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Journal of Voice: Official Journal of the Voice Foundation

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785936/an-objective-parameter-to-classify-voice-signals-based-on-variation-in-energy-distribution
#1
Boquan Liu, Evan Polce, Jack Jiang
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this paper is to introduce an iterative nonlinear weighted method based on the variation in spectral energy distribution present in a voice signal to differentiate between four voice types: type 1 voice signals are nearly periodic, type 2 voice signals have strong modulations and subharmonics, type 3 signals are chaotic, and type 4 signals are dominated by stochastic noise. STUDY DESIGN: A total of 135 voice signal samples of the sustained vowel /a/ were obtained from the Disordered Voice Database and then individually categorized into the appropriate voice types based on the classification system described in Sprecher et al (2010)...
May 18, 2018: Journal of Voice: Official Journal of the Voice Foundation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785935/the-impact-of-dysphonic-voices-on-children-s-comprehension-of-spoken-language
#2
Johnny C-H Chui, Estella P-M Ma
BACKGROUND: This study investigated the effect of teachers' dysphonic voices on children's listening comprehension. METHODS: One hundred thirty-four grade three and four students were recruited from local primary schools in Hong Kong. They were required to listen to six passages, three in Cantonese and three in English, which were either read in normal, mildly dysphonic, or severely dysphonic voices. The students were required to complete six multiple-choice comprehension questions upon listening to each passage...
May 18, 2018: Journal of Voice: Official Journal of the Voice Foundation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785934/imaging-modalities-in-the-etiologic-evaluation-of-unilateral-vocal-fold-paralysis
#3
Suat Bilici, Muhammet Yildiz, Ozgur Yigit, Esra Misir
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to investigate the roles of computed tomography (CT) and neck ultrasonography (US) in evaluating unilateral vocal fold paralysis (UVFP) of unknown etiology and to compare our results with those of other studies to assess the differences in etiology of UVFP. METHODS: We investigated the medical records of 202 eligible patients with UVFP. In total, 168 underwent chest CT, 118 underwent neck CT, and 108 underwent head CT. One hundred and three patients were also evaluated with high-resolution neck US...
May 18, 2018: Journal of Voice: Official Journal of the Voice Foundation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778328/acoustic-perceptual-correlates-of-voice-in-indian-hindu-purohits
#4
Radish Kumar Balasubramanium, Sudhin Karuppali, Gagan Bajaj, Anuradha Shastry, Jayashree Bhat
OBJECTIVE: Purohit, in the Indian religious context (Hindu), means priest. Purohits are professional voice users who use their voice while performing regular worships and rituals in temples and homes. Any deviations in their voice can have an impact on their profession. Hence, there is a need to investigate the voice characteristics of purohits using perceptual and acoustic analyses. METHODS: A total of 44 men in the age range of 18-30 years were divided into two groups...
May 16, 2018: Journal of Voice: Official Journal of the Voice Foundation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778327/an-unusual-etiology-of-vocal-tremor-in-a-professional-singer
#5
REVIEW
Bridget L Hopewell, Cristen Paige, David O Francis
Vocal tremor is a neurologic disorder with myriad etiologies (eg, Parkinson disease, medications, or essential tremor). Vocal tremor can limit intelligibility and social interaction and can result in isolation in nonprofessional voice users. In a professional singer whose entire career is based on voice quality, onset of a vocal tremor is devastating. We report a case of sudden-onset vocal tremor that impeded a young professional singer's ability to perform and record her album. The etiology was determined to be a medication side effect of lamotrigine; a reaction that has not been previously reported...
