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European Journal of Clinical Nutrition

Tiina Mattila, Tuula Vasankari, Harri Rissanen, Paul Knekt, Laura Sares-Jäske, Tuija Jääskeläinen, Markku Heliövaara
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and low vitamin D status predict mortality, but their combined effect on mortality remains inconclusive. We aimed to investigate a joint effect of airway obstruction and vitamin D status on mortality in a nationally representative cohort. METHODS: We analysed data of 6676 Finnish adults participating between 1978 and 1980 in a national health examination survey, undergoing spirometry and having all necessary data collected...
September 13, 2018: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Steven B Heymsfield
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 12, 2018: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Mariel Arvizu, Myriam C Afeiche, Susanne Hansen, Thorhallur F Halldorsson, Sjurdur F Olsen, Jorge E Chavarro
BACKGROUND: Previous studies suggest that eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA), docosahexaenoic acid (DHA), and alpha-linolenic acid (ALA), may decrease the risk of preeclampsia, but many suffer from important methodological limitations. METHODS: We prospectively examined the association between fat intake during pregnancy and preeclampsia and among 65,220 singleton pregnancies in the Danish National Birth Cohort (1996-2002). Women were asked to report their diet around gestation week 20 with a food frequency questionnaire...
September 7, 2018: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Elizabeth M Widen, Irene Tsai, Shalean M Collins, Pauline Wekesa, Joy China, Natalie Krumdieck, Joshua D Miller, Sheri D Weiser, Maricianah Onono, Sera L Young
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Body composition changes markedly during reproduction. In sub-Saharan Africa, impacts of HIV infection on body composition across pregnancy and lactation in the context of Option B+ antiretroviral therapy are unknown. Therefore, we sought to evaluate the role of HIV infection on body composition during pregnancy and lactation among Kenyan women. SUBJECTS/METHODS: A cohort of pregnant women (n = 333; 50.5% HIV+, receiving ART) were enrolled at seven clinics in western Kenya...
September 5, 2018: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Bruna Yhang da Costa Silva, Helena Alves de Carvalho Sampaio, Nitin Shivappa, James R Hebert, Larissa da Silva Albuquerque, Antônio Augusto Ferreira Carioca, José Artur Costa D'Almeida, Carla Soraya Costa Maia, Maria Luisa Pereira de Melo
OBJECTIVES: This study aims at analyzing the association between the Dietary Inflammatory Index (DII) and the clinical condition of multiple sclerosis (MS) patients. METHODS: It is a quantitative, cross-sectional analytical study that included 137 MS patients assisted at a reference center for MS treatment in the Brazilian northeast. Data was collated through a structured questionnaire and medical records consultation, also involving demographic, clinical, and nutritional variables...
September 3, 2018: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Nicholas Hutchings, Irina Tovmasyan, Marine Hovsepyan, Mushegh Qefoyan, Sisak Baghdasaryan, John P Bilezikian
BACKGROUND: Neonatal thyrotropin (TSH) is influenced not only by the infant's own thyroid function, but also by maternal thyroid status, and can thus provide a general index of thyroid health in the community. METHODS: In 2012, the Republic of Armenia implemented a program of universal neonatal hypothyroidism screening by means of measuring the serum TSH level. The Arabkir Medical Center in Yerevan, Armenia, has maintained records of neonatal TSH screening data comprising nearly 100% of all births in Armenia from 2012 through 2016...
August 31, 2018: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Demosthenes B Panagiotakos, Georgia-Maria Kouli, Emmanuela Magriplis, Ioannis Kyrou, Ekavi N Georgousopoulou, Christina Chrysohoou, Constantine Tsigos, Dimitrios Tousoulis, Christos Pitsavos
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Low/moderate alcohol consumption seems to be protective against cardiovascular disease (CVD). This study aimed to investigate the association of wine/beer consumption with the 10-year CVD incidence. SUBJECTS/METHODS: During 2001-2002, 3042 CVD-free adults consented to participate in the ATTICA study; of them 2583 completed the 10-year follow-up (85% participation rate), but precise information about fatal/nonfatal CVD incidence (myocardial infarction, angina pectoris, cardiac ischemia, heart failure, chronic arrhythmias, and stroke) was available in 2020 participants (overall retention rate 66%)...
