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Politics and the Life Sciences: the Journal of the Association for Politics and the Life Sciences

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27378026/global-inequality-as-a-consequence-of-human-diversity-a-new-theory-tested-by-empirical-evidence-tatu-vanhanen-global-inequality-as-a-consequence-of-human-diversity-a-new-theory-tested-by-empirical-evidence-london-ulster-institute-for-public-research-2014-203
#1
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27378025/our-political-nature-the-evolutionary-origins-of-what-divides-us-avi-tuschman-our-political-nature-the-evolutionary-origins-of-what-divides-us-amherst-ny-prometheus-books-2013-543-pages-isbn-978-1-61614-823-2-hardcover-24-95
#2
Paul Vasholz
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2016: Politics and the Life Sciences: the Journal of the Association for Politics and the Life Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27378024/avant-garde-politician-leaders-for-a-new-epoch-yehezkel-dror-avant-garde-politician-leaders-for-a-new-epoch-washington-dc-westphalia-press-2014-350-pages-isbn-978-1935907855-softcover-17-50
#3
Shea K Robison
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2016: Politics and the Life Sciences: the Journal of the Association for Politics and the Life Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27378023/demographic-variation-in-how-the-social-brain-processes-news-messages
#4
M A Irene Ingeborg van Driel, Maria Elizabeth Grabe, M A Ozen Bas, Mariska Kleemans
A high capacity for visual perception distinguishes Homo sapiens from other primates. This human ability to detect social cues and retain visual records of social networks has been tested mostly with static facial images in laboratory settings. However, media consumption has become closely entangled with the way social life is navigated. Therefore, the study reported here tested demographic differences (gender and education) in visual information processing of social and nonsocial objects featured in audiovisual news content...
2016: Politics and the Life Sciences: the Journal of the Association for Politics and the Life Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27378022/evolutionary-institutionalism
#5
Dr Kai Fürstenberg
BACKGROUND: Institutions are hard to define and hard to study. Long prominent in political science have been two theories: Rational Choice Institutionalism (RCI) and Historical Institutionalism (HI). Arising from the life sciences is now a third: Evolutionary Institutionalism (EI). Comparative strengths and weaknesses of these three theories warrant review, and the value-to-be-added by expanding the third beyond Darwinian evolutionary theory deserves consideration. QUESTION: Should evolutionary institutionalism expand to accommodate new understanding in ecology, such as might apply to the emergence of stability, and in genetics, such as might apply to political behavior? METHODS: Core arguments are reviewed for each theory with more detailed exposition of the third, EI...
2016: Politics and the Life Sciences: the Journal of the Association for Politics and the Life Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27378021/shaking-the-tyrant-s-bloody-robe
#6
Jordan Kiper, Richard Sosis
Group violence, despite much study, remains enigmatic. Its forms are numerous, its proximate causes myriad, and the interrelation of its forms and proximate causes poorly understood. We review its evolution, including preadaptations and selected propensities, and its putative environmental and psychological triggers. We then reconsider one of its forms, ethnoreligious violence, in light of recent discoveries in the behavioral and brain sciences. We find ethnoreligious violence to be characterized by identity fusion and by manipulation of religious traditions, symbols, and systems...
2016: Politics and the Life Sciences: the Journal of the Association for Politics and the Life Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27378020/the-evolution-of-offensive-realism
#7
Dominic D P Johnson, D Phil, Bradley A Thayer
Offensive realism, a theory of international relations, holds that states are disposed to competition and conflict because they are self-interested, power maximizing, and fearful of other states. Moreover, it argues that states are obliged to behave this way because doing so favors survival in the international system. Debate continues as to whether modern states actually do, or should, behave in this way, but we are struck by a different question. In this article, we ask whether the three core assumptions about behavior in offensive realism-self-help, power maximization, and outgroup fear-have any basis in scientific knowledge about human behavioral evolution...
2016: Politics and the Life Sciences: the Journal of the Association for Politics and the Life Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26742596/the-voyage-of-a-navigator-an-aspiring-scholar-s-inside-observations-on-the-affordable-care-act-s-rocky-roll-out-in-north-carolina
#8
Hollie L Tripp
North Carolina, a federally facilitated marketplace under the Affordable Care Act (ACA), stumbled in 2013 when opening its health-insurance exchange. Trouble was easy to foresee, as North Carolina had instituted a law barring any state agency from assisting enrollment in health-insurance plans made available through the ACA. Trained workers were needed to help citizens and legal immigrants "navigate" to these plans. Some of these "navigators" could be paid with federal funds, but many others had to work as volunteers...
2015: Politics and the Life Sciences: the Journal of the Association for Politics and the Life Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26742595/the-affordable-care-act-and-assisted-reproductive-technology-use
#9
Patricia Stapleton, Daniel Skinner
The Affordable Care Act (ACA) has prompted numerous gender and sexuality controversies. We describe and analyze those involving assisted reproductive technologies (ART). ART in the United States has been regulated in piecemeal fashion, with oversight primarily by individual states. While leaving state authority largely intact, the ACA federalized key practices by establishing essential health benefits (EHBs) that regulate insurance markets and prohibit insurance-coverage denials based on pre-existing conditions...
2015: Politics and the Life Sciences: the Journal of the Association for Politics and the Life Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26742594/the-affordable-care-act-and-abortion-comparing-the-u-s-and-western-europe
#10
Deborah R McFarlane
The 2010 Affordable Health Care Act (ACA) treats abortion differently than any other health service, precluding public funding for abortion and imposing other restrictions on American states. To determine whether the ACA's abortion restrictions are uniquely American or have counterparts in other national health systems, this study employs a cross-sectional design comparing abortion restrictions in the ACA with those in 17 Western European countries. Using a six-item scale, the intensity of abortion restrictions is compared across Western European nations...
