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Journal of Personality Disorders

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28604278/borderline-personality-disorder-symptoms-and-pain-in-college-students-the-role-of-emotional-suppression
#1
Katherine L Dixon-Gordon, Christopher R Berghoff, Michael J McDermott
Borderline personality disorder (BPD) is associated with higher rates of pain conditions and greater pain impairment. Past research implicates emotional suppression in acute pain tolerance; thus, emotional suppression may contribute to pain interference among those with high BPD features. Participants were 89 university students who completed measures of BPD features, and complied with 2-week daily diary procedures assessing suppression of emotional thoughts associated with social and nonsocial stressors, distress, pain severity, and interference...
June 12, 2017: Journal of Personality Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28604277/validation-of-schema-coping-inventory-and-schema-mode-inventory-in-adolescents
#2
Marjolein F van Wijk-Herbrink, Jeffrey Roelofs, Nick J Broers, Marleen M Rijkeboer, Arnoud Arntz, David P Bernstein
This study investigated whether the schema therapy constructs of schema coping and schema modes have validity in adolescents. We examined the validity and reliability of the Schema Coping Inventory (SCI) and an 80-item version of the Schema Mode Inventory (SMI) in a mixed sample of adolescents. Confirmatory factor analyses showed that the first-order factor structures of the SCI and SMI were replicated, but that the hypothesized higher-order models of the SMI were not confirmed. Instead, we proposed an alternative higher-order model of Internalizing, Externalizing, Overachieving, and Healthy modes...
June 12, 2017: Journal of Personality Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28604276/clinician-perspectives-of-antisocial-and-borderline-personality-disorders-using-dsm-5-section-iii-dimensional-personality-traits
#3
Jaime L Anderson, Martin Sellbom, R Clayton Shealy
The DSM-5 includes an alternative model for the diagnosis of personality disorders (PDs). Although there has been growing support for this model, there has been little investigation into how it will be utilized by clinicians. The current study evaluated clinician perspectives of a "prototypical" individual with antisocial and borderline PD using Section III traits in a sample of 105 mental health professionals. Results showed that clinicians' perspectives of these disorders were generally consistent with the Section III trait operationalizations...
June 12, 2017: Journal of Personality Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28604275/the-italian-version-of-the-borderline-personality-disorder-severity-index-iv-psychometric-properties-clinical-usefulness-and-possible-diagnostic-implications
#4
Ester di Giacomo, Arnoud Arntz, Maria Fotiadou, Eugenio Aguglia, Lavinia Barone, Silvio Bellino, Bernardo Carpiniello, Fabrizia Colmegna, Marina Lazzari, Liliana Lorettu, Federica Pinna, Aldo Sicaro, Maria Salvina Signorelli, Massimo Clerici
Borderline personality disorder (BPD) has a core embodied in affective and behavioral dysregulations, impulsivity, and relational disturbance. Clinical presentation might be heterogeneous due to a combination of different symptoms listed in the DSM-5. Clinical diagnosis and assessment of the severity of manifestations might be improved through the administration of structured interviews such as the Borderline Personality Disorder Severity Index, 4th edition (BPDSI-IV). The psychometric properties of the Italian version of the BPDSI-IV were examined for the first time in 248 patients affected by BPD and 113 patients affected by bipolar disorder, proving to be a valid and accurate instrument with good internal consistency and high accuracy...
June 12, 2017: Journal of Personality Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28594633/the-influence-of-emotional-state-on-learning-from-reward-and-punishment-in-borderline-personality-disorder
#5
Katherine L Dixon-Gordon, Matthew T Tull, Leor M Hackel, Kim L Gratz
Despite preliminary evidence that individuals with borderline personality disorder (BPD) demonstrate deficits in learning from corrective feedback, no studies have examined the influence of emotional state on these learning deficits in BPD. This laboratory study examined the influence of negative emotions on learning among participants with BPD (n = 17), compared with clinical (past-year mood/anxiety disorder; n = 20) and healthy (n = 23) controls. Participants completed a reinforcement learning task before and after a negative emotion induction...
