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International Journal of Biological Markers

Enrico Munari, Luca Cima, Francesco Massari, Francesco Bertoldo, Antonio Benito Porcaro, Anna Caliò, Giulio Riva, Elisa Ciocchetta, Chiara Ciccarese, Alessandra Modena, Roberto Iacovelli, Teodoro Sava, Albino Eccher, Claudio Ghimenton, Giampaolo Tortora, Walter Artibani, Giovanni Novella, Giuseppe Bogina, Giuseppe Zamboni, Francesca Sanguedolce, Alessandro D'Amuri, Guido Martignoni, Matteo Brunelli
BACKGROUND: The lysosomal cysteine protease cathepsin K is involved in bone remodeling and is also expressed in the peritumoral stroma of carcinomas arising from different organs. A new generation of cathepsin K inhibitors blocking the RANKL/RANK pathway are being developed. We sought to investigate cathepsin K expression in a cohort of castration-resistant prostate carcinomas. METHODS: Sixteen cases of castration-resistant disease with at least 5 years of follow-up were selected from a cohort of 280 patients who underwent surgery...
January 12, 2017: International Journal of Biological Markers
Deng-Rui Liu, Quan-Lin Guan, Ming-Tai Gao, Lei Jiang, Hong-Xia Kang
BACKGROUND: The mannose receptor is an immune adhesion molecule mainly expressed on the surface of antigen-presenting cells such as nonmature dendritic cells and macrophages. This study aimed to investigate mannose receptor expression and its predictive role in papillary gastric cancer patients. METHODS: The expression of the mannose receptor was measured in 120 samples of gastric cancer tissues and corresponding paracarcinoma tissues, by immunohistochemical and quantitative real-time PCR analysis...
January 7, 2017: International Journal of Biological Markers
Érika Aparecida Felix de Barros, José Pontes-Junior, Sabrina Thalita Reis, Amanda Eunice Ramos Lima, Isida C Souza, Jose Lucas Salgueiro, Douglas Fontes, Humberto Dellê, Rafael Ferreira Coelho, Nayara Izabel Viana, Kátia Ramos Moreira Leite, William C Nahas, Miguel Srougi
BACKGROUND: Some studies have reported that deletions at chromosome arm 9p occur frequently and represent a critical step in carcinogenesis of some neoplasms. Our aim was to evaluate the deletion of locus 9p21 and chromosomes 3, 7 and 17 in localized prostate cancer (PC) and correlate these alterations with prognostic factors and biochemical recurrence after surgery. METHODS: We retrospectively evaluated surgical specimens from 111 patients with localized PC who underwent radical prostatectomy...
January 5, 2017: International Journal of Biological Markers
Concetta Santonocito, Margherita Scapaticci, Bojan Nedovic, Eleonora B Annicchiarico, Donatella Guarino, Emanuele Leoncini, Stefania Boccia, Antonio Gasbarrini, Ettore Capoluongo
BACKGROUND: The human X-ray repair cross-complementing protein 1 (XRCC1) gene encodes for one of the major repair factors involved in base excision repair (BER), which is reported to be associated with the risk of several cancers. A few studies have explored the association between risk of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) and single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in different DNA repair genes, with contradictory results. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the association between XRCC1 Arg399Gln polymorphism and susceptibility to HCC...
January 2, 2017: International Journal of Biological Markers
Verônica Marques Vidigal, Tiago Donizetti Silva, Juliana de Oliveira, Célia Aparecida Marques Pimenta, Aledson Vitor Felipe, Nora Manoukian Forones
INTRODUCTION: Vitamin D receptor (VDR) and proteins encoded by the genes CYP27B2 and CYP24A1 involved in the production and inactivation of vitamin D can influence vitamin D and the susceptibility to colorectal cancer (CRC). The objective of this study was to investigate the relationship between the risk of CRC and polymorphisms in VDR, CYP27B1 and CYP24A1, lifestyle and dietary habits. METHODS: The study included 152 patients with CRC and 321 controls. All participants answered a questionnaire on their dietary habits, alcohol consumption and smoking habits...
December 22, 2016: International Journal of Biological Markers
Da-Kai Zhou, Xi-Wang Yang, Huining Li, Yongbo Yang, Zhen-Jun Zhu, Na Wu
BACKGROUND: Long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) play essential roles in tumor progression. Aberrant colorectal cancer-associated lncRNA (CCAL) has been found in colorectal cancer. However, the function of lncRNA CCAL in osteosarcoma (OS) remains unclear. METHODS: Quantitative real-time PCR (qRT-PCR) was performed to measure CCAL expression in OS tissues and adjacent nontumor tissues. The correlation betweent CCAL expression and clinicopathological features and prognosis was also analyzed...
