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Journal of Personality Disorders

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28513351/mind-the-fathers-associations-of-parental-childhood-adversities-with-borderline-personality-disorder-pathology-in-female-adolescents
#1
Corinna Reichl, Romuald Brunner, Anna Fuchs, Birger Holz, Peter Parzer, Gloria Fischer-Waldschmidt, Franz Resch, Michael Kaess
Previous research revealed significant relations between the experience of childhood adversity (CA) and the development of borderline personality disorder (BPD) in adulthood. However, it is still uncertain whether parental CA could have a transgenerational association with adolescent BPD. We investigated associations between parents' CA (antipathy, neglect, physical abuse) and BPD traits within a clinical adolescent sample and tested for mediating variables. The sample consists of 91 female inpatients, along with 84 mothers and 59 fathers...
May 17, 2017: Journal of Personality Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28513350/examining-the-relationships-between-the-triarchic-psychopathy-constructs-and-behavioral-deviance-in-a-community-sample
#2
C Adam Coffey, Jennifer Cox, Megan R Kopkin
Few studies have examined the extent to which psychopathic traits relate to the commission of mild to moderate acts of deviance, such as vandalism and minor traffic violations. Given that psychopathy is now studied in community populations, the relationship between psychopathic traits and less severe deviant behaviors, which are more normative among noninstitutionalized samples, warrants investigation. The current study examined the relationships between the triarchic model of psychopathy (Patrick, Fowles & Krueger, 2009) and seven forms of deviant behavior (drug use, alcohol use, theft, vandalism, school misconduct, assault, and general deviance) in a nationally representative sample...
May 17, 2017: Journal of Personality Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28513349/development-and-psychometric-properties-of-the-standardized-assessment-of-severity-of-personality-disorder-saspd
#3
Kike Olajide, Jasna Munjiza, Paul Moran, Lesley O'Connell, Giles Newton-Howes, Paul Bassett, Akintomide Gbolagade, Nicola Ng, Peter Tyrer, Roger Mulder, Mike J Crawford
Personality disorder (PD) is increasingly categorized according to its severity, but there is no simple way to screen for severity according to ICD-11 criteria. We set out to develop the Standardized Assessment of Severity of Personality Disorder (SASPD). A total of 110 patients completed the SASPD together with a clinical assessment of the severity of personality disorder. We examined the predictive ability of the SASPD using the area under the ROC curve (AUC). Two to four weeks later, 43 patients repeated the SASPD to examine reliability...
May 17, 2017: Journal of Personality Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28513348/measurement-invariance-between-genders-on-two-measures-of-borderline-personality-disorder
#4
Amy Paggeot, Steven Huprich
Gender bias in the diagnosis and assessment of borderline personality disorder (BPD) has been the subject of much controversy in the psychological research literature. Evidence regarding differential prevalence rates and diagnostic rates in clinical settings between genders has been mixed, and measurement bias is one potential explanation for these mixed findings. A total of 340 participants were recruited from a Midwestern university and four outpatient community mental health clinics. They were administered two structured clinical interviews for BPD that were then evaluated for measurement invariance...
May 17, 2017: Journal of Personality Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28513347/development-and-initial-validation-of-an-inconsistent-responding-scale-for-the-youth-psychopathic-traits-inventory
#5
Brittany N Penson, Jared R Ruchensky, John F Edens, Brent Donnellan, Michael G Vaughn, Hedwig Eisenbarth
The Youth Psychopathic Traits Inventory (YPI) is widely used in research, but there currently exist no means to identify potentially invalid protocols resulting from careless or random responding. We describe the development of an inconsistent responding scale for the YPI using three archival samples of youths, including two from the United States (juvenile justice and middle school) and one from Germany (vocational training school). We first identified pairs of correlated YPI items and then created a total score based on the sum of the absolute value of the differences for each item pair...
May 17, 2017: Journal of Personality Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28513346/psychoeducation-and-problem-solving-peps-therapy-for-adults-with-personality-disorder-a-pragmatic-randomized-controlled-trial
#6
Mary McMurran, Florence Day, Joseph Reilly, Juan Delport, Paul McCrone, Diane Whitham, Wei Tan, Conor Duggan, Alan A Montgomery, Hywel C Williams, Clive E Adams, Huajie Jin, Paul Moran, Mike J Crawford
We compared psychoeducation and problem solving (PEPS) therapy against usual treatment in a multisite randomized-controlled trial. The primary outcome was social functioning. We aimed to recruit 444 community-dwelling adults with personality disorder; however, safety concerns led to an early cessation of recruitment. A total of 154 people were randomized to PEPS and 152 to usual treatment. Follow-up at 72 weeks was completed for 68%. PEPS therapy was no more effective than usual treatment for improving social functioning (adjusted difference in mean Social Functioning Questionnaire scores = -0...
