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Journal of Anxiety Disorders

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28807519/lower-order-anxiety-sensitivity-and-intolerance-of-uncertainty-dimensions-operate-as-specific-vulnerabilities-for-social-anxiety-and-depression-within-a-hierarchical-model
#1
Nicholas P Allan, Danielle Cooper, Mary E Oglesby, Nicole A Short, Kevin G Saulnier, Norman B Schmidt
Within a hierarchical framework for depressive and anxiety disorders, negative affect (NA) is posited to be indirectly related to social anxiety and depression through cognitive vulnerabilities, including intolerance of uncertainty (IU) and anxiety sensitivity (AS). However, few prior studies have considered whether the lower-order dimensions of IU (i.e., prospective and inhibitory IU) and AS (i.e., physical, cognitive, and social concerns) better explain the indirect relation between NA and social anxiety and depression...
August 7, 2017: Journal of Anxiety Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28797680/factor-structure-of-the-intolerance-of-uncertainty-scale-for-children
#2
Danielle Cornacchio, Amanda L Sanchez, Stefany Coxe, Amy Roy, Donna B Pincus, Kendra L Read, Robert M Holaway, Philip C Kendall, Jonathan S Comer
Intolerance of uncertainty (IU), a dispositional negative orientation toward uncertainty and its consequences, has been studied in adults, but research has only recently examined IU in youth. Despite some advances, little is known about the factor structure of measures of IU in youth. The present study used confirmatory factor analysis to examine the structure of IU as measured by the Intolerance of Uncertainty Scale for Children (IUSC; Comer et al., 2009) in a sample of youth (N=368) 9-18 years of age (Mage=12...
July 31, 2017: Journal of Anxiety Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28774745/factor-structure-of-dsm-5-ptsd-symptoms-in-trauma-exposed-adolescents-examining-stability-across-time
#3
Li Wang, Xing Cao, Chengqi Cao, Ruojiao Fang, Haibo Yang, Jon D Elhai
This study investigated the latent structure of DSM-5 PTSD symptoms using two-wave longitudinal data collected from a sample of adolescents exposed to an explosion accident. Two waves of surveys were conducted approximately 3 and 8 months after the accident, respectively. A total of 836 students completed the baseline survey, and 762 students completed the follow-up survey. The results of confirmatory factor analyses(CFA) indicated that a seven-factor hybrid model composed of intrusion, avoidance, negative affect, anhedonia, externalizing behaviors, anxious arousal and dysphoric arousal factors yielded significantly better data fit at both waves than the other models including the DSM-5 four-factor model, the six-factor anhedonia and externalizing behaviors models...
July 23, 2017: Journal of Anxiety Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803688/demand-withdraw-communication-in-the-context-of-intimate-partner-violence-implications-for-psychological-outcomes
#4
Alison M Pickover, Alexandra J Lipinski, Thomas S Dodson, Han N Tran, Matthew J Woodward, J Gayle Beck
Intimate partner violence (IPV) is associated with symptoms of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and generalized anxiety disorder (GAD). To clarify the influence of a dyadic conflict pattern that has previously been shown to accompany violence in romantic relationships (partner demand/self withdraw) on these mental health outcomes, we examined the associations between three forms of IPV (physical, emotional-verbal, dominance-isolation), partner demand/self withdraw, and PTSD and GAD symptoms, in a sample of 284 IPV-exposed women...
July 22, 2017: Journal of Anxiety Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28705679/the-effects-of-cognitive-reappraisal-on-conditioned-disgust-in-contamination-based-ocd-an-analogue-study
#5
Bunmi O Olatunji, Hannah Berg, Rebecca C Cox, Amber Billingsley
Experimental research has shown that conditioned disgust is resistant to extinction, which may account for the slower habituation to disgust relative to fear in contamination-based obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD). However, few studies have examined the efficacy of interventions that may attenuate conditioned disgust responses. Studies of cognitive reappraisal have demonstrated that reinterpreting a stimulus can alter emotional responding. This technique is based on cognitive theories which suggest that anxiety disorders arise from biased cognitions; therefore, changing a person's thoughts will elicit durable changes in emotional responses...
July 1, 2017: Journal of Anxiety Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28709689/psychiatric-reactions-to-continuous-traumatic-stress-a-latent-profile-analysis-of-two-israeli-samples
#6
Liat Itzhaky, Mark Gelkopf, Yafit Levin, Jacob Y Stein, Zahava Solomon
Many individuals worldwide are exposed to continuous traumatic stress (CTS). However, the psychiatric sequela of CTS and the relevance of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) diagnostic criteria in this situation have yet to be determined. Filling this gap, the present study assessed psychiatric reactions to CTS and the relationship between such reactions and functional impairment among two representative samples of adults exposed to ongoing shelling over 6 (n=387) and 9 years (n=468). Assessment included PTSD symptomatology (i...
