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Psychology of Addictive Behaviors: Journal of the Society of Psychologists in Addictive Behaviors

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30024188/technology-mediated-addictive-behaviors-constitute-a-spectrum-of-related-yet-distinct-conditions-a-network-perspective
#1
Stéphanie Baggio, Vladan Starcevic, Joseph Studer, Olivier Simon, Sally M Gainsbury, Gerhard Gmel, Joël Billieux
An important ongoing debate in the addiction field is whether certain technology-mediated behaviors constitute tenable and independent constructs. This study investigated whether problematic technology-mediated behaviors could be conceptualized as a spectrum of related, yet distinct disorders (spectrum hypothesis), using the network approach, which considers disorders as networks of symptoms. We used data from the Cohort Study on Substance Use and Risk Factors (C-SURF; Swiss National Science Foundation), with a representative sample of young Swiss men (subsample of participants engaged in technology-mediated behaviors, n = 3,404)...
July 19, 2018: Psychology of Addictive Behaviors: Journal of the Society of Psychologists in Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30024187/a-cluster-analytic-approach-to-determining-drinking-motives-and-personality-typologies-trauma-group-differences-and-respective-relations-to-ptsd-and-problematic-alcohol-use
#2
Sage E Hawn, Erin D Kurtz, Emily Brown, Ruth C Brown, Erin C Berenz, Scott McDonald, Treven Pickett, Carla Kmett Danielson, Ananda Amstadter
Veterans with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) are at elevated risk for alcohol use problems, a relationship commonly explained by using alcohol to cope with unpleasant symptoms of PTSD. However, patterns of alcohol use motives, more broadly, have not been well characterized in veteran samples, nor have they been evaluated in the context of other relevant factors, such as normative personality traits. The aims of the present study were to identify empirically derived drinking motive and personality typologies to determine whether these typologies differ as a function of PTSD status (i...
July 19, 2018: Psychology of Addictive Behaviors: Journal of the Society of Psychologists in Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30010351/oregon-recreational-marijuana-legalization-changes-in-undergraduates-marijuana-use-rates-from-2008-to-2016
#3
David C R Kerr, Harold Bae, Andrew L Koval
There have been few studies of marijuana use before and after recreational marijuana legalization (RML) in affected states. We tested whether marijuana use rates increased more among college students in Oregon than in non-RML states following Oregon RML in July 2015. Repeated cross-sectional National College Health Assessment-II surveys were completed by random samples of students within participating colleges from 2008 to 2016. Data were from 4-year institutions that participated both before and after Oregon RML...
July 16, 2018: Psychology of Addictive Behaviors: Journal of the Society of Psychologists in Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30010350/the-effect-of-laboratory-manipulations-of-negative-affect-on-alcohol-craving-and-use-a-meta-analysis
#4
Konrad Bresin, Yara Mekawi, Edelyn Verona
Scientific and lay theories propose that negative affect plays a causal role in problematic alcohol use. Despite this common belief, supporting experimental evidence has been mixed. Thus, the goals of this study were to (a) meta-analytically quantify the degree to which experimentally manipulated negative affect influenced alcohol use and craving in the laboratory, (b) examine whether the size of this effect depended on key manipulation characteristics (i.e., self-relevance of the stressor, timing of the end of the stressor, and strength of negative affect induction) or sample characteristics (i...
July 16, 2018: Psychology of Addictive Behaviors: Journal of the Society of Psychologists in Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29999330/evaluating-autonomy-beneficence-and-justice-with-substance-using-populations-implications-for-clinical-research-participation
#5
Justin C Strickland, William W Stoops
Narrow inclusion criteria regarding substance use are commonplace in clinical research. This is due, in part, to assumptions about capacity to make "rational" decisions regarding participation by these populations. This study evaluated decision-making and perceptions surrounding each of the Belmont principles among individuals with cocaine use histories, cigarette smokers without illicit substance use histories, and controls without cigarette or illicit substance use histories. Cocaine ( n = 124), cigarette ( n = 128), and control ( n = 145) groups were recruited using Amazon's Mechanical Turk...
