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Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences

Ingegerd Bergbom, Carin Modh, Ingela Lundgren, Lillemor Lindwall
BACKGROUND: The body of first-time pregnant women is affected in many ways, and the women may not know what to expect. Conversations between women and healthcare personnel about women's bodily experience in early pregnancy can contribute to increased body knowledge, which may have a positive impact in later stages of their pregnancy and in relation to delivery. The aim of the study was to describe first-time pregnant women's experiences of their body in early pregnancy (pregnancy weeks 10-14)...
October 11, 2016: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences
Marjan Mardani-Hamooleh, Haydeh Heidari
BACKGROUND: The increasing population of patients with cancer highlights the need to develop an understanding of the patients' lived experiences. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of our study was to explore the lived experiences of Iranian patients regarding living with cancer. METHODS: A hermeneutic phenomenological study was performed. Twelve patients with cancer were interviewed to understand their lived experiences. We employed the seven-stage hermeneutical process of data analysis...
October 11, 2016: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences
Yun Kang, Wendy Moyle, Marie Cooke, Siobhan T O'Dwyer
BACKGROUND: The population is ageing in South Korea, increasing the incidence of dementia and delirium. Despite this, registered nurses in South Korea tend to have poor understanding and limited involvement in the assessment of delirium. AIM: To evaluate the effect of an educational programme on acute care nurses' knowledge, attitudes and the potential for family caregiver involvement in care for older adults with cognitive impairment. METHODS: A mixed-methods study that included a single group, pre-post design and individual interviews was used...
October 11, 2016: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences
Georg Bollig, Jan Henrik Rosland, Eva Gjengedal, Gerda Schmidt, Arnd T May, Andreas Heller
BACKGROUND: There are many existing ethical challenges in nursing homes. Although different methods and approaches to discussing the ethical challenges have been established, systematic ethics work is not yet a standard in all nursing homes. The aim of the present study was to explore ethical challenges and approaches to implementing systematic ethics work in nursing homes. METHODS: Data from five institutions in Austria, Germany and Norway were collected, and a mixed-methods two-tiered study approach was chosen...
August 26, 2016: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences
Su-Hui Chen, Yu-Ping Huang, Jung-Hua Shao
RATIONALE: Nutritional health plays a crucial role in determining successful ageing and differs by different living area. Although nutritional interventions have long been advocated, little research has directly assessed the effectiveness of nutritional interventions on community-dwelling older adults in urban and rural areas and compared intervention effects on these two populations. AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To examine the effectiveness of a 12-week dietary self-management programme for salt-, fluid-, fat- and cholesterol-intake behaviours of community-dwelling older adults and to compare these effects in rural- and urban-dwelling older adults...
August 16, 2016: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences
Ali Hesamzadeh, Asghar Dalvandi, Sadat Bagher Maddah, Masoud Fallahi Khoshknab, Fazlollah Ahmadi, Nazila Mosavi Arfa
BACKGROUND: Patients with stroke require additional support from family to live independently in the area of activities of daily living. Family members are usually the main caregivers of stroke patients. Comprehensive explanation of ADL handling from family caregivers' view is lacking. AIM: This study explores and describes family caregivers' experiences about the strategies to handle activities of daily living (ADL) dependency of elderly patient with stroke in the Iranian context...
August 16, 2016: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences
Alan Sciberras, Josianne Scerri
BACKGROUND: The quality of life of persons on haemodialysis (HD) is often limited by the restrictions imposed by their medical regimen. These restrictions may negatively influence patients' adherence to their treatment. Therefore, in an effort to improve patients' adherence to treatment, there is the need to explore the patients' perceptions of facilitators and barriers in relation to their experience of HD. AIM: The purpose of the study was to explore the perceived barriers and facilitators of the HD experience of persons in mid-adulthood...
August 10, 2016: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences
Cecilia Fagerström, Hanna Tuvesson, Lisa Axelsson, Lina Nilsson
BACKGROUND: The Swedish healthcare system employs information and communication technologies (ICT) in nursing practice to meet quality-, security- and efficiency-related demands. Although ICT is integrated with nursing practices, nurses do not always feel that they are convenient to use it. We need to improve our knowledge of the role of ICT in healthcare environments and so we decided to complement existing experience of how ICT influences nursing practice. AIM: This study aimed to review and synthesise the available literature on the role of ICT in nursing practice in Swedish healthcare settings...
August 10, 2016: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences
Annika Bratt, Renée Allvin, Christine Wann-Hansson
Patients may suffer from a wide range of postoperative symptoms after coronary artery bypass grafting. In-depth knowledge of the recovery process is a prerequisite for nursing interventions. However, we found no specific instrument covering the entire range and duration of postoperative symptoms related to this procedure. We therefore modified and extended the 19 items, generic Postoperative Recovery Profile questionnaire for the specific evaluation of the recovery after coronary artery bypass grafting. We here report on the development process of the new questionnaire...
August 10, 2016: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences
Denis Selan, Ulf Jakobsson, Anna Condelius
The aim of this study was to further investigate the psychometric properties (with focus on construct validity and scale function) of the Swedish version of the Person-centred Care Assessment Tool (P-CAT) in a sample consisting of staff working in elderly care units (N = 142). The aim was also to further develop and psychometrically test a modified, noncontext-specific version of the instrument (mP-CAT) in a sample consisting of staff working in primary health care or within home care for older people (N = 182)...