August 30, 2018: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
M Hermanussen, M Bilogub, A C Lindl, D Harper, L Mansukoski, C Scheffler
BACKGROUND: In view of the ongoing debate on "chronic malnutrition" and the concept of "stunting" as "a better measure than underweight of the cumulative effects of undernutrition and infection (WHO)", we translate, briefly comment and re-publish three seminal historic papers on catch-up growth following re-feeding after severe food restriction of German children during and after World War I. The observations were published in 1920 and 1922, and appear to be of particular interest to the modern nutritionist...
August 30, 2018: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Jessica N Kuzma, Gail Cromer, Derek K Hagman, Kara L Breymeyer, Christian L Roth, Karen E Foster-Schubert, Sarah E Holte, David S Weigle, Mario Kratz
Fructose-, compared to glucose-, sweetened beverages increase liver triglyceride content in the short-term, prior to weight gain. In secondary analyses of a randomized cross-over design study during which 24 healthy adults consumed 25% of their estimated energy requirement in the form of glucose-, fructose-, and high-fructose corn syrup-sweetened beverages in addition to an identical ad libitum diet for three periods of 8 days each, we investigated the hypothesis that fructose in sweetened beverages also triggers insulin resistance in the short term...
August 30, 2018: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Jonathan C K Wells, Jane E Williams, Rina Y Quek, Mary S Fewtrell
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Bio-electrical impedance (BI) analysis is a simple body composition method ideal for children. However, its utility in sick or malnourished children is complicated by variability in hydration. BI vector analysis (BIVA) potentially resolves this, using a theoretical model that differentiates hydration from cell mass. We tested this model against reference methods in healthy children varying widely in age and nutritional status. SUBJECTS/METHODS: We compiled body composition data from 291 children and adolescents (50% male) aged 4-20 years of European ancestry...
August 30, 2018: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Andrew Warrilow, Duane Mellor, Andrew McKune, Kate Pumpa
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Humans appear to have innate energy regulation mechanisms that manifest in sensations of satiation during a meal and satiety post ingestion. Interactions between these mechanisms and the macronutrient profile of their contemporary food environment could be responsible for the dysregulation of this mechanism, resulting in a higher energy intake. The aim of this systematic review was to determine the impact of dietary fibre and fat both in isolation and combination on satiation and satiety...
August 30, 2018: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Jonathan C K Wells, Delan Devakumar, Dharma S Manandhar, Naomi Saville, S S Chaube, A Costello, David Osrin
BACKGROUND: Stunting remains a very common form of child malnutrition worldwide, particularly in South Asian populations. There is poor understanding of how it develops and how it is associated with subsequent phenotype. SUBJECTS/METHODS: We used data from a longitudinal cohort of children (n = 841) in lowland Nepal to investigate associations of stunting at 2 years with maternal traits and early growth patterns, and with body size and composition, kidney dimensions by ultrasound, lung function by spirometry and blood pressure (BP) at 8 years...
August 28, 2018: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Carolina Araújo Dos Santos, Andréia Queiroz Ribeiro, Carla de Oliveira Barbosa Rosa, Vânia Eloisa de Araújo, Sylvia do Carmo Castro Franceschini
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVE: The nutritional risk in hospitalized children and adolescents is a frequent and under-diagnosed reality. There is still no consensus regarding the best nutritional screening method in pediatrics, with StrongKids being one of the existing proposals. A systematic review was performed to evaluate the scientific evidence about StrongKids, with emphasis on the world frequency of nutritional risk, associations of interest in health, validation and reproducibility studies...
August 28, 2018: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Jeroen L A van Vugt, Yordi van Putten, Irma M van der Kall, Stefan Buettner, Frank C H D'Ancona, Helena M Dekker, Hendrikus J A N Kimenai, Ron W F de Bruin, Michiel C Warlé, Jan N M IJzermans
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Currently, there are no widely accepted cut-off points to categorize patients as sarcopenic (low skeletal muscle mass) or myosteatotic based on computed tomography (CT) measurements. Moreover, little is known about skeletal muscle mass in healthy subjects, particularly in a Western-European population. SUBJECTS/METHODS: Skeletal muscle mass (skeletal muscle index, cm2 /m2 ) and density (Hounsfield units, HU) at the level of the third lumbar vertebra were measured on contrast-enhanced CT images in live kidney donors with an age range of 18-86 years, who may be considered as healthy subjects, from 2010 to 2015...
