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Journal of Clinical Laboratory Analysis

Michaela Zigova, Jarmila Bernasovska, Iveta Boronova, Marta Mydlarova Blascakova, Jan Kmec
BACKGROUND: Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy is a heterogeneous myocardial disease. Mutations appearing in several genes might be a potential cause of the disease. The aim of the study was to analyze selected exons of the sarcomeric and non-sarcomeric genes, with the purpose to identify potential candidate genetic variants and to understand etiopathogenetic mechanisms of hypertrophic cardiomyopathy in East Slovak patients. METHODS: This study recruited 23 unrelated patients with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy, namely, 13 men and 10 women (mean age of 58...
August 16, 2017: Journal of Clinical Laboratory Analysis
Zhanhu Zhang, Wenjie Hu, Linlin Li, Hongxia Ding, Haibo Li
BACKGROUND: We herein provide an overview of the clinical laboratory tests that should be performed before, during and after using therapeutic monoclonal antibodies (mAbs) and the clinical laboratory tests that may be affected by mAbs. METHODS: The labels of FDA-approved therapeutic mAbs were downloaded from DailyMed (the official website for drug labels) and were used as the sources of data for this review. RESULTS: It was found that most of the labels provided information relevant to the clinical laboratory tests, including the tests needed before mAbs treatment to check the patients' background status and to identify potentially sensitive patients, the tests needed during or after the treatment to evaluate the patients' response, and the mAbs that may lead to false positive or negative results for clinical laboratory tests...
August 15, 2017: Journal of Clinical Laboratory Analysis
Qian Zhang, Xu Jiang, Xiao-Fan Cui, Rui Liu
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to explore the possible influences of age and gender on urinary Alpha 1-Microglobulin (α1-MG) concentrations and establish specific reference values of urinary α1-MG in a group of healthy adults. METHODS: Two hundred and ninety-nine adults (141 males and 158 females) aged 20-60 were selected and grouped by gender and age. Urinary levels of α1-MG were detected in morning spot-urine samples, and statistical analysis was performed to explore the association between urinary α1-MG and clinical parameters, and the differences between groups were compared...
August 3, 2017: Journal of Clinical Laboratory Analysis
Pingsen Zhao, Heming Wu, Zhixiong Zhong, Liubing Lan, Mei Zeng, Hualan Lin, Huaxian Wang, Zhiyuan Zheng, Luxian Su, Wei Guo
BACKGROUND: To date, there has been no systematic study of DNA-based prenatal diagnosis of thalassemia in pregnant Hakka women in southern China. METHODS: A total of 279 pregnant Hakka women with confirmed cases of thalassemia who had been treated at the Meizhou People's Hospital in China's Guangdong Province from January 2014 to December 2016 were here enrolled. Genomic DNA was extracted from peripheral blood of couples and villus, amniotic fluid, or fetal cord blood...
August 3, 2017: Journal of Clinical Laboratory Analysis
Sheng He, Yuan Wei, Li Lin, Qiuli Chen, Shang Yi, Yangjin Zuo, Hongwei Wei, Chenguang Zheng, Biyan Chen, XiaoXia Qiu
OBJECTIVE: To reveal the prevalence and molecular characterization of (δβ)(0) -thalassemia [(δβ)(0) -thal] and hereditary persistence of fetal hemoglobin (HPFH) in the Chinese Zhuang population. METHODS: A total of 105 subjects with fetal hemoglobin (Hb F) level ≥5% from 14 204 unrelated ones were selected for the study. Multiplex ligation dependent probe amplification was firstly used to analyze dosage changes of the β-globin gene cluster for associated with (δβ)(0) -thal and HPFH mutations...
August 1, 2017: Journal of Clinical Laboratory Analysis
Naoya Abe, Kenichiro Tomita, Mayumi Teshima, Maki Kuwabara, Satoshi Sugawa, Nae Hinata, Masaaki Matsuura, Mutsunori Fujiwara, Kazuhiko Takaya, Toru Hiyoshi, Hiroki Uozumi, Hiroshi Ikenouchi, Rie Ishikawa, Junko Shojima, Junko Komatsu
BACKGROUND: The 99th percentile of cardiac troponin I level in the general population is accepted as the cut-off for the diagnosis of acute myocardial infarction (AMI). However, it is not clear whether the cut-offs derived in racially and geographically different populations are applicable in Japan. METHODS: Troponin I was determined using the Abbott ARCHITECT STAT high-sensitive troponin I immunoassay in 698 apparently healthy individuals who visited the Japanese Red Cross Medical Center for a health checkup...
