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Nutrition

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28343754/feeding-a-cancer-patient-much-more-than-supportive-care
#1
EDITORIAL
Alessandro Laviano, Luca Di Lazzaro, Maria Isabel T D Correia
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 22, 2017: Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318806/re-awareness-and-consideration-of-malnutrition-among-oncologists-insights-from-an-exploratory-survey
#2
LETTER
Riccardo Caccialanza, Emanuele Cereda, Paolo Pedrazzoli
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2, 2017: Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28359370/ramadan-model-of-intermittent-fasting-for-28%C3%A2-d-had-no-major-effect-on-body-composition-glucose-metabolism-or-cognitive-functions-in-healthy-lean-men
#3
Nina M Harder-Lauridsen, Astrid Rosenberg, Fabiana B Benatti, Julie A Damm, Carsten Thomsen, Erik L Mortensen, Bente K Pedersen, Rikke Krogh-Madsen
OBJECTIVES: There has been a parallel increase in the incidence of obesity and diabetes as well as the number of daily meals. However, evidence is lacking regarding the role of intermittent fasting. The aim of this study was to determine the effects of a Ramadan model of intermittent fasting (RIF; 14 h of daytime abstinence from food and drinking) for 28 d on body composition, glucose metabolism, and cognitive function. METHODS: Ten healthy, lean men were included in a nonrandomized, crossover, intervention study...
May 2017: Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28359369/apolipoprotein-a2-265%C3%A2-t-c-polymorphism-interacts-with-dietary-fatty-acids-intake-to-modulate-inflammation-in-type%C3%A2-2%C3%A2-diabetes-mellitus-patients
#4
Laleh Keramat, Haleh Sadrzadeh-Yeganeh, Gity Sotoudeh, Elham Zamani, Mohammadreza Eshraghian, Anahita Mansoori, Fariba Koohdani
OBJECTIVE: Several investigations have been conducted regarding the interaction between Apolipoprotein A2 (APOA2) -265 T>C polymorphism and dietary intake of saturated fatty acids (SFAs) on obesity in healthy individuals or type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2 DM) patients. The aim of the present study is to examine the effect of this interaction on inflammatory markers in T2 DM patients. METHODS: This is a comparative cross-sectional study on 180 T2 DM patients with known APOA2 genotype...
May 2017: Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28359368/egg-consumption-and-heart-health-a-review
#5
REVIEW
Zachary S Clayton, Elizabeth Fusco, Mark Kern
Cardiovascular disease is the leading cause of death in the United States. Until recently, reducing dietary cholesterol has been a part of the American Heart Association (AHA) and American College of Cardiology (ACC) guidelines on lifestyle management, despite inconclusive evidence to support the recommendation. Considering eggs are a rich source of dietary cholesterol (typically containing 141-234 mg per egg), individuals with increased risk for CVD are advised not to consume eggs. Furthermore, based on the 2012 AHA/ACC guidelines, individuals with lower risk for CVD have previously been advised to avoid consuming eggs due to the high content of dietary cholesterol...
May 2017: Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28359367/nutritional-regulation-of-coupling-factor-6-a-novel-vasoactive-and-proatherogenic-peptide
#6
REVIEW
Tomohiro Osanai, Kasumi Mikami, Maiko Kitajima, Mayumi Urushizaka, Kumiko Kawasaki, Toshiko Tomisawa, Chieko Itaki, Yuka Noto, Koji Magota, Hirofumi Tomita
High sodium, high glucose, and obesity are important risk factors for age-related diseases such as cardiovascular disease (CVDs), stroke, and cancer. Coupling factor 6 (CF6) is released from vascular endothelial cells and functions as a circulating peptide that inhibits prostacyclin and nitric oxide generation by intracellular acidosis. High glucose elevates CF6 by activation of protein kinase C and p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase, whereas CF6 causes type 2 diabetes mellitus, resulting in a high glucose vicious cycle...
May 2017: Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28359366/university-students-on-campus-food-purchasing-behaviors-preferences-and-opinions-on-food-availability
#7
Ryan Tam, Barbara Yassa, Helen Parker, Helen O'Connor, Margaret Allman-Farinelli
OBJECTIVE: Emerging adulthood (18-24 y) where >50% of young adults attend tertiary education, is a transitional period that may provide an opportunity to influence future eating behaviors. The aim of this study was to identify possible strategies for encouraging healthy eating in university food environments. METHOD: Over 4 wk, students from a large university completed an anonymous researcher-designed survey with both closed (n = 41) and open-ended (n = 3) questions assessing food purchasing, food choice behaviors, and opinions of the campus food environment...
May 2017: Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28359365/soy-isoflavone-supplementation-improves-longitudinal-bone-growth-and-bone-quality-in-growing-female-rats
#8
Hyejin Ahn, Yoo Kyoung Park
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of soy isoflavone on tibia length, bone mineral density (BMD), and structural parameters in growing female rats. METHODS: Three-week-old female Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly assigned to four experimental groups: control (CON: distilled water gavage); low-dose isoflavone (low-IF: 10 mg/kg body weight [BW]/d gavage); high-dose isoflavone (high-IF: 50 mg/kg BW/d gavage); and 17 β-estradiol (E2: subcutaneous injection of 10 μg)...
