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Behavioral Medicine

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28759341/a-test-of-how-australian-adults-allocate-time-for-physical-activity
#1
Amanda L Rebar, Renee Johnston, Jessica L Paterson, Camille E Short, Stephanie Schoeppe, Corneel Vandelanotte
The most common reported barrier to physical activity is a lack of sufficient time. Just like most resources in economics are finite, so too is time within a day. We utilized a time-utility model to better understand how people are allocating time for physical activity. Additionally, we tested whether the allocation of physical activity time impacts people's perception of 'lack of time' as a barrier for physical activity or their likelihood of being sufficiently physical active. Australian adults (N = 725 participants, 54% men) reported their time use throughout their day, perceived 'lack of time' as a barrier to activity, and physical activity...
July 31, 2017: Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28682186/health-promotion-intervention-increases-self-reported-physical-activity-in-sub-saharan-african-university-students-a-randomized-controlled-pilot-study
#2
G Anita Heeren, John B Jemmott, C Show Marange, Arnold Rumosa Gwaze, Jesca Mercy Batidzirai, Zolani Ngwane, Andrew Mandeya, Joanne C Tyler
To evaluate the efficacy of a health-promotion intervention in increasing self-reported physical activity among university students in Sub-Saharan Africa. Randomly selected second-year students at a university in South Africa were randomized to an intervention based on social cognitive theory: health-promotion, targeting physical activity and fruit, vegetable, and fat consumption; or HIV risk-reduction, targeting sexual-risk behaviors. Participants completed assessments via audio computer-assisted self-interviewing pre-intervention and 6 and 12 months post-intervention...
July 6, 2017: Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28605309/disordered-eating-the-young-male-side
#3
Sabine Ammann, André Berchtold, Yara Barrense-Dias, Christina Akre, Joan-Carles Surís
Disordered eating (DE) is known to predominate among girls, and historically studies have focused primarily on them. This cross-sectional study aimed to investigate the characteristics of adolescent and young adult males at risk of DE. Participants (N = 2269; 15-24 years) in a study assessing their lifestyle were divided into two groups based on the SCOFF five-question screening tool: a SCOFF[+] group for participants at risk of disordered eating, and a SCOFF[-] group for everyone else. SCOFF[+] participants were more likely to be overweight and obese; have a lower socio-economic status and non-Swiss parents; experience weight issues; and report a chronic condition, poorer emotional well-being and a less positive attitude towards life...
June 12, 2017: Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28537797/visually-induced-vertigo-a-different-approach-to-the-understanding-of-vertigo
#4
Seong Chin
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 24, 2017: Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28767020/personality-and-its-relation-to-mental-and-psychosocial-health-in-emerging-adult-sexual-minority-men-the-p18-cohort-study
#5
Paul A D'Avanzo, Staci C Barton, Farzana Kapadia, Perry N Halkitis
Personality disorder and personality pathology encompass a dimension of psychological dysfunction known to severely impact multiple domains of functioning. However, there is a notable dearth of research regarding both the pervasiveness and correlates of personality pathology among young sexual minority males who themselves experience heightened mental health burdens. Using the self-report version of the Standardized Assessment of Personality-Abbreviated Scale we tested associations between distinct personality characteristics with sociodemographic and psychosocial factors as well as mental health states in a sample of 528 young (aged 21-25 years) sexual minority men...
July 2017: Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28767019/delineating-the-interplay-of-personality-disorders-and-health
#6
Ramani S Durvasula, Perry N Halkitis
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2017: Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28767018/poor-sleep-and-its-relation-to-impulsivity-in-patients-with-antisocial-or-borderline-personality-disorders
#7
M M Van Veen, J Karsten, M Lancel
Studies investigating sleep and personality disorders consistently demonstrate a relation between personality disorders characterized by behavioral disinhibition and/or emotional dysregulation (traditionally termed cluster B personality disorders) and poor sleep. This finding is in line with previous studies associating insomnia with impulsive behavior, since this is a core characteristic of both antisocial and borderline personality disorder. The current study investigates a group (n = 112) of forensic psychiatric inpatients with antisocial or borderline personality disorder or traits thereof...
