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Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909775/gender-effect-on-public-stigma-changes-towards-psychosis-in-the-hong-kong-chinese-population-a-comparison-between-population-surveys-of-2009-and-2014
#1
S K W Chan, K W Lee, C L M Hui, W C Chang, E H M Lee, E Y H Chen
PURPOSE: Public stigma is an important barrier to the recovery of patients with psychosis. The current study aimed to investigate the change in stigma towards psychosis and knowledge about psychosis between 2009 and 2014 among the Chinese population in Hong Kong, with a specific focus on gender role. METHODS: Random telephone survey of general population in Hong Kong was conducted in 2009 and 2014. Stigma was measured with the revised Link's Perceived Discrimination-Devaluation Scale (LPDDS)...
December 1, 2016: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27896374/loss-of-group-memberships-predicts-depression-in-postpartum-mothers
#2
Magen Seymour-Smith, Tegan Cruwys, S Alexander Haslam, Wendy Brodribb
PURPOSE: The postpartum period presents the highest risk for women's mental health throughout the lifespan. We aimed to examine the Social Identity Model of Identity Change in this context. More specifically, we investigated changes in social identity during this life transition and their consequences for women's postpartum mental health. METHODS: Women who had given birth within the last 12 months (N = 387) reported on measures of depression, social group memberships, and motherhood identification...
November 28, 2016: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27885400/influences-on-antidepressant-prescribing-trends-in-the-uk-1995-2011
#3
Becky Mars, Jon Heron, David Kessler, Neil M Davies, Richard M Martin, Kyla H Thomas, David Gunnell
PURPOSE: The number of antidepressants prescribed in the UK has been increasing over the last 25 years; however, the reasons for this are not clear. This study examined trends in antidepressant prescribing in the UK between 1995 and 2011 according to age, sex, and drug class, and investigated reasons for the increase in prescribing over this period. METHODS: This is a retrospective analysis of antidepressant prescribing data from the Clinical Practice Research Datalink: a large, anonymised, primary care database in the UK...
November 24, 2016: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27878580/depressive-symptom-trajectories-in-the-first-10-years-of-diabetes-diagnosis-antecedent-factors-and-link-with-future-disability-in-taiwan
#4
Ching-Ju Chiu, Yu-Hsuan Tseng, Yu-Ching Hsu, Shang-Te Wu
PURPOSE: This study identified depressive symptom trajectories in the years after diabetes diagnosis, examined factors that predict the probability for people following a specific trajectory, and investigated how the trajectories are associated with subsequent disability. METHODS: We drew data from a nationally representative survey in Taiwan to identify adults aged 50 and older diagnosed with diabetes; 487 patients newly diagnosed with diabetes during 1996-2007 were included...
November 23, 2016: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27878323/assessing-needs-for-psychiatric-treatment-in-prisoners-2-met-and-unmet-need
#5
Sharon Jakobowitz, Paul Bebbington, Nigel McKenzie, Rachel Iveson, Gary Duffield, Mark Kerr, Helen Killaspy
BACKGROUND: In a companion paper, we established high levels of psychiatric morbidity in prisoners (Bebbington et al. Soc Psychiatry Psychiatr Epidemiol, 2016). In the current report, we evaluate how this morbidity translates into specific needs for treatment and the consequent implications for services. Mental health treatment needs and the extent to which they had been met were assessed in a representative sample of prisoners in a male and a female prison in London (Pentonville and Holloway)...
November 22, 2016: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27878322/assessing-needs-for-psychiatric-treatment-in-prisoners-1-prevalence-of-disorder
#6
Paul Bebbington, Sharon Jakobowitz, Nigel McKenzie, Helen Killaspy, Rachel Iveson, Gary Duffield, Mark Kerr
BACKGROUND: High levels of psychiatric morbidity in prisoners have important implications for services. Assessing Needs for Psychiatric Treatment in Prisoners is an evaluation of representative samples of prisoners in a male and a female prison in London. This paper reports on the prevalence of mental disorders. In a companion paper, we describe how this translates into mental health treatment needs and the extent to which they have been met. METHODS: Prisoners were randomly sampled in a sequential procedure based on the Local Inmate Data System...
