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Genomics

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28694080/analysis-of-genetic-association-using-hierarchical-clustering-and-cluster-validation-indices
#1
Inti A Pagnuco, Juan I Pastore, Guillermo Abras, Marcel Brun, Virginia L Ballarin
It is usually assumed that co-expressed genes suggest co-regulation in the underlying regulatory network. Determining sets of co-expressed genes is an important task, based on some criteria of similarity. This task is usually performed by clustering algorithms, where the genes are clustered into meaningful groups based on their expression values in a set of experiment. In this work, we propose a method to find sets of co-expressed genes, based on cluster validation indices as a measure of similarity for individual gene groups, and a combination of variants of hierarchical clustering to generate the candidate groups...
July 8, 2017: Genomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28684091/visualizing-the-regulatory-role-of-angiopoietin-like-protein-8-angptl8-in-glucose-and-lipid-metabolic-pathways
#2
Amnah Siddiqa, Elisa Cirillo, Samar H K Tareen, Amjad Ali, Martina Kutmon, Lars Eijssen, Jamil Ahmad, Chris T Evelo, Susan L Coort
ANGPTL8 (Angiopoietin-like protein 8) is a newly identified hormone emerging as a novel drug target for treatment of diabetes mellitus and dyslipidemia due to its unique metabolic nature. With increasing number of studies targeting the regulation of ANGPTL8, integration of their findings becomes indispensable. This study has been conducted with the aim to collect, analyze, integrate and visualize the available knowledge in the literature about ANGPTL8 and its regulation. We utilized this knowledge to construct a regulatory pathway of ANGPTL8 which is available at WikiPathways, an open source pathways database...
July 3, 2017: Genomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28676278/complete-genome-sequence-of-bacteriocin-producing-lactobacillus-plantarum-klds1-0391-a-probiotic-strain-with-gastrointestinal-tract-resistance-and-adhesion-to-the-intestinal-epithelial-cells
#3
Fang-Fang Jia, Lu-Ji Zhang, Xue-Hui Pang, Xin-Xi Gu, Amro Abdelazez, Yu Liang, Si-Rui Sun, Xiang-Chen Meng
Lactobacillus plantarum KLDS1.0391 is a probiotic strain isolated from the traditional fermented dairy products and identified to produce bacteriocin against Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacteria. Previous studies showed that the strain has a high resistance to gastrointestinal stress and has a high adhesion ability to the intestinal epithelial cells (Caco-2). We reported the entire genome sequence of this strain, which contains a circular 2,886,607-bp chromosome and three circular plasmids. Genes, which are related to the biosynthesis of bacteriocins, the stress resistance to gastrointestinal tract environment and adhesive performance, were identified...
July 1, 2017: Genomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28669847/a-review-on-multiple-sequence-alignment-from-the-perspective-of-genetic-algorithm
#4
REVIEW
Biswanath Chowdhury, Gautam Garai
Sequence alignment is an active research area in the field of bioinformatics. It is also a crucial task as it guides many other tasks like phylogenetic analysis, function, and/or structure prediction of biological macromolecules like DNA, RNA, and Protein. Proteins are the building blocks of every living organism. Although protein alignment problem has been studied for several decades, unfortunately, every available method produces alignment results differently for a single alignment problem. Multiple sequence alignment is characterized as a very high computational complex problem...
June 29, 2017: Genomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28655641/the-emerging-role-of-circular-rnas-in-transcriptome-regulation
#5
REVIEW
S Huang, B Yang, B J Chen, N Bliim, U Ueberham, T Arendt, M Janitz
Circular RNAs (circRNAs) are a recently discovered form of RNA that has been found to regulate mammalian transcription. CircRNAs are covalently closed, single-stranded transcripts produced from precursor mRNA. While initially circRNAs were considered to be splicing artefacts, next-generation RNA sequencing of non-polyadenylated transcriptomes has recently shown that the expression of circRNAs is widespread and over 20% of expressed genes in examined cells and tissues can produce these transcripts. Until now thousands of circRNAs have been discovered in organisms ranging from Drosophila melanogaster to Homo sapiens...
