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Journal of Family Psychology: JFP

Sharon Manne, Deborah A Kashy, Talia Zaider, David Lee, Isaac Y Kim, Carolyn Heckman, Frank Penedo, David Kissane, Shannon Myers Virtue
The present study focused on intimacy processes in the relationships of men diagnosed with localized prostate cancer and their partners. Using the actor-partner interdependence model (APIM), we examined the interpersonal process model of intimacy, which proposes associations between self- and perceived partner disclosure about cancer and perceived partner responsiveness as predictors of global relationship intimacy. The study's outcomes were patients' and spouses' ratings of global relationship intimacy. Both actor (my disclosure predicts my intimacy) and partner (my partner's disclosure predicts my intimacy) effects were examined, as well as possible moderating effects for cancer-related concerns...
May 17, 2018: Journal of Family Psychology: JFP
Xiaomin Li, Hongjian Cao, Nan Zhou, Xiaoyan Ju, Jing Lan, Qinyi Zhu, Xiaoyi Fang
Based on three annual waves of data obtained from 268 Chinese couples in the early years of marriage and using a three-wave, cross-lagged approach, the present study examined the associations among daily marital communication, marital conflict resolution, and marital quality. Results indicated unidirectional associations linking daily marital communication or marital conflict resolution to marital quality (instead of reciprocal associations); and when considered simultaneously in a single model, daily marital communication and marital conflict resolution explained variance in marital quality above and beyond each other...
May 17, 2018: Journal of Family Psychology: JFP
William L Cook, Marie Dezangré, Jan De Mol
Perceived responsiveness has become one of the most important constructs in the relationship sciences. It is central to the development of a secure attachment style, the experience of social support, an internal locus of control, and the sense of control in close relationships. Conversely, an unresponsive environment is associated with learned helplessness and depression. Viewed through the lens of the social relations model (SRM), perceived responsiveness in family relationships could have multiple sources: the perceiver; the target or partner; the perceiver-target relationship; and the family group...
May 10, 2018: Journal of Family Psychology: JFP
Amy D Marshall, Michael E Roettger, Alexandra C Mattern, Mark E Feinberg, Damon E Jones
Trauma exposure is a consistent correlate of intimate partner aggression (IPA) and parent-to-child aggression (PCA) perpetration, and difficulties with emotions (particularly fear and anger) are hypothesized to underlie these relations. However, the absence of knowledge of the immediate, contextual influence of emotions on aggression renders existing conclusions tenuous. This study illustrates a new method for studying contextual influences on aggressive behavior. Quarterly for 1 year, 94 men and 109 women with children age 2...
May 7, 2018: Journal of Family Psychology: JFP
Matthew D Johnson, Rebecca M Horne, Nathan R Hardy, Jared R Anderson
Using 5 waves of longitudinal survey data gathered from 3,405 couples, the present study investigates the temporal associations between self-reported couple conflict (frequency and each partner's constructive and withdrawing behaviors) and relationship perceptions (satisfaction and perceived instability). Autoregressive cross-lagged model results revealed couple conflict consistently predicted future relationship perceptions: More frequent conflict and withdrawing behaviors and fewer constructive behaviors foretold reduced satisfaction and conflict frequency and withdrawal heightened perceived instability...
May 3, 2018: Journal of Family Psychology: JFP
Krystal M Hernandez-Kane, Annette Mahoney
Research attending to the role of religion and spirituality in enhancing sexuality in marriage is virtually absent. In response to this scarcity, this longitudinal study examined the sanctification of marital sexuality among newly married, heterosexual individuals (N = 67; married 4-18 months at Time 1). Greater sanctification of marital sexuality early in the marriage predicted more frequent sexual intercourse, sexual satisfaction, and marital satisfaction 1 year later for individual respondents, after controlling for initial levels of the dependent variable as well as age, frequencies of religious service attendance and prayer, and biblical conservatism...
May 3, 2018: Journal of Family Psychology: JFP
Casey J Totenhagen, Melissa J Wilmarth, Joyce Serido, Alejandra E Betancourt
Prior researchers have found consistent links between financial issues and relationship outcomes. Yet, because most research is cross-sectional or examines these constructs over longer periods of time (e.g., years), the microlevel processes of how and when these changes occur are unclear. In the present study, we use interdependence theory as a guide to examine the daily fluctuations of financial satisfaction and stress as well as their daily associations with relationship quality in married and unmarried heterosexual couples...
