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Nutrition

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29625348/role-of-dietary-%C3%AE-and-%C3%AE-tocopherol-from-rosa-mosqueta-oil-in-the-prevention-of-alterations-induced-by-high-fat-diet-in-a-murine-model
#1
Gladys Tapia, David Silva, Nalda Romero, Paulina Pettinelli, Camila G Dossi, Manuel de Miguel, Daniel González-Mañán
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the contribution of tocopherols present in Rosa mosqueta oil (RM) in the prevention of high-fat diet (HFD)-induced alterations. METHODS: Male C57 BL/6 J mice (n = 9/group) were fed for 12 wk and divided into four groups: control (CD; 10% kcal fat, 20% kcal protein, 70% kcal carbohydrates); HFD (60% as fat, 20% kcal protein, 20% kcal carbohydrates); HFD + RM (0.01 mL/g body weight/d); and HFD + RM- without tocopherols (0...
April 3, 2018: Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29547735/adherence-to-a-mediterranean-diet-and-its-association-with-age-related-macular-degeneration-the-coimbra-eye-study-report-4
#2
Sandrina Nunes, Dalila Alves, Patrícia Barreto, Miguel Raimundo, Maria da Luz Cachulo, Cláudia Farinha, Inês Laíns, João Rodrigues, Carlos Almeida, Luísa Ribeiro, João Figueira, Lelita Santos, Rufino Silva
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to characterize the association of lifestyle and nutritional risk profiles with age-related macular degeneration (AMD) in two subpopulations with differing AMD prevalence. METHODS: This case-control study (n = 1992) included 768 patients with AMD and 1224 age- and sex-matched participants without AMD with a single visit at a primary health care unit. Enrolled participants completed a validated lifestyle and food frequency questionnaire...
March 13, 2018: Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29495000/thickened-infant-formula-what-to-know
#3
REVIEW
Silvia Salvatore, Francesco Savino, Maartje Singendonk, Merit Tabbers, Marc A Benninga, Annamaria Staiano, Yvan Vandenplas
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to provide an overview of the characteristics of thickened formulas to aid health care providers manage infants with regurgitations. METHODS: The indications, properties, and efficacy of different thickening agents and thickened formulas on regurgitation and gastroesophageal reflux in infants were reviewed. PubMed and the Cochrane database were searched up to December 2016. RESULTS: Based on the literature review, thickened formulas reduce regurgitation, may improve reflux-associated symptoms, and increase weight gain...
February 26, 2018: Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29677480/effect-of-healthy-and-unhealthy-habits-on-obesity-a-multicentric-study
#4
Mirta Crovetto, Macarena Valladares, Valentina Espinoza, Francisco Mena, Gloria Oñate, Macarena Fernandez, Samuel Durán-Agüero
OBJECTIVE: Our aim was to characterize and compare eating patterns of university students in Chile, by sex and body weight, body mass index, and nutritional status. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study. University students (n = 1454) of Chile were evaluated. A self-assessment survey was used to evaluate healthy eating habits using a questionnaire with values between 1 (do not consume) and 5 (consume) for a total of 9 to 45 points (higher values represent better eating habits)...
February 19, 2018: Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29677691/iodine-status-of-pregnant-women-from-a-coastal-brazilian-state-after-the-reduction-in-recommended-iodine-concentration-in-table-salt-according-to-governmental-requirements
#5
Débora Ayres Saraiva, Nathalie Anne de Oliveira E Silva de Morais, Carolina Martins Corcino, Tatiana Martins Benvenuto Louro Berbara, Annie Schtscherbyna, Mischelle Santos, Heron Botelho, Mario Vaisman, Patrícia de Fátima Dos Santos Teixeira
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate iodine status among pregnant women from a coastal state after Brazilian governmental resolution reducing iodine concentrations in table salt. Secondarily, we correlated urinary iodine concentration (UIC) with thyroid volume and hormones. METHODS: Inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry was used to assess UIC from 629 samples of 244 first trimester pregnant women. Thyroid ultrasound, serum thyroglobulin, thyrotropin, free thyroxine, and antithyroid antibodies were measured as iodine concentrations on samples of table salt from patient's home...
