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Research in Developmental Disabilities

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107682/happy-faces-sad-faces-emotion-understanding-in-toddlers-and-preschoolers-with-language-impairments
#1
Carolien Rieffe, Carin H Wiefferink
BACKGROUND: The capacity for emotion recognition and understanding is crucial for daily social functioning. We examined to what extent this capacity is impaired in young children with a Language Impairment (LI). In typical development, children learn to recognize emotions in faces and situations through social experiences and social learning. Children with LI have less access to these experiences and are therefore expected to fall behind their peers without LI. METHOD: In this study, 89 preschool children with LI and 202 children without LI (mean age 3 years and 10 months in both groups) were tested on three indices for facial emotion recognition (discrimination, identification, and attribution in emotion evoking situations)...
January 17, 2017: Research in Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107681/enhancement-of-numeric-cognition-in-children-with-low-achievement-in-mathematic-after-a-non-instrumental-musical-training
#2
Fabiana Silva Ribeiro, Flávia H Santos
Studies suggest that musical training enhances spatial-temporal reasoning and leads to greater learning of mathematical concepts. The aim of this prospective study was to verify the efficacy of a Non-Instrumental Musical Training (NIMT) on the Numerical Cognition systems in children with low achievement in math. For this purpose, we examined, with a cluster analysis, whether children with low scores on Numerical Cognition would be grouped in the same cluster at pre and post-NIMT. Participants were primary school children divided into two groups according to their scores on an Arithmetic test...
January 17, 2017: Research in Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103495/emotion-socialization-and-internalizing-behavior-problems-in-diverse-youth-a-bidirectional-relationship-across-childhood
#3
Naomi V Rodas, Denise A Chavira, Bruce L Baker
Mothers' and fathers' emotion socialization (ES) practices have been widely associated with child socioemotional outcomes. To extend this research, we examined the bidirectional relationship between parent ES practices (supportive and non-supportive parenting) and internalizing behavior problems in children of Anglo and Latino parents. Participants were 182 mothers and 162 fathers and their children with or without intellectual disability (ID). We compared the stability of mother and father ES practices across child ages 4-8...
January 16, 2017: Research in Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103494/factors-associated-with-meeting-physical-activity-guidelines-by-adults-with-intellectual-and-developmental-disabilities
#4
Roger J Stancliffe, Lynda L Anderson
BACKGROUND: Many individuals with intellectual and developmental disabilities (IDD) have sedentary lifestyles. AIMS: (a) compare adults with IDD with the general adult population on adherence to U.S. physical activity (PA) guidelines, and (b) determine what factors predict adherence to PA guidelines by adults with IDD. METHODS: We compared adults with IDD from the 2011-2012 National Core Indicators Adult Consumer Survey (NCI-ACS) with the general U...
January 16, 2017: Research in Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28094084/incontinence-and-psychological-symptoms-in-individuals-with-mowat-wilson-syndrome
#5
Justine Niemczyk, Stewart Einfeld, David Mowat, Monika Equit, Catharina Wagner, Leopold Curfs, Alexander von Gontard
BACKGROUND: Mowat-Wilson Syndrome (MWS) is caused by deletion/mutation of the ZEB2 gene on chromosome 2q22. MWS is characterized by a distinctive facial appearance, severe intellectual disability and other anomalies, e.g. seizures and/or Hirschsprung disease (HSCR). Most individuals have a sociable demeanor, but one third show psychological problems. AIMS: The aim was to investigate incontinence and psychological problems in MWS. METHODS AND PROCEDURES: 26 children (4-12 years), 13 teens (13-17 years) and 8 adults (>18years) were recruited through a MWS support group...
January 13, 2017: Research in Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28089432/daily-living-pain-assessment-in-children-with-autism-exploratory-study
#6
A Dubois, C Michelon, C Rattaz, M Zabalia, A Baghdadli
This study aims to broaden knowledge about pain expression and assessment in daily life situations in children with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD). The goals are to provide a description of the responses of the GED-DI, the French version of the NCCPC, and to test the internal structure validity of this scale. Thirty five children with ASD were included in this study (mean age=58months; mean developmental age=32months). The French version of the NCCPC was filled in by parents. Descriptive analysis of responses shows that children with ASD express pain through varied and common behaviours, related to different expressive markers (vocal, facial, activity, etc...
January 12, 2017: Research in Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28089431/adults-with-developmental-dyslexia-show-selective-impairments-in-time-based-and-self-initiated-prospective-memory-self-report-and-clinical-evidence
#7
James H Smith-Spark, Adam P Zięcik, Christopher Sterling
BACKGROUND: Prospective memory (PM; memory for delayed intentions) would seem to be impaired in dyslexia but evidence is currently limited in scope. AIMS: There is a need, therefore, firstly, to explore PM under controlled conditions using a broader range of PM tasks than used previously and, secondly, to determine whether objectively measured and self-reported PM problems can be found in the same individuals with dyslexia. METHODS AND PROCEDURES: The responses of 30 adults with dyslexia were compared with those of 30 IQ-matched adults without dyslexia on a self-report and a clinical measure of PM...
