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Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28439962/balancing-task-focus-and-relationship-building-asking-sleepy-patients-about-traffic-risk-in-treatment-initiation-consultations
#1
Clara Iversen, Anders Broström, Martin Ulander
BACKGROUND: The use of traffic risk assessment questions is an understudied area in nursing research. Obstructive sleep apnoea is associated with an increased risk of traffic accidents. Therefore, traffic safety authorities demand adherent continuous positive airway pressure use. Nurses act as coaches to achieve treatment adherence, but they are also obliged to act as state agents by prohibiting obstructive sleep apnoea patients from drowsy driving. OBJECTIVE: To examine how nurses and obstructive sleep apnoea patients manage traffic risk assessment questions in the relation-building context of treatment initiation consultations...
April 24, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28439914/how-does-burnout-impact-the-three-components-of-nursing-professional-commitment
#2
Hao-Yuan Chang, Yea-Ing Lotus Shyu, May-Kuen Wong, Tsung-Lan Chu, Yuan-Yu Lo, Ching-I Teng
BACKGROUND: While the impact of burnout on organisational commitment has been widely observed, its impact on nursing professional commitment has not previously been investigated. The literature has clarified that professional commitment has three distinct components: affective, continuance and normative. AIMS: This study aims to investigate the relationships between burnout and the three components of nursing professional commitment. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study using questionnaires to collect data in one large medical centre...
April 24, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28439913/workplace-culture-in-psychiatric-nursing-described-by-nurses
#3
K Kurjenluoma, A Rantanen, B McCormack, P Slater, N Hahtela, T Suominen
AIM: This study looks to describe the workplace culture from the viewpoints of stress, job satisfaction and practice environment. METHODS: Data were collected from nurses (n = 109) using a web-based survey, The Person-Centred Nursing Index, from two purposefully selected hospital districts in Finland. Data were statistically analysed. RESULTS: Nurses described their workplace culture in slightly positive terms. Nurses only occasionally experienced stress (mean = 2...
April 24, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28439912/older-migrants-in-exile-the-past-holding-hands-with-the-present-a-qualitative-study
#4
Dorthe Nielsen, Lisbeth Minet, Lina Zeraiq, Dlama Nggida Rasmussen, Morten Sodemann
The aim of this study was to explore the everyday life conditions experienced by older migrants and their reasons for specific age- and health-related behaviour during the conduct of everyday life. The study comprised 16 qualitative interviews with migrants aged 56-96 years from Palestine, Lebanon, Iraq and Somalia. The three themes that emerged from the conditions, meanings and reasons analysis illustrated that the older persons were trapped in various ways -without language, in fragmented families and in an unfamiliar structure...
April 24, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425120/unravelling-swedish-informal-caregivers-generalised-resistance-deficits
#5
Mia M T Wennerberg, Monica Eriksson, Solveig M Lundgren, Ella Danielson
In salutogenic theory, individual/contextual, immaterial/material characteristics enabling movements towards health are labelled Specific and Generalised Resistance Resources, SRRs/GRRs, and characteristics counteracting such movements Specific and Generalised Resistance Deficits, SRDs/GRDs. The aim of this paper was to present SRDs and GRDs described by caregivers as stemming from themselves and their care recipient. Guided by salutogenic theory, an explorative design was used to collect data through interviews with 32 Swedish informal caregivers...
April 20, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28401583/informal-care-choice-or-constraint
#6
Hareth Al-Janabi, Fiona Carmichael, Jan Oyebode
BACKGROUND: 'Choice' is increasingly pursued as a goal of social policy. However, the degree to which choice is exercised when entering an informal caring role is open to debate. AIM: In this study, we examined the degree of choice and constraint in entering a caring role, and the relationship between choice and carers' well-being. METHODS: Data were derived from 1100 responses to a postal survey conducted in a British city. Statistical tests of association and multivariable regression modelling were applied to study the factors associated with choice in entering a caring role and the association that choice in entering a caring role had with carers' well-being...
April 12, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28382628/why-do-some-older-adults-start-drinking-excessively-late-in-life-results-from-an-interpretative-phenomenological-study
#7
Jakob Emiliussen, Kjeld Andersen, Anette Søgaard Nielsen
INTRODUCTION: This is a pioneering qualitative phenomenological hermeneutical study investigating a so far under-investigated group of older adults with very late-onset alcohol use disorder. The number of older adults is increasing, and the number of older adults with alcohol problems is increasing accordingly. We investigated older adults with very late-onset alcohol use disorder to identify what causes some people to develop problems with alcohol after the age of 60. METHOD: We interviewed 12 Danish individuals (seven men) whose alcohol use disorder started after the age of 60...