August 24, 2018: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Fei-Lin Su, Chung-Hao Li, Yin-Fan Chang, Jin-Shang Wu, Chih-Jen Chang, Feng-Hwa Lu, Yi-Ching Yang
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: The aim of the present study was to investigate the relationship between tea drinking and gallstones, specifically to evaluate the amount and time of tea consumption by gender. SUBJECTS/METHODS: A total of 14,555 eligible adults receiving health examinations were included. The participants were divided into three subgroups with tea consumption of none, <240/day and ≥240 ml/day. We defined 120 ml for each traditional Chinese teapot as a "cup," and the variable "cup-year" was obtained by multiplying the cups per day by the years of tea consumption...
August 22, 2018: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Dorian N Dijxhoorn, Vera E IJmker-Hemink, Geert J A Wanten, Manon G A van den Berg
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Additional strategies should be applied to optimize hospital food services, in order to increase the number of patients with adequate protein intake at mealtimes. Therefore, we aim to specify the differences in protein intake per mealtime between the traditional three meals a day food service (TMS) and a novel six times a day food service containing protein-rich food items, FoodforCare (FfC). SUBJECTS/METHODS: This was a post-hoc analysis of a prospective cohort study comparing the TMS (July 2015 - May 2016; n = 326) to FfC (January 2016 - December 2016; n = 311) in adult hospitalized patients...
August 22, 2018: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Doo Woong Lee, Dong-Woo Choi, Yeong Jun Ju, Sang Ah Lee, Eun-Cheol Park
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: This study investigated the association between frequency of having breakfast and dyslipidemia in South Korean adults aged 30 or over. SUBJECTS/METHODS: This study, including 10,874 participants, was based on the Seventh Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey conducted between 2013 and 2016. Using multiple logistic regression analysis, we examined the associations between frequency of having breakfast (and other covariates) and dyslipidemia in men and women...
August 21, 2018: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Nafiseh Khandouzi, Ali Zahedmehr, Ali Mohammadzadeh, Hamid Reza Sanati, Javad Nasrollahzadeh
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVE: Available data indicate a possible beneficial effect of flaxseed on cardiovascular disease, but limited studies have evaluated the effects of flaxseed on endothelial dysfunction and biomarkers of inflammation in patients with coronary artery disease (CAD). The purpose of the present study was to examine the effect of flaxseed consumption on flow-mediated dilation (FMD) and inflammatory markers in CAD patients. SUBJECTS/METHOD: In this randomized controlled parallel trial, 50 patients with CAD of both genders were randomly allocated to 12 weeks consumption of flaxseed (30 g/day) or usual care control...
August 20, 2018: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Yiting Zhang, Lei Jin, Jian-Meng Liu, Rongwei Ye, Aiguo Ren
OBJECTIVE: To examine the association between haemoglobin (Hb) concentrations in mothers before and during pregnancy and those in children at 3-5 years of age. METHODS: The study included 78,923 women who conceived during 1993-1996 and delivered a singleton live infant. Maternal Hb concentrations were measured at pre-pregnancy health check-up and first prenatal visit, and during the second and third trimester. Hb concentrations of children born to these women were measured at 3-5 years of age...
August 17, 2018: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Daniela Schneid Schuh, Idris Guessous, Jean-Michel Gaspoz, Jean-Marc Theler, Pedro Marques-Vidal
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: A healthy diet is the cornerstone of disease prevention, and dietary guidelines have been issued in most countries. We aimed to assess trends in compliance with dietary guidelines in the population of Geneva, Switzerland. METHODS: Multiple cross-sectional, population-based surveys conducted between 1993 and 2016 in the canton of Geneva, Switzerland [20,310 participants (52.3% women, mean age 51.9 ± 10.7 years)]. Trends in compliance with the Swiss dietary guidelines regarding food intake were assessed using logistic regression (a) for each guideline and (b) for at least three guidelines...
August 16, 2018: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
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