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European Journal of Clinical Nutrition

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30410081/method-and-rationale-for-recalculating-dilution-spaces-to-a-single-common-time-point-in-doubly-labeled-water-studies
#1
REVIEW
Herman Pontzer
BACKGROUND: The doubly labeled water (DLW) method has become widely used in studies of energy expenditure and body composition. Researchers differ in the analytical methods used to calculate the dilution spaces for deuterium and oxygen-18. Some determine dilution spaces using isotope enrichments extrapolated to the instant of dosing with DLW (slope-intercept method), but others use measured enrichments from body water samples obtained 3-10 h after dosing (plateau method). These differences limit the comparability of analyses across labs...
November 8, 2018: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30405209/metabolic-rate-of-major-organs-and-tissues-in-young-adult-south-asian-women
#2
Meghan K Shirley, Owen J Arthurs, Kiran K Seunarine, Tim J Cole, Simon Eaton, Jane E Williams, Chris A Clark, Jonathan C K Wells
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Major organ-specific and tissue-specific metabolic rate (Ki ) values were initially estimated using in vivo methods, and values reported by Elia (Energy metabolism: tissue determinants and cellular corollaries, Raven Press, New York, 1992) were subsequently supported by statistical analysis. However, the majority of work to date on this topic has addressed individuals of European descent, whereas population variability in resting energy metabolism has been reported...
November 7, 2018: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30397258/wicked-problems-the-challenge-of-food-safety-versus-food-security-working-towards-the-sdg-goals
#3
REVIEW
Elaine Rush
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 5, 2018: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30397257/longitudinal-effect-of-20-year-infancy-onset-dietary-intervention-on-food-consumption-and-nutrient-intake-the-randomized-controlled-strip-study
#4
Laurie A Matthews, Suvi P Rovio, Johanna M Jaakkola, Harri Niinikoski, Hanna Lagström, Antti Jula, Jorma S A Viikari, Tapani Rönnemaa, Olli Simell, Olli T Raitakari, Katja Pahkala
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Coronary heart disease begins in childhood and warrants prevention strategies such as dietary modification. The objective was to determine the effect of the Special Turku Coronary Risk Factor Intervention Project (STRIP) dietary intervention on food consumption and nutrient intake over 20-year intervention period. SUBJECTS/METHODS: The STRIP is a prospective, randomized trial conducted between 1990 and 2011. Enrolled 6-month-old infants (n = 1062) were randomized to an intervention group (n = 540) receiving dietary counseling biannually from age 7 months to 20 years or control group (n = 522) not receiving any intervention...
November 5, 2018: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30377307/update-on-body-composition-tools-in-clinical-settings-computed-tomography-ultrasound-and-bioimpedance-applications-for-assessment-and-monitoring
#5
REVIEW
Kathleen L Price, Carrie P Earthman
Patients with acute/critical illness are particularly vulnerable to muscle loss and fluid shifts, which adversely impact clinical outcomes. Assessment of these parameters in hospital settings is often subjective and imprecise, which creates discrepancies in identification and difficulty in assessing longitudinal changes. Body composition (BC) technologies provide objective information about muscle and fluid status that can enhance clinical assessment, and BC variables could be biomarkers for prognosis and targets to monitor intervention...
October 30, 2018: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30375492/gestational-weight-gain-targets-during-the-second-and-third-trimesters-of-pregnancy-for-women-with-gestational-diabetes-mellitus-in-china
#6
Jiang-Nan Wu, Wei-Rong Gu, Xi-Rong Xiao, Yi Zhang, Xiao-Tian Li, Chuan-Min Yin
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Gestational weight gain (GWG) recommendations for pregnant women with gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) in China are lacking. The present study aims to examine whether specific GWG targets for women with GDM can improve pregnancy outcomes in comparison with GWG according to the Institute of Medicine (IOM) targets. SUBJECTS/METHODS: Pregnant women diagnosed with GDM were selected from a retrospective cohort study of 8299 singleton pregnant women aged 18-45 years in 2012 (n = 1820)...
