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Journal of Family Psychology: JFP

Anat Moed, Theodore Dix, Edward R Anderson, Shannon M Greene
Research is unclear about when expressing negative emotions to children performs valuable socialization and regulatory functions and when, instead, it undermines children's adjustment. In this study, we isolated 1 kind of negative expression to test the aversion sensitivity hypothesis: that rapid increases in mothers' negativity as a function of increases in the aversiveness of children's behavior are uniquely problematic for children. During multiple assessments of a divorcing sample over 2 years (N = 284), 12-min interactions between mothers and their 4- to 11-year-old children were recorded...
October 17, 2016: Journal of Family Psychology: JFP
Melanie S Fischer, Donald H Baucom, Brian R Baucom, Jonathan S Abramowitz, Jennifer S Kirby, Cynthia M Bulik
Impaired emotion regulation and maladaptive strategies to manage distress are central to psychopathology, including obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) and anorexia nervosa (AN). Emotion regulation can be fostered or thwarted by romantic partners, and the tendency to rely on interpersonally oriented emotion regulation may vary by disorder. This study examined coregulation as a form of interpersonal emotion regulation in OCD and AN. We hypothesized that OCD is associated with exaggerated and AN with diminished coregulation, and that OCD patients have greater overall levels of emotional arousal than AN patients...
October 17, 2016: Journal of Family Psychology: JFP
Asuman Buyukcan-Tetik, Catrin Finkenauer, Henk Schut, Margaret Stroebe, Wolfgang Stroebe
The present research focused on bereaved parents' perceived grief similarity, and aimed to investigate the concurrent and longitudinal effects of the perceptions that the partner has less, equal, or more grief intensity than oneself on relationship satisfaction. Participants of our longitudinal study were 229 heterosexual bereaved Dutch couples who completed questionnaires 6, 13, and 20 months after the loss of their child. Average age of participants was 40.7 (SD = 9.5). Across 3 study waves, participants' perceived grief similarity and relationship satisfaction were assessed...
October 10, 2016: Journal of Family Psychology: JFP
Jason Sumontha, Rachel H Farr, Charlotte J Patterson
In this study, we examined associations between qualities of families' social contexts and experiences of coparenting. In a sample of 92 adoptive families, we assessed perceived social support among 23 lesbian, 28 gay, and 41 heterosexual adoptive parent families and its association with parents' perceptions of their coparenting alliances. Results showed that parents in same- and other-sex couples reported receiving similar amounts of social support from family, friends, and significant others. Perceived social support was positively associated with stronger coparenting alliance among all family types...
October 6, 2016: Journal of Family Psychology: JFP
Jinfeng Zhang, Nancy Xiaonan Yu, Mingjie Zhou, Jianxin Zhang
Concerning the interdependence of married couples, the strengths of not only actors but also of partners might improve aging successfully. This study aimed to examine the actor and partner effects of resilience on well-being in Chinese older couples and the potential mediating role of spousal exchanges at the actor and partner levels. Using a 2-wave longitudinal design, a total of 158 Chinese couples (age range 60-97 years) completed measures of resilience, perceived spousal exchanges (spousal support and negative exchanges), and well-being...
October 3, 2016: Journal of Family Psychology: JFP
Rebecca G Reed, Mary-Frances O'Connor, Thaddeus W W Pace, Charles L Raison, Emily A Butler
Dysregulated immune responses to stress are a potential pathway linking close relationship processes to health, and couples' abilities to cope with stress together (dyadic coping) likely impact such immune responses. Most stress research has focused on immune reactivity, whereas knowledge of immune recovery remains limited. The present study examined how acute interpersonal stress affects immune reactivity and recovery, as well as whether dyadic coping moderates these effects. Healthy couples (N = 24) completed the Dyadic Coping Inventory and provided saliva samples 4 times each day for 5 days, including 2 days before a laboratory dyadic stressor (discussing an area of disagreement), the day of, and 2 days after...
September 26, 2016: Journal of Family Psychology: JFP
Meghan M McGinn, Katherine D Hoerster, Krysttel C Stryczek, Carol A Malte, Matthew Jakupcak
Despite the availability of evidence-based PTSD treatments at most facilities within the VA Healthcare System, most Iraq and Afghanistan veterans returning from deployments with posttraumatic stress symptoms do not receive an adequate dose of mental health treatment, prompting the need to identify potential barriers to or facilitators of mental health care utilization. Previous research demonstrated self-reported mental health care utilization in the prior year varies as a function of PTSD symptom severity, and the interaction of PTSD symptom severity and romantic relationship satisfaction (Meis et al...