February 14, 2018: Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29674267/anti-inflammatory-effect-of-multistrain-probiotic-formulation-l-rhamnosus-b-lactis-and-b-longum
#6
Marzia Sichetti, Stefania De Marco, Rita Pagiotti, Giovanna Traina, Donatella Pietrella
OBJECTIVE: In recent years, a great number of studies have been directed toward the evaluation of gastrointestinal microbiota modulation through the introduction of beneficial microorganisms, also known as probiotics. Many studies have highlighted how this category of bacteria is very important for the good development, functioning, and maintenance of our immune system. There is a delicate balance between the immune system, located under the gut epithelial barrier, and the microbiota, but many factors can induce a disequilibrium that leads to an inflammatory state and dysbiosis...
February 14, 2018: Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29674265/relationship-between-plasma-levels-of-homocysteine-and-the-related-b-vitamins-in-patients-with-hemodialysis-adequacy-or-inadequacy
#7
En-Ling Yeh, Yi-Chia Huang, Shang-Feng Tsai, Tong-Min Yu, Ming-Ju Wu, Cheng-Hsu Chen
OBJECTIVES: Hemodialysis (HD) with dialysis adequacy could increase the excretion of B vitamins (folate, vitamin B6 , and B12 ) and raise the plasma level of homocysteine. Here we determined the associations of plasma homocysteine with B vitamins in patients with HD adequacy or inadequacy. METHODS: We recruited 68 patients who had received HD treatments (three times a week, 4 h each). Based on the individual's hemogram and quarterly urea reduction rate (Kt/V), patients were pooled into one of the following two groups: the first group with dialysis adequacy (Kt/V > 1...
February 14, 2018: Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29674266/effects-of-high-protein-diet-containing-isolated-whey-protein-in-rats-submitted-to-resistance-training-of-aquatic-jumps
#8
Eudes Thiago Pereira Avila, Thiago da Rosa Lima, Ramires Alsamir Tibana, Paula Caroline de Almeida, Géssica Alves Fraga, Mariana de Souza Sena, Luiz Felipe Petusk Corona, James Wilfred Navalta, Sajjad Rezaei, Morteza Ghayomzadeh, Amílcar Sabino Damazo, Jonato Prestes, Fabrício Azevedo Voltarelli
OBJECTIVES: Isolated whey protein (IWP) can decrease body fat compared with other protein sources. The present study verified the effects of high protein diet (HD) containing IWP on several parameters of rats subjected to resistance training (RT). METHODS: Thirty-two male Wistar rats (60 days of age) were separated into four groups (n = 8/group): sedentary normoproteic (IWP 14%; SN); sedentary hyperproteic (IWP 35%; SH); trained normoproteic (IWP 14%; TN), and trained hyperproteic (WPI 35%; TH)...
February 13, 2018: Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29674230/association-of-herbal-botanic-supplement-use-with-quality-of-life-recurrence-and-survival-in-newly-diagnosed-stage-ii-colon-cancer-patients-a-2-y-follow-up-study
#9
Qiran Chen, Pengcheng Xun, Cari Lewis Tsinovoi, Beate Henschel, Alyce D Fly, Ka He
OBJECTIVES: Our objective was to investigate the association between herbal/botanic supplement use and perceived quality of life (QoL), cancer recurrence, and all-cause mortality in colon cancer patients. METHODS: Patients (n = 453) newly diagnosed with stage II adenocarcinoma of the colon between 2009 and 2011 were recruited from the North Carolina Central Cancer Registry. Data including demographic variables, herbal medicine use and frequency, lifestyle, diet, cancer treatment, and QoL were collected by interviews at diagnosis (baseline) and 1 and 2 y after diagnosis...
February 13, 2018: Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29660651/ecological-and-social-patterns-of-child-dietary-diversity-in-india-a-population-based-study
#10
Jewel Gausman, Jessica M Perkins, Hwa-Young Lee, Ivan Mejia-Guevara, You-Seon Nam, Jong-Koo Lee, Juhwan Oh, S V Subramanian
OBJECTIVE: Dietary diversity (DD) measures dietary variation in children. Factors at the child, community, and state levels may be associated with poor child nutritional outcomes. However, few studies have examined the role of macro-level factors on child DD. This study seeks to 1) describe the distribution of child DD in India, 2) examine the variation in DD attributable to the child, community and state levels, and 3) explore the relationship between community socioeconomic context and child DD...
