journal
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Infection Control and Hospital Epidemiology

journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532525/management-of-risks-from-water-and-ice-from-ice-machines-for-the-very-immunocompromised-host-a-process-improvement-project-prompted-by-an-outbreak-of-rapidly-growing-mycobacteria-on-a-pediatric-hematopoietic-stem-cell-transplant-hsct-unit
#1
Amanda Guspiel, Jeremiah Menk, Andrew Streifel, Keith Messinger, John Wagner, Patricia Ferrieri, Susan Kline
BACKGROUND In 2011, pediatric hematopoietic stem cell transplant (HSCT) patients were moved from an older hospital to a new children's hospital. To minimize bacterial growth in the new hospital's water during construction, the plumbing system was flushed and disinfected before occupancy. However, 6 months after occupancy, an increased incidence of rapidly growing mycobacteria (RGM) was detected in clinical cultures. Over 10 months, 15 pediatric HSCT patients were infected, while no pediatric HSCT patients had been infected in the preceding 12 months...
May 23, 2017: Infection Control and Hospital Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28516821/pseudomonas-aeruginosa-outbreak-in-a-neonatal-intensive-care-unit-attributed-to-hospital-tap-water
#2
Cara Bicking Kinsey, Samir Koirala, Benjamin Solomon, Jon Rosenberg, Byron F Robinson, Antonio Neri, Alison Laufer Halpin, Matthew J Arduino, Heather Moulton-Meissner, Judith Noble-Wang, Nora Chea, Carolyn V Gould
OBJECTIVE To investigate an outbreak of Pseudomonas aeruginosa infections and colonization in a neonatal intensive care unit. DESIGN Infection control assessment, environmental evaluation, and case-control study. SETTING Newly built community-based hospital, 28-bed neonatal intensive care unit. PATIENTS Neonatal intensive care unit patients receiving care between June 1, 2013, and September 30, 2014. METHODS Case finding was performed through microbiology record review. Infection control observations, interviews, and environmental assessment were performed...
May 18, 2017: Infection Control and Hospital Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28516820/blogging-in-infectious-diseases-and-clinical-microbiology-assessment-of-blogosphere-content
#3
Gabriel Birgand, Rachael Troughton, Luke S P Moore, Esmita Charani, Timothy M Rawson, Enrique Castro-Sánchez, Alison H Holmes
OBJECTIVE To analyze influential infectious diseases, antimicrobial stewardship, infection control, or medical microbiology blogs and bloggers SETTING World wide web DESIGN We conducted a systematic search for blogs in accordance with the PRISMA guidelines in September 2015. METHODS A snowball sampling approach was applied to identify blogs using various search engines. Blogs were eligible if they (1) focused on infectious diseases, antimicrobial stewardship, infection control, or medical microbiology; (2) were intended for health professionals; and (3) were written in English and (4) were updated regularly...
May 18, 2017: Infection Control and Hospital Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28514979/determination-of-a-cutoff-time-point-for-prophylactic-exchange-of-central-venous-catheters-for-prevention-of-central-venous-catheter-related-bloodstream-infections-in-patients-with-hematological-malignancies
#4
Enrico Schalk, Lena M Biehl, Jacqueline Färber, Dirk Schlüter, Maria J G T Vehreschild, Thomas Fischer
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 18, 2017: Infection Control and Hospital Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28514976/working-despite-having-influenza-like-illness-results-of-an-anonymous-survey-of-healthcare-providers-who-care-for-transplant-recipients
#5
Sherif B Mossad, Abhishek Deshpande, Sarah Schramm, Xiaobo Liu, Michael B Rothberg
OBJECTIVE To compare the rates of and reasons for presenteeism associated with influenza-like illness (ILI) among healthcare professionals (HCPs) caring for hospitalized inpatient transplant recipients and internal medicine patients. DESIGN We designed a 10-question anonymous survey in which ILI was defined as fever (>37.8°C) and cough and/or sore throat and ILI B was defined as fever (>37.8°C) or cough or sore throat; both definitions were considered in the absence of another known cause. SETTING Tertiary-care center...
May 18, 2017: Infection Control and Hospital Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28514970/transmission-of-st8-usa300-latin-american-variant-methicillin-resistant-staphylococcus-aureus-on-a-neonatal-intensive-care-unit-recurrent-skin-and-soft-tissue-infections-as-a-marker-for-epidemic-community-associated-mrsa-colonization
#6
Dennis Nurjadi, Sabrina Klein, Stefan Zimmermann, Klaus Heeg, Philipp Zanger
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 18, 2017: Infection Control and Hospital Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28506327/the-seasonal-variability-in-surgical-site-infections-and-the-association-with-warmer-weather-a-population-based-investigation
#7
Chris A Anthony, Ryan A Peterson, Linnea A Polgreen, Daniel K Sewell, Philip M Polgreen
OBJECTIVE To determine whether the seasonality of surgical site infections (SSIs) can be explained by changes in temperature. DESIGN Retrospective cohort analysis. SETTING The National Inpatient Sample database. PATIENTS All hospital discharges with a primary diagnosis of SSI from 1998 to 2011 were considered cases. Discharges with a primary or secondary diagnoses of specific surgeries commonly associated with SSIs from the previous and current month served as our "at risk" cohort. METHODS We modeled the national monthly count of SSI cases both nationally and stratified by region, sex, age, and type of institution...
May 16, 2017: Infection Control and Hospital Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28490386/pharmacists-familiarity-with-and-institutional-utilization-of-rapid-diagnostic-technologies-for-antimicrobial-stewardship
#8
Rachel A Foster, Kristi Kuper, Z Kevin Lu, P Brandon Bookstaver, Christopher M Bland, Monica V Mahoney
Rapid diagnostic technologies (RDTs) significantly reduce organism identification time and can augment antimicrobial stewardship program (ASP) activities. An electronic survey quantified familiarity with and utilization of RDTs by clinical pharmacists participating in ASPs. Familiarity was highest with polymerase chain reaction (PCR). Formal infectious diseases training was the only significant factor influencing RDT familiarity. Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol 2017;1-4.
May 11, 2017: Infection Control and Hospital Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28487001/effect-of-medicare-s-nonpayment-policy-on-surgical-site-infections-following-orthopedic-procedures
#9
Jereen Z Kwong, Yingjie Weng, Micaela Finnegan, Robyn Schaffer, Austin Remington, Catherine Curtin, Kathryn M McDonald, Jay Bhattacharya, Tina Hernandez-Boussard
OBJECTIVE Orthopedic procedures are an important focus in efforts to reduce surgical site infections (SSIs). In 2008, the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid (CMS) stopped reimbursements for additional charges associated with serious hospital-acquired conditions, including SSI following certain orthopedic procedures. We aimed to evaluate the CMS policy's effect on rates of targeted orthopedic SSIs among the Medicare population. DESIGN We examined SSI rates following orthopedic procedures among the Medicare population before and after policy implementation compared to a similarly aged control group...
May 10, 2017: Infection Control and Hospital Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28486996/thirty-day-readmissions-after-hospitalization-for-clostridium-difficile-enteritis-measures-and-predictors-a-nationwide-analysis
#10
Abhinav Goyal, Kshitij Chatterjee, Chitra Punjabi, Janani Rangaswami
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 10, 2017: Infection Control and Hospital Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28473010/reduction-of-environmental-contamination-with-multidrug-resistant-bacteria-by-copper-alloy-coating-of-surfaces-in-a-highly-endemic-setting
#11
Maria Souli, Anastasia Antoniadou, Ioannis Katsarolis, Irini Mavrou, Elisabeth Paramythiotou, Evangelos Papadomichelakis, Maria Drogari-Apiranthitou, Theofano Panagea, Helen Giamarellou, George Petrikkos, Apostolos Armaganidis
OBJECTIVE To evaluate the efficacy of copper-coating in reducing environmental colonization in an intensive-care unit (ICU) with multidrug-resistant-organism (MDRO) endemicity DESIGN Interventional, comparative crossover trial SETTING The general ICU of Attikon University hospital in Athens, Greece PATIENTS Those admitted to ICU compartments A and B during the study period METHODS Before any intervention (phase 1), the optimum sampling method using 2 nylon swabs was validated. In phase 2, 6 copper-coated beds (ie, with coated upper, lower, and side rails) and accessories (ie, coated side table, intravenous [i...
May 5, 2017: Infection Control and Hospital Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28473009/a-year-in-the-life-of-a-contaminated-heater-cooler-unit-with-mycobacterium-chimaera
#12
Mark I Garvey, Craig W Bradley, Jimmy Walker
OBJECTIVE Heater-cooler units (HCUs) have been shown to be a source of Mycobacterium chimaera infections. For the past year, weekly water samples have been taken from HCUs used at University Hospitals Birmingham (UHB) NHS Foundation Trust. We report the microbial contamination of the HCUs over a year detailing the decontamination regimes applied at UHB to reduce the microbial load. DESIGN Observational study SETTING UHB is a tertiary referral teaching hospital in Birmingham, United Kingdom, that provides clinical services to nearly 1 million patients every year...
May 5, 2017: Infection Control and Hospital Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28473008/susceptibility-of-nosocomial-staphylococcus-aureus-to-chlorhexidine-after-implementation-of-a-hospital-wide-antiseptic-bathing-regimen
#13
Cole T Marolf, Roxanne Alter, Elizabeth Lyden, Paul D Fey, Mark E Rupp
Hospital use of chlorhexidine (CHX) containing antiseptics to decrease nosocomial infections may promote CHX resistance among pathogenic organisms. Nosocomial bloodstream-infecting Staphylococcus aureus isolates from before and after adoption of hospital-wide CHX bathing were tested for CHX susceptibility, and no decreased susceptibility or resistance-promoting genes were discovered. Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol 2017;1-3.
May 5, 2017: Infection Control and Hospital Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28473007/a-novel-metric-to-monitor-the-influence-of-antimicrobial-stewardship-activities
#14
Daniel J Livorsi, Erin O'Leary, Tamra Pierce, Lindsey Reese, Katharina L van Santen, Daniel A Pollock, Jonathan R Edwards, Arjun Srinivasan
The antimicrobial use (AU) option within the National Healthcare Safety Network summarizes antimicrobial prescribing data as a standardized antimicrobial administration ratio (SAAR). A hospital's antimicrobial stewardship program found that greater involvement of an infectious disease physician in prospective audit and feedback procedures was associated with reductions in SAAR values across multiple antimicrobial categories. Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol 2017;1-3.
May 5, 2017: Infection Control and Hospital Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28464971/a-simple-microsoft-excel-method-to-predict-antibiotic-outbreaks-and-underutilization
#15
Cristina Miglis, Nathaniel J Rhodes, Sean N Avedissian, Teresa R Zembower, Michael Postelnick, Richard G Wunderink, Sarah H Sutton, Marc H Scheetz
Benchmarking strategies are needed to promote the appropriate use of antibiotics. We have adapted a simple regressive method in Microsoft Excel that is easily implementable and creates predictive indices. This method trends consumption over time and can identify periods of over- and underuse at the hospital level.
May 3, 2017: Infection Control and Hospital Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28462761/a-multicenter-randomized-trial-to-determine-the-effect-of-an-environmental-disinfection-intervention-on-the-incidence-of-healthcare-associated-clostridium-difficile-infection
#16
Amy J Ray, Abhishek Deshpande, Dennis Fertelli, Brett M Sitzlar, Priyaleela Thota, Thriveen Sankar C, Annette L Jencson, Jennifer L Cadnum, Robert A Salata, Richard R Watkins, Ajay K Sethi, Philip C Carling, Brigid M Wilson, Curtis J Donskey
OBJECTIVE To determine the impact of an environmental disinfection intervention on the incidence of healthcare-associated Clostridium difficile infection (CDI). DESIGN A multicenter randomized trial. SETTING In total,16 acute-care hospitals in northeastern Ohio participated in the study. INTERVENTION We conducted a 12-month randomized trial to compare standard cleaning to enhanced cleaning that included monitoring of environmental services (EVS) personnel performance with feedback to EVS and infection control staff...
May 2, 2017: Infection Control and Hospital Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28462746/disinfectant-susceptibility-profiling-of-glutaraldehyde-resistant-nontuberculous-mycobacteria
#17
Winona Burgess, Alyssa Margolis, Sara Gibbs, Rafael Silva Duarte, Mary Jackson
OBJECTIVE Activated alkaline glutaraldehyde (GTA) remains one of the most widely used high-level disinfectants worldwide. However, several reports have highlighted the potential for nontuberculous mycobacteria to develop high-level resistance to this product. Because aldehyde resistance may lead to cross-resistance to other biocides, we investigated the susceptibility profile of GTA-resistant Mycobacterium chelonae and M. abscessus isolates to various disinfectant chemistries. METHODS High-level disinfectants commonly used in the reprocessing of endoscopes and other heat-sensitive, semicritical medical equipment, including different formulations of aldehyde-based products and oxidizing agents, were tested against 10 slow- and fast-growing, GTA-susceptible and GTA-resistant, Mycobacterium isolates in suspension tests and carrier tests at different temperatures...
May 2, 2017: Infection Control and Hospital Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28460655/the-impact-of-environmental-design-on-doffing-personal-protective-equipment-in-a-healthcare-environment-a-formative-human-factors-trial
#18
Tracey A Herlihey, Stefano Gelmi, Joseph A Cafazzo, Trevor N T Hall
OBJECTIVE To explore the impact of environmental design on doffing personal protective equipment in a simulated healthcare environment. METHODS A mixed-methods approach was used that included human-factors usability testing and qualitative questionnaire responses. A patient room and connecting anteroom were constructed for testing purposes. This experimental doffing area was designed to overcome the environmental failures identified in a previous study and was not constructed based on any generalizable hospital standard...
May 2, 2017: Infection Control and Hospital Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28438230/multiple-norovirus-outbreaks-due-to-shredded-dried-laver-seaweed-in-japan
#19
Eiji Kusumi, Tetsuya Tanimoto, Kazutaka Hosoda, Masaharu Tsubokura, Tamae Hamaki, Kenzo Takahashi, Masahiro Kami
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 25, 2017: Infection Control and Hospital Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28414016/accidental-occupational-exposure-to-burkholderia-pseudomallei-in-south-korea-did-not-result-in-melioidosis
#20
Jae-Bum Jun, Taehoon Lee, Joseph Jeong, Jeong-Hoon Chun, Yong-Woo Shin, Jiwon Jung
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 17, 2017: Infection Control and Hospital Epidemiology
journal
journal
29789
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"