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Journal of Family Psychology: JFP

Selin Zeytinoglu, Susan D Calkins, Margaret M Swingler, Esther M Leerkes
This study examined the direct and indirect pathways from maternal effortful control to 2 aspects of children's self-regulation-executive functioning and behavioral regulation-via maternal emotional support. Two hundred seventy-eight children and their primary caregivers (96% mothers) participated in laboratory visits when children were 4 and 5 years, and teachers reported on children's behavior at kindergarten. At the 4-year assessment, maternal effortful control was measured using the Adult Temperament Questionnaire (Evans & Rothbart, 2007) and maternal emotional support was observed during a semistructured mother-child problem-solving task...
December 8, 2016: Journal of Family Psychology: JFP
Anne Shaffer, Jelena Obradović
Parenting is a cognitive, emotional, and behavioral endeavor, yet limited research investigates parents' executive functions and emotion regulation as predictors of how parents interact with their children. The current study is a multimethod investigation of parental self-regulation in relation to the quality of parenting behavior and parent-child interactions in a diverse sample of parents and kindergarten-age children. Using path analyses, we tested how parent executive functions (inhibitory control) and lack of emotion regulation strategies uniquely relate to both sensitive/responsive behaviors and positive/collaborative behaviors during observed interaction tasks...
December 8, 2016: Journal of Family Psychology: JFP
David J Bridgett, Meghan J Kanya, Helena J V Rutherford, Linda C Mayes
Multiple lines of inquiry, including experimental animal models, have recently converged to suggest that executive functioning (EF) may be one mechanism by which parenting behavior is transmitted across generations. In the current investigation, we empirically test this notion by examining relations between maternal EF and parenting behaviors during mother-infant interactions, and by examining the role of maternal EF in the intergenerational transmission of parenting behavior. Mother-infant dyads (N = 150) in a longitudinal study participated...
December 8, 2016: Journal of Family Psychology: JFP
Timothy F Piehler, Ken C Winters
Adolescent decision making has been previously identified as risk factor for substance abuse as well as a proximal intervention target. The study sought to extend this research by evaluating the role of decision-making style in response to parent involvement in brief substance abuse interventions. Adolescents (aged 12 to 18 years; n = 259) identified in a school setting as abusing alcohol and marijuana were randomly assigned to complete 1 of 2 brief interventions (BIs), either a 2-session adolescent-only program (BI-A) or the 2-session adolescent program with an additional parent session (BI-AP)...
December 8, 2016: Journal of Family Psychology: JFP
H Colin Gallagher, Dean Lusher, Lisa Gibbs, Philippa Pattison, David Forbes, Karen Block, Louise Harms, Colin MacDougall, Connie Kellett, Greg Ireton, Richard A Bryant
Research on mental health following disasters has led to the identification of many individual protective and risk factors for postdisaster mental health. However, there is little understanding of the exact influence that disasters have on the functioning of intimate relationships. Especially relevant are attachment styles, which are likely to play an important role in the provision and perception of social support between partners, and subsequent mental health outcomes. Heterosexual couples (N = 127) affected by the 2009 Victorian "Black Saturday" Bushfires in southeastern Australia were surveyed for disaster experiences, posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms, depression, and attachment style between May 2012 and January 2013, approximately 3 years after the disaster...
November 21, 2016: Journal of Family Psychology: JFP
Jallu Lindblom, Mervi Vänskä, Marjo Flykt, Asko Tolvanen, Aila Tiitinen, Maija Tulppala, Raija-Leena Punamäki
Research has demonstrated the importance of early family characteristics, such as the quality of caregiving, on children's later mental health. Information is, however, needed about the role of more holistic family systems and specific child-related socioemotional mechanisms. In this study, we conceptualize families as dynamic family system types, consisting of both marital and parenting trajectories over the transition to parenthood. First, we examine how early family system types predict children's anxiety, depression, peer exclusion, and emotion regulation...
November 17, 2016: Journal of Family Psychology: JFP
Michelle L Byrne, Paul B Badcock, Julian G Simmons, Sarah Whittle, Adam Pettitt, Craig A Olsson, Lisa K Mundy, George C Patton, Nicholas B Allen
Family environments and parenting have been associated with inflammation and immune activation in children and adolescents; however, it remains unclear which specific aspects of parenting drive this association. In this study, we cross-sectionally examined the association between 5 discrete parenting styles and inflammation and immune activation in late childhood. Data were drawn from 102 families (55 with female children, mean age 9.50 years, SD = 0.34) participating in the Imaging Brain Development in the Childhood to Adolescence Transition Study...
