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Research in Developmental Disabilities

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28433793/what-does-handedness-reveal-about-adhd-an-analysis-based-on-cpt-performance
#1
Eunice N Simões, Ana Lucia Novais Carvalho, Sergio L Schmidt
BACKGROUND: Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a developmental disorder. Continuous performance Tests (CPTs) aid the diagnosis. Handedness is linked to disabilities. OBJECTIVES: 1-To study the association between handedness and ADHD; 2-To verify the usefulness of the CPT in school settings; 3-To exam the relationship between handedness and CPT performance. METHOD: Each child was classified as right-consistent, left-consistent, or non-consistent...
April 20, 2017: Research in Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28433792/a-pilot-study-examining-a-computer-based-intervention-to-improve-recognition-and-understanding-of-emotions-in-young-children-with-communication-and-social-deficits
#2
Neri L Romero
BACKGROUND: A common social impairment in individuals with ASD is difficulty interpreting and or predicting emotions of others. To date, several interventions targeting teaching emotion recognition and understanding have been utilized both by researchers and practitioners. The results suggest that teaching emotion recognition is possible, but that the results do not generalize to non-instructional contexts. This study sought to replicate earlier findings of a positive impact of teaching emotion recognition using a computer-based intervention and to extend it by testing for generalization on live models in the classroom setting...
April 20, 2017: Research in Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28433791/employment-and-choice-making-for-adults-with-intellectual-disability-autism-and-down-syndrome
#3
Kelsey L Bush, Marc J Tassé
BACKGROUND: Adults with disabilities are employed at a significantly lower rate than adults without disabilities. Of adults with disabilities in the workforce, more individuals work in a facility setting rather than a community setting, despite efforts to improve community inclusion. Choice-making has been proposed as a predictive factor for employment for individuals with disabilities. AIMS: The purpose of this research was to examine the current state of employment for three groups of adults with intellectual disability (ID): individuals with autism spectrum disorder (ASD), individuals with Down syndrome (DS), and individuals with idiopathic ID...
April 20, 2017: Research in Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432933/-non-symbolic-magnitude-processing-in-children-with-mathematical-difficulties-a-meta-analysis
#4
Christin Schwenk, Delphine Sasanguie, Jörg-Tobias Kuhn, Sophia Kempe, Philipp Doebler, Heinz Holling
Symbolic and non-symbolic magnitude representations, measured by digit or dot comparison tasks, are assumed to underlie the development of arithmetic skills. The comparison distance effect (CDE) has been suggested as a hallmark of the preciseness of mental magnitude representations. It implies that two magnitudes are harder to discriminate when the numerical distance between them is small, and may therefore differ in children with mathematical difficulties (MD), i.e., low mathematical achievement or dyscalculia...
April 19, 2017: Research in Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432893/optimism-and-benefit-finding-in-parents-of-children-with-developmental-disabilities-the-role-of-positive-reappraisal-and-social-support
#5
Éadaoin Slattery, Jennifer McMahon, Stephen Gallagher
BACKGROUND: Researchers have consistently documented the relationship between optimism and benefit finding; however, there is a dearth of research on the psychological mechanisms mediating their association. AIM: This cross-sectional study sought to elucidate the mediating role of positive reappraisal and social support in the optimism-benefit finding relationship in parents caring for children with developmental disabilities by testing a parallel multiple mediation model...
April 19, 2017: Research in Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28416078/corrigendum-to-caring-for-children-with-intellectual-disabilities-part-1-experience-with-the-population-pain-related-beliefs-and-care-decisions-res-dev-disabil-62-2017-197-208
#6
Lara M Genik, C Meghan McMurtry, Lynn M Breau
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 13, 2017: Research in Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28412577/describing-heterogeneity-of-unmet-needs-among-adults-with-a-developmental-disability-an-examination-of-the-2012-canadian-survey-on-disability
#7
Jennifer Zwicker, Arezou Zaresani, J C Herb Emery
BACKGROUND: As a signatory to the UN Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities, Canada has committed to protect the rights and dignity of persons with developmental disabilities (DD), which means that labour markets, education, and training opportunities should be inclusive and accessible. PURPOSE: Describe the unmet employment, education and daily needs of adults with DD, with a sub analysis of persons with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and cerebral palsy (CP) in Canada, to inform efficient and equitable policy development...
April 13, 2017: Research in Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28411579/self-injury-and-aggression-in-adults-with-tuberous-sclerosis-complex-frequency-associated-person-characteristics-and-implications-for-assessment
#8
Lucy Wilde, Kate Eden, Petrus de Vries, Jo Moss, Alice Welham, Chris Oliver
Even though self-injury and aggression are common in tuberous sclerosis complex (TSC), understanding of these behaviours in adults with TSC and intellectual disability (ID) is limited. Little is known about their frequency in comparison to other ID-related genetic disorders or their association with other TSC-Associated Neuropsychiatric Disorders (TAND). This study determined the caregiver-reported frequency of self-injury and aggression in adults with TSC plus ID in comparison to Down syndrome (DS) and Angelman syndrome (AS), and assessed demographic and behavioural characteristics associated with the occurrence of each behaviour in TSC...