May 16, 2018: Journal of Voice: Official Journal of the Voice Foundation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773324/comparison-of-pitch-strength-with-perceptual-and-other-acoustic-metric-outcome-measures-following-medialization-laryngoplasty
#6
Adam D Rubin, Cristina Jackson-Menaldi, Lisa M Kopf, Katherine Marks, Jean Skeffington, Mark D Skowronski, Rahul Shrivastav, Eric J Hunter
INTRODUCTION: The diagnoses of voice disorders, as well as treatment outcomes, are often tracked using visual (eg, stroboscopic images), auditory (eg, perceptual ratings), objective (eg, from acoustic or aerodynamic signals), and patient report (eg, Voice Handicap Index and Voice-Related Quality of Life) measures. However, many of these measures are known to have low to moderate sensitivity and specificity for detecting changes in vocal characteristics, including vocal quality. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to compare changes in estimated pitch strength (PS) with other conventionally used acoustic measures based on the cepstral peak prominence (smoothed cepstral peak prominence, cepstral spectral index of dysphonia, and acoustic voice quality index), and clinical judgments of voice quality (GRBAS [grade, roughness, breathiness, asthenia, strain] scale) following laryngeal framework surgery...
May 14, 2018: Journal of Voice: Official Journal of the Voice Foundation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773323/primary-laryngeal-tuberculosis-our-experiences-at-a-tertiary-care-teaching-hospital-in-eastern-india
#7
Santosh Kumar Swain, Ishwar Chandra Behera, Mahesh Chandra Sahu
INTRODUCTION: Primary laryngeal tuberculosis is a chronic bacterial infection of the larynx by Mycobacterium tuberculosis without affecting the lungs. It is a rare type of extrapulmonary tuberculosis seen in clinical practice. OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to evaluate the clinical presentation, diagnosis, and treatment of primary laryngeal tuberculosis at a tertiary care teaching hospital in eastern India. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This is a retrospective study of 11 cases of primary laryngeal tuberculosis managed between December 2013 and January 2018...
May 14, 2018: Journal of Voice: Official Journal of the Voice Foundation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29759921/a-comparison-of-voice-activity-and-participation-profiles-among-etiological-groups
#8
Seung Jin Lee, Hong-Shik Choi, HyangHee Kim
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to determine whether patients with functional voice disorders show voice activity and participation profiles different from those of the organic and neurogenic groups. METHODS: The Korean Version of the Voice Activity and Participation Profile (K-VAPP) was administered to 200 participants (150 patients with functional, organic, and neurogenic voice disorders, 50 for each etiological group, 50 controls without vocal complaint)...
May 11, 2018: Journal of Voice: Official Journal of the Voice Foundation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29759920/dysphonia-perceived-control-and-psychosocial-distress-a-qualitative-study
#9
Stephanie Misono, Caroline Haut, Liza Meredith, Patricia A Frazier, Ali Stockness, Deirdre D Michael, Lisa Butcher, Eileen M Harwood
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this qualitative study was to examine relationships between psychological factors, particularly perceived control, and voice symptoms in adults seeking treatment for a voice problem. METHODS: Semistructured interviews of adult patients with a clinical diagnosis of muscle tension dysphonia were conducted and transcribed. Follow-up interviews were conducted as needed for further information or clarification. A multidisciplinary team analyzed interview content using inductive techniques...
May 11, 2018: Journal of Voice: Official Journal of the Voice Foundation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29759919/does-pepsin-play-a-role-in-etiology-of-laryngeal-nodules
#10
Hamdi Tasli, Burcu Eser, Mehmet Burak Asik, Hakan Birkent
OBJECTIVES: Vocal fold nodules (VFNs) are benign disorders affecting the superficial lamina propria of the true vocal folds. The etiology of VFNs still remains unclear but laryngeal trauma caused by vocal abuse, tobacco, alcohol, and laryngopharyngeal reflux (LPR) plays a crucial role on the pathogenesis. The aim of this study was to assess the presence of pepsin in formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded (FEPE) specimens of VFNs to evaluate the role of LPR as a risk factor for VFNs. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 28 pathology specimens of patients suffering from VFNs who had undergone laser microsurgery under general anesthesia were evaluated...
