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Research in Developmental Disabilities

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914305/effectiveness-of-a-cross-circuit-exercise-training-program-in-improving-the-fitness-of-overweight-or-obese-adolescents-with-intellectual-disability-enrolled-in-special-education-schools
#1
Wen-Lan Wu, Yu-Fen Yang, I-Hua Chu, Hsiu-Tao Hsu, Feng-Hua Tsai, Jing-Min Liang
This study assessed the effects of a cross-circuit training intervention program on the body composition, cardiorespiratory fitness, balance, and muscular strength endurance of overweight or obese students with intellectual disability. A total of 43 students with intellectual disability (aged 13-19 years) were enrolled in this program; 28 overweight/obese students were assigned to either an obesity-control group (n=14) or obesity-exercise group (n=14), and those with normal weight were assigned to a normal weight group (n=15)...
November 30, 2016: Research in Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914304/information-seeking-by-parents-of-children-with-physical-disabilities-an-exploratory-qualitative-study
#2
M W Alsem, F Ausems, M Verhoef, M J Jongmans, J M A Meily-Visser, M Ketelaar
BACKGROUND: Evidence suggests that parents of children with disabilities feel that not all their information needs are being met, but it remains unclear how parents try to fill these information gaps. AIMS: The aim of this study is to describe how parents of children with physical disabilities search for and evaluate information. METHODS: Qualitative semi-structured interviews were conducted with 15 parents of children with a disability, aged 1...
November 30, 2016: Research in Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914303/a-necessary-evil-residential-placement-of-people-with-intellectual-disability-among-the-palestinian-minority-in-israel
#3
Kareem Nasser, Dalia Sachs, Amalia Sa'ar
Among the Palestinian minority in Israel, residential placement of people with intellectual disabilities [ID] is relatively new and steadily increasing, but poorly studied. A qualitative design was used to explore the process of residential placement decision by 18 parents of people with ID through semi-structured interviews. Sampling was purposive and data was analyzed thematically. Four main themes emerged representing parents' perceptions and experiences along the placement decision-making process, together indicating an experience of deeply 'conflicted parenting': (a) initial resistance to placement and its perception as abandonment and parental failure; (b) attrition following cumulative difficulties and lack of assistance; (c) resignation and reframing of placement as a necessary evil; (d) relief mixed with guilt, pain, and ambivalence following placement...
November 30, 2016: Research in Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27912106/a-multicenter-randomized-controlled-trial-for-bright-light-therapy-in-adults-with-intellectual-disabilities-and-depression-study-protocol-and-obstacle-management
#4
Pauline C M Hamers, Heleen M Evenhuis, Heidi Hermans
Due to the limited cognitive and communicative abilities of adults with intellectual disabilities (ID), current treatment options for depression are often limited to lifestyle changes and pharmacological treatment. Bright light therapy (BLT) is an effective intervention for both seasonal and non-seasonal depression in the general population. BLT is an inexpensive, easy to carry out intervention with minimal side effects. However, knowledge on its anti-depressant effect in adults with ID is lacking. Obstacles in realizing a controlled intervention study in this particular study population may have contributed to this lack...
November 29, 2016: Research in Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27912105/pre-operative-walking-activity-in-youth-with-cerebral-palsy
#5
Kristen Nicholson, Nancy Lennon, Robert Hulbert, Chris Church, Freeman Miller
BACKGROUND: No data are available regarding level of walking activity for youth with cerebral palsy (CP) before undergoing orthopeadic surgery. The goals of this study were to quantify pre-operative walking activity, and determine whether pre-operative values are different from previously defined levels of walking activity in youth with CP. PROCEDURES: This study retrospectively evaluated pre-operative walking activity in youth with spastic CP, GMFCS levels I-IV...
November 29, 2016: Research in Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27912104/structured-skill-practice-during-intensive-bimanual-training-leads-to-better-trunk-and-arm-control-than-unstructured-practice-in-children-with-unilateral-spastic-cerebral-palsy
#6
Ya-Ching Hung, Marina B Brandão, Andrew M Gordon
BACKGROUND: Recently, intensive practice showed good efficacy in improving upper extremity function for children with unilateral spastic cerebral palsy (USCP). However, little is known about the significance of skill progression frequently used during intensive practice. AIMS: We evaluate the importance of skill progression during intensive bimanual practice on movement coordination. METHODS AND PROCEDURES: Twenty children with USCP (average age: 8...
November 29, 2016: Research in Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27912103/gait-symmetry-in-individuals-with-and-without-developmental-coordination-disorder
#7
K Wilmut, J Gentle, A L Barnett
BACKGROUND: Symmetry between the left and right side of the body during locomotion is key in a coordinated gait cycle and is also thought to be important in terms of efficiency. Although previous studies have identified aspects of the gait cycle which are atypical in children and adults with Developmental Coordination Disorder (DCD), studies have not considered whether this could be explained by asymmetrical gait. METHOD AND PROCEDURE: The current study included 62 participants with and 62 without DCD (aged 7-34 years)...
