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European Journal of Clinical Nutrition

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29789712/distribution-and-determinants-of-retinol-in-norwegian-adolescents-and-its-relation-to-bone-mineral-density-the-troms%C3%A3-study-fit-futures
#1
M S W Teigmo, T E Gundersen, N Emaus, G Grimnes
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Sufficient vitamin A levels are important for many functions-and both too little and too much may have detrimental health effects. The aim of the study was to describe the distribution of retinol levels in Norwegian adolescents, the relation between lifestyle factors and retinol levels, and the relation between retinol levels and bone mineral density (BMD). SUBJECTS/METHODS: Serum retinol was measured in 414 girls and 474 boys aged 15-19 years, participating in the Tromsø Study: Fit Futures...
May 23, 2018: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29789711/physical-activity-but-not-sedentary-time-is-associated-with-vitamin-d-status-in-adolescents-study-of-cardiovascular-risk-in-adolescents-erica
#2
Ana Carla Moreira da Silva, Felipe Vogt Cureau, Cecília Lacroix de Oliveira, Denise Tavares Giannini, Katia Vergetti Bloch, Maria Cristina Caetano Kuschnir, Eliane Said Dutra, Beatriz D Schaan, Kênia Mara Baiocchi de Carvalho
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: The association between active lifestyle components and vitamin D status in adolescents remains relatively unexplored. We aimed to investigate independent and joint associations of moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) and screen time with serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D [25(OH)D] concentrations in adolescents. METHODS: This multicenter cross-sectional study involved 1152 Brazilian adolescents (age 12-17 years). Serum 25(OH)D was measured in a single laboratory and categorized as ≤20, 21-29, or ≥30 ng/mL...
May 23, 2018: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29789710/is-misreporting-of-dietary-intake-by-weighed-food-records-or-24-hour-recalls-food-specific
#3
Leanne Garden, Heather Clark, Stephen Whybrow, R James Stubbs
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Healthy eating advice is informed, in part, by dietary surveys that rely on self-reported data. Misreporting of food intake may distort relationships between diet and health outcomes. This study directly quantified the food groups that were under-reported or over-reported in common dietary assessment techniques. SUBJECTS/METHODS: Food and drink consumption of 59 adults, with ad libitum access to a range of familiar foods, was objectively and covertly measured by investigators, and validated against independent measures of energy balance, while participants were resident in the Human Nutrition Unit of the Rowett Institute...
May 23, 2018: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29789709/consumption-of-green-tea-but-not-coffee-is-associated-with-the-oral-health-related-quality-of-life-among-an-older-japanese-population-kyoto-kameoka-cross-sectional-study
#4
Hinako Nanri, Yosuke Yamada, Aya Itoi, Emi Yamagata, Yuya Watanabe, Tsukasa Yoshida, Motoko Miyake, Heiwa Date, Kazuko Ishikawa-Takata, Mitsuyoshi Yoshida, Takeshi Kikutani, Misaka Kimura
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: The consumption of both green tea and coffee is known to induce positive health effects; however, it remains unclear whether there is an association between the consumption of these beverages and oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL). Thus, the present study investigated the relationship between the consumption of green tea and coffee and OHRQoL. SUBJECTS/METHODS: We analyzed cross-sectional baseline data in 2012. The subjects were 7514 Japanese participants (3563 men, 3951 women; ≥65 years of age)...
May 23, 2018: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786097/spot-urine-and-24-h-diet-recall-estimates-of-dietary-sodium-intake-from-the-2008-09-new-zealand-adult-nutrition-survey-a-comparison
#5
Rachael M McLean, Sheila M Williams, Lisa A Te Morenga, Jim I Mann
BACKGROUND: We aimed to test the difference between estimates of dietary sodium intake using 24-h diet recall and spot urine collection in a large sample of New Zealand adults. METHODS: We analysed spot urine results, 24-h diet recall, dietary habits questionnaire and anthropometry from a representative sample of 3312 adults aged 15 years and older who participated in the 2008/09 New Zealand Adult Nutrition Survey. Estimates of adult population sodium intake were derived from 24-h diet recall and spot urine sodium using a formula derived from analysis of INTERSALT data...
