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Research in Developmental Disabilities

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214050/communication-deficits-and-avoidance-of-angry-faces-in-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorder
#1
Ana García-Blanco, Concepción López-Soler, Máximo Vento, María Carmen García-Blanco, Belén Gago, Manuel Perea
BACKGROUND: Understanding how emotional faces are processed is important to help characterize the social deficits in Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD). AIMS: We examined: (i) whether attention is modulated by emotional facial expression; (ii) the time course of the attentional preferences (short vs. long stimulus presentation rates); and (iii) the association between attentional biases and autistic symptomatology. METHOD AND PROCEDURES: We applied a dot-probe experiment with emotional faces (happy, sad, and angry)...
February 14, 2017: Research in Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208103/caring-for-children-with-intellectual-disabilities-part-1-experience-with-the-population-pain-related-beliefs-and-care-decisions
#2
Lara M Genik, C Meghan McMurtry, Lynn M Breau
: Some children with intellectual disabilities (ID): experience pain more frequently than children without ID, express their pain differently, and are incapable of providing self-reports. No research has examined disability and pain-related beliefs of respite workers (RW) and their relations to pain assessment and management decisions for children with ID. OBJECTIVES: (1) compare disability and pain-related beliefs between RW and a sample with little experience in ID; (2) determine whether individuals' beliefs and personal characteristics are related to pain assessment and management decisions...
February 13, 2017: Research in Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28202252/what-worries-parents-of-a-child-with-autism-evidence-from-a-biomarker-for-chronic-stress
#3
Vicki Bitsika, Christopher F Sharpley, Nicholas M Andronicos, Linda L Agnew
BACKGROUND: Previous studies have reported correlations between various aspects of the behaviour and symptomatology of children with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) and their parents' self-reports of stress via standardised scales. AIMS: To extend that literature, a physiological index of parental chronic stress was used instead of their self-reports-dysregulation of the Diurnal Rhythm (DR) of the Hypothalamic-Pituitary-Adrenal (HPA) axis. METHODS: A sample of 149 parents of a child with ASD provided salivary cortisol at the predicted time of daily maximum cortisol concentration and at a time of daily lower concentration...
February 12, 2017: Research in Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209265/corrigendum-to-knowing-planning-for-and-fearing-death-do-adults-with-intellectual-disability-and-disability-staff-differ-res-dev-disabil-49-50-2016-47-59
#4
Roger J Stancliffe, Michele Y Wiese, Sue Read, Gail Jeltes, Josephine M Clayton
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 10, 2017: Research in Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28187370/language-comprehension-in-children-adolescents-and-adults-with-down-syndrome
#5
Bernadette Witecy, Martina Penke
BACKGROUND: There is conflicting evidence as to whether receptive language abilities of individuals with Down syndrome (DS) continue to improve into adulthood, reach a plateau in late adolescence, or even start to decline. AIM: The study aims to shed light on the question whether receptive syntactic skills change from childhood/adolescence to adulthood and provides a detailed qualitative analysis of the receptive abilities of adults with DS. METHODS: 58 individuals with DS participated in the study: 31 children/adolescents (aged: 4;6-19;0 years) and 27 adults (aged: 20;8-40;3 years)...
February 7, 2017: Research in Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28182997/assessing-language-skills-in-adult-key-word-signers-with-intellectual-disabilities-insights-from-sign-linguistics
#6
REVIEW
Nicola Grove, Bencie Woll
Manual signing is one of the most widely used approaches to support the communication and language skills of children and adults who have intellectual or developmental disabilities, and problems with communication in spoken language. A recent series of papers reporting findings from this population raises critical issues for professionals in the assessment of multimodal language skills of key word signers. Approaches to assessment will differ depending on whether key word signing (KWS) is viewed as discrete from, or related to, natural sign languages...
February 6, 2017: Research in Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28171826/face-recognition-impairment-in-small-for-gestational-age-and-preterm-children
#7
T Perez-Roche, I Altemir, G Giménez, E Prieto, I González, J López Pisón, V Pueyo
BACKGROUND: Infants born prematurely or with low birth weight are at increased risk of visual perceptual impairment. Face recognition is a high-order visual ability important for social development, which has been rarely assessed in premature or low birth weight children. AIMS: To evaluate the influence of prematurity and low birth weight on face recognition skills. METHODS: Seventy-seven children were evaluated as part of a prospective cohort study...