November 29, 2016: Research in Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27889487/adhd-severity-as-it-relates-to-comorbid-psychiatric-symptomatology-in-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorders-asd
#8
Rosleen Mansour, Allison T Dovi, David M Lane, Katherine A Loveland, Deborah A Pearson
Comorbid diagnoses identified in pediatric samples have been correlated with a range of outcomes, including greater levels of emotional, behavioral, and educational impairment and the need for more intensive treatment. Given that previous research has documented high levels of comorbid Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) in children with Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD), this study closely examines the relationship between parent-reported ADHD symptoms (i.e., Conners' Parent Rating Scale, Revised [CPRS-R]) and the prevalence of additional comorbid psychiatric diagnoses in a pediatric ASD sample (n=99)...
November 24, 2016: Research in Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27886587/measures-of-readiness-for-cognitive-behavioural-therapy-in-people-with-intellectual-disability-a-systematic-review
#9
REVIEW
Joshua Stott, Georgina Charlesworth, Katrina Scior
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) is a promising treatment for mental health problems in people with intellectual disabilities but some may not be suited or ready. This review critically evaluates the quality and utility of measures of CBT readiness in people with intellectual disabilities. METHODS AND PROCEDURES: Twelve studies of six measures based on three aspects of CBT readiness were identified through systematic review. OUTCOMES AND RESULTS: Across measures, measurement quality was largely poor or un-assessed...
November 22, 2016: Research in Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27875782/using-the-concrete-representational-abstract-approach-to-support-students-with-intellectual-disability-to-solve-change-making-problems
#10
Emily Bouck, Jiyoon Park, Barb Nickell
BACKGROUND/AIMS/METHODS: The Concrete-Representational-Abstract (CRA) instructional approach supports students with disabilities in mathematics. Yet, no research explores the use of the CRA approach to teach functional-based mathematics for this population and limited research explores the CRA approach for students who have a disability different from a learning disability, such as an intellectual disability. This study investigated the effects of using the CRA approach to teach middle school students in a self-contained mathematics class focused on functional-based mathematics to solve making change problems...
November 19, 2016: Research in Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27875781/long-term-pediatrician-outcomes-of-a-parent-led-curriculum-in-developmental-disabilities
#11
Bruce L Keisling, Elizabeth A Bishop, David A Kube, Jenness M Roth, Frederick B Palmer
: Previous research has demonstrated high satisfaction and perceived relevance of Project DOCC (Delivery of Chronic Care), a parent led curriculum in developmental disabilities, across a sample of medical residents. AIMS: The influence of such a training program on the clinical practices and professional activities of these residents once they are established in their careers as physicians, however, has not been studied; this was the aim of the present study. METHODS: An anonymous follow-up survey was designed and disseminated to physicians who participated in Project DOCC during their one-month developmental disabilities rotation as part of their pediatrics or medicine/pediatric residency between 2002 and 2010...
November 19, 2016: Research in Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27863327/autism-spectrum-disorder-and-early-motor-abnormalities-connected-or-coincidental-companions
#12
REVIEW
Peipei Setoh, Peter B Marschik, Christa Einspieler, Gianluca Esposito
Research in the past decade has produced a growing body of evidence showing that motor abnormalities in individuals with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) are the rule rather than the exception. The paper by Chinello and colleagues furthers our understanding of the importance of studying motor functions in ASD by testing a non-clinical population of parents-infant triads. Chinello and colleagues' findings seem to suggest that subclinical motor impairments may exist in the typical population with inherited non-clinical ASD traits...
November 15, 2016: Research in Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27863326/understanding-why-an-active-video-game-intervention-did-not-improve-motor-skill-and-physical-activity-in-children-with-developmental-coordination-disorder-a-quantity-or-quality-issue
#13
Erin K Howie, Amity C Campbell, Rebecca A Abbott, Leon M Straker
BACKGROUND: Active video games (AVGs) have been identified as a novel strategy to improve motor skill and physical activity in clinical populations. A recent cross-over randomized trial found AVGs to be ineffective at improving motor skill and physical activity in the home-environment for children with or at-risk for developmental coordination disorder (DCD). AIMS: The study purpose was to better understand why the intervention had been ineffective by examining the quantity and quality of AVG play during an AVG intervention for children with or at-risk for DCD...
