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Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences

Sevinc Akkoyun, Fatma Tas Arslan
BACKGROUND: The birth and hospitalisation of a premature infant in a neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) are stressful experiences for the mother and the family. The support of neonatal nurses is necessary to control and reduce the stress of mothers. And nurse-parent support may play a role in effective stress management and make a positive contribution to the health of mothers. AIM: To determine the correlation of stress and nurse-parent support levels with mothers' age and educational status, number of children, gestational week of the infant and the hospitalisation period of the infant among mothers of premature infants hospitalised in the NICU...
November 14, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences
Elizabeth Åhsberg
INTRODUCTION: Despite a generally decreased length of stay in Swedish hospitals, an increasing delay of discharge has been observed among patients with long-term care need. AIM: Identify challenges and opportunities in the transition of patients between hospitals and out-patient care. METHOD: Data were obtained from national registers on patients discharged from hospitals in 2014, interviews with public care authorities, and a systematic literature review...
November 8, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences
Anna Pudelewicz, Dorota Talarska, Grażyna Bączyk
INTRODUCTION: Alzheimer's disease is a progressive, degenerative brain disease of unknown aetiology. It is characterised by a gradual deterioration of cognitive processes, especially memory, orientation and thinking. With the deepening of Alzheimer's disease, the independence of patients is increasingly limited, what results in an increased involvement of caregivers in care. Excessive duties contribute to the development of caregiver burnout. AIM: The aim of the study was to examine the level of feeling of burden in caregivers of patients with Alzheimer's disease and to determine the relationship between selected parameters and the feeling of burden...
October 31, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences
Unni K Moksnes, Mary-Elizabeth B Eilertsen, Regine Ringdal, Hanne N Bjørnsen, Toril Rannestad
AIM: This paper reports associations among socio-demographic variables, stressor experience, self-efficacy and life satisfaction among Norwegian adolescents aged 15-21 years and the potential moderating role of self-efficacy on the association between stressor experience and life satisfaction. METHODS: The cross-sectional school-based survey study involved 1816 upper-secondary school students from Mid-Norway. Data were analysed with independent samples t test, Pearson's product moment correlation and multiple linear regression analysis...
October 30, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences
Anders Bremer, Tova Dahné, Lovisa Stureson, Kristofer Årestedt, Ingela Thylén
BACKGROUND: Out-of-hospital cardiac arrest survivors suffer from psychological distress and cognitive impairments. They experience existential insecurity and vulnerability and are striving to return to a life in which well-being and the meaning of life have partly changed. However, research highlighting the experiences of in-hospital cardiac arrest survivors is lacking. This means that evidence for postresuscitation care has largely been extrapolated from studies on out-of-hospital cardiac arrest survivors, without considering potential group differences...
October 17, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences
Won-Oak Oh, Insun Yeom, Dong-Seok Kim
PROBLEM: Human emotions come from relationships with others, and emotional states can be transferred to others through emotional transfer, leading people to experience identical emotions unconsciously. Emotional transference is not a new concept; however, no concept analysis has been performed on emotional transference from parents to children. ELIGIBILITY CRITERIA: A literature search was conducted of terms related to 'emotional transference', (e.g. 'emotional transfer' and 'affective transference') in the following databases: PubMed, CINAHL, ProQuest, RISS and DBPIA published between 1987 and 2016; documents were published in English or Korean...
October 17, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences
Miriam Stanyon, Shirley Thomas, Adam Gordon, Amanda Griffiths
OBJECTIVES: To determine whether varying the communication style of care assistants, encouraging them to use direct instructions and allowing more time for residents' responses influenced the communicative behaviour of care home residents living with dementia. DESIGN: This study used a multiple systematic case study design. Participants were video-recorded during morning care routines in three communication conditions: usual communication, direct instructions and pacing (allowing more time for resident responses)...
October 17, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences
Martina Lundmark, Annette Lennerling, Matilda Almgren, Anna Forsberg
BACKGROUND: In recent years, survival after lung transplantation has remained largely unchanged despite improvements in short-and intermediate-term survival, indicating the need to identify factors associated with recovery and long-term survival. Very little is known about how lung recipients recover after lung transplantation and whether such factors are related to symptom distress and well-being. This constitutes the rationale of the study. AIM: The aim was to explore symptom prevalence and distress as well as the degree of self-reported perceived recovery and well-being 1-5 years after adult lung transplantation...
October 15, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences
Line Traumer, Michael Hviid Jacobsen, Birgitte Schantz Laursen
BACKGROUND: Sexual dysfunction is common in patients diagnosed with cancer or chronic disease, having psychological, emotional and social ramifications. The consequences are ultimately significant impaired quality of life and reduced mental well-being, and it therefore requires professional attention. However, evidence suggests that sexuality is a taboo subject in the healthcare system, as healthcare professionals and patients rarely initiate conversations on this subject. AIM: Therefore, the purpose of this study was to understand how patients diagnosed with cancer or chronic disease experiencing sexual dysfunction experience sexuality as a taboo subject in the healthcare system...
