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Michelle L Ipjian, Carol S Johnston
OBJECTIVES: Many individuals are advised to adhere to specific diet plans for their personal health; hence, it is important that tools are available to support these behaviors. Smartphone applications (apps) may assist health care professionals in educating their clients on specific dietary modifications. This pilot study focused on a single dietary modification, reducing sodium intake, to determine whether a commercial health app is useful for promoting dietary change. METHODS: Thirty healthy adults (age 34...
August 24, 2016: Nutrition
Xue-Song Li, Ji-Rong Zhang, Yi-Lin Zhao, Ying Li, Yuxiang Sun, Tiemin Liu, Rui-Tao Wang
OBJECTIVES: Poor nutritional status is associated with osteoporosis (OP) in postmenopausal women. Moreover, recent studies documented that prealbumin is the best and most widely used parameter to monitor nutrition intervention and is a sensitive predictor of short-term outcome compared with albumin. Therefore, the aim of this study was to examine the association of prealbumin levels with bone mineral density (BMD) in patients with OP. METHODS: This cross-sectional study recruited 664 women...
August 23, 2016: Nutrition
Lorena Arribas, Laura Hurtós, Maria José Sendrós, Inmaculada Peiró, Neus Salleras, Eduard Fort, Jose Manuel Sánchez-Migallón
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to design a new nutritional screening tool (NUTRISCORE) to detect nutritional risk in outpatients with cancer. METHODS: A multicenter, cross-sectional study was conducted. We randomly selected outpatients receiving onco-specific, palliative, or symptomatic treatment for malignant neoplasms (including solid tumors and hematologic malignancies). These patients were assessed using the NUTRISCORE tool, the Malnutrition Screening Tool (MST), and the Patient-Generated Subjective Global Assessment (PG-SGA) to detect risk for malnutrition...
August 13, 2016: Nutrition
Carolina F Nicoletti, Ana Paula R P de Oliveira, Maria José F Brochado, Marcela A S Pinhel, Bruno A P de Oliveira, Julio S Marchini, José E Dos Santos, Wilson Salgado, Nathalia Moreno Cury, Luiza Ferreira de Araújo, Wilson A Silva, Carla B Nonino
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate whether the Ala55Val and -866G>A polymorphisms of the UCP2 gene are related to weight loss and changes in body composition after bariatric surgery performed by Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB). METHODS: This longitudinal study enrolled obese patients submitted to RYGB. Data regarding weight (kg), body mass index (kg/m(2)), fat-free mass (FFM; kg), fat mass (kg), weight loss (kg and %), and percent excess weight loss were collected from both preoperative and 1-y postoperative medical records...
August 9, 2016: Nutrition
Nina Braun, Claus Hoess, Alexander Kutz, Mirjam Christ-Crain, Robert Thomann, Christoph Henzen, Werner Zimmerli, Beat Mueller, Philipp Schuetz
OBJECTIVE: Positive associations between body mass index (BMI) and clinical outcomes have been found and are called "the obesity survival paradox." However, whether obesity has protective effects or if this paradox is because of confounding remains unclear. Herein, we analyzed the effects of weight on long-term mortality in a large cohort of patients with community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) and investigated whether the differential effects of obesity on inflammation pathways accounted for mortality differences...
August 9, 2016: Nutrition
Milena Monfort-Pires, Sandra Roberta G Ferreira
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of two interventions in breakfast with different fatty acid content on metabolic and inflammatory biomarkers in individuals at different cardiovascular risk levels. METHODS: This crossover clinical trial included 80 overweight participants who were grouped according to the presence of metabolic syndrome (MetS). The participants received two isocaloric breakfast interventions for 4 wk, with a 2-wk washout...
August 9, 2016: Nutrition
Geir Bjørklund, Salvatore Chirumbolo
Diet may be defined as a complex process that should involve a deeper comprehension of metabolism, energy balance, and the molecular pathways involved in cellular stress response and survival, gut microflora genetics, enzymatic polymorphism within the human population, and the role of plant-derived polyphenols in this context. Metabolic syndrome, encompassing pathologies with a relatively high morbidity, such as type 2 diabetes, obesity, and cardiovascular disease, is a bullet point of the big concern about how daily dietary habits should promote health and prevent metabolic impairments to prevent hospitalization and the need for health care...
