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International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28217838/the-experiences-of-people-with-dementia-and-their-carers-participating-in-individual-cognitive-stimulation-therapy
#1
Phuong Leung, Lauren Yates, Vasiliki Orgeta, Fara Hamidi, Martin Orrell
BACKGROUND: The carer-delivered individual cognitive stimulation therapy (iCST) was developed to improve cognition and quality of life of people with dementia. This study aims to explore people with dementia and family carers' concepts of mental stimulation and experiences of participating in the iCST intervention. METHODS: A sub-sample of 23 dyads of people with dementia and their family carers who completed the iCST intervention took part in semi-structured in-depth interviews...
February 20, 2017: International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28206715/housing-first-for-older-homeless-adults-with-mental-illness-a-subgroup-analysis-of-the-at-home-chez-soi-randomized-controlled-trial
#2
Timothy E Chung, Agnes Gozdzik, Luis I Palma Lazgare, Matthew J To, Tim Aubry, James Frankish, Stephen W Hwang, Vicky Stergiopoulos
OBJECTIVE: This study compares the effect of Housing First on older (≥50 years old) and younger (18-49 years old) homeless adults with mental illness participating in At Home/Chez Soi, a 24-month multisite randomized controlled trial of Housing First. METHOD: At Home/Chez Soi, participants (n = 2148) were randomized to receive rent supplements with intensive case management or assertive community treatment, based on their need level for mental health services, or usual care in their respective communities...
February 16, 2017: International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28198046/muscle-fatigability-and-depressive-symptoms-in-later-life
#3
Patrick J Brown, Dala Badreddine, Steven P Roose, Bret Rutherford, Hilsa N Ayonayon, Kristine Yaffe, Eleanor M Simonsick, Bret Goodpaster
OBJECTIVE: Fatigability is the degree to which performance decreases during a specific activity of a given intensity and duration. Depression is known to heighten subjective fatigue, but whether its association with physical fatigability is unknown. Further, whether fatigability is a precursor or risk factor for the development of subsequent depressive symptoms is also unclear. METHODS: Data are from the Health Aging and Body Composition Study with fatigability assessed using isokinetic dynamometry of the knee extensors at year 3, and depressive symptoms ascertained longitudinally using the Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression (CES-D) scale...
February 15, 2017: International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28195361/frailty-and-incident-depression-in-community-dwelling-older-people-results-from-the-elsa-study
#4
Nicola Veronese, Marco Solmi, Stefania Maggi, Marianna Noale, Giuseppe Sergi, Enzo Manzato, A Matthew Prina, Michele Fornaro, André F Carvalho, Brendon Stubbs
OBJECTIVE: Frailty and pre-frailty are two common conditions in the older people, but whether these conditions could predict depression is still limited to a few longitudinal studies. In this paper, we aimed to investigate whether frailty and pre-frailty are associated with an increased risk of depression in a prospective cohort of community-dwelling older people. METHODS: Four thousand seventy-seven community-dwelling men and women over 60 years without depression at baseline were included from the English Longitudinal Study of Ageing...
February 14, 2017: International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28194812/detection-and-management-of-hyperactive-and-hypoactive-delirium-in-older-patients-during-hospitalization-a-retrospective-cohort-study-evaluating-daily-practice
#5
Eveline L van Velthuijsen, Sandra M G Zwakhalen, Wubbo J Mulder, Frans R J Verhey, Gertrudis I J M Kempen
OBJECTIVES: The objectives of the study are to study daily hospital practice regarding detection and management and to study hyperactive and hypoactive delirium of older patients during their hospitalization. METHODS: A retrospective cohort study evaluating care as usual for older hospitalized patients with delirium at Maastricht University Medical Center+, a university hospital in the Netherlands, was performed. Inclusion criteria were older hospitalized patients (65+ years), diagnosed with delirium between 1 January and 31 December 2014...
February 14, 2017: International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28185311/the-association-between-hope-and-mortality-in-homebound-elders
#6
Andrea Q Zhu, Christine Kivork, Linh Vu, Meenakshi Chivukula, Joanna Piechniczek-Buczek, Wei Qiao Qiu, Mkaya Mwamburi
OBJECTIVE: Despite high rates of mortality and depression, there is limited knowledge of how depressive symptoms, especially feeling of hopefulness, affect mortality in the homebound elderly. METHODS: We conducted a secondary analysis of data from a community sample of 1034 adults, age 60 years and older. The Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale was used to evaluate the mood symptoms and feeling of hopefulness at baseline. The death data were collected within an 8-year follow-up period...
February 10, 2017: International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28181713/prospective-relationship-between-objectively-measured-light-physical-activity-and-depressive-symptoms-in-later-life
#7
Po-Wen Ku, Andrew Steptoe, Yung Liao, Wen-Jung Sun, Li-Jung Chen
BACKGROUND: The use of self-report measures of physical activity is a serious methodological weakness in many studies of physical activity and depressive symptoms. It is still equivocal whether light physical activity protects older adults from depressive symptoms. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to explore whether objectively measured light physical activity, independent of sedentary and moderate-to-vigorous activity, is associated with a reduced risk of subsequent depressive symptoms in older adults...
