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Infection Control and Hospital Epidemiology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28927480/cessation-of-contact-precautions-for-extended-spectrum-beta-lactamase-esbl-producing-escherichia-coli-seems-to-be-safe-in-a-nonepidemic-setting
#1
Gökhan Metan, Baki Can Metin, Zeynep Baştuğ, İlknur Tekin, Hanife Aytaç, Burcu Çınar, Hümeyra Zengin, Serhat Ünal
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 20, 2017: Infection Control and Hospital Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28927475/impact-of-discontinuing-contact-precautions-for-mrsa-and-esble-in-an-intensive-care-unit-a-prospective-noninferiority-before-and-after-study
#2
Laurie Renaudin, Mathieu Llorens, Christophe Goetz, Sébastien Gette, Vincente Citro, Sylvia Poulain, Marie-Laure Vanson, Jocelyne Sellies
OBJECTIVE To compare incidence densities of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) or extended-spectrum β-lactamase-producing Enterobacteriaceae (ESBLE) acquisition in the intensive care unit (ICU) before and after discontinuation of contact precautions (CP) and application of standard precautions (SP). DESIGN Prospective noninferiority before-and-after study comparing 2 periods: January 1, 2012, to January 31, 2014 (the CP period) and February 1, 2014, to February 29, 2016 (the SP period). SETTING A 16-bed polyvalent ICU in France with only single-bed rooms with dedicated equipment and reusable medical devices...
September 20, 2017: Infection Control and Hospital Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918773/contribution-of-prior-multiple-and-repetitive-surgeries-to-the-risk-of-surgical-site-infections-in-the-netherlands
#3
Janneke D M Verberk, Anouk P Meijs, Margreet C Vos, Liesbeth M A Schreurs, Suzanne E Geerlings, Sabine C de Greeff, Mayke B G Koek
OBJECTIVE Surveillance is an important strategy to reduce the incidence of surgical site infections (SSIs). We investigated whether prior, multiple-, or repetitive surgeries are risk factors for SSI and whether they should be preserved in the protocol of the Dutch national SSI surveillance network. METHODS Dutch national SSI surveillance data 2012-2015 were selected, including 34 commonly performed procedures from 8 major surgical specialties. Definitions of SSIs followed international standardized criteria...
September 18, 2017: Infection Control and Hospital Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28899451/hand-hygiene-improvement-and-sustainability-assessing-a-breakthrough-collaborative-in-western-switzerland
#4
Anthony Staines, Isabelle Amherdt, Estelle Lécureux, Christiane Petignat, Philippe Eggimann, Marcos Schwab, Didier Pittet
OBJECTIVE To assess hand hygiene improvement and sustainability associated with a Breakthrough Collaborative. DESIGN Multicenter analysis of hand hygiene compliance through direct observation by trained observers. SETTING A total of 5 publicly funded hospitals in 14 locations, with a total of 1,152 beds, in the County of Vaud, Switzerland. PARTICIPANTS Clinical staff. INTERVENTIONS In total, 59,272 opportunities for hand hygiene were monitored for the duration of the study, for an average of 5,921 per audit (range, 5,449-6,852)...
September 13, 2017: Infection Control and Hospital Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28899445/microbial-disruption-indices-to-detect-colonization-with-multidrug-resistant-organisms
#5
Rafael Araos, Veronica Montgomery, Juan A Ugalde, Graham M Snyder, Erika M C D'Agata
OBJECTIVE To characterize the microbial disruption indices of hospitalized patients to predict colonization with multidrug-resistant organisms (MDROs). DESIGN A cross-sectional survey of the fecal microbiome was conducted in a tertiary referral, acute-care hospital in Boston, Massachusetts. PARTICIPANTS The study population consisted of adult patients hospitalized in general medical/surgical wards. METHODS Rectal swabs were obtained from patients within 48 hours of hospital admission and screened for MDRO colonization using conventional culture techniques...
September 13, 2017: Infection Control and Hospital Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28899444/use-of-implementation-science-for-a-sustained-reduction-of-central-line-associated-bloodstream-infections-in-a-high-volume-regional-burn-unit
#6
Geeta Sood, Julie Caffrey, Kelly Krout, Zeina Khouri-Stevens, Kevin Gerold, Stefan Riedel, Janet McIntyre, Lisa L Maragakis, Renee Blanding, Jonathan Zenilman, Richard Bennett, Peter Pronovost
OBJECTIVE We describe the use of implementation science at the unit level and organizational level to guide an intervention to reduce central-line-associated bloodstream infections (CLABSIs) in a high-volume, regional, burn intensive care unit (BICU). DESIGN A single center observational quasi-experimental study. SETTING A regional BICU in Maryland serving 300-400 burn patients annually. INTERVENTIONS In 2011, an organizational-level and unit-level intervention was implemented to reduce the rates of CLABSI in a high-risk patient population in the BICU...