April 12, 2017: Research in Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28407536/-rare-place-where-i-feel-normal-perceptions-of-a-social-support-conference-among-parents-of-and-people-with-moebius-syndrome
#9
Kathleen R Bogart, Erika Frandrup, Taylor Locke, Hanna Thompson, Natalie Weber, Jacqueline Yates, Nicholas Zike, Amanda R Hemmesch
BACKGROUND: Moebius syndrome is a rare congenital disorder resulting in impaired facial and eye movement. People with rare diseases like Moebius syndrome experience stigma and a lack of specialized information. Support conferences may provide important forms of social support for people with rare disorders. AIMS: To examine reasons for attending, benefits, and limitations of support conferences. METHODS AND PROCEDURES: 50 adults with Moebius syndrome and 57 parents of people with Moebius syndrome completed open-ended items in an online study...
April 10, 2017: Research in Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28407535/exploring-parental-behavior-and-child-interactive-engagement-a-study-on-children-with-a-significant-cognitive-and-motor-developmental-delay
#10
Ines Van Keer, Stephy Colla, Karla Van Leeuwen, Carla Vlaskamp, Eva Ceulemans, Karel Hoppenbrouwers, Annemie Desoete, Bea Maes
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Parenting factors are one of the most striking gaps in the current scientific literature on the development of young children with significant cognitive and motor disabilities. We aim to explore the characteristics of, and the association between, parental behavior and children's interactive engagement within this target group. METHODS AND PROCEDURES: Twenty-five parent-child dyads (with children aged 6-59 months) were video-taped during a 15-min unstructured play situation...
April 10, 2017: Research in Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28388504/training-spatial-simultaneous-working-memory-in-individuals-with-down-syndrome
#11
Silvia Lanfranchi, Francesca Pulina, Barbara Carretti, Irene C Mammarella
Recent studies have suggested that the spatial-simultaneous component of working memory (WM), which is involved when stimuli are presented simultaneously, is selectively impaired in individuals with Down syndrome (DS). The main objective of the present study was to examine whether WM performance can be enhanced in individuals with DS by analyzing the immediate and maintenance effects of a training program. For this purpose, 61 individuals with DS were randomly assigned to three groups: one trained on simultaneous components of visuospatial WM; one serving as an active control group, that completed activities on vocabulary; and one serving as a passive control group, that only attended the pre- and post-test and follow-up assessments...
April 4, 2017: Research in Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28384484/occupational-therapy-physical-therapy-and-speech-language-pathology-in-the-neonatal-intensive-care-unit-patterns-of-therapy-usage-in-a-level-iv-nicu
#12
Katherine Ross, Elizabeth Heiny, Sandra Conner, Patricia Spener, Roberta Pineda
OBJECTIVES: 1) To describe the use of occupational therapy (OT), physical therapy (PT) and speech-language pathology (SLP) services in a level IV neonatal intensive care unit (NICU), 2) to describe predictors of early therapy usage, and 3) to test the hypothesis that more NICU-based therapy will relate to better neurobehavioral outcomes. METHODS: Seventy-nine infants born ≤32 weeks gestation had therapy interventions, as standard of care, tracked across NICU hospitalization...
April 3, 2017: Research in Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28380399/local-and-global-processing-in-block-design-tasks-in-children-with-dyslexia-or-nonverbal-learning-disability
#13
Ramona Cardillo, Irene C Mammarella, Ricardo Basso Garcia, Cesare Cornoldi
Visuo-constructive and perceptual abilities have been poorly investigated in children with learning disabilities. The present study focused on local or global visuospatial processing in children with nonverbal learning disability (NLD) and dyslexia compared with typically-developing (TD) controls. Participants were presented with a modified block design task (BDT), in both a typical visuo-constructive version that involves reconstructing figures from blocks, and a perceptual version in which respondents must rapidly match unfragmented figures with a corresponding fragmented target figure...
April 2, 2017: Research in Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28376324/social-attention-and-autism-symptoms-in-high-functioning-women-with-autism-spectrum-disorders
#14
Mieke P Ketelaars, Anne In't Velt, Audrey Mol, Hanna Swaab, Fenne Bodrij, Sophie van Rijn
BACKGROUND: Research has suggested a different, less visible, clinical manifestation of Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD) in females. There is, however, limited research into possible underlying mechanisms explaining the female phenotype. AIMS: This study investigates social attention in females with ASD. METHODS AND PROCEDURES: 26 women diagnosed with ASD and 26 typical female controls were shown three video clips containing intense emotions...