December 22, 2016: International Journal of Biological Markers
Dongni Chen, Weimin Xie, Yongkui Lu, Shining Su, Li Nong, Yuxian Jia, Yan Liu, Wenxian Zhou, Hongxue Wang, Aihua Tan
BACKGROUND: The Toll-like receptor plays an essential role in controlling immunity and inflammation. This study was to investigate the relationships of genetic variants in TLR2 and TLR3 with hepatitis B virus (HBV) natural clearance and HBV-related hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) risk in a Chinese male population. METHODS: We analyzed 5 polymorphisms of TLR2 (rs3804099 and rs3804100) and TLR3 (rs5743305, rs3775296 and rs3775291) in a population consisting of 686 participants with HBV natural clearance, 293 chronic HBV carriers and 395 HBV-positive HCC patients, using the improved multiplex ligase detection reaction method...
December 19, 2016: International Journal of Biological Markers
Rong Biaoxue, Cai Xiguang, Liu Hua, Fu Tian, Gao Wenlong
BACKGROUND: Annexin A1 has been implicated in various tumor types, but few studies have investigated its involvement in lung cancer. The purpose of this investigation was to quantify the annexin A1 level in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF) and analyze its usefulness in lung cancer diagnosis. METHODS: Annexin A1 expression was measured by immunohistochemistry and enzyme immunoassay. The sensitivity and specificity of annexin A1 for distinguishing lung cancer were determined by receiver operator characteristic (ROC) curves...
December 6, 2016: International Journal of Biological Markers
Nae Yu Kim, Jin Hwa Kim, Jung-Soo Pyo, Won Jin Cho
INTRODUCTION: A meta-analysis was done to investigate the clinicopathological significance of the loss of p27kip1 expression in papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC). METHODS: The meta-analysis involving 17 studies included 1,652 PTC and 328 benign cases. The rate of p27kip1 expression loss in PTC and benign lesions, and the correlations between p27kip1 expression loss and clinicopathological characteristics of PTC were determined. RESULTS: The estimated rate of p27kip1 expression loss was 0...
November 5, 2016: International Journal of Biological Markers
Carlos Dzik, Sabrina T Reis, Nayara I Viana, Glauber Brito, Isis Paloppi, Willian Nahas, Miguel Srougi, Katia R M Leite
BACKGROUND: In renal cell carcinoma (RCC) of the clear cell type, inactivity of the VHL gene induces overexpression of HIF1 α and its targets, the tyrosine kinase receptors, promoting RCC development and progression. The discovery of tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs) changed the treatment of these tumors. Other molecular pathways involved in the TKI mechanisms of action have not been described in the literature. The aim of our study was to elucidate alternative mechanisms of action of sunitinib in tumor tissue after neoadjuvant treatment of RCC...
November 1, 2016: International Journal of Biological Markers
Massimo Gion
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 23, 2016: International Journal of Biological Markers
Antonio Florita, Elena Morittu, Carlotta Galeone, Antonette E Leon, Rossella Ballarini, Giulio Zuanetti
BACKGROUND: Studies on factors affecting editorial decisions of scientific journals are scarce. In this study, we focused on case reports submitted to oncology journals and analyzed whether their nature or other relevant variables affected the chances of their acceptance. METHODS: We analyzed case reports submitted to 2 oncology journals: Tumori Journal and The International Journal of Biological Markers, and split them into 3 predefined groups: those (a) describing rare or unusual presentation of diseases, (b) describing the side effects of an intervention or (c) describing the success of a novel intervention...
December 23, 2016: International Journal of Biological Markers
Valentina Zampiga, Rita Danesi, Gianluca Tedaldi, Michela Tebaldi, Ilaria Cangini, Francesca Pirini, Cristina Pittureri, Elena Amaducci, Luciano Guidi, Marina Faedi, Dino Amadori, Fabio Falcini, Daniele Calistri
Li-Fraumeni syndrome (LFS) is an autosomal dominant disorder occurring at a young age that predisposes individuals to multiple forms of cancer and to a heterogeneous spectrum of malignancies. We describe the clinical history of a patient who had 5 primary malignant cancers and a familiar history consistent with LFS. We analyzed the genomic DNA of the proband and her relatives by next-generation sequencing (NGS) technology using an enrichment protocol for the simultaneous sequencing of 94 genes involved in hereditary cancers...