July 2017: Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28767017/association-between-borderline-personality-features-and-temporal-summation-of-second-pain-a-cross-sectional-study
#8
Dokyoung S You, Mary W Meagher
Individuals with greater borderline personality features may be vulnerable to chronic pain. Because pain is an unpleasant sensory and emotional experience, affect dysregulation as the core personality feature may be linked to pain hypersensitivity. Studies have found that greater borderline features are associated with increased intensity in clinical and experimental pain, and that depression mediates this increase. The current study further examined the association between borderline features and heat pain sensitivity, the contribution of affect dysregulation and the other borderline personality factors (identity problems, negative relationships, self-harming/impulsivity) to the association, and depression as a mediator...
July 2017: Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28767016/personality-disorders-and-psychological-functioning-among-latina-women-with-eating-disorders
#9
Alyssa M Minnick, Fary M Cachelin, Ramani S Durvasula
Little is known about personality disorders (PD) and comorbidities among Latinas with eating disorders (ED). The dysregulation and chronicity of PDs can complicate and augment the symptomatology of EDs. This set of analyses provides a preliminary examination of PD and psychopathology in a sample of Latina women with ED. Participants (N = 34) were administered the Structured Clinical Interview for the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual, Eating Disorders Examination, and Millon Clinical Multiaxial Inventory-III to assess personality pathology, and questionnaires (Beck Depression Inventory-II and Brief Symptom Inventory) to assess psychological functioning...
July 2017: Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28767015/dependency-traits-relationship-power-and-health-risks-in-women-receiving-sexually-transmitted-infection-clinic-services
#10
Eric G Benotsch, Ashlee N Sawyer, Aaron M Martin, Elizabeth S Allen, Christopher D Nettles, Doug Richardson, Cornelis A Rietmeijer
In prior research, having traits consistent with a personality disorder has been shown to be related to substance use and high-risk sexual activity; however, few studies have examined relationships between dependency traits and health-jeopardizing behaviors. Individuals with traits consistent with dependent personality disorder may be more likely to be in a primary relationship characterized by unhealthy conditions, including physical abuse from a partner, low assertiveness in sexual situations, and partner infidelity...
July 2017: Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28767014/hiv-risk-substance-use-and-personality-characteristics-among-adults-with-history-of-serious-mental-illness
#11
Cathryn H Mainville, Mark A Richardson, Stephen M Brady, Jori Berger-Greenstein, Janine Bacic
The present study examined the relationship between characteristics associated with personality disorders, substance use, and HIV risk among adults with a history of serious mental illness. Participants included 103 adults with antisocial or borderline personality disorder, serious mental illness, and recent HIV risk behavior. The sample was predominately male (64%), diverse (42% African American and 13% Hispanic), and homeless/marginally housed (76%). In order to examine the relationship between personality characteristics and risk we constructed a risk index comprising key symptoms of antisocial and borderline personality disorders, namely; impulsivity, affective instability, and disregard for safety of self/others...
July 2017: Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28767013/narcissistic-personality-disorder-in-clinical-health-psychology-practice-case-studies-of-comorbid-psychological-distress-and-life-limiting-illness
#12
Elizabeth L Kacel, Nicole Ennis, Deidre B Pereira
Narcissistic Personality Disorder (NPD) is characterized by a persistent pattern of grandiosity, fantasies of unlimited power or importance, and the need for admiration or special treatment. Individuals with NPD may experience significant psychological distress related to interpersonal conflict and functional impairment. Research suggests core features of the disorder are associated with poor prognosis in therapy, including slow progress to behavioral change, premature patient-initiated termination, and negative therapeutic alliance...
July 2017: Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28767012/role-of-borderline-personality-disorder-in-the-treatment-of-military-sexual-trauma-related-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-with-cognitive-processing-therapy
#13
Nicholas Holder, Ryan Holliday, Anushka Pai, Alina Surís
Cognitive Processing Therapy (CPT) is an effective evidence-based treatment for many, but not all, veterans with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Understanding the factors that contribute to poorer response to CPT is important for providing the best care to veterans diagnosed with PTSD. Researchers investigating the effectiveness of CPT for individuals with comorbid personality symptoms have found that borderline personality disorder (BPD) characteristics do not negatively affect treatment outcome; however, participants in those studies were not diagnosed with BPD...
