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Psychology of Addictive Behaviors: Journal of the Society of Psychologists in Addictive Behaviors

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28414475/cognitive-functioning-of-adolescent-and-young-adult-cannabis-users-in-the-philadelphia-neurodevelopmental-cohort
#1
J Cobb Scott, Daniel H Wolf, Monica E Calkins, Emily C Bach, Jennifer Weidner, Kosha Ruparel, Tyler M Moore, Jason D Jones, Chad T Jackson, Raquel E Gur, Ruben C Gur
Cannabis use in youth is rising and has been linked to deficits in cognitive functioning. However, cognitive findings have primarily been based on small samples of users seeking treatment, and few studies have evaluated cognition in occasional cannabis users. Here, we examined 4,568 adolescents and young adults (ages 14-21 years) drawn from the Philadelphia Neurodevelopmental Cohort, a prospective, population-based study. Participants were classified as cannabis Non-Users (n = 3,401), Occasional Users (twice per week or less; n = 940), or Frequent Users (>3 times per week; n = 227)...
April 17, 2017: Psychology of Addictive Behaviors: Journal of the Society of Psychologists in Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28414474/abstinence-based-incentives-plus-parent-training-for-adolescent-alcohol-and-other-substance-misuse
#2
Catherine Stanger, Emily A Scherer, Steven F Babbin, Stacy R Ryan, Alan J Budney
The purpose of this study was to conduct a randomized test of clinic- and home-based incentives plus parent training for adolescent problem alcohol use. Adolescents (N = 75) with alcohol misuse, with or without other substance misuse, were enrolled. All youth received individual Motivational Enhancement Therapy/Cognitive Behavior Therapy and weekly urine drug testing. The experimental condition (EXP) included Abstinence Incentives (clinic-based incentives for abstinence from all substances) plus weekly behavioral parent training that included a parent-delivered, abstinence-based, substance monitoring contract...
April 17, 2017: Psychology of Addictive Behaviors: Journal of the Society of Psychologists in Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28383934/negative-affect-in-at-risk-youth-outcome-expectancies-mediate-relations-with-both-regular-and-electronic-cigarette-use
#3
Stephen Miller, James Pike, Alan W Stacy, Bin Xie, Susan L Ames
Despite the general trend of declining use of traditional cigarettes among young adults in the United States, alternative high school students continue to smoke cigarettes and electronic cigarettes at rates much higher than do students attending regular high schools. Challenging life circumstances leading to elevated levels of negative affect may account for increased smoking behavior in this population. Further, a belief in the negative affect-reducing qualities of nicotine may mediate this effect. The current study tested the hypothesis that negative reinforcing outcome expectancies mediate the relationship between negative affect on smoking susceptibility in nonusers, smoking frequency in users, and smoking experimentation in the overall sample...
April 6, 2017: Psychology of Addictive Behaviors: Journal of the Society of Psychologists in Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28383933/daily-stressors-as-antecedents-correlates-and-consequences-of-alcohol-and-drug-use-and-cravings-in-community-based-offenders
#4
Shevaun D Neupert, Sarah L Desmarais, Julie S Gray, Amy M Cohn, Stephen Doherty, Kevin Knight
Justice-involved individuals with alcohol and drug use problems reoffend at higher rates than their nonusing counterparts, with alcohol and drug use serving as an important vector to recidivism. At the daily level, exposure to stressors may exacerbate problematic alcohol and drug use; at the individual level, prior treatment experiences may mitigate substance use as individuals adapt to and learn new coping mechanisms. We conducted a daily diary study using Interactive Voice Response technology over 14 consecutive days with 117 men on probation or parole participating in a community-based treatment program (n = 860 calls) and referred to medication-assisted treatment...
April 6, 2017: Psychology of Addictive Behaviors: Journal of the Society of Psychologists in Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28368158/depressive-symptoms-mediate-the-relationship-between-changes-in-emotion-regulation-during-treatment-and-abstinence-among-women-with-alcohol-use-disorders
#5
Cathryn Glanton Holzhauer, Stephanie A Gamble
Women with alcohol use disorders (AUD) experience high rates of co-occurring conditions, such as depression and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), which can complicate treatment engagement and response. Therefore, identifying factors that underlie alcohol use, depression, and PTSD symptoms in women with AUD has important treatment implications. The current study investigated emotion regulation as one such underlying factor. We tested a model that examined the extent to which changes in emotion regulation during treatment predicted women's depression and PTSD symptom severity at treatment completion and subsequent alcohol use following treatment...