May 22, 2018: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777241/acute-effect-of-equicaloric-meals-varying-in-glycemic-index-and-glycemic-load-on-arterial-stiffness-and-glycemia-in-healthy-adults-a-randomized-crossover-trial
#6
Andreea Zurbau, Alexandra L Jenkins, Elena Jovanovski, Fei Au-Yeung, Emma A Bateman, Christy Brissette, Thomas M S Wolever, Amir Hanna, Vladimir Vuksan
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Dietary carbohydrate quality and quantity fluctuate but it is unknown which attribute takes precedence in vascular health preservation. We investigated all four permutations of glycemic index (GI) and glycemic load (GL) on acute vascular and glycemic responses. SUBJECTS/METHODS: Twenty-one healthy adults were screened for this crossover trial. Seventeen (8 M:9 F; 26.7 ± 12.3 y; BMI 22.2 ± 2.8 kg/m2 ) entered randomization and completed the study, receiving four isocaloric meals, varying in GI and GL, in random order at least 3 days apart...
May 17, 2018: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773846/appetite-during-the-recovery-phase-of-critical-illness-a-cohort-study
#7
Judith L Merriweather, David M Griffith, Timothy S Walsh
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Reduced appetite is a recognised physiological symptom in survivors of critical illness. While reduced appetite has been reported by patients after intensive care unit (ICU) discharge, quantification using visual analogue scales (VAS) has not been previously performed, and follow-up duration has been limited. We aimed to describe appetite scores in ICU survivors during the first 3 months after ICU discharge and explore association with systemic inflammation. SUBJECTS/METHODS: Secondary analysis of data collected in a complex rehabilitation intervention trial (RECOVER)...
May 17, 2018: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29769748/comparative-ecologic-relationships-of-saturated-fat-sucrose-food-groups-and-a-mediterranean-food-pattern-score-to-50-year-coronary-heart-disease-mortality-rates-among-16-cohorts-of-the-seven-countries-study
#8
Daan Kromhout, Alessandro Menotti, Adalberta Alberti-Fidanza, Paolo Emilio Puddu, Peter Hollman, Anthony Kafatos, Hanna Tolonen, Hisashi Adachi, David R Jacobs
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: We studied the ecologic relationships of food groups, macronutrients, eating patterns, and an a priori food pattern score (Mediterranean Adequacy Index: MAI) with long-term CHD mortality rates in the Seven Countries Study. SUBJECTS/METHODS: Sixteen cohorts (12,763 men aged 40-59 years) were enrolled in the 1960s in seven countries (US, Finland, The Netherlands, Italy, Greece, former Yugoslavia: Croatia/Serbia, Japan). Dietary surveys were carried out at baseline and only in a subsample of each cohort...
May 17, 2018: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29765164/intake-of-polyunsaturated-fatty-acids-and-risk-of-preclinical-and-clinical-type-1-diabetes-in-children-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#9
Xinliang Liu, Yu Zhang, Hongyan Wu, Ping Zhu, Xianyang Mo, Xiaosong Ma, Jie Ying
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: The association between the intake of polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) and the risk of preclinical and clinical type 1 diabetes (T1D) in children has generated conflicting results. Thus, we aimed to evaluate the definite effects of PUFAs on the risk of preclinical and clinical T1D. SUBJECTS/METHODS: Three databases were systematically searched up to July 18, 2017 to identify relevant observational studies, without language restriction. Any study included should report the risk of preclinical or clinical T1D in children with PUFAs supplementation compared with the controls, and report relative risks (RRs) or odds ratios (ORs) or provide data for estimation...
