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Behavioral Medicine

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29944090/prospective-relations-between-social-comparison-orientation-and-weight-loss-outcomes
#1
Danielle Arigo, Meghan L Butryn
Maintenance of weight loss after behavioral intervention tends to be poor, and there is need for an improved understanding of factors that are associated with successful maintenance. Social comparison is known to be a powerful influence on treatment outcomes for group-based behavioral weight loss programs, but little is known about the role of individual differences in social comparison orientation (i.e., tendency to value comparison information) in this context. The goal of this study was to examine prospective relations between social comparison orientation and long-term weight loss outcomes (percent weight loss, aerobic-intensity physical activity) among participants in behavioral weight loss treatment...
June 26, 2018: Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29944063/medical-legal-partnership-impact-on-parents-perceived-stress-a-pilot-study
#2
Jennifer N Rosen Valverde, Jeffrey Backstrand, Laurie Hills, Hanan Tanuos
Stress has adverse effects on health, and prolonged stress exposure is a risk factor for several mental and physical illnesses. 1 Families living in poverty face many stressors created and maintained by economic hardship and unaddressed legal and social needs. Medical-Legal Partnerships (MLPs) aim to improve health and well-being by addressing health-harming legal and social needs of patients. This pilot study examined whether MLP-involved parents perceived themselves as stressed; to what they attributed their stress; and whether they reported a reduction in stress when their MLP cases were closed...
June 26, 2018: Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29671691/committed-action-disability-and-perceived-health-in-individuals-with-fibromyalgia
#3
Santiago Galán, Rubén Roy, Ester Solé, Mélanie Racine, Rocío de la Vega, Mark P Jensen, Jordi Miró
Committed action, one of the components of psychological flexibility, has been shown to be related with measures of pain-relevant function domains in patients with chronic pain. However, the associations between measures of committed action and of physical health and function in individuals with fibromyalgia (FM) have not yet been examined. The aim of the present cross-sectional study was to better understand the role that committed action plays in (1) pain-related disability and (2) mental and physical health in individuals with FM...
April 19, 2018: Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29652628/salience-and-impact-of-health-warning-label-on-cigarette-packs-in-vietnam-findings-from-the-global-adult-tobacco-survey-2015
#4
Nguyen Ngoc Bich, Tran Thu Ngan, Kim Bao Giang, Phan Thi Hai, Doan Thi Thu Huyen, Luong Ngoc Khue, Nguyen Tuan Lam, Hoang Van Minh, Pham Thi Quynh Nga, Nguyen The Quan, Vu Hoang Loan
Viet Nam is among the countries having highest rate of male smokers in the world. The country has joined the Global Tobacco Surveillance System since 2010. Under this system, two rounds of Global Adult Tobacco Survey (GATS) were conducted in 2010 and 2015. Those two surveys provide excellent comparable data on tobacco usage and its related aspects in Vietnam. This study using the data from GATS 2015 to examine the salience and impact of cigarette pack health warnings on quitting intention in Vietnam. The Vietnam GATS 2015 was a nationally representative survey in which 9,513 households were selected using two-stage random systematic sampling method...
April 13, 2018: Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29617221/the-effects-of-mindfulness-based-interventions-on-diabetes-related-distress-quality-of-life-and-metabolic-control-among-persons-with-diabetes-a-meta-analytic-review
#5
Leah M Bogusch, William H O'Brien
Mindfulness-based interventions (MBIs) have improved psychological outcomes for multiple chronic health conditions, including diabetes. A meta-analytic review of the literature was conducted on all located studies (n = 14) investigating MBIs that targeted diabetes-related distress (DRD) and diabetes-related outcomes among people with Type 1 and Type 2 diabetes. PsychInfo, PubMed, Medline, and Web of Science were searched for MBIs that were designed to improve DRD and other secondary outcomes, including quality of life and measures of metabolic control...
April 4, 2018: Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28876188/the-impact-of-insurance-gain-and-discussions-with-healthcare-providers-on-quitting-smoking
#6
Clare C Brown, Feifei Wei
Tobacco use is the leading preventable cause of death in the United States. Analyzing the ability for different mechanisms to reduce smoking rates can provide healthcare systems with information to establish the most effective smoking cessation efforts. Health insurance provides individuals with direct mechanisms to curb smoking behavior, such as access to smoking cessation resources. Gaining insurance may additionally indirectly influence smoking cessation by altering risk perceptions. Behavioral economic theory suggests that gaining health insurance may reduce current smokers' rate of discounting on the future, which could increase smoking cessation...
