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Psychology of Addictive Behaviors: Journal of the Society of Psychologists in Addictive Behaviors

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781627/triple-trajectories-of-alcohol-use-tobacco-use-and-depressive-symptoms-as-predictors-of-cannabis-use-disorders-among-urban-adults
#1
Jung Yeon Lee, Judith S Brook, Wonkuk Kim
Heavy cannabis use is associated with a wide array of physical, mental, and functional problems. Therefore, cannabis use disorders (CUDs) may be a major public health concern. Given the adverse health consequences of CUDs, the present study seeks to find possible precursors of CUDs. The current study consisted of 5 waves of data collection from the Harlem Longitudinal Development Study. Among 816 participants, about half are African Americans (52%), and the other half are Puerto Ricans (48%). We used Mplus to obtain the triple trajectories of alcohol use, tobacco use, and depressive symptoms...
May 21, 2018: Psychology of Addictive Behaviors: Journal of the Society of Psychologists in Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771542/quantifying-cannabis-a-field-study-of-marijuana-quantity-estimation
#2
Mark A Prince, Bradley T Conner, Matthew R Pearson
The assessment of marijuana use quantity poses unique challenges. These challenges have limited research efforts on quantity assessments. However, quantity estimates are critical to detecting associations between marijuana use and outcomes. We examined accuracy of marijuana users' estimations of quantities of marijuana they prepared to ingest and predictors of both how much was prepared for a single dose and the degree of (in)accuracy of participants' estimates. We recruited a sample of 128 regular-to-heavy marijuana users for a field study wherein they prepared and estimated quantities of marijuana flower in a joint or a bowl as well as marijuana concentrate using a dab tool...
May 17, 2018: Psychology of Addictive Behaviors: Journal of the Society of Psychologists in Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29723012/rating-motivational-interviewing-fidelity-from-thin-slices
#3
Derek D Caperton, David C Atkins, Zac E Imel
Monitoring fidelity to psychosocial treatments is critical to dissemination, process and outcome research, and internal validity in efficacy trials. However, the costs required to behavior code fidelity to treatments like motivational interviewing (MI) over many therapists and sessions quickly become intractable. Coding less of a session accelerates the process, but it is not clear how much of a session must be evaluated to capture the fidelity of the entire session. The present study used a "thin slice" (Ambady & Rosenthal, 1992) paradigm to explore the degree to which variously sized thin slices of MI fidelity related to fidelity ratings for a full session...
May 3, 2018: Psychology of Addictive Behaviors: Journal of the Society of Psychologists in Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29723011/association-of-belief-in-the-firewater-myth-with-strategies-to-avoid-alcohol-consequences-among-american-indian-and-alaska-native-college-students-who-drink
#4
Vivian M Gonzalez, Monica C Skewes
Belief in an American Indian/Alaska Native (AI/AN) specific biological vulnerability (BV) to alcohol problems (aka the "firewater myth") is associated with worse alcohol outcomes among AI/AN college students who drink, despite also being associated with greater attempts to reduce drinking. The current study examined how belief in a BV may have affected how 157 AI/AN college students who drink (a) attempted to moderate their alcohol use and avoid alcohol-related problems using abstinence-based and harm reduction strategies, and (b) attitudes toward these strategies as a means of addressing alcohol problems...
May 3, 2018: Psychology of Addictive Behaviors: Journal of the Society of Psychologists in Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29708362/marijuana-use-by-intimate-partners-does-discrepant-use-impair-relationship-functioning
#5
Maria Testa, Weijun Wang, Jaye L Derrick, Kenneth E Leonard
Intimate couples with discrepant use of alcohol and other drugs experience poorer relationship functioning relative to couples with concordant use or nonuse. Within a sample of marijuana-using couples, we hypothesized that greater discrepancy in marijuana use frequency between partners would be associated with lower relationship satisfaction and perceived partner responsiveness and with greater conflict, negative interpersonal exchange, and psychological and physical aggression. The Actor Partner Interdependence Model (APIM) allowed us to account for the effects of each partner's marijuana use, as well as the discrepancy between partners' use, on his or her own perceptions of relationship functioning...
