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Research in Developmental Disabilities

Evelien A P Poelen, Esmée P Schijven, Roy Otten, Robert Didden
AIMS: The aim of this study was to examine the role of the personality dimensions anxiety sensitivity, negative thinking, impulsivity and sensation seeking (as assessed by the revised version of the Substance Use Risk Profile Scale; SURPS) in substance use in individuals with mild to borderline intellectual disabilities (MBID). METHOD: We tested the relationship between level of ID and SURPS personality dimensions and the relationship between SURPS personality dimensions and severity of alcohol and drug use...
October 17, 2016: Research in Developmental Disabilities
T Perez-Roche, I Altemir, G Giménez, E Prieto, I González, J L Peña-Segura, O Castillo, V Pueyo
BACKGROUND: Prematurity and low birth weight are known risk factors for cognitive and developmental impairments, and school failure. Visual perceptual and visual motor skills seem to be among the most affected cognitive domains in these children. AIMS: To assess the influence of prematurity and low birth weight in visual cognitive skills and school performance. METHODS: We performed a prospective cohort study, which included 80 boys and girls in an age range from 5 to 13...
October 13, 2016: Research in Developmental Disabilities
Jan Pieter Marchal, Heleen Maurice-Stam, Bregje A Houtzager, Susanne L Rutgers van Rozenburg-Marres, Kim J Oostrom, Martha A Grootenhuis, A S Paul van Trotsenburg
BACKGROUND: We analysed developmental outcomes from a clinical trial early in life and its follow-up at 10.7 years in 123 children with Down syndrome. AIMS: To determine 1) strengths and weaknesses in adaptive functioning and motor skills at 10.7 years, and 2) prognostic value of early-life characteristics (early developmental outcomes, parental and child characteristics, and comorbidity) for later intelligence, adaptive functioning and motor skills. METHODS AND PROCEDURES: We used standardized assessments of mental and motor development at ages 6, 12 and 24 months, and of intelligence, adaptive functioning and motor skills at 10...
October 13, 2016: Research in Developmental Disabilities
Ying Qian, WeiLi Chang, Xiaoxiao He, Li Yang, Lu Liu, Quangang Ma, Yueling Li, Li Sun, Qiujin Qian, Yufeng Wang
BACKGROUD: Emotional dysregulation (EDR) is commonly seen in individuals with attention deficit hyperactive disorder (ADHD). But few are known about the influence of EDR on early-adulthood outcomes. AIMS: To detect the relationship between emotional dysregulation (EDR) in childhood and the outcomes in early-adulthood of participants with attention deficit hyperactive disorder (ADHD). METHODS AND PROCEDURES: Han Chinese children who met DSM-IV ADHD criteria were followed up into early adulthood...
October 12, 2016: Research in Developmental Disabilities
Leanne Sakzewski, Sarah Reedman, Tammy Hoffmann
BACKGROUND: Incomplete reporting of components of interventions limits uptake of evidence into clinical practice. AIMS: To evaluate the completeness of reporting of research and control interventions in randomised trials of upper limb therapies for children with unilateral cerebral palsy. METHODS AND PROCEDURES: Sixty randomized trials were included, encompassing 60 research and 68 control interventions. Using the 12-item Template for Intervention Description and Replication (TIDieR) checklist, two reviewers independently rated intervention and control descriptions...
October 10, 2016: Research in Developmental Disabilities
Ana Cristina Resende Camargos, Vanessa Amaral Mendonça, Camila Alves de Andrade, Katherine Simone Caires Oliveira, Ana Cristina Rodrigues Lacerda
AIMS: Compare the cognitive and motor development in overweight/obese infants versus normal-weight peers and investigate the correlation of body weight, body length and body mass index with cognitive and motor development. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional study with 28 overweight/obese infants and 28 normal-weight peers between 6 and 24 months of age. Both groups were evaluated with cognitive and motor scales of the Bayley-III infant development test. The t-test for independent samples was performed to compare the groups, and the Spearman correlation was used to verify the association between variables...
October 8, 2016: Research in Developmental Disabilities
Michael J McCarthy, Gretchen Behimer, Jeffrey A Anderson, Ilka Riddle
BACKGROUND: Family caregivers of youth with DD and behavioral health issues experience the highest level of caregiving strain. Many must also deal with their own or another family member's chronic health condition, which may place them at additional risk for poor outcomes. AIMS: (1) Provide a "snapshot" of DD family caregivers based on a national sample; (2) identify risk and protective factors among groups of DD caregivers with graduated levels of health-related stressors; (3) examine the impact of risk and protective factors on strain for DD caregivers...
