journal
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Journal of Anxiety Disorders

journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528015/the-mediating-effect-of-mindful-non-reactivity-in-exposure-based-cognitive-behavior-therapy-for-severe-health-anxiety
#1
Erik Hedman, Hugo Hesser, Erik Andersson, Erland Axelsson, Brjánn Ljótsson
Exposure-based cognitive behavior therapy (CBT) has been shown to be effective in the treatment of severe health anxiety, but little is known about mediators of treatment effect. The aim of the present study was to investigate mindful non-reactivity as a putative mediator of health anxiety outcome using data from a large scale randomized controlled trial. We assessed mindful non-reactivity using the Five Facets Mindfulness Questionnaire-Non-Reactivity scale (FFMQ-NR) and health anxiety with the Short Health Anxiety Inventory (SHAI)...
May 2, 2017: Journal of Anxiety Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28482204/lifetime-histories-of-ptsd-suicidal-ideation-and-suicide-attempts-in-a-nationally-representative-sample-of-adolescents-examining-indirect-effects-via-the-roles-of-family-and-peer-social-support
#2
Sasha M Rojas, Sarah A Bilsky, Courtney Dutton, Christal L Badour, Matthew T Feldner, Ellen W Leen-Feldner
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 1, 2017: Journal of Anxiety Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28500921/development-and-validation-of-two-measures-of-emotional-contrast-avoidance-the-contrast-avoidance-questionnaires
#3
Sandra J Llera, Michelle G Newman
The Contrast Avoidance (CA) model (Newman & Llera, 2011) proposed that individuals with generalized anxiety disorder (GAD) fear sharp emotional shifts (or contrasts), such as the shift from a pleasant or neutral state to one of sudden distress following a negative event. Further, the model suggests that chronic worry is employed by those with GAD to sustain negative emotionality as a means to avoid sudden shifts into negativity. The model has received empirical support; however, no validated measure exists to assess CA tendencies...
April 28, 2017: Journal of Anxiety Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28494387/a-review-of-sociocultural-factors-that-may-underlie-differences-in-african-american-and-european-american-anxiety
#4
REVIEW
Patricia D Hopkins, Natalie J Shook
Preliminary evidence indicates there may be differences in the prevalence and severity of anxiety in African Americans and European Americans. A number of sociocultural risk and protective factors have been suggested to contribute to these group differences, such as salience of physical illnesses, discrimination, stigma toward mental illness, religiosity, and ethnic identity. In this paper, the literature concerning each of these factors is reviewed. Overall, the strongest evidence was found for ethnic identity and stigma toward mental illness as factors underlying group differences in anxiety...
April 27, 2017: Journal of Anxiety Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28475946/predictors-of-clinician-use-of-exposure-therapy-in-community-mental-health-settings
#5
Emily M Becker-Haimes, Kelsie H Okamura, Courtney Benjamin Wolk, Ronnie Rubin, Arthur C Evans, Rinad S Beidas
Exposure therapy is recognized as the key component of cognitive-behavioral treatment for anxiety. However, exposure is the least used evidence-based treatment in community mental health settings and is the most challenging technique for clinicians to adopt within the context of effectiveness and implementation trials. Little work has examined clinician and organizational characteristics that predict use of exposure, which is important for identifying implementation strategies that may increase its use. In a large sample of community health clinicians (N=335) across 31 clinical practice sites, this study characterized clinician and organizational predictors of exposure use and relaxation for anxiety...
April 27, 2017: Journal of Anxiety Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28505466/the-conceptualization-of-emotion-regulation-difficulties-and-its-association-with-posttraumatic-stress-symptoms-in-traumatized-refugees
#6
Emma L Doolan, Richard A Bryant, Belinda J Liddell, Angela Nickerson
This study investigated the conceptualization of emotion regulation difficulties in a sample of refugees with varying levels of posttraumatic stress (PTS), and examined whether specific emotion regulation difficulties were associated with PTS severity. Refugees were administered an abbreviated version of the Difficulties in Emotion Regulation Scale, the PTSD Symptom Scale - Interview Version, and the Harvard Trauma Questionnaire. Confirmatory Factor Analysis was used to examine model fit for the 6-factor model originally proposed by the developers of the DERS and the more recently proposed 5-factor model that excludes the awareness subscale...
April 26, 2017: Journal of Anxiety Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28501651/severity-of-traumatic-injuries-predicting-psychological-outcomes-a-surprising-lack-of-empirical-evidence
#7
Adriel Boals, Zina Trost, Evan Rainey, Michael L Foreman, Ann Marie Warren
Despite widespread beliefs that trauma severity is related to levels of posttraumatic stress symptoms (PTSS), the empirical evidence to support such beliefs is lacking. In the current study we examined Injury Severity Score (ISS), a medical measure of event severity for physical injuries, in a sample of 460 patients admitted to a Level 1 Trauma Center. Results revealed no significant relationship between ISS and PTSS, depression, pain, and general physical and mental health at baseline, three months, and six months post-injury...