April 30, 2018: Psychology of Addictive Behaviors: Journal of the Society of Psychologists in Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29658727/the-influence-of-context-in-the-subjective-evaluation-of-negative-alcohol-related-consequences
#6
Jennifer E Merrill, Rochelle K Rosen, Holly K Boyle, Kate B Carey
College students may subjectively evaluate the consequences of drinking in unexpected ways, rating "negative" consequences as neutral or even positive experiences. We previously gathered qualitative evidence for several contextual factors that may influence one's subjective evaluations (e.g., social influences, intoxication level, concurrent positive consequences). The purpose of the present study was to quantitatively investigate whether student evaluations of consequences differ by various contextual factors...
April 16, 2018: Psychology of Addictive Behaviors: Journal of the Society of Psychologists in Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29648844/acceptability-of-nonabstinent-treatment-outcome-goals-among-addiction-treatment-providers-in-ukraine
#7
Alan K Davis, Tetiana Nickelsen, Robert A Zucker, Erin E Bonar, Maureen A Walton
We examined whether acceptability of nonabstinence treatment outcome goals varied as a function of a patient's severity of diagnosis (ICD-10 harmful use vs. dependence syndrome; World Health Organization, 1992), finality of outcome goal (intermediate vs. final), and type of substance (e.g., tobacco, alcohol, cannabis), among addiction treatment providers in Ukraine. We surveyed 44% of Ukrainian treatment providers (n = 446/1023; Mage = 40.4, SD = 8.6; Male = 67%; MYears Of Experience = 10.2, SD = 7.2). For tobacco use, most respondents (78%-93%) rated nonabstinence as acceptable, regardless of diagnostic severity or finality of outcome goal (i...
April 12, 2018: Psychology of Addictive Behaviors: Journal of the Society of Psychologists in Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29629782/a-longitudinal-event-level-investigation-of-alcohol-intoxication-alcohol-related-blackouts-childhood-sexual-abuse-and-sexual-victimization-among-college-students
#8
Emily R Wilhite, Travis Mallard, Kim Fromme
Sexual assault is a troubling epidemic that plagues college campuses across the United States, and is often proceeded by drinking by the perpetrator and/or victim. The goal of this study was to examine the effect of level of intoxication, history of alcohol-related blackouts, and childhood sexual abuse (CSA) on the likelihood of being a victim or perpetrator of coercive sexual activities. Participants (N = 2,244) were part of a 6-year longitudinal study which explored alcohol use and associated behavioral risks during college...
April 9, 2018: Psychology of Addictive Behaviors: Journal of the Society of Psychologists in Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29595297/alcohol-cannabis-and-other-drug-use-engagement-and-outcome-in-ptsd-treatment
#9
Michele Bedard-Gilligan, Natalia Garcia, Lori A Zoellner, Norah C Feeny
The co-occurrence of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and substance use is related to poorer outcome and increased dropout from trauma-focused treatment. Investigating PTSD and substance use can inform the intervention approaches. Exploring cannabis use in particular is especially important because rates of cannabis use have been increasing with recent legalization trends. A better understanding of how substance use is associated with treatment processes and outcome for individuals with PTSD is needed to enhance care...
March 29, 2018: Psychology of Addictive Behaviors: Journal of the Society of Psychologists in Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29578733/if-you-re-high-status-and-you-know-it-teasing-apart-the-within-and-between-person-effects-of-peer-and-self-reported-status-in-the-drinking-group-on-alcohol-related-outcomes
#10
Tara M Dumas, Jordan P Davis, Gabriel J Merrin, Maria Puccia, Dayna Blustein
In this longitudinal study, we disentangled within- and between-persons effects in the relationship between university students' status in their drinking group and alcohol-related behavior. We further examined the role of self-perceived and peer-reported status, with the hypothesis that only when students' peers reported them as of a higher status, and they were aware of their high status (via self-report), would they experience increased heavy episodic drinking (HED). University students (N = 118; Mage = 19...
