journal
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Journal of Anxiety Disorders

journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27936411/a-network-analysis-of-dsm-5-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-symptoms-and-correlates-in-u-s-military-veterans
#1
Cherie Armour, Eiko I Fried, Marie K Deserno, Jack Tsai, Robert H Pietrzak
OBJECTIVE: Recent developments in psychometrics enable the application of network models to analyze psychological disorders, such as PTSD. Instead of understanding symptoms as indicators of an underlying common cause, this approach suggests symptoms co-occur in syndromes due to causal interactions. The current study has two goals: (1) examine the network structure among the 20 DSM-5 PTSD symptoms, and (2) incorporate clinically relevant variables to the network to investigate whether PTSD symptoms exhibit differential relationships with suicidal ideation, depression, anxiety, physical functioning/quality of life (QoL), mental functioning/QoL, age, and sex...
November 27, 2016: Journal of Anxiety Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27915122/effects-of-a-training-in-mental-imagery-on-worry-a-proof-of-principle-study
#2
Timo Skodzik, Alexandra Leopold, Thomas Ehring
Worry is characterized by a predominance of verbal thinking and relatively little mental imagery. This cognitive bias of verbal and abstract processing has been found to impair emotional processing of worry topics so that worrisome thoughts are maintained. On the other hand, engaging in mental imagery during the worry process fosters emotional processing of worry themes. In the present study, we examined whether training high worriers (n=71) to use more mental imagery in their everyday lives is an effective intervention to reduce pathological worry...
November 25, 2016: Journal of Anxiety Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27907833/development-of-a-scale-to-evaluate-young-children-s-responses-to-uncertainty-and-low-environmental-structure
#3
Amanda L Sanchez, Danielle Cornacchio, Tommy Chou, Ovsanna Leyfer, Stefany Coxe, Donna Pincus, Jonathan S Comer
Intolerance of Uncertainty (IU), defined as the dispositional interpretation of uncertain or ambiguous events as stressful and problematic, has been linked to excessive worry and other anxiety-related problems in adults and youth. IU has been conceptualized as a vulnerability factor for excessive worry and anxiety, but the historical absence of a supported measure of IU in young children has hampered longitudinal research needed to evaluate temporal relationships between IU and anxiety and the differential developmental pathways of IU leading to different anxiety disorders and depression...
November 21, 2016: Journal of Anxiety Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27886574/the-differential-relationship-between-mental-contamination-and-the-core-dimensions-of-contact-contamination-fear
#4
Gabriele Melli, Francesco Bulli, Claudia Carraresi, Federica Tarantino, Simona Gelli, Andrea Poli
Two types of contamination fear are recognized: contact and mental contamination. Contact contamination appears to be motivated both by harm avoidance and disgust avoidance. This study aimed to examine the relationships between disgust propensity, mental contamination and contact contamination while differentiating between harm avoidance and disgust avoidance in contact contamination. 169 OCD patients completed a set of questionnaires assessing mental contamination, contact contamination, disgust propensity, OCD, anxiety and depression...
November 18, 2016: Journal of Anxiety Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923164/thinking-anxious-feeling-anxious-or-both-cognitive-bias-moderates-the-relationship-between-anxiety-disorder-status-and-sympathetic-arousal-in-youth
#5
Michelle Rozenman, Allison Vreeland, John Piacentini
Cognitive bias and physiological arousal are two putative markers that may underlie youth anxiety. However, data on relationships between cognitive bias and arousal are limited, and typically do not include behavioral measurement of these constructs in order to tap real-time processes. We aimed to examine the relationship between performance-based cognitive bias and sympathetic arousal during stress in clinically anxious and typically-developing youth. The sample included children and adolescents ages 9 to 17 (Mean age=13...
November 17, 2016: Journal of Anxiety Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27930939/guided-parent-delivered-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-for-childhood-anxiety-predictors-of-treatment-response
#6
Kerstin Thirlwall, Peter Cooper, Cathy Creswell
BACKGROUND: Guided Parent-delivered Cognitive Behaviour Therapy (GPD-CBT) is a brief, effective treatment for childhood anxiety disorders, however not all children respond favourably. AIMS: To examine predictors of response to GPD-CBT. METHODS: Parents of 125 children (7-12 years) with an anxiety disorder received GPD-CBT over 2.6 or 5.3h. Recovery was measured post treatment and six months later. RESULTS: Younger children and those with primary Generalised Anxiety Disorder (GAD) improved more post treatment, but older children and those without primary GAD had better outcomes at six month follow up...
November 10, 2016: Journal of Anxiety Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27856069/the-new-transdiagnostic-cognitive-behavioral-treatments-commentary-for-clinicians-and-clinical-researchers
#7
Peter C Meidlinger, Debra A Hope
Recognition of the limitations of the current categorical diagnostic system and increased understanding of commonalities across clinical problems associated with negative emotion, including anxiety and depression, has led to the development of transdiagnostic psychological interventions. This new approach holds promise in shifting our emphasis from diagnostic categories to treating core construct that cut across disorders. This paper identifies some of the similarities and differences across various cognitive-behavioral transdiagnostic protocols and key challenges in assessment and case conceptualization for clinicians wishing to use this approach...