May 17, 2017: Journal of Personality Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28513345/borderline-personality-disorder-features-and-sensitivity-to-injustice
#7
Stefanie Lis, Anna Schaedler, Lisa Liebke, Sophie Hauschild, Janine Thome, Christian Schmahl, Dagmar Stahlberg, Niko Kleindienst, Martin Bohus
Hypersensitivity to injustice has been proposed to contribute to interpersonal dysfunction in borderline personality disorder (BPD). We investigated whether BPD features are related to sensitivity to injustice and whether justice sensitivity mediates the relationship between BPD features and aggressive behavior. In an online survey, subjects reported justice sensitivity from the perspective of a victim, an observer, a beneficiary, and a perpetrator, as well as BPD features and their own aggressive behavior...
May 17, 2017: Journal of Personality Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28513344/pathological-narcissism-and-nonsuicidal-self-injury
#8
Sindes Dawood, Hans S Schroder, M Brent Donnellan, Aaron L Pincus
Few studies have examined associations between pathological narcissism and self-harm, but those that do indicate that narcissistic vulnerability (not narcissistic grandiosity) relates to self-harm. The current study extends this literature by investigating how facets of pathological narcissism assessed by the Pathological Narcissism Inventory relate to specific nonsuicidal self-injury (NSSI) behaviors assessed by the Inventory of Statements About Self-Injury using statistical models appropriate for non-normally distributed count data...
May 17, 2017: Journal of Personality Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28513343/the-impact-of-social-exclusion-on-reading-the-mind-in-the-eyes-performance-in-relation-to-borderline-personality-disorder-features
#9
Megan Savage, Mark F Lenzenweger
In this study we used the Reading the Mind in the Eyes Test (RMET) to explore facial emotion recognition in borderline personality disorder (BPD). We also used Cyberball, a computerized task designed to mimic social ostracism, to examine the response of BPD-feature participants to social exclusion. Seventeen individuals with BPD features were compared to 16 healthy controls on RMET performance pre- and post-exclusion via Cyber-ball. Our results revealed a significant interaction between BPD-feature status and RMET performance in relation to neutral stimuli following a social exclusion experience...
May 17, 2017: Journal of Personality Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28513342/integration-in-the-psychodynamic-psychotherapy-of-severe-personality-disorders-the-conversational-model
#10
Joan Haliburn, Janine Stevenson, Shaun Halovic
The psychotherapy of commonly occurring severe personality disorders-borderline, narcissistic, avoidant, dependent, obsessive compulsive, and schizoid-presents the therapist with a unique therapeutic challenge, as each personality disorder rarely occurs alone. Integration of what is most useful and what works in each model is being proposed to enable a more successful approach to the diversity of presentations. We describe the conversational model, some outcome research, and descriptive studies to illustrate this...
May 17, 2017: Journal of Personality Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28263094/development-and-validation-of-the-treatment-attrition-retention-scale-for-personality-disorders
#11
Dominick Gamache, Claudia Savard, Sophie Lemelin, Evens Villeneuve
This study is an investigation of the psychometric properties of the Treatment Attrition-Retention Scale for Personality Disorders (TARS-PD), an instrument developed to identify patients with personality disorder (PD) at risk of early dropout from psychotherapy. In a first study, assessment files from 320 patients referred for PD evaluation at an outpatient clinic were examined to assess the instrument's inter-rater reliability, construct validity, and discriminant validity. Results showed that the global scale could be scored with excellent reliability...
March 6, 2017: Journal of Personality Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28263093/examining-the-dsm-5-section-iii-criteria-for-obsessive-compulsive-personality-disorder-in-a-community-sample
#12
Jacqueline Liggett, Martin Sellbom, Kieran L C Carmichael
The current study examined the extent to which the trait-based operationalization of obsessive-compulsive personality disorder (OCPD) in Section III of the DSM-5 describes the same construct as the one described in Section II. A community sample of 313 adults completed a series of personality inventories indexing the DSM-5 Sections II and III diagnostic criteria for OCPD, in addition to a measure of functional impairment modelled after the criteria in Section III. Results indicated that latent constructs representing Section II and Section III OCPD overlapped substantially (r = ...
March 6, 2017: Journal of Personality Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28263092/suicidal-behavior-and-psychosocial-outcome-in-borderline-personality-disorder-at-8-year-follow-up
#13
Paul H Soloff, Laurel Chiappetta
We sought predictors of both suicidal behavior and psychosocial outcome in subjects with BPD followed for 8 years and asked if there was a relationship between these outcomes. One hundred twenty-three BPD subjects, recruited from inpatient (35.8%), outpatient (30.9%) and community (33.3%) sources, were assessed annually for known risk factors for suicidal behavior. Interval attempts were reported by 25 subjects (20.2%). Increased risk of suicide attempt was associated with negative affectivity, aggression, inpatient recruitment, hospitalizations, minority race, and frequent changes in employment...
March 6, 2017: Journal of Personality Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28263091/attachment-and-reflective-functioning-in-women-with-borderline-personality-disorder
#14
Deborah Badoud, Paco Prada, Rosetta Nicastro, Charlotte Germond, Patrick Luyten, Nader Perroud, Martin Debbané
Insecure attachment and impairments in reflective functioning (RF) are thought to play a critical role in borderline personality disorder (BPD). In particular, the mentalization-based model argues that insecure attachment indirectly accounts for increased BPD features, notably via disruption of RF capacities. Although the mediation relationship between attachment, RF, and BPD is supported by previous evidence, it remains to be directly tested in adults with BPD. In the current study, a sample of 55 female adult BPD patients and 105 female healthy controls completed a battery of self-report measures to investigate the interplay between attachment, RF capacities, and BPD clinical status...
