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Mohammad Hossein Rahimi, Sakineh Shab-Bidar, Mehdi Mollahosseini, Kurosh Djafarian
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 22, 2017: Nutrition
Vandré C Figueiredo, Nina Zeng, Randall F D'Souza, James F Markworth, Paul A Della Gatta, Aaron Petersen, Matthew P G Barnett, David Cameron-Smith
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 7, 2017: Nutrition
Fatemeh Khosravi Shadmani, Salman Khazaei, Shiva Mansouri Hanis, Kamyar Mansori
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 28, 2017: Nutrition
Jun Fan, Jing Wu, Li-Dong Wu, Bin Cheng, Shao-Yu Tao, Wei Wang, Xi Chen, Peng Zeng, Yi-Bing Wang, Qing-Yan Meng
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of parenteral glutamine (GLN) supplementation combined with enteral nutrition (EN) on heat shock protein (Hsp) 90 expression and Peyer's patch (PP) apoptosis in severely burned rats. METHODS: Male Sprague-Dawley (SD) rats were randomly assigned to four groups: Sham burn + EN + GLN-free amino acid (AA; n = 10), sham burn + EN + GLN (n = 10), burn + EN + AA (n = 10), and burn + EN + GLN (n = 10)...
March 2018: Nutrition
Md Juel Rana, Srinivas Goli
OBJECTIVE: The prevalence of child undernutrition in South Asia is high, as is also the unmet need for family planning. In previous literature, the biodemographic relationship of family planning, particularly birth order and birth spacing, and nutritional status of children have been assessed separately. The aim of this study was to work on the hypothesis that the planning of births comprising timing, spacing, and number of births improves child undernutrition, especially in the areas with high prevalence of stunting and underweight...
March 2018: Nutrition
Omar Ramos-Lopez, Jose I Riezu-Boj, Fermin I Milagro, Leticia Goni, Marta Cuervo, Jose A Martinez
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to investigate the influence of two PPARGC1A gene polymorphisms on metabolic outcomes in response to two energy-restricted diets. METHODS: A 4-mo nutritional intervention was conducted that involved two different hypo-energetic diets based on low-fat (LF) and moderately high-protein (MHP) dietary patterns. Unrelated subjects with excessive weight were genotyped for two PPARGC1A polymorphisms: Rs8192678 (Gly482Ser) and rs3755863 (G > A)...
March 2018: Nutrition
Edenil Costa Aguilar, Josiane Fernandes da Silva, Juliana Maria Navia-Pelaez, Alda Jusceline Leonel, Lorrayne Gonçalves Lopes, Zélia Menezes-Garcia, Adaliene Versiani Matos Ferreira, Luciano Dos Santos Aggum Capettini, Lilian G Teixeira, Virginia Soares Lemos, Jacqueline I Alvarez-Leite
OBJECTIVES: Studies suggest that sodium butyrate reduces obesity-associated inflammation and insulin resistance in in vitro and in vivo models. Apo E -/- mice have high basal oxidative stress and naturally develop dyslipidemia and atherosclerosis. Because these disorders are present in obesity, the aim of this study was to determine whether Apo E -/- mice could be a more realistic model for studying obesity and insulin resistance. METHODS: We evaluated the action of orally administered sodium butyrate on adipose tissue expansion and insulin resistance using diet-induced obese Apo E -/- mice...
March 2018: Nutrition
Bahareh Nikooyeh, Tirang R Neyestani
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to investigate the association between 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25[OH]D) concentrations and the risk of anemia in a large cohort of children with consideration for the effects of sex, body mass index (BMI), serum intact parathyroid hormone (iPTH) concentrations, and iron level status. METHODS: A total of 937 children (493 boys, 444 girls) ages 9 to 12 y were enrolled in a cross-sectional study. The children underwent various examinations including anthropometric measurements and blood sampling...
