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Advanced Drug Delivery Reviews

Susan Peterson, Melissa Hasenbank, Claudio Silvestro, Shashank Raina
Endovascular management of peripheral artery disease was until recently limited to percutaneous balloon angioplasty, atherectomy, stent grafts, and bare-metal stents. These therapies have been valuable, but plagued by high restenosis and revascularization rates. Important progress has been made with the introduction of combination devices, including drug-eluting stents and drug-coated balloons (DCB), designed to combat restenosis by locally delivering anti-proliferative drugs. In particular, promising clinical performance has been seen with the Medtronic IN...
October 19, 2016: Advanced Drug Delivery Reviews
Sergio Rey, Luana Schito, Marianne Koritzinsky, Bradly G Wouters
Hypoxia (low O2) is an essential microenvironmental driver of phenotypic diversity in human solid cancers. Hypoxic cancer cells hijack evolutionarily conserved, O2- sensitive pathways eliciting molecular adaptations that impact responses to radiotherapy, tumor recurrence and patient survival. In this review, we summarize the radiobiological, genetic, epigenetic and metabolic mechanisms orchestrating oncogenic responses to hypoxia. In addition, we outline emerging hypoxia- targeting strategies that hold promise for individualized cancer therapy in the context of radiotherapy and drug delivery...
October 19, 2016: Advanced Drug Delivery Reviews
Anjali Nagpal, Chris Juttner, Monica Anne Hamilton-Bruce, Paul Rolan, Simon A Koblar
The encouraging pace of discovery and development in the field of regenerative medicine holds tremendous potential for bringing therapies to the clinic that may offer meaningful benefit to patients, particularly in diseases with no or suboptimal therapeutic options. Academic researchers will continue to play a critical role in developing concepts and therapies, thus determining whether regenerative medicine will be able to live up to this potential that clearly excites clinicians, researchers and patients alike...
October 17, 2016: Advanced Drug Delivery Reviews
Erik Őrfi, János Szebeni
There is substantial effort in modern pharmacotherapy to use nanoparticle-based drug delivery systems (nDDS) for improving the oral absorption of drugs. An often neglected circumstance regarding this approach is that the gut is a major part of the immune system that may be vulnerable for immune-cell toxicity, or mediate humoral immune response against various components of nDDS, recognized as foreign. This review recapitulates the structure and function of gut-associated lymphoid tissue (GALT), i.e., the enteral section of mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue (MALT) and reminds how virus-like nDDS may potentially induce immunogenicity just as attenuated or killed viruses do in oral vaccines...
September 29, 2016: Advanced Drug Delivery Reviews
Zeinab Hosseinidoust, Babak Mostaghaci, Oncay Yasa, Byung-Wook Park, Ajay Vikram Singh, Metin Sitti
The use of bacterial cells as agents of medical therapy has a long history. Research that was ignited over a century ago with the accidental infection of cancer patients has matured into a platform technology that offers the promise of opening up new potential frontiers in medical treatment. Bacterial cells exhibit unique characteristics that make them well-suited as smart drug delivery agents. Our ability to genetically manipulate the molecular machinery of these cells enables the customization of their therapeutic action as well as its precise tuning and spatio-temporal control, allowing for the design of unique, complex therapeutic functions, unmatched by current drug delivery systems...
September 15, 2016: Advanced Drug Delivery Reviews
Prabhani U Atukorale, Gil Covarrubias, Lisa Bauer, Efstathios Karathanasis
This review seeks to highlight the enormous potential of targeted nanoparticles for molecular imaging applications. Being the closest point-of-contact, circulating nanoparticles can gain direct access to targetable molecular markers of disease that appear on the endothelium. Further, nanoparticles are ideally suitable to vascular targeting due to geometrically enhanced multivalent attachment on the vascular target. This natural synergy between nanoparticles, vascular targeting and molecular imaging can provide new avenues for diagnosis and prognosis of disease with quantitative precision...
September 15, 2016: Advanced Drug Delivery Reviews
Carolin Reimann, Julia Brangsch, Federico Colletini, Thula Walter, Bernd Hamm, Rene M Botnar, Marcus R Makowski
This review summarizes the current status of molecular imaging of the extracellular matrix (ECM) in the context of atherosclerosis. Apart from cellular components, the ECM of the atherosclerotic plaque plays a relevant role during the initiation of atherosclerosis and its' subsequent progression. Important structural and signaling components of the ECM include elastin, collagen and fibrin. However, the ECM not only plays a structural role in the arterial wall but also interacts with different cell types and has important biological signaling functions...
