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Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences

Britta Hørdam, Merete Watt Boolsen
BACKGROUND: A European Union Commission report in 2015 concluded that the concept of patient involvement refers specially to the right of patients to have a central position in the healthcare process (EU Commission 2012, Recent research suggests that patient involvement after hip replacement is a very effective strategy in older adults with regard to improving walking ability and reducing pain and thereby lessening loss of physical, mental and social aspects of the quality of life...
December 8, 2016: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences
Åshild Slettebø, Berit Saeteren, Synnøve Caspari, Vibeke Lohne, Arne Wilhelm Rehnsfeldt, Anne Kari Tolo Heggestad, Britt Lillestø, Bente Høy, Maj-Britt Råholm, Lillemor Lindwall, Trygve Aasgaard, Dagfinn Nåden
BACKGROUND: Living in a nursing home may be challenging to the residents' experience of dignity. Residents' perception of how their dignity is respected in everyday care is important. AIM: To examine how nursing home residents experience dignity through the provision of activities that foster meaning and joy in their daily life. METHOD: A qualitative design was used and 28 individual semistructured interviews conducted with nursing home residents from six nursing homes in Denmark, Norway and Sweden...
December 2, 2016: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences
Anders Farholm, Marit Sørensen, Hallgeir Halvari
BACKGROUND: There has been increasing interest for investigating the role of motivation in physical activity among people with severe mental illness (SMI). Autonomous motivation has been suggested to have a potentially important role in adoption and maintenance of physical activity. However, the knowledge about factors that facilitate autonomous motivation among people with SMI is scarce. AIM: The aim of this study was to examine factors associated with motivation for physical activity as well as the relationships between motivation, physical activity and health-related quality of life in individuals with SMI that were currently physically active...
December 2, 2016: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences
Karin H Ängerud, Kurt Boman, Inger Ekman, Margareta Brännström
BACKGROUND: Heart failure is a serious condition with high mortality and a high symptom burden. Most patients with heart failure will be taken care of in primary care but the knowledge of how the quality of care is perceived by patients with heart failure is limited. OBJECTIVE: The aim was to explore how patients with heart failure report quality of care, in an outpatient setting. METHODS: Seventy-one patients with a confirmed diagnosis of heart failure and who were cared for in an outpatient setting were included in this cross-sectional study...
November 18, 2016: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences
Susanna Nordin, Kevin McKee, Maria Wallinder, Lena von Koch, Helle Wijk, Marie Elf
The physical environment is of particular importance for supporting activities and interactions among older people living in residential care facilities (RCFs) who spend most of their time inside the facility. More knowledge is needed regarding the complex relationships between older people and environmental aspects in long-term care. The present study aimed to explore how the physical environment influences resident activities and interactions at two RCFs by using a mixed-method approach. Environmental assessments were conducted via the Swedish version of the Sheffield Care Environment Assessment Matrix (S-SCEAM), and resident activities, interactions and locations were assessed through an adapted version of the Dementia Care Mapping (DCM)...
November 16, 2016: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences
Jong-Long Guo, Hsin-Yi Tu Ku, Fu-Chi Yang, Hsiao-Pei Hsu, Yun-Hsuan Lin, Chiu-Mieh Huang
BACKGROUND: The recurrence of menstrual symptoms markedly interferes with the daily life, social functioning, work disability and quality of life of women. Patient perception of healthcare services is underexplored but crucial for understanding how to efficiently develop healthcare practices. AIMS: To identify and describe the different patterns of treatment expectation and physician-patient relationships perceived by women receiving traditional Chinese medicine treatment for menstrual symptoms...
November 16, 2016: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences
Katja Joronen, Anna Aikasalo, Anne Suvitie
BACKGROUND: Exergames have the potential to promote physical activity among children and adolescents. They also have other important benefits, but knowledge about other than the physical effects of exergaming remains thin. AIM: To report the findings of a review of ten studies on the nonphysical effects of exergames on child and adolescent well-being. DATA SOURCES: A broad search strategy was employed to identify relevant studies in CINAHL Ebsco Host, Ovid MEDLINE, Psycinfo ProQuest, Eric ProQuest, Scopus and Cochrane Library...
November 16, 2016: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences
Lea Annikki Arola, Lena Mårtensson, Greta Häggblom Kronlöf
The proportion of older immigrants in the population is expected to increase in Sweden. Research indicates that older immigrants face the double burden of frailty, caused by a weaker health status, and the immigration process. Health promotion interventions can be used to prevent frailty and support healthy ageing in this population. Healthcare professionals are a crucial part of health promotion and the present study aimed to explore healthcare professionals' experiences of health in context of daily life among older immigrants to and provide a basis for the development of a health promotion intervention targeted at older immigrants...
November 16, 2016: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences
Marijke Noome, Deirdre M Beneken Genaamd Kolmer, Evert van Leeuwen, Boukje M Dijkstra, Lilian C M Vloet
AIM: The aim of this study was to examine the role and responsibilities of intensive care unit (ICU) nurses regarding the spiritual aspects of end-of-life care in the ICU, from the chaplains' perspectives. METHOD: An explorative study including inductive thematic analysis was used. Two focus group interviews with in total eleven chaplains working in several Dutch ICUs were performed. RESULTS: The focus group interviews resulted in five themes: (i) awareness of ICU nurses, (ii) communication, (iii) nursing interventions, (iv) multidisciplinary care and (v) education...
