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Journal of Family Psychology: JFP

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627911/ethnic-differences-in-mothering-qualities-and-relations-to-academic-achievement
#1
Margaret O'Brien Caughy, Britain Mills, Margaret Tresch Owen, Nazly Dyer, Assaf Oshri
Although qualities of mothering behavior have been consistently linked with children's academic outcomes, mothers from different ethnic groups may emphasize different dimensions with their children. The present investigation aims to evaluate and compare the dimensionality of mothering in low-income African American (n = 151) and Mexican American (n = 182) mothers during early childhood and its predictive utility for children's academic achievement. Video-recorded mother-child interactions with children at 2½ and 3½ years of age were rated using 6 mothering quality items from a widely used global rating system...
June 19, 2017: Journal of Family Psychology: JFP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627910/at-home-partner-sleep-functioning-over-the-course-of-military-deployment
#2
Katherine E Miller, Erin Koffel, Mark D Kramer, Christopher R Erbes, Paul A Arbisi, Melissa A Polusny
Although the negative effects of deployment on the health of military spouses have been studied, research on sleep disruptions remains limited. This study investigates trajectories of sleep complaints over the course of deployment and predictors of these changes among a cohort of at-home partners. Data were drawn from the Readiness and Resilience in National Guard Soldiers (RINGS-2) project, a prospective, longitudinal study of National Guard soldiers deployed to Iraq/Kuwait (2011-2012) and their intimate partners...
June 19, 2017: Journal of Family Psychology: JFP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28594199/spillover-between-interparental-conflict-and-parent-child-conflict-within-and-across-days
#3
Rachel Baden Sherrill, John E Lochman, Jamie DeCoster, Sara L Stromeyer
The present study used a daily reporting design to examine the bidirectional spillover in conflict and conflict strategies between the interparental relationship and the parent-child relationship. Participants were 60 parents with a preadolescent child at risk for aggressive behavior. Parents reported on their experience of interparental and parent-child conflict and their use of constructive and destructive conflict strategies through daily telephone interviews over 7 days. Each day was divided into 3 equal time periods roughly corresponding to early morning, daytime, and evening...
June 8, 2017: Journal of Family Psychology: JFP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28594198/the-reliability-paradox-of-the-parent-child-conflict-tactics-corporal-punishment-subscale
#4
Michael F Lorber, Amy M Smith Slep
In the present investigation we consider and explain an apparent paradox in the measurement of corporal punishment with the Parent-Child Conflict Tactics Scale (CTS-PC): How can it have poor internal consistency and still be reliable? The CTS-PC was administered to a community sample of 453 opposite sex couples who were parents of 3- to 7-year-old children. Internal consistency was marginal, yet item response theory analyses revealed that reliability rose sharply with increasing corporal punishment, exceeding ...
June 8, 2017: Journal of Family Psychology: JFP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28581303/interplay-between-children-s-biobehavioral-plasticity-and-interparental-relationship-in-the-origins-of-internalizing-problems
#5
Rebecca L Brock, Grazyna Kochanska, Lea J Boldt
The present study demonstrates the interplay between interparental relationship satisfaction and child plasticity in the origins of internalizing problems in 99 community mothers, fathers, and children. Our cumulative measure of plasticity integrated genetics (5-HTTLPR polymorphism), psychophysiology (skin conductance level), and observed behavior (inhibition, sadness, joy). The interaction between plasticity and interparental relationship satisfaction reflected differential susceptibility. Compared with low-plasticity peers, high-plasticity children had more internalizing problems from 5...
June 5, 2017: Journal of Family Psychology: JFP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28541061/communication-and-connection-during-deployment-a-daily-diary-study-from-the-perspective-of-at-home-partners
#6
Steven R Wilson, Christina M Marini, Melissa M Franks, Shawn D Whiteman, Dave Topp, Shelley MacDermid Wadsworth
In this study, 87 partners of deployed National Guard service members completed daily diaries in which they recorded for up to 7 consecutive days the channels (e.g., phone) by which they communicated with their service member, the communication activities (e.g., support provision) they and their service member engaged in, and how connected they felt to their service member. Multilevel modeling was used to explore two types of associations between couples' communication activities and partners' feelings of connection for partners who communicated with their service member via phone and/or video during the week...
May 25, 2017: Journal of Family Psychology: JFP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530411/the-legacy-of-early-childhood-violence-exposure-to-adulthood-intimate-partner-violence-variable-and-person-oriented-evidence
#7
Angela J Narayan, Madelyn H Labella, Michelle M Englund, Elizabeth A Carlson, Byron Egeland
This study examined prospective pathways from exposure to interparental violence (EIPV) during infancy (ages 0-24 months) and toddlerhood/preschool (ages 25-64 months) to intimate partner violence (IPV) perpetration and victimization in adulthood (ages 23, 26, and 32 years) using 2 complementary approaches. Building on past findings, a variable-oriented approach was used to examine the effects of developmental timing of EIPV in infancy versus toddlerhood/preschool to IPV involvement in early adulthood, at age 23 years...
