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Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528389/a-life-less-lonely-the-state-of-the-art-in-interventions-to-reduce-loneliness-in-people-with-mental-health-problems
#1
REVIEW
Farhana Mann, Jessica K Bone, Brynmor Lloyd-Evans, Johanna Frerichs, Vanessa Pinfold, Ruimin Ma, Jingyi Wang, Sonia Johnson
PURPOSE: There is growing evidence of significant harmful effects of loneliness. Relatively little work has focused on how best to reduce loneliness in people with mental health problems. We aim to present an overview of the current state of the art in loneliness interventions in people with mental health problems, identify relevant challenges, and highlight priorities for future research and implementation. METHODS: A scoping review of the published and grey literature was conducted, as well as discussions with relevant experts, to propose a broad classification system for types of interventions targeting loneliness...
May 20, 2017: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28500381/radical-change-or-warm-sentiments-a-commentary-on-gronholm-et-al-2017-interventions-to-reduce-discrimination-and-stigma-the-state-of-the-art
#2
EDITORIAL
Alison Faulkner
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 12, 2017: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28497357/socioeconomic-inequalities-in-treatment-of-individuals-with-common-mental-disorders-regarding-subsequent-development-of-mental-illness
#3
Thomas E Dorner, Ellenor Mittendorfer-Rutz
PURPOSE: Socioeconomic differences appear to be reflected in both, the development and the treatment of common mental disorders (CMDs, i.e. depressive, anxiety and stress-related disorders). Underlying mechanisms of these inequalities are to date not fully understood. This study aimed to investigate if (1) there are socioeconomic differences with regard to type of treatment and (2) if the socioeconomic status modifies the association between treatment and subsequent inpatient care or suicide attempt, respectively, in individuals with CMDs...
May 11, 2017: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28477071/discrimination-and-support-from-friends-and-family-members-experienced-by-people-with-mental-health-problems-findings-from-an-australian-national-survey
#4
Amy J Morgan, N J Reavley, A F Jorm, R Beatson
PURPOSE: To investigate the scope and nature of discrimination and positive treatment experienced by adults with mental health problems from their friends and family in a population-based survey. METHODS: An Australian telephone-survey of 5220 adults included 1381 individuals who reported a mental health problem or scored high on a screening questionnaire. Respondents were interviewed about their experience of discrimination and positive treatment from their friends, spouse and other family members...
May 5, 2017: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28477070/rates-and-predictors-of-18-months-remission-in-an-epidemiological-cohort-of-661-patients-with-first-episode-psychosis
#5
Philippe Conus, Sue Cotton, Benno G Schimmelmann, Patrick D McGorry, Martin Lambert
OBJECTIVES: Most first episode psychosis (FEP) outcome studies are based on patient samples enrolled through an informed consent procedure, which may induce important biases. Our aim was to study the 18-month outcome of FEP in an epidemiological sample of patients treated at the Early Psychosis Prevention and Intervention Centre (EPPIC). METHODS: The files of 661 FEP patients treated for up to 18 months between 1998 and 2000 were assessed. Symptomatic remission was defined as receiving a score ≤3 on the Clinical Global Impressions (CGI) scales, and functional remission as concurrent fulfillment of occupation/employment and independent living...
May 5, 2017: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28456871/trends-in-non-help-seeking-for-mental-disorders-in-germany-between-1997-1999-and-2009-2012-a-repeated-cross-sectional-study
#6
Susanne Brandstetter, Frank Dodoo-Schittko, Sven Speerforck, Christian Apfelbacher, Hans-Jörgen Grabe, Frank Jacobi, Ulfert Hapke, Georg Schomerus, Sebastian E Baumeister
PURPOSE: This study sought to examine trends in non-help-seeking for mental disorders among persons with a prevalent mental disorder (12-month prevalence) in Germany between 1997-1999 and 2009-2012. METHODS: We examined data from 1909 persons aged 18-65 years who participated in two independent, repeated cross-sectional surveys (German National Interview and Examination Study 1997-1999, German Health Interview and Examination Survey for Adults 2009-2012) conducted 12 years apart...
April 29, 2017: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28451700/physical-sexual-and-social-health-factors-associated-with-the-trajectories-of-maternal-depressive-symptoms-from-pregnancy-to-4%C3%A2-years-postpartum
#7
Rebecca Giallo, Pamela Pilkington, Ellie McDonald, Deirdre Gartland, Hannah Woolhouse, Stephanie Brown
PURPOSE: Few studies have examined the course of maternal depressive across pregnancy and early parenthood. The aim of this study was to identify the physical, sexual and social health factors associated with the trajectories of maternal depressive symptoms from pregnancy to 4 years postpartum. METHOD: Data were drawn from 1102 women participating in the Maternal Health Study, a prospective pregnancy cohort study in Melbourne, Australia. Self-administered questionnaires were completed at baseline (<24 weeks gestation), and at 3-, 6-, 12-, and 18 months, and 4 years postpartum...
