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Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences

Nicolle P G Boumans, Elisabeth Dorant
BACKGROUND: Most young carer studies on parentification, resilience and coping concentrated on child carers up to age 18 years, whereas the group of young adult caregivers (18-24 years) has been neglected. In our study, we focused on these young adult caregivers, who are in a life phase in which young people usually are distancing themselves from their families and are striving for autonomy and freedom. AIM: To explore young adult carers' perceptions of parentification, resilience and coping compared to young adult noncarers...
May 15, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences
Paula Häkkänen, Eeva Ketola, Tiina Laatikainen
AIMS: School health care offers a natural setting for childhood obesity interventions. Earlier studies reveal inadequate screening and treatment in primary care. However, longitudinal studies in unselected populations are lacking. We aimed to examine how school nurses and physicians identified obesity, diagnosed it and offered interventions over primary school. We compared the results with Finnish recommendations. METHODS: From our cohort of 2000 primary school sixth graders (aged 12-14), 172 were obese at least once during primary school...
May 6, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences
Kim Jørgensen, Jacob Dahl Rendtorff, Mari Holen
AIM: The aim of the study was to explore how patient participation is constructed in social interaction processes between nurses, other health professionals and service users, and which structures provide a framework for the participation of service users in a psychiatric context? METHODOLOGICAL DESIGN: Ten tape-recorded interviews of nurses and observations of interactions between nurses, other health professionals and service users reflected differing constructed views of patient participation...
May 6, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences
Louise M Jakobsen, Karen Albertsen, Anette F B Jorgensen, Birgit A Greiner, Reiner Rugulies
To retain qualified care workers and to ensure high-quality care for residents in eldercare homes, well-functioning collaboration among care workers is pivotal. This study aims to identify barriers and facilitators of collaboration among eldercare workers and to describe the processes leading to well-functioning collaboration. We collected focus group data from 33 eldercare workers from seven Danish eldercare homes. We found that collaboration was hampered by a number of formal and informal divisions among care workers...
May 3, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences
Riikka Salmi, Mimmi Tolvanen, Riitta Suhonen, Satu Lahti, Timo Närhi
BACKGROUND: Increasing number of older adults lives in their own homes, but needs help in many daily routines. Domiciliary care nursing staff (DCNS) is often needed to support oral home care. However, information of nursing staff's knowledge, skills and activity in this task is sparse. OBJECTIVES: The study aimed to assess DCNS knowledge, perceived skills and activities to support oral home care of older domiciliary care clients. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study was conducted among DCNS in one of the largest cities in Finland...
April 25, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences
Jessica Anne Viveka Hemberg, Jeanette Kock
BACKGROUND: Childbirth is often seen as an existentially important life event. However, few studies focus on the experience from the woman's perspective. THE AIM AND RESEARCH QUESTIONS: The aim of this study was to explore women's experiences of strength and health during childbirth through an ontological understanding. What enables women to experience strength and health during childbirth? RESEARCH DESIGN, PARTICIPANTS AND RESEARCH CONTEXT: A hermeneutical approach was used...
April 25, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences
Joel Olayiwola Faronbi
AIM: Caring for older adults with chronic illness is associated with enormous physical and psychological stress on the informal caregivers. This study assessed burden experienced by caregivers of older adults with chronic illness, explored coping strategies of caregivers in relation to identified chronic conditions and determined the influence of caregiver's burden, caregiver's characteristics and older adult's characteristics on their coping ability. METHOD: This is a cross-sectional, correlational study, and data were collected among 325 caregivers of older adults living with chronic illness in Osun State, Nigeria, using a checklist, Katz IADL, Zarit Burden Interview and Brief Cope Scale...
April 25, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences
Annemieke Vogel, Annemiek E Schep-Akkerman
BACKGROUND: Spiritual care to patients is important for their well-being, and nurses do have a crucial role in it. Previous research focused on self-assessed competence in providing spiritual care, but little is known about the actual provision. The aims of this study were as follows: (i) to evaluate how often nurses provide spiritual care, (ii) if or which association there is between self-assessed competency and provision of spiritual care, and (iii) to study which factors do have influence on delivering spiritual care...
April 25, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences
Erla Kolbrun Svavarsdottir, Anna Olafia Sigurdardottir, Elisabet Konradsdottir, Gudny Bergthora Tryggvadottir
BACKGROUND: Implementing family system nursing in clinical settings is on the rise. However, little is known about the impact of graduate school education as well as continuing education in family systems nursing (FSN) on nurses' perceptions of their family nursing practice. AIMS: To evaluate the level of nursing education, having taken a continuing hospital educational course in family system nursing (FN-ETI programme), and the impact of job characteristics on nurses' perceptions of their family nursing practice skills...
April 25, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences
Mandy Roheger, Eva Zupanic, Ingemar Kåreholt, Dorota Religa, Elke Kalbe, Maria Eriksdotter, Sara Garcia-Ptacek
BACKGROUND: Life in rural and urban areas differs in regard to social support and health care. Our aim was to examine the association between nursing home placement and survival of patients with dementia living in urban vs. rural areas. METHODS: We performed a longitudinal cohort study of patients with dementia at time of diagnosis (n = 58 154) and at first follow-up (n = 21 522) including patients registered from 2007 through 2014 in the Swedish Dementia Registry (SveDem)...
