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Journal of Family Psychology: JFP

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805409/adolescents-responses-to-marital-conflict-the-role-of-cooperative-marital-conflict
#1
Nan Zhou, Cheryl Buehler
Not all youth exposed to hostile marital interactions develop negative responses to marital conflict. Cooperative marital conflict has long been considered as an important way of managing conflict and may serve as an important context in which hostility might convey during marital interactions. In light of little prior attention placed on the positive side of conflict processes, the main and moderating effects of cooperative marital conflict on youth responses to marital conflict were examined in a sample of 416 2-parent families using a multimethod, 2-year prospective design...
August 14, 2017: Journal of Family Psychology: JFP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28795829/patterns-of-interparental-conflict-parenting-and-children-s-emotional-insecurity-a-person-centered-approach
#2
Olena Kopystynska, Katherine W Paschall, Melissa A Barnett, Melissa A Curran
We examined the relations between interparental conflict (destructive and constructive), parenting behaviors (harshness and supportiveness) and children's emotional insecurity in early childhood when children were approximately 36 months of age. The sample consisted of low-income unmarried couples who were expectant/new parents who participated in the national Building Strong Families project. Interparental conflict was assessed through parents' reported perception of the other parent's conflict behavior. Parenting behaviors were measured through observational data, and children's emotional insecurity was based on parents' reports...
August 10, 2017: Journal of Family Psychology: JFP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28795828/trans-and-gender-nonconforming-children-and-their-caregivers-gender-presentations-peer-relations-and-well-being-at-baseline
#3
Katherine A Kuvalanka, Judith L Weiner, Cat Munroe, Abbie E Goldberg, Molly Gardner
This study, involving a community-based sample of 45 predominantly white primary caregivers of 45 trans and gender-nonconforming (TGNC) children between 6 and 12 years of age, provides descriptive data on children's gender presentations, peer relations, and well-being. Most (n = 31; 69%) of the children were cross-gender identified (CGI). That is, 17 of 28 children assigned male at birth explicitly and consistently identified as girls, and 14 of 17 children assigned female at birth explicitly and consistently identified as boys...
August 10, 2017: Journal of Family Psychology: JFP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28795827/the-parting-parent-concern-inventory-parents-appraisals-correlate-with-divorced-family-functioning
#4
Keith Sanford, Alannah Shelby Rivers
When married parents go through a divorce, they may have concerns in 6 areas that are associated with postdivorce family adjustment. These include concerns about malice, power, custody, child rejection, esteem, and finances. The Parting Parent Concern Inventory assesses these concerns. It was developed in a series of preliminary studies, and this report focuses on results from 2 subsequent validation studies including 643 divorced parents with at least 1 child from their former marriage under the age of 18...
August 10, 2017: Journal of Family Psychology: JFP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627911/ethnic-differences-in-mothering-qualities-and-relations-to-academic-achievement
#5
Margaret O'Brien Caughy, Britain Mills, Margaret Tresch Owen, Nazly Dyer, Assaf Oshri
Although qualities of mothering behavior have been consistently linked with children's academic outcomes, mothers from different ethnic groups may emphasize different dimensions with their children. The present investigation aims to evaluate and compare the dimensionality of mothering in low-income African American (n = 151) and Mexican American (n = 182) mothers during early childhood and its predictive utility for children's academic achievement. Video-recorded mother-child interactions with children at 2½ and 3½ years of age were rated using 6 mothering quality items from a widely used global rating system...
June 19, 2017: Journal of Family Psychology: JFP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627910/at-home-partner-sleep-functioning-over-the-course-of-military-deployment
#6
Katherine E Miller, Erin Koffel, Mark D Kramer, Christopher R Erbes, Paul A Arbisi, Melissa A Polusny
Although the negative effects of deployment on the health of military spouses have been studied, research on sleep disruptions remains limited. This study investigates trajectories of sleep complaints over the course of deployment and predictors of these changes among a cohort of at-home partners. Data were drawn from the Readiness and Resilience in National Guard Soldiers (RINGS-2) project, a prospective, longitudinal study of National Guard soldiers deployed to Iraq/Kuwait (2011-2012) and their intimate partners...
June 19, 2017: Journal of Family Psychology: JFP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28594199/spillover-between-interparental-conflict-and-parent-child-conflict-within-and-across-days
#7
Rachel Baden Sherrill, John E Lochman, Jamie DeCoster, Sara L Stromeyer
The present study used a daily reporting design to examine the bidirectional spillover in conflict and conflict strategies between the interparental relationship and the parent-child relationship. Participants were 60 parents with a preadolescent child at risk for aggressive behavior. Parents reported on their experience of interparental and parent-child conflict and their use of constructive and destructive conflict strategies through daily telephone interviews over 7 days. Each day was divided into 3 equal time periods roughly corresponding to early morning, daytime, and evening...
