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Journal of Family Psychology: JFP

Jennifer E Lansford, Gregory S Pettit, Amy Rauer, Carlynn E Vandenberg, John E Schulenberg, Jeremy Staff, Justin Jager, Kenneth A Dodge, John E Bates
This study examines intergenerational continuity (mean level similarity) and stability (maintenance of rank ordering of individuals) in age and marital status at the time of becoming a young parent using prospective data from 3 generations of 585 families. G2 participants were recruited at the age of 5 years and followed until the age of 28, by which time 227 had become parents themselves. The findings suggest that despite dramatic intergenerational discontinuities with young adults, on average, now being more likely to be unmarried and older at the time of becoming parents than in previous generations, intergenerational stability in age and marital status at the time of becoming a young parent is still substantial...
January 10, 2019: Journal of Family Psychology: JFP
Brian Lovell, Thomas Heffernan, Anna-Marie Marshall, Mark A Wetherell
Caregivers of children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) self-report more prospective memory (PM) failures compared with controls. Subjective and objective measures of PM, however, tend to be poorly correlated. This study therefore explored the cognitive impact of caring for a child with ASD using the Cambridge Prospective Memory Test (CAMPROMPT), a more objective, performance-based assessment of PM failures. Whether atypical cortisol secretion patterns might mediate caregivers' compromised cognition was also explored...
January 7, 2019: Journal of Family Psychology: JFP
Sarah-Jane F Stewart, David M Frost, Allen J LeBlanc
Minority stress-in the form of experiences of prejudice and discrimination-can have negative consequences on individuals in same-sex relationships. However, little is known about the ways in which members of same-sex couples make meaning of minority stress, especially in the context of newly formed relationships that may be most vulnerable to minority stressors. The present study draws upon emerging understandings of couple-level minority stress to investigate the ways in which newly formed same-sex couples make meaning of their minority stress experiences jointly as a couple...
January 7, 2019: Journal of Family Psychology: JFP
Nastassia J Hajal, Douglas M Teti, Pamela M Cole, Nilam Ram
Parenting is emotionally evocative, and parental emotions have implications for parenting behavior. We used experience sampling methodology to capture mothers' experiences and emotions in the context of real-world, day-to-day parenting challenges. Mothers (N = 55) of 14- to 24-month-olds participated in 4 phone interviews per day for 6 days in which they reported on their momentary emotions, motivational states (i.e., desire to approach/engage and avoid/disengage), and behaviors (i.e., actual engagement and disengagement)...
January 7, 2019: Journal of Family Psychology: JFP
Doyle P Tate, Charlotte J Patterson, Andrew J Levy
Disparities in the intention to parent have been found for lesbian and gay individuals compared with heterosexual individuals, but little is known about what social contexts predict these differences. Qualities of family relationships, friendships, and romantic relationships may all play a role, but these have not been studied as a function of sexual orientation. Using a large national sample of adults in the United States, this study explored intentions for parenthood, ideal family size, and predictors of parenting intentions as a function of gender and sexual orientation...
December 27, 2018: Journal of Family Psychology: JFP
Alison Parkes, Michael Green, Kirstin Mitchell
Although an extensive literature has linked couple conflict with the development of children's externalizing behavior problems, longer term protective effects of positive dimensions of couple relationships on children's externalizing behavior remain understudied, particularly in relation to underlying mechanisms. Supportiveness in the dyadic couple relationship may enhance mothers' and fathers' individual parenting skills and protect against children's behavior problems, but the contribution of coparenting (couples' support for one another's individual parenting) remains unclear...
December 27, 2018: Journal of Family Psychology: JFP
Jack S Peltz, Ronald D Rogge, Thomas G O'Connor
The aim of the current study was to examine adolescents' sleep duration and quality as potential mediators of the association between chaotic and disorganized family environments and adolescent anxiety and depressive symptoms. A total of 193 adolescent (ages 14-17; M age = 15.7 years old, SD = .94; 54.4% female; 71% White) and parent dyads completed baseline, online surveys, and adolescents also completed online 7-day, twice-daily sleep diaries. Parents ( M age = 47.6 years old, SD = 5.4; 80% female) reported on levels of family chaos, socioeconomic status (SES), and school start times, whereas adolescents completed daily reports of their sleep duration and quality (morning diary) and their anxiety and depressive symptoms (evening diary)...