April 2018: Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632006/psychosocial-obstacles-to-smoking-cessation-attempts-among-young-adult-sexual-minority-women-who-smoke
#7
José A Bauermeister, Emily J Youatt, Emily S Pingel, Jorge H Soler, Michelle M Johns
Sexual minority women (SMW; i.e., women who identify their sexuality as lesbian, bisexual, or something other than heterosexual) report greater smoking behaviors than their heterosexual counterparts across all ages. We conducted a multivariable regression to examine the correlates of prior smoking cessation attempts and smoking cessation intentions in a sample of young SMW who smoke (N = 338; aged 18-24 years). Covariates included sociodemographic characteristics (i.e., race/ethnicity, sexual identity, age, urbanity), general (i...
April 2018: Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632005/sleep-problems-and-life-satisfaction-as-predictors-of-health-in-men-with-sex-chromosome-aneuploidies
#8
Krister W Fjermestad, Simen Stokke
More knowledge is needed about men with sex chromosome aneuploidies (SCA). We present self-reported data from 53 men with SCA (Mage = 36.8 years, SD = 12.3, range 19-67). The Health Survey-Short Form (SF-36) measured eight health domains (physical functioning, role-physical, role-emotional, vitality, emotional health, social functioning, pain, general health). The Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index measured sleep problems. The Personal Wellbeing Index measured satisfaction with eight life domains. Compared to norms, SCA reported poorer health (mean d = -0...
April 2018: Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632004/behavioral-interventions-to-reduce-infections-in-pediatric-long-term-care-facilities-the-keep-it-clean-for-kids-trial
#9
Elaine L Larson, Meghan T Murray, Bevin Cohen, Edwin Simpser, Marianne Pavia, Olivia Jackson, Haomiao Jia, R Gordon Hutcheon, Linda Mosiello, Natalie Neu, Lisa Saiman
Children in pediatric long-term care facilities (pLTCF) represent a highly vulnerable population and infectious outbreaks occur frequently, resulting in significant morbidity, mortality, and resource use. The purpose of this quasi-experimental trial using time series analysis was to assess the impact of a 4-year theoretically based behavioral intervention on infection prevention practices and clinical outcomes in three pLTCF (288 beds) in New York metropolitan area including 720 residents, ages 1 day to 26 years with mean lengths of stay: 7...
April 2018: Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632003/factor-structure-of-the-urdu-version-of-the-spence-children-s-anxiety-scale-in-pakistan
#10
Farah Qadir, Aneela Maqsood, Najam Us-Sahar, Nadia Bukhtawer, Amna Khalid, Regina Pauli, Catherine Gilvarry, Girmay Medhin, Cecilia A Essau
Spence Children's Anxiety Scale (SCAS) is one of the most commonly used self-report questionnaires to measure symptoms of anxiety disorders in adolescents. Despite its common use, studies that examine the psychometric properties of SCAS in Pakistan is lacking. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to examine the psychometric properties of the Urdu translated version of the SCAS among adolescents in Pakistan. A total of 1277 students (708 boys and 569 girls), aged 13 to17 years, who had been recruited from 13 schools in Rawalpindi, Pakistan participated in the study...
April 2018: Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28506186/response-to-letter-to-the-editor-confounding-by-symptomatic-mefloquine-exposure-in-military-studies-of-post-traumatic-stress-disorder
#11
Carlos Osório, Norman Jones, Edgar Jones, Ian Robbins, Simon Wessely, Neil Greenberg
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2018: Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28506155/confounding-by-symptomatic-mefloquine-exposure-in-military-studies-of-post-traumatic-stress-disorder
#12
Remington Lee Nevin
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2018: Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323533/success-in-weight-management-among-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-do-perceived-autonomy-support-autonomous-motivation-and-self-care-competence-play-a-role
#13
Anne M Koponen, Nina Simonsen, Sakari B Suominen
Based on self-determination theory (SDT), this study investigated whether the three central SDT variables-perceived autonomy support (from a physician), autonomous motivation and self-care competence-were associated with success in weight management (SWM) among primary care patients with type 2 diabetes when the effect of other important life-context factors was controlled for. Patients participated in a mail survey in 2011. Those who had tried to change their health behavior during the past two years in order to lose weight, either with or without success (n = 1433, mean age 63 years, 50% men), were included in this study...
April 2018: Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28281936/combat-experiences-and-their-relationship-to-post-traumatic-stress-disorder-symptom-clusters-in-uk-military-personnel-deployed-to-afghanistan
#14
Carlos Osório, Norman Jones, Edgar Jones, Ian Robbins, Simon Wessely, Neil Greenberg
The association of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptom clusters with combat and other operational experiences among United Kingdom Armed Forces (UK AF) personnel who deployed to Afghanistan in 2009 were examined. Previous studies suggest that the risk of developing PTSD rises as combat exposure levels increase. To date, no UK research has investigated how specific classes of combat and operational experiences relate to PTSD symptom clusters. The current study was a secondary analysis of data derived from a two-arm cluster, randomized-controlled trial of a postdeployment operational stress-reduction intervention in deployed UK AF personnel...
