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Psychology of Addictive Behaviors: Journal of the Society of Psychologists in Addictive Behaviors

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29251951/the-social-networks-of-smokers-attempting-to-quit-an-empirically-derived-and-validated-classification
#1
Albert J Burgess-Hull, Linda J Roberts, Megan E Piper, Timothy B Baker
Social relationships play an important role in the uptake, maintenance, and cessation of smoking behavior. However, little is known about the natural co-occurrence of social network features in adult smokers' networks and how multidimensional features of the network may connect to abstinence outcomes. The current investigation examined whether qualitatively distinct subgroups defined by multiple characteristics of the social network could be empirically identified within a sample of smokers initiating a quit attempt...
December 18, 2017: Psychology of Addictive Behaviors: Journal of the Society of Psychologists in Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29251950/peer-norms-and-susceptibility-mediate-the-effect-of-movie-alcohol-exposure-on-alcohol-initiation-in-adolescents
#2
Tim Janssen, Melissa J Cox, Jennifer E Merrill, Nancy P Barnett, James D Sargent, Kristina M Jackson
Movie alcohol exposure is a known and consistent predictor of adolescent alcohol use initiation and escalation. Nearly 90% of the top U.S. movies contain alcohol content. Social-cognitive theory posits reciprocal links among environmental influences (e.g., movie alcohol exposure), social-cognitive processes (e.g., perceived norms, susceptibility, alcohol outcome expectancies), and behavior (alcohol use), but these links have been tested in only 1 direction. In the current study, we assessed movie alcohol exposure, alcohol cognitions, and alcohol initiation among adolescents (N = 1,023; 52% female, mean age = 13...
December 18, 2017: Psychology of Addictive Behaviors: Journal of the Society of Psychologists in Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29239621/a-qualitative-analysis-of-gabapentin-misuse-and-diversion-among-people-who-use-drugs-in-appalachian-kentucky
#3
Rachel Vickers Smith, Elaine M Boland, April M Young, Michelle R Lofwall, Alexa Quiroz, Michele Staton, Jennifer R Havens
Gabapentin, an anticonvulsant and analgesic for postherpetic neuralgia, has been thought to have no abuse potential despite numerous published reports to the contrary. Gabapentin has been linked with impaired driving and opioid use, highlighting the need to more fully understand its risk profile. Thirty-three individuals reporting recent nonmedical use of gabapentin were recruited from two ongoing longitudinal studies of drug users in Appalachian Kentucky to participate in focus groups. Four sessions were held (two in the community and two in jail settings), during which participants responded to questions regarding their personal experiences with gabapentin misuse...
December 14, 2017: Psychology of Addictive Behaviors: Journal of the Society of Psychologists in Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29189023/the-intergenerational-transmission-of-cannabis-use-associations-between-parental-history-of-cannabis-use-and-cannabis-use-disorder-low-positive-parenting-and-offspring-cannabis-use
#4
Melanie Hill, Ariel Sternberg, Hye Won Suk, Madeline H Meier, Laurie Chassin
Parental cannabis use disorder (CUD) and low positive parenting (monitoring, support, and consistency) are risk factors for adolescent cannabis use. However, it is unclear whether parental cannabis use without CUD is sufficient to increase risk for low positive parenting and adolescent cannabis use. Additionally, parents may not treat each of their adolescents the same, and risk for adolescent cannabis use may increase as a result of low levels of positive parenting in families or low positive parenting unique to each adolescent...
November 30, 2017: Psychology of Addictive Behaviors: Journal of the Society of Psychologists in Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29189022/using-counterattitudinal-advocacy-to-change-drinking-a-pilot-study
#5
Angelo M DiBello, Kate B Carey, Vanessa Cushing
The persistence of risky drinking among young adults in college calls for continued efforts to prevent alcohol-related harms. This study tested a novel prevention strategy targeting a specific mechanism of change: creating attitude-behavior dissonance. Informed by an extensive literature showing strong and consistent associations between alcohol attitudes and drinking behavior, we adapted a brief counterattitudinal advocacy (CAA) manipulation to the alcohol prevention context. We conducted a small randomized controlled trial with 49 heavy-drinking students who reported drinking 4/5 drinks in 1 sitting (female/male, respectively) and endorsed ≥2 alcohol-related consequences in the previous month...
