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Journal of Family Psychology: JFP

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28206777/partner-social-constraints-and-early-stage-breast-cancer-longitudinal-associations-with-psychosexual-adjustment
#1
Emily C Soriano, Amy K Otto, Scott D Siegel, Jean-Philippe Laurenceau
Women with breast cancer (BC) who perceive social constraints on their disclosure of cancer-related concerns are more likely to experience distress and have difficulty adjusting after diagnosis. Much of the existing research on psychosocial adjustment is cross-sectional in nature and an important area of concern that has received little attention is psychosexual adjustment to cancer surgery and treatment. This study examined whether perceived partner social constraints were associated with psychosexual adjustment over time in 108 BC survivors...
February 16, 2017: Journal of Family Psychology: JFP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28206776/military-children-s-difficulty-with-reintegration-after-deployment-a-relational-turbulence-model-perspective
#2
Leanne K Knobloch, Lynne M Knobloch-Fedders, Jeremy B Yorgason, Aaron T Ebata, Patricia C McGlaughlin
This study drew on the relational turbulence model to investigate how the interpersonal dynamics of military couples predict parents' reports of the reintegration difficulty of military children upon homecoming after deployment. Longitudinal data were collected from 118 military couples once per month for 3 consecutive months after reunion. Military couples reported on their depressive symptoms, characteristics of their romantic relationship, and the reintegration difficulty of their oldest child. Results of dyadic growth curve models indicated that the mean levels of parents' depressive symptoms (H1), relationship uncertainty (H2), and interference from a partner (H3) were positively associated with parents' reports of military children's reintegration difficulty...
February 16, 2017: Journal of Family Psychology: JFP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28192007/supportive-and-intrusive-parenting-during-early-childhood-relations-with-children-s-fear-temperament-and-sex
#3
Melissa A Barnett, Laura V Scaramella
The current study examined the extent to which child sex and fear reactivity were linked to mothers' observed use of supportive and intrusive parenting behaviors. Two dimensions of observed fear reactivity were considered: distress (i.e., fearfulness) and approach (i.e., fearlessness). The sample consisted of 160 predominantly African American, low-income families that included mothers, 1 sibling approximately 2 years old, and the closest age older sibling who was approximately 4 years old. Results from fixed-effects within-family models indicated that above and beyond the main effect of child engagement on observed parenting behaviors, child sex moderated associations between 2 dimensions of fear reactivity and mothers' observed parenting...
February 13, 2017: Journal of Family Psychology: JFP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28192006/does-marital-conflict-predict-infants-physiological-regulation-a-short-term-prospective-study
#4
Christin L Porter, W Justin Dyer
Prior research has linked marital conflict to children's internalizing/externalizing disorders, insecure attachment, and poor emotional regulation (e.g., Cummings & Davies, 2010; Cummings, Iannotti, & Zahn-Waxler, 1985). Although investigators have examined the impact of marital discord on older children (e.g., Crockenberg & Langrock, 2001), few have explored direct links in infancy (e.g., Cowan & Cowan, 1999). This study extends earlier work by examining linkages between marital functioning (conflict and harmony) and infants' cardiac vagal tone and developmental status across 2 time points using a cross-lag approach...
February 13, 2017: Journal of Family Psychology: JFP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28182455/finding-time-over-time-longitudinal-links-between-employed-mothers-work-family-conflict-and-time-profiles
#5
Soomi Lee, Susan M McHale, Ann C Crouter, Leslie B Hammer, David M Almeida
Drawing upon the Work-Home Resources model (ten Brummelhuis & Bakker, 2012), this study examined the links between work-family conflict and employed mothers' profiles of time resources for work and parenting roles. Using a person-centered latent profile approach, we identified 3 profiles of time use and perceived time adequacy in a sample of mothers employed in the extended-care industry (N = 440): a Work-Oriented profile, characterized by spending relatively more time at work, perceiving lower time adequacy for work, spending less time with children, and perceiving lower time adequacy for children; a Parenting-Oriented profile, characterized by the opposite pattern; and a Role-Balanced profile, characterized by average levels across the 4 dimensions...
February 9, 2017: Journal of Family Psychology: JFP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28182454/mother-adolescent-conflict-types-and-adolescent-adjustment-a-person-oriented-analysis
#6
Melissa Huey, Cody Hiatt, Brett Laursen, William J Burk, Kenneth Rubin
This investigation was designed to identify dyadic differences in mother-adolescent conflict. In 2 studies (N = 131 and N = 147), adolescents (M = 13.88 and 14.65 years old) described the number of disagreements with mothers during the previous (1 or 3) days, their affective intensity, and perceptions of negativity in the relationship. Cluster analyses yielded 3 unique groups that replicated across studies: (a) placid dyads (50% of Study 1 participants and 36% of Study 2 participants), notable for low disagreement affective intensity and low relationship negativity; (b) explosive dyads (25% of Study 1 participants and 31% of Study 2 participants), notable for high affective intensity; and (c) squabbling dyads (25% of Study 1 participants and 33% of Study 2 participants), notable for frequent conflict...