February 9, 2017: International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28181711/a-systematic-review-of-intervention-approaches-for-driving-cessation-in-older-adults
#8
REVIEW
Mark J Rapoport, Duncan H Cameron, Sarah Sanford, Gary Naglie
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this project was to review the literature on interventions aimed at facilitating driving cessation in older adults, with and without dementia. METHODS: A literature search was performed using the databases MEDLINE, CINAHL, Cochrane Central, Embase, and PsycINFO, from 1994 to September 2014. Two independent raters screened articles for inclusion and extracted study data. We only included articles if they directly addressed the topic of intervention approaches to facilitate the process of driving cessation in older adults or to support the adaptation of older adults who have had to stop driving and included a control group...
February 9, 2017: International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28181702/cerebrovascular-burden-and-depressive-symptomatology-interrelate-over-18%C3%A2-years-support-for-the-vascular-depression-hypothesis
#9
Rosanna Scott, Daniel Paulson
OBJECTIVE: Potentially incongruent research literatures suggest three divergent hypotheses about depressive symptomatology: (1) symptoms are recurrent; (2) later-life depression results from high cerebrovascular burden (CVB); and (3) depressive symptoms contribute to comorbidities causing vascular burden. Past vascular depression research assumes that later-life depressive symptoms relate uniquely to high CVB and not to prior, recurrent depression. This study examines these divergent hypotheses...
February 9, 2017: International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28181696/consequences-of-clinical-case-management-for-caregivers-a-systematic-review
#10
REVIEW
Aline Corvol, Adina Dreier, Joachim Prudhomm, Jochen René Thyrian, Wolfgang Hoffmann, Dominique Somme
OBJECTIVE: Informal caregivers are deeply involved in the case management process. However, little is known about the consequences of such programs for informal caregivers. This systematic literature review, reported according to the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses statement, addressed the consequences of clinical case management programs, whether positive or negative, for caregivers of frail older persons or persons with dementia. METHODS: We systematically identified and analyzed published randomized trials and quasi-experimental studies comparing case management programs to usual care, which discussed outcomes concerning caregivers...
February 9, 2017: International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28170114/validation-of-the-chinese-version-of-addenbrooke-s-cognitive-examination-iii-for-diagnosing-dementia
#11
Bian-Rong Wang, Zhou Ou, Xiao-Hua Gu, Cun-Sheng Wei, Jun Xu, Jian-Quan Shi
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to validate the reliability of the Chinese version of Addenbrooke's Cognitive Examination III (ACE-III) for detecting dementia. Furthermore, the present study compares the diagnostic accuracy of ACE-III with that of mini-mental state examination (MMSE). METHODS: One hundred seventy-seven patients with dementia and 180 healthy controls were included in the study. RESULTS: The reliability of ACE-III was very good (α-coefficient = 0...
February 7, 2017: International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28170111/the-effects-of-lifelong-cognitive-lifestyle-on-executive-function-in-older-people-with-parkinson-s-disease
#12
John V Hindle, Pamela A Martin-Forbes, Anthony Martyr, Alexandra J M Bastable, Kirstie L Pye, Virginia C Mueller Gathercole, Enlli M Thomas, Linda Clare
OBJECTIVE: Active lifelong cognitive lifestyles increase cognitive reserve and have beneficial effects on global cognition, cognitive decline and dementia risk in Parkinson's disease (PD). Executive function is particularly impaired even in early PD, and this impacts on quality of life. The effects of lifelong cognitive lifestyle on executive function in PD have not been studied previously. This study examined the association between lifelong cognitive lifestyle, as a proxy measure of cognitive reserve, and executive function in people with PD...
February 7, 2017: International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28170105/is-the-effectiveness-of-memory-assessment-services-associated-with-their-structural-and-process-characteristics
#13
Min Hae Park, Nick Black, Craig W Ritchie, A A Jolijn Hendriks, Sarah C Smith
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to investigate whether structural and process characteristics of memory assessment services (MASs) are associated with outcomes (changes in patients' health-related quality of life (HRQL), carers' HRQL and carers' burden) over the first 6 months following the first appointment. METHODS: Data from 785 patients referred to 69 MASs and 511 of their lay carers, collected at the first appointment and 6 months later. Data on MAS characteristics were collected using a questionnaire at baseline...
