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Clinical Linguistics & Phonetics

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28786695/profiling-morpho-syntactical-development-of-cochlear-implanted-children-with-tr-larsp
#1
Özlem Cangökçe Yaşar, Seyhun Topbaş
This research aims to describe the grammatical development of Turkish-speaking children with cochlear implants (CI) using the Turkish adaptation of the Language Assessment and Remediation Profile (LARSP). The study was conducted on a total of 15 children with CIs aged 43-87 months with 22-45 months of hearing age. A total of 750 utterances were elicited from the CI group's recorded speech samples and analysed using the methodology of Turkish-Language Assessment and Remediation Profile (TR-LARSP). A cross-sectional descriptive model is used in the study...
August 8, 2017: Clinical Linguistics & Phonetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727493/sibilant-production-in-hebrew-speaking-adults-apical-versus-laminal
#2
Michal Icht, Boaz M Ben-David
The Hebrew IPA charts describe the sibilants /s, z/ as 'alveolar fricatives', where the place of articulation on the palate is the alveolar ridge. The point of constriction on the tongue is not defined - apical (tip) or laminal (blade). Usually, speech and language pathologists (SLPs) use the apical placement in Hebrew articulation therapy. Some researchers and SLPs suggested that acceptable /s, z/ could be also produced with the laminal placement (i.e. the tip of the tongue approximating the lower incisors)...
July 20, 2017: Clinical Linguistics & Phonetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727489/third-person-singular-s-in-typical-development-and-specific-language-impairment-input-and-neighbourhood-density
#3
Justin B Kueser, Laurence B Leonard, Patricia Deevy
The purpose of this study was to examine factors promoting the use of third person singular -s by 23 children with specific language impairment (SLI) and 21 children with typical development (TD). Relative proportions of third person singular -s forms in the input (input proportion) were calculated for 25 verbs based on data from an American English corpus of child-directed speech. Neighbourhood density values were also collected for these verbs. With previously collected probes of third person singular -s use for each of these verbs, we found with logistic regression that input proportion was positively associated with the likelihood of third person singular -s use for both groups...
July 20, 2017: Clinical Linguistics & Phonetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727482/atypical-preference-for-infant-directed-speech-as-an-early-marker-of-autism-spectrum-disorders-a-literature-review-and-directions-for-further-research
#4
Marisa G Filipe, Linda Watson, Selene G Vicente, Sónia Frota
Autism spectrum disorders (ASD) refer to a complex group of neurodevelopmental disorders causing difficulties with communication and interpersonal relationships, as well as restricted and repetitive behaviours and interests. As early identification, diagnosis, and intervention provide better long-term outcomes, early markers of ASD have gained increased research attention. This review examines evidence that auditory processing enhanced by social interest, in particular auditory preference of speech directed towards infants and young children (i...
July 20, 2017: Clinical Linguistics & Phonetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28665758/multilingual-issues-in-qualitative-research
#5
Judith Oxley, Evra Günhan, Monica Kaniamattam, Jack Damico
This study is a reflective account of how problem solving was accomplished during the translation of semi-structured interviews from a source language to a target language. Data are drawn from two qualitative research studies in which Interpretative Phenomenological Analysis was used to obtain insights into the lived experience of parents of children with disabilities in India and Turkey. The authors discuss challenges to interpretation that arise when participants and the main researcher speak the same non-English native language and the results of the study are intended for an English-speaking audience...
June 30, 2017: Clinical Linguistics & Phonetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28665756/stuttering-on-function-words-in-bilingual-children-who-stutter-a-preliminary-study
#6
Zoi Gkalitsiou, Courtney T Byrd, Lisa M Bedore, Casey L Taliancich-Klinger
Evidence suggests young monolingual children who stutter (CWS) are more disfluent on function than content words, particularly when produced in the initial utterance position. The purpose of the present preliminary study was to investigate whether young bilingual CWS present with this same pattern. The narrative and conversational samples of four bilingual Spanish- and English-speaking CWS were analysed. All four bilingual participants produced significantly more stuttering on function words compared to content words, irrespective of their position in the utterance, in their Spanish narrative and conversational speech samples...
June 30, 2017: Clinical Linguistics & Phonetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28665740/transcribing-rhotics-in-normal-and-disordered-speech
#7
Martin J Ball
The IPA's comparative lack of dedicated symbols for sonorant consonants as compared to obstruents presents some difficulties for clinical phoneticians. Among these are the ways of transcribing apical versus bunched approximant-/r/, the bilabial approximant realisation of target approximant-/r/, and fricative rhotic realisations of approximant-/r/ in normal and disordered speech. This note reports some developments in transcription that would allow clinical phoneticians to avoid the use of difficult-to-read diacritics when transcribing these sounds...
