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American Journal of Hypertension

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645164/differences-in-cardiac-structure-and-function-between-black-and-white-patients-another-step-in-the-evaluation-of-cardiovascular-risk-in-chronic-kidney-disease
#1
Emilio Nardi, Giuseppe Mulè, Chiara Nardi, Maurizio Averna
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 22, 2017: American Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633432/factors-associated-with-home-blood-pressure-monitoring-among-us-adults-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey-2011-2014
#2
Yechiam Ostchega, Guangyu Zhang, Brian K Kit, Tatiana Nwankwo
BACKGROUND: Home blood pressure monitoring (HBPM) has a substantial role in hypertension management and control. METHODS: Cross-sectional data for noninstitutionalized US adults 18 years and older (10,958) from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES), years 2011-2014, were used to examine factors related to HBPM. RESULTS: In 2011-2014, estimated 9.5% of US adults engaged in weekly HBPM, 7.2% engaged in monthly HBPM, 8...
June 19, 2017: American Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633388/sex-obesity-and-blood-pressure-among-african-american-adolescents-the-jackson-heart-kids-pilot-study
#3
Marino A Bruce, Bettina M Beech, Keith C Norris, Derek M Griffith, Mario Sims, Roland J Thorpe
BACKGROUND: This study examined the degree to which sex, weight status, and the presence of hypertension and obesity in parents/grandparents were associated with systolic (SBP) and diastolic (DBP) blood pressure (BP) among African American youth in a pilot offspring study examining obesity-related cardiovascular disease (CVD) risks among adolescents. RESULTS: Fully adjusted linear regression models of the total sample produced results indicating that obesity was associated with BP (SBP: β = 7...
June 15, 2017: American Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641368/glomerular-hyperfiltration-in-obese-african-american-hypertensive-patients-is-associated-with-elevated-urinary-mitochondrial-dna-copy-number
#4
Alfonso Eirin, Ahmed Saad, John R Woollard, Luis A Juncos, David A Calhoun, Hui Tang, Amir Lerman, Stephen C Textor, Lilach O Lerman
BACKGROUND: Glomerular hyperfiltration may contribute to the high incidence of renal disease in Obese African Americans essential hypertensive (ObAAEH) patients, but the precise mechanisms responsible for renal injury have not been elucidated. Mitochondria are important determinants of renal injury in hypertension, and increased levels of mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) in the urine may indicate renal mitochondrial injury. We hypothesized that urine mtDNA copy numbers would be higher in ObAAEH compared to Caucasian essential hypertensive (CEH) patients...
June 14, 2017: American Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633329/mid-term-blood-pressure-variability-is-associated-with-clinical-outcome-after-ischemic-stroke
#5
Yibo Wang, Jin'e Wang, Pin Meng, Na Liu, Niu Ji, Guanghui Zhang, Bingchao Xu, Xinyu Zhou, Yong'an Sun, Yingda Xu, Rutai Hui, Mingli He
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to investigate the relation between mid-term blood pressure (BP) variability (BPV) within 7 days of onset and the prognosis in acute stroke patients. METHODS: Total 873 acute ischemic stroke patients were included in this study. Mid-term BPV was evaluated through the calculations of coefficient of variation (CV) of the systolic BP (SBP) and diastolic BP (DBP) within 7 days of onset. Clinical outcomes were assessed using the recovery situations of neurological function at 3 months, the primary outcome (symptomatic recurrent stroke) and the secondary outcomes (recurrent stroke, all-cause mortality, and the composite of cardiovascular events) within 12 months...
June 13, 2017: American Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633300/pre-pregnancy-blood-pressure-and-offspring-sex-in-the-hunt-study-norway
#6
Eirin B Haug, Julie Horn, Abigail Fraser, Amanda R Markovitz, Janet W Rich-Edwards, George Davey Smith, Pål R Romundstad, Bjørn O Åsvold
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 13, 2017: American Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633297/sauna-bathing-and-incident-hypertension-a-prospective-cohort-study
#7
Francesco Zaccardi, Tanjaniina Laukkanen, Peter Willeit, Setor K Kunutsor, Jussi Kauhanen, Jari A Laukkanen
BACKGROUND: Sauna bathing is associated with reduced cardiovascular risk, but the mechanisms underlying this beneficial effect are not entirely understood. We aimed to assess the relationship between sauna bathing and risk of incident hypertension. METHODS: Frequency of sauna bathing was ascertained using questionnaires in the Kuopio Ischemic Heart Disease Study, a prospective cohort study conducted in Eastern Finland that comprised a population-based sample of 1,621 men aged 42 to 60 years without hypertension at baseline...
