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Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences

Rakel Aasheim Greve, Hanne Cecilie Braarud, Siv Skotheim, Kari Slinning
AIMS: Perinatal depression is associated with difficulties in the early mother-child interaction and negative child outcome. The aim of this study was to assess the feasibility and acceptability of the Newborn Behavioral Observation (NBO) System included in a home visiting programme at well-baby clinics in Norway and to examine compliance with the study protocol for a future clinical trial. The target group was pregnant women at risk for postpartum depression and their partners. METHOD: An open-label study was conducted...
July 16, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences
Leena Honkavuo, Katie Eriksson, Dagfinn Nåden
The history of ideas may contribute to an awareness and an opening up of deep-seated currents of thought that have shaped the inner core of the caring culture and an ethical value base - the ethos of serving in nursing leadership. This article studies how serving as an ethos is represented, which becomes visible and evident in Sophie Mannerheim's, Bertha Wellin's and Bergljot Larsson's nursing leadership. This article also seeks to describe the main features of the idea-historical research approach the way in which it is represented within the caring science-tradition...
July 16, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences
Hanne Konradsen, Karin Brochstedt Dieperink, Jørgen Lauridsen, Anne Dichmann Sorknaes, Birte Ostergaard
AIM: International research has only rarely examined the functioning of families experiencing chronic illness and the perception of nurses towards involving families in patient care. This has also been the case in Denmark. To undertake this kind of research, carefully translated questionnaires are needed. The purpose of this study was therefore to translate the Ice Expressive Family Functioning (ICE-EFFQ) and the Ice Family Perceived Support (ICE-FPSQ) into Danish, and to test the validity and reliability of the Danish versions...
July 16, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences
Krista Jokiniemi, Riitta Meretoja, Anna-Maija Pietilä
RATIONAL: The demand to increase nursing competence is brought on by the requirement of safe, accessible and more effective use of healthcare provider expertise. Clinical nurse specialist competency development dates back to the late 20th century; however, an examination of the literature reveals a lack of research and discussion to support the competency development. OBJECTIVES: To describe the formulation and validation process of the clinical nurse specialist core competencies...
July 2, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences
Hanneke Ter Beest, Marlies van Bemmel, Marian Adriaansen
BACKGROUND: Empathy is an important factor in the relation nurse-patient. To develop empathy in bachelor nursing students is a challenge in nursing education. There are several small experiential learning methods that develop empathy in nursing students, although not in a hospital simulation. By experiencing the role of a patient, nursing students would learn important aspects of empathy. AIM: This research will explore what nursing students learn about empathy in the relation nurse-patient, while they lie in bed as a patient seeing the nurse from another perspective...
June 19, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences
Mona Kyndi Pedersen, Edith Mark, Lisbeth Uhrenfeldt
BACKGROUND: Despite the frequency of hospital readmissions, there is still a relatively incomplete understanding of the broader array of factors pertaining to readmission in older persons. Few studies have explored how older persons experience readmission and their perceptions of circumstances affecting the course of care. Research indicates that males experience poorer health outcomes and are at higher risk of readmission compared to women. AIM: To explore life conditions and critical incidents pertained to hospital readmission from the perspective of older males...
June 19, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences
Jenny Hultqvist, Urban Markström, Carina Tjörnstrand, Mona Eklund
BACKGROUND: People with psychiatric disability have been found to have a poorer quality of life (QOL) compared to the general population, and QOL is an important outcome from psychosocial rehabilitation. AIMS: This study aimed at comparing users of two approaches to psychosocial rehabilitation in Sweden, community-based mental health day centres (DCs) and clubhouses, regarding QOL. A further aim was to investigate predictors of QOL. METHODS: People regularly attending DCs (n = 128) or clubhouses (n = 57) completed questionnaires at baseline and a 9-month follow-up about socio-demographics, QOL, self-esteem, social network, satisfaction with daily occupations, satisfaction with services and the unit's organisation...
June 8, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences
Susanne Andermo, Tobias Sundberg, Torkel Falkenberg, Johanna Hök Nordberg, Maria Arman
BACKGROUND: Patients have reported unanticipated and transformative health changes in existential character after integrative healthcare rehabilitation. Although there are several instruments measuring patients' experiences of health, identified instruments do not sufficiently capture patients' experiences of health and suffering after integrative health care. From a caring science perspective, health and suffering are understood as an integral part of human life. The objective of this study was to develop a first version of an instrument to measure patients' experiences of health and suffering, focusing on existential signs...
May 31, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences
Vibeke N Nyborg, Sigrun Hvalvik, Brendan McCormack
In this paper, we explore how the development of historical research methodologies during the last centuries can contribute to more diverse and interdisciplinary research in future caring science, especially towards a care focus that is more person-centred. The adding of a historical approach by professional historians to the theory of person-centredness and person-centred care can develop knowledge that enables a more holistic understanding of the patient and the development of the patient perspective from the past until today...
May 31, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences
Barbara Raffaele, Valentina Biagioli, Luciana Cirillo, Maria Grazia De Marinis, Maria Matarese
The assessment of self-care among older adults is important as it permits the tailoring of educational interventions directed to prevent health deterioration and contrast the effects of ageing. The Self-care Ability Scale for the Elderly (SASE) was developed to assess the perceived self-care ability in older adults. Its psychometric properties were tested only in Scandinavian countries and China. This research was a cross-validation of the SASE on 402 Italian adults aged 65 and older recruited in hospitals, clinics and homes, from September 2016 to February 2017...