April 30, 2018: Journal of Family Psychology: JFP
V Michelle Russell, Levi R Baker, James K McNulty, Nickola C Overall
Although forgiveness can have numerous benefits, it can also have a notable cost-forgiveness can allow transgressors to continue behaving in ways that can be hurtful (McNulty, 2010, 2011). Accordingly, two studies tested the prediction that the implications of forgiveness for whether the partner transgresses or fails to behave benevolently depend on whether forgivers regulate partners away from future transgressions and toward benevolent behaviors. Study 1 was an experimental study of emerging adult couples in which participants were (a) asked to report their partners' tendencies to engage in partner-regulation behaviors, (b) led to believe their partners were either forgiving or unforgiving, and (c) given the opportunity to transgress against their partners...
April 30, 2018: Journal of Family Psychology: JFP
Karena M Moran, Nicholas A Turiano, Amy L Gentzler
Numerous studies have shown that early life experiences can affect well-being later in life. Additionally, previous literature has emphasized the importance of exploring the role of mediators in developmental research (e.g., coping strategies). The present study used 3 waves of longitudinal data across 20 years from the national survey Midlife Development in the United States (N = 2,088) to examine the link between retrospectively reported parental warmth and well-being in adulthood by exploring 2 categories of coping strategies (emotion- and problem-focused strategies) as possible mediators...
April 30, 2018: Journal of Family Psychology: JFP
Bharathi J Zvara, Kelly W Sheppard, Martha Cox
Using a longitudinal, cross-lagged design, this study examined the bidirectional relations between mothers' and fathers' sensitivity and children's externalizing (EXT) and internalizing (INT) behavior from middle childhood into adolescence. The subsample comprised families (N = 578) in which the mother and father cohabitated from the study's first time point (child age = 54 months) through Age 15 in the longitudinal NICHD Study of Early Child Care and Youth Development. Study results revealed differential patterns for mother-child and father-child relations in the full sample and separately for males and females...
April 26, 2018: Journal of Family Psychology: JFP
Hongjian Cao, Nan Zhou, Esther M Leerkes, Jin Qu
This study focused on the interrelations among different domains of maternal adaptation (i.e., emotion-regulation difficulties, depressive symptoms, and couple-relationship satisfaction) over the transition to parenthood and also their associations with mothers' recalled childhood maternal nonsupportive emotion socialization. Data were obtained from a socioeconomically and racially diverse sample of 196 primiparous mothers during the 3rd trimester of pregnancy and at 6 months postpartum. Results indicated that (a) mothers' adaptation in different domains had shared roots in their recalled childhood maternal nonsupportive emotion socialization; (b) maternal adaptation in various domains were interrelated with rather than independent of each other, and such associations were unidirectional rather than reciprocal (e...
April 26, 2018: Journal of Family Psychology: JFP
Bridget B Weymouth, Cheryl Buehler
Previous research on social anxiety has clearly identified interpersonal relationships as important for social anxiety symptoms. Few studies, however, have utilized longitudinal designs and have examined mechanisms that might explain links between negative interpersonal relationships and changes in youths' social anxiety over time. Recent models of social anxiety suggest that negative interpersonal relationships are linked to social anxiety through effects on social skills and behaviors. Using an autoregressive design and a sample of 416 two-parent families (51% female, 91% White), this study examined whether connections among parent-adolescent hostility, teacher support (6th grade), and changes in early adolescent social anxiety symptoms (6th to 8th grades) are mediated by youths' compliance with peers (7th grade)...
April 5, 2018: Journal of Family Psychology: JFP
Ashley M John, Basak Oztahtaci, Amanda R Tarullo
Despite the importance of parental scaffolding for later child cognitive outcomes and academic achievement, sources of individual variation in scaffolding are not fully understood. Scaffolding places extensive demands on cognitive capacity, including planning, flexibly shifting, and inhibition. Executive function (EF) is therefore a parental cognitive ability especially important for effective scaffolding. In this study, parents and preschool-aged children completed a challenging puzzle to assess scaffolding...