June 30, 2017: Clinical Linguistics & Phonetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28662350/litmus-clt-a-new-way-to-assess-bilingual-lexicons
#8
Hanne Gram Simonsen, Ewa Haman
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 29, 2017: Clinical Linguistics & Phonetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28662345/comprehension-of-presuppositions-in-school-age-cantonese-speaking-children-with-and-without-autism-spectrum-disorders
#9
Candice Chi-Hang Cheung, Stephen Politzer-Ahles, Heeju Hwang, Ronald Lung Yat Chui, Man Tak Leung, Tempo Po Yi Tang
While an enormous amount of research has been done on the deficient conversation skills in individuals with autism spectrum disorders (ASD), little is known about their performance on presuppositions, a domain of knowledge that is crucial for successful communication. This study investigated the comprehension of four types of presupposition, namely existential, factive, lexical and structural presuppositions, in school-age Cantonese-speaking children with and without ASD. A group of children with ASD (n = 21), mean age 8...
June 29, 2017: Clinical Linguistics & Phonetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28605211/profiles-of-vocal-development-in-korean-children-with-and-without-cleft-palate
#10
Seunghee Ha
This study longitudinally investigated vocal development in Korean children from 9 to 18 months of age with and without cleft palate (CP). Utterance samples were collected from 24 children with and without CP at 9, 12, 15 and 18 months of age. Each utterance was categorised into levels of vocalisation using the Korean-translated version of the Stark Assessment of Early Vocal Development-Revised (SAEVD-R). The results showed children with CP produced a significantly higher rate of precanonical vocalisations (the combination of Levels 1, 2, and 3) and a lower rate of Level 4 and 5 vocalisations than children without CP...
June 12, 2017: Clinical Linguistics & Phonetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28590148/the-phonological-memory-profile-of-preschool-children-who-make-atypical-speech-sound-errors
#11
Rebecca Waring, Patricia Eadie, Susan Rickard Liow, Barbara Dodd
Previous research indicates that children with speech sound disorders (SSD) have underlying phonological memory deficits. The SSD population, however, is diverse. While children who make consistent atypical speech errors (phonological disorder/PhDis) are known to have executive function deficits in rule abstraction and cognitive flexibility, little is known about their memory profile. Sixteen monolingual preschool children with atypical speech errors (PhDis) were matched individually to age-and-gender peers with typically developing speech (TDS)...
June 7, 2017: Clinical Linguistics & Phonetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28590146/insensitivity-to-verb-conjugation-patterns-in-french-children-with-sli
#12
Phaedra Royle, Ariane St-Denis, Patrizia Mazzocca, Alexandra Marquis
Specific language impairment (SLI) is characterised by persistent difficulties that affect language abilities in otherwise normally developing children (Leonard, 2014). It remains challenging to identify young children affected by SLI in French. We tested oral production of the passé composé tense in 19 children in kindergarten and first grade with SLI aged from 5;6 to 7;4 years. All children were schooled in a French environment, but with different linguistic backgrounds. We used an Android application, Jeu de verbes (Marquis et al...
June 7, 2017: Clinical Linguistics & Phonetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28590140/a-case-series-comparison-of-semantically-focused-vs-phonologically-focused-cued-naming-treatment-in-aphasia
#13
Yael Neumann
There is a lack of clarity in the field regarding how to best predict which naming treatment will be most beneficial for a particular individual with aphasia. The purpose of this study was to elucidate whether or not semantic or phonological therapy differentially impacts on outcomes for people with a range of different aphasic profiles when given both therapies. A single-participant design, with multiple repeated baselines for naming, replicated across four participants, was used. Participants were provided with a counterbalanced order of Semantic Feature Analysis (SFA) and Phonological Components Analysis (PCA) treatment...
June 7, 2017: Clinical Linguistics & Phonetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521557/metacognitive-verb-production-in-adolescents-the-link-to-complex-syntax
#14
Marilyn A Nippold, Laura M Vigeland, Megan W Frantz-Kaspar
Metacognitive verbs (MCVs) such as believe, know and think allow a speaker to describe the thoughts, feelings and perspectives of the self and others. As such, these words reflect the speaker's awareness of differing mental events and activities, or Theory of Mind (ToM). This study investigated the use of MCVs in adolescents with typical language development in relation to the production of complex sentences. It was of interest to determine the frequency with which adolescents used MCVs and to explore the links between MCVs and different types of subordinate clauses...