February 9, 2017: Journal of Family Psychology: JFP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28165269/analyzing-dyadic-data-with-multilevel-modeling-versus-structural-equation-modeling-a-tale-of-two-methods
#7
Thomas Ledermann, David A Kenny
Multilevel modeling (MLM) and structural equation modeling (SEM) are the dominant methods for the analysis of dyadic data. Both methods are extensively reviewed for the widely used actor-partner interdependence model and the dyadic growth curve model, as well as other less frequently adopted models, including the common fate model and the mutual influence model. For each method, we discuss the analysis of distinguishable and indistinguishable members, the treatment of missing data, the standardization of effects, and tests of mediation...
February 6, 2017: Journal of Family Psychology: JFP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28150956/members-attendance-rates-and-outcomes-of-relationship-education-groups-a-consensus-dispersion-analysis
#8
D Martin Kivlighan, Jesse Owen, Becky Antle
Relationship education programs (REPs) are an effective way to enhance relationship communication, prevent relational distress, and increase relationship quality. Most REPs are delivered in a group format; however, there is little known about the influence of group processes on outcomes for these programs, such as group members' attendance. Therefore, the current study applied a dispersion-consensus model to test the impact of attendance at the member and group levels on group members' REP outcomes. In a sample of 558 lower income, primarily African American participants, we examined whether individual and group attendance rates influenced posttreatment communication patterns and relationship quality...
February 2, 2017: Journal of Family Psychology: JFP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28114771/interparental-conflict-and-infants-behavior-problems-the-mediating-role-of-maternal-sensitivity
#9
Nan Zhou, Hongjian Cao, Esther M Leerkes
Although the negative effect of interparental conflict on child behavior problems has been well established, few studies have examined this association during infancy. This study examined the associations between mother-reported interparental conflict and young children's behavior problems over the first 2 years of their lives in a sample of 212 mothers and infants. Two aspects of maternal sensitivity, sensitivity during distressing and nondistressing contexts, were examined as possible mediators between interparental conflict and infants' behavior problems...
January 23, 2017: Journal of Family Psychology: JFP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28114770/better-late-than-early-marital-timing-and-subjective-well-being-in-midlife
#10
Matthew D Johnson, Harvey J Krahn, Nancy L Galambos
Drawing on data from 405 Canadian adults surveyed as high school seniors (Age 18) and again in midlife (Age 43), the present study examined whether marital timing, a variable rooted in the age norm hypothesis (whether marriage was early, on time, or late in relation to peers), might contribute additional insight into the well-documented association between marital status and subjective well-being (SWB; happiness, symptoms of depression, and self-esteem). The analysis also considered 3 alternative explanations of the marriage-SWB link: the social selection hypothesis, social role theory, and the adaptation perspective...
January 23, 2017: Journal of Family Psychology: JFP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28080081/the-heart-of-parenting-parent-hr-dynamics-and-negative-parenting-while-resolving-conflict-with-child
#11
Xutong Zhang, Lixian Cui, Zhuo Rachel Han, Jia Yan
The current study examined parent heart rate (HR) dynamic changing patterns and their links to observed negative parenting (i.e., emotional unavailability and psychological control) during a parent-child conflict resolution task among 150 parent-child dyads (child age ranged from 6 to 12 years, Mage = 8.54 ± 1.67). Parent HR was obtained from electrocardiogram (ECG) data collected during the parent-child conflict resolution task. Negative parenting was coded offline based on the video recording of the same task...
January 12, 2017: Journal of Family Psychology: JFP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28080080/the-role-of-emotional-capital-during-the-early-years-of-marriage-why-everyday-moments-matter
#12
Courtney M Walsh, Lisa A Neff, Marci E J Gleason
Throughout a marriage couples will share countless ordinary moments together that may seem trivial, but which actually have potential to affirm and strengthen relational bonds. According to theories of emotional capital, the accumulation of shared positive moments in a relationship should serve as an essential resource for protecting the relationship against threats. To date, however, few empirical studies have explored the role emotional capital may play in shaping responses to negative relationship experiences...
January 12, 2017: Journal of Family Psychology: JFP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28080079/mother-father-and-adolescent-self-control-and-adherence-in-adolescents-with-type-1-diabetes
#13
Amy Hughes Lansing, Rebecca Crochiere, Carrie Cueto, Deborah J Wiebe, Cynthia A Berg
This study explored whether shared self-control across a family system, including adolescent, mother, and father self-control, as well as the interaction of mother and father self-control, was associated with ease of completing adherence tasks and the completion of adherence behaviors related to the Type 1 diabetes (T1D) regimen. One hundred thirty-seven adolescents (M = 13.48 years), mothers, and fathers completed a self-report measure of self-control, while adolescents also self-reported on ease of completing adherence tasks and the frequency with which they completed adherence tasks...
