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Behavioral Medicine

Santiago Galán, Rubén Roy, Ester Solé, Mélanie Racine, Rocío de la Vega, Mark P Jensen, Jordi Miró
Committed action, one of the components of psychological flexibility, has been shown to be related with measures of pain-relevant function domains in patients with chronic pain. However, the associations between measures of committed action and of physical health and function in individuals with fibromyalgia (FM) have not yet been examined. The aim of the present cross-sectional study was to better understand the role that committed action plays in (1) pain-related disability and (2) mental and physical health in individuals with FM...
April 19, 2018: Behavioral Medicine
Nguyen Ngoc Bich, Tran Thu Ngan, Kim Bao Giang, Phan Thi Hai, Doan Thi Thu Huyen, Luong Ngoc Khue, Nguyen Tuan Lam, Hoang Van Minh, Pham Thi Quynh Nga, Nguyen The Quan, Vu Hoang Loan
Viet Nam is among the countries having highest rate of male smokers in the world. The country has joined the Global Tobacco Surveillance System since 2010. Under this system, two rounds of Global Adult Tobacco Survey (GATS) were conducted in 2010 and 2015. Those two surveys provide excellent comparable data on tobacco usage and its related aspects in Vietnam. This study using the data from GATS 2015 to examine the salience and impact of cigarette pack health warnings on quitting intention in Vietnam. The Vietnam GATS 2015 was a nationally representative survey in which 9,513 households were selected using two-stage random systematic sampling method...
April 13, 2018: Behavioral Medicine
Leah M Bogusch, William H O'Brien
Mindfulness-based interventions (MBIs) have improved psychological outcomes for multiple chronic health conditions, including diabetes. A meta-analytic review of the literature was conducted on all located studies (n = 14) investigating MBIs that targeted diabetes-related distress (DRD) and diabetes-related outcomes among people with Type 1 and Type 2 diabetes. PsychInfo, PubMed, Medline, and Web of Science were searched for MBIs that were designed to improve DRD and other secondary outcomes, including quality of life and measures of metabolic control...
April 4, 2018: Behavioral Medicine
E K Hopper, L D Gonzalez
Human trafficking is a form of interpersonal trauma that has significant mental health impacts on survivors. This study examined psychological symptoms in 131 survivors of sex and labor trafficking, including people trafficked into or within the U.S. High rates of depression (71%) and PTSD (61%) were identified. Two thirds of survivors also met criteria for multiple categories of Complex PTSD (C-PTSD), including affect dysregulation and impulsivity; alterations in attention and consciousness; changes in interpersonal relationships; revictimization; somatic dysregulation; and alterations in self-perception...
March 20, 2018: Behavioral Medicine
Yu-Chuan Chiu, Shen-Ing Liu, Chen-Ju Lin, Yu-Shin Huang, Chun-Kai Fang, Fang-Ju Sun, Kai-Liang Kao, Yo-Ping Huang, Shu-I Wu
This study examines the reliability, factor structure, convergent, and construct validities of the Mandarin Chinese version of the Reasons For Living Inventory (RFL) among Taiwanese psychiatric patients. Demographical characteristics of patients who hold these adaptive cognitions and differences on the level of endorsement between suicidal and non-suicidal individuals were also investigated. All adult patients that had visited the psychiatric ambulatory clinic or had been admitted to the psychiatric ward in a general hospital in Taiwan over a 3-month period were consecutively invited to complete an inventory that included background information, the Mandarin Chinese versions of the RFL, the Suicidal Behaviors Questionnaire- Revised (SBQ-R), and the Beck Hopeless Scale (BHS)...
March 20, 2018: Behavioral Medicine
Lorra Garey, Lorraine R Reitzel, Julie Neisler, Darla E Kendzor, Michael J Zvolensky, Clayton Neighbors, Daphne C Hernandez, Michael S Businelle
PURPOSE: Health-related quality of life (HRQoL) is a multidimensional assessment of well-being and health status. Most previous work in this area assumes that HRQoL is a homogenous construct; however, it is possible HRQoL subgroups may exist. The purpose of the study was to characterize common classes of HRQoL among adult, homeless smokers, a particularly vulnerable group of the larger population, and to evaluate risk and protective factors of HRQoL class membership. METHODS: Homeless smokers (N = 456; 65...
