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Carlo Chiarla, Ivo Giovannini, Giacinto Ad Miggiano
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 19, 2018: Nutrition
Manuel Lozano, Lara Manyes, Juanjo Peiró, Francisco Montes
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to identify the most relevant variables defining the dietary, social, and health patterns of elderly populations with disabilities, considering their geographic profile. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was carried out in a sample of 354 disabled, free-living elderly adults from three different geographic profiles (metropolitan, rural, and mixed profile). The dietary data were obtained through a validated food habit questionnaire...
June 19, 2018: Nutrition
Fanny Buckinx, Nicolas Paquot, Marjorie Fadeur, Lucas Bacus, Jean-Yves Reginster, Sophie Allepaerts, Jean Petermans, Sabine Biquet, Olivier Bruyère
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to assess the energy expenditure of Belgian nursing home residents using indirect calorimetry and compare the energy expenditure with energy intake. METHODS: Indirect calorimetry was performed in nursing home residents to estimate their basal metabolism. The basal metabolism was multiplied by a physical activity level coefficient and energy expenditure that was related to thermogenesis (i.e., 10% of the total amount of energy ingested over 24 h) was added...
June 15, 2018: Nutrition
Débora Lopes Souto, Joana Rodrigues Dantas, Marcus Miranda Dos Santos Oliveira, Eliane Lopes Rosado, Ronir Raggio Luiz, Lenita Zajdenverg, Melanie Rodacki
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to compare the effects of a sucrose-free diet with a sucrose-added diet on glucose variability in patients with type 1 diabetes. METHODS: This was a two-way crossover design study in which patients with type 1 diabetes were monitored by blinded continuous glucose monitoring and were selected to receive a sucrose-free diet (<30 g/d), followed by a sucrose-added diet (>80 g/d) for 2 d each. Intra-day glucose variability was assessed by the mean amplitude of glycemic excursions (MAGE), the M-value, J-index, glycemic risk assessment in diabetes equation (GRADE), and continuous overlapping net glycemic action (CONGA1-3 )...
June 8, 2018: Nutrition
Rávila Graziany Machado de Souza, Aline Corado Gomes, Inar Alves de Castro, João Felipe Mota
OBJECTIVES: Nut consumption is associated with reduced risks of cardiovascular disease. Baru almonds have a high protein content and high quantities of mono- and polyunsaturated fatty acids, phenolic compounds, and antioxidants. This study aimed to evaluate the effects of a baru almond-enriched diet on body composition and markers of lipid metabolism in overweight and obese women. METHODS: A randomized, placebo-controlled, 8-wk clinical trial of 46 overweight and obese women was conducted...
June 8, 2018: Nutrition
Maryam Abshirini, Fereydoun Siassi, Fariba Koohdani, Mostafa Qorbani, Shahla Khosravi, Mehdi Hedayati, Zahra Aslani, Mahshid Soleymani, Gity Sotoudeh
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to assess the association between dietary total antioxidant capacity (DTAC) and menopausal symptoms (MS) in postmenopausal middle-aged women. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted with 400 postmenopausal women who referred to municipality health houses and health centers in south Tehran, Iran. Sociodemographic data and anthropometric measures such as body weight, height, and waist circumference were determined. Dietary intake was assessed using a 147-item validated food frequency questionnaire...
June 7, 2018: Nutrition
Junyu Zhao, Haipeng Wang, Zhongwen Zhang, Xiaojun Zhou, Jinming Yao, Rui Zhang, Lin Liao, Jianjun Dong
OBJECTIVE: The association between vitamin D deficiency and thyroid cancer is controversial. Some studies have demonstrated that higher serum vitamin D levels might protect against thyroid cancer, whereas others have not, or have even indicated the opposite to be the case. The aim of this meta-analysis was to investigate the association between vitamin D deficicency and thyroid cancer and propose that vitamin D deficiency is a risk factor for thyroid cancer. METHODS: This was a meta-analysis of 14 articles of the association between vitamin D deficiency and thyroid cancer...
June 2, 2018: Nutrition
Sajjad Moradi, Amos Issah, Hamed Mohammadi, Khadijeh Mirzaei
OBJECTIVES: Dietary inflammatory index (DII) scores have been inconsistently linked to cancer risks. Therefore, a systematic review and meta-analysis was performed to examine the associations between the DII and the risks of breast and prostate cancer among men and women. METHODS: Relevant studies were identified by searching PubMed and EMBASE databases up to March 2018. Data were available from 13 studies; of these, four studies used a prospective cohort design and nine studies were case-control studies...
