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Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922456/adolescents-lived-experiences-of-making-health-choices-an-ethical-point-of-view
#1
Tanja Moilanen, Anna-Maija Pietilä, Margaret Coffey, Sanna Sinikallio, Mari Kangasniemi
This study describes and interprets adolescents' lived experiences of their rights, duties and responsibilities in relation to their health choices. Fourteen focus group interviews with 67 adolescents aged 15 and 16 were conducted and analysed using the phenomenological hermeneutical method. Adolescents' lived experiences of their rights in relation to their health choices were described as things that were allowed. Duties and responsibilities were perceived as something that they were required to carry out for their own health or other people's health...
September 18, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922452/impact-of-an-educational-intervention-for-district-nurses-about-preparedness-to-encounter-women-exposed-to-intimate-partner-violence
#2
Eva Sundborg, Lena Törnkvist, Per Wändell, Nouha Saleh-Stattin
AIM: To evaluate the impact of an educational intervention on the preparedness of district nurses at primary healthcare centres to encounter women exposed to intimate partner violence. METHODOLOGICAL DESIGN: An observational quasi-experimental study. Participants were divided into an intervention group (n = 117) and a control group (n = 204), both from the eastern part of Sweden. A group of nurses from across Sweden (the 'national group,' n = 217) was also recruited...
September 18, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28906024/father-group-leaders-experiences-of-creating-an-arena-for-father-support-a-qualitative-study
#3
Birgitta Kerstis, Michael B Wells, Ewa Andersson
BACKGROUND: Parental classes consisting of only fathers, hereafter referred to as father groups, have existed in Sweden since the mid-1990s. OBJECTIVE: To describe the father group leaders' perspectives on and experiences of father groups. METHOD: A qualitative study was conducted using content analysis. Eleven individual interviews with father group leaders were conducted. An interview guide was used. SETTINGS AND PARTICIPANTS: The study was set in different parts of Sweden...
September 14, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28901568/shared-decision-making-in-the-paediatric-field-a-literature-review-and-concept-analysis
#4
REVIEW
Eun Sook Park, In Young Cho
AIM: The concept of shared decision-making is poorly defined and often used interchangeably with related terms. The aim of this study was to delineate and clarify the concept of shared decision-making in the paediatric field. METHOD: Rodgers and Knafl's evolutionary concept analysis was used to delineate and clarify the concept. Following a search of the CINAHL, PubMed and MEDLINE databases and online journals between 1995 and 2016, we included a total of 42 articles that referred to shared decision-making in the paediatric field...
September 13, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28901562/involving-institutionalised-people-with-dementia-in-their-care-planning-meetings-lessons-learnt-by-the-staff
#5
Feliciano Villar, Montserrat Celdrán, Josep Vila-Miravent, Rodrigo Serrat
BACKGROUND: Applying a person-centred care (PCC) approach is an aspiration for many services attending people with dementia (PwD). However, the implementation and assessment of PCC practices represent a challenge to health professionals. AIM: To evaluate the impact on staff of a programme aiming to involve people with dementia (PwD) in their individualised care-planning (ICP) meetings in long-term residential settings; specifically, to explore the lessons that staff perceived they had learned from the experience...
September 13, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28895175/the-use-of-case-management-for-community-dwelling-older-people-the-effects-on-loneliness-symptoms-of-depression-and-life-satisfaction-in-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#6
Elin Taube, Jimmie Kristensson, Patrik Midlöv, Ulf Jakobsson
AIM: To investigate the effects of a case management intervention for community-dwelling frail older people, with functional dependency and repeated contacts with the healthcare services, focusing on loneliness, depressive symptoms and life satisfaction. DESIGN: A two-armed, nonblinded, randomised control trial with repeated follow-ups, of N = 153 participants at baseline allocated to an intervention (n = 80) and control (n = 73) group. METHOD: Inclusion criteria were the following: ≥65 years of age, living in ordinary housing, in need of assistance in two or more self-reported activities of daily living, having at least two hospital admissions or at least four visits in outpatient care 12 months prior to enrolment...
September 12, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28892188/person-centred-climate-and-psychometrical-exploration-of-person-centredness-and-among-patients-not-conveyed-by-the-ambulance-care-service
#7
Andreas Rantala, Anna Forsberg, Anna Ekwall
BACKGROUND: What already is known is that as many as 50% of all Swedish Ambulance Care Service assignments are considered as non-emergency. Therefore, due to medical protocols and triage system, patients are refused conveyance to the Accident and Emergency Department by the Ambulance Care Service. AIM: The aim of this study was to psychometrically explore the construct validity of a possible dimension of person-centredness, developed from a previous published qualitative study in a nonemergency ambulance care context...