June 13, 2017: American Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633294/response-to-pre-pregnancy-blood-pressure-and-offspring-sex-in-the-hunt-study-norway
#8
Ravi Retnakaran, Shi Wu Wen, Hongzhuan Tan, Shujin Zhou, Chang Ye, Minxue Shen, Graeme N Smith, Mark C Walker
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 13, 2017: American Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28605498/effect-of-home-blood-pressure-on-inducing-remission-regression-of-microalbuminuria-in-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-mellitus
#9
Motonobu Nishimura, Yasuhisa Kato, Tsuyoshi Tanaka, Hideki Taki, Atsuhito Tone, Kazunori Yamada, Seiji Suzuki, Miho Saito, Yutaka Ando, Yoshiharu Hoshiyama
BACKGROUND: The Home Blood Pressure for Diabetic Nephropathy study is a prospective observational study conducted to determine the effect of home blood pressure (HBP) on remission/regression of microalbuminuria in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM). METHODS: Patients with type 2 DM having microalbuminuria were followed-up for 3 years. Remission of microalbuminuria was defined as shift from microalbuminuria to normoalbuminuria. Regression of microalbuminuria was defined as a 50% reduction in urinary albumin-creatinine ratio from baseline...
June 10, 2017: American Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28586418/nocturnal-but-not-diurnal-hypertension-is-associated-to-insulin-resistance-markers-in-subjects-with-normal-or-mildly-elevated-office-blood-pressure
#10
Martin R Salazar, Walter G Espeche, Rodolfo N Stavile, Liliana Disalvo, Andrea Tournier, Betty C Leiva Sisnieguez, Ana Varea, Carlos E Leiva Sisnieguez, Carlos E March, Horacio A Carbajal
OBJECTIVE: The aim was to evaluate the relationships among insulin resistance markers and nocturnal and diurnal hypertension in normotensive or mildly untreated hypertensive adults. METHODS: The study was performed in both female and male adults referred to the Cardiometabolic Unit of the Hospital San Martín, La Plata, Argentina, in order to perform an ambulatory blood pressure measurement (ABPM) for the evaluation of a possible hypertensive disorder. The population was stratified according to their ABPM in: 1-presence or absence of diurnal hypertension and 2-presence or absence of nocturnal hypertension; both conditions were analyzed separately...
June 6, 2017: American Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28575139/ambulatory-blood-pressure-control-in-children-and-young-adults-after-kidney-transplantation
#11
Gilad Hamdani, Edward J Nehus, Coral D Hanevold, Judith S VanSickle, David K Hooper, Doug Blowey, Bradley A Warady, Mark M Mitsnefes
BACKGROUND: Ambulatory blood pressure (BP) monitoring (ABPM) is the preferred method to characterize BP status, and its use in kidney transplant recipients is increasing. Data on longitudinal ambulatory BP (ABP) trends in pediatric and young adult kidney transplant recipients are limited. METHODS: Retrospective review of a large cohort of children and young adults following kidney transplantation and evaluation of their ABP status over time and its associations with any patient and clinical characteristics...
June 1, 2017: American Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28575205/relationship-of-hypertension-and-systolic-blood-pressure-with-the-risk-of-stroke-or-bleeding-in-patients-with-atrial-fibrillation-the-fushimi-af-registry
#12
Mitsuru Ishii, Hisashi Ogawa, Takashi Unoki, Yoshimori An, Moritake Iguchi, Nobutoyo Masunaga, Masahiro Esato, Yeong-Hwa Chun, Hikari Tsuji, Hiromichi Wada, Koji Hasegawa, Mitsuru Abe, Masaharu Akao
BACKGROUND: Hypertension is considered a major risk factor of stroke and systemic embolism (SE) as well as bleeding in patients with atrial fibrillation (AF). The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship of hypertension and systolic blood pressure (SBP) with the risk of stroke/SE or bleeding in AF patients. METHODS: The Fushimi AF Registry, a community-based prospective survey, was designed to enroll all of the AF patients in Fushimi-ku, Kyoto. Fushimi-ku is densely populated with a total population of 283,000...
May 30, 2017: American Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28575172/longitudinal-changes-in-excess-pressure-independently-predict-declining-renal-function-among-healthy-individuals-a-pilot-study
#13
Rachel E D Climie, Dean S Picone, James E Sharman
BACKGROUND: Aortic reservoir function independently predicts end-organ damage in cross-sectional analyses. However, longitudinal associations are more important regarding causation, but this has never been examined at rest or in response to light-moderate intensity exercise. The aim of this study was to determine the association between the change in aortic reservoir characteristics, in particular excess pressure integral (Pexcess) at rest and in response to exercise and the change in kidney function among healthy individuals followed over time...
