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American Journal of Hypertension

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28541539/can-arterial-stiffness-be-measured-on-a-bathroom-scale
#1
Giacomo Pucci, Francesco U S Mattace Raso
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 24, 2017: American Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28541412/association-study-of-common-variants-in-pfn1-with-hypertension-in-a-han-chinese-population-a-case-control-study-and-a-follow-up-study
#2
Song Yang, Yanchun Chen, Chunlan Liu, Xianghai Zhao, Qian Zhuang, Junxiang Sun, Pengfei Wei, Hailong Zhao, Xiaotian Chen, Chong Shen
BACKGROUND: Animal researches reported that the dysfunction of profilin1 (PFN1) was involved in the physiological arterial stiffness and vascular remodeling linking to the etiology of hypertension (HT). This study mainly aims at evaluating the association of PFN1 and HT in a Han Chinese population. METHODS: A case-control study consisted of 2,012 HT cases and 2,210 controls was conducted and 2,116 participants from the healthy controls were further followed up for average 5...
May 24, 2017: American Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535297/antihypertensive-adherence-trajectories-among-older-adults-in-the-first-year-after-initiation-of-therapy
#3
Jennifer L Hargrove, Virginia Pate, Carri H Casteel, Yvonne M Golightly, Laura R Loehr, Stephen W Marshall, Til Stürmer
BACKGROUND: Adherence to antihypertensives is suboptimal, but previous methods of quantifying adherence fail to account for varying patterns of use over time. We sought to improve classification of antihypertensive adherence using group-based trajectory models, and to determine whether individual factors predict adherence trajectories. METHODS: We identified older adults initiating antihypertensive therapy during 2008-2011 using a 20% sample of Medicare (federal health insurance available to US residents over the age of 65) beneficiaries enrolled in parts A (inpatient services), B (outpatient services), and D (prescription medication)...
May 23, 2017: American Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531258/the-reproducibility-of-racial-differences-in-ambulatory-blood-pressure-phenotypes-and-measurements
#4
Aamir Husain, Feng-Chang Lin, Laura A Tuttle, Emily Olsson, Anthony J Viera
BACKGROUND: We examined the reproducibility of differences in ambulatory blood pressure (BP) monitoring (ABPM) phenotypes and other parameters (sustained hypertension, masked hypertension, nocturnal hypertension, and nondipping) between African Americans and Whites. METHODS: A total of 420 participants untreated for hypertension attended 2 research visits 1 week apart during which traditional office BP averages and ABPM session averages were determined. We computed percent agreement in ABPM phenotypes across the 2 visits stratified by race and associated kappa statistics with 95% confidence intervals...
May 22, 2017: American Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531255/measurement-repeatability-of-central-and-peripheral-blood-pressures-the-aric-study
#5
Fran Yong, Gerardo Heiss, David Couper, Michelle L Meyer, Susan Cheng, Hirofumi Tanaka
BACKGROUND: Central systolic and pulse pressures are markers of risk for small vessel disease in the brain and kidneys. The extent to which these markers are reproducible in the setting of population studies is less well established. We estimated short-term repeatability of central systolic and pulse pressures, and those of their peripheral measures for comparison. METHODS: Participants aged 65 years and over (n = 79, 56% women) were drawn from the 2011-2013 examination of the ARIC cohort...
May 22, 2017: American Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531244/awareness-prevalence-treatment-and-control-of-hypertension-in-western-nepal
#6
Dinesh Neupane, Archana Shrestha, Shiva Raj Mishra, Joakim Bloch, Bo Christensen, Craig S McLachlan, Arjun Karki, Per Kallestrup
BACKGROUND: Hypertension is a significant contributor to cardiovascular and renal diseases. In low-income settings like Nepal, there are few epidemiological studies assessing hypertension burden. Thus, the purpose was to determine prevalence, awareness, treatment, and control of hypertension in Nepal. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey was conducted in semi-urban area of western Nepal among randomly selected participants, aged between 25 and 65 years. Systolic blood pressure (BP) ≥140 mm Hg and/or diastolic BP of ≥90 mm Hg and/or taking current antihypertensive medicine defined as hypertension...
