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European Journal of Clinical Nutrition

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28722030/therapeutic-lifestyle-change-diet-enriched-in-legumes-reduces-oxidative-stress-in-overweight-type-2-diabetic-patients-a-crossover-randomised-clinical-trial
#1
P Mirmiran, S Hosseinpour-Niazi, F Azizi
The objective of this study was to investigate whether a diet rich in legumes are associated with oxidative stress among type 2 diabetic patients. In a randomized, controlled, crossover clinical trial, 31 type 2 diabetic patients were randomly assigned to receive 2 diets, each for a period of 8 weeks: (1) The legume-free therapeutic lifestyle change (TLC) diet and (2) the legume-based TLC diet. Both diets were similar except that 2 servings of red meat were replaced by different types of legumes 3 days per week in the legume-based TLC diet...
July 19, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28722029/effects-of-procedure-upright-equilibrium-time-sex-and-bmi-on-the-precision-of-body-fluid-measurements-using-bioelectrical-impedance-analysis
#2
S Thurlow, G Taylor-Covill, P Sahota, B Oldroyd, K Hind
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Extensive work has addressed the validity of bioimpedance (BIA) measurements and the effect of posture on fluid homeostasis. However, limited research has investigated effects of subject preparation. This study aimed to determine the precision of total body water (TBW) and extracellular water (ECW) measurements using a stand-on multifrequency BIA (MFBIA seca mBCA 514/515), in three pre-test procedures: supine, sitting, and following walking, with specific reference to the influence of sex and body mass index (BMI)...
July 19, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28722028/fat-free-mass-depletion-in-patients-with-copd-in-brazil-development-of-a-new-cutoff-point-and-its-relation-with-mortality-and-extrapulmonary-manifestations
#3
A Travassos, A Rodrigues, K C Furlanetto, L Donária, G W Bisca, A G Nellessen, F Pitta, N A Hernandes
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: None of the cutoff points for fat-free mass index (FFMI) were tested for the Brazilian population, and it is unknown whether the available ones are able to discriminate extrapulmonary disease manifestations. This cross-sectional study aims to develop and validate a cutoff point for FFM depletion based on Brazilian patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and to verify its association and of previously published cutoffs with extrapulmonary manifestations...
July 19, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28699630/prevalence-and-clinical-correlation-of-dysphagia-in-parkinson-disease-a-study-on-chinese-patients
#4
X Ding, J Gao, C Xie, B Xiong, S Wu, Z Cen, Y Lou, D Lou, F Xie, W Luo
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Dysphagia is relatively common in patients with Parkinson disease (PD) and can have a negative impact on their quality of life; therefore, it is imperative that its prevalence in PD patients is studied. The aim of this study was to explore the prevalence and clinical correlation of dysphagia in Chinese PD patients. SUBJECTS/METHODS: We recruited 116 Chinese PD patients. A videofluoroscopic study of swallowing (VFSS) was used to identify dysphagia...
July 12, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28699629/dietary-intake-of-antioxidant-vitamins-and-risk-of-stroke-the-japan-public-health-center-based-prospective-study
#5
S Uesugi, J Ishihara, H Iso, N Sawada, R Takachi, M Inoue, S Tsugane
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Epidemiologic evidence on the relationship between antioxidant vitamin intake and stroke is limited. We aimed to investigate the association between dietary intake of antioxidant vitamins and the incidence of total stroke and ischemic stroke. SUBJECTS/METHODS: The subjects were 82 044 Japanese men and women aged 45-74 years under the Japan Public Health Center-based Prospective Cohort Study. Between 1995 and 1997, dietary assessment was done using a food frequency questionnaire...
July 12, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28699628/the-effects-of-partial-sleep-restriction-and-altered-sleep-timing-on-olfactory-performance
#6
J McNeil, G Forest, L J Hintze, J-F Brunet, É Doucet
Olfaction can increase the drive to eat and may partially explain the consistent increases in energy intake (EI) following sleep restriction. We investigated the effects of 50% sleep restriction with altered sleep timing on olfactory performance. We also evaluated whether changes (Δ) in olfactory performance were associated with Δ24 h EI. Twelve men and six women (age: 23±4 years; BMI: 23±3 kg/m(2)) completed three randomized cross-over conditions: habitual sleep duration, 50% sleep restriction with advanced wake-time, and 50% sleep restriction with delayed bedtime...