June 8, 2017: Journal of Family Psychology: JFP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28594198/the-reliability-paradox-of-the-parent-child-conflict-tactics-corporal-punishment-subscale
#8
Michael F Lorber, Amy M Smith Slep
In the present investigation we consider and explain an apparent paradox in the measurement of corporal punishment with the Parent-Child Conflict Tactics Scale (CTS-PC): How can it have poor internal consistency and still be reliable? The CTS-PC was administered to a community sample of 453 opposite sex couples who were parents of 3- to 7-year-old children. Internal consistency was marginal, yet item response theory analyses revealed that reliability rose sharply with increasing corporal punishment, exceeding ...
June 8, 2017: Journal of Family Psychology: JFP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28581303/interplay-between-children-s-biobehavioral-plasticity-and-interparental-relationship-in-the-origins-of-internalizing-problems
#9
Rebecca L Brock, Grazyna Kochanska, Lea J Boldt
The present study demonstrates the interplay between interparental relationship satisfaction and child plasticity in the origins of internalizing problems in 99 community mothers, fathers, and children. Our cumulative measure of plasticity integrated genetics (5-HTTLPR polymorphism), psychophysiology (skin conductance level), and observed behavior (inhibition, sadness, joy). The interaction between plasticity and interparental relationship satisfaction reflected differential susceptibility. Compared with low-plasticity peers, high-plasticity children had more internalizing problems from 5...
June 5, 2017: Journal of Family Psychology: JFP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28368204/profiling-families-in-conflict-multigenerational-continuity-in-conflict-predicts-deleterious-adolescent-and-adult-outcomes
#10
W Andrew Rothenberg, Jessica M Solis, Andrea M Hussong, Laurie Chassin
The present study investigated the associations between multigenerational continuity in family conflict and current psychopathology symptoms and social impairment experienced by parents and adolescents. We sampled 246 families from a multigenerational, high-risk, longitudinal study of parents (G1s) and their children (G2s), followed from adolescence (Mage = 14.3 years, 57% female, 71% Caucasian, 26% Hispanic or Latino) to adulthood as well as the children of G2 targets (G3s; Mage = 12.1 years, 47% female, 51% Caucasian, 33% Hispanic or Latino)...
August 2017: Journal of Family Psychology: JFP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318287/findings-from-a-couple-based-open-trial-for-adult-anorexia-nervosa
#11
Donald H Baucom, Jennifer S Kirby, Melanie S Fischer, Brian R Baucom, Robert Hamer, Cynthia M Bulik
Adult anorexia nervosa (AN) often is persistent, significantly erodes quality of life for both the patient and loved ones, and carries high medical and psychiatric comorbidity. Whereas individual psychotherapy for adult AN leads to improvement in some patients, recent findings indicate that the magnitude of improvement is limited: Only a small percentage of individuals fully recover and dropout rates are high. Thus, it is important to build upon current interventions to improve treatment response. We present results from an open trial of a couple-based intervention for adult anorexia nervosa as an adjunct treatment to standard multidisciplinary care...
August 2017: Journal of Family Psychology: JFP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28263623/bidirectional-effects-of-parenting-and-child-behavior-in-internationally-adopting-families
#12
Jamie M Lawler, Kalsea J Koss, Megan R Gunnar
Adoption marks a radical transition in caregiving for thousands of children adopted internationally from institutional care; however, very little is known about the quality of this parenting compared with other populations or the transactional effects of parent and child characteristics in postadoption families during the transition to family care. The current study examined parental sensitivity/responsiveness and structure/limit-setting in a group of 68 children adopted internationally from institutions (41 girls, 27 boys; M age = 26...
August 2017: Journal of Family Psychology: JFP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28240920/multivariate-analysis-of-genetic-and-environmental-influences-on-parenting-in-adolescence
#13
Megan W Patterson, Amanda K Cheung, Frank D Mann, Elliot M Tucker-Drob, K Paige Harden
Adolescents whose parents are affectionate, maintain consistent rules, and are knowledgeable about their whereabouts tend to exhibit more adaptive levels of psychological functioning across multiple domains. Behavioral genetic research has documented the sensitivity of parenting to genetically influenced child characteristics and behaviors. Yet, the question of whether the correlations between parenting behaviors are driven by overlapping parent effects, overlapping child effects, or some combination of the two remains open...
August 2017: Journal of Family Psychology: JFP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28206777/partner-social-constraints-and-early-stage-breast-cancer-longitudinal-associations-with-psychosexual-adjustment
#14
Emily C Soriano, Amy K Otto, Scott D Siegel, Jean-Philippe Laurenceau
Women with breast cancer (BC) who perceive social constraints on their disclosure of cancer-related concerns are more likely to experience distress and have difficulty adjusting after diagnosis. Much of the existing research on psychosocial adjustment is cross-sectional in nature and an important area of concern that has received little attention is psychosexual adjustment to cancer surgery and treatment. This study examined whether perceived partner social constraints were associated with psychosexual adjustment over time in 108 BC survivors...
