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European Journal of Clinical Nutrition

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28513625/diagnostic-criteria-for-diabetes-in-china-are-we-pushing-too-much-beyond-evidence
#1
X Ma, Y-L Zhang, Q Ji, Y Xing, H Pan, S Chen, J-L Tang, S Zhu
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 17, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28513624/type-2-diabetes-mellitus-in-malaysia-current-trends-and-risk-factors
#2
REVIEW
E-S Tee, R W K Yap
This review discussed the prevalence of diabetes mellitus (DM) in Malaysia and the associated major risk factors, namely overweight/obesity, dietary practices and physical activity in both adults and school children. Detailed analyses of such information will provide crucial information for the formulation and implementation of programmes for the control and prevention of T2DM in the country. National studies from 1996-2015, and other recent nation-wide studies were referred to. The current prevalence of DM in 2015 is 17...
May 17, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28513623/prevalence-of-malnutrition-in-a-cohort-of-509-patients-with-acute-hip-fracture-the-importance-of-a-comprehensive-assessment
#3
M Díaz de Bustamante, T Alarcón, R Menéndez-Colino, R Ramírez-Martín, Á Otero, J I González-Montalvo
Backgrounds/objectives:Malnutrition is very common in acute hip fracture (HF) patients. Studies differ widely in their findings, with reported prevalences between 31 and 88% mainly because of small sample sizes and the use of different criteria. The aim of this study was to learn the prevalence of malnutrition in a large cohort of HF patients in an comprehensive way that includes the frequency of protein-energy malnutrition, vitamin D deficiency and sarcopenia. SUBJECTS/METHODS: A 1-year consecutive sample of patients admitted with fragility HF in a 1300-bed public University Hospital, who were assessed within the first 72 h of admission...
May 17, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28513622/human-milk-insulin-is-related-to-maternal-plasma-insulin-and-bmi-but-other-components-of-human-milk-do-not-differ-by-bmi
#4
B E Young, Z Patinkin, C Palmer, B de la Houssaye, L A Barbour, T Hernandez, J E Friedman, N F Krebs
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: The impact of maternal BMI and insulin sensitivity on bioactive components of human milk (HM) is not well understood. As the prevalence of obesity and diabetes rises, it is increasingly critical that we understand how maternal BMI and hormones associated with metabolic disease relate to concentrations of bioactive components in HM. SUBJECTS/METHODS: This longitudinal cohort design followed 48 breastfeeding mothers through the first four months of lactation, collecting fasting morning HM samples at 2-weeks and 1, 2, 3 and 4-months, and fasting maternal blood at 2-weeks and 4-months...
May 17, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28513621/body-mass-index-and-mortality-in-lung-cancer-patients-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#5
REVIEW
J Wang, H Xu, S Zhou, D Wang, L Zhu, J Hou, J Tang, J Zhao, S Zhong
Studies examining the relation of body mass index (BMI) and mortality in patients with lung cancer have shown diverse results. We conducted a meta-analysis to investigate the association using all available studies from January 1982 to October 2016. PubMed and EMBASE were searched to identify relevant studies. We calculated the summary hazard ratio (HR) and 95% confidence interval (CI) using random effects model. The dose-response relationship was assessed by random effects meta-regression model. Fifty-five articles from 51 studies involving 3 152 552 subjects (males, 54...
May 17, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28488692/mediterranean-diet-and-multiple-health-outcomes-an-umbrella-review-of-meta-analyses-of-observational-studies-and-randomised-trials
#6
REVIEW
M Dinu, G Pagliai, A Casini, F Sofi
Research has shown that a greater adherence to the Mediterranean diet is associated with a reduced risk of major chronic disease. However, the existing literature leads to debate for different issues, such as the measurement of the adherence to the Mediterranean diet, the use of a wide variety of dietary indices with various food components and the large heterogeneity across the studies. In order to summarise the evidence and evaluate the validity of the association between the adherence to the Mediterranean diet and multiple health outcomes, an umbrella review of the evidence across meta-analyses of observational studies and randomised clinical trials (RCTs) was performed...
May 10, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28488691/interaction-effect-of-pgc-1%C3%AE-rs10517030-variants-and-energy-intake-in-the-risk-of-type-2-diabetes-in-middle-aged-adults
#7
S Park, B C Kim, S Kang
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: PGC-1α is an important regulatory factor for energy and glucose metabolism. Therefore, we investigated whether the PGC-1α genotype (rs10517030 and rs10212638) affects the incidence of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) and sought to explain the interactions between their variants and nutrient intake on the development of T2DM. SUBJECTS/METHODS: Subjects aged 40-65 years of both genders were from the Ansung/Ansan cohorts (8842 adults) in Korea...
