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Clinical Linguistics & Phonetics

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521557/metacognitive-verb-production-in-adolescents-the-link-to-complex-syntax
#1
Marilyn A Nippold, Laura M Vigeland, Megan W Frantz-Kaspar
Metacognitive verbs (MCVs) such as believe, know and think allow a speaker to describe the thoughts, feelings and perspectives of the self and others. As such, these words reflect the speaker's awareness of differing mental events and activities, or Theory of Mind (ToM). This study investigated the use of MCVs in adolescents with typical language development in relation to the production of complex sentences. It was of interest to determine the frequency with which adolescents used MCVs and to explore the links between MCVs and different types of subordinate clauses...
May 19, 2017: Clinical Linguistics & Phonetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521543/word-learning-performance-of-children-with-and-without-cochlear-implants-given-synchronous-and-asynchronous-cues
#2
Emily Lund, C Melanie Schuele
This study sought to evaluate the effects of synchronous and asynchronous auditory-visual cues on the word-learning performance of children with cochlear implants and children with normal hearing matched for chronological age. Children with cochlear implants (n = 9) who had worn the implant for less than one year and children matched for chronological age (n = 9) participated in rapid word-learning trials. Children with cochlear implants did not learn words in either the synchronous or asynchronous condition (U = 49...
May 19, 2017: Clinical Linguistics & Phonetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521525/babbling-in-children-with-neurodevelopmental-disability-and-validity-of-a-simplified-way-of-measuring-canonical-babbling-ratio
#3
Anna Nyman, Anette Lohmander
Babbling is an important precursor to speech, but has not yet been thoroughly investigated in children with neurodevelopmental disabilities. Canonical babbling ratio (CBR) is a commonly used but time-consuming measure for quantifying babbling. The aim of this study was twofold: to validate a simplified version of the CBR (CBR(UTTER)), and to use this measure to determine if early precursors to speech and language development could be detected in children with different neurodevelopmental disabilities. Two different data sets were used...
May 19, 2017: Clinical Linguistics & Phonetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28498724/phonological-patterns-templates-in-5p-deletion-syndrome
#4
Nina Gram Garmann, Kristian Emil Kristoffersen, Hanne Gram Simonsen
Whole word phonological patterns (templates) in utterances produced by children with 5p deletion syndrome are analysed, addressing four questions: (1) Are children with 5p deletion syndrome able to generalise over words? (2) How does the template score of children with 5p deletion syndrome relate to those of typically developing children and of the target language? (3) How do the template scores relate to other phonological measures, PCC and consonant variegation? (4) What can the relationship between template scores and phonological measures tell us about templates? Children with 5p deletion syndrome are able to generalise over words, some to a target like extent, others generalise more than expected for their age...
May 12, 2017: Clinical Linguistics & Phonetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28494172/an-investigation-of-clear-speech-effects-on-articulatory-kinematics-in-talkers-with-als
#5
Mili Kuruvilla-Dugdale, Miguel Chuquilin-Arista
Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) affects the speech motor system and causes a substantial decline in intelligibility. Clear speech strategies have been found to benefit intelligibility in talkers with dysarthria and the purpose of this study was to examine clear speech effects on tongue, lip, and jaw movements in persons with ALS and healthy controls. For this purpose, participants produced 10 repetitions of the sentence 'I owe you a yoyo' using both habitual and clear speech. Movement variability as well as maximum speed, range, and duration of movement of the articulators were obtained for both conditions...
May 11, 2017: Clinical Linguistics & Phonetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28489962/development-and-validation-of-a-screening-procedure-to-identify-speech-language-delay-in-toddlers-with-cleft-palate
#6
Line Dahl Jørgensen, Elisabeth Willadsen
The purpose of this study was to develop and validate a clinically useful speech-language screening procedure for young children with cleft palate ± cleft lip (CP) to identify those in need of speech-language intervention. Twenty-two children with CP were assigned to a +/- need for intervention conditions based on assessment of consonant inventory using a real-time listening procedure in combination with parent-reported expressive vocabulary. These measures allowed evaluation of early speech-language skills found to correlate significantly with later speech-language performance in longitudinal studies of children with CP...