April 2018: Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28027010/attending-to-timely-contingencies-promoting-physical-activity-uptake-among-adults-with-serious-mental-illness-with-an-exercise-for-mood-vs-an-exercise-for-fitness-prescription
#15
Bridget A Hearon, Courtney Beard, Lynne M Kopeski, Jasper A J Smits, Michael W Otto, Thröstur Björgvinsson
Despite evidence for both physical and mental health benefits achieved through regular exercise, most Americans fail to meet minimum recommendations. Altering the behavioral contingency from a focus on long-term health benefits to immediate mood benefits represents a novel method for exercise promotion. The current study examined a single-session exercise-for-mood intervention against two time-matched comparison conditions in 152 patients with serious mental illness attending a partial hospital program, a population marked by significant health disparities...
April 2018: Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27594559/using-high-risk-adolescents-voices-to-develop-a-comprehensible-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-based-text-message-program
#16
Margaret M Thorsen, John V Patena, Kate Morrow Guthrie, Anthony Spirito, Megan L Ranney
At-risk adolescents' comprehension of, and preferences for, the content of a text-message (SMS) delivered, cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT)-based depression prevention intervention was investigated using two qualitative studies. Adolescents with depressive symptoms and a history of peer violence were recruited from an urban emergency department. Forty-one participants completed semi-structured qualitative interviews. Thematic analysis using deductive and inductive codes were used to capture a priori and emerging themes...
April 2018: Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29558341/a-comparison-of-psychological-symptoms-in-survivors-of-sex-and-labor-trafficking
#17
E K Hopper, L D Gonzalez
Human trafficking is a form of interpersonal trauma that has significant mental health impacts on survivors. This study examined psychological symptoms in 131 survivors of sex and labor trafficking, including people trafficked into or within the U.S. High rates of depression (71%) and PTSD (61%) were identified. Two thirds of survivors also met criteria for multiple categories of Complex PTSD (C-PTSD), including affect dysregulation and impulsivity; alterations in attention and consciousness; changes in interpersonal relationships; revictimization; somatic dysregulation; and alterations in self-perception...
March 20, 2018: Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29558316/the-psychometric-properties-in-the-chinese-version-of-the-reasons-for-living-inventory-and-the-relationship-with-suicidal-behaviors-among-psychiatric-patients-in-taiwan
#18
Yu-Chuan Chiu, Shen-Ing Liu, Chen-Ju Lin, Yu-Hsin Huang, Chun-Kai Fang, Fang-Ju Sun, Kai-Liang Kao, Yo-Ping Huang, Shu-I Wu
This study examines the reliability, factor structure, convergent, and construct validities of the Mandarin Chinese version of the Reasons For Living Inventory (RFL) among Taiwanese psychiatric patients. Demographical characteristics of patients who hold these adaptive cognitions and differences on the level of endorsement between suicidal and non-suicidal individuals were also investigated. All adult patients that had visited the psychiatric ambulatory clinic or had been admitted to the psychiatric ward in a general hospital in Taiwan over a 3-month period were consecutively invited to complete an inventory that included background information, the Mandarin Chinese versions of the RFL, the Suicidal Behaviors Questionnaire-Revised (SBQ-R), and the Beck Hopeless Scale (BHS)...
March 20, 2018: Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29558273/health-related-quality-of-life-among-homeless-smokers-risk-and-protective-factors-of-latent-class-membership
#19
Lorra Garey, Lorraine R Reitzel, Julie Neisler, Darla E Kendzor, Michael J Zvolensky, Clayton Neighbors, Daphne C Hernandez, Michael S Businelle
Health-related quality of life (HRQoL) is a multidimensional assessment of well-being and health status. Most work in this area assumes that HRQoL is a homogenous construct; however, it is possible HRQoL subgroups may exist. The purpose of the study was to characterize common classes of HRQoL among adult, homeless smokers, a particularly vulnerable group of the larger population, and to evaluate risk and protective factors of HRQoL class membership. Homeless smokers (N = 456; 65.1% male; Mage = 43.19 years [SD = 11...
March 20, 2018: Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29558260/behavioral-psychological-gender-and-health-service-correlates-to-herpes-simplex-virus-type-2-infection-among-young-adult-mexican-american-women-living-in-a-disadvantaged-community
#20
Kathryn M Nowotny, Jessica Frankeberger, Victoria E Rodriguez, Avelardo Valdez, Alice Cepeda
Herpes simplex virus type 2 (HSV-2) is among the most prevalent sexually transmitted infections in the United States. Despite this, there has been limited research on the correlates to HSV-2 among disadvantaged and marginalized women, particularly among Latinas. Data for the present analysis include 125 young adult Mexican-American women enrolled in a longitudinal study in a disadvantaged urban community in San Antonio, Texas. The current rate of tested HSV-2 infection is 56.8%. Our findings suggest strong comorbidity of genital herpes with injecting heroin use, Hepatitis C, sexual violence, incarceration, and mental illness...
March 20, 2018: Behavioral Medicine
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