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Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28070597/consumption-of-low-fat-dairy-but-not-whole-fat-dairy-is-inversely-associated-with-depressive-symptoms-in-japanese-adults
#1
Yufei Cui, Cong Huang, Haruki Momma, Zhongyu Ren, Shota Sugiyama, Lei Guan, Kaijun Niu, Ryoichi Nagatomi
PURPOSE: Dairy products have been reported to have various beneficial effects on human health. Although some previous studies have shown relationships between dairy consumption and depressive symptoms, the results of these studies were not consistent. This study aimed to investigate the association between frequency of low- and whole-fat dairy consumption, and depressive symptoms. METHODS: This cross-sectional study enrolled 1159 Japanese adults aged 19-83 years...
January 9, 2017: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28062923/cardiovascular-disease-and-psychiatric-disorders-among-latinos-in-the-united-states
#2
Leopoldo J Cabassa, Roberto Lewis-Fernández, Shuai Wang, Carlos Blanco
PURPOSE: Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is the leading cause of death among Latinos and disproportionately impacts people with psychiatric disorders. The aim of this study was to examine the relationships between CVD and psychiatric disorders among different Latino subgroups using a nationally representative sample. METHODS: Latinos participants (N = 6359) were drawn from Wave 2 of the National Epidemiologic Survey on Alcohol and Related Conditions. A structured diagnostic interview was used to determine psychiatric diagnoses for any past-year mood, anxiety, and substance use disorders...
January 6, 2017: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28054133/new-directions-in-neighbourhood-research-a-commentary-on-lovasi-et-al-2016-cause-and-context-place-based-approaches-to-investigate-how-environments-affect-mental-health
#3
EDITORIAL
Peter Schofield, Jayati Das-Munshi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 4, 2017: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28040827/family-structure-and-childhood-mental-disorders-new-findings-from-australia
#4
Francisco Perales, Sarah E Johnson, Janeen Baxter, David Lawrence, Stephen R Zubrick
PURPOSE: Many children now live in non-traditional families-including one-parent, blended, and step families. While a substantial body of international evidence indicates that these children display poorer cognitive and socio-emotional outcomes than children living in traditional families, research on childhood mental disorders is scarce. This report provides new evidence of the relationships between family structure and childhood mental disorders in an under-researched context, Australia...
December 31, 2016: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28040826/consequences-of-ptsd-for-the-work-and-family-quality-of-life-of-female-and-male-u-s-afghanistan-and-iraq-war-veterans
#5
Dawne Vogt, Brian N Smith, Annie B Fox, Timothy Amoroso, Emily Taverna, Paula P Schnurr
PURPOSE: Although it is well established that combat-related PTSD can lead to reduced quality of life, less is known about the relative effect of PTSD on different aspects of former service members' post-military readjustment. Moreover, research on female veterans' reintegration experiences is limited. This study aimed to document the work and family quality of life of post-9/11 male and female veterans and evaluate the gender-specific impact of PTSD on veterans' work and family outcomes...
December 31, 2016: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28040825/training-patients-with-schizophrenia-to-share-decisions-with-their-psychiatrists-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#6
Johannes Hamann, Anna Parchmann, Nina Sassenberg, Katharina Bronner, Margot Albus, Alwin Richter, Sandra Hoppstock, Werner Kissling
PURPOSE: Many patients with schizophrenia have a desire for shared decision-making (SDM). However, in clinical practice SDM often does not take place. One cause might be that many patients behave passively in the medical encounter, therefore not facilitating SDM. It was the aim of the study to evaluate the effects of a patient directed SDM-training on patients' communicative behavior in the consultation, their attitudes towards decision-making and their long-term adherence. METHODS: Randomized-controlled trial comparing a five-session SDM-training for inpatients with schizophrenia with five sessions of non-specific group training...
December 31, 2016: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28032138/holocaust-exposure-and-subsequent-suicide-risk-a-population-based-study
#7
Cendrine Bursztein Lipsicas, Itzhak Levav, Stephen Z Levine
OBJECTIVES: To examine the association between the extent of genocide exposure and subsequent suicide risk among Holocaust survivors. METHODS: Persons born in Holocaust-exposed European countries during the years 1922-1945 that immigrated to Israel by 1965 were identified in the Population Registry (N = 209,429), and followed up for suicide (1950-2014). They were divided into three groups based on likely exposure to Nazi persecution: those who immigrated before (indirect; n = 20,229; 10%), during (partial direct; n = 17,189; 8%), and after (full direct; n = 172,061; 82%) World War II...