April 3, 2017: Psychology of Addictive Behaviors: Journal of the Society of Psychologists in Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28368157/genetic-variation-in-the-exome-associations-with-alcohol-and-tobacco-co-use
#6
Jacqueline M Otto, Ian R Gizer, Jarrod M Ellingson, Kirk C Wilhelmsen
Shared genetic factors represent one underlying mechanism thought to contribute to high rates of alcohol and tobacco co-use and dependence. Common variants identified by molecular genetic studies tend to confer only small disease risk, and rare protein-coding variants are posited to contribute to disease risk, as well. However, given that genotyping technologies allowing for their inclusion in association studies have only recently become available, the magnitude of their contribution is poorly understood. The current study examined genetic variation in protein-coding regions (i...
April 3, 2017: Psychology of Addictive Behaviors: Journal of the Society of Psychologists in Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318279/substance-use-prevention-and-treatment-outcomes-for-emerging-adults-in-non-college-settings-a-meta-analysis
#7
Jordan P Davis, Douglas C Smith, Daniel A Briley
Emerging adults have the highest prevalence rate of alcohol and drug use and represent a large proportion of treatment admissions in the United States. Those who do not attend college experience higher rates of use and may not have similar advantages as those attending college. A systematic review included studies investigating prevention and treatment outcomes among emerging adults in non-college settings. We included studies reporting an average age between 18 and 25 conducted outside of college settings...
March 20, 2017: Psychology of Addictive Behaviors: Journal of the Society of Psychologists in Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28301181/social-mediation-of-persuasive-media-in-adolescent-substance-prevention
#8
William D Crano, Eusebio M Alvaro, Cara N Tan, Jason T Siegel
Social commentary about prevention messages may affect their likelihood of acceptance. To investigate this possibility, student participants (N = 663) viewed 3 antimarijuana advertisements, each followed immediately by videotaped discussions involving 4 adults or 4 adolescents using either extreme or moderate language in their positive commentaries. The commentaries were expected to affect participants' perceptions of the extent to which the ads were designed to control their behavior (perceived control), which was hypothesized to inhibit persuasion...
March 16, 2017: Psychology of Addictive Behaviors: Journal of the Society of Psychologists in Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28287750/drinking-among-strangers-a-meta-analysis-examining-familiarity-as-a-moderator-of-alcohol-s-rewarding-effects
#9
Catharine E Fairbairn
Drinking in unfamiliar social settings has long been linked to alcohol problems. A large body of indirect evidence has accumulated to suggest that alcohol's rewarding subjective effects-both tension relieving and positive-mood enhancing-will be magnified when it is consumed among strangers versus among familiar individuals. But the link between social familiarity and alcohol reward has never been examined. I conducted a meta-analysis of 21 alcohol-administration studies featuring social context (total N = 2,046), examining the effects of alcohol on self-reports of mood and social outcomes and on behaviors in the context of social interactions...
March 13, 2017: Psychology of Addictive Behaviors: Journal of the Society of Psychologists in Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28277706/user-identified-positive-outcome-expectancies-of-electronic-cigarette-use-a-concept-mapping-study
#10
Eric K Soule, Sarah F Maloney, Mignonne C Guy, Thomas Eissenberg, Pebbles Fagan
Electronic cigarette (ECIG) use is growing in popularity, but little is known about the perceived positive outcomes of ECIG use. This study used concept mapping (CM) to examine positive ECIG outcome expectancies. Sixty-three past 30-day ECIG users (38.1% female) between the ages of 18 and 64 (M = 37.8, SD = 13.3) completed a CM module. In an online program, participants provided statements that completed a prompt: "A specific positive, enjoyable, or exciting effect (i.e., physical or psychological) that I have experienced WHILE USING or IMMEDIATELY AFTER USING an electronic cigarette/electronic vaping device is...
