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Nutrition

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29625348/role-of-dietary-%C3%AE-and-%C3%AE-tocopherol-from-rosa-mosqueta-oil-in-the-prevention-of-alterations-induced-by-high-fat-diet-in-a-murine-model
#1
Gladys Tapia, David Silva, Nalda Romero, Paulina Pettinelli, Camila G Dossi, Manuel de Miguel, Daniel González-Mañán
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the contribution of tocopherols present in Rosa mosqueta oil (RM) in the prevention of high-fat diet (HFD)-induced alterations. METHODS: Male C57 BL/6 J mice (n = 9/group) were fed for 12 wk and divided into four groups: control (CD; 10% kcal fat, 20% kcal protein, 70% kcal carbohydrates); HFD (60% as fat, 20% kcal protein, 20% kcal carbohydrates); HFD + RM (0.01 mL/g body weight/d); and HFD + RM- without tocopherols (0...
April 3, 2018: Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783176/%C3%AF-3-and-folic-acid-act-against-depressive-like-behavior-and-oxidative-damage-in-the-brain-of-rats-subjected-to-early-or-late-life-stress
#2
Gislaine Z Réus, Amanda L Maciel, Helena M Abelaira, Airam B de Moura, Thays G de Souza, Thais R Dos Santos, Ana Caroline Darabas, Murilo Parzianello, Danyela Matos, Mariane Abatti, Ana Carolina Vieira, Vanessa Fucillini, Monique Michels, Felipe Dal-Pizzol, João Quevedo
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the antidepressant and antioxidant effects of omega-3, folic acid and n-acetylcysteine (NAC) in rats which were subjected to early or late life stress. METHODS: Early stress was induced through maternal deprivation (MD), while late life stress was induced using the chronic mild stress (CMS) protocol. Young rats which were subjected to MD and the adult rats which were subjected to CMS were treated with omega-3 fatty acids (0.72 g/kg), NAC (20 mg/kg) or folic acid (50 mg/kg) once/day, for a period of 20 days...
March 30, 2018: Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775834/association-between-food-insecurity-and-food-intake
#3
Melissa Luciana de Araújo, Raquel de Deus Mendonça, José Divino Lopes Filho, Aline Cristine Souza Lopes
BACKGROUND: We aim to identify the prevalence of food insecurity and to ascertain the association between food insecurity and food intake. METHOD: A cross-sectional survey. SETTING: The study included users of a primary healthcare service in Belo Horizonte, Brazil, from 2013 to 2014. Socioeconomic, health, and food intake data were gathered using a questionnaire and the Brazilian Food Insecurity Scale. SUBJECTS: Individuals 20 years old or older (n = 2817)...
March 28, 2018: Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29626749/the-effects-of-prebiotic-probiotic-and-synbiotic-supplementation-on-blood-parameters-of-renal-function-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-clinical-trials
#4
REVIEW
Somayyeh Firouzi, Fahimeh Haghighatdoost
OBJECTIVES: Recent studies have demonstrated promising results regarding possible improvements in renal function after prebiotic, probiotic, and synbiotic supplementation. The aim of this review was to demonstrate whether such supplementation will improve renal profile indexes including glomerular filtration rate (GFR), creatinine, blood urea nitrogen (BUN), uric acid (UA), and urea. METHOD: The meta-analysis included all studies that examined the effect of prebiotic, probiotic, and synbiotic supplements on one or more renal function parameters and had a control group...
July 2018: Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29625409/relationship-of-nutritional-status-and-inflammation-with-survival-in-patients-with-advanced-cancer-in-palliative-care
#5
Marcela Souza Cunha, Emanuelly Varea Maria Wiegert, Larissa Calixto-Lima, Livia Costa Oliveira
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to evaluate the prognostic value of nutritional and inflammatory status in patients with advanced cancer receiving palliative care. METHODS: The systemic inflammatory response was assessed using the modified Glasgow Prognostic Score (mGPS), and nutritional status was evaluated according to the Patient-Generated Subjective Global Assessment (PG-SGA) in 172 patients evaluated on their first visit in the Palliative Care Unit at the National Cancer Institute in Brazil...
