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Journal of Family Psychology: JFP

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28080081/the-heart-of-parenting-parent-hr-dynamics-and-negative-parenting-while-resolving-conflict-with-child
#1
Xutong Zhang, Lixian Cui, Zhuo Rachel Han, Jia Yan
The current study examined parent heart rate (HR) dynamic changing patterns and their links to observed negative parenting (i.e., emotional unavailability and psychological control) during a parent-child conflict resolution task among 150 parent-child dyads (child age ranged from 6 to 12 years, Mage = 8.54 ± 1.67). Parent HR was obtained from electrocardiogram (ECG) data collected during the parent-child conflict resolution task. Negative parenting was coded offline based on the video recording of the same task...
January 12, 2017: Journal of Family Psychology: JFP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28080080/the-role-of-emotional-capital-during-the-early-years-of-marriage-why-everyday-moments-matter
#2
Courtney M Walsh, Lisa A Neff, Marci E J Gleason
Throughout a marriage couples will share countless ordinary moments together that may seem trivial, but which actually have potential to affirm and strengthen relational bonds. According to theories of emotional capital, the accumulation of shared positive moments in a relationship should serve as an essential resource for protecting the relationship against threats. To date, however, few empirical studies have explored the role emotional capital may play in shaping responses to negative relationship experiences...
January 12, 2017: Journal of Family Psychology: JFP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28080079/mother-father-and-adolescent-self-control-and-adherence-in-adolescents-with-type-1-diabetes
#3
Amy Hughes Lansing, Rebecca Crochiere, Carrie Cueto, Deborah J Wiebe, Cynthia A Berg
This study explored whether shared self-control across a family system, including adolescent, mother, and father self-control, as well as the interaction of mother and father self-control, was associated with ease of completing adherence tasks and the completion of adherence behaviors related to the Type 1 diabetes (T1D) regimen. One hundred thirty-seven adolescents (M = 13.48 years), mothers, and fathers completed a self-report measure of self-control, while adolescents also self-reported on ease of completing adherence tasks and the frequency with which they completed adherence tasks...
January 12, 2017: Journal of Family Psychology: JFP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068110/maternal-scaffolding-in-a-disadvantaged-global-context-the-influence-of-working-memory-and-cognitive-capacities
#4
Jelena Obradović, Ximena A Portilla, Nicole Tirado-Strayer, Saima Siyal, Muneera A Rasheed, Aisha K Yousafzai
The current study focuses on maternal cognitive capacities as determinants of parenting in a highly disadvantaged global context, where children's experiences at home are often the 1st and only opportunity for learning and intellectual growth. In a large sample of 1,291 biological mothers of preschool-aged children in rural Pakistan, we examined the unique association of maternal working memory skills (independent of related cognitive capacities) with cognitively stimulating parenting behaviors. Path analysis revealed that directly assessed working memory, short-term memory, and verbal intelligence independently predicted greater levels of observed maternal scaffolding behaviors...
January 9, 2017: Journal of Family Psychology: JFP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068109/not-a-mom-thing-predictors-of-gatekeeping-in-same-sex-and-heterosexual-parent-families
#5
Kristin K Sweeney, Abbie E Goldberg, Randi L Garcia
The current study is the first to examine parental gatekeeping in both same-sex (57 female, 51 male) and heterosexual (n = 82) couples, all of whom became parents via adoption. Aspects of the individual, the couple, and the work context, measured preadoption, were examined as predictors of gatekeeping. Gatekeeping refers to attitudes and behaviors aimed at regulating and limiting the involvement of the other parent in housework and child care and was measured 2 years postadoption. Findings revealed that women in heterosexual relationships reported higher gatekeeping compared with all other groups, and men in same-sex relationships reported higher gatekeeping compared with women in same-sex relationships and men in heterosexual relationships...
January 9, 2017: Journal of Family Psychology: JFP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28054805/executive-function-and-parenting-in-the-context-of-homelessness
#6
Amy R Monn, Angela J Narayan, Amanda W Kalstabakken, Erin C Schubert, Ann S Masten
There is mounting evidence that maternal executive function (EF) plays a critical role in parenting behavior. However, the majority of the research on this topic has been conducted in low-risk samples. The purpose of the present study was to investigate whether individual differences in maternal EF are associated with parenting behavior in the high-risk, high adversity context of family homelessness. The study included 94 mothers and their children, ages 4 to 6 years, living in emergency homeless shelters. Mothers completed a battery of "hot" and "cool" EF tasks as well as a self-report questionnaire of perceived stress...
January 5, 2017: Journal of Family Psychology: JFP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28054804/developmental-delay-and-emotion-dysregulation-predicting-parent-child-conflict-across-early-to-middle-childhood
#7
Willa A Marquis, Amanda N Noroña, Bruce L Baker
Cumulative risk research has increased understanding of how multiple risk factors impact various socioemotional and interpersonal outcomes across the life span. However, little is known about risk factors for parent-child conflict early in development, where identifying predictors of change could be highly salient for intervention. Given their established association with parent-child conflict, child developmental delay (DD) and emotion dysregulation were examined as predictors of change in conflict across early to middle childhood (ages 3 to 7 years)...