May 10, 2017: Clinical Linguistics & Phonetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28486046/grammatical-case-marking-in-japanese-children-with-sli
#7
Aimi Murao, Tomohiko Ito, Suzy E Fukuda, Shinji Fukuda
The purpose of this study was to investigate whether or not Japanese children with specific language impairment (henceforth; SLI) would in fact experience difficulty with grammatical case-marking. The participants were 10 Japanese children with SLI, aged 7;7 to 11;4, and 25 Japanese children with typical language development (henceforth; TLD), aged 8;11 to 9;11. In this study, a sentence completion task was used, which involved both active and passive sentences with canonical and scrambled word order. The children with SLI were significantly less accurate than those with TLD with the use of grammatical case-markers...
May 9, 2017: Clinical Linguistics & Phonetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28481668/the-development-of-writing-skills-in-4-year-old-children-with-and-without-specific-language-impairment
#8
Stacey L Pavelko, R Jane Lieberman, Jamie Schwartz, Debbie Hahs-Vaughn, Chad Nye
Research shows that many preschool children with specific language impairment (SLI) have difficulty acquiring literacy skills including phonological awareness, print concepts, and alphabet knowledge. Limited research suggests that preschool children with SLI also have difficulty with emergent writing tasks such as name writing and word writing. In typically developing children, research indicates that emergent writing skills are acquired in a developmental sequence: (1) linearity, (2) segmentation, (3) simple characters, (4) left-right orientation, (5) complex characters, (6) random letters, and (7) invented spelling...
May 8, 2017: Clinical Linguistics & Phonetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28481658/the-effects-of-bilingual-status-on-lexical-comprehension-and-production-in-maltese-five-year-old-children-a-litmus-clt-study
#9
Daniela Gatt, Donna Attard, Magdalena Łuniewska, Ewa Haman
This article investigates whether the bilingual status of 56 typically developing children aged 60-69 months influenced their lexical abilities. The participants were identified as Maltese-dominant (Me) (n = 21), English-dominant (Em) (n = 15) and balanced bilingual (ME) (n = 20) on the basis of language exposure and proficiency, as reported by their parents. Comprehension and production of nouns and verbs were measured using Cross-Linguistic Lexical Tasks (LITMUS-CLT) in Maltese (CLT-MT) and British English (CLT-EN)...
May 8, 2017: Clinical Linguistics & Phonetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28481641/quantitative-and-qualitative-differences-in-the-lexical-knowledge-of-monolingual-and-bilingual-children-on-the-litmus-clt-task
#10
Carmit Altman, Tamara Goldstein, Sharon Armon-Lotem
While bilingual children follow the same milestones of language acquisition as monolingual children do in learning the syntactic patterns of their second language (L2), their vocabulary size in L2 often lags behind compared to monolinguals. The present study explores the comprehension and production of nouns and verbs in Hebrew, by two groups of 5- to 6-year olds with typical language development: monolingual Hebrew speakers (N = 26), and Russian-Hebrew bilinguals (N = 27). Analyses not only show quantitative gaps between comprehension and production and between nouns and verbs, with a bilingual effect in both, but also a qualitative difference between monolinguals and bilinguals in their production errors: monolinguals' errors reveal knowledge of the language rules despite temporary access difficulties, while bilinguals' errors reflect gaps in their knowledge of Hebrew (L2)...
May 8, 2017: Clinical Linguistics & Phonetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448766/cross-linguistic-adaptations-of-the-comprehensive-aphasia-test-challenges-and-solutions
#11
Valantis Fyndanis, Marianne Lind, Spyridoula Varlokosta, Maria Kambanaros, Efstathia Soroli, Klaudia Ceder, Kleanthes K Grohmann, Adrià Rofes, Hanne Gram Simonsen, Jovana Bjekić, Anna Gavarró, Jelena Kuvač Kraljević, Silvia Martínez-Ferreiro, Amaia Munarriz, Marie Pourquie, Jasmina Vuksanović, Lilla Zakariás, David Howard
Comparative research on aphasia and aphasia rehabilitation is challenged by the lack of comparable assessment tools across different languages. In English, a large array of tools is available, while in most other languages, the selection is more limited. Importantly, assessment tools are often simple translations and do not take into consideration specific linguistic and psycholinguistic parameters of the target languages. As a first step in meeting the needs for comparable assessment tools, the Comprehensive Aphasia Test is currently being adapted into a number of languages spoken in Europe...