May 11, 2018: Journal of Voice: Official Journal of the Voice Foundation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29754713/endoscopic-partial-arytenoidectomy-for-bilateral-vocal-fold-paralysis-medially-based-mucosal-flap-technique
#11
Taner Yılmaz
PURPOSE: Endoscopic partial arytenoidectomy (EPA) is one of the static operations for treatment of bilateral vocal fold paralysis (BVFP). Improvement in airway may cause voice loss and aspiration. The author reports his experience on EPA using medially based mucosal flap to enlarge posterior glottis without removing any part of membranous vocal fold. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Sixty-four consecutive patients with BVFP underwent EPA. Pre- and postoperative evaluations included Voice Handicap Index-30, aerodynamic and acoustic analysis, flow volume loops, perceptual evaluation of pre- and postoperative voice using grade, roughness, breathiness, asthenia, strain (GRBAS) scale, speech intensity, breathing ability evaluation, and functional outcome swallowing scale...
May 10, 2018: Journal of Voice: Official Journal of the Voice Foundation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29753446/assessment-and-management-of-preoperative-anxiety
#12
Isabel Tulloch, John S Rubin
BACKGROUND: Preoperative anxiety has the potential to alter the dynamics of an elective procedure and has been shown to detrimentally affect patients both cognitively and physiologically. If mismanaged, it can lead to essential procedures being postponed or canceled, delay postoperative recovery, and increase patients' requirements for medical intervention postoperatively. These outcomes have harmful implications both clinically and economically. Our primary objective was to evaluate the levels of anxiety patients experience immediately before elective otorhinolaryngologic procedures...
May 9, 2018: Journal of Voice: Official Journal of the Voice Foundation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29753445/the-utility-of-pulmonary-function-testing-in-patients-presenting-with-dysphonia
#13
Kirsten Meenan, Lisa Catanoso, Julien Aoyama, Stephen R Stephan, Ridley Chauvin, Robert T Sataloff
OBJECTIVE: We aimed to evaluate the utility of pulmonary function testing (PFT), particularly forced expiratory flow (FEF) 25-75%, in patients presenting with dysphonia. STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective chart review was carried out. METHODS: Records of 199 patients who presented with dysphonia were reviewed to determine whether in-office PFTs, which we perform routinely, lead to new pulmonary diagnoses or the need for additional pulmonary medications, after assessment by a pulmonologist...
May 9, 2018: Journal of Voice: Official Journal of the Voice Foundation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29748027/the-effect-of-smoking-on-the-fundamental-frequency-of-the-speaking-voice
#14
Marie Reine Ayoub, Pauline Larrouy-Maestri, Dominique Morsomme
OBJECTIVE: Little is known about the impact of smoking on voice acoustics. Some studies have found that tobacco affects the fundamental frequency of the voice, whereas others have not. This study aimed to overcome the major methodological limitations observed in previous studies by strictly controlling several variables that could clarify the effect of smoking on the speaking voice. METHODS: Lebanese men were chosen for this study. Thirty nonsmokers, 30 cigarette smokers, and 30 water-pipe smokers were matched on the basis of age, height, and weight...
May 7, 2018: Journal of Voice: Official Journal of the Voice Foundation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29748026/prevalence-of-and-risk-factors-for-self-reported-voice-problems-among-hindu-temple-priests
#15
Usha Devadas, Manisha Hegde, Santosh Maruthy
BACKGROUND: Hindu priests (purohits/purohits/) perform religious services, rites, and prayers primarily at the temples, during which there is a continuous recitation of shlokas, ʃlokas, and mantras/mæntrəs/ in a loud voice. Hence, the voice is the primary component of priests' profession and earning for livelihood. The present study was conducted to explore the prevalence and possible risk factors, and the impact of voice problems (VPs) in Hindu temple priests. METHODS: This cross-sectional survey was conducted by distributing the self-reporting questionnaires to 140 Hindu temple priests in and around the Udupi/uɖupi/ and Mangaluru/maŋgalu:ru/ districts of Karnataka state, India, between January and April 2016...