November 14, 2016: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences
Arne Rehnsfeldt, Maria Arman, Unni Å Lindström
BACKGROUND: Clinical caring science will be described from a theory of science perspective. AIM: The aim of this theoretical article to give a comprehensive overview of clinical caring science as a human science-based discipline grounded in a theory of science argumentation. FINDINGS: Clinical caring science seeks idiographic or specific variations of the ontology, concepts and theories, formulated by caring science. The rationale is the insight that the research questions do not change when they are addressed in different contexts...
November 14, 2016: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences
Jannie Laursen, Malene Broholm, Jacob Rosenberg
BACKGROUND: Health professionals must often balance between different rationalities within the hospital organisation. Having adequate time with patients, shorter waiting time and the ability to greater professional autonomy have been shown to help provide a higher quality of care. Empathy and sympathy appear to be crucial components for the health professionals and their relationship to patients. AIM: The aim of this study was to explore health professionals' experiences of relatives to critically ill patients in order to identify aspects that may facilitate a better understanding of this teamwork...
November 8, 2016: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences
Åsa Larsson, Carola Wärnå-Furu, Yvonne Näsman
AIM: To deepen understanding of the meaning of caring in prenatal care from Swedish women's perspectives. METHOD: Ten women, who had given birth between 1 and 2 months previously, were interviewed. The women have taken part in the routine programme that constitutes maternity care Sweden. A hermeneutic approach inspired by Gadamer was used to analyse the data and gain a deeper understanding of the women's experiences. FINDINGS: Three themes were identified in the hermeneutical analysis...
November 8, 2016: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences
Lucy Moore, Nicky Britten, Doris Lydahl, Öncel Naldemirci, Mark Elam, Axel Wolf
BACKGROUND: To empower patients and improve the quality of care, policy-makers increasingly adopt systems to enhance person-centred care. Although models of person-centredness and patient-centredness vary, respecting the needs and preferences of individuals receiving care is paramount. In Sweden, as in other countries, healthcare providers seek to improve person-centred principles and address gaps in practice. Consequently, researchers at the University of Gothenburg Centre for Person-Centred Care are currently delivering person-centred interventions employing a framework that incorporates three routines...
November 8, 2016: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences
Monica E Pettersson, Joakim Öhlén, Febe Friberg, Lars-Christer Hydén, Eva Carlsson
BACKGROUND: The preoperative education, which occurs in preoperative patient consultations, is an important part of the surgical nurse's profession. These consultations may be the building blocks of a partnership that facilitates communication between patient and nurse. AIM: The aim of the study was to describe topics and structure and documentation in preoperative nursing consultations with patients undergoing surgery for colorectal cancer. METHOD: The study was based on analysis of consultations between seven patients and nurses at a Swedish university hospital...
November 8, 2016: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences
Camilla Koskinen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences
Hanna Hopia, Eila Latvala, Leena Liimatainen
BACKGROUND: Whittemore and Knafl's updated description of methodological approach for integrative review was published in 2005. Since then, the five stages of the approach have been regularly used as a basic conceptual structure of the integrative reviews conducted by nursing researchers. However, this methodological approach is seldom examined from the perspective of how systematically and rigorously the stages are implemented in the published integrative reviews. PURPOSE: To appraise the selected integrative reviews on the basis of the methodological approach according to the five stages published by Whittemore and Knafl in 2005...
December 2016: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences
Odete Araújo, Isabel Lage, José Cabrita, Laetitia Teixeira
INTRODUCTION: Informal caregivers provide a significant part of the total care needed by dependent older people poststroke. Although informal care is often the preferred option of those who provide and those who receive informal care, informal caregivers often report lack of preparation to take care of older dependent people. This article outlines the development and psychometric testing of informal caregivers' skills when providing care to older people after a stroke - ECPICID-AVC. DESIGN: Prospective psychometric instrument validation study...
December 2016: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences
Marijke Noome, Deirdre M Beneken Genaamd Kolmer, Evert van Leeuwen, Boukje M Dijkstra, Lilian C M Vloet
AIM: The aim of this study was to explore how intensive care unit (ICU) nurses describe their role during End-of-Life Care (EOLC) in the ICU, related to the interaction between patient, family and professionals (care triad). METHOD: Three electronic databases, PubMed, CINAHL and EMBASE, and reference lists of included studies were searched for studies in English, Dutch or German between January 2002 and August 2015. Studies were included if they presented data about EOLC in the adult ICU, and the role of ICU nurses around EOLC...
December 2016: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences
Gørill Haugan, Unni Karin Moksnes, Audhild Løhre
BACKGROUND: Spirituality has demonstrated a significant impact on quality of life in nursing-home patients. Likewise, as essential aspects of spirituality, hope, self-transcendence, and meaning are found to be vital resources to nursing-home patients' global well-being. Further, nurse-patient interaction has demonstrated a powerful influence on patient's hope, self-transcendence, and meaning-in-life, as well as on anxiety and depression. AIM: The present study investigated the associations of hope, self-transcendence, meaning, and perceived nurse-patient interaction with quality of life...
December 2016: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences
Lena Aadal, Lisbet Fog, Asger Roer Pedersen
AIM: Investigation of a possible relation between body temperature measurements by the current generation of tympanic ear and rectal thermometers. BACKGROUND: In Denmark, a national guideline recommends the rectal measurement. Subsequently, the rectal thermometers and tympanic ear devices are the most frequently used and first choice in Danish hospital wards. Cognitive changes constitute challenges with cooperating in rectal temperature assessments. With regard to diagnosing, ethics, safety and the patients' dignity, the tympanic ear thermometer might comprise a desirable alternative to rectal noninvasive measurement of body temperature during in-hospital-based neurorehabilitation...
December 2016: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences
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