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European Journal of Clinical Nutrition

Nicole Cockburn, Ratilal Lalloo, Lisa Schubert, Pauline J Ford
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: While beverages are an important dietary source of water and some essential nutrients, consumption of sweet beverages has increasingly been linked to adverse health outcomes. Currently there is a paucity of longitudinal consumption data on beverage consumption in Australian children. SUBJECTS/METHODS: The Longitudinal Study of Australian Children has run biennially since 2004. Twenty four-hour recall data collected over 6 waves from the birth cohort (aged 0-1 year at baseline) was analysed and demographics were assessed for associations...
November 30, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Emilia Gómez-Hoyos, Silvia Fernández-Peña, Martín Cuesta, Ana Ortolá, Pilar Matía, Natalia Pérez-Ferre, Daniel De Luis, Alfonso Calle-Pascual, Miguel Ángel Rubio, Isabelle Runkle-De la Vega
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Hyponatremia is the most common electrolyte disorder, and is associated with high-morbimortality rates. The true prevalence of hyponatremia in patients on parenteral nutrition (PN) is unknown, and the relationship between PN composition and development of hyponatremia has yet to be studied. Hypoproteinemia, a common finding in patients receiving PN, induces an overestimation of serum sodium (SNa) levels, when using indirect electrolyte methodology. Thus, SNa should be corrected for serum total protein levels (TP)...
November 30, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Su-Lin Wang, Liang-Liang Ma, Xi-Yi Chen, Dong-Lei Zhou, Bo Li, Dong-Dong Huang, Zhen Yu, Xian Shen, Cheng-Le Zhuang
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to examine the impact of visceral fat on surgical complications and long-term survival for patients undergoing radical gastrectomy. SUBJECTS/METHODS: From 2009 to 2013, 859 patients who underwent curative resection for gastric cancer were enrolled from a prospectively maintained database. Visceral fat area (VFA) was assessed by preoperative CT scans. Patients were divided into two groups by VFA. Perioperative variables and postoperative outcomes were compared between the high VFA group and low VFA group...
November 29, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Sally D Poppitt, Stephanie C Budgett, Alastair K MacGibbon, Siew-Young Quek, Sophie Kindleysides, Katy R Wiessing
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Emulsified lipids, with central lipid core surrounded by polar lipid 'protective coat', have been proposed to stimulate the ileal brake, alter appetite, food intake and aid weight control. In addition to lipid composition, emulsion particle size may contribute to efficacy with small droplets providing a larger surface area for gastrointestinal (GI) lipase action and larger droplets prolonging and delaying digestion in the GI tract. Tube feeding studies delivering emulsions directly into the small intestine show clear effects of smaller particle size on appetite and food intake, but evidence from oral feeding studies is sparse...
November 24, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Adeleh Khodabakhshi, Hassan Mehrad-Majd, Farhad Vahid, Mohammad Safarian
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: This study was aimed to investigate the association of maternal serum and breast-milk levels of macronutrients, hormones, growth factors, and maternal body composition with infant's body weight. SUBJECTS/METHODS: Eighty mother-infant pairs comprised 40 with overweight or obese infant and 40 with normal-weight infant were enrolled in this study. The level of ghrelin, Leptin, adiponectin, EGF, and IGF1 in plasma and breast milk were assessed...
November 23, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Barbara E Cronin, Philip J Allsopp, Mary M Slevin, Pamela J Magee, Tracy A McCaffrey, M Barbara E Livingstone, J J Strain, Emeir M McSorley
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Body fat distribution has been shown to be a predictor of adhesion molecule and inflammatory marker expression albeit the effect of modest weight change on concentrations of adhesion molecules and inflammatory markers in postmenopausal women are not fully understood. The primary aim was to investigate the effects of weight change on adhesion molecules and inflammatory markers over 24 months in postmenopausal women. SUBJECTS/METHODS: Body composition was assessed in 254 healthy postmenopausal women using dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA)...
November 23, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Manon Ch de Vries, Wac Kristine Koekkoek, Marieke H Opdam, Dick van Blokland, Arthur Rh van Zanten
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: In order to identify critically ill patients with high nutritional risk the modified NUTrition Risk in the Critically ill (mNUTRIC)-score was developed. This score aims to identify patients that will benefit from nutritional interventions. Few data are available on its validity. In The Netherlands, the MUST-score, a nutritional assessment tool for non-ICU patients, is commonly used in the ICU. To validate the mNUTRIC-score in Dutch ICU patients and compare its prognostic performance with the MUST-score...
November 23, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Suree Yoowannakul, Kamonwan Tangvoraphonkchai, Andrew Davenport
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Sarcopenia is associated with increased mortality. European and North American recommended screening for low muscle mass uses gender specific cut points, with no adjustment for ethnicity. We wished to determine whether the prevalence of sarcopenia was altered by ethnicity in peritoneal dialysis (PD) patients. SUBJECTS/METHODS: We measured appendicular lean mass indexed to height (ALMI) in PD patients by segmental bioimpedance and determined sarcopenia using different cut off points for reduced muscle mass...