December 27, 2018: Journal of Family Psychology: JFP
Yunying Le, Steffany J Fredman, Brandon T McDaniel, Jean-Philippe Laurenceau, Mark E Feinberg
The couple and coparenting relationships are demonstrated to be prospectively and bidirectionally associated over months to years during the early parenting years. However, little is known about these associations at the daily level within the first year of parenthood, when coparenting first emerges. The goal of the current study was to examine the association between couples' daily feelings of relationship closeness and coparenting support in first-time parents and determine directionality of these effects using a dyadic daily diary design...
December 20, 2018: Journal of Family Psychology: JFP
Susan C South, Eunjung Lim, Amber M Jarnecke, Karen J Foli
Although there is an extensive research literature examining the change in relationship quality of birth parents during the transition to parenthood, there is comparatively less work on how the relationship of adoptive parents fares from pre- to postplacement of the adopted child. In the current study, we examine the relationship quality (global satisfaction, feelings of love, feelings of ambivalence) of 127 adoptive parents across the transition from preplacement to approximately 6 months postplacement of the adopted child...
December 20, 2018: Journal of Family Psychology: JFP
(no author information available yet)
Reports an error in "Marriage improves neuroticism in Chinese newlyweds: Communication and marital affect as mediators" by Wei Tong, Ping Li, Nan Zhou, Qiong He, Xiaoyan Ju, Jing Lan, Xiaomin Li and Xiaoyi Fang ( Journal of Family Psychology , 2018[Oct], Vol 32[7], 986-991). In the original article, a funding source was unintentionally omitted from the author note. The omitted acknowledgement should have read "This research was supported by National Natural Science Foundation of China Grant 31571157 to Xiaoyi Fang...
December 13, 2018: Journal of Family Psychology: JFP
Amanda L Roy, Ashley Isaia, Christine P Li-Grining
While early exposure to poverty has been linked to decrements in children's behavior through underlying pathways of parenting stress and depression, extant research has typically relied on the use of objective measures of socioeconomic status (SES) to test these associations. However, children's development may be shaped by the ways that parents perceive social class, which may operate independently and differentially from objective SES. Using structural equation modeling, the present study explores relationships between parents' ratings of subjective social status (SSS), objective indicators of SES (income-to-needs ratio, education, employment status), and young children's (ages 0-3) behavior problems among 173 low-income families living in an urban area in the northeast United States...
December 13, 2018: Journal of Family Psychology: JFP
Raymond E Petren, David T Lardier, Jacqueline Bible, Autumn Bermea, Brad van Eeden-Moorefield
Stepfamily relationships remain important over the life course to both children and parents. Unfortunately, limitations in availability of longitudinal data that include useful measures of stepfamily relations remain, thereby scholars must rely mostly on cross-sectional examinations. As a way to more rigorously test some of the mixed cross-sectional findings related to the links among stepcouple stability and parent-adult child relationships (closeness, involvement) for three parent-child subsystems (mother-child, father-child, stepparent-child), we used an alternative modeling strategy to test three plausible models...
November 29, 2018: Journal of Family Psychology: JFP
Richard E Mattson, Nicole Cameron, Frank A Middleton, Lisa R Starr, Joanne Davila, Matthew D Johnson
Research exploring the mechanisms by which specific genes contribute to overall marital quality is still in its beginning stages; however, one mechanism may be the link between the oxytocin receptor gene (OXTR) and behavioral deficits relevant to social support-a critical determinant of marital quality. Using 79 different-sex married couples (N = 158), we found that genotypic variation in single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) on wives' and husbands' OXTR variously associated with husbands' and wives' support provision and receipt behaviors in social support discussions...