May 2017: Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28359364/age-dependent-risk-factors-for-malnutrition-in-traumatology-and%C3%A2-orthopedic-patients
#9
Christine Lambert, Andreas Nüssler, Hans Konrad Biesalski, Thomas Freude, Christian Bahrs, Gunnar Ochs, Ingo Flesch, Ulrich Stöckle, Christoph Ihle
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate the prevalence of risk of malnutrition (RoM) in an orthopedic and traumatology patient cohort with a broad range of ages. In addition to the classical indicators for risk assessment (low body mass index, weight loss, and comorbidity), this study aimed to analyze the effects of lifestyle factors (eating pattern, smoking, physical activity) on RoM. METHODS: The prospective cohort study included 1053 patients in a level 1 trauma center in Germany...
May 2017: Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28359363/impact-of-nutrition-support-on-clinical-outcome-and-cost-effectiveness-analysis-in-patients-at-nutritional-risk-a%C3%A2-prospective-cohort-study-with-propensity-score-matching
#10
Hui Zhang, Yang Wang, Zhu-Ming Jiang, Jens Kondrup, Hai Fang, Martha Andrews, Marie T Nolan, Shao-Yu Mu, Jun Zhang, Kang Yu, Qian Lu, Wei-Ming Kang
OBJECTIVES: There is a lack of evidence regarding the economic effects of nutrition support in patients at nutritional risk. The aim of this study was to perform a cost-effectiveness analysis by comparing an adequate nutrition support cohort with a no-support cohort. METHOD: A prospective observational study was performed in the surgical and medical gastroenterology wards. We identified patients at nutritional risk and the provision of nutrition support by the staff, unaware of the risk status, was recorded...
May 2017: Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28359362/real-time-image-guided-nasogastric-feeding-tube-placement-a-case-series-using-kangaroo-with-iris-technology-in-an-icu
#11
Anna Mizzi, Silvano Cozzi, Luigi Beretta, Massimiliano Greco, Marco Braga
OBJECTIVE: Pulmonary misplacement during the blind insertion of enteral feeding tubes is frequent, particularly in ventilated and neurologically impaired patients. This is probably the first clinical study using the Kangaroo Feeding Tube with IRIS technology (IRIS) which incorporates a camera designed to provide anatomic landmark visualization during insertion. The study aim was to evaluate IRIS performance during bedside gastric placement. METHODS: This is the first prospective study to collect data on the use of IRIS...
May 2017: Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28359361/association-between-serum-zinc-and-later-development-of-metabolic-syndrome-in-middle-aged-and-older-men-the-kuopio-ischaemic-heart-disease-risk-factor-study
#12
Teymoor Yary, Jyrki K Virtanen, Anu Ruusunen, Tomi-Pekka Tuomainen, Sari Voutilainen
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate associations of serum zinc with incident metabolic syndrome and its components in middle-aged and older Finnish men. METHODS: An 11-y prospective follow-up study conducted among 683 men from the Kuopio Ischaemic Heart Disease Risk Factor Study who were 42 to 60 y old at baseline in 1984 to 1989. The main outcome was incident metabolic syndrome, defined by the National Cholesterol Education Program (NCEP) criteria...
May 2017: Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28359360/postprandial-changes-in-glucose-oxidation-and-insulin-sensitivity-in-metabolic-syndrome-influence-of-fibroblast-growth-factor-21-and-vitamin-d-status
#13
Kaveri Pathak, Mario J Soares, Yun Zhao, Anthony P James, Jillian L Sherriff, Philip Newsholme
OBJECTIVE: Metabolic inflexibility due to insulin resistance has been reported in metabolic syndrome (MetS). Fibroblast growth factor 21 (FGF21) and vitamin D status may improve insulin sensitivity. The aim of this study was to investigate glucose-induced thermogenesis and oxidation in MetS, and to examine whether changes in FGF21 or prevailing vitamin D status modulated defined metabolic parameters. METHODS: Forty-eight overweight and obese older adults (14 men, 34 women; ages 51 ± 15 y) were studied...
May 2017: Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28359359/association-between-polyunsaturated-fatty-acids-and-inflammatory-markers-in-patients-in-secondary-prevention-of%C3%A2-cardiovascular-disease
#14
Ângela Cristine Bersch-Ferreira, Geni Rodrigues Sampaio, Marcella Omena Gehringer, Maria Beatriz Ross-Fernandes, Cristiane Kovacs, Renata Alves, Jaqueline Lopes Pereira, Carlos Daniel Magnoni, Bernardete Weber, Marcelo Macedo Rogero
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to assess the association between polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) and inflammatory biomarkers among patients in secondary prevention of cardiovascular disease (CVD). METHODS: In this cross-sectional substudy from BALANCE Program Trial, we have collected data from 364 patients with established CVD. Twenty-four-hour dietary recalls and plasma FA concentrations were analyzed to estimate the FA intake. Inflammatory biomarkers measurement consisted of interleukin (IL)-1β, IL-6, IL-8, IL-10, IL-12, C-reactive protein, adiponectin, and tumor necrosis factor-α...