August 1, 2017: Journal of Clinical Laboratory Analysis
Mohamed El Kassas, Mohamed Alboraie, Aya Mostafa, Reem Ezzat, Adel El Tahan, Shimaa Afify, Ahmed Sweedy, Ibrahim Kabbash, Gamal Esmat
BACKGROUND: Normal serum alanine aminotransferase (ALT) levels differ with age, gender, and body mass index. Adjusting the upper limits of normal (ULN) for ALT needs further research in different populations. Aim of this work was to monitor the effect of successful chronic hepatitis C (CHC) treatment on the ALT levels in patients with normal pretreatment ALT. METHODS: Data of 1160 CHC patients with persistent pretreatment normal liver enzymes were retrospectively analyzed...
July 28, 2017: Journal of Clinical Laboratory Analysis
Koichi Kitagawa, Katsumi Shigemura, Ken-Ichiro Onuma, Masako Nishida, Mayu Fujiwara, Saori Kobayashi, Mika Yamasaki, Tatsuya Nakamura, Fukashi Yamamichi, Toshiro Shirakawa, Issei Tokimatsu, Masato Fujisawa
BACKGROUND: Matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization time-of-flight mass spectrometry (MALDI-TOF MS) contributes to rapid identification of pathogens in the clinic but has not yet performed especially well for Gram-positive cocci (GPC) causing complicated urinary tract infection (UTI). The goal of this study was to investigate the possible clinical use of MALDI-TOF MS as a rapid method for bacterial identification directly from urine in complicated UTI. METHODS: MALDI-TOF MS was applied to urine samples gathered from 142 suspected complicated UTI patients in 2015-2017...
July 24, 2017: Journal of Clinical Laboratory Analysis
Xiao-Ling Jin, Ning Huang, Hui Shang, Ming-Cheng Zhou, Yi Hong, Wen-Zheng Cai, Jie Huang
OBJECTIVE: Our study was to explore the roles between serum soluble suppression of tumorigenicity 2 (sST2) and N-terminal pro-brain natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP) while evaluating ventricular function to properly diagnose chronic heart failure (CHF). METHODS: In total, 197 CHF patients were recruited and classified into ventricular function's II, III, and IV groups, and 106 healthy people into normal control group. To detect concentrations of Sst2 and NT-proBNP, ELISA and electro-chemiluminescence immuno assay were implemented...
July 18, 2017: Journal of Clinical Laboratory Analysis
Le Van Chuong, Virapong Prachayasittikul, Chartchalerm Isarankura Na Ayudhya, Ratana Lawung
BACKGROUND: An increasing of prevalence and diversification of plasmid-mediated AmpC (pAmpC) has been emerged worldwide. The incidence of pAmpC resulted in increasing β-lactamase production and conferred resistance to almost all β-lactam antibiotics excluding carbapenems. The lack of standard method for pAmpC identification and classification exert a challenge in epidemiological surveillance and infection control practices. METHODS: A robust, single tube multiplex PCR has been developed to classify six different pAmpC groups including CIT (CMY-2 like, LAT and CFE), ECB (ACT, MIR), MOX & CMY-1 like, DHA, ACC, and FOX...
July 18, 2017: Journal of Clinical Laboratory Analysis
Hongfang Wang, Jinsheng Xu, Demao Li, Shenglei Zhang, Zhanjun Guo
BACKGROUND: Single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) accumulated in the mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) is susceptible to the tumor formation. We discovered previously that SNPs in the mitochondrial displacement loop (D-loop) was associated with the risk of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). METHODS: The cytochrome c oxidase (COX) genes of mtDNA were sequenced between 107 HCC patients and 100 matched healthy controls. The χ(2) test was used to analyze single SNPs' statistical difference between HCC patients and healthy controls...
July 13, 2017: Journal of Clinical Laboratory Analysis
Yasemin Oz, Egemen Gokbolat
BACKGROUND: Blood culture is the gold standard diagnostic method in candidemia in spite of long result time and low sensitivity rate. Early diagnosis is crucial for management of candidemia because a delay in treatment is related with increased mortality. We aimed to evaluate the direct applicability of antifungal susceptibility testing methods from positive blood culture bottles to save at least 24 hours. METHODS: Blood culture bottles were inoculated with 62 Candida isolates...
July 13, 2017: Journal of Clinical Laboratory Analysis
Lei Wang, Yan-Feng Shen, Zhi-Min Shi, Xiao-Juan Shang, Dong-Ling Jin, Feng Xi
PURPOSE: This study was aimed to investigate the relationship between miR-211-5p and SOX11, and the effects of their interaction on the proliferation, viability, and invasion of human thyroid cancer (TC) cells. METHODS: We used quantitative real-time PCR (qRT-PCR) to determine the expression of miR-211-5p and SOX11mRNA in the thyroid tumorous and the adjacent tissues. The target relationship between miR-211-5p and SOX11 was confirmed using dual luciferase reporter gene assay...