September 11, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28892182/health-related-quality-of-life-in-patients-with-lymphoedema-a-cross-sectional-study
#8
Pia Klernäs, Aina Johnsson, Vibeke Horstmann, Karin Johansson
INTRODUCTION: Lymphoedema may cause complex problems that can strongly influence patients' health-related quality of life (HRQoL). The main purpose of this study was to investigate the impact of lymphoedema on HRQoL in patients with varying forms of lymphoedema. METHODS: The Lymphoedema Quality of Life Inventory (LyQLI), measuring three domains, physical, psychosocial and practical, and the Short Form 36 Health Survey Questionnaire (SF-36), measuring eight health domains, were sent to 200 lymphoedema patients...
September 11, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28885733/attachment-styles-pain-intensity-and-emotional-variables-in-women-with-fibromyalgia
#9
Cecilia Peñacoba, Soledad Perez-Calvo, Sheila Blanco, Lucía Sanroman
This study aims to explore the relations between attachment styles and pain intensity and certain emotional variables (anxiety, depression and alexithymia) in a sample of fibromyalgia patients, in comparison with healthy women. Data were collected from 146 women with fibromyalgia and 122 healthy women. The variables studied were attachment style, pain intensity, anxiety, depression and alexithymia dimensions. Patients with fibromyalgia showed lower percentages of secure attachment style (69.9% vs. 86%) whilst showing higher avoidant attachment (19...
September 8, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28885725/supporting-spirituality-in-the-care-of-older-people-living-with-dementia-a-hermeneutic-phenomenological-inquiry-into-nurses-experiences
#10
Kristiina Toivonen, Andreas Charalambous, Riitta Suhonen
BACKGROUND: Spirituality is defined as a search for answers to existential questions about the meaning of life and the individual's relationship with the sacred or transcendent. This relationship may or may not involve affiliation with a specific religion. Studies on spirituality have focused on palliative care, and there are limited studies into the spirituality in the care of older people with dementia. AIM: To describe the experiences of nurses supporting spirituality in the care of older people living with dementia...
September 8, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28881476/supporting-patients-in-reducing-postoperative-constipation-fundamental-nursing-care-a-quasi-experimental-study
#11
Mette Trads, Søren Rasmussen Deutch, Preben Ulrich Pedersen
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of constipation in the general population is 2-28%. Patients with constipation report symptoms of abdominal pain, bloating, nausea, straining to defecate and general discomfort. Strategies for preventing constipation include laxatives, exercise and increased fluid and fibre intake, but life style adjustments, such as exercise, eating more fibres and drinking more fluids, were not considered a solution by older patients. Previous studies have shown that actively involving patients through individualised care and support increases patients' outcome...
September 7, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28881453/the-content-of-nurse-unit-managers-work-a-descriptive-study-using-daily-activity-diaries
#12
Herdís Sveinsdóttir, Katrín Blöndal, Heiður Hrund Jónsdóttir, Helga Bragadóttir
BACKGROUND: NUMs' job description in Icelandic hospitals has been revised and now also includes managerial and financial responsibilities. AIM: To describe the actual work activities of nurse unit managers (NUMs) in surgical and internal medicine services as self-documented and reflected in their job description. DESIGN: Prospective exploratory study. METHOD: The study's setting was the largest hospital in Iceland. Data were collected over 7 days from NUMs working on surgical and medical units with an activity diary listing five domains and 41 activities: 'management and planning' (seven activities), 'staff responsibility (seven activities), 'direct clinical work' (five activities), 'service' (12 activities) and 'other' (nine activities)...
September 7, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28881450/translation-and-field-testing-of-the-family-functioning-family-health-and-social-support-questionnaire-in-danish-outpatients-with-heart-failure
#13
Birte Østergaard, Karen Steenvinkel Pedersen, Jørgen Lauridsen, Birgitte Nørgaard, Bernard Jeune
BACKGROUND: Valid and reliable instruments to assess family functioning, health and social support in families with heart failure constitute a cornerstone in the detection of the families' needs, in improving their functioning and in evaluating the effects of nursing interventions. AIM: To translate the three scales of the Family Functioning, Family Health and Social Support (FAFHES) questionnaire from Finnish into Danish, to test validity and reliability of the Danish version among outpatients with heart failure and to add to previous studies by reconstructing scales using confirmatory factor analysis...