March 2018: Nutrition
Ikuko Kashino, Yun-Shan Li, Kazuaki Kawai, Akiko Nanri, Takako Miki, Shamima Akter, Satomi Kobayashi, Hiroshi Kasai, Tetsuya Mizoue
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate the potential links between dietary non-enzymatic antioxidant capacity (NEAC) in overall diet and separately from foods and beverages and markers of DNA damage. METHODS: The participants were 513 employees, 20 to 65 y of age. Urinary levels of 8-hydroxydeoxyguanosine (8-OHdG) and 7-methylguanine (m7 Gua) were measured using column-switching high-performance liquid chromatography. Dietary NEAC was determined from databases of NEAC measurements obtained by different assays: ferric reducing-antioxidant power (FRAP), oxygen radical absorbance capacity (ORAC), and total radical-trapping antioxidant parameter (TRAP)...
March 2018: Nutrition
Christine H Emilien, Yong Zhu, Walter H Hsu, Patricia Williamson, James H Hollis
OBJECTIVES: This crossover study investigated the effect of consuming a beverage that contains soluble fiber dextrin (SFD) on appetite and food intake in adults to test the hypothesis that beverages that contain 10 or 20 g of fiber from SFD would be more satiating than the control beverage. METHODS: Forty-one participants consumed lunch with a beverage that contained 0 g, 10 g, or 20 g of fiber from SFD. Appetite questionnaires were completed and blood samples collected immediately before lunch and at regular intervals over the following 150 min...
March 2018: Nutrition
Emilie Aubry, Carla Aeberhard, Lia Bally, Jean-Marc Nuoffer, Lorenz Risch, Stefan Mühlebach, Jean-Marc Burgunder, Zeno Stanga
OBJECTIVES: Patients with mitochondrial disorders (MD) frequently present with gastrointestinal complaints, mainly gastrointestinal dysmotility, that interfere with their food intake. A deterioration of their nutritional state may worsen the course of the disease. Our study aimed to evaluate a simple screening tool to identify nutritional risk and perform an extended nutritional assessment to explore the potential presence of deficiencies in this population compared with controls. METHODS: A prospective cohort study was conducted to compare outpatients with MD to matched healthy controls...
March 2018: Nutrition
Ehab S Eshak, Hiroyasu Iso, Kazumasa Yamagishi, Renzhe Cui, Akiko Tamakoshi
OBJECTIVES: A few reports have investigated the association of dietary vitamin intakes with risk of heart failure in Asia. Therefore, we examined the relation between dietary intakes of fat-soluble vitamins A, K, E, and D and mortality from heart failure in the Japanese population. METHODS: A total of 23 099 men and 35 597 women ages 40 to 79 y participated in the Japan Collaborative Cohort Study and completed a food frequency questionnaire from which dietary intakes of vitamins A, K, E, and D were calculated...
March 2018: Nutrition
Samar Hamad, Tasleem A Zafar, Jiwan Sidhu
BACKGROUND: White rice is a popular staple food; however, its high glycemic effect makes it an unfavorable choice for people with type 2 diabetes. OBJECTIVES: We hypothesized that the consumption of parboiled rice (PBR) reduces postprandial blood glucose concentration and appetite similarly to brown rice (BR) in diabetic people compared to white rice (WR). The objectives were to explore the effect of PBR on the pattern of blood glucose concentration and satiety in type 2 diabetic patients compared with healthy individuals...
March 2018: Nutrition
Derya Hopanci Bicakli, Ahmet Ozveren, Ruchan Uslu, Reci Meseri Dalak, Ruksan Cehreli, Mehmet Uyar, Bulent Karabulut, Fehmi Akcicek
OBJECTIVES: Malnutrition is common in patients with geriatric gastrointestinal system (GIS) cancer. This study aimed to evaluate patients with geriatric GIS cancer in terms of nutritional status and weakness and determine the changes caused by chemotherapy (CT). METHODS: Patients with geriatric GIS cancer who received CT were included in the study. Their nutritional status was assessed with the Mini Nutritional Assessment, and weakness was assessed with the handgrip strength/body mass index ratio...
