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European Journal of Clinical Nutrition

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28074892/are-sleep-duration-midpoint-of-sleep-and-sleep-quality-associated-with-dietary-intake-among-bavarian-adults
#1
C Kleiser, N Wawro, M Stelmach-Mardas, H Boeing, K Gedrich, H Himmerich, J Linseisen
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Only few epidemiologic studies examined sleep characteristics in relation to dietary behaviour. Our aim was to analyse associations of sleep duration, midpoint of sleep and sleep quality with dietary intake among the Bavarian population. SUBJECTS/METHODS: Within the cross-sectional Bavarian Food Consumption Survey II, 1050 subjects aged 13-81 years were recruited. Dietary intake was assessed with three 24-h dietary recalls by telephone (EPIC-Soft)...
January 11, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28074891/intake-of-vitamin-c-vitamin-e-selenium-zinc-and-polyunsaturated-fatty-acids-and-upper-respiratory-tract-infection-a-prospective-cohort-study
#2
S E Raposo, E Fondell, P Ström, O Bälter, S E Bonn, O Nyrén, A Plymoth, K Bälter
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Antioxidants and polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) have a role in the human immune defense and may affect the susceptibility to upper respiratory tract infection (URTI). To examine dietary intake of vitamin C, vitamin E, selenium, zinc and PUFAs in relation to URTI incidence in a prospective cohort study. SUBJECTS/METHODS: A total of 1533 Swedish women and men aged 25-64 years were followed for nine months during 2011-2012. Information on dietary intake was assessed through a web-based food frequency questionnaire, and events of URTI were self-reported prospectively as they occurred...
January 11, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28074890/longitudinal-association-of-leisure-time-physical-activity-and-sedentary-behaviors-with-body-weight-among-chinese-adults-from-china-health-and-nutrition-survey-2004-2011
#3
C Su, X F Jia, Z H Wang, H J Wang, Y F Ouyang, B Zhang
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Present study aims to longitudinally explore independent association of physical activity and sedentary behaviors with body weight. SUBJECTS/METHODS: This study included 15050 adults who have complete demographic and dietary data, leisure time physical activity (LTPA) and sedentary behavior evaluations, anthropometric measurements from longitudinal data of China Health and Nutrition Survey 2004-2011. Three-level mixed-effects linear and logistic regression models were performed for association analysis...
January 11, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28074889/limitations-and-requirements-for-measuring-metabolic-rates-a-mini-review
#4
REVIEW
J R B Lighton
Metabolic measurement of humans and model animals is an important aspect of biomedicine. Particularly, in the case of model animals, the limitations of currently widely used metabolic measurement methods are not widely understood. In this mini-review, I explain the theoretical underpinnings of flow-through respirometry as a linear time-invariant system, and the (usually serious) distortions of metabolic data caused by the interaction of chamber volume and flow rate. These can be ameliorated by increasing the flow rate through the chamber, though this is at the expense of the magnitude of the O2 depletion and CO2 enhancement signals from which metabolic rates are calculated...
January 11, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28074888/a-review-of-the-carbohydrate-insulin-model-of-obesity
#5
REVIEW
K D Hall
The carbohydrate-insulin model of obesity theorizes that diets high in carbohydrate are particularly fattening due to their propensity to elevate insulin secretion. Insulin directs the partitioning of energy toward storage as fat in adipose tissue and away from oxidation by metabolically active tissues and purportedly results in a perceived state of cellular internal starvation. In response, hunger and appetite increases and metabolism is suppressed, thereby promoting the positive energy balance associated with the development of obesity...
January 11, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28000693/consumption-of-a-high-fat-breakfast-on-consecutive-days-alters-preclinical-biomarkers-for-atherosclerosis
#6
B K McFarlin, K C Carpenter, A L Henning, A S Venable
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Recent research has speculated that the risk of developing atherosclerosis is due to the accumulation of the effects of daily diet choices. The purpose of this study was to examine which of our previously identified preclinical disease risk biomarkers were further elevated when consuming a high-fat (644±50 kcal; 100% recommended dietary allowance for fat), high-calorie (1118±100 kcal; 70% daily caloric needs) breakfast on consecutive days. Young, normal weight females (N=7) participated in this study...
December 21, 2016: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28000692/impact-of-maternal-antenatal-and-birth-associated-factors-on-iron-stores-at-birth-data-from-a-prospective-maternal-infant-birth-cohort
#7
E K McCarthy, L C Kenny, J O'B Hourihane, A D Irvine, D M Murray, M E Kiely
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Low serum ferritin concentrations at birth, which reflect neonatal iron stores, track through to early childhood and have been associated with poorer neurodevelopmental outcomes. We aimed to identify maternal, antenatal and birth-associated factors that influence iron stores at birth in a prospective maternal-infant birth cohort. SUBJECTS/METHODS: In a population-based, longitudinal, birth cohort in Ireland, 413 maternal-infant dyads with prospectively collected lifestyle and clinical data from 15 weeks' gestation had umbilical cord serum ferritin concentrations measured...
