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International Journal of Biological Markers

Mazhar Salim Al Zoubi, Katia Zavaglia, Chiara Mazanti, Mohammad Al Hamad, Khalid Al Batayneh, Alaa A A Aljabali, Generoso Bevilacqua
BACKGROUND: Genotoxic factors, including ionizing radiation and oxidative stress, are associated with genomic instability and development of breast cancer (BC). The homologous recombination DNA repair (HRR) pathway, base excision repair (BER) mechanism, and antioxidative enzymes are required as defense mechanisms against these DNA damaging agents. GSTP1, XRCC1, XRCC3 and RAD51 proteins are essential components of antioxidation, BER and HRR of DNA, respectively. Deficiencies in BER, HRR and antioxidation pathways are involved in the progression of cancer...
March 6, 2017: International Journal of Biological Markers
Alexandre Levy, Theodora Popovici, Phuong-Nhi Bories
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Early diagnosis of premalignant or malignant pancreatic cysts is essential to improve prognosis. Sampling of pancreatic cyst fluid by fine-needle aspiration during endoscopic ultrasonography (EUS) enables cytopathological examination combined with biochemical analysis. This study aimed to provide an aid based on biological markers for the preoperative management of patients with pancreatic cysts. METHODS: Pancreatic fluids obtained by EUS-guided fine-needle aspiration from 115 patients with cystic lesions were assayed for amylase, lipase, carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA), CA 19-9 and CA 72-4...
March 3, 2017: International Journal of Biological Markers
Gao Liu, Guo-Xing Liu, Yu Fang, Zhen-Yu Cao, Hui-Hui Du, Jie Fu, Ke Qian
BACKGROUND: A number of studies have been conducted to explore the relationship between CD24 expression and the prognosis of breast cancer; however, the results remain inconsistent. Therefore, we performed this meta-analysis to clarify the impact of CD24 expression on clinicopathological features and prognosis of breast cancer. METHODS: A comprehensive literature search for relevant studies was performed, and statistical analysis was conducted using Stata software...
March 3, 2017: International Journal of Biological Markers
Massimo Gion, Chiara Trevisiol, Anne W S Rutjes, Giulia Rainato, Aline S C Fabricio
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2, 2017: International Journal of Biological Markers
Noha Elkady, Asmaa Gaber Abdou, Mona Kandil, Noha Ghanem
BACKGROUND: Determination of the extent of involvement or pathological staging is one of the requirements for adequate evaluation of bladder cancer specimens. Therefore, the differentiation between MP and MM is essential for proper treatment and avoiding over or under staging. AIM: The present study aimed at evaluation of diagnostic value of smoothelin and vimentin expression both singly and in combination for differentiation between MM and MP. METHODS: This study was carried out on 59 cystectomy specimens of primary bladder carcinoma and eleven cystoscopic biopsies for non-neoplastic bladder lesions (cystitis)...
February 11, 2017: International Journal of Biological Markers
Chaoyang Li, Lanjun Feng, Luwei Niu, Teng Teng Li, Bin Zhang, Huiping Wan, Zhansheng Zhu, Hao Liu, Kai Wang, Haixiao Fu, Wei Fu
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the association between susceptibility to colorectal cancer (CRC) and a 4-bp insertion/deletion polymorphism (rs10680577) in the proximal promoter of the EGLN2 gene. METHOD: The first step in genotyping EGLN2 was PCR, then the PCR products were separated using 7% nondenaturing polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis and visualized by silver staining according to the final product band location and quantity to determine the genotype of the sample...
February 11, 2017: International Journal of Biological Markers
Xiangke Li, Feng Wang, Yan Sun, Qingxia Fan, Guangfei Cui
BACKGROUND: Long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) are emerging as key molecules in human cancer. In the present study, we explored the role of the lncRNA PANDAR in colorectal cancer (CRC). METHODS: The relative expression level of lncRNA PANDAR in CRC tissues and cell lines was determined by quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR). The associations between PANDAR expression and clinicopathological features of CRC patients were further analyzed. Kaplan-Meier survival analysis was performed to evaluate the value of PANDAR in the prognosis of CRC patients...
