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International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry

Pariya L Fazeli, Raeanne C Moore, David E Vance
OBJECTIVES: Adults aging with HIV are at risk for poorer neurocognitive and daily functioning. Identifying factors to protect such outcomes is a significant research priority. The aim of this study was to explore the role of resilience in cognitive and everyday functioning in a largely African American and low socioeconomic status sample of adults and older adults with HIV in the Deep South. METHODS/DESIGN: In this cross-sectional study 100 HIV+ middle-aged and older adults (range 40-73; 61% aged 50+) completed a comprehensive neurocognitive battery along with self-reported measures of resilience and everyday functioning...
September 19, 2018: International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
Claudio Di Lorito, Birgit Vӧllm, Tom Dening
OBJECTIVES: The prevalence of ageing patients in forensic psychiatric settings is increasing. However, limited research has reported around this population. The aim of this scoping review is to synthesise the current evidence around ageing forensic psychiatric patients. METHODS: The literature was searched through four databases and Google searches. The identified outputs were screened for suitability and assessed for quality. Quantitative data were extracted and analysed on SPSS; qualitative data were extracted and analysed onto NVivo...
September 19, 2018: International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
Raudah M Yunus, Noran N Hairi, ChooWan Yuen, Rajini Sooryanarayana, Farizah Hairi, Norliana Ismail, Shathanapriya Kandiben, Tey Nai Peng, Zainudin M Ali, Sharifah N Ahmad, Inayah A Razak, Sajaratulnisah Othman, Devi Peramalah, Fadzilah H M Mydin, Awang Bulgiba
BACKGROUND: Elder abuse and neglect (EAN) is a growing public health problem, and numerous adverse health effects of abuse in late life have been documented. Little is known, however, about the impact of elder abuse on sleep quality. This study examines the longitudinal relationship between EAN and sleep quality. METHODS: This was a 2-year prospective cohort study involving 1927 older adults in a rural Malaysian district, Kuala Pilah. A multi-stage cluster sampling strategy was employed...
September 19, 2018: International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
Áine Teahan, Attracta Lafferty, Eilish McAuliffe, Amanda Phelan, Liam O'Sullivan, Diarmuid O'Shea, Gerard Fealy
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this review is to critically examine, evaluate, and synthesize the literature on resilience in family caregiving for people with dementia. METHODS: A systematic literature review was conducted according to PRISMA guidelines to identify articles which examined resilience and related concepts in family caregiving for people with dementia. The review was based on a systematic search of scholarly databases, to yield peer-reviewed articles and grey literature, published between 2006 and 2016...
September 19, 2018: International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
Catriona Craig, Syd Hiskey, Lindsay Royan, Rebecca Poz, Aimee Spector
OBJECTIVES: There is a lack of evidence-based psychological therapies for dementia and psychological distress. The study aimed to develop a compassion focused therapy intervention for people with dementia with depression and/or anxiety, and to assess its feasibility, acceptability, and utility. METHODS: A mixed methods multiple case series (n = 7) was used to assess the intervention's feasibility and changes in self-compassion, mood, anxiety, and quality of life...
September 19, 2018: International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
Jessica M Brooks, Alexander J Titus, Courtney A Polenick, Nicole M Orzechowski, Manney Carrington Reid, Todd A MacKenzie, Stephen J Bartels, John A Batsis
OBJECTIVE: Arthritis and depressive symptoms often interact and negatively influence one another to worsen mental and physical health outcomes. Better characterization of arthritis rates among older adults with different levels of depressive symptoms is an important step toward informing mental health professionals of the need to detect and respond to arthritis and related mental health complications. The primary objective is to determine arthritis rates among US older adults with varying degrees of depression...
September 19, 2018: International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
Suzanne Reeves, Erica Sugita, Stephanie E Baldeweg, Robert Howard
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 14, 2018: International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
Suzanne Cosh, Isabelle Carriere, Vincent Daien, Helene Amieva, Christophe Tzourio, Cecile Delcourt, Catherine Helmer
OBJECTIVE: The present study aims to examine the longitudinal relationship between hearing loss (HL) with depression in older adults over 12 years of follow-up. METHOD: Eight thousand three hundred forty-four French community-dwelling adults aged 65 and above participated in the Three-City prospective population-based study. Baseline relationships between self-reported mild and severe HL with depression-assessed by both the Mini International Neuropsychiatric Interview and by the Centre for Epidemiology Studies Depression scale-were explored using logistic regression analyses...
September 13, 2018: International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
Helen Costello, Gillian M Hayes, Paul T Francis
OBJECTIVES: To measure two forms of attrition in a cohort of volunteer brain donors: Withdrawal during life and non-donation at death. To test whether cognitive impairment independently predicts attrition. METHOD: Attrition rates were calculated for all registered participants and for all brain donors who had completed a baseline and follow-up assessment of cognition, health, and lifestyle. Attrition reasons were described, and attrition rates were compared by gender, age group, and cognitive status...
September 12, 2018: International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
Chengbei Hou, Yinan Lin, Ming Ren, Mengyang Liu, Yuan Ma, Haibin Li, Lixin Tao, Wei Wang, Xia Li, Xianghua Fang, Xiuhua Guo
OBJECTIVE: In China, cognitive impairment has become a huge challenge owing to the rapid aging process. We investigate cognitive health expectancy and potential factors leading to inequalities of cognitive health for Chinese older people. METHODS: The study included 19 943 participants aged 65 to 95 at the first observation in Chinese Longitudinal Healthy Longevity Survey collected during 2002-2014. Cognitive impairment was categorized into none, mild, and severe by the score of cMMSE...