May 16, 2018: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29765163/polyunsaturated-fatty-acid-status-at-birth-childhood-growth-and-cardiometabolic-risk-a-pooled-analysis-of-the-mefab-and-rhea-cohorts
#10
Nikos Stratakis, Marij Gielen, Katerina Margetaki, Renate H M de Groot, Maria Apostolaki, Georgia Chalkiadaki, Marina Vafeiadi, Vasiliki Leventakou, Marianna Karachaliou, Roger W Godschalk, Manolis Kogevinas, Euripides G Stephanou, Maurice P Zeegers, Leda Chatzi
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Polyunsaturated fatty acid (PUFA) status during pregnancy has been suggested to influence offspring obesity and cardiometabolic health. We assessed whether prenatal PUFA exposure is associated with rapid infant growth, childhood BMI, and cardiometabolic profile. SUBJECTS/METHODS: In the Dutch MEFAB (n = 266) and Greek RHEA (n = 263) cohorts, we measured n-3 and n-6 PUFA concentrations in cord blood phospholipids, which reflect fetal exposure in late pregnancy...
May 16, 2018: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29769749/reference-values-for-body-composition-and-associations-with-blood-pressure-in-kenyan-adults-aged-%C3%A2-50-years-old
#11
Madeleine C Bastawrous, Carmen Piernas, Andrew Bastawrous, Jason Oke, Daniel Lasserson, Wanjiku Mathenge, Matthew J Burton, Susan A Jebb, Hannah Kuper
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: To develop age- and sex-specific centile reference curves for fat-free mass (FFM) and fat mass (FM) adjusted for height in an adult Kenyan population and to investigate the association between FM, FFM and blood pressure (BP). SUBJECTS/METHODS: Measures of body composition from bioimpedance analyses and BP were collected in 1995 participants aged ≥50 years in Nakuru County, Kenya. Reference curves were produced using the LMS method. Multivariable linear regression models were used to test the cross-sectional association between body composition indexes and BP...
May 15, 2018: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29760482/glycemic-impact-of-non-nutritive-sweeteners-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#12
Alexander D Nichol, Maxwell J Holle, Ruopeng An
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Nonnutritive sweeteners (NNSs) are zero- or low-calorie alternatives to nutritive sweeteners, such as table sugars. A systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials was conducted to quantitatively synthesize existing scientific evidence on the glycemic impact of NNSs. SUBJECTS/METHODS: PubMed and Web of Science databases were searched. Two authors screened the titles and abstracts of candidate publications. The third author was consulted to resolve discrepancies...
May 15, 2018: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29760481/protein-intake-in-hospitalized-older-people-with-and-without-increased-risk-of-malnutrition
#13
Emmelyne Vasse, Janne Beelen, Nicole M de Roos, Nancy Janssen, Lisette Cpgm de Groot
A protein intake of ≥1.2 grams per kg body weight (g/kg) is recommended for ill older adults. In a cross-sectional study, we investigated if this recommendation was met by 62 hospitalized adults of 65 years and older in a Dutch hospital. We compared protein intake between two subgroups based on the risk of malnutrition and the prescribed diet: a low risk group (n = 31) receiving a standard hospital diet and a medium/high risk group (n = 31) receiving a protein-enriched diet. A 24h-recall was performed to calculate protein intake per patient...
May 15, 2018: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29748661/one-child-policy-weight-status-lifestyles-and-parental-concerns-in-chinese-children-a-nationwide-cross-sectional-survey
#14
Li Cai, Lizi Lin, Meixia Dai, Yajun Chen, Xiuhong Li, Jun Ma, Jin Jing
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: China's one-child policy has been in place for 35 years, yet its impact on the differences of weight status including thinness and overweight/obesity, lifestyles, and parental concerns between only children (OC) and non-only children (NOC) were seldom discussed. SUBJECTS/METHODS: A total of 62,444 children aged 6-17 years were recruited in 2013. Thinness and overweight/obesity were calculated from anthropometric measurements. Information on dietary consumption, dietary behaviors, physical activities (PA)-related behaviors, and parental concerns were obtained via questionnaires...
May 11, 2018: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29748660/the-association-of-problematic-eating-behaviours-with-food-quality-and-body-mass-index-at-7-years-of-age
#15
Sara Costa, Andreia Pinto, Ana Cristina Santos, Andreia Oliveira
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: There is scarce evidence of how certain eating behaviours compromise the compliance with dietary guidelines and weight status in school-aged children. This study aims to evaluate the association of children's problematic eating behaviours with food quality and body mass index at 7 years of age. SUBJECTS/METHODS: Participants were children aged 7 years old from a population-based cohort study from Porto, Portugal-Generation XXI. Children's quantity and speed of ingestion, food refusal at the table and food rewards requesting were evaluated by caregiver's perception...