July 12, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28656974/leisure-time-sedentary-behavior-physical-activity-and-frequency-of-protein-consumption-on-lower-extremity-strength-and-lean-mass
#7
P D Loprinzi, J P Loenneke, D L Hamilton
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the independent and combined associations of moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA), leisure time sedentary behavior and daily protein consumption on lower extremity muscular strength and lean mass. SUBJECTS/METHODS: Data from the 1999-2002 NHANES were utilized (N=1080 adults 50-85 y). Leg lean mass was estimated from dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry scans. Knee extensor strength was assessed objectively using the Kin Com MP dynamometer...
June 28, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28656973/body-composition-assessment-of-crohn-s-outpatients-and-comparison-with-gender-and-age-specific-multiple-matched-control-pairs
#8
A Molnár, Á A Csontos, I Kovács, Á D Anton, E Pálfi, P Miheller
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Routine clinical care for Crohn's disease (CD) outpatients does not cover the assessment of body composition (BC); although this disease (because of inflammation, surgeries, lack of physical activity and appetite) may have a severe impact on lean body mass. The main aims of this prospective research were to assess the nutritional status of the patients and to compare their data with apparently healthy gender- and age-specific matched control pairs. SUBJECTS/METHODS: Overall, 136 CD patients and 1752 apparently healthy people were involved in the study...
June 28, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28656972/analytical-shortcomings-and-other-considerations-related-to-the-identification-of-biomarkers-of-dairy-fat-intake
#9
M A S Gama, H G B Filho, H R Bizzo, R Antoniassi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 28, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28656971/dietary-patterns-cost-and-compliance-with-low-protein-diet-of-phenylketonuria-and-other-inherited-metabolic-diseases
#10
T Mlčoch, R Puda, P Ješina, M Lhotáková, Š Štěrbová, T Doležal
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Phenylketonuria (PKU) and several other inherited metabolic diseases (IMD) require a lifelong low-protein diet (LPD), otherwise they lead to many health complications. LPDs, however, carry a significant economic burden for patients and their families. The objective of this study was to explore the costs of low-protein foods (LPFs) necessary for LPD as well as dietary patterns and compliance towards an LPD. SUBJECTS/METHODS: A detailed questionnaire was created in cooperation with National Association of PKU and other IMD (NSPKU), and consequently sent to all NSPKU members treated with an LPD (n=303)...
June 28, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28656970/association-studies-of-genetic-scores-of-serum-vitamin-b12-and-folate-levels-with-symptoms-of-depression-and-anxiety-in-two-danish-population-studies
#11
L T Møllehave, T Skaaby, K S Simonsen, B H Thuesen, E L Mortensen, C H Sandholt, O Pedersen, N Grarup, T Hansen, A Linneberg
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Observational studies have suggested low serum levels of vitamin B12 or folate to be risk factors of depression and anxiety. However, these results may be biased by confounding and reverse causation. Mendelian randomization studies are not subject to these limitations. The aim was to examine the association of genetic scores of vitamin B12 and folate-associated alleles with depression and anxiety. SUBJECTS/METHODS: The study included 4126 participants from two Danish population-based studies...
June 28, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28656969/breastfeeding-trends-in-healthy-infants-since-1990-results-of-the-donald-study
#12
L Libuda, K Bolzenius, U Alexy
Exclusive breastfeeding is recommended for infants during the first 6 months of life. The aim of this analysis was to examine time trends in breastfeeding between 1990 and 2013 in Germany using data from the DONALD (Dortmund Nutritional and Anthropometric Longitudinally Designed) Study. Although partial breastfeeding was observed to constantly increase over time in both 3-month and 6-month-old infants, fully breastfeeding rates did not further increase in 3-month-old infants since 2002, and even showed a tendency to decrease in 6-month-old infants...
