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Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444514/pelvic-organ-prolapse-stage-iv-and-cervical-cancer-figo-iia
#1
Christl Reisenauer, Diethelm Wallwiener, Sara Yvonne Brucker, Bernhard Kraemer
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 25, 2017: Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444513/in-vitro-fertilization-when-men-women-or-both-partners-are-positive-for-hiv-a-case-control-study
#2
Pauline Vankerkem, Yannick Manigart, Annick Delvigne, Lieveke Ameye, Deborah Konopnicki, Chloë Shaw-Jackson, Serge Rozenberg, Candice Autin
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to compare the outcomes of in vitro fertilization (IVF) for couples where one or both partners were positive for the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) to matched control couples. METHODS: A matched case-control retrospective study was performed. Data for 104 couples where the woman was HIV-positive; for 90 couples where the man was HIV-positive; and for 33 couples where both partners were HIV-positive were prospectively analyzed in comparison to matched controls treated in our center during the same period...
April 25, 2017: Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444512/endometrial-cancer-arising-in-adenomyosis-versus-endometrial-cancer-coexisting-with-adenomyosis-are-these-two-different-entities
#3
Hiroko Machida, Midori Maeda, Sigita S Cahoon, Christopher A Scannell, Jocelyn Garcia-Sayre, Lynda D Roman, Koji Matsuo
PURPOSE: While adenomyosis is one of the most common benign histologic findings in hysterectomy specimens of endometrial cancer, demographics of endometrial cancer arising in adenomyosis (EC-AIA) has not been well elucidated. The aim of this study is to evaluate histopathological findings and disease-free survival (DFS) of EC-AIA in comparison to endometrial cancer coexisting with adenomyosis (EC-A). METHODS: EC-AIA cases were identified via a systematic literature search (n = 46)...
April 25, 2017: Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28439664/women-at-familial-risk-of-breast-cancer-electing-for-prophylactic-mastectomy-frequencies-procedures-and-decision-making-characteristics
#4
Sarah Schott, Lisa Vetter, Monika Keller, Thomas Bruckner, Michael Golatta, Sabine Eismann, Nicola Dikow, Christina Evers, Christof Sohn, Joerg Heil
BACKGROUND: Some women of families at high risk of breast cancer (BC) choose prophylactic mastectomy (PM) in spite of ambiguous evidence for survival benefits. The aim of this study was to investigate counselees' characteristics, decisions on PM, and frequencies of different procedures to better understand how to tailor interventions. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Eight hundred and forty-nine counselees who attended interdisciplinary consultation for genetic risk adjustment at the University Hospital Heidelberg between July 2009 and July 2011 received a tripartite questionnaire addressing sociodemographic characteristics, psychological parameters, behavioural questions, and medical data...
April 24, 2017: Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434106/what-do-patients-want-to-know-about-contraception-and-which-method-would-they-prefer
#5
Patricia G Oppelt, Friederike Baier, Christine Fahlbusch, Katharina Heusinger, Thomas Hildebrandt, Christiane Breuel, Ralf Dittrich
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to determine the extent to which women's choice of contraceptive method depends on the advice received from their gynecologist and whether more intensive counseling might lead to more frequent use of long-acting reversible contraception (LARC). METHODS: A total of 1089 physicians and 18,521 women responded to 32 or 37 questions, respectively, using an online questionnaire. The women were asked about their current use of contraceptive methods, the extent of their satisfaction with them, their satisfaction with the counseling they had received, and whether they wanted to have more information about contraception...
April 22, 2017: Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434105/far-infrared-ray-for-treating-chronic-lower-extremity-lymphedema-with-dermatolymphangioadenitis-a-postoperative-complication-of-gynecological-tumor-resection
#6
Ke Li, Heng Xu, Ning Fei Liu, Parviz Sadigh, Verity Evans, Yi Xin Zhang
PURPOSE: Lower extremity lymphedema is regarded as a relatively common postoperative complication and is often accompanied with dermatolymphangioadenitis (DLA). This study combines clinical assessment and laboratory investigation to explore therapeutic effects of far-infrared radiation (FIR) therapy for chronic lower extremity lymphedema accompanied with DLA, occurring after gynecological tumor resection. METHODS: Patients who met inclusion and exclusion criteria would be enrolled...
