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European Journal of Clinical Nutrition

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28176776/dietary-intake-of-whole-grains-and-plasma-alkylresorcinol-concentrations-in-relation-to-changes-in-anthropometry-the-danish-diet-cancer-and-health-cohort-study
#1
C Kyrø, M Kristensen, M U Jakobsen, J Halkjær, R Landberg, Hb As Bueno-de-Mesquita, J Christensen, I Romieu, A Tjønneland, A Olsen
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Whole grain intake has been associated with a small but significant lower body weight gain in observational studies, but there is limited knowledge about the associations with specific whole grain types. The objective was to investigate the association between whole grains, different sources of whole grains and biomarkers of whole grain intake (alkylresorcinols) in relation to subsequent changes in waist circumference (WC) and body weight. SUBJECTS/METHODS: Cohort study of 57 053 participants with baseline information on whole grain intake from questionnaires (FFQ) and biomarkers of whole grain rye and wheat intake, plasma alkylresorcinols, for a subset...
February 8, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28176775/investigating-the-relationship-between-sleep-and-macronutrient-intake-in-women-of-childbearing-age
#2
C J Bennett, H Truby, Z Zia, S W Cain, M L Blumfield
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVE: Reduced sleep is a strong and independent risk factor for weight gain and obesity. Maternal obesity preconception and throughout gestation can increase the risk of adverse pregnancy outcomes and impact on offspring health in later life. This study investigated the relationship between sleeping behaviour and macronutrient intake in childbearing aged women. SUBJECTS/METHODS: We used cross-sectional data from the Australian Longitudinal Study on Women's Health 1973-78 cohort, aged 31-36 years in 2009 (n=8200)...
February 8, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28176774/alterations-in-metabolic-patterns-in-critically-ill-patients-is-there-need-of-action
#3
T Tavladaki, A M Spanaki, H Dimitriou, G Briassoulis
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 8, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28176773/parental-heights-and-maternal-education-as-predictors-of-length-height-of-children-at-birth-age-3-and-19-years-independently-on-diet-the-elspac-study
#4
J Bienertová-Vašků, F Zlámal, T Pruša, J Novák, O Mikeš, P Čupr, A Pohořalá, Jan Švancara, L Andrýsková, H Pikhart
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Little is currently known about the relationship between the parental diet during pregnancy and the growth of the child from early childhood until early adulthood. This study was designed to examine whether the dietary patterns of the parents during a pregnancy and of the respective child at 3 years are associated with the length/height-for-age z-score of child at birth, 3 years of age and at 19 years of age. SUBJECTS/METHODS: Dietary patterns of pregnant women and their partners, and offspring at 3 years that were enroled in the 1990-1991 period in the Czech part of the European Longitudinal Study of Pregnancy and Childhood...
February 8, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28176772/tea-consumption-and-its-interactions-with-tobacco-smoking-and-alcohol-drinking-on-oral-cancer-in-southeast-china
#5
F Chen, B-C He, L-J Yan, F-P Liu, J-F Huang, Z-J Hu, Z Lin, X-Y Zheng, L-S Lin, Z-F Zhang, L Cai
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Epidemiological results on the association between tea consumption and oral cancer remain controversial. We aimed to evaluate the exact relationship between tea consumption and oral cancer in Chinese population. SUBJECTS/METHODS: A large-scale case-control study was conducted on 586 oral cancer patients and 1024 controls frequency-matched by age and gender. Epidemiological data were collected through face-to-face interviews with a structure questionnaire...
February 8, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28176771/echography-for-nasogastric-tube-placement-verification
#6
G Piton, R Parel, E Delabrousse, G Capellier
To report the interest of abdominal ultrasonography for confirming the appropriate location of nasogastric tube (NGT) in the stomach using a new dynamic test, and to illustrate the aspect of this test at ultrasonography. Clinical observation of a patient, images of abdominal ultrasonography and video of the stomach visualized by ultrasonography. We describe the video of a critically ill patient in whom, immediately after NGT insertion, aspiration of gastric liquid and instillation within the NGT was associated with ultrasonographic evidence of turbulences in the stomach...
February 8, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28145422/proximate-causes-for-diet-induced-obesity-in-laboratory-mice-a-case-study
#7
REVIEW
C Kless, N Rink, J Rozman, M Klingenspor
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Detailed protocols and recommendations for the assessment of energy balance have been provided to address the problems associated with different body mass and body composition as apparent for mouse models in obesity research. Here, we applied these guidelines to investigate energy balance in two inbred mouse strains with contrasting susceptibilities for diet-induced obesity (DIO). Mice of the AKR/J strain are highly susceptible, whereas the SWR/J mice are almost completely resistant...
