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Journal of Voice: Official Journal of the Voice Foundation

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28089485/perceptual-error-analysis-of-human-and-synthesized-voices
#1
Marina Englert, Glaucya Madazio, Ingrid Gielow, Jorge Lucero, Mara Behlau
OBJECTIVE/HYPOTHESIS: To assess the quality of synthesized voices through listeners' skills in discriminating human and synthesized voices. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective study. METHODS: Eighteen human voices with different types and degrees of deviation (roughness, breathiness, and strain, with three degrees of deviation: mild, moderate, and severe) were selected by three voice specialists. Synthesized samples with the same deviations of human voices were produced by the VoiceSim system...
January 12, 2017: Journal of Voice: Official Journal of the Voice Foundation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28089390/quantitative-evaluation-of-the-in-vivo-vocal-fold-medial-surface-shape
#2
Andrew M Vahabzadeh-Hagh, Zhaoyan Zhang, Dinesh K Chhetri
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS: Glottal insufficiency is a common clinical problem in otolaryngology and medialization laryngoplasty (ML) procedures remain the primary treatment modality. Although the goal of ML is to restore physiologic glottal posture and achieve optimal phonation, this posture has not been directly measured. In this study, we assessed glottal medial surface contour changes with selective activation of the intrinsic laryngeal muscles (ILMs). STUDY DESIGN: Basic science study using an in vivo canine hemilarynx model...
January 12, 2017: Journal of Voice: Official Journal of the Voice Foundation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087124/the-acoustic-breathiness-index-abi-a-multivariate-acoustic-model-for-breathiness
#3
Ben Barsties V Latoszek, Youri Maryn, Ellen Gerrits, Marc De Bodt
OBJECTIVE: The evaluation of voice quality is a major component of voice assessment. The aim of the present study was to develop a new multivariate acoustic model for the evaluation of breathiness. METHOD: Concatenated voice samples of continuous speech and the sustained vowel [a:] from 970 subjects with dysphonia and 88 vocally healthy subjects were perceptually judged for breathiness severity. Acoustic analyses were conducted on the same concatenated voice samples after removal of the non-voiced segments of the continuous speech sample...
January 10, 2017: Journal of Voice: Official Journal of the Voice Foundation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087123/conversational-entrainment-of-vocal-fry-in-young-adult-female-american-english-speakers
#4
Stephanie A Borrie, Christine R Delfino
OBJECTIVE: Conversational entrainment, the natural tendency for people to modify their behaviors to more closely match their communication partner, is examined as one possible mechanism modulating the prevalence of vocal fry in the speech of young American women engaged in spoken dialogue. METHOD: Twenty young adult female American English speakers engaged in two spoken dialogue tasks-one with a young adult female American English conversational partner who exhibited substantial vocal fry and one with a young adult female American English conversational partner who exhibited quantifiably less vocal fry...
January 10, 2017: Journal of Voice: Official Journal of the Voice Foundation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28081916/vocal-characteristics-and-laryngoscopic-findings-in-future-musical-theater-performers
#5
Evelien D'haeseleer, Sofie Claeys, Iris Meerschman, Kim Bettens, Sofie Degeest, Caroline Dijckmans, Joke De Smet, Anke Luyten, Kristiane Van Lierde
OBJECTIVE: Musical theater performers are a special group of elite vocal performers with a high vocal load as they combine singing, acting, and physical performance. As they are absolutely depending on their voice quality and vocal capacities for their studies and their future profession, an optimal voice production is very important. The purpose of this study was to determine the voice quality of musical theater students. The voice quality of seven students was then reevaluated 1 year after the first assessment...
