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Journal of Computer-aided Molecular Design

Yvonne Westermaier, Sergio Ruiz-Carmona, Isabelle Theret, Françoise Perron-Sierra, Guillaume Poissonnet, Catherine Dacquet, Jean A Boutin, Pierre Ducrot, Xavier Barril
The knowledge of the free energy of binding of small molecules to a macromolecular target is crucial in drug design as is the ability to predict the functional consequences of binding. We highlight how a molecular dynamics (MD)-based approach can be used to predict the free energy of small molecules, and to provide priorities for the synthesis and the validation via in vitro tests. Here, we study the dynamics and energetics of the nuclear receptor REV-ERBα with its co-repressor NCoR and 35 novel agonists. Our in silico approach combines molecular docking, molecular dynamics (MD), solvent-accessible surface area (SASA) and molecular mechanics poisson boltzmann surface area (MMPBSA) calculations...
July 15, 2017: Journal of Computer-aided Molecular Design
Wiktoria Jedwabny, Joanna Panecka-Hofman, Edyta Dyguda-Kazimierowicz, Rebecca C Wade, W Andrzej Sokalski
There is a need for improved and generally applicable scoring functions for fragment-based approaches to ligand design. Here, we evaluate the performance of a computationally efficient model for inhibitory activity estimation, which is composed only of multipole electrostatic energy and dispersion energy terms that approximate long-range ab initio quantum mechanical interaction energies. We find that computed energies correlate well with inhibitory activity for a compound series with varying substituents targeting two subpockets of the binding site of Trypanosoma brucei pteridine reductase 1...
July 7, 2017: Journal of Computer-aided Molecular Design
Igor I Baskin, Vitaly P Solov'ev, Alexander A Bagatur'yants, Alexandre Varnek
Generative topographic mapping (GTM) approach is used to visualize the chemical space of organic molecules (L) with respect to binding a wide range of 41 different metal cations (M) and also to build predictive models for stability constants (logK) of 1:1 (M:L) complexes using "density maps," "activity landscapes," and "selectivity landscapes" techniques. A two-dimensional map describing the entire set of 2962 metal binders reveals the selectivity and promiscuity zones with respect to individual metals or groups of metals with similar chemical properties (lanthanides, transition metals, etc)...
July 7, 2017: Journal of Computer-aided Molecular Design
Xianjin Xu, Chengfei Yan, Xiaoqin Zou
The growing number of protein-ligand complex structures, particularly the structures of proteins co-bound with different ligands, in the Protein Data Bank helps us tackle two major challenges in molecular docking studies: the protein flexibility and the scoring function. Here, we introduced a systematic strategy by using the information embedded in the known protein-ligand complex structures to improve both binding mode and binding affinity predictions. Specifically, a ligand similarity calculation method was employed to search a receptor structure with a bound ligand sharing high similarity with the query ligand for the docking use...
July 1, 2017: Journal of Computer-aided Molecular Design
Hwangseo Park, Hye Seon Lee, Bonsu Ku, Sang-Rae Lee, Seung Jun Kim
Despite a wealth of persuasive evidence for the involvement of human small C-terminal domain phosphatase 1 (Scp1) in the impairment of neuronal differentiation and in Huntington's disease, small-molecule inhibitors of Scp1 have been rarely reported so far. This study aims to the discovery of both competitive and allosteric Scp1 inhibitors through the two-track virtual screening procedure. By virtue of the improvement of the scoring function by implementing a new molecular solvation energy term and by reoptimizing the atomic charges for the active-site Mg(2+) ion cluster, we have been able to identify three allosteric and five competitive Scp1 inhibitors with low-micromolar inhibitory activity...
June 26, 2017: Journal of Computer-aided Molecular Design
Shibaji Ghosh, Nellore Bhanu Chandar, Kalyanashis Jana, Bishwajit Ganguly
Inhibition of acetylcholinesterase (AChE) with organophosphorus compounds has a detrimental effect on human life. Oxime K203 seems to be one of the promising reactivators for tabun-inhibited AChE than (K027, K127, and K628). These reactivators differ only in the linker units between the two pyridinium rings. The conformational analyses performed with quantum chemical RHF/6-31G* level for K027, K127, K203 and K628 showed that the minimum energy conformers have different orientations of the active and peripheral pyridinium rings for these reactivator molecules...