June 8, 2017: Journal of Personality Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28594632/high-prevalence-of-physical-pain-among-treatment-seeking-individuals-with-borderline-personality-disorder
#6
Laura M Heath, Joel Paris, Lise Laporte, Kathryn J Gill
Research has demonstrated that about 30% of chronic pain patients suffer from borderline personality disorder (BPD), yet pain is not often discussed in research on the treatment of BPD. Sixty-five patients entering outpatient treatment for BPD were assessed at baseline for the prevalence of DSM-IV lifetime pain disorder, current medical problems, and the experience of current pain as measured by the McGill Pain Questionnaire. DSM-IV lifetime pain disorder diagnosis was present in 65% of patients. Current pain was experienced by 89% of participants, with intensity ranging from mild (19%) to excruciating (2%)...
June 8, 2017: Journal of Personality Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28594631/the-role-of-dimensional-personality-psychopathology-in-a-forensic-inpatient-psychiatric-setting
#7
Jaime L Anderson, Mary E Wood, Anthony M Tarescavage, Danielle Burchett, David M Glassmire
The Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory-2 Restructured Form is a widely used measure of psychopathology and includes the Personality Psychopathology Five (PSY-5) scales, which measure dimensional maladaptive personality traits similar to those in the DSM-5 alternative model for personality disorder (PD) diagnosis. The current study evaluated the role of these dimensional personality psychopathology characteristics in a sample of 1,110 inpatients in a forensic psychiatric setting, where personality psychopathology plays a significant but understudied role...
June 8, 2017: Journal of Personality Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28594630/psychopathy-and-deviant-workplace-behavior-a-comparison-of-two-psychopathy-models
#8
Jessica R Carre, Steven M Mueller, Karly M Schleicher, Daniel N Jones
Although psychopathy is an interpersonally harmful construct, few studies have compared different psychopathy models in predicting different types of workplace deviance. We examined how the Triarchic Psychopathy Model (TRI-PM) and the Self-Report Psychopathy-Short Form (SRP-SF) predicted deviant workplace behaviors in two forms: sexual harassment and deviant work behaviors. Using structural equations modeling, the latent factor of psychopathy was predictive for both types of deviant workplace behavior. Specifically, the SRP-SF significantly predicted both measures of deviant workplace behavior...
June 8, 2017: Journal of Personality Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28594629/adverse-effects-of-outcome-monitoring-feedback-in-patients-with-personality-disorders-a-randomized-controlled-trial-in-day-treatment-and-inpatient-settings
#9
Kim de Jong, Jaap Segaar, Theo Ingenhoven, Jan van Busschbach, Reinier Timman
This study aimed to evaluate the differential effect of outcome monitoring feedback to therapists and to patients on outcomes in cluster B, cluster C, and personality disorder not otherwise specified (PD-NOS) patients. Day treatment patients (n = 112) and inpatients (n = 94) were randomly assigned to a feedback to therapist (FbT), feedback to therapist and patient (FbTP), or no feedback (NFb) condition. Feedback was based on weekly administrations of the Outcome Questionnaire-45 (OQ-45). In cluster B and PD-NOS patients FbTP resulted in increased OQ-45 scores during the first 6 months of therapy for not on track (NOT) patients...
June 8, 2017: Journal of Personality Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28513351/mind-the-fathers-associations-of-parental-childhood-adversities-with-borderline-personality-disorder-pathology-in-female-adolescents
#10
Corinna Reichl, Romuald Brunner, Anna Fuchs, Birger Holz, Peter Parzer, Gloria Fischer-Waldschmidt, Franz Resch, Michael Kaess
Previous research revealed significant relations between the experience of childhood adversity (CA) and the development of borderline personality disorder (BPD) in adulthood. However, it is still uncertain whether parental CA could have a transgenerational association with adolescent BPD. We investigated associations between parents' CA (antipathy, neglect, physical abuse) and BPD traits within a clinical adolescent sample and tested for mediating variables. The sample consists of 91 female inpatients, along with 84 mothers and 59 fathers...