April 27, 2017: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28439622/long-term-impacts-of-parental-migration-on-chinese-children-s-psychosocial-well-being-mitigating-and-exacerbating-factors
#8
Chenyue Zhao, Feng Wang, Leah Li, Xudong Zhou, Therese Hesketh
PURPOSE: Prolonged separation from migrant parents raises concerns for the well-being of 60 million left behind children (LBC) in rural China. This study aimed to investigate the impact of current and previous parental migration on child psychosocial well-being, with a focus on emotional and behavioral outcomes, while considering factors in family care and support. METHODS: Children were recruited from schools in migrant-sending rural areas in Zhejiang and Guizhou provinces by random stratified sampling...
April 24, 2017: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424854/the-effectiveness-of-narrative-enhancement-and-cognitive-therapy-a-randomized-controlled-study-of-a-self-stigma-intervention
#9
Lars Hansson, Annika Lexén, Joacim Holmén
PURPOSE: Stigma has been proposed to be one of the most serious obstacles to successful treatment, rehabilitation and inclusion in society of people with severe mental illness. An aspect of stigma which has been increasingly discussed is self-stigma, which refers to the internalization of negative stereotypes among people with severe mental illness. The aim of the present study was to investigate the effectiveness of a group-based anti self-stigma intervention, narrative enhancement and cognitive therapy (NECT) as an add-on to treatment as usual, with regard to changes in self-stigma, self-esteem, and subjective quality of life...
April 19, 2017: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28417158/incidence-and-predictive-factors-of-internet-addiction-among-chinese-secondary-school-students-in-hong-kong-a-longitudinal-study
#10
Joseph T F Lau, Danielle L Gross, Anise M S Wu, Kit-Man Cheng, Mason M C Lau
PURPOSE: Internet use has global influences on all aspects of life and has become a growing concern. Cross-sectional studies on Internet addiction (IA) have been reported but causality is often unclear. More longitudinal studies are warranted. METHODS: We investigated incidence and predictors of IA conversion among secondary school students. A 12-month longitudinal study was conducted among Hong Kong Chinese Secondary 1-4 students (N = 8286). Using the 26-item Chen Internet Addiction Scale (CIAS; cut-off >63), non-IA cases were identified at baseline...
April 17, 2017: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28401275/dimensionality-of-dsm-5-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-and-its-association-with-suicide-attempts-results-from-the-national-epidemiologic-survey-on-alcohol-and-related-conditions-iii
#11
Chiung M Chen, Young-Hee Yoon, Thomas C Harford, Bridget F Grant
BACKGROUND: Emerging confirmatory factor analytic (CFA) studies suggest that posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) as defined by the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fifth Edition (DSM-5) is best characterized by seven factors, including re-experiencing, avoidance, negative affect, anhedonia, externalizing behaviors, and anxious and dysphoric arousal. The seven factors, however, have been found to be highly correlated, suggesting that one general factor may exist to explain the overall correlations among symptoms...
April 11, 2017: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28401274/posttraumatic-stress-disorder-trauma-and-reconciliation-in-south-sudan
#12
Lauren C Ng, Belkys López, Matthew Pritchard, David Deng
PURPOSE: South Sudan is embroiled in a conflict that erupted in December 2013. This study examines what people in South Sudan think is necessary to achieve reconciliation and how trauma exposure and PTSD are associated with those beliefs. METHODS: 1525 participants (51.0% female) were selected using random and purposive sampling in six states and Abyei. Participants reported on traumatic events, PTSD symptoms, and attitudes towards reconciliation mechanisms. RESULTS: Results indicated that 40...
April 11, 2017: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28401273/suicide-mortality-among-male-veterans-discharged-from-veterans-health-administration-acute-psychiatric-units-from-2005-to-2010
#13
Peter C Britton, Kipling M Bohnert, Mark A Ilgen, Cathleen Kane, Brady Stephens, Wilfred R Pigeon
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to calculate suicide rates and identify correlates of risk in the year following discharge from acute Veterans Health Administration psychiatric inpatient units among male veterans discharged from 2005 to 2010 (fiscal years). METHODS: Suicide rates and standardized mortality ratios were calculated. Descriptive analyses were used to describe suicides and non-suicides and provide base rates for interpretation, and unadjusted and adjusted proportional hazard models were used to identify correlates of suicide...
April 11, 2017: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28396906/the-lausanne-geneva-cohort-study-of-offspring-of-parents-with-mood-disorders-methodology-findings-current-sample-characteristics-and-perspectives
#14
Caroline L Vandeleur, Marie-Pierre F Strippoli, Enrique Castelao, Mehdi Gholam-Rezaee, François Ferrero, Pierre Marquet, Jean-Michel Aubry, Martin Preisig
PURPOSE: Studies focusing on the offspring of affected parents utilize the well-established familial aggregation of mood disorders as a powerful tool for the identification of risk factors, early clinical manifestations, and prodromes of mood disorders in these offspring. The major goals of the Lausanne-Geneva mood cohort study are to: (1) assess the familial aggregation of bipolar and unipolar mood disorders; (2) prospectively identify risk factors for mood disorders as well as their early signs and prodromes; (3) identify their endophenotypes including cognitive features, alterations in brain structure, HPA-axis dysregulation, and abnormalities of the circadian rhythm of activity...
