Read by QxMD icon Read

Research in Developmental Disabilities

Olga Cregenzán-Royo, Carme Brun-Gasca, Albert Fornieles-Deu
BACKGROUND: Fragile X Syndrome (FXS) and Down Syndrome (DS) are common causes of Intellectual Disability (ID). Mothers of individuals with FXS sometimes have the premutation condition which makes them display neurocognitive signs, such as impulsiveness impairments, while mothers of DS individuals, as a group, do not have impairments. Although behavior problems in individuals with ID may be related to high Expressed Emotion (EE) in parents, parenting in families with ID members has been little explored...
September 17, 2018: Research in Developmental Disabilities
Eric Rubenstein, Laura Schieve, Lisa Wiggins, Catherine Rice, Kim Van Naarden Braun, Deborah Christensen, Maureen Durkin, Julie Daniels, Li-Ching Lee
BACKGROUND: Autism spectrumdisorder (ASD) commonly presents with co-occurring medical conditions (CoCs). Little is known about patterns in CoCs in a time of rising ASD prevalence. AIMS: To describe trends in number and type of documented CoCs in 8-year-old children with ASD. METHODS: We used Autism and Developmental Disabilities Monitoring Network (ADDM) data, a multi-source active surveillance system monitoring ASD prevalence among 8-year-old children across the US...
September 15, 2018: Research in Developmental Disabilities
Seán Healy, Geneviève Marchand, Edward Williams
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Web-based, parent-mediated interventions have shown to be beneficial for children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) in a variety of domains. We aimed to examine how parents of children with ASD perceive mediating a physical activity intervention delivered via a private Facebook group. METHODS: Thirteen families participated in a four-week trial of Project CHASE. Inductive thematic analysis of semi-structured interviews and interactions within the Facebook group were conducted to elicit the perspective of the parents...
September 12, 2018: Research in Developmental Disabilities
R T Collins, J M Flor, X Tang, J M Bange, Y A Zarate
BACKGROUND: Loeys-Dietz syndrome (LDS) is a congenital multisystem disorder affecting the cardiovascular and musculoskeletal system. Limited data have reported neurodevelopmental (ND) issues in LDS. AIMS: To determine the extent of ND issues in patients with LDS. METHODS: A prospective study was performed of LDS patients or their caregivers. The study included data collected via an online survey of age-specific questions. Standard statistical methods were used for baseline and demographic characteristics, as well as group comparisons...
September 10, 2018: Research in Developmental Disabilities
Sara Pezzica, Claudio Vezzani, Giuliana Pinto
Children with ADHD (Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder) experience difficulty in managing attention in school, but it is not sufficiently clear what their attentional beliefs are. Drawing is a means of expression that is habitually used to access knowledge or ideas of children regarding their classroom experience. The aim of this study is to verify whether children with ADHD use pictorial indicators analogous to children without ADHD (N-ADHD). 92 primary school students participated in this study, half of whom diagnosed with ADHD...
September 8, 2018: Research in Developmental Disabilities
Gineke Hanzen, Aly Waninge, Carla Vlaskamp, Ruth M A van Nispen, Annette A J van der Putten
BACKGROUND: The extent of participation of adults with visual and severe or profound intellectual disabilities (VSPID) is unclear. AIMS: To explore participation of adults with VSPID and the association between occurrence and importance of aspects of participation. METHODS: Individual support plans (ISPs) of 40 adults with VSPID were analyzed: selected text fragments were categorized according to 125 previously operationalized statements that had different levels of importance and were divided into seven participation clusters...
September 6, 2018: Research in Developmental Disabilities
Marta Lupón, Manuel Armayones, Genís Cardona
AIMS: To describe the experience of parents caregiving children with visual impairment (VI), to determine how their quality of life (QoL) is assessed, and to summarize QoL indicators through a review of the literature. METHODS: A thematic search through PubMed, PsycINFO, ProQuest and ERIC databases was performed of articles published in English in peer-reviewed journals between 1996 and 2016. Publications were included if they referred to both children or adolescents with VI and their parents, or the family context...