June 26, 2017: Genomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28648597/genotype-phenotype-correlation-for-congenital-heart-disease-in-down-syndrome-through-analysis-of-partial-trisomy-21-cases
#6
Maria Chiara Pelleri, Elena Gennari, Chiara Locatelli, Allison Piovesan, Maria Caracausi, Francesca Antonaros, Alessandro Rocca, Costanza Maria Donati, Letizia Conti, Pierluigi Strippoli, Marco Seri, Lorenza Vitale, Guido Cocchi
Among Down syndrome (DS) children, 40-50% have congenital heart disease (CHD). Although trisomy 21 is not sufficient to cause CHD, three copies of at least part of chromosome 21 (Hsa21) increases the risk for CHD. In order to establish a genotype-phenotype correlation for CHD in DS, we built an integrated Hsa21 map of all described partial trisomy 21 (PT21) cases with sufficient indications regarding presence or absence of CHD (n=107), focusing on DS PT21 cases. We suggest a DS CHD candidate region on 21q22...
June 22, 2017: Genomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634029/discovery-of-scors-anciently-derived-highly-conserved-gene-associated-repeats-in-stony-corals
#7
Huan Qiu, Ehud Zelzion, Hollie M Putnam, Ruth D Gates, Nicole E Wagner, Diane K Adams, Debashish Bhattacharya
Stony coral (Scleractinia) genomes are still poorly explored and many questions remain about their evolution and contribution to the success and longevity of reefs. We analyzed transcriptome and genome data from Montipora capitata, Acropora digitifera, and transcriptome data from 20 other coral species. To our surprise, we found highly conserved, anciently derived, Scleractinia COral-specific Repeat families (SCORs) that are abundant in all the studied lineages. SCORs form complex secondary structures and are located in untranslated regions and introns, but most abundant in intergenic DNA...
June 17, 2017: Genomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625866/genome-analysis-of-crude-oil-degrading-franconibacter-pulveris-strain-dj34-revealed-its-genetic-basis-for-hydrocarbon-degradation-and-survival-in-oil-contaminated-environment
#8
Siddhartha Pal, Anirban Kundu, Tirtha Das Banerjee, Balaram Mohapatra, Ajoy Roy, Riddha Manna, Pinaki Sar, Sufia K Kazy
Franconibacter pulveris strain DJ34, isolated from Duliajan oil fields, Assam, was characterized in terms of its taxonomic, metabolic and genomic properties. The bacterium showed utilization of diverse petroleum hydrocarbons and electron acceptors, metal resistance, and biosurfactant production. The genome (4,856,096bp) of this strain contained different genes related to the degradation of various petroleum hydrocarbons, metal transport and resistance, dissimilatory nitrate, nitrite and sulfite reduction, chemotaxy, biosurfactant synthesis, etc...
June 15, 2017: Genomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624536/microrna-dependent-regulation-of-metamorphosis-and-identification-of-micrornas-in-the-red-flour-beetle-tribolium-castaneum
#9
Wei Wu, Wenfeng Xiong, Chengjun Li, Mengfan Zhai, Yao Li, Fei Ma, Bin Li
To date, although some microRNAs (miRNAs) have been discovered in the holometabolism insect Tribolium castaneum, large numbers of miRNAs still require investigation. Knocking down Dicer-1 (Dcr-1) and Argonaute-1 (Ago-1) in late larvae impaired miRNA synthesis, affected the juvenile hormone pathway by up-regulating Methoprene-tolerant (Met) and Krüppel-homolog1 (Kr-h1) transcript levels, and resulted in a series of defects in T. castaneum development and metamorphosis. Thus, high-throughput Illumina/Solexa sequencing was performed with a mixed sample of eight key developmental stages of T...
June 14, 2017: Genomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28579515/chrombisim-interactive-chromatin-biclustering-using-a-simple-approach
#10
Nighat Noureen, Hafiz Muhammad Zohaib, Muhammad Abdul Qadir, Sahar Fazal
Combinatorial patterns of histone modifications sketch the epigenomic locale. Specific positions of these modifications in the genome are marked by the presence of such signals. Various methods highlight such patterns on global scale hence missing the local patterns which are the actual hidden combinatorics. We present ChromBiSim, an interactive tool for mining subsets of modifications from epigenomic profiles. ChromBiSim efficiently extracts biclusters with their genomic locations. It is the very first user interface based and multiple cell type handling tool for decoding the interplay of subsets of histone modifications combinations along their genomic locations...