December 23, 2016: International Journal of Biological Markers
Zhu-Lin Liu, Ting-Ting Zeng, Xiao-Juan Zhou, Ya-Nv Ren, Lei Zhang, Xin-Xing Zhang, Zhen-Yu Ding
BACKGROUND: Lung cancer ranks first both in morbidity and mortality in malignancies, but prognostic biological markers are lacking. The neutrophil-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) was proposed as a convenient biological marker. This study aimed to explore the prognostic value of NLR in advanced non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). METHODS: This retrospective study screened patients admitted from October 2007 to October 2014. Patients had histopathologically confirmed, treatment-naïve, metastatic NSCLC, and were prescribed platinum doublet chemotherapy...
December 23, 2016: International Journal of Biological Markers
Yashila Girdhar, Navneet Singh, Digambar Behera, Siddharth Sharma
OBJECTIVES: Studies in different populations have shown that polymorphisms within the CYP1A1 gene play an important role in determining individual susceptibility to lung cancer. However, the data obtained so far have been contradictory within the same or different populations. Few studies have focused on the synergistic effect of CYP1A1 polymorphisms on the susceptibility to lung cancer overall and to different histological subtypes along with the impact of smoking. METHODS: A total of 704 individuals (353 lung cancer patients and 351 controls) were evaluated for CYP1A1 polymorphisms...
December 23, 2016: International Journal of Biological Markers
Huan-Tao Liu, Yin-Tao Xu, Hui-Ying Li, Jia Zhao, Hui-Yuan Zhai, You Chen
OBJECTIVE: To explore the relationships of the expression of miR-145 to the clinicopathological characteristics and prognosis of patients with breast cancer complicated by type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). METHODS: A total of 257 female patients with breast cancer were enrolled for our experiment, including 140 patients with simple breast cancer (control group) and 117 patients with breast cancer complicated by T2DM (observation group). Patients were treated with modified radical mastectomy supplemented with radiotherapy, chemotherapy and endocrine therapy...
December 23, 2016: International Journal of Biological Markers
Jung-Soo Pyo, Guhyun Kang, Jin Hee Sohn
INTRODUCTION: The aim of this study was to investigate the diagnostic accuracy of anaplastic lymphoma kinase (ALK) immunohistochemistry (IHC) for ALK gene rearrangement in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) through systematic review, meta-analysis and diagnostic test accuracy review. METHODS: The current study included 11,806 NSCLC cases in 42 eligible studies. We performed concordance analyses between ALK IHC and fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH). The diagnostic accuracy of ALK IHC was analyzed based on ALK IHC criteria and antibodies...
December 23, 2016: International Journal of Biological Markers
Valeria Scotti, Annalisa De Silvestri, Luigia Scudeller, Paola Abele, Funda Topuz, Moreno Curti
INTRODUCTION: Novel bibliometric indexes (commonly known as altmetrics) are gaining interest within the scientific community and might represent an important alternative measure of research quality and output. AIMS: We evaluate how these new metrics correlate with established bibliometric indexes such as the impact factor (IF), currently used as a measure of scientific production as well as a criterion for scientific research funding, and how they might be helpful in assessing the impact of research...
December 23, 2016: International Journal of Biological Markers
Yun-Hai Zhou, Jiazeng Xia, Wen-Huan Xu, Xiqi Zhu, Xiao-Hong Wu, Dong Hua, Chungen Xing
AIM: Breast carcinoma (BCA) and diabetes mellitus (DM) are two major health problems in women and the general population. Cullin-1 is reported to be an important tumor-related protein involved in cell-cycle progression, signal transduction and transcription. The aim of this work is to investigate the role of Cullin-1 in the development of BCA and to find potential relationships between Cullin-1 and diabetes in BCA patients. METHODS: To evaluate the function of Cullin-1, we entered 168 patients with primary invasive BCA in this study...
December 23, 2016: International Journal of Biological Markers
Kemal Beksac, Cigdem Sonmez, Bahadir Cetin, Gorkem Kismali, Tevhide Sel, Yildirim Tuncer, Funda Kosova
INTRODUCTION: Papillary thyroid cancer is a disease that has been associated with chronic inflammation. The purpose of this study is to measure the production of the proinflammatory cytokines IL-1β, IL-6 and IL-8 and neopterin, which is a novel biomarker for cellular immune response in papillary thyroid cancer. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The serum IL-1β, IL-6, IL-8 and neopterin values of 31 papillary thyroid cancer patients undergoing bilateral total thyroidectomy were measured before and 20 days after surgery...
December 23, 2016: International Journal of Biological Markers
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