May 7, 2018: Journal of Voice: Official Journal of the Voice Foundation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29748025/aging-voice-index-avi-reliability-and-validity-of-a-voice-quality-of-life-scale-for-older-adults
#16
Nicole M Etter, Edie R Hapner, Julie M Barkmeier-Kraemer, Jackie L Gartner-Schmidt, Emily V Dressler, Joseph C Stemple
Changes in voice in aging adults impact their ability to use their voice to communicate in all situations and can lead to decreased quality of life (QOL). The primary objective of this study was to determine the validity and reliability of the Aging Voice Index (AVI)-a tool specifically designed for aging adults with voice disorders. A total of 92 older adults were asked to complete the Voice-Related Quality of Life Scale (VRQOL) and the AVI as well as provide their self-perceived voice severity rating of their voice problem and demographic information...
May 7, 2018: Journal of Voice: Official Journal of the Voice Foundation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29735197/effect-of-parkinson-disease-on-emotion-perception-using-the-persian-affective-voices-test
#17
Arezoo Saffarian, Yunes Amiri Shavaki, Gholam Ali Shahidi, Zahra Jafari
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Emotion perception plays a major role in proper communication with people in different social interactions. Nonverbal affect bursts can be used to evaluate vocal emotion perception. The present study was a preliminary step to establishing the psychometric properties of the Persian version of the Montreal Affective Voices (MAV) test, as well as to investigate the effect of Parkinson disease (PD) on vocal emotion perception. METHODS: The short, emotional sound made by pronouncing the vowel "a" in Persian was recorded by 22 actors and actresses to develop the Persian version of the MAV, the Persian Affective Voices (PAV), for emotions of happiness, sadness, pleasure, pain, anger, disgust, fear, surprise, and neutrality...
May 4, 2018: Journal of Voice: Official Journal of the Voice Foundation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29731381/influence-of-noise-resulting-from-the-location-and-conditions-of-classrooms-and-schools-in-upper-egypt-on-teachers-voices
#18
Ketaki Vasant Phadke, Ahmed Abo-Hasseba, Jan G Švec, Ahmed Geneid
PURPOSE: Teachers are professional voice users, always at high risk of developing voice disorders due to high vocal demand and unfavorable environmental conditions. This study aimed at identifying possible correlations between teachers' voice symptoms and their perception of noise, the location of schools, as well as the location and conditions of their classrooms. METHOD: One hundred forty teachers (ages 21-56) from schools in Upper Egypt participated in this study...
May 3, 2018: Journal of Voice: Official Journal of the Voice Foundation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29731380/a-perceptual-method-to-rate-dysphonic-voices
#19
Jorge A Gurlekian, Humberto M Torres, Melissa Rincón Cediel
OBJECTIVE: To present and test a production-matching method with external references, looking at the improvement of inter-rater variability of expert evaluations. METHOD: It consists of adjusting quality attribute levels of a synthetic vowel for a simultaneous matching with the natural patient vowel (NPV) attributes. In an initial experiment, seven speech-language pathology (SLP) experts performed this task with the new method and evaluated the same NPV with the standard method...
May 3, 2018: Journal of Voice: Official Journal of the Voice Foundation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29731379/adaptation-and-validation-of-the-kannada-singing-voice-handicap-index-10
#20
Dhanshree R Gunjawate, Venkataraja Aithal U, Rajashekhar Bellur
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the present study was to adapt and validate the English version of the Singing Voice Handicap Index-10 (SVHI-10) into Kannada language. STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional Comparitive study design. METHODS: The English version of SVHI-10 was translated into Kannada using standard procedure. A total of 115 singers participated in the study, including 90 singers with no voice problems (control group) and 25 singers with voice problems...
May 3, 2018: Journal of Voice: Official Journal of the Voice Foundation
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