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Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology

Nihaya Daoud, Meiyin Gao, Amira Osman, Carles Muntaner
PURPOSE: We sought to extend research into the health effects of discrimination to a non-Western context. We examined the associations between interpersonal and institutional ethnic discrimination, and anxiety and depression among Palestinian-Arab minority men citizens of Israel. METHODS: We used data from a nationwide stratified random sample of 964 Arab men in Israel, current or former smokers (age 18-64), who were interviewed as part of a 2012-2013 study on cessation...
May 17, 2018: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
Michelle O'Reilly, Nadzeya Svirydzenka, Sarah Adams, Nisha Dogra
PURPOSE: The prevalence of mental disorders amongst children and adolescents is an increasing global problem. Schools have been positioned at the forefront of promoting positive mental health and well-being through implementing evidence-based interventions. The aim of this paper is to review current evidence-based research of mental health promotion interventions in schools and examine the reported effectiveness to identify those interventions that can support current policy and ensure that limited resources are appropriately used...
May 11, 2018: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
Christie D Warren, Ken Fowler, David Speed, Anna Walsh
INTRODUCTION: Individuals with bipolar I disorder (BD-I) and bipolar II disorder (BD-II) are at higher risk for experiencing high levels of psychological distress and low levels of social support. OBJECTIVES: The primary objectives of this study were to examine perceived social support and psychological distress among Canadian adults with self-reported BD-I or BD-II as diagnosed by a health professional and explore the relationship between types of social support and psychological distress within this sample...
May 8, 2018: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
Didier Truchot, Marie Andela
BACKGROUND: Farming is a stressful occupation with a high rate of suicide. However, there have been relatively few studies that have examined the antecedents of stress and suicide in farmers. We also lack methodologically sound scales aimed at assessing the stressors faced by farmers. AIMS: Therefore, the purposes of this study were to develop an instrument assessing the stressors met by farmers, The Farmers Stressors Inventory, and to test its factorial structure, internal consistency and criterion validity...
May 3, 2018: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
Emma Curran, Gary Adamson, Michael Rosato, Paul De Cock, Gerard Leavey
PURPOSE: Childhood trauma may increase vulnerability to numerous specific psychiatric disorders, or a generalised liability to experience dimensions of internalising or externalising psychopathology. We use a nationally representative sample (N = 34,653) to examine the long-term consequences of childhood trauma and their combined effect as predictors of subsequent psychopathology. METHODS: Data from the US National Epidemiologic Survey on Alcohol and Related Conditions were used...
May 3, 2018: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
Eve Griffin, Elaine McMahon, Fiona McNicholas, Paul Corcoran, Ivan J Perry, Ella Arensman
PURPOSE: Rates of hospital-treated self-harm are highest among young people. The current study examined trends in rates of self-harm among young people in Ireland over a 10-year period, as well as trends in self-harm methods. METHODS: Data from the National Self-Harm Registry Ireland on presentations to hospital emergency departments (EDs) following self-harm by those aged 10-24 years during the period 2007-2016 were included. We calculated annual self-harm rates per 100,000 by age, gender and method of self-harm...
May 2, 2018: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
Katharina Allers, Falk Hoffmann
PURPOSE: The proportion of deaths occurring in nursing homes is increasing and end of life hospitalizations in residents are common. This study aimed to obtain the time from nursing home admission to death and the frequency of hospitalizations prior to death among residents with and without dementia. METHODS: This retrospective cohort study analyzed claims data of 127,227 nursing home residents aged 65 years and older newly admitted to a nursing home between 2010 and 2014...
May 2, 2018: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
Fernando C Barros, Alicia Matijasevich, Iná S Santos, Bernardo L Horta, Bruna Gonçalves C da Silva, Tiago N Munhoz, Seena Fazel, Alan Stein, Rebecca M Pearson, Luciana Anselmi, Luis Augusto Rohde
PURPOSE: To investigate the association between mental disorders and substance misuse at 30 years of age with gender, socioeconomic position at birth, and family income trajectories. METHODS: The 1982 Pelotas Birth Cohort was used; all 5914 children born alive at hospital were originally enrolled (99.2% of all city births). In 2012, 3701 subjects were located and interviewed (68% retention rate). Mental disorders and substance misuse were assessed, and their prevalence analysed according to gender, socioeconomic status at birth, and four different income trajectories: always poor, never poor, poor at birth/non-poor at age 30, and non-poor at birth/poor at age 30...
May 2, 2018: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
Roman Koposov, Andrew Stickley, Vladislav Ruchkin
PURPOSE: To determine the prevalence of inhalant use in Russian adolescents and to investigate associated psychosocial problems from a gender perspective. METHODS: Data on inhalant use and comorbid psychopathology were collected by means of self-reports from 2892 (42.4% boys) sixth to tenth grade students in public schools in Arkhangelsk, Russia. Multivariate analysis of covariance was used to assess differences in the levels of internalizing and externalizing problems in boys and girls, who were non-users and users of inhalants...
May 2, 2018: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
Niina Metsä-Simola, Pekka Martikainen, Christiaan W Monden
PURPOSE: Studies that assess the role of mental health for the risk of divorce are scarce and mostly rely on individual-level data, although divorce is a couple-level phenomenon. Using data on couples, we examine the effects of both spouses' psychiatric morbidity on the risk of divorce, and whether socio-demographic factors affect these associations. METHODS: We followed 96,222 Finnish married couples for 6 years using register-based data on both spouses and their household...