May 19, 2017: Clinical Linguistics & Phonetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521543/word-learning-performance-of-children-with-and-without-cochlear-implants-given-synchronous-and-asynchronous-cues
#15
Emily Lund, C Melanie Schuele
This study sought to evaluate the effects of synchronous and asynchronous auditory-visual cues on the word-learning performance of children with cochlear implants and children with normal hearing matched for chronological age. Children with cochlear implants (n = 9) who had worn the implant for less than one year and children matched for chronological age (n = 9) participated in rapid word-learning trials. Children with cochlear implants did not learn words in either the synchronous or asynchronous condition (U = 49...
May 19, 2017: Clinical Linguistics & Phonetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521525/babbling-in-children-with-neurodevelopmental-disability-and-validity-of-a-simplified-way-of-measuring-canonical-babbling-ratio
#16
Anna Nyman, Anette Lohmander
Babbling is an important precursor to speech, but has not yet been thoroughly investigated in children with neurodevelopmental disabilities. Canonical babbling ratio (CBR) is a commonly used but time-consuming measure for quantifying babbling. The aim of this study was twofold: to validate a simplified version of the CBR (CBR(UTTER)), and to use this measure to determine if early precursors to speech and language development could be detected in children with different neurodevelopmental disabilities. Two different data sets were used...
May 19, 2017: Clinical Linguistics & Phonetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28498724/phonological-patterns-templates-in-5p-deletion-syndrome
#17
Nina Gram Garmann, Kristian Emil Kristoffersen, Hanne Gram Simonsen
Whole word phonological patterns (templates) in utterances produced by children with 5p deletion syndrome are analysed, addressing four questions: (1) Are children with 5p deletion syndrome able to generalise over words? (2) How does the template score of children with 5p deletion syndrome relate to those of typically developing children and of the target language? (3) How do the template scores relate to other phonological measures, PCC and consonant variegation? (4) What can the relationship between template scores and phonological measures tell us about templates? Children with 5p deletion syndrome are able to generalise over words, some to a target like extent, others generalise more than expected for their age...
May 12, 2017: Clinical Linguistics & Phonetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28494172/an-investigation-of-clear-speech-effects-on-articulatory-kinematics-in-talkers-with-als
#18
Mili Kuruvilla-Dugdale, Miguel Chuquilin-Arista
Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) affects the speech motor system and causes a substantial decline in intelligibility. Clear speech strategies have been found to benefit intelligibility in talkers with dysarthria and the purpose of this study was to examine clear speech effects on tongue, lip, and jaw movements in persons with ALS and healthy controls. For this purpose, participants produced 10 repetitions of the sentence 'I owe you a yoyo' using both habitual and clear speech. Movement variability as well as maximum speed, range, and duration of movement of the articulators were obtained for both conditions...
May 11, 2017: Clinical Linguistics & Phonetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28489962/development-and-validation-of-a-screening-procedure-to-identify-speech-language-delay-in-toddlers-with-cleft-palate
#19
Line Dahl Jørgensen, Elisabeth Willadsen
The purpose of this study was to develop and validate a clinically useful speech-language screening procedure for young children with cleft palate ± cleft lip (CP) to identify those in need of speech-language intervention. Twenty-two children with CP were assigned to a +/- need for intervention conditions based on assessment of consonant inventory using a real-time listening procedure in combination with parent-reported expressive vocabulary. These measures allowed evaluation of early speech-language skills found to correlate significantly with later speech-language performance in longitudinal studies of children with CP...
May 10, 2017: Clinical Linguistics & Phonetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28486046/grammatical-case-marking-in-japanese-children-with-sli
#20
Aimi Murao, Tomohiko Ito, Suzy E Fukuda, Shinji Fukuda
The purpose of this study was to investigate whether or not Japanese children with specific language impairment (henceforth; SLI) would in fact experience difficulty with grammatical case-marking. The participants were 10 Japanese children with SLI, aged 7;7 to 11;4, and 25 Japanese children with typical language development (henceforth; TLD), aged 8;11 to 9;11. In this study, a sentence completion task was used, which involved both active and passive sentences with canonical and scrambled word order. The children with SLI were significantly less accurate than those with TLD with the use of grammatical case-markers...
May 9, 2017: Clinical Linguistics & Phonetics
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