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Nutrition

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28697855/re-fruit-and-vegetable-consumption-and-the-risk-of-depression-a-meta-analysis
#1
LETTER
Tomoyuki Kawada
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 8, 2017: Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28689689/serum-sodium-ion-level-influenced-by-daily-salt-intake-after-administration-of-sodium-glucose-cotransporter-2-inhibitors
#2
LETTER
Eijiro Yamada, Aya Osaki, Tsugumichi Saito, Yawara Niijima, Junichi Okada, Shuichi Okada, Masanobu Yamada
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 31, 2017: Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28571683/erratum-to-the-impact-of-nutrition-support-on-clinical-outcome-and-cost-effectiveness-analysis-in-patients-at-nutritional-risk-a-prospective-cohort-study-with-propensity-score-matching-nutrition-2017-37c-53-59
#3
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28652074/vitamin-d-deficiency-it-is-time-for-reality-check-of-the-epidemiology-re-the-increasing-problem-of-subclinical-and-overt-hypervitaminosis-d-in-india-an-institutional-experience-and-review
#4
LETTER
Deba Prasad Dhibar, Kamal Kant Sahu, Sanjay Kumar Bhadada
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 26, 2017: Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28571684/mediterranean-diet-to-prevent-treat-nonalcoholic-fatty-liver-disease-in-children-a-promising-approach
#5
EDITORIAL
Marco Poeta, Pietro Vajro
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 26, 2017: Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28606576/insulin-sensitizers-improve-the-glp-1-secretion-and-the-amount-of-intestinal-l-cells-on-high-fat-diet-induced-catch-up-growth
#6
Juan Zheng, Kang-Li Xiao, Lulu Chen, Chaodong Wu, Xiang Hu, Tianshu Zeng, Xiao-Qian Chen, Wen-Juan Li, Xiuling Deng, Huiqing Li, Yu-Ming Li
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate whether insulin resistance can result in impaired glucagon-like peptide (GLP)-1 secretion and to determine whether insulin-sensitizing drugs could improve the secretion of GLP-1 in catch-up growth rats. METHODS: Male Sprague Dawley rats were used to establish a catch-up growth model. At the end of weeks 6 and 14, these rats were euthanized to measure energy intake, body weight, plasma triacylglycerol, and nonesterified fatty acid...
July 2017: Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28606575/good-adherence-to-the-mediterranean-diet-reduces-the-risk-for-nash-and-diabetes-in-pediatric-patients-with-obesity-the-results-of-an-italian-study
#7
Claudia Della Corte, Antonella Mosca, Andrea Vania, Arianna Alterio, Salvatore Iasevoli, Valerio Nobili
OBJECTIVE: In the last decade, it was demonstrated that the Mediterranean diet (MD) represents an ideal diet for all age groups and has an important role in the prevention of metabolic and cardiovascular diseases, as well as nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). The aim of the present study was to analyze the association between adherence to the MD and NAFLD, with laboratory and histologic evaluation, in a group of children and adolescents with obesity. METHODS: We enrolled 243 patients with obesity referred to our department from March 2014 to November 2015...
July 2017: Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28606574/dietary-habits-concentration-of-copper-zinc-and-cu-to-zn-ratio-in-serum-and-ability-status-of-patients-with-relapsing-remitting-multiple-sclerosis
#8
Katarzyna Socha, Elżbieta Karpińska, Jan Kochanowicz, Jolanta Soroczyńska, Marta Jakoniuk, Marianna Wilkiel, Zenon D Mariak, Maria H Borawska
OBJECTIVE: Dietary habits and adequate intake of antioxidants in the diet-for example, copper (Cu) and zinc (Zn)-may be an environmental factor in the occurrence of multiple sclerosis (MS). The aim of this study was to estimate the influence of dietary habits on the concentration of Cu, Zn in the serum, and the effect of Cu-to-Zn ratio on the ability status of patients with relapsing-remitting MS. METHODS: This was an observational case-control study that included 101 individuals with MS and 68 healthy individuals (controls)...
July 2017: Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28606573/a-modeling-study-of-beverage-substitution-and-obesity-outcomes-among-australian-adults
#9
Miaobing Zheng, Zhixian Sui, Zhangrong Li, Anna Rangan
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate the cross-sectional associations among sugar-sweetened beverage (SSB) consumption, its substitution with beverage alternatives, and obesity outcomes in an Australian population. METHODS: We used data from 9341 adults ages ≥19 y from the 2011-2012 Australian National Nutrition and Physical Activity Survey. Multivariate linear regression with adjustment for covariates was used to examine the associations between SSB consumption and body mass index (BMI) and waist circumference (WC)...
