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Nutrition

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28778514/corrigendum-to-new-compartment-model-analysis-of-lean-mass-and-fat-mass-growth-with-overfeeding-nutrition-32-5-2016-590-600
#1
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 1, 2017: Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28697855/re-fruit-and-vegetable-consumption-and-the-risk-of-depression-a-meta-analysis
#2
LETTER
Tomoyuki Kawada
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 8, 2017: Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28734748/effects-of-arginine-based-immunonutrition-on-inpatient-total-costs-and-hospitalization-outcomes-for-patients-undergoing-colorectal-surgery
#3
Souvik Banerjee, Louis P Garrison, Aurelie Danel, Juan B Ochoa Gautier, David R Flum
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to assess the effects of an arginine-based immunonutrition intervention for patients undergoing elective colorectal surgery on postsurgical utilization and cost outcomes. METHODS: This analysis was based on data from two Washington State databases: Surgical Care and Outcomes Assessment Program (SCOAP) linked to the Comprehensive Hospital Abstract Reporting System (CHARS). The sample (N=722) comprises adult patients who underwent elective colorectal surgery with anastomosis in a Washington State hospital that participated in the Strong for Surgery (S4S) initiative between January 1, 2012, and December 31, 2013...
June 24, 2017: Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28689689/serum-sodium-ion-level-influenced-by-daily-salt-intake-after-administration-of-sodium-glucose-cotransporter-2-inhibitors
#4
LETTER
Eijiro Yamada, Aya Osaki, Tsugumichi Saito, Yawara Niijima, Junichi Okada, Shuichi Okada, Masanobu Yamada
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 31, 2017: Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28571683/erratum-to-the-impact-of-nutrition-support-on-clinical-outcome-and-cost-effectiveness-analysis-in-patients-at-nutritional-risk-a-prospective-cohort-study-with-propensity-score-matching-nutrition-2017-37c-53-59
#5
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28760436/impact-of-the-structure-and-dose-of-protein-intake-on-clinical-and-metabolic-outcomes-in-critically-ill-children-a-systematic-review
#6
REVIEW
Daniela B Hauschild, Julia C Ventura, Nilesh M Mehta, Yara M F Moreno
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to describe the effects of structure/type and total amount of protein intake on protein balance and clinical outcomes in critically ill children. METHODS: We conducted a systematic review of relevant literature on Embase, PubMed/Medline, Web of Science, Scopus, and Latin American and Caribbean Health Sciences. A partial gray literature search was undertaken and the reference lists of the selected articles were searched manually...
September 2017: Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28760435/nutrigenomics-of-%C3%AF-3-fatty-acids-regulators-of-the-master-transcription-factors
#7
REVIEW
Maricela Rodríguez-Cruz, Donovan Solís Serna
It is well known that ω-3 long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids (LC-PUFAs) control some key molecular cell mechanisms, resulting in a beneficial role in inflammatory diseases. Such mechanisms are complex and reflect the diversity of their functions, mainly as modulators of the dynamic properties of membranes, regulators of gene expression, and precursors of active mediators. The aim of this review is to summarize the state of the art of the effects and mechanisms by which ω-3 LC-PUFAs such as eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA, C22:5 ω-3) and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA, C22:6 ω-3) regulate different metabolic processes to maintain homeostasis...
September 2017: Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28760434/micronutrient-status-calcium-zinc-vitamins-d-and-e-in-patients-with-medullary-thyroid-carcinoma-a-cross-sectional-study
#8
Ali Emami, Mohammad Reza Nazem, Reza Shekarriz, Mehdi Hedayati
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the micronutrient status of Iranian patients with medullary thyroid carcinoma (MTC) and to analyze potential relationships with respect to MTC risk. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study (Tehran Thyroid Cancer Survey 2015-2016). We measured and compared preoperative serum calcium, zinc, and vitamins D and E in patients with MTC and healthy controls. Forty cases with MTC and 40 (age-, sex-, and body mass index-matched) healthy controls voluntarily participated in the project...
September 2017: Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28760433/branched-chain-amino-acid-supplementation-in-treatment-of-liver-cirrhosis-updated-views-on-how-to-attenuate-their-harmful-effects-on-cataplerosis-and-ammonia-formation
#9
REVIEW
Milan Holeček
Branched-chain amino acid (BCAA; valine, leucine, and isoleucine) supplementation is common for patients with liver cirrhosis due to decreased levels of BCAA in the blood plasma of these patients, which plays a role in pathogenesis of hepatic encephalopathy and cachexia. The unique pharmacologic properties of BCAA also are a factor for use as supplementation in this population. In the present article, BCAA is shown to provide nitrogen to alpha-ketoglutarate (α-KG) for synthesis of glutamate, which is a substrate for ammonia detoxification to glutamine (GLN) in the brain and muscles...