June 29, 2017: Journal of Anxiety Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28689676/health-anxiety-and-medical-utilization-the-moderating-effect-of-age-among-patients-in-primary-care
#7
Thomas A Fergus, Jackson O Griggs, Scott C Cunningham, Lance P Kelley
Health anxiety is commonly seen in medical clinics and is related to the overutilization of primary care services, but existing studies have not yet considered the possible moderating effect of age. We examined if age moderated the association between health anxiety and medical utilization. A secondary aim was to examine potential racial/ethnic differences in health anxiety. An ethnoracially diverse group of patients (N=533) seeking treatment from a primary care clinic completed a self-report measure of health anxiety...
June 24, 2017: Journal of Anxiety Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28651207/metacognitive-therapy-versus-disorder-specific-cbt-for-comorbid-anxiety-disorders-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#8
Sverre Urnes Johnson, Asle Hoffart, Hans M Nordahl, Bruce E Wampold
Few studies have compared the effects of Metacognitive therapy (MCT) and Cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) for comorbid anxiety disorders. In the current study we compared CBT and MCT for heterogeneous anxiety disorders in a residential setting. Ninety patients with a primary diagnosis of Post Traumatic Stress Disorder, Social Phobia or Panic disorder, with and without Agoraphobia, were randomized to either CBT or MCT. Patients were assessed at pre-treatment, post-treatment and one-year follow-up. Primary outcome measures were Beck Anxiety Inventory and ADIS IV and secondary outcome measures were SCID II, Beck Depression Inventory, Penn State Worry Questionnaire, The Symptom Checklist-90 and the Inventory of Interpersonal Problems-64...
June 15, 2017: Journal of Anxiety Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28668214/the-youth-anxiety-measure-for-dsm-5-yam-5-correlations-with-anxiety-fear-and-depression-scales-in-non-clinical-children
#9
Peter Muris, Janne Mannens, Lisanne Peters, Cor Meesters
The Youth Anxiety Measure for DSM-5 (YAM-5) is a newly developed rating scale for assessing anxiety disorder symptoms of children and adolescents in terms of the contemporary classification system. In the present study, 187 children aged 8-12 years completed the new measure as well as the trait version of the State-Trait Anxiety Inventory for Children (STAIC), the Short Form of the Fear Survey Schedule for Children-Revised (FSSC-R-SF), the Spence Children's Anxiety Scale (SCAS), the Selective Mutism Questionnaire (SMQ), and the Children's Depression Inventory (CDI)...
June 13, 2017: Journal of Anxiety Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645017/examining-anxiety-sensitivity-as-a-mediator-of-the-association-between-ptsd-symptoms-and-suicide-risk-among-women-firefighters
#10
Ian H Stanley, Melanie A Hom, Sally Spencer-Thomas, Thomas E Joiner
OBJECTIVE: Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms are associated with increased suicide risk. Anxiety sensitivity (AS)-the fear of anxiety-related sensations-is both a vulnerability factor for and consequence of PTSD symptoms. AS also predicts suicide risk. To our knowledge, no study has examined whether AS concerns account for the association between PTSD symptoms and suicide risk. METHOD: A total of 254 women firefighters completed a web-based mental health survey...
June 13, 2017: Journal of Anxiety Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28618306/effects-of-acute-exercise-on-fear-extinction-in-rats-and-exposure-therapy-in-humans-null-findings-from-five-experiments
#11
Jolene Jacquart, Rheall F Roquet, Santiago Papini, Mark B Powers, David Rosenfield, Jasper A J Smits, Marie-H Monfils
BACKGROUND: Exposure therapy is an established learning-based intervention for the treatment of anxiety disorders with an average response rate of nearly 50%, leaving room for improvement. Emerging strategies to enhance exposure therapy in humans and fear extinction retention in animal models are primarily pharmacological. These approaches are limited as many patients report preferring non-pharmacological approaches in therapy. With general cognitive enhancement effects, exercise has emerged as a plausible non-pharmacological augmentation strategy...
June 4, 2017: Journal of Anxiety Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628781/young-children-have-social-worries-too-validation-of-a-brief-parent-report-measure-of-social-worries-in-children-aged-4-8-years
#12
Suzannah Stuijfzand, Helen F Dodd
This study investigated the psychometric properties of the Social Worries Anxiety Index for Young children (SWAIY), adapted from the Social Worries Questionnaire-Parent version (SWQ-P; Spence, 1995), as a measure of social anxiety in young children. 169 parents of children aged four to eight years from a community sample completed the SWAIY and a standardized measure of anxiety; the SWAIY was completed again two weeks later. Parents deemed the items appropriate and relevant to children of this age. The SWAIY demonstrated excellent (>0...
May 31, 2017: Journal of Anxiety Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28595115/the-weakest-link-as-an-indicator-of-cognitive-vulnerability-differentially-predicts-symptom-dimensions-of-anxiety-in-adolescents-in-china
#13
Junyi Wang, Danyang Wang, Lixia Cui, Chad M McWhinnie, Li Wang, Jing Xiao
This multiwave longitudinal study examined the cognitive vulnerability-stress component of hopelessness theory to differentially predict symptom dimensions of anxiety using a "weakest link" approach in a sample of adolescents from Hunan Province, China. Baseline and 6-month follow-up data were obtained from 553 middle-school students. During an initial assessment, participants completed measures of assessing their weakest links, anxious symptoms, and the occurrence of stress. Participants subsequently completed measures assessing stress, and anxious symptoms one a month for six months...
