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Journal of Anxiety Disorders

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28187303/response-bias-related-impairment-of-early-subjective-face-discrimination-in-social-anxiety-disorders-an-event-related-potential-study
#1
Yanyan Qi, Ruolei Gu, Jianqin Cao, Xuejing Bi, Haiyan Wu, Xun Liu
Considerable research has shown that social anxiety disorder (SAD) is accompanied by various negative cognitive biases, such as social feedback expectancy bias, memory bias, and interpretation bias. However, whether the memory bias in individuals with SAD is actually a manifestation of response bias, and whether such response bias is associated with deficits in face discrimination, remains unclear. In the present study, we investigated response bias (i.e., a tendency to recognize more negative evaluations) to faces with positive (social acceptance) or negative (social rejection) social evaluations in individuals with SAD and healthy controls (HCs) using event-related potentials (ERPs)...
February 5, 2017: Journal of Anxiety Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196348/investigation-of-implicit-avoidance-of-displacement-related-stimuli-in-offspring-of-trauma-exposed-forcibly-displaced-individuals
#2
Charlotte E Wittekind, Christoph Muhtz, Steffen Moritz, Lena Jelinek
There is an ongoing debate as to whether traumatization also affects the close relatives of trauma survivors who have symptoms of PTSD. Although many studies provide evidence favoring a transgenerational transmission, other studies have not found evidence to support this idea. The present study examined whether adult offspring of individuals exposed to trauma during forced displacement with (n=22) and without PTSD (n=24) exhibit an implicit avoidance of stimuli related to the parental trauma compared to children of non-trauma exposed control participants (n=23) using an Approach-Avoidance task (AAT)...
February 3, 2017: Journal of Anxiety Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28117191/posttraumatic-stress-disorder-symptoms-and-attitudes-about-social-support-does-shame-matter
#3
Thomas S Dodson, J Gayle Beck
Considerable research has examined the association between posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms and social support. One facet of this relationship that deserves greater attention concerns trauma survivors' negative expectations towards social support, termed negative network orientation. To expand our understanding of negative network orientation, the current study examined shame as a possible mediator in the relationship between PTSD symptoms and negative network orientation, in a sample of 202 female survivors of intimate partner violence (IPV)...
January 17, 2017: Journal of Anxiety Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28109673/the-impact-of-changes-in-distress-tolerance-on-ptsd-symptom-severity-post-treatment-among-veterans-in-residential-trauma-treatment
#4
Anne N Banducci, Kevin M Connolly, Anka A Vujanovic, Jennifer Alvarez, Marcel O Bonn-Miller
Given that rates of PTSD, particularly among military populations, are increasing, it is critical to gain a better understanding of factors associated with treatment response. Low distress tolerance (DT), conceptualized as the perceived or actual inability to tolerate negative emotional states, may impacts veterans' responses to PTSD treatment. Low DT has been associated with more severe PTSD symptoms in clinical and non-clinical samples; however, its impact on PTSD symptomatology across treatment has yet to be assessed...
January 16, 2017: Journal of Anxiety Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28108059/self-views-in-social-anxiety-disorder-the-impact-of-cbt-versus-mbsr
#5
Matthew D Thurston, Philippe Goldin, Richard Heimberg, James J Gross
This study examines the impact of Cognitive-Behavioral Group Therapy (CBGT) versus Mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction (MBSR) versus Waitlist (WL) on self-views in patients with social anxiety disorder (SAD). One hundred eight unmedicated patients with SAD were randomly assigned to 12 weeks of CBGT, MBSR, or WL, and completed a self-referential encoding task (SRET) that assessed self-endorsement of positive and negative self-views pre- and post-treatment. At baseline, 40 healthy controls (HCs) also completed the SRET...