November 30, 2017: Psychology of Addictive Behaviors: Journal of the Society of Psychologists in Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29189021/effects-of-antismoking-media-on-college-students-smoking-related-beliefs-and-intentions
#6
Steven C Martino, Claude M Setodji, Michael S Dunbar, Min Gong, William G Shadel
Ecological momentary assessment was used to examine immediate changes in 87 college students' smoking-related attitudes, beliefs, and intentions as a joint function of their exposure to antismoking media and smoking status. Students (37 never smokers, 41 experimental smokers, and 9 current intermittent smokers) carried handheld data-collection devices for 3 weeks to record naturally occurring exposures to antismoking media and respond to investigator-initiated control prompts. At each reported exposure to antismoking media and each control prompt, participants reported their smoking-related attitudes, perceptions of the prevalence of smoking among their peers, resistance self-efficacy, and intentions to smoke...
November 30, 2017: Psychology of Addictive Behaviors: Journal of the Society of Psychologists in Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154554/associations-between-executive-functioning-affect-regulation-drinking-motives-and-alcohol-use-and-problems
#7
Jorge S Martins, Bruce D Bartholow, M Lynne Cooper, Curtis D Von Gunten, Phillip K Wood
Motivation to use alcohol to regulate positive and negative affect and deficits in cognitive control (i.e., executive functions [EFs]) have both been associated with increased alcohol involvement and alcohol-related consequences. Although dual-process models predict that affect-driven motivations and cognitive control should interact to determine alcohol involvement and alcohol-related consequences, this intersection has remained largely unexplored. The present study examined the extent to which effects of enhancement and coping drinking motives on alcohol use, heavy drinking, and alcohol-related consequences are moderated by individual differences in three theorized components of EF...
November 20, 2017: Psychology of Addictive Behaviors: Journal of the Society of Psychologists in Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154553/a-randomized-trial-of-female-specific-cognitive-behavior-therapy-for-alcohol-dependent-women
#8
Elizabeth E Epstein, Barbara S McCrady, Kevin A Hallgren, Sharon Cook, Noelle K Jensen, Thomas Hildebrandt
This study compared Female-Specific Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (FS-CBT) to evidence-based, gender-neutral CBT (GN-CBT; Epstein & McCrady, 2009) for women with alcohol use disorder (AUD). Women (N = 99) with AUD, mean age 48, were randomly assigned to 12 outpatient manual-guided sessions of FS-CBT (n = 44) or GN-CBT (n = 55). Women were assessed at baseline and 3, 9 and 15 months after baseline for drinking and for specific issues common among women with AUD. A FS-CBT protocol was developed that was discriminable on treatment integrity ratings from GN-CBT...
November 20, 2017: Psychology of Addictive Behaviors: Journal of the Society of Psychologists in Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154552/does-shyness-interact-with-peer-group-affiliation-in-predicting-substance-use-in-adolescence
#9
Alexandre Lemyre, Natalia Poliakova, Frank Vitaro, Richard E Tremblay, Michel Boivin, Richard E Bélanger
Cigarette use and binge drinking are risky behaviors emerging during adolescence. Although many beneficial factors are well documented, studies linking shyness to substance use are somehow conflicting, which may be due to the contribution of moderators. Therefore, the present study has 2 objectives: (a) to prospectively analyze the association between shyness and substance use during adolescence, and (b) to test the moderating role of peer group affiliation on the relationship between shyness and substance use...
November 20, 2017: Psychology of Addictive Behaviors: Journal of the Society of Psychologists in Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29144148/a-prospective-study-of-mutual-influence-for-substance-use-among-young-adult-marital-dyads
#10
Michael Windle, Rebecca C Windle
The purpose of this 2-wave longitudinal study was to specify, test, and evaluate an actor-partner interdependence model (APIM) with young adult marital dyads to test husbands' and wives' mutual influences on each other's substance use. Prospective data were collected from young adults and their spouses at baseline and 5 years later. Data from 237 dyads were used to test spouses' interdependence on alcohol use, alcohol problems, and marijuana use with the APIMs. Marital partners had significant effects on each other's substance use, though the patterns were different contingent on the outcome referenced...