November 22, 2016: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27866219/mental-health-of-children-who-work-on-the-streets-in-brazil-after-enrollment-in-a-psychosocial-program
#7
Elis Viviane Hoffmann, Cristiane S Duarte, Victor Fossaluza, Ana Carolina C Milani, Mariana R Maciel, Marcelo F Mello, Andrea F Mello
PURPOSE: To evaluate the mental health status of children working on the streets in Sao Paulo City, Brazil, two years after their participation in a psychosocial program, and to identify factors associated with their mental health status. METHODS: From a total sample of 126 children working on the streets, 107 (85%) were re-evaluated two years after the initiation of a psychosocial program which aimed to cease their work on the streets. The focus was the presence of mental health problems, defined based on a screening instrument (Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire)...
November 19, 2016: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27858120/is-employment-status-in-adults-over-25%C3%A2-years-old-associated-with-nonmedical-prescription-opioid-and-stimulant-use
#8
Alexander S Perlmutter, Sarah C Conner, Mirko Savone, June H Kim, Luis E Segura, Silvia S Martins
PURPOSE: Nonmedical use of prescription opioid and stimulants (NMUPO and NMUPS, respectively) has declined in recent years, but remains an important public health problem. Evidence regarding their relationships with employment status remains unclear. We determined the relationship between employment status and NMUPO and NMUPS. METHODS: We analyzed a cross-sectional, nationally representative, weighted sample of 58,486 adults, ages 26 years and older, using combined 2011-2013 data from the National Survey on Drug Use and Health (NSDUH)...
November 17, 2016: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27847980/incidence-of-schizophrenia-among-migrants-in-the-netherlands-a-direct-comparison-of-first-contact-longitudinal-register-approaches
#9
Simon J Hogerzeil, Albert M van Hemert, Wim Veling, Hans W Hoek
PURPOSE: To estimate the effect of selective sampling on first contact (FC) studies of the relation between migration and schizophrenia. METHODS: We compared the FC method directly with a more inclusive longitudinal psychiatric register (LPR) method, by letting both methods estimate age and sex adjusted incidence rate ratios (IRR) in the population of The Hague aged 20-54 years, for the three largest migrant groups (first and second generation Caribbean, Turkish, and Moroccan) relative to the native Dutch population...
November 15, 2016: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27838732/extended-family-and-friendship-support-and-suicidality-among-african-americans
#10
Ann W Nguyen, Robert Joseph Taylor, Linda M Chatters, Harry Owen Taylor, Karen D Lincoln, Uchechi A Mitchell
PURPOSE: This study examined the relationship between informal social support from extended family and friends and suicidality among African Americans. METHODS: Logistic regression analysis was based on a nationally representative sample of African Americans from the National Survey of American Life (N = 3263). Subjective closeness and frequency of contact with extended family and friends and negative family interaction were examined in relation to lifetime suicide ideation and attempts...
November 12, 2016: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27837235/family-socioeconomic-position-in-early-life-and-onset-of-depressive-symptoms-and-depression-a-prospective-cohort-study
#11
Carol Joinson, Daphne Kounali, Glyn Lewis
PURPOSE: To investigate whether low parental socioeconomic position (SEP) at birth is associated only with early-onset depressive symptoms in offspring. METHODS: This prospective cohort study used data on 9193 individuals (4768 females, 4425 males) from the Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children. Depressive symptoms during three age periods (10-12, 12-16, 16-20 years) were assessed using the Short Mood and Feelings Questionnaire, and ICD-10 depression at age 18 was assessed using the Clinical Interview Schedule-Revised...
