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American Journal of Hypertension

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29688416/corrigendum
#1
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 23, 2018: American Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29684105/aortic-pulse-pressure-does-not-adequately-index-cardiovascular-risk-factor-related-changes-in-aortic-stiffness-and-forward-wave-pressure
#2
Tshegofatso H Motau, Gavin R Norton, Pinhas Sareli, Angela J Woodiwiss
Background: Through the impact of conventional risk factors on arteries, several changes in aortic function contribute to cardiovascular events. It is nevertheless uncertain whether these effects are accurately reflected by changes in central aortic pulse pressure (PPc). We therefore aimed to determine the extent to which relations between modifiable risk factors and aortic function translate into increases in PPc. Methods: In 1232 black South Africans from the South West Township (SOWETO) of Johannesburg, we determined risk factors and aortic function from carotid-femoral pulse wave velocity (PWV) and aortic PPc, forward (Pf) and reflected (backward-Pb) wave pressures (applanation tonometry and SphygmoCor software)...
April 19, 2018: American Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29684100/corrigendum
#3
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 19, 2018: American Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29672672/mri-and-neuropsychological-correlates-in-african-americans-with-hypertension-and-left-ventricular-hypertrophy
#4
B Waldron-Perrine, J E Kisser, A Brody, E M Haacke, R Dawood, S Millis, P Levy
Background: African Americans (AA) are at high risk for hypertension (HTN) and poor blood pressure (BP) control. Persistently elevated BP contributes to cardiovascular morbidity. White matter hyperintensities (WMH) are a definable magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) marker of cerebrovascular injury linked to impairments in higher level thinking (i.e., executive functions), memory formation and speed of perceptual-motor processing. Methods: This sub-investigation evaluated neuropsychological functioning in association with WMH on brain MRIs in 23 otherwise healthy hypertensive AAs participating in an NIH-funded study of the effects of Vitamin D on BP and cardiac remodeling in AA patients 30-74 years of age with HTN and left ventricular hypertrophy...
April 17, 2018: American Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29668828/the-fallacy-of-attended-automated-office-blood-pressure-measurement
#5
Martin G Myers
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 13, 2018: American Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29648569/the-childhood-role-in-development-of-primary-hypertension
#6
Bonita Falkner
Primary hypertension is not just an adult disorder. Current US population data on children and adolescents demonstrate a prevalence of elevated blood pressure (BP) and hypertension combined of over 10%. Recent reports from prospective cohort studies describe an association of high BP in childhood with hypertension in young adulthood. Excess adiposity is strongly associated with higher BP in childhood and increases risk for hypertension in adulthood. In addition to overweight/obesity, other exposures that raise the risk for high BP include low birthweight, dietary sodium, and stress...
April 10, 2018: American Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29648568/a-novel-high-resolution-magnetic-resonance-imaging-protocol-detects-aldosterone-producing-adenomas-in-patients-with-negative-computed-tomography
#7
I Raber, R T Isom, J D Louie, S Vasanawala, V Bhalla
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 10, 2018: American Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29648567/salt-sensitivity-of-blood-pressure-is-it-time-to-customize-the-antihypertensive-therapy
#8
Lanfranco D'Elia
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 10, 2018: American Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29635270/inactive-matrix-gla-protein-arterial-stiffness-and-endothelial-function-in-african-american-hemodialysis-patients
#9
M E Fain, G K Kapuku, W D Paulson, C F Williams, A Raed, Y Dong, M H J Knapen, C Vermeer, N K Pollock
Background: Matrix Gla protein (MGP) is a vascular calcification inhibitor dependent upon vitamin K for activation. Evidence suggests that elevated plasma inactive MGP levels (desphospho-uncarboxylated MGP, dp-ucMGP; indicating poorer vascular vitamin K status) are associated with greater cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk. Despite African Americans experiencing highest rates of kidney failure and CVD events, relationships between dp-ucMGP and CVD risk markers have not been examined in this population...
