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Journal of Family Psychology: JFP

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333491/standing-on-shaky-ground-dyadic-and-longitudinal-associations-between-posttraumatic-stress-and-relationship-quality-postearthquake
#1
Emma M Marshall, Roeline G Kuijer, Jeffry A Simpson, Ohad Szepsenwol
In the current study, we took a unique dyadic approach to examine how people's relationship quality following an earthquake was associated with their and their partner's posttraumatic stress symptoms (PTSS) and whether support exchanges in the relationship protected relationship quality in the face of this adversity. Ninety-nine heterosexual couples were studied over 4 time points for approximately 15 months following the Canterbury, New Zealand, earthquakes. The data were analyzed using moderated growth-curve modeling in an Actor-Partner Interdependence Model framework...
March 23, 2017: Journal of Family Psychology: JFP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333490/harsh-parenting-child-behavior-problems-and-the-dynamic-coupling-of-parents-and-children-s-positive-behaviors
#2
Erika Lunkenheimer, Nilam Ram, Elizabeth A Skowron, Peifeng Yin
We examined self-reported maternal and paternal harsh parenting (HP) and its effect on the moment-to-moment dynamic coupling of maternal autonomy support and children's positive, autonomous behavior. This positive behavior coupling was measured via hidden Markov models as the likelihood of transitions into specific positive dyadic states in real time. We also examined whether positive behavior coupling, in turn, predicted later HP and child behavior problems. Children (N = 96; age = 3.5 years at Time 1) and mothers completed structured clean-up and puzzle tasks in the laboratory...
March 23, 2017: Journal of Family Psychology: JFP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318290/parenting-stress-mediates-the-association-between-negative-affectivity-and-harsh-parenting-a-longitudinal-dyadic-analysis
#3
Yunying Le, Steffany J Fredman, Mark E Feinberg
The current study examined parenting stress (disaggregated into personal distress and child rearing stress) at 12 months postpartum as a mediator of the longitudinal association between parental negative affectivity at 6 months postpartum and harsh parenting at 3 years postpartum for first-time parents with a child transitioning from late toddlerhood to the early preschool years. Analyses were conducted using Mediation for Actor Partner Interdependence Modeling in a sample of 164 couples who participated in a randomized controlled trial of a universal, couple-based transition to parenthood program...
March 20, 2017: Journal of Family Psychology: JFP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318289/parental-social-coaching-promotes-adolescent-peer-acceptance-across-the-middle-school-transition
#4
Kim D Gregson, Kelly M Tu, Stephen A Erath, Gregory S Pettit
The present study investigated longitudinal associations between behavioral and cognitive dimensions of parental social coaching (i.e., advice about how to behave or think about peer challenges) and young adolescents' peer acceptance, and whether such associations are moderated by youths' social skills. Time 1 (T1) participants included 123 young adolescents (M age = 12.03 years; 50% boys; 58.5% European American). Parents gave open-ended reports about their social coaching to hypothetical peer stress scenarios, which were coded from low to high quality on behavioral and cognitive dimensions...
March 20, 2017: Journal of Family Psychology: JFP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318288/familial-risk-and-sibling-mentalization-links-with-preschoolers-internalizing-problems
#5
Michelle Rodrigues, Noam Binnoon-Erez, Heather Prime, Michal Perlman, Jennifer M Jenkins
The current study explored whether older sibling mentalization moderated the relationship between familial risk for internalizing symptoms and the development of future internalizing problems in the younger siblings, referred to as target children. Data were collected on 397 older siblings at Time 1 (T1) when target children were newborn and their older siblings were on average 2.61 years old (SD = .75). Target children were on average 1.60 years old at Time 2 (T2). Internalizing problems were assessed via mother and partner reports...
