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Nutrition

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29108730/sex-specific-differences-in-mortality-and-the-obesity-paradox-of-patients-with-myocardial-infarction-ages-70%C3%A2-y
#1
Karsten Keller, Thomas Münzel, Mir Abolfazl Ostad
OBJECTIVES: Recent studies suggest an obesity survival paradox in patients with acute myocardial infarction (MI). The aim of this study was to investigate the in-hospital mortality of patients aged ≥70 y with acute MI relative to sex and obesity. METHODS: We selected patients ≥70 y of age with a diagnosis of acute MI based on the International Classification of Diseases (ICD) code I21 in the nationwide database of the Federal Statistical Office of Germany in 2014...
September 22, 2017: Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29129244/the-risk-for-hypoglycemia-during-ramadan-fasting-in-patients-with-adrenal-insufficiency
#2
Melika Chihaoui, Wafa Grira, Jihene Bettaieb, Meriem Yazidi, Fatma Chaker, Ons Rejeb, Ibtissem Oueslati, Moncef Feki, Naziha Kaabachi, Hedia Slimane
OBJECTIVES: The risk for hypoglycemia during Ramadan fasting in patients with adrenal insufficiency (AI) is not fully known. The aims of this study were to evaluate this risk objectively and to determine the associated factors. METHODS: This prospective case-crossover study included 25 women and 5 men with known and treated AI and a median age of 38.5 y. Patients underwent clinical examination and a fasting blood sample was collected to measure glucose, urea, creatinine, sodium, potassium, cortisol, growth hormone and free thyroxine...
January 2018: Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29129243/enteral-feeding-with-low-methoxyl-pectin-accelerates-colonic-anastomosis-healing-in-rats
#3
Fumiyo Yamada, Naoyuki Endo, Sho Miyatake, Goro Ebisu, Kazuo Hino
OBJECTIVE: Enteral feeding with pectin has proven beneficial for anastomosis healing in rats. The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of low-methoxyl pectin (LMP) or high-methoxyl pectin (HMP), on colonic anastomosis healing in rats. METHODS: Male Sprague-Dawley rats (age 7 wk) were fed liquid diets containing LMP, HMP, or no pectin (pectin-free [PF]) for 14 d (n = 10/group). The rats underwent colonic anastomosis surgery on day 7 and were sacrificed on day 14...
January 2018: Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29129242/intestinal-failure-as-a-significant-risk-factor-for-renal-impairment-in-children
#4
Elisa Ylinen, Laura Merras-Salmio, Riikka Gunnar, Timo Jahnukainen, Mikko P Pakarinen
OBJECTIVE: Although impaired renal function has been a frequent finding among adults with intestinal failure (IF), the data on children is scarce. The aim of this study was to assess renal function in pediatric-onset IF. METHODS: Medical records of 70 patients (38 boys) with pediatric-onset IF due to either short bowel syndrome (n = 59) or primary motility disorder (n = 11) and a history of parenteral nutrition (PN) dependency for ≥1 mo were evaluated. Renal function at the most recent follow-up was studied using plasma creatinine, cystatin C, and urea concentrations and estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR)...
January 2018: Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29129241/zinc-and-selenium-status-in-critically-ill-patients-according-to-severity-stratification
#5
Marina Augusta Cirino Ruocco, Evelin Drociunas Pacheco Cechinatti, Fernando Barbosa, Anderson Marliere Navarro
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the concentrations of zinc and selenium in different biological materials and to associate them with the clinical severity score according to the Simplified Acute Physiology Score (SAPS) III. METHODS: The study was conducted in a 10-bed general intensive care unit of the Américo Brasiliense State Hospital/SP, with 95 patients stratified by the SAPS III score cutoff points (63.5 points) as less or more severe and by the diagnosis of sepsis...
January 2018: Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29129240/maternal-methyl-donor-supplementation-during-gestation-counteracts-bisphenol-a-induced-oxidative-stress-in-sows-and-offspring
#6
Daolin Mou, Jun Wang, Hong Liu, Yuling Chen, Lianqiang Che, Zhengfeng Fang, Shengyu Xu, Yan Lin, Bin Feng, Jian Li, De Wu
OBJECTIVE: Maternal oxidative stress is harmful for embryonic, fetal, and placental development. The aim of this study was to investigate whether methyl donor supplementation during gestation effectively ameliorates maternal and placenta oxidative stress up to offspring. METHODS: Fifty-six Landrace × Yorkshire sows were randomly allocated to receive one of the following four diets during gestation: control diet (CON); control diet supplemented with methyl donor (MET); control diet supplemented with bisphenol A (BPA); and control diet supplemented with BPA and MET (BPA + MET)...
January 2018: Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29129239/an-iso-%C3%AE-acid-rich-extract-from-hops-humulus-lupulus-attenuates-acute-alcohol-induced-liver-steatosis-in-mice
#7
Marianne Hege, Finn Jung, Cathrin Sellmann, Chengjun Jin, Doreen Ziegenhardt, Claus Hellerbrand, Ina Bergheim
OBJECTIVE: Results of in vitro and in vivo studies suggest that consumption of beer is less harmful for the liver than consumption of spirits. It also has been suggested that secondary plant compounds derived from hops such as xanthohumol or iso-α-acids may have beneficial effects on the development of liver diseases of various etiologies. The aim of this study was to determine whether iso-α-acids consumed in doses achieved by "normal" beer consumption have beneficial effects on health...