June 23, 2017: Journal of Computer-aided Molecular Design
Shek Ling Chan
In small molecule drug discovery projects, the receptor structure is not always available. In such cases it is enormously useful to be able to align known ligands in the way they bind in the receptor. Here we shall present an algorithm for the alignment of multiple small molecule ligands. This algorithm takes pre-generated conformers as input, and proposes aligned assemblies of the ligands. The algorithm consists of two stages: the first stage is to perform alignments for each pair of ligands, the second stage makes use of the results from the first stage to build up multiple ligand alignment assemblies using a novel iterative procedure...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Computer-aided Molecular Design
Arjun K Mishra, Nidhi Singh, Pragati Agnihotri, Shikha Mishra, Saurabh P Singh, Bala K Kolli, Kwang Poo Chang, Amogh A Sahasrabuddhe, M I Siddiqi, J Venkatesh Pratap
Nucleoside diphosphate kinases (NDKs) are ubiquitous enzymes that catalyze the transfer of the γ-phosphate moiety from an NTP donor to an NDP acceptor, crucial for maintaining the cellular level of nucleoside triphosphates (NTPs). The inability of trypanosomatids to synthesize purines de novo and their dependence on the salvage pathway makes NDK an attractive target to develop drugs for the diseases they cause. Here we report the discovery of novel inhibitors for Leishmania NDK based on the structural and functional characterization of purified recombinant NDK from Leishmania amazonensis...
May 27, 2017: Journal of Computer-aided Molecular Design
Gülşah Çifci, Viktorya Aviyente, E Demet Akten, Gerald Monard
In a first step in the discovery of novel potent inhibitor structures for the PDE4B family with limited side effects, we present a protocol to rank newly designed molecules through the estimation of their IC[Formula: see text] values. Our protocol is based on reproducing the linear relationship between the logarithm of experimental IC[Formula: see text] values [[Formula: see text](IC[Formula: see text])] and their calculated binding free energies ([Formula: see text]). From 13 known PDE4B inhibitors, we show here that (1) binding free energies obtained after a docking process by AutoDock are not accurate enough to reproduce this linear relationship; (2) MM-GB/SA post-processing of molecular dynamics (MD) trajectories of the top ranked AutoDock pose improves the linear relationship; (3) by taking into account all representative structures obtained by AutoDock and by averaging MM-GB/SA computations on a series of 40 independent MD trajectories, a linear relationship between [Formula: see text](IC[Formula: see text]) and the lowest [Formula: see text] is achieved with [Formula: see text]...
May 22, 2017: Journal of Computer-aided Molecular Design
Motonori Tsuji
HX531, which contains a dibenzodiazepine skeleton, is one of the first retinoid X receptor (RXR) antagonists. Functioning via RXR-PPARγ heterodimer, this compound is receiving a lot of attention as a therapeutic drug candidate for diabetic disease controlling differentiation of adipose tissue. However, the active conformation of HX531 for RXRs is not well established. In the present study, quantum mechanics calculations and molecular mechanical docking simulations were carried out to precisely study the docking mode of HX531 with the human RXRα ligand-binding domain, as well as to provide a new approach to drug design using a structure-based perspective...
May 22, 2017: Journal of Computer-aided Molecular Design
D Fernández, R Ramis, J Ortega-Castro, R Casasnovas, B Vilanova, J Frau
Pamidronate, alendronate, APHBP and neridronate are a group of drugs, known as second-generation bisphosphonates (2G-BPs), commonly used in the treatment of bone-resorption disorders, and recently their use has been related to some collateral side effects. The therapeutic activity of 2G-BPs is related to the inhibition of the human Farnesyl Pyrophosphate Synthase (hFPPS). Available inhibitory activity values show that 2G-BPs act time-dependently, showing big differences in their initial inhibitory activities but similar final IC50 values...
July 2017: Journal of Computer-aided Molecular Design
Jalal Z A Laloo, Nassirah Laloo, Lydia Rhyman, Ponnadurai Ramasami
The processing of the input and output files of quantum chemical calculations often necessitates a spreadsheet as a key component of the workflow. Spreadsheet packages with a built-in programming language editor can automate the steps involved and thus provide a direct link between processing files and the spreadsheet. This helps to reduce user-interventions as well as the need to switch between different programs to carry out each step. The ExcelAutomat tool is the implementation of this method in Microsoft Excel (MS Excel) using the default Visual Basic for Application (VBA) programming language...
July 2017: Journal of Computer-aided Molecular Design
Qi Gao, Yijun Wang, Jiaying Hou, Qizheng Yao, Ji Zhang
Matrix metalloproteinase-9 (MMP-9) is an attractive target for cancer therapy. In this study, the pharmacophore model of MMP-9 inhibitors is built based on the experimental binding structures of multiple receptor-ligand complexes. It is found that the pharmacophore model consists of six chemical features, including two hydrogen bond acceptors, one hydrogen bond donor, one ring aromatic regions, and two hydrophobic (HY) features. Among them, the two HY features are especially important because they can enter the S1' pocket of MMP-9 which determines the selectivity of MMP-9 inhibitors...
