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Journal of Personality Disorders

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28072044/predicting-nonsuicidal-self-injury-in-borderline-personality-disorder-using-ecological-momentary-assessment
#1
Brooke A Ammerman, Thomas M Olino, Emil F Coccaro, Michael S McCloskey
Borderline personality disorder (BPD) is a highly comorbid disorder, and these comorbidities increase the impairment associated with BPD. For example, depression, which occurs in the majority of individuals with BPD, increases the likelihood of an individual with BPD to engage in nonsuicidal self-injury (NSSI). Little research, however, has investigated potential mechanisms of NSSI engagement in this population. The current study aimed to fill this gap by examining momentary experiences, levels of distress tolerance, and NSSI among 51 individuals meeting current diagnostic criteria for BPD and a comorbid depressive disorder...
January 10, 2017: Journal of Personality Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28072043/compelled-to-risk-does-sexual-compulsivity-explain-the-connection-between-borderline-personality-disorder-features-and-number-of-sexual-partners
#2
Charles Jardin, Carla Sharp, Lorra Garey, Salome Vanwoerden, Nic Crist, Jon D Elhai, Michael J Zvolensky
Having more sexual partners increases the likelihood of new HIV infections among women. Women with more borderline personality disorder (BPD) features have been known to have greater numbers of sexual partners. However, the mechanisms linking BPD features with more sexual partners remain to be clarified. Sexual compulsivity (lack of control, increased distress over sexual behavior) may be one such explanatory factor, as it overlaps with BPD features (e.g., impulsivity, negative affectivity). The present study examined whether sexual compulsivity explained the relation of BPD features with number of sexual partners among a diverse sample of college females (N = 1,326)...
January 10, 2017: Journal of Personality Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28072042/construct-validity-of-the-dsm-5-section-iii-maladaptive-trait-domains-in-older-adults
#3
Inge Debast, Gina Rossi, S P J van Alphen
The DSM-5 Section III model of personality disorders remains largely unexplored in older adults. More specifically, there is a need for further research on the generalizability of the five trait domains in old age. The development of a short operationalization to screen for maladaptive trait domains, the Personality Inventory for DSM-5 Brief Form (PID-5-BF), can stimulate the use of the alternative DSM-5 model in older adults by addressing the need for short instruments. The primary goal of this study was to examine the construct validity of the PID-5-BF by comparing its structural model and nomological network with the original PID-5 in terms of relations with domains of personality functioning and a gero-specific personality disorder indicator...
January 10, 2017: Journal of Personality Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28072041/interpersonal-threat-sensitivity-in-borderline-personality-disorder-an-eye-tracking-study
#4
Katja Bertsch, Marlene Krauch, Katharina Stopfer, Katrin Haeussler, C Herpertz, Matthias Gamer
Threat sensitivity is a prominent predictor of interpersonal dysfunctions in borderline personality disorder (BPD), leading to intense, aversive feelings of threat and eventually dysfunctional behaviors, such as aggression. In the present study, BPD patients and healthy volunteers classified angry, fearful, neutral, and happy faces presented for 150 ms or 5,000 ms to investigate initial saccades and facial scanning. Patients more often wrongly identified anger, responded slower to all faces, and made faster saccades towards the eyes of briefly presented neutral faces and slower saccades away from fearful eyes compared with healthy volunteers...
January 10, 2017: Journal of Personality Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28072040/altered-empathy-for-psychological-and-physical-pain-in-borderline-personality-disorder
#5
Vera Flasbeck, Björn Enzi, Martin Brüne
Many patients with borderline personality disorder (BPD) experience difficulties in empathizing with others and are sensitive to social exclusion. Accordingly, the authors developed a novel Social Interaction Empathy Task to examine empathy for physical and psychological pain from first- and third-person perspectives. Fifty female patients with BPD and forty-eight controls matched for age and gender were included. Alexithymia was also measured. Patients with BPD rated neutral and psychologically painful situations as more painful than healthy controls, and patients with BPD rated psychological pain as more intense in the first-person perspective than in the third-person perspective...
January 10, 2017: Journal of Personality Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28072039/a-mother-s-borderline-personality-disorder-and-her-sensitivity-autonomy-support-hostility-fearful-disoriented-behavior-and-role-reversal-with-her-young-child
#6
Jenny Macfie, Gretchen Kurdziel, Rebecca M Mahan, Stephanie Kors
There is some evidence that maternal borderline personality disorder (BPD) adversely affects parenting in infancy, resulting in disorganized attachment, which longitudinally predicts BPD symptoms in adulthood. We examined parenting related to disorganized attachment beyond infancy in offspring of mothers with BPD, when parenting becomes a goal-corrected partnership. We observed puzzle solving in a low socioeconomic status (SES) sample of mothers with BPD and their children ages 4-7, n = 36, and normative comparisons, n = 34...