October 30, 2018: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30367156/factors-associated-with-serum-25-hydroxyvitamin-d-concentrations-in-older-people-in-europe-the-eureye-study
#7
Claire Casey, Jayne V Woodside, Ann McGinty, Ian S Young, Jennifer McPeake, Usha Chakravarthy, Mati Rahu, Johan Seland, Gisèle Soubrane, Laura Tomazzoli, Fotis Topouzis, Jésus Vioque, A E Fletcher
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: We aimed to describe serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25OHD) concentrations in older Europeans and to investigate associations between 25OHD and lifestyle factors, including dietary intake and supplement use. SUBJECTS/METHODS: Men and women aged ≥ 65 years were recruited from seven centres across north to south Europe. Serum 25OHD2 and 25OHD3 concentrations were measured by liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS) in 4495 samples and total 25OHD (25OHD2  + 25OHD3 ) was adjusted for season of blood collection...
October 26, 2018: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30353122/effectiveness-of-interventions-aimed-at-improving-dietary-behaviours-among-people-at-higher-risk-of-or-with-chronic-non-communicable-diseases-an-overview-of-systematic-reviews
#8
REVIEW
Sarah Browne, Silvia Minozzi, Cristina Bellisario, Mary Rose Sweeney, Davide Susta
Programmes that promote dietary behaviour change for the prevention of chronic disease must include components that are rooted in best practice and associated with effectiveness. The purpose of this overview of systematic reviews was to examine the characteristics and dietary behaviour change outcomes of nutrition interventions among populations with or at risk of non-communicable chronic diseases. Systematic reviews of randomised controlled trials (RCTs) testing dietary behaviour change interventions published between January 2006 and November 2015 were identified via searches in Cochrane Library, PubMed, EMBASE and PsycINFO...
October 23, 2018: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30353121/efficacy-of-l-carnitine-supplementation-for-improving-lean-body-mass-and-physical-function-in-patients-on-hemodialysis-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#9
Takashi Maruyama, Noriaki Maruyama, Terumi Higuchi, Chinami Nagura, Hiroyuki Takashima, Maki Kitai, Kei Utsunomiya, Ritsukou Tei, Tetsuya Furukawa, Toshio Yamazaki, Erina Okawa, Hideyuki Ando, Fumito Kikuchi, Masanori Abe
BACKGROUND: Carnitine deficiency is common in patients on hemodialysis. However, the efficacy of L-carnitine supplementation for improving lean body mass (LBM) and physical function has not yet been evaluated. METHODS: In this multicenter, prospective, parallel, randomized, controlled trial, 91 patients on hemodialysis who developed carnitine deficiency were randomly assigned to receive injections of 1,000 mg L-carnitine 3 times per week after each hemodialysis session (L-carnitine group) or no injections (control group) with monitoring for 12 months...
October 23, 2018: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30349141/lack-of-agreement-of-in-vivo-raw-bioimpedance-measurements-obtained-from-two-single-and-multi-frequency-bioelectrical-impedance-devices
#10
Analiza M Silva, Catarina N Matias, Catarina L Nunes, Diana A Santos, Elisabetta Marini, Henry C Lukaski, Luís B Sardinha
BACKGROUND: It is important for highly active individuals to accurately assess their hydration level. Bioelectrical impedance (BIA) can potentially meet these needs but its validity in active individuals is not well established. METHODS: We compared whole-body bioimpedance measurements obtained from multi-frequency bioelectrical impedance spectroscopy (BIS, Xitron 4200) at a 50 kHz frequency with those determined by a phase-sensitive single-frequency device (SF-BIA, BIA-101, RJL/Akern Systems) in two populations: active adults and elite athletes...
October 22, 2018: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30349140/the-relationship-between-organ-tissue-body-composition-and-resting-energy-expenditure-in-prepubertal-children
#11
Taishi Midorikawa, Yuki Hikihara, Megumi Ohta, Takafumi Ando, Suguru Torii, Shizuo Sakamoto, Shigeho Tanaka
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: In this study, we ascertained the relationship between resting energy expenditure (REE) obtained using two procedures: indirect calorimetry and from organ-tissue mass, calculated employing magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), and adult metabolic rate constants, in prepubertal children. Differences between the measured and the calculated REEs were assessed according to age at puberty approaching stage. SUBJECTS/METHODS: We recruited 6-12 years old 110 healthy Japanese prepubertal children (40 girls and 70 boys)...