February 4, 2017: Research in Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28167314/the-impact-of-contact-on-students-attitudes-towards-peers-with-disabilities
#8
Susanne Schwab
This study aimed to understand the relationship between contact with peers with Special Educational Needs (SEN) and students' attitudes towards their peers with SEN, by examining the inter-group contact theory in regular and inclusive classes. A total of 463 students in 8th grade, with a mean age of 14.42 years, from 25 secondary school classes in Styria (Austria) completed a self-report questionnaire regarding their contact with peers with SEN and their attitudes towards peers with disabilities. Contact was indicated by nominations for joint activities and examined in inclusive and regular classes...
February 3, 2017: Research in Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28167313/prosociality-from-early-adolescence-to-young-adulthood-a-longitudinal-study-of-individuals-with-a-history-of-language-impairment
#9
Umar Toseeb, Andrew Pickles, Kevin Durkin, Nicola Botting, Gina Conti-Ramsden
BACKGROUND: Longitudinal research into the development of prosociality contributes vitally to understanding of individual differences in psychosocial outcomes. Most of the research to date has been concerned with prosocial behaviour in typically developing young people; much less has been directed to the course of development in individuals with developmental disorders. AIMS: This study reports a longitudinal investigation of prosocial behaviour in young people with language impairment (LI), and compares trajectories of development to typically developing age-matched peers (AMPs)...
February 3, 2017: Research in Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28160623/the-role-of-cross-group-friendship-and-emotions-in-adolescents-attitudes-towards-inclusion
#10
Jeanine Grütter, Luciano Gasser, Tina Malti
BACKGROUND: Most countries have started to educate students with special educational needs (SEN) in mainstream schools, but it remains unclear how inclusive attitudes towards students with SEN can be promoted. AIMS: This study investigated the role of adolescents' friendships and socio-moral competencies for their attitudes towards the inclusion of students with SEN. Specifically, we studied whether adolescents without SEN would develop more inclusive attitudes if they had close friendships with SEN students and if they expressed negative emotions about social exclusion...
February 1, 2017: Research in Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28157565/variable-training-does-not-lead-to-better-motor-learning-compared-to-repetitive-training-in-children-with-and-without-dcd-when-exposed-to-active-video-games
#11
Emmanuel Bonney, Dorothee Jelsma, Gillian Ferguson, Bouwien Smits-Engelsman
BACKGROUND: Little is known about the influence of practice schedules on motor learning and skills transfer in children with and without developmental coordination disorder (DCD). Understanding how practice schedules affect motor learning is necessary for motor skills development and rehabilitation. AIMS: The study investigated whether active video games (exergames) training delivered under variable practice led to better learning and transfer than repetitive practice...
January 31, 2017: Research in Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28131008/attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-symptoms-and-loneliness-among-adults-in-the-general-population
#12
Andrew Stickley, Ai Koyanagi, Hidetoshi Takahashi, Vladislav Ruchkin, Yoko Kamio
BACKGROUND: Research on the association between adult attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and loneliness is scarce even though factors which have been previously linked to loneliness, such as divorce and poorer mental health may be more prevalent among adults with ADHD. This study investigated the relation between ADHD symptoms/symptom severity and loneliness in the general adult population. METHODS: Data from the Adult Psychiatric Morbidity Survey 2007 (N=7403, aged ≥16years) were analyzed...
January 25, 2017: Research in Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28122290/sibling-relationship-quality-and-psychosocial-outcomes-among-adult-siblings-of-individuals-with-autism-spectrum-disorder-and-individuals-with-intellectual-disability-without-autism
#13
Theodore S Tomeny, Brandi M Ellis, James A Rankin, Tammy D Barry
Research on adult typically-developing (TD) siblings of individuals with developmental disabilities remains limited, and outcomes for TD siblings appear to vary widely. For the current study, 82 adult TD siblings of individuals with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) or intellectual disability (ID) completed questionnaires about themselves and their affected sibling. Results of this study suggest that the attitudes possessed by adult TD siblings are important to consider when understanding adult TD sibling outcomes...