March 26, 2018: Psychology of Addictive Behaviors: Journal of the Society of Psychologists in Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29578732/beer-for-brohood-a-laboratory-simulation-of-masculinity-confirmation-through-alcohol-use-behaviors-in-men
#11
Jessica L Fugitt, Lindsay S Ham
Though alcohol use is a widespread behavior, men tend to drink more and experience more alcohol-related negative consequences than do women. Research suggests that individuals are motivated to maintain ingroup status by engaging in behaviors prototypical of the ingroup when group status has been threatened, and that men are particularly likely to do this when masculine ingroup status is threatened. The present study investigated masculine drinking behaviors through a social lens, examining the impact of masculinity threat on alcohol consumption in a simulated bar laboratory...
March 26, 2018: Psychology of Addictive Behaviors: Journal of the Society of Psychologists in Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29553771/identifying-at-risk-profiles-and-protective-factors-for-problem-gambling-a-longitudinal-study-across-adolescence-and-early-adulthood
#12
Youssef Allami, Frank Vitaro, Mara Brendgen, René Carbonneau, Richard E Tremblay
Past studies have identified various risk and protective factors for problem gambling (PG). However, no study has examined the interplay between these factors using a combination of person-centered and variable-centered approaches embedded within a longitudinal design. The present study aimed to (a) identify distinct profiles in early adolescence based on a set of risk factors commonly associated with PG (impulsivity, depression, anxiety, drug-alcohol use, aggressiveness, and antisociality), (b) explore the difference in reported gambling problems between these profiles during midadolescence and early adulthood, and (c) identify family- and peer-related variables that could operate as protective or compensatory factors in this context...
March 19, 2018: Psychology of Addictive Behaviors: Journal of the Society of Psychologists in Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771563/induced-sadness-increases-persistence-in-a-simulated-slot-machine-task-among-recreational-gamblers
#13
Gaëtan Devos, Luke Clark, Pierre Maurage, Joël Billieux
Gambling may constitute a strategy for coping with depressive mood, but a direct influence of depressive mood on gambling behaviors has never been tested via realistic experimental designs in gamblers. The current study tested whether experimentally induced sadness increases persistence on a simulated slot machine task using real monetary reinforcement in recreational gamblers. Sixty participants were randomly assigned to an experimental (sadness induction) or control (no emotional induction) condition, and then performed a slot machine task consisting of a mandatory phase followed by a persistence phase...
May 2018: Psychology of Addictive Behaviors: Journal of the Society of Psychologists in Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771562/internet-addiction-problematic-internet-use-nonproblematic-internet-use-among-chinese-adolescents-individual-parental-peer-and-sociodemographic-correlates
#14
Nan Zhou, Hongjian Cao, Xiaomin Li, Jintao Zhang, Yuanwei Yao, Xiaomin Geng, Xiuyun Lin, Shumeng Hou, Fenge Liu, Xiaoli Chen, Xiaoyi Fang
Internet addiction has been typically conceptualized as either a continuous construct or a dichotomous construct. Limited research has differentiated adolescents with problematic Internet use (PIU) from the Internet addiction group (IA) and/or nonproblematic Internet use group (NPIU) and examined the potential correlates. To fill this gap, based on data obtained from 956 Chinese adolescents (11-19 years, 47% male), this study examined if adolescents with PIU is a distinctive group from the IA and NPIU. This study also examined factors from different ecological levels that may differentiate among the three groups, including individual, parental, peer, and sociodemographic factors...
May 2018: Psychology of Addictive Behaviors: Journal of the Society of Psychologists in Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771561/mood-selectively-moderates-the-implicit-alcohol-association-drinking-relation-in-college-student-heavy-episodic-drinkers
#15
Kristen P Lindgren, Jason J Ramirez, Reinout W Wiers, Bethany A Teachman, Jeanette Norris, Cecilia C Olin, Melissa L Gasser, Debra Kaysen, Clayton Neighbors
Multiple studies indicate that implicit alcohol-related associations (i.e., indices of relatively fast, spontaneous processes) predict drinking. An important next step is to investigate moderators of the implicit association-drinking relationship. Mood state has been proposed as a moderator of this relationship: implicit associations have been theorized to be stronger predictors of drinking under positive mood states. From the same theoretical perspective, explicit measures (indices of relatively slow, reflective processes) have been proposed to be stronger predictors of drinking under negative mood states...
