Read by QxMD icon Read

Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology

Ruth Howard, Thanos Karatzias, Kevin Power, Adam Mahoney
PURPOSE: Despite empirical evidence suggesting complex associations between psychological trauma, substance misuse, and violent offending, there is a dearth of research investigating these associations in the female prison population. METHODS: A cross-sectional, interview-format questionnaire study was undertaken with a sample of 89 female prisoners. History of traumatic events, DSM-5 PTSD, drug use, and offending behaviour were assessed. RESULTS: Traumatic experiences had occurred in 97...
October 21, 2016: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
Julia Diehle, Samantha K Brooks, Neil Greenberg
PURPOSE: Previous research has mainly focused on veterans' mental health problems, especially on posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Less is known about the impact that the veteran's experienced potentially traumatic events (PTEs) might have on their significant others. Therefore, we reviewed the scientific literature to find out what is known about the prevalence of secondary traumatic stress (STS) in significant others of veterans. METHODS: We systematically searched Pubmed, PsycINFO, Embase, Cochrane Library and PILOTS for relevant articles...
October 21, 2016: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
Kaarina Korhonen, Hanna Remes, Pekka Martikainen
PURPOSE: There is inconsistent evidence for social differentials in the risk of depression in youth, and little is known about how education at this age influences the risk. We assess how parental socioeconomic position (SEP) and education predict depression from late adolescence to early adulthood, a time of major educational transitions. METHODS: We followed a nationally representative 20 % sample of Finnish adolescents born in 1986-1990 (n = 60,829) over two educational transitory stages at the age of 17-19 and 20-23 covering the years 2003-2011...
October 19, 2016: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
Philip Rising Nielsen, Thomas Munk Laursen, Esben Agerbo
PURPOSE: In this paper, we investigate the hypothesis that there is an overlap between infection and schizophrenia. Infections have been identified as a risk factor for schizophrenia, but the possible overlap between schizophrenia and infections remains unidentified so far. Here, we describe the use of the comorbidity index, a method for objectively integrating associations into a single measure estimating overlap. METHODS: Data were drawn from three population-based registers, the Civil Registration Register, the Danish Psychiatric Central Research Register, and the Danish National Hospital Register...
October 19, 2016: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
Eva Lassemo, Inger Sandanger, Jan F Nygård, Knut W Sørgaard
PURPOSE: The prevalence of PTSD differs by gender. Pre-existing psychiatric disorders and different traumas experienced by men and women may explain this. The aims of this study were to assess (1) incidence and prevalence of exposure to traumatic events and PTSD, (2) the effect of pre-existing psychiatric disorders prior to trauma on the risk for PTSD, and (3) the effect the characteristics of trauma have on the risk for PTSD. All stratified by gender. METHOD: CIDI was used to obtain diagnoses at the interview stage and retrospectively for the general population N = 1634...
October 18, 2016: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
Christopher Rohde, Esben Agerbo, Philip Rising Nielsen
Increased prevalence of lifestyle risk factors or shared etiology may underlie the association between schizophrenia and the subsequent risk of dementia. We explored the association between having a spouse with schizophrenia and the risk of dementia. We found a positive relationship between having a spouse with schizophrenia and vascular dementia in individuals without a mental disorder themselves but no association between having a spouse with schizophrenia and Alzheimer's dementia. As spouses share environmental risk factors and lifestyle, this might suggest that the excess risk of dementia in probands with schizophrenia could be ascribed to the unhealthy living environment among individuals with schizophrenia...
