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Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology

Jane Pirkis, Matthew J Spittal, Louise Keogh, Tass Mousaferiadis, Dianne Currier
In the original publication there was an error in the calculation of scores for a number of the CMNI subscales and consequently the overall scale score. Recalculating the scores did not alter the substantive finding, and largely resulted in only small adjustments to estimates. Tables 1 and 2 are revised to show the corrected values, and revisions to the text reflecting these changes are noted.
September 15, 2017: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
Qiuju Li, Xudong Zhou, Sha Ma, Minmin Jiang, Lu Li
PURPOSE: An estimated 9 million elderly people accompanied their adult children to urban areas in China, raising concerns about their social capital and mental health following re-location. The aim of this study was to examine the effect of migration on social capital and depression among this population. METHODS: Multistage stratified cluster sampling was applied to recruit the migrant and urban elderly in Hangzhou from May to August, 2013. Data were collected from face-to-face interviews by trained college students using a standardized questionnaire...
September 15, 2017: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
Francis Vergunst, Jorun Rugkåsa, Constantinos Koshiaris, Judit Simon, Tom Burns
PURPOSE: Community treatment orders (CTOs) are widely used internationally despite a lack of evidence supporting their effectiveness. Most effectiveness studies are relatively short (12-months or less) and focus on clinical symptoms and service data, while a little attention is given to patients' social outcomes and broader welfare. We tested the association between the duration of CTO intervention and patients' long-term social outcomes. METHODS: A sub-sample (n = 114) of community-based patients from the Oxford Community Treatment Order Evaluation Trial (OCTET) were interviewed 48 months after randomisation...
September 12, 2017: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
Dimitris C Anagnostopoulos, Helen Lazaratou, Mina P Paleologou, Lily E Peppou, Marina Economou, Melpomeni Malliori, George N Papadimitriou, Charalampos Papageorgiou
PURPOSE: Problem gambling in adolescents has recently emerged as a pressing public health concern. In this context and in light of the pervasive financial crisis in Greece, the present study aimed to explore adolescents' gambling involvement in Athens region to estimate the prevalence of its problematic form and to identify its risk/protective factors. METHODS: A total of 2141 students were recruited from a representative sample of 51 schools located in greater Athens area...
September 11, 2017: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
Gisele Dias de Oliveira, S Cristina Oancea, Luciana B Nucci, Nancy Vogeltanz-Holm
PURPOSE: There is very limited literature investigating the association between physical activity (PA) and depression in South American countries such as Brazil. The purpose of the current study was to evaluate the prevalence of depression and its association with PA in a very large, representative sample of young adults (ages 18-39 years) (YA), middle-aged adults (ages 40-59 years) (MAA) and older adults (ages ≥ 60 years) (OA) residing in Brazil. METHODS: The sample for this cross-sectional study was based on the Brazilian National Health Survey conducted in 2013...
September 9, 2017: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
Eva Asselmann, Hans-Ulrich Wittchen, Roselind Lieb, Katja Beesdo-Baum
PURPOSE: To prospectively examine whether higher daily hassles predict a variety of incident mental disorders and respective associations vary by gender, age, perceived coping efficacy and number of negative life events. METHODS: Data comes from the Early Developmental Stages of Psychopathology Study (EDSP), a prospective-longitudinal study among adolescents and young adults from the community (n = 2797, aged 14-24 at baseline) followed up in up to 3 assessment waves over 10 years...
September 9, 2017: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
Aliza Werner-Seidler, Mohammad H Afzali, Cath Chapman, Matthew Sunderland, Tim Slade
PURPOSE: Social isolation and low levels of social support are associated with depression. The purpose of the current study was to investigate the relationship between depression and social connectivity factors (frequency of contact and quality of social connections) in the 2007 Australian National Survey of Mental Health and Well-being. METHODS: A national survey of 8841 participants aged 16-85 years was conducted. Logistic regression was used to investigate the relationship between social connectivity factors and 12-month prevalence of Major Depressive Disorder in the whole sample, as well as across three age groups: younger adults (16-34 years), middle-aged adults (35-54 years), and older adults (55+ years)...
September 9, 2017: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
Steven Honings, Marjan Drukker, Margreet Ten Have, Ron de Graaf, Saskia van Dorsselaer, Jim van Os
PURPOSE: Psychosis has been associated with adult victimisation. However, it remains unclear whether psychosis predicts incident adult victimisation, or whether adult victimisation predicts incident psychosis. Furthermore, a moderating effect of childhood victimisation on the association between psychosis and adult victimisation has not been investigated. METHODS: The longitudinal association between baseline psychotic experiences and six-year incidence of adult victimisation was assessed in a prospective general population cohort of 6646 adults using logistic regression analysis...
August 31, 2017: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
Niina Markkula, Venla Lehti, Mika Gissler, Jaana Suvisaari
PURPOSE: Migrants appear to have a higher risk of mental disorders, but findings vary across country settings and migrant groups. We aimed to assess incidence and prevalence of mental disorders among immigrants and Finnish-born controls in a register-based cohort study. METHODS: A register-based cohort study of 184.806 immigrants and 185.184 Finnish-born controls (1.412.117 person-years) was conducted. Information on mental disorders according to ICD-10 was retrieved from the Hospital Discharge Register, which covers all public health care use...
August 30, 2017: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
Ashley K Hagaman, S Khadka, S Lohani, B Kohrt
PURPOSE: Yearly, 600,000 people complete suicide in low- and middle-income countries, accounting for 75% of the world's burden of suicide mortality. The highest regional rates are in South and East Asia. Nepal has one of the highest suicide rates in the world; however, few investigations exploring patterns surrounding both male and female suicides exist. This study used psychological autopsies to identify common factors, precipitating events, and warning signs in a diverse sample. METHODS: Randomly sampled from 302 police case reports over 24 months, psychological autopsies were conducted for 39 completed suicide cases in one urban and one rural region of Nepal...