April 22, 2017: Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434104/mullerian-dysgenesis-a-critical-review-of-the-literature
#7
REVIEW
Souzana Choussein, Dimitrios Nasioudis, Dimitrios Schizas, Konstantinos P Economopoulos
PURPOSE: To present an update of the genetic, clinical, diagnostic, and therapeutic aspects of Mayer-Rokitansky-Kuster-Hauser (MRKH) syndrome. METHODS: Studies were considered eligible if they have evaluated patients with MRKH syndrome. Eligible articles were identified by a search of MEDLINE bibliographical database from 1950 to August 2016. A purely descriptive approach was adopted concerning all outcomes examined by the individual studies. RESULTS: MRKH syndrome is defined as congenital aplasia of the upper vagina and impairment of uterine development in normal 46XX females...
April 22, 2017: Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421274/endometrioid-endometrial-adenocarcinoma-an-increase-of-g3-cancers
#8
C Mang, A Birkenmaier, G Cathomas, J Humburg
PURPOSE: Endometrial cancer can be divided into two types: endometrioid Type 1 (G1, G2) has a hormonal driven etiology, while Type 2 is more aggressive (G3 endometrioid, clear cell and serous cancer type) and estrogen independent. We noticed an increase of more aggressive G3 endometrioid endometrial adenocarcinomas. This observation is of relevance for daily clinical practice because therapy depends on the histopathological grading and myometrial invasion. G3 cancers or myometrial invasion of more than 50% should be hysterectomized including bilateral adnexectomy with pelvine and paraaortal lymphadenectomy...
April 18, 2017: Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28409235/anal-incontinence-after-two-vaginal-deliveries-without-obstetric-anal-sphincter-rupture
#9
Lisa K G Persson, Abelone Sakse, Jens Langhoff-Roos, Hanna Jangö
PURPOSE: To evaluate prevalence and risk factors for long-term anal incontinence in women with two prior vaginal deliveries without obstetric anal sphincter injury (OASIS) and to assess the impact of anal incontinence-related symptoms on quality of life. METHODS: This is a nation-wide cross-sectional survey study. One thousand women who had a first vaginal delivery and a subsequent delivery, both without OASIS, between 1997 and 2008 in Denmark were identified in the Danish Medical Birth Registry...
April 13, 2017: Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28405743/short-interval-between-two-pap-smears-effect-on-the-result-of-the-second-smear-a-prospective-randomized-trial
#10
Theresa M Kolben, Florian Bergauer, Jochen Moeckel, Berit Boettcher, Christian J Thaler, Thomas Kolben, Alexander Crispin, Christian Dannecker, Sven Mahner, Julia Gallwas
PURPOSE: A repeat Pap smear is sometimes necessary after a short time interval or even immediately, when patients seek for a second opinion or due to study participation. Only limited information is available on the possible impact of a short interval between two Pap smears. Most institutions therefore practice a minimum time span of 6-8 weeks before obtaining a second smear since a short interval is commonly believed to be associated with an increase of false negative results in the second smear...
April 12, 2017: Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28396992/viral-infection-proliferation-and-hyperplasia-of-hofbauer-cells-and-absence-of-inflammation-characterize-the-placental-pathology-of-fetuses-with-congenital-zika-virus-infection
#11
REVIEW
David A Schwartz
PURPOSE: Attention is increasingly focused on the potential mechanism(s) for Zika virus infection to be transmitted from an infected mother to her fetus. This communication addresses current evidence for the role of the placenta in vertical transmission of the Zika virus. METHODS: Placentas from second and third trimester fetuses with confirmed intrauterine Zika virus infection were examined with routine staining to determine the spectrum of pathologic changes. In addition, immunohistochemical staining for macrophages and nuclear proliferation antigens was performed...