May 22, 2017: Journal of Family Psychology: JFP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28517944/attitudes-toward-and-prevalence-of-extramarital-sex-and-descriptions-of-extramarital-partners-in-the-21st-century
#8
Lindsay T Labrecque, Mark A Whisman
Using the most recent nine waves of data from the General Social Survey, which consists of in-person interviews of independent probability samples of the adult household population of the United States, the purposes of this study were to (a) provide descriptive information on adults' attitudes toward extramarital sex, lifetime and annual prevalence of extramarital sex among ever-married adults, and the identity of the extramarital sex partner(s) of currently married adults; (b) evaluate temporal trends in attitudes toward and prevalence of extramarital sex from 2000 to 2016; and (c) test for gender differences in attitudes toward and prevalence of extramarital sex and descriptions of the extramarital partner...
May 18, 2017: Journal of Family Psychology: JFP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28517943/implications-of-parent-child-relationships-for-emerging-adults-subjective-feelings-about-adulthood
#9
Anna K Lindell, Nicole Campione-Barr, Sarah E Killoren
Little is known about the role of parents in promoting their children's successful transition to adulthood, particularly for college students who may maintain stronger ties to parents than other emerging adults. The present study therefore investigated longitudinal implications of parent-child relationship qualities during emerging adults' first year of college for their feelings about the upcoming transition to adulthood 3 years later, as well as implications of 3 types of parental control (behavioral control, psychological control, helicopter parenting) for these associations...
May 18, 2017: Journal of Family Psychology: JFP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28504521/family-dinner-frequency-interacts-with-dinnertime-context-in-associations-with-child-and-parent-bmi-outcomes
#10
Melissa L Horning, Robin Schow, Sarah E Friend, Katie Loth, Dianne Neumark-Sztainer, Jayne A Fulkerson
For youth and parents, frequent family meals have been consistently associated with positive dietary outcomes but less consistently associated with lower body mass index (BMI). Researchers have speculated dinnertime context (dinnertime routines, parent dinnertime media use) may interact with family meal frequency to impact associations with BMI. The present study evaluates the associations and interactions between dinnertime context measures and family dinner frequency with parent and child BMI. This cross-sectional study uses baseline data from the Healthy Home Offerings via the Mealtime Environment (HOME) Plus randomized control trial that aimed to prevent childhood obesity...
May 15, 2017: Journal of Family Psychology: JFP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28504520/prayer-and-forgiveness-beyond-relationship-quality-and-extension-to-marriage
#11
Frank D Fincham, Ross W May
The majority of the world population profess religious/spiritual beliefs and prayer is a form of spiritual activity common across numerous religious/spiritual belief systems. Three studies therefore examined the role of prayer in romantic relationships. Study 1 (n = 91) showed that prayer for a dating partner predicted lower aggressive tendencies and greater forgiveness of partner transgressions, independently of relationship closeness. Study 2 (n = 89 married couples) is among the first to examine the prayer-forgiveness association using dyadic data...
May 15, 2017: Journal of Family Psychology: JFP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28504519/longitudinal-associations-between-adult-children-s-relations-with-parents-and-intimate-partners
#12
Matthew D Johnson, Adam M Galovan, Rebecca M Horne, Joohong Min, Sabine Walper
Drawing on 5 waves of multiple-informant data gathered from focal participants and their parents and intimate partners (n = 360 families) who completed annual surveys in the German Family Panel (pairfam) study, the present investigation examined bidirectional associations between the development of adults' conflictual and intimate interactions with their parents and intimate partners. Autoregressive cross-lagged latent change score modeling results revealed a robust pattern of coordinated development between parent-adult child and couple conflictual and intimate interactions: increases in conflict and intimacy in one relationship were contemporaneously intertwined with changes in the other relationship...
May 15, 2017: Journal of Family Psychology: JFP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28471208/long-term-effects-of-a-parenting-preventive-intervention-on-young-adults-painful-feelings-about-divorce
#13
Caroline Christopher, Sharlene Wolchik, Jenn-Yun Tein, Colleen Carr, Nicole E Mahrer, Irwin Sandler
This study examined whether the New Beginnings Program (NBP), a parenting preventive intervention for divorced mothers that was designed to reduce children's postdivorce mental health problems, reduced painful feelings about divorce in young adults whose families had participated 15 years earlier. This study also explored whether NBP participation reduced the relations between young adults' painful feelings about divorce and their concurrent internalizing, externalizing, and substance use problems. Participants (M = 25...
