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British Journal of Neurosurgery

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549392/the-artery-of-wollschlaeger-and-wollschlaeger-an-anatomical-clinical-illustration
#1
Ali Tayebi Meybodi, Vera Vigo, Michael T Lawton, Arnau Benet
The artery of Wollschlaeger and Wollschlaeger is an underreported yet important branch of the superior cerebellar artery. This artery feeds the adjacent tentorium and becomes enlarged and elongated in cases of vascular tumours and malformations of the tentorium. The present report is the first anatomical depiction of this artery in the literature.
May 26, 2017: British Journal of Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28539078/can-we-safely-monitor-posterior-fossa-intracranial-pressure-a-cadaveric-study
#2
Vicente Vanaclocha, Nieves Sáiz-Sapena, Marlon Rivera-Paz, Juan Manuel Herrera, José María Ortiz-Criado, Francisco Verdu-López, Leyre Vanaclocha
BACKGROUND: measuring intracranial pressure (ICP) is considered the gold standard of care for brain injury. While supratentorial ICP monitoring has been adopted everywhere, posterior fossa ICP monitoring is rarely performed. In this study, we aimed to evaluate the feasibility of inserting ICP sensors into the posterior fossa of cadavers, to measure ICP in the posterior fossa. METHODS: An ICP sensor was transcranially implanted into the posterior fossa of fifteen fresh adult cadavers...
May 25, 2017: British Journal of Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28537098/nanotechnology-in-neurosurgery-thinking-small-dreaming-big
#3
Aaron Tan, Rebecca Jeyaraj, Keyoumars Ashkan
Nanotechnology has the power to transform neurosurgery by facilitating intervention at the cellular and subcellular level. The unique properties of nanomaterials will not only improve the management of conditions traditionally treated through neurosurgery, but also make neurosurgical intervention possible for diseases where there are currently limited treatment options. Specifically, nanotechnology appears to be a promising tool for improving molecular imaging, seamlessly integrating diagnosis and therapy in neuro-oncology, identifying targets for selective neuromodulation, as well as promoting neuroregeneration...
May 24, 2017: British Journal of Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532175/patient-presenting-with-frontal-subperiosteal-abscess-and-headache-a-case-of-pott-s-puffy-tumour
#4
Hakan Şimşek
Chronic sinusitis can be complicated with erosion of anterior or posterior wall of the sinus; causing Pott's puffy tumour in the anterior, or epidural abscess in the posterior communication. A 65-year old man with a painful swelling in his forehead is presented. Pott's puffy tumour was diagnosed. CT, MRI, and DTI studies were obtained. Epidural or dural involvement was not present. In the first operation, anterior wall of the frontal sinus wall was opened. Osteomyelitis debridement was performed and the frontonasal duct was enlarged endoscopically...
May 22, 2017: British Journal of Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532172/cranio-spinal-rosai-dorfman-disease-case-series-and-literature-review
#5
Shashank S Joshi, Shilpa Joshi, Girish Muzumdar, Keki E Turel, Rajan M Shah, Indoo Ammbulkar, Muhammad Masood Hussain, Kishor A Choudhari
Rosai-Dorfman disease (RDD) is a rare condition similar to lymphomas, presenting with cervical lymphadenopathy in young adults. Extra-nodal involvement is relatively common but involvement of the central nervous system (CNS) is rare. Cranial RDD presents with symptoms of raised intracranial pressure, focal or generalised seizures, while spinal RDD presents with pain, peripheral neurological deficits and radiculopathy. In contrast to other similar neoplastic or degenerative conditions affecting the CNS, RDD is a benign, non-infective, granulomatous disorder...
May 22, 2017: British Journal of Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532168/distal-shunt-revision-a-simple-method-to-avoid-repeat-laparotomy
#6
Neelan J Marianayagam, Gustavo Rajz, Netanel Ben Shalom, Sagi Harnof, Shalom Michowiz
Hydrocephalus is usually treated by placement of a ventriculo-peritoneal (VP) shunt. Distal VP shunt failure is a common complication of this procedure, especially in the paediatric population. Distal shunt revisions are often made more technically difficult by challenging abdominal anatomy. In this technical note, we describe a simple technique utilizing tenting sutures and the previous shunt tract for placement of the distal abdominal catheter accurately into the peritoneal space during distal shunt revision...