January 12, 2017: Research in Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087203/the-use-of-modified-ride-on-cars-to-maximize-mobility-and-improve-socialization-a-group-design
#8
Hsiang-Han Huang, Chia-Ling Chen
AIM: To examine the effects of ride-on car (ROC) training versus conventional therapy on mobility and social function in young children with disabilities in a hospital-based environment. METHODS AND PROCEDURES: Twenty young children with disabilities, aged 1-3 years, were recruited. The treatment group (n=10) received ROC training of 2h/session, 2 sessions/week for a total of 9 weeks in the hospital environment. The control group (n=10) received conventional therapy alone...
January 10, 2017: Research in Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087202/family-adaptation-to-cerebral-palsy-in-adolescents-a-european-multicenter-study
#9
Audrey Guyard, Susan I Michelsen, Catherine Arnaud, Jerome Fauconnier
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Factors promoting family adaptation to child's disability are poorly studied together. The aim of the study was to describe the family adaptation to disability and to identify determinants associated with using a global theoretical model. MATERIALS AND METHODS: 286 families of teenagers [13-17 years] with cerebral palsy (CP) from 4 European disability registers were included and visited at home. Face to face interviews were performed in order to measure parental distress, perceived impact in various dimensions of family life, family resources and stressors...
January 10, 2017: Research in Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28082004/on-the-nature-of-the-speech-perception-deficits-in-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorders
#10
REVIEW
R S You, W Serniclaes, D Rider, N Chabane
Previous studies have claimed to show deficits in the perception of speech sounds in autism spectrum disorders (ASD). The aim of the current study was to clarify the nature of such deficits. Children with ASD might only exhibit a lesser amount of precision in the perception of phoneme categories (CPR deficit). However, these children might further present an allophonic mode of speech perception, similar to the one evidenced in dyslexia, characterised by enhanced discrimination of acoustic differences within phoneme categories...
January 9, 2017: Research in Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28073077/hypertext-comprehension-of-deaf-and-hard-of-hearing-students-and-students-with-specific-language-impairment
#11
Helen Blom, Eliane Segers, Daan Hermans, Harry Knoors, Ludo Verhoeven
This paper provides insight into the reading comprehension of hierarchically structured hypertexts within D/HH students and students with SLI. To our knowledge, it is the first study on hypertext comprehension in D/HH students and students with SLI, and it also considers the role of working memory. We compared hypertext versus linear text comprehension in D/HH students and students with SLI versus younger students without language problems who had a similar level of decoding and vocabulary. The results demonstrated no difference in text comprehension between the hierarchically structured hypertext and the linear text...
January 7, 2017: Research in Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28073076/spastic-diplegia-in-preterm-born-children-executive-function-impairment-and-neuroanatomical-correlates
#12
Maria Chiara Di Lieto, Paola Brovedani, Chiara Pecini, Anna Maria Chilosi, Vittorio Belmonti, Franco Fabbro, Cosimo Urgesi, Simona Fiori, Andrea Guzzetta, Silvia Perazza, Elisa Sicola, Giovanni Cioni
BACKGROUND: The neuropsychological literature on preterm-born children with spastic diplegia due to periventricular leukomalacia is convergent in reporting deficits in non-verbal intelligence and in visuo-spatial abilities. Nevertheless, other cognitive functions have found to be impaired, but data are scant and not correlated with neuroimaging findings. AIMS: This study analyzes the neuropsychological strengths and weaknesses in preterm-born children with spastic diplegia (pSD) and their relationships with neuroanatomical findings, investigated by a novel scale for MRI classification...
January 7, 2017: Research in Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28064027/participation-of-adults-with-visual-and-severe-or-profound-intellectual-disabilities-definition-and-operationalization
#13
Gineke Hanzen, Ruth M A van Nispen, Annette A J van der Putten, Aly Waninge
BACKGROUND: The available opinions regarding participation do not appear to be applicable to adults with visual and severe or profound intellectual disabilities (VSPID). Because a clear definition and operationalization are lacking, it is difficult for support professionals to give meaning to participation for adults with VSPID. AIMS: The purpose of the present study was to develop a definition and operationalization of the concept of participation of adults with VSPID...
January 5, 2017: Research in Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28064026/systematic-review-of-field-based-physical-fitness-tests-for-children-and-adolescents-with-intellectual-disabilities
#14
REVIEW
Marieke Wouters, Heleen M Evenhuis, Thessa I M Hilgenkamp
BACKGROUND: Testing physical fitness in children and adolescents with intellectual disabilities (ID) can be challenging. This review provides an overview on psychometric properties of field-based physical fitness tests studied in children and adolescents with ID. METHODS: A literature search was performed in March 2014. Studies were included if they evaluated feasibility, reliability and/or validity of a field-based physical fitness test in children and adolescents with ID...
