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European Journal of Clinical Nutrition

Marlene Wewalka, Andreas Drolz, Berit Seeland, Mathias Schneeweiss, Monika Schmid, Bruno Schneeweiss, Christian Zauner
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Hyperglycemia is common in critically ill patients and associated with increased mortality. It has been suggested that different nutrition formulas may beneficially influence glucose levels in surgical intensive care patients. In this prospective randomized clinical cohort study we investigated glucose homeostasis in response to different enteral nutrition formulas in medical critically ill patients. SUBJECTS/METHODS: 60 medical critically ill patients were randomized to receive continuous fat-based (group A, n = 30) or glucose-based enteral nutrition (group B, n = 30) for seven days...
February 19, 2018: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Matthieu Maillot, Juliette Sondey, Véronique Braesco, Nicole Darmon
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: We aimed to validate the simplified nutrient profiling system (SENS) algorithm based on its ability to rank foods across the four SENS classes in relation to overall nutritional quality of both observed diets and nutritionally optimized diets. SUBJECTS/METHODS: Foods and beverages from the French nutritional composition database were classified according to SENS. Diets consumed by French adults in the latest national dietary survey (>19 years, n = 1719) were divided into four nutritional quality levels, and average daily frequencies (number of portions per day) of foods from the four SENS classes were compared between the four levels...
February 19, 2018: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
C D van Ginkel, G N van der Meulen, E Bak, B M J Flokstra-de Blok, B J Kollen, G H Koppelman, A E J Dubois
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Human breast milk is generally regarded as the best nutrition for infants in their first months of life. Whether breastfeeding has a protective effect on food allergy is a point of debate and the subject of this study. SUBJECTS/METHODS: This retrospective study was conducted in 649 children who underwent a double-blind placebo-controlled food challenge (DBPCFC) as part of routine care in a tertiary care clinic. Food allergy was defined as having at least one positive DBPCFC to any food...
February 19, 2018: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Zhi-Yong Yang, Jing-Jing Wei, Ze-Hao Zhuang, Jun Zhang, Ya-Ting Xu, Xiao-Hua Huang
Direct percutaneous endoscopic jejunostomy (DPEJ) is a useful method for the establishment of enteral nutrition (EN) pathway. However, the identification of stomal puncture points for DPEJ is difficult. Here we present a case treated with an improved technique for DPEJ puncture-point localization, which was named DPEJ with balloon-assisted ultrasonic localization (DPEJ-BAUL). There were four steps after insertion of an endoscope into the jejunum: (1) a balloon dilatation catheter was inserted through the endoscope working channel; (2) the balloon was fully filled with water; (3) the site of puncture was selected with an ultrasonic probe percutaneously locating the water-filled balloon; and (4) a jejunostomy tube was placed by introducer technique...
February 19, 2018: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Soo Young Lee, Mi Ran Jung, Chang Hyun Kim, Young Jin Kim, Hyeong Rok Kim
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Nutritional risk screening (NRS) score has been reported as a predictor of postoperative outcomes in patients undergoing abdominal surgery, although the correlation between NRS and anastomotic leakage (AL) after rectal cancer surgery is uncertain. This study aimed to evaluate the association between NRS score and AL following rectal cancer surgery. SUBJECT/METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed data of rectal cancer patients from a tertiary referral center in South Korea, and included 1063 patients with primary rectal cancer who underwent sphincter-preserving surgery between January 2011 and December 2015...
February 19, 2018: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Sumedha Minocha, Tinku Thomas, Anura V Kurpad
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Fruits and vegetables are integral parts of a healthy diet. This study evaluated the quantity and diversity of the fruit and vegetable intake in India, with a focus on its distribution across sectors and wealth quintiles. SUBJECTS/METHODS: A secondary data analysis on the nation-wide NSSO Household Consumer Expenditure Survey 2011-2012 was performed to estimate the amount (g/capita/day) and diversity of household intake of fruits and vegetables in the rural and the urban sectors of India...