July 12, 2018: Psychology of Addictive Behaviors: Journal of the Society of Psychologists in Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29975071/identifying-adolescents-with-alcohol-use-disorder-optimal-screening-using-the-national-institute-on-alcohol-abuse-and-alcoholism-screening-guide
#6
Layla Parast, Lisa S Meredith, Bradley D Stein, William G Shadel, Elizabeth J D'Amico
The National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism (NIAAA) screening guide (SG) uses a 2-question screening process to identify adolescents at risk for alcohol use. The aim of this study was to identify the optimal screening rule in terms of identifying adolescents with alcohol use disorder (AUD) using the NIAAA questions by examining whether the cutpoint should vary by gender, race/ethnicity, grade, and/or age. Youth aged 12 through 18 years ( N = 1,573; 27% Black, 51% Hispanic) were screened using the NIAAA SG, and then completed a survey...
July 5, 2018: Psychology of Addictive Behaviors: Journal of the Society of Psychologists in Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29963875/nonacute-effects-of-cannabis-use-on-motivation-and-reward-sensitivity-in-humans-a-systematic-review
#7
Ileana Pacheco-Colón, Jorge M Limia, Raul Gonzalez
Reduced motivation is often noted as a consequence of cannabis use. However, prior studies examining this association have suboptimally operationalized motivation and have yielded mixed findings. This review discusses motivation and the closely related construct of reward sensitivity. We summarize the available literature examining associations between motivation and cannabis use, addressing the following questions: (a) Is there evidence for decreased motivation among cannabis users? (b) Is there evidence that lack of motivation among cannabis users is specific to their use of cannabis (rather than to use of other addictive drugs)? and (c) Is there evidence suggesting a causal relationship between cannabis use and motivation? Using PubMed, PsycINFO, and WebofScience, we conducted a literature search of studies examining nonacute effects of cannabis use on motivation, apathy, amotivation, effort, and reward sensitivity in humans...
July 2, 2018: Psychology of Addictive Behaviors: Journal of the Society of Psychologists in Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29963874/reciprocal-relations-between-positive-alcohol-expectancies-and-peer-use-on-adolescent-drinking-an-accelerated-autoregressive-cross-lagged-model-using-the-ncanda-sample
#8
Stephen J Boyd, Ellie M Sceeles, Susan F Tapert, Sandra A Brown, Bonnie J Nagel
Positive alcohol expectancies (PAE) and associating with drinking peers are reliable predictors of adolescent alcohol use. Knowledge of when and for whom these risk factors are most influential could enhance intervention effectiveness. Reciprocal relations between PAE and adolescent and peer alcohol use were examined between the ages of 13 and 18 in a sample (N = 566; 50% female) from the National Consortium on Alcohol and NeuroDevelopment in Adolescence (NCANDA), as well as sex differences in these associations...
July 2, 2018: Psychology of Addictive Behaviors: Journal of the Society of Psychologists in Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29708362/marijuana-use-by-intimate-partners-does-discrepant-use-impair-relationship-functioning
#9
Maria Testa, Weijun Wang, Jaye L Derrick, Kenneth E Leonard
Intimate couples with discrepant use of alcohol and other drugs experience poorer relationship functioning relative to couples with concordant use or nonuse. Within a sample of marijuana-using couples, we hypothesized that greater discrepancy in marijuana use frequency between partners would be associated with lower relationship satisfaction and perceived partner responsiveness and with greater conflict, negative interpersonal exchange, and psychological and physical aggression. The Actor Partner Interdependence Model (APIM) allowed us to account for the effects of each partner's marijuana use, as well as the discrepancy between partners' use, on his or her own perceptions of relationship functioning...
April 30, 2018: Psychology of Addictive Behaviors: Journal of the Society of Psychologists in Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29927280/investigating-the-dimensional-diagnosis-of-icd-11-nicotine-dependence
#10
João Mauricio Castaldelli-Maia, Silvia S Martins, Carla L Storr, Maria C Viana, Laura H Andrade, Arthur G Andrade
We investigated the dimensionality and possible measurement bias of ICD-11 Nicotine Dependence (ND) criteria in a sample of smokers from a middle-income country. Data are from the São Paulo Megacity Project (part of World Mental Health Surveys) collected between 2005 and 2007 (n = 5,037). The current analyses were restricted to the 1,388 participants who smoked at least once a week for 2 months in their lifetime. Item response theory (IRT) was used to investigate the severity and discrimination properties of 8 selected criteria...