2015: Politics and the Life Sciences: the Journal of the Association for Politics and the Life Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26742593/partisan-politics-or-public-health-need-an-empirical-analysis-of-state-choice-during-initial-implementation-of-the-affordable-care-act
#11
Martin Mayer, Robert Kenter, John C Morris
States' policy decisions regarding the Affordable Care Act (ACA) of 2010 have often been explained as predominantly, if not solely, partisan. Might rival explanations also apply? Using a cross-sectional 50-state regression model, we studied standard political variables coupled with public-health indicators. This work differs from existing research by employing a dependent variable of five additive measures of ACA support, examining the impact of both political and socioeconomic indicators on state policy decisions...
2015: Politics and the Life Sciences: the Journal of the Association for Politics and the Life Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26742592/are-press-depictions-of-affordable-care-act-beneficiaries-favorable-to-policy-durability
#12
Jacqueline Chattopadhyay
BACKGROUND: If successfully implemented and enduring, the Affordable Care Act (ACA) stands to expand health insurance access in absolute terms, reduce inter-group disparities in that access, and reduce exposure to the financial vulnerabilities illness entails. Its durability--meaning both avoidance of outright retrenchment and fidelity to its policy aims--is thus of scholarly interest. Past literature suggests that social constructions of a policy's beneficiaries may impact durability...
2015: Politics and the Life Sciences: the Journal of the Association for Politics and the Life Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26742591/introduction-revisiting-the-affordable-care-act
#13
EDITORIAL
Eileen Burgin
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2015: Politics and the Life Sciences: the Journal of the Association for Politics and the Life Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26399948/security-implications-and-governance-of-cognitive-neuroscience
#14
Margaret E Kosal, Jonathan Y Huang
In recent years, significant efforts have been made toward elucidating the potential of the human brain. Spanning fields as disparate as psychology, biomedicine, computer science, mathematics, electrical engineering, and chemistry, research venturing into the growing domains of cognitive neuroscience and brain research has become fundamentally interdisciplinary. Among the most interesting and consequential applications to international security are the military and defense community's interests in the potential of cognitive neuroscience findings and technologies...
2015: Politics and the Life Sciences: the Journal of the Association for Politics and the Life Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26399947/strengthening-bonds-and-connecting-with-followers
#15
Patrick A Stewart, Erik P Bucy, Marc Mehu
The smiles and affiliative expressions of presidential candidates are important for political success, allowing contenders to nonverbally connect with potential supporters and bond with followers. Smiles, however, are not unitary displays; they are multifaceted in composition and signaling intent due to variations in performance. With this in mind, we examine the composition and perception of smiling behavior by Republican presidential candidates during the 2012 preprimary period. In this paper we review literature concerning different smile types and the muscular movements that compose them from a biobehavioral perspective...
2015: Politics and the Life Sciences: the Journal of the Association for Politics and the Life Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26399946/selective-perceptions-of-hydraulic-fracturing
#16
Melanie A Sarge, Matthew S VanDyke, Andy J King, Shawna R White
Hydraulic fracturing (HF) is a focal topic in discussions about domestic energy production, yet the American public is largely unfamiliar and undecided about the practice. This study sheds light on how individuals may come to understand hydraulic fracturing as this unconventional production technology becomes more prominent in the United States. For the study, a thorough search of HF photographs was performed, and a systematic evaluation of 40 images using an online experimental design involving N = 250 participants was conducted...
2015: Politics and the Life Sciences: the Journal of the Association for Politics and the Life Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26399945/when-women-attack
#17
Bryan McLaughlin, Catasha Davis, David Coppini, Young Mie Kim, Sandra Knisely, Douglas McLeod
The common assumption that female candidates on the campaign trail should not go on the attack, because such tactics contradict gender stereotypes, has not received consistent support. We argue that in some circumstances gender stereotypes will favor female politicians going negative. To test this proposition, this study examines how gender cues affect voter reactions to negative ads in the context of a political sex scandal, a context that should prime gender stereotypes that favor females. Using an online experiment involving a national sample of U...
2015: Politics and the Life Sciences: the Journal of the Association for Politics and the Life Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26399944/in-sickness-and-in-health
#18
Peter Söderlund, Lauri Rapeli
In search of a better understanding of inequalities in citizen political engagement, scholars have begun addressing the relationship between personal health and patterns of political behavior. This study focuses on the impact of personal health on various forms of political participation. The analysis contributes to existing knowledge by examining a number of different participation forms beyond just voting. Using European Social Survey data from 2012/2013 for Denmark, Finland, Iceland, Norway and Sweden (N = 8,060), self-reported turnout and six alternative modes of political engagement were modeled as dependent variables...
2015: Politics and the Life Sciences: the Journal of the Association for Politics and the Life Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26399943/state-responses-to-biotechnology
#19
Rebecca C Harris
This article reviews biotechnology legislation in the 50 states for 11 policy areas spanning 1990-2010, an era of immense growth in biotechnology, genetic knowledge, and significant policy development. Policies regarding health insurance, life insurance, long-term care insurance, DNA data bank collection, biotech research protection, biotech promotion and support, employment discrimination, genetic counselor licensing, human cloning, and genetic privacy each represent major policy responses arising from biotechnology and coinciding with key areas of state regulation (insurance, criminal justice, economic development, labor law, health and safety, privacy, and property rights)...
2015: Politics and the Life Sciences: the Journal of the Association for Politics and the Life Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25901888/welcome-to-pls
#20
EDITORIAL
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2014: Politics and the Life Sciences: the Journal of the Association for Politics and the Life Sciences
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