December 21, 2016: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28000691/consultation-with-registered-dietitian-to-prevent-accidental-reactions-to-food-insight-from-an-egg-allergy-influenza-vaccination-cohort
#8
P Bégin, C Filion, F Graham, J Lacombe-Barrios, J Paradis, L Paradis, A Des Roches
Egg is an ubiquitous allergen found in many food products. Current food allergy guidelines recognize the importance of consultation with a registered dietitian to ensure nutritional adequacy. However, there is a lack of evidence on its impact on the implementation of allergen avoidance strategies. Taking advantage of a well-characterized cohort of influenza vaccination in egg-allergic children (n=397), we tested the hypothesis that real-life professional dietary advice was associated with a decrease in accidental reactions to egg in allergic children with retrospective questionnaires...
December 21, 2016: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28000690/the-need-to-standardize-ad-libitum-eating-protocols-in-dietary-fibre-appetite-research
#9
S M M Zaremba, S Drummond, R E Steinert
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 21, 2016: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28000689/comparison-of-flax-linum-usitatissimum-and-salba-chia-salvia-hispanica-l-seeds-on-postprandial-glycemia-and-satiety-in-healthy-individuals-a-randomized-controlled-crossover-study
#10
V Vuksan, L Choleva, E Jovanovski, A L Jenkins, F Au-Yeung, A G Dias, H V T Ho, A Zurbau, L Duvnjak
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Flax and Salba-chia seeds have risen in popularity owing to their favorable nutrient composition, including a high fiber content. Despite having comparable nutritional profiles, preliminary observations suggest differences in gelling properties, an attribute that may alter the kinetics of food digestion. Thus, we compared the effect of two seeds on postprandial glycemia and satiety scores. SUBJECTS/METHODS: Fifteen healthy participants (M/F: 5/10; age: 23...
December 21, 2016: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27966575/clinical-impact-of-vitamin-d-treatment-in-cystic-fibrosis-a-pilot-randomized-controlled-trial
#11
T Pincikova, D Paquin-Proulx, J K Sandberg, M Flodström-Tullberg, L Hjelte
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Vitamin D insufficiency in cystic fibrosis is common. Vitamin D3 is currently preferred over D2. We aimed to study the efficacy of vitamin D2 and D3 at increasing serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D (s25OHD) concentrations and their effect on respiratory health in cystic fibrosis. SUBJECTS/METHODS: Sixteen CF patients were randomized to receive vitamin D2 or D3 or to serve as controls. The starting dose of 5000 IU (<16 years old) or 7143 IU/day (⩾16 years old) was further individually adjusted...
December 14, 2016: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27966574/acute-increases-in-serum-colonic-short-chain-fatty-acids-elicited-by-inulin-do-not-increase-glp-1-or-pyy-responses-but-may-reduce-ghrelin-in-lean-and-overweight-humans
#12
S Rahat-Rozenbloom, J Fernandes, J Cheng, T M S Wolever
BACKGROUND: Colonic fermentation of dietary fibre to short-chain fatty acids (SCFA) influences appetite hormone secretion in animals, but SCFA production is excessive in obese animals. This suggests there may be resistance to the effect of SCFA on appetite hormones in obesity. OBJECTIVES: To determine the effects of inulin (IN) and resistant starch (RS) on postprandial SCFA, and gut hormone (glucagon-like peptide (GLP-1), peptide-tyrosine-tyrosine (PYY) and ghrelin) responses in healthy overweight/obese (OWO) vs lean (LN) humans...
December 14, 2016: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27966573/the-association-of-change-in-physical-activity-and-body-weight-in-the-regulation-of-total-energy-expenditure
#13
C Drenowatz, J O Hill, J C Peters, A Soriano-Maldonado, S N Blair
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: The limited success in addressing the current obesity epidemic reflects the insufficient understanding of the regulation of energy balance. The present study examines the longitudinal association of body weight with physical activity (PA), total daily energy expenditure (TDEE) and total daily energy intake (TDEI). SUBJECTS/METHODS: A total of 195 adults (52% male) between 21 and 35 years of age with no intention for weight loss were followed over a 2-year period...
December 14, 2016: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27966572/genetic-ancestry-in-relation-to-the-metabolic-response-to-a-us-versus-traditional-mexican-diet-a-randomized-crossover-feeding-trial-among-women-of-mexican-descent
#14
M Santiago-Torres, J De Dieu Tapsoba, M Kratz, J W Lampe, K L Breymeyer, L Levy, X Song, A Villaseñor, C-Y Wang, L Fejerman, M L Neuhouser, C S Carlson
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Certain populations with a large proportion of indigenous American (IA) genetic ancestry may be evolutionarily adapted to traditional diets high in legumes and complex carbohydrates, and may have a detrimental metabolic response to US diets high in refined carbohydrates and added sugars. We tested whether IA ancestry modified the metabolic response to a US versus traditional Mexican diet in a controlled dietary intervention. SUBJECTS/METHODS: First and second generation Mexican immigrant women (n=53) completed a randomized crossover feeding trial testing the effects of a US versus traditional Mexican diet...