June 2018: Psychology of Addictive Behaviors: Journal of the Society of Psychologists in Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29927279/a-randomized-controlled-trial-of-distress-tolerance-treatment-for-smoking-cessation
#11
Richard A Brown, Kathleen M Palm Reed, Erika Litvin Bloom, Haruka Minami, David R Strong, Carl W Lejuez, Michael J Zvolensky, Steven C Hayes
We previously developed a distress tolerance (DT)-based treatment that showed promising results for smokers with a history of early lapse. In the current study, we conducted a randomized controlled trial of this DT treatment for a general population of smokers not limited to those with a history of early lapse. We randomized 116 participants (41% female) to DT or standard treatment (ST). Both treatments included 1 individual session during Week 1 followed by 7 group sessions during Weeks 2-9 (quit date at Session 4), two 20-min phone sessions, and 8 weeks of transdermal nicotine patch...
June 2018: Psychology of Addictive Behaviors: Journal of the Society of Psychologists in Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29863376/why-is-social-network-drinking-associated-with-college-students-alcohol-use-focus-on-psychological-mediators
#12
Allecia E Reid, Kate B Carey
Level of drinking in the social network is strongly associated with college students' alcohol use. However, mechanisms through which networks are associated with personal drinking have been underexplored thus far. The present study examined theoretically derived constructs-sociability outcome expectancies, attitudes toward heavy drinking, self-efficacy for use of protective strategies, and descriptive norms-as potential mediators of the association between egocentric social network drinking and personal consumption...
June 2018: Psychology of Addictive Behaviors: Journal of the Society of Psychologists in Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29847978/interaction-between-ethnicity-and-smoker-type-with-dependence-a-comparison-of-daily-and-intermittent-african-american-and-caucasian-smokers
#13
Jessica Cheng, Saul Shiffman, Wendy King, Sarah Scholl
Ethnic differences in smoking patterns and dependence have been observed between Caucasian and African American smokers: African Americans who smoke are more likely to be intermittent smokers (ITS), and daily smokers (DS) consume fewer cigarettes yet report more dependence. Participants' (N = 482, 67% Caucasian, 54% ITS) dependence was assessed by primary and secondary dependence subscales of the Wisconsin Inventory of Smoking Dependence Motives, the Nicotine Dependence Syndrome Scale, the Hooked on Nicotine Checklist, the Fagerström Test of Nicotine Dependence, and time to first cigarette after waking...
June 2018: Psychology of Addictive Behaviors: Journal of the Society of Psychologists in Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781627/triple-trajectories-of-alcohol-use-tobacco-use-and-depressive-symptoms-as-predictors-of-cannabis-use-disorders-among-urban-adults
#14
Jung Yeon Lee, Judith S Brook, Wonkuk Kim
Heavy cannabis use is associated with a wide array of physical, mental, and functional problems. Therefore, cannabis use disorders (CUDs) may be a major public health concern. Given the adverse health consequences of CUDs, the present study seeks to find possible precursors of CUDs. The current study consisted of 5 waves of data collection from the Harlem Longitudinal Development Study. Among 816 participants, about half are African Americans (52%), and the other half are Puerto Ricans (48%). We used Mplus to obtain the triple trajectories of alcohol use, tobacco use, and depressive symptoms...
June 2018: Psychology of Addictive Behaviors: Journal of the Society of Psychologists in Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771542/quantifying-cannabis-a-field-study-of-marijuana-quantity-estimation
#15
Mark A Prince, Bradley T Conner, Matthew R Pearson
The assessment of marijuana use quantity poses unique challenges. These challenges have limited research efforts on quantity assessments. However, quantity estimates are critical to detecting associations between marijuana use and outcomes. We examined accuracy of marijuana users' estimations of quantities of marijuana they prepared to ingest and predictors of both how much was prepared for a single dose and the degree of (in)accuracy of participants' estimates. We recruited a sample of 128 regular-to-heavy marijuana users for a field study wherein they prepared and estimated quantities of marijuana flower in a joint or a bowl as well as marijuana concentrate using a dab tool...