December 28, 2016: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28032137/teachers-support-and-depression-among-japanese-adolescents-a-multilevel-analysis
#8
Akiko Mizuta, Kohta Suzuki, Zentaro Yamagata, Toshiyuki Ojima
PURPOSE: Depression is a major cause of suicide among adolescents. Therefore, childhood and adolescent depression is an important public health concern. This study explored factors as class and individual levels that may influence depression among adolescents in Japan. METHODS: A questionnaire survey among junior high school students (N = 2968) from two cities in Japan was conducted. Depression was assessed using the Depression Self-Rating Scale for Children; teachers' support was assessed using the Scale of Expectancy for Social Support...
December 28, 2016: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28032136/low-incidence-of-psychosis-in-italy-confirmation-from-the-first-epidemiological-study-in-sicily
#9
A Mulè, L Sideli, V Capuccio, P Fearon, L Ferraro, J B Kirkbride, C La Cascia, C Sartorio, F Seminerio, G Tripoli, M Di Forti, D La Barbera, R M Murray
PURPOSE: The incidence of psychotic disorders varies in different geographical areas. As there have been no reports from Southern Italy, this study aimed to determine the incidence rate of first-episode psychosis in Palermo, Sicily. METHODS: All patients, aged 18-65 years, presenting with a first episode of psychosis (FEP) (ICD-10 F20-29, F30-33) to mental health services in Palermo, were recorded over a 3-year period. Incidence rates of psychotic disorders and their 95% confidence intervals (95% CI) were estimated...
December 28, 2016: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28028581/time-trends-in-first-admission-rates-for-schizophrenia-and-other-psychotic-disorders-in-taiwan-1998-2007-a-10-year-population-based-cohort-study
#10
Chih-Lin Chiang, Pei-Chun Chen, Ling-Ya Huang, Po-Hsiu Kuo, Yu-Chi Tung, Chen-Chung Liu, Wei J Chen
PURPOSE: To examine the trend in annual first admission rates for psychotic disorders as a whole as well as individual psychotic disorders in Taiwan from 1998 to 2007, and influences of age, sex, and geographic region on the trend. METHOD: Using the inpatient claims records in the National Health Insurance Research Database, we estimated the yearly first admission rates for schizophrenia and other psychotic disorders, including voluntary (1998-2007) and involuntary (2004-2007) admissions...
December 27, 2016: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28025691/masculinity-and-suicidal-thinking
#11
Jane Pirkis, Matthew J Spittal, Louise Keogh, Tass Mousaferiadis, Dianne Currier
PURPOSE: Males feature prominently in suicide statistics, but relatively little work has been done to date to explore whether endorsement of dominant masculinity norms heightens the risk of or is protective against suicidal thinking. This paper aimed to further knowledge in this area. METHODS: We used baseline data from 13,884 men (aged 18-55) in the Australian Longitudinal Study on Male Health (Ten to Men) cohort. These men filled in self-complete questionnaires in 2013/14 which covered a range of topics, including conformity to dominant masculinity norms and suicidal thinking...
December 26, 2016: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28025690/gender-discrimination-educational-attainment-and-illicit-drug-use-among-u-s-women
#12
Hannah Carliner, Aaron L Sarvet, Allegra R Gordon, Deborah S Hasin
PURPOSE: While gender inequality has been a topic of concern for decades, little is known about the relationship between gender discrimination and illicit drug use. Further, whether this association varies by education level is unknown. METHODS: Among 19,209 women participants in Wave 2 of the National Epidemiologic Survey on Alcohol and Related Conditions (2004-2005), we used logistic regression to test the association between gender discrimination (measured with four items from the Experiences of Discrimination instrument) and three outcomes: past-year illicit drug use, frequent drug use, and drug use disorders...
December 26, 2016: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28013328/network-approach-to-the-symptom-level-association-between-alcohol-use-disorder-and-posttraumatic-stress-disorder
#13
Mohammad H Afzali, Matthew Sunderland, Philip J Batterham, Natacha Carragher, Alison Calear, Tim Slade
PURPOSE: The high prevalence of alcohol use disorder among individuals with a history of trauma and posttraumatic stress disorder is well documented. The current study applied network analysis to map the structure of symptom associations between these disorders. METHODS: Data come from a community sample of 449 Australian adults with a history of trauma and alcohol consumption during the last 12 months. Data analysis consisted of the construction of the comorbidity network of PTSD/AUD symptoms, identification of the bridging symptoms, computation of the centrality measures, and evaluation of the robustness of the results...