January 10, 2017: Journal of Personality Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28072038/reliability-factor-structure-and-associations-with-measures-of-problem-relationship-and-behavior-of-the-personality-inventory-for-dsm-5-in-a-sample-of-italian-community-dwelling-adolescents
#7
Antonella Somma, Serena Borroni, Cesare Maffei, Laura E Giarolli, Kristian E Markon, Robert F Krueger, Andrea Fossati
In order to assess the reliability, factorial validity, and criterion validity of the Personality Inventory for DSM-5 (PID-5) among adolescents, 1,264 Italian high school students were administered the PID-5. Participants were also administered the Questionnaire on Relationships and Substance Use as a criterion measure. In the full sample, McDonald's ω values were adequate for the PID-5 scales (median ω = .85, SD = .06), except for Suspiciousness. However, all PID-5 scales showed average inter-item correlation values in the ...
January 10, 2017: Journal of Personality Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893320/author-index-to-volume-30
#8
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Journal of Personality Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26845531/the-mask-of-sanity-facial-expressive-self-reported-and-physiological-consequences-of-emotion-regulation-in-psychopathic-offenders
#9
Lieke Nentjes, David P Bernstein, Ewout Meijer, Arnoud Arntz, Reinout W Wiers
This study investigated the physiological, self-reported, and facial correlates of emotion regulation in psychopathy. Specifically, we compared psychopathic offenders (n = 42), nonpsychopathic offenders (n = 42), and nonoffender controls (n = 26) in their ability to inhibit and express emotion while watching affective films (fear, happy, and sad). Results showed that all participants were capable of drastically diminishing facial emotions under inhibition instructions. Contrary to expectation, psychopaths were not superior in adopting such a "poker face...
December 2016: Journal of Personality Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26623541/identifying-the-manipulative-mating-methods-associated-with-psychopathic-traits-and-bpd-features
#10
Luna C Muñoz Centifanti, Nicholas D Thomson, Angela H Kwok
Psychopathy and borderline personality disorder (BPD) traits are associated with coercion and manipulation within relationships. The authors investigated whether BPD traits were uniquely associated with manipulation for emotional closeness whereas psychopathy was used for the purpose of attaining physical closeness. A community sample (N = 164) reported on mating behaviors, psychopathic traits, and BPD traits. Hierarchical regressions were conducted to predict mating behaviors that would account for the overlap between psychopathy and BPD...
December 2016: Journal of Personality Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26623539/identifying-two-groups-of-entitled-individuals-cluster-analysis-reveals-emotional-stability-and-self-esteem-distinction
#11
Michael L Crowe, Alexander C LoPilato, W Keith Campbell, Joshua D Miller
The present study hypothesized that there exist two distinct groups of entitled individuals: grandiose-entitled, and vulnerable-entitled. Self-report scores of entitlement were collected for 916 individuals using an online platform. Model-based cluster analyses were conducted on the individuals with scores one standard deviation above mean (n = 159) using the five-factor model dimensions as clustering variables. The results support the existence of two groups of entitled individuals categorized as emotionally stable and emotionally vulnerable...
December 2016: Journal of Personality Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26623538/interpersonal-problems-and-their-relationship-to-depression-self-esteem-and-malignant-self-regard
#12
Steven K Huprich, Ketrin Lengu, Carly Evich
DSM-5 Section III recommends that level of personality functioning be assessed. This requires an assessment of self and other representations. Malignant self-regard (MSR) is a way of assessing the level of functioning of those with a masochistic, self-defeating, depressive, or vulnerably narcissistic personality. In Study 1, 840 undergraduates were assessed for MSR, depressive symptoms, self-esteem, anaclitic and introjective depression, and interpersonal problems. MSR, self-esteem, depressive symptoms, and anaclitic and introjective depression were correlated with multiple dimensions of interpersonal problems, and MSR predicted the most variance in interpersonal scales measuring social inhibition, nonassertion, over-accommodation, and excessive self-sacrifice...
December 2016: Journal of Personality Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26623537/diagnosing-disclosing-and-documenting-borderline-personality-disorder-a-survey-of-psychiatrists-practices
#13
Dominic Sisti, Andrea G Segal, Andrew M Siegel, Rebecca Johnson, John Gunderson
Borderline personality disorder (BPD) is a valid and reliable diagnosis with effective treatments. However, data suggest many patients remain unaware they carry the diagnosis, even when they are actively engaged in outpatient psychiatric treatment. The authors conducted a survey of 134 psychiatrists practicing in the United States to examine whether they had ever withheld and/or not documented their patients' BPD diagnosis. Fifty-seven percent indicated that at some point during their career they failed to disclose BPD; 37 percent said they had not documented the diagnosis...
December 2016: Journal of Personality Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26623535/diagnostic-agreement-between-clinicians-and-clients-the-convergent-and-discriminant-validity-of-the-swap-200-and-mcmi-iii-personality-disorder-scales
#14
Emanuela S Gritti, Douglas B Samuel, Margherita Lang
A particularly controversial aspect in the field of personality assessment is the use of self-report measures, versus clinicians' evaluations, for diagnosing personality disorder (PD). No studies have systematically documented the agreement between these sources for the entire array of DSM-5 PDs using comprehensive measures and experienced clinicians' judgments. The present work fills this gap by indexing the agreement between patients' self-descriptions and clinicians' judgments, relying on standardized and thorough PD instruments...