May 17, 2017: Journal of Personality Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28513350/examining-the-relationships-between-the-triarchic-psychopathy-constructs-and-behavioral-deviance-in-a-community-sample
#11
C Adam Coffey, Jennifer Cox, Megan R Kopkin
Few studies have examined the extent to which psychopathic traits relate to the commission of mild to moderate acts of deviance, such as vandalism and minor traffic violations. Given that psychopathy is now studied in community populations, the relationship between psychopathic traits and less severe deviant behaviors, which are more normative among noninstitutionalized samples, warrants investigation. The current study examined the relationships between the triarchic model of psychopathy (Patrick, Fowles & Krueger, 2009) and seven forms of deviant behavior (drug use, alcohol use, theft, vandalism, school misconduct, assault, and general deviance) in a nationally representative sample...
May 17, 2017: Journal of Personality Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28513349/development-and-psychometric-properties-of-the-standardized-assessment-of-severity-of-personality-disorder-saspd
#12
Kike Olajide, Jasna Munjiza, Paul Moran, Lesley O'Connell, Giles Newton-Howes, Paul Bassett, Akintomide Gbolagade, Nicola Ng, Peter Tyrer, Roger Mulder, Mike J Crawford
Personality disorder (PD) is increasingly categorized according to its severity, but there is no simple way to screen for severity according to ICD-11 criteria. We set out to develop the Standardized Assessment of Severity of Personality Disorder (SASPD). A total of 110 patients completed the SASPD together with a clinical assessment of the severity of personality disorder. We examined the predictive ability of the SASPD using the area under the ROC curve (AUC). Two to four weeks later, 43 patients repeated the SASPD to examine reliability...
May 17, 2017: Journal of Personality Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28513348/measurement-invariance-between-genders-on-two-measures-of-borderline-personality-disorder
#13
Amy Paggeot, Steven Huprich
Gender bias in the diagnosis and assessment of borderline personality disorder (BPD) has been the subject of much controversy in the psychological research literature. Evidence regarding differential prevalence rates and diagnostic rates in clinical settings between genders has been mixed, and measurement bias is one potential explanation for these mixed findings. A total of 340 participants were recruited from a Midwestern university and four outpatient community mental health clinics. They were administered two structured clinical interviews for BPD that were then evaluated for measurement invariance...
May 17, 2017: Journal of Personality Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28513347/development-and-initial-validation-of-an-inconsistent-responding-scale-for-the-youth-psychopathic-traits-inventory
#14
Brittany N Penson, Jared R Ruchensky, John F Edens, Brent Donnellan, Michael G Vaughn, Hedwig Eisenbarth
The Youth Psychopathic Traits Inventory (YPI) is widely used in research, but there currently exist no means to identify potentially invalid protocols resulting from careless or random responding. We describe the development of an inconsistent responding scale for the YPI using three archival samples of youths, including two from the United States (juvenile justice and middle school) and one from Germany (vocational training school). We first identified pairs of correlated YPI items and then created a total score based on the sum of the absolute value of the differences for each item pair...
May 17, 2017: Journal of Personality Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28513346/psychoeducation-and-problem-solving-peps-therapy-for-adults-with-personality-disorder-a-pragmatic-randomized-controlled-trial
#15
Mary McMurran, Florence Day, Joseph Reilly, Juan Delport, Paul McCrone, Diane Whitham, Wei Tan, Conor Duggan, Alan A Montgomery, Hywel C Williams, Clive E Adams, Huajie Jin, Paul Moran, Mike J Crawford
We compared psychoeducation and problem solving (PEPS) therapy against usual treatment in a multisite randomized-controlled trial. The primary outcome was social functioning. We aimed to recruit 444 community-dwelling adults with personality disorder; however, safety concerns led to an early cessation of recruitment. A total of 154 people were randomized to PEPS and 152 to usual treatment. Follow-up at 72 weeks was completed for 68%. PEPS therapy was no more effective than usual treatment for improving social functioning (adjusted difference in mean Social Functioning Questionnaire scores = -0...