July 2017: Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28767011/personality-disorders-and-health-lessons-learned-and-future-directions
#14
Ramani S Durvasula
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2017: Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535140/relation-between-body-mass-index-and-body-image-in-spanish-and-mexican-adolescents
#15
Jesús Roberto García Sandoval, José Carlos Caracuel, Armando Cocca, Michaela Cocca, Oswaldo Ceballos Gurrola
This article aims to study the relation between Body Mass Index (BMI) and body image in adolescents from two different social environments in Spain and Mexico, and to compare the construction of an appropriate body scheme in youth from these two countries. The majority of participants were found to be in the normal weight category of BMI. No significant differences were found in BMI or body image comparing Mexican and Spanish adolescents. Regardless of the country of origin, youth belonging to the weight deficit category of BMI overestimated their body shape, whereas those pertaining to overweight and obesity categories underestimated it...
May 23, 2017: Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28524766/psychological-flexibility-among-youth-with-type-1-diabetes-relating-patterns-of-acceptance-adherence-and-stress-to-adaptation
#16
Rebecca C Kamody, Kristoffer S Berlin, Tiffany M Rybak, Kimberly L Klages, Gabrielle G Banks, Jeanelle S Ali, Ramin Alemzadeh, Robert J Ferry, Alicia M Diaz Thomas
Psychological flexibility, a complex concept encompassing both acceptance and action related factors, has been identified as a target for intervention for diabetes management. Research suggests acceptance, self-management, and stress, all factors that influence psychological flexibility, have an impact on adaptation to type 1 diabetes (T1D) by youth independently. However, yet to be explored is individually varying patterns of these variables and how they may relate to diabetes adaptation outcomes. The present study aimed to establish individual variations of patterns of these factors to derive profiles of psychological flexibility, and examine their relations to the adaptation outcomes of glycemic control and health-related quality of life...
May 19, 2017: Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28506186/response-to-letter-to-the-editor-confounding-by-symptomatic-mefloquine-exposure-in-military-studies-of-post-traumatic-stress-disorder
#17
Carlos Osório, Norman Jones, Edgar Jones, Ian Robbins, Simon Wessely, Neil Greenberg
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 16, 2017: Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28506155/confounding-by-symptomatic-mefloquine-exposure-in-military-studies-of-post-traumatic-stress-disorder
#18
Remington Lee Nevin
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 16, 2017: Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26808206/associations-between-perceived-weight-status-body-dissatisfaction-and-self-objectification-on-sexual-sensation-seeking-and-sexual-risk-behaviors-among-men-who-have-sex-with-men-using-grindr
#19
William C Goedel, Paul Krebs, Richard E Greene, Dustin T Duncan
To date, various dimensions of body image and their associations with condom use have not been studied among men who have sex with men (MSM) who use geosocial-networking smartphone applications ("apps") to meet new sexual partners. The purpose of the current study was to evaluate associations between weight perception, body dissatisfaction, and self-objectification with sexual behaviors among a sample of MSM (N = 92) recruited from Grindr, an app popular among MSM, to complete an online survey. Obese participants scored significantly higher on measures of body dissatisfaction and lower on measures of sexual sensation seeking...
April 2017: Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26651852/a-mixed-methods-pilot-study-of-mindfulness-based-stress-reduction-for-hiv-associated-chronic-pain
#20
Mary Catherine George, Arada Wongmek, Michelle Kaku, Alexandra Nmashie, Jessica Robinson-Papp
Treatment guidelines for chronic pain recommend nonpharmacologic modalities as part of a comprehensive management plan. Chronic pain is common among people living with HIV/AIDS, but there is little data to guide the choice of nonpharmacologic therapies in this complex population. We performed a mixed-methods feasibility study of Mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction (MBSR) versus health education control with 32 inner city, HIV-infected participants. Outcome measures included: the Brief Pain Inventory, Perceived Stress Scale, HIV Symptoms Index, autonomic function testing, and audiotaped focus groups...
April 2017: Behavioral Medicine
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