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Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology

Xiangfei Meng, Marie-Josee Fleury, Yu-Tao Xiang, Muzi Li, Carl D'Arcy
PURPOSE: To provide an overview of resilience and protective factors associated with a better life following child maltreatment exposure, to compare protective factors across specific subtypes of maltreatment, and to explore existing issues in the current state of the literature. METHODS: Electronic databases and grey literature up to October 2017 were systematically searched for English language with observational study designs for the research on resilience and childhood maltreatment...
January 18, 2018: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
Philippe Mortier, Randy P Auerbach, Jordi Alonso, William G Axinn, Pim Cuijpers, David D Ebert, Jennifer G Green, Irving Hwang, Ronald C Kessler, Howard Liu, Matthew K Nock, Stephanie Pinder-Amaker, Nancy A Sampson, Alan M Zaslavsky, Jibril Abdulmalik, Sergio Aguilar-Gaxiola, Ali Al-Hamzawi, Corina Benjet, Koen Demyttenaere, Silvia Florescu, Giovanni De Girolamo, Oye Gureje, Josep Maria Haro, Chiyi Hu, Yueqin Huang, Peter De Jonge, Elie G Karam, Andrzej Kiejna, Viviane Kovess-Masfety, Sing Lee, John J Mcgrath, Siobhan O'neill, Vladimir Nakov, Beth-Ellen Pennell, Marina Piazza, José Posada-Villa, Charlene Rapsey, Maria Carmen Viana, Miguel Xavier, Ronny Bruffaerts
PURPOSE: The primary aims are to (1) obtain representative prevalence estimates of suicidal thoughts and behaviors (STB) among college students worldwide and (2) investigate whether STB is related to matriculation to and attrition from college. METHODS: Data from the WHO World Mental Health Surveys were analyzed, which include face-to-face interviews with 5750 young adults aged 18-22 spanning 21 countries (weighted mean response rate = 71.4%). Standardized STB prevalence estimates were calculated for four well-defined groups of same-aged peers: college students, college attriters (i...
January 16, 2018: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
Cristina Domenech, Carlo Altamura, Corrado Bernasconi, Ricardo Corral, Helio Elkis, Jonathan Evans, Ashok Malla, Marie-Odile Krebs, Anna-Lena Nordstroem, Mathias Zink, Josep Maria Haro
PURPOSE: The objective of this study was to analyze the clinical factors associated with changes in HRQoL in outpatients with schizophrenia using both generic and condition-specific HRQoL scales. METHODS: Adult outpatients with schizophrenia at least 18 years of age who did not have an acute psychotic exacerbation in the 3 months prior to baseline were recruited. PANSS dimensions were calculated based on Lindenmayer et al.'s five factors. HRQoL data were assessed by patients using the Schizophrenia Quality of Life Scale (SQLS), the Short Form-36 (SF-36), and the EuroQol-5 Dimension (EQ-5D) questionnaires...
January 16, 2018: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
Michelle H Lim, John F M Gleeson, Mario Alvarez-Jimenez, David L Penn
PURPOSE: The aim of the review is to understand the relationships between loneliness and related psychological and social factors in individuals with psychosis. Loneliness is poorly understood in people with psychosis. Given the myriad of social challenges facing individuals with psychosis, these findings can inform psychosocial interventions that specifically target loneliness in this vulnerable group. METHODS: We adhered to the PRISMA guidelines and systematically reviewed empirical studies that measured loneliness either as a main outcome or as an associated variable in individuals with psychosis...
January 11, 2018: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
Berker Duman, Vesile Senturk Cankorur, Clare Taylor, Robert Stewart
PURPOSE: Recalled experiences of parental bonding may be important in the aetiology of perinatal depression. We hypothesized that lower recalled parental bonding would be associated with perinatal depression. METHOD: In a cohort study of perinatal depression in Turkey, 677 women were recruited in their third trimester. Parental Bonding Inventory (PBI) scores at baseline were investigated as predictors of depression on the Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (EPDS) at 4, 14 and 21 months after childbirth in mothers without depression at baseline...