March 20, 2018: Behavioral Medicine
Kathryn M Nowotny, Jessica Frankeberger, Victoria E Rodriguez, Avelardo Valdez, Alice Cepeda
Herpes simplex virus type 2 (HSV-2) is among the most prevalent sexually transmitted infections in the United States. Despite this, there has been limited research on the correlates to HSV-2 among disadvantaged and marginalized women, particularly among Latinas. Data for the present analysis include 125 young adult Mexican-American women enrolled in a longitudinal study in a disadvantaged urban community in San Antonio, Texas. The current rate of tested HSV-2 infection is 56.8%. Our findings suggest strong comorbidity of genital herpes with injecting heroin use, Hepatitis C, sexual violence, incarceration, and mental illness...
March 20, 2018: Behavioral Medicine
Sonia González-Fernández, Concepción Fernández-Rodríguez
This study aimed to analyse published studies regarding the usefulness of Acceptance and Commitment Therapy in the treatment of oncological patients. A systematic review of the literature was conducted using the Web of Science, Google Scholar and Dialnet (2000-2016). Nineteen articles fulfilled the inclusion criteria. Those patients who received interventions based on Acceptance and Commitment Therapy showed a better emotional state and quality of life and greater psychological flexibility. Acceptance and Commitment Therapy proved to be useful in the psychological treatment of oncological patients...
March 20, 2018: Behavioral Medicine
Mekeila C Cook, Elizabeth Barnert, Roya Ijadi-Maghsoodi, Kayleen Ports, Eraka Bath
The study sought to: 1) describe the mental health and substance use profiles among participants of a specialty trafficking court program (the Succeed Though Achievement and Resilience Court); 2) describe youths' mental health and substance use treatment prior to participating in the program; and 3) examine whether abuse influences report of mental health problems and/or substance use. Retrospective case review of court files was performed on commercially sexually exploited youth who volunteered to participate in the court from 2012 to 2014 (N = 184)...
March 20, 2018: Behavioral Medicine
James J Annesi, Jennifer L Unruh-Rewkowski, Nicole Mareno
Maintaining weight-loss beyond 6-9 months within behavioral treatments has been problematic. However, a social cognitive theory-driven, community-based curriculum emphasizing the generalization of physical activity-related self-regulation, to eating-related self-regulation (phase 1 treatment; n = 55), demonstrated success at both inducing lost weight over its initial 6 months, and maintaining that loss through month 24. The present replication study contrasted those outcomes with a phase 2 version of the year-long treatment (n = 74) that added a follow-up component during year 2 consisting of 5 brief phone interactions to reinforce self-regulatory skills...
January 2018: Behavioral Medicine
Ryan Richard Ruff, Jeannie Ng, Girardin Jean-Louis, Brian Elbel, Basile Chaix, Dustin T Duncan
The primary objective of this study was to investigate the relationship between neighborhood stigma and sleep in a sample of low-income housing residents in New York City. Data were derived from the NYC Low-Income Housing, Neighborhoods, and Health Study (N = 120). Adults living in low-income housing completed a survey consisting of measures of neighborhood stigma, sleep quality, and sleep duration. Neighborhood stigma and sleep were self-reported. Associations between neighborhood stigma and sleep health were analyzed using generalized linear models with cluster variance estimation...
January 2018: Behavioral Medicine
Jung Eun Lee, Zachary Pope, Zan Gao
Youth sport participation plays an important role in promoting physical activity among children and may be a possible venue for the prevention of pediatric obesity. To design effective physical activity interventions, it is imperative to understand how different aspects of sport participation influence physical activity (PA). The purpose of this article is to present a comprehensive review of the impact of youth sport participation on children's PA and obesity status. A total of 44 studies published up to January 2014 concerning youth sport participation, PA, and obesity status were identified...
January 2018: Behavioral Medicine
David Cordova, Francheska Alers-Rojas, Frania Mendoza Lua, Jose Bauermeister, Rachel Nurenberg, Lauretta Ovadje, Kathryn Fessler, Jorge Delva, Christopher P Salas-Wright, Youth Leadership Council
Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV)/sexually transmitted infection (STI) risk behaviors among adolescents remain significant public health concerns. Shifts in policy and advances in technology provide opportunities for researchers and clinicians to deliver and evaluate mobile-health (mHealth) prevention programs in primary care, however, research is limited. This study assessed the usability and acceptability of Storytelling 4 Empowerment-a mHealth HIV/STI and drug abuse preventive intervention app-among adolescents in primary care...