March 6, 2017: Journal of Personality Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28263090/childhood-maltreatment-as-predictor-of-pathological-personality-traits-using-psy-5-in-an-adult-psychiatric-sample
#15
Ji Young Choi, Soo Hyun Park
Extant literature indicates that childhood maltreatment is significantly associated with personality disorders. With the recent call for a more dimensional approach to understanding personality and pathological personality traits, the aim of the present study was to examine whether the experience of childhood maltreatment is associated with pathological personality traits as measured by the Personality Psychopathology Five (PSY-5). We analyzed data from 557 adult psychiatric patients with diverse psychiatric diagnoses, including mood disorders, schizophrenia spectrum disorders, and anxiety disorders...
March 6, 2017: Journal of Personality Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27322578/the-genetic-and-environmental-sources-of-resemblance-between-normative-personality-and-personality-disorder-traits
#16
K S Kendler, S H Aggen, Nathan Gillespie, M C Neale, G P Knudsen, R F Krueger, Nikolai Czajkowski, Eivind Ystrom, T Reichborn-Kjennerud
Recent work has suggested a high level of congruence between normative personality, most typically represented by the "big five" factors, and abnormal personality traits. In 2,293 Norwegian adult twins ascertained from a population-based registry, the authors evaluated the degree of sharing of genetic and environmental influences on normative personality, assessed by the Big Five Inventory (BFI), and personality disorder traits (PDTs), assessed by the Personality Inventory for DSM-5-Norwegian Brief Form (PID-5-NBF)...
April 2017: Journal of Personality Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27322576/diagnostic-stability-of-comorbid-personality-disorders-among-patients-fully-or-partially-remitted-from-first-episode-depression-a-5-year-follow-up-study
#17
Jens Drachmann Bukh, Per Bech, Lars Vedel Kessing
The diagnostic stability of comorbid personality disorders among patients with depression remains unclear. A total of 262 patients suffering from first-episode depression were assessed using the Structured Clinical Interview for DSM-IV Axis II Personality Disorders (SCID-II) and reassessed after 5 years. A total of 87 patients (33%) were diagnosed with a personality disorder at baseline, and 63 of them (72%) maintained a personality disorder diagnosis at follow-up (kappa coefficient 0.71). At cluster level, 63% maintained a diagnosis within cluster B and 48% maintained a cluster C disorder across the follow-up period (kappa coefficients of 0...
April 2017: Journal of Personality Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27088167/children-s-emotion-regulation-difficulties-mediate-the-association-between-maternal-borderline-and-antisocial-symptoms-and-youth-behavior-problems-over-1-year
#18
Erin A Kaufman, Megan E Puzia, Hilary K Mead, Sheila E Crowell, Amber McEachern, Theodore P Beauchaine
Borderline personality disorder (BPD) and antisocial personality disorder (ASPD) are among the most debilitating psychiatric conditions. Behaviors and traits associated with these disorders can have profound influences on those surrounding the affected individual. Accordingly, researchers have begun to examine effects of these symptoms on parent-child relationships. Theoretical and empirical work suggests that one mechanism linking maternal psychopathology to child symptoms is familial transmission of emotion dysregulation...
April 2017: Journal of Personality Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27088165/the-still-face-a-greater-challenge-for-infants-of-mothers-with-borderline-personality-disorder
#19
G Apter, E Devouche, V Garez, M Valente, M-C Genet, M Gratier, S Dominguez, E Tronick
The main aim of this study was to ascertain whether infants as young as 3 months of age, whose mothers suffer from borderline personality disorder (BPD), are already at risk of greater dysregulation than infants of mothers without BPD when faced with a minor stressful experience. Nineteen mothers diagnosed with BPD and 41 controls with no history of psychopathology and their 3-month-old infants were observed using Tronick's Face-to-Face Still-Face paradigm. The authors found that infants whose mothers have BPD express less positive vocalizations and less nonautonomic self-regulation than infants of mothers with no psychopathology...
April 2017: Journal of Personality Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27064854/perception-of-verbal-and-nonverbal-emotional-signals-in-women-with-borderline-personality-disorder-evidence-of-a-negative-bias-and-an-increased-reliance-on-nonverbal-cues
#20
Carolin Brück, Stephanie Derstroff, Heike Jacob, Martina Wolf-Arehult, Stefanie Wekenmann, Dirk Wildgruber
Studies conducted in patients diagnosed with borderline personality disorder (BPD) have documented a variety of anomalies concerning patients' abilities to interpret emotional signals. Attempting to clarify the bases of these anomalies, the current literature draws attention to a possible role of dysfunctional expectations, such as the expectation of social rejection. Dysfunctional expectations, however, may not only bias social interpretations, but may also focus attention on social cues most important in conveying emotional messages, such as nonverbal signals...
April 2017: Journal of Personality Disorders
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