Read by QxMD icon Read

International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry

Chunfang Wang, Yuanyuan Chen, Changcheng Sun, Ying Zhang, Dong Ming, Jingang Du
BACKGROUND: We aimed to explore the electrophysiological changes in poststroke subjects with depressed mood. METHODS: Resting-state electroencephalogram (EEG) signals of 16 electrodes in 35 poststroke depressed, 24 poststroke nondepressed, and 35 age-matched healthy control subjects were analyzed by means of spectral power analysis, a quantitative EEG measurement of different frequency bands. The relationship among depressed mood, functional status, lesion side, and poststroke time was assessed by using variance and Spearman correlation analysis...
March 13, 2018: International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
Alexandre Y Dombrovski, Elizabeth Aslinger, Aidan G C Wright, Katalin Szanto
OBJECTIVE: While loss of socioeconomic status (SES) has been linked to suicidal behavior, it is unclear whether this experience is merely a downstream effect of psychopathology ("downward drift"), a sign of hardship, or an independent psychological contributor to suicide risk. We examined the association between the subjective experience of status loss and suicidal behavior and ideation in old age, while accounting for potential confounders. We were also interested in whether status loss was associated with mere thoughts of suicide vs...
March 7, 2018: International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
Justyna O Ekert, Rebecca L Gould, Gemma Reynolds, Robert J Howard
OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study was to evaluate the effect of tumour necrosis factor-alpha inhibitors (TNF-αI) on Alzheimer's disease-associated pathology. DESIGN: A literature search of PubMed, Embase, PsychINFO, Web of Science, Scopus, and the Cochrane Library databases for human and animal studies that evaluated the use of TNF-αI was performed on 26 October 2016. RESULTS: The main outcomes assessed were cognition and behaviour, reduction in brain tissue mass, presence of plaques and tangles, and synaptic function...
March 7, 2018: International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
Yoko Eguchi, Kumiko Tasato, Shinichiro Nakajima, Yoshihiro Noda, Sakiko Tsugawa, Shunichiro Shinagawa, Hidehito Niimura, Nobuyoshi Hirose, Yasumichi Arai, Masaru Mimura
BACKGROUND: Despite a steady increase in life expectancy, a few studies have investigated cross-sectional correlates and longitudinal predictors of cognitive function, a core domain of the successful aging, among socio-clinico-demographic factors in the oldest-old exclusively. OBJECTIVES: The aims of this study were to examine socio-clinico-demographic characteristics associated with global cognition and its changes in the oldest-old. METHODS: We reanalyzed a dataset of cognitively preserved community-dwelling subjects aged 85 years and older in the Tokyo Oldest Old Survey on Total Health, a 6-year longitudinal observational study...
March 7, 2018: International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
Dawn Brooker, Simon Evans, Shirley Evans, Jennifer Bray, Francesca Lea Saibene, Claudia Scorolli, Dorota Szcześniak, Alessia d'Arma, Katarzyna M Urbańska, Teresa Atkinson, Elisabetta Farina, Joanna Rymaszewska, Rabih Chattat, Catherine Henderson, Amritpal Rehill, Iris Hendriks, Franka Meiland, Rose-Marie Dröes
OBJECTIVES: MEETINGDEM investigated whether the Dutch Meeting Centres Support Programme (MCSP) could be implemented in Italy, Poland, and the UK with comparable benefits. This paper reports on the impact on people living with dementia attending pilot Meeting Centres in the 3 countries. METHODS: Nine pilot Meeting Centres (MCs) participated (Italy-5, Poland-2, UK-2). Effectiveness of MCSP was compared with Usual Care (UC) on outcomes measuring behavioural and psychological symptoms (NPI), depression (CSDD), and quality of life (DQoL, QOL-AD), analysed by ANCOVAs in a 6-month pre-test/post-test controlled trial...
