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Advanced Drug Delivery Reviews

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30659855/bacteriophage-interactions-with-mammalian-tissue-therapeutic-applications
#1
Haein Huh, Shirley Wong, Jesse St Jean, Roderick Slavcev
The human body is a large reservoir for bacterial viruses known as bacteriophages (phages), which participate in dynamic interactions with their bacterial and human hosts that ultimately affect human health. The current growing interest in human resident phages is paralleled by new uses of phages, including the design of engineered phages for therapeutic applications. Despite the increasing number of clinical trials being conducted, the understanding of the interaction of phages and mammalian cells and tissues is still largely unknown...
January 16, 2019: Advanced Drug Delivery Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30653988/t-cells-%C3%A3-la-car-t-e-genetically-engineering-t-cell-response-against-cancer
#2
Vasyl Eisenberg, Shiran Hoogi, Astar Shamul, Tilda Barliya, Cyrille J Cohen
The last decade will be remembered as the dawn of the immunotherapy era during which we have witnessed the approval by regulatory agencies of genetically engineered CAR T-cells and of checkpoint inhibitors for cancer treatment. Understandably, T-lymphocytes represent the essential player in these approaches. These cells can mediate impressive tumor regression in terminally-ill cancer patients. Moreover, they are amenable to genetic engineering to improve their function and specificity. In the present review, we will give an overview of the most recent developments in the field of T-cell genetic engineering including TCR-gene transfer and CAR T-cells strategies...
January 14, 2019: Advanced Drug Delivery Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30639258/thermally-triggered-fabrication-of-cell-sheets-for-tissue-engineering-and-regenerative-medicine
#3
Hironobu Takahashi, Teruo Okano
Cell transplantation is a promising approach for promoting tissue regeneration in the treatment of damaged tissues or organs. Although cells have conventionally been delivered by direct injection to damaged tissues, cell injection has limited efficiency to deliver therapeutic cells to the target sites. Progress in tissue engineering has moved scaffold-based cell/tissue delivery into the mainstream of tissue regeneration. A variety of scaffolds can be fabricated from natural or synthetic polymers to provide the appropriate culture conditions for cell growth and achieve in-vitro tissue formation...
January 10, 2019: Advanced Drug Delivery Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30639257/effect-of-physicochemical-and-surface-properties-on-in-vivo-fate-of-drug-nanocarriers
#4
Zongmin Zhao, Anvay Ukidve, Vinu Krishnan, Samir Mitragotri
Over the years, a plethora of materials - natural and synthetic - have been engineered at a nanoscopic level and explored for drug delivery. Nanocarriers based on such materials could improve the payload's pharmacokinetics and achieve the desired pharmacological response at the target tissue. Despite the development of rationally designed drug nanocarriers, only a handful of such formulations have been successfully translated into the clinic. The physicochemical properties (size, shape, surface chemistry, porosity, elasticity, and many others) of these nanocarriers influence its biological identity, which in presence of biological barriers in vivo, could significantly modulate the therapeutic index of its cargo and alter the desired outcome...
January 10, 2019: Advanced Drug Delivery Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30639256/iron-oxide-nanoparticles-diagnostic-therapeutic-and-theranostic-applications
#5
Seyed Mohammadali Dadfar, Karolin Roemhild, Natascha I Drude, Saskia von Stillfried, Ruth Knüchel, Fabian Kiessling, Twan Lammers
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 10, 2019: Advanced Drug Delivery Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30639255/nanotechnology-in-peripheral-nerve-repair-and-reconstruction
#6
Cristiana R Carvalho, Joana Silva-Correia, Joaquim M Oliveira, Rui L Reis
The recent progress in biomaterials science and development of tubular conduits (TCs) still fails in solving the current challenges in the treatment of peripheral nerve injuries (PNIs), in particular when disease-related and long-gap defects need to be addressed. Nanotechnology-based therapies that seemed unreachable in the past are now being considered for the repair and reconstruction of PNIs, having the power to deliver bioactive molecules in a controlled manner, to tune cellular behavior, and ultimately guide tissue regeneration in an effective manner...
January 10, 2019: Advanced Drug Delivery Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30615917/zebrafish-as-a-preclinical-in-vivo-screening-model-for-nanomedicines
#7
REVIEW
Sandro Sieber, Philip Grossen, Jeroen Bussmann, Frederick Campbell, Alexander Kros, Dominik Witzigmann, Jörg Huwyler
The interactions of nanomedicines with biological environments is heavily influenced by their physicochemical properties. Formulation design and optimization are therefore key steps towards successful nanomedicine development. Unfortunately, detailed assessment of nanomedicine formulations, at a macromolecular level, in rodents is severely limited by the restricted imaging possibilities within these animals. Moreover, rodent in vivo studies are time consuming and expensive, limiting the number of formulations that can be practically assessed in any one study...