October 22, 2018: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30349139/effect-of-monosodium-l-glutamate-umami-substance-on-cognitive-function-in-people-with-dementia
#12
Minoru Kouzuki, Miyako Taniguchi, Tetsuya Suzuki, Masaya Nagano, Syouta Nakamura, Yuto Katsumata, Hideki Matsumoto, Katsuya Urakami
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: This study assessed the effect of continuous ingestion of monosodium L-glutamate (MSG) on cognitive function and dietary score in dementia patients. SUBJECTS/METHODS: This was a single-blind, placebo-controlled trial involving 159 subjects with dementia residing in a hospital or nursing home. We assigned the subjects to a group that ingested MSG thrice daily (0.9 g/dose) (MSG group; n = 79) or a group that ingested NaCl thrice daily (0...
October 22, 2018: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30341434/association-between-the-full-range-of-birth-weight-and-childhood-weight-status-by-gestational-age
#13
Li Cai, Jun Tao, Xiuhong Li, Lizi Lin, Jun Ma, Jin Jing, Yajun Chen
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: The association between high birth weight and obesity is well known, but few studies have assessed the relationship across the full range of birth weight or in different gestational groups. We aimed to investigate the relationship between the full range of birth weight and childhood weight status stratified by gestational age. SUBJECTS/METHODS: A national survey of 65 347 children aged 6-18 years was conducted in China, 2013. Weight and height were objectively measured...
October 19, 2018: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30341433/coffee-consumption-and-liver-related-hospitalizations-and-deaths-in-the-aric-study
#14
Emily A Hu, Mariana Lazo, Elizabeth Selvin, James P Hamilton, Morgan E Grams, Lyn M Steffen, Josef Coresh, Casey M Rebholz
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Coffee consumption has been found to be associated with reduced risk of chronic conditions such as liver disease. However, less is known about the association between coffee and liver-related hospitalizations and deaths. SUBJECTS/METHODS: We conducted a prospective analysis on 14,208 participants aged 45-64 years from the Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities (ARIC) study. Coffee consumption (cups/day) was assessed using food frequency questionnaires at visit 1 (1987-89) and visit 3 (1993-95)...
October 19, 2018: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30337714/haem-iron-intake-and-risk-of-lung-cancer-in-the-european-prospective-investigation-into-cancer-and-nutrition-epic-cohort
#15
Heather A Ward, Julia Whitman, David C Muller, Mattias Johansson, Paula Jakszyn, Elisabete Weiderpass, Domenico Palli, Anouar Fanidi, Roel Vermeulen, Anne Tjønneland, Louise Hansen, Christina C Dahm, Kim Overvad, Gianluca Severi, Marie-Christine Boutron-Ruault, Aurélie Affret, Rudolf Kaaks, Renee Fortner, Heiner Boeing, Antonia Trichopoulou, Carlo La Vecchia, Anastasia Kotanidou, Franco Berrino, Vittorio Krogh, Rosario Tumino, Fulvio Ricceri, Salvatore Panico, H Bas Bueno-de-Mesquita, Petra H Peeters, Therese Haugdahl Nøst, Torkjel M Sandanger, Jose Ramón Quirós, Antonio Agudo, Miguel Rodríguez-Barranco, Nerea Larrañaga, Jose Maria Huerta, Eva Ardanaz, Isabel Drake, Hans Brunnström, Mikael Johansson, Kjell Grankvist, Ruth C Travis, Heinz Freisling, Magdalena Stepien, Melissa A Merritt, Elio Riboli, Amanda J Cross
BACKGROUND: Epidemiological studies suggest that haem iron, which is found predominantly in red meat and increases endogenous formation of carcinogenic N-nitroso compounds, may be positively associated with lung cancer. The objective was to examine the relationship between haem iron intake and lung cancer risk using detailed smoking history data and serum cotinine to control for potential confounding. METHODS: In the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC), 416,746 individuals from 10 countries completed demographic and dietary questionnaires at recruitment...