September 26, 2016: Journal of Family Psychology: JFP
Julie F H Cassé, Mirjam Oosterman, Carlo Schuengel
The early infant-mother attachment relationship is part of a network of close relationships in which the relationship between parents is especially relevant. Evidence for linkages between maternal satisfaction with the partner relationship and infant-mother attachment is equivocal. The current study tested whether associations between partner relationship dissatisfaction and infant-mother attachment quality might be conditional on mothers' parenting self-efficacy. The bivariate effect of partner relationship dissatisfaction on infant-mother attachment as well as moderation of this effect by parenting self-efficacy was tested in a sample of 260 infant-mother dyads 1 year after birth...
September 15, 2016: Journal of Family Psychology: JFP
Stacy Buckingham-Howes, Sarah E Oberlander, Yan Wang, Maureen M Black
This study examines potential mechanisms linking maternal depressive symptoms over 2 years postpartum with child behavior problems at school-age in a sample of adolescent mothers and their first-born child. Potential mechanisms include: mother-reported caregiving engagement at 6 months; observed parental nurturance and control, and child competence and affect at 24 months; and mother-reported resilience at 7 years based on achievement of adult developmental tasks. One hundred eighteen low-income African American adolescent mothers were recruited at delivery and followed through child age 7 years...
September 15, 2016: Journal of Family Psychology: JFP
Martin I Gallegos, Sarah E Murphy, Aprile D Benner, Deborah B Jacobvitz, Nancy L Hazen
The present study aims to address how dyadic and triadic family interactions across the transition to parenthood contribute to the later development of toddlers' adaptive emotion regulation using structural equation modeling methods. Specifically, we examined the interrelations of observed marital negative affect before childbirth, parents' emotional withdrawal during parent-infant interactions at 8 months, and coparenting conflict at 24 months as predictors of toddlers' adaptive emotion regulation at 24 months...
September 12, 2016: Journal of Family Psychology: JFP
Susana Santos, Carla Crespo, M Cristina Canavarro, Melissa A Alderfer, Anne E Kazak
The financial burden of childhood cancer may contribute to the distress that parents experience during and after treatment. Inconsistent relationships between financial burden and parental psychological distress highlight the need to identify psychosocial factors that may moderate this relationship. In this study, we aimed to determine if family ritual meaning moderates the relationship between financial burden and anxiety and depression symptoms among mothers of children with cancer. Portuguese mothers of children with cancer on-treatment and off-treatment (N = 244) completed measures of financial burden, anxiety and depression symptoms, and family ritual meaning...
September 12, 2016: Journal of Family Psychology: JFP
Nicholas S Perry, David M Huebner, Brian R W Baucom, Colleen C Hoff
Relationship power is an important dyadic construct in close relationships that is associated with relationship health and partner's individual health. Understanding what predicts power in heterosexual couples has proven difficult, and even less is known about gay couples. Resource models of power posit that demographic characteristics associated with social status (e.g., age, income) confer power within the relationship, which in turn shapes relationship outcomes. We tested this model in a sample of gay male couples (N = 566 couples) and extended it by examining race and HIV status...
September 8, 2016: Journal of Family Psychology: JFP
Yiji Wang, Theodore Dix
This study examined processes that might account for why negatively emotional children are at high risk for externalizing behavior problems when raised by mothers with depressive symptoms. Because negative emotionality regulates adaptation to stress, we predicted that it would undermine children's adjustment to mothers' depressive symptoms by increasing child emotions likely to elicit reciprocal negativity from depressed mothers, bias negatively children's attributions about others, and activate difficult-to-control oppositional responses...
September 1, 2016: Journal of Family Psychology: JFP
Adam D LaMotte, Chandra E Khalifian, Robin A Barry
The aim of this study was to examine hypotheses from Cordova and Scott's (2001) behavioral conceptualization of intimacy. This theory defines intimacy as a process that involves exhibiting interpersonally vulnerable behavior (i.e., behavior that is at risk of censure or punishment by another person) that is reinforced rather than punished by the other person's response. Over time, as more vulnerable behaviors are reinforced than are punished by a relationship partner, one develops feelings of intimate safety (i...