January 10, 2017: Journal of Anxiety Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28126678/self-disgust-as-a-potential-mechanism-underlying-the-association-between-ptsd-and-suicide-risk
#6
C Alex Brake, Sasha M Rojas, Christal L Badour, Courtney E Dutton, Matthew T Feldner
Suicide risk is highly prevalent among individuals with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Self-disgust, defined as disgust directed internally and comprised of disgust with oneself (disgusting self) and with one's behaviors (disgusting ways), may impact this increased risk. The present study examined self-disgust as a putative mechanism linking PTSD symptoms with suicide risk. A sample of 347 trauma-exposed undergraduates completed measures of PTSD symptoms, suicide risk, self-disgust, and depressive symptoms...
January 8, 2017: Journal of Anxiety Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28117192/high-rates-of-ptsd-treatment-dropout-a-possible-red-herring
#7
Derek D Szafranski, Brian N Smith, Daniel F Gros, Patricia A Resick
Few studies have examined symptom change among dropouts from posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) treatment. However, dropout is widely considered a negative event needing to be addressed. The present study investigated PTSD and depression symptom change in patients with PTSD who discontinued psychotherapy. Female civilians (n=321) diagnosed with PTSD participated in two randomized clinical trials examining PTSD treatment outcomes. Of those, 53 were identified as dropouts and included in this study. Symptom change was assessed by clinically significant change (CSC) criteria and symptom end-state criteria...
January 8, 2017: Journal of Anxiety Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28057396/inverse-reasoning-processes-in-obsessive-compulsive-disorder
#8
Shiu F Wong, Jessica R Grisham
The inference-based approach (IBA) is one cognitive model that aims to explain the aetiology and maintenance of obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD). The model proposes that certain reasoning processes lead an individual with OCD to confuse an imagined possibility with an actual probability, a state termed inferential confusion. One such reasoning process is inverse reasoning, in which hypothetical causes form the basis of conclusions about reality. Although previous research has found associations between a self-report measure of inferential confusion and OCD symptoms, evidence of a specific association between inverse reasoning and OCD symptoms is lacking...
December 28, 2016: Journal of Anxiety Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28063742/all-or-nothing-thinking-the-processing-of-emotional-expressions-in-traumatized-post-deployment-soldiers
#9
Claudia Gebhardt, Christina Alliger-Horn, Kristin Mitte, Heide Glaesmer
The exposure to trauma is a dramatic life event with complex consequences among those like changes in information processing. Dysfunctional cognitions like a negative interpretation of information are a risk factor for the development of trauma-related disorders. The aim of the present study was to test whether post-deployment soldiers with trauma differ in their interpretation of emotional expressions from member of a control group. Interpretation of emotional expressions was assessed in a sample of 106 males (n=53 soldiers, n=53 controls) with the Similarity Rating Task (simtask) and analyzed with a multidimensional scaling (MDS) approach...
December 21, 2016: Journal of Anxiety Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28024913/anxiety-sensitivity-explains-associations-between-anxious-arousal-symptoms-and-smoking-abstinence-expectancies-perceived-barriers-to-cessation-and-problems-experienced-during-past-quit-attempts-among-low-income-smokers
#10
Michael J Zvolensky, Daniel J Paulus, Kirsten J Langdon, Zuzuky Robles, Lorra Garey, Peter J Norton, Michael S Businelle
Disproportionately more smokers report low-income and mental health problems relative to non-smokers. Low-income smokers may use smoking to alleviate negative emotional states resulting from exposure to multiple stressors. Yet, little work has been devoted to elucidating mechanisms that may explain the association between negative emotional states and smoking-related processes among low-income smokers. The present study sought to address this gap by examining anxiety sensitivity, a transdiagnostic factor related to both anxiety and smoking, as a potential mediator for the influence of anxiety symptoms on smoking-related processes, including threat-related smoking abstinence expectancies (somatic symptoms and harmful consequences), perceived barriers for cessation, and problems experienced during past quit attempts...