March 9, 2017: Psychology of Addictive Behaviors: Journal of the Society of Psychologists in Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28263624/the-association-between-daily-ptsd-symptom-severity-and-alcohol-related-outcomes-in-recent-traumatic-injury-victims
#11
Bryce Hruska, Maria L Pacella, Richard L George, Douglas L Delahanty
The self-medication hypothesis proposes that individuals experiencing posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms may use alcohol (or other substances) to self-medicate distress, while the mutual maintenance hypothesis proposes that alcohol use also exacerbates or maintains distress. Existing research largely supports the self-medication hypothesis. However, findings are often based upon retrospective reporting of problems and assessment of symptoms anchored to a trauma occurring in the remote past. To improve on these retrospective designs, the current study examined the relationship between daily PTSD symptom severity and alcohol-related outcomes during the early phase of recovery following a traumatic physical injury...
March 6, 2017: Psychology of Addictive Behaviors: Journal of the Society of Psychologists in Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28240934/craving-and-tobacco-use-development-of-the-choice-behavior-under-cued-conditions-cbucc-procedure
#12
Julie C Gass, Stephen T Tiffany
Many addiction theories propose that craving modulates smoking. Research on this relationship has yielded mixed results, which might be explained, in part, by a consideration of the various behaviors representing tobacco use. Tobacco use can be divided into seeking (attempts to access cigarettes) and consumption (ingestion of tobacco). Seeking can be further divided into behaviors that reflect the operation of automatic or nonautomatic cognitive processes. We developed a procedure (Choice Behavior Under Cued Conditions) to systematically examine the relationships between craving and these behaviors...
February 27, 2017: Psychology of Addictive Behaviors: Journal of the Society of Psychologists in Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230387/a-computer-adaptive-testing-version-of-the-addiction-severity-index-multimedia-version-asi-mv-the-addiction-severity-cat
#13
Stephen F Butler, Ryan A Black, Stacey A McCaffrey, Jessica Ainscough, Ann M Doucette
The purpose of this study was to develop and validate a computer adaptive testing (CAT) version of the Addiction Severity Index-Multimedia Version (ASI-MV), the Addiction Severity CAT. This goal was accomplished in 4 steps. First, new candidate items for Addiction Severity CAT domains were evaluated after brainstorming sessions with experts in substance abuse treatment. Next, this new item bank was psychometrically evaluated on a large nonclinical (n = 4,419) and substance abuse treatment (n = 845) sample. Based on these results, final items were selected and calibrated for the creation of the Addiction Severity CAT algorithms...
February 23, 2017: Psychology of Addictive Behaviors: Journal of the Society of Psychologists in Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28221048/an-application-of-deviance-regulation-theory-to-reduce-alcohol-related-problems-among-college-women-during-spring-break
#14
Robert D Dvorak, Matthew P Kramer, Brittany L Stevenson, Emily M Sargent, Tess M Kilwein
Spring break (SB) can lead to heavy episodic drinking and increased alcohol-related risks. This may be especially relevant for women. The current study utilized deviance regulation theory to increase the use of protective behavioral strategies (PBSs) among female college students on SB. Female college students going on SB (n = 62) completed a screening, a pre-SB intervention (where they were randomly assigned to receive either a positively or negatively framed message about individuals who do or do not use PBS), and a post-SB assessment that provided alcohol and PBS use data for each day of SB (n = 620 person-days)...
February 20, 2017: Psychology of Addictive Behaviors: Journal of the Society of Psychologists in Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28206780/digital-recovery-management-characterizing-recovery-specific-social-network-site-participation-and-perceived-benefit
#15
Brandon G Bergman, Nathaniel W Kelly, Bettina B Hoeppner, Corrie L Vilsaint, John F Kelly
Research shows that digital social network sites (SNSs) may be valuable platforms to effect health behavior change. Little is known specifically about their ability to help address alcohol and other drug problems. This gap is noteworthy, given that individuals are already participating in existing, recovery-specific SNSs (hereafter referred to as recovery SNSs): online communities with the functionality of conventional SNSs (e.g., Facebook) that focus on substance use disorder (SUD) recovery. For example, InTheRooms...