April 10, 2017: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28396905/an-investigation-of-changes-in-children-s-mental-health-in-wales-between-2007-2008-and-2012-2013
#15
Kate Langley, Stephan Collishaw, Matthew Williams, Katherine H Shelton
Improving children's mental wellbeing is a recognised public health priority, but evidence on recent trends is lacking. This study updates evidence on differences in child mental health since 2008 by comparing two nationally representative cohorts in Wales, UK. Parents of 4- to 12-year-old children completed the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ). No significant differences were seen for younger girls between 2007/2008 and 2012/2013. There was a decrease in conduct, hyperactivity and total difficulties symptom scores and an increase in prosocial scores for boys and older girls...
April 10, 2017: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28393283/association-of-gender-disadvantage-factors-and-gender-preference-with-antenatal-depression-in-women-a-cross-sectional-study-from-rural-maharashtra
#16
Pallavi Shidhaye, Rahul Shidhaye, Vaishali Phalke
PURPOSE: Maternal depression is a major public health problem in low- and middle-income countries including India. Very few studies have assessed association of various risk factors with antenatal depression in rural Indian women, especially the effect of marital conflict, gender disadvantage and gender preference on antenatal depression. This paper describes the prevalence of probable antenatal depression in rural Maharashtra, a state in the western part of India and specifically assesses the association of marital and gender disadvantage factors and gender preference for a male child with antenatal depression...
April 9, 2017: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28389689/ambulance-attendances-resulting-from-self-harm-after-release-from-prison-a-prospective-data-linkage-study
#17
Rohan Borschmann, Jesse T Young, Paul Moran, Matthew J Spittal, Ed Heffernan, Katherine Mok, Stuart A Kinner
OBJECTIVE: Incarcerated adults are at high risk of self-harm and suicide and remain so after release into the community. The aims of this study were to estimate the number of ambulance attendances due to self-harm in adults following release from prison, and to identify factors predictive of such attendances. METHODS: Baseline surveys with 1309 adults within 6 weeks of expected release from prison between 2008 and 2010 were linked prospectively with state-wide correctional, ambulance, emergency department, hospital and death records in Queensland, Australia...
April 7, 2017: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28389688/intimate-partner-violence-and-mental-ill-health-among-global-populations-of-indigenous-women-a-systematic-review
#18
REVIEW
Marta Chmielowska, Daniela C Fuhr
PURPOSE: Intimate partner violence (IPV) has been recognised as a major obstacle to the achievement of gender equality and human development. Its adverse physical and mental health consequences have been reported to affect women of all ages and backgrounds. Although Indigenous women seem to experience higher rates of partner abuse than non-Indigenous women, mental health consequences of IPV among this population are not yet clearly established in the literature. This study systematically reviewed the global literature on mental health outcomes and risk factors for mental ill health among Indigenous women who experienced IPV...
April 7, 2017: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28382385/neighborhood-determinants-of-mood-and-anxiety-disorders-among-men-who-have-sex-with-men-in-new-york-city
#19
Magdalena Cerdá, Vijay Nandi, Victoria Frye, James E Egan, Andrew Rundle, James W Quinn, Daniel Sheehan, Donald R Hoover, Danielle C Ompad, Hong Van Tieu, Emily Greene, Beryl Koblin
PURPOSE: We examined the relationship between economic, physical, and social characteristics of neighborhoods, where men who have sex with men (MSM) lived and socialized, and symptom scores of depression and generalized anxiety disorder (GAD). METHODS: Participants came from a cross-sectional study of a population-based sample of New York City MSM recruited in 2010-2012 (n = 1126). Archival and survey-based data were obtained on neighborhoods, where the men lived and where they socialized most often...
April 5, 2017: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28378065/long-term-effects-of-mental-disorders-on-marital-outcomes-in-the-national-comorbidity-survey-ten-year-follow-up
#20
Ramin Mojtabai, Elizabeth A Stuart, Irving Hwang, William W Eaton, Nancy Sampson, Ronald C Kessler
PURPOSE: Epidemiological research has consistently shown an association between mental disorders and marital dissolution. However, this research mostly examined the association of divorce as a risk factor for mental illness. This study prospectively examined the associations of mood, anxiety, and substance use disorders with future marital dissolution and new marriages in a representative population sample. METHODS: The study used data from the National Comorbidity Survey panel study-a two-wave community epidemiological survey of 5001 participants interviewed in 1990-1992 and re-interviewed in 2001-2003...
April 4, 2017: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
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