September 2017: Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28760432/elderly-patients-on-hemodialysis-have-worse-dietary-quality-and-higher-consumption-of-ultraprocessed-food-than-elderly-without-chronic-kidney-disease
#10
Aline Moutinho Martins, Annie Seixas Bello Moreira, Daniela Silva Canella, Juliana Rodrigues, Fernanda Santin, Brenda Wanderley, Roberto Alves Lourenço, Carla Maria Avesani
OBJECTIVES: The multiple dietary restrictions recommended to patients on hemodialysis (HD), coupled with conditions imposed by aging, may lead to poor dietary quality in these patients. The aim of this study was to investigate the dietary quality and consumption of ultraprocessed food by elderly patients on HD and those without chronic kidney disease (CKD). Additionally, diets on the day of dialysis and on nondialysis days were evaluated. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study conducted with 153 noninstitutionalized elderly patients on HD (Elder-HD) and 47 non-CKD elderly (Elder-Healthy) aged ≥60 y...
September 2017: Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28760431/predicting-clinical-outcomes-using-phase-angle-as-assessed-by-bioelectrical-impedance-analysis-in-maintenance-hemodialysis-patients
#11
Jung-Ho Shin, Chae Rim Kim, Ki Hyun Park, Jin Ho Hwang, Su Hyun Kim
OBJECTIVE: Protein-energy wasting is common in patients on hemodialysis and is an independent risk factor for adverse events. The aim of this study was to retrospectively investigate whether phase angle (PA), known as a nutritional marker, can predict various clinical outcomes in patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD) who are receiving hemodialysis. METHODS: Using bioelectrical impedance analysis (BIA), PA was obtained every 6 mo, and patients were divided into two groups according to baseline PA: group A included patients with PA ≥4...
September 2017: Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28760430/is-maternal-body-mass-index-associated-with-neonatal-mortality-a-pooled-analysis-of-nationally-representative-data-from-nine-asian-countries
#12
Rajesh Kumar Rai, Lucky Singh, Prashant Kumar Singh
OBJECTIVE: Children born to mothers with abnormal body mass index (BMI) have increased risk for mortality. The aim of this study was to investigate whether maternal BMI is a risk factor for neonatal death in select Asian countries, including the nature of association between maternal BMI and the discrete timing of neonatal death. METHODS: Nationally representative, the standard Demographic and Health Survey data from nine Asian countries were used. In all, 55 629 mothers reported their index birth; 840 reported neonatal mortality...
September 2017: Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28760429/evidence-based-recommendations-and-expert-consensus-on-enteral-nutrition-in-the-adult-patient-with-diabetes-mellitus-or-hyperglycemia
#13
Alejandro Sanz-Paris, Julia Álvarez Hernández, María D Ballesteros-Pomar, Francisco Botella-Romero, Miguel León-Sanz, Ángela Martín-Palmero, Miguel Ángel Martínez Olmos, Gabriel Olveira
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to develop evidence-based recommendations for glycemic control of patients with diabetes mellitus or stress hyperglycemia who are receiving enteral nutrition (EN). METHODS: A Delphi survey method using Grading Recommendations Assessment, Development and Evaluation criteria was utilized for evaluation of suitable studies. RESULTS: In patients with diabetes or stress hyperglycemia who were on EN support, the following results were found: CONCLUSIONS: These recommendations and suggestions regarding enteral feeding in patients with diabetes and hyperglycemia have direct clinical applicability...
September 2017: Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28760428/influence-of-nutritional-status-in-the-diagnosis-of-sarcopenia-in-nursing-home-residents
#14
Beatriz Lardiés-Sánchez, Alejandro Sanz-París, Javier Pérez-Nogueras, Antonio Serrano-Oliver, María E Torres-Anoro, Alfonso J Cruz-Jentoft
OBJECTIVES: Malnutrition and sarcopenia frequently coexist in elderly patients. The aim of this study was to assess the effect of nutritional status in the diagnosis of sarcopenia in nursing home residents. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was performed with data collected from 339 elderly patients living in five nursing homes. Sarcopenia was defined according to the consensus definition of the European Working Group on Sarcopenia in Older People. Body mass composition was assessed using bioimpedance analysis, handgrip strength using a dynamometer, and physical performance by 5-m gait speed test...