April 27, 2017: Clinical Linguistics & Phonetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441085/noun-and-verb-knowledge-in-monolingual-preschool-children-across-17-languages-data-from-cross-linguistic-lexical-tasks-litmus-clt
#12
Ewa Haman, Magdalena Łuniewska, Pernille Hansen, Hanne Gram Simonsen, Shula Chiat, Jovana Bjekić, Agnė Blažienė, Katarzyna Chyl, Ineta Dabašinskienė, Pascale Engel de Abreu, Natalia Gagarina, Anna Gavarró, Gisela Håkansson, Efrat Harel, Elisabeth Holm, Svetlana Kapalková, Sari Kunnari, Chiara Levorato, Josefin Lindgren, Karolina Mieszkowska, Laia Montes Salarich, Anneke Potgieter, Ingeborg Ribu, Natalia Ringblom, Tanja Rinker, Maja Roch, Daniela Slančová, Frenette Southwood, Roberta Tedeschi, Aylin Müge Tuncer, Özlem Ünal-Logacev, Jasmina Vuksanović, Sharon Armon-Lotem
This article investigates the cross-linguistic comparability of the newly developed lexical assessment tool Cross-linguistic Lexical Tasks (LITMUS-CLT). LITMUS-CLT is a part the Language Impairment Testing in Multilingual Settings (LITMUS) battery (Armon-Lotem, de Jong & Meir, 2015). Here we analyse results on receptive and expressive word knowledge tasks for nouns and verbs across 17 languages from eight different language families: Baltic (Lithuanian), Bantu (isiXhosa), Finnic (Finnish), Germanic (Afrikaans, British English, South African English, German, Luxembourgish, Norwegian, Swedish), Romance (Catalan, Italian), Semitic (Hebrew), Slavic (Polish, Serbian, Slovak) and Turkic (Turkish)...
April 25, 2017: Clinical Linguistics & Phonetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441079/the-vocabulary-profile-of-slovak-children-with-primary-language-impairment-compared-to-typically-developing-slovak-children-measured-by-litmus-clt
#13
Svetlana Kapalková, Daniela Slančová
This study compared a sample of children with primary language impairment (PLI) and typically developing age-matched children using the crosslinguistic lexical tasks (CLT-SK). We also compared the PLI children with typically developing language-matched younger children who were matched on the basis of receptive vocabulary. Overall, statistical testing showed that the vocabulary of the PLI children was significantly different from the vocabulary of the age-matched children, but not statistically different from the younger children who were matched on the basis of their receptive vocabulary size...
April 25, 2017: Clinical Linguistics & Phonetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441074/assessing-lebanese-bilingual-children-the-use-of-cross-linguistic-lexical-tasks-in-lebanese-arabic
#14
Christel Khoury Aouad Saliby, Christophe Dos Santos, Edith Kouba Hreich, Camille Messarra
Since norms for vocabulary acquisition in Lebanese bilingual children (L1: Lebanese, L2: French and/or English) do not yet exist, clinical assessment based on normative data and using appropriate tools remains difficult for speech and language therapists. The current study focuses on exploring and comparing lexical performances of typically developing Lebanese bilingual children (32 Bi-TD, aged 5;7 to 6;9) and those with specific language impairment (10 Bi-SLI, aged 5;9 to 7;10), using cross-linguistic lexical tasks (LITMUS-CLT, COST Action IS0804, 2011) in Lebanese Arabic language (CLT-LB), specific to the Lebanese context...
April 25, 2017: Clinical Linguistics & Phonetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441063/validating-the-psycholinguistic-aspects-of-litmus-clt-evidence-from-polish-and-norwegian
#15
Pernille Hansen, Hanne Gram Simonsen, Magdalena Łuniewska, Ewa Haman
The novel assessment tool Cross-Linguistic Lexical Tasks (LITMUS-CLT) aims for comparable cross-linguistic assessment of multilingual children's lexical skills by basing each language version on two language-specific variables: age of acquisition (AoA) and complexity index (CI), a novel measure related to phonology, morphology, exposure and etymology. This article investigates the validity of this methodology, asking whether the underlying properties are robust predictors of children's performance. The Polish and Norwegian CLTs were used to assess 32 bilingual Polish-Norwegian, 34 monolingual Norwegian and 36 monolingual Polish children...