January 10, 2018: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
Joan Doménech-Abella, Jordi Mundó, Maria Victoria Moneta, Jaime Perales, José Luis Ayuso-Mateos, Marta Miret, Josep Maria Haro, Beatriz Olaya
PURPOSE: The aim of this paper was to analyze the effect of biomedical and psychosocial well-being, based on distinct successful aging models (SA), on time to mortality, and determine whether this effect was modified by socioeconomic status (SES) in a nationally representative sample of older Spanish adults. METHODS: Data were taken from a 3-year follow-up study with 2783 participants aged 50 or over. Vital status was ascertained using national registers or asking participants' relatives...
January 10, 2018: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
Juan Carlos Stagnaro, Alfredo H Cía, Sergio Aguilar Gaxiola, Néstor Vázquez, Sebastián Sustas, Corina Benjet, Ronald C Kessler
PURPOSE: Community surveys of mental disorders and service use are important for public health policy and planning. There is a dearth of information for Latin America. This is the first representative community survey in the Argentinean population. The purpose is to estimate the 12-month prevalence and severity of mental disorders, socio-demographic correlates and service use in a general population survey of adults from urban areas of Argentina. METHODS: The World Mental Health Composite International Diagnostic Interview was administered to 3927 individuals aged 18 years and older participating in a multistage clustered area probability household survey...
January 4, 2018: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
Bernadette de Villiers, Francesca Lionetti, Michael Pluess
PURPOSE: People differ significantly in their response to psychological intervention, with some benefitting more from treatment than others. According to the recently proposed theoretical framework of vantage sensitivity, some of this variability may be due to individual differences in environmental sensitivity, the inherent ability to register, and process external stimuli. In this paper, we apply the vantage sensitivity framework to the field of psychiatry and clinical psychology, proposing that some people are more responsive to the positive effects of psychological intervention due to heightened sensitivity...
January 4, 2018: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
Peter G van der Velden, Bas Pijnappel, Erik van der Meulen
PURPOSE: Examine to what extent adults affected by recent potentially traumatic events (PTE) with different PTSD-symptom levels are more at risk for post-event loneliness than non-affected adults are in the same study period. METHODS: We extracted data from the Dutch longitudinal LISS panel to measure pre-event loneliness (2011) and post-event loneliness (2013 and 2014), pre-event mental health problems (2011), PTE and PTSD symptoms (2012). This panel is based on a traditional random sample drawn from the population register by Statistics Netherlands...
December 29, 2017: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
Carolyn E Sartor, Rachel L Bachrach, Stephanie D Stepp, Kimberly B Werner, Alison E Hipwell, Tammy Chung
In the original article, in Table 3, the sentence "Primary caregiver education ≤  12 years" should be "Primary caregiver education < 12 years". The original article was corrected.
December 28, 2017: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
Ottavia Guglielmi, Nicola Magnavita, Sergio Garbarino
PURPOSE: Sleep disorders are highly prevalent in truck drivers. The aim of this study is to evaluate the prevalence of self-reported obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) and poor sleep quality in truck drivers, and to analyze the relationship between sleep problems and mental health. METHODS: A total of 526 male truck drivers (mean age 45.9; DS 9.4) responded to a questionnaire about risk factors for OSA (STOP-Bang), sleep quality perception (Pittsburg sleep questionnaire inventory, PSQI), excessive daytime sleepiness (Epworth sleepiness scale, ESS), and psychological disorders (general health questionnaire, GHQ-12)...
December 28, 2017: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
Bonnie M Vest, D Lynn Homish, Rachel A Hoopsick, Gregory G Homish
BACKGROUND: While the relationship between combat exposure and alcohol problems is well-established, the role of perceptions of trauma is less understood. The goal of this study was to explore associations between National Guard (NG) and reserve soldiers' perceptions of combat experiences as traumatic and alcohol problems, and to examine marital satisfaction as a possible protective factor. METHODS: The Operation: SAFETY study recruited US Army Reserve and NG soldiers and their partners to complete a questionnaire covering many physical and mental health, military service, and substance use topics...
December 27, 2017: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
Tanja Laukkala, Susanne Heikinheimo, Aki Vuokko, Ilkka S Junttila, Katinka Tuisku
PURPOSE: To evaluate the association between two measurement tools (Social and Occupational Functioning Assessment Scale, SOFAS and Sheehan Disability Scale, SDS), returning to work (RTW) and their inter-correlation. METHODS: 132 psychiatric patients referred to assessment of work ability participated. The association between SOFAS and SDS Work to RTW were assessed by logistic regression. Inter-correlations between SOFAS and SDS were assessed with the Spearman's rho correlation coefficient...
