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Journal of Anxiety Disorders

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29306023/short-versions-of-two-specific-phobia-measures-the-snake-and-the-spider-questionnaires
#1
Andras N Zsido, Nikolett Arato, Orsolya Inhof, Jozsef Janszky, Gergely Darnai
Zoophobias are the most prevalent form of specific phobia worldwide. Two of the most widely used measures, the Snake Questionnaire (SNAQ) and Spider Questionnaire (SPQ) are good indicators of specific fears, but researchers have recognised that shorter, yet nevertheless reliable measures are needed. Hence the aims of this research were to develop short forms of the SNAQ and SPQ using item response theory and to use receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve analyses to determine cut-offs for use in future research...
December 30, 2017: Journal of Anxiety Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29291580/the-effect-of-panic-disorder-versus-anxiety-sensitivity-on-event-related-potentials-during-anticipation-of-threat
#2
Elizabeth S Stevens, Anna Weinberg, Brady D Nelson, Emily E E Meissel, Stewart A Shankman
Attention-related abnormalities are key components of the abnormal defensive responding observed in panic disorder (PD). Although behavioral studies have found aberrant attentional biases towards threat in PD, psychophysiological studies have been mixed. Predictability of threat, an important feature of threat processing, may have contributed to these mixed findings. Additionally, anxiety sensitivity, a dimensional trait associated with PD, may yield stronger associations with cognitive processes than categorical diagnoses of PD...
December 15, 2017: Journal of Anxiety Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29227845/does-d-cycloserine-facilitate-the-effects-of-homework-compliance-on-social-anxiety-symptom-reduction
#3
Andres D Roque, David Rosenfield, Jasper A J Smits, Naomi Simon, Michael W Otto, Luana Marques, Mark H Pollack, Stefan G Hofmann, Alicia E Meuret
BACKGROUND: Prior studies examining the effect of d-cycloserine (DCS) on homework compliance and outcome in cognitive-behavior therapy (CBT) have yielded mixed results. The aim of this study was to investigate whether DCS facilitates the effects of homework compliance on symptom reduction in a large-scale study for social anxiety disorder (SAD). METHODS: 169 participants with generalized SAD received DCS or pill placebo during 12-session exposure-based group CBT...
November 28, 2017: Journal of Anxiety Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29197703/emotional-lability-and-affective-synchrony-in-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-pathology
#4
Michelle Schoenleber, Christopher R Berghoff, Kim L Gratz, Matthew T Tull
This study examined the relations of PTSD pathology to both the lability of three specific emotions (anxiety, anger, self-conscious emotions [SCE]) and the extent to which changes in one emotional state co-occur with changes in another emotional state (i.e. affective synchrony). Moreover, given evidence that emotional responding in PTSD may be heightened in response to trauma-related cues, these relations were explored in the context of a trauma cue versus neutral cue. Trauma-exposed patients in residential substance use disorder treatment (N=157) completed a diagnostic interview and two laboratory sessions involving presentation of neutral and individualized trauma scripts...
November 28, 2017: Journal of Anxiety Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29195187/do-worry-and-its-associated-cognitive-variables-alter-following-cbt-treatment-in-a-youth-population-with-social-anxiety-disorder-results-from-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#5
Cate S Hearn, Caroline L Donovan, Susan H Spence, Sonja March
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 26, 2017: Journal of Anxiety Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145078/the-efficacy-of-group-metacognitive-therapy-for-children-mct-c-with-generalized-anxiety-disorder-an-open-trial
#6
Barbara Hoff Esbjørn, Nicoline Normann, Bianca Munkebo Christiansen, Marie Louise Reinholdt-Dunne
Metacognitive therapy is an effective treatment for anxiety disorders in adults. Studies have demonstrated that the underlying theoretical model is also supported in children. It has therefore been suggested that metacognitive therapy for children may be effective. Our study is an open trial of metacognitive therapy for children with generalized anxiety as their primary disorder. Therapy was provided in groups. Families were interviewed with the Anxiety Disorders Interview Schedule - child/parent versions. They reported on the child's anxiety levels using the Revised Childrens Anxiety and Depression Scale - child/parent versions...
November 10, 2017: Journal of Anxiety Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29156434/we-prefer-what-we-fear-a-response-preference-bias-mimics-attentional-capture-in-spider-fear
#7
Anke Haberkamp, Melanie Biafora, Thomas Schmidt, Katharina Weiß
The extent to which emotionally significant stimuli capture visual attention remains elusive because a preference for reporting or choosing emotionally significant stimuli could mimic attentional capture by these stimuli. We conducted two prior-entry experiments to disentangle whether phobic and fear-relevant stimuli capture attention or merely produce a response bias in spider-fearful participants. Prior entry denotes the effect that attended stimuli are perceived earlier than unattended stimuli as indicated by temporal order judgments...
