...
June 23, 2018: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
Diana Rose
BACKGROUND: Participatory research has as a central tenet that power relations between researcher and researched be reduced. In the last 20 years, a substantial literature has demonstrated the difficulties inherent in this as well as the troublesome nature of certain central concepts. AIMS: (1) To describe and illustrate a new form of participatory research where the researchers share at least something with the participants in the research. That is, all are users of mental health services...
June 21, 2018: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
Dzenana Kartal, Nathan Alkemade, Maurice Eisenbruch, David Kissane
OBJECTIVE: Acculturation studies conducted with refugees have predominantly concentrated on investigating the impact of acculturative stress on mental health, and have neglected to investigate the impact of cultural orientations towards the host and ethnic cultures. Furthermore, exposure to traumas is highly prevalent in refugees and strongly associated with mental health outcomes, however, rarely included in investigations of acculturative process of refugees. METHOD: Using structural equation modelling, this study tested an integrated model of the relationship between traumatic exposure, acculturative stress, host and ethnic cultural orientations and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), depression and anxiety symptoms among 138 Bosnian refugees resettled in Australia and Austria...
June 21, 2018: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
Rose M Collard, Sanne Wassink-Vossen, Aart H Schene, Paul Naarding, Peter Verhaak, Richard C Oude Voshaar, Hannie C Comijs
OBJECTIVES: Functional limitations give an indication of the total impact of diseases, such as depression, on individuals health and recovery. This study examines the change in several domains of functioning over 2 years in older persons depressed at baseline (non-remitted group and remitted group after 2 years) and in a non-depressed comparison group. METHODS: Data were used from a cohort study (Netherlands Study of Depression in Older persons [NESDO]) consisting of depressed older persons ≥ 60 years (N = 378) and a non-depressed comparison group (N = 132) with 2 years of follow-up (attrition rate 24%)...
June 19, 2018: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
Milagros Ruiz, Shaun Scholes, Martin Bobak
PURPOSE: To model the dynamic age-related rate of change in depressive symptomatology in later life and to test the hypothesis that low perceived neighbourhood social cohesion is associated with steeper trajectories of depressive symptoms in older adults. METHODS: We analysed data on 11,037 participants aged 50+ from the English Longitudinal Study of Ageing. Perceived social cohesion (PSC) of participants' neighbourhoods was assessed at baseline (2002/2003). Depressive symptoms were measured using CES-D scores (ranging from 0 to 8) on 7 occasions from baseline to 2014/2015...
June 19, 2018: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
Nobutoshi Nawa, Aya Isumi, Takeo Fujiwara
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to investigate the association between community-level social capital and physical abuse towards children, and the mediating effect of parental psychological distress by multilevel mediation analyses. METHODS: We analyzed data from a population-based study of first-grade elementary school children (6-7 years old) in Adachi City, Tokyo, Japan. The caregivers of first-grade students from all elementary schools in Adachi City (N = 5355) were asked to respond to a questionnaire assessing parents' self-reported physical abuse (beating and hitting) and neighborhood social capital...
June 18, 2018: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
Anita Pálinkás, János Sándor, Magor Papp, László Kőrösi, Zsófia Falusi, László Pál, Zsuzsanna Bélteczki, Zoltán Rihmer, Péter Döme
PURPOSE: We determined the prevalence of untreated depression in patients with hypertension (HT) and/or diabetes (DM) and estimated the extra health care use and expenditures associated with this comorbidity in a rural Hungarian adult population. We also assessed the potential workload of systematic screening for depression in this patient group. METHODS: General health check database from a primary care programme containing survey data of 2027 patients with HT and/or DM was linked to the outpatient secondary care use database of National Institute of Health Insurance Fund Management...
June 15, 2018: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
Kassahun Habtamu, Atalay Alem, Girmay Medhin, Abebaw Fekadu, Charlotte Hanlon
PURPOSE: Evidence regarding functional impairment in people with severe mental disorders (SMD) is sparse in low- and middle-income countries. The aim of this study was to identify factors associated with functional impairment in people with enduring SMD in a rural African setting. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted at the baseline of a health service intervention trial. A total of 324 participants were recruited from an existing community-ascertained cohort of people with SMD (n = 218), and attendees at the Butajira General Hospital psychiatric clinic (n = 106)...
June 14, 2018: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
Michael Fang
PURPOSE: Existing theory and empirical work suggest that impoverished school contexts may increase the risk of mental health problems such as suicide. This study tests this hypothesis by investigating the longitudinal association between school income and attempted suicide among American adolescents. METHODS: Logistic regression models were used to estimate the association between school income and suicidal attempts among all adolescents and among those with suicidal thoughts, respectively...
June 11, 2018: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
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