March 20, 2017: Journal of Family Psychology: JFP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318287/findings-from-a-couple-based-open-trial-for-adult-anorexia-nervosa
#6
Donald H Baucom, Jennifer S Kirby, Melanie S Fischer, Brian R Baucom, Robert Hamer, Cynthia M Bulik
Adult anorexia nervosa (AN) often is persistent, significantly erodes quality of life for both the patient and loved ones, and carries high medical and psychiatric comorbidity. Whereas individual psychotherapy for adult AN leads to improvement in some patients, recent findings indicate that the magnitude of improvement is limited: Only a small percentage of individuals fully recover and dropout rates are high. Thus, it is important to build upon current interventions to improve treatment response. We present results from an open trial of a couple-based intervention for adult anorexia nervosa as an adjunct treatment to standard multidisciplinary care...
March 20, 2017: Journal of Family Psychology: JFP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28277710/marital-well-being-and-depression-in-chinese-marriage-going-beyond-satisfaction-and-ruling-out-critical-confounders
#7
Hongjian Cao, Nan Zhou, Xiaoyi Fang, Mark Fine
Based on data obtained from 203 Chinese couples during the early years of marriage and utilizing the actor-partner interdependence model, this study examined the prospective associations between different aspects of marital well-being (i.e., marital satisfaction, instability, commitment, and closeness) and depressive symptoms (assessed 2 years later) while controlling for critical intrapersonal (i.e., neuroticism and self-esteem) and contextual (i.e., stressful life events) confounders. Results indicated that (a) when considering different aspects of marital well-being as predictors of depressive symptoms separately, each aspect was significantly associated with spouses' own subsequent depressive symptoms; (b) when examining various aspects of marital well-being simultaneously, only husbands' commitment, husbands' instability, and wives' instability were significantly associated with their own subsequent depressive symptoms above and beyond the other aspects; and (c) the associations between husbands' commitment, husbands' instability, and wives' instability and their own subsequent depressive symptoms remained significant even after controlling for potential major intrapersonal and contextual confounders...
March 9, 2017: Journal of Family Psychology: JFP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28277709/unique-contributions-of-dynamic-versus-global-measures-of-parent-child-interaction-quality-in-predicting-school-adjustment
#8
Sarah Bardack, Janette E Herbers, Jelena Obradović
This study investigates the unique contribution of microsocial and global measures of parent-child positive coregulation (PCR) in predicting children's behavioral and social adjustment in school. Using a community sample of 102 children, ages 4-6, and their parents, we conducted nested path analytic models to identify the unique effects of 2 measures of PCR on school outcomes. Microsocial PCR independently predicted fewer externalizing and inattention/impulsive behaviors in school. Global PCR did not uniquely relate to children's behavioral and social adjustment outcomes...
March 9, 2017: Journal of Family Psychology: JFP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28277708/family-hostility-and-depressive-symptoms-in-middle-aged-couples-moderating-effect-of-marital-integration
#9
Victoria Bryant, K A S Wickrama, Catherine Walker O'Neal, Frederick O Lorenz
This study examined (a) the associations between family hostility (husband-wife marital hostility and child hostility) and middle-aged husbands' and wives' depressive symptoms over an 11-year time period and (b) the moderating influence of couples' marital integration on these associations as measured by their joint activity. Higher order family-level latent constructs captured chronic husband-wife (marital) hostility using husbands' and wives' reports of chronic hostile interactions from 1990 to 1992, while a higher order latent construct of chronic child hostility toward parents was measured using parental reports of children's hostile behaviors from 1990 to 1992...
March 9, 2017: Journal of Family Psychology: JFP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28277707/family-assessment-device-real-world-validity-in-urban-families-of-children-with-asthma
#10
Gillian G Leibach, Robin S Everhart
Ecological momentary assessment (EMA) was used to further validate the real-world predictability of the Family Assessment Device (FAD) among low income, racial and ethnic minority, urban families of children (7-12 years) with asthma. Caregivers completed self-report measures at baseline, as well as daily assessments of family functioning for 2 weeks through EMA delivered via smartphone. Concurrent validity was established with measures of caregiver perceived stress and positive and negative affect at baseline...