July 2018: Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29625408/nutritional-intervention-in-head-and-neck-cancer-patients-during-chemo-radiotherapy
#6
Serena Della Valle, Silvia Colatruglio, Vanessa La Vela, Elena Tagliabue, Luigi Mariani, Cecilia Gavazzi
OBJECTIVE: Head and neck cancer patients experience unintentional weight loss and malnutrition at diagnosis, during oncologic treatment, and after the end of therapy because of reduction of eating ability. The aim of the present study was to assess nutrition intervention efficacy in maintaining basal nutritional conditions. METHODS: Head and neck cancer patient candidates for chemoradiotherapy and requiring enteral nutrition (EN) support through gastrostomy, according to international guidelines, were included in the study...
July 2018: Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29625407/camelia-oil-and-soybean-camelia-oil-blend-enhance-antioxidant-activity-and-cardiovascular-protection-in-hamsters
#7
Ting-Yi Chou, Yi-Fa Lu, Baskaran Stephen Inbaraj, Bing-Huei Chen
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to examine the effects of several vegetable oils and blended oil composed of soybean and camellia oils on blood lipid reduction and antioxidative activity. METHODS: Forty male hamsters were fed an AIN-93 G diet for 1 wk, followed by dividing into five groups: control group-1 was fed a low-fat diet containing 5% oil for 6 wk, and the other four groups were fed high-fat diets with group-2 containing 14% palm oil, group-3 containing 14% camellia oil, group-4 containing 14% soybean oil, and group-5 containing 14% blended oil (8...
July 2018: Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29621737/time-for-food-the-impact-of-diet-on-gut-microbiota-and-human-health
#8
REVIEW
Na Zhang, Zhongjie Ju, Tao Zuo
There is growing recognition of the role of diet on modulating the composition and metabolic activity of the human gut microbiota, which in turn influence health. Dietary ingredients and food additives have a substantial impact on the gut microbiota and hence affect human health. Updates on current understanding of the gut microbiota in diseases and metabolic disorders are addressed in this review, providing insights into how this can be transferred from bench to bench side as gut microbes are integrated with food...
July 2018: Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29605767/the-psoas-muscle-transversal-diameter-predicts-mortality-in-patients-with-cirrhosis-on-a-waiting-list-for-liver-transplantation-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#9
Audrey Huguet, Marianne Latournerie, Pauline Houssel Debry, Caroline Jezequel, Ludivine Legros, Michel Rayar, Karim Boudjema, Dominique Guyader, Edouard Bardou Jacquet, Ronan Thibault
OBJECTIVE: Malnutrition impairs prognosis in liver cirrhosis. Our aims were to determine (1) if transversal (TPTI) and axial (APTI) psoas thickness indices predict mortality in cirrhotic patients and (2) the feasibility and reproducibility of transversal (TDPM) and axial (ADPM) diameters of the psoas muscle measurements. METHODS: This was a retrospective study. Inclusion criteria included cirrhosis diagnosis, on liver transplantation waiting list, and abdominal computed tomography (CT) scan within the 3 mo preceding list inscription...
July 2018: Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29605766/the-benefits-of-soluble-non-bacterial-fraction-of-kefir-on-blood-pressure-and-cardiac-hypertrophy-in-hypertensive-rats-are-mediated-by-an-increase-in-baroreflex-sensitivity-and-decrease-in-angiotensin-converting-enzyme-activity
#10
Girlandia Alexandre Brasil, Mirian de Almeida Silva-Cutini, Flávia de Souza Andrade Moraes, Thiago de Melo Costa Pereira, Elisardo Corral Vasquez, Dominik Lenz, Nazaré Souza Bissoli, Denise Coutinho Endringer, Ewelyne Miranda de Lima, Vinícia Campana Biancardi, June Ferreira Maia, Tadeu Uggere de Andrade
OBJECTIVES: We aimed to evaluate whether long-term treatment with the soluble non-bacterial fraction of kefir affects mean arterial pressure (MAP) and cardiac hypertrophy through the modulation of baroreflex sensitivity, ACE activity, and the inflammatory-to-anti-inflammatory cytokine ratio in spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHRs). METHODS: SHRs were treated with the soluble non-bacterial kefir fraction (SHR-kefir) or with kefir vehicle (SHR-soluble fraction of milk)...