September 13, 2017: Infection Control and Hospital Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28874225/costs-associated-with-ebola-preparedness-at-a-freestanding-pediatric-assessment-center
#7
Kari A Simonsen, Amber R Phipps, Mel Hall, Brenda Heybrock, Lindsay Hegemann, Debra Arnow
The 2014-2016 West Africa Ebola outbreak led US hospitals to prepare to treat Ebola patients, with significant attributable costs. A nationwide preparedness transition to a tiered approach allowed regional allocation of preparedness resources for Ebola frontline, assessment, and treatment hospitals. Preparedness costs for assessment centers were significant and largely uncompensated. Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol 2017;1-3.
September 6, 2017: Infection Control and Hospital Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28874219/more-than-meets-the-eye-adenoviral-conjunctivitis-in-healthcare-settings
#8
Irene C Kuo
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 6, 2017: Infection Control and Hospital Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28874212/mucosal-barrier-injury-central-line-associated-bloodstream-infections-what-is-the-impact-of-standard-prevention-bundles
#9
Ana M Vaughan, Rachael Ross, Margaret M Gilman, Lauren Satchell, Susan Ditaranto, Anne F Reilly, Leslie S Kersun, Amanda Shanahan, Susan E Coffin, Julia Shaklee Sammons
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 6, 2017: Infection Control and Hospital Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28870271/icd-9-cm-coding-for-multidrug-resistant-infection-correlates-poorly-with-microbiologically-confirmed-multidrug-resistant-infection
#10
Jason P Burnham, Jennie H Kwon, Hilary M Babcock, Margaret A Olsen, Marin H Kollef
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 5, 2017: Infection Control and Hospital Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28870269/failure-to-communicate-transmission-of-extensively-drug-resistant-bla-oxa-237-containing-acinetobacter-baumannii-multiple-facilities-in-oregon-2012-2014
#11
Genevieve L Buser, P Maureen Cassidy, Margaret C Cunningham, Susan Rudin, Andrea M Hujer, Robert Vega, Jon P Furuno, Steven H Marshall, Paul G Higgins, Michael R Jacobs, Meredith S Wright, Mark D Adams, Robert A Bonomo, Christopher D Pfeiffer, Zintars G Beldavs
OBJECTIVE To determine the scope, source, and mode of transmission of a multifacility outbreak of extensively drug-resistant (XDR) Acinetobacter baumannii. DESIGN Outbreak investigation. SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS Residents and patients in skilled nursing facilities, long-term acute-care hospital, and acute-care hospitals. METHODS A case was defined as the incident isolate from clinical or surveillance cultures of XDR Acinetobacter baumannii resistant to imipenem or meropenem and nonsusceptible to all but 1 or 2 antibiotic classes in a patient in an Oregon healthcare facility during January 2012-December 2014...
September 5, 2017: Infection Control and Hospital Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28854996/comparison-of-rates-of-drain-related-ventriculitis-according-to-definitions-used
#12
Hilary Humphreys, Peter J Jenks, Jennie Wilson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 31, 2017: Infection Control and Hospital Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28853390/national-survey-of-environmental-cleaning-and-disinfection-in-hospitals-in-thailand
#13
Anucha Apisarnthanarak, David J Weber, David Ratz, Sanjay Saint, Thana Khawcharoenporn, M Todd Greene
More than 90% of Thai hospitals surveyed reported implementing environmental cleaning and disinfection (ECD) protocols. Hospital epidemiologist presence was associated with the existence of an ECD checklist (P=.01) and of ECD auditing (P=.001), while good and excellent hospital administrative support were associated with better adherence to ECD protocols (P<.001) and ECD checklists (P=.005). Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol 2017:1-4.