October 15, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences
Berit Lindahl, Sue Kirk
AIM: To analyse and synthesise the research that has investigated the experience of home in relation to home mechanical ventilation (HMV). METHOD: Systematic integrative review. Four electronic databases (CINAHL, PubMed, Scopus and ISI Web of Knowledge) were searched between January 2010 and April 2017 as well as reference lists of included studies. Quantitative and qualitative studies meeting the inclusion criteria were critically appraised. Study findings were inductively analysed and synthesised using the integrative approach...
October 15, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences
Malin Jakobsson, Karin Josefsson, Göran Jutengren, Leif Sandsjö, Karin Högberg
Sleeping problems are increasing among adolescents worldwide. This study aimed to describe the prevalence of self-reported sleep duration and sleeping difficulties, as well as to explore their associations with school stress, self-perception, that is how adolescents perceive their appearance and happiness, and technology use among adolescents. Data were collected in 2015 using a questionnaire. A total of 937 ninth grade adolescents, 15-16 years, from a city in western Sweden participated, resulting in a response rate of 83%...
October 12, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences
Norman Jay Stomski, Paul Morrison, Margaret Sealey, Petra Skeffington, Geraldine O'Brien
The level of carer burden has increased as carers take on more responsibility for mental health consumers as a result of the contemporary shift in the delivery of services from institutional to community settings. Interventions are required to mitigate mental health carer burden. Therefore, we examined the association between dispositional gratitude and burden in a cross-sectional survey of 231 Australian mental health carers. Dispositional gratitude was assessed by the S-GRAT, and carer burden was measured using the Involvement Evaluation Questionnaire...
October 12, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences
Akon Ndiok, Busisiwe Ncama
AIMS: The aims are to examine the effect of home visiting and resources for instituting the programme as a follow-up strategy in integration of palliative care in daily clinical practice by nurses caring for cancer patients in Nigeria, and on how it can be used to improve care for cancer patients. BACKGROUND: Home visiting by nurses has been used as a follow-up option in maternal and child health care globally. Most cancer patients default after diagnosis, home visiting offers potential as a strategy for follow-up of these patients too...
October 8, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences
Hanne Kivimäki, Vesa Saaristo, Kirsi Wiss, Marjut Frantsi-Lankia, Timo Ståhl, Arja Rimpelä
Universal school health services are expected to offer similar, needs-based services to all students across schools, service providers and students' socio-economic statuses and health needs. This study investigates access to school health nurses in Finland. The objectives were to study the differences in access to school health nurse between service providers, schools, students' characteristics and school health nurse resources. Access was examined through a nationwide School Health Promotion study, which is a self-reporting, voluntary and anonymous survey for 8th and 9th graders (15 to 16-year old, N = 71865)...
October 1, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences
Jenni Jaakkola, Anja Rantanen, Pauliina Luopa, Anna-Maija Koivisto, Katja Joronen
This article examines the self-rated health, symptoms and health behaviour of upper secondary vocational students in Finland. The data consist of the responses of first- and second-year vocational students (n = 34 554) to the 2013 School Health Promotion Survey. The data were analysed statistically and processed separately for girls and boys. Associations between self-rated health, symptoms and health behaviour and fields of study were examined by cross-tabulation. Statistical significance was measured using the chi-squared test...
October 1, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences
Birgitta Wireklint Sundström, Anders Bremer, Veronica Lindström, Veronica Vicente
BACKGROUND: The ambulance services are associated with emergency medicine, traumatology and disaster medicine, which is also reflected in previous research. Caring science research is limited and, since no systematic reviews have yet been produced, its focus is unclear. This makes it difficult for researchers to identify current knowledge gaps and clinicians to implement research findings. AIM: This integrative systematic review aims to describe caring science research content and scope in the ambulance services...
September 25, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences
Maria Lundvall, Elisabeth Lindberg, Ulrica Hörberg, Lina Palmér, Gunilla Carlsson
INTRODUCTION: This paper describes first-line department healthcare professionals' experiences of conversations with young adults (16-25 years) who express existential concerns. Existential concerns encompass questions about the meaning of life and the choices people must make, and they are sometimes expressed during the period in which a child is becoming an adult. Sometimes the transition to adulthood can be difficult, and many young adults seek support from people in first-line departments, such as primary care providers, youth guidance centre personnel and student health service employees in high schools and universities...
August 28, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences
Marianne Strand, Anders Broström, Anne Haugstvedt
AIM: The aim of this study was to describe how adolescents perceive the transition from being dependent on their parents to managing their own type 1 diabetes. DESIGN: An explorative design with a phenomenographic approach was used. METHODS: Semistructured interviews took place during 2016-2017 with 18 strategically sampled adolescents (7 boys and 11 girls, aged 16-18 years) with type 1 diabetes from five Norwegian paediatric diabetes centres...
August 28, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences
Berit Lindahl
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences
Louise M Jakobsen, Karen Albertsen, Anette F B Jorgensen, Birgit A Greiner, Reiner Rugulies
To retain qualified care workers and to ensure high-quality care for residents in eldercare homes, well-functioning collaboration among care workers is pivotal. This study aims to identify barriers and facilitators of collaboration among eldercare workers and to describe the processes leading to well-functioning collaboration. We collected focus group data from 33 eldercare workers from seven Danish eldercare homes. We found that collaboration was hampered by a number of formal and informal divisions among care workers...
September 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences
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