November 16, 2017: Psychology of Addictive Behaviors: Journal of the Society of Psychologists in Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29144147/pursued-for-their-prescription-exposure-to-compliance-gaining-strategies-predicts-stimulant-diversion-in-emerging-adults
#11
Laura J Holt, Paige N Marut, Ty S Schepis
Researchers have begun to identify predictors of who will divert their stimulant prescriptions, as most emerging adults (EAs) who use prescription stimulants nonmedically procure these drugs from a friend or acquaintance with a prescription. Far less research has examined how EAs with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) are approached for these medications, and their affective and behavioral responses to these requests. We hypothesized that EAs with a stimulant prescription who reported greater exposure to compliance-gaining attempts from peers, particularly rational appeals for academic work, would be more likely to divert, as would EAs who reported lower resistance to peer influence...
November 16, 2017: Psychology of Addictive Behaviors: Journal of the Society of Psychologists in Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29144146/legalization-of-recreational-marijuana-and-community-sales-policy-in-oregon-impact-on-adolescent-willingness-and-intent-to-use-parent-use-and-adolescent-use
#12
Julie C Rusby, Erika Westling, Ryann Crowley, John M Light
Studies investigating the impact of medical marijuana legalization have found no significant changes in adolescent use. In one of the few studies focused on recreational marijuana, we investigated how recreational marijuana legalization and community sales policy influenced factors that likely impact youth use (youth willingness and intent to use, parent use) as well as youth use. Legalization of recreational marijuana in Oregon coincided with our study on adolescent substance use. Cohort 1 transitioned from 8th to 9th grade prior to legalization and Cohort 2 made this transition during legalization (N = 444; 53% female)...
November 16, 2017: Psychology of Addictive Behaviors: Journal of the Society of Psychologists in Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29094956/food-addiction-prevalence-and-concurrent-validity-in-african-american-adolescents-with-obesity
#13
Erica M Schulte, Angela J Jacques-Tiura, Ashley N Gearhardt, Sylvie Naar
Food addiction, measured by the Yale Food Addiction Scale (YFAS), has been associated with obesity, eating-related problems (e.g., bingeing), and problematic consumption of highly processed foods. Studies on this topic have primarily examined adult samples with an overrepresentation of White individuals, and little is known about addictive-like eating in adolescents, particularly African American adolescents who exhibit high rates of obesity and eating pathology. The current study examined the prevalence of food addiction and its convergent validity with percent overweight, eating-related problems, and self-reported dietary intake in a sample of 181 African American adolescents with obesity...
November 2, 2017: Psychology of Addictive Behaviors: Journal of the Society of Psychologists in Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29094955/longitudinal-associations-between-marijuana-related-cognitions-and-marijuana-use-in-african-american-and-european-american-girls-from-early-to-late-adolescence
#14
Dawn W Foster, Feifei Ye, Tammy Chung, Alison E Hipwell, Carolyn E Sartor
This study examined marijuana-related cognitions and marijuana use in African-American (AA) and European-American (EA) girls, with the aim of characterizing their interrelationships from early to late adolescence. Identifying differences by race in these relationships would have implications for tailoring interventions to specific subgroups. Data were drawn from the Pittsburgh Girls Study, an urban community sample (56.8% AA, 43.2% EA; n = 2,172) recruited at ages 5-8 years and assessed each year. Cross-lagged panel models were conducted separately by race to identify patterns of association between marijuana use and related cognitions (i...
November 2, 2017: Psychology of Addictive Behaviors: Journal of the Society of Psychologists in Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29072478/the-interactive-effects-of-personality-profiles-and-perceived-peer-drinking-on-early-adolescent-drinking
#15
Nina Pocuca, Leanne Hides, Catherine A Quinn, Melanie J White, Louise Mewton, Nicola Clare Newton, Tim Slade, Cath Chapman, Gavin Andrews, Maree Teesson, Steve Allsop, Nyanda McBride
Early adolescent drinking has been identified as an important risk factor for the development of alcohol dependence. Both perceived peer drinking and personality profiles have been implicated as risk factors for early adolescent drinking. However, research is yet to determine how these 2 factors may interact to increase such risk. This study aimed to determine whether personality profiles moderated the relationship between perceived peer drinking and early adolescent drinking. Baseline data were utilized in the analyses, from 3,287 adolescents (Mage = 13...