April 14, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences
Helga Bragadóttir, Beatrice J Kalisch
BACKGROUND: Missed nursing care is an error of omission defined as standard, required nursing care that is not completed or is seriously delayed. Study findings from around the world show that missed nursing care is a global concern. PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to compare reports of missed nursing care by two types of nurses - registered nurses and practical nurses - in acute care hospitals in Iceland. Former studies in the USA indicate a variance in reports of missed nursing care by staff with different roles...
March 30, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences
Paula Encarnação, Clara C Oliveira, Teresa Martins
BACKGROUND: Suffering has been considered by many authors to be a difficult concept to assess and measure, as it is subjective and unique. However, to guide the diagnosis and decision-making of healthcare professionals, it is important to develop an instrument that differentiates the different suffering dimensions, namely, intra- and interpersonal suffering, awareness of suffering and spiritual suffering. AIM: The aim of this study was thus to design and validate an instrument for the assessment of the dimensions of suffering in adult patients with chronic diseases or life-threatening illnesses...
March 26, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences
Akon Ndiok, Busisiwe Ncama
PURPOSE: The study seeks to assess the care needs of oncology in-patients and clinic attendees or families in two tertiary health institutions. METHODS: This was a descriptive study which utilised a quantitative survey questionnaire of all cancer patients diagnosed between January 2014 and September 2016 (n = 547) with the return rate (n = 455) representing 82%. The questionnaire explored assessment of palliative care need. These instruments were used, because patients with cancer and their families are reluctant to talk about the disease...
March 24, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences
Eva Hoffmann, Pia Riis Olsen
Research indicates that active involvement of patients' relatives generally has a positive impact on patients' hospitalisation, including patient safety. Campaigns urge relatives to ask questions in relation to nursing care and treatment to enhance patient safety and to increase involvement of both patient and relatives. The question is how nurses experience relatives who ask questions. The aim of this study was to explore how nurses experienced contact with patients' relatives during admissions to a somatic emergency ward including nurses' experience of relatives asking questions related to nursing care and treatment...
February 28, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences
Arne Rehnsfeldt
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences
Sigridur Halldorsdottir, Emilia J Einarsdottir, Ingi Runar Edvardsson
BACKGROUND: When financial cuts are made, staff redundancies and reorganisation in the healthcare system often follow. Little is known how such cutbacks affect work motivation of nurses in primary health care. AIM: Examine the effects of cutbacks on motivating factors among nurses in primary health care. METHODS: A phenomenological approach involving a purposeful sample of ten nurses in primary health care. Average age 44. RESULTS: The participants identified the job itself, autonomy, independence, good communication with co-workers, and the potential for professional training, learning and development as the main internal motivational factors related to their work...
March 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences
Shahnaz Nemati, Maryam Rassouli, Mahnaz Ilkhani, Ahmad Reza Baghestani
BACKGROUND: The experience of caring for a family member with cancer is associated with several care-related problems and challenges for the caregiver. The comprehensive and in-depth understanding of the trials and tribulations of caregiving can be a step towards resolving the problems faced by family caregivers of these patients. AIM: The present study aimed to explore challenges faced by Iranian family caregivers of cancer patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The present qualitative study was conducted through in-depth semi-structured interviews held with 21 family caregivers of cancer patients selected through purposive sampling...
March 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences
Sofía García-Sanjuán, Manuel Lillo-Crespo, Miguel Richart-Martínez, Ángela Sanjuán Quiles
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: People affected by Crohn's disease must adapt their lives to their new chronic condition, and therefore, understanding such experience can be helpful in planning effective interventions for the affected ones. The aim of this study was to gain an insight into such experience and how they adapted in different areas of their lives, particularly in a family-centred culture such as the Spanish one. METHOD: A descriptive phenomenological study was conducted through in-depth interviews to 19 people diagnosed of Crohn's disease in the province of Alicante (Spain)...
March 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences
Malin Anclair, Raimo Lappalainen, Joona Muotka, Arto J Hiltunen
BACKGROUND: Parents of children with chronic conditions often experience a crisis with serious mental health problems for themselves as a consequence. The healthcare focus is on the children; however, the parents often worry about their children's health and future but are seldom offered any counselling or guidance. AIM: The aim of this study was to investigate the effectiveness of two group-based behavioural interventions on stress and burnout among parents of children with chronic conditions...
March 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences
Erla Kolbrun Svavarsdottir, Wendy Looman, Gudny Bergthora Tryggvadottir, Ann Garwick
BACKGROUND: Beliefs have been found to have an effect on how people deal with illness. Therefore, knowing healthcare practitioners' beliefs about specific high frequency illnesses are vital when caring for vulnerable populations such as school-age children with chronic illnesses or disorders. AIM: To psychometrically test the Iceland Health Care Practitioner Illness Beliefs Questionnaire for healthcare professionals who are working with families of school-age children with asthma and attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder...
March 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences
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