May 31, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences
Nicolle P G Boumans, Elisabeth Dorant
BACKGROUND: Most young carer studies on parentification, resilience and coping concentrated on child carers up to age 18 years, whereas the group of young adult caregivers (18-24 years) has been neglected. In our study, we focused on these young adult caregivers, who are in a life phase in which young people usually are distancing themselves from their families and are striving for autonomy and freedom. AIM: To explore young adult carers' perceptions of parentification, resilience and coping compared to young adult noncarers...
May 15, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences
Paula Häkkänen, Eeva Ketola, Tiina Laatikainen
AIMS: School health care offers a natural setting for childhood obesity interventions. Earlier studies reveal inadequate screening and treatment in primary care. However, longitudinal studies in unselected populations are lacking. We aimed to examine how school nurses and physicians identified obesity, diagnosed it and offered interventions over primary school. We compared the results with Finnish recommendations. METHODS: From our cohort of 2000 primary school sixth graders (aged 12-14), 172 were obese at least once during primary school...
May 6, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences
Kim Jørgensen, Jacob Dahl Rendtorff, Mari Holen
AIM: The aim of the study was to explore how patient participation is constructed in social interaction processes between nurses, other health professionals and service users, and which structures provide a framework for the participation of service users in a psychiatric context? METHODOLOGICAL DESIGN: Ten tape-recorded interviews of nurses and observations of interactions between nurses, other health professionals and service users reflected differing constructed views of patient participation...
May 6, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences
Louise M Jakobsen, Karen Albertsen, Anette F B Jorgensen, Birgit A Greiner, Reiner Rugulies
To retain qualified care workers and to ensure high-quality care for residents in eldercare homes, well-functioning collaboration among care workers is pivotal. This study aims to identify barriers and facilitators of collaboration among eldercare workers and to describe the processes leading to well-functioning collaboration. We collected focus group data from 33 eldercare workers from seven Danish eldercare homes. We found that collaboration was hampered by a number of formal and informal divisions among care workers...
May 3, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences
Riikka Salmi, Mimmi Tolvanen, Riitta Suhonen, Satu Lahti, Timo Närhi
BACKGROUND: Increasing number of older adults lives in their own homes, but needs help in many daily routines. Domiciliary care nursing staff (DCNS) is often needed to support oral home care. However, information of nursing staff's knowledge, skills and activity in this task is sparse. OBJECTIVES: The study aimed to assess DCNS knowledge, perceived skills and activities to support oral home care of older domiciliary care clients. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study was conducted among DCNS in one of the largest cities in Finland...
April 25, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences
Jessica Anne Viveka Hemberg, Jeanette Kock
BACKGROUND: Childbirth is often seen as an existentially important life event. However, few studies focus on the experience from the woman's perspective. THE AIM AND RESEARCH QUESTIONS: The aim of this study was to explore women's experiences of strength and health during childbirth through an ontological understanding. What enables women to experience strength and health during childbirth? RESEARCH DESIGN, PARTICIPANTS AND RESEARCH CONTEXT: A hermeneutical approach was used...
April 25, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences
Joel Olayiwola Faronbi
AIM: Caring for older adults with chronic illness is associated with enormous physical and psychological stress on the informal caregivers. This study assessed burden experienced by caregivers of older adults with chronic illness, explored coping strategies of caregivers in relation to identified chronic conditions and determined the influence of caregiver's burden, caregiver's characteristics and older adult's characteristics on their coping ability. METHOD: This is a cross-sectional, correlational study, and data were collected among 325 caregivers of older adults living with chronic illness in Osun State, Nigeria, using a checklist, Katz IADL, Zarit Burden Interview and Brief Cope Scale...
April 25, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences
Annemieke Vogel, Annemiek E Schep-Akkerman
BACKGROUND: Spiritual care to patients is important for their well-being, and nurses do have a crucial role in it. Previous research focused on self-assessed competence in providing spiritual care, but little is known about the actual provision. The aims of this study were as follows: (i) to evaluate how often nurses provide spiritual care, (ii) if or which association there is between self-assessed competency and provision of spiritual care, and (iii) to study which factors do have influence on delivering spiritual care...
April 25, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences
Erla Kolbrun Svavarsdottir, Anna Olafia Sigurdardottir, Elisabet Konradsdottir, Gudny Bergthora Tryggvadottir
BACKGROUND: Implementing family system nursing in clinical settings is on the rise. However, little is known about the impact of graduate school education as well as continuing education in family systems nursing (FSN) on nurses' perceptions of their family nursing practice. AIMS: To evaluate the level of nursing education, having taken a continuing hospital educational course in family system nursing (FN-ETI programme), and the impact of job characteristics on nurses' perceptions of their family nursing practice skills...
April 25, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences
Mandy Roheger, Eva Zupanic, Ingemar Kåreholt, Dorota Religa, Elke Kalbe, Maria Eriksdotter, Sara Garcia-Ptacek
BACKGROUND: Life in rural and urban areas differs in regard to social support and health care. Our aim was to examine the association between nursing home placement and survival of patients with dementia living in urban vs. rural areas. METHODS: We performed a longitudinal cohort study of patients with dementia at time of diagnosis (n = 58 154) and at first follow-up (n = 21 522) including patients registered from 2007 through 2014 in the Swedish Dementia Registry (SveDem)...
April 14, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences
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