September 5, 2018: Research in Developmental Disabilities
Gunilla Larsson, Peter O O Julu, Ingegerd Witt Engerström, Marlene Sandlund, Britta Lindström
People with Rett syndrome have deficient central autonomic control, which may interfere with walking. We have limited knowledge regarding the effects of exertion during physical activity in Rett syndrome. The aim was to investigate the autonomic responses during walking on a treadmill in Rett syndrome. Twenty-six females, 12 with Rett syndrome and 14 healthy females were included. All individuals started on the treadmill by standing still, followed by walking slowly with progressive speed until reaching maximum individual speed, which they kept for 6 min...
September 4, 2018: Research in Developmental Disabilities
Yin-Ling Irene Wong, Yiyue Huangfu, Trevor Hadley
PURPOSE: This study examines the locational patterns of publicly-funded supportive housing for people with intellectual disability (people with ID) and people with psychiatric disorders (people with PD). METHODS: Administrative data provided housing locations of 4599 people with ID and people with PD in one urban county and one suburban county in the United States. Census tract data captured neighborhood characteristics. Descriptive statistics and spatial analysis were used to analyze the distribution of supportive housing sites...
September 4, 2018: Research in Developmental Disabilities
Gianluca Esposito, Jessica L Borelli
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 28, 2018: Research in Developmental Disabilities
Kota Suzuki, Michio Hiratani, Nana Mizukoshi, Takashi Hayashi, Masumi Inagaki
BACKGROUND: Family resilience is the process through which family members withstand and rebound from adversity. AIMS: In this study, we examined the effects of family resilience on the psychological distress of mothers of children with developmental disorders (DD). METHODS AND PROCEDURES: A Family Resilience Elements Questionnaire was developed, which measured the degree to which mothers possess elements of family resilience. The participants were 274 mothers of children with DD...
August 23, 2018: Research in Developmental Disabilities
James Houseworth, Roger J Stancliffe, Renáta Tichá
BACKGROUND: State-level factors have not been examined in research on choice, despite findings of between-state differences. AIMS: To examine both individual and state-level factors associated with choice. METHODS AND PROCEDURES: We used multilevel modeling to explore two choice scales, support-related and everyday choice, based on the National Core Indicators (NCI) data from 2013-14. OUTCOMES AND RESULTS: At the individual level, milder ID, greater mobility, fewer problem behaviors, answering questions independently, communicating verbally, and living in a non-agency setting, particularly independent settings, were associated with more choice for both scales...
August 22, 2018: Research in Developmental Disabilities
Aviva Mimouni-Bloch, Hagar Offek, Sara Rosenblum, Idit Posener, Zmira Silman, Batya Engel-Yeger
BACKGROUND: The severity of the functional difficulties of children with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is heterogeneous and may be affected by measurable factors. AIMS: To characterize subgroups of children with ADHD with or without sensory modulation difficulties (SMD) and the association between sensory modulation and daily activity function in children with ADHD and children with typical development. METHODS: 38 children with ADHD and 39 controls (ages 8-11) were recruited and assessed, using the Conner's Parent Rating Scale-Revised: Short Form, the Short Sensory Profile (SSP) and the Children Activity Scale for Parents (ChAS-P)...
August 21, 2018: Research in Developmental Disabilities
Patricia J Brooks, Naomi L Gaggi, Bertram O Ploog
AIMS: We employed a discrimination-choice procedure, embedded in a custom-made videogame, to evaluate whether youth with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD), including nonverbal individuals, distinguish sentences on the basis of emotional tone-of-voice and generalize linguistic information across speaker gender. METHODS AND PROCEDURES: Thirteen youth with ASD (7-21 years) and 13 age-matched typical controls heard pairs of pre-recorded sentences varying in lexical content and prosody (e...