May 22, 2017: British Journal of Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532166/unusual-presentation-of-aneurysmal-subarachnoid-haemorrhage
#7
William T Couldwell, Phillip Taussky, Andrew R Tyser
The classic presentation of aneurysmal subarachnoid haemorrhage is sudden severe headache, associated with decreased level of consciousness. The authors present a most dramatic presentation of aneurysmal subarachnoid haemorrhage.
May 22, 2017: British Journal of Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28513228/relationship-between-chop-gadd153-and-unstable-human-carotid-atherosclerotic-plaque
#8
Suping Wang, Meiyan Zhang, Zanhua Liu, Wuyang Yang, Junwei Shi, Victor Dean, Dong Chen
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: The signaling protein C/EBP homologous protein (CHOP) and corresponding growth-arrest-and-DNA-damage-inducible gene 153 (GADD153) is associated with endoplasmic reticulum stress (ERS), which can lead to apoptosis. Our study aims to elucidate the role of CHOP/GADD153 in unstable atherosclerotic (AS) plaque formation isolated from confounding factors such as diabetes mellitus, primary hyperlipidemia, autoimmune deficiencies/abnormalities, essential hypertension, chronic heart failure, chronic kidney disease, and smoking...
May 17, 2017: British Journal of Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28513219/a-temporofrontal-fascia-flap-that-penetrated-temporal-muscle-for-the-reconstruction-of-an-anterior-skull-base-bone-and-dura-a-technical-case-report
#9
Makoto Katsuno, Koichi Uchida, Akira Matsuno
During skull base surgery, reconstruction of the dura is a very important procedure. Here, the use of a temporofrontal pedicled fascia flap tunnelled between temporal muscle fibres is described. This technique is easily performed and has a low postoperative morbidity, including skin and temporal muscle complications.
May 17, 2017: British Journal of Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28502194/spontaneous-lumbar-spinal-subdural-hematoma-a-case-report
#10
Kenichiro Kita, Toshinori Sakai, Kazuta Yamashita, Akihiro Nagamachi, Koichi Sairyo
Spinal subdural hematoma (SSDH) is an uncommon disease causing acute onset of spinal disorder. Several causes of SSDH have been reported, but reports of spontaneous occurrence of SSDH are limited.
May 13, 2017: British Journal of Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28498000/metastatic-brain-carotid-body-paraganglioma-with-endocrine-activity-a-case-report-and-literature-review
#11
Xiang Wang, Xianglan Zhu, Jinxiu Chen, Yanhui Liu, Qing Mao
A woman with hypertension and hyperglycemia was diagnosed a metastatic brain carotid body paraganglioma. Her blood pressure, glucose, and norepinephrine were normal after craniotomy. Although most carotid body tumors are benign, a few show distant metastasis. This is the first reported case of intracerebral metastases from a carotid body tumor.
May 12, 2017: British Journal of Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28497995/a-rare-case-of-small-cell-carcinoma-of-lung-with-intraventricular-metastasis
#12
Hao Chen, Hafiz Khuram Raza, Hongjuan Shi, Jienan Zhu, Guiyun Cui
Our case report involves a Chinese patient who was presented to our hospital with the chief complaint of dizziness and double vision for one week. He was diagnosed with small cell carcinoma of lung in the past. The patient undertook various test at our hospital. His MR scan revealed an intraventricular metastasis from small cell carcinoma of lung which is very rare. We have analyzed the clinical data of this patient and related literature. We report this case to increase the awareness of this rare metastasis of small cell carcinoma of lung...
May 12, 2017: British Journal of Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28494650/spinal-metastatic-lung-adenocarcinoma-with-dural-invasion-and-concomitant-intradural-and-extradural-components-a-case-report
#13
Helen Raffalli-Ebezant, Anantharaju Prasad, Arupratan Ray
We report the case of a metastatic lung carcinoma that had metastasized to the thoracic extradural space and penetrated the dura, resulting in a combined extra and intradural spinal tumour. To our knowledge this is the first such report of a metastatic lung adenocarcinoma demonstrating direct dural invasion.