March 29, 2018: Journal of Family Psychology: JFP
Femke van den Brink, Manja Vollmann, Monique A M Smeets, David J Hessen, Liesbeth Woertman
Previous studies found important associations between body image, sexual satisfaction, and perceived romantic relationship quality, but mainly focused on one individual's perceptions rather than both partners. To take the interdependency of romantic partners into account, the present study examined these associations in romantic couples with a dyadic approach. In a cross-sectional design, 151 Dutch heterosexual couples completed an online survey measuring body image, sexual satisfaction, and perceived relationship quality...
March 8, 2018: Journal of Family Psychology: JFP
Deyaun L Villarreal, Jackie A Nelson
An individual's internalizing symptoms have been shown to relate to greater symptoms in family members. However, an examination of how family members' symptoms are associated with one another is needed with a model including mothers, fathers, and children. Using 633 families from the National Institutes of Child Health and Human Development Study of Early Child Care and Youth Development, the current study examines relations between different family members' internalizing symptoms over time. In the archival data set, mothers', fathers', and children's internalizing symptoms at first, third, and fifth grades were assessed during home and laboratory visits...
April 2018: Journal of Family Psychology: JFP
Ruixue Zhaoyang, Lynn M Martire, Ashley M Stanford
This study examined two types of illness-related communication (disclosure and holding back) and their associations with psychological adjustment and marital satisfaction in patients with knee osteoarthritis (OA) and their spouses. A sample of 142 couples reported on disclosure and holding back of OA-related concerns, marital satisfaction, and depressive symptoms at two time points across 1 year. Results from dyadic analyses indicated that holding back was associated with decreases in one's own marital satisfaction for patients and spouses and increases in one's own depressive symptoms for spouses over 1 year...
April 2018: Journal of Family Psychology: JFP
Annie Bernier, Raphaële Miljkovitch, George M Tarabulsy, Marie-Soleil Sirois, Heidi N Bailey
Despite being a well-documented predictor of children's cognitive and social development, sibship has received remarkably little attention in the attachment and maternal sensitivity literature. The only study that has examined both sensitivity and attachment in relation to sibship found greater maternal sensitivity but no more secure attachment among first-born infants. In the current study, we sought to examine the same links while testing two related hypotheses: that sibship size relates only to some specific aspects of sensitivity, and that sibship size relates to sensitivity only among certain mothers, namely those who are at risk for suboptimal parenting because of an insecure attachment state of mind...
April 2018: Journal of Family Psychology: JFP
Alexander C Jensen, Shawn D Whiteman, Karen L Fingerman
Extant research documents how siblings' relationships develop from childhood through adolescence; yet, we know little about how sibling relationships change in young adulthood. Rooted in life course theory, this 2-wave longitudinal study investigated changes in sibling closeness and conflict, and the roles of life transitions and sibling similarity in life stage. Participants included 273 young adults from 180 families who reported on 340 sibling relationships (Time 1 M age = 24.45, SD = 5.33; Time 2 M age = 30...
April 2018: Journal of Family Psychology: JFP
Alannah Shelby Rivers, Keith Sanford
When people who are married or cohabiting face stressful life situations, their ability to cope may be associated with two separate dimensions of interpersonal behavior: positive and negative. These behaviors can be assessed with the Couple Resilience Inventory (CRI). It was expected that scales on this instrument would correlate with outcome variables regarding life well-being, stress, and relationship satisfaction. It was also expected that effects for negative behavior would be larger than effects for positive and that the effects might be curvilinear...
April 2018: Journal of Family Psychology: JFP
Duygu Tasfiliz, Emre Selcuk, Gul Gunaydin, Richard B Slatcher, Elena F Corriero, Anthony D Ong
Quality of marital relationships is consistently linked to personal well-being. However, almost all of the studies linking marital processes to well-being have been conducted in Western (particularly North American) countries. Growing evidence shows that perceived partner responsiveness is a central relationship process predicting well-being in Western contexts but little is known about whether this association generalizes to other countries. The present work investigated whether the predictive role of perceived partner responsiveness in well-being differs across the United States and Japan-2 contexts with contrasting views on how the self is conceptualized in relation to the social group...
April 2018: Journal of Family Psychology: JFP
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