October 6, 2016: Research in Developmental Disabilities
Rowena Ng, Ursula Bellugi, Anna Järvinen
BACKGROUND: Williams syndrome (WS) is a genetic condition characterized by an unusual "hypersocial" personality juxtaposed by high anxiety. Recent evidence suggests that autonomic reactivity to affective face stimuli is disorganised in WS, which may contribute to emotion dysregulation and/or social disinhibition. METHODS: Electrodermal activity (EDA) and mean interbeat interval (IBI) of 25 participants with WS (19 - 57 years old) and 16 typically developing (TD; 17-43 years old) adults were measured during a passive presentation of affective face and voice stimuli...
October 5, 2016: Research in Developmental Disabilities
I Fernández-Prieto, C Caprile, D Tinoco-González, B Ristol-Orriols, A López-Sala, P Póo-Argüelles, F Pons, J Navarra
The nonverbal learning disability (NLD) is a neurological dysfunction that affects cognitive functions predominantly related to the right hemisphere such as spatial and abstract reasoning. Previous evidence in healthy adults suggests that acoustic pitch (i.e., the relative difference in frequency between sounds) is, under certain conditions, encoded in specific areas of the right hemisphere that also encode the spatial elevation of external objects (e.g., high vs. low position). Taking this evidence into account, we explored the perception of pitch in preadolescents and adolescents with NLD and in a group of healthy participants matched by age, gender, musical knowledge and handedness...
October 3, 2016: Research in Developmental Disabilities
Bojan B Petrovic, Tamara O Peric, Dejan L J Markovic, Branislav B Bajkin, Djorde Petrovic, Duska B Blagojevic, Sanja Vujkov
The aim of this study was to examine the factors affecting oral health status among intellectually disabled individuals in Serbia. The sample population was categorized according to age, sex, living arrangements, general health and the level of intellectual disability (ID). The diagnosis of dental caries was performed using the DMFT/dmft criteria. The oral hygiene and gingival health were assessed with the plaque index (Silness&Löe) and gingival index (Löe&Silness), respectively. Descriptive analysis, step-wise and logistic regression were performed to analyze related influential factors for caries presence, number of extracted teeth, teeth restored, the oral hygiene level and the extent of gingival inflammation...
September 30, 2016: Research in Developmental Disabilities
Jan Pieter Marchal, Heleen Maurice-Stam, A S Paul van Trotsenburg, Martha A Grootenhuis
BACKGROUND: Like any child, children with Down syndrome (DS) affect the lives of their families. Most studies focus on the adaptation of parents and families of young children with DS, while relatively few studies include the perspective of fathers. AIMS: To determine 1) whether mothers and fathers of 11 to 13-year-olds with DS differ from reference parents in health related quality of life (HRQoL) and family functioning, and 2) whether HRQoL in parents of children with DS changes over time, from when the child was 6-8 years old to when the child was 11-13 years old...
September 27, 2016: Research in Developmental Disabilities
Erguvan Tugba Ozel-Kizil, Ahmet Kokurcan, Umut Mert Aksoy, Bilgen Bicer Kanat, Direnc Sakarya, Gulbahar Bastug, Burcin Colak, Umut Altunoz, Sevinc Kirici, Hatice Demirbas, Bedriye Oncu
Patients with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) suffer not only from inability to focus but also from inability to shift attention for events that trigger their interests. This phenomenon is called "hyperfocusing". Previous literature about hyperfocusing is scarce and relies mainly on case reports. The study aimed to investigate and compare the severity of hyperfocusing in adult ADHD with and without psycho-stimulant use. ADHD (DSM-IV-TR) patients either psycho-stimulant naive (n=53) or on psycho-stimulants (n=79) from two ADHD clinics were recruited...
September 25, 2016: Research in Developmental Disabilities
Lian van Berkel-van Hoof, Daan Hermans, Harry Knoors, Ludo Verhoeven
BACKGROUND: Augmentative signs may facilitate word learning in children with vocabulary difficulties, for example, children who are Deaf/Hard of Hearing (DHH) and children with Specific Language Impairment (SLI). Despite the fact that augmentative signs may aid second language learning in populations with a typical language development, empirical evidence in favor of this claim is lacking. AIMS: We aim to investigate whether augmentative signs facilitate word learning for DHH children, children with SLI, and typically developing (TD) children...
