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Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences

Eva Hoffmann, Pia Riis Olsen
Research indicates that active involvement of patients' relatives generally has a positive impact on patients' hospitalisation, including patient safety. Campaigns urge relatives to ask questions in relation to nursing care and treatment to enhance patient safety and to increase involvement of both patient and relatives. The question is how nurses experience relatives who ask questions. The aim of this study was to explore how nurses experienced contact with patients' relatives during admissions to a somatic emergency ward including nurses' experience of relatives asking questions related to nursing care and treatment...
February 28, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences
Lillemor Lindwall, Maj-Britt Råholm, Vibeke Lohne, Synnøve Caspari, Anne Kari Tolo Heggestad, Berit Saeteren, Åshild Slettebø, Bente Høy, Dagfinn Nåden
The implementation of theoretical knowledge in clinical practice and the implementation of good clinical practice into theory have been of interest in caring science for the last 30 years. The aim of this article was to elaborate and discuss a methodology named clinical application research. The method is grounded in a hermeneutical design inspired by Gadamer's philosophy. The methodology, clinical application research, has been used in a research project A life in dignity and experiences from the researchers forms the bases for the elaboration and discussion...
February 20, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences
Erik Masao Eriksson, Hendry Raharjo, Susanne Gustavsson
BACKGROUND: Patients' complaints have been highlighted as important for constructively improving healthcare services. In so doing, it may be important to identify disparities in experiences based on patients' demographics, such as sex. AIM: To explore hospital recorded complaints addressing potential sex differences and whether complaints were reported by the patient or a relative. METHODS: Quantitative study of all 835 closed patient complaints during 2013 at three mid-sized hospitals in Sweden...
February 20, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences
Ingrid Charlotte Andersen, Thora Grothe Thomsen, Poul Bruun, Uffe Bødtger, Lise Hounsgaard
BACKGROUND: Patient-family-healthcare provider interaction seems important for patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and their family members' self-management practices. Because the need for support might be enhanced after a hospitalisation, it might be beneficial to explore this interaction further in follow-up health care. AIM: To explore the meaning of patients' and their family members' experiences of interacting with healthcare providers to their daily self-management over time...
February 15, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences
Isabelle Doohan, Lina Gyllencreutz, Ulf Björnstig, Britt-Inger Saveman
RATIONALE: There is a lack of long-term follow-up studies focused on injured and uninjured survivors' experiences of the recovery process after major traffic crashes. AIM: To explore all survivors' experiences of long-term physical and psychological consequences and recovery 5 years after a major bus crash. METHODOLOGICAL DESIGN AND JUSTIFICATION: A qualitative design was used to explore experiences in a 5-year follow-up study. RESEARCH METHODS: Participants were 54 survivors of a bus crash with 56 survivors and six fatalities...
February 12, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences
Regitze Anne Saurbrey Pals, Nana Folmann Hempler
BACKGROUND: Collaborative approaches to consensus building or decision-making are beneficial in health-promoting activities targeting users of mental health services (users). However, little is known about how to achieve a collaborative approach in practice. AIM: The purpose of this study was to explore: (1) users' preferences and ideas related to achieving a collaborative approach in health-related communication and (2) perspectives of healthcare and social work professionals and family members on users' ideas and preferences...
February 12, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences
Maria Björck, Helle Wijk
BACKGROUND: Providing care for frail older persons is complex and demanding, and the transfer of older persons with cognitive impairment to the emergency department is associated with a high risk of them developing complications. AIM: To survey the most ill and frail older persons with cognitive impairment who were transferred from nursing homes to the emergency department, considering reasons for referral, symptoms and actions taken at the hospital. METHOD: A retrospective descriptive survey, conducting a review of 588 referral notes and medical records, analysed and presented with descriptive statistics and visualised with typical case narratives...
February 12, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences
Sofie Jakobsson, Eva Jakobsson Ung, Marie Lindström, Björn Eliasson, Gisela Ringström
BACKGROUND: To promote patients' ability to regain health during hospitalisation, care should not only focus on disease but also on how patients perceive health. There is a lack of studies on how patients admitted for inpatients care perceive their health. AIM: To investigate self-reported health at admission and discharge perceived by patients admitted to an internal medicine ward; and, further, to explore the most distressing concerns at admission and discharge and the factors that influence low health status at discharge...
February 8, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences
Gitte Thybo Pihl, Jette Ammentorp, Helle Johannessen, Jesper Kjaergaard, Thomas Nørrelykke Nissen, Nina Marie Birk, Lone Graff Stensballe, Lisbeth Marianne Thøstesen, Poul-Erik Kofoed
OBJECTIVE: To explore the informational needs of mothers with different levels of education in order to improve counselling about vaccination. METHODS: In the setting of a large vaccination trial, mothers' assessments and yield of written information in combination with telephone consultations were evaluated in a survey. Furthermore, searching strategies for additional information were investigated. Mothers' perspectives on informational needs were explored in focus group discussions...
