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Journal of Family Psychology: JFP

Kemar V Prussien, Lexa K Murphy, Cynthia A Gerhardt, Kathryn Vannatta, Heather Bemis, Leandra Desjardins, Amanda C Ferrante, Emily L Shultz, Madelaine C Keim, David A Cole, Bruce E Compas
Research has shown that children experience increased emotional distress when engaging in emotional caretaking of a parent. The current study is the first to examine this process in families in which the source of the stress is the child's illness. Prospective associations were tested among mothers' depressive symptoms near the time of their child's cancer diagnosis, mothers' expressed distress and their child's emotional caretaking during an interaction task, and child anxious/depressed symptoms at 1 year postdiagnosis...
September 13, 2018: Journal of Family Psychology: JFP
Yuthika U Girme, Michael R Maniaci, Harry T Reis, James K McNulty, Cheryl L Carmichael, Shelly L Gable, Levi R Baker, Nickola C Overall
Direct and overt visible support promotes recipients' relationship satisfaction but can also exacerbate negative mood. In contrast, subtle and indirect invisible support can bypass costs to mood, but it is unclear whether it undermines or boosts relationship satisfaction. Because invisible support is not perceived by recipients, its relational impact may be delayed across time. Thus, the current research used three dyadic daily diary studies (total N = 322 married couples) to explore, for the first time, both the immediate (same day) and lagged (next day) effects of visible and invisible support on recipients' mood and relationship satisfaction...
September 13, 2018: Journal of Family Psychology: JFP
Lauren V Usher, Leann S DaWalt, Jan S Greenberg, Marsha R Mailick
The present study investigated the effects of children without disabilities on maternal physical and mental health in families with adolescents or adults with fragile X syndrome. Mothers with the FMR1 premutation ( N = 87) reported on behavior problems and functional limitations of their adolescent or adult child with fragile X syndrome and their own physical and mental health. Mothers also provided a blood sample to determine FMR1 CGG repeat length. The proportion of unaffected children in the family significantly buffered the effect of both child behavior problems and functional limitations on maternal self-rated health, such that having a higher proportion of unaffected children in the family had a protective effect on maternal health when the target child had more severe behavior problems and functional limitations...
September 13, 2018: Journal of Family Psychology: JFP
Erika M Manczak, Kristy A Skerrett, Laura B Gabriel, Kelly A Ryan, Scott A Langenecker
The current study sought to test the role of family support as a buffer of life stress for depressive symptoms in a sample of young adults at low- and high-risk for depression based on a previous history of depression. Ninety-seven young adults, 54 with remitted depression and 43 without prior history of depression, completed reports of family relationships, disruptive life events, and depressive symptoms at baseline and every 2 months for 10 months. Results revealed significant interactions between family environment and life events predicting Beck Depressive Inventory (BDI) scores at baseline, such that individuals with better family support were buffered from risk associated with life stress, and this was true even after accounting for a previous history of depression...
September 6, 2018: Journal of Family Psychology: JFP
Kelly M Allred, Dianne L Chambless, Eliora Porter, Moriah J Brier, Rachel A Schwartz
Perceived criticism from relatives predicts poor clinical outcomes for patients with a variety of psychological disorders. Research indicates the attributions individuals make about motives for relatives' criticism are linked to perceived criticism from this relative. Accordingly, attributions may be an important target of intervention to reduce perceived criticism and improve clinical outcomes, but this association requires testing in a clinical sample. We examined relationships among attributions of criticism, perceived criticism, and upset due to criticism among individuals with anxiety disorders (n = 53) and with no psychopathology (n = 52)...
August 20, 2018: Journal of Family Psychology: JFP
Sara R Masland, Sukriti Drabu, Jill M Hooley
Perceived criticism (PC) is a predictor of poor outcomes across a range of psychological disorders. Yet what is being measured when people are asked to report on how critical a key individual is of them is far from clear. In two community-based studies, we examined the divergent validity of PC in relation to measures of personality, psychopathology, early experiences with parents, and other cognitive and affective variables. In Study 1, an unselected sample of participants completed measures in the laboratory...