September 14, 2016: Advanced Drug Delivery Reviews
Yan Li, Jezrael Revalde, James W Paxton
Membrane transporter proteins (the ABC transporters and SLC transporters) play pivotal roles in drug absorption and disposition, and thus determine their efficacy and safety. Accumulating evidence suggests that the expression and activity of these transporters may be modulated by various phytochemicals (PCs) found in diets rich in plants and herbs. PC absorption and disposition are also subject to the function of membrane transporter and drug metabolizing enzymes. PC-drug interactions may involve multiple major drug transporters (and metabolizing enzymes) in the body, leading to alterations in the pharmacokinetics of substrate drugs, and thus their efficacy and toxicity...
September 13, 2016: Advanced Drug Delivery Reviews
Kari Tanderup, Cynthia Menard, Csaba Polgar, Jacob Lindegaard, Christian Kirisits, Richard Pötter
Brachytherapy is a radiotherapy modality associated with a highly focal dose distribution. Brachytherapy treats the cancer tissue from the inside, and the radiation does not travel through healthy tissue to reach the target as with external beam radiotherapy techniques. The nature of brachytherapy makes it attractive for boosting limited size target volumes to very high doses while sparing normal tissues. Significant developments over the last decades have increased the use of 3D image guided procedures with the utilization of CT, MRI, US and PET...
September 13, 2016: Advanced Drug Delivery Reviews
Amin Omar, Patricia Nadworny
Pre-clinical antimicrobial validation testing for single and combination products, and parameters that should be considered when testing the antimicrobial performance of a medical device, are discussed. Guidance is provided on key elements required for in vitro and in vivo antimicrobial validation, including validation of microbial growth, microbial recovery, neutralization, and antimicrobial activity. An important consideration, both in terms of practicality and economics, is designing in vitro studies that bridge to in vivo testing: A representative in vitro model is used to generate data on many clinically relevant microorganisms, and then one microorganism is selected for use in in vivo test...
September 11, 2016: Advanced Drug Delivery Reviews
Benjamin M Yeh, Paul F FitzGerald, Peter M Edic, Jack W Lambert, Robert E Colborn, Michael E Marino, Paul M Evans, Jeannette C Roberts, Zhen J Wang, Margaret J Wong, Peter J Bonitatibus
The introduction of spectral CT imaging in the form of fast clinical dual-energy CT enabled contrast material to be differentiated from other radiodense materials, improved lesion detection in contrast-enhanced scans, and changed the way that existing iodine and barium contrast materials are used in clinical practice. More profoundly, spectral CT can differentiate between individual contrast materials that have different reporter elements such that high-resolution CT imaging of multiple contrast agents can be obtained in a single pass of the CT scanner...
September 9, 2016: Advanced Drug Delivery Reviews
Chensu Wang, Tian Zhao, Yang Li, Gang Huang, Michael A White, Jinming Gao
Endosomes and lysosomes play a critical role in various aspects of cell physiology such as nutrient sensing, receptor recycling, protein/lipid catabolism, and cell death. In drug delivery, endosomal release of therapeutic payloads from nanocarriers is also important in achieving efficient delivery of drugs to reach their intracellular targets. Recently, we invented a library of ultra pH-sensitive (UPS) nanoprobes with exquisite fluorescence response to subtle pH changes. The UPS nanoprobes also displayed strong pH-specific buffer effect over small molecular bases with broad pH responses (e...
September 6, 2016: Advanced Drug Delivery Reviews
Sarmad Siddiqui, Stephen Kadlecek, Mehrdad Pourfathi, Yi Xin, William Mannherz, Hooman Hamedani, Nicholas Drachman, Kai Ruppert, Justin Clapp, Rahim Rizi
Until recently, molecular imaging using magnetic resonance (MR) has been limited by the modality's low sensitivity, especially with non-proton nuclei. The advent of hyperpolarized (HP) MR overcomes this limitation by substantially enhancing the signal of certain biologically important probes through a process known as external nuclear polarization, enabling real-time assessment of tissue function and metabolism. The metabolic information obtained by HP MR imaging holds significant promise in the clinic, where it could play a critical role in disease diagnosis and therapeutic monitoring...