November 9, 2016: Journal of Anxiety Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27856068/efficacy-of-transdiagnostic-cognitive-behavioral-group-therapy-for-anxiety-disorders-and-headache-in-adolescents
#8
Pragya Sharma, Manju Mehta, Rajesh Sagar
Anxiety disorders and headache are both among the most prevalent disorders among adolescents. Although cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) has proved its efficacy with each of these disorders individually, there are several barriers to its utilization, including cost, gaps in knowledge about treatment delivery and modes, and its utility with comorbid disorders. The current study examined the comparative efficacy of a 12 week TCBT Group treatment (n=32) versus treatment as usual group (n=31) (TAU) in adolescents with anxiety disorders and headache in a north Indian hospital based setting...
November 9, 2016: Journal of Anxiety Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27866085/cognitive-bias-modification-of-interpretation-in-children-with-social-anxiety-disorder
#9
Faith Orchard, Adela Apetroaia, Kiri Clarke, Cathy Creswell
Negative (or a lack of positive) interpretation of ambiguous social situations has been hypothesised to maintain social anxiety disorder in children, yet there is currently limited evidence to support this. Cognitive Bias Modification of Interpretation (CBM-I) provides a means to explore the causal influence of interpretation bias on social anxiety disorder, and has been associated with a reduction in social anxiety symptoms in adults. Seven to twelve year old children with a diagnosis of social anxiety disorder completed CBM-I training, adapted from materials designed for socially anxious children in the community, or no training...
November 6, 2016: Journal of Anxiety Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27842239/ptsd-factor-structure-and-relationship-with-self-construal-among-internally-displaced-persons
#10
Imelu G Mordeno, Ma Jenina N Nalipay, Dorothy Joy S Sy, Jelli Grace C Luzano
The present study examined the factor structure of six competing posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) models based on the recent changes in the fifth edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-5) in a sample that, while highly vulnerable to PTSD, very few studies have focused on-Asians, particularly Filipino internally displaced persons (IDPs). In recognition of the role of culture in PTSD factor structure, we also investigated the associations of the factors of the best-fitting model with self-construal...
November 3, 2016: Journal of Anxiety Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27776255/does-the-measure-matter-on-the-association-between-disgust-proneness-and-ocd-symptoms
#11
Bunmi O Olatunji, Chad Ebesutani, Eun Ha Kim
Although some studies suggest that the association between disgust proneness (DP) and obsessive-compulsive symptoms (OCS) is specific to the contamination subtype, others suggest that DP is associated with OCS more broadly. To examine if the discrepant findings may partially reflect differences in self-report measures used, this investigation employed structural equation modeling to examine the association between DP and OCS in three samples that completed different combinations of measures of DP, OCS, and anxiety/negative affect...
October 19, 2016: Journal of Anxiety Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27788373/psychological-perspectives-on-fear-of-childbirth
#12
REVIEW
Elisabet Rondung, Johanna Thomtén, Örjan Sundin
The objective of this narrative review was to examine the literature on fear of childbirth from a psychological perspective, addressing the specificity of childbirth fear, the pathways of fear acquisition, and the physiological, cognitive and behavioral aspects of fear. Systematic procedures for literature search, inclusion and exclusion left 86 original research papers for analysis. Findings summarize the body of knowledge for each area of interest, as well as the number of studies addressing each theme. Overall, few studies adopt a clear-cut psychological perspective, leaving the psychological mechanisms of childbirth fear largely unexplored...
October 18, 2016: Journal of Anxiety Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27776256/an-initial-psychometric-assessment-of-an-icd-11-based-measure-of-ptsd-and-complex-ptsd-icd-tq-evidence-of-construct-validity
#13
Thanos Karatzias, Mark Shevlin, Claire Fyvie, Philip Hyland, Erifili Efthymiadou, Danielle Wilson, Neil Roberts, Jonathan I Bisson, Chris R Brewin, Marylene Cloitre
Among the conditions following exposure to traumatic life events proposed by ICD-11 are Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) and Complex PTSD (CPTSD). The primary aim of this study was to provide an assessment of the reliability and validity of a newly developed self-report measure of ICD-11 PTSD and CPTSD: the ICD-11 Trauma Questionnaire (ICD-TQ). Participants in this study were a sample of individuals who were referred for psychological therapy to a National Health Service (NHS) trauma centre in Scotland (N=193)...
October 17, 2016: Journal of Anxiety Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27771133/an-initial-waitlist-controlled-trial-of-the-unified-protocol-for-the-treatment-of-emotional-disorders-in-adolescents
#14
Jill Ehrenreich-May, David Rosenfield, Alexander H Queen, Sarah M Kennedy, Cara S Remmes, David H Barlow
A substantial proportion of adolescents are non-responders to well-established treatments for anxiety and depression, and many existent approaches do not adequately address comorbidity. There is a need to develop and evaluate unified treatments for adolescents that flexibly address higher order factors shared among internalizing or emotional disorders. The Unified Protocol for the Treatment of Emotional Disorders in Adolescents (UP-A) is a transdiagnostic treatment that targets shared vulnerability and maintenance factors in a flexible format...