November 21, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Áine Hennessy, Carol Ní Chaoimh, Elaine K McCarthy, Ciara Kingston, Alan D Irvine, Jonathan O'B Hourihane, Louise C Kenny, Deirdre M Murray, Mairead Kiely
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: The reliability of an estimate of iodine intake is largely dependent on the quality of the food composition data. We aimed to assess the impact of variations in food composition data for iodine and season on the estimates of iodine intake in young children. SUBJECTS/METHODS: Cross-sectional dietary intake study of Irish 2-year-olds participating in the Cork BASELINE Birth Cohort Study (n=468; 30% of the cohort at the 2-year follow-up) were used to assess the impact of variation in iodine food composition data on estimates of iodine intake, dietary adequacy and risk of exceeding the tolerable upper intake level (UL)...
November 9, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
B Zhang, Q Zhao, W Guo, W Bao, X Wang
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Whole grains are rich source of nutrients and have shown beneficial effects on human health. This study was designed to systematically review the existing results and quantitatively assess the dose-response relationship of whole grain intake with all-cause and cause-specific mortality. SUBJECTS/METHODS: We searched 'whole grain' or 'whole grains' in combination with 'mortality'' or 'cardiovascular disease' or 'cancer' through the Web of Science and PubMed databases till 20 January 2016...
November 1, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
K D Hall
This corrects the article DOI: 10.1038/ejcn.2017.21.
November 1, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
D Tome
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 11, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
E-K Kim, H Kim, O Kwon, N Chang
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Age-related macular degeneration (AMD) is one of the principal causes of blindness. This study investigated the association between diet and the prevalence of AMD in elderly Korean women. SUBJECTS/METHODS: Study subjects were women aged ⩾65 years (n=1008) from the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (2010-2012). The presence of early- and late-onset AMD was determined on the basis of a fundus photograph from a health examination survey...
September 27, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
M J Müller, M J Soares
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 27, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
M Bonaccio, A Di Castelnuovo, S Costanzo, G Pounis, M Persichillo, C Cerletti, M B Donati, G de Gaetano, L Iacoviello
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVE: Psychological resilience is a measure of stress coping ability and has been associated with favourable health outcomes. While evidence on the relationship of dietary habits with a number of psychosocial conditions is available, there is lack of studies on their association with psychological resilience in a general adult population. SUBJECTS/METHODS: Cross-sectional analysis on 10 812 subjects recruited within the cohort of the Moli-sani study (2005-2010)...
September 27, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
N R W Geiker, M Lytken Larsen, J Dyerberg, S Stender, A Astrup
Eggs are rich in nutrients and a source of essential fatty- and amino acids, and the food item with highest cholesterol content. Since the 1970s dietary recommendations have advised limiting egg intake to 2-4 a week for the healthy population, and in those diagnosed with cardiovascular disease (CVD) and type 2 diabetes (T2D) an even more restricted consumption. The aim of the present paper was to assess the recommendation to lower the dietary intake of cholesterol and especially the intake of egg to reduce the risk of CVD and T2D...
September 27, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
M H J Knapen, K M Jardon, C Vermeer
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Vitamin K status has been linked to fat and glucose metabolism by several authors, but whether high vitamin K intake influences body weight or composition has remained unclear. Here we tested the hypothesis that increased vitamin K intake decreases body fat or fat distribution. SUBJECTS/METHODS: In a randomized placebo-controlled human intervention trial, 214 postmenopausal women, 55-65 years of age, received either 180 mcg/day of vitamin K2 (menaquinone-7, MK-7) or placebo for 3 years...
September 27, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
M Abera, M Tesfaye, T Girma, C Hanlon, G S Andersen, J C Wells, B Admassu, R Wibaek, H Friis, P Kæstel
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Birth weight (BW), independent of socioeconomic status, has been identified as a predictor for childhood cognitive development. However, it is not known whether this relation is related to low BW per se or particularly related to a deficit in fat mass (FM) or fat-free mass (FFM) at birth. This study therefore aimed at investigating the relation between body composition at birth and child development at 2 years of age. SUBJECTS/METHODS: An Ethiopian birth cohort was followed up at 2 years...
September 27, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
A Rietman, D Sluik, E J M Feskens, F J Kok, M Mensink
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: The objective of this sudy was to assess the relationship between dietary intake and fatty liver as scored by the validated Fatty Liver Index (FLI) in a large cross-sectional study among a general Dutch adult population. Diet is known to affect liver fat accumulation in humans. SUBJECTS/METHODS: 1128 men and women aged 20-70 years were included. Dietary intake was assessed using a validated semiquantitative food frequency questionnaire. FLI was derived from body mass index (BMI), waist circumference, triglycerides and gamma-glutamyltransferase...
September 13, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
J Yang, R N Tamura, U M Uusitalo, C A Aronsson, K Silvis, A Riikonen, N Frank, G Joslowski, C Winkler, J M Norris, S M Virtanen
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Vitamin D and probiotics are nutrients of interest in the context of type 1 diabetes (T1D). We assessed the prevalence of and factors associated with vitamin D and probiotic supplementations among young children with genetic risk of T1D. SUBJECTS/METHODS: Use of supplements during the first 2 years of life was collected prospectively from 8674 children in The Environmental Determinants of Diabetes in the Young (TEDDY) study. RESULTS: Single and/or multivitamin/mineral (MVM) supplements were reported by 81% of the children...
September 13, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
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