December 23, 2017: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
Fabrizio Starace, Francesco Mungai, Flavia Baccari, Gian Maria Galeazzi
PURPOSE: People with mental disorders show mortality rates up to 22.2 times higher than that of the general population. In spite of progressive increase in life expectancy observed in the general population, the mortality gap of people suffering from mental health problems has gradually widened. The aim of this paper was to study mortality rates in people suffering from mental illness in a cohort of people (16,981 subjects) in the local mental health register of the province of Modena during the decade 2006-2015...
December 22, 2017: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
Piotr Świtaj, Paweł Grygiel, Anna Chrostek, Jacek Wciórka, Marta Anczewska
PURPOSE: To examine the roles of loneliness and clinician- and self-rated depressive symptoms as predictors of the subjective quality of life (QoL) in psychosis. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted on a sample of 207 patients diagnosed with psychotic disorders. They were assessed with self-reported measures of QoL, loneliness and depression and with clinician-rated measures of depression and overall psychopathology. Multiple indicators multiple causes (MIMIC) modeling was used to analyze the data...
December 14, 2017: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
Pekka Varje, Anne Kouvonen, Lauri Kokkinen, Aki Koskinen, Ari Väänänen
PURPOSE: This study aimed to examine the long-term changes and socioeconomic disparities in hospitalization for affective and neurotic disorders among the Finnish working-age population from 1976 to 2010. METHODS: Register-based study, consisting of a 5-year follow-up of 3,223,624 Finnish working-age (18-64-year old) individuals in seven consecutive cohorts. We calculated the hazard ratios of psychiatric hospitalization for different occupational classes using Cox regression models...
December 13, 2017: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
Elaine C Flores, Daniela C Fuhr, Angela M Bayer, Andres G Lescano, Nicki Thorogood, Victoria Simms
PURPOSE: Mental disorders are a major contributor to the global burden of disease and disability, and can be extremely costly at both individual and community level. Social capital, (SC) defined as an individual's social relationships and participation in community networks, may lower the risk of mental disorders while increasing resilience capacity, adaptation and recovery. SC interventions may be a cost-effective way of preventing and ameliorating these conditions. However, the impact of these SC interventions on mental health still needs research...
December 12, 2017: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
Margot J Metz, Marjolein A Veerbeek, Christina M van der Feltz-Cornelis, Edwin de Beurs, Aartjan T F Beekman
PURPOSE: Decisional conflict refers to the degree to which patients are engaged in and feel comfortable about important clinical decisions. Until now, the concept has received little attention in mental health care. We investigate the level of decisional conflict in mental health care and whether this is influenced by socio-demographics, treatment setting, diagnoses, and locus of control. METHODS: Cross-sectional study among 186 patients in Dutch specialist mental health care using the Decisional Conflict Scale, which measures five dimensions of decisional conflict: information, support, clarification of values, certainty, and decisional quality...
December 6, 2017: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
Vikas Arya, Andrew Page, Jo River, Gregory Armstrong, Peter Mayer
PURPOSE: To investigate trends and socio-economic determinants of suicide in India over the period of 2001-2013. METHOD: Suicide rates between 2001 and 2013 were calculated using suicide statistics provided by National Crime Records Bureau (NCRB) and census data provided by Census of India, stratified by sex, age group, and geographical region, to investigate trends in suicide over the study period. Multilevel negative binomial regression models were specified to investigate associations between state-level indicators of economic development, education, employment and religious factors and sex-specific suicide rates...
December 5, 2017: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
Eunice C Wong, Rebecca L Collins, Jennifer L Cerully, Jennifer W Yu, Rachana Seelam
PURPOSE: Mental illness stigma disproportionately affects help seeking among youth, men, and ethnic minorities. As part of a comprehensive statewide initiative to reduce mental illness stigma and discrimination in California, a broad set of contact-based educational programs were widely disseminated. This study examined whether the effects of contact-based educational programs varied depending on the age, gender, and race-ethnicity of participants. METHODS: Participants (N = 4122) attended a contact-based educational program that was delivered as part of the statewide initiative to reduce mental illness stigma and discrimination...
December 2, 2017: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
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