May 30, 2017: American Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28575145/is-transforming-growth-factor-%C3%AE-1-a-cause-of-hypertension
#14
Yi Chen, Ji-Guang Wang
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 30, 2017: American Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28575138/elevated-plasma-transforming-growth-factor-%C3%AE-1-levels-predict-the-development-of-hypertension-in-normotensives-the-14-year-follow-up-study
#15
Erika Nakao, Hisashi Adachi, Mika Enomoto, Ako Fukami, Eita Kumagai, Sachiko Nakamura, Yume Nohara, Shoko Kono, Akiko Sakaue, Nagisa Morikawa, Tomoko Tsuru, Yoshihiro Fukumoto
BACKGROUND: Transforming growth factor β1 (TGF-β1) is a multifunctional cytokine. There is growing evidence that TGF-β1 is involved in the pathogenesis of hypertension and the development of target organ damage in hypertensives. Although several studies have shown that TGF-β1 induced vascular hypertrophy and remodelling in various vascular diseases, there are no longitudinal data on hypertension in the epidemiological studies. The present study tested the hypothesis whether elevated TGF-β1 levels can predict the development of hypertension...
May 30, 2017: American Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28541539/can-arterial-stiffness-be-measured-on-a-bathroom-scale
#16
Giacomo Pucci, Francesco U S Mattace Raso
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 24, 2017: American Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28541412/association-study-of-common-variants-in-pfn1-with-hypertension-in-a-han-chinese-population-a-case-control-study-and-a-follow-up-study
#17
Song Yang, Yanchun Chen, Chunlan Liu, Xianghai Zhao, Qian Zhuang, Junxiang Sun, Pengfei Wei, Hailong Zhao, Xiaotian Chen, Chong Shen
BACKGROUND: Animal researches reported that the dysfunction of profilin1 (PFN1) was involved in the physiological arterial stiffness and vascular remodeling linking to the etiology of hypertension (HT). This study mainly aims at evaluating the association of PFN1 and HT in a Han Chinese population. METHODS: A case-control study consisted of 2,012 HT cases and 2,210 controls was conducted and 2,116 participants from the healthy controls were further followed up for average 5...
May 24, 2017: American Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535297/antihypertensive-adherence-trajectories-among-older-adults-in-the-first-year-after-initiation-of-therapy
#18
Jennifer L Hargrove, Virginia Pate, Carri H Casteel, Yvonne M Golightly, Laura R Loehr, Stephen W Marshall, Til Stürmer
BACKGROUND: Adherence to antihypertensives is suboptimal, but previous methods of quantifying adherence fail to account for varying patterns of use over time. We sought to improve classification of antihypertensive adherence using group-based trajectory models, and to determine whether individual factors predict adherence trajectories. METHODS: We identified older adults initiating antihypertensive therapy during 2008-2011 using a 20% sample of Medicare (federal health insurance available to US residents over the age of 65) beneficiaries enrolled in parts A (inpatient services), B (outpatient services), and D (prescription medication)...
May 23, 2017: American Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531258/the-reproducibility-of-racial-differences-in-ambulatory-blood-pressure-phenotypes-and-measurements
#19
Aamir Husain, Feng-Chang Lin, Laura A Tuttle, Emily Olsson, Anthony J Viera
BACKGROUND: We examined the reproducibility of differences in ambulatory blood pressure (BP) monitoring (ABPM) phenotypes and other parameters (sustained hypertension, masked hypertension, nocturnal hypertension, and nondipping) between African Americans and Whites. METHODS: A total of 420 participants untreated for hypertension attended 2 research visits 1 week apart during which traditional office BP averages and ABPM session averages were determined. We computed percent agreement in ABPM phenotypes across the 2 visits stratified by race and associated kappa statistics with 95% confidence intervals...
May 22, 2017: American Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531255/measurement-repeatability-of-central-and-peripheral-blood-pressures-the-aric-study
#20
Fran Yong, Gerardo Heiss, David Couper, Michelle L Meyer, Susan Cheng, Hirofumi Tanaka
BACKGROUND: Central systolic and pulse pressures are markers of risk for small vessel disease in the brain and kidneys. The extent to which these markers are reproducible in the setting of population studies is less well established. We estimated short-term repeatability of central systolic and pulse pressures, and those of their peripheral measures for comparison. METHODS: Participants aged 65 years and over (n = 79, 56% women) were drawn from the 2011-2013 examination of the ARIC cohort...
May 22, 2017: American Journal of Hypertension
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