August 30, 2017: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
Aake Packness, Frans Boch Waldorff, René dePont Christensen, Lene Halling Hastrup, Erik Simonsen, Mogens Vestergaard, Anders Halling
PURPOSE: To determine the impact of socioeconomic position (SEP) and distance to provider on outpatient mental health care utilization among incident users of antidepressants. METHOD: A nationwide register-based cohort study of 50,374 person-years. RESULTS: Persons in low SEP were more likely to have outpatient psychiatrist contacts [odds ratio (OR) 1.25; confidence interval (CI) 1.17-1.34], but less likely to consult a co-payed psychologist (OR 0...
August 28, 2017: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
Derrick Silove, Mohammed Mohsin, Alvin Kuowei Tay, Zachary Steel, Natalino Tam, Elisa Savio, Zelia Maria Da Costa, Susan Rees
PURPOSE: Cumulative evidence suggests that explosive anger may be a common reaction among survivors of mass conflict. However, little is known about the course of explosive anger in the years following mass conflict, or the psychosocial factors that influence the trajectory of that reaction pattern. We examined these issues in a 6-year longitudinal study (2004-2010) conducted among adult residents of a rural and an urban village in Timor-Leste (n = 1022). METHODS: We derived a brief, context-specific index of explosive anger using qualitative methods...
August 20, 2017: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
Simon J Hogerzeil, Albert M van Hemert, Wim Veling, Hans W Hoek
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 19, 2017: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
M L Goodman, H Serag, P K Keiser, S Gitari, B G Raimer
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study is to investigate the association between subjective social status and suicide ideation in a sample of young Kenyan men (age 18-34 years). Situating insights from the interpersonal theory of suicide within social determinants of health framework, we consider whether lower subjective social status predicts lower collective self-esteem (CSE), hopelessness, less meaning in life and more loneliness, and whether these characteristics mediate associations between subjective social status and suicide ideation...
August 18, 2017: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
Ross M G Norman, Yixian Li, Richard Sorrentino, Elizabeth Hampson, Yang Ye
PURPOSE: We extend investigations of the impact of the content of video contact with an individual with schizophrenia on stigma reduction. We examine whether differential impacts persist over a 2-week period and the extent to which they are mediated by perceived similarity and feelings of empathy and/or sympathy. METHOD: We used a randomized control trial wherein participants were exposed to a video in which an individual described his recovery from schizophrenia, or the same person described acute symptoms of schizophrenia, or a no-video control condition...
August 18, 2017: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
Christopher P Salas-Wright, Michael G Vaughn, Trenette Clark Goings
PURPOSE: To examine the prevalence of self-reported criminal and violent behavior, substance use disorders, and mental disorders among Mexican immigrants vis-à-vis the US born. METHODS: Study findings are based on national data collected between 2012 and 2013. Binomial logistic regression was employed to examine the relationship between immigrant status and behavioral/psychiatric outcomes. RESULTS: Mexican immigrants report substantially lower levels of criminal and violent behaviors, substance use disorders, and mental disorders compared to US-born individuals...
August 12, 2017: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
Jeremy Coid, Junmei Hu, Constantinos Kallis, Yuan Ping, Juying Zhang, Yueying Hu, Laura Bui, Simone Ullrich, Paul Bebbington
PURPOSE: Public health psychiatry has a key role in violence prevention. Cross-national comparisons of violence and associated psychiatric morbidity can indicate targets for preventive interventions. METHOD: Data on young adult men in households, 18-34 years, were drawn from the Second Men's Modern Lifestyles survey in Great Britain (n = 2046) and from a corresponding survey in Chengdu, China (n = 4132), using a translated questionnaire. Binary logistic regression models were carried out to estimate the cross-national differences for different types of violence and to identify explanatory variables...
August 11, 2017: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
Katherine Sparrow, Jamie Kwan, Louise Howard, Nicola Fear, Deirdre MacManus
PURPOSE: There is growing awareness of the problem of intimate partner violence (IPV) among military populations. IPV victimisation has been shown to be associated with mental disorder. A better understanding of the link between IPV and mental disorder is needed to inform service development to meet the needs of military families. We aimed to systematically review the literature on the association between IPV victimisation and mental health disorders among military personnel. METHODS: Searches of four electronic databases (Embase, Medline, PsycINFO, and Web of Science) were supplemented by reference list screening...
July 26, 2017: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
S Rodgers, C L Vandeleur, M-P F Strippoli, E Castelao, A Tesic, J Glaus, A M Lasserre, M Müller, W Rössler, V Ajdacic-Gross, M Preisig
PURPOSE: Given the broad range of biopsychosocial difficulties resulting from major depressive disorder (MDD), reliable evidence for predictors of improved mental health is essential, particularly from unbiased prospective community samples. Consequently, a broad spectrum of potential clinical and non-clinical predictors of improved mental health, defined as an absence of current major depressive episode (MDE) at follow-up, were examined over a 5-year period in an adult community sample...
July 26, 2017: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
Anouk Smeekes, Maykel Verkuyten, Elif Çelebi, Ceren Acartürk, Samed Onkun
PURPOSE: Building upon social psychological work on social identity and mental health, this study among Syrian refugees in Turkey examined the importance of multiple group memberships and identity continuity for mental health and well-being. METHOD: A survey study was conducted among the very difficult to reach population of Syrian refugees (N = 361). With path analysis in AMOS the associations were examined between multiple group memberships, social identity continuity and mental health and psychological well-being...
July 21, 2017: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
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