May 17, 2017: Journal of Personality Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28513345/borderline-personality-disorder-features-and-sensitivity-to-injustice
#16
Stefanie Lis, Anna Schaedler, Lisa Liebke, Sophie Hauschild, Janine Thome, Christian Schmahl, Dagmar Stahlberg, Niko Kleindienst, Martin Bohus
Hypersensitivity to injustice has been proposed to contribute to interpersonal dysfunction in borderline personality disorder (BPD). We investigated whether BPD features are related to sensitivity to injustice and whether justice sensitivity mediates the relationship between BPD features and aggressive behavior. In an online survey, subjects reported justice sensitivity from the perspective of a victim, an observer, a beneficiary, and a perpetrator, as well as BPD features and their own aggressive behavior...
May 17, 2017: Journal of Personality Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28513344/pathological-narcissism-and-nonsuicidal-self-injury
#17
Sindes Dawood, Hans S Schroder, M Brent Donnellan, Aaron L Pincus
Few studies have examined associations between pathological narcissism and self-harm, but those that do indicate that narcissistic vulnerability (not narcissistic grandiosity) relates to self-harm. The current study extends this literature by investigating how facets of pathological narcissism assessed by the Pathological Narcissism Inventory relate to specific nonsuicidal self-injury (NSSI) behaviors assessed by the Inventory of Statements About Self-Injury using statistical models appropriate for non-normally distributed count data...
May 17, 2017: Journal of Personality Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28513343/the-impact-of-social-exclusion-on-reading-the-mind-in-the-eyes-performance-in-relation-to-borderline-personality-disorder-features
#18
Megan Savage, Mark F Lenzenweger
In this study we used the Reading the Mind in the Eyes Test (RMET) to explore facial emotion recognition in borderline personality disorder (BPD). We also used Cyberball, a computerized task designed to mimic social ostracism, to examine the response of BPD-feature participants to social exclusion. Seventeen individuals with BPD features were compared to 16 healthy controls on RMET performance pre- and post-exclusion via Cyber-ball. Our results revealed a significant interaction between BPD-feature status and RMET performance in relation to neutral stimuli following a social exclusion experience...
May 17, 2017: Journal of Personality Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28513342/integration-in-the-psychodynamic-psychotherapy-of-severe-personality-disorders-the-conversational-model
#19
Joan Haliburn, Janine Stevenson, Shaun Halovic
The psychotherapy of commonly occurring severe personality disorders-borderline, narcissistic, avoidant, dependent, obsessive compulsive, and schizoid-presents the therapist with a unique therapeutic challenge, as each personality disorder rarely occurs alone. Integration of what is most useful and what works in each model is being proposed to enable a more successful approach to the diversity of presentations. We describe the conversational model, some outcome research, and descriptive studies to illustrate this...
May 17, 2017: Journal of Personality Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27387060/a-meta-analysis-on-the-association-between-emotional-awareness-and-borderline-personality-pathology
#20
Youri P M J Derks, Gerben J Westerhof, Ernst T Bohlmeijer
Theories on borderline personality pathology (BPP) suggest that characteristic emotional dysregulation is due to low levels of emotional awareness or alexithymia. This study is the first meta-analysis to systematically review and analyze the evidence. A systematic search of the literature was performed using PsycInfo, Web of Science/MEDLINE, and Scopus. The term "borderline personality disorder" was searched for in conjunction with "emotional awareness," "emotional self-awareness," "emotion recognition," "alexithymia," "emotional processing," "emotional granularity," "emotional intelligence," or "emotion regulation...
June 2017: Journal of Personality Disorders
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