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Clinical Linguistics & Phonetics

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430532/overcoming-discourse-linking-difficulties-in-aphasia-the-case-of-clitic-pronouns
#1
Silvia Martínez-Ferreiro, Andrés Felipe Reyes, Roelien Bastiaanse
The present study aims to contribute to the ongoing discussion about the impact of discourse-linking deficits on the performance of individuals with aphasia by providing new data from a set of rarely investigated constructions: sentences in which a clitic pronoun coexists alongside with the full DP it agrees with. To do so, we use data of individuals with non-fluent aphasias who need to overcome the difficulties in direct object (accusative) clitic production. This results in overproduction of non-target clitic right dislocations (RDs) and clitic doubling (CD)...
April 21, 2017: Clinical Linguistics & Phonetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430531/phonological-development-of-danish-speaking-children-a-normative-cross-sectional-study
#2
Marit Carolin Clausen, Annette Fox-Boyer
Detailed knowledge about speech development in children acquiring different languages provides important information from a clinical and a theoretical perspective: First, it provides a baseline for the evaluation of whether a child shows typical, delayed or deviant speech development. Further, differences in speech development across languages can help to understand how the phonological systems of ambient languages affects children's speech acquisition. To date, little is known about Danish. It was suggested, however, that the acquisition process might be slower for Danish-speaking children due to the "blurry" sound structure of Danish...
April 21, 2017: Clinical Linguistics & Phonetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28409692/validation-and-norming-of-the-intelligibility-in-context-scale-in-northern-viet-nam
#3
Ben Phạm, Sharynne McLeod, Linda J Harrison
Vietnamese is one of the 20 most commonly spoken languages in the world; however, there are no standardised tools to assess Vietnamese children's speech. This study aimed to validate and norm the Vietnamese version of the Intelligibility in Context Scale (ICS-VN). Data were collected from parents of 181 children (aged 2;0-5;11) living in Ha Noi, Northern Viet Nam. The mean ICS-VN score was 4.43 (out of a maximum of 5), indicating that children were 'usually' to 'always' intelligible; however, item-level scores demonstrated significant differences between communication partners...
April 14, 2017: Clinical Linguistics & Phonetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28409664/longitudinal-changes-in-polysyllable-maturity-of-preschool-children-with-phonologically-based-speech-sound-disorders
#4
Sarah Masso, Sharynne McLeod, Cen Wang, Elise Baker, Jane McCormack
Children's polysyllables were investigated for changes in (1) consonant and vowel accuracy, (2) error frequency and (3) polysyllable maturity over time. Participants were 80 children (4;0-5;4) with phonologically-based speech sound disorders who participated in the Sound Start Study and completed the Polysyllable Preschool Test (Baker, 2013) three times. Polysyllable errors were categorised using the Word-level Analysis of Polysyllables (WAP, Masso, 2016a) and the Framework of Polysyllable Maturity (Framework, Masso, 2016b), which represents five maturity levels (Levels A-E)...
April 14, 2017: Clinical Linguistics & Phonetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28409657/estimates-of-functional-cerebral-hemispheric-differences-in-monolingual-and-bilingual-people-who-stutter-dual-task-paradigm
#5
Myriam Kornisch, Michael P Robb, Richard D Jones
The inter-relationship of stuttering and bilingualism to functional cerebral hemispheric processing was examined on a dual-task paradigm. Eighty native German (L1) speakers, half of whom were sequential bilinguals (L2 = English), were recruited. The participants (mean age = 38.9 years) were organised into four different groups according to speech status and language ability: 20 bilinguals who stutter (BWS), 20 monolinguals who stutter (MWS), 20 bilinguals who do not stutter (BWNS), and 20 monolinguals who do not stutter (MWNS)...
April 14, 2017: Clinical Linguistics & Phonetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28409649/lexical-stress-contrast-marking-in-fluent-and-non-fluent-aphasia-in-spanish-the-relationship-between-acoustic-cues-and-compensatory-strategies
#6
Lorraine Baqué
This study sought to investigate stress production in Spanish by patients with Broca's (BA) and conduction aphasia (CA) as compared to controls. Our objectives were to assess whether: a) there were many abnormal acoustic correlates of stress as produced by patients, b) these abnormalities had a phonetic component and c) ability for articulatory compensation for stress marking was preserved. The results showed abnormal acoustic values in both BA and CA's productions, affecting not only duration but also F0 and intensity cues, and an interaction effect of stress pattern and duration on intensity cubes in BA, but not in CA or controls...