June 2018: Psychology of Addictive Behaviors: Journal of the Society of Psychologists in Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29723012/rating-motivational-interviewing-fidelity-from-thin-slices
#16
Derek D Caperton, David C Atkins, Zac E Imel
Monitoring fidelity to psychosocial treatments is critical to dissemination, process and outcome research, and internal validity in efficacy trials. However, the costs required to behavior code fidelity to treatments like motivational interviewing (MI) over many therapists and sessions quickly become intractable. Coding less of a session accelerates the process, but it is not clear how much of a session must be evaluated to capture the fidelity of the entire session. The present study used a "thin slice" (Ambady & Rosenthal, 1992) paradigm to explore the degree to which variously sized thin slices of MI fidelity related to fidelity ratings for a full session...
June 2018: Psychology of Addictive Behaviors: Journal of the Society of Psychologists in Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29723011/association-of-belief-in-the-firewater-myth-with-strategies-to-avoid-alcohol-consequences-among-american-indian-and-alaska-native-college-students-who-drink
#17
Vivian M Gonzalez, Monica C Skewes
Belief in an American Indian/Alaska Native (AI/AN) specific biological vulnerability (BV) to alcohol problems (aka the "firewater myth") is associated with worse alcohol outcomes among AI/AN college students who drink, despite also being associated with greater attempts to reduce drinking. The current study examined how belief in a BV may have affected how 157 AI/AN college students who drink (a) attempted to moderate their alcohol use and avoid alcohol-related problems using abstinence-based and harm reduction strategies, and (b) attitudes toward these strategies as a means of addressing alcohol problems...
June 2018: Psychology of Addictive Behaviors: Journal of the Society of Psychologists in Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771563/induced-sadness-increases-persistence-in-a-simulated-slot-machine-task-among-recreational-gamblers
#18
Gaëtan Devos, Luke Clark, Pierre Maurage, Joël Billieux
Gambling may constitute a strategy for coping with depressive mood, but a direct influence of depressive mood on gambling behaviors has never been tested via realistic experimental designs in gamblers. The current study tested whether experimentally induced sadness increases persistence on a simulated slot machine task using real monetary reinforcement in recreational gamblers. Sixty participants were randomly assigned to an experimental (sadness induction) or control (no emotional induction) condition, and then performed a slot machine task consisting of a mandatory phase followed by a persistence phase...
May 2018: Psychology of Addictive Behaviors: Journal of the Society of Psychologists in Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771562/internet-addiction-problematic-internet-use-nonproblematic-internet-use-among-chinese-adolescents-individual-parental-peer-and-sociodemographic-correlates
#19
Nan Zhou, Hongjian Cao, Xiaomin Li, Jintao Zhang, Yuanwei Yao, Xiaomin Geng, Xiuyun Lin, Shumeng Hou, Fenge Liu, Xiaoli Chen, Xiaoyi Fang
Internet addiction has been typically conceptualized as either a continuous construct or a dichotomous construct. Limited research has differentiated adolescents with problematic Internet use (PIU) from the Internet addiction group (IA) and/or nonproblematic Internet use group (NPIU) and examined the potential correlates. To fill this gap, based on data obtained from 956 Chinese adolescents (11-19 years, 47% male), this study examined if adolescents with PIU is a distinctive group from the IA and NPIU. This study also examined factors from different ecological levels that may differentiate among the three groups, including individual, parental, peer, and sociodemographic factors...
May 2018: Psychology of Addictive Behaviors: Journal of the Society of Psychologists in Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771561/mood-selectively-moderates-the-implicit-alcohol-association-drinking-relation-in-college-student-heavy-episodic-drinkers
#20
Kristen P Lindgren, Jason J Ramirez, Reinout W Wiers, Bethany A Teachman, Jeanette Norris, Cecilia C Olin, Melissa L Gasser, Debra Kaysen, Clayton Neighbors
Multiple studies indicate that implicit alcohol-related associations (i.e., indices of relatively fast, spontaneous processes) predict drinking. An important next step is to investigate moderators of the implicit association-drinking relationship. Mood state has been proposed as a moderator of this relationship: implicit associations have been theorized to be stronger predictors of drinking under positive mood states. From the same theoretical perspective, explicit measures (indices of relatively slow, reflective processes) have been proposed to be stronger predictors of drinking under negative mood states...
May 2018: Psychology of Addictive Behaviors: Journal of the Society of Psychologists in Addictive Behaviors
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