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Research in Developmental Disabilities

Athanasia Papastergiou, Vasileios Pappas
AIM: Do children with visual impairments outperform their sighted cohorts in reading and auditory comprehension tasks? METHODS: We address this question by applying panel regression techniques on a comprehensive sample of 16 children with visual impairments from a Greek special school for students with visual impairments. RESULTS: By comparing the reader comprehender profile for both children types, we find that the children with visual impairments perform better than their sighted counterparts...
November 2, 2018: Research in Developmental Disabilities
Ghaleb Hamad Alnahdi
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study is to examine the attitudes of Saudi students towards peers with disabilities. It examines how these attitudes are related to age, attending a school that includes students with intellectual disabilities, and having a relative with a disability. METHODS AND PROCEDURE: Participants included 357 elementary school male students (grades 3-6) who completed the Arabic version of the CATCH scale. OUTCOMES AND RESULTS: The students presented positive attitudes towards peers with disabilities...
October 30, 2018: Research in Developmental Disabilities
Amy M Shui, Terry Katz, Beth A Malow, Micah O Mazurek
BACKGROUND: Sleep difficulties in children with autism spectrum disorders (ASD) have been well-established. AIMS: To develop a model to predict sleep problems in children with ASD. METHODS AND PROCEDURES: A sample of children in the Autism Speaks-Autism Treatment Network (ATN) registry without parent-reported sleep problems at baseline and with sleep problem (yes/no) data at first annual followup was randomly split into training (n = 527) and test (n = 518) samples...
October 27, 2018: Research in Developmental Disabilities
Carmen Berenguer, Belén Roselló, Carla Colomer, Inmaculada Baixauli, Ana Miranda
BACKGROUND: The underlying mechanisms of comorbidity between autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) are still unknown. Executive function (EF) deficits and theory of mind (ToM) have been the most investigated cognitive processes. AIMS: This study proposed to analyze EF, ToM and behavioral problems in children with ASD + ADHD, ADHD, ASD and typical development (TD). The relationship between ADHD and ASD symptoms with EF, ToM and behavioral problems in children with ASD + ADHD was also explored...
October 24, 2018: Research in Developmental Disabilities
Ane Knüppel, Gry Kjaersdam Telléus, Helle Jakobsen, Marlene Briciet Lauritsen
BACKGROUND: Quality of life (QoL) in individuals with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is essential to investigate with regard to knowledge about factors of importance for QoL and concordance between self-reported and parental proxy-reported QoL. AIMS: This study investigated QoL in adolescents and adults with ASD using both self-reports and parental proxy-reports. METHODS: From a nationwide survey, 1738 individuals diagnosed with ASD in childhood, were included for this study...
October 9, 2018: Research in Developmental Disabilities
Gillian King, Amy McPherson, Donya Mosleh, Laura Hartman, Jesiqua Rapley, Madhu Pinto
PURPOSE: Residential immersive life skills programs provide youth with the skills and outlooks needed to adopt new roles in life. Observed program opportunities and service providers' perceptions of opportunities were examined to determine program fidelity. Service providers' views of how the programs work were also examined. METHOD: 107 activity settings were observed across two summers at three programs, with opportunities assessed using the Measure of Environmental Qualities of Activity Settings (MEQAS-48)...
October 2, 2018: Research in Developmental Disabilities
Nick Tarrant, Meera Roy, Shoumitro Deb, Smita Odedra, Ameeta Retzer, Ashok Roy
BACKGROUND: The effectiveness of psychostimulants, primarily methylphenidate (MPH), in the treatment of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) in the general population of typically growing children and adolescents is well established through many Randomised Controlled Trials (RCTs). AIMS AND METHODS: We carried out a systematic review of all the RCTs in people with intellectual disabilities (ID) that assessed effectiveness of MPH on the core ADHD symptoms...
September 25, 2018: Research in Developmental Disabilities
Hsiao-Wei Joy Tsai, Katie Cebula, S H Liang, Sue Fletcher-Watson
BACKGROUND: A child's diagnosis of autism impacts their whole family, in both positive and negative ways, that may be influenced by cultural beliefs. AIMS: We aimed to describe the experiences of mothers and typically-developing siblings of children with autism in two cultural contexts. METHODS: Fourteen mother-sibling dyads from Taiwan and the UK participated in semi-structured interviews. RESULTS: Whilst there were similarities in sibling experiences, a negative tone regarding the influence of autism was more evident in Taiwan, where families also cited societal judgement and cultural-specific expectations...
September 22, 2018: Research in Developmental Disabilities
Emily Seager, Emily Mason-Apps, Vesna Stojanovik, Courtenay Norbury, Laura Bozicevic, Lynne Murray
Down syndrome (DS) is more detrimental to language acquisition compared to other forms of learning disability. It has been shown that early social communication skills are important for language acquisition in the typical population; however few studies have examined the relationship between early social communication and language in DS. The aim of the current study is to compare the relationship between joint attention and concurrent language skills, and maternal interactive style and concurrent language skills in infants with DS and in typically developing (TD) infants matched for mental age...
September 21, 2018: Research in Developmental Disabilities
Daniel A Waschbusch, Susan D Mayes, Susan L Calhoun, Raman Baweja
Reactive attachment disorder (RAD) is a very rare, understudied, and controversial disorder. Research in Developmental Disabilities (RIDD) recently published our research study, "Reactive attachment/disinhibited social engagement disorders: Callous-unemotional traits and comorbidity" (Mayes, Waschbusch, Calhoun, Breaux, & Baweja, 2017) investigating comorbidity in children with RAD and demonstrating a high prevalence of conduct disorder and callous-unemotional traits, consistent with previous research...