April 14, 2017: Clinical Linguistics & Phonetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28362227/realisation-of-voicing-by-french-speaking-ci-children-after-long-term-implant-use-an-acoustic-study
#7
Bénédicte Grandon, Anne Vilain, Hélène Lœvenbruck, Sébastien Schmerber, Eric Truy
Studies of speech production in French-speaking cochlear-implanted (CI) children are very scarce. Yet, difficulties in speech production have been shown to impact the intelligibility of these children. The goal of this study is to understand the effect of long-term use of cochlear implant on speech production, and more precisely on the coordination of laryngeal-oral gestures in stop production. The participants were all monolingual French children: 13 6;6- to 10;7-year-old CI children and 20 age-matched normally hearing (NH) children...
March 31, 2017: Clinical Linguistics & Phonetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28362219/validity-of-auditory-perceptual-assessment-of-velopharyngeal-function-and-dysfunction-the-vpc-sum-and-the-vpc-rate
#8
Anette Lohmander, Emilie Hagberg, Christina Persson, Elisabeth Willadsen, Inger Lundeborg, Julie Davies, Christina Havstam, Maria Boers, Mia Kisling-Møller, Suvi Alaluusua, Ragnhild Aukner, Nina Helen Pedersen, Leena Turunen, Jill Nyberg
Overall weighted or composite variables for perceptual auditory estimation of velopharyngeal closure or competence have been used in several studies for evaluation of velopharyngeal function during speech. The aim of the present study was to investigate the validity of a composite score (VPC-Sum) and of auditory perceptual ratings of velopharyngeal competence (VPC-Rate). Available VPC-Sum scores and judgments of associated variables (hypernasality, audible nasal air leakage, weak pressure consonants, and non-oral articulation) from 391 5-year olds with repaired cleft palate (the Scandcleft project) were used to investigate content validity, and 339 of these were compared with an overall judgment of velopharyngeal competence (VPC-Rate) on the same patients by the same listeners...
March 31, 2017: Clinical Linguistics & Phonetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28362193/relations-between-awareness-of-morphosyntactic-structures-in-chinese-compound-words-and-reading-abilities-a-short-report
#9
Dustin Kai-Yan Lau, Yuan Liang, Man Tak Leung
This is a short report of the investigation of the relationship between awareness of morphosyntactic structures in Chinese compound words and reading abilities on 268 fourth graders studying in three mainstream schools in Shenzhen. All children were assessed using reading and cognitive tasks including rapid automatized naming, phonological, orthographic and morphological awareness. A compound production task using pseudo compound words with different morphosyntactic structures in the first and second levels as stimuli was also conducted...
March 31, 2017: Clinical Linguistics & Phonetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28362136/analogical-reasoning-in-children-with-specific-language-impairment-evidence-from-a-scene-analogy-task
#10
Magali Krzemien, Boutheina Jemel, Christelle Maillart
Analogical reasoning is a human ability that maps systems of relations. It develops along with relational knowledge, working memory and executive functions such as inhibition. It also maintains a mutual influence on language development. Some authors have taken a greater interest in the analogical reasoning ability of children with language disorders, specifically those with specific language impairment (SLI). These children apparently have weaker analogical reasoning abilities than their aged-matched peers without language disorders...
March 31, 2017: Clinical Linguistics & Phonetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28085509/voiceless-alveolar-stop-coarticulation-in-typically-developing-5-year-olds-and-13-year-olds
#11
Natalia Zharkova
In this study, vowel-on-consonant lingual coarticulation at [t] closure offset was compared in 5-year-old children and 13-year-old adolescents. The study aimed to establish whether, by the end of the closure, children from the younger age group adjust the tongue shape to the following vowels to the same extent as adolescents. Ten 5-year-olds and ten 13-year-olds, all speakers of Scottish Standard English, produced [t]-vowel syllables with the vowels [i] and [a], in a carrier phrase. Measures of tongue shape based on midsagittal ultrasound imaging data were used to compare anticipatory coarticulation and within-speaker variability across groups...
January 13, 2017: Clinical Linguistics & Phonetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28085508/validation-of-the-intelligibility-in-context-scale-for-school-students-in-fiji
#12
Suzanne C Hopf, Sharynne McLeod, Sarah H McDonagh
Fiji is a multilingual nation with few assessment tools addressing children's communication. This article describes the validation of the Intelligibility in Context Scale for Fiji English, Standard Fijian, and Fiji Hindi. Informants were caregivers of 65 typically developing multilingual children (aged 5;3-10;5) attending a Fiji primary school. The students spoke an average of 2.9 languages (range = 1-5). Their main language was Standard Fijian (41.5%), Fiji Hindi (23.1%), Fiji English (20.0%), or Fijian dialect (15...
