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American Journal of Hypertension

Kaisa M Mäki-Petäjä, Ian B Wilkinson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 11, 2018: American Journal of Hypertension
Hyojin Kim, BongKyoo Choi
BACKGROUND: Previous studies have reported that vascular disease is associated with glaucoma. However, the relationship between blood pressure (BP) and glaucoma has been inconsistent. We investigated whether there is a non-linear association between BP and glaucoma in an adult population of the United States. METHODS: From the 2005-2008 National Health and Nutrition Examination Surveys (NHANES) data, 4,137 participants aged 40 and older were chosen. BP was assessed based on a standard protocol...
December 8, 2018: American Journal of Hypertension
Satoshi Hoshide, Tomoyuki Kabutoya, Tatsuya Yoneyama, Kyohei Fukatani, Kazuomi Kario
Background: Although many studies have reported that the presence of minor or major ST-T change of ECG was associated with a risk of cardiovascular events, it is not clear whether there is a difference in the prognostic power depending on the summation of ST-T area (ST-Tarea) assessed by a quantitative method. Methods: Electrocardiograms were performed in 834 clinical patients with one or more cardiovascular risks. ST-Tarea was assessed as the area enclosed by the baseline from the end of the QRS complex to the end of the ST-T segment using a computerized quantitative method...
December 8, 2018: American Journal of Hypertension
Merrill F Elias, Rachael V Torres, Adam Davey
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 8, 2018: American Journal of Hypertension
Xin Liu, Xia Liao, Wei Gan, Xinyun Ding, Bei Gao, Hao Wang, Xu Zhao, Yingxue Liu, Leilei Feng, Wurrguli Abdulkadil, Yanqin Li
BACKGROUND: Coarse food grains are rich in dietary fiber and contain a wide range of nutrients with potential health benefits, such as blood pressure control. Coarse food grains are very popular in China, where hypertension is a major challenge. We evaluated the associations between coarse food grain consumption and blood pressure among young Chinese adults. METHODS: A total of 104 men and women aged 18 to 35 years, who participated in a pilot study of the Carbohydrate Alternatives and Metabolic Phenotypes study, were included in the present analysis...
December 8, 2018: American Journal of Hypertension
Jie Dong, Yinkun Yan, Hui Fan, Xiaoyuan Zhao, Jie Mi
Background: Several formulas using spot urine have been developed to estimate 24-hour sodium excretion, but none of them have been validated in pediatrics. We aimed to evaluate the performance of eight formulas, including Kawasaki, Tanaka, International Cooperative Study on Salt, Other Factors, and Blood Pressure (INTERSALT1), INTERSALT without potassium (INTERSALT2), Mage, Whitton, Uechi simple-mean, and Uechi regression, in estimating 24-hour sodium excretion at both population and individual levels in Chinese young adolescents...
December 4, 2018: American Journal of Hypertension
Joshua H Gordon, Michael J LaMonte, Jiwei Zhao, Robert J Genco, Thomas R Cimato, Kathleen M Hovey, Matthew A Allison, Charles P Mouton, Jean Wactawski-Wende
BACKGROUND: Multiple cross-sectional epidemiologic studies have suggested an association between periodontal disease and tooth loss and hypertension, but the temporality of these associations remains unclear. The objective of our study was to evaluate the association of baseline self-reported periodontal disease and edentulism with incident hypertension. METHODS: Study participants were 36,692 postmenopausal women in the Women's Health Initiative-Observational Study who were followed annually from initial periodontal assessment (1998-2003) through 2015 (mean follow-up 8...
December 4, 2018: American Journal of Hypertension
Cesare Cuspidi, Carla Sala, Marijana Tadic, Guido Grassi
An increasing attention has been devoted in the last two decades to masked hypertension (MH), a condition characterized by the fact that classification of a normal blood pressure (BP) status by office measurements is not confirmed by home and/or ambulatory BP monitoring (ABPM).MH definition (i.e. normal office BP, but high out-of-office BP) should be restricted to untreated subjects (true MH) whereas masked uncontrolled hypertension (MUCH) reserved to treated patients previously classified as hypertensives, presenting normal office BP and high ABPM or home values...