September 23, 2016: Research in Developmental Disabilities
Elizabeth A Will, Brianne Gerlach-McDonald, Deborah J Fidler, Lisa A Daunhauer
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Individuals with Down syndrome (DS) are at an increased risk for certain maladaptive behaviors. This study characterized maladaptive behavior in school-aged children with DS and examined the extent to which maladaptive behaviors are associated with school function. METHODS AND PROCEDURES: Participants were 24 students with DS [mean nonverbal mental age (NVMA)=43.83months; mean chronological age (CA)=77.58months] who completed the Leiter Scales of Performance- Revised (Leiter-R; Roid & Miller, 1997)...
September 23, 2016: Research in Developmental Disabilities
Monik Favart, Anna Potocki, Lucie Broc, Pauline Quémart, Josie Bernicot, Thierry Olive
The goal of this study was to investigate the management of cohesion by children and adolescents with specific language impairment (SLI) when writing a narrative in a communicative situation. Twelve children with SLI (from 7 to 11 years old) and 12 adolescents with SLI (from 12 to 18 years old) were chronological age-matched with 24 typically developing (TD) children and 24 TD adolescents. All participants attended mainstream classes: children in elementary schools and adolescents in middle and high schools...
September 23, 2016: Research in Developmental Disabilities
Anjo J W M Janssen, Rob A B Oostendorp, Reinier P Akkermans, Katerina Steiner, Louis A A Kollée, Maria W G Nijhuis-van der Sanden
AIM: To determine longitudinal motor performance in very preterm (VPT) infants from 6 months to 5 years of age for the entire cohort of infants, according to gender and gestational age and at the individual level. METHOD: Single-center, prospective longitudinal study of 201 VPT infants (106 boys) without severe impairments. OUTCOMES: Motor performance was assessed with the Bayley Scales of Infant Development (BSID-II-MS: 6, 12, 24 months) and the Movement Assessment Battery for Children (MABC-2-NL: 5 years)...
September 22, 2016: Research in Developmental Disabilities
M H Knotter, G J J M Stams, X M H Moonen, I B Wissink
BACKGROUND AND AIM: To explain direct care staff's attitudes (responsive or rejecting) towards aggression of clients with intellectual disability (ID), data were collected about client characteristics as well as individual and team characteristics of 475 direct care staff members, working in 71 teams. METHOD AND RESULTS: Multilevel analyses revealed that a positive team climate was positively associated with both a rejecting and responsive attitude towards aggression...
September 22, 2016: Research in Developmental Disabilities
I H Zaal-Schuller, D L Willems, F V P M Ewals, J B van Goudoever, M A de Vos
BACKGROUND: End-of-life decisions (EoLD) often concern children with profound intellectual and multiple disabilities (PIMD). Yet, little is known about how parents and physicians discuss and make these decisions. AIMS: The objective of this research was to investigate the experiences of the parents and the involved physician during the end-of-life decision-making (EoLDM) process for children with PIMD. METHODS: In a retrospective, qualitative study, we conducted semi-structured interviews with the physicians and parents of 14 children with PIMD for whom an EoLD was made within the past two years...
September 22, 2016: Research in Developmental Disabilities
A C Jones, E Toscano, N Botting, C R Marshall, J R Atkinson, T Denmark, R Herman, G Morgan
Previous research has highlighted that deaf children acquiring spoken English have difficulties in narrative development relative to their hearing peers both in terms of macro-structure and with micro-structural devices. The majority of previous research focused on narrative tasks designed for hearing children that depend on good receptive language skills. The current study compared narratives of 6 to 11-year-old deaf children who use spoken English (N=59) with matched for age and non-verbal intelligence hearing peers...
September 21, 2016: Research in Developmental Disabilities
Christie L M Petrenko, Mary E Pandolfino, Rachael Roddenbery
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Limited research has focused on parenting practices used by caregivers raising children with fetal alcohol spectrum disorders (FASD). The current study hypothesized that parental attributions of children's misbehavior would relate to the parenting strategies caregivers utilize with children with FASD. This study also aimed to develop a coding scheme to allow quantification of these treatment-relevant constructs in future intervention trials. METHODS: Thirty-one caregivers of children with FASD (age 4-8) were interviewed with the Parenting Practices Interview (PPI), a study-developed qualitative interview...
September 20, 2016: Research in Developmental Disabilities
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