November 11, 2016: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27832319/common-mental-disorders-and-recent-physical-activity-status-findings-from-a-national-community-survey
#12
Shuichi Suetani, Sukanta Saha, Adam Milad, Elizabeth Eakin, James G Scott, John J McGrath
PURPOSE: To explore the association between histories of common mental disorders, delusional-like experiences, and recent physical activity using a large nationally representative population-based sample from Australia. We predicted that a past history of a common mental disorder or delusional-like experiences would be associated with insufficient physical activity. METHODS: The study was based on the Australian National Survey of Mental Health and Wellbeing 2007 (n = 8841)...
November 10, 2016: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27816998/what-does-being-on-a-community-treatment-orders-entail-a-3-year-follow-up-of-the-octet-cto-cohort
#13
Jorun Rugkåsa, Ksenija Yeeles, Constantinos Koshiaris, Tom Burns
PURPOSE: Community Treatment Orders lack evidence of effectiveness. Very little is known about how they are used in practice and over time in terms of what it obliges patients to do and the judicial threshold for remaining on an order. AIMS: To investigate CTO implementation in England in terms of the use of specified conditions, and judicial hearings; whether these change over time, and; the level of continued coercion. METHOD: 36-month observational prospective study of patients on CTO in the OCTET follow-up study...
November 5, 2016: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27815623/facilitating-mental-health-screening-of-war-torn-populations-using-mobile-applications
#14
Bahar Hashemi, Sara Ali, Rania Awaad, Laila Soudi, Lawrence Housel, Stephen J Sosebee
BACKGROUND: War-torn populations are often hard to screen for mental health disorders. Classical data collection approaches, such as paper-based, online, or SMS-operated, are either infeasible or lack accuracy due to a variety of challenges associated with dynamics and consequences of war. METHODS: In this paper, we introduce a novel approach for accurate and fast screening using free open-source software, Open Data Kit (ODK) mobile application. This approach was developed by the Palestine Children's Relief Fund (PCRF) to assess the mental health symptoms of 986 Palestinian children (age 6-18) in the aftermath of Israel's Operation Protective Edge (OPE) in 2014...
November 4, 2016: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27812734/epidemiological-patterns-and-correlates-of-mental-disorders-among-orphans-and-vulnerable-children-under-institutional-care
#15
Victoria N Mutiso, Christine W Musyimi, Albert Tele, David M Ndetei
PURPOSE: The objective of the study was to estimate the prevalence, comorbidity and socio-demographic correlates of common mental disorders among orphan and vulnerable children (OVCs) in residential care. METHODS: The Youth Self Report (YSR) instrument was adapted for use and administered to 630 OVCs aged 10-18 years in four institutions operating within the Eastern province of Kenya. We estimated the prevalence of YSR syndromes and used logistic regression analyses to examine socio-demographic factors associated with each disorder...
November 3, 2016: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27807615/the-role-of-religious-advisors-in-mental-health-care-in-the-world-mental-health-surveys
#16
Vivianne Kovess-Masfety, Sara Evans-Lacko, David Williams, Laura Helena Andrade, Corina Benjet, Margreet Ten Have, Klaas Wardenaar, Elie G Karam, Ronny Bruffaerts, Jibril Abdumalik, Josep Maria Haro Abad, Silvia Florescu, Benjamin Wu, Peter De Jonge, Yasmina Altwaijri, Hristo Hinkov, Norito Kawakami, Jose Miguel Caldas-de-Almeida, Evelyn Bromet, Giovanni de Girolamo, José Posada-Villa, Ali Al-Hamzawi, Yueqin Huang, Chiyi Hu, Maria Carmen Viana, John Fayyad, Maria Elena Medina-Mora, Koen Demyttenaere, Jean-Pierre Lepine, Samuel Murphy, Miguel Xavier, Tadashi Takeshima, Oye Gureje
OBJECTIVES: To examine the role of religious advisors in mental health care (MHC) according to disorder severity, socio-demographics, religious involvement and country income groups. METHODS: Face to face household surveys in ten high income (HI), six upper-middle income (UMI) and five low/lower-middle (LLMI) income countries totalling 101,258 adults interviewed with the WMH CIDI plus questions on use of care for mental health problems and religiosity. RESULTS: 1...