May 26, 2017: Journal of Anxiety Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28577416/the-impact-of-attentional-and-emotional-demands-on-memory-performance-in-obsessive-compulsive-disorder
#14
Jakob Fink, Friederike Hendrikx, Christian Stierle, Katarina Stengler, Ina Jahn, Cornelia Exner
Lower performance on memory tests in obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) has been repeatedly observed. However, the origins of these performance deficits are not sufficiently explained. In this study we tested if OCD-related extensive focus of attention on thoughts (heightened self-consciousness) could be an explanatory mechanism for lower memory performance. Heightened situational self-consciousness was manipulated by instructing participants to either monitor neutral thoughts or to monitor OCD-related thoughts...
May 25, 2017: Journal of Anxiety Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28500921/development-and-validation-of-two-measures-of-emotional-contrast-avoidance-the-contrast-avoidance-questionnaires
#15
Sandra J Llera, Michelle G Newman
The Contrast Avoidance (CA) model (Newman & Llera, 2011) proposed that individuals with generalized anxiety disorder (GAD) fear sharp emotional shifts (or contrasts), such as the shift from a pleasant or neutral state to one of sudden distress following a negative event. Further, the model suggests that chronic worry is employed by those with GAD to sustain negative emotionality as a means to avoid sudden shifts into negativity. The model has received empirical support; however, no validated measure exists to assess CA tendencies...
June 2017: Journal of Anxiety Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28494387/a-review-of-sociocultural-factors-that-may-underlie-differences-in-african-american-and-european-american-anxiety
#16
REVIEW
Patricia D Hopkins, Natalie J Shook
Preliminary evidence indicates there may be differences in the prevalence and severity of anxiety in African Americans and European Americans. A number of sociocultural risk and protective factors have been suggested to contribute to these group differences, such as salience of physical illnesses, discrimination, stigma toward mental illness, religiosity, and ethnic identity. In this paper, the literature concerning each of these factors is reviewed. Overall, the strongest evidence was found for ethnic identity and stigma toward mental illness as factors underlying group differences in anxiety...
June 2017: Journal of Anxiety Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28482204/lifetime-histories-of-ptsd-suicidal-ideation-and-suicide-attempts-in-a-nationally-representative-sample-of-adolescents-examining-indirect-effects-via-the-roles-of-family-and-peer-social-support
#17
Sasha M Rojas, Sarah A Bilsky, Courtney Dutton, Christal L Badour, Matthew T Feldner, Ellen W Leen-Feldner
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2017: Journal of Anxiety Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28475946/predictors-of-clinician-use-of-exposure-therapy-in-community-mental-health-settings
#18
Emily M Becker-Haimes, Kelsie H Okamura, Courtney Benjamin Wolk, Ronnie Rubin, Arthur C Evans, Rinad S Beidas
Exposure therapy is recognized as the key component of cognitive-behavioral treatment for anxiety. However, exposure is the least used evidence-based treatment in community mental health settings and is the most challenging technique for clinicians to adopt within the context of effectiveness and implementation trials. Little work has examined clinician and organizational characteristics that predict use of exposure, which is important for identifying implementation strategies that may increase its use. In a large sample of community health clinicians (N=335) across 31 clinical practice sites, this study characterized clinician and organizational predictors of exposure use and relaxation for anxiety...
June 2017: Journal of Anxiety Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28460329/efficacy-of-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-for-childhood-anxiety-and-depression
#19
REVIEW
Katherine Crowe, Dean McKay
A review of meta-analyses of cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) for childhood anxiety and depression was conducted. A total of 36 meta-analyses were identified that met inclusion criteria for this review. In most cases, medium-to-large effect sizes for treatment reduction were observed when CBT was compared to non-active control conditions. Small-to-medium effects were observed when CBT was compared to active control treatments. The available meta-analyses generally did not examine, or data were not sufficient to evaluate, potential moderators of outcome, differential effects for parental involvement, or changes in quality of life or functional outcomes associated with treatment...
June 2017: Journal of Anxiety Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432894/the-structure-correlates-and-treatment-related-changes-of-mindfulness-facets-across-the-anxiety-disorders-and-obsessive-compulsive-disorder
#20
Lance L Hawley, Jenny Rogojanski, Valerie Vorstenbosch, Lena C Quilty, Judith M Laposa, Neil A Rector
Research with non-clinical and clinical samples has examined how mindfulness concepts relate to psychological symptom presentations. However, there is less clarity when examining treatment-seeking patients who experience DSM-diagnosed anxiety and obsessional disorders - both cross-sectionally, and following empirically-supported treatments. The Five Facet Mindfulness Questionnaire (FFMQ; Baer, Smith, Hopkins, Krietemeyer, & Toney, 2006) conceptualizes mindfulness as consisting of five facets: Observing, Describing, Acting with Awareness, Nonreactivity, and Nonjudging...
June 2017: Journal of Anxiety Disorders
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