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Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology

Tamar Mendelson, William W Eaton
PURPOSE: Prevention of mental disorders is a rapidly growing area of research with substantial potential benefits for population health. This paper reviews the evidence base for prevention of depression, anxiety, and schizophrenia. METHODS: We synthesized evidence from recent systematic reviews and meta-analyses published between 2013 and 2018 on prevention of depression, anxiety, and first-episode psychosis. We included reviews of randomized controlled trials testing psychological, psychosocial, and pharmacological preventive interventions...
March 15, 2018: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
Gerald Jordan, Miriam Kinkaid, Srividya N Iyer, Ridha Joober, Karen Goldberg, Ashok Malla, Jai L Shah
PURPOSE: To explore the unintended impact of a targeted case identification (TCI) campaign for first episode psychosis (FEP) on people not experiencing FEP ("non-cases") with respect to referral patterns and reasons for being a non-case. METHODS: Sources of referral, reasons for being a non-case, and subsequent referral destinations of non-cases were examined before and after a TCI. RESULTS: Following the TCI, a greater proportion of non-cases lived outside the study catchment area...
March 14, 2018: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
Sucheta Tiwari, Ron Gray, Crispin Jenkinson, Claire Carson
PURPOSE: Spousal violence against women is a global public health problem. In India, approximately 40% of women report spousal violence. Like physical and sexual violence, emotional violence may be a determinant of women's health. This study explores the association between exposure to spousal emotional abuse and poor reproductive outcomes in Indian women. METHODS: Data on 60,350 women, collected in the Third Indian National Family Health Survey were analysed to assess the impact of spousal emotional abuse on seven reproductive outcomes: age at first birth, number of children, terminated pregnancies, unwanted pregnancies, access to prenatal and skilled delivery care, and breastfeeding...
March 9, 2018: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
Peter G van der Velden, Bas Pijnappel, Erik van der Meulen
In the original article, Tables 2 and 3 have published with incorrect alignment. The correct tables are given below. The original article was corrected.
March 8, 2018: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
Cristiane S Paula, Jair J Mari, Isabel Altenfelder Santos Bordin, Euripedes C Miguel, Isabela Fortes, Natalia Barroso, Luis Augusto Rohde, Evandro Silva Freire Coutinho
PURPOSE: The purpose of the study is to identify early vulnerabilities for psychiatric disorders among Brazilian elementary school children, controlling for familial and community adversities. METHODS: This is a cross-sectional study examining the association between child psychiatric disorders and potential early vulnerabilities (disability, low intellectual quotient, and negative dimensions of the temperament trait self-directedness (low resourcefulness, low purposefulness, low enlightened second nature), controlling for the potential confounders: familial and community adversities...
March 6, 2018: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
Nancy L Asdigian, Ursula Running Bear, Janette Beals, Spero M Manson, Carol E Kaufman
PURPOSE: Research on American Indian and Alaska Native (AIAN) mental health disparities is based largely on either tribal populations or national samples of adults that do not account for multiracial AIANs, even though over 40% of AIANs identify with multiple racial groups. The present investigation extends this research by assessing mental health status in a national sample of multiracial AIAN adults relative to adults who identify exclusively as either AIAN or White. METHODS: 2012 BRFSS data were used to conduct multinomial logistic regression analyses comparing mental health outcomes among respondents who identified as either AIAN and one or more other races (AIAN-MR), AIAN-Single Race (AIAN-SR), or White-SR...
February 22, 2018: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
Akin Ojagbemi, Toyin Bello, Oye Gureje
PURPOSE: Working on the hypothesis that the social and economic factors associated with onset of late-life depression operate differently for men and women, we investigated the impact of current social relationships and lifetime occupational attainment on incident major depressive disorder (MDD) assessed in three follow-up waves over a period of 5 years. METHODS: Participants were part of a household multistage probability sample of 2149 Nigerians who were aged 65 years and above...