August 16, 2018: Journal of Family Psychology: JFP
Na Zhang, Jingchen Zhang, Abigail H Gewirtz, Timothy F Piehler
Prior research indicates that children of deployed parents are at risk for emotional problems, suggesting the utility of preventive efforts for military families. Effective parental socialization of children's emotions is protective for children's development, and parental experiential avoidance may impede parental emotion socialization, yet intervention studies in this area are lacking. This study examined the impact of a parenting program, After Deployment Adaptive Parenting Tools (ADAPT), on parental emotion socialization postintervention (6 months postbaseline) and whether intervention effects were moderated by parental experiential avoidance...
August 13, 2018: Journal of Family Psychology: JFP
Alison Parkes, Helen Sweeting
Support for mothers may improve children's socioemotional adjustment, yet few studies have considered the benefits of formal support (from health and social work professionals) in addition to social support (from family and friends) or explored the mechanisms. These issues were addressed using a birth cohort ( n = 2,649) to explore how mothers' perceptions of social and formal support when children were ages 10-22 months predicted trajectories of children's externalizing and internalizing problems from 58 to 122 months...
August 9, 2018: Journal of Family Psychology: JFP
Rebecca M B White, Michelle C Pasco, Nancy A Gonzales, George P Knight, Elizabeth Burleson
Family stress model research suggests that parents' exposure to environmental stressors can disrupt key parenting processes. As family stress model scholarship has expanded to include increasingly diverse populations and a wider range of contexts, studies have documented important nuances. One of these nuances concerns U.S. Mexican parents' use of harsh parenting. In the current study, we examined the harshness-as-disruption family stress-model hypothesis, which specifies parental emotional distress as a mediator of positive associations between neighborhood danger and parental harshness...
August 2, 2018: Journal of Family Psychology: JFP
Nour Al Ghriwati, Marcia A Winter, Jessica L Greenlee, Erin L Thompson
Discrepancies often exist between self-reported and parent-reported symptoms when assessing youth psychosocial functioning. Parent-child discrepancies in ratings may be important for understanding psychopathology and patterns of family functioning, particularly during adolescence and for youth with chronic illness. This study examined patterns of multirater reporting discrepancies in a pediatric asthma population. Adolescents ( n = 707; 11-17 years old) and their primary caregivers completed ratings of adolescents' psychological symptoms...
August 2, 2018: Journal of Family Psychology: JFP
Shane A Kavanaugh, Tricia K Neppl, Janet N Melby
The family stress model (FSM) was used to examine the effects of economic pressure on maternal depressive symptoms, couple conflict, and mother harsh parenting during adolescence on offspring depressive symptoms in adulthood. Prospective longitudinal data were analyzed across 3 developmental time points that included 451 mothers and their adolescents. Economic pressure and mother depressive symptoms were assessed during early adolescence, couple conflict and mother harsh parenting were assessed during middle to late adolescence, and offspring depressive symptoms were assessed in adulthood...
August 2, 2018: Journal of Family Psychology: JFP
Yossi Michaeli, Maor Kalfon Hakhmigari, Miri Scharf, Shmuel Shulman
In recent years, an increasing number of young adults have difficulties making a smooth transition to adulthood in becoming romantically committed and balancing romantic commitments and other aspects of life. The present study was conducted on a sample of 100 Israeli emerging adults (54 males) who were followed from age 23 to 34 years. The study examined the role of personality attributes (dependency, self-criticism), parental support, and reflectivity concerning own family of origin in making a smoother transition to mature romantic engagement...
August 2, 2018: Journal of Family Psychology: JFP
Jaehee Kim, Hyoun K Kim
This study examined the extent to which mothers' and fathers' effortful control influenced the development of their children's effortful control and subsequent academic adjustment directly and indirectly through parenting behaviors, using 2-wave panel data on 297 school-age children (159 girls, ages 10-11 at Time 1 [T1] and 12-13 years at Time 2 [T2]) and their parents in Korea. Mothers and fathers independently reported on their own effortful control and parenting behaviors at T1. Children's effortful control was assessed with both parents' reports and a behavioral task done by children at T1...