January 2018: Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29129238/diet-versus-jaw-bones-lessons-from-experimental-models-and-potential-clinical-implications
#8
REVIEW
Carina Cristina Montalvany-Antonucci, Marina C Zicker, Marina C Oliveira, Soraia Macari, Mila Fernandes M Madeira, Ildeu Andrade, Adaliene Versiani M Ferreira, Tarcilia A Silva
The consumption of different types of diets influences not only body health but the bone remodeling process as well. Nutritional components can directly affect maxillary and mandibular alveolar bone microarchitecture. In this review, we focus on the current knowledge regarding the influence of diets and dietary supplementation on alveolar bone. Accumulating evidence from experimental models suggests that carbohydrate- and fat-rich diets are detrimental for alveolar bone, whereas protective effects are associated with consumption of calcium, ω-3, and bioactive compounds...
January 2018: Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29129237/iron-induced-pro-oxidant-and-pro-lipogenic-responses-in-relation-to-impaired-synthesis-and-accretion-of-long-chain-polyunsaturated-fatty-acids-in-rat-hepatic-and-extrahepatic-tissues
#9
Rodrigo Valenzuela, Miguel Ángel Rincón-Cervera, Francisca Echeverría, Cynthia Barrera, Alejandra Espinosa, María Catalina Hernández-Rodas, Macarena Ortiz, Alfonso Valenzuela, Luis A Videla
OBJECTIVES: Iron is involved in processes involving oxygen transfer and utilization. Excess iron is linked to cardiovascular diseases and some types of cancer. Iron overload is associated with oxidative stress development, and may have important interactions with lipid metabolism in the liver favoring the development and progression of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease. The aim of the study described here was to assess the effect of high intake of iron on oxidative stress-related parameters, lipid metabolism, and levels of long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids (LCPUFAs) in liver and other tissues of the rat...
January 2018: Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29129236/effects-of-betaine-supplementation-on-nitric-oxide-metabolism-atherosclerotic-parameters-and-fatty-liver-in-guinea-pigs-fed-a-high-cholesterol-plus-methionine-diet
#10
Zeynep Küskü-Kiraz, Sema Genc, Seldağ Bekpınar, Yeşim Ünlücerci, Aydın Çevik, Vakur Olgaç, Figen Gürdöl, Müjdat Uysal
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of high cholesterol (CHOL) and CHOL + methionine (MET) diets on atherogenic and oxidative index parameters and on the factors that influence nitric oxide (NO) bioavailability. Also, attempts were made to determine whether dietary betaine (BET) resulted in any improvement in the changes that occurred after CHOL + MET administration. METHODS: Guinea pigs were fed chow containing 1.5% CHOL with or without 2% MET for 10 wk...
January 2018: Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29129235/effects-of-intraoperative-nutrients-administration-on-energy-expenditure-during-general-anesthesia
#11
Daizoh Satoh, Noriko Toda, Ichiro Yamamoto
OBJECTIVES: Recent reports have shown that intraoperative infusions of glucose and amino acids exert anticatabolic effects. The appropriate dosages of these amino acids and glucose during general anesthesia remain unknown. METHODS: Patients who underwent esophagectomy for thoracic esophageal cancer were infused with acetated Ringer's solution that contained glucose and amino acids (B1 group [10 patients]: glucose, 3 g/h; amino acids, 1.2 g/h; B2 group [12 patients]: glucose, 4...
January 2018: Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29129234/whole-grain-consumption-is-negatively-correlated-with-obesity-associated-aortic-stiffness-a-hypothesis
#12
Marilyn S Campbell, Bradley S Fleenor
OBJECTIVE: Obesity is a risk factor for cardiovascular disease that increases aortic stiffness, which predicts future cardiovascular events. Additionally, obesity is associated with overconsumption, which contributes to aortic stiffening. Recent work has highlighted the role of various foods and nutrients on aortic stiffness among the general population. The objective of the present study was to explore the influence of dietary factors on obesity-associated aortic stiffness, as food choices might be a potential explanation for accelerated aortic stiffening in obesity rather than overconsumption alone...
January 2018: Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29129233/low-fermentable-oligo-di-mono-saccharides-and-polyol-diet-in-the-treatment-of-irritable-bowel-syndrome-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#13
Dania Schumann, Petra Klose, Romy Lauche, Gustav Dobos, Jost Langhorst, Holger Cramer
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this review was to systematically assess and meta-analyze the effects of a low fermentable, oligo-, di-, mono-saccharides and polyol (FODMAP) diet (LFD) on the severity of symptoms, quality of life, and safety in patients with irritable bowel syndrome (IBS). METHODS: The MEDLINE/PubMed, Scopus, and Cochrane Library databases were screened through January 19, 2016. Randomized controlled trials (RCTs) that compared LFD to other diets were included if they assessed symptoms of IBS or abdominal pain in patients with IBS...