July 2018: Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29605765/resting-energy-expenditure-and-body-composition-in-patients-with-head-and-neck-cancer-an-observational-study-leading-to-a-new-predictive-equation
#11
Micheline Tereza Pires Souza, Pierre Singer, Gislaine Aparecida Ozorio, Vitor Modesto Rosa, Maria Manuela Ferreira Alves, Rossana Verónica Mendoza López, Dan L Waitzberg
OBJECTIVES: Patients with head and neck cancer have changes in body composition and resting energy expenditure (REE) related to significant inflammatory processes. We investigated REE and body composition in a population of patients with head and neck cancer, comparing the measured REE with predicted energy expenditure and deriving an equation of anthropometric values and body composition. METHODS: This retrospective, observational, descriptive study of a single center included patients with head and neck cancer...
July 2018: Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29605764/the-potency-of-commercial-blackcurrant-juices-to-induce-relaxation-in-porcine-coronary-artery-rings-is-not-correlated-to-their-antioxidant-capacity-but-to-their-anthocyanin-content
#12
Jessica Tabart, Cyril Auger, Claire Kevers, Jacques Dommes, Brigitte Pollet, Jean-Olivier Defraigne, Valérie B Schini-Kerth, Joël Pincemail
OBJECTIVE: Polyphenol-rich products such as fruit juices have been found to have strong antioxidant capacities and to induce potent endothelium-dependent relaxation. We evaluated whether the commercial blackcurrant juices induced endothelium-dependent relaxation of isolated coronary arteries can be related to their antioxidant capacity and/or phenolic content. METHODS: Six different commercial blackcurrant juices were selected. Their main phenolic compounds were measured by ultra-performance liquid chromatography and antioxidant capacity was evaluated by spectrometric methods...
July 2018: Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29604479/anemia-and-iron-deficiency-in-rural-bangladeshi-pregnant-women-living-in-areas-of-high-and-low-iron-in-groundwater
#13
Faruk Ahmed, Moududur Rahman Khan, Najma Shaheen, Kazi Matin Uddin Ahmed, Aziz Hasan, Ireen Akhtar Chowdhury, Rafiqul Chowdhury
BACKGROUND: Recent studies found a low rate of iron deficiency in Bangladeshi non-pregnant and non-lactating women. This was attributed to high iron concentrations in drinking water. However, there are limited data on iron deficiency among pregnant women in Bangladesh. OBJECTIVES: Our aim was to investigate the prevalence of anemia, iron deficiency, and iron deficiency anemia (IDA) among rural pregnant women and explore the association of groundwater iron concentration with anemia and iron deficiency in this group...
July 2018: Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29574144/consensus-paper-on-the-executive-summary-of-the-international-conference-on-mediterranean-diet-and-health-a-lifelong-approach-an-italian-initiative-supported-by-the-mediterranean-diet-foundation-and-the-menarini-foundation
#14
Virginia Boccardi, Riccardo Calvani, Federica Limongi, Anna Marseglia, Alexandra Mason, Marianna Noale, Domenico Rogoli, Nicola Veronese, Gaetano Crepaldi, Stefania Maggi
The Mediterranean Diet Foundation, in collaboration with the International Menarini Foundation, organized the "International Conference on Mediterranean Diet and Health: A Lifelong Approach." The Conference was held in Ostuni (Puglia, Italy) from March 30 to April 1, 2017. The event received the endorsement of the American Federation for Aging Research, the Research Consortium "Luigi Amaducci," the European Nutrition for Health Alliance, the European Union Geriatric Medicine Society, the Clinical Section of the International Association of Gerontology and Geriatrics-European Region, the National Research Council Research Project on Aging, the Italian Society of Gerontology and Geriatrics, and the Italian Society of Clinical Nutrition and Metabolism...