May 2017: Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28359358/rice-bran-enzymatic-extract-reduces-atherosclerotic-plaque-development-and-steatosis-in-high-fat-fed-apoe-mice
#15
Cristina Perez-Ternero, Carmen Claro, Juan Parrado, Maria Dolores Herrera, Maria Alvarez de Sotomayor
OBJECTIVE: Rice bran is a by-product of rice milling and is rich in bioactive molecules such as γ-oryzanol, phytosterols, and tocotrienols. The rice bran enzymatic extract (RBEE) previously showed vessel remodeling prevention and lipid-lowering, antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, and antiapoptotic activities. The aim of this study was to identify RBEE hypolipidemic mechanisms and to study the effects of RBEE on the progression of atherosclerosis disease and linked vascular dysfunction and liver steatosis in apolipoprotein E-knockout (ApoE-/-) mice fed low- or high-fat (LFD, HFD, respectively) and cholesterol diets...
May 2017: Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28359357/hmgb1-as-a-new-biomarker-of-celiac-disease-in-children-a%C3%A2-multicenter-study
#16
Sara Manti, Caterina Cuppari, Lucia Tardino, Giuseppe Parisi, Massimo Spina, Carmelo Salpietro, Salvatore Leonardi
OBJECTIVE: Despite the availability of specific sierology and point-of-care tests, the phenotypic heterogeneity and the symptoms fluctuation as well as the "open-window" existing among the late and silent forms cause often a delayed celiac disease (CD) diagnosis. Recently, it has been reported that high mobility group box 1 (HMGB1) mediates inflammation and gastrointestinal barrier failure. The aim of this study was to detect serum HMGB1 levels at CD diagnosis and to evaluate the relationship between serum HMGB1 levels and clinical and histologic phenotypes...
May 2017: Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28359356/nutritional-approach-to-preterm-infants-on-noninvasive-ventilation-an-update
#17
REVIEW
Valentina Bozzetti, Chiara De Angelis, Paolo E Tagliabue
Nutrition and pulmonary function in very-low-birth-weight infants (VLBWIs) are strictly related. Preterm infants on noninvasive ventilation may have respiratory instability that can interfere with feeding tolerance. Moreover, feeding may impair pulmonary function. These infants have nutritional requirements different from nonventilated infants. The main challenge of the nutritional support in such patients is to guarantee adequate caloric intake while avoiding episodes of feeding intolerance. The aim of this study was to review the issues and strategies of enteral feeding of preterm infants on noninvasive ventilation...
May 2017: Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28359355/is-the-presence-of-a-validated-malnutrition-screening-tool-associated-with-better-nutritional-care-in-hospitalized-patients
#18
Doris Eglseer, Ruud J G Halfens, Christa Lohrmann
OBJECTIVE: The aims of this study were to evaluate the association between the use of clinical guidelines and the use of validated screening tools, evaluate the nutritional screening policy in hospitals, and examine the association between the use of validated screening tools and the prevalence of malnutrition and nutritional interventions in hospitalized patients. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional, multicenter study. Data were collected using a standardized questionnaire on three levels: institution (presence of a guideline for malnutrition), department (use of a validated screening tool), and patient (e...
May 2017: Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28359354/supplementation-with-concentrated-milk-protein-in-patients-undergoing-hematopoietic-stem-cell-transplantation
#19
Ana Carolina Amaral de São José Perrone, Thaís Rodrigues Barbosa, Fernanda Lopes da Silva, Ítalo Tuler Perrone, Antônio Fernandes de Carvalho, Rodrigo Stephani, Kelli Borges Dos Santos, Ângelo Atalla, Abrahão Elias Hallack Neto
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to analyze the influence of dietary supplementation with whey protein concentrate (WPC) in the incidence of oral mucositis (OM) in patients undergoing hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT). METHODS: Patients were supplemented with a daily intake of WPC delivering 50% of the daily protein requirements (DPR) according to the Dietary Reference Intakes and classified later based on the amount of ingested supplement until OM median onset...
May 2017: Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28336113/effect-of-branched-chain-amino-acid-ratio-on-the-proliferation-differentiation-and-expression-levels-of-key-regulators-involved-in-protein-metabolism-of-myocytes
#20
Yehui Duan, Liming Zeng, Fengna Li, Wenlong Wang, Yinghui Li, Qiuping Guo, Yujiao Ji, Bi'e Tan, Yulong Yin
OBJECTIVES: Branched-chain amino acids (BCAAs), including leucine (Leu), isoleucine (Ile), and valine (Val), are key regulators of protein synthesis in muscle. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of different BCAA ratios (Leu:Ile:Val) on the proliferation, differentiation, and expression levels of the regulators related to protein metabolism of C2 C12 myocytes. METHODS: Studies were conducted in C2C12 myocytes exposed to different BCAA ratios (Leu: Ile: Val = 0, 1:0...
April 2017: Nutrition
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