October 15, 2016: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
William J Kowalczyk
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 12, 2016: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
Vijay Danivas, Muffadal Bharmal, Paul Keenan, Steven Jones, Samuel Christaprasad Karat, Kumaran Kalyanaraman, Martin Prince, Caroline H D Fall, Murali Krishna
PURPOSE: Limited availability of specialist services places a considerable burden on caregivers of Persons with Dementia (PwD) in Low- and Middle-Income Countries (LMICs). There are limited qualitative data on coercive behavior towards PwD in an LMIC setting. AIM: The aim of this study was to find relevant themes of the lived experience of relatives as caregivers for PwD in view of their use of coercive measures in community setting in South India. METHOD: Primary caregivers (n = 13) of PwDs from the Mysore study of Natal effects on Ageing and Health (MYNAH) in South India were interviewed to explore the nature and impact of coercion towards community dwelling older adults with dementia...
September 29, 2016: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
S Evans-Lacko, M Knapp
PURPOSE: Depression is a leading cause of disability worldwide. Research suggests that by far, the greatest contributor to the overall economic impact of depression is loss in productivity; however, there is very little research on the costs of depression outside of Western high-income countries. Thus, this study examines the impact of depression on workplace productivity across eight diverse countries. METHODS: We estimated the extent and costs of depression-related absenteeism and presenteeism in the workplace across eight countries: Brazil, Canada, China, Japan, South Korea, Mexico, South Africa, and the USA...
September 26, 2016: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
Jenny Stuart-Smith, Anita Thapar, Barbara Maughan, Ajay Thapar, Stephan Collishaw
PURPOSE: Childhood hyperactivity leads to mental health problems, but it is not known whether there are long-term risks for adult mood problems in unselected population cohorts that extend to mid-life. Aims were to examine links between childhood hyperactivity and mood problems up to age 50 years and to consider confounding factors and gender differences in associations. METHODS: The National Child Development Study (NCDS) is a UK cohort of children born in 1958...
September 22, 2016: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
Beyon Miloyan, Adam Bulley, Karen Bandeen-Roche, William W Eaton, Daniela C Gonçalves-Bradley
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to perform a systematic review and meta-analysis of prospective cohort studies that examined the relationship between anxiety disorders, or clinically significant anxiety symptoms, at baseline and all-cause mortality at follow-up relative to control participants without clinically significant anxiety. METHODS: PubMed, EMBASE, PsycInfo, and CINAHL were searched through July 2015, along with manual searches of published reviews and forward and backward snowball searches of included studies...
September 14, 2016: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
Tyler J VanderWeele, John W Jackson, Shanshan Li
PURPOSE: We provide an introduction to causal inference with longitudinal data and discuss the complexities of analysis and interpretation when exposures can vary over time. METHODS: We consider what types of causal questions can be addressed with the standard regression-based analyses and what types of covariate control and control for the prior values of outcome and exposure must be made to reason about causal effects. We also consider newer classes of causal models, including marginal structural models, that can assess questions of the joint effects of time-varying exposures and can take into account feedback between the exposure and outcome over time...
September 8, 2016: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
Michael P Hengartner, Silvia Passalacqua, Gisela Heim, Andreas Andreae, Wulf Rössler, Agnes von Wyl
PURPOSE: The aim of this post hoc analysis was to examine self-reported recovery following a post-discharge intervention and to focus on the moderators of this intervention programme. METHODS: RCT using parallel group block randomisation, including 151 patients with ≤3 hospitalisations within the last 3 years, a GAF score ≤60, and aged 18-64 years, assessed at two psychiatric hospitals from Zurich, Switzerland, between September 2011 and February 2014. In the present study, the main outcome was the OQ-45 as assessed prior to discharge from the index hospitalisation and at 12-month follow-up...
September 6, 2016: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
Richelle Schaefer, Matthew Broadbent, Matt Bruce
PURPOSE: Extant severe mental illness (SMI) and physical violence literature focus disproportionately on community-based men samples. To address this empirical imbalance, the current study explored violence towards others and oneself among women inpatients with SMI. As those with SMI are more likely to be victims than perpetrators of violence, victimisation was also an important factor assessed in this study. METHODS: The study used a quantitative within-subject cross-sectional design...