May 10, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28488690/soyfood-and-isoflavone-intake-and-risk-of-type-2-diabetes-in-vietnamese-adults
#8
C T Nguyen, N M Pham, V V Do, C W Binns, V M Hoang, D A Dang, A H Lee
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Animal studies have demonstrated that soy isoflavones exert antidiabetic effects. However, evidence regarding the association between soyfood intake, a unique source of isoflavones, and type 2 diabetes remains inconclusive. This study assessed the relationship between habitual intakes of soyfoods and major isoflavones and risk of type 2 diabetes in Vietnamese adults. SUBJECTS/METHODS: A hospital-based case-control study was conducted in Vietnam during 2013-2015...
May 10, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28488689/effects-of-vitamin-d-or-its-analogues-on-the-mortality-of-patients-with-chronic-kidney-disease-an-updated-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#9
REVIEW
R J Lu, S M Zhu, F L Tang, X S Zhu, Z D Fan, G L Wang, Y F Jiang, Y Zhang
The objective of this study was to assess whether vitamin D (VD) treatment alters the overall all-cause and cardiovascular mortalities in a chronic kidney disease (CKD) population. We systematically searched PubMed, EMBASE, Web of Science, and Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials without language restriction, until the publication date of 22 February 2016. All related literatures that compared VD treatment with non-VD treatment and reported the mortality of patients with CKD (including those undergoing dialysis) were identified...
May 10, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28488688/association-between-coffee-or-tea-drinking-and-barrett-s-esophagus-or-esophagitis-an-italian-study
#10
R A Filiberti, V Fontana, A De Ceglie, S Blanchi, E Grossi, D Della Casa, T Lacchin, M De Matthaeis, O Ignomirelli, R Cappiello, A Rosa, M Foti, F Laterza, V D'Onofrio, G Iaquinto, M Conio
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Only a few papers have treated of the relationship between Barrett's esophagus (BE) or erosive esophagitis (E) and coffee or tea intake. We evaluated the role of these beverages in BE and E occurrence. SUBJECTS/METHODS: Patients with BE (339), E (462) and controls (619) were recruited. Data on coffee and tea and other individual characteristics were collected using a structured questionnaire. RESULTS: BE risk was higher in former coffee drinkers, irrespective of levels of exposure (cup per day; ⩽1: OR=3...
May 10, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28488687/does-diet-intervention-in-line-with-nutrition-recommendations-affect-dietary-carbon-footprint-results-from-a-weight-loss-trial-among-lactating-women
#11
E Huseinovic, M Ohlin, A Winkvist, F Bertz, U Sonesson, H K Brekke
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Results from studies evaluating the sustainability of diets combining environmental and nutritional aspects have been diverse; thus, greenhouse gas emissions (that is, carbon footprint (CF)) of diets in line with dietary recommendations in free-living individuals warrants further examination. Here, changes in dietary CF related to changes in food choice during a weight loss trial among lactating women who received a 12-week diet intervention based on the Nordic Nutrition Recommendations (NNR) 2004 were analyzed...
May 10, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28488686/an-overview-of-folate-status-in-a-population-based-study-from-s%C3%A3-o-paulo-brazil-and-the-potential-impact-of-10-years-of-national-folic-acid-fortification-policy
#12
J Steluti, J Selhub, L Paul, C Reginaldo, R M Fisberg, D M L Marchioni
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Food fortification is an important strategy in public health policy for controlling micronutrient malnutrition and a major contributing factor in the eradication of micronutrients' deficiencies. Approximately 50 countries worldwide have adopted food fortification with folic acid (FA). FA fortification of wheat and maize flours has been mandatory in Brazil since 2004. To assess the effect of 10 years of FA food fortification policy on folate status of residents of São Palo, Brazil using a population-based survey...
May 10, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28488685/effect-of-diets-rich-in-either-saturated-fat-or-n-6-polyunsaturated-fatty-acids-and-supplemented-with-long-chain-n-3-polyunsaturated-fatty-acids-on-plasma-lipoprotein-profiles
#13
C B Dias, N Amigo, L G Wood, X Correig, M L Garg
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Abnormalities in lipoprotein profiles (size, distribution and concentration) play an important role in the pathobiology of atherosclerosis and coronary artery disease. Dietary fat, among other factors, has been demonstrated to modulate lipoprotein profiles. We aimed to investigate if background dietary fat (saturated, SFA versus omega-6 polyunsaturated fatty acids, n-6PUFA) was a determinant of the effects of LCn-3PUFA supplementation on lipoprotein profiles. SUBJECTS/METHODS: A randomized controlled clinical intervention trial in a parallel design was conducted...