May 11, 2018: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29748659/bioelectrical-impedance-analysis-derived-phase-angle-at-admission-as-a-predictor-of-90-day-mortality-in-intensive-care-patients
#16
Sandra N Stapel, Wilhelmus G P M Looijaard, Ingeborg M Dekker, Armand R J Girbes, Peter J M Weijs, Heleen M Oudemans-van Straaten
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: A low bioelectrical impedance analysis (BIA)-derived phase angle (PA) predicts morbidity and mortality in different patient groups. An association between PA and long-term mortality in ICU patients has not been demonstrated before. The purpose of the present study was to determine whether PA on ICU admission independently predicts 90-day mortality. SUBJECTS/ METHODS: This prospective observational study was performed in a mixed university ICU...
May 11, 2018: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29695763/phase-angle-and-mortality-a-systematic-review
#17
REVIEW
Luíza M Garlini, Fernanda D Alves, Luciane B Ceretta, Ingrid S Perry, Gabriela C Souza, Nadine O Clausell
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: The phase angle, expressed through bioelectrical impedance, has been studied as a prognostic marker in several health conditions. As this issue is still conflicting, the question whether this parameter correlates with mortality in the most diverse clinical situations remains. Therefore, this study aimed to evaluate the relationship between phase angle and mortality through a systematic review of the literature. SUBJECTS/METHODS: This research was conducted in electronic databases (Pubmed, Embase, Cochrane, Lilacs, Scielo, e Scopus), and included studies that had phase angle as a variable of interest and mortality/survival as an outcome...
April 26, 2018: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29695762/prevalence-of-under-and-over-weight-in-children-with-neurodisability-using-body-composition-measures
#18
Stefanie Zhao Lin Lip, Anna Chillingworth, Charlotte M Wright
We aimed to compare rates of under and overweight in children with different neurodevelopmental disorders (NDD) by measuring weight, height/length, arm-to-leg bioelectrical impedance (BIA) and subscapular and triceps skinfolds in 146 children aged 4-16 years attending special schools. Z scores were calculated and skinfolds and lean mass Z scores were further adjusted for height. Underweight was found in 9% (14) children (body mass index (BMI) < 2nd) but only 3% (4) had skinfolds <5th centile. Overweight was much commoner, with 41% (58) children having BMI > 95th and 20% (14) had skinfolds >95th centile...
April 26, 2018: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29691489/the-relationship-between-yogurt-consumption-body-weight-and-metabolic-profiles-in-youth-with-a-familial-predisposition-to-obesity
#19
Shirin Panahi, Annette Gallant, Angelo Tremblay, Louis Pérusse, Jean-Pierre Després, Vicky Drapeau
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: This study examined the relationship between yogurt consumption, family history of obesity (FHO), and health determinants. SUBJECTS/METHODS: Youth (n = 198; mean age: 20 ± 0.5 years) from the Québec Family Study were first classified based on their FHO, defined as the presence or absence of at least one obese (BMI ≥30 kg/m2 ) parent [with FHO (FHO+; n = 112) or without FHO (FHO-; n = 86)] and then on their yogurt consumption [yogurt consumers (YC+) n = 61 or non-consumers (YC-) n = 137]...
April 25, 2018: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29691488/eating-away-from-home-a-risk-factor-for-overweight-in-children
#20
Aristides M Machado-Rodrigues, Augusta Gama, Isabel Mourão, Helena Nogueira, Vítor Rosado-Marques, Cristina Padez
The present study examined the association between childhood overweight, children's meals and eating out in three types of restaurants (traditional Portuguese food restaurant, fast-food restaurant and snack bar). A representative sample of Portuguese children (5706 boys; 5950 girls aged 6-11 years) was used for this analysis and an ethnographic study with 233 interviews of the owners of snack bars in Coimbra (Portugal). Weight and height were measured (body mass index was consequently calculated). A familial and nutritional questionnaire was filled out by parents...
April 25, 2018: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
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