January 4, 2019: Advanced Drug Delivery Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30605738/matrix-assisted-cell-transplantation-for-tissue-vascularization
#8
REVIEW
Shane Browne, Kevin E Healy
Cell therapy offers much promise for the treatment of ischemic diseases by augmenting tissue vasculogenesis. Matrix-assisted cell transplantation (MACT) has been proposed as a solution to enhance cell survival and integration with host tissue following transplantation. By designing semi synthetic matrices (sECM) with the correct physical and biochemical signals, encapsulated cells are directed towards a more angiogenic phenotype. In this review, we describe the choice of cells suitable for pro-angiogenic therapies, the properties that should be considered when designing sECM for transplantation and their relative importance...
December 31, 2018: Advanced Drug Delivery Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30605737/advanced-drug-delivery-systems-and-artificial-skin-grafts-for-skin-wound-healing
#9
REVIEW
Hye Sung Kim, Xiaoyan Sun, Jung-Hwan Lee, Hae-Won Kim, Xiaobing Fu, Kam W Leong
Cutaneous injuries, especially chronic wounds, burns, and skin wound infection, require painstakingly long-term treatment with an immense financial burden to healthcare systems worldwide. However, clinical management of chronic wounds remains unsatisfactory in many cases. Various strategies including growth factor and gene delivery as well as cell therapy have been used to enhance the healing of non-healing wounds. Drug delivery systems across the nano, micro, and macroscales can extend half-life, improve bioavailability, optimize pharmacokinetics, and decrease dosing frequency of drugs and genes...
December 31, 2018: Advanced Drug Delivery Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30605736/articular-fibrocartilage-why-does-hyaline-cartilage-fail-to-repair
#10
REVIEW
Angela R Armiento, Mauro Alini, Martin J Stoddart
Once damaged, articular cartilage has a limited potential to repair. Clinically, a repair tissue is formed yet it is often mechanically inferior fibrocartilage. The use of monolayer expanded versus naïve cells may explain one of the biggest discrepancies in mesenchymal stromal cell (MSC) based cartilage regeneration. Namely, studies utilizing monolayer expanded MSCs, as indicated by numerous in vitro studies, report the main limitation as induction of type X collagen and hypertrophy, a phenotype associated with endochondral bone formation...
December 31, 2018: Advanced Drug Delivery Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30594492/phage-based-vaccines
#11
REVIEW
Qing Bao, Xiang Li, Gaorong Han, Ye Zhu, Chuanbin Mao, Mingying Yang
Bacteriophages, or more colloquially as phages, are viruses that possess the ability to infect and replicate with bacterial cells. They are assembled from two major types of biomolecules, the nucleic acids and the proteins, with the latter forming a capsid and the former being encapsulated. In the eukaryotic hosts, phages are inert particulate antigens and cannot trigger pathogenesis. In recent years, many studies have been explored about using phages as nanomedicine platforms for developing vaccines due to their unique biological characteristics...
December 27, 2018: Advanced Drug Delivery Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30582938/recent-advances-in-nanotherapeutic-strategies-for-spinal-cord-injury-repair
#12
REVIEW
Young Hye Song, Nikunj Agrawal, Jonathan M Griffin, Christine E Schmidt
Spinal cord injury (SCI) is a devastating and complicated condition with no cure available. The initial mechanical trauma is followed by a secondary injury characterized by inflammatory cell infiltration and inhibitory glial scar formation. Due to the limitations posed by the blood-spinal cord barrier, systemic delivery of therapeutics is challenging. Recent development of various nanoscale strategies provides exciting and promising new means of treating SCI by crossing the blood-spinal cord barrier and delivering therapeutics...
December 21, 2018: Advanced Drug Delivery Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30579882/influencing-neuroplasticity-in-stroke-treatment-with-advanced-biomaterials-based-approaches
#13
REVIEW
J M Obermeyer, A Gracias, E Ho, M S Shoichet
Since the early 1990s, we have known that the adult brain is not static and has the capacity to repair itself. The delivery of various therapeutic factors and cells have resulted in some exciting pre-clinical and clinical outcomes in stroke models by targeting post-injury plasticity to enhance recovery. Developing a deeper understanding of the pathways that modulate plasticity will enable us to optimize delivery strategies for therapeutics and achieve more robust effects. Biomaterials are a key tool for the optimization of these potential treatments, owing to their biocompatibility and tunability...
December 20, 2018: Advanced Drug Delivery Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30553953/extracellular-vesicles-for-personalized-medicine-the-input-of-physically-triggered-production-loading-and-theranostic-properties
#14
REVIEW
Max Piffoux, Alba Nicolás-Boluda, Vladmir Mulens-Arias, Sophie Richard, Gabriel Rahmi, Florence Gazeau, Claire Wilhelm, Amanda K A Silva
Emerging advances in extracellular vesicle (EV) research brings along new promises for tailoring clinical treatments in order to meet specific disease features of each patient in a personalized medicine concept. EVs may act as regenerative effectors conveying endogenous therapeutic factors from parent cells or constitute a bio-camouflaged delivery system for exogenous therapeutic agents. Physical stimulation may be an important tool in the field of EVs for personalized therapy by powering EV production, loading and therapeutic properties...