May 10, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28488684/the-impact-of-cholecalciferol-supplementation-on-the-systemic-inflammatory-profile-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-high-quality-randomized-controlled-trials
#14
REVIEW
E K Calton, K N Keane, P Newsholme, Y Zhao, M J Soares
Causal links between vitamin D status [25(OH)D] and systemic inflammation were examined through a systematic review of randomized controlled trials (RCTs). Selected RCTs were ⩾12 weeks, conducted in adults free of acute inflammatory disease, and of high-quality (Jadad score ⩾3). Of 14 studies that met our criteria, 9 studies (15 study arms) permitted extraction of data. There was no effect on the weighted mean difference (WMD) of IL-6 (WMD (95% confidence interval)=0.1, (-0.166, 0.366) pg/ml, P=0.462) or C-reactive protein (CRP) (WMD=-0...
May 10, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28466851/parental-body-mass-index-and-its-association-with-body-composition-physical-fitness-and-lifestyle-factors-in-their-4-year-old-children-results-from-the-ministop-trial
#15
C Cadenas-Sanchez, P Henriksson, H Henriksson, C Delisle Nyström, J Pomeroy, J R Ruiz, F B Ortega, M Löf
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: To examine the association between parental body mass index (BMI) and their offspring's body composition, physical fitness and lifestyle factors (that is, sedentary time, physical activity and diet). SUBJECTS/METHODS: A total of 307 preschoolers (4.5±0.1 years) and their parents (fathers: 38.1±5.1 years and mothers: 35.6±4.2 years) participated in this study. Parental BMI was calculated using self-reported weight and height. Preschoolers body composition was assessed using: BMI, fat mass percentage, fat mass index, fat-free mass index (measured via air-displacement plethysmography) and waist circumference...
May 3, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28466850/the-importance-of-nuance-in-statements-about-methods-for-human-energy-expenditure-estimation-that-use-motion-sensors
#16
V T van Hees
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 3, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28466849/body-mass-index-and-the-risk-of-all-cause-mortality-among-patients-with-nonvalvular-atrial-fibrillation-a-multicenter-prospective-observational-study-in-china-methodological-issues
#17
N Karamzad, S Safiri
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 3, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28466848/dietary-pattern-derived-by-reduced-rank-regression-and-depressive-symptoms-in-a-multi-ethnic-population-the-helius-study
#18
E Vermeulen, K Stronks, M Visser, I A Brouwer, M B Snijder, R J T Mocking, E M Derks, A H Schene, M Nicolaou
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: To investigate the association of dietary patterns derived by reduced rank regression (RRR) with depressive symptoms in a multi-ethnic population. SUBJECTS/METHODS: Cross-sectional data from the HELIUS study were used. In total, 4967 men and women (18-70 years) of Dutch, South-Asian Surinamese, African Surinamese, Turkish and Moroccan origin living in the Netherlands were included. Diet was measured using ethnic-specific food frequency questionnaires...
May 3, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28466847/reply-to-body-mass-index-and-the-risk-of-all-cause-mortality-among-patients-with-nonvalvular-atrial-fibrillation-a-multicenter-prospective-observational-study-in-china-methodological-issues
#19
S Wu, H Wan, J Wang, Y Yang, J Zhu, X Shao, B Huang, H Zhang
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 3, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28443607/novel-approaches-for-the-promotion-of-physical-activity-and-exercise-for-prevention-and-management-of-type-2-diabetes
#20
REVIEW
R Arena, M Sagner, N M Byrne, A D Williams, A McNeil, S J Street, A P Hills
Despite increased evidence for the importance of lifestyle modification, physical activity and diet in diabetes prevention and management, habitual physical activity levels have declined in recent decades in China and India. Further, other risk factors for type 2 diabetes, including overweight, obesity and physical inactivity, have also worsened. Here we present evidence for the importance of physical activity and exercise in the amelioration of type 2 diabetes and propose a novel approach to address the challenge of improving lifestyle behaviors in China and India-Movement is Medicine and a P4 (predictive, preventive, personalized and participatory) approach...
April 26, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
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