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European Journal of Clinical Nutrition

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812579/reproducibility-and-relative-validity-of-a-food-frequency-questionnaire-to-estimate-intake-of-dietary-phylloquinone-and-menaquinones
#1
S R Zwakenberg, A I P Engelen, G W Dalmeijer, S L Booth, C Vermeer, J J M M Drijvers, M C Ocke, E J M Feskens, Y T van der Schouw, J W J Beulens
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: This study aims to investigate the reproducibility and relative validity of the Dutch food frequency questionnaire (FFQ), to estimate intake of dietary phylloquinone and menaquinones compared with 24-h dietary recalls (24HDRs) and plasma markers of vitamin K status. SUBJECTS/METHODS: In a cross-sectional study among 63 men and 58 women, the FFQ was completed three times over a 1-year period and the reproducibility was calculated over these measurements...
August 16, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812578/throw-caution-to-the-wind-is-refeeding-syndrome-really-a-cause-of-death-in-acute-care
#2
K L Matthews, S M Capra, M A Palmer
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Refeeding syndrome (RFS), a life-threatening medical condition, is commonly associated with acute or chronic starvation. While the prevalence of patients at risk of RFS in hospital reportedly ranges from 0 to 80%, the prevalence and types of patients who die as a result of RFS is unknown. We aimed to measure the prevalence rate and examine the case histories of patients who passed away with RFS listed as a cause of death. SUBJECTS/METHODS: Patients were eligible for inclusion provided their death occurred within a Queensland hospital...
August 16, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812577/a-professional-life-in-nutrition-sciences-and-training
#3
J Hautvast
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 16, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812576/docosahexaenoic-acid-enrichment-in-nafld-is-associated-with-improvements-in-hepatic-metabolism-and-hepatic-insulin-sensitivity-a-pilot-study
#4
L Hodson, L Bhatia, E Scorletti, D E Smith, N C Jackson, F Shojaee-Moradie, M Umpleby, P C Calder, C D Byrne
This corrects the article DOI: 10.1038/ejcn.2017.9.
August 16, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812575/response-to-challenge-in-interpretation-of-mendelian-randomization-studies-using-lactase-persistence-as-instrumental-variable
#5
Q Yang, C M Schooling
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 16, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812574/challenge-in-interpretation-of-mendelian-randomization-studies-using-lactase-persistence-as-instrumental-variable
#6
L E T Vissers, Y T van der Schouw, I Sluijs
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 16, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812573/adjusting-diet-outcome-associations-for-random-error-comparison-of-associations-based-on-observed-and-estimated-usual-intakes
#7
E Verly-Jr, R Sichieri, V T Baltar
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: To compare linear regression coefficients adjusted for random errors with true coefficients. SUBJECTS/METHODS: Three hundred and two individuals from the city of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil answered 20 non-consecutive 24-hr. Means of 20 24-hr were used as an approximation of the usual dietary intakes. It was simulated outcomes with pre-defined linear regression coefficient (β=1.0, referred as 'true coefficient') for usual coffee and soft-drink intakes as explanatory variables controlled for sex and age...
August 16, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28792014/applicability-of-the-direct-parameters-of-bioelectrical-impedance-in-assessing-nutritional-status-and-surgical-complications-of-women-with-gynecological-cancer
#8
I C R Cardoso, M A Aredes, G V Chaves
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Bioelectrical impedance vector analysis (BIVA) has been considered a promising technique in monitoring the nutritional and hydration status of patients with different types of diseases. The aim of this study was to assess the nutritional status provided by direct parameters of bioelectrical impedance analysis (BIA), BIVA and phase angle (PA), in patients with cervical and endometrial cancer undergoing surgical treatment, associating to other parameters of nutritional status and surgical outcomes...
August 9, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28792013/a-summary-of-meat-intakes-and-health-burdens
#9
REVIEW
C S C Yip, W Lam, R Fielding
This review summarizes published meta-analysis outcomes on the associations between meat intakes and burden of diseases. A novel assessment process was developed, combining selected Cochrane Review measures, AMSTAR checklist, and other quality measures identified by authors during preliminary phases of the review process. Meat intakes have been found to be statistically significant associated with 21 burden of diseases. A total of 37 risk-outcome best dose-response estimations were identified, all were positively associated, and 21 of them with low to moderate, or insignificant heterogeneity...
August 9, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28792012/response-to-the-importance-of-nuance-in-statements-about-methods-for-human-energy-expenditure-estimation-that-use-motion-sensors
#10
L B Sardinha, P B Júdice
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 9, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28745335/to-vegan-or-not-to-vegan-when-pregnant-lactating-or-feeding-young-children
#11
R Pawlak
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 26, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28745334/evaluation-of-the-wrist-worn-actigraph-wgt3x-bt-for-estimating-activity-energy-expenditure-in-preschool-children
#12
C Delisle Nyström, J Pomeroy, P Henriksson, E Forsum, F B Ortega, R Maddison, J H Migueles, M Löf
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Easy-to-use and accurate methods to assess free-living activity energy expenditure (AEE) in preschool children are required. The aims of this study in healthy preschool children were to (a) evaluate the ability of the wrist-worn ActiGraph wGT3x-BT to predict free-living AEE and (b) assess wear compliance using a 7-day, 24-h protocol. SUBJECTS/METHODS: Participants were 40 Swedish children (5.5±0.2 years) in the Mobile-based intervention intended to stop obesity in preschoolers (MINISTOP) obesity prevention trial...