December 3, 2018: American Journal of Hypertension
M Pilar Montero López, Ana Isabel Mora-Urda, José Geraldo Mill, Amílcar B T Silva, Milena Santos Batista, Maria Del Carmen B Molina
BACKGROUND: To analyze the relationship between early life indicators, blood pressure (BP) and arterial stiffness in childhood, in three samples with different bio-cultural characteristics. METHODS: The total sample included 520 schoolchildren 9-10 years of age from Madrid (Spain), Vitória (Brazil) and Luanda (Angola). Height and weight, BP and carotid-femoral Pulse Wave Velocity (cf-PWV) were measured, all by 1 observer in each site, BMI was calculated. Birth weight, gestational age, type of feeding and age at weaning were extracted from official health cards...
December 2, 2018: American Journal of Hypertension
Lei Xi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 30, 2018: American Journal of Hypertension
Giuliano Tocci, Vivianne Presta, Massimo Volpe
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 30, 2018: American Journal of Hypertension
Ayako Fukushima, Wafa Khabtheni, Florent Guelfucci, Yoshie Onishi, Daisuke Sugiyama, Tomonori Okamura, Mondher Toumi
BACKGROUND: Few of studies investigated the effect of antihypertensives among working population. We aimed to describe the impact of hypertension with and without antihypertensives on hospitalizations due to cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) in the Japanese working population. METHODS: This retrospective study included adults aged 40-64years whose systolic and diastolic blood pressure (BP) readings taken between 2008 and 2015 were available in the Japanese claims database...
November 26, 2018: American Journal of Hypertension
Azra Kurbasic, Abigail Fraser, Ingrid Mogren, Göran Hallmans, Paul W Franks, Janet W Rich-Edwards, Simon Timpka
BACKGROUND: Women with a history of hypertensive disorders of pregnancy (HDP) are at increased risk of hypertension, cardiovascular disease, and type 2 diabetes. Offspring from pregnancies complicated by HDP also have worse cardiometabolic status in childhood and young adulthood, but the offspring risk of clinical hypertension in adulthood is largely unknown. METHODS: We studied 13,893 first-born adult offspring (49.4% female) who attended a structured population-based primary care visit (The Västerbotten Health Survey) at age 40 years in Sweden between 1994 and 2013...
November 24, 2018: American Journal of Hypertension
Dian Wang, Jian-Zhong Xu, Xin Chen, Yi Chen, Shuai Shao, Wei Zhang, Li-Min Zhu, Ting-Yan Xu, Yan Li, Ji-Guang Wang
Background: Primary aldosteronism (PA) may cause myocardial injury. We investigated myocardial dysfunction using speckle tracking echocardiographic (STE) layer-specific strain in patients with PA. Methods: Our study included 62 patients with PA (33 aldosterone-producing adenoma [APA] and 29 idiopathic hyperaldosteronism [IHA]) and 30 patients with primary hypertension. STE was acquired using the GE Vivid E9 equipment. The longitudinal (LS) and circumferential (CS) layer-specific strains of the endocardium, mid-myocardium and epicardium (LSendo, LSmid, LSepi, CSendo, CSmid and CSepi) were obtained using the EchoPAC BT13 workstation...
November 21, 2018: American Journal of Hypertension
Jinok Bae, Yu Hyeon Yi, Yun Jin Kim, Jeong Gyu Lee, Young Jin Tak, Seung Hoon Lee, Hye Rim Hwang, Sang Yeoup Lee, Young Hye Cho, Ei Jin Ro
BACKGROUND: While previous studies have explored the effect of smoking on blood pressure, little is still known about the role of time to first cigarette (TTFC)-an indicator of nicotine dependence-on hypertension. Therefore, we evaluated this association using representative nationwide data. METHODS: Current daily smokers (N = 941; aged 19-79 years) who participated in the 7th version of the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey I (2016) were included...