May 12, 2017: British Journal of Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28494622/presence-of-inflammatory-proteins-s100a8-and-s100a9-in-a-giant-intracranial-aneurysm-after-flow-diverter-treatment
#14
Antonius M de Korte, René Aquarius, Frederick J A Meijer, Peter van Lent, Hieronymus D Boogaarts, Joost de Vries
We demonstrate the presence of S100A8 and S100A9 proteins in the wall and thrombosed lumen of an enlarged intracranial aneurysm after flow diverter treatment. These proteins have shown to play an important role in vascular inflammation and may serve as a biomarker and potential therapeutic target for intracranial aneurysms.
May 12, 2017: British Journal of Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28490268/more-than-meets-the-mri-case-report-of-a-carcinoid-tumour-metastasis-mimicking-a-meningioma
#15
Conrad J Harrison, Sean C Martin, Monika Hofer, Rufus Corkill, D Sanjeeva Jeyaretna, Stewart J Griffiths
Cerebral metastases from carcinoid tumours are rarely reported and confer a much poorer prognosis than carcinoid metastases elsewhere in the body. We describe a case of carcinoid brain metastasis closely resembling a meningioma on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), and review current treatment options.
May 11, 2017: British Journal of Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28490201/a-comparison-of-haemodynamics-between-subcranial-intracranial-bypass-and-the-traditional-extracranial-intracranial-bypass
#16
Zaitao Yu, Yang Yang, Xiang'en Shi, Hai Qian, Fangjun Liu
BACKGROUND: Ischemic cerebrovascular diseases are traditionally treated using an extracranial-intracranial (EC-IC) bypass. The use of the internal maxillary artery (IMA) in the subcranial-intracranial (SC-IC) bypass was recently described as an alternative treatment. However, the haemodynamics of this new approach have not been defined. METHODS: The haemodynamic parameters (flow volume [FV], internal diameter [ID], time-averaged mean velocity [TAM], pulsatility index [PI] and resistance index [RI]) of the IMA-radial artery graft (RAG)-middle cerebral artery (MCA) (n = 12) bypass and superficial temporal artery (STA)-MCA bypass (n = 18) were measured using intraoperative duplex ultrasonography and compared...
May 11, 2017: British Journal of Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28480753/bibliometric-profile-of-deep-brain-stimulation
#17
Kejia Hu, Ziev B Moses, Wendong Xu, Ziv Williams
OBJECTIVE: We aimed to identify and analyze the characteristics of the 100 most highly-cited papers in the research field of deep brain stimulation (DBS). METHODS: The Web of Science was searched for highly-cited papers related to DBS research. The number of citations, countries, institutions of origin, year of publication, and research area were noted and analyzed. RESULTS: The 100 most highly-cited articles had a mean of 304.15 citations...
May 8, 2017: British Journal of Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28480741/a-practical-guide-to-the-use-of-anti-epileptic-drugs-by-neurosurgeons
#18
Fardad T Afshari, Sophia Michael, Ismail Ughratdar, Shanika Samarasekera
Initiation of anti-epileptic drugs is increasingly relevant to daily neurosurgical practice. Intracranial pathologies ranging from brain tumours to subarachnoid haemorrhage and traumatic brain injury are commonly associated with the subsequent development of seizures. The scope and range of anti-epileptic drugs available has increased dramatically in recent years and understanding the evidence base behind this class of drugs in addition to their interaction/side effect profiles is essential. In this review we aim to generate a practical guide for neurosurgeons regarding the use of different anti-epileptic medications in common neurosurgical conditions, including considerations for their use in pregnancy...
May 8, 2017: British Journal of Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28478686/early-cauda-equina-syndrome-cese
#19
Nicholas V Todd
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 8, 2017: British Journal of Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28480747/how-does-the-publication-fate-of-abstracts-presented-at-the-society-of-british-neurological-surgeons-meetings-differ-five-years-on
#20
Charlotte Burford, John Hanrahan, Terouz Pasha, Josephine Jung, Bassel Zebian
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 7, 2017: British Journal of Neurosurgery
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