December 21, 2016: Journal of Anxiety Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27984787/pathways-from-uncertainty-to-anxiety-an-evaluation-of-a-hierarchical-model-of-trait-and-disorder-specific-intolerance-of-uncertainty-on-anxiety-disorder-symptoms
#11
Sarah Shihata, Peter M McEvoy, Barbara A Mullan
Uncertainty is central to anxiety-related pathology and intolerance of uncertainty (IU) appears to be a transdiagnostic risk and maintaining factor. The aim of the present study was to evaluate a hierarchical model to identify the unique contributions of trait and disorder-specific IU (i.e., uncertainty specific to generalised anxiety disorder, social anxiety, obsessive compulsive disorder, and panic disorder) to disorder-specific symptoms, beyond other disorder-specific cognitive vulnerabilities (i.e., negative metacognitive beliefs, fear of negative evaluation, inflated responsibility, and agoraphobic cognitions, respectively)...
December 8, 2016: Journal of Anxiety Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27960103/examining-heterogeneity-of-obsessive-compulsive-disorder-evidence-for-subgroups-based-on-motivations
#12
Laura B Bragdon, Meredith E Coles
Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) is a heterogeneous illness and evidence suggests that different clinical characteristics may relate to varying treatment outcomes. This study was designed to identify subgroups based on core motivational domains in a clinical sample of individuals with OCD, and to compare groups on clinical characteristics. Cluster analyses identified four subgroups including groups with relatively high or low levels of both harm avoidance (HA) and incompleteness (INC) motivations. A subgroup was identified that demonstrated a "traditional profile" marked by high motivation to avoid harm, and elevated levels of beliefs about responsibility/overestimation of threat...
December 8, 2016: Journal of Anxiety Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27936411/a-network-analysis-of-dsm-5-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-symptoms-and-correlates-in-u-s-military-veterans
#13
Cherie Armour, Eiko I Fried, Marie K Deserno, Jack Tsai, Robert H Pietrzak
OBJECTIVE: Recent developments in psychometrics enable the application of network models to analyze psychological disorders, such as PTSD. Instead of understanding symptoms as indicators of an underlying common cause, this approach suggests symptoms co-occur in syndromes due to causal interactions. The current study has two goals: (1) examine the network structure among the 20 DSM-5 PTSD symptoms, and (2) incorporate clinically relevant variables to the network to investigate whether PTSD symptoms exhibit differential relationships with suicidal ideation, depression, anxiety, physical functioning/quality of life (QoL), mental functioning/QoL, age, and sex...
November 27, 2016: Journal of Anxiety Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27988419/health-anxiety-in-obsessive-compulsive-disorder-and-obsessive-compulsive-symptoms-in-severe-health-anxiety-an-investigation-of-symptom-profiles
#14
Erik Hedman, Brjánn Ljótsson, Erland Axelsson, Gerhard Andersson, Christian Rück, Erik Andersson
Severe health anxiety (SHA) shares features with obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) and in recent years there has been a debate as to whether the two disorders may represent two facets of the same condition. Few studies have however investigated the overlap and differences in symptom profiles between the disorders. The primary aim of the present study was to investigate these aspects using one sample of participants with a principal diagnosis of SHA and one sample of participants with a principal OCD diagnosis...
January 2017: Journal of Anxiety Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27940416/social-anxiety-and-suicidal-ideation-test-of-the-utility-of-the-interpersonal-psychological-theory-of-suicide
#15
Julia D Buckner, Austin W Lemke, Emily R Jeffries, Sonia M Shah
Social anxiety is related to greater suicidality, even after controlling for depression and other psychopathology. The Interpersonal-Psychological Theory of Suicide (IPTS; Joiner, 2005) proposes that people are vulnerable to wanting to die by suicide if they experience both perceived burdensomeness (sense that one is a burden to others) and thwarted belongingness (a greater sense of alienation from others). Socially anxious persons may be especially vulnerable to these interpersonal factors. The current study tested whether interpersonal IPTS components independently and additively mediate the social anxiety-suicidal ideation (SI) relation among 780 (80...