September 21, 2018: Research in Developmental Disabilities
Olga Cregenzán-Royo, Carme Brun-Gasca, Albert Fornieles-Deu
BACKGROUND: Fragile X Syndrome (FXS) and Down Syndrome (DS) are common causes of Intellectual Disability (ID). Mothers of individuals with FXS sometimes have the premutation condition which makes them display neurocognitive signs, such as impulsiveness impairments, while mothers of DS individuals, as a group, do not have impairments. Although behavior problems in individuals with ID may be related to high Expressed Emotion (EE) in parents, parenting in families with ID members has been little explored...
September 17, 2018: Research in Developmental Disabilities
Eric Rubenstein, Laura Schieve, Lisa Wiggins, Catherine Rice, Kim Van Naarden Braun, Deborah Christensen, Maureen Durkin, Julie Daniels, Li-Ching Lee
BACKGROUND: Autism spectrumdisorder (ASD) commonly presents with co-occurring medical conditions (CoCs). Little is known about patterns in CoCs in a time of rising ASD prevalence. AIMS: To describe trends in number and type of documented CoCs in 8-year-old children with ASD. METHODS: We used Autism and Developmental Disabilities Monitoring Network (ADDM) data, a multi-source active surveillance system monitoring ASD prevalence among 8-year-old children across the US...
September 15, 2018: Research in Developmental Disabilities
Seán Healy, Geneviève Marchand, Edward Williams
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Web-based, parent-mediated interventions have shown to be beneficial for children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) in a variety of domains. We aimed to examine how parents of children with ASD perceive mediating a physical activity intervention delivered via a private Facebook group. METHODS: Thirteen families participated in a four-week trial of Project CHASE. Inductive thematic analysis of semi-structured interviews and interactions within the Facebook group were conducted to elicit the perspective of the parents...
September 12, 2018: Research in Developmental Disabilities
R T Collins, J M Flor, X Tang, J M Bange, Y A Zarate
BACKGROUND: Loeys-Dietz syndrome (LDS) is a congenital multisystem disorder affecting the cardiovascular and musculoskeletal system. Limited data have reported neurodevelopmental (ND) issues in LDS. AIMS: To determine the extent of ND issues in patients with LDS. METHODS: A prospective study was performed of LDS patients or their caregivers. The study included data collected via an online survey of age-specific questions. Standard statistical methods were used for baseline and demographic characteristics, as well as group comparisons...
September 10, 2018: Research in Developmental Disabilities
Sara Pezzica, Claudio Vezzani, Giuliana Pinto
Children with ADHD (Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder) experience difficulty in managing attention in school, but it is not sufficiently clear what their attentional beliefs are. Drawing is a means of expression that is habitually used to access knowledge or ideas of children regarding their classroom experience. The aim of this study is to verify whether children with ADHD use pictorial indicators analogous to children without ADHD (N-ADHD). 92 primary school students participated in this study, half of whom diagnosed with ADHD...
September 8, 2018: Research in Developmental Disabilities
Gineke Hanzen, Aly Waninge, Carla Vlaskamp, Ruth M A van Nispen, Annette A J van der Putten
BACKGROUND: The extent of participation of adults with visual and severe or profound intellectual disabilities (VSPID) is unclear. AIMS: To explore participation of adults with VSPID and the association between occurrence and importance of aspects of participation. METHODS: Individual support plans (ISPs) of 40 adults with VSPID were analyzed: selected text fragments were categorized according to 125 previously operationalized statements that had different levels of importance and were divided into seven participation clusters...
September 6, 2018: Research in Developmental Disabilities
Marta Lupón, Manuel Armayones, Genís Cardona
AIMS: To describe the experience of parents caregiving children with visual impairment (VI), to determine how their quality of life (QoL) is assessed, and to summarize QoL indicators through a review of the literature. METHODS: A thematic search through PubMed, PsycINFO, ProQuest and ERIC databases was performed of articles published in English in peer-reviewed journals between 1996 and 2016. Publications were included if they referred to both children or adolescents with VI and their parents, or the family context...
September 5, 2018: Research in Developmental Disabilities
Gunilla Larsson, Peter O O Julu, Ingegerd Witt Engerström, Marlene Sandlund, Britta Lindström
People with Rett syndrome have deficient central autonomic control, which may interfere with walking. We have limited knowledge regarding the effects of exertion during physical activity in Rett syndrome. The aim was to investigate the autonomic responses during walking on a treadmill in Rett syndrome. Twenty-six females, 12 with Rett syndrome and 14 healthy females were included. All individuals started on the treadmill by standing still, followed by walking slowly with progressive speed until reaching maximum individual speed, which they kept for 6 min...
September 4, 2018: Research in Developmental Disabilities
Yin-Ling Irene Wong, Yiyue Huangfu, Trevor Hadley
PURPOSE: This study examines the locational patterns of publicly-funded supportive housing for people with intellectual disability (people with ID) and people with psychiatric disorders (people with PD). METHODS: Administrative data provided housing locations of 4599 people with ID and people with PD in one urban county and one suburban county in the United States. Census tract data captured neighborhood characteristics. Descriptive statistics and spatial analysis were used to analyze the distribution of supportive housing sites...
September 4, 2018: Research in Developmental Disabilities
Kota Suzuki, Michio Hiratani, Nana Mizukoshi, Takashi Hayashi, Masumi Inagaki
BACKGROUND: Family resilience is the process through which family members withstand and rebound from adversity. AIMS: In this study, we examined the effects of family resilience on the psychological distress of mothers of children with developmental disorders (DD). METHODS AND PROCEDURES: A Family Resilience Elements Questionnaire was developed, which measured the degree to which mothers possess elements of family resilience. The participants were 274 mothers of children with DD...
August 23, 2018: Research in Developmental Disabilities
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