March 7, 2018: International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
Briony J Murphy, Lyndal C Bugeja, Jennifer L Pilgrim, Joseph E Ibrahim
OBJECTIVES: Suicide among nursing home residents is a growing public health concern, currently lacking in empirical research. This study aims to describe the frequency and nature of suicide among nursing home residents in Australia. METHODS: This research comprised a national population-based retrospective analysis of suicide deaths among nursing home residents in Australia reported to the Coroner between July 2000 and December 2013. Cases were identified using the National Coronial Information System, and data collected from paper-based coroners' records on individual, incident, and organizational factors, as well as details of the medico-legal death investigation...
March 5, 2018: International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
Stephanie Petty, Kevin Harvey, Amanda Griffiths, Donna Maria Coleston, Tom Dening
OBJECTIVE: More understanding is needed about the emotional experiences of dementia from the perspective of the individual. This understanding can then inform the provision of health care to meet individual needs. This systematic review aimed to present all available descriptions of emotional distress and explanations for emotional distress experienced by individuals with dementia, articulated personally and by others. METHODS: A systematic mixed-method review identified literature that was screened and quality appraised...
March 2, 2018: International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
Amy Helstrom, Josh Haratz, Shirley Chen, Amy Benson, Joel Streim, David Oslin
OBJECTIVE: Few studies have explored behavioral strategies for managing chronic pain in older adults. Pain Care Management (PCM) is a telephone-based behavioral intervention for chronic pain. The present study examined chronic pain characteristics among older adults and tested the delivery of PCM as an adjunct to depression and anxiety care management. METHODS: Participants were drawn from a state-sponsored program offering care management services to community members aged 65 and older who were prescribed a psychotropic medication by a primary care provider...
March 2, 2018: International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
Alan M Rathbun, Michelle D Shardell, Elizabeth A Stuart, Ann L Gruber-Baldini, Denise Orwig, Glenn V Ostir, Gregory E Hicks, Marc C Hochberg, Jay Magaziner
OBJECTIVE: Depression after hip fracture in older adults is associated with worse physical performance; however, depressive symptoms are dynamic, fluctuating during the recovery period. The study aim was to determine how the persistence of depressive symptoms over time cumulatively affects the recovery of physical performance. METHODS: Marginal structural models estimated the cumulative effect of persistence of depressive symptoms on gait speed during hip fracture recovery among older adults (n = 284) enrolled in the Baltimore Hip Studies 7th cohort...
February 26, 2018: International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
James Pickett, Cathy Bird, Clive Ballard, Sube Banerjee, Carol Brayne, Katherine Cowan, Linda Clare, Adelina Comas-Herrera, Lynne Corner, Stephanie Daley, Martin Knapp, Louise Lafortune, Gill Livingston, Jill Manthorpe, Natalie Marchant, Jo Moriarty, Louise Robinson, Clare van Lynden, Gill Windle, Bob Woods, Katherine Gray, Clare Walton
OBJECTIVE: National and global dementia plans have focused on the research ambition to develop a cure or disease-modifying therapy by 2025, with the initial focus on investment in drug discovery approaches. We set out to develop complementary research ambitions in the areas of prevention, diagnosis, intervention, and care and strategies for achieving them. METHODS: Alzheimer's Society facilitated a taskforce of leading UK clinicians and researchers in dementia, UK funders of dementia research, people with dementia, and carer representatives to develop, using iterative consensus methodology, goals and recommendations to advance dementia research...
February 22, 2018: International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
Lucy Y Wang, Murray A Raskind, Charles W Wilkinson, Jane B Shofer, Carl Sikkema, Patricia Szot, Joseph F Quinn, Douglas R Galasko, Elaine R Peskind
OBJECTIVE: This study evaluated the effects of Alzheimer disease (AD) on the relationship between the brain noradrenergic system and hypothalamic pituitary adrenocortical axis (HPA). Specifically, relationships between cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) norepinephrine (NE) and CSF cortisol were examined in cognitively normal participants and participants with AD dementia and amnestic mild cognitive impairment (aMCI). We hypothesized that there would a positive association between these 2 measures in cognitively normal controls and that this association would be altered in AD...