May 25, 2018: Nutrition
Simona Moffa, Ilaria Improta, Sandro Rocchetti, Teresa Mezza, Andrea Giaccari
OBJECTIVES: Insulin autoimmune syndrome (IAS) or Hirata disease is a rare cause of autoimmune hypoglycemia with apparent high insulin levels and anti-insulin autoantibodies and was first described by Hirata in Japan in 1970. IAS cases are usually related to exposure to sulfhydryl-containing drugs, which stimulate the production of insulin autoantibodies. Among sulfhydryl-containing compounds, alpha lipoic acid (ALA) has recently emerged as a cause of IAS. After the first observations of ALA-induced IAS were reported in Japan in 2006, an increasing number of cases related to ALA administration have been described...
May 25, 2018: Nutrition
Yingshan Liu, Marianne Milner, Markos Klonizakis
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to determine whether short-term adherence to the Mediterranean diet (MD) was associated with improved physiological function. METHODS: This was a single-center, cohort pilot study with 24 healthy, sedentary younger (18-35 y of age) and older (55-75 y of age) adults. Participants were advised to follow the MD for 4 wk. Baseline and post-intervention measurements were taken of weight, height, waist and hip circumference, blood pressure, and heart rate, as well as microvascular physiological assessments using laser Doppler flowmetry (LDF) at rest, as well as transcutaneous oxygen pressure (TcpO2) during a sub-maximal exercise assessment...
May 24, 2018: Nutrition
Gislaine Z Réus, Amanda L Maciel, Helena M Abelaira, Airam B de Moura, Thays G de Souza, Thais R Dos Santos, Ana Caroline Darabas, Murilo Parzianello, Danyela Matos, Mariane Abatti, Ana Carolina Vieira, Vanessa Fucillini, Monique Michels, Felipe Dal-Pizzol, João Quevedo
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the antidepressant and antioxidant effects of omega-3, folic acid and n-acetylcysteine (NAC) in rats which were subjected to early or late life stress. METHODS: Early stress was induced through maternal deprivation (MD), while late life stress was induced using the chronic mild stress (CMS) protocol. Young rats which were subjected to MD and the adult rats which were subjected to CMS were treated with omega-3 fatty acids (0.72 g/kg), NAC (20 mg/kg) or folic acid (50 mg/kg) once/day, for a period of 20 days...
September 2018: Nutrition
Nathália Tarossi Locatelli, Daniela Silva Canella, Daniel Henrique Bandoni
OBJECTIVE: To analyze the contribution of school meals to healthy food consumption among public school students in Brazil. METHODS: The data from the National Adolescent School-Based Health Survey (PeNSE), containing 86,660 ninth-grade students, were used. The students were asked about their consumption of school meals and of food in general over the preceeding seven days and on the day before the interview. A multinomial regression was performed to assess the relationship between the students' food consumption over the previous seven days and regular consumption of school meals (≥3 days/week), which were adjusted for sociodemographic factors...
September 2018: Nutrition
Sara Watutantrige-Fernando, Susi Barollo, Loris Bertazza, Elisabetta Cavedon, Simona Censi, Jacopo Manso, Federica Vianello, Caterina Mian
OBJECTIVE: An educational program was conducted among school-aged children to improve their knowledge about iodine prophylaxis, their iodine status, and their dietary habits. METHODS: At the baseline (T0) and after 6 mo (T1), participants (970 at T0 and 949 at T1) answered questionnaires testing their knowledge about iodine prophylaxis and their eating habits. Urine samples were collected from a randomly selected subgroup of participants (313 at T0 and 312 at T1)...
September 2018: Nutrition
Chengguo Liu, Xiaohui Sun, Hanli Lin, Ruizhi Zheng, Liansheng Ruan, Zhanhang Sun, Yimin Zhu
OBJECTIVES: Homocysteine is a modifiable, independent risk factor for cardiovascular disease. The association between hyperhomocysteinemia and metabolic syndrome with the presence of early carotid artery atherosclerosis remains unknown in middle-aged Chinese adults. METHODS: Chinese adults (n = 1607) of Han ethnicity, age 35 to 65 y, and living in their communities >2 y were surveyed. Hyperhomocysteinemia was defined as homocysteine concentrations >15 µmol/L...