July 26, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28745333/breakfast-quality-and-cardiometabolic-risk-profiles-in-an-upper-middle-aged-german-population
#13
K Iqbal, L Schwingshackl, M Gottschald, S Knüppel, M Stelmach-Mardas, K Aleksandrova, H Boeing
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Little is known about relation of overall breakfast quality with cardiometabolic risk factors. Therefore, this study aimed to explore sex-specific associations between breakfast quality and cardiometabolic risk profiles in a sample of an upper middle-aged German population. SUBJECTS/METHODS: Cardiometabolic profiles of 339 men and 329 women were cross-sectionally assessed using an overall biomarker score (BScore), glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c), high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C), low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C), triglycerides (TG), blood pressure, body mass index (BMI) and waist circumference (WC)...
July 26, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28722030/therapeutic-lifestyle-change-diet-enriched-in-legumes-reduces-oxidative-stress-in-overweight-type-2-diabetic-patients-a-crossover-randomised-clinical-trial
#14
P Mirmiran, S Hosseinpour-Niazi, F Azizi
The objective of this study was to investigate whether a diet rich in legumes are associated with oxidative stress among type 2 diabetic patients. In a randomized, controlled, crossover clinical trial, 31 type 2 diabetic patients were randomly assigned to receive 2 diets, each for a period of 8 weeks: (1) The legume-free therapeutic lifestyle change (TLC) diet and (2) the legume-based TLC diet. Both diets were similar except that 2 servings of red meat were replaced by different types of legumes 3 days per week in the legume-based TLC diet...
July 19, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28722029/effects-of-procedure-upright-equilibrium-time-sex-and-bmi-on-the-precision-of-body-fluid-measurements-using-bioelectrical-impedance-analysis
#15
S Thurlow, G Taylor-Covill, P Sahota, B Oldroyd, K Hind
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Extensive work has addressed the validity of bioimpedance (BIA) measurements and the effect of posture on fluid homeostasis. However, limited research has investigated effects of subject preparation. This study aimed to determine the precision of total body water (TBW) and extracellular water (ECW) measurements using a stand-on multifrequency BIA (MFBIA seca mBCA 514/515), in three pre-test procedures: supine, sitting, and following walking, with specific reference to the influence of sex and body mass index (BMI)...
July 19, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28722028/fat-free-mass-depletion-in-patients-with-copd-in-brazil-development-of-a-new-cutoff-point-and-its-relation-with-mortality-and-extrapulmonary-manifestations
#16
A Travassos, A Rodrigues, K C Furlanetto, L Donária, G W Bisca, A G Nellessen, F Pitta, N A Hernandes
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: None of the cutoff points for fat-free mass index (FFMI) were tested for the Brazilian population, and it is unknown whether the available ones are able to discriminate extrapulmonary disease manifestations. This cross-sectional study aims to develop and validate a cutoff point for FFM depletion based on Brazilian patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and to verify its association and of previously published cutoffs with extrapulmonary manifestations...
July 19, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28699630/prevalence-and-clinical-correlation-of-dysphagia-in-parkinson-disease-a-study-on-chinese-patients
#17
X Ding, J Gao, C Xie, B Xiong, S Wu, Z Cen, Y Lou, D Lou, F Xie, W Luo
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Dysphagia is relatively common in patients with Parkinson disease (PD) and can have a negative impact on their quality of life; therefore, it is imperative that its prevalence in PD patients is studied. The aim of this study was to explore the prevalence and clinical correlation of dysphagia in Chinese PD patients. SUBJECTS/METHODS: We recruited 116 Chinese PD patients. A videofluoroscopic study of swallowing (VFSS) was used to identify dysphagia...
July 12, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28699629/dietary-intake-of-antioxidant-vitamins-and-risk-of-stroke-the-japan-public-health-center-based-prospective-study
#18
S Uesugi, J Ishihara, H Iso, N Sawada, R Takachi, M Inoue, S Tsugane
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Epidemiologic evidence on the relationship between antioxidant vitamin intake and stroke is limited. We aimed to investigate the association between dietary intake of antioxidant vitamins and the incidence of total stroke and ischemic stroke. SUBJECTS/METHODS: The subjects were 82 044 Japanese men and women aged 45-74 years under the Japan Public Health Center-based Prospective Cohort Study. Between 1995 and 1997, dietary assessment was done using a food frequency questionnaire...
July 12, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28699628/the-effects-of-partial-sleep-restriction-and-altered-sleep-timing-on-olfactory-performance
#19
J McNeil, G Forest, L J Hintze, J-F Brunet, É Doucet
Olfaction can increase the drive to eat and may partially explain the consistent increases in energy intake (EI) following sleep restriction. We investigated the effects of 50% sleep restriction with altered sleep timing on olfactory performance. We also evaluated whether changes (Δ) in olfactory performance were associated with Δ24 h EI. Twelve men and six women (age: 23±4 years; BMI: 23±3 kg/m(2)) completed three randomized cross-over conditions: habitual sleep duration, 50% sleep restriction with advanced wake-time, and 50% sleep restriction with delayed bedtime...
July 12, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28656974/leisure-time-sedentary-behavior-physical-activity-and-frequency-of-protein-consumption-on-lower-extremity-strength-and-lean-mass
#20
P D Loprinzi, J P Loenneke, D L Hamilton
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the independent and combined associations of moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA), leisure time sedentary behavior and daily protein consumption on lower extremity muscular strength and lean mass. SUBJECTS/METHODS: Data from the 1999-2002 NHANES were utilized (N=1080 adults 50-85 y). Leg lean mass was estimated from dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry scans. Knee extensor strength was assessed objectively using the Kin Com MP dynamometer...
June 28, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
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