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Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences

Maria Lundvall, Elisabeth Lindberg, Ulrica Hörberg, Lina Palmér, Gunilla Carlsson
INTRODUCTION: This paper describes first-line department healthcare professionals' experiences of conversations with young adults (16-25 years) who express existential concerns. Existential concerns encompass questions about the meaning of life and the choices people must make, and they are sometimes expressed during the period in which a child is becoming an adult. Sometimes the transition to adulthood can be difficult, and many young adults seek support from people in first-line departments, such as primary care providers, youth guidance centre personnel and student health service employees in high schools and universities...
August 28, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences
Marianne Strand, Anders Broström, Anne Haugstvedt
AIM: The aim of this study was to describe how adolescents perceive the transition from being dependent on their parents to managing their own type 1 diabetes. DESIGN: An explorative design with a phenomenographic approach was used. METHODS: Semistructured interviews took place during 2016-2017 with 18 strategically sampled adolescents (7 boys and 11 girls, aged 16-18 years) with type 1 diabetes from five Norwegian paediatric diabetes centres...
August 28, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences
Damien Appleton, Noelle Robertson, Laura Mitchell, Rosie Lesley
PURPOSE: To provide a unique and conceptually comprehensive account of the lived experiences of caregiving spouses/partners of people with multiple sclerosis, which can be used to better enable health professionals to provide appropriate support services. METHOD: A systematic review of qualitative studies reporting the experiences of caregiving spouses/partners was conducted. Relevant articles were identified and analysed using a meta-ethnographic synthesis. RESULTS: Twenty studies met eligibility criteria, of which 18 were included in the final meta-synthesis...
August 24, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences
Mari Salminen-Tuomaala, Riitta Mikkola, Eija Paavilainen, Päivi Leikkola
BACKGROUND: Not much research has been conducted on emergency patients' and family members' experiences of encountering care providers and receiving care in nonconveyance situations. This knowledge is required to develop the quality and safety of emergency care. AIM: The aim of the study was to describe patients' and family members' experiences concerning encounters with emergency care providers and the patient's care in nonconveyance situations. METHODS: The study is a descriptive, cross-sectional survey carried out using quantitative methods...
August 16, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences
Tommy Carlsson
AIM: The aim was to assess the methodological quality and describe recommendations for pain management in local clinical practice guidelines about induced second-trimester medical abortions at Swedish university and county hospitals. METHODS: In 2017, Swedish university and county hospitals that provided abortion care in the second trimester of pregnancy were contacted (n = 29), and guidelines from 25 were received (university: n = 6, county: n = 19). Guideline quality was assessed according to two systematic instruments...
August 16, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences
Izabella Uchmanowicz, Aleksandra Kołtuniuk, Aneta Stępień, Bartosz Uchmanowicz, Joanna Rosińczuk
INTRODUCTION: Low back pain (LBP) is one of the most common pain syndromes, and its prevalence has increased significantly in the past three decades. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of insomnia and daytime sleepiness on the quality of life (QOL) of patients suffering from chronic back pain. MATERIAL AND METHODS: It is a cross-sectional study conducted among 100 people (aged 25-75 years - mean age 49.53 ± 10.92) treated in a neurological clinic for chronic back pain lasting longer than 3 months...
August 16, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences
Catharina Bjørkquist, Maria Forss, Finn Samuelsen
INTRODUCTION: As a growing number of seniors with complex needs are living at home, the implementation of telecare has become a priority. This article aims to identify factors influencing inter- and intra-organisational collaboration in Norwegian primary care. The focus is on collaboration in service provision for senior users with telecare solutions, in this case personal alarms. METHODS: Data were collected from two individual interviews with each of seven middle managers from four different units...
August 16, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences
Line Aasen, Irene Gynnild Ponton, Anne-Kari Myrvold Johannessen
In recent decades, there has been a shift from hospitalisation to home care throughout the Western world, even for children. Hospital-at-home for children is in a developmental phase and represents a new service model in Norway. The aim of this pilot study conducted in a Norwegian healthcare setting was to explore how parents with a sick child experienced early hospital discharge and further care at home. The qualitative data are drawn from nine interviews with parents with a child admitted to hospital-at-home...
August 16, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences
Hege Verpe, Marian Kjellevold, Vibeke Moe, Lars Smith, Unni T Vannebo, Kjell Morten Stormark, Margaret Ljosnes Søvik, Siv Skotheim
BACKGROUND: In most maternity wards in Norway, early discharge (<48 hour) is the norm. To monitor newborns' and women's health during the first week after delivery, most maternity wards offer early check-ups, where families return to the hospital (standard care). However, a few municipalities offer home visits by midwives (domiciliary care) to ensure seamless services for the family. AIM: The primary aim of this study was to explore whether different follow-up strategies were differently associated with maternal depression and breastfeeding habits, 6 weeks and 6 months postpartum...
August 15, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences
Birgitta Wallerstedt, Eva Benzein, Kristina Schildmeijer, Anna Sandgren
BACKGROUND: Despite increased attention and knowledge in palliative care, there is still confusion concerning how to interpret the concept of palliative care and implement it in practice. This can result in difficulties for healthcare professionals in identifying patients whom would benefit from palliative care, which, in turn, could lead to a delay in meeting patients' needs. AIM: To explore healthcare professionals' perceptions of palliative care. METHOD: Data were collected through twelve interprofessional focus group interviews in community care and hospital wards in south Sweden (n = 74)...