December 2016: Journal of Personality Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26623534/affective-instability-and-reactivity-in-depressed-patients-with-and-without-borderline-pathology
#15
Johanna Köhling, Markus Moessner, Johannes C Ehrenthal, Stephanie Bauer, Manfred Cierpka, Annette Kämmerer, Henning Schauenburg, Ulrike Dinger
The quality of depression in borderline personality disorder (BPD) was reported to differ from that in patients with major depressive disorder (MDD) only. However, little is known about affect dynamics in "borderline-depression." The authors assessed affective instability and reactivity in 20 MDD patients with BPD and in 21 MDD patients without BPD by Ambulatory Assessment. Participants reported on current affect, daily events, and attribution of affective states to events five times per day over a 7-day period...
December 2016: Journal of Personality Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26623533/self-concept-clarity-and-emotion-dysregulation-in-nonsuicidal-self-injury
#16
Mary K Lear, Carolyn M Pepper
Recent research has linked identity instability with engagement in nonsuicidal self-injury (NSSI; Claes, Luyckx, & Bijttebier, 2014; Claes et al., 2015). This study examined the relationship between self-concept clarity (SCC), an index of identity stability, and NSSI in a sample of 147 college students, using a cross-sectional survey design. The relationship between SCC and emotion dysregulation in NSSI severity was also examined. SCC was significantly negatively associated with NSSI engagement, as well as NSSI frequency and versatility, above negative affect or age...
December 2016: Journal of Personality Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27749189/dimensional-structure-and-measurement-invariance-of-the-schizotypal-personality-questionnaire-brief-revised-spq-br-scores-across-american-and-spanish-samples
#17
Eduardo Fonseca-Pedrero, Alex Cohen, Javier Ortuño-Sierra, Alicia Pérez de Álbeniz, José Muñiz
The main goal of the present study was to test the measurement equivalence of the Schizotypal Personality Questionnaire - Brief Revised (SPQ-BR) scores in a large sample of Spanish and American non-clinical young adults. The sample was made up of 5,625 young adults (M = 19.65 years; SD = 2.53; 38.5% males). Study of the internal structure, using confirmatory factor analysis (CFA), revealed that SPQ-BR items were grouped in a theoretical internal structure of nine first-order factors. Moreover, three or four second-order factor and bifactor models showed adequate goodness-of-fit indices...
October 17, 2016: Journal of Personality Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27749188/adaptation-and-psychometric-evaluation-of-the-italian-version-of-the-attitude-to-personality-disorder-questionnaire-apdq
#18
Francesca Martino, Andrea Norcini Pala, Barbara Valenti, Rossella Capelli, Domenico Berardi, Rohini Bagrodia, Marco Menchetti
The aim of the current study was to validate the Italian version of the Attitude Toward Personality Disorders Questionnaire (APDQ), assess its psychometric properties, and investigate nurses' attitudes toward patients with personality disorders. An Italian version of the APDQ was produced and administered to nurses working in the Bologna Mental Health Department. The instrument demonstrated good psychometric proprieties and a robust structure and supported the five-factor solution of the original English version...
October 17, 2016: Journal of Personality Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27749187/long-term-course-of-borderline-personality-disorder-a-prospective-10-year-follow-up-study
#19
Irene Alvarez-Tomás, Joaquim Soler, Arturo Bados, Ana Martín-Blanco, Matilde Elices, Cristina Carmona, Joana Bauzà, Juan Carlos Pascual
The aim of this prospective study was to expand previously reported evidence on the 10-year clinical and functional course of borderline personality disorder (BPD) in a Spanish sample. Participants diagnosed with BPD were assessed at baseline and at 10-year follow-up to evaluate BPD symptomatology and other relevant clinical measures, suicidal behavior, dimensional personality traits, Axis I and II comorbidity, use of mental health resources, and psychosocial functioning. At the 10-year follow up, significant improvements were observed on BPD domains, suicidal behavior, and other clinical measures...
October 17, 2016: Journal of Personality Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27749186/the-conceptualization-and-assessment-of-schizotypal-traits-a-comparison-of-the-ffsi-and-pid-5
#20
Cristina Crego, Thomas A Widiger
The purpose of the present study was to compare the cognitive and perceptual aberration scales from the Five-Factor Schizotypal Inventory (FFSI; Edmundson, Lynam, Miller, Gore, & Widiger, 2011) and the Personality Inventory for DSM-5 (Krueger, Derringer, Markon, Watson, & Skodol, 2012), as well as to address more generally the validity of the FFSI as a measure of both schizotypal personality traits and the FFM. Two independent samples were obtained, including 259 college students (55 of whom were preselected with elevated scores on a measure of schizotypal personality disorder [STPD]) and 346 adult MTurk participants (43% of whom had been or were currently in mental health treatment)...
October 17, 2016: Journal of Personality Disorders
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