April 11, 2017: Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28391486/etiology-pathophysiology-and-biomarkers-of-interstitial-cystitis-painful-bladder-syndrome
#12
REVIEW
Sourav Sanchit Patnaik, Antonio Simone Laganà, Salvatore Giovanni Vitale, Salvatore Butticè, Marco Noventa, Salvatore Gizzo, Gaetano Valenti, Agnese Maria Chiara Rapisarda, Valentina Lucia La Rosa, Carlo Magno, Onofrio Triolo, Vani Dandolu
PURPOSE: Interstitial cystitis/painful bladder syndrome (IC/PBS) is a chronic pain syndrome and a chronic inflammatory condition prevalent in women that leads to urgency, sleep disruption, nocturia and pain in the pelvic area, to the detriment of the sufferer's quality of life. The aim of this review is to highlight the newest diagnostic strategies and potential therapeutic techniques. METHODS: A comprehensive literature review was performed on MEDLINE, PubMed, and Cochrane databases gathering all literature about "Interstitial cystitis" and "Painful Bladder Syndrome"...
April 8, 2017: Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28391485/pelvic-organ-prolapse-surgery-in-elderly-patients
#13
Juliane Farthmann, Dirk Watermann, Haiko Zamperoni, Christopher Wolf, Thomas Fink, Boris Gabriel
PURPOSE: Pelvic organ prolapse (POP) can cause incomplete bladder emptying or hydronephrosis and renal failure. These are serious conditions, especially in elderly women, requiring resolution of POP. Pessary use is an alternative, but there are specific problems or patients may not want it. We therefore conducted a retrospective study on surgical treatment of elderly women with respect to the type of surgery and intra- and postoperative complications. METHODS: From two urogynecologic centers, we reviewed treatment data between 2003 and 2013, including patients ≥80 years of age...
April 8, 2017: Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28389884/gestational-diabetes-mellitus-is-a-significant-risk-factor-for-long-term-ophthalmic-morbidity
#14
Ofer Beharier, Ruslan Sergienko, Roy Kessous, Irit Szaingurten-Solodkin, Asnat Walfisch, Eden Shusterman, Erez Tsumi, Eyal Sheiner
PURPOSE: To investigate whether patients with a history of gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) have an increased risk for long-term ophthalmic morbidity. METHODS: Design a population-based study compared the incidence of long-term maternal ophthalmic morbidity in a cohort of women with and without a history of GDM. Setting Soroka University Medical Center. PARTICIPANTS: All singleton pregnancies of women who delivered between 1988 and 2013...
April 7, 2017: Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28386675/effects-of-metronidazole-combined-probiotics-over-metronidazole-alone-for-the-treatment-of-bacterial-vaginosis-a-meta-analysis-of-randomized-clinical-trials
#15
REVIEW
Hongying Tan, Yunque Fu, Chunlin Yang, Jianting Ma
OBJECT: To evaluate the curative effect of metronidazole combined probiotics over metronidazole alone in the treatment of BV. METHODS: We are searching randomized controlled trials on major online databases including PubMed, Science Direct, and Cochrane Database between 1990 and 2015. The primary outcome measure was the cure rate of BV. Cochran's Chi-square test (Q test) was used to test for heterogeneity among trials, and the I (2) index. We used mixed-effects modeling for parameters of the summary hazard ratios (HRs), odds ratios (ORs), and their 95% confidence intervals (CIs)...