August 21, 2018: Research in Developmental Disabilities
Silvia Leticia Pavão, Livia Pessarelli Visicato, Carolina Souza Neves da Costa, Ana Carolina de Campos, Nelci Adriana C F Rocha
AIM: To investigate the role of the severity of manual impairment and of hand dominance on postural sway during anticipatory [APA] and compensatory [CPA] postural adjustments in a seated manual reaching task performed by children with cerebral palsy (CP) and typical children (TC). METHODS: We tested 26 TC (mean age 9.5 ± 2.1 years) and 29 children with CP (age 9.6 ± 3 years) classified based on manual impairment levels as mild (Manual Ability Classification System [MACS] I; n = 18) or moderate-to-severe (MACS II-III, n = 11)...
August 20, 2018: Research in Developmental Disabilities
Paola Chivers, Timo Rantalainen, Fleur McIntyre, Beth Hands, Benjamin Weeks, Belinda Beck, Sophia Nimphius, Nicolas Hart, Aris Siafarikas
BACKGROUND: Australian adolescents with low motor competence (LMC) have higher fracture rates and poorer bone health compared to European normative data, but currently no normative data exists for Australians. AIMS: To examine whether there were bone health differences in Australian adolescents with LMC or Developmental Coordination Disorder (DCD) when compared to typically developing age-matched Australian adolescents. METHODS AND PROCEDURES: Australian adolescents aged 12-18 years with LMC/DCD (n = 39; male = 27; female = 12) and an Australian comparison sample (n = 188; boys = 101; girls = 87) undertook radial and tibial peripheral Quantitative Computed Tomography (pQCT) scans...
August 14, 2018: Research in Developmental Disabilities
Hsiang-Han Huang, Hsuan-Wen Huang, Yi-Mei Chen, Yu-Hsin Hsieh, Ming-Ke Shih, Chia-Ling Chen
BACKGROUND: Independent mobility is important for children's psychological development. Modified ride-on cars are innovative, alternative options to enhance independent mobility, socialization, and motivation in young children with disabilities. AIM: We compared the effects of combining ride-on car use and a social interaction training program on mastery motivation and home affordances with a home education program in young children with disabilities. METHODS AND PROCEDURES: Twenty-nine children with disabilities aged 1-3 years were recruited...
August 8, 2018: Research in Developmental Disabilities
Jeffrey M DeVries, Stefan Voß, Markus Gebhardt
BACKGROUND: School inclusion is an important right of students in school systems around the world. However, many students with special education needs (SEN) have lower perceptions of inclusion despite attending inclusive schools. AIMS: This study examined perceived levels of inclusion, academic self-concept and developmental problems in inclusive schools. METHODS AND PROCEDURES: The Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire and the Perception of Inclusion Questionnaire were administered at two measurement points (6th and 7th grade; n = 407, including 48 with SEN) at multiple inclusive schools...
August 8, 2018: Research in Developmental Disabilities
Melissa K Licari, Jess E Reynolds, Stephen Tidman, Silman Ndiaye, Sathiskumar Niana Sekaran, Siobhan L Reid, Brendan S Lay
BACKGROUND: Developmental coordination disorder (DCD) is a motor learning disability that affects coordination resulting in an inability to perform movement skills at an age appropriate level. One area suspected to contribute to the movement difficulties experienced are deficits in visuomotor control. AIMS: This study investigated visual tracking behaviour during catching in children with DCD. METHODS AND PROCEDURES: Twenty-four boys completed the study: 11 with DCD (9...
August 7, 2018: Research in Developmental Disabilities
Beth Hands, Paola Chivers, Tegan Grace, Fleur McIntyre
BACKGROUND: There are few exercise interventions focused on adolescents with low motor competence and most interventions are short with little follow up and engagement over time. METHODS AND PROCEDURES: Fifty-eight adolescents with low motor competence (39 males, Mean Age  = 13.6, SD = 1.4 years) attended an exercise clinic twice a week for each 13 week program. Two programs ran each year, and participants attended for as long as they felt progress was made or they turned 18 years of age...
August 7, 2018: Research in Developmental Disabilities
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"