January 5, 2017: Journal of Family Psychology: JFP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28054803/cognitions-about-infant-sleep-interparental-differences-trajectories-across-the-first-year-and-coparenting-quality
#8
Jonathan M Reader, Douglas M Teti, Michael J Cleveland
This study examined mothers' and fathers' beliefs about responding to infant night wakings across the first year of life, changes in those beliefs, and how individual maternal and paternal beliefs and interparental discrepancy in beliefs about responding to infant night wakings related to parents' perceptions of coparenting quality. Participants were 167 mothers and 155 fathers who reported on their own beliefs about responding to infant night wakings and perceptions of coparenting quality when infants were 1, 3, 6, 9, and 12 months old...
January 5, 2017: Journal of Family Psychology: JFP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28054802/relational-aggression-and-marital-quality-a-five-year-longitudinal-study
#9
Sarah M Coyne, David A Nelson, Jason S Carroll, Nathan J Smith, Chongming Yang, Hailey G Holmgren, Chad Johnson
Relational aggression occurs in many different contexts, including in romantic relationships. The current study examined associations between two subtypes of relational aggression (love withdrawal and social sabotage) and marital quality over a 5-year time period. Participants consisted of 311 married couples who completed a number of questionnaires on relational aggression and relationship quality once a year over a 5-year period. Results revealed that relational aggression was highly stable over time and that women used more relational aggression than men...
January 5, 2017: Journal of Family Psychology: JFP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28054801/longitudinal-associations-between-marital-stress-and-externalizing-behavior-does-parental-sense-of-competence-mediate-processes
#10
Willemijn M van Eldik, Peter Prinzie, Maja Deković, Amaranta D de Haan
Ecological theories emphasize associations between children and elements within their family system, such as the marital relationship. Within a developmental perspective, we longitudinally examined (a) dynamic associations between marital stress and children's externalizing behavior, (b) mediation of these associations by parental sense of competence, and (c) the extent to which associations are similar for mothers and fathers. The sample consisted of 369 two-parent families (46.1% boys; Mage at Time 1 = 7...
January 5, 2017: Journal of Family Psychology: JFP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28054800/mother-son-discrepant-reporting-on-parenting-practices-the-contribution-of-temperament-and-depression
#11
Yuri Shishido, Robert D Latzman
Despite low to moderate convergent correlations, assessment of youth typically relies on multiple informants for information across a range of psychosocial domains including parenting practices. Although parent-youth informant discrepancies have been found to predict adverse youth outcomes, few studies have examined contributing factors to the explanation of informant disagreements on parenting practices. The current study represents the first investigation to concurrently examine the role of mother and son's self-reported affective dimensions of temperament and depression as pathways to informant discrepancies on parenting practices...
January 5, 2017: Journal of Family Psychology: JFP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28054799/the-risk-for-marital-infidelity-across-a-year-long-deployment
#12
Christina Balderrama-Durbin, Kimberley Stanton, Douglas K Snyder, Jeffrey A Cigrang, G Wayne Talcott, Amy M Smith Slep, Richard E Heyman, Daniel G Cassidy
Military deployment can create significant relationship strain. Although most couples navigate the challenges of deployment successfully, this period may render some couples more vulnerable to adverse relationship outcomes such as infidelity due to a convergence of factors including geographic separation and reduced emotional and physical intimacy. Despite anecdotal reports of increased rates of infidelity during deployment, empirical findings are lacking. This study used a prospective design to examine the prevalence and risk factors of infidelity across the deployment cycle including a year-long deployment to Iraq...
January 5, 2017: Journal of Family Psychology: JFP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28054798/parental-mentalizing-as-an-indirect-link-between-attachment-anxiety-and-parenting-satisfaction
#13
Margaret L Burkhart, Jessica L Borelli, Hannah F Rasmussen, Robin Brody, David A Sbarra
Attachment anxiety in parents is associated with lower quality parent-child relationships. An inhibited capacity to reflect on children's mental states, referred to as prementalizing, may reduce the pleasure parents derive from their relationships. In the current study, we explored the associations among attachment anxiety, prementalizing, and parenting satisfaction in two groups of participants randomly assigned either to reflect on a positive memory with their child (n = 150) or to reflect on a positive memory not involving their child (n = 150)...
January 5, 2017: Journal of Family Psychology: JFP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27991811/when-stress-gets-into-your-head-socioeconomic-risk-executive-functions-and-maternal-sensitivity-across-childrearing-contexts
#14
Melissa L Sturge-Apple, Hannah R Jones, Jennifer H Suor
Socioeconomic adversity has been targeted as a key upstream mechanism with robust pathogenic effects on maternal caregiving. Although research has demonstrated the negative repercussions of socioeconomic difficulties, little research has documented potential mechanisms underlying this association. Toward increasing understanding, the present study examined how maternal working memory capacity and inhibitory control may mediate associations between socioeconomic risk and change in maternal sensitivity across free-play and discipline caregiving contexts...