October 18, 2018: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30337713/relative-accuracy-of-body-adiposity-index-and-relative-fat-mass-in-participants-with-and-without-down-syndrome
#16
Michael V Fedewa, Angela R Russell, Brett S Nickerson, Megan P Fedewa, John W Myrick, Michael R Esco
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: The body adiposity index (BAI) and relative fat mass (RFM) are anthropometric measures developed to estimate body composition (%Fat). There is limited research validating these methods of body composition assessment in adults with Down syndrome (DS). The aim of this study was to examine the accuracy of the BAI and RFM in a sample of adults with- and without DS. We hypothesize that the RFM would provide greater accuracy than the BAI when estimating %Fat. SUBJECTS/METHODS: BAI and RFM were assessed in a sample of adults (n = 235, 50...
October 18, 2018: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30337712/improving-nutritional-care-quality-in-the-orthopedic-ward-of-a-septic-surgery-center-by-implementing-a-preventive-nutritional-policy-using-the-nutritional-risk-score-a-pilot-study
#17
Denise Grolimund Berset, Esther Guex, Nadia Valentinuzzi, Olivier Borens, Pascal Wild, Pauline Coti Bertrand
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Septic Surgery Center (SSC) patients are at a particularly high risk of protein-energy malnutrition (PEM), with a prevalence of 35-85% found in various studies. Previous collaboration between our hospital's SSC and its Clinical Nutrition Team (CNT) only focussed on patients with severe PEM. This study aimed to determine whether it was possible to improve the quality of nutritional care in septic surgery patients with help of a nutritional policy using the Nutritional Risk Score (NRS)...
October 18, 2018: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30333517/impact-of-total-parenteral-nutrition-standardization-led-by-pharmacist-on-quality-in-postoperative-patients-with-colorectal-cancer
#18
Zeng Wang, Yunsong Peng, Xinjun Cai, Yingying Cao, Guonong Yang, Ping Huang
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Abdominal surgery significantly affects the structure and function of the gastrointestinal system of patients, total parenteral nutrition (TPN) is an important nutrition support method for postoperative patients. However, in the process of TPN practice, the excessive fat emulsion and compound amino-acid prescriptions ratio are often prescribed by doctors. To address the problem, we developed the computerized TPN prescription management system to promote the personalized provision of TPN...
October 17, 2018: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30327493/irritable-bowel-syndrome-associations-between-fodmaps-intake-problematic-foods-adiposity-and-gastrointestinal-symptoms
#19
Isabela Solar, Larissa Ariel Oliveira Santos, Luciana Miyuki Yamashita, Jacqueline S Barret, Cristiane Kibune Nagasako, Ciro Garcia Montes, Marcela Lanzoni Louzada, Marcela Silva Calsa, Ana Carolina Junqueira Vasques
This study investigated the association between fermentable oligo-di-mono-saccharides and polyols (FODMAPs) intake, problematic foods, body adiposity, and gastrointestinal symptoms in 44 women with irritable bowel syndrome (IBS). Around 84% reported to have excluded some food from their diet. Adiposity was not associated with the frequency of gastrointestinal symptoms and IBS severity. Controlling for BMI, there were significant correlations between number of problematic foods versus waist circumference (r = 0...
October 16, 2018: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30323176/the-impact-of-using-a-malnutrition-screening-tool-in-a-hospital-setting-a-mixed-methods-study
#20
Doris Eglseer, Daniela Schoberer, Ruud Halfens, Christa Lohrmann
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Malnutrition risk screening represents a crucial starting point for the successful management of malnourished patients. This study was conducted to (1) examine the effect of the use of a malnutrition screening tool on process indicators of nutritional care and (2) explore healthcare professionals' perceptions and opinions regarding this tool. METHODS: A mixed methods design was used. A controlled pretest-posttest study was conducted to carry out quantitative analyses, and semi-structured, qualitative interviews were held...
October 15, 2018: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
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