April 26, 2017: Journal of Anxiety Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28460329/efficacy-of-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-for-childhood-anxiety-and-depression
#8
REVIEW
Katherine Crowe, Dean McKay
A review of meta-analyses of cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) for childhood anxiety and depression was conducted. A total of 36 meta-analyses were identified that met inclusion criteria for this review. In most cases, medium-to-large effect sizes for treatment reduction were observed when CBT was compared to non-active control conditions. Small-to-medium effects were observed when CBT was compared to active control treatments. The available meta-analyses generally did not examine, or data were not sufficient to evaluate, potential moderators of outcome, differential effects for parental involvement, or changes in quality of life or functional outcomes associated with treatment...
April 20, 2017: Journal of Anxiety Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431305/cognitive-behavioral-high-parental-involvement-treatments-for-pediatric-obsessive-compulsive-disorder-a-meta-analysis
#9
REVIEW
Marina Iniesta-Sepúlveda, Ana I Rosa-Alcázar, Julio Sánchez-Meca, José L Parada-Navas, Ángel Rosa-Alcázar
A meta-analysis on the efficacy of cognitive-behavior-family treatment (CBFT) on children and adolescents with obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) was accomplished. The purposes of the study were: (a) to estimate the effect magnitude of CBFT in ameliorating obsessive-compulsive symptoms and reducing family accommodation on pediatric OCD and (b) to identify potential moderator variables of the effect sizes. A literature search enabled us to identify 27 studies that fulfilled our selection criteria. The effect size index was the standardized pretest-postest mean change index...
April 4, 2017: Journal of Anxiety Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28388458/subtyping-social-anxiety-in-youth
#10
A Kodal, I Bjelland, R Gjestad, G J Wergeland, O E Havik, E R Heiervang, K Fjermestad
Few empirical studies have examined subtypes of social anxiety disorder (SAD) in youth, and limited consensus resides on the nature of potential subtypes. Identifying subtypes, based on both fear and avoidance patterns, can help improve assessment and treatment of SAD. Subtypes of fear and avoidance were examined in a sample comprising 131 youth (age 8-15 years) diagnosed with SAD using the Anxiety Disorders Interview Schedule for children and parents (ADIS-C/P). Exploratory factor analysis of fear responses revealed three factors, defining fear subtypes linked to: (1) performance, (2) observation, and (3) interaction situations, respectively...
April 2, 2017: Journal of Anxiety Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28399468/harm-expectancy-violation-during-exposure-therapy-for-posttraumatic-stress-disorder
#11
Rianne A de Kleine, Lotte Hendriks, Eni S Becker, Theo G Broekman, Agnes van Minnen
Exposure therapy has proven efficacy in the treatment of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Emotional processing theory proposes that fear habituation is a central mechanism in symptom reduction, but the empirical evidence supporting this is mixed. Recently it has been proposed that violation of harm expectancies is a crucial mechanism of action in exposure therapy. But to date, changes in harm expectancies have not been examined during exposure therapy in PTSD. The goal of the current study was to examine harm expectancy violation as mechanism of change in exposure therapy for posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD)...
March 31, 2017: Journal of Anxiety Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28388457/sleep-disturbances-in-obsessive-compulsive-disorder-association-with-non-response-to-repetitive-transcranial-magnetic-stimulation-rtms
#12
Lana Donse, Alexander T Sack, Paul B Fitzgerald, Martijn Arns
Background Repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) is a promising augmentation strategy for treatment-refractory OCD. However, a substantial group still fails to respond. Sleep disorders, e.g. circadian rhythm sleep disorders (CRSD), are highly prevalent in OCD and might mediate treatment response. The aims of the current study were to compare sleep disturbances between OCD patients and healthy subjects as well as between rTMS responders and non-responders, and most importantly to determine sleep-related predictors of rTMS non-response...
March 31, 2017: Journal of Anxiety Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28384621/the-affective-tie-that-binds-examining-the-contribution-of-positive-emotions-and-anxiety-to-relationship-formation-in-social-anxiety-disorder
#13
Charles T Taylor, Sarah L Pearlstein, Murray B Stein
Individuals with social anxiety disorder (SAD) have difficulty forming social relationships. The prevailing clinical perspective is that negative emotions such as anxiety inhibit one's capacity to develop satisfying social connections. However, empirical findings from social psychology and affective neuroscience suggest that positive emotional experiences are fundamental to establishing new social bonds. To reconcile these perspectives, we collected repeated measurements of anxiety, positive emotions (pleasantness), and connectedness over the course of a controlled relationship formation encounter in 56 participants diagnosed with SAD (64% female; Mage=23...
March 31, 2017: Journal of Anxiety Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432894/the-structure-correlates-and-treatment-related-changes-of-mindfulness-facets-across-the-anxiety-disorders-and-obsessive-compulsive-disorder
#14
Lance L Hawley, Jenny Rogojanski, Valerie Vorstenbosch, Lena C Quilty, Judith M Laposa, Neil A Rector
Research with non-clinical and clinical samples has examined how mindfulness concepts relate to psychological symptom presentations. However, there is less clarity when examining treatment-seeking patients who experience DSM-diagnosed anxiety and obsessional disorders - both cross-sectionally, and following empirically-supported treatments. The Five Facet Mindfulness Questionnaire (FFMQ; Baer, Smith, Hopkins, Krietemeyer, & Toney, 2006) conceptualizes mindfulness as consisting of five facets: Observing, Describing, Acting with Awareness, Nonreactivity, and Nonjudging...
