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European Journal of Clinical Nutrition

Vildan Binay Safer, Umut Safer
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 17, 2018: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Takahiro Miyakoshi, Hiroyuki Sagesaka, Yuka Sato, Kazuko Hirbayashi, Hideo Koike, Koh Yamashita, Seiichi Usuda, Kendo Kiyosawa, Masanori Shimodaira, Toru Aizawa
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: It has been unknown if attenuated insulin sensitivity (Si) in non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is a cause or a result. We examined the impact of attenuated Si on NAFLD evolution. SUBJECTS/METHODS: We observed 4856 NAFLD- and diabetes-free participants for a mean 2.9 years. Si was indexed by single point insulin sensitivity estimator (SPISE = [600 × HDL-c0.185 ]/[TG0.2  × BMI1.338 ]), correlating with 1/HOMA-IR in an independent cohort (n = 1537, Spearman rho = 0...
July 17, 2018: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Patricia Mitry, Nina Wawro, Sabine Rohrmann, Pieter Giesbertz, Hannelore Daniel, Jakob Linseisen
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Dietary intake of red and processed meat has been associated with disease risk. Since dietary intake assessment methods are prone to measurement errors, identifying biomarkers of meat intake in bio-samples could provide more valid intake estimates. We examined associations of habitual red and processed meat, poultry, fish, and dairy products consumption with plasma concentrations of anserine, carnosine, pi-methylhistidine (Π-MH), tau-methylhistidine (T-MH), and the ratio of T-MH to Π-MH in a cross-sectional study...
July 17, 2018: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Fahimeh Haghighatdoost, Mitra Hariri
BACKGROUND: Resveratrol as a polyphenolic compound might be able to reduce inflammatory mediators. Change in inflammatory state is identified by the measurement of inflammatory mediators such as interleukin-6 (IL-6), tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α), and C-reactive protein (CRP). The objective of this study is to conduct a systematic review and meta-analysis on randomized controlled trials that assessed the effect of resveratrol on concentration of serum inflammatory mediators. METHOD: Systematic search was performed up to October 2017 using ISI web of science, PubMed, Scopus, EMBASE, and Google scholar...
July 16, 2018: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Qiong Gong, Peng Zhu, Binhao Zhang, Chang Shu, Zeyang Ding, Jingjing Wu, Bixiang Zhang, Xiao-Ping Chen
BACKGROUND: It is reported that lipid emulsion enriched in n-3 fatty acids (FAs) helps us to improve postoperative recovery for surgical patients with biliary tract disease. Its role for postoperative patients with obstructive jaundice is as yet unclear. The object of this study was to evaluate the safety and efficacy of n-3 fatty acid-based parenteral nutrition (PN) for patients with obstructive jaundice following surgical procedures. METHODS: Data were collected from patients with obstructive jaundice who received PN, including n-3 PUFA-enriched lipid emulsions and standard non-enriched lipid emulsions (e...
July 13, 2018: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Yu Wang, Changsong Shi, Zhongwen Yang, Fengmin Chen, Li Gao
PURPOSE: Low vitamin D blood levels are related to many clinical outcomes in children with critically illness. However, the relationship of it and septic shock has not been systematically analyzed. The objective of this review was to evaluate the effect of vitamin D on septic shock and predict if vitamin D administration can improve prognosis of it. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Online databases were searched up to June 1st, 2017 for studies on the relation of vitamin D deficiency (VDD) and clinical outcomes on septic shock in children with critical illness...
July 13, 2018: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Caroline M Taylor, Colin D Steer, Nicholas P Hays, Pauline M Emmett
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Picky eating may be associated with higher risk of being underweight and poor growth over time or conversely, being overweight. Our aim was to investigate if children identified as picky eaters showed differences in height, weight and body composition from their non-picky peers. SUBJECTS/METHODS: Picky eaters were identified in the Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children cohort at 3 years of age. Height and weight were measured on seven occasions (age 7-17 years)...
July 11, 2018: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Diana M Thomas, Krista Watts, Sara Friedman, Dale A Schoeller
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Accurately predicting energy requirements form a critical component for initializing dynamic mathematical models of metabolism. The majority of such existing estimates rely on linear regression models that predict total daily energy expenditure (TDEE) from age, gender, height, and body mass, however, there is evidence these predictors obey a power function. SUBJECTS/METHODS: Baseline, free-living TDEE measured by doubly labeled water (DLW) in 20 studies with no overlapping subjects were obtained from the core lab at the University of Chicago and the University of Wisconsin-Madison (N = 2501 adults, 628 males, 1873 females)...
July 5, 2018: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Ana Isabel Rito, Ana Dinis, Carla Rascôa, António Maia, Inês de Carvalho Martins, Mariana Santos, João Lima, Sofia Mendes, Joana Padrão, Camila Stein-Novais
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Ready-to-eat cereal (RTEC) breakfasts have been increasing in Portugal, among children. Eat Mediterranean (EM), a Portuguese comprehensive community-based intervention, proposed to improve breakfast patterns of children and adolescents and to evaluate the healthiness of RTEC according to WHO/Europe nutrient profile model (Euro-NP). SUBJECTS/METHODS: EM Program was developed during two scholar years (15/16 and 16/17) toward 2333 students (pre to secondary education)...
