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Journal of Personality Disorders

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29120280/self-compassion-mediates-the-relationship-between-mindfulness-and-borderline-personality-disorder-symptoms
#1
Hannah J Scheibner, Anna Daniels, Simon Guendelman, Franca Utz, Felix Bermpohl
Individuals suffering from borderline personality disorder (BPD) experience difficulties with mindfulness. How mindfulness influences BPD symptoms, however, is still unknown. We hypothesized that the relationship between mindfulness and BPD symptoms would be mediated by self-compassion. In study 1, we recruited 29 individuals with BPD and 30 group-matched healthy controls. In study 2, we complemented our results with findings from a larger, nonclinical sample of 89 participants that were recruited during an open-house event at the local university...
November 9, 2017: Journal of Personality Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29120279/substance-use-in-youth-with-borderline-personality-disorder
#2
Franco Scalzo, Carol A Hulbert, Jennifer K Betts, Sue M Cotton, Andrew M Chanen
Co-occurring substance misuse and borderline personality disorder (BPD) in adults is associated with more severe dysfunction and poorer prognosis than BPD alone. However, it is unknown to what extent substance use in youth with BPD is normative for this age group or pathological. This study compared substance use in 117 help-seeking youth (aged 15-25 years) with their first presentation for treatment of BPD, with an epidemiological general population sample and with healthy age- and gender-matched controls...
November 9, 2017: Journal of Personality Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29120278/assessment-of-pathological-traits-in-dsm-5-personality-disorders-by-the-dapp-bq-how-do-these-traits-relate-to-the-six-personality-disorder-types-of-the-alternative-model
#3
Han Berghuis, Theo J M Ingenhoven, Paul T van der Heijden, Gina M P Rossi, Chris K W Schotte
The six personality disorder (PD) types in DSM-5 section III are intended to resemble their DSM-IV/DSM-5 section II PD counterparts, but are now described by the level of personality functioning (criterion A) and an assigned trait profile (criterion B). However, concerns have been raised about the validity of these PD types. The present study examined the continuity between the DSM-IV/DSM-5 section II PDs and the corresponding trait profiles of the six DSM-5 section III PDs in a sample of 350 Dutch psychiatric patients...
November 9, 2017: Journal of Personality Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29120277/real-world-effectiveness-of-clozapine-for-borderline-personality-disorder-results-from-a-2-year-mirror-image-study
#4
Christopher Rohde, Christoffer Polcwiartek, Christoph U Correll, Jimmi Nielsen
While some second-generation antipsychotics have shown efficacy on patients with borderline personality disorder (BPD), limited data exist regarding the effect of clozapine. Thus, we aimed to investigate the effects of clozapine on naturalistic outcomes in BPD patients with a 2-year mirror-image model. Among 25,916 patients with BPD, 1,107 redeemed ≥ 1 clozapine prescription. Of these, 18,188 were "specific" BPD patients, and 102 redeemed ≥ 1 clozapine prescription. During a mean observation period of 598...
November 9, 2017: Journal of Personality Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29120276/personality-disorder-features-and-paraphilic-interests-among-undergraduates-differential-relations-and-potential-antecedents
#5
Ashley L Watts, Madeline G Nagel, Robert D Latzman, Scott O Lilienfeld
We examined the relations between: (1) narcissism, psychopathy, DSM-5 personality disorder symptom counts; and (2) paraphilic interests among undergraduates (N = 608). Base rates of paraphilic interests were appreciable. The disinhibition and meanness features of psychopathy and the entitlement and exploitativeness features of narcissism were robustly associated with paraphilic interests, particularly sexual sadism, whereas the boldness features of narcissism and psychopathy were essentially unrelated to these interests...
November 9, 2017: Journal of Personality Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29231797/author-index-to-volume-31
#6
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2017: Journal of Personality Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28972816/investigating-the-relationship-between-dsm-5-personality-disorder-domains-and-facets-and-aggression-in-an-offender-population-using-the-personality-inventory-for-the-dsm-5
#7
Ashley L Dunne, Flora Gilbert, Michael Daffern
This study explored associations between aggression and the Personality Inventory for the DSM-5 (PID-5) domains and facets in 208 male offenders. Regression analyses revealed no significant domain-level relationships using either the APA-three facets only (Krueger, Derringer, Markon, Watson, & Skodol, 2013) or the Krueger, Derringer, Markon, Watson, and Skodol (2012) scoring algorithms. The PID-5 facets of Hostility and Risk Taking were significantly associated with aggression. These findings highlight the importance of a facet-level analysis when exploring the PD-aggression relationship...