August 2017: Journal of Family Psychology: JFP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28192007/supportive-and-intrusive-parenting-during-early-childhood-relations-with-children-s-fear-temperament-and-sex
#15
Melissa A Barnett, Laura V Scaramella
The current study examined the extent to which child sex and fear reactivity were linked to mothers' observed use of supportive and intrusive parenting behaviors. Two dimensions of observed fear reactivity were considered: distress (i.e., fearfulness) and approach (i.e., fearlessness). The sample consisted of 160 predominantly African American, low-income families that included mothers, 1 sibling approximately 2 years old, and the closest age older sibling who was approximately 4 years old. Results from fixed-effects within-family models indicated that above and beyond the main effect of child engagement on observed parenting behaviors, child sex moderated associations between 2 dimensions of fear reactivity and mothers' observed parenting...
August 2017: Journal of Family Psychology: JFP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28182455/finding-time-over-time-longitudinal-links-between-employed-mothers-work-family-conflict-and-time-profiles
#16
Soomi Lee, Susan M McHale, Ann C Crouter, Leslie B Hammer, David M Almeida
Drawing upon the Work-Home Resources model (ten Brummelhuis & Bakker, 2012), this study examined the links between work-family conflict and employed mothers' profiles of time resources for work and parenting roles. Using a person-centered latent profile approach, we identified 3 profiles of time use and perceived time adequacy in a sample of mothers employed in the extended-care industry (N = 440): a Work-Oriented profile, characterized by spending relatively more time at work, perceiving lower time adequacy for work, spending less time with children, and perceiving lower time adequacy for children; a Parenting-Oriented profile, characterized by the opposite pattern; and a Role-Balanced profile, characterized by average levels across the 4 dimensions...
August 2017: Journal of Family Psychology: JFP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28192006/does-marital-conflict-predict-infants-physiological-regulation-a-short-term-prospective-study
#17
Christin L Porter, W Justin Dyer
Prior research has linked marital conflict to children's internalizing/externalizing disorders, insecure attachment, and poor emotional regulation (e.g., Cummings & Davies, 2010; Cummings, Iannotti, & Zahn-Waxler, 1985). Although investigators have examined the impact of marital discord on older children (e.g., Crockenberg & Langrock, 2001), few have explored direct links in infancy (e.g., Cowan & Cowan, 1999). This study extends earlier work by examining linkages between marital functioning (conflict and harmony) and infants' cardiac vagal tone and developmental status across 2 time points using a cross-lag approach...
June 2017: Journal of Family Psychology: JFP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28182454/mother-adolescent-conflict-types-and-adolescent-adjustment-a-person-oriented-analysis
#18
Melissa Huey, Cody Hiatt, Brett Laursen, William J Burk, Kenneth Rubin
This investigation was designed to identify dyadic differences in mother-adolescent conflict. In 2 studies (N = 131 and N = 147), adolescents (M = 13.88 and 14.65 years old) described the number of disagreements with mothers during the previous (1 or 3) days, their affective intensity, and perceptions of negativity in the relationship. Cluster analyses yielded 3 unique groups that replicated across studies: (a) placid dyads (50% of Study 1 participants and 36% of Study 2 participants), notable for low disagreement affective intensity and low relationship negativity; (b) explosive dyads (25% of Study 1 participants and 31% of Study 2 participants), notable for high affective intensity; and (c) squabbling dyads (25% of Study 1 participants and 33% of Study 2 participants), notable for frequent conflict...
June 2017: Journal of Family Psychology: JFP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28165269/analyzing-dyadic-data-with-multilevel-modeling-versus-structural-equation-modeling-a-tale-of-two-methods
#19
Thomas Ledermann, David A Kenny
Multilevel modeling (MLM) and structural equation modeling (SEM) are the dominant methods for the analysis of dyadic data. Both methods are extensively reviewed for the widely used actor-partner interdependence model and the dyadic growth curve model, as well as other less frequently adopted models, including the common fate model and the mutual influence model. For each method, we discuss the analysis of distinguishable and indistinguishable members, the treatment of missing data, the standardization of effects, and tests of mediation...
June 2017: Journal of Family Psychology: JFP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28114771/interparental-conflict-and-infants-behavior-problems-the-mediating-role-of-maternal-sensitivity
#20
Nan Zhou, Hongjian Cao, Esther M Leerkes
Although the negative effect of interparental conflict on child behavior problems has been well established, few studies have examined this association during infancy. This study examined the associations between mother-reported interparental conflict and young children's behavior problems over the first 2 years of their lives in a sample of 212 mothers and infants. Two aspects of maternal sensitivity, sensitivity during distressing and nondistressing contexts, were examined as possible mediators between interparental conflict and infants' behavior problems...
June 2017: Journal of Family Psychology: JFP
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