August 8, 2016: Nutrition
Fabiana Zingone, Cristina Bucci, Paola Iovino, Carolina Ciacci
OBJECTIVES: Consumption of milk has been declining sharply in recent decades, particularly in developed countries. One of the reasons for this decline is the diagnosis or perception of lactose intolerance. The aim of this study was to investigate average consumption of milk and dairy products in the Campania region of Italy, one of the main producers of dairy products in the country. METHODS: Individuals aged 18 to 75 y and living in Campania were invited to answer an online questionnaire regarding their average consumption of milk and dairy products...
August 6, 2016: Nutrition
Naime Çelik, Ayhan Vurmaz, Ahmet Kahraman
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate whether quercetin (QUER) treatment could have a protective effect against oxidative stress induced by homocysteinemia in rats. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Thirty-two male Sprague-Dawley rats (adult) were assigned randomly to four groups: the control group was given physiological saline (PS; 1.5 mL/d); the QUER group was given QUER (50 mg/kg body weight [BW] daily) in distilled water and 0.25 mL PS; the homocysteine (HCY) group was given HCY (1 mg/kg BW daily) in distilled water and 1...
August 6, 2016: Nutrition
Fernanda Bassan Lopes da Silva, Daniela Lopes Gomes, Kênia Mara Baiocchi de Carvalho
OBJECTIVE: In this study, multivariate analyses was used to investigate factors associated with weight regain long after Roux-en-Y gastric bypass. METHODS: This retrospective study comprised 80 patients (88.8% female) with at least 24 mo of postoperative time. Weight regain was defined as an increase of at least 10% of the lowest postoperative weight. The following data were collected: demographic characteristics, eating behavior, food intake, diet quality measured by the Healthy Eating Index, level of physical activity, follow-up visit attendance, anthropometric history, and postoperative time...
November 2016: Nutrition
David Kerr, Emily Williams, Andrea Sargent
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2016: Nutrition
Arnaud De Luca, Régis Hankard, Marie-Cécile Alexandre-Gouabau, Véronique Ferchaud-Roucher, Dominique Darmaun, Clair-Yves Boquien
OBJECTIVE: Nutrition during fetal life and early childhood is thought to play a crucial role in the risk for developing metabolic syndrome and cardiovascular diseases in the future adult and branched-chain amino acids (BCAA) intake may play a role in the development of obesity. The aim of this study was to compare the breast milk amino acid profiles of obese and normal weight (control) breast-feeding mothers. METHODS: Fifty obese and 50 control breast-feeding mothers were enrolled...
November 2016: Nutrition
Maisa Cruz Martins, Janet Trujillo, Dayana Rodrigues Farias, Claudio Jose Struchiner, Gilberto Kac
OBJECTIVE: The fat mass and obesity (FTO) and melanocortin-4 receptor (MC4R) genes have been consistently associated with the risk for obesity, but few studies have examined the association of the obesity risk alleles with gestational outcomes. The aim of this study was to evaluate the association between single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) of the FTO (rs9939609) and MC4R (rs17782313) genes with changes in maternal body weight during pregnancy. METHODS: A sample of 136 pregnant women were followed in a prospective cohort at 5 to 13, 20 to 26, and 30 to 36 wk gestation and 30 to 45 d postpartum...
November 2016: Nutrition
Ninad S Chaudhary, Michael A Grandner, Nicholas J Jackson, Subhajit Chakravorty
OBJECTIVE: Insomnia symptoms have been individually associated with both caffeine consumption and sleep duration abnormalities in prior studies. The goal of this study was to determine whether caffeine consumption was associated with insomnia symptoms from a population perspective and whether this relationship depended on habitual sleep duration. METHODS: Data were extracted from the 2007-2008 National Health and Nutritional Examination Survey (N = 4730). Caffeine consumption was quantified as mg/d from 2 typical days of use, 7 to 10 d apart...