May 22, 2017: American Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531239/current-trends-of-hypertension-treatment-in-the-united-states
#7
Shreya J Shah, Randall S Stafford
BACKGROUND: To examine current patterns of hypertension (HTN) treatment in the United States, including blood pressure (BP) control, prevalence of different antihypertensive agents, and variations in treatment associated with patient and physician characteristics. METHODS: We used data from the National Disease and Therapeutic Index (NDTI), a nationally representative physician survey produced by QuintilesIMS. We selected patients with a diagnosis of HTN and identified those prescribed antihypertensive therapies...
May 22, 2017: American Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28520843/measurement-of-aortic-pulse-wave-velocity-with-a-connected-bathroom-scale
#8
David Campo, Hakim Khettab, Roger Yu, Nicolas Genain, Paul Edouard, Nadine Buard, Pierre Boutouyrie
BACKGROUND: Measurement of arterial stiffness should be more available. Our aim was to show that aortic pulse wave velocity can be reliably measured with a bathroom scale combining the principles of ballistocardiography (BCG) and impedance plethysmography on a single foot. METHOD: The calibration of the bathroom scale was conducted on a group of 106 individuals. The aortic pulse wave velocity was measured with the SphygmoCor in the supine position. Three consecutive measurements were then performed on the Withings scale in the standing position...
May 17, 2017: American Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28510635/arterial-blood-pressure-and-lifestyle-variability-in-quest-of-a-comprehensive-approach
#9
Guglielmo M Trovato
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 16, 2017: American Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28498883/prognostic-significance-of-spot-urine-na-k-for-longitudinal-changes-in-blood-pressure-and-renal-function-the-nagahama-study
#10
Yasuharu Tabara, Yoshimitsu Takahashi, Kazuya Setoh, Takahisa Kawaguchi, Shinji Kosugi, Takeo Nakayama, Fumihiko Matsuda
BACKGROUND: Urinary sodium-to-potassium ratio (Na/K) represents a simple measure of sodium load and has been reported to be associated with blood pressure (BP) levels in a cross-sectional setting even with spot measurements. The aim of the present large-scale cohort study is to determine prognostic significance of spot urine Na/K for longitudinal changes in BP levels and renal function. METHODS: The present study population consisted of 7,063 individuals from the general population...
May 12, 2017: American Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28482060/unsuccessfully-treated-hypertension-a-major-public-health-problem-with-a-potential-solution
#11
Curt D Furberg, Jean E Sealey, Jon D Blumenfeld
BACKGROUND: About one-half of all hypertensive adults do not have their blood pressure controlled. They are often prescribed medications that conform to national guidelines but they continue to have elevated blood pressure. This public health problem might be improved by applying plasma renin guided therapy. RESULTS: A contributor to the public health problem of unsuccessfully treated hypertension is that the circulating renin-angiotensin system (RAS) is not recognized in treatment guidelines as clinically relevant for the treatment of hypertension or as important as the body salt status for determining blood pressure levels...
May 8, 2017: American Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28475667/interarm-difference-in-systolic-blood-pressure-in-different-ethnic-groups-and-relationship-to-the-white-coat-effect-a-cross-sectional-study
#12
Claire Lorraine Schwartz, Christopher Clark, Constantinos Koshiaris, Paramjit S Gill, Shelia M Greenfield, Sayeed M Haque, Gurdip Heer, Amanpreet Johal, Ramandeep Kaur, Jonathan Mant, Una Martin, Mohamed A Mohammed, Sally Wood, Richard J McManus
BACKGROUND: Interarm differences (IADs) ≥10 mm Hg in systolic blood pressure (BP) are associated with greater incidence of cardiovascular disease. The effect of ethnicity and the white coat effect (WCE) on significant systolic IADs (ssIADs) are not well understood. METHODS: Differences in BP by ethnicity for different methods of BP measurement were examined in 770 people (300 White British, 241 South Asian, 229 African-Caribbean). Repeated clinic measurements were obtained simultaneously in the right and left arm using 2 BPTru monitors and comparisons made between the first reading, mean of second and third and mean of second to sixth readings for patients with, and without known hypertension...
May 5, 2017: American Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28475663/association-between-short-term-systolic-blood-pressure-variability-and-carotid-intima-media-thickness-in-elsa-brasil-baseline
#13
Adèle H Ribeiro, Paulo A Lotufo, André Fujita, Alessandra C Goulart, Dora Chor, José G Mill, Isabela M Bensenor, Itamar S Santos
BACKGROUND: Blood pressure (BP) is associated with carotid intima-media thickness (CIMT), but few studies have explored the association between BP variability and CIMT. We aimed to investigate this association in the Brazilian Longitudinal Study of Adult Health (ELSA-Brasil) baseline. METHODS: We analyzed data from 7,215 participants (56.0% women) without overt cardiovascular disease (CVD) or antihypertensive use. We included 10 BP readings in varying positions during a 6-hour visit...