March 2018: Nutrition
Atef G Hussein, Randa H Mohamed, Sally M Shalaby, Dalia M Abd El Motteleb
OBJECTIVES: The biological mechanisms behind the association between vitamin K (Vit K) and glucose metabolism are uncertain. We aimed to analyze the expression of insulin 1 (Ins 1), insulin 2 (Ins 2) and cyclin D2, the expression of adiponectin and UCP-1 . In addition, we aimed to estimate the doses of Vit K2 able to affect various aspects of glucose and energy metabolism in type 2 diabetes. METHODS: Thirty adult male rats were allocated equally into five groups: control group, diabetes mellitus group, and groups 3, 4, and 5, which received Vit K 2 at three daily dose levels (10, 15, and 30 mg/kg, respectively) for 8 wk...
March 2018: Nutrition
Renata M Bielemann, Leonardo Pozza Santos, Caroline Dos Santos Costa, Alicia Matijasevich, Iná S Santos
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to examine the association between early feeding practices and consumption of ultraprocessed foods in children at age 6 y. METHODS: This was a prospective cohort study using data from 3427 children who participated in the 2004 Pelotas Cohort Study and who had available food frequency questionnaire information at 6 y. Information about exclusive and total breastfeeding duration as well as age at introduction of semisolid and solid foods was used to define early feeding practices...
March 2018: Nutrition
Helem Sena Ribeiro, Sílvia Fernandes Maurício, Thales Antônio da Silva, Simone de Vasconcelos Generoso, Agnaldo Soares Lima, Maria Isabel Toulson Davisson Correia
OBJECTIVES: Nutritional diagnosis is essential given that malnutrition negatively affects morbidity and mortality in patients with liver disease. In the absence of a standard method, limited accuracy has been reported in relation to nutritional assessment. The aim of the study was to evaluate the use of subjective global assessment (SGA) and different methods of nutritional assessment, isolated and in combination with SGA to predict clinical outcomes. METHODS: This was a longitudinal study with patients waiting for liver transplantation...
March 2018: Nutrition
Natalie Friedli, Zeno Stanga, Alison Culkin, Martin Crook, Alessandro Laviano, Lubos Sobotka, Reto W Kressig, Jens Kondrup, Beat Mueller, Philipp Schuetz
OBJECTIVES: Refeeding syndrome (RFS) can be a life-threatening metabolic condition after nutritional replenishment if not recognized early and treated adequately. There is a lack of evidence-based treatment and monitoring algorithm for daily clinical practice. The aim of the study was to propose an expert consensus guideline for RFS for the medical inpatient (not including anorexic patients) regarding risk factors, diagnostic criteria, and preventive and therapeutic measures based on a previous systematic literature search...
March 2018: Nutrition
Ana Carolina G Bermudes, Werther B de Carvalho, Patricia Zamberlan, Giovana Muramoto, Raul C Maranhão, Artur F Delgado
OBJECTIVES: Limited knowledge exists regarding the lipid profiles of critically ill pediatric patients with systemic inflammatory response syndrome. The aim of this study was to evaluate the relationship between the intensity of the inflammatory response and changes in the lipid profiles of critically ill pediatric patients admitted to a pediatric intensive care unit (PICU) with severe sepsis/septic shock. METHODS: This was a prospective and observational study at a 15-bed PICU at a public university hospital...
March 2018: Nutrition
Nilanjana Tewari, Sherif Awad, Ian A Macdonald, Dileep N Lobo
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to compare the accuracy of measurements of body composition made using dual x-ray absorptiometry (DXA), analysis of computed tomography (CT) scans at the L3 vertebral level, and bioelectrical impedance analysis (BIA). METHODS: DXA, CT, and BIA were performed in 47 patients recruited from two clinical trials investigating metabolic changes associated with major abdominal surgery or neoadjuvant chemotherapy for esophagogastric cancer...
March 2018: Nutrition
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