October 3, 2017: Journal of Personality Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28972815/a-family-study-of-the-dsm-5-section-iii-personality-pathology-model-using-the-personality-inventory-for-the-dsm-5-pid-5
#8
Andrea C Katz, Danelle Hee, Christine I Hooker, Stewart A Shankman
In Section III of the DSM-5, the American Psychiatric Association (APA) proposes a pathological personality trait model of personality disorders. The recommended assessment instrument is the Personality Inventory for the DSM-5 (PID-5), an empirically derived scale that assesses personality pathology along five domains and 25 facets. Although the PID-5 demonstrates strong convergent validity with other personality measures, no study has examined whether it identifies traits that run in families, another important step toward validating the DSM-5's dimensional model...
October 3, 2017: Journal of Personality Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28972814/examining-the-incremental-utility-of-dsm-5-section-iii-traits-and-impairment-in-relation-to-traditional-personality-disorder-scores-in-a-female-correctional-sample
#9
Chelsea E Sleep, Dustin B Wygant, Joshua D Miller
Personality disorders (PDs) are challenging to assess and are associated with great individual and societal costs. In response to the limitations of categorical models, the DSM-5 included an alternative model (i.e., Section III), which uses impairment (Criterion A) and pathological traits (Criterion B) to diagnose PDs. Although numerous studies have illustrated dimensional trait models' ability to capture personality psychopathology, less attention has been paid to personality impairment. The present investigation sought to examine Criterion A's ability to contribute incrementally to the prediction of antisocial (ASPD), borderline (BPD), and narcissistic personality disorders (NPD), and Interpersonal-Affective (F1) and Impulsive-Antisocial (F2) features of psychopathy...
October 3, 2017: Journal of Personality Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28972813/variants-of-psychopathy-and-the-dependence-on-gender-age-and-ethnic-background
#10
Wendy Zwaanswijk, Mitch van Geel, Henrik Andershed, Kostas A Fanti, Paul Vedder
The current study examines variants of psychopathy in a community sample of Dutch adolescents (N = 2,855, 57% male) using three dimensions of psychopathy and trait anxiety. Five subgroups were identified, two with high levels of psychopathic traits. The first seemed consistent with primary psychopathy, high on all dimensions, with additional low levels of anxiety, whereas the second showed elevated levels of anxiety, consistent with secondary psychopathy. Two variants low on psychopathic traits were identified: a low-risk variant and an anxious variant...
October 3, 2017: Journal of Personality Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29023222/erratum
#11
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2017: Journal of Personality Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28910213/the-challenge-of-transforming-the-diagnostic-system-of-personality-disorders
#12
Sabine C Herpertz, Steven K Huprich, Martin Bohus, Andrew Chanen, Marianne Goodman, Lars Mehlum, Paul Moran, Giles Newton-Howes, Lori Scott, Carla Sharp
While the DSM-5 alternative model of personality disorder (PD) diagnosis allows the field to systematically compare categorical and dimensional classifications, the ICD-11 proposal suggests a radical change by restricting the classification of PDs to one category, deleting all specific types, basing clinical service provision exclusively upon a severity dimension, and restricting trait domains to secondary qualifiers without defining cutoff points. This article reflects broad international agreement about the state of PD diagnosis...
October 2017: Journal of Personality Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28072042/construct-validity-of-the-dsm-5-section-iii-maladaptive-trait-domains-in-older-adults
#13
Inge Debast, Gina Rossi, S P J van Alphen
The DSM-5 Section III model of personality disorders remains largely unexplored in older adults. More specifically, there is a need for further research on the generalizability of the five trait domains in old age. The development of a short operationalization to screen for maladaptive trait domains, the Personality Inventory for DSM-5 Brief Form (PID-5-BF), can stimulate the use of the alternative DSM-5 model in older adults by addressing the need for short instruments. The primary goal of this study was to examine the construct validity of the PID-5-BF by comparing its structural model and nomological network with the original PID-5 in terms of relations with domains of personality functioning and a gero-specific personality disorder indicator...
October 2017: Journal of Personality Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28072041/interpersonal-threat-sensitivity-in-borderline-personality-disorder-an-eye-tracking-study
#14
Katja Bertsch, Marlene Krauch, Katharina Stopfer, Katrin Haeussler, Sabine C Herpertz, Matthias Gamer
Threat sensitivity is a prominent predictor of interpersonal dysfunctions in borderline personality disorder (BPD), leading to intense, aversive feelings of threat and eventually dysfunctional behaviors, such as aggression. In the present study, BPD patients and healthy volunteers classified angry, fearful, neutral, and happy faces presented for 150 ms or 5,000 ms to investigate initial saccades and facial scanning. Patients more often wrongly identified anger, responded slower to all faces, and made faster saccades towards the eyes of briefly presented neutral faces and slower saccades away from fearful eyes compared with healthy volunteers...