April 5, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28276143/experiences-and-needs-of-spouses-of-persons-with-young-onset-frontotemporal-lobe-dementia-during-the-progression-of-the-disease
#8
Aud Johannessen, Anne-Sofie Helvik, Knut Engedal, Kirsten Thorsen
BACKGROUND: Two of the most common types of young-onset dementia (<65 years old) are Alzheimer's disease and frontotemporal lobe dementia (FTLD). A limited amount of research that focuses on the needs of spouses of persons with young-onset FTLD (yo-FTLD) has been published. Thus, we have carried out a study aiming to examine the spouses of yo-FTLD experiences and needs for assistance in daily life. METHOD: Qualitative interviews with 16 informants (aged 51-69 years; nine wives, six husbands and one male cohabitant) were conducted in 2014 and 2015...
March 9, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28276132/profiles-of-alzheimer-s-caregivers-in-spain-social-educational-and-laboral-characteristics
#9
Manuel Ruiz-Adame Reina, María Carmen González-Camacho, José Enrique Romero-García, Luís María Sánchez-Reyes Fernández
BACKGROUND: A person suffering from dementia needs increasing help from another person, who, in most cases, is a female family member. Times are changing and this traditional role can no longer be maintained. AIM: The aim of this research was mainly centred on ascertaining the profile of caregivers and to find out how determinants such as age, sex and educational level and living conditions led people to assume that role. METHODS: A survey was designed and applied to 925 caregivers (778 of which were analysed) with the collaboration of the Alzheimer's Associations of Andalucía (Spain)...
March 9, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28239896/adolescents-evaluations-of-the-quality-of-lifestyle-counselling-in-school-based-health-care
#10
Laura Myllymäki, Heidi Ruotsalainen, Maria Kääriäinen
BACKGROUND: Adolescents need effective lifestyle counselling precisely because health problems are so common. Good-quality lifestyle counselling can prevent the problems from becoming worse and decrease the costs of health care. Nurse practitioners in schools are well positioned to promote adolescent health. AIM: This study describes adolescents' evaluations of the quality of lifestyle counselling and factors related to it in school-based health care. METHODS: The data were collected from seventh- to ninth-grade adolescents (n = 846) using the Counselling Quality Instrument, from two junior high schools in northern Finland...
February 26, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28239889/the-dark-corner-of-the-heart-understanding-and-embracing-suffering-as-portrayed-by-adults
#11
Jessica Hemberg
BACKGROUND: Suffering profoundly touches the human being's inner existence. The different faces of suffering may yet be unknown, and therefore, it is important to further explore suffering in order to reach a new and deeper understanding of it and its alleviation. THE AIM AND RESEARCH QUESTIONS: The aim of this study was to expand the understanding of suffering. The research questions are what is suffering as described by the human beings themselves and what initiates a movement in suffering towards its alleviation? RESEARCH DESIGN, PARTICIPANTS AND RESEARCH CONTEXT: The study uses a hermeneutical approach and hermeneutical reading...
February 26, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28239881/how-chronic-disease-affects-children-s-views-on-being-ill-and-healthy-a-comparative-study
#12
Lígia Lima, Vanessa Silva, Marina S Lemos
BACKGROUND: Understanding children's views of illness and health is vital to a child-centred approach in patient education and care. Paediatric healthcare providers should incorporate children's views of health and illness to enable children and their families to participate in self-management plans and achieve better health outcomes. However, there is limited scientific knowledge regarding the views of children with specific diseases. METHOD: This comparative study investigated whether and in what ways the experience of having different chronic diseases influenced children's views of being ill and healthy...
February 26, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28233372/cultural-and-communicative-competence-in-the-caring-relationship-with-patients-from-another-culture
#13
Jessica Anne Viveka Hemberg, Susann Vilander
BACKGROUND: The global and multicultural society of today creates challenges that require multicultural competence among individuals, especially within caring contexts. AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: This study assumes an intercultural perspective, and the aim is to uncover a new understanding of the caring community between nurses and patients when these do not speak the same language. The research question is: What is the significance of communication in a caring community when nurses and patients do not speak the same language? METHODOLOGICAL DESIGN AND METHOD: This qualitative study uses a hermeneutical approach...
