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International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29356098/a-systematic-review-of-the-diagnostic-accuracy-of-automated-tests-for-cognitive-impairment
#1
REVIEW
Rabeea'h W Aslam, Vickie Bates, Yenal Dundar, Juliet Hounsome, Marty Richardson, Ashma Krishan, Rumona Dickson, Angela Boland, Joanne Fisher, Louise Robinson, Sudip Sikdar
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this review is to determine whether automated computerised tests accurately identify patients with progressive cognitive impairment and, if so, to investigate their role in monitoring disease progression and/or response to treatment. METHODS: Six electronic databases (Medline, Embase, Cochrane, Institute for Scientific Information, PsycINFO, and ProQuest) were searched from January 2005 to August 2015 to identify papers for inclusion. Studies assessing the diagnostic accuracy of automated computerised tests for mild cognitive impairment (MCI) and early dementia against a reference standard were included...
January 22, 2018: International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29318648/childhood-abuse-and-late-life-depression-mediating-effects-of-psychosocial-factors-for-early-and-late-onset-depression
#2
Ilse Wielaard, Mathijs Hoyer, Didi Rhebergen, Max L Stek, Hannie C Comijs
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 10, 2018: International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29314268/new-waves-of-delirium-understanding
#3
EDITORIAL
Andrew Teodorczuk, Alasdair MacLullich
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 5, 2018: International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29314221/diagnosis-of-cognitive-decline-and-dementia-in-rural-areas%C3%A2-%C3%A2-a-scoping-review
#4
REVIEW
Janina Barth, Franziska Nickel, Peter L Kolominsky-Rabas
OBJECTIVES: Due to the demographic change, the global prevalence of dementia will continually rise. Barriers to diagnosis and care are still high. But timely diagnosis is associated with valuable benefits and can promote timely and optimal management. Receiving an early diagnosis is especially in rural areas a problem due to the limited access to assessments. Therefore, the aim of our scoping review is to investigate different interventions targeted at rural living elderly to screen and diagnose cognitive decline and dementia...
January 5, 2018: International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29314218/goal-orientated-cognitive-rehabilitation-for-dementias-associated-with-parkinson-s-disease-a-pilot-randomised-controlled-trial
#5
John V Hindle, Tamlyn J Watermeyer, Julie Roberts, Andrew Brand, Zoe Hoare, Anthony Martyr, Linda Clare
OBJECTIVE: To examine the appropriateness and feasibility of cognitive rehabilitation for people with dementias associated with Parkinson's in a pilot randomised controlled study. METHODS: This was a single-blind pilot randomised controlled trial of goal-oriented cognitive rehabilitation for dementias associated with Parkinson's. After goal setting, participants were randomised to cognitive rehabilitation (n = 10), relaxation therapy (n = 10), or treatment-as-usual (n = 9)...
January 4, 2018: International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29314273/psychological-well-being-and-risk-of-dementia
#6
Angelina R Sutin, Yannick Stephan, Antonio Terracciano
OBJECTIVE: Well-being is a psychological resource that buffers against age-related disease. We test whether this protective effect extends to dementia and whether it is independent of distress. METHODS: Participants (N = 10,099) were from the Health and Retirement Study. Five aspects of positive psychological functioning (life satisfaction, optimism, mastery, purpose in life, and positive affect) were tested as predictors of incident dementia over 6 to 8 years...
January 3, 2018: International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29297938/cross-cultural-perspectives-in-dementia-research
#7
EDITORIAL
Daniel C Mograbi, Robin G Morris
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 3, 2018: International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29297937/anxiety-symptoms-predicted-decline-in-episodic-memory-in-cognitively-healthy-older-adults-a-3-year-prospective-study
#8
Ada Wai Tung Fung, Joyce Sau Wa Lee, Allen Ting Chun Lee, Linda Chiu Wa Lam
OBJECTIVE: Prospective studies on late-life anxiety disorders suggested that history of anxiety symptoms may be predictive of cognitive decline in old age. However, the relationship between anxiety and cognitive decline is still inconclusive due to heterogeneity in sample and methodology. This study was to explore how baseline anxiety symptoms associated with the change of memory in older people without cognitive impairment over a 3-year period. METHODS: This was a 3-year prospective study on 91 cognitively normal older adults with anxiety symptoms...
January 3, 2018: International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29292848/measuring-anticholinergic-exposure-in-patients-with-dementia-a-comparative-study-of-nine-anticholinergic-risk-scales
#9
Oriol Turró-Garriga, Laia Calvó-Perxas, Joan Vilalta-Franch, Lidia Blanco-Silvente, Xavier Castells, Dolors Capellà, Josep Garre-Olmo
OBJECTIVE: To describe the prevalence and concordance of anticholinergic exposure according to 9 published scales, to quantify the relative weight of the drug subtypes included in each scale, and to identify clinical variables related to anticholinergic exposure. METHODS: Observational and cross-sectional study using 5323 cases of dementia diagnosed in the 7 hospitals of the public health care system of the Health Region of Girona (Spain) between 2007 and 2014 and registered by the Registry of Dementias of Girona (ReDeGi)...