January 2017: Journal of Anxiety Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27930939/guided-parent-delivered-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-for-childhood-anxiety-predictors-of-treatment-response
#16
Kerstin Thirlwall, Peter Cooper, Cathy Creswell
BACKGROUND: Guided Parent-delivered Cognitive Behaviour Therapy (GPD-CBT) is a brief, effective treatment for childhood anxiety disorders, however not all children respond favourably. AIMS: To examine predictors of response to GPD-CBT. METHODS: Parents of 125 children (7-12 years) with an anxiety disorder received GPD-CBT over 2.6 or 5.3h. Recovery was measured post treatment and six months later. RESULTS: Younger children and those with primary Generalised Anxiety Disorder (GAD) improved more post treatment, but older children and those without primary GAD had better outcomes at six month follow up...
January 2017: Journal of Anxiety Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27866085/cognitive-bias-modification-of-interpretation-in-children-with-social-anxiety-disorder
#17
Faith Orchard, Adela Apetroaia, Kiri Clarke, Cathy Creswell
Negative (or a lack of positive) interpretation of ambiguous social situations has been hypothesised to maintain social anxiety disorder in children, yet there is currently limited evidence to support this. Cognitive Bias Modification of Interpretation (CBM-I) provides a means to explore the causal influence of interpretation bias on social anxiety disorder, and has been associated with a reduction in social anxiety symptoms in adults. Seven to twelve year old children with a diagnosis of social anxiety disorder completed CBM-I training, adapted from materials designed for socially anxious children in the community, or no training...
January 2017: Journal of Anxiety Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27842240/prediction-of-6-yr-symptom-course-trajectories-of-anxiety-disorders-by-diagnostic-clinical-and-psychological-variables
#18
Philip Spinhoven, Neeltje Batelaan, Didi Rhebergen, Anton van Balkom, Robert Schoevers, Brenda W Penninx
This study aimed to identify course trajectories of anxiety disorder using a data-driven method and to determine the incremental predictive value of clinical and psychological variables over and above diagnostic categories. 703 patients with DSM-IV panic disorder with or without agoraphobia, agoraphobia, social phobia, or generalized anxiety disorder were selected from a prospective cohort study. Latent Growth Mixture Modeling was conducted, based on symptoms of anxiety and avoidance as assessed with the Life Chart Interview covering a 6-year time period...
December 2016: Journal of Anxiety Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27776256/an-initial-psychometric-assessment-of-an-icd-11-based-measure-of-ptsd-and-complex-ptsd-icd-tq-evidence-of-construct-validity
#19
Thanos Karatzias, Mark Shevlin, Claire Fyvie, Philip Hyland, Erifili Efthymiadou, Danielle Wilson, Neil Roberts, Jonathan I Bisson, Chris R Brewin, Marylene Cloitre
Among the conditions following exposure to traumatic life events proposed by ICD-11 are Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) and Complex PTSD (CPTSD). The primary aim of this study was to provide an assessment of the reliability and validity of a newly developed self-report measure of ICD-11 PTSD and CPTSD: the ICD-11 Trauma Questionnaire (ICD-TQ). Participants in this study were a sample of individuals who were referred for psychological therapy to a National Health Service (NHS) trauma centre in Scotland (N=193)...
October 17, 2016: Journal of Anxiety Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27776255/does-the-measure-matter-on-the-association-between-disgust-proneness-and-ocd-symptoms
#20
Bunmi O Olatunji, Chad Ebesutani, Eun Ha Kim
Although some studies suggest that the association between disgust proneness (DP) and obsessive-compulsive symptoms (OCS) is specific to the contamination subtype, others suggest that DP is associated with OCS more broadly. To examine if the discrepant findings may partially reflect differences in self-report measures used, this investigation employed structural equation modeling to examine the association between DP and OCS in three samples that completed different combinations of measures of DP, OCS, and anxiety/negative affect...
October 19, 2016: Journal of Anxiety Disorders
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