January 2018: Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29129232/effect-of-green-tea-on-plasma-leptin-and-ghrelin-levels-a%C3%A2-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-randomized-controlled-clinical-trials
#14
Fahimeh Haghighatdoost, B Fatemeh Nobakht M Gh, Mitra Hariri
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to conduct a meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials (RCTs) to assess the effect of green tea on serum leptin and ghrelin concentrations. METHODS: We searched PubMed, ISI Web of Science, Scopus, and Google scholar databases up to December 2016. The searches included RCTs conducted in human adults, and studies on the effect of green tea and green tea extract on serum leptin and ghrelin concentrations as outcome variables...
January 2018: Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29129231/the-association-between-the-index-of-nutritional-quality-inq-and-breast-cancer-and-the-evaluation-of-nutrient-intake-of-breast-cancer-patients-a-case-control-study
#15
Farhad Vahid, Mahshid Hatami, Mahya Sadeghi, Fatemeh Ameri, Zeinab Faghfoori, Sayed Hossein Davoodi
OBJECTIVE: Breast cancer (BrCa) is the most frequently diagnosed cancer among females and second cancer after lung cancer in many societies. In Iran, the risk for BrCa is 1 in 35 and each year, 8000 new patients have been diagnosed with BrCa. Studies have shown that dietary components are implicated in the etiology of BrCa. The Index of Nutritional Quality (INQ) is a method of quantitative and qualitative analysis of single foods, meals, and diets. The aim of this study was to determine the usefulness of INQs in predicting BrCa risk...
January 2018: Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29129230/prevalence-of-lifestyle-practices-that-might-affect-bone-health-in-relation-to-vitamin-d-status-among-female-saudi-adolescents
#16
Rajaa Al-Raddadi, Suhad Bahijri, Anwar Borai, Zeyad AlRaddadi
BACKGROUND: Prevention of osteoporosis begins in childhood and adolescence, as most bone mass is accumulated during the first 2 decades of life, with 90% to 95% of an adult's bone mineral content being achieved by the end of adolescence. Therefore, targeting modifiable behaviors among adolescents has an important effect on attaining adequate peak bone mass and minimizing risks for future fractures. OBJECTIVES: The aims of this study were to estimate the prevalence of behaviors affecting bone health and vitamin D status and to identify factors associated with vitamin D deficiency among female Saudi adolescents...
January 2018: Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29129229/head-injury-profoundly-affects-gut-microbiota-homeostasis-results-of-a-pilot-study
#17
Anne-Judith Waligora-Dupriet, Sophie Lafleur, Christine Charrueau, Caroline Choisy, Luc Cynober, Marie-José Butel, Christophe Moinard
OBJECTIVES: Head injury (HI) induces a hypercatabolic state, dysimmunity, and septic complications that increase morbidity and mortality. Although compromised immune function is usually incriminated in infection occurrence, gut dysbiosis could also be involved in this phenomenon and, to our knowledge, has never been considered. To assess if HI could affect microbiota, we explored the impact of HI on intestinal microbiota in a rodent model of fluid percussion. METHODS: Nineteen rats were randomly assigned to two groups: Healthy rats fed ad libitum (n = 7) and HI rats (n = 12), which received standard enteral nutrition for 4 d...
January 2018: Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29129228/preoperative-low-muscle-mass-has-a-strong-negative-effect-on-pulmonary-function-in-patients-undergoing-living-donor-liver-transplantation
#18
Hisaya Shirai, Toshimi Kaido, Yuhei Hamaguchi, Siyuan Yao, Atsushi Kobayashi, Shinya Okumura, Naoko Kamo, Shintaro Yagi, Hideaki Okajima, Shinji Uemoto
OBJECTIVE: This study investigated the effect of preoperative sarcopenia on cardiopulmonary function in patients undergoing living donor liver transplantation (LDLT). METHODS: A retrospective analysis was performed of 207 patients who underwent LDLT between January 2008 and April 2015. The quantity and quality of skeletal muscle were evaluated by the psoas muscle mass index (PMI) and intramuscular adipose tissue content (IMAC), respectively, using preoperative computed tomography imaging...
January 2018: Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29033236/pharmaconutrition-with-intravenous-selenium-in-intensive-care-the-end-of-an-era
#19
Pascal L Langlois, Gil Hardy, William Manzanares
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2018: Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28965775/intake-of-%C3%AF-3-polyunsaturated-fatty-acids-in-patients-with-rheumatoid-arthritis-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#20
REVIEW
Aristea Gioxari, Andriana C Kaliora, Foteini Marantidou, Demosthenes P Panagiotakos
OBJECTIVES: Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a chronic, autoimmune inflammatory disease of multiple joints that puts the patient at high risk for developing cardiovascular diseases (CVDs). The aim of the present study was to conduct an up-to-date systematic review and meta-analysis of published randomized controlled trials (RCTs) to assess potential changes in RA disease activity, inflammation, and CVD risk after oral intake of ω-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids. METHODS: Publications up to July 31, 2016 were examined using the PubMed, SCOPUS, and EMBASE databases...
January 2018: Nutrition
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