September 2018: Nutrition
Débora Ayres Saraiva, Nathalie Anne de Oliveira E Silva de Morais, Carolina Martins Corcino, Tatiana Martins Benvenuto Louro Berbara, Annie Schtscherbyna, Mischelle Santos, Heron Botelho, Mario Vaisman, Patrícia de Fátima Dos Santos Teixeira
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate iodine status among pregnant women from a coastal state after Brazilian governmental resolution reducing iodine concentrations in table salt. Secondarily, we correlated urinary iodine concentration (UIC) with thyroid volume and hormones. METHODS: Inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry was used to assess UIC from 629 samples of 244 first trimester pregnant women. Thyroid ultrasound, serum thyroglobulin, thyrotropin, free thyroxine, and antithyroid antibodies were measured as iodine concentrations on samples of table salt from patient's home...
September 2018: Nutrition
Marzia Sichetti, Stefania De Marco, Rita Pagiotti, Giovanna Traina, Donatella Pietrella
OBJECTIVE: In recent years, a great number of studies have been directed toward the evaluation of gastrointestinal microbiota modulation through the introduction of beneficial microorganisms, also known as probiotics. Many studies have highlighted how this category of bacteria is very important for the good development, functioning, and maintenance of our immune system. There is a delicate balance between the immune system, located under the gut epithelial barrier, and the microbiota, but many factors can induce a disequilibrium that leads to an inflammatory state and dysbiosis...
September 2018: Nutrition
Eudes Thiago Pereira Avila, Thiago da Rosa Lima, Ramires Alsamir Tibana, Paula Caroline de Almeida, Géssica Alves Fraga, Mariana de Souza Sena, Luiz Felipe Petusk Corona, James Wilfred Navalta, Sajjad Rezaei, Morteza Ghayomzadeh, Amílcar Sabino Damazo, Jonato Prestes, Fabrício Azevedo Voltarelli
OBJECTIVES: Isolated whey protein (IWP) can decrease body fat compared with other protein sources. The present study verified the effects of high protein diet (HD) containing IWP on several parameters of rats subjected to resistance training (RT). METHODS: Thirty-two male Wistar rats (60 days of age) were separated into four groups (n = 8/group): sedentary normoproteic (IWP 14%; SN); sedentary hyperproteic (IWP 35%; SH); trained normoproteic (IWP 14%; TN), and trained hyperproteic (WPI 35%; TH)...
September 2018: Nutrition
En-Ling Yeh, Yi-Chia Huang, Shang-Feng Tsai, Tong-Min Yu, Ming-Ju Wu, Cheng-Hsu Chen
OBJECTIVES: Hemodialysis (HD) with dialysis adequacy could increase the excretion of B vitamins (folate, vitamin B6 , and B12 ) and raise the plasma level of homocysteine. Here we determined the associations of plasma homocysteine with B vitamins in patients with HD adequacy or inadequacy. METHODS: We recruited 68 patients who had received HD treatments (three times a week, 4 h each). Based on the individual's hemogram and quarterly urea reduction rate (Kt/V), patients were pooled into one of the following two groups: the first group with dialysis adequacy (Kt/V > 1...
September 2018: Nutrition
Jewel Gausman, Jessica M Perkins, Hwa-Young Lee, Ivan Mejia-Guevara, You-Seon Nam, Jong-Koo Lee, Juhwan Oh, S V Subramanian
OBJECTIVE: Dietary diversity (DD) measures dietary variation in children. Factors at the child, community, and state levels may be associated with poor child nutritional outcomes. However, few studies have examined the role of macro-level factors on child DD. This study seeks to 1) describe the distribution of child DD in India, 2) examine the variation in DD attributable to the child, community and state levels, and 3) explore the relationship between community socioeconomic context and child DD...
September 2018: Nutrition
Sulekha Adhikary, Dharmendra Choudhary, Naseer Ahmad, Anirudha Karvande, Avinash Kumar, Venkatesh Teja Banala, Prabhat Ranjan Mishra, Ritu Trivedi
OBJECTIVE: Kaempferol, a dietary flavonoid found in fruits and vegetables, has been reported to reverse osteopenic condition in ovariectomized rats. Because kaempferol is endowed with osteogenic activity, the aim of this study was to determine whether it has a beneficial effect on glucocorticoid (GC)-induced bone loss. METHODS: Adult female rats were divided into four groups as control (vehicle; distilled water), methylprednisolone (MP; 5 mg•kg•d, subcutaneously), MP + kaempferol (5 mg•kg•d, oral), and MP + human parathyroid 1-34 (30 µg/kg, 5 times/wk, subcutaneously) and treated for 4 wk...
September 2018: Nutrition
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