January 12, 2017: Journal of Family Psychology: JFP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068110/maternal-scaffolding-in-a-disadvantaged-global-context-the-influence-of-working-memory-and-cognitive-capacities
#14
Jelena Obradović, Ximena A Portilla, Nicole Tirado-Strayer, Saima Siyal, Muneera A Rasheed, Aisha K Yousafzai
The current study focuses on maternal cognitive capacities as determinants of parenting in a highly disadvantaged global context, where children's experiences at home are often the 1st and only opportunity for learning and intellectual growth. In a large sample of 1,291 biological mothers of preschool-aged children in rural Pakistan, we examined the unique association of maternal working memory skills (independent of related cognitive capacities) with cognitively stimulating parenting behaviors. Path analysis revealed that directly assessed working memory, short-term memory, and verbal intelligence independently predicted greater levels of observed maternal scaffolding behaviors...
January 9, 2017: Journal of Family Psychology: JFP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068109/not-a-mom-thing-predictors-of-gatekeeping-in-same-sex-and-heterosexual-parent-families
#15
Kristin K Sweeney, Abbie E Goldberg, Randi L Garcia
The current study is the first to examine parental gatekeeping in both same-sex (57 female, 51 male) and heterosexual (n = 82) couples, all of whom became parents via adoption. Aspects of the individual, the couple, and the work context, measured preadoption, were examined as predictors of gatekeeping. Gatekeeping refers to attitudes and behaviors aimed at regulating and limiting the involvement of the other parent in housework and child care and was measured 2 years postadoption. Findings revealed that women in heterosexual relationships reported higher gatekeeping compared with all other groups, and men in same-sex relationships reported higher gatekeeping compared with women in same-sex relationships and men in heterosexual relationships...
January 9, 2017: Journal of Family Psychology: JFP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28054805/executive-function-and-parenting-in-the-context-of-homelessness
#16
Amy R Monn, Angela J Narayan, Amanda W Kalstabakken, Erin C Schubert, Ann S Masten
There is mounting evidence that maternal executive function (EF) plays a critical role in parenting behavior. However, the majority of the research on this topic has been conducted in low-risk samples. The purpose of the present study was to investigate whether individual differences in maternal EF are associated with parenting behavior in the high-risk, high adversity context of family homelessness. The study included 94 mothers and their children, ages 4 to 6 years, living in emergency homeless shelters. Mothers completed a battery of "hot" and "cool" EF tasks as well as a self-report questionnaire of perceived stress...
January 5, 2017: Journal of Family Psychology: JFP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28054804/developmental-delay-and-emotion-dysregulation-predicting-parent-child-conflict-across-early-to-middle-childhood
#17
Willa A Marquis, Amanda N Noroña, Bruce L Baker
Cumulative risk research has increased understanding of how multiple risk factors impact various socioemotional and interpersonal outcomes across the life span. However, little is known about risk factors for parent-child conflict early in development, where identifying predictors of change could be highly salient for intervention. Given their established association with parent-child conflict, child developmental delay (DD) and emotion dysregulation were examined as predictors of change in conflict across early to middle childhood (ages 3 to 7 years)...
January 5, 2017: Journal of Family Psychology: JFP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28054803/cognitions-about-infant-sleep-interparental-differences-trajectories-across-the-first-year-and-coparenting-quality
#18
Jonathan M Reader, Douglas M Teti, Michael J Cleveland
This study examined mothers' and fathers' beliefs about responding to infant night wakings across the first year of life, changes in those beliefs, and how individual maternal and paternal beliefs and interparental discrepancy in beliefs about responding to infant night wakings related to parents' perceptions of coparenting quality. Participants were 167 mothers and 155 fathers who reported on their own beliefs about responding to infant night wakings and perceptions of coparenting quality when infants were 1, 3, 6, 9, and 12 months old...
January 5, 2017: Journal of Family Psychology: JFP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28054802/relational-aggression-and-marital-quality-a-five-year-longitudinal-study
#19
Sarah M Coyne, David A Nelson, Jason S Carroll, Nathan J Smith, Chongming Yang, Hailey G Holmgren, Chad Johnson
Relational aggression occurs in many different contexts, including in romantic relationships. The current study examined associations between two subtypes of relational aggression (love withdrawal and social sabotage) and marital quality over a 5-year time period. Participants consisted of 311 married couples who completed a number of questionnaires on relational aggression and relationship quality once a year over a 5-year period. Results revealed that relational aggression was highly stable over time and that women used more relational aggression than men...
January 5, 2017: Journal of Family Psychology: JFP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28054801/longitudinal-associations-between-marital-stress-and-externalizing-behavior-does-parental-sense-of-competence-mediate-processes
#20
Willemijn M van Eldik, Peter Prinzie, Maja Deković, Amaranta D de Haan
Ecological theories emphasize associations between children and elements within their family system, such as the marital relationship. Within a developmental perspective, we longitudinally examined (a) dynamic associations between marital stress and children's externalizing behavior, (b) mediation of these associations by parental sense of competence, and (c) the extent to which associations are similar for mothers and fathers. The sample consisted of 369 two-parent families (46.1% boys; Mage at Time 1 = 7...
January 5, 2017: Journal of Family Psychology: JFP
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