October 2017: Journal of Personality Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28072040/altered-empathy-for-psychological-and-physical-pain-in-borderline-personality-disorder
#15
Vera Flasbeck, Björn Enzi, Martin Brüne
Many patients with borderline personality disorder (BPD) experience difficulties in empathizing with others and are sensitive to social exclusion. Accordingly, the authors developed a novel Social Interaction Empathy Task to examine empathy for physical and psychological pain from first- and third-person perspectives. Fifty female patients with BPD and forty-eight controls matched for age and gender were included. Alexithymia was also measured. Patients with BPD rated neutral and psychologically painful situations as more painful than healthy controls, and patients with BPD rated psychological pain as more intense in the first-person perspective than in the third-person perspective...
October 2017: Journal of Personality Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28072038/reliability-factor-structure-and-associations-with-measures-of-problem-relationship-and-behavior-of-the-personality-inventory-for-dsm-5-in-a-sample-of-italian-community-dwelling-adolescents
#16
Antonella Somma, Serena Borroni, Cesare Maffei, Laura E Giarolli, Kristian E Markon, Robert F Krueger, Andrea Fossati
In order to assess the reliability, factorial validity, and criterion validity of the Personality Inventory for DSM-5 (PID-5) among adolescents, 1,264 Italian high school students were administered the PID-5. Participants were also administered the Questionnaire on Relationships and Substance Use as a criterion measure. In the full sample, McDonald's ω values were adequate for the PID-5 scales (median ω = .85, SD = .06), except for Suspiciousness. However, all PID-5 scales showed average inter-item correlation values in the ...
October 2017: Journal of Personality Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27749188/adaptation-and-psychometric-evaluation-of-the-italian-version-of-the-attitude-to-personality-disorder-questionnaire-apdq
#17
Francesca Martino, Andrea Norcini Pala, Barbara Valenti, Rossella Capelli, Domenico Berardi, Rohini Bagrodia, Marco Menchetti
The aim of the current study was to validate the Italian version of the Attitude to Personality Disorder Questionnaire (APDQ), assess its psychometric properties, and investigate nurses' attitudes toward patients with personality disorders. An Italian version of the APDQ was produced and administered to nurses working in the Bologna Mental Health Department. The instrument demonstrated good psychometric proprieties and a robust structure and supported the five-factor solution of the original English version...
October 2017: Journal of Personality Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27749187/long-term-course-of-borderline-personality-disorder-a-prospective-10-year-follow-up-study
#18
Irene Alvarez-Tomás, Joaquim Soler, Arturo Bados, Ana Martín-Blanco, Matilde Elices, Cristina Carmona, Joana Bauzà, Juan Carlos Pascual
The aim of this prospective study was to expand previously reported evidence on the 10-year clinical and functional course of borderline personality disorder (BPD) in a Spanish sample. Participants diagnosed with BPD were assessed at baseline and at 10-year follow-up to evaluate BPD symptomatology and other relevant clinical measures, suicidal behavior, dimensional personality traits, Axis I and II comorbidity, use of mental health resources, and psychosocial functioning. At the 10-year follow up, significant improvements were observed on BPD domains, suicidal behavior, and other clinical measures...
October 2017: Journal of Personality Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27749186/the-conceptualization-and-assessment-of-schizotypal-traits-a-comparison-of-the-ffsi-and-pid-5
#19
Cristina Crego, Thomas A Widiger
The purpose of the present study was to compare the cognitive and perceptual aberration scales from the Five-Factor Schizotypal Inventory (FFSI; Edmundson, Lynam, Miller, Gore, & Widiger, 2011) and the Personality Inventory for DSM-5 (Krueger, Derringer, Markon, Watson, & Skodol,, 2012), as well as to address more generally the validity of the FFSI as a measure of both schizotypal personality traits and the FFM. Two independent samples were obtained, including 259 college students (55 of whom were preselected with elevated scores on a measure of schizotypal personality disorder [STPD]) and 346 adult MTurk participants (43% of whom had been or were currently in mental health treatment)...
October 2017: Journal of Personality Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926307/predictive-utility-of-personality-disorder-in-depression-comparison-of-outcomes-and-taxonomic-approach
#20
Giles Newton-Howes, Roger Mulder, Pete M Ellis, Joseph M Boden, Peter Joyce
There is debate around the best model for diagnosing personality disorder, both in terms of its relationship to the empirical data and clinical utility. Four randomized controlled trials examining various treatments for depression were analyzed at an individual patient level. Three different approaches to the diagnosis of personality disorder were analyzed in these patients. A total of 578 depressed patients were included in the analysis. Personality disorder, however measured, was of little predictive utility in the short term but added significantly to predictive modelling of medium-term outcomes, accounting for more than twice as much of the variance in social functioning outcome as depression psychopathology...
September 19, 2017: Journal of Personality Disorders
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