January 18, 2017: International Journal of Biological Markers
Laura Roli, Valentina Pecoraro, Tommaso Trenti
BACKGROUND: Some studies have reported differentially altered neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin (NGAL) levels in several malignancies. We evaluated NGAL measured in plasma or urine as both prognostic and diagnostic marker for different types of human tumors. METHODS: We performed systematic electronic searches in Medline, Embase and CRDTAS. Studies were included if they evaluated NGAL as a prognostic or diagnostic marker for human cancers. The selection of the studies, screening of the full texts and data extraction were conducted independently by 2 authors...
January 16, 2017: International Journal of Biological Markers
Enrico Munari, Luca Cima, Francesco Massari, Francesco Bertoldo, Antonio Benito Porcaro, Anna Caliò, Giulio Riva, Elisa Ciocchetta, Chiara Ciccarese, Alessandra Modena, Roberto Iacovelli, Teodoro Sava, Albino Eccher, Claudio Ghimenton, Giampaolo Tortora, Walter Artibani, Giovanni Novella, Giuseppe Bogina, Giuseppe Zamboni, Francesca Sanguedolce, Alessandro D'Amuri, Guido Martignoni, Matteo Brunelli
BACKGROUND: The lysosomal cysteine protease cathepsin K is involved in bone remodeling and is also expressed in the peritumoral stroma of carcinomas arising from different organs. A new generation of cathepsin K inhibitors blocking the RANKL/RANK pathway are being developed. We sought to investigate cathepsin K expression in a cohort of castration-resistant prostate carcinomas. METHODS: Sixteen cases of castration-resistant disease with at least 5 years of follow-up were selected from a cohort of 280 patients who underwent surgery...
January 12, 2017: International Journal of Biological Markers
Deng-Rui Liu, Quan-Lin Guan, Ming-Tai Gao, Lei Jiang, Hong-Xia Kang
BACKGROUND: The mannose receptor is an immune adhesion molecule mainly expressed on the surface of antigen-presenting cells such as nonmature dendritic cells and macrophages. This study aimed to investigate mannose receptor expression and its predictive role in papillary gastric cancer patients. METHODS: The expression of the mannose receptor was measured in 120 samples of gastric cancer tissues and corresponding paracarcinoma tissues, by immunohistochemical and quantitative real-time PCR analysis...
January 7, 2017: International Journal of Biological Markers
Érika Aparecida Felix de Barros, José Pontes-Junior, Sabrina Thalita Reis, Amanda Eunice Ramos Lima, Isida C Souza, Jose Lucas Salgueiro, Douglas Fontes, Humberto Dellê, Rafael Ferreira Coelho, Nayara Izabel Viana, Kátia Ramos Moreira Leite, William C Nahas, Miguel Srougi
BACKGROUND: Some studies have reported that deletions at chromosome arm 9p occur frequently and represent a critical step in carcinogenesis of some neoplasms. Our aim was to evaluate the deletion of locus 9p21 and chromosomes 3, 7 and 17 in localized prostate cancer (PC) and correlate these alterations with prognostic factors and biochemical recurrence after surgery. METHODS: We retrospectively evaluated surgical specimens from 111 patients with localized PC who underwent radical prostatectomy...
January 5, 2017: International Journal of Biological Markers
Concetta Santonocito, Margherita Scapaticci, Bojan Nedovic, Eleonora B Annicchiarico, Donatella Guarino, Emanuele Leoncini, Stefania Boccia, Antonio Gasbarrini, Ettore Capoluongo
BACKGROUND: The human X-ray repair cross-complementing protein 1 (XRCC1) gene encodes for one of the major repair factors involved in base excision repair (BER), which is reported to be associated with the risk of several cancers. A few studies have explored the association between risk of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) and single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in different DNA repair genes, with contradictory results. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the association between XRCC1 Arg399Gln polymorphism and susceptibility to HCC...