February 19, 2018: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Andrea S Wiley, Suyog M Joshi, Himangi G Lubree, Dattatray S Bhat, Neelam S Memane, Deepa A Raut, Chittaranjan S Yajnik
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: To ascertain associations between plasma insulin-like growth factor I (IGF-I), insulin-like growth factor-binding protein 3 (IGFBP-3) and their molar ratio at 2 y with neonatal size, infant growth, body composition at 2 y, and feeding practices in an Indian cohort. SUBJECTS/METHODS: A cohort of 209 newborns, with 122 followed at 2 y. Anthropometry was conducted at birth and 2 y. IGF-I and IGFBP-3 concentrations were measured in cord blood and at 2 y...
February 16, 2018: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Theocharis Koufakis, Spyridon N Karras, Pantelis Zebekakis, Kalliopi Kotsa
Previous studies have reported inconclusive results regarding the effects of Orthodox religious fasting (OF) on common cardiovascular risk factors, including arterial hypertension and diabetes. Contrariwise, an optimal effect on dyslipidemia has been demonstrated and significant reductions in total cholesterol (TC) and low-density lipoprotein-cholesterol (LDL-C) concentrations, in Orthodox populations without comorbidities, have been consistently reported. This favorable effect on lipid homeostasis is probably facilitated by a broad lifestyle modification related to OF, extended beyond dietary habits...
February 16, 2018: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Kohei Ogawa, Naho Morisaki, Minatsu Kobayashi, Seung Chik Jwa, Yukako Tani, Haruhiko Sago, Reiko Horikawa, Takeo Fujiwara
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Vegetable intake during childhood may reduce the risk of subsequent asthma. We verified the effect of maternal intake during pregnancy on asthma risk in offspring, which has rarely been studied. SUBJECTS/METHODS: In a hospital-based birth cohort study conducted in Tokyo, we administered a food frequency questionnaire at two periods during the respondents' pregnancy: early and mid to late periods. In addition, a questionnaire including the International Study of Asthma and Allergies in Childhood questionnaire was conducted when the offspring were 2 years old...
February 12, 2018: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Rolf Jorde, Guri Grimnes
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: In observational, but not interventional, studies there are strong associations between serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25(OH)D) and serum lipids. The purpose of the present study was to examine potential causes of this association. SUBJECTS/METHODS: A total of 17,411 subjects participating in the seventh survey of the Tromsø Study were included in the cross-sectional study; 5384 subjects who participated in both the sixth and seventh survey were included in the longitudinal study; 2365 subjects who participated in both the fourth and seventh survey were included in the genetic study; and 479 subjects with impaired glucose tolerance were included in the vitamin D binding protein (DBP) analyses...
February 12, 2018: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Roslyn C Tarrant, Joseph M Queally, David P Moore, Patrick J Kiely
Comparatively lower body mass index (BMI) has been reported in patients with adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS)-a feature which may be an unrecognised symptom, or an organic consequence of the condition. The primary aim of this systematic review is to investigate the relationship between low BMI and AIS. A secondary aim is to investigate the effect of low BMI on outcomes of postsurgical correction in this patient group. The Cochrane Library, PubMed, SCOPUS, Web of Science and Ovid MEDLINE databases were searched up to December 2016 for relevant studies that reported prevalence of low preoperative BMI in patients with AIS and/or compared BMI between patients with AIS and healthy controls, as well as those that examined the relationship between low BMI and postoperative outcomes...
February 12, 2018: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Thaynã Ramos Flores, Gregore Iven Mielke, Andrea Wendt, Bruno P Nunes, Andréa Dâmaso Bertoldi
Recent studies have identified a relationship between maternal body mass index during prepregnancy (BMI) and exclusive breastfeeding (EBF), which is less common among mothers with higher BMI. The purpose of this literature review is to provide a pooled effect for the association between maternal excess weight during prepregnancy and cessation of exclusive breastfeeding. A systematic review was performed using articles present in six databases (PubMed, Scopus, Web off Science, Science direct, CINAHL and LILACS) published till February 2017...
February 12, 2018: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Annette Aigner, Heiko Becher, Simone Jacobs, Lynne R Wilkens, Carol J Boushey, Loic Le Marchand, Christopher A Haiman, Gertraud Maskarinec
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Several diets, e.g., those low in fruits/vegetables, high in sodium, and red/processed meat, have been related to a higher stroke risk. We investigated stroke mortality associated with a priori diet-quality indices in the Multiethnic Cohort study. SUBJECTS/METHODS: Based on 172,043 observations including 3548 stroke deaths, we investigated the Healthy Eating Index-2010 (HEI-2010), the Alternative HEI-2010, the alternate Mediterranean diet score, and the Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension index in relation to stroke mortality...
