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Clinical Linguistics & Phonetics

Hélène Delage, Stephanie Durrleman
Recent work exploring syntax in developmental dyslexia (DD) has identified morphosyntactic deficits, striking parallelisms between children with DD and specific language impairment (SLI). The question remains open if the underlying causes for such deficits are related to difficulties in phonology, which is affected in DD, or to working memory, as has been previously reported for SLI. We focus on the production of third person accusative clitic pronouns (ACC3) and of homophonous definite determiners in French-speaking children with DD and SLI as well as typically developing (TD) controls...
May 18, 2018: Clinical Linguistics & Phonetics
Simon Sundström, Ulrika Löfkvist, Björn Lyxell, Christina Samuelsson
Children who are deaf or hard of hearing (DHH) are at an increased risk of speech and language deficits. Nonword repetition (NWR) is a potential predictor of problems with phonology, grammar and lexicon in DHH children. The aim of the present study was to examine repetition of prosodic features and segments in nonwords by DHH children compared to children with normal hearing (NH) and to relate NWR performance to measures of language ability and background variables. In this cross-sectional study, 14 Swedish-speaking children with mild-profound sensorineural hearing loss, aged 4-6 years, and 29 age-matched controls with NH and typical language development participated...
May 3, 2018: Clinical Linguistics & Phonetics
Tayla Brown, Elizabeth Murray, Patricia McCabe
Syllable segregation is among the core diagnostic features of both childhood apraxia of speech and acquired apraxia of speech; however, little is known about the limen of perception of syllable segregation. The purpose of this research was therefore to explore adult listeners' auditory perception of within-word syllable segregation in trained and untrained adult listeners. Two experimental design studies, each with two phases, were conducted. Study one included 40 untrained listeners (aged 18-28 years), and study two included 5 trained listeners (10-25 years of experience)...
April 19, 2018: Clinical Linguistics & Phonetics
Ulrika Marklund, Francisco Lacerda, Anna Persson, Anette Lohmander
This paper describes the development of a vocabulary for Profiles of Early Expressive Phonological Skills for Swedish (PEEPS-SE), a tool for assessment of expressive phonology in Swedish-learning children in the age range of 18-36 months. PEEPS-SE is the Swedish version of the original PEEPS, Profiles of Early Expressive Phonological Skills, which uses two age-adequate word lists-a basic word list (BWL) for the assessment of 18-24-month-old children, to which an expanded word list (EWL) is added for assessment of 24-36-month-old children, or children with more than 250 words in their expressive vocabulary...
April 10, 2018: Clinical Linguistics & Phonetics
Theresa Schölderle, Anja Staiger, Wolfram Ziegler
This short note reports on observations concerning the feasibility of a set of speech and non-speech assessment tasks in an investigation of dysarthria in 21 adults (15 males/6 females; median 23 years) with cerebral palsy and concomitant cognitive impairment. The participants were assessed with nine tasks representing standard components of clinical dysarthria assessment (i.e. six speech and three non-speech tasks). The tasks were evaluated for their feasibility on the basis of common clinical criteria. Our results indicated that, overall, speech tasks were more feasible than non-speech tasks...
March 26, 2018: Clinical Linguistics & Phonetics
Juliet Imeson, Robyn Lowe, Mark Onslow, Natalie Munro, Rob Heard, Sue O'Brian, Simone Arnott
This study was driven by the need to understand the mechanisms underlying Lidcombe Program treatment efficacy. The aim of the present study was to extend existing data exploring whether stuttering reductions observed when children successfully treated with the Lidcombe Program are associated with restricted language development. Audio recordings of 10-min parent-child conversations at home were transcribed verbatim for 11 pre-school-age children with various stuttering severities. Language samples from three assessments-pre-treatment, 9 and 18 months after beginning treatment-were analysed using SALT software for lexical diversity, utterance length and sentence complexity...