May 4, 2017: Journal of Family Psychology: JFP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28459253/mothers-and-fathers-internalizing-symptoms-influence-parental-ratings-of-adolescent-anxiety-symptoms
#14
Krister W Fjermestad, Wendy Nilsen, Tina D Johannessen, Evalill B Karevold
Clinical assessment of anxiety in adolescents often involves multiple informants, and parental internalizing symptoms have been found to influence parent ratings of adolescents' anxiety symptoms. We investigated how parental internalizing symptoms (anxiety and depression) were related to adolescent and parent reports of adolescents' anxiety symptoms in a population-based cross-sectional survey. The sample comprised 337 adolescent-mother-father triads (N = 1,011) drawn from the Tracking Opportunities and Problems in Childhood and Adolescence (TOPP) study...
May 1, 2017: Journal of Family Psychology: JFP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28192006/does-marital-conflict-predict-infants-physiological-regulation-a-short-term-prospective-study
#15
Christin L Porter, W Justin Dyer
Prior research has linked marital conflict to children's internalizing/externalizing disorders, insecure attachment, and poor emotional regulation (e.g., Cummings & Davies, 2010; Cummings, Iannotti, & Zahn-Waxler, 1985). Although investigators have examined the impact of marital discord on older children (e.g., Crockenberg & Langrock, 2001), few have explored direct links in infancy (e.g., Cowan & Cowan, 1999). This study extends earlier work by examining linkages between marital functioning (conflict and harmony) and infants' cardiac vagal tone and developmental status across 2 time points using a cross-lag approach...
June 2017: Journal of Family Psychology: JFP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28182454/mother-adolescent-conflict-types-and-adolescent-adjustment-a-person-oriented-analysis
#16
Melissa Huey, Cody Hiatt, Brett Laursen, William J Burk, Kenneth Rubin
This investigation was designed to identify dyadic differences in mother-adolescent conflict. In 2 studies (N = 131 and N = 147), adolescents (M = 13.88 and 14.65 years old) described the number of disagreements with mothers during the previous (1 or 3) days, their affective intensity, and perceptions of negativity in the relationship. Cluster analyses yielded 3 unique groups that replicated across studies: (a) placid dyads (50% of Study 1 participants and 36% of Study 2 participants), notable for low disagreement affective intensity and low relationship negativity; (b) explosive dyads (25% of Study 1 participants and 31% of Study 2 participants), notable for high affective intensity; and (c) squabbling dyads (25% of Study 1 participants and 33% of Study 2 participants), notable for frequent conflict...
June 2017: Journal of Family Psychology: JFP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28165269/analyzing-dyadic-data-with-multilevel-modeling-versus-structural-equation-modeling-a-tale-of-two-methods
#17
Thomas Ledermann, David A Kenny
Multilevel modeling (MLM) and structural equation modeling (SEM) are the dominant methods for the analysis of dyadic data. Both methods are extensively reviewed for the widely used actor-partner interdependence model and the dyadic growth curve model, as well as other less frequently adopted models, including the common fate model and the mutual influence model. For each method, we discuss the analysis of distinguishable and indistinguishable members, the treatment of missing data, the standardization of effects, and tests of mediation...
June 2017: Journal of Family Psychology: JFP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28114771/interparental-conflict-and-infants-behavior-problems-the-mediating-role-of-maternal-sensitivity
#18
Nan Zhou, Hongjian Cao, Esther M Leerkes
Although the negative effect of interparental conflict on child behavior problems has been well established, few studies have examined this association during infancy. This study examined the associations between mother-reported interparental conflict and young children's behavior problems over the first 2 years of their lives in a sample of 212 mothers and infants. Two aspects of maternal sensitivity, sensitivity during distressing and nondistressing contexts, were examined as possible mediators between interparental conflict and infants' behavior problems...
June 2017: Journal of Family Psychology: JFP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28080080/the-role-of-emotional-capital-during-the-early-years-of-marriage-why-everyday-moments-matter
#19
Courtney M Walsh, Lisa A Neff, Marci E J Gleason
Throughout a marriage couples will share countless ordinary moments together that may seem trivial, but which actually have potential to affirm and strengthen relational bonds. According to theories of emotional capital, the accumulation of shared positive moments in a relationship should serve as an essential resource for protecting the relationship against threats. To date, however, few empirical studies have explored the role emotional capital may play in shaping responses to negative relationship experiences...
June 2017: Journal of Family Psychology: JFP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28080079/mother-father-and-adolescent-self-control-and-adherence-in-adolescents-with-type-1-diabetes
#20
Amy Hughes Lansing, Rebecca Crochiere, Carrie Cueto, Deborah J Wiebe, Cynthia A Berg
This study explored whether shared self-control across a family system, including adolescent, mother, and father self-control, as well as the interaction of mother and father self-control, was associated with ease of completing adherence tasks and the completion of adherence behaviors related to the Type 1 diabetes (T1D) regimen. One hundred thirty-seven adolescents (M = 13.48 years), mothers, and fathers completed a self-report measure of self-control, while adolescents also self-reported on ease of completing adherence tasks and the frequency with which they completed adherence tasks...
June 2017: Journal of Family Psychology: JFP
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