July 2017: Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28606572/effect-of-dietary-fatty-acid-and-micronutrient-intake-energy-ratio-on-serum-diamine-oxidase-activity-in-healthy-women
#10
Makoto Miyoshi, Manami Ueno, Mari Matsuo, Yasuhiro Hamada, Michiko Takahashi, Masashi Yamamoto, Ikuko Yamamoto, Reiko Mikajiri, Satoko Tabuchi, Kumiko Wakida, Misa Yamanishi, Midori Hirai, Makoto Usami
OBJECTIVE: Serum diamine oxidase (DAO) activity varies to a greater extent in women than in men. DAO activity during the luteal phase was higher than that during the follicular phase in healthy women. Recent reports have indicated that duodenal lipid infusion increased DAO activity in the intestinal lymph in rats. The aim of this study was to elucidate the effect of dietary nutrient intake on serum DAO activity in healthy women. METHODS: Thirty-four healthy Japanese women were recruited...
July 2017: Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28606571/effect-of-%C3%AF-3-polyunsaturated-fatty-acids-on-arthritic-pain-a%C3%A2-systematic-review
#11
REVIEW
Mozghan Abdulrazaq, Jacqueline K Innes, Philip C Calder
OBJECTIVES: Pain is a significant problem in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and is associated with prostaglandins derived from the ω-6 polyunsaturated fatty acid (PUFA) arachidonic acid. The ω-3 PUFAs eicosapentaenoic acid and docosahexaenoic acid have been shown to reduce inflammation, with some studies showing clinical improvements in RA. The aim of this systematic review was to investigate the effect of ω-3 PUFAs on arthritic pain. METHOD: A systematic literature review of ω-3 PUFAs and pain associated with RA was performed up to December 2015...
July 2017: Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28606570/comparing-nutritional-requirements-provision-and-intakes-among-patients-prescribed-therapeutic-diets-in-hospital-an-observational-study
#12
Megan Rattray, Ben Desbrow, Shelley Roberts
OBJECTIVE: Nutrition is an important part of recovery for hospitalized patients. The aim of this study was to assess the nutritional adequacy of meals provided to and consumed by patients prescribed a therapeutic diet. METHODS: Patients (N = 110) prescribed a therapeutic diet (texture-modified, low-fiber, oral fluid, or food allergy or intolerance diets) for medical or nutritional reasons were recruited from six wards of a tertiary hospital. Complete (24-h) dietary provisions and intakes were directly observed and analyzed for energy (kJ) and protein (g) content...
July 2017: Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28606569/dual-energy-x-ray-absorptiometry-metabolic-maps-to-resting-energy-expenditure-estimation-and-body-size-dependence-in-brazilian-young-men
#13
Juliano Henrique Borges, Raquel David Langer, Vagner Xavier Cirolini, Mauro Alexandre Páscoa, Gil Guerra-Júnior, Ezequiel Moreira Gonçalves
OBJECTIVES: The model most suitable for estimating resting energy expenditure (REE) using dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) metabolic maps is not known; moreover, the applicability in individuals with different body sizes also is uncertain. The aim of this study was to test the accuracy of REE estimation from models of DXA metabolic maps with four, five, and six tissue-organ components in young men, stratified by body size. METHODS: We studied 52 young men between the ages of 18 and 29 y...
July 2017: Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28606568/energy-expenditure-in-the-immediate-postpartum-period-indirect-calorimetry-versus-predictive-equations
#14
Taciana Maia de Sousa, Tatiani Uceli Maioli, Ana Luiza Soares Dos Santos, Luana Caroline Dos Santos
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the resting energy expenditure (REE) of postpartum women by indirect calorimetry and to provide the most appropriate predictive equations to estimate it. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study with 79 women in the maternity unit of a Brazilian city hospital. Information regarding age, income, gestational age, and breastfeeding was collected. Height, weight, and body composition were measured. We measured REE by indirect calorimetry and predicted REE using eight equations...