April 1, 2017: Research in Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28359873/neural-correlates-of-emotional-inhibitory-control-in-autism-spectrum-disorders
#15
Francisco Velasquez, Xiaoyan Angela Qin, Melissa A Reilly, Emily Neuhaus, Annette Estes, Elizabeth Aylward, Natalia M Kleinhans
Atypical inhibitory function is often present in individuals with autism spectrum disorder (ASD), who may have difficulty suppressing context-inappropriate behaviors. We investigated the neural correlates of inhibition in ASD in response to both emotional and non-emotional stimuli using an fMRI Go/NoGo inhibition task with human faces and letters. We also related neural activation to behavioral dysfunction in ASD. Our sample consisted of 19 individuals with ASD (mean age=25.84) and 22 typically developing (TD) control participants (mean age=29...
March 27, 2017: Research in Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28351764/motor-learning-paradigm-and-contextual-interference-in-manual-computer-tasks-in-individuals-with-cerebral-palsy
#16
Maria Tereza Artero Prado, Deborah Cristina Gonçalves Luiz Fernani, Talita Dias da Silva, Ana R P Smorenburg, Luiz Carlos de Abreu, Carlos Bandeira de Mello Monteiro
BACKGROUND: Cerebral palsy (CP) is a group of disorders of movement and posture that cause activity limitations. Due to the different motor problems these individuals encounter there is a need to offer rehabilitation programs that promote motor learning. Additionally, the understanding of the learning patterns of these individuals can help us attend to their learning needs to maximize their learning efficiency. AIMS: The present study aimed to add to the knowledge base in regards to motor learning and the contextual interference (CI) effect...
March 25, 2017: Research in Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28342404/cognitive-behavioural-therapy-and-mindfulness-based-stress-reduction-may-be-equally-effective-in-reducing-anxiety-and-depression-in-adults-with-autism-spectrum-disorders
#17
Bram B Sizoo, Erik Kuiper
Anxiety and depression co-occur in 50-70% of adults with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) but treatment methods for these comorbid problems have not been systematically studied. Recently, two ASD-tailored protocols were published: mindfulness based stress reduction (MBSR) and cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT). We wanted to investigate if both methods are equally effective in reducing anxiety and depression symptoms among adults with ASD. 59 adults with ASD and anxiety or depression scores above 7 on the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale, gave informed consent to participate; 27 followed the CBT protocol, and 32 the MBSR treatment protocol...
March 22, 2017: Research in Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334638/targeted-physical-activity-messages-for-parents-of-children-with-disabilities-a-qualitative-investigation-of-parents-informational-needs-and-preferences
#18
R L Bassett-Gunter, R J Ruscitti, A E Latimer-Cheung, J L Fraser-Thomas
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Physical activity (PA) has myriad benefits for children with disabilities (CWD). Information and messaging campaigns can promote PA among CWD. The overall purpose of the study was to gain an understanding of the development of PA information and messages targeting parents of CWD. The specific objectives were to identify parents' preferences regarding PA information and messaging content and preferred methods and sources of communication. METHOD: Focus groups were conducted with parents of CWD (N=28)...
March 20, 2017: Research in Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327383/sigueme-technology-based-intervention-for-low-functioning-autism-to-train-skills-to-work-with-visual-signifiers-and-concepts
#19
María Vélez-Coto, María José Rodríguez-Fórtiz, María Luisa Rodriguez-Almendros, Marcelino Cabrera-Cuevas, Carlos Rodríguez-Domínguez, Tomás Ruiz-López, Ángeles Burgos-Pulido, Inmaculada Garrido-Jiménez, Juan Martos-Pérez
BACKGROUND: People with low-functioning ASD and other disabilities often find it difficult to understand the symbols traditionally used in educational materials during the learning process. Technology-based interventions are becoming increasingly common, helping children with cognitive disabilities to perform academic tasks and improve their abilities and knowledge. Such children often find it difficult to perform certain tasks contained in educational materials since they lack necessary skills such as abstract reasoning...
March 16, 2017: Research in Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327382/health-assessment-instruments-for-people-with-intellectual-disabilities-a-systematic-review
#20
REVIEW
E J Bakker-van Gijssel, P L B J Lucassen, T C Olde Hartman, L van Son, W J J Assendelft, H M J van Schrojenstein Lantman-de Valk
BACKGROUND: People with intellectual disabilities (ID) experience health disparities and are less likely to undergo recommended age- and gender-specific screening and health promotion. New diagnoses are frequently missed. Assessments with the aid of health assessment instruments are a way to address these problems. AIM: The aim of this review is to find the available health assessment instruments for people with ID used in primary care and evaluate their quality...
March 16, 2017: Research in Developmental Disabilities
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