April 7, 2018: American Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29659662/erratum-to-breastfeeding-and-maternal-hypertension
#10
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 6, 2018: American Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29659657/prognostic-value-of-electrocardiographic-left-ventricular-hypertrophy-on-cardiovascular-risk-in-a-non-hypertensive-community-based-population
#11
Kentaro Tanaka, Fumitaka Tanaka, Toshiyuki Onoda, Kozo Tanno, Masaki Ohsawa, Kiyomi Sakata, Shinichi Omama, Kuniaki Ogasawara, Yasuhiro Ishibashi, Kazuyoshi Itai, Toru Kuribayashi, Akira Okayama, Motoyuki Nakamura
BACKGROUND: The appearance of left ventricular hypertrophy on 12-lead electrocardiography (ECG-LVH) has been clarified to be associated with the risk of incidence of cardiovascular events (CVEs) in hypertensive individuals and the general population, but not enough in non-hypertensive individuals. METHODS: A total of 4,927 non-hypertensive individuals ≥ 40 years of age who were free of CVE in the general population were followed for the incidence of CVE. ECG-LVH was defined according to criteria of the Sokolow-Lyon (SL) voltage, Cornell voltage (CV), or Cornell voltage product (CP)...
April 6, 2018: American Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29617895/risk-factors-for-orthostatic-hypotension-differences-between-elderly-men-and-women
#12
Andrea S Méndez, Jesús D Melgarejo, Luis J Mena, Carlos A Chávez, Alicex Ch González, José Boggia, Joseph D Terwilliger, Joseph H Lee, Gladys E Maestre
Background: Orthostatic hypotension (OH) occurs when mechanisms regulating blood pressure (BP) levels after standing-up are altered. It is unclear how prevalence and risk factors for OH are different between sexes. We aimed to investigate sex differences in prevalence and risk factors for OH elderly individuals. Methods: We included 882 participants from Maracaibo Aging Study. OH was a sustained reduction of ≥20 mmHg in systolic BP, ≥10 mmHg in diastolic BP, or both, after three minutes of changing positions from supine to standing...
March 30, 2018: American Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29617893/serum-cortisol-and-cortisone-as-potential-biomarkers-of-partial-11%C3%AE-hydroxysteroid-dehydrogenase-type-2-deficiency
#13
Cristian A Carvajal, Alejandra Tapia-Castillo, Carolina P Valdivia, Fidel Allende, Sandra Solari, Carlos F Lagos, Carmen Campino, Alejandro Martínez-Aguayo, Andrea Vecchiola, Constanza Pinochet, Claudia Godoy, Virginia Iturrieta, Rene Baudrand, Carlos E Fardella
Background: Pathogenic variations in HSD11B2 gene triggers the apparent mineralocorticoid excess syndrome (AME). There is scarce information regarding the phenotypes of subjects carrying heterozygous pathogenic variants in HSD11B2 gene. We investigated if serum cortisol/cortisone(F/E) ratio and cortisone are useful for identifying partial 11βHSD2 deficiency in those heterozygous subjects. Methods: We studied two patients diagnosed with AME and their families carrying either D223N or R213C mutation...
March 30, 2018: American Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29617894/factors-associated-with-hypertension-control-in-u-s-adults-using-2017-acc-aha-guidelines-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey-1999-2016
#14
Yechiam Ostchega, Guangyu Zhang, Jeffery Hughes, Tatiana Nwankwo
Background: Factors and trends associated with hypertension control (BP <130/<80 mm Hg) and mean blood pressure (BP) among hypertensive adults (BP ≥130/80 mm Hg or medicated for hypertension). Method: Data on 22,911 hypertensive US adults from the 1999-2016 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. Results: For men, hypertension control prevalence increased from 8.6% in 1999-2000 to 16.2% in 2003-2004 (P<0.001), and continued the increasing trend afterwards to 23...