April 6, 2017: Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28382414/correlation-of-polypeptide-n-acetylgalactosamine-transferases-3-and-6-to-different-stages-of-endometriosis
#16
Xiaomin Xu, Xiangwei Fei, Junyan Ma, Yang Qu, Caiyun Zhou, Kaihong Xu, Jun Lin
PURPOSE: To investigate the expression patterns of N-acetyl galactosamine transferases (GalNAc-Ts)-3 and GalNAc-T6 in clinicopathologically characterized endometriosis (EMS), and to explore their clinical significance. METHODS: Ectopic and eutopic endometrial tissue samples were obtained and confirmed with CD-10 immunohistochemistry in patients with EMS (n = 12), whereas normal control endometrium was obtained from patients with uterine septum (n = 12). The mRNA and protein levels of GalNAc-T3 and GalNAc-T6 were detected in these samples using quantitative real-time PCR, immunohistochemistry, and western blotting...
April 5, 2017: Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28382413/neurodevelopmental-consequences-in-offspring-of-mothers-with-preeclampsia-during-pregnancy-underlying-biological-mechanism-via-imprinting-genes
#17
REVIEW
Yoko Nomura, Rosalind M John, Anna Bugge Janssen, Charles Davey, Jackie Finik, Jessica Buthmann, Vivette Glover, Luca Lambertini
PURPOSE: Preeclampsia is known to be a leading cause of mortality and morbidity among mothers and their infants. Approximately 3-8% of all pregnancies in the US are complicated by preeclampsia and another 5-7% by hypertensive symptoms. However, less is known about its long-term influence on infant neurobehavioral development. The current review attempts to demonstrate new evidence for imprinting gene dysregulation caused by hypertension, which may explain the link between maternal preeclampsia and neurocognitive dysregulation in offspring...
April 5, 2017: Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28378180/gender-based-personalized-pharmacotherapy-a-systematic-review
#18
REVIEW
Md Mohaimenul Islam, Usman Iqbal, Bruno Andreas Walther, Phung-Anh Nguyen, Yu-Chuan Jack Li, Navneet Kumar Dubey, Tahmina Nasrin Poly, Jakir Hossain Bhuiyan Masud, Suleman Atique, Shabbir Syed-Abdul
PURPOSE: In general, male and female are prescribed the same amount of dosage even if most of the cases female required less dosage than male. Physicians are often facing problem on appropriate drug dosing, efficient treatment, and drug safety for a female in general. To identify and synthesize evidence about the effectiveness of gender-based therapy; provide the information to patients, providers, and health system intervention to ensure safety treatment; and minimize adverse effects...
April 4, 2017: Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28378179/non-progressive-labor-in-the-second-stage-leading-to-vacuum-extraction-is-a-risk-factor-for-recurrent-non-progressive-labor
#19
Avi Harlev, Sarah K Fatool, Ruslan Sergienko, Eyal Sheiner
OBJECTIVE: To address risk factors and perinatal outcomes after vacuum-assisted delivery (VAD) due to non-progressive labor (NPL) 2nd stage, and to assess its impact on the subsequent delivery. METHODS: A retrospective, population-based cohort study was conducted in a tertiary medical center. Maternal characteristics, and maternal and neonatal outcomes of singleton pregnancies that resulted in VAD due to NPL 2nd stage were compared to those that resulted in VAD due to other indications...
April 4, 2017: Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28374101/major-and-minor-complications-after-anterior-rectal-resection-for-deeply-infiltrating-endometriosis
#20
Stefan P Renner, Hermann Kessler, Nalan Topal, Kim Proske, Werner Adler, Stefanie Burghaus, Werner Haupt, Matthias W Beckmann, Johannes Lermann
PURPOSE: The aim of the present study was to analyze major and minor complications-including long-term impairment of intestinal, bladder, and sexual function-following surgery for deeply infiltrating endometriosis using anterior rectal resection. METHODS: Patients who had undergone anterior rectal resection due to endometriosis between 2001 and 2011 were included (n = 113). Clinical and surgical data, as well as minor and major complications, were recorded. A questionnaire was sent to the patients and also to a healthy control group (n = 100)...
April 3, 2017: Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics
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