June 28, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28656968/nutrient-intake-and-contribution-of-home-enteral-nutrition-to-meeting-nutritional-requirements-after-oesophagectomy-and-total-gastrectomy
#13
M L Baker, V Halliday, P Robinson, K Smith, D J Bowrey
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: This study evaluated nutrition after oesophago-gastric resection and the influence of home jejunostomy feeding in the six months after surgery. SUBJECTS/METHODS: Data on nutritional intake and physiologic measures were collected as part of a randomised trial with measurements taken before and up to six months after surgery. RESULTS: A total of 41 participants (32 oesophagectomy, 9 total gastrectomy) received home jejunostomy feeding (n=18) or usual care without feeding (n=23)...
June 28, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28656967/low-appendicular-muscle-mass-is-associated-with-mortality-in-peritoneal-dialysis-patients-a-single-center-cohort-study
#14
S H Kang, K H Cho, J W Park, J Y Do
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: There are few studies of the association between low appendicular muscle mass (LAM) and clinical outcomes in peritoneal dialysis (PD) patients. We aimed to determine the clinical association between LAM and clinical outcomes in PD patients. SUBJECT/METHODS: We reviewed all PD patients who underwent PD between January 2001 and April 2014. Each patient's appendicular lean mass was estimated using dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry. The appendicular muscle mass index (AMI) was calculated using total appendicular lean mass (kg) over body mass index (kg/m(2))...
June 28, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635946/a-clinical-nutritionist-s-experience-and-expectations
#15
W P T James
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 21, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28612830/the-ethics-of-research-publication
#16
M J Müller, M Soares
This corrects the article DOI: 10.1038/ejcn.2017.20.
June 14, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28589949/they-say-coconut-oil-can-aid-weight-loss-but-can-it-really
#17
M E Clegg
There has in recent years, been much media speculation and consumer interest in the beneficial satiating properties of consuming coconut oil and its potential to aid weight loss. However, the media has primarily cited studies using medium-chain triglycerides (MCT) oil. The current perspective looks at the research that is available on coconut oil. It examines if and how MCT-related research can be applied to coconut oil and if there is potential for coconut oil to aid weight loss. The current report indicates a lack of consistent evidence on the topic of coconut oil, satiety and weight loss...
June 7, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28589948/associations-between-fatty-acids-and-low-grade-inflammation-in-children-from-the-lisaplus-birth-cohort-study
#18
C Harris, H Demmelmair, A von Berg, I Lehmann, C Flexeder, B Koletzko, J Heinrich, M Standl
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Assessing fatty acid (FA) composition in relation to inflammatory markers can shed light on the role of different FA and their metabolism in low-grade inflammation. Existing exploratory studies in children are scarce, and findings inconsistent. We hence aim to analyse associations of FA with common inflammatory markers, high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP) and interleukin-6 (IL-6), in 10-year-old children. SUBJECTS/METHODS: Complete data were available for 958 participants from the 10-year follow-up of the LISAplus (Influence of Lifestyle-Related Factors on the Immune System and the Development of Allergies in Childhood plus the Influence of Traffic Emissions and Genetics) birth cohort study...
June 7, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28589947/gut-microbiota-composition-in-relation-to-the-metabolic-response-to-12-week-combined-polyphenol-supplementation-in-overweight-men-and-women
#19
J Most, J Penders, M Lucchesi, G H Goossens, E E Blaak
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: The intestinal microbiota may have a profound impact on host metabolism. As evidence suggests that polyphenols affect substrate utilization, the present study aimed to investigate the effects of polyphenol supplementation on intestinal microbiota composition in humans. Furthermore, we examined whether (changes in) gut microbiota composition may determine the metabolic response to polyphenol supplementation. SUBJECTS/METHODS: In this randomized, double-blind, placebo (PLA)-controlled trial, 37 overweight and obese men and women (18 males/19 females, 37...
June 7, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28561040/the-mystery-of-longevity-in-cilento-a-mix-of-a-good-dose-of-genetic-predisposition-and-a-balanced-diet-based-on-the-mediterranean-model
#20
M Bifulco, S Pisanti
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 31, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
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