February 1, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28145421/association-between-diet-quality-measured-by-the-healthy-food-intake-index-and-later-risk-of-gestational-diabetes-a-secondary-analysis-of-the-radiel-trial
#8
J Meinila, A Valkama, S B Koivusalo, K Rönö, H Kautiainen, J Lindström, B Stach-Lempinen, J G Eriksson, M Erkkola
The aim of this study was to find the association between adherence to the Nordic Nutrition Recommendations (NNR) and glucose metabolism. Participants were 137 pregnant obese women or women with a history of gestational diabetes (GDM) from the Finnish Gestational Diabetes Prevention Study. Adherence to the NNR was assessed by the Healthy Food Intake Index (HFII) calculated from the first trimesters' food frequency questionnaires. Higher HFII scores reflected higher adherence to the NNR (score range 0-17). Regression models with linear contrasts served for the main analysis...
February 1, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28145420/vitamin-b12-homocysteine-and-depressive-symptoms-a-longitudinal-study-among-older-adults
#9
L E M Elstgeest, I A Brouwer, B Wj H Penninx, N M van Schoor, M Visser
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: The roles of vitamin B12 and homocysteine concentration in depression are not clear. We investigated cross-sectional and prospective associations of serum vitamin B12 and plasma homocysteine with depressive symptoms in Dutch older adults. SUBJECTS/METHODS: In the Longitudinal Aging Study Amsterdam (LASA), blood was collected in 1995/1996 among 1352 men and women aged ⩾65 years. Depressive symptoms were assessed with the Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale (CES-D) six times from 1995/1996 to 2011/2012...
February 1, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28145419/usefulness-of-motion-sensors-to-estimate-energy-expenditure-in-children-and-adults-a-narrative-review-of-studies-using-dlw
#10
REVIEW
L B Sardinha, P B Júdice
It is well documented that meeting moderate-to-vigorous physical activity guidelines of 150 min per week is protective against chronic disease, and this is likely explained by higher energy expenditure (EE). In opposition, sedentary behavior (low EE) seems to impair health outcomes. There are gold standard methods to measure EE such as the doubly labeled water (DLW) or calorimetry. These methods are highly expensive and rely on complex techniques. Motion sensors present a good alternative to estimate EE and have been validated against these reference methods...
February 1, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28145418/chronic-dietary-exposure-to-branched-chain-amino-acids-impairs-glucose-disposal-in-vegans-but-not-in-omnivores
#11
J Gojda, L Rossmeislová, R Straková, J Tůmová, M Elkalaf, M Jaček, P Tůma, J Potočková, E Krauzová, P Waldauf, J Trnka, V Štich, M Anděl
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Branched chain amino acids (BCAA) are among nutrients strongly linked with insulin sensitivity (IS) measures. We investigated the effects of a chronic increase of BCAA intake on IS in two groups of healthy subjects differing in their basal consumption of BCAA, that is, vegans and omnivores. SUBJECTS/METHODS: Eight vegans and eight matched omnivores (five men and three women in each group) received 15 g (women) or 20 g (men) of BCAA daily for 3 months...
February 1, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28145417/discounts-on-fruit-and-vegetables-combined-with-a-space-management-intervention-increased-sales-in-supermarkets
#12
U Toft, L L Winkler, B E Mikkelsen, P Bloch, C Glümer
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: To examine the effects of two interventions on consumer purchases of fruits and vegetables (F&V) on the Danish island of Bornholm: a 20% discount on F&V combined with improved shelf-space allocation, and improved shelf-space allocation alone. SUBJECTS/METHODS: A space management intervention to promote F&V sales was performed in two large discount supermarkets on Bornholm in Denmark for 3 months (September-November 2012). In addition, a 20% discount on F&V was introduced for 3 months in one of the supermarkets ('space + price')...
February 1, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28145416/criterion-values-for-urine-specific-gravity-and-urine-color-representing-adequate-water-intake-in-healthy-adults
#13
E T Perrier, J H Bottin, M Vecchio, G Lemetais
Growing evidence suggests a distinction between water intake necessary for maintaining a euhydrated state, and water intake considered to be adequate from a perspective of long-term health. Previously, we have proposed that maintaining a 24-h urine osmolality (UOsm) of ⩽500 mOsm/kg is a desirable target for urine concentration to ensure sufficient urinary output to reduce renal health risk and circulating vasopressin. In clinical practice and field monitoring, the measurement of UOsm is not practical. In this analysis, we calculate criterion values for urine-specific gravity (USG) and urine color (UCol), two measures which have broad applicability in clinical and field settings...
February 1, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28145415/changes-in-serum-osmotic-pressure-following-haemodialysis-treatments-lead-to-changes-in-bioimpedance-spectroscopy-estimates-of-lean-and-adipose-tissue
#14
M Antonelou, S El-Kateb, N Davies, A Davenport
Haemodialysis (HD) patients are at risk of sarcopenia. Newer bioimpedance devices (BIS) using a three-compartmental body composition model, separate extracellular water overhydration from normo-hydrated lean tissue mass (LTM) and adipose tissue mass (ATM). During HD hydration status changes, along with changes in electrolytes and solutes, and may alter body composition measurements. As such, we measured BIS and serum osmotic pressure (sOP) pre- and post dialysis in 43 patients. There were no significant changes in LTM (39...