March 29, 2018: American Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29608643/prolonged-baby-nursing-related-sphygmomanometric-protection-breast-brain-blood-biomolecules-or-bacteria
#15
Joel Faintuch, Salomao Faintuch
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 28, 2018: American Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29590321/polymorphisms-within-ryr3-gene-are-associated-with-risk-and-age-at-onset-of-hypertension-diabetes-and-alzheimer-s-disease
#16
Shaoqing Gong, Brenda Bin Su, Hugo Tovar, ChunXiang Mao, Valeria Gonzalez, Ying Liu, Yongke Lu, Ke-Sheng Wang, Chun Xu
Background: Hypertension affects 33% of Americans while type 2 diabetes and Alzheimer's disease (AD) affect 10% of Americans, respectively. Ryanodine receptor 3 gene (RYR3) codes for the ryanodine receptor which functions to release stored endoplasmic reticulum calcium ions (Ca2+ ) to increase intracellular Ca2+ concentration. Increasing studies demonstrate that altered levels of intracellular Ca2+ affects cardiac contraction, insulin secretion and neurodegeneration. In this study, we investigated associations of the RYR3 genetic variants with hypertension, AD, and diabetes...
March 26, 2018: American Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29566163/target-organ-damage-and-target-systolic-blood-pressure-in-clinical-practice-the-campania-salute-network
#17
Andrea D'Amato, Costantino Mancusi, Maria Angela Losi, Raffaele Izzo, Maria Immacolata Arnone, Grazia Canciello, Salvatore Senese, Nicola De Luca, Giovanni de Simone, Bruno Trimarco
BACKGROUND: Lowering systolic blood pressure (SBP) below the conventional threshold (140 mm Hg) reduces left ventricular (LV) hypertrophy and incident cardiovascular (CV) events. We assessed whether different thresholds of SBP as the average value during follow-up (FU) have different impact on changes in target organ damage (TOD). METHODS: From the Campania Salute Network registry, we selected 4,148 hypertensive patients with average SBP-FU <140 mm Hg, and without history of prevalent CV or chronic kidney disease (i...
March 16, 2018: American Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29554202/polypill-variants-quarter-pill-trials
#18
Koon Teo, Salim Yusuf
The cardiovascular polypill or fixed dose combination pill, consisting of three, four or more drugs in a single tablet (or capsule), has been proposed as an effective and convenient therapy in both secondary and primary prevention of cardiovascular disease (CVD). Each of the drugs in the combination has a documented ability to prevent CVD events. The combined effect has been estimated to reduce risk by 75% to 80%.Since the concept was introduced 15 years ago, several polypills are available and their effects on risk factors evaluated...
March 15, 2018: American Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29548029/diabetes-and-hypertension-clinical-update
#19
Darshan Khangura, L Romayne Kurukulasuriya, Adam Whaley-Connell, James R Sowers
The presence of hypertension in individuals with type 2 diabetes augments the risk for cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. In this regard, data support that management of hypertension in this high-risk population is a critical risk reduction strategy. In recent years, a number of work groups have redefined hypertension, management strategies, and targets. In this context, there is still considerable discussion on an appropriate target for blood pressure in the diabetic population. However, despite this discussion on target blood pressure, it is widely recognized that there is considerable residual risk for heightened cardiovascular events in the hypertensive, diabetic population despite widespread awareness and treatment...
March 14, 2018: American Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29547880/the-influence-of-sodium-and-potassium-intake-and-insulin-resistance-on-blood-pressure-in-normotensive-individuals-is-more-evident-in-women
#20
Satoshi Murao, Yasunori Takata, Mitsugi Yasuda, Haruhiko Osawa, Fumikazu Kohi
Background: Considering sex differences, salt sensitivity and insulin resistance (IR), the effect of sodium restriction and increased potassium intake on blood pressure remains unclear in normotensive Asian individuals, compared to that in hypertensive patients. Methods: To assess the influence of sodium and potassium intake in normotensive individuals, we evaluated the estimated 24-hour urinary sodium and potassium excretion rate in 3,392 drug-naïve normotensive Japanese individuals (average age: 48...
March 14, 2018: American Journal of Hypertension
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