June 1, 2017: Genomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28579514/recognition-of-long-range-enhancer-promoter-interactions-by-adding-genomic-signatures-of-segmented-regulatory-regions
#11
Zhen-Xing Feng, Qian-Zhong Li
Enhancer-promoter interaction (EPI) is an important cis-regulatory mechanism in the regulation of tissue-specific gene expression. However, it still has limitation to precisely identity these interactions so far. In this paper, using diverse genomic features for various regulatory regions, we presented a computational approach to predict EPIs with improved accuracies. Meanwhile, we comprehensively studied more potential regulatory factors that are important to EPIs prediction, such as nucleosome occupancy, enhancer RNA; and found the cell line-specificity and region-specificity of the contributions of diverse regulatory signatures...
June 1, 2017: Genomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28577791/plantenrichment-a-tool-for-enrichment-analysis-of-transposable-elements-in-plants
#12
Gökhan Karakülah, Aslı Suner
Transposable elements (TEs) are mobile DNA sequences that play roles in gene regulation, and have a potential to influence the expression of nearby genes by functioning as cis-regulatory sequences. However, bioinformatics tools facilitating analysis of the associations between TEs and nearby genes in plants are still lacking. We therefore reanalyzed the comprehensive annotation data of gene models and TEs of 11 plant species available in Ensembl Plants database, and built an up-to-date, unique tool called PlanTEnrichment, enabling enrichment analysis of TEs located within the upstream regions of a given gene list...
June 1, 2017: Genomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28533192/in-vitro-effects-of-reprogramming-factors-on-the-expressions-of-pluripotent-genes-and-cd34-gene-in-human-acute-promyelocytic-leukemia-hl-60-cells
#13
Liang-Fang Zhu, Min Xiao, Yong-Quan Chen, Ling-Yan Wang, Xiao-Feng Luo, Xiao-Hong Yuan, Jin-Hua Ren, Zhi-Zhe Chen, Jian-Da Hu, Ting Yang
OBJECTIVE: Our study aims to explore the in vitro effects of reprogramming factors on the expressions of pluripotent genes and CD34 gene in HL-60 cells. METHODS: According to the construction of retroviral vector LV-OSCK of reprogramming factors (Oct-4, Sox2, Klf4, c-Myc), 293T cells were transfected to detect virus titer. The endogenous pluripotent genes (Oct4, SOX2, c-Myc and Klf4) and CD34 mRNA and protein expressions were detected by AP staining, immunofluorescence staining, qRT-PCR and flow cytometry...
May 19, 2017: Genomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28577792/genome-wide-analysis-of-gene-expression-of-ems-induced-short-fiber-mutant-ligon-lintless-y-liy-in-cotton-gossypium-hirsutum-l
#14
Marina Naoumkina, Efrem Bechere, David D Fang, Gregory N Thyssen, Christopher B Florane
In this work we describe a chemically-induced short fiber mutant cotton line, Ligon-lintless-y (liy), which is controlled by a single recessive locus and affects multiple traits, including height of the plant, and length and maturity of fiber. An RNAseq analysis was used to evaluate global transcriptional changes during cotton fiber development at 3, 8 and 16days post anthesis. We found that 613, 2629 and 3397 genes were significantly down-regulated, while 2700, 477 and 3260 were significantly up-regulated in liy at 3, 8 and 16 DPA...
July 2017: Genomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28502783/evolution-expression-analysis-and-functional-verification-of-catharanthus-roseus-rlk1-like-kinase-crrlk1l-family-proteins-in-pear-pyrus-bretchneideri
#15
Xiaobing Kou, Kaijie Qi, Xin Qiao, Hao Yin, Xing Liu, Shaoling Zhang, Juyou Wu
The Catharanthus roseus RLK1-like kinase (CrRLK1L) family is involved in multiple processes during plant growth. However, little is known about CrRLK1L in the wood of the pear fruit tree Pyrus bretchneideri. In this study, 26 CrRLK1L gene members were identified in pear and were grouped into six subfamilies according to phylogenetic analyses. Evolutionary analysis indicated that recent whole genome duplication (WGD) and dispersed gene duplications may contribute to the expansion of the CrRLK1L gene family in pear...