January 5, 2017: Research in Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28064025/plantar-flexor-muscle-weakness-and-fatigue-in-spastic-cerebral-palsy-patients
#15
Daria Neyroud, Stéphane Armand, Geraldo De Coulon, Sarah R Dias Da Silva, Nicola A Maffiuletti, Bengt Kayser, Nicolas Place
BACKGROUND: Patients with cerebral palsy develop an important muscle weakness which might affect the aetiology and extent of exercise-induced neuromuscular fatigue. AIM: This study evaluated the aetiology and extent of plantar flexor neuromuscular fatigue in patients with cerebral palsy. METHODS: Ten patients with cerebral palsy and 10 age- and sex-matched healthy individuals (∼20 years old, 6 females) performed four 30-s maximal isometric plantar flexions interspaced by a resting period of 2-3s to elicit a resting twitch...
January 5, 2017: Research in Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28064024/cognitive-profiles-of-adults-with-high-functioning-autism-spectrum-disorder-and-those-with-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-based-on-the-wais-iii
#16
Chieko Kanai, Ryuichiro Hashimoto, Takashi Itahashi, Masayuki Tani, Takashi Yamada, Haruhisa Ota, Akira Iwanami, Nobumasa Kato
The cognitive profile differences between adult patients with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and those with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) are not well characterized. We examined the cognitive profiles of adults having either ASD (n=120) or ADHD (n=76) with no intellectual disabilities (IQ≥70) using the Wechsler Intelligence Scale III (WAIS-III). Verbal Intelligence (VIQ) - Performance Intelligence (PIQ) difference discrepancies were detected between the two groups. Information subtest scores of the Verbal Comprehension index and Arithmetic and Digit Span subtests of the Freedom from Distractibility index were significantly higher in ASD than in ADHD, while the Picture Completion subtest was significantly lower in ASD...
January 5, 2017: Research in Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28056381/vineland-ii-adaptive-behavior-profile-of-children-with-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-or-specific-learning-disorders
#17
Giulia Balboni, Oriana Incognito, Carmen Belacchi, Sabrina Bonichini, Roberto Cubelli
BACKGROUND: The evaluation of adaptive behavior is informative in children with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) or specific learning disorders (SLD). However, the few investigations available have focused only on the gross level of domains of adaptive behavior. AIMS: To investigate which item subsets of the Vineland-II can discriminate children with ADHD or SLD from peers with typical development. METHODS AND PROCEDURES: Student's t-tests, ROC analysis, logistic regression, and linear discriminant function analysis were used to compare 24 children with ADHD, 61 elementary students with SLD, and controls matched on age, sex, school level attended, and both parents' education level...
January 2, 2017: Research in Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28042975/mathematical-learning-disabilities-and-attention-deficit-and-or-hyperactivity-disorder-a-study-of-the-cognitive-processes-involved-in-arithmetic-problem-solving
#18
Valentín Iglesias-Sarmiento, Manuel Deaño, Sonia Alfonso, Ángeles Conde
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to examine the contribution of cognitive functioning to arithmetic problem solving and to explore the cognitive profiles of children with attention deficit and/or hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and with mathematical learning disabilities (MLD). METHODS: The sample was made up of a total of 90 students of 4th, 5th, and 6th grade organized in three: ADHD (n=30), MLD (n=30) and typically achieving control (TA; n=30) group. Assessment was conducted in two sessions in which the PASS processes and arithmetic problem solving were evaluated...
December 30, 2016: Research in Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28042974/-didn-t-i-just-say-that-comparing-parent-report-and-spontaneous-speech-as-indicators-of-grammatical-development
#19
Manya Jyotishi, Deborah A Fein, Letitia R Naigles
BACKGROUND: The Vineland Adaptive Behavior Scales use parental report to examine communication and social skills in children with typical and atypical development, and exhibit high reliability when compared against overall direct testing. However, findings are mixed comparing Vineland communication/language scores with experimenter-administered tests of language. METHODS: The current study breaks new ground in comparing Vineland reports with direct observation of children's speech by (a) individual items and (b) level of child functioning, focusing on usage of wh-questions, verb tenses, negation, pronouns and noun-verb combinations...
December 30, 2016: Research in Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28042973/disordered-cortical-connectivity-underlies-the-executive-function-deficits-in-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorders
#20
Yvonne M Y Han, Agnes S Chan
The present study examined the executive function and cortical connectivity of children with autism spectrum disorders (ASD) and investigated whether the executive function deficits exhibited by these children were differentially affected and associated with the cortical connectivity. The present study compared high-functioning (HFA) and low-functioning (LFA) children with typically developing children (TDC) on their executive functions as measured by the Hong Kong List Learning Test, D2 Test of Concentration, Five Point Test, Children's Color Trail Test, Tower of California Test, and Go/No-Go task and neural connectivity as measured by theta coherence in the distributed fronto-parietal network...
December 30, 2016: Research in Developmental Disabilities
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