November 8, 2017: Journal of Anxiety Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29127882/anxiety-sensitivity-and-sleep-disturbance-investigating-associations-among-patients-with-co-occurring-anxiety-and-substance-use-disorders
#8
Laura J Dixon, Aaron A Lee, Kim L Gratz, Matthew T Tull
Sleep disturbance is a common problem among individuals with anxiety and substance use disorders (SUD). Anxiety sensitivity (AS) is elevated in patients with anxiety disorders and SUD and has been linked to sleep-related problems, including insomnia and somnolence (i.e., daytime sleepiness). We examined the unique roles of AS cognitive, physical, and social concerns in sleep disturbance among a sample of 99 residential SUD patients with anxiety disorders. Clinical levels of insomnia or somnolence were evidenced by 53...
November 7, 2017: Journal of Anxiety Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29125957/a-network-perspective-on-comorbid-depression-in-adolescents-with-obsessive-compulsive-disorder
#9
Payton J Jones, Patrick Mair, Bradley C Riemann, Beth L Mugno, Richard J McNally
People with obsessive-compulsive disorder [OCD] frequently suffer from depression, a comorbidity associated with greater symptom severity and suicide risk. We examined the associations between OCD and depression symptoms in 87 adolescents with primary OCD. We computed an association network, a graphical LASSO, and a directed acyclic graph (DAG) to model symptom interactions. Models showed OCD and depression as separate syndromes linked by bridge symptoms. Bridges between the two disorders emerged between obsessional problems in the OCD syndrome, and guilt, concentration problems, and sadness in the depression syndrome...
November 2, 2017: Journal of Anxiety Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29220694/impulsive-responding-in-threat-and-reward-contexts-as-a-function-of-ptsd-symptoms-and-trait-disinhibition
#10
Naomi Sadeh, Jeffrey M Spielberg, Jasmeet P Hayes
We examined current posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms, trait disinhibition, and affective context as contributors to impulsive and self-destructive behavior in 94 trauma-exposed Veterans. Participants completed an affective Go/No-Go task (GNG) with different emotional contexts (threat, reward, and a multidimensional threat/reward condition) and current PTSD, trait disinhibition, and risky/self-destructive behavior measures. PTSD interacted with trait disinhibition to explain recent engagement in risky/self-destructive behavior, with Veterans scoring high on trait disinhibition and current PTSD symptoms reporting the highest levels of these behaviors...
November 1, 2017: Journal of Anxiety Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154186/parental-reactions-to-children-s-negative-affect-the-moderating-role-of-parental-gad
#11
Brenda Arellano, Colette Gramszlo, Janet Woodruff-Borden
The impact of parental anxiety disorders has been explored in broad categories of parenting behaviors; however, less is known about the impact of parental anxiety on emotion socialization behaviors. The current study tested the conditional effect of parental Generalized Anxiety Disorder (GAD) on one aspect of emotion socialization, parents' reactions to their child's negative affect. Participants were 89 children between ages 3 and 12 and their parents, from a community sample. Parents completed the Anxiety Disorders Interview Schedule-IV (ADIS-IV), an interaction task with their child, and the Beck Anxiety Inventory-II (BAI-II)...
October 31, 2017: Journal of Anxiety Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29195188/long-term-effectiveness-of-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-for-youth-with-anxiety-disorders
#12
Arne Kodal, Krister Fjermestad, Ingvar Bjelland, Rolf Gjestad, Lars-Göran Öst, Jon F Bjaastad, Bente S M Haugland, Odd E Havik, Einar Heiervang, Gro Janne Wergeland
Cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) has demonstrated favorable long-term outcomes in youth with anxiety disorders in efficacy trials. However, long-term outcomes of CBT delivered in a community setting are uncertain. This study examined the long-term outcomes of individual (ICBT) and group CBT (GCBT) in youth with anxiety disorders treated in community mental health clinics. A total of 139 youth (mean age at assessment 15.5 years, range 11-21 years) with a principal diagnosis of separation anxiety disorder (SAD), social anxiety disorder (SOP), and/or generalized anxiety disorder (GAD) were evaluated, on average, 3...
January 2018: Journal of Anxiety Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29175616/difficulty-concentrating-in-generalized-anxiety-disorder-an-evaluation-of-incremental-utility-and-relationship-to-worry
#13
Lauren S Hallion, Shari A Steinman, Susan N Kusmierski
Difficulty concentrating is one of the most common diagnostic criteria across DSM-5 categories, especially within the emotional (mood- and anxiety-related) disorders. A substantial literature has characterized cognitive functioning in emotional disorders using objective (behavioral) computerized cognitive tasks. However, diagnoses are typically formed on the basis of subjective (self-reported; clinician-rated) assessments of symptoms, and little is known about difficulty concentrating as a symptom. These questions are particularly important for generalized anxiety disorder (GAD), which has long been the subject of nosological debates, and for which several theoretical models that suggest a central role for cognitive impairments (including difficulty concentrating) in the maintenance of psychopathology have been proposed...