August 8, 2016: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences
Tina Söderbacka, Lisbet Nyström, Lisbeth Fagerström
Throughout the world, life expectancy has noticeably increased during the past decade, and health promotive initiatives for older persons will therefore become ever more important. During the past few years, interest in what constitutes the source of health for human beings has markedly increased in health science research. An interesting and relatively unresearched domain is what provides older persons the strength and energy to look forward and what positively or negatively influences older persons' vitality...
August 8, 2016: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences
Ferid Krupic, Arkan S Sayed-Noor, Nabi Fatahi
BACKGROUND: Transplantation of organs is one of the most successful medical advances of the past 60 years and transplantation is the treatment of choice for severe organ failure worldwide. Despite this situation, and the general acknowledgement of organ donation as a global priority, demand for organs outstrips supply in virtually every country in the world. AIM: The aim of the study was to elucidate factors that influence immigrant's decisions regarding organ donation...
August 8, 2016: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences
Jasna Kuljis, Arthur G Money, Mark Perry, Julie Barnett, Terry Young
BACKGROUND: Oral anticoagulation therapy requires regular blood testing to ensure therapeutic levels are maintained and excessive bleeding/clotting is avoided. Technology-assisted self-testing and management is seen as one of the key areas in which quality of care can be improved whilst reducing costs. Nevertheless, levels of patient engagement in self-testing and management remain low. To date, little research emphasis has been placed on understanding the patients' perspectives for low engagement...
August 8, 2016: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences
Anne Oikarinen, Janne Engblom, Maria Kääriäinen, Helvi Kyngäs
INTRODUCTION: Since a history of stroke or transient ischaemic attack is a major risk factor for a recurrent event, lifestyle counselling during the hospital phase is an essential component of treatment and may increase the probability of lifestyle change. AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To study the effect of risk factor-targeted lifestyle counselling intervention on working-age stroke patients' adherence to lifestyle changes. DESIGN: A quasi-experimental, nonequivalent control group pretest-post-test design...
August 8, 2016: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences
Eva Biringer, Larry Davidson, Bengt Sundfør, Torleif Ruud, Marit Borg
BACKGROUND: Focus on service users' needs, coping and empowerment, user involvement, and comprehensiveness are supposed to be key elements of the Community Mental Health Centres in Norway. Taking a user-oriented approach means acknowledging the individual's own expectations, aims and hopes. However, studies that have investigated service users' expectations of treatment and support at Community Mental Health Centres are hard to find. OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was therefore to explore service users' expectations at the start of treatment at a Community Mental Health Centre...
August 3, 2016: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences
Stefan Andersson, Christen Erlingsson, Lennart Magnusson, Elizabeth Hanson
Policy makers in Sweden and other European Member States pay increasing attention as to how best support working carers; carers juggling providing unpaid family care for older family members while performing paid work. Exploring perceived benefits and challenges with web-based information and communication technologies as a means of supporting working carers' in their caregiving role, this paper draws on findings from a qualitative study. The study aimed to describe working carers' experiences of having access to the web-based family care support network 'A good place' (AGP) provided by the municipality to support those caring for an older family member...
August 1, 2016: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences
Stina Lou, Kathrine Carstensen, Marie Møldrup, Seham Shahla, Elias Zakharia, Camilla Palmhøj Nielsen
BACKGROUND: Early supported discharge (ESD) allows mild-to-moderate stroke patients to return home as soon as possible and continue rehabilitation at their own pace in familiar surroundings. Thus, the main responsibility for continued rehabilitation is in the hands of patients and their partners, who must collaborate to adjust to poststroke everyday life. However, couples' joint experiences of stroke, early discharge and rehabilitation at home remain minimally investigated. AIM: To investigate how mild stroke patients' and their partners' experience and manage everyday life in a context of ESD...
August 1, 2016: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences
Päivi Åstedt-Kurki, Marja Kaunonen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2016: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences
Kristianna Dam, Elisabeth O C Hall
A large group of individuals suffering from mental illness are parents living with their children. These children are invisible in the health care even though at risk for illhealth. The aim of this metasynthesis was to advance knowledge of how children of parents with mental illness experience their lives, thus contributing to the evidence of this phenomenon. The metasynthesis is following Sandelowski and Barroso's guidelines. Literature searches covering the years 2000 to 2013 resulted in 22 reports which were synthesised into the theme 'navigating in an unpredictable everyday life' and the metaphor compass...
September 2016: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences
Wendy Chaboyer, Anne McMurray, Andrea Marshall, Brigid Gillespie, Shelley Roberts, Alison M Hutchinson, Mari Botti, Lauren McTier, Helen Rawson, Tracey Bucknall
AIM: Existing practice strategies for actively involving patients in care during hospitalisation are poorly understood. The aim of this study was to explore how healthcare professionals engaged patients in communication associated with care transitions. METHOD: An instrumental, collective case study approach was used to generate empirical data about patient transitions in care. A purposive sample of key stakeholders representing (i) patients and their families; (ii) hospital discharge planning team members; and (iii) healthcare professionals was recruited in five Australian health services...
September 2016: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences
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