February 13, 2018: Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29655780/dietary-flavonoid-kaempferol-inhibits-glucocorticoid-induced-bone-loss-by-promoting-osteoblast-survival
#11
Sulekha Adhikary, Dharmendra Choudhary, Naseer Ahmad, Anirudha Karvande, Avinash Kumar, Venkatesh Teja Banala, Prabhat Ranjan Mishra, Ritu Trivedi
OBJECTIVE: Kaempferol, a dietary flavonoid found in fruits and vegetables, has been reported to reverse osteopenic condition in ovariectomized rats. Because kaempferol is endowed with osteogenic activity, the aim of this study was to determine whether it has a beneficial effect on glucocorticoid (GC)-induced bone loss. METHODS: Adult female rats were divided into four groups as control (vehicle; distilled water), methylprednisolone (MP; 5 mg•kg•d, subcutaneously), MP + kaempferol (5 mg•kg•d, oral), and MP + human parathyroid 1-34 (30 µg/kg, 5 times/wk, subcutaneously) and treated for 4 wk...
February 13, 2018: Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29655779/postprandial-glucose-and-insulin-response-to-a-high-fiber-muffin-top-containing-resistant-starch-type-4-in-healthy-adults-a-double-blind-randomized-controlled-trial
#12
Maria L Stewart, J Paul Zimmer
OBJECTIVES: VERSAFIBE™ 2470 resistant starch (RS) is an RS type 4 that is derived from high-amylose maize starch,70% total dietary fiber (TDF; AOAC method 2009.01). This was a randomized, double-blind, crossover study to evaluate the postprandial blood glucose and insulin responses of healthy adults (n = 28) after the consumption of a muffin top made with VERSAFIBE™ 2470 RS (11.6 g TDF fiber muffin top) or a control muffin top (0.9 g TDF). METHODS: The muffin tops were matched for weight, total carbohydrate, sugars, protein, and fat...
February 13, 2018: Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29655778/self-reported-weight-and-predictors-of-missing-responses-in-youth
#13
Magaly Aceves-Martins, Ross Whitehead, Jo Inchley, Montse Giralt, Candace Currie, Rosa Solà
OBJECTIVE: The aims of the present manuscript are to analyse self-reported data on weight, including the missing data, from the 2014 Scottish Health Behaviour in School-Aged Children (HBSC) Study, and to investigate whether behavioural factors related with overweight and obesity, namely dietary habits, physical activity and sedentary behaviour, are associated with weight non-response. RESEARCH METHODS & PROCEDURES: 10839 11-, 13- and 15-year-olds participated in the cross-national 2014 Scottish HBSC Study...
February 12, 2018: Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29655777/body-composition-evaluated-by-body-mass-index-and-bioelectrical-impedance-vector-analysis-in-women-with-rheumatoid-arthritis
#14
Juan Antonio Pineda-Juárez, Mariel Lozada-Mellado, Midori Ogata-Medel, Andrea Hinojosa-Azaola, Cira Santillán-Díaz, Luis Llorente, Arturo Orea-Tejeda, Jorge Alcocer-Varela, Rolando Espinosa-Morales, Marco González-Contreras, Lilia Castillo-Martínez
BACKGROUND: Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a complex inflammatory disease that modifies body composition. Although body mass index (BMI) is one of the clinical nutrition tools widely used to assess indirectly nutritional status, it is not able to identify these body alterations. Bioelectrical Vector Analysis (BIVA) is an alternative method to assess hydration and body cell mass of patients with wasting conditions. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the differences in nutrition status according to BMI groups (normal, overweight and obesity) and BIVA classification (cachectic and non-cachectic) in women with RA...
February 12, 2018: Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29655776/association-between-dietary-inflammatory-index-and-hodgkin-s-lymphoma-in-an-italian-case-control-study
#15
Nitin Shivappa, James R Hébert, Martina Taborelli, Antonella Zucchetto, Maurizio Montella, Massimo Libra, Carlo La Vecchia, Diego Serraino, Jerry Polesel
OBJECTIVES: The components of a diet can modulate inflammation and may have an effect on the development of Hodgkin's lymphoma (HL). Little is known about the inflammatory potential of diet in relation to HL. METHODS: Data from an Italian multicenter case-control study that was conducted between 1992 and 2008 were used to estimate the relation between a dietary inflammatory index (DII® ) and the risk of HL. The data included 179 cases with incident, histologically confirmed HL and 186 control cases who were hospitalized for acute non-neoplastic diseases...