August 13, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences
Lina Behm, Eva Björkman, Gerd Ahlström
BACKGROUND: Older people with multi-morbidity are major users of healthcare and are often discharged from hospital with ongoing care needs. This care is frequently provided by informal caregivers and the time immediately after discharge is challenging for caregivers with new and/or additional tasks, resulting in anxiety and stress. AIM: This study aimed to describe mental health, with particular reference to anxiety and depression and reactions to caregiving, and to investigate any associations between the two, in next of kin of older people with multi-morbidity after hospitalisation...
August 9, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences
Fahimeh Alsadat Hosseini, Marzieh Momennasab, Shahrzad Yektatalab, Armin Zareiyan
BACKGROUND: An important part of the spiritual needs of patients is 'presence'. The increased demand for holistic care has led to increased attention on 'presence' and its quality. AIMS AND OBJECTIVE: Given the importance of understanding the phenomenon of presence in order to promote the spirituality dimension among hospitalised patients, this study aimed to describe the lived experience of hospitalised patients in the context of presence. RESEARCH METHODS: This was a descriptive phenomenological qualitative study carried out on 12 admitted patients in general hospital settings...
August 2, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences
Madeleine Nilsson, Ingrid From, Lillemor Lindwall
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to report on a concept analysis of the meaning of patients' participation. Participation is commonplace in many areas of health care and has become an important issue in healthcare services. Participation is essential when giving nursing care. Challenges exist throughout clinical practice to make the patient a participant in their own care. The study had a caring science perspective. METHOD: A literature study based on Walker and Avant's method was used with eight steps...
August 2, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences
Kristel Paque, Hilde Bastiaens, Peter Van Bogaert, Tinne Dilles
BACKGROUND: Loneliness is suggested to be one of the most prominent feelings nursing home residents are struggling with, and is related to various negative health outcomes and impaired quality of life. While there has been some research on social predictors and the impact of depression and loneliness on social relationships in nursing home residents, there has been very little qualitative research in investigating their own perception of such feelings. OBJECTIVE: To explore general feelings among nursing home residents, with a specific interest in loneliness in order to develop strategies for support and relief...
August 2, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences
Eva Rinnan, Beate André, Jorunn Drageset, Helge Garåsen, Geir Arild Espnes, Gørill Haugan
BACKGROUND: Finding new approaches to increase positive health and well-being of elderly individuals living in nursing homes (NH) is highly warranted. Several Norwegian municipalities have implemented the certification scheme framed 'Joy of Life Nursing Home' (JOLNH). JOLNH is based on a health-promoting perspective directing elderly individuals' resources. Through health promotion, preventive and social activities across generations, NH care promotes respect, well-being, health and cultural experiences among elderly individuals...
August 2, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences
Rakel Aasheim Greve, Hanne Cecilie Braarud, Siv Skotheim, Kari Slinning
AIMS: Perinatal depression is associated with difficulties in the early mother-child interaction and negative child outcome. The aim of this study was to assess the feasibility and acceptability of the Newborn Behavioral Observation (NBO) System included in a home visiting programme at well-baby clinics in Norway and to examine compliance with the study protocol for a future clinical trial. The target group was pregnant women at risk for postpartum depression and their partners. METHOD: An open-label study was conducted...
July 16, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences
Leena Honkavuo, Katie Eriksson, Dagfinn Nåden
The history of ideas may contribute to an awareness and an opening up of deep-seated currents of thought that have shaped the inner core of the caring culture and an ethical value base - the ethos of serving in nursing leadership. This article studies how serving as an ethos is represented, which becomes visible and evident in Sophie Mannerheim's, Bertha Wellin's and Bergljot Larsson's nursing leadership. This article also seeks to describe the main features of the idea-historical research approach the way in which it is represented within the caring science-tradition...
July 16, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences
Hanne Konradsen, Karin Brochstedt Dieperink, Jørgen Lauridsen, Anne Dichmann Sorknaes, Birte Ostergaard
AIM: International research has only rarely examined the functioning of families experiencing chronic illness and the perception of nurses towards involving families in patient care. This has also been the case in Denmark. To undertake this kind of research, carefully translated questionnaires are needed. The purpose of this study was therefore to translate the Ice Expressive Family Functioning (ICE-EFFQ) and the Ice Family Perceived Support (ICE-FPSQ) into Danish, and to test the validity and reliability of the Danish versions...
July 16, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences
Krista Jokiniemi, Riitta Meretoja, Anna-Maija Pietilä
RATIONAL: The demand to increase nursing competence is brought on by the requirement of safe, accessible and more effective use of healthcare provider expertise. Clinical nurse specialist competency development dates back to the late 20th century; however, an examination of the literature reveals a lack of research and discussion to support the competency development. OBJECTIVES: To describe the formulation and validation process of the clinical nurse specialist core competencies...
July 2, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences
Hanneke Ter Beest, Marlies van Bemmel, Marian Adriaansen
BACKGROUND: Empathy is an important factor in the relation nurse-patient. To develop empathy in bachelor nursing students is a challenge in nursing education. There are several small experiential learning methods that develop empathy in nursing students, although not in a hospital simulation. By experiencing the role of a patient, nursing students would learn important aspects of empathy. AIM: This research will explore what nursing students learn about empathy in the relation nurse-patient, while they lie in bed as a patient seeing the nurse from another perspective...
June 19, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences
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