February 1, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28145414/do-grape-polyphenols-improve-metabolic-syndrome-components-a-systematic-review
#15
J Woerdeman, E van Poelgeest, J C F Ket, E C Eringa, E H Serné, Y M Smulders
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Epidemiological, in vitro and animal studies suggest that grape polyphenols, such as those present in wine, have favorable effects on the metabolic syndrome. However, controversy remains whether treatment with grape polyphenols is effective in humans. Here, we aimed to systemically review the effects of grape polyphenols on metabolic syndrome components in humans. SUBJECTS/METHODS: We systematically searched Medline, EMBASE and the Cochrane database for all clinical trials assessing the effects of grape polyphenols on insulin sensitivity, glycemia, blood pressure or lipid levels...
February 1, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28145413/stearoyl-coa-desaturase-1-a-novel-target-of-omega-3-fatty-acids-for-reducing-breast-cancer-risk-in-obese-postmenopausal-women
#16
A Manni, J P Richie, S E Schetter, A Calcagnotto, N Trushin, C Aliaga, K El-Bayoumy
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Conversion of saturated fatty acids to monounsaturated fatty acids by the enzyme stearoyl-Co-A-desaturase (SCD-1) is emerging as a major factor in promoting carcinogenesis including breast cancer. The aim of our study was to explore the regulation of SCD-1 by Raloxifene and omega-3 fatty acids in women at increased risk of breast cancer based on high breast density. SUBJECTS/METHODS: As a reflection of SCD-1 activity, we measured the ratios of palmitoleic acid (C16:1n7) to palmitic acid (C16:0) (SCD-16) and oleic acid (C18:1n9) to steric acid (C18:0) (SCD-18) in plasma samples of postmenopausal women enrolled in our clinical trial (NCT00723398) designed to test the effects of the antiestrogen, Raloxifene and/or the omega-3 preparation Lovaza, on breast density, a validated biomarker of breast cancer risk...
February 1, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28120856/the-effect-of-l-arginine-supplementation-on-body-composition-and-performance-in-male-athletes-a-double-blinded-randomized-clinical-trial
#17
N Pahlavani, M H Entezari, M Nasiri, A Miri, M Rezaie, M Bagheri-Bidakhavidi, O Sadeghi
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVE: Athletes used a lot of dietary supplements to achieve the more muscle mass and improve their athletic performance. The objective of this study was to investigate the effect of l-arginine supplementation on sport performance and body composition in male soccer players. SUBJECTS/METHODS: This double-blinded, randomized and placebo-controlled trial was conducted on 56 male soccer players, with age range of 16-35, who referred to sport clubs in Isfahan, Iran...
January 25, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28120855/the-beneficial-effects-of-aerobic-and-concurrent-training-on-metabolic-profile-and-body-composition-after-detraining-a-1-year-follow-up-in-postmenopausal-women
#18
F E Rossi, T A Diniz, L M Neves, A C S Fortaleza, J Gerosa-Neto, D S Inoue, C Buonani, J M Cholewa, F S Lira, I F Freitas
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Aerobic and concurrent training (CT, aerobic and strength training) improves body composition and metabolic profile; however, it is not known whether these positive outcomes acquired after aerobic or CT are maintained long term (⩾6 months) after program interruption in postmenopausal women. This study investigated the changes in total and appendicular body composition, bone mineral density and metabolic profile following 16 weeks of aerobic or CT, and through 6 months and 1 year of detraining in postmenopausal women...
January 25, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28120854/fruit-and-vegetables-consumption-is-associated-with-higher-vitamin-intake-and-blood-vitamin-status-among-european-adolescents
#19
J Mielgo-Ayuso, J Valtueña, I Huybrechts, C Breidenassel, M Cuenca-García, S De Henauw, P Stehle, A Kafatos, M Kersting, K Widhalm, Y Manios, E Azzini, D Molnar, L A Moreno, M González-Gross
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Current research in adults indicates that fruit and vegetable (FAV) consumption increases serum levels of vitamins C, E and folate of β-carotene and reduces homocysteine concentrations. The aim of the present study was to examine the association of FAV consumption on vitamin intakes and their impact on blood vitamin concentrations in European adolescents. SUBJECT/METHODS: This multi-center cross-sectional study included 702 (53.7% females) adolescents, aged 12...
January 25, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28120853/no-association-of-alcohol-use-and-the-risk-of-ulcerative-colitis-or-crohn-s-disease-data-from-a-european-prospective-cohort-study-epic
#20
M M Bergmann, V Hernandez, W Bernigau, H Boeing, S S M Chan, R Luben, K-T Khaw, F van Schaik, B Oldenburg, B Bueno-de-Mesquita, K Overvad, D Palli, G Masala, F Carbonnel, M-C Boutron-Ruault, A Olsen, A Tjonneland, R Kaaks, V Katzke, E Riboli, A R Hart
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: The role of long-term alcohol consumption for the risk of developing ulcerative colitis (UC) and Crohn's disease (CD) is unclear. For the first time, to prospectively assess the role of pre-disease alcohol consumption on the risk of developing UC or CD. SUBJECTS/METHODS: Nested within the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC-IBD), incident UC and CD cases and matched controls where included. At recruitment, participants completed validated food frequency and lifestyle questionnaires...
January 25, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
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