October 17, 2016: Journal of Anxiety Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27780654/acculturative-stress-is-associated-with-trajectory-of-anxiety-symptoms-during-pregnancy-in-mexican-american-women
#15
Andrea Preciado, Kimberly D'Anna-Hernandez
Over half of pregnant women report anxiety symptoms and these symptoms may be precipitated by stressful experiences. Anxiety rates may be higher in Mexican-American women who experience sociocultural stressors, such as acculturation, acculturative stress and discrimination. However, the role of such stressors on the trajectory of anxiety symptoms across pregnancy is not yet known. Mexican-American women (n=151) completed surveys across pregnancy about acculturation, acculturative stress, perceived discrimination, and state anxiety...
October 7, 2016: Journal of Anxiety Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27745922/assessing-stress-related-treatment-needs-among-girls-at-risk-for-poor-functional-outcomes-the-impact-of-cumulative-adversity-criterion-traumas-and-non-criterion-events
#16
Amy E Lansing, Wendy Y Plante, Audrey N Beck
Despite growing recognition that cumulative adversity (total stressor exposure, including complex trauma), increases the risk for psychopathology and impacts development, assessment strategies lag behind: Adversity-related mental health needs (symptoms, functional impairment, maladaptive coping) are typically assessed in response to only one qualifying Criterion-A traumatic event. This is especially problematic for youth at-risk for health and academic disparities who experience cumulative adversity, including non-qualifying events (separation from caregivers) which may produce more impairing symptomatology...
October 6, 2016: Journal of Anxiety Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27744071/is-disgust-proneness-sensitive-to-treatment-for-ocd-among-youth-examination-of-diagnostic-specificity-and-symptom-correlates
#17
Kelly A Knowles, Megan A Viar-Paxton, Bradley C Riemann, David M Jacobi, Bunmi O Olatunji
Although disgust proneness has been implicated in obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD), there is a paucity of research examining change in disgust proneness during treatment as well as the correlates of such change, especially in children. This study examined the relationship between changes in disgust proneness and disorder-specific symptoms during residential treatment among youth with OCD, anxiety, and mood disorders. Youth ages 12-18 (n=472) completed pre- and post-outcome measures of OCD, anxiety, and mood symptoms and disgust proneness...
October 6, 2016: Journal of Anxiety Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27769664/obsessive-compulsive-symptoms-and-negative-affect-during-tobacco-withdrawal-in-a-non-clinical-sample-of-african-american-smokers
#18
Mariel S Bello, Raina D Pang, Gregory S Chasson, Lara A Ray, Adam M Leventhal
The association between obsessive-compulsive (OC) symptomatology and smoking is poorly understood, particularly in African Americans-a group subject to smoking- and OC-related health disparities. In a non-clinical sample of 253 African American smokers, we tested the negative reinforcement model of OC-smoking comorbidity, purporting that smokers with higher OC symptoms experience greater negative affect (NA) and urge to smoke for NA suppression upon acute tobacco abstinence. Following a baseline visit involving OC assessment, participants completed two counterbalanced experimental visits (non-abstinent vs...
October 5, 2016: Journal of Anxiety Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27760717/anxiety-sensitivity-and-racial-differences-in-sleep-duration-results-from-a-national-survey-of-adults-with-cardiovascular-disease
#19
Carmela Alcántara, Luciana Andrea Giorgio Cosenzo, Weijia Fan, David Matthew Doyle, Jonathan A Shaffer
Although Blacks sleep between 37 and 75min less per night than non-Hispanic Whites, research into what drives racial differences in sleep duration is limited. We examined the association of anxiety sensitivity, a cognitive vulnerability, and race (Blacks vs. White) with short sleep duration (<7h of sleep/night), and whether anxiety sensitivity mediated race differences in sleep duration in a nationally representative sample of adults with cardiovascular disease. Overall, 1289 adults (115 Black, 1174 White) with a self-reported physician/health professional diagnosis of ≥1 myocardial infarction completed an online survey...
October 5, 2016: Journal of Anxiety Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27728838/fear-conditioning-and-stimulus-generalization-in-patients-with-social-anxiety-disorder
#20
Lea M Ahrens, Paul Pauli, Andreas Reif, Andreas Mühlberger, Gernot Langs, Tim Aalderink, Matthias J Wieser
Although overgeneralization seems to be a hallmark of several anxiety disorders, this until now has not been investigated in social anxiety disorder (SAD). Therefore, we examined fear generalization in 26 SAD patients and 29 healthy controls (HC) using two faces as conditioned stimuli (CS+, CS-), and a loud scream and a fearful face as unconditioned stimulus (US). Generalization was tested by presenting both CS and four morphs of the two faces (generalization stimuli [GSs]), while ratings, heart rate (HR) and skin conductance responses (SCR) were recorded...
October 5, 2016: Journal of Anxiety Disorders
journal
journal
29636
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"