January 2018: Journal of Anxiety Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29102818/pharmacotherapy-for-social-anxiety-disorder-interpersonal-predictors-of-outcome-and-the-mediating-role-of-the-working-alliance
#14
Jonah N Cohen, Deborah A G Drabick, Carlos Blanco, Franklin R Schneier, Michael R Liebowitz, Richard G Heimberg
Social anxiety disorder (SAD) is highly prevalent and associated with high levels of impairment and distress. Therapies for SAD leave many patients symptomatic at the end of treatment, and little is known about predictors or mechanisms of treatment outcome. Given the interpersonal dysfunction fundamental to SAD, this study investigated whether prominent interpersonal features of SAD (submissive behavior, childhood maltreatment, suppression of anger, and depression) predicted attrition and response to pharmacotherapy and whether the working alliance mediated these relationships...
December 2017: Journal of Anxiety Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29069628/still-lonely-social-adjustment-of-youth-with-and-without-social-anxiety-disorder-following-cognitive-behavioral-therapy
#15
Cynthia Suveg, Julie Newman Kingery, Molly Davis, Anna Jones, Monica Whitehead, Marni L Jacob
Social experiences are an integral part of normative development for youth and social functioning difficulties are related to poor outcomes. Youth with anxiety disorders, and particularly social anxiety disorder, experience difficulties across many aspects of social functioning that may place them at risk for maladjustment. The goal of this paper was to compare social experiences of youth across anxiety diagnoses and examine whether treatment is helpful in improving social functioning. Ninety-two children (age 7-12 years; 58% male; 87...
December 2017: Journal of Anxiety Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29049901/the-efficacy-of-aerobic-exercise-and-resistance-training-as-transdiagnostic-interventions-for-anxiety-related-disorders-and-constructs-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#16
Daniel M LeBouthillier, Gordon J G Asmundson
Evidence supports exercise as an intervention for many mental health concerns; however, randomized controlled investigations of the efficacy of different exercise modalities and predictors of change are lacking. The purposes of the current trial were to: (1) quantify the effects of aerobic exercise and resistance training on anxiety-related disorder (including anxiety disorders, obsessive-compulsive disorder, and posttraumatic stress disorder) status, symptoms, and constructs, (2) evaluate whether both modalities of exercise were equivalent, and (3) to determine whether exercise enjoyment and physical fitness are associated with symptom reduction...
December 2017: Journal of Anxiety Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29049902/emotion-dysregulation-moderates-the-effect-of-cognitive-behavior-therapy-with-prolonged-exposure-for-co-occurring-ptsd-and-substance-use-disorders
#17
Denise A Hien, Teresa Lopez-Castro, Santiago Papini, Bernard Gorman, Lesia M Ruglass
A goal of clinical trials is to identify unique baseline characteristics that can inform treatment planning. One such target is emotion dysregulation (ED), which contributes to the maintenance of co-occurring posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and substance use disorder (SUD) and may be a potential moderator of treatment response. We examined the moderating impact of ED severity on treatment outcomes in an urban, socioeconomically disadvantaged, and racially/ethnically diverse sample with complex trauma and severe SUDs...
October 16, 2017: Journal of Anxiety Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29053989/psychometric-properties-of-the-child-anxiety-life-interference-scale-preschool-version
#18
Tamsyn J Gilbertson, Amy J Morgan, Ronald M Rapee, Heidi J Lyneham, Jordana K Bayer
Despite growing recognition of childhood anxiety as a common and often debilitating clinical concern, we have limited knowledge of the particular ways in which anxiety interferes with daily life for young children who have not yet entered formal schooling. The present study evaluated the psychometric properties of the Child Anxiety Life Interference Scale - Preschool Version (CALIS-PV). The CALIS-PV is a brief (18 item) parent-report measure of the impacts of a young child's anxiety on their own life and that of her or his parent...
October 13, 2017: Journal of Anxiety Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29031160/examining-temporal-alterations-in-social-anxiety-disorder-and-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-the-relation-between-autobiographical-memory-future-goals-and-current-self-views
#19
Julie Krans, Manon Peeters, Gérard Näring, Adam D Brown, June de Bree, Agnes van Minnen
The self is a multi-faceted and temporally dynamic construct reflecting representations and beliefs about identity in the past, present, and future. Clinical studies have shown that individuals with Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) and Social Anxiety Disorder (SAD) exhibit alterations in self-related processing but these studies have focused primarily on memory. Few studies in PTSD and SAD have examined self-related processing for the present and future, and no studies have directly compared these processes across these two disorders...
October 9, 2017: Journal of Anxiety Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29028610/systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-dropout-rates-in-individual-psychotherapy-for-generalized-anxiety-disorder
#20
REVIEW
Elon Gersh, David J Hallford, Simon M Rice, Nikolaos Kazantzis, Hannah Gersh, Benji Gersh, Carolyn A McCarty
BACKGROUND: Despite being a relatively prevalent and debilitating disorder, Generalized Anxiety Disorder (GAD) is the second least studied anxiety disorder and among the most difficult to treat. Dropout from psychotherapy is concerning as it is associated with poorer outcomes, leads to service inefficiencies and can disproportionately affect disadvantaged populations. No study to date has calculated a weighted mean dropout rate for GAD and explored associated correlates. METHODS: A systematic review was conducted using PsycINFO, Medline and Embase databases, identifying studies investigating individual psychotherapies for adults with GAD...
October 6, 2017: Journal of Anxiety Disorders
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