February 12, 2018: Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29655775/relationship-between-water-intake-and-skeletal-muscle-mass-in-elderly-koreans-a-nationwide-population-based-study
#16
Jun-Il Yoo, Hana Choi M D, Sang-Yoon Song, Ki-Soo Park, Dong-Hoon Lee, Yong-Chan Ha
OBJECTIVES: The purposes of this study were to evaluate the correlation between sarcopenia and water intake and investigate lack of daily water intake in the presence of sarcopenia in an elderly population. METHODS: Data from 3656 participants (1582 men and 2074 women) were analyzed using the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. Sarcopenia was defined in accordance with the criteria of the Asia Working Group for Sarcopenia. Water intake was assessed using the dietary water adequacy ratio and was calculated by dividing the daily water intake from fluid by the recommended daily amount of 1000 mL in men and 900 mL in women...
February 12, 2018: Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29605767/the-psoas-muscle-transversal-diameter-predicts-mortality-in-patients-with-cirrhosis-on-a-waiting-list-for-liver-transplantation-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#17
Audrey Huguet, Marianne Latournerie, Pauline Houssel Debry, Caroline Jezequel, Ludivine Legros, Michel Rayar, Karim Boudjema, Dominique Guyader, Edouard Bardou Jacquet, Ronan Thibault
OBJECTIVE: Malnutrition impairs prognosis in liver cirrhosis. Our aims were to determine (1) if transversal (TPTI) and axial (APTI) psoas thickness indices predict mortality in cirrhotic patients and (2) the feasibility and reproducibility of transversal (TDPM) and axial (ADPM) diameters of the psoas muscle measurements. METHODS: This was a retrospective study. Inclusion criteria included cirrhosis diagnosis, on liver transplantation waiting list, and abdominal computed tomography (CT) scan within the 3 mo preceding list inscription...
February 9, 2018: Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29604479/anemia-and-iron-deficiency-in-rural-bangladeshi-pregnant-women-living-in-areas-of-high-and-low-iron-in-groundwater
#18
Faruk Ahmed, Moududur Rahman Khan, Najma Shaheen, Kazi Matin Uddin Ahmed, Aziz Hasan, Ireen Akhtar Chowdhury, Rafiqul Chowdhury
BACKGROUND: Recent studies found a low rate of iron deficiency in Bangladeshi non-pregnant and non-lactating women. This was attributed to high iron concentrations in drinking water. However, there are limited data on iron deficiency among pregnant women in Bangladesh. OBJECTIVES: Our aim was to investigate the prevalence of anemia, iron deficiency, and iron deficiency anemia (IDA) among rural pregnant women and explore the association of groundwater iron concentration with anemia and iron deficiency in this group...
February 9, 2018: Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29625409/relationship-of-nutritional-status-and-inflammation-with-survival-in-patients-with-advanced-cancer-in-palliative-care
#19
Marcela Souza Cunha, Emanuelly Varea Maria Wiegert, Larissa Calixto-Lima, Livia Costa Oliveira
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to evaluate the prognostic value of nutritional and inflammatory status in patients with advanced cancer receiving palliative care. METHODS: The systemic inflammatory response was assessed using the modified Glasgow Prognostic Score (mGPS), and nutritional status was evaluated according to the Patient-Generated Subjective Global Assessment (PG-SGA) in 172 patients evaluated on their first visit in the Palliative Care Unit at the National Cancer Institute in Brazil...
February 8, 2018: Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29574144/consensus-paper-on-the-executive-summary-of-the-international-conference-on-mediterranean-diet-and-health-a-lifelong-approach-an-italian-initiative-supported-by-the-mediterranean-diet-foundation-and-the-menarini-foundation
#20
Virginia Boccardi, Riccardo Calvani, Federica Limongi, Anna Marseglia, Alexandra Mason, Marianna Noale, Domenico Rogoli, Nicola Veronese, Gaetano Crepaldi, Stefania Maggi
The Mediterranean Diet Foundation, in collaboration with the International Menarini Foundation, organized the "International Conference on Mediterranean Diet and Health: A Lifelong Approach." The Conference was held in Ostuni (Puglia, Italy) from March 30 to April 1, 2017. The event received the endorsement of the American Federation for Aging Research, the Research Consortium "Luigi Amaducci," the European Nutrition for Health Alliance, the European Union Geriatric Medicine Society, the Clinical Section of the International Association of Gerontology and Geriatrics-European Region, the National Research Council Research Project on Aging, the Italian Society of Gerontology and Geriatrics, and the Italian Society of Clinical Nutrition and Metabolism...
February 8, 2018: Nutrition
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