September 7, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28881430/distinctive-effects-between-cognitive-stimulation-and-reminiscence-therapy-on-cognitive-function-and-quality-of-life-for-different-types-of-behavioural-problems-in-dementia
#14
Hsiu-Ching Lin, Ya-Ping Yang, Wen-Yun Cheng, Jing-Jy Wang
BACKGROUND: Among the various complementary therapies for patients with dementia (PwD), cognitive stimulation therapy (CST) and reminiscence therapy (RT) are frequently used to improve cognitive function and quality of life. However, no studies have examined the use of complementary therapies applied to different types of behavioural and psychological symptoms of dementia in PwD. AIMS: The purpose of this study was to investigate the distinctive effects of CST and RT on cognitive function and quality of life for PwD with three types of behavioural problems - the dispute, return and dissociate types...
September 7, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28869667/children-with-ill-parents-extent-and-nature-of-caring-activities
#15
Ellen Katrine Kallander, Bente M Weimand, Saul Becker, Betty Van Roy, Ketil Hanssen-Bauer, Kristin Stavnes, Anne Faugli, Elin Kufås, Torleif Ruud
RATIONALE: Previous studies have shown that children may take on higher extents of caring activities if their parents are affected by severe illness or disability, especially when their parents lack access to formal and informal care. AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: This study examined the extent and nature of caring activities done by patients' children; differences in caring activities between different types of parental illness; factors associated with caring activities...
September 4, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28869662/parent-caring-response-scoring-system-development-and-psychometric-evaluation-in-the-context-of-childhood-cancer-related-port-starts
#16
Jinbing Bai, Kristen Swanson, Felicity W K Harper, Louis A Penner, Sheila J Santacroce
RATIONALE: Multiple observational coding systems have been developed and validated to assess parent-child interactions during painful procedures. Most of these coding systems are neither theory-based nor do they well represent parent nonverbal behaviours. AIMS: Develop the Parent Caring Response Scoring System (P-CaReSS) based on Swanson's Theory of Caring and test its psychometric properties in children in cancer port starts. METHODS: A hybrid approach of inductive and deductive coding was used to formulate the preliminary observational codes for the P-CaReSS...
September 4, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28869661/utilisation-of-formal-and-informal-care-and-services-at-home-among-persons-with-dementia-a-cross-sectional-study
#17
Christina Bökberg, Gerd Ahlström, Staffan Karlsson
BACKGROUND: The progression of dementia disease implies increasing needs for both informal and formal care and services but also risk of institutionalisation. To better adjust care and services in the phase preceding institutionalisation it is important to find out whether utilisation of formal and informal care and services is determined by increased needs and by who meets the needs. AIM: The aim was to compare persons with dementia (65+) with different levels of cognitive impairment, regarding utilisation of formal and informal care and service at home...
September 4, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28869659/perceptions-of-family-caregivers-of-cancer-patients-about-the-challenges-of-caregiving-a-qualitative-study
#18
Shahnaz Nemati, Maryam Rassouli, Mahnaz Ilkhani, Ahmad Reza Baghestani
BACKGROUND: The experience of caring for a family member with cancer is associated with several care-related problems and challenges for the caregiver. The comprehensive and in-depth understanding of the trials and tribulations of caregiving can be a step towards resolving the problems faced by family caregivers of these patients. AIM: The present study aimed to explore challenges faced by Iranian family caregivers of cancer patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The present qualitative study was conducted through in-depth semi-structured interviews held with 21 family caregivers of cancer patients selected through purposive sampling...
September 4, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28869658/understanding-life-experiences-of-people-affected-by-crohn-s-disease-in-spain-a-phenomenological-approach
#19
Sofía García-Sanjuán, Manuel Lillo-Crespo, Miguel Richart-Martínez, Ángela Sanjuán Quiles
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: People affected by Crohn's disease must adapt their lives to their new chronic condition, and therefore, understanding such experience can be helpful in planning effective interventions for the affected ones. The aim of this study was to gain an insight into such experience and how they adapted in different areas of their lives, particularly in a family-centred culture such as the Spanish one. METHOD: A descriptive phenomenological study was conducted through in-depth interviews to 19 people diagnosed of Crohn's disease in the province of Alicante (Spain)...
September 4, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28869656/immigrants-use-of-health-care-in-their-country-of-origin-the-role-of-social-integration-discrimination-and-the-parallel-use-of-health-care-systems
#20
Laura Kemppainen, Teemu Kemppainen, Natalia Skogberg, Hannamaria Kuusio, Päivikki Koponen
AIMS: The objective of this study was to elucidate the utilisation of Russian health care by immigrants of Russian origin living in Finland (cross-border health care). The study examined the association of cross-border health care with social integration and discrimination. Moreover, it studied whether cross-border health care was used as an alternative to the host-country's healthcare system. METHODS: Data from the Finnish Migrant Health and Wellbeing Survey (Maamu) were utilised...
September 4, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences
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