February 21, 2018: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
Alfredo H Cía, Juan Carlos Stagnaro, Sergio Aguilar Gaxiola, Horacio Vommaro, Gustavo Loera, María Elena Medina-Mora, Sebastían Sustas, Corina Benjet, Ronald C Kessler
PURPOSE: Although the Global Burden of Disease Study estimated that depressive disorders and anxiety disorders are the second and fifth leading causes of disability in Argentina, these estimates were based on imputations rather than epidemiological data. The policy implications of these results for the necessary expansion of mental health services in Argentina are sufficiently great that more direct estimates of the population burdens of common mental disorders are needed. Therefore, the purpose is to present the first results regarding lifetime prevalence, projected lifetime risk up to age 75, age-of-onset, cohort effects and socio-demographic correlates of DSM-IV mental disorders among adults (18+) from the general population of urban areas of Argentina...
February 19, 2018: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
Joseph Murray, Natália Peixoto Lima, Ana Carolina Oliveira Ruivo, Andrea Ramírez Varela, Caroline Cardozo Bortolotto, Elma Izze da Silva Magalhães, Franciéle Marabotti Costa Leite, Mariana Otero Xavier, Jean-Baptiste Pingault, Seena Fazel, Gregore Iven Mielke, Luciana Anselmi, Fernando César Wehrmeister, Helen Gonçalves, Ana Maria Baptista Menezes
PURPOSE: Urban violence is a major problem in Brazil and may contribute to mental disorders among victims. The aim of this study was to assess the association between robbery victimisation and mental health disorders in late adolescence. METHODS: At age 18 years, 4106 participants in the 1993 Pelotas Birth Cohort Study were assessed. A questionnaire about history of robbery victimisation was administered, the Self-Report Questionnaire was used to screen for common mental disorders, and the Mini International Neuropsychiatric Interview was used to assess major depressive disorder and generalised anxiety disorder...
February 17, 2018: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
Aiste Pranckeviciene, Kristina Zardeckaite-Matulaitiene, Rasa Marksaityte, Aukse Endriulaitiene, Douglas R Tillman, David D Hof
PURPOSE: This cross-sectional study aimed to compare desire for social distance from people with mental illness in the disciplines of social work and psychology, and among students and professionals having different professional experience. METHODS: 948 respondents (715 students and 233 professionals) from Lithuanian educational and mental health-care institutions participated in an anonymous survey. Social distance was measured using Lithuanian Social Distance Scale which was created for this study...
February 16, 2018: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
Richard Bränström, John E Pachankis
PURPOSE: Although strong evidence documents the elevated prevalence of both substance use and mental health problems among sexual minorities (i.e., gay, lesbian, and bisexuals), relatively less research has examined whether risk of the co-occurrence of these factors is elevated among sexual minorities compared to heterosexuals. The object of this study was to (1) explore sexual orientation-based differences in substance use, psychological distress, and their co-occurrence in a representative sample in Sweden, and (2) examine if greater exposure to stressors, such as discrimination, victimization/threats, and social isolation, could explain these potential disparities and their co-occurrence...
February 15, 2018: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
Marilyn Fortin, Zhirong Cao, Marie-Josée Fleury
OBJECTIVE: Patients with mental disorders (MDs) form a highly heterogeneous group, whose satisfaction with mental health services (MHS) may vary according to different variables. Identifying patient subgroups with similar levels of satisfaction may help identify variables that contribute to satisfaction or dissatisfaction with services. This study established a typology of patient satisfaction with MHS that revealed variables specific to each group. METHODS: The study included 325 patients with MDs across four health service networks offering integrated and diversified services...
February 15, 2018: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
S Lauriks, M C A Buster, M A S de Wit, O A Arah, A W Hoogendoorn, J Peen, N S Klazinga
PURPOSE: The Public Mental Health Care (PMHC) system is a network of public services and care- and support institutions financed from public funds. Performance indicators based on the registration of police contacts could be a reliable and useful source of information for the stakeholders of the PMHC system to monitor performance. This study aimed to provide evidence on the validity of using police contacts as a performance indicator to assess the continuity of care in the PMHC system...
February 15, 2018: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
Zulfa Abrahams, Crick Lund, Sally Field, Simone Honikman
PURPOSE: Food insecurity has been linked with maternal depression in low-income settings. Few studies have looked at factors associated with both food insecurity and maternal depression as outcomes. This study aimed to assess factors associated with food insecurity and depression in a sample of pregnant South African women. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional study at a Midwife Obstetric Unit in a low-income suburb in Cape Town. Pregnant women attending the clinic for their first antenatal visit were invited to participate...