January 22, 2017: Research in Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28119223/the-effect-of-exercise-intervention-on-daily-life-activities-and-social-participation-in-individuals-with-down-syndrome-a-systematic-review
#14
J P Hardee, L Fetters
BACKGROUND: Few systematic reviews have looked at the effect of exercise intervention on activities of daily living and social participation in individuals with Down syndrome (DS) across the lifespan. AIMS: To evaluate the research on the effectiveness of exercise intervention on daily life activities and participation in individuals with DS. METHODS AND PROCEDURES: Studies are from six electronic databases (CINHAL, Cochrane, ERIC, PEDro, PubMed, and PsycINFO) from 1987 to 2016...
January 21, 2017: Research in Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28113095/predictive-value-of-general-movement-assessment-for-preterm-infants-development-at-2-years-implementation-in-clinical-routine-in-a-non-academic-setting
#15
Freia De Bock, Heike Will, Ulrike Behrenbeck, Marc N Jarczok, Mijna Hadders-Algra, Heike Philippi
BACKGROUND: General movements (GM) are used in academic settings to predict developmental outcome in infants born preterm. However, little is known about the implementation and predictive value of GM in non-academic settings. AIMS: The aim of this study is twofold: To document the implementation of GM assessment (GMA) in a non-academic setting and to assess its predictive value in infants born preterm. METHODS AND PROCEDURES: We documented the process of implementing GMA in a non-academic outpatient clinic...
January 20, 2017: Research in Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28113094/validity-of-the-modified-berg-balance-scale-in-adults-with-intellectual-and-visual-disabilities
#16
Annemarie Dijkhuizen, Wim P Krijnen, Cees P van der Schans, Aly Waninge
BACKGROUND: A modified version of the Berg Balance Scale (mBBS) was developed for individuals with intellectual and visual disabilities (IVD). However, the concurrent and predictive validity has not yet been determined. AIM: The purpose of the current study was to evaluate the concurrent and predictive validity of the mBBS for individuals with IVD. METHOD: Fifty-four individuals with IVD and Gross Motor Functioning Classification System (GMFCS) Levels I and II participated in this study...
January 20, 2017: Research in Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110883/predictors-of-parent-reported-quality-of-life-of-adolescents-with-cerebral-palsy-a-longitudinal-study
#17
Marion Rapp, Nora Eisemann, Catherine Arnaud, Virginie Ehlinger, Jérôme Fauconnier, Marco Marcelli, Susan I Michelsen, Malin Nystrand, Allan Colver, Ute Thyen
AIM: Parent-reporting is needed to examine Quality of Life (QoL) of children with cerebral palsy (CP) across all severities. This study examines whether QoL changes between childhood and adolescence, and what predicts adolescent QoL. METHOD: SPARCLE is a European cohort study of children with CP, randomly sampled from population databases. Of 818 8-12-year-olds joining the study, 594 (73%) were revisited as 13-17-year-olds. The subject of this report is the 551 (316 boys, 235 girls) where the same parent reported QoL on both occasions using KIDSCREEN-52 (transformed Rasch scale, mean 50, SD 10 per domain)...
January 19, 2017: Research in Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110116/use-of-antipsychotics-benzodiazepine-derivatives-and-dementia-medication-among-older-people-with-intellectual-disability-and-or-autism-spectrum-disorder-and-dementia
#18
Anna Axmon, Jimmie Kristensson, Gerd Ahlström, Patrik Midlöv
BACKGROUND: Although people with intellectual disability (ID) and people with dementia have high drug prescription rates, there is a lack of studies investigating drug use among those with concurrent diagnoses of ID and dementia. AIM: To investigate the use of antipsychotics, benzodiazepine derivatives, and drugs recommended for dementia treatment (anticholinesterases [AChEIs] and memantine) among people with ID and dementia. METHODS AND PROCEDURES: Having received support available for people with ID and/or