March 15, 2018: Clinical Linguistics & Phonetics
Valantis Fyndanis, Giorgio Arcara, Rita Capasso, Paraskevi Christidou, Serena De Pellegrin, Marialuisa Gandolfi, Lambros Messinis, Evgenia Panagea, Panagiotis Papathanasopoulos, Nicola Smania, Carlo Semenza, Gabriele Miceli
Recent studies by Bastiaanse and colleagues found that time reference is selectively impaired in people with nonfluent agrammatic aphasia, with reference to the past being more difficult to process than reference to the present or to the future. To account for this dissociation, they formulated the PAst DIscourse LInking Hypothesis (PADILIH), which posits that past reference is more demanding than present/future reference because it involves discourse linking. There is some evidence that this hypothesis can be applied to people with fluent aphasia as well...
March 7, 2018: Clinical Linguistics & Phonetics
Jessica Dick, Jennifer Fredrick, Grace Man, Jessica E Huber, Jiyeon Lee
While growing evidence reports changes in language use in non-demented individuals with Parkinson's disease (PD), the presence and nature of the deficits remain largely unclear. Researchers have proposed that dysfunctioning fronto-basal ganglia circuit results in impaired grammatical processes, predicting qualitatively similar language impairments between individuals with PD and agrammatic Broca's aphasia, whereas others suggest that PD is not associated with language-specific grammatical impairment. In addition, there is a paucity of research examining syntactic production in PD at the sentence-level...
March 1, 2018: Clinical Linguistics & Phonetics
Mária Gósy, Ruth Huntley Bahr, Dorottya Gyarmathy, András Beke
Numerous investigations have identified weaknesses in speech processing and language skills in children with dyslexia; however, little is known about these abilities in children with reading difficulties (RD). The primary objective of this investigation was to determine the utility of auditory speech processing tasks in differentiating children with RD from those with typical reading skills. It was hypothesized that children, who perform below grade level in reading, would also show poorer performance on both dichotic listening and sentence repetition tasks because of the reciprocal influences of deficient auditory speech processing and language abilities...
February 2, 2018: Clinical Linguistics & Phonetics
Maud Champagne-Lavau, Natacha Cordonier, Anne Bellmann, Marion Fossard
The aim of the present study was to investigate whether the degree of incongruity between contextual information and a target sentence influences the extent to which irony is understood in individuals with right-frontal-hemisphere damage (RHD). A psycholinguistic paradigm was used, allowing us to assess whether impairment in irony understanding is likely to be due to insensitivity (i.e. difficulty in capturing or detecting relevant contextual information) to relevant contextual information or to difficulties in integrating contextual information...
February 2, 2018: Clinical Linguistics & Phonetics
Marie-Thérèse Le Normand, Romuald Blanc, Simona Caldani, Frédérique Bonnet-Brilhault
Mixed and inconsistent findings have been reported across languages concerning grammatical morphology in speakers with Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD). Some researchers argue for a selective sparing of grammar whereas others claim to have identified grammatical deficits. The present study aimed to investigate this issue in 26 participants with ASD speaking European French who were matched on age, gender and SES to 26 participants with typical development (TD). The groups were compared regarding their productivity and accuracy of syntactic and agreement categories using the French MOR part-of-speech tagger available from the CHILDES...
January 18, 2018: Clinical Linguistics & Phonetics
Denisse Perez, Pilar Vivar, Barbara May Bernhardt, Elvira Mendoza, Carmen Ávila, Gloria Carballo, Dolores Fresneda, Juana Muñoz, Patricio Vergara
The current paper describes Spanish acquisition of rhotic onset clusters. Data are also provided on related singleton taps/trills and /l/ as a singleton and in clusters. Participants included 9 typically developing (TD) toddlers and 30 TD preschoolers in Chile, and 30 TD preschoolers and 29 with protracted phonological development (PPD) in Granada, Spain. Results showed age and developmental group effects. Preservation of cluster timing units preceded segmental accuracy, especially in stressed syllables. Tap clusters versus singleton trills were variable in order of mastery, some children mastering clusters first, and others, the trill...
2018: Clinical Linguistics & Phonetics
Jill Titterington, Sally Bates
Accuracy of phonetic transcription is a core skill for speech and language therapists (SLTs) worldwide (Howard & Heselwood, 2002). The current study investigates the value of weekly independent online phonetic transcription tasks to support development of this skill in year one SLT students. Using a mixed methods observational design, students enrolled in a year one phonetics module completed 10 weekly homework activities in phonetic transcription on a stand-alone tutorial site (WebFon (Bates, Matthews & Eagles, 2010)) and 5 weekly online quizzes (the 'Ulster Set' (Titterington, unpublished))...