July 23, 2018: Journal of Family Psychology: JFP
Brandon T McDaniel, Douglas M Teti, Mark E Feinberg
The purpose of the current study was to examine contextual (daily relationship quality, daily stressors, daily work hours), parent (daily negative emotions, gender), and child factors (daily child-induced parenting stress) as predictors of mothers' and fathers' perceptions of daily coparenting quality. Mothers and fathers from 174 families completed a 14-day diary study. Utilizing multilevel modeling, our results suggest that daily coparenting is multidetermined. Indeed, daily fluctuations in coparenting were predicted by similar daily fluctuations in couple relationship quality, parent negative mood, parenting stress, and father work hours...
July 23, 2018: Journal of Family Psychology: JFP
Harold D Grotevant, Gretchen Miller Wrobel, Lisa Fiorenzo, Albert Y H Lo, Ruth G McRoy
Emotional distance regulation theory (Broderick, 1993; Grotevant, 2009) guided this examination of the changes in family structure and process in adoptive kinship networks experiencing different arrangements of contact between birth and adoptive family members. Group-based trajectory modeling was used to reveal four trajectories of postadoption contact experienced between adoptive and birth family members in adoptive kinship networks of same-race, domestic infant adoptions. Data were drawn from the Minnesota Texas Adoption Research Project, a study of 190 adoptive families and 169 birth mothers followed across four longitudinal waves (middle childhood, adolescence, emerging adulthood, young adulthood)...
July 23, 2018: Journal of Family Psychology: JFP
Wei Tong, Ping Li, Nan Zhou, Qiong He, Xiaoyan Ju, Jing Lan, Xiaomin Li, Xiaoyi Fang
We examined the mediating roles of communication and marital affect in the association between marital quality and neuroticism. Guided by the social investment theory and the personality-relationship transactions model, we tested the actor-partner interdependence mediation model to examine the associations among the variables. Participants were 268 Chinese newlywed couples who were a maximum of 3 years into their first marriage. The path model indicated that, first, both spouses' marital quality at Time 1 was related with their own neuroticism at Time 3 after controlling for confounding variables...
July 23, 2018: Journal of Family Psychology: JFP
Sabina Kapetanovic, Therése Skoog, Margareta Bohlin, Arne Gerdner
Parents' actions and knowledge of adolescents' whereabouts play key roles in preventing risk behaviors in early adolescence, but what enables parents to know about their adolescents' activities and what links there are to adolescent risk behaviors, such as substance use and delinquent behavior, remain unclear. In this study, we investigated whether different aspects of the parent-adolescent relationship predict parental knowledge, and we examined the direct and indirect longitudinal associations between these aspects of the parent-adolescent relationship and adolescents' self-reported delinquent behavior and substance use...
July 12, 2018: Journal of Family Psychology: JFP
Joe M Chelladurai, David C Dollahite, Loren D Marks
In the present article we explored how family prayer reportedly influenced family relationships. We conceptualized family prayer as a family ritual in religious families and used a qualitative methodology to interview a religiously, ethnically, and geographically diverse sample of 198 families ( N = 476). Analysis of data revealed 7 related themes. Family prayer served important functions and influenced relationships in various ways including (a) as a time of family togetherness and interaction; (b) as a space for social support; and (c) as a means for intergenerational transmission of religion...
July 2, 2018: Journal of Family Psychology: JFP
Todd M Jensen, Melissa A Lippold
Stepfamilies experience unique dynamics, with implications for family functioning and youth well-being. Emerging research is incorporating a holistic perspective whereby stepfamily dynamics are viewed more comprehensively, and constellations of stepfamily relationship quality are identified. In the current study, we examined short-term and long-term associations between latent patterns of stepfamily relationships (including the quality of mother-child, stepfather-child, nonresident father-child, and stepcouple dyads) and youth adjustment (i...
June 25, 2018: Journal of Family Psychology: JFP
Kandauda A S Wickrama, Catherine Walker O'Neal, Frederick O Lorenz
Both enduring neurotic vulnerabilities and economic hardship have been shown to negatively influence marital behaviors, which have physical and mental health consequences. However, because most previous research is fragmented and has focused on the early years of marriage or relatively short periods of time, their long-term effects are unclear. Using data from the Iowa Midlife Transitions Project, with a sample of 370 married couples providing data from 1991 to 2001, we assessed enduring personal and couple vulnerabilities, trajectories of family economic hardship, and couples' marital hostility using a comprehensive dyadic model to ascertain their influence on subsequent mental health...
June 25, 2018: Journal of Family Psychology: JFP
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