January 13, 2017: Clinical Linguistics & Phonetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28388219/inter-individual-variability-in-discourse-informativeness-in-elderly-populations
#13
Aurélie Pistono, Jérémie Pariente, Catherine Bézy, Josette Pastor, Thi Mai Tran, Antoine Renard, Marion Fossard, Jean-Luc Nespoulous, Mélanie Jucla
An increasing number of studies focus on discourse production in patients with neurodegenerative diseases and underline its clinical usefulness. However, if this is to be used as a clinical tool, one needs to consider how normal discourse varies within cognitively unimpaired elderly populations. In the current study, the aim has been to investigate discourse macrolinguistic variability. For this, 123 participants aged between 55 and 84 were recruited. A cluster analysis of their discourse macrolinguistic features was conducted...
2017: Clinical Linguistics & Phonetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28177271/corrigendum
#14
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: Clinical Linguistics & Phonetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095079/the-use-of-ultrasound-in-the-study-of-articulatory-properties-of-vowels-in-clear-speech
#15
Jae Yung Song
Although the acoustic properties of clear speech have been extensively studied, its underlying articulatory details have not been well understood. The purpose of the present study is twofold: To examine the specific articulatory processes of clear speech using ultrasound and to investigate whether and how the type of listener (hard of hearing, normal hearing) and the lexical property of words (frequency) interact in the production of clear speech. To this end, we examined productions of /ɑ/, /æ/ and /u/ from 16 speakers of US English...
2017: Clinical Linguistics & Phonetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28085504/differences-between-the-production-of-s-and-%C3%AA-in-the-speech-of-adults-typically-developing-children-and-children-with-speech-sound-disorders-an-ultrasound-study
#16
Danira Tavares Francisco, Haydée Fiszbein Wertzner
This study describes the criteria that are used in ultrasound to measure the differences between the tongue contours that produce [s] and [ʃ] sounds in the speech of adults, typically developing children (TDC), and children with speech sound disorder (SSD) with the phonological process of palatal fronting. Overlapping images of the tongue contours that resulted from 35 subjects producing the [s] and [ʃ] sounds were analysed to select 11 spokes on the radial grid that were spread over the tongue contour. The difference was calculated between the mean contour of the [s] and [ʃ] sounds for each spoke...
2017: Clinical Linguistics & Phonetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27960554/an-exploratory-study-of-the-influence-of-load-and-practice-on-segmental-and-articulatory-variability-in-children-with-speech-sound-disorders
#17
Janet Vuolo, Lisa Goffman
This exploratory treatment study used phonetic transcription and speech kinematics to examine changes in segmental and articulatory variability. Nine children, ages 4 to 8 years old, served as participants, including two with childhood apraxia of speech (CAS), five with speech sound disorder (SSD) and two who were typically developing. Children practised producing agent + action phrases in an imitation task (low linguistic load) and a retrieval task (high linguistic load) over five sessions. In the imitation task in session one, both participants with CAS showed high degrees of segmental and articulatory variability...
2017: Clinical Linguistics & Phonetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27936963/stuttering-in-relation-to-the-morphophonemics-of-kannada
#18
Horabail S Venkatagiri, Nuggehalli P Nataraja, M Deepthi
The present study investigated the effect of certain unique morphophonemic features of Kannada words on the rate of stutters in a group of 22 adolescent and adult persons who stuttered in an oral reading task. A linear regression analysis showed that word length ranging from 1 to 8 syllables was a potent variable in the occurrence of stutters accounting for 25.3% of stutters. A composite index of morphophonemic complexity with points assigned for sandhi, geminates, consonant clusters, and number of morphemes accounted for a small 7...
2017: Clinical Linguistics & Phonetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27936954/the-influence-of-scale-structure-and-sex-on-parental-reports-of-children-s-social-pragmatic-communication-symptoms
#19
Andrea C Ash, Sean M Redmond, Geralyn R Timler, Jacob Kean
The addition of social (pragmatic) communication disorder [S(P)CD] to the DSM-5 taxonomy has left clinicians and researchers searching for appropriate diagnostic measures. Factor analysis procedures examined the extent to which S(P)CD symptoms presented within the Children's Communication Checklist-Second Edition (CCC-2) represented a unique construct and whether these factors were influenced by children's sex. Parents of 208 children (males = 125 and females = 83) from a community-based sample completed the CCC-2...
2017: Clinical Linguistics & Phonetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27925482/preface-to-the-special-issue-on-covert-contrasts
#20
Fiona E Gibbon, Alice Lee
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: Clinical Linguistics & Phonetics
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