September 4, 2016: Advanced Drug Delivery Reviews
Benjamin M Luby, Danielle M Charron, Christina M MacLaughlin, Gang Zheng
Molecular imaging has emerged as an indispensable technology in the development and application of drug delivery systems. Targeted imaging agents report the presence of biomolecules, including therapeutic targets and disease biomarkers, while the biological behaviour of labelled delivery systems can be non-invasively assessed in real time. As an imaging modality, fluorescence offers additional signal specificity and dynamic information due to the inherent responsivity of fluorescence agents to interactions with other optical species and with their environment...
September 2, 2016: Advanced Drug Delivery Reviews
Harivardhan Reddy Lakkireddy, Didier Bazile
The design of the first polymeric nanoparticles could be traced back to the 1970s, and has thereafter received considerable attention, as evidenced by the significant increase of articles and patents. This review article is an attempt to take advantage of the existing literature on the clinically tested and commercialized biodegradable PLA(G)A-PEG nanotechnology as a model to propose quality building and outline translation and development principles (quality by design) for polymeric nano-medicines. We built such an approach from various building blocks including material design, nano-assembly - i...
September 1, 2016: Advanced Drug Delivery Reviews
Bo Zhang, Peng Wei, Zhixiang Zhou, Taotao Wei
Carbon-based functional nanomaterials have attracted immense scientific interest from many disciplines and, due to their extraordinary properties, have offered tremendous potential in a diverse range of applications. Among the different carbon nanomaterials, graphene is one of the newest and is considered the most important. Graphene, a monolayer material composed of sp(2)-hybridized carbon atoms hexagonally arranged in a two-dimensional structure, can be easily functionalized by chemical modification. Functionalized graphene and its derivatives have been used in diverse nano-biotechnological applications, such as in environmental engineering, biomedicine, and biotechnology...
August 26, 2016: Advanced Drug Delivery Reviews
I Cody MacDonald, Tara L Deans
Advances in synthetic biology have enabled the engineering of cells with genetic circuits in order to program cells with new biological behavior, dynamic gene expression, and logic control. This cellular engineering progression offers an array of living sensors that can discriminate between cell states, produce a regulated dose of therapeutic biomolecules, and function in various delivery platforms. In this review, we highlight and summarize the tools and applications in bacterial and mammalian synthetic biology...
August 24, 2016: Advanced Drug Delivery Reviews
Silvia Gabriella Ciappellano, Erik Tedesco, Marco Venturini, Federico Benetti
The fascinating properties of nanomaterials opened new frontiers in medicine. Nanocarriers are useful systems in transporting drugs to site-specific targets. The unique physico-chemical characteristics making nanocarriers promising devices to treat diseases may also be responsible for potential adverse effects. In order to develop functional nano-based drug delivery systems, efficacy and safety should be carefully evaluated. To date, no common testing strategy to address nanomaterial toxicological challenges has been generated...
August 17, 2016: Advanced Drug Delivery Reviews
Huihui Kuang, Sook Hee Ku, Efrosini Kokkoli
Liposomal nanomedicine has led to clinically useful cancer therapeutics like Doxil and DaunoXome. In addition, peptide-functionalized liposomes represent an effective drug and gene delivery vehicle with increased cancer cell specificity, enhanced tumor-penetrating ability and high tumor growth inhibition. The goal of this article is to review the recently published literature of the peptide-amphiphiles that were used to functionalize liposomes, to highlight successful designs that improved drug and gene delivery to cancer cells in vitro, and cancer tumors in vivo, and to discuss the current challenges of designing these peptide-decorated liposomes for effective cancer treatment...
August 15, 2016: Advanced Drug Delivery Reviews
Handan Acar, Samanvaya Srivastava, Eun Ji Chung, Mathew R Schnorenberg, John C Barrett, James L LaBelle, Matthew Tirrell
Peptides and peptide-conjugates, comprising natural and synthetic building blocks, are an increasingly popular class of biomaterials. Self-assembled nanostructures based on peptides and peptide-conjugates offer advantages such as precise selectivity and multifunctionality that can address challenges and limitations in the clinic. In this review article, we discuss recent developments in the design and self-assembly of various nanomaterials based on peptides and peptide-conjugates for medical applications, and categorize them into two themes based on the driving forces of molecular self-assembly...
August 14, 2016: Advanced Drug Delivery Reviews
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