November 7, 2016: Journal of Family Psychology: JFP
Mariam Hanna Ibrahim, Jennifer A Somers, Linda J Luecken, William V Fabricius, Jeffrey T Cookston
Parent-child relationships can critically affect youth physiological development. Most studies have focused on the influence of maternal behaviors, with little attention to paternal influences. The current study investigated father engagement with their adolescents in household (shopping, cooking) and discretionary leisure activities as a predictor of youth cortisol response to a challenging interpersonal task in young adulthood. The sample (N = 213) was roughly divided between Mexican American (MA; n = 101) and European American (EA; n = 112) families, and included resident biological-father (n = 131) and resident stepfather families (n = 82)...
November 3, 2016: Journal of Family Psychology: JFP
Brittany N Rudd, Ani R Poladian, Amy Holtzworth-Munroe, Amy G Applegate, Brian M D'Onofrio
Despite a lack of research on parent programs for separating unmarried parents, many judicial officers mandate participation. Rudd, Holtzworth-Munroe, Reyome, Applegate, and D'Onofrio (2015) conducted the only randomized controlled trial of any online parent program for separating parents, (PTP), and related court processes (e.g., having a waiting period between the establishment of paternity and the court hearing regarding child related issues vs. having the hearing the same day). They recruited a unique sample of 182 cases in a Title IV-D Court (i...
November 3, 2016: Journal of Family Psychology: JFP
Alison Pike, Bonamy R Oliver
Bidirectional associations between sibling relationships and children's problem behaviors are robust, and links with prosocial behavior have also been reported. Using cross-lagged models, we were able to conservatively test temporal directions of links between positive and negative aspects of sibling relationships and children's prosocial behavior and conduct problems across a 3-year time span in middle childhood. The Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children (ALSPAC; is an ongoing population-based study designed to investigate the effects of a wide range of factors on children's health and development...
October 31, 2016: Journal of Family Psychology: JFP
Anat Moed, Theodore Dix, Edward R Anderson, Shannon M Greene
Research is unclear about when expressing negative emotions to children performs valuable socialization and regulatory functions and when, instead, it undermines children's adjustment. In this study, we isolated 1 kind of negative expression to test the aversion sensitivity hypothesis: that rapid increases in mothers' negativity as a function of increases in the aversiveness of children's behavior are uniquely problematic for children. During multiple assessments of a divorcing sample over 2 years (N = 284), 12-min interactions between mothers and their 4- to 11-year-old children were recorded...
October 17, 2016: Journal of Family Psychology: JFP
Melanie S Fischer, Donald H Baucom, Brian R Baucom, Jonathan S Abramowitz, Jennifer S Kirby, Cynthia M Bulik
Impaired emotion regulation and maladaptive strategies to manage distress are central to psychopathology, including obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) and anorexia nervosa (AN). Emotion regulation can be fostered or thwarted by romantic partners, and the tendency to rely on interpersonally oriented emotion regulation may vary by disorder. This study examined coregulation as a form of interpersonal emotion regulation in OCD and AN. We hypothesized that OCD is associated with exaggerated and AN with diminished coregulation, and that OCD patients have greater overall levels of emotional arousal than AN patients...
October 17, 2016: Journal of Family Psychology: JFP
Asuman Buyukcan-Tetik, Catrin Finkenauer, Henk Schut, Margaret Stroebe, Wolfgang Stroebe
The present research focused on bereaved parents' perceived grief similarity, and aimed to investigate the concurrent and longitudinal effects of the perceptions that the partner has less, equal, or more grief intensity than oneself on relationship satisfaction. Participants of our longitudinal study were 229 heterosexual bereaved Dutch couples who completed questionnaires 6, 13, and 20 months after the loss of their child. Average age of participants was 40.7 (SD = 9.5). Across 3 study waves, participants' perceived grief similarity and relationship satisfaction were assessed...
October 10, 2016: Journal of Family Psychology: JFP
Jinfeng Zhang, Nancy Xiaonan Yu, Mingjie Zhou, Jianxin Zhang
Concerning the interdependence of married couples, the strengths of not only actors but also of partners might improve aging successfully. This study aimed to examine the actor and partner effects of resilience on well-being in Chinese older couples and the potential mediating role of spousal exchanges at the actor and partner levels. Using a 2-wave longitudinal design, a total of 158 Chinese couples (age range 60-97 years) completed measures of resilience, perceived spousal exchanges (spousal support and negative exchanges), and well-being...