November 2, 2016: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27803978/the-impact-of-psychological-factors-on-recovery-from-injury-a-multicentre-cohort-study
#17
Blerina Kellezi, C Coupland, R Morriss, K Beckett, S Joseph, J Barnes, N Christie, J Sleney, D Kendrick
PURPOSE: Unintentional injuries have a significant long-term health impact in working age adults. Depression, anxiety and post-traumatic stress disorder are common post-injury, but their impact on self-reported recovery has not been investigated in general injury populations. This study investigated the role of psychological predictors 1 month post-injury in subsequent self-reported recovery from injury in working-aged adults. METHODS: A multicentre cohort study was conducted of 668 unintentionally injured adults admitted to five UK hospitals followed up at 1, 2, 4 and 12 months post-injury...
November 1, 2016: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27803977/the-china-mental-health-survey-ii-design-and-field-procedures
#18
Zhaorui Liu, Yueqin Huang, Ping Lv, Tingting Zhang, Hong Wang, Qiang Li, Jie Yan, Yaqin Yu, Changgui Kou, Xiufeng Xu, Jin Lu, Zhizhong Wang, Hongyan Qiu, Yifeng Xu, Yanling He, Tao Li, Wanjun Guo, Hongjun Tian, Guangming Xu, Xiangdong Xu, Yanjuan Ma, Linhong Wang, Limin Wang, Yongping Yan, Bo Wang, Shuiyuan Xiao, Liang Zhou, Lingjiang Li, Liwen Tan, Hongguang Chen, Chao Ma
China Mental Health Survey (CMHS), which was carried out from July 2013 to March 2015, was the first national representative community survey of mental disorders and mental health services in China using computer-assisted personal interview (CAPI). Face-to-face interviews were finished in the homes of respondents who were selected from a nationally representative multi-stage disproportionate stratified sampling procedure. Sample selection was integrated with the National Chronic Disease and Risk Factor Surveillance Survey administered by the National Centre for Chronic and Non-communicable Disease Control and Prevention in 2013, which made it possible to obtain both physical and mental health information of Chinese community population...
November 1, 2016: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27803976/predictors-of-experiences-of-discrimination-and-positive-treatment-in-people-with-mental-health-problems-findings-from-an-australian-national-survey
#19
Nicola J Reavley, Amy J Morgan, Anthony F Jorm
PURPOSE: The aim of the study was to assess the factors predicting experiences of avoidance, discrimination and positive treatment in people with mental health problems. METHODS: In 2014, telephone interviews were carried out with 5220 Australians aged 18+, 1381 of whom reported a mental health problem or scored highly on a symptom screening questionnaire. Questions covered experiences of avoidance, discrimination and positive treatment by friends, spouse, other family, workplace, educational institution and others in the community; as well as disclosure of mental health problems...
November 1, 2016: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27796403/the-china-mental-health-survey-cmhs-i-background-aims-and-measures
#20
Yueqin Huang, Zhaorui Liu, Hong Wang, Xing Guan, Hongguang Chen, Chao Ma, Qiang Li, Jie Yan, Yaqin Yu, Changgui Kou, Xiufeng Xu, Jin Lu, Zhizhong Wang, Lan Liu, Yifeng Xu, Yanling He, Tao Li, Wanjun Guo, Hongjun Tian, Guangming Xu, Xiangdong Xu, Shuyun Lv, Linhong Wang, Limin Wang, Yongping Yan, Bo Wang, Shuiyuan Xiao, Liang Zhou, Lingjiang Li, Liwen Tan
The China Mental Health Survey (CMHS) is the first nationally representative community survey on mental disorders and mental health services in China. One-step diagnoses for mood disorders, anxiety disorders and substance use disorders were obtained using the Composite International Diagnostic Interview-3.0 (CIDI-3.0), according to the criteria and definition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fourth Edition (DSM-IV). A two-step procedure was applied for schizophrenia and other psychotic disorders, using psychosis screening section in CIDI-3...
October 31, 2016: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
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