September 3, 2016: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
Terese Sara Hoej Joergensen, Solvej Maartensson, Else Helene Ibfelt, Martin Balslev Joergensen, Ida Kim Wium-Andersen, Marie Kim Wium-Andersen, Eva Prescott, Per Kragh Andersen, Merete Osler
PURPOSE: Depression is common following acute coronary syndrome, and thus, it is important to provide knowledge to improve prevention and detection of depression in this patient group. The objectives of this study were to examine: (1) whether indicators of stressors and coping resources were risk factors for developing depression early and later after an acute coronary syndrome and (2) whether prior depression modified these associations. METHODS: The study was a register-based cohort study, which includes 87,118 patients with a first time diagnosis of acute coronary syndrome during the period 2001-2009 in Denmark...
August 19, 2016: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
Edel Ennis, S O'Neill, S Murphy, B Bunting
PURPOSE: Days out of role due to health problems are a major source of lost human capital. We examined the relative importance of common physical and mental disorders in accounting for days out of role in Northern Ireland using the Northern Ireland Study of Health and Stress (NISHS) WHO World Mental Health (WMH) Survey. METHODS: Face-to-face interviews were carried out with 4340 respondents (68.4 % response rate). Multiple regression analysis estimated associations of specific chronic physical disorders and mental disorders conditions and comorbidities with days out of role controlling for basic socio-demographics...
August 12, 2016: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
Victor Makanjuola, Yomi Esan, Bibilola Oladeji, Lola Kola, John Appiah-Poku, Benjamin Harris, Caleb Othieno, Leshawndra Price, Soraya Seedat, Oye Gureje
BACKGROUND: Most cultures in sub-Saharan Africa subscribe to the belief that the root cause of psychosis is supernatural. Individuals in the community who hold a religiomagical explanatory model of causation have been shown to exhibit more stigmatizing attitudes towards people with psychosis. Self-stigma among individuals with psychosis is less frequently studied. METHOD: We used a mixed-method approach, consisting of key informant's interviews to elicit information on explanatory models of causation of psychosis and questionnaire assessment of internalized stigma with an adapted version of the Scale for Internalized Stigma of Mental Illness...
August 4, 2016: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
Mathias Lasgaard, Karina Friis, Mark Shevlin
BACKGROUND: Loneliness is a prevalent and urgent public health issue. Optimal planning of community approaches to loneliness requires a differentiated understanding of loneliness across the life span. We identified groups at high risk of loneliness by exploring the relationship between loneliness and socio-demographic and health-related factors across multiple age groups. METHODS: This was a combined population-based questionnaire survey and register data study based on a representative sample, including 33,285 Danish individuals aged 16-102 years...
October 2016: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
Shibin Wang, Bo Li, Gabor S Ungvari, Chee H Ng, Helen F K Chiu, Changgui Kou, Yawen Liu, Yuchun Tao, Yanhua Wu, Yingli Fu, Yue Qi, Yaqin Yu, Yu-Tao Xiang
OBJECTIVE: Although poor mental health is associated with significant personal and societal burden, it is rarely reported in older Chinese populations. This study examined the mental health status of a large representative sample of Chinese elderly in relation to socio-demographic characteristics, lifestyle, and chronic diseases. METHODS: Multistage stratified cluster sampling was used in this cross-sectional study. A total of 4115 people aged between 60 and 79 years were selected and interviewed with standardized assessment tools...
October 2016: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
John W Jackson, David R Williams, Tyler J VanderWeele
PURPOSE: Mental health disparities exist across several dimensions of social inequality, including race/ethnicity, socioeconomic status and gender. Most investigations of health disparities focus on one dimension. Recent calls by researchers argue for studying persons who are marginalized in multiple ways, often from the perspective of intersectionality, a theoretical framework applied to qualitative studies in law, sociology, and psychology. Quantitative adaptations are emerging but there is little guidance as to what measures or methods are helpful...
October 2016: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"