July 2017: Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28606567/yeast-derived-%C3%AE-1-3-1-6-glucan-upper-respiratory-tract-infection-and-innate-immunity-in-older-adults
#15
Richard Fuller, Michael V Moore, George Lewith, Beth L Stuart, Rory V Ormiston, Helena L Fisk, Paul S Noakes, Philip C Calder
OBJECTIVE: The aims of this study were to test whether yeast-derived β-1,3/1,6 glucan can prevent the occurrence or reduce the severity of upper respiratory tract infection (URTI) and modulate innate immune responses during winter months in community-dwelling older adults. METHODS: This was a double-blind placebo-controlled trial of community-dwelling adults ages 50 to 70 y randomized to once-daily β-1,3/1,6 glucan (Wellmune 250 mg/d; n = 50) or identical placebo capsule (n = 50) over 90 d during winter...
July 2017: Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28606566/quantitative-proteomic-analysis-reveals-the-role-of-tea-polyphenol-egcg-in-egg-whites-in-response-to-vanadium-stress
#16
Jianping Wang, Xue Bai, Xuemei Ding, Shiping Bai, Qiufeng Zeng, Xiangbing Mao, Keying Zhang
OBJECTIVES: Tea polyphenol (TP) epigallo-catechin-3-gallate (EGCG) can alleviate vanadium (V) stress in laying hens; however, our understanding of the molecular mechanisms and proteomic changes occurring in the egg albumen remains limited. The aim of the present study is to better understand the response in layers under V challenge and mechanism of EGCG detoxification. METHOD: We divided 120 layers into four treatments in the absence and presence of 130 mg/kg EGCG, supplemented with either 0 or 5 mg/kg V...
July 2017: Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28606565/milk-basic-protein-increases-ghrelin-secretion-and-bone-mineral-density-in-rodents
#17
Yuko Ishida, Rakhi Chacrabati, Aiko Ono-Ohmachi, Zhi Gong, Chika Ikenoya, Sayaka Aizawa, Takayuki Y Nara, Yoshikazu Morita, Ken Kato, Takafumi Sakai, Ichiro Sakata
OBJECTIVES: Milk basic protein (MBP), a mixture of proteins isolated from bovine milk, is known to increase bone formation. Ghrelin, a stomach-derived peptide hormone, also has been reported to stimulate osteoblast formation. The aim of this study was to determine whether MBP-induced bone formation is mediated via ghrelin. METHODS: MBP was chronically administered to mice in their drinking water for 3 wk, and body weight, water intake, and bone mineral density were measured...
July 2017: Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28606564/no-influence-of-carbonation-on-glycemic-response-gastric-emptying-and-satiety-of-sweetened-drinks
#18
Evelyn Rou Lin Lau, Christiani Jeyakumar Henry
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to examine the effect of carbonation of sweetened beverages on glycemic response, gastric emptying, and satiety. METHODS: After an overnight fast, 15 healthy individuals (6 women, 9 men) consumed a 500 mL beverage containing 50 g glucose that was noncarbonated (NC), low carbonated (LC), or high carbonated (HC) at a standardized rate of consumption (100 mL/min). Blood glucose was measured at baseline and at 15, 30, 45, 60, 90, and 120 min after beverage consumption...
July 2017: Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526391/withdrawal-from-high-carbohydrate-high-saturated-fat-diet-changes-saturated-fat-distribution-and-improves-hepatic-low-density-lipoprotein-receptor-expression-to-ameliorate-metabolic-syndrome-in-rats
#19
Ankita Hazarika, Himadri Kalita, Mohan Chandra Kalita, Rajlakshmi Devi
OBJECTIVE: The "lipid hypothesis" determined that saturated fatty acid (SFA) raises low-density lipoprotein cholesterol, thereby increasing the risk for metabolic syndrome (MetS). The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of subchronic withdrawal from a high-carbohydrate, high-saturated fat (HCHF) diet during MetS with reference to changes in deleterious SFA (C12:0, lauric acid; C14:0, myristic acid; C16:0, palmitic acid; C18:0, stearic acid) distribution in liver, white adipose tissue (WAT), and feces...
June 2017: Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526390/re-vitamin-d-supplementation-to-reduce-depression-in-adults-meta-analysis-of-randomized-controlled-trials-gouda-u-et-al-nutrition-2015-31-421-429
#20
LETTER
Sina Maria Erhard, Sebastian Knitter, Richard Westphale, Stephanie Roll, Thomas Keil
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2017: Nutrition
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