March 9, 2017: Journal of Family Psychology: JFP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28263623/bidirectional-effects-of-parenting-and-child-behavior-in-internationally-adopting-families
#11
Jamie M Lawler, Kalsea J Koss, Megan R Gunnar
Adoption marks a radical transition in caregiving for thousands of children adopted internationally from institutional care; however, very little is known about the quality of this parenting compared with other populations or the transactional effects of parent and child characteristics in postadoption families during the transition to family care. The current study examined parental sensitivity/responsiveness and structure/limit-setting in a group of 68 children adopted internationally from institutions (41 girls, 27 boys; M age = 26...
March 6, 2017: Journal of Family Psychology: JFP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28263622/parental-involvement-as-an-etiological-moderator-of-middle-childhood-oppositional-defiant-disorder
#12
Ishien Li, D Angus Clark, Kelly L Klump, S Alexandra Burt
The goal of this study was to investigate parental involvement as an etiologic moderator of oppositional defiant disorder (ODD) during middle childhood. Previous studies examining the influence of genetic and environmental factors on ODD have not considered whether and how these factors might vary by parental involvement. We thus conducted a series of "latent genetic by measured environmental" interaction analyses, in which measured parental involvement was allowed to moderate genetic, shared, and nonshared environmental influences on child ODD...
March 6, 2017: Journal of Family Psychology: JFP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28240920/multivariate-analysis-of-genetic-and-environmental-influences-on-parenting-in-adolescence
#13
Megan W Patterson, Amanda K Cheung, Frank D Mann, Elliot M Tucker-Drob, K Paige Harden
Adolescents whose parents are affectionate, maintain consistent rules, and are knowledgeable about their whereabouts tend to exhibit more adaptive levels of psychological functioning across multiple domains. Behavioral genetic research has documented the sensitivity of parenting to genetically influenced child characteristics and behaviors. Yet, the question of whether the correlations between parenting behaviors are driven by overlapping parent effects, overlapping child effects, or some combination of the two remains open...
February 27, 2017: Journal of Family Psychology: JFP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28240919/graphic-methods-for-interpreting-longitudinal-dyadic-patterns-from-repeated-measures-actor-partner-interdependence-models
#14
Nicholas S Perry, Katherine J W Baucom, Stacia Bourne, Jonathan Butner, Alexander O Crenshaw, Jasara N Hogan, Zac E Imel, Travis J Wiltshire, Brian R W Baucom
Researchers commonly use repeated-measures actor-partner interdependence models (RM-APIM) to understand how romantic partners change in relation to one another over time. However, traditional interpretations of the results of these models do not fully or correctly capture the dyadic temporal patterns estimated in RM-APIM. Interpretation of results from these models largely focuses on the meaning of single-parameter estimates in isolation from all the others. However, considering individual coefficients separately impedes the understanding of how these associations combine to produce an interdependent pattern that emerges over time...
February 27, 2017: Journal of Family Psychology: JFP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28206777/partner-social-constraints-and-early-stage-breast-cancer-longitudinal-associations-with-psychosexual-adjustment
#15
Emily C Soriano, Amy K Otto, Scott D Siegel, Jean-Philippe Laurenceau
Women with breast cancer (BC) who perceive social constraints on their disclosure of cancer-related concerns are more likely to experience distress and have difficulty adjusting after diagnosis. Much of the existing research on psychosocial adjustment is cross-sectional in nature and an important area of concern that has received little attention is psychosexual adjustment to cancer surgery and treatment. This study examined whether perceived partner social constraints were associated with psychosexual adjustment over time in 108 BC survivors...
February 16, 2017: Journal of Family Psychology: JFP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28206776/military-children-s-difficulty-with-reintegration-after-deployment-a-relational-turbulence-model-perspective
#16
Leanne K Knobloch, Lynne M Knobloch-Fedders, Jeremy B Yorgason, Aaron T Ebata, Patricia C McGlaughlin
This study drew on the relational turbulence model to investigate how the interpersonal dynamics of military couples predict parents' reports of the reintegration difficulty of military children upon homecoming after deployment. Longitudinal data were collected from 118 military couples once per month for 3 consecutive months after reunion. Military couples reported on their depressive symptoms, characteristics of their romantic relationship, and the reintegration difficulty of their oldest child. Results of dyadic growth curve models indicated that the mean levels of parents' depressive symptoms (H1), relationship uncertainty (H2), and interference from a partner (H3) were positively associated with parents' reports of military children's reintegration difficulty...