September 11, 2018: International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
Ahmet Turan Isik, Pinar Soysal, Marco Solmi, Nicola Veronese
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this review is to make a state of the art of the potential influence of neuropsychiatric symptoms (NPs) on caregiver stress and vice versa. METHODS: We searched PubMed and Google Scholar for potential eligible articles. RESULTS: Patients with Alzheimer's disease (AD) usually need high levels of care in all activities of daily living, most of them provided by family members, friends, or informal caregivers. Caregivers have to cope with both age-related conditions and dementia-related factors...
September 10, 2018: International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
Cristina Portellano-Ortiz, Josep Lluís Conde-Sala
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 29, 2018: International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
Nicola Veronese, Marco Solmi, Cristina Basso, Lee Smith, Pinar Soysal
OBJECTIVE: Neuropsychiatric symptoms (NPs) affect almost all patients with Alzheimer disease (AD). Because of the complications associated with the pharmacological treatment, nonpharmacological treatment (such as physical activity) can be considered as an additional complementary treatment option for NPs. The aim of this review is to evaluate the impact of physical activity on NPs in patients with AD. METHODS: We searched Pubmed and Google Scholar for potential eligible articles until March 1, 2018...
August 29, 2018: International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
Angela Balzotti, Marianna Filograsso, Claudia Altamura, Beth Fairfield, Antonello Bellomo, Fabio Daddato, Rosa Anna Vacca, Mario Altamura
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of neuropsychiatric symptoms (NPS) diminishes the quality of life and increases the care burden in patients with dementia. Despite the clinical importance of dementia-associated NPS, no protocols for treating NPS are already well established. Attention has turned to the effectiveness of nonpharmacological treatments for NPS since their potential safe alternative to pharmacotherapy. OBJECTIVE: This study is aimed to compare the effects in older individuals with dementia living in a residential care, of two intervention programs, the gesture-verbal treatment (GVT), a treatment implemented by us on a previous method for word retrieval in individuals with aphasia, and the better-known doll therapy (DT)...
August 23, 2018: International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
Alan J Thomas, John Paul Taylor, Ian McKeith, Claire Bamford, David Burn, Louise Allan, John O'Brien
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 9, 2018: International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
Irene E van de Vorst, Ilonca Vaartjes, Michiel L Bots, Huiberdina L Koek
OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether mortality and readmission risk have changed over the last decade. METHODS: Prospective hospital-based cohort of 44 258 patients with dementia admitted to hospital or visiting a day clinic between 2000 and 2008. Absolute risks (ARs) of 1- and 3-year mortality and 1-year hospital readmission were quantified and stratified by type of care (day clinic or inpatient care). Cox models were used to compare hazard ratios (HRs), adjusted for age, sex, comorbidity, of death, and readmission across the years using 2000 as the reference group...
July 31, 2018: International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
Amruta Shanbhag, Helen Awai, Soham Rej, Alan J Thomas, Klajdi Puka, Akshya Vasudev
OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study was to assess the prevalence of orthostatic hypotension (OH) in a sample of late life depression (LLD) patients and to determine the validity of a standardized questionnaire, the Orthostatic Hypotension Questionnaire (OHQ). Secondarily, we wished to assess variables associated with OH. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional study on 82 consecutive geriatric outpatients presenting with LLD. OH was defined as a fall in systolic blood pressure of greater than 20 mm Hg and/or 10 mm Hg on diastolic blood pressure on an orthostatic stress test from sitting to standing...
July 24, 2018: International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
Ulla Lepola, Nanco Hefting, Doris Zhang, Mary Hobart
OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study was to evaluate the long-term safety and tolerability of flexible-dose brexpiprazole adjunct to antidepressant treatment (ADT) in elderly patients with major depressive disorder (MDD). METHODS: Elderly patients (≥65 years) with MDD and inadequate response to ≥1 ADT during the current episode were recruited to a 26-week, interventional, open-label study (NCT02400346) at outpatient centers in the USA and Europe. All patients received brexpiprazole 1 to 3 mg/day adjunct to their current ADT...
July 23, 2018: International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
Alexandra Martini de Oliveira, Marcia Radanovic, Patricia Cotting Homem de Mello, Patricia Cardoso Buchain, Adriana Dias Vizzotto, Janaína Harder, Florindo Stella, Catherine Verrier Piersol, Laura N Gitlin, Orestes Vicente Forlenza
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the efficacy of the tailored activity program-outpatient version (TAP-O) and to reduce neuropsychiatric symptoms (NPS) in patients with dementia and caregiver burden compared with a control group (psychoeducation intervention). METHODS: Twenty-one persons with dementia and their caregivers were recruited and randomized. The intervention group received TAP-O, designed for outpatients with dementia and their caregivers. TAP-O consisted of eight sessions in which an occupational therapist assessed the patient's abilities and interests; prescribed tailored activities; and educated caregivers about dementia, NPS, and how to implement meaningful activities in the daily routine...
July 23, 2018: International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
Jeffrey N Motter, Gregory H Pelton, Kristina D'Antonio, Sara N Rushia, Monique A Pimontel, Jeffrey R Petrella, Ernst Garcon, Michaela W Ciovacco, Joel R Sneed, P Murali Doraiswamy, Davangere P Devanand
OBJECTIVE: The classification of mild cognitive impairment (MCI) continues to be debated though it has recently been subtyped into late (LMCI) versus early (EMCI) stages. Older adults presenting with both a depressive disorder (DEP) and cognitive impairment (CI) represent a unique, understudied population. Our aim was to examine baseline characteristics of DEP-CI patients in the DOTCODE trial, a randomized controlled trial of open antidepressant treatment for 16 weeks followed by add-on donepezil or placebo for 62 weeks...
July 23, 2018: International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
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