February 15, 2018: International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
Daniel Apolinario, Marília Funchal Dos Santos, Eduardo Sassaki, Fernanda Pegoraro, Anna Vitoria Alves Pedrini, Bruna Cestari, Ana Helena Amaral, Mayra Mitt, Marina Bellatti Müller, Claudia Kimie Suemoto, Ivan Aprahamian
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 12, 2018: International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
G Stringer, S Couth, L J E Brown, D Montaldi, A Gledson, J Mellor, A Sutcliffe, P Sawyer, J Keane, C Bull, X Zeng, P Rayson, I Leroi
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether multiple computer use behaviours can distinguish between cognitively healthy older adults and those in the early stages of cognitive decline, and to investigate whether these behaviours are associated with cognitive and functional ability. METHODS: Older adults with cognitive impairment (n = 20) and healthy controls (n = 24) completed assessments of cognitive and functional abilities and a series of semi-directed computer tasks...
February 9, 2018: International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
Marcia Radanovic, Giuliana Facco, Orestes V Forlenza
OBJECTIVE: To create a reduced and briefer version of the widely used Cambridge Cognitive Examination (CAMCog) battery as a concise cognitive test to be used in primary and secondary levels of health care to detect cognitive decline. Our aim was to reduce the administration time of the original test while maintaining its diagnostic accuracy. METHODS: On the basis of the analysis of 835 CAMCog tests performed by 429 subjects (107 controls, 192 mild cognitive impairment [MCI], and 130 dementia patients), we extracted items that most contributed to intergroup differentiation, according to 2 educational levels (≤8 and >8 y of formal schooling)...
February 6, 2018: International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
Jong Won Min
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study is twofold: first, to identify cognitive trajectories of older Koreans in a population-based longitudinal panel survey and, second, to investigate the main characteristics of the identified heterogeneous classes of cognitive trajectories. METHODS: Data came from 2445 cognitively healthy persons aged 60 or older in the 2006 to 2012 Korean Longitudinal Study of Aging. Using Korean-mini mental status examination (K-MMSE) as a measure of global cognitive function, the latent growth mixture modeling approach examined potential heterogeneity of longitudinal changes over the 6 years...
January 24, 2018: International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
Rabeea'h W Aslam, Vickie Bates, Yenal Dundar, Juliet Hounsome, Marty Richardson, Ashma Krishan, Rumona Dickson, Angela Boland, Joanne Fisher, Louise Robinson, Sudip Sikdar
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this review is to determine whether automated computerised tests accurately identify patients with progressive cognitive impairment and, if so, to investigate their role in monitoring disease progression and/or response to treatment. METHODS: Six electronic databases (Medline, Embase, Cochrane, Institute for Scientific Information, PsycINFO, and ProQuest) were searched from January 2005 to August 2015 to identify papers for inclusion. Studies assessing the diagnostic accuracy of automated computerised tests for mild cognitive impairment (MCI) and early dementia against a reference standard were included...
January 22, 2018: International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
Ilse Wielaard, Mathijs Hoyer, Didi Rhebergen, Max L Stek, Hannie C Comijs
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 10, 2018: International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
Andrew Teodorczuk, Alasdair MacLullich
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 5, 2018: International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
Janina Barth, Franziska Nickel, Peter L Kolominsky-Rabas
OBJECTIVES: Due to the demographic change, the global prevalence of dementia will continually rise. Barriers to diagnosis and care are still high. But timely diagnosis is associated with valuable benefits and can promote timely and optimal management. Receiving an early diagnosis is especially in rural areas a problem due to the limited access to assessments. Therefore, the aim of our scoping review is to investigate different interventions targeted at rural living elderly to screen and diagnose cognitive decline and dementia...
January 5, 2018: International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
John V Hindle, Tamlyn J Watermeyer, Julie Roberts, Andrew Brand, Zoe Hoare, Anthony Martyr, Linda Clare
OBJECTIVE: To examine the appropriateness and feasibility of cognitive rehabilitation for people with dementias associated with Parkinson's in a pilot randomised controlled study. METHODS: This was a single-blind pilot randomised controlled trial of goal-oriented cognitive rehabilitation for dementias associated with Parkinson's. After goal setting, participants were randomised to cognitive rehabilitation (n = 10), relaxation therapy (n = 10), or treatment-as-usual (n = 9)...
January 4, 2018: International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"