December 14, 2016: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27966571/vitamin-d-and-serum-leptin-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-observational-studies-and-randomized-controlled-trials
#15
REVIEW
M Hajimohammadi, S Shab-Bidar, T R Neyestani
We aimed to investigate the potential association between vitamin D and serum leptin levels by pooling together the results from observational studies and clinical trials. A systematic literature search of PubMed, Scopus and Google Scholar was conducted up to March 2015. The analysis of observational studies was conducted on six papers that reported nine correlation coefficients using Fisher's Z and its standard error. Then, effect sizes of eligible trials were pooled using random-effects models (the DerSimonian-Laird estimator)...
December 14, 2016: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27966570/passive-and-active-roles-of-fat-free-mass-in-the-control-of-energy-intake-and-body-composition-regulation
#16
REVIEW
A G Dulloo, J Jacquet, J L Miles-Chan, Y Schutz
While putative feedback signals arising from adipose tissue are commonly assumed to provide the molecular links between the body's long-term energy requirements and energy intake, the available evidence suggests that the lean body or fat-free mass (FFM) also plays a role in the drive to eat. A distinction must, however, be made between a 'passive' role of FFM in driving energy intake, which is likely to be mediated by 'energy-sensing' mechanisms that translate FFM-induced energy requirements to energy intake, and a more 'active' role of FFM in the drive to eat through feedback signaling between FFM deficit and energy intake...
December 14, 2016: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27966569/dash-dietary-pattern-and-chronic-kidney-disease-in-elderly-korean-adults
#17
H S Lee, K B Lee, Y Y Hyun, Y Chang, S Ryu, Y Choi
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Dietary patterns are linked to risk and outcomes in chronic kidney disease (CKD). Dietary intake varies by race, region and age. The relationship between a Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension (DASH) diet and CKD in elderly Koreans is unclear. SUBJECTS/METHODS: We conducted cross-sectional analyses of 2408 community-dwelling elderly participants from the Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (2011-2012). DASH dietary patterns for six nutrients (protein, fiber, calcium, potassium, total fat and sodium) were collected by 24 h recall...
December 14, 2016: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27966568/eating-at-restaurants-at-work-or-at-home-is-there-a-difference-a-study-among-adults-of-11-european-countries-in-the-context-of-the-hector-project
#18
P Orfanos, A Naska, S Rodrigues, C Lopes, H Freisling, S Rohrmann, S Sieri, I Elmadfa, C Lachat, K Gedrich, H Boeing, V Katzke, A Turrini, R Tumino, F Ricceri, A Mattiello, D Palli, M Ocké, D Engeset, M Oltarzewski, L M Nilsson, T Key, A Trichopoulou
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: To compare macronutrient intakes out of home-by location-to those at home and to investigate differences in total daily intakes between individuals consuming more than half of their daily energy out of home and those eating only at home. SUBJECTS/METHODS: Data collected through 24-h recalls or diaries among 23 766 European adults. Participants were grouped as 'non-substantial', 'intermediate' and 'very substantial out-of-home' eaters based on energy intake out of home...
December 14, 2016: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27966567/improved-and-more-effective-algorithms-to-screen-for-nutrient-deficiencies-after-bariatric-surgery
#19
I Bazuin, S Pouwels, S Houterman, S W Nienhuijs, J F Smulders, A K Boer
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Most bariatric guidelines recommend frequent lab monitoring of patients to detect nutrient and vitamin deficiencies as early as possible. The aim of this study was to optimize the cost effectiveness of the nutrient panel, by developing an algorithm, which detects nutrient deficiencies at lower costs. SUBJECTS/METHODS: In this retrospective study, 2055 patients who had undergone Laparoscopic Roux-Y Gastric Bypass (LRYGB) and Laparoscopic Sleeve Gastrectomy (LSG) surgery at Catharina Hospital Eindhoven between January 2009 and December 2013 were included...
December 14, 2016: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27966566/it-is-not-how-much-you-crave-but-what-you-do-with-it-that-counts-behavioural-responses-to-food-craving-during-weight-management
#20
E F Smithson, A J Hill
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: The relationship between food craving and dieting is mixed and uncertain, with little evidence during active weight management. Accordingly, the frequency and nature of food cravings were investigated in people attending a commercial weight management programme. SUBJECTS/METHODS: An online survey was completed by 2932 participants (97% female, mean age=43.0 years, mean body mass index=31.6 kg/m(2)). Assessments included the Control of Eating Questionnaire, measuring the frequency, intensity, specificity and behaviour following food cravings...
December 14, 2016: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
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