August 30, 2017: Infection Control and Hospital Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28847326/the-antimicrobial-scrub-contamination-and-transmission-ascot-trial-a-three-arm-blinded-randomized-controlled-trial-with-crossover-design-to-determine-the-efficacy-of-antimicrobial-impregnated-scrubs-in-preventing-healthcare-provider-contamination
#14
Deverick J Anderson, Rachel Addison, Yuliya Lokhnygina, Bobby Warren, Batu Sharma-Kuinkel, Laura J Rojas, Susan D Rudin, Sarah S Lewis, Rebekah W Moehring, David J Weber, William A Rutala, Robert A Bonomo, Vance G Fowler, Daniel J Sexton
OBJECTIVE To determine whether antimicrobial-impregnated textiles decrease the acquisition of pathogens by healthcare provider (HCP) clothing. DESIGN We completed a 3-arm randomized controlled trial to test the efficacy of 2 types of antimicrobial-impregnated clothing compared to standard HCP clothing. Cultures were obtained from each nurse participant, the healthcare environment, and patients during each shift. The primary outcome was the change in total contamination on nurse scrubs, measured as the sum of colony-forming units (CFU) of bacteria...
August 29, 2017: Infection Control and Hospital Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28836491/the-effect-of-participating-in-a-surgical-site-infection-ssi-surveillance-network-on-the-time-trend-of-ssi-rates-a-systematic-review
#15
Mohamed Abbas, Ermira Tartari, Benedetta Allegranzi, Didier Pittet, Stephan Harbarth
This systematic literature review reveals that participating in a surgical site infection (SSI) surveillance network is associated with short-term reductions in SSI rates: relative risk [RR] for year 2, 0.80 (95% confidence interval [CI], 0.79-0.82); year 3 RR, 0.92 (95% CI, 0.90-0.94); year 4 RR, 0.98 (95% CI, 0.96-1.00). Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol 2017;1-3.
August 24, 2017: Infection Control and Hospital Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28835289/prediction-of-recurrent-clostridium-difficile-infection-using-comprehensive-electronic-medical-records-in-an-integrated-healthcare-delivery-system
#16
Gabriel J Escobar, Jennifer M Baker, Patricia Kipnis, John D Greene, T Christopher Mast, Swati B Gupta, Nicole Cossrow, Vinay Mehta, Vincent Liu, Erik R Dubberke
BACKGROUND Predicting recurrent Clostridium difficile infection (rCDI) remains difficult. METHODS: We employed a retrospective cohort design. Granular electronic medical record (EMR) data had been collected from patients hospitalized at 21 Kaiser Permanente Northern California hospitals. The derivation dataset (2007-2013) included data from 9,386 patients who experienced incident CDI (iCDI) and 1,311 who experienced their first CDI recurrences (rCDI). The validation dataset (2014) included data from 1,865 patients who experienced incident CDI and 144 who experienced rCDI...
August 24, 2017: Infection Control and Hospital Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28835288/the-relationship-between-infection-prevention-staffing-levels-certification-and-publicly-reported-hospital-acquired-condition-scores
#17
Marc-Oliver Wright, Emmanuel Sampene, Nasia Safdar
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 24, 2017: Infection Control and Hospital Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28826428/what-makes-a-tweet-fly-analysis-of-twitter-messaging-at-four-infection-control-conferences
#18
Brett G Mitchell, Philip L Russo, Jonathan A Otter, Martin A Kiernan, Landon Aveling
OBJECTIVE To examine tweeting activity, networks, and common topics mentioned on Twitter at 4 international infection control and infectious disease conferences. DESIGN A cross-sectional study. METHODS An independent company was commissioned to undertake a Twitter 'trawl' each month between July 1, 2016, and November 31, 2016. The trawl identified any tweets that contained the official hashtags of the conferences for (1) the UK Infection Prevention Society, (2) IDWeek 2016, (3) the Federation of Infectious Society/Hospital Infection Society, and (4) the Australasian College for Infection Prevention and Control...
August 22, 2017: Infection Control and Hospital Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28826427/impact-of-new-york-state-influenza-mandate-on-influenza-like-illness-acute-respiratory-illness-and-confirmed-influenza-in-healthcare-personnel
#19
Rachel A Batabyal, Juyan J Zhou, Joy D Howell, Luis Alba, Helen H Lee, E Yoko Furuya, Melissa S Stockwell, David P Calfee, Claire E Brown, Aziza Craan, Lisa Saiman
In 2013, New York State mandated that, during influenza season, unvaccinated healthcare personnel (HCP) wear a surgical mask in areas where patients are typically present. We found that this mandate was associated with increased HCP vaccination and decreased HCP visits to the hospital Workforce Health and Safety Department with respiratory illnesses and laboratory-confirmed influenza. Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol 2017:1-3.
August 22, 2017: Infection Control and Hospital Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28826425/clostridium-difficile-colonization-of-nursing-home-residents
#20
Mary-Claire Roghmann, Liana R Andronescu, Emily M Stucke, J Kristie Johnson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 22, 2017: Infection Control and Hospital Epidemiology
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