December 13, 2018: Advanced Drug Delivery Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30553952/photo-triggered-polymer-nanomedicines-from-molecular-mechanisms-to-therapeutic-applications
#15
REVIEW
Louis Beauté, Nathan McClenaghan, Sébastien Lecommandoux
The use of nanotechnology to improve treatment efficacy and reduce side effects is central to nanomedicine. In this context, stimuli-responsive drug delivery systems (DDS) such as chemical/physical gels or nanoparticles such as polymersomes, micelles or nanogels are particularly promising and are the focus of this review. Several stimuli have been considered but light as an exogenous trigger presents many advantages that are pertinent for clinical applications such as high spatial and temporal control and low cost...
December 13, 2018: Advanced Drug Delivery Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30553951/design-strategies-for-shape-controlled-magnetic-iron-oxide-nanoparticles
#16
REVIEW
Alejandro G Roca, Lucía Gutiérrez, Helena Gavilán, María Eugênia Fortes Brollo, Sabino Veintemillas-Verdaguer, María Del Puerto Morales
Ferrimagnetic iron oxide nanoparticles (magnetite or maghemite) have been the subject of an intense research, not only for fundamental research but also for their potentiality in a widespread number of practical applications. Most of these studies were focused on nanoparticles with spherical morphology but recently there is an emerging interest on anisometric nanoparticles. This review is focused on the synthesis routes for the production of uniform anisometric magnetite/maghemite nanoparticles with different morphologies like cubes, rods, disks, flowers and many others, such as hollow spheres, worms, stars or tetrapods...
December 13, 2018: Advanced Drug Delivery Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30552918/superparamagnetic-iron-oxides-as-mpi-tracers-a-primer-and-review-of-early-applications
#17
REVIEW
J W M Bulte
Magnetic particle imaging (MPI) has recently emerged as a non-invasive, whole body imaging technique that detects superparamagnetic iron oxide (SPIO) nanoparticles similar as those used in magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). Based on tracer "hot spot" detection instead of providing contrast on MRI scans, MPI has already proven to be truly quantitative. Without the presence of endogenous background signal, MPI can also be used in certain tissues where the endogenous MRI signal is too low to provide contrast...
December 12, 2018: Advanced Drug Delivery Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30552917/targeting-the-cd40-cd40l-pathway-in-autoimmune-diseases-humoral-immunity-and-beyond
#18
REVIEW
Jodi L Karnell, Sadiye Amcaoglu Rieder, Rachel Ettinger, Roland Kolbeck
CD40 is a TNF receptor superfamily member expressed on both immune and non-immune cells. Interactions between B cell-expressed CD40 and its binding partner, CD40L, predominantly expressed on activated CD4+ T cells, play a critical role in promoting germinal center formation and the production of class-switched antibodies. Non-hematopoietic cells expressing CD40 can also engage CD40L and trigger a pro-inflammatory response. This article will highlight what is known about the biology of the CD40-CD40L axis in humans and describe the potential contribution of CD40 signaling on both hematopoietic and non-hematopoietic cells to autoimmune disease pathogenesis...
December 13, 2018: Advanced Drug Delivery Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30528729/advances-in-transdermal-insulin-delivery
#19
REVIEW
Yuqi Zhang, Jicheng Yu, Anna R Kahkoska, Jinqiang Wang, John B Buse, Zhen Gu
Insulin therapy is necessary to regulate blood glucose levels for people with type 1 diabetes and commonly used in advanced type 2 diabetes. Although subcutaneous insulin administration via hypodermic injection or pump-mediated infusion is the standard route of insulin delivery, it may be associated with pain, needle phobia, and decreased adherence, as well as the risk of infection. Therefore, transdermal insulin delivery has been widely investigated as an attractive alternative to subcutaneous approaches for diabetes management in recent years...
December 8, 2018: Advanced Drug Delivery Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30528629/advances-in-immunotherapy-of-type-i-diabetes
#20
REVIEW
Qianqian Ni, Ngoc B Pham, Wilson S Meng, Guizhi Zhu, Xiaoyuan Chen
Type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) is an autoimmune disease affecting 3 million individuals in the U.S. The pathogenesis of T1DM is driven by immune-mediated destruction of pancreatic β cells, the source of glucose regulator insulin. While T1DM can be successfully managed with insulin replacement therapy, approaches that can modify the underlying immuno-pathology of β cell destruction has been long sought after. Immunotherapy can attenuate T cell responses against β cell antigens. Given the detailed cellular and molecular definitions of T1DM immune responses, rational immunomodulation can be and have been developed in mouse models, and in some instances, tested in humans...
December 7, 2018: Advanced Drug Delivery Reviews
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