February 9, 2018: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Aihua Jia, Shaoyong Xu, Jie Ming, Ying Xing, Jianhua Guo, Mingwei Zhao, Li Zhang, Qiuhe Ji
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: The direct assessment of body fat (BF) by using simple methods might be an alternative index of obesity. We aim to investigate the optimal cutoffs of the %BF relating to metabolic disorders and cardiovascular risks in China. SUBJECTS/METHODS: The data were from the 2007-2008 China National Diabetes and Metabolic Disorders Study. Participants with age of 20-75 years and with a BF measurement record were included. The %BF was measured using a foot-to-foot bioelectrical impedance analysis...
February 6, 2018: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Sofia Bouhlal, Leah R Abrams, Colleen M McBride, Susan Persky
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: To explore whether mothers' lifetime experiences with their own weight status and related cognitive and affective factors influence child feeding behavior. SUBJECTS/METHODS: Overweight mothers (N = 221) of 4-5 year olds recalled their weight at four time points, and were grouped into weight history trajectories: recently overweight, always overweight, and steady-gain-obese. Objective food choice behavior was assessed in a virtual reality buffet and subjective food restriction for the index child was assessed using a psychometric measure...
February 6, 2018: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Nina Rica Wium Geiker, Louise L Toennesen, Arne Astrup, Vibeke Backer
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: EFFORT Asthma study is a randomized controlled trial designed to assess the effects of diet and exercise in non-obese, untrained patients with asthma. We here present results from a subgroup of participants in the diet and control group to assess the feasibility of a high protein and low glycemic index (GI) diet and the effects on body composition. SUBJECTS/METHODS: Of the 149 subjects who were included in the study, 76 subjects (30 males) were randomized into either a diet group (n = 38) or a control group (n = 38) and included in the present analysis...
February 6, 2018: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Chittaranjan S Yajnik
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 6, 2018: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Florent Vieux, Marlene Perignon, Rozenn Gazan, Nicole Darmon
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: It is not known whether dietary changes able to simultaneously achieve nutritional adequacy and reduce diet-related greenhouse gas emissions (GHGE) are similar across Europe when cultural and gender specificities are taken into account. SUBJECTS/METHODS: Starting from each mean observed diet in five European countries (France, UK, Italy, Finland, and Sweden) and for each gender, nutritionally adequate diets departing the least from observed diet were designed with linear programming by applying stepwise 10% GHGE reductions...
February 5, 2018: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
D R Mager, M W Carroll, E Wine, K Siminoski, K MacDonald, C L Kluthe, P Medvedev, M Chen, J Wu, J M Turner, H Q Huynh
Suboptimal vitamin D (vitD) status and reduced lean body mass are highly prevalent in pediatric inflammatory bowel diseases (IBD). The study objective was to determine sarcopenia prevalence and associations with vitD status in newly diagnosed pediatric IBD. Children with Crohn's disease (CD; n = 58) and ulcerative colitis (UC; n = 27) were included. Primary outcomes included body composition (total/regional/percent fat mass (FM), fat-free mass (FFM), skeletal muscle mass (SMM)), and vitD status (serum 25(OH)D)...
February 1, 2018: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Imane El Harchaoui, Asmaa El Hamdouchi, Issad Baddou, Imane El Menchawy, Kaoutar Benjeddou, Naima Saeid, Hakim Belghiti, Mohammed El Mzibri, Khalid El Kari, Hassan Aguenaou
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Estimating body composition using bioelectric impedance analysis (BIA) requires specific prediction equations. The purpose of our study was to examine the validity of published BIA equations for assessing total body water (TBW) and fat-free mass (FFM) using deuterium oxide dilution (D2O) as a reference method and to develop new FFM and TBW BIA equations if needed for Moroccan pre-pubertal children. SUBJECTS/METHODS: Data were collected from 247 schoolchildren aged 8-11 years old...
February 1, 2018: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
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