September 2017: Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28760427/anthropometric-and-lipid-profile-of-individuals-with-severe-obesity-carrying-the-fatty-acid-binding-protein-2-thr54-allele
#15
Natalia Luiza Kops, Jaqueline D Correia Horvath, Mariana L Dias de Castro, Rogério Friedman
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the anthropometric and lipid profiles of individuals being considered for bariatric surgery, taking into account the presence of the Thr54 allele of the fatty acid-binding protein-2 (FABP-2) gene (rs1799883), and dietary intake. METHODS: In a cross-sectional study, 120 participants being evaluated for bariatric surgery were asked to keep 24-h dietary records (R24 h) for 3 d, and to collect a 24-h urine sample for measurement of urea (as an assessment of the adequacy of food records) during day 3 of the diet record; a fasting blood sample for laboratory and genetic evaluations was collected...
September 2017: Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28760426/body-composition-measurement-using-computed-tomography-does-the-phase-of-the-scan-matter
#16
Katie E Rollins, Hannah Javanmard-Emamghissi, Amir Awwad, Ian A Macdonald, Kenneth C H Fearon, Dileep N Lobo
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to determine, from the methodologic standpoint, the effect of the presence or absence of intravenous contrast on body composition variables obtained by analysis of computed tomography (CT) images. METHODS: Triphasic abdominal (noncontrast, arterial phase, and portovenous phase contrast) CT scans from 111 patients were analyzed by two independent assessors at the third lumbar vertebral level using SliceOmatic software (version 5...
September 2017: Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28760425/influence-of-selenium-supplementation-on-patients-with-inflammation-a-pilot-double-blind-randomized-study
#17
Renata Germano Borges de Oliveira Nascimento Freitas, Roberto José Negrão Nogueira, Silvia Maria Franciscato Cozzolino, Ana Carolina Junqueira Vasques, Gabriel Hessel
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to analyze the effect of selenium supplementation on patients with inflammation receiving PN. METHODS: This double-blind randomized study included 20 hospitalized patients experiencing an inflammatory process while being fed by PN, who were monitored in three stages: first 72 h (0), day 7 (1), and day 14 (2) of PN. The supplemented patients group (G+S) received 60 μg/d (0.75 μmol) of selenium as selenious acid which was added to the PN bag...
September 2017: Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28760424/anthocyanins-in-chokeberry-and-purple-maize-attenuate-diet-induced-metabolic-syndrome-in-rats
#18
Maharshi Bhaswant, Siti Raihanah Shafie, Michael L Mathai, Peter Mouatt, Lindsay Brown
OBJECTIVE: Increased consumption of fruits and vegetables as functional foods leads to the reduction of signs of metabolic syndrome. The aim of this study was to measure and compare cardiovascular, liver, and metabolic parameters following chronic administration of the same dose of anthocyanins either from chokeberry (CB) or purple maize (PM) in rats with diet-induced metabolic syndrome. METHODS: Male Wistar rats were fed a maize starch (C) or high-carbohydrate, high-fat diet (H) and divided into six groups for 16 wk...
September 2017: Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28760423/hunger-and-satiety-responses-to-high-fat-meals-after-a-high-polyunsaturated-fat-diet-a-randomized-trial
#19
Jada L Stevenson, Chad M Paton, Jamie A Cooper
OBJECTIVE: Previous studies have shown that polyunsaturated fats (PUFAs) elicit a greater response in satiety after a single-meal challenge compared with other types of fats. The long-term effects of PUFAs on satiety, however, remain unknown. The aim of this study was to determine subjective and physiological hunger and satiety responses to high-fat (HF) meals before and after a 7-d PUFA-rich diet. METHODS: Twenty-six, healthy weight (body mass index 18-24.9 kg/m(2)), sedentary adults were randomly assigned to either a 7-d PUFA-rich diet (n = 8 men and n = 8 women) or a 7-d control diet (n = 5 men and n = 5 women)...
September 2017: Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28760422/with-antitransglutaminase-antibodies-in-the-breast-milk-is-breastfeeding-beneficial-or-harmful
#20
Fabiana Zingone, Salvatore Scotto di Santolo, Luigi Cinquanta, Carolina Ciacci
Breast milk is fundamental to induce an appropriate immunotolerance in the newborn. Here, we present the case of a young mother who was diagnosed with celiac disease while breastfeeding. She is dealing with the problem of knowing that celiac disease-specific autoantibodies are present in her breast milk, but not knowing if they are potentially harmful to her baby.
September 2017: Nutrition
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