January 9, 2017: Journal of Voice: Official Journal of the Voice Foundation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28069467/validity-and-reliability-of-a-french-version-of-reflux-symptom-index
#6
Jérôme R Lechien, Kathy Huet, Camille Finck, Mohamad Khalife, Anne-Françoise Fourneau, Véronique Delvaux, Myriam Piccaluga, Bernard Harmegnies, Sven Saussez
OBJECTIVE: To develop a French version of the Reflux Symptom Index (Fr-RSI) and to assess its internal consistency, reliability, and clinical validity. STUDY DESIGN: Controlled, prospective trial. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Forty-four patients with a reflux finding score > 7 and an Fr-RSI > 13 were enrolled and treated with 20 mg of pantoprazole twice daily and diet changes for 3 months. Ninety asymptomatic subjects were also included in the study...
January 6, 2017: Journal of Voice: Official Journal of the Voice Foundation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28069466/voice-disorders-in-older-adults-living-in-nursing-homes-prevalence-and-associated-factors
#7
Leandro Pernambuco, Albert Espelt, Amanda C B Góis, Kenio Costa de Lima
OBJECTIVES: To estimate the prevalence and the associated factors with voice disorders (VDs) in older adults living in nursing homes. STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional. METHODS: A sample of 117 Brazilian individuals of both sexes and preserved cognitive function, aged >59 years, living in 10 nursing homes, was studied. VDs were screened using the validated tool "Rastreamento de Alterações Vocais em Idosos" (RAVI-Screening for Voice Disorders in Older Adults)...
January 6, 2017: Journal of Voice: Official Journal of the Voice Foundation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28062093/resonance-tube-or-lax-vox
#8
Jaana Tyrmi, Vojtěch Radolf, Jaromír Horáček, Anne-Maria Laukkanen
OBJECTIVE: This study compares the flow resistance of Resonance tube (RT) and Lax Vox tube (LVT) when submerged 2 cm and 10 cm in water, as well as phonation into the tubes in these conditions. METHODS: In the in vitro experiment, the air pressure for flow rates of 60-600 mL/s was measured at the tube inlet, when the outer end of the tube was submerged 2 cm and 10 cm below water surface in 30°, 45°, and 90° angle. In the in vivo experiment, 14 subjects phonated in habitual loudness and loudly into both tubes, with the outer end 2 cm and 10 cm in water...
January 3, 2017: Journal of Voice: Official Journal of the Voice Foundation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28062092/association-between-facial-length-and-width-and-fundamental-frequency
#9
Anthony T Macari, Ingrid A Karam, Georges Ziade, Dollen Tabri, Doja Sarieddine, Elie S Alam, Abdul-Latif Hamdan
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to evaluate the association between facial width and length and fundamental frequency (F0) and habitual frequency. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective cross-sectional study. SUBJECTS: A total of 50 subjects (35 females;15 males) were included in this study. METHODS: Lateral and posteroanterior cephalometric measurements included: facial height (N-Me); widths of the maxilla (J-J), mandible (AG-AG), and face (Zyg-Zyg); ratios J-J to AG-AG, N-Me to Zyg-Zyg, and lower face to total face heights...
January 3, 2017: Journal of Voice: Official Journal of the Voice Foundation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28041640/a-comparative-study-of-the-vhi-10-and-the-v-rqol-for-quality-of-life-among-chinese-teachers-with-and-without-voice-disorders
#10
Dan Lu, Bei Wen, Hui Yang, Fei Chen, Jun Liu, Yanan Xu, Yitao Zheng, Yu Zhao, Jian Zou, Haiyang Wang
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the differences and correlation between the Voice Handicap Index-10 (VHI-10) and the Voice-Related Quality of Life (V-RQOL) in teachers in China with and without voice disorders. STUDY DESIGN: This is a cross-sectional descriptive analytical study. METHODS: The participants were 864 teachers (569 women, 295 men) whose vocal cords were examined using a flexible nasofibrolaryngoscope. Questionnaire results were obtained for both the VHI-10 and the V-RQOL...