February 7, 2017: International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28170104/an-adapted-mindfulness-intervention-for-people-with-dementia-in-care-homes-feasibility-pilot-study
#14
A Churcher Clarke, J M Y Chan, J Stott, L Royan, A Spector
OBJECTIVE: Depression and anxiety are common in dementia. There is a need to develop effective psychosocial interventions. This study sought to develop a group-based adapted mindfulness programme for people with mild to moderate dementia in care homes and to determine its feasibility and potential benefits. METHODS: A manual for a 10-session intervention was developed. Participants were randomly allocated to the intervention plus treatment as usual (n = 20) or treatment as usual (n = 11)...
February 7, 2017: International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28169455/the-effects-on-carer-well-being-of-carer-involvement-in-cognition-based-interventions-for-people-with-dementia-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#15
REVIEW
Phuong Leung, Vasiliki Orgeta, Martin Orrell
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the effects on carer well-being of carer involvement in cognition-based interventions (CBIs) for people with dementia. METHODS: A review and meta-analysis were performed. We searched electronic databases for randomised controlled trials (RCTs). Two reviewers worked independently to select trials, extract data and assess the risk of bias. RESULTS: A total of 4737 studies was identified. Eight RCTs met the inclusion criteria...
February 7, 2017: International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28168863/social-participation-of-people-with-cognitive-problems-and-their-caregivers-a-feasibility-evaluation-of-the-social-fitness-programme
#16
H W Donkers, D J van der Veen, M J Vernooij-Dassen, M W G Nijhuis-van der Sanden, M J L Graff
OBJECTIVE: We developed a tailor-made intervention aimed at improving social participation of people with cognitive problems and their caregivers. This programme consists of an integration of healthcare and welfare interventions: occupational therapy, physiotherapy and guidance by a welfare professional. This article describes the feasibility evaluation of this Social Fitness Programme. METHODS: Feasibility in terms of acceptability, demand, implementation, practicability and limited efficacy was evaluated based on experiences from professionals (programme deliverers), people with cognitive problems and their caregivers (programme recipients)...
February 7, 2017: International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28146334/dementia-and-co-occurring-chronic-conditions-a-systematic-literature-review-to-identify-what-is-known-and-where-are-the-gaps-in-the-evidence
#17
REVIEW
Mark B Snowden, Lesley E Steinman, Lucinda L Bryant, Monique M Cherrier, Kurt J Greenlund, Katherine H Leith, Cari Levy, Rebecca G Logsdon, Catherine Copeland, Mia Vogel, Lynda A Anderson, David C Atkins, Janice F Bell, Annette L Fitzpatrick
OBJECTIVE: The challenges posed by people living with multiple chronic conditions are unique for people with dementia and other significant cognitive impairment. There have been recent calls to action to review the existing literature on co-occurring chronic conditions and dementia in order to better understand the effect of cognitive impairment on disease management, mobility, and mortality. METHODS: This systematic literature review searched PubMed databases through 2011 (updated in 2016) using key constructs of older adults, moderate-to-severe cognitive impairment (both diagnosed and undiagnosed dementia), and chronic conditions...
February 1, 2017: International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28128869/utility-reliability-sensitivity-and-validity-of-an-online-test-system-designed-to-monitor-changes-in-cognitive-function-in-clinical-trials
#18
Keith A Wesnes, Helen Brooker, Clive Ballard, Laura McCambridge, Robert Stenton, Anne Corbett
OBJECTIVE: The advent of long-term remotely conducted clinical trials requires assessments which can be administered online. This paper considers the utility, reliability, sensitivity and validity of an internet-based system for measuring changes in cognitive function which is being used in one such trial. METHODS: The Platform for Research Online to investigate Genetics and Cognition in Ageing is a 10-year longitudinal and entirely remote study launched in November 2015...
January 27, 2017: International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28124802/the-interventional-relationship-between-frequent-fish-consumption-and-depression-symptoms-in-aging-adults-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#19
Payam Sharifan, Motahare-Sadat Hosseini, Anoosheh Sharifan
OBJECTIVE: The present investigation was intended to test the hypothesis that the elderly provided with the frequent consumption of fishes marinated in essential oil of Perilla frutescens (EOPF) or not would experience fewer depressive symptoms after 6 months. METHODS: A total of 180 participants were recruited from Sina Hospital, Mashhad, Iran, who were diagnosed with depression based on Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 4th edition, Text Revision and Beck Depression Inventory...
January 26, 2017: International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28117918/cognitive-impairment-and-charles-bonnet-syndrome-a-prospective-study
#20
Gregor Russell, Robert Harper, Harry Allen, Robert Baldwin, Alistair Burns
OBJECTIVES: Charles Bonnet syndrome (CBS) is a common cause of visual hallucinations in older people. The relationship between CBS and cognitive impairment is unclear, but anecdotal reports exist of dementia emerging in patients diagnosed with CBS. This work set out to determine if there is an increased incidence of dementia, and increased severity of cognitive impairment, in people with CBS compared to controls from the same clinical setting. METHOD: People over 65 attending low-vision and glaucoma clinics, and a cohort of age-matched controls, underwent a psychiatric assessment...
January 24, 2017: International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
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