April 25, 2017: Clinical Linguistics & Phonetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28409692/validation-and-norming-of-the-intelligibility-in-context-scale-in-northern-viet-nam
#16
Ben Phạm, Sharynne McLeod, Linda J Harrison
Vietnamese is one of the 20 most commonly spoken languages in the world; however, there are no standardised tools to assess Vietnamese children's speech. This study aimed to validate and norm the Vietnamese version of the Intelligibility in Context Scale (ICS-VN). Data were collected from parents of 181 children (aged 2;0-5;11) living in Ha Noi, Northern Viet Nam. The mean ICS-VN score was 4.43 (out of a maximum of 5), indicating that children were 'usually' to 'always' intelligible; however, item-level scores demonstrated significant differences between communication partners...
April 14, 2017: Clinical Linguistics & Phonetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28409649/lexical-stress-contrast-marking-in-fluent-and-non-fluent-aphasia-in-spanish-the-relationship-between-acoustic-cues-and-compensatory-strategies
#17
Lorraine Baqué
This study sought to investigate stress production in Spanish by patients with Broca's (BA) and conduction aphasia (CA) as compared to controls. Our objectives were to assess whether: a) there were many abnormal acoustic correlates of stress as produced by patients, b) these abnormalities had a phonetic component and c) ability for articulatory compensation for stress marking was preserved. The results showed abnormal acoustic values in both BA and CA's productions, affecting not only duration but also F0 and intensity cues, and an interaction effect of stress pattern and duration on intensity cubes in BA, but not in CA or controls...
April 14, 2017: Clinical Linguistics & Phonetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28362227/realisation-of-voicing-by-french-speaking-ci-children-after-long-term-implant-use-an-acoustic-study
#18
Bénédicte Grandon, Anne Vilain, Hélène Lœvenbruck, Sébastien Schmerber, Eric Truy
Studies of speech production in French-speaking cochlear-implanted (CI) children are very scarce. Yet, difficulties in speech production have been shown to impact the intelligibility of these children. The goal of this study is to understand the effect of long-term use of cochlear implant on speech production, and more precisely on the coordination of laryngeal-oral gestures in stop production. The participants were all monolingual French children: 13 6;6- to 10;7-year-old CI children and 20 age-matched normally hearing (NH) children...
March 31, 2017: Clinical Linguistics & Phonetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28362219/validity-of-auditory-perceptual-assessment-of-velopharyngeal-function-and-dysfunction-the-vpc-sum-and-the-vpc-rate
#19
Anette Lohmander, Emilie Hagberg, Christina Persson, Elisabeth Willadsen, Inger Lundeborg, Julie Davies, Christina Havstam, Maria Boers, Mia Kisling-Møller, Suvi Alaluusua, Ragnhild Aukner, Nina Helen Pedersen, Leena Turunen, Jill Nyberg
Overall weighted or composite variables for perceptual auditory estimation of velopharyngeal closure or competence have been used in several studies for evaluation of velopharyngeal function during speech. The aim of the present study was to investigate the validity of a composite score (VPC-Sum) and of auditory perceptual ratings of velopharyngeal competence (VPC-Rate). Available VPC-Sum scores and judgments of associated variables (hypernasality, audible nasal air leakage, weak pressure consonants, and non-oral articulation) from 391 5-year olds with repaired cleft palate (the Scandcleft project) were used to investigate content validity, and 339 of these were compared with an overall judgment of velopharyngeal competence (VPC-Rate) on the same patients by the same listeners...
March 31, 2017: Clinical Linguistics & Phonetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28362193/relations-between-awareness-of-morphosyntactic-structures-in-chinese-compound-words-and-reading-abilities-a-short-report
#20
Dustin Kai-Yan Lau, Yuan Liang, Man Tak Leung
This is a short report of the investigation of the relationship between awareness of morphosyntactic structures in Chinese compound words and reading abilities on 268 fourth graders studying in three mainstream schools in Shenzhen. All children were assessed using reading and cognitive tasks including rapid automatized naming, phonological, orthographic and morphological awareness. A compound production task using pseudo compound words with different morphosyntactic structures in the first and second levels as stimuli was also conducted...
March 31, 2017: Clinical Linguistics & Phonetics
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