May 2018: Psychology of Addictive Behaviors: Journal of the Society of Psychologists in Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771560/khat-withdrawal-symptoms-among-chronic-khat-users-following-a-quit-attempt-an-ecological-momentary-assessment-study
#16
Samson W Duresso, Raimondo Bruno, Allison J Matthews, Stuart G Ferguson
Research reports show increased prevalence of habitual khat chewing among various parts of the community in Ethiopia. Some users experience problems controlling their use; withdrawal symptoms may be adding to difficulties with reducing or ceasing use. We aimed to describe the nature and the time course of any withdrawal syndrome in relation to the cessation of khat use over the first 2 weeks of a quit attempt. Fifty-nine participants between the ages of 18 and 35 and who have already chewed ≥1 bundle of khat in their life with a chewing frequency of ≥3 days per week were recruited from Adama Science and Technology University campus...
May 2018: Psychology of Addictive Behaviors: Journal of the Society of Psychologists in Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771559/body-mass-index-across-adolescence-and-substance-use-problems-in-early-adulthood
#17
Ashley N Gearhardt, Rebecca Waller, Jennifer M Jester, Luke W Hyde, Robert A Zucker
Excessive substance use and obesity are underpinned by a number of shared risk factors (e.g., reward dysfunction, impulsivity). Food and drugs of abuse engage similar reward-related neural circuitry and the food-drug competition hypothesis proposes that excess consumption of food may diminish desire for drugs of abuse by competing for neural receptors associated with reward and motivation. Adolescence is a high-risk period for both increased substance use and excessive weight gain. In the present study, the authors tested whether, consistent with the food-drug competition hypothesis, elevated body mass index (BMI) across adolescence predicted fewer substance use problems in young adulthood...
May 2018: Psychology of Addictive Behaviors: Journal of the Society of Psychologists in Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771558/longitudinal-associations-between-maternal-disclosure-of-past-alcohol-use-and-underage-college-drinking
#18
Lucy E Napper, Amanda R Derby
There has been relatively little research examining the relationship between parents' disclosure of their own underage (i.e., under 21 years) alcohol use and their children's alcohol-related attitudes and behaviors. While parental disclosure may improve trust and understanding within a relationship, it may also normalize or glamorize underage alcohol use. The current study examines the longitudinal relationships among mothers' disclosure of underage alcohol use, mothers' current alcohol use, and college students' alcohol-related attitudes and behaviors...
May 2018: Psychology of Addictive Behaviors: Journal of the Society of Psychologists in Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771557/distress-tolerance-associations-with-trauma-and-substance-cue-reactivity-in-low-income-inner-city-adults-with-substance-use-disorders-and-posttraumatic-stress
#19
Anka A Vujanovic, Margaret C Wardle, Jafar Bakhshaie, Lia J Smith, Charles E Green, Scott D Lane, Joy M Schmitz
Cue reactivity has great potential to advance our understanding of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), substance use disorder (SUD), and PTSD/SUD comorbidity. The present investigation examined distress tolerance (DT) with regard to trauma and substance cue reactivity. Participants included 58 low-income, inner-city adults (49.1% women; Mage = 45.73, SD = 10.00) with substance dependence and at least 4 symptoms of PTSD. A script-driven cue reactivity paradigm was utilized. Four DT measures were administered, including the Distress Tolerance Scale (DTS), Mirror-Tracing Persistence Task (MTPT), Breath-Holding Task (BH), and Paced Auditory Serial Addition Task (PASAT)...
May 2018: Psychology of Addictive Behaviors: Journal of the Society of Psychologists in Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771556/tobacco-and-alcohol-use-among-firefighters-during-their-first-3-years-of-service
#20
Suzy B Gulliver, Rose Zimering, Jeff Knight, Sandra Morissette, Barbara Kamholz, Eric Meyer, Terence Keane, Michelle Pennington, Tessa Denman, Thomas Carpenter, Nathan Kimbrel
Firefighters constitute an understudied occupational group that are exposed to a great deal of occupational stress including potentially traumatic stress. As such, higher prevalence rates of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and substance use disorders have been observed within this population; however, very little is known about the trajectories of health-risk behaviors among firefighters in response to occupational stress over time. The present study enrolled 322 fire service recruits from 7 urban U.S...
May 2018: Psychology of Addictive Behaviors: Journal of the Society of Psychologists in Addictive Behaviors
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