2018: Clinical Linguistics & Phonetics
Martina Penke, Eva Wimmer
The aim of the study is to investigate if German children with hearing loss (HL) display persisting problems in comprehending complex sentences and to find out whether these problems can be linked to limitations in phonological short-term memory (PSTM). A who-question comprehension test (picture pointing) and a nonword repetition (NWR) task were conducted with 21 German children with bilateral sensorineural HL (ages 3-4) and with age-matched 19 normal hearing (NH) children. Follow-up data (ages 6-8) are reported for 10 of the children with HL...
2018: Clinical Linguistics & Phonetics
Anne-Lise Leclercq, Pauline Suaire, Astrid Moyse
The aim of this study was to establish normative data on the speech disfluencies of normally fluent French-speaking children at age 4, an age at which stuttering has begun in 95% of children who stutter (Yairi & Ambrose, 2013). Fifty monolingual French-speaking children who do not stutter participated in the study. Analyses of a conversational speech sample comprising 250-550 words revealed an average of 10% total disfluencies, 2% stuttering-like disfluencies and around 8% non-stuttered disfluencies. Possible explanations for these high speech disfluency frequencies are discussed, including explanations linked to French in particular...
2018: Clinical Linguistics & Phonetics
Özlem Cangökçe Yaşar, Seyhun Topbaş
This research aims to describe the grammatical development of Turkish-speaking children with cochlear implants (CI) using the Turkish adaptation of the Language Assessment and Remediation Profile (LARSP). The study was conducted on a total of 15 children with CIs aged 43-87 months with 22-45 months of hearing age. A total of 750 utterances were elicited from the CI group's recorded speech samples and analysed using the methodology of Turkish-Language Assessment and Remediation Profile (TR-LARSP). A cross-sectional descriptive model is used in the study...
2018: Clinical Linguistics & Phonetics
Michal Icht, Boaz M Ben-David
The Hebrew IPA charts describe the sibilants /s, z/ as 'alveolar fricatives', where the place of articulation on the palate is the alveolar ridge. The point of constriction on the tongue is not defined - apical (tip) or laminal (blade). Usually, speech and language pathologists (SLPs) use the apical placement in Hebrew articulation therapy. Some researchers and SLPs suggested that acceptable /s, z/ could be also produced with the laminal placement (i.e. the tip of the tongue approximating the lower incisors)...
2018: Clinical Linguistics & Phonetics
Justin B Kueser, Laurence B Leonard, Patricia Deevy
The purpose of this study was to examine factors promoting the use of third person singular -s by 23 children with specific language impairment (SLI) and 21 children with typical development (TD). Relative proportions of third person singular -s forms in the input (input proportion) were calculated for 25 verbs based on data from an American English corpus of child-directed speech. Neighbourhood density values were also collected for these verbs. With previously collected probes of third person singular -s use for each of these verbs, we found with logistic regression that input proportion was positively associated with the likelihood of third person singular -s use for both groups...
2018: Clinical Linguistics & Phonetics
Marisa G Filipe, Linda Watson, Selene G Vicente, Sónia Frota
Autism spectrum disorders (ASD) refer to a complex group of neurodevelopmental disorders causing difficulties with communication and interpersonal relationships, as well as restricted and repetitive behaviours and interests. As early identification, diagnosis, and intervention provide better long-term outcomes, early markers of ASD have gained increased research attention. This review examines evidence that auditory processing enhanced by social interest, in particular auditory preference of speech directed towards infants and young children (i...
2018: Clinical Linguistics & Phonetics
Heather Campbell, Tara McAllister Byun
In visual-acoustic biofeedback for rhotic errors, learners are guided to match the third formant (F3) location to a visual target on a real-time acoustic spectrum. As the acoustic properties of correct English /r/differ across speakers, this study aimed to improve target selection by investigating the validity of individualised targets derived from children's non-rhotic vowels. A previously proposed prediction formula was adjusted using data from a child normative sample and tested in two groups of children...
2018: Clinical Linguistics & Phonetics
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