March 14, 2017: Journal of Anxiety Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28371702/an-experimental-test-of-the-role-of-control-in-spider-fear
#15
Andrew Healey, Warren Mansell, Sara Tai
It is well established that uncontrollable adverse experiences lead to increased distress, but the role of client control during psychological interventions such as exposure is less clear. Earlier studies reported inconsistent findings, most likely owing to variations in the way client control was manipulated, degree of exposure, the outcome variables chosen and the follow-up periods used. Importantly, studies to date had suggested to participants that approaching their fears was beneficial thereby biasing their choices and these studies had not measured change beyond the laboratory...
March 14, 2017: Journal of Anxiety Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28359786/the-looming-maladaptive-style-questionnaire-measurement-invariance-and-relations-to-anxiety-and-depression-across-10-countries
#16
Ryan Y Hong, John H Riskind, Mike W-L Cheung, Esther Calvete, Zahira González-Díez, Ayse Altan Atalay, Doris Curzik, Natasa Jokic-Begic, Adriana Del Palacio-Gonzalez, Ljiljana Mihić, Nikola Samac, Claudio Sica, Yoshinori Sugiura, Safal Khatri, Evan M Kleiman
The Looming Maladaptive Style Questionnaire (LMSQ) is a self-report measure designed to assess the looming cognitive style, a tendency to interpret threats as rapidly approaching and increasing in magnitude. To date, no systematic evaluation on the psychometric properties of the LMSQ across diverse cultural contexts has been done. In the present research, the measurement invariance of the LMSQ test scores was examined in 10 countries (N=4000). Confirmatory factor analysis suggested that a two-factor model (i...
March 14, 2017: Journal of Anxiety Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28325630/does-patient-reluctance-towards-exposure-and-psychologists-attitudes-about-evidence-based-practice-influence-treatment-recommendations-for-panic-disorder-an-experimental-investigation
#17
Nikolaos Kazantzis, Crystal Ford, Chiara Paganini, Frank M Dattilio, Davide Farchione
This study examined the effects of patient reluctance towards exposure on practitioners' subsequent treatment recommendations. Participants (N=236) were doctoral level psychologists who received a vignette of a patient with panic disorder, which either did (experimental group) or did not (control group) mention patient reluctance towards exposure. Evidence Based Practice (EBP) attitudes were also assessed and taken into account. A significant main effect of reluctance, averaged across all levels of EBP attitudes, and theoretical orientations was obtained (OR=2...
March 6, 2017: Journal of Anxiety Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28273494/cortisol-as-a-predictor-of-psychological-therapy-response-in-anxiety-disorders-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#18
REVIEW
Susanne Fischer, Anthony J Cleare
BACKGROUND: Although psychotherapy generally is effective in anxiety disorders, many patients are treatment-resistant. At the same time, some patients with anxiety disorders show alterations in the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis, one of the major stress-responsive systems. Since raised levels of the end product of the HPA axis, cortisol, adversely affect cognition, we hypothesised that more pronounced alterations in cortisol levels would be associated with a less favourable response to psychotherapy...
February 24, 2017: Journal of Anxiety Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28242410/the-effect-of-trauma-on-the-severity-of-obsessive-compulsive-spectrum-symptoms-a-meta-analysis
#19
REVIEW
Michelle L Miller, Rebecca L Brock
It is important to consider trauma-related sequelae in the etiology and maintenance of psychopathology, namely understudied disorders such as those belonging to the Obsessive-Compulsive Spectrum (OCS). This meta-analysis examined the association between past trauma exposure and current severity of OCS disorder symptoms. A systematic literature search was conducted with 24 (N=4557) articles meeting inclusion criteria. A significant overall effect size was obtained (r=0.20), indicating that exposure to past trauma is associated with a higher severity of OCS symptoms, with a stronger association for females (β=0...
April 2017: Journal of Anxiety Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28108059/self-views-in-social-anxiety-disorder-the-impact-of-cbt-versus-mbsr
#20
Matthew D Thurston, Philippe Goldin, Richard Heimberg, James J Gross
This study examines the impact of Cognitive-Behavioral Group Therapy (CBGT) versus Mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction (MBSR) versus Waitlist (WL) on self-views in patients with social anxiety disorder (SAD). One hundred eight unmedicated patients with SAD were randomly assigned to 12 weeks of CBGT, MBSR, or WL, and completed a self-referential encoding task (SRET) that assessed self-endorsement of positive and negative self-views pre- and post-treatment. At baseline, 40 healthy controls (HCs) also completed the SRET...
April 2017: Journal of Anxiety Disorders
journal
journal
29636
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"