November 2016: Nutrition
Carlos Ruiz Hernández, Esperanza Castejón Ponce, Ferran Bossacoma Busquets, Diana Sánchez Hernández, Silvia Meavilla Oliva, Enrique Llerena Santacruz, Naymar Pérez, Mariela De Los Santos Pelegrini, Miquel Villaronga Flaque
Very rare cases of hypersensitivity reactions to various constituents of parenteral nutrition (PN) have been reported in children. Adverse effects associated with PN administration have centered on metabolic, infectious, and mechanical complications. Here we describe three cases of hypersensitivity to components of PN. Case 1 is a 1-mo-old breastfed baby with a diagnosis of acute gastroenteritis associated with an infection with cytomegalovirus. On the second day of PN, 60 min after the initiation of the infusion, the patient had an allergic reaction with an overall diffused rash...
November 2016: Nutrition
Miguel Angel Rincón-Cervera, Rodrigo Valenzuela, María Catalina Hernandez-Rodas, Macarena Marambio, Alejandra Espinosa, Susana Mayer, Nalda Romero, Cynthia Barrera M Sc, Alfonso Valenzuela, Luis A Videla
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to assess the effect of dietary supplementation with extra virgin olive oil (EVOO) in mice on the reduction of desaturase and antioxidant enzymatic activities in liver, concomitantly with long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids (LCPUFA) profiles in liver and extrahepatic tissues induced by a high-fat diet (HFD). METHODS: Male mice C57 BL/6 J were fed with a control diet (CD; 10% fat, 20% protein, 70% carbohydrates) or an HFD (60% fat, 20% protein, 20% carbohydrates) for 12 wk...
November 2016: Nutrition
Amirhossein Sahebkar, Maria-Corina Serban, Anna Gluba-Brzózka, Dimitri P Mikhailidis, Arrigo F Cicero, Jacek Rysz, Maciej Banach
The present review provides an up-to-date summary of the findings on the lipid-lowering effects of the most important nutraceuticals and functional foods. Based on current knowledge, nutraceuticals might exert significant lipid-lowering, and their use has several advantages: A number of important questions remain to be addressed, including whether longer durations of therapy would result in a better response and the exact safety profile of nutraceuticals, especially at doses higher than those consumed in an average diet...
November 2016: Nutrition
Christopher Beermann, Sandy Neumann, Daniela Fußbroich, Stefan Zielen, Ralf Schubert
Allergic bronchial asthma is a chronic inflammatory disease of the airways with an increasing incidence in Western societies. Exposure to allergens provokes recurrent attacks of breathlessness, airway hyperreactivity, wheezing, and coughing. For the early phase and milder forms of allergic asthma, dietary supplementation with long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids (LCPUFA), predominantly fish oil-associated eicosapentaenoic (C20:5 ω-3) and docosahexaenoic acid (C22:6 ω-3), and distinct crop oil-derived fatty acids might provide a sustainable treatment strategy, as discussed in several studies...
November 2016: Nutrition
Yuhei Hamaguchi, Toshimi Kaido, Shinya Okumura, Atsushi Kobayashi, Ahmed Hammad, Yumiko Tamai, Nobuya Inagaki, Shinji Uemoto
OBJECTIVES: Low skeletal muscle, referred to as sarcopenia, has been shown to be an independent predictor of lower overall survival in various kinds of diseases. Several studies have evaluated the low skeletal muscle mass using computed tomography (CT) imaging. However, the cutoff values based on CT imaging remain undetermined in Asian populations. METHODS: Preoperative plain CT imaging at the third lumbar vertebrae level was used to measure the psoas muscle mass index (PMI, cm(2)/m(2)) in 541 adult donors for living donor liver transplantation (LDLT)...
November 2016: Nutrition
Jia Yao, Li Zhou, Xin Hua, Ming Kong, Yu Chen, Zhongping Duan
OBJECTIVE: Chronic hepatitis B (CHB) requires long-term treatment with nucleos(t)ide analogs (NAs). The goal of the present study was to evaluate the effects of long-term treatment with NAs on body composition in men with CHB. METHOD: We performed a cross-sectional study of men infected with hepatitis B virus (HBV) who have never been on NAs with high HBV-DNA (naïve group; n = 30), those on NAs for 7 y with virologic suppression (NA-treated group; n = 50), and healthy men (control group; n = 30) matched by age and body mass index (BMI) to evaluate whether body composition differed...
November 2016: Nutrition
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