May 5, 2017: American Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28472389/carbon-monoxide-releasing-molecules-blunt-placental-ischemia-induced-hypertension
#14
Eric M George, Kathy Cockrell, Marietta Arany, David E Stec, John M Rimoldi, Rama S V Gadepalli, Joey P Granger
BACKGROUND: Preeclampsia is a pregnancy complication which manifests as new-onset hypertension, proteinuria, and a spectrum of other symptoms. While the underlying causes are still a subject of much debate, it is commonly believed that placental ischemia is a central cause. The ischemic placenta secretes factors which are believed to be responsible for the maternal syndrome; most notably the anti-angiogenic protein soluble fms-like tyrosine kinase 1 (sFlt-1). We have reported that induction of the carbon monoxide (CO) producing protein heme oxygenase-1 restored angiogenic imbalance and reduced blood pressure in a rat model of placental ischemia, and that CO blocks hypoxia-induced sFlt-1 production from placental tissue in vitro...
May 2, 2017: American Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28472334/erratum
#15
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2, 2017: American Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28472315/physiological-phenotyping-for-personalized-therapy-of-uncontrolled-hypertension-in-africa
#16
Adeseye Akintunde, Justus Nondi, Kennedy Gogo, Erika S W Jones, Brian L Rayner, Daniel G Hackam, J David Spence
OBJECTIVES: African and African American hypertensives tend to retain salt and water, with lower levels of plasma renin and more resistant hypertension. We tested the hypothesis that physiological phenotyping with plasma renin and aldosterone would improve blood pressure control in uncontrolled hypertensives in Africa. METHODS: Patients at hypertension clinics in Nigeria, Kenya, and South Africa with a systolic blood pressure >140 mm Hg or diastolic pressure > 90 mm Hg despite treatment were allocated to usual care (UC) vs...
May 2, 2017: American Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28472229/the-effects-of-urinary-albumin-and-hypertension-on-all-cause-and-cardiovascular-disease-mortality-in-korea
#17
Mi Hae Seo, Jong-Young Lee, Seungho Ryu, Yu Sam Won, Ki Chul Sung
BACKGROUND: Urinary albumin levels and hypertension (HTN) are independently associated with an increased risk of all-cause mortality. The effect of albuminuria on mortality in the absence or presence of HTN is uncertain. This study aimed to evaluate the effect of albuminuria and HTN on all-cause and cardiovascular disease (CVD) mortality. METHODS: Mortality outcomes for 32,653 Koreans enrolled in a health screening including measurements of the urinary albumin/creatinine ratio (UACR) at baseline and median follow-up of 5...
May 2, 2017: American Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28472228/serum-uric-acid-and-childhood-hypertension-association-to-causation-to-prevention
#18
Sahul Bharti, Bhavneet Bharti
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2, 2017: American Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28472224/new-models-of-pregnancy-associated-hypertension
#19
Spencer C Cushen, Styliani Goulopoulou
Pregnancy-associated hypertensive disorders are leading causes of maternal and fetal mortality. These include: pre-pregnancy hypertension that persists throughout gestation (chronic/preexisting hypertension), de novo hypertension that is diagnosed after 20 weeks of gestation and resolves after birth (gestational hypertension), de novo hypertension that is diagnosed after 20 weeks of gestation with or without proteinuria and end-organ damage (preeclampsia and eclampsia), and chronic hypertension with superimposed preeclampsia during gestation...
May 2, 2017: American Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28472222/coronary-tortuosity-a-clue-to-the-diagnosis-of-fibromuscular-dysplasia
#20
Daan J L van Twist, Peter W de Leeuw, Abraham A Kroon
BACKGROUND: Fibromuscular dysplasia (FMD) is a systemic, nonatherosclerotic, noninflammatory vasculopathy that is often overlooked by clinicians. Clinical clues could help in selecting patients for further evaluation for the presence of FMD. Recently, it was observed that tortuosity of the coronary arteries is often present in patients with FMD-related abnormalities of the coronary artery. Therefore, we wondered if the presence of coronary tortuosity might provide a clinical clue to the diagnosis of extracoronary FMD...
May 2, 2017: American Journal of Hypertension
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