January 2, 2018: International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29292541/direct-health-and-residential-care-costs-of-people-living-with-dementia-in-australian-residential-aged-care
#10
Emmanuel S Gnanamanickam, Suzanne M Dyer, Rachel Milte, Stephanie L Harrison, Enwu Liu, Tiffany Easton, Clare Bradley, Rebecca Bilton, Wendy Shulver, Julie Ratcliffe, Craig Whitehead, Maria Crotty
OBJECTIVES: This analysis estimates the whole-of-system direct costs for people living with dementia in residential care by using a broad health and social care provision perspective and compares it to people without dementia living in residential care. METHODS: Data were collected from 541 individuals living permanently in 17 care facilities across Australia. The annual cost of health and residential care was determined by using individual resource use data and reported by the dementia status of the individuals...
January 2, 2018: International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29292537/development-of-dementia-in-patients-with-femoral-neck-fracture-who-experience-postoperative-delirium-a-three-year-follow-up-study
#11
B Olofsson, M Persson, G Bellelli, A Morandi, Y Gustafson, M Stenvall
OBJECTIVES: It remains unclear to what extent postoperative delirium (POD) affects the incidence of dementia in hip fracture patients, and the methods used to detect delirium and dementia require validation. The aim of this study was to investigate the development of dementia within 3 years of femoral neck fracture repair surgery, with a focus on POD as a potential predictive factor. METHODS: Patients were assessed for cognition, delirium, depression, psychological well-being, and nutritional status during their hospitalization as well as 4, 12, and 36 months after the operation...
January 2, 2018: International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29292530/apathy-in-idiopathic-normal-pressure-hydrocephalus-a-marker-of-reversible-gait-disorders
#12
Gilles Allali, Magali Laidet, Stéphane Armand, Arnaud Saj, Paul Krack, Frédéric Assal
OBJECTIVE: Apathy-the most common behavioral disturbance in idiopathic normal pressure hydrocephalus (iNPH)-is associated with poor gait, but the role of apathy on gait improvement after cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) tapping has not been studied yet. This study aims to compare gait improvement after CSF tapping in iNPH patients with and without apathy. METHODS: Stride time variability (STV), a marker of higher level of gait control, was measured in 33 iNPH patients (78...
January 2, 2018: International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29292529/converting-mmse-to-moca-and-moca-5-minute-protocol-in-an-educationally-heterogeneous-sample-with-stroke-or-transient-ischemic-attack
#13
Adrian Wong, Sandra E Black, Stanley Y P Yiu, Lisa W C Au, Alexander Y L Lau, Yannie O Y Soo, Anne Y Y Chan, Thomas W H Leung, Lawrence K S Wong, Timothy C Y Kwok, Theodore C K Cheung, Kam-Tat Leung, Bonnie Y K Lam, Joseph S K Kwan, Vincent C T Mok
BACKGROUND: The Montreal Cognitive Assessment (MoCA) is psychometrically superior over the Mini-mental State Examination (MMSE) for cognitive screening in stroke or transient ischemic attack (TIA). It is free for clinical and research use. The objective of this study is to convert scores from the MMSE to MoCA and MoCA-5-minute protocol (MoCA-5 min) and to examine the ability of the converted scores in detecting cognitive impairment after stroke or TIA. METHODS: A total of 904 patients were randomly divided into training (n = 623) and validation (n = 281) samples matched for demography and cognition...
January 2, 2018: International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29282768/effects-of-pain-treatment-on-sleep-in-nursing-home-patients-with-dementia-and-depression-a-multicenter-placebo-controlled-randomized-clinical-trial
#14
Kjersti Marie Blytt, Bjørn Bjorvatn, Bettina Husebo, Elisabeth Flo
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effects of pain treatment on sleep in nursing home (NH) patients with dementia and depression. METHODS: A multicenter, 2-armed, double-blinded, placebo-controlled, randomized clinical trial conducted between August 2014 and September 2016. One hundred six long-term patients from 47 NHs in Norway with dementia and depression according to the Mini-Mental State Examination and the Cornell Scale for Depression in Dementia were included...