January 25, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences
Nanna Nyholm, Ida Halvorsen, Anna Mygind, Ulla Christensen, Maria Kristiansen
BACKGROUND: The burden of breast cancer is a key challenge for women's health globally. Rehabilitation needs and strategies for living with long-term consequences of breast cancer and its treatment cannot be isolated from the social contexts of patients, including relationships with relatives and healthcare professionals. AIM: This study explores how healthcare professionals' categorisations engage with breast cancer patients' social identities in encounters about rehabilitation before hospital discharge...
January 17, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences
Randi Dovland Andersen, Josanne M A Munsters, Bente Johanne Vederhus, Maria Gradin
BACKGROUND: The use of measurement scales to assess pain in neonates is considered a prerequisite for effective management of pain, but these scales are still underutilised in clinical practice. AIM: The aim of this study was to describe and compare pain assessment practices including the use of pain measurement scales in Norwegian and Swedish neonatal care units. METHODS: A unit survey investigating practices regarding pain assessment and the use of pain measurement scales was sent to all neonatal units in Sweden and Norway (n = 55)...
December 28, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences
Arne Rehnsfeldt
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences
Sigridur Halldorsdottir, Emilia J Einarsdottir, Ingi Runar Edvardsson
BACKGROUND: When financial cuts are made, staff redundancies and reorganisation in the healthcare system often follow. Little is known how such cutbacks affect work motivation of nurses in primary health care. AIM: Examine the effects of cutbacks on motivating factors among nurses in primary health care. METHODS: A phenomenological approach involving a purposeful sample of ten nurses in primary health care. Average age 44. RESULTS: The participants identified the job itself, autonomy, independence, good communication with co-workers, and the potential for professional training, learning and development as the main internal motivational factors related to their work...
March 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences
Salla Kivelä, Tuija Leppäkoski, Mika Helminen, Eija Paavilainen
Family violence (FV) has serious effects on the health and well-being of the family. The health sector plays a vital role in FV prevention by helping to identify abuse early, providing victims with the necessary treatment and referring patients to appropriate care. The aim of the present cross-sectional study was to describe the prevalence of FV among hospital patients, as well as to assess the association between family functioning, health and social support, considering patients as the perpetrators or victims of violence...
December 19, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences
Mette Tøien, Ida Torunn Bjørk, Lisbeth Fagerström
BACKGROUND: Preventive home visits (PHVs) are healthcare services aimed at promoting the health of home-dwelling older people and to support their abilities to live independently. To enhance effectiveness, studies that explore older persons' experiences of PHVs are needed. OBJECTIVE: To assess older persons' perceived benefits and opinions of a PHV service and explore associations between perceived benefits from PHV and relevant sociodemographic/health-related factors...
December 18, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences
Jekaterina Demidenko, Pirkko Routasalo, Mika Helminen, Eija Paavilainen, Tarja Suominen
The functioning of families in emergency departments (EDs) encompasses the level at which the families of older patients perform as a whole during the ED stay. Currently, little is known about how the families of older patients function in EDs. In this study, family functioning included the subareas of family strengths, structural factors and relationships both inside and outside the family. The study aimed to describe family functioning in EDs as evaluated by both the family members (n = 111) of older patients and nurses (n = 93)...
December 11, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences
Maria Eduarda Diniz Pereira, António Barbosa, Maria Dos Anjos Dixe
This research sought to describe the care provided by the nursing staff of the Western Department of the Basic Emergency Service for end-of-life patients. This was a retrospective, quantitative, exploratory and descriptive (level I) study, which sought to research the nursing records of 83 patients from admission to death. Patients who met the following inclusion criteria were considered eligible: adults; had an oncological or nononcological, advanced and irreversible chronic disease; and died in the Basic Emergency Service in the period from January 2011 to December 2012...
December 5, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences
Päivi Åstedt-Kurki, Marja Kaunonen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences
Terese Lindberg, Johan Sanmartin Berglund, Sölve Elmståhl, Doris M Bohman
Older individuals with chronic atrial fibrillation (AF) often experience physical symptoms and feel psychologically unwell. In addition, these persons are prescribed lifelong medical treatment that requires regular monitoring. Through 11 individual interviews, this interpretive description study aimed to explore and describe lifelong medical treatment and the need for medical controls as experienced from the perspective of older individuals living with chronic AF. The interviews were performed during 2014-2015; furthermore, they were recorded, transcribed verbatim and analysed for thematic patterns using thematic analysis inspired by Braun and Clarke...
December 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences
Alvisa Palese, Silvia Gonella, Anna Fontanive, Annamaria Guarnier, Paolo Barelli, Paola Zambiasi, Elisabetta Allegrini, Letizia Bazoli, Paola Casson, Meri Marin, Marisa Padovan, Michele Picogna, Patrizia Taddia, Daniele Salmaso, Paolo Chiari, Tiziana Frison, Oliva Marognolli, Federica Canzan, Elisa Ambrosi, Luisa Saiani
BACKGROUND: Patient satisfaction with nursing care (NC) is an important predictor of overall satisfaction with the hospital experience. However, the concept of patient satisfaction has been criticised both at the theoretical and at the methodological levels, and more attention on patient dissatisfaction has been called for with the aim of identifying strategies to improve the quality of care. AIMS: To describe dissatisfaction with NC as perceived by acute medical patients and identify predictors...
December 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences
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