October 26, 2017: Psychology of Addictive Behaviors: Journal of the Society of Psychologists in Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29072477/mindfulness-based-interventions-for-addictive-behaviors-implementation-issues-on-the-road-ahead
#16
Adam D Wilson, Corey R Roos, Charles S Robinson, Elena R Stein, Jacob A Manuel, Matthew C Enkema, Sarah Bowen, Katie Witkiewitz
Over the past 35 years, mindfulness meditation practices have increasingly been integrated into Western medical settings. Research into the benefits of mindfulness-based interventions (MBIs) continues to expand, such that there are currently more than a dozen different protocolled MBIs for patients suffering from a variety of physical and psychological disorders. In the last decade, a number of MBIs specifically designed to treat addictive behaviors have been developed and tested. This review first provides a brief overview of the current state of the science with respect to the efficacy of MBIs for addictive behaviors, and some of the proposed mechanisms underlying the efficacy of MBIs...
October 26, 2017: Psychology of Addictive Behaviors: Journal of the Society of Psychologists in Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29199844/a-scoping-review-and-meta-analysis-of-psychosocial-and-pharmacological-treatments-for-cannabis-and-tobacco-use-among-african-americans
#17
LaTrice Montgomery, Cendrine Robinson, Elizabeth L Seaman, Angela M Haeny
The rates of co-occurring cannabis and tobacco use are higher among African Americans relative to other racial/ethnic groups. One plausible approach to treating co-use among African Americans is to examine the effectiveness of treatments for the sole use of cannabis and tobacco to identify effective approaches that might be combined to treat the dual use of these substances. The current meta-analysis sought to include studies that reported cannabis and/or tobacco use outcomes from randomized clinical trials (RCTs) with 100% African American samples...
December 2017: Psychology of Addictive Behaviors: Journal of the Society of Psychologists in Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29199843/motivational-interviewing-enhancement-and-brief-interventions-over-the-last-decade-a-review-of-reviews-of-efficacy-and-effectiveness
#18
Carlo C DiClemente, Catherine M Corno, Meagan M Graydon, Alicia E Wiprovnick, Daniel J Knoblach
Motivation is a well-established predictor of recovery for addictive behaviors. Treatments aimed at changing substance use and gambling frequently employ motivational enhancing strategies, based in the principles of Motivational Interviewing (MI). Evidence for these approaches across addictive behaviors does not always paint a clear picture. The purpose of this review was to examine existing reviews of motivational-based interventions for various substances of abuse and gambling in the last decade to gain a deeper understanding of the current evidence and implications for future research and clinical practice...
December 2017: Psychology of Addictive Behaviors: Journal of the Society of Psychologists in Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28857574/cognitive-behavioral-interventions-for-alcohol-and-drug-use-disorders-through-the-stage-model-and-back-again
#19
Kathleen M Carroll, Brian D Kiluk
Cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) approaches have among the highest level of empirical support for the treatment of drug and alcohol use disorders. As Psychology of Addictive Behaviors marks its 30th anniversary, we review the evolution of CBT for the addictions through the lens of the Stage Model of Behavioral Therapies Development. The large evidence base from Stage II randomized clinical trials indicates a modest effect size with evidence of relatively durable effects, but limited diffusion in clinical practice, as is the case for most empirically validated approaches for mental health and addictive disorders...
December 2017: Psychology of Addictive Behaviors: Journal of the Society of Psychologists in Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29144150/development-and-psychometric-analysis-of-the-brief-dsm-5-alcohol-use-disorder-diagnostic-assessment-towards-effective-diagnosis-in-college-students
#20
Brett T Hagman
The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (5th edition) Alcohol Use Disorder (DSM-5 AUD) criteria have been modified to reflect a single, continuous disorder. It is critical that we develop brief assessment measures that can accurately assess for DSM-5 AUD criteria in college students to assist in screening, referral, and brief intervention services implemented on college campuses. The present study sought to develop and assess for the psychometric properties of a brief 13-item measure designed to capture the full spectrum of the DSM-5 AUD criteria in a sample of college students...
November 2017: Psychology of Addictive Behaviors: Journal of the Society of Psychologists in Addictive Behaviors
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