November 15, 2016: Research in Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27856108/foundations-of-reading-comprehension-in-children-with-intellectual-disabilities
#14
Evelien van Wingerden, Eliane Segers, Hans van Balkom, Ludo Verhoeven
BACKGROUND: Knowledge about predictors for reading comprehension in children with intellectual disabilities (ID) is still fragmented. AIMS: This study compared reading comprehension, word decoding, listening comprehension, and reading related linguistic and cognitive precursor measures in children with mild ID and typically developing controls. Moreover, it was explored how the precursors related to reading achievement. METHOD AND PROCEDURES: Children with mild ID and typical controls were assessed on reading comprehension, decoding, language comprehension, and linguistic (early literacy skills, vocabulary, grammar) and cognitive (rapid naming, phonological short-term memory, working memory, temporal processing, nonverbal reasoning) precursor measures...
November 14, 2016: Research in Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27856107/a-sequence-learning-impairment-in-dyslexia-it-depends-on-the-task
#15
Lisa M Henderson, Meesha Warmington
Language acquisition is argued to be dependent upon an individuals' sensitivity to serial-order regularities in the environment (sequential learning), and impairments in reading and spelling in dyslexia have recently been attributed to a deficit in sequential learning. The present study examined the learning and consolidation of sequential knowledge in 30 adults with dyslexia and 29 typical adults matched on age and nonverbal ability using two tasks previously reported to be sensitive to a sequence learning deficit...
November 14, 2016: Research in Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27838208/long-term-outcome-of-a-cohort-of-adults-with-autism-and-intellectual-disability-a-pilot-prospective-study
#16
Laura Fusar-Poli, Natascia Brondino, Paolo Orsi, Umberto Provenzani, Andrea De Micheli, Stefania Ucelli di Nemi, Francesco Barale, Pierluigi Politi
BACKGROUND: Autism spectrum disorders (ASD) are a long-life condition frequently associated with intellectual disability. To date, long-term outcome has been investigated mostly in ASD people with average or above-average intelligence and there is a paucity of data about autistic adults with comorbid intellectual disability. AIMS: The aim of the present study is to assess long-term variations of adaptive abilities in a sample of autistic adults with intellectual disability and severe language impairment...
November 9, 2016: Research in Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27836581/the-efficacy-of-an-e-learning-prevention-program-for-substance-use-among-adolescents-with-intellectual-disabilities-a-pilot-study
#17
Marion Kiewik, Joanne E L VanDerNagel, Rutger C M E Engels, Cor A DeJong
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Adolescents with Intellectual Disability (ID) are at risk for tobacco and alcohol use, yet little or no prevention programs are available for this group. 'Prepared on time' is an e-learning program based on the attitude - social influence - efficacy model originally developed for fifth and sixth grades of mainstream primary schools. The goals of this study were (1) to examine the lifetime use of tobacco and alcohol among this target group and (2) to gain a first impression of the efficacy of 'Prepared on time' among 12-16-year old students with moderate or mild ID (MMID)...
November 8, 2016: Research in Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27818061/young-children-who-screen-positive-for-autism-stability-change-and-comorbidity-over-two-years
#18
Anne-Katrin Kantzer, Elisabeth Fernell, Joakim Westerlund, Bibbi Hagberg, Christopher Gillberg, Carmela Miniscalco
BACKGROUND: Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is a developmental disorder with a wide variety of clinical phenotypes and co-occurrences with other neurodevelopmental conditions. Symptoms may change over time. AIMS: The aim of the present study was to prospectively follow 96 children, initially assessed for suspected ASD at an average age of 2.9 years. METHODS AND PROCEDURES: All children had been identified with autistic symptoms in a general population child health screening program, and had been referred to the Child Neuropsychiatry Clinic in Gothenburg, Sweden for further assessment by a multi-professional team at Time 1 (T1)...
November 3, 2016: Research in Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27816256/vocabulary-development-in-mandarin-speaking-children-with-cochlear-implants-and-its-relationship-with-speech-perception-abilities
#19
Yuan Chen, Lena L N Wong, Shufeng Zhu, Xin Xi
BACKGROUND: China has the largest population of children with hearing impairments and cochlear implantation is gaining popularity there. However, the vocabulary development in this population is largely unexplored. AIMS: This study examined early vocabulary outcomes, factors influencing early vocabulary development and the relationship between speech perception and vocabulary development in Mandarin-speaking children during the first year of cochlear implant use...
November 2, 2016: Research in Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27802895/a-connective-tissue-disorder-may-underlie-essence-problems-in-childhood
#20
REVIEW
Carolina Baeza-Velasco, Rodney Grahame, Jaime F Bravo
BACKGROUND: Ehlers-Danlos syndrome hypermobility type, also known as Joint Hypermobility Syndrome (EDS-HT/JHS), is the most common hereditary disorder of the connective tissue (HDCT). It is characterized by tissue fragility, joint hypermobility and a wide range of articular and non-articular manifestations, which often appear in infancy. The clinical picture of EDS-HT/JHS is poorly known by the medical community, as is the presence of "ESSENCE" (Early Symptomatic Syndromes Eliciting Neurodevelopmental Clinical Examinations) problems in affected children...
October 29, 2016: Research in Developmental Disabilities
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