December 29, 2016: Journal of Voice: Official Journal of the Voice Foundation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28040342/voice-vibratory-assessment-with-laryngeal-imaging-vali-form-reliability-of-rating-stroboscopy-and-high-speed-videoendoscopy
#11
Bruce J Poburka, Rita R Patel, Diane M Bless
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of the study was to evaluate the inter-judge and intra-judge reliability of raters using the Voice-Vibratory Assessment with Laryngeal Imaging (VALI) rating form that was developed for assessing videostroboscopy and high-speed videoendoscopic (HSV) recordings. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Nine speech-language pathologists with an average of 12.8 years of experience with laryngeal imaging were trained to use the VALI form for rating 66 de-identified and randomized samples with voice disorders...
December 28, 2016: Journal of Voice: Official Journal of the Voice Foundation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28040341/the-influence-of-vowels-on-vocal-fold-dynamics-in-the-tenor-s-passaggio
#12
Matthias Echternach, Fabian Burk, Marie Köberlein, Michael Burdumy, Michael Döllinger, Bernhard Richter
INTRODUCTION: The influence of vowels on the frequency region where registration events in male voices usually occur (passaggio) has not yet been clarified. Particularly, for tenors who frequently have to sing across the passaggio, it might be assumed that the vowel quality has an influence on the stability of phonation. METHODS: In this investigation, six professionally trained Western classical tenors performed a glide from A3 (220 Hz) to A4 (440 Hz) and were recorded using high-speed videoendoscopy at 20,000 fps via transnasal flexible endoscopy...
December 28, 2016: Journal of Voice: Official Journal of the Voice Foundation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28017461/comparing-chalk-with-cheese-the-egg-contact-quotient-is-only-a-limited-surrogate-of-the-closed-quotient
#13
Christian T Herbst, Harm K Schutte, Daniel L Bowling, Jan G Svec
The electroglottographic (EGG) contact quotient (CQegg), an estimate of the relative duration of vocal fold contact per vibratory cycle, is the most commonly used quantitative analysis parameter in EGG. The purpose of this study is to quantify the CQegg's relation to the closed quotient, a measure more directly related to glottal width changes during vocal fold vibration and the respective sound generation events. Thirteen singers (six females) phonated in four extreme phonation types while independently varying the degree of breathiness and vocal register...
December 22, 2016: Journal of Voice: Official Journal of the Voice Foundation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28017460/vocal-tract-adjustments-of-dysphonic-and-non-dysphonic-women-pre-and-post-flexible-resonance-tube-in-water-exercise-a-quantitative-mri-study
#14
Rosiane Yamasaki, Emi Z Murano, Eloisa Gebrim, Adriana Hachiya, Arlindo Montagnoli, Mara Behlau, Domingos Tsuji
OBJECTIVE: To compare vocal tract (VT) adjustments of dysphonic and non-dysphonic women before and after flexible resonance tube in water exercise (FRTWE) at rest and during phonation using magnetic resonance imaging. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective study. METHODS: Twenty women, aged 20-40 years, 10 dysphonic with vocal nodules (VNG) and 10 controls (CG), underwent four sets of sagittal VT MRI: two pre-FRTWE, at rest and during phonation, and two post-FRTWE, during phonation and at rest...
December 22, 2016: Journal of Voice: Official Journal of the Voice Foundation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28007326/unilateral-vocal-fold-paralysis-a-systematic-review-of-speech-language-pathology-management
#15
REVIEW
Chloe Walton, Erin Conway, Helen Blackshaw, Paul Carding
OBJECTIVES: Dysphonia due to unilateral vocal fold paralysis (UVFP) can be characterized by hoarseness and weakness, resulting in a significant impact on patients' activity and participation. Voice therapy provided by a speech-language pathologist is designed to maximize vocal function and improve quality of life. The purpose of this paper is to systematically review literature surrounding the effectiveness of speech-language pathology intervention for the management of UVFP in adults...