February 24, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28233331/knowledge-and-attitudes-of-women-regarding-gynaecological-cancer-prevention-in-an-urban-area-of-greece-in-financial-crisis
#14
Maria Saridi, Eleni Kapogeorgou, Maria Rekleiti, Maria Geitona, Kyriakos Souliotis
INTRODUCTION: Preventive gynaecological examinations (PGEs) are the main means of monitoring gynaecological cancers across the developed world. The purpose of this study was to investigate the perceptions and attitudes of women of a regional municipality of Greece, regarding preventive gynaecological examinations amid economic crisis. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study included 360 women aged 20-70 years, who lived in an urban area of Greece. A specialised, valid and anonymous questionnaire that included questions about perceptions and attitudes regarding preventive gynaecological examinations was used...
February 24, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28205256/quality-of-life-coping-strategies-social-support-and-self-efficacy-in-women-after-acute-myocardial-infarction-a-mixed-methods-approach
#15
G Fuochi, C Foà
BACKGROUND: Quality of life, coping strategies, social support and self-efficacy are important psychosocial variables strongly affecting the experience of acute myocardial infarction (AMI) in women. AIMS: To gain a more in-depth understanding of how coping strategies, self-efficacy, quality of life and social support shape women's adjustment to AMI. DESIGN: Mixed methods study. Quantitative data were collected through a standardised questionnaire on coping strategies, self-efficacy, quality of life and social support...
February 15, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28156025/staff-experiences-of-appreciative-management-in-the-institutional-care-of-people-with-intellectual-and-developmental-disabilities-a-cross-sectional-study
#16
Lena Astala, Mervi Roos, Merja Harmoinen, Tarja Suominen
PURPOSE/DESIGN: This cross-sectional descriptive study describes staff experiences of appreciative management. METHODS: Data were collected by way of e-survey from staff (n = 87) working in the institutional care of people with intellectual and developmental disabilities. The Appreciative Management Scale (AMS 1.0) was used and data were analysed by statistical methods. FINDINGS: Overall, respondents experienced appreciative management as being well implemented, with equality as the best implemented dimension and systematic management the worst...
February 3, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28156024/a-systematic-review-of-adolescents-sense-of-coherence-and-health
#17
REVIEW
Helena Länsimies, Anna-Maija Pietilä, Soili Hietasola-Husu, Mari Kangasniemi
The aim of this systematic review was to describe the association between adolescent sense of coherence (SOC) and health and identify the future direction for research in this area. Systematic searches were conducted (2007-2014) in the PubMed, CINAHL, PsycINFO and Cochrane electronic databases and carried out manual searches in three scientific journals. A total of 827 original papers were found and 23 were selected. Based on the results, adolescents' sense of coherence (SOC) was related to health in terms of the adolescents' quality of life, health behaviour, mental health and family relationships by using 31 different health-related instruments...
February 3, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28156023/the-quality-of-information-received-by-parents-of-children-with-chronic-ill-health-attending-hospitals-as-indicated-by-measures-of-illness-uncertainty
#18
Nabeel Al-Yateem, Charles Docherty, Hanan Altawil, Muna Al-Tamimi, Alaa Ahmad
BACKGROUND: The effectiveness of communication can be defined in terms of one of its outcomes: the uncertainty that it eliminates. Clear unambiguous communication is important for the parents of children to help them understand problems, explore alternative solutions and help make decisions. Persistent uncertainty is known to produce anxiety, unpredictable responses, emotional distress and poor quality of life. The uncertainty experienced by parents is one indicator of quality in the healthcare system which could have diagnostic and predictive value...
February 3, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28156018/factors-facilitating-nurses-to-deliver-compassionate-care-a-qualitative-study
#19
Vahid Zamanzadeh, Leila Valizadeh, Azad Rahmani, Margreet van der Cingel, Mansour Ghafourifard
BACKGROUND: Compassion is an important ethical foundation of all healthcare professionals especially for nursing. However, there is little understanding of factors which could help and motivate nurses to deliver compassionate care in modern healthcare practices today. Moreover, a cultural context may affect the way compassionate care is delivered by healthcare professionals. AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to explore what facilitates compassionate care in daily practice from the unique perspective of Iranian nurses...
February 3, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28156015/a-second-chance-at-life-people-s-lived-experiences-of-surviving-out-of-hospital-cardiac-arrest
#20
Ann-Sofie Forslund, Jan-Håkan Jansson, Dan Lundblad, Siv Söderberg
BACKGROUND: There is more to illuminate about people's experiences of surviving out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) and how such an event affects people's lives over time. AIMS: This study aimed to elucidate meanings of people's lived experiences and changes in everyday life during their first year after surviving OHCA. METHODS: A qualitative, longitudinal design was used. Eleven people surviving OHCA from northern Sweden agreed to participate and were interviewed 6 and 12 months after the event...
February 3, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences
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