July 2017: Genomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28502702/deep-sequencing-reveals-complex-mechanisms-of-microrna-regulation-during-retinoic-acid-induced-neuronal-differentiation-of-mesenchymal-stem-cells
#16
Feihu Hu, Peng Xu, Bo Sun, Gaojun Teng, Zhongdang Xiao
Retinoic acid (RA) has an important role in nervous system development; exogenous RA could induce stem cells towards neural lineage cells. However, the miRNA regulation mechanism and biological process of this induction require further exploration. In this study, using high-throughput sequencing results, we evaluated the microRNA profiles of neurally differentiated adipose-derived mesenchymal stem cells (ASCs), summarized several crucial microRNAs that profoundly contributed to the differentiation process, and speculated that several miRNAs were likely to mimic RA or other factors to induce the neuronal differentiation of stem cells...
July 2017: Genomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28502701/fastpcr-an-in-silico-tool-for-fast-primer-and-probe-design-and-advanced-sequence-analysis
#17
Ruslan Kalendar, Bekbolat Khassenov, Yerlan Ramankulov, Olga Samuilova, Konstantin I Ivanov
Polymerase chain reaction (PCR) is one of the most important laboratory techniques used in molecular biology, genetics and molecular diagnostics. The success of a PCR-based method largely depends on the correct nucleic acid sequence analysis in silico prior to a wet-bench experiment. Here, we report the development of an online Java-based software for virtual PCR on linear or circular DNA templates and multiple primer or probe search from large or small databases. Primer or probe sensitivity and specificity are predicted by searching a database to find sequences with an optimal number of mismatches, similarity and stability...
July 2017: Genomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28487173/patrilineal-background-of-the-she-minority-population-from-chaoshan-fenghuang-mountain-an-isolated-mountain-region-in-china
#18
Shuhui Liu, Guangcan Chen, Haihua Huang, Wenting Lin, Dan Guo, Shukun Zhao, Dongping Tian, Min Su
The She ethnic minority population is distributed in southern China. The origin of the She population has been controversial. The purpose of this work was to investigate the genomic diversity of She. The Chaoshan She population living in the Chaoshan Fenghuang mountain is a relatively isolated population. We detected 14 Y chromosome biallelic markers (Y-SNPs) and 6 Y chromosome short tandem repeat (Y-STR) loci in Chaoshan She people. Y-SNP analysis showed the Chaoshan She was closely related to the Chaoshan Hakka, Chaoshanese, Tujia and Gaoshan national minority...
July 2017: Genomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28487172/prediction-of-vaccine-candidates-against-pseudomonas-aeruginosa-an-integrated-genomics-and-proteomics-approach
#19
Muhammad Ibrahim Rashid, Anam Naz, Amjad Ali, Saadia Andleeb
Pseudomonas aeruginosa is among top critical nosocomial infectious agents due to its persistent infections and tendency for acquiring drug resistance mechanisms. To date, there is no vaccine available for this pathogen. We attempted to exploit the genomic and proteomic information of P. aeruginosa though reverse-vaccinology approaches to unveil the prospective vaccine candidates. P. aeruginosa strain PAO1 genome was subjected to sequential prioritization approach following genomic, proteomics and structural analyses...
July 2017: Genomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28476431/identification-and-characterization-of-known-and-novel-micrornas-in-three-tissues-of-chinese-giant-salamander-base-on-deep-sequencing-approach
#20
Yong Huang, Hong Tao Ren, Jian Li Xiong, Xiao Chan Gao, Xi Hong Sun
MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are a class of non-coding small RNAs that play important roles in the regulation of gene expression. Although animal miRNAs have been extensively studied in model systems, less is known in other animal with limited genome sequence data, including Chinese giant salamander (Andrias davidianus). The identification of the full repertoire of miRNAs expressed in the liver, spleen and muscle of A. davidianus would significantly increase our understanding for physiological function of A. davidianus, in this ancient and endangered urodele amphibian...
July 2017: Genomics
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