January 2018: Behavioral Medicine
Dexter R Voisin, Anna Hotton, Torsten Neilands
African American youth bear a disproportionate burden of sexually transmitted infections. A growing number of studies document that youth exposure to community violence and sexual behaviors are highly correlated. Despite such growing evidence, only a few studies have empirically tested conceptually driven pathways that may account for such relationships. This study seeks to address that gap by exploring multiple pathways linking exposure to community violence and youth sexual behaviors. Using an existing sample of 563 African American youth attending high school, we examined whether possible links between exposure to community violence and sexual activity, sexual risk behaviors were mediated by aggression, low student-teacher connectedness, and negative peer norms...
January 2018: Behavioral Medicine
Alexandra Nagy, Eszter Szabados, Attila Simon, Béla Mezey, Barbara Sándor, István Tiringer, Kálmán Tóth, Krisztina Bencsik, Árpád Csathó
The aim of this study was to examine associations between exercise capacity-indexed as the metabolic equivalent of the task-and various aspects of subjective fatigue, physical functionality, and depression in patients with coronary artery disease. A cross-sectional design was used. Patients with stable coronary artery disease (N = 240) underwent an exercise stress test and completed self-report assessments of depression, subjective physical limitations, vital exhaustion, and the impact of fatigue on physical, social, and cognitive functions...
January 2018: Behavioral Medicine
Daniel R Marques, Mariana S Meia-Via, Colin A Espie, Carlos F da Silva, Ana Allen Gomes
Persistent cognitive activity is an important factor in disturbing sleep-onset both during bedtime and when attempting to get back to sleep after nocturnal awakenings. One of the most specific self-report measures designed to assess this feature is the Glasgow Content of Thoughts Inventory (GCTI). In this study, we investigated the preliminary psychometric properties of GCTI in a large sample of higher education European Portuguese students (N = 2995). Our results suggest that there is evidence of good internal consistency (α = 0...
January 2018: Behavioral Medicine
Gulay Dirik, Ezgi Göcek-Yorulmaz
Type 2 diabetes is a chronic disease that can causes positive changes, as well as psychological distress. The aim of the this study is to investigate the posttraumatic growth level of adults with type 2 diabetes and to identify the relationship among perceived social support, coping, diabetes management self-efficacy, perceived expressed emotions, and PTG in diabetes patients from non-western, developing country. The findings revealed that patients experience a moderate level of posttraumatic growth. Regression analyses showed that the severity of the disease, educational level, perceived social support, problem-focused coping, optimistic coping and the criticism/hostility dimension of expressed emotions were associated significantly with posttraumatic growth...
January 2018: Behavioral Medicine
Meghan L Butryn, Stephanie Kerrigan, Danielle Arigo, Greer Raggio, Evan M Forman
Behavioral interventions for obesity reliably facilitate short-term weight loss, but weight regain is normative. A high level of aerobic exercise may promote weight loss maintenance. However, adopting and maintaining a high level of exercise is challenging, and experiential acceptance may be important. The aim of this study was to pilot test the feasibility and efficacy of an acceptance-based behavioral treatment to promote moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) among individuals who had recently lost weight...
January 2018: Behavioral Medicine
Inbar Levkovich, Miri Cohen, Khaled Karkabi
The study explored the experience of fatigue, its effects and ways of coping with fatigue and the role of family and social support among breast cancer patients. In-depth, semi-structured interviews were conducted with 13 breast cancer patients stages I-III, aged 34-67, who were up to one year after the termination of chemotherapy. Two main themes emerged: "Being imprisoned in the body of an 80-year-old," focuses the fatigue experienced by younger and older women, during and post treatment, including the different patterns of fatigue and the various means of coping with fatigue; The "Family's bear-hug" exemplifies the role of the environment in coping with the experience of fatigue and the complexities entailed in receiving support from family and friends...
November 2, 2017: Behavioral Medicine
Sriyani Tidball, Shireen S Rajaram
Human trafficking is a serious public health issue and has long-term physical, mental, social, and economic consequences for survivors, their families, and communities. The Victims of Trafficking and Violence Protection Act of 2000 defines sex trafficking as a commercial sex act that is induced by force, fraud or coercion, or when a commercial sex act involves a person below 18 years of age. There is inadequate research from the perspectives of survivors. The purpose of this study was to gather data from survivors on their complex needs...
November 2, 2017: Behavioral Medicine
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