October 3, 2016: Journal of Family Psychology: JFP
Rebecca G Reed, Mary-Frances O'Connor, Thaddeus W W Pace, Charles L Raison, Emily A Butler
Dysregulated immune responses to stress are a potential pathway linking close relationship processes to health, and couples' abilities to cope with stress together (dyadic coping) likely impact such immune responses. Most stress research has focused on immune reactivity, whereas knowledge of immune recovery remains limited. The present study examined how acute interpersonal stress affects immune reactivity and recovery, as well as whether dyadic coping moderates these effects. Healthy couples (N = 24) completed the Dyadic Coping Inventory and provided saliva samples 4 times each day for 5 days, including 2 days before a laboratory dyadic stressor (discussing an area of disagreement), the day of, and 2 days after...
September 26, 2016: Journal of Family Psychology: JFP
Meghan M McGinn, Katherine D Hoerster, Krysttel C Stryczek, Carol A Malte, Matthew Jakupcak
Despite the availability of evidence-based PTSD treatments at most facilities within the VA Healthcare System, most Iraq and Afghanistan veterans returning from deployments with posttraumatic stress symptoms do not receive an adequate dose of mental health treatment, prompting the need to identify potential barriers to or facilitators of mental health care utilization. Previous research demonstrated self-reported mental health care utilization in the prior year varies as a function of PTSD symptom severity, and the interaction of PTSD symptom severity and romantic relationship satisfaction (Meis et al...
September 26, 2016: Journal of Family Psychology: JFP
Stacy Buckingham-Howes, Sarah E Oberlander, Yan Wang, Maureen M Black
This study examines potential mechanisms linking maternal depressive symptoms over 2 years postpartum with child behavior problems at school-age in a sample of adolescent mothers and their first-born child. Potential mechanisms include: mother-reported caregiving engagement at 6 months; observed parental nurturance and control, and child competence and affect at 24 months; and mother-reported resilience at 7 years based on achievement of adult developmental tasks. One hundred eighteen low-income African American adolescent mothers were recruited at delivery and followed through child age 7 years...
September 15, 2016: Journal of Family Psychology: JFP
Martin I Gallegos, Sarah E Murphy, Aprile D Benner, Deborah B Jacobvitz, Nancy L Hazen
The present study aims to address how dyadic and triadic family interactions across the transition to parenthood contribute to the later development of toddlers' adaptive emotion regulation using structural equation modeling methods. Specifically, we examined the interrelations of observed marital negative affect before childbirth, parents' emotional withdrawal during parent-infant interactions at 8 months, and coparenting conflict at 24 months as predictors of toddlers' adaptive emotion regulation at 24 months...
September 12, 2016: Journal of Family Psychology: JFP
Blaine J Fowers, Jean-Philippe Laurenceau, Randall D Penfield, Laura M Cohen, Samantha F Lang, Meghan B Owenz, Elizabeth Pasipandoya
Relationship quality is the most frequently assessed construct in the intimate relationships literature. Dozens of assessment instruments exist, but the vast majority conceptualize relationship quality in terms of satisfaction (or a similar construct), which focuses on the hedonic (pleasure or happiness) dimension of the relationship. Some scholars question whether the richness and depth of adult intimate relationships can be captured by satisfaction ratings and suggest focusing on a complementary eudaimonic (human flourishing) dimension of the relationship...
December 2016: Journal of Family Psychology: JFP
Elma I Lorenzo-Blanco, Alan Meca, Jennifer B Unger, Andrea Romero, Melinda Gonzales-Backen, Brandy Piña-Watson, Miguel Ángel Cano, Byron L Zamboanga, Sabrina E Des Rosiers, Daniel W Soto, Juan A Villamar, Karina M Lizzi, Monica Pattarroyo, Seth J Schwartz
Latino parents can experience acculturation stressors, and according to the Family Stress Model (FSM), parent stress can influence youth mental health and substance use by negatively affecting family functioning. To understand how acculturation stressors come together and unfold over time to influence youth mental health and substance use outcomes, the current study investigated the trajectory of a latent parent acculturation stress factor and its influence on youth mental health and substance use via parent-and youth-reported family functioning...
December 2016: Journal of Family Psychology: JFP
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