January 2, 2017: International Journal of Biological Markers
Da-Kai Zhou, Xi-Wang Yang, Huining Li, Yongbo Yang, Zhen-Jun Zhu, Na Wu
BACKGROUND: Long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) play essential roles in tumor progression. Aberrant colorectal cancer-associated lncRNA (CCAL) has been found in colorectal cancer. However, the function of lncRNA CCAL in osteosarcoma (OS) remains unclear. METHODS: Quantitative real-time PCR (qRT-PCR) was performed to measure CCAL expression in OS tissues and adjacent nontumor tissues. The correlation betweent CCAL expression and clinicopathological features and prognosis was also analyzed...
March 2, 2017: International Journal of Biological Markers
Massimo Gion, Chiara Trevisiol, Anne W S Rutjes, Giulia Rainato, Aline S C Fabricio
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 23, 2016: International Journal of Biological Markers
Massimo Gion
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 23, 2016: International Journal of Biological Markers
Antonio Florita, Elena Morittu, Carlotta Galeone, Antonette E Leon, Rossella Ballarini, Giulio Zuanetti
BACKGROUND: Studies on factors affecting editorial decisions of scientific journals are scarce. In this study, we focused on case reports submitted to oncology journals and analyzed whether their nature or other relevant variables affected the chances of their acceptance. METHODS: We analyzed case reports submitted to 2 oncology journals: Tumori Journal and The International Journal of Biological Markers, and split them into 3 predefined groups: those (a) describing rare or unusual presentation of diseases, (b) describing the side effects of an intervention or (c) describing the success of a novel intervention...
December 23, 2016: International Journal of Biological Markers
Valentina Zampiga, Rita Danesi, Gianluca Tedaldi, Michela Tebaldi, Ilaria Cangini, Francesca Pirini, Cristina Pittureri, Elena Amaducci, Luciano Guidi, Marina Faedi, Dino Amadori, Fabio Falcini, Daniele Calistri
Li-Fraumeni syndrome (LFS) is an autosomal dominant disorder occurring at a young age that predisposes individuals to multiple forms of cancer and to a heterogeneous spectrum of malignancies. We describe the clinical history of a patient who had 5 primary malignant cancers and a familiar history consistent with LFS. We analyzed the genomic DNA of the proband and her relatives by next-generation sequencing (NGS) technology using an enrichment protocol for the simultaneous sequencing of 94 genes involved in hereditary cancers...
December 23, 2016: International Journal of Biological Markers
Zhu-Lin Liu, Ting-Ting Zeng, Xiao-Juan Zhou, Ya-Nv Ren, Lei Zhang, Xin-Xing Zhang, Zhen-Yu Ding
BACKGROUND: Lung cancer ranks first both in morbidity and mortality in malignancies, but prognostic biological markers are lacking. The neutrophil-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) was proposed as a convenient biological marker. This study aimed to explore the prognostic value of NLR in advanced non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). METHODS: This retrospective study screened patients admitted from October 2007 to October 2014. Patients had histopathologically confirmed, treatment-naïve, metastatic NSCLC, and were prescribed platinum doublet chemotherapy...
December 23, 2016: International Journal of Biological Markers
Yashila Girdhar, Navneet Singh, Digambar Behera, Siddharth Sharma
OBJECTIVES: Studies in different populations have shown that polymorphisms within the CYP1A1 gene play an important role in determining individual susceptibility to lung cancer. However, the data obtained so far have been contradictory within the same or different populations. Few studies have focused on the synergistic effect of CYP1A1 polymorphisms on the susceptibility to lung cancer overall and to different histological subtypes along with the impact of smoking. METHODS: A total of 704 individuals (353 lung cancer patients and 351 controls) were evaluated for CYP1A1 polymorphisms...
December 23, 2016: International Journal of Biological Markers
Huan-Tao Liu, Yin-Tao Xu, Hui-Ying Li, Jia Zhao, Hui-Yuan Zhai, You Chen
OBJECTIVE: To explore the relationships of the expression of miR-145 to the clinicopathological characteristics and prognosis of patients with breast cancer complicated by type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). METHODS: A total of 257 female patients with breast cancer were enrolled for our experiment, including 140 patients with simple breast cancer (control group) and 117 patients with breast cancer complicated by T2DM (observation group). Patients were treated with modified radical mastectomy supplemented with radiotherapy, chemotherapy and endocrine therapy...
December 23, 2016: International Journal of Biological Markers
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