February 16, 2017: Psychology of Addictive Behaviors: Journal of the Society of Psychologists in Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28182448/when-alcohol-is-only-part-of-the-problem-an-event-level-analysis-of-negative-consequences-related-to-alcohol-and-other-substance-use
#16
Kimberly A Mallett, Rob Turrisi, Brittney A Hultgren, Nichole Sell, Racheal Reavy, Michael Cleveland
While alcohol remains the drug of choice for most college students, national data show that 40% of college students also use other substances (e.g., marijuana, cocaine, etc.). Longitudinal studies indicate that students who report use of both alcohol and other substances experience more consequences (e.g., blackout, arrests). The current study expands upon this research by using a multilevel approach to examine average and event-level alcohol combined with other substance use (ALC+) and its role on consequences experienced...
February 9, 2017: Psychology of Addictive Behaviors: Journal of the Society of Psychologists in Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28150955/randomized-clinical-trial-of-matching-client-alcohol-use-disorder-severity-and-level-of-cognitive-functioning-to-treatment-setting-a-partial-replication-and-extension
#17
Robert G Rychtarik, Neil B McGillicuddy, George D Papandonatos, Robert B Whitney, Gerard J Connors
In a tightly controlled, clinical research environment, Rychtarik et al. (2000) found that individuals with an alcohol use disorder (AUD) benefited more from inpatient (IP) than outpatient care, if they presented with high alcohol problem severity and/or low cognitive functioning. This study sought to (a) validate and extend these findings within the uncontrolled environment of a community-based treatment center and (b) test whether inpatients had fewer days of involuntary abstinence (e.g., incarcerations), controlling for differences in treatment expectancy across care settings...
February 2, 2017: Psychology of Addictive Behaviors: Journal of the Society of Psychologists in Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28150954/measuring-the-slot-machine-zone-with-attentional-dual-tasks-and-respiratory-sinus-arrhythmia
#18
W Spencer Murch, Stephanie W M Chu, Luke Clark
Recent accounts of problematic electronic gaming machine (EGM) gambling have suggested attentional pathology among at-risk players. A putative slot machine zone is characterized by an intense immersion during game play, causing a neglect of outside events and competing goals. Prior studies of EGM immersion have relied heavily upon retrospective self-report scales. Here, the authors attempt to identify behavioral and psychophysiological correlates of the immersion experience. In samples of undergraduate students and experienced EGM users from the community, they tested 2 potential behavioral measures of immersion during EGM use: peripheral target detection and probe-caught mind wandering...
February 2, 2017: Psychology of Addictive Behaviors: Journal of the Society of Psychologists in Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28125243/predictors-of-smoking-lapse-during-a-48-hour-laboratory-analogue-smoking-cessation-attempt
#19
Christine Muench, Laura M Juliano
Many individuals who attempt to quit smoking experience a smoking lapse early on in the quitting process, with most lapses resulting in a return to regular smoking. Using a novel laboratory model, this study sought to investigate baseline predictors of smoking lapse during a brief, simulated smoking quit attempt. Self-report baseline measures were completed by 81 smokers, who also smoked a cigarette in the laboratory to equate recent smoke exposure. Participants were then given brief face-to-face smoking-cessation counseling along with monetary incentives to abstain from smoking for 48 hr (i...
January 26, 2017: Psychology of Addictive Behaviors: Journal of the Society of Psychologists in Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28125242/e-cigarette-use-perceptions-and-cigarette-smoking-intentions-in-a-community-sample-of-young-adult-nondaily-cigarette-smokers
#20
Kristin Brikmanis, Angela Petersen, Neal Doran
E-cigarettes have been suggested as a strategy for reducing harm from cigarettes. Although e-cigarettes could be a less-harmful alternative to cigarettes for those trying to quit, there may also be costs that outweigh any benefits of reduction. The purpose of the present study was to prospectively investigate perceptions of e-cigarettes, cigarette smoking intentions, and their associations with e-cigarette use over time. Community participants (N = 348, 57% male) aged 18 to 24 years were recruited for a longitudinal study of tobacco use...
January 26, 2017: Psychology of Addictive Behaviors: Journal of the Society of Psychologists in Addictive Behaviors
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