May 2, 2018: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
Lay San Too, Phillip C F Law, Matthew J Spittal, Andrew Page, Allison Milner
PURPOSE: This study aims to investigate trends in socioeconomic inequalities of suicide from 1979 to 2013 for Australian males and females aged 15-34 years and 35-64 years. METHODS: Data on suicides and population were obtained from national registries. An area-based measure of socioeconomic status (SES) was used, and categorized into low, middle, and high SES areas. Suicide rates for each SES groups were estimated using a negative binomial regression model, adjusted for confounders...
April 30, 2018: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
S J McInerney, S Finnerty, E Walsh, L Spelman, N E Edgar, B Hallahan, C McDonald
PURPOSE: Deinstitutionalisation in Ireland began following the impetus of the successful transfer of psychiatric patients into the community in other countries. This study sought to evaluate the quality of life (QoL) and social functioning (SF) of former long-stay institutionalised patients with severe and enduring mental illness who had been relocated into local community settings and followed up 10 years later. METHOD: One month prior to hospital closure, 87 former long-stay psychiatric patients, the majority of whom had a diagnosis of schizophrenia, were assessed on a range of QoL and SF measures...
April 28, 2018: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
Berker Duman, Vesile Senturk Cankorur, Clare Taylor, Robert Stewart
The article 'Prospective associations between recalled parental bonding and perinatal depression: a cohort study in urban and rural Turkey, written by Berker Duman, Vesile Senturk Cankorur, Clare Taylor and Robert Stewart was originally published electronically on the publisher's internet portal (currently SpringerLink) on January 10, 2018 without open access.
April 25, 2018: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
A S J van der Watt, T van de Water, G Nortje, B D Oladeji, S Seedat, O Gureje
PURPOSE: This work complements a quantitative review by Nortje et al. (Lancet Psychiatry 3(2):154-170, 2016) by exploring the qualitative literature in regard to the perceived effectiveness of traditional and faith healing of mental disorders. METHOD: Qualitative studies focusing specifically on traditional and/or faith healing practices for mental illness were retrieved from eight databases. Data were extracted  into basic coding sheets to facilitate the assessment of the quality of eligible papers using the COREQ...
April 25, 2018: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
Miriam Larsen-Barr, Fred Seymour, John Read, Kerry Gibson
PURPOSE: To explore supports and coping strategies used during attempts to discontinue antipsychotic medication and test for associations with success. METHOD: 144 people who were taking or had taken antipsychotics completed The Experiences of Antipsychotic Medication Survey. Among them, 105 people had made at least one discontinuation attempt and answered a series of questions about their most recent attempt to stop. Content analysis and Chi-square tests of independence were used to categorise the data and explore associations...
April 23, 2018: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
Gerardo A Zavala, Spyros Kolovos, Alessandro Chiarotto, Judith E Bosmans, Maiza Campos-Ponce, Jorge L Rosado, Olga P Garcia
PURPOSE: Obesity and depression are among the leading causes of disability in Mexico, but their association has not been explored yet. The aim of the current study was to investigate the association between obesity and depression in Mexican population. METHODS: We used data from the health and nutrition survey (ENSANUT 2012), which is representative of the Mexican population. Obesity was determined using the body mass index (BMI) and abdominal obesity by measuring waist circumference...
April 19, 2018: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
Carolina La Maison, Tiago N Munhoz, Iná S Santos, Luciana Anselmi, Fernando C Barros, Alicia Matijasevich
PURPOSE: The present study aimed to evaluate the prevalence of psychiatric disorders in early adolescence, to examine the distribution of psychiatric disorders by maternal and child characteristics and to evaluate the occurrence of psychiatric comorbidities. METHODS: This was a prospective cohort study of all live births in the city of Pelotas, Brazil, in 2004 (n = 4231). A total of 3562 subjects were evaluated at 11 years of age. Psychiatric disorders were assessed using the Development and Well-Being Assessment...
April 13, 2018: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
Yuying Sun, Jette Möller, Andreas Lundin, Samuel Y S Wong, Benjamin H K Yip, Yvonne Forsell
PURPOSE: To identify how severity of depression predicts future utilization of psychiatric care and antidepressants. METHODS: Data derived from a longitudinal population-based study in Stockholm, Sweden, include 10443 participants aged 20-64 years. Depression was assessed by Major Depression Inventory and divided into subsyndromal, mild, moderate and severe depression. Outcomes were the first time of hospitalization, specialized outpatient care and prescribed drugs obtained from national register records...
April 12, 2018: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
Gϋnter Klug, Sarah Toner, Karin Fabisch, Stefan Priebe
PURPOSE: Large numbers of volunteers provide one-to-one support for people with mental illness, sometimes referred to as befriending. However, there has been very little research on their characteristics and motivations. This study aimed to assess the personal characteristics and motivations of such volunteers across different regions in Austria. METHODS: Questionnaires assessing characteristics and motivations were distributed to 663 volunteers providing befriending for people with mental illness within volunteering programmes organised in four Austrian regions...
April 12, 2018: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
Mabula Nkuba, Katharin Hermenau, Katharina Goessmann, Tobias Hecker
PURPOSE: Little is known about the prevalence of mental health problems among adolescents in Sub-Saharan Africa. Research consistently determined violence and maltreatment to be important risk factors. In this study, we examined the prevalence of mental health problems among adolescents in Tanzania, as well as the association with exposure to violence and maltreatment. METHODS: We administered a set of questionnaires (e.g., strength and difficulties questionnaire; conflict tactic scale) to a nationally representative sample of 700 Tanzanian secondary school children (52% girls; age 14...
April 12, 2018: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
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