July 2018: Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29571007/time-restricted-feeding-influences-immune-responses-without-compromising-muscle-performance-in-older-men
#15
Maha Gasmi, Maha Sellami, Joshua Denham, Johnny Padulo, Goran Kuvacic, Walid Selmi, Riadh Khalifa
OBJECTIVE: This study examined the effect of 12 wk of time-restricted feeding (TRF) on complete blood cell counts, natural killer cells, and muscle performance in 20- and 50-year-old men. METHODS: Forty active and healthy participants were randomly divided into young experimental, young control, aged experimental, and aged control group. Experimental groups participated in TRF. Before (P1) and after (P2) TRF, participants performed a maximal exercise test to quantify muscle power...
July 2018: Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29550680/effect-of-different-dietary-non-starch-fiber-fractions-on-growth-performance-nutrient-digestibility-and-intestinal-development-in-weaned-pigs
#16
Xiying Wu, Daiwen Chen, Bing Yu, Yuheng Luo, Ping Zheng, Xiangbing Mao, Jie Yu, Jun He
OBJECTIVES: This study explored the effects of different fiber fractions on growth performance, nutrient digestibility and intestinal development in a porcine model. METHODS: Blood and tissue samples were collected from thirty-two weaned pigs fed with control diet (CON) or diet containing 5 % cellulose (CEL), xylan (XYL) or β-glucan (GLU). RESULTS: This reserch showed that GLU supplementation decreased the growth performance of pigs (P <0...
July 2018: Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29550679/nutrition-therapy-a-new-criterion-for-treatment-of-patients-in-diverse-clinical-and-metabolic-situations
#17
Sérgio Dos Anjos Garnes, Adriana Bottoni, Fernanda Lasakosvitsch, Andrea Bottoni
OBJECTIVE: This study developed an instrument in table format to help determine the energy requirements of patients in adverse situations. The instrument allows for the weekly adjustment of nutrition therapy and energy intake, advocating a new approach to treatment based on clinical observation performed by staff specialized in individualized nutrition therapy. METHODS: The table was elaborated by grouping patients according to the following criteria: criticality, chronicity, and stability of the clinical status...
July 2018: Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29547735/adherence-to-a-mediterranean-diet-and-its-association-with-age-related-macular-degeneration-the-coimbra-eye-study-report-4
#18
Sandrina Nunes, Dalila Alves, Patrícia Barreto, Miguel Raimundo, Maria da Luz Cachulo, Cláudia Farinha, Inês Laíns, João Rodrigues, Carlos Almeida, Luísa Ribeiro, João Figueira, Lelita Santos, Rufino Silva
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to characterize the association of lifestyle and nutritional risk profiles with age-related macular degeneration (AMD) in two subpopulations with differing AMD prevalence. METHODS: This case-control study (n = 1992) included 768 patients with AMD and 1224 age- and sex-matched participants without AMD with a single visit at a primary health care unit. Enrolled participants completed a validated lifestyle and food frequency questionnaire...
July 2018: Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29547734/association-between-kindergarten-and-first-grade-food-insecurity-and-weight-status-in-u-s-children
#19
Arthur M Lee, Rebecca J Scharf, Mark D DeBoer
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to determine if food insecurity is an independent risk factor for obesity in U.S. children. METHODS: We analyzed data from a nationally representative sample of children participating in the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study-Kindergarten Cohort 2011. Statistical analyses were performed to evaluate longitudinal associations between food security and body mass index (BMI) z-score. All regression models included race/ethnicity, household income, and parental education...
July 2018: Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29622378/cost-effectiveness-of-nutrition-therapy
#20
EDITORIAL
Maria Isabel T D Correia, Alessandro Laviano
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2018: Nutrition
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