September 1, 2016: Journal of Family Psychology: JFP
Brian E J Richter, Kristin M Lindahl, Neena M Malik
Upward of 70% of lesbian, gay, and bisexual (LGB) youth experience some degree of parental rejection of their sexual identity, which is problematic in light of research documenting links between parental rejection and psychological difficulties in LGB youth. Additionally, emerging research suggests that ethnic minority LGB youth may be at greater risk to experience parental rejection than ethnic majority LGB youth. However, this research is inconclusive and has significant gaps. The current study is one of the first to include a multiethnic sample of LGB youth and their parents to investigate how ethnicity may be related to parental rejection...
August 29, 2016: Journal of Family Psychology: JFP
Inbal Marcu, David Oppenheim, Nina Koren-Karie
A growing body of research has highlighted the importance of mother-father-child interactions in families with toddlers, but little is known about the internal processes underlying parenting in such interactions. Dyadic studies of parent-child relationships have focused on parental insightfulness as promoting sensitive parent-child interactions, and the goal of the present study was to examine whether insightfulness would similarly be associated with cooperative triadic interactions. To address this question, we observed 77 mother-father-toddler triads in the Lausanne Trilogue Play (LTP) procedure to assess family cooperation, and the insightfulness of each parent was assessed using the Insightfulness Assessment, a video replay procedure in which parents are interviewed regarding their children's thoughts and feelings after watching short video clips of the children...
August 25, 2016: Journal of Family Psychology: JFP
Adela C Timmons, Reout Arbel, Gayla Margolin
For many married individuals, the ups and downs of daily life are connected such that stressors impacting one person also impact the other person. For example, stress experienced by one individual may "spill over" to negatively impact marital functioning. This study used both partners' daily diary data to examine same-day and cross-day links between stress and marital conflict and tested several factors that make couples vulnerable to spillover. Assessment of 25 wide-ranging sources of daily stress included both paid and unpaid work, health issues, financial concerns, and having to make difficult decisions...
August 8, 2016: Journal of Family Psychology: JFP
Jenny Padilla, Susan M McHale, Kimberly A Updegraff, Adriana J Umaña-Taylor
Parents' differential treatment is a common family dynamic that has been linked to youth's well-being in childhood and adolescence in European American families. Much less is known, however, about this family process in other ethnic groups. The authors examined the longitudinal associations between parents' differential treatment (PDT) and both depressive symptoms and risky behaviors of Mexican-origin sibling pairs from early adolescence through young adulthood. They also tested the moderating roles of cultural orientations as well as youth age, gender and sibling dyad gender constellation in these associations...
August 8, 2016: Journal of Family Psychology: JFP
W Alex Mason, Charles B Fleming, Thomas J Gross, Ronald W Thompson, Gilbert R Parra, Kevin P Haggerty, James J Snyder
This randomized controlled trial tested a widely used general parent training program, Common Sense Parenting (CSP), with low-income 8th graders and their families to support a positive transition to high school. The program was tested in its original 6-session format and in a modified format (CSP-Plus), which added 2 sessions that included adolescents. Over 2 annual cohorts, 321 families were enrolled and randomly assigned to either the CSP, CSP-Plus, or minimal-contact control condition. Pretest, posttest, 1-year follow-up, and 2-year follow-up survey data on parenting as well as youth school bonding, social skills, and problem behaviors were collected from parents and youth (94% retention)...
August 8, 2016: Journal of Family Psychology: JFP
Kathleen S J Preston, Allen W Gottfried, Pamella H Oliver, Adele Eskeles Gottfried, Danielle E Delany, Sirena M Ibrahim
The construct of positive family relationships (PFR), defined as family members getting along well and supporting each other, was investigated in a long-term prospective study. A newly constructed scale of positive family relationships developed using the nominal response model of item-response theory, was subject to a longitudinal network of relations analysis. The conceptualization for this research was founded on a positive psychology framework. Data derived from the Fullerton Longitudinal Study and spanned 20 years from middle childhood (age 9 years) to early adulthood (age 29 years)...
October 2016: Journal of Family Psychology: JFP
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