February 14, 2018: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
Vaughan Bell, Ciarán O'Driscoll
PURPOSE: Bebbington and colleagues' influential study on 'the structure of paranoia in the general population' used data from the British National Psychiatric Morbidity Survey and latent variable analysis methods. Network analysis is a relatively new approach in psychopathology research that considers mental disorders to be emergent phenomena from causal interactions among symptoms. This study re-analysed the British National Psychiatric Morbidity Survey data using network analysis to examine the network structure of paranoia in the general population...
February 9, 2018: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
Laurie Hare Duke, Vivek Furtado, Boliang Guo, Birgit Angela Völlm
PURPOSE: Forensic services provide care for mentally disordered offenders. In England this is provided at three levels of security-low, medium and high. Significant number of patients within these settings remain detained for protracted periods of time. This is both very costly and restrictive for individuals. No national studies have been conducted on this subject in England. METHODS: We employed a cross-sectional design using anonymised data from medical records departments in English secure forensic units...
January 31, 2018: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
André O Werneck, Adewale L Oyeyemi, Danilo R Silva
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 29, 2018: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
Ziyan Xu, Mario Müller, Barbara Lay, Nathalie Oexle, Thekla Drack, Marco Bleiker, Silke Lengler, Christina Blank, Stefan Vetter, Wulf Rössler, Nicolas Rüsch
People with severe mental illness and a history of involuntary hospitalization may experience stigma-related stress and suffer negative consequences as a result. However, the long-term impact of stigma stress on suicidality in this population remains unknown. This longitudinal study therefore examined stigma stress, self-stigma, self-esteem and suicidal ideation among 186 individuals with mental illness and recent involuntary hospitalization. After adjusting for age, gender, diagnoses and symptoms, more stigma stress at baseline predicted suicidal ideation after 2 years, mediated by increased self-stigma and decreased self-esteem after 1 year...
January 27, 2018: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
Xiangfei Meng, Marie-Josee Fleury, Yu-Tao Xiang, Muzi Li, Carl D'Arcy
PURPOSE: To provide an overview of resilience and protective factors associated with a better life following child maltreatment exposure, to compare protective factors across specific subtypes of maltreatment, and to explore existing issues in the current state of the literature. METHODS: Electronic databases and grey literature up to October 2017 were systematically searched for English language with observational study designs for the research on resilience and childhood maltreatment...
January 18, 2018: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
Philippe Mortier, Randy P Auerbach, Jordi Alonso, William G Axinn, Pim Cuijpers, David D Ebert, Jennifer G Green, Irving Hwang, Ronald C Kessler, Howard Liu, Matthew K Nock, Stephanie Pinder-Amaker, Nancy A Sampson, Alan M Zaslavsky, Jibril Abdulmalik, Sergio Aguilar-Gaxiola, Ali Al-Hamzawi, Corina Benjet, Koen Demyttenaere, Silvia Florescu, Giovanni De Girolamo, Oye Gureje, Josep Maria Haro, Chiyi Hu, Yueqin Huang, Peter De Jonge, Elie G Karam, Andrzej Kiejna, Viviane Kovess-Masfety, Sing Lee, John J Mcgrath, Siobhan O'neill, Vladimir Nakov, Beth-Ellen Pennell, Marina Piazza, José Posada-Villa, Charlene Rapsey, Maria Carmen Viana, Miguel Xavier, Ronny Bruffaerts
PURPOSE: The primary aims are to (1) obtain representative prevalence estimates of suicidal thoughts and behaviors (STB) among college students worldwide and (2) investigate whether STB is related to matriculation to and attrition from college. METHODS: Data from the WHO World Mental Health Surveys were analyzed, which include face-to-face interviews with 5750 young adults aged 18-22 spanning 21 countries (weighted mean response rate = 71.4%). Standardized STB prevalence estimates were calculated for four well-defined groups of same-aged peers: college students, college attriters (i...
January 16, 2018: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
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