February 16, 2017: Journal of Family Psychology: JFP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28192007/supportive-and-intrusive-parenting-during-early-childhood-relations-with-children-s-fear-temperament-and-sex
#17
Melissa A Barnett, Laura V Scaramella
The current study examined the extent to which child sex and fear reactivity were linked to mothers' observed use of supportive and intrusive parenting behaviors. Two dimensions of observed fear reactivity were considered: distress (i.e., fearfulness) and approach (i.e., fearlessness). The sample consisted of 160 predominantly African American, low-income families that included mothers, 1 sibling approximately 2 years old, and the closest age older sibling who was approximately 4 years old. Results from fixed-effects within-family models indicated that above and beyond the main effect of child engagement on observed parenting behaviors, child sex moderated associations between 2 dimensions of fear reactivity and mothers' observed parenting...
February 13, 2017: Journal of Family Psychology: JFP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28192006/does-marital-conflict-predict-infants-physiological-regulation-a-short-term-prospective-study
#18
Christin L Porter, W Justin Dyer
Prior research has linked marital conflict to children's internalizing/externalizing disorders, insecure attachment, and poor emotional regulation (e.g., Cummings & Davies, 2010; Cummings, Iannotti, & Zahn-Waxler, 1985). Although investigators have examined the impact of marital discord on older children (e.g., Crockenberg & Langrock, 2001), few have explored direct links in infancy (e.g., Cowan & Cowan, 1999). This study extends earlier work by examining linkages between marital functioning (conflict and harmony) and infants' cardiac vagal tone and developmental status across 2 time points using a cross-lag approach...
February 13, 2017: Journal of Family Psychology: JFP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28182455/finding-time-over-time-longitudinal-links-between-employed-mothers-work-family-conflict-and-time-profiles
#19
Soomi Lee, Susan M McHale, Ann C Crouter, Leslie B Hammer, David M Almeida
Drawing upon the Work-Home Resources model (ten Brummelhuis & Bakker, 2012), this study examined the links between work-family conflict and employed mothers' profiles of time resources for work and parenting roles. Using a person-centered latent profile approach, we identified 3 profiles of time use and perceived time adequacy in a sample of mothers employed in the extended-care industry (N = 440): a Work-Oriented profile, characterized by spending relatively more time at work, perceiving lower time adequacy for work, spending less time with children, and perceiving lower time adequacy for children; a Parenting-Oriented profile, characterized by the opposite pattern; and a Role-Balanced profile, characterized by average levels across the 4 dimensions...
February 9, 2017: Journal of Family Psychology: JFP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28182454/mother-adolescent-conflict-types-and-adolescent-adjustment-a-person-oriented-analysis
#20
Melissa Huey, Cody Hiatt, Brett Laursen, William J Burk, Kenneth Rubin
This investigation was designed to identify dyadic differences in mother-adolescent conflict. In 2 studies (N = 131 and N = 147), adolescents (M = 13.88 and 14.65 years old) described the number of disagreements with mothers during the previous (1 or 3) days, their affective intensity, and perceptions of negativity in the relationship. Cluster analyses yielded 3 unique groups that replicated across studies: (a) placid dyads (50% of Study 1 participants and 36% of Study 2 participants), notable for low disagreement affective intensity and low relationship negativity; (b) explosive dyads (25% of Study 1 participants and 31% of Study 2 participants), notable for high affective intensity; and (c) squabbling dyads (25% of Study 1 participants and 33% of Study 2 participants), notable for frequent conflict...
February 9, 2017: Journal of Family Psychology: JFP
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