December 24, 2016: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28013327/television-coverage-of-mental-illness-in-canada-2013-2015
#14
Rob Whitley, JiaWei Wang
The aim of this study is to assess television news coverage of mental illness in Canadian media, including change over time. Data consist of news clips mentioning terms including 'mental illness' (N = 579). These were systematically collected and coded over 3 years (2013-2015) using a media retrieval software. Trend analysis indicated a significant linear increase for positively oriented coverage. In 2013, less than 10% of clips had a positive overall tone, whereas in 2015, this figure reached over 40%. Articles linking mental illness to violence significantly decreased, though these remain over 50%...
December 24, 2016: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27921134/mental-disorders-as-networks-of-problems-a-review-of-recent-insights
#15
REVIEW
Eiko I Fried, Claudia D van Borkulo, Angélique O J Cramer, Lynn Boschloo, Robert A Schoevers, Denny Borsboom
PURPOSE: The network perspective on psychopathology understands mental disorders as complex networks of interacting symptoms. Despite its recent debut, with conceptual foundations in 2008 and empirical foundations in 2010, the framework has received considerable attention and recognition in the last years. METHODS: This paper provides a review of all empirical network studies published between 2010 and 2016 and discusses them according to three main themes: comorbidity, prediction, and clinical intervention...
December 5, 2016: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909775/gender-effect-on-public-stigma-changes-towards-psychosis-in-the-hong-kong-chinese-population-a-comparison-between-population-surveys-of-2009-and-2014
#16
S K W Chan, K W Lee, C L M Hui, W C Chang, E H M Lee, E Y H Chen
PURPOSE: Public stigma is an important barrier to the recovery of patients with psychosis. The current study aimed to investigate the change in stigma towards psychosis and knowledge about psychosis between 2009 and 2014 among the Chinese population in Hong Kong, with a specific focus on gender role. METHODS: Random telephone survey of general population in Hong Kong was conducted in 2009 and 2014. Stigma was measured with the revised Link's Perceived Discrimination-Devaluation Scale (LPDDS)...
December 1, 2016: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27896374/loss-of-group-memberships-predicts-depression-in-postpartum-mothers
#17
Magen Seymour-Smith, Tegan Cruwys, S Alexander Haslam, Wendy Brodribb
PURPOSE: The postpartum period presents the highest risk for women's mental health throughout the lifespan. We aimed to examine the Social Identity Model of Identity Change in this context. More specifically, we investigated changes in social identity during this life transition and their consequences for women's postpartum mental health. METHODS: Women who had given birth within the last 12 months (N = 387) reported on measures of depression, social group memberships, and motherhood identification...
November 28, 2016: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27885400/influences-on-antidepressant-prescribing-trends-in-the-uk-1995-2011
#18
Becky Mars, Jon Heron, David Kessler, Neil M Davies, Richard M Martin, Kyla H Thomas, David Gunnell
PURPOSE: The number of antidepressants prescribed in the UK has been increasing over the last 25 years; however, the reasons for this are not clear. This study examined trends in antidepressant prescribing in the UK between 1995 and 2011 according to age, sex, and drug class, and investigated reasons for the increase in prescribing over this period. METHODS: This is a retrospective analysis of antidepressant prescribing data from the Clinical Practice Research Datalink: a large, anonymised, primary care database in the UK...
November 24, 2016: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27878580/depressive-symptom-trajectories-in-the-first-10-years-of-diabetes-diagnosis-antecedent-factors-and-link-with-future-disability-in-taiwan
#19
Ching-Ju Chiu, Yu-Hsuan Tseng, Yu-Ching Hsu, Shang-Te Wu
PURPOSE: This study identified depressive symptom trajectories in the years after diabetes diagnosis, examined factors that predict the probability for people following a specific trajectory, and investigated how the trajectories are associated with subsequent disability. METHODS: We drew data from a nationally representative survey in Taiwan to identify adults aged 50 and older diagnosed with diabetes; 487 patients newly diagnosed with diabetes during 1996-2007 were included...
November 23, 2016: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27878323/assessing-needs-for-psychiatric-treatment-in-prisoners-2-met-and-unmet-need
#20
Sharon Jakobowitz, Paul Bebbington, Nigel McKenzie, Rachel Iveson, Gary Duffield, Mark Kerr, Helen Killaspy
BACKGROUND: In a companion paper, we established high levels of psychiatric morbidity in prisoners (Bebbington et al. Soc Psychiatry Psychiatr Epidemiol, 2016). In the current report, we evaluate how this morbidity translates into specific needs for treatment and the consequent implications for services. Mental health treatment needs and the extent to which they had been met were assessed in a representative sample of prisoners in a male and a female prison in London (Pentonville and Holloway)...
November 22, 2016: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
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