December 19, 2016: Journal of Family Psychology: JFP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27991810/couple-relationship-education-a-randomized-controlled-trial-of-professional-contact-and-self-directed-tools
#15
Martina Zemp, Corina A Merz, Fridtjof W Nussbeck, W Kim Halford, Marcel Schaer Gmelch, Guy Bodenmann
The aim of this randomized controlled trial was to examine the efficacy of an evidence-based relationship distress prevention program, the Couples Coping Enhancement Training (CCET), in dual well-earning couples and to investigate whether effects vary by (a) hours of professional contact and (b) mode of delivery (face to face vs. self-learning DVD). N = 159 couples were randomly assigned to 1 of 4 intervention conditions: (1) standard CCET (15 hours face to face), (2) compact CCET (12 hr face to face), (3) short CCET (self-learning DVD + 8 hr face to face), or (4) wait-list control group...
December 19, 2016: Journal of Family Psychology: JFP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27991809/the-psychophysiology-of-parenting-individual-differences-in-autonomic-reactivity-to-positive-and-negative-mood-inductions-and-observed-parental-affect-during-dyadic-interactions-with-children
#16
Arin M Connell, Glen C Dawson, Sarah Danzo, Hannah N McKillop
Parenting is a complex activity driven, in part, by parental emotional and physiological responses. However, work examining the physiological underpinnings of parenting behavior is still in its infancy, and very few studies have examined such processes beyond early childhood. The current study examines associations between Autonomic Nervous System (ANS) indices of parents' physiological reactivity to positive and negative mood states and observed parental affect during a series of discussion tasks with their adolescent child...
December 19, 2016: Journal of Family Psychology: JFP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27977229/environmental-adversity-and-children-s-early-trajectories-of-problem-behavior-the-role-of-harsh-parental-discipline
#17
Eirini Flouri, Emily Midouhas
This study was performed to examine the role of harsh parental discipline in mediating and moderating the effects of environmental adversity (family socioeconomic disadvantage and adverse life events) on emotional and behavioral problems across early-to-middle childhood. The sample included 16,916 children (48% female; 24% non-White) from the U.K.'s Millennium Cohort Study. We analyzed trajectories of conduct, hyperactivity, and emotional problems, measured at ages 3, 5, and 7 years, using growth curve models...
December 15, 2016: Journal of Family Psychology: JFP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27936824/relations-between-mothers-daily-work-home-and-relationship-stress-with-characteristics-of-mother-child-conflict-interactions
#18
Jackie A Nelson, Brittany P Boyer, Deyaun L Villarreal, Olivia A Smith
This study examined whether daily variations in levels of mothers' work, home, and relationship stress were related to collaborative and oppositional qualities of mother-child conflict interactions across 1 week. Mothers reported on 1 specific conflict interaction with their 5- to 8-year-old child and their work, home, and relationship stress through online surveys each day for 7 consecutive days. Diary data from 142 mothers were analyzed in 6 multilevel models, each including within- and between-family levels of a stressor predicting collaborative or oppositional conflict qualities...
December 12, 2016: Journal of Family Psychology: JFP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27936823/child-neglect-and-maternal-cross-relational-social-cognitive-and-neurocognitive-disturbances
#19
Sandra T Azar, Devin J McGuier, Elizabeth A Miller, Robin Hernandez-Mekonnen, David R Johnson
A social information processing (SIP) theory of parenting risk posits that social-cognitive and neurocognitive incapacities characterize at-risk parents, and that these cognitive difficulties operate across relational domains. This study focused on highly disadvantaged mothers of preschoolers and compared mothers with histories of perpetrating child neglect (n = 69) to demographically similar mothers without such histories (n = 76). Participants completed measures of unrealistic expectations for children and other adults, social problem-solving in parenting and nonparenting situations, executive functioning (EF), and attributions for children and other adults...
December 12, 2016: Journal of Family Psychology: JFP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27929315/pathways-from-maternal-effortful-control-to-child-self-regulation-the-role-of-maternal-emotional-support
#20
Selin Zeytinoglu, Susan D Calkins, Margaret M Swingler, Esther M Leerkes
This study examined the direct and indirect pathways from maternal effortful control to 2 aspects of children's self-regulation-executive functioning and behavioral regulation-via maternal emotional support. Two hundred seventy-eight children and their primary caregivers (96% mothers) participated in laboratory visits when children were 4 and 5 years, and teachers reported on children's behavior at kindergarten. At the 4-year assessment, maternal effortful control was measured using the Adult Temperament Questionnaire (Evans & Rothbart, 2007) and maternal emotional support was observed during a semistructured mother-child problem-solving task...
December 8, 2016: Journal of Family Psychology: JFP
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