July 2017: Journal of Computer-aided Molecular Design
Minkyung Baek, Woong-Hee Shin, Hwan Won Chung, Chaok Seok
Protein-ligand docking is a useful tool for providing atomic-level understanding of protein functions in nature and design principles for artificial ligands or proteins with desired properties. The ability to identify the true binding pose of a ligand to a target protein among numerous possible candidate poses is an essential requirement for successful protein-ligand docking. Many previously developed docking scoring functions were trained to reproduce experimental binding affinities and were also used for scoring binding poses...
July 2017: Journal of Computer-aided Molecular Design
Dilyana Dimova, Jürgen Bajorath
Computational scaffold hopping aims to identify core structure replacements in active compounds. To evaluate scaffold hopping potential from a principal point of view, regardless of the computational methods that are applied, a global analysis of conventional scaffolds in analog series from compound activity classes was carried out. The majority of analog series was found to contain multiple scaffolds, thus enabling the detection of intra-series scaffold hops among closely related compounds. More than 1000 activity classes were found to contain increasing proportions of multi-scaffold analog series...
July 2017: Journal of Computer-aided Molecular Design
Matías A Zúñiga, Joel B Alderete, Gonzalo A Jaña, Verónica A Jiménez
Peloruside A (PLA) and Laulimalide (LAU) are novel microtubule-stabilizing agents with promising properties against different cancer types. These ligands share a non-taxoid binding site at the outer surface of β-tubulin and promote microtubule stabilization by bridging two adjacent αβ-tubulin dimers from parallel protofilaments. Recent site-directed mutagenesis experiments confirmed the existence of a unique β-tubulin site mutation (Gln293Met) that specifically increased the activity of PLA and caused resistance to LAU, without affecting the stability of microtubules in the absence of the ligands...
July 2017: Journal of Computer-aided Molecular Design
Giseok Yun, Jaehoon Kim, Do-Nyun Kim
Finite element (FE) modeling approach has emerged as an efficient way of calculating the dynamic properties of supramolecular protein structures and their complexes. Its efficiency mainly stems from the fact that the complexity of three-dimensional shape of a molecular surface dominates the computational cost rather than the molecular size or the number of atoms. However, no critical evaluation of the method has been made yet particularly for its sensitivity to the parameters used in model construction. Here, we make a close investigation on the effect of FE model parameters by analyzing 135 representative protein structures whose normal modes calculated using all-atom normal mode analysis are publicly accessible online...
July 2017: Journal of Computer-aided Molecular Design
I Stawoska, A Dudzik, M Wasylewski, M Jemioła-Rzemińska, A Skoczowski, K Strzałka, M Szaleniec
The reaction mechanism of ketone reduction by short chain dehydrogenase/reductase, (S)-1-phenylethanol dehydrogenase from Aromatoleum aromaticum, was studied with DFT methods using cluster model approach. The characteristics of the hydride transfer process were investigated based on reaction of acetophenone and its eight structural analogues. The results confirmed previously suggested concomitant transfer of hydride from NADH to carbonyl C atom of the substrate with proton transfer from Tyr to carbonyl O atom...
June 2017: Journal of Computer-aided Molecular Design
Sankalp Jain, Melanie Grandits, Lars Richter, Gerhard F Ecker
The bile salt export pump (BSEP) actively transports conjugated monovalent bile acids from the hepatocytes into the bile. This facilitates the formation of micelles and promotes digestion and absorption of dietary fat. Inhibition of BSEP leads to decreased bile flow and accumulation of cytotoxic bile salts in the liver. A number of compounds have been identified to interact with BSEP, which results in drug-induced cholestasis or liver injury. Therefore, in silico approaches for flagging compounds as potential BSEP inhibitors would be of high value in the early stage of the drug discovery pipeline...
June 2017: Journal of Computer-aided Molecular Design
Sankar Basu, Fredrik Söderquist, Björn Wallner
The focus of the computational structural biology community has taken a dramatic shift over the past one-and-a-half decades from the classical protein structure prediction problem to the possible understanding of intrinsically disordered proteins (IDP) or proteins containing regions of disorder (IDPR). The current interest lies in the unraveling of a disorder-to-order transitioning code embedded in the amino acid sequences of IDPs/IDPRs. Disordered proteins are characterized by an enormous amount of structural plasticity which makes them promiscuous in binding to different partners, multi-functional in cellular activity and atypical in folding energy landscapes resembling partially folded molten globules...
May 2017: Journal of Computer-aided Molecular Design
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