November 17, 2018: American Journal of Hypertension
Changwei Li, Yonghong Zhang, Tan Xu, Hao Peng, Dali Wang, Tian Xu, Yingxian Sun, Xiaoqing Bu, Chung-Shiuan Chen, Aili Wang, Jinchao Wang, Qunwei Li, Zhong Ju, Deqin Geng, Jintao Zhang, Jing Chen, Jiang He
Background: Optimal blood pressure (BP) levels during acute ischemic stroke have not been established. We studied associations between systolic BP trajectories during acute phase and subsequent clinical outcomes among patients with ischemic stroke. Methods: 4,036 patients with acute ischemic stroke and elevated BP from the CATIS trial were included in this analysis. Three BPs were measured every 2 hours in day 1, every 4 hours during days 2 and 3, and every 8 hours thereafter until hospital discharge or death...
November 17, 2018: American Journal of Hypertension
Jun Sugawara, Tomoto Tsubasa, Hirofumi Tanaka
BACKGROUND: Stiffening of the proximal aorta is associated with heightened cardiovascular disease risks but can be quantified by limited methodologies (e.g., MRI). As an initial step to evaluate the emerging technique to assess proximal aortic stiffness via pulse wave velocity from the heart to the brachium (hbPWV), we determined the influences of aging on PWV and aortic hemodynamics. METHOD: Using the cross-sectional and follow-up study designs, hbPWV was compared and evaluated in relation to other PWV in various arterial segments...
November 16, 2018: American Journal of Hypertension
Chi-Jung Huang, Chern-En Chiang, Bryan Williams, Kazuomi Kario, Shih-Hsien Sung, Chen-Huan Chen, Tzung-Dau Wang, Hao-Min Cheng
BACKGROUND: The influence of age on balance of benefit versus potential harm of blood pressure (BP)-lowering therapy for elderly hypertensives is unclear. We evaluated the modifying effects of age on BP lowering for various adverse outcomes in hypertensive patients older than 60 years without specified comorbidities. METHODS: All relevant randomized controlled trials (RCTs) were systematically identified. Coronary heart disease, stroke, heart failure (HF), cardiovascular death, major adverse cardiovascular events (MACE), renal failure (RF), and all-cause death were assessed...
November 16, 2018: American Journal of Hypertension
Andrea Kolkenbeck-Ruh, Tshegofatso H Motau, Ravi Naran, Carlos D Libhaber, Pinhas Sareli, Gavin R Norton, Angela J Woodiwiss
Background: The contribution of steady-state pressures and the forward (Pf) and backward (reflected) (Pb) wave pressure components of pulse pressure (PP) to risk prediction have produced contrasting results. We hypothesized that the independent contribution of steady-state pressures (mean arterial pressure [MAP]), Pf and Pb to cardiovascular damage is organ-specific and age-dependent. Methods: In 1384 black South Africans from a community sample, we identified independent relations between MAP, Pf or Pb (applanation tonometry and SphygmoCor software) and either left ventricular mass index (LVMI) (n=997)(echocardiography), carotid intima media thickness (IMT)(n=804) (B-mode ultrasound), or aortic pulse wave velocity (PWV)(n=1217)...
November 12, 2018: American Journal of Hypertension
F G Beltrami, D Mzee, C M Spengler
Background: We investigated the inter-day repeatability of newly-proposed indexes of cardiovascular health based on the absolute (PWVABS) or relative (PWVRATIO) difference in pulse wave velocity between the carotid-femoral (PWVCF) and carotid-radial (PWVCR) segments compared with PWVCF alone and with systolic blood pressure (BPSYST) over multiple days. Methods: All variables were measured in triplicates in a group of 16 young, healthy individuals (8 males/8 females, 66 ± 14 kg, 1...
November 10, 2018: American Journal of Hypertension
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