July 13, 2017: Journal of Clinical Laboratory Analysis
Xiao Qiu, Yubin Dong, Yaqin Cao, Yingmei Luo
BACKGROUND: This study was aimed to explore how toll-like receptor 2 (TLR2), TLR3, TLR4 and TLR9 influenced the risk and prognosis of severe hepatitis among the Chinese newborns. METHODS: Altogether 135 newborns diagnosed with severe hepatitis and 140 healthy newborns were included in this study. Totally 12 single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) within TLR2, TLR3, TLR4, and TLR9 were chosen and genotyped by polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphism (PCR-RFLP)...
July 13, 2017: Journal of Clinical Laboratory Analysis
Chao Shi, Yan Zheng, Yin Li, Haibo Sun, Shilei Liu
BACKGROUND: Lung cancer is the leading cause of cancer-related mortality in the world. Circulating single-molecule amplification and resequencing technology (cSMART) can successfully detect epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) mutation in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). However, few studies have investigated the association between clinical characteristics and the diagnostic accuracy of cSMART technique in lung adenocarcinoma. METHODS: We enrolled 95 patients, which included paraffin embedded tumor tissues and matched plasma samples...
July 3, 2017: Journal of Clinical Laboratory Analysis
Junlian Li, Yan Liu, Liyamu Ma, Libike Gu, Quan Wang, Miao Xu, Ruiying Ma, Yali Zhang, Zhenping Yang, Junjie Deng, Xing Yi
BACKGROUND: T-cell Xtend (TCX) was introduced to extend the blood storage time for T-SPOT.TB test, a widely used commercial interferon gamma release assay (IGRA) for rapid in vitro tuberculosis. METHODS: A total of 99 Uyghur suspected tuberculosis patients were recruited in this study. T-SPOT.TB test was performed with fresh blood (controls), 36 hours delayed blood and delayed and TCX-treated (at 36 hours) blood from each patient, respectively. RESULTS: White blood cells and lymphocytes proportion in peripheral blood mononuclear cells s and spot-forming cells in positive control wells decreased significantly in delayed blood samples when compared with controls, while this decrease was not detected in TCX-treated group...
July 3, 2017: Journal of Clinical Laboratory Analysis
Yingping Wu, Jianyong Wu, Zhihui Zhang, Chen Cheng
BACKGROUND: The polymerase chain reaction (PCR) technique, one of the most commonly applied methods in diagnostic and molecular biology, has a frustrating downside: the occurrence of false-positive signals due to contamination. In previous research, various DNA decontamination methods have been developed to overcome this limitation. Unfortunately, the use of random or poorly focused sampling methods for monitoring air and/or object surfaces leads to the incomplete elimination during decontamination procedures...
June 30, 2017: Journal of Clinical Laboratory Analysis
Shupeng Jiang, Yongqing Tong, Rui Zhao, Ge Xiong, Bin Qiao, Yan Li
BACKGROUND: ADH1B Arg48His polymorphism is associated with the development of alcohol-related diseases. In this study, we aimed to explore an improved polymerase chain reaction with confronting two-pair primers (PCR-CTPP) assay for the detection of ADH1B Arg48His polymorphism. METHODS: A mismatch was introduced at the 3' end of each of the two allele-specific to increase the specificity of the reaction. But beyond that, a new mismatch at-3 positions of outer primers was designed to decrease the efficiency of the aforementioned primers and depresses the amplification of an internal nonspecific DNA control...
June 28, 2017: Journal of Clinical Laboratory Analysis
Gnanadurai John Fletcher, Anantharam Raghavendran, Jayashree Sivakumar, Prasanna Samuel, Priya Abraham
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Anti-HCV assays are prone to false positive results. Thus, accurate detection of HCV infection is critical for the timely therapeutic management. This study ascertained the reliability of Architect anti-HCV assay (Abbott) and to estimate the agreement of this assay with Ortho HCV 3.0 ELISA Test System with Enhanced SAVe (Ortho), HCV Tri-dot (Tri-dot) and HCV-PCR in a tertiary care setting. METHODS: A total of 78 788 consecutive sera were routinely screened for anti-HCV antibodies using Architect...
June 28, 2017: Journal of Clinical Laboratory Analysis
Yu-Jin Kwon, Hye-Sun Lee, Jae-Yong Shim, Yong-Jae Lee
BACKGROUND: Emerging evidence shows that serum carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA) levels may modestly be increased in non-neoplastic conditions such as cardiometabolic diseases, which are increasingly being seen as inflammatory diseases. Leukocyte count is widely evaluated marker of inflammation in clinical practice and a useful predictor of cardiometabolic disease. In this study, we aimed to determine the relationship between serum CEA levels and leukocyte counts in Korean adults. METHODS: This cross-sectional study included a total of 19 834 individuals enrolled from a health promotion center between November 2006 and July 2010...
June 27, 2017: Journal of Clinical Laboratory Analysis
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