December 19, 2016: Journal of Voice: Official Journal of the Voice Foundation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28003099/long-term-results-of-18-fat-injections-in-unilateral-vocal-fold-paralysis
#16
R Pagano, D Morsomme, S Camby, L Lejeune, C Finck
OBJECTIVE: The purposes of this study were to assess the long-term efficacy of medialization laryngoplasty via injection of autologous fat in patients with unilateral laryngeal paralysis, and to discuss the results based on the volume of fat injected and the size of the initial glottic gap. STUDY DESIGN: This was a retrospective study with clinical reevaluation of 18 patients treated for unilateral laryngeal paralysis at Liège University Hospital between April 1, 2011, and December 1, 2014...
December 19, 2016: Journal of Voice: Official Journal of the Voice Foundation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27993501/are-instructions-to-manipulate-specific-parameters-of-laryngeal-function-associated-with-auditory-perceptual-ratings-of-voice-quality-in-nondisordered-speakers
#17
Catherine J Madill, Christine Sheard, Robert Heard
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS: This preliminary study investigated whether auditory-perceptual judgments of voice quality by experienced speech language pathologists were associated with instructions given to speakers to manipulate specific laryngeal postures. STUDY DESIGN: Experimental, within-subject design. METHODS: Nine speakers were instructed and trained to manipulate three vocal parameters implicated in functional voice disorders-false vocal fold constriction, vocal fold mass, and larynx height-while reading a standard passage...
December 16, 2016: Journal of Voice: Official Journal of the Voice Foundation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27993500/vocal-function-exercises-for-muscle-tension-dysphonia-auditory-perceptual-evaluation-and-self-assessment-rating
#18
Narges Jafari, Abolfazl Salehi, Farzad Izadi, Saeed Talebian Moghadam, Abbas Ebadi, Payman Dabirmoghadam, Maryam Faham, Mehdi Shabazi
OBJECTIVE: Muscle tension dysphonia (MTD) is a functional dysphonia, which appears with an excessive tension in the intrinsic and extrinsic laryngeal musculatures. MTD can affect voice quality and quality of life. The purpose of the present study was to assess the effectiveness of vocal function exercises (VFEs) on perceptual and self-assessment ratings in a group of 15 subjects with MTD. METHODS: The study comprised 15 subjects with MTD (8 men and 7 women, mean age 39...
December 16, 2016: Journal of Voice: Official Journal of the Voice Foundation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27993499/a-cepstral-analysis-of-normal-and-pathologic-voice-qualities-in-iranian-adults-a-comparative-study
#19
Arezoo Hasanvand, Abolfazl Salehi, Mona Ebrahimipour
INTRODUCTION: The use of frequency-based analysis as an accurate method of voice analysis motivated us to evaluate the voice qualities of healthy versus dysphonic Iranian people. METHODS: Two hundred normal and dysphonic participants aged between 20 and 50 years in either gender were divided into four different equal groups. For the tasks, 5-second prolongation of vowel /a/ and a sample of reading text were used for the analysis. "Speech Tool" software was employed for Cepstral peak prominence (CPP) and cepstral peak prominence-smoothed (CPPS) analyses...
December 16, 2016: Journal of Voice: Official Journal of the Voice Foundation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27993498/pediatric-vocal-fold-nodule-etiology-what-are-its-usual-causes-in-children
#20
Arzu Tuzuner, Sule Demirci, Haldun Oguz, Kursat Murat Ozcan
OBJECTIVES: In this study, the relation between phonotrauma and presence of siblings and social activities was investigated, and the incidence of voice disorders in the mothers of children with vocal fold nodules was studied with objective (clinical voice analysis) and subjective (laryngostroboscopy, Voice Handicap Index) methods. METHODS: Twenty-nine children with vocal fold nodules (age range 5-14 years), 45 age-matched children without any voice disorders as a control group, and their mothers were included in the study...
December 16, 2016: Journal of Voice: Official Journal of the Voice Foundation
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