November 29, 2018: Journal of Family Psychology: JFP
Hannah C Williamson, Benjamin R Karney, Thomas N Bradbury
Despite being at elevated risk for relationship distress and dissolution, couples living with low incomes are less likely than their middle-class counterparts to participate in couple therapy. To increase treatment use among economically disadvantaged couples, information is needed on how they perceive barriers to treatment and on factors that might facilitate their help-seeking. The first aim of the present study was to identify the prevalence of attitudinal, structural, and relational barriers to seeking therapy for the relationship among individuals who perceived a need for help with their relationship...
November 29, 2018: Journal of Family Psychology: JFP
Kristene Cheung, Jennifer Theule
Although there is a consensus that maternal depression is strongly related to child externalizing behaviors, research on the association between paternal depression and child externalizing behaviors is mixed. Some research shows that paternal depressive symptoms are positively associated with symptoms of externalizing behaviors, including oppositional-defiant behavior, conduct problems, and overall externalizing behavior, while other studies failed to find an association, or demonstrated a weak or negative association...
November 29, 2018: Journal of Family Psychology: JFP
Giorgia Picci, Amanda M Griffin, David Reiss, Jenae M Neiderhiser
Prior work indicates that aspects of interpersonal relationships are heritable, including negativity within parent-adolescent relationships as well as romantic relationships during adulthood. There have not, however, been systematic studies to disentangle genetic and environmental influences on relationship dynamics with parents as they relate to romantic partner relationship dynamics. Thus, the present study examined genetic and environmental influences on associations between parent-adolescent conflict and young adult reports of negativity with a romantic partner using a longitudinal twin/sibling design...
November 26, 2018: Journal of Family Psychology: JFP
Jeremy B Kanter, Christine M Proulx
Parenting stress can negatively impact mothers and the family unit. Previous research has identified spousal supportiveness as a critical resource in helping reduce maternal parenting stress, whereas other research demonstrates that parenting stress may reduce supportive behaviors over time. However, it is unclear whether the association between spousal supportiveness and maternal parenting stress is robust over an extended period of children's development, or whether economic hardship impacts change in both constructs...
November 26, 2018: Journal of Family Psychology: JFP
Laura M River, Jessica L Borelli, Lauren C Vazquez, Patricia A Smiley
Children of mothers with elevated depressive symptoms may observe and learn a maladaptive cognitive style, including low perceptions of agency, that is, low perceived control over their emotions and circumstances. In turn, children may face increased cognitive vulnerability to depressive symptoms; however, this mediational model has yet to be tested. Using a longitudinal design and testing our hypotheses within a community sample, we investigated the mediating role of maternal agency in the associations between maternal depressive symptoms and child behavioral helplessness and depressive symptoms one and a half years later ( M = 18...
November 26, 2018: Journal of Family Psychology: JFP
Sarah T Giff, Keith D Renshaw, Elizabeth S Allen
Severity of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms has been linked to parenting impairments in military service members (SMs), but little is known about how SMs' PTSD is related to their partners' parenting. This study evaluated associations of SMs' PTSD symptoms with parenting indices in SMs and their partners, with additional exploratory analyses of how intrapersonal and interpersonal distress might play a role in such associations. Online self-report measures were completed by 128 SMs who scored >27 on the PTSD Checklist (PCL-M) at baseline and their partners at four timepoints over 1...
November 19, 2018: Journal of Family Psychology: JFP
Jessica L Borelli, Nicole M Froidevaux, Asal Yunusova, David A Sbarra
The psychological impact of military deployment on nondeploying partners of service members is only recently gaining attention in the literature, with preliminary findings suggesting that partners of military service members experience significant mental health consequences of deployment, but with little work examining factors that could heighten or attenuate risk for maladjustment in response to deployment. The current study uses attachment theory as a guide to explore the unique and interactive effects of two factors likely to increase risk for maladjustment among nondeploying partners: attachment anxiety and trauma history...
November 15, 2018: Journal of Family Psychology: JFP
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