December 28, 2017: International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29280514/left-dorsolateral-prefrontal-cortex-atrophy-is-associated-with-frontal-lobe-function-in-alzheimer-s-disease-and-contributes-to-caregiver-burden
#15
Kiwamu Matsuoka, Fumihiko Yasuno, Akiko Hashimoto, Toshiteru Miyasaka, Masato Takahashi, Kuniaki Kiuchi, Junzo Iida, Kimihiko Kichikawa, Toshifumi Kishimoto
OBJECTIVE: Caregivers of patients with dementia experience physical and mental deterioration. We have previously reported a correlation between caregiver burden and the Frontal Assessment Battery (FAB) total scores of patients with Alzheimer's disease (AD), especially regarding the dependency factor from the Zarit Burden Interview. The present study aimed to identify an objective biomarker for predicting caregiver burden. METHODS: The participants were 26 pairs of caregivers and patients with AD and mild-to-moderate dementia...
December 27, 2017: International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29280195/empirically-derived-dimensional-syndromes-of-self-reported-psychopathology-cross-cultural-comparisons-of-portuguese-and-us-elders
#16
Masha Y Ivanova, Thomas Achenbach, Manuela Leite, Vera Almeida, Carlos Caldas, Lori Turner, Julie A Dumas
OBJECTIVE: As the world population ages, mental health professionals increasingly need empirically supported assessment instruments for older adult psychopathology. This study tested the degree to which syndromes derived from self-ratings of psychopathology by elders in the US would fit self-ratings by elders in Portugal. METHODS: The Older Adult Self-Report (OASR) was completed by 352 60- to 102-year-olds in Portuguese community and residential settings. RESULTS: Confirmatory factor analyses tested the fit of the 7-syndrome OASR model to self-ratings by Portuguese elders...
December 27, 2017: International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29278283/delirium-pathophysiology-an-updated-hypothesis-of-the-etiology-of-acute-brain-failure
#17
José R Maldonado
BACKGROUND: Delirium is the most common neuropsychiatric syndrome encountered by clinicians dealing with older adults and the medically ill and is best characterized by 5 core domains: cognitive deficits, attentional deficits, circadian rhythm dysregulation, emotional dysregulation, and alteration in psychomotor functioning. DESIGN: An extensive literature review and consolidation of published data into a novel interpretation of known pathophysiological causes of delirium...
December 26, 2017: International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29271498/categorization-working-memory-span-task-validation-study-of-two-brazilian-alternate-versions
#18
Paula Schimidt Brum, Erika Borella, Barbara Carretti, Elena Guidotti, Mônica Sanches Yassuda
BACKGROUND: The Categorization Working Memory Span Task (CWMS task) is a complex working memory (WM) span test that has been used previously to assess age and individual differences in WM as well as the relationship between WM and complex aspects of cognition such as listening comprehension. Two alternate versions of the task have been developed to be used as outcome variables in WM training protocol, which mirrors the task involved in the CWMS task. OBJECTIVES: (1) To translate and adapt the CWMS task for Brazilian Portuguese; (2) to test the equivalence of its 2 alternate versions; (3) to examine temporal stability; (4) to examine the influence of age and schooling on CWMS task; (5) to establish its relationship with other tests of WM...
December 22, 2017: International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29266531/the-relationships-between-brain-structural-changes-and-perceived-loneliness-in-older-adults-suffering-from-late-life-depression
#19
Emily L L Sin, Ho-Ling Liu, Shwu-Hua Lee, Chih-Mao Huang, Yau-Yau Wai, Yao-Liang Chen, Chetwyn C H Chan, Chemin Lin, Tatia M C Lee
OBJECTIVE: Late-life depression is a significant health risk factor for older adults, part of which is perceived loneliness. In this voxel-based morphometry study, we examined the relationships between perceived loneliness and depression recurrence. METHODS: Fifty-two older adults were recruited, and they were split into 3 groups: single episode, multiple episodes, or normal control groups, according to their clinical histories. RESULTS: This result suggests the level of functioning regarding the reward system may be negatively related to the number of depressive episodes...
December 20, 2017: International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29266450/effects-of-modified-8-week-reminiscence-therapy-on-the-older-spouse-caregivers-of-stroke-survivors-in-chinese-communities-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#20
Yongxia Mei, Beilei Lin, Yingshuang Li, Chunge Ding, Zhenxiang Zhang
OBJECTIVE: Our aim was to evaluate the effectiveness of a modified 8-week reminiscence therapy on the burden, positive experience, and life satisfaction of older spouse caregivers and the life satisfaction of stroke survivors. METHODS: We conducted a randomized controlled trial by using 75 older stroke couples recruited from communities in Zhengzhou, China. We randomly assigned participants to 1 of 3 groups: Group 1 (G1 , 25 couples, all attend intervention) and Group 2 (G2 , 22 couples, only caregivers attend intervention), who participated in a modified 8-week reminiscence therapy, and a waiting list (control) group (G3 , 28 couples)...
December 19, 2017: International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
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