July 4, 2018: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Maryam Pourhassan, Manfred James Müller, Dorothee Volkert, Rainer Wirth
The relationship between hypophosphatemia (HP) and malnutrition in older hospitalized patients has received little attention. We sought to investigate this association among this population. The study participants were consecutively admitted to a geriatric acute care ward in six hospitals. Malnutrition screening was conducted by Mini Nutritional Assessment-Short Form. Patients were divided into two groups according to serum phosphate: HP (<0.68 mmol/l) and non-HP groups (>0.68 mmol/l). Of 335 participants, 7% of subjects had HP...
July 2, 2018: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Stephanie L Dickinson, Andrew W Brown, Tapan Mehta, Steven B Heymsfield, Cara B Ebbeling, David S Ludwig, David B Allison
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 27, 2018: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Radhika Loganathan, Shireene Ratna Vethakkan, Ammu K Radhakrishnan, Ghazali Abd Razak, Teng Kim-Tiu
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: The consumption of antioxidant-rich cooking oil such as red palm olein may be cardioprotective from the perspective of subclinical inflammation and endothelial function. SUBJECTS/METHODS: Using a crossover design, we conducted a randomised controlled trial in 53 free-living high-risk abdominally overweight subjects, comparing the effects of incorporating red palm olein (with palm olein as control) in a supervised isocaloric 2100 kcal diet of 30% en fat, two-thirds (45 g/day) of which were derived from the test oil for a period of 6 weeks each...
June 26, 2018: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Rebecca D Russell, Lucinda J Black, Jill L Sherriff, Andrea Begley
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Multiple sclerosis (MS) is an immune-mediated disease with no known cure and insufficient evidence to support a special therapeutic diet to alter symptom management or disease progression. Several studies have reported dietary changes made by people with MS, but there has been limited investigation into experiences surrounding diet in those recently diagnosed. This study explored responses to diet after a recent diagnosis of MS in people living in Western Australia...
June 25, 2018: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Ngoc Minh Pham, Vuong Van Do, Andy H Lee
Animal studies have demonstrated anti-diabetic properties of several food-derived polyphenols, but data in humans remains unclear. This study aimed to review and meta-analyse evidence concerning the effect of the intake of several polyphenol-rich foods on gestational diabetes (GDM) risk. A systematic literature search was conducted in PubMed, Web of Science and Embase databases for observational studies on the association between dietary intake of foods/diets rich in polyphenols and GDM risk. Inclusion criteria were original research articles with full texts published in peer-reviewed English language journals, which investigated foods within the top 100 richest dietary sources of polyphenols and reported odds ratio/relative risk with their corresponding 95% confidence intervals...
June 25, 2018: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Rasheda Khanam, Anne Cc Lee, Dipak K Mitra, Malathi Ram, Sushil Das Gupta, Abdul Quaiyum, Allysha Choudhury, Parul Christian, Luke C Mullany, Abdullah H Baqui
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: To estimate the risks of term-small for gestational age (SGA), preterm-appropriate for gestational age (AGA), and preterm SGA associated with maternal height and body mass index (BMI) and to calculate the population attributable fractions (PAF) of term SGA, preterm AGA, and preterm SGA associated with maternal short stature. SUBJECTS/METHODS: A population-based cohort of 13,230 women with pre-pregnancy height and weight followed from 2012 to 2016 in Sylhet, Bangladesh...
June 22, 2018: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Mojgan Amiri, Reza Ghiasvand, Mojtaba Kaviani, Scott C Forbes, Amin Salehi-Abargouei
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Chocolate milk (CM) contains carbohydrates, proteins, and fat, as well as water and electrolytes, which may be ideal for post-exercise recovery. We systematically reviewed the evidence regarding the efficacy of CM compared to either water or other "sport drinks" on post-exercise recovery markers. SUBJECTS/METHODS: PubMed, Scopus, and Google scholar were explored up to April 2017 for controlled trials investigating the effect of CM on markers of recovery in trained athletes...
June 19, 2018: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Asmat Abro, Lara-Anne Delicata, Surachet Vongsanim, Andrew Davenport
BACKGROUND: Peritoneal dialysis (PD) patients with sarcopenia have increased risk of mortality. There is consensus that sarcopenia should combine assessments of muscle function and mass. We wished to determine the effect of using different operational definitions in PD patients. METHODS: Hand grip strength (HGS) and segmental bioimpedance derived appendicular lean mass (ALM) were measured and the prevalence of sarcopenia determined using the Foundation for the National Institutes of Health Sarcopenia Project (FNIH), European Working Group on Sarcopenia Older Persons (EWGSOP), and Asian Working Group on Sarcopenia (AWGS) definitions...
June 19, 2018: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Mia-Maria Perälä, Anna-Maija Tiainen, Jari Lahti, Satu Männistö, Marius Lahti, Kati Heinonen, Niina E Kaartinen, Anu-Katriina Pesonen, Eero Kajantie, Katri Räikkönen, Johan G Eriksson
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Previous studies have shown that the temperament traits are related to risk factors for chronic diseases, which could be partly explained by lifestyle habits. However, little is known whether temperament traits associate with diet. The aim of this study was to examine the cross-sectional associations between temperament traits and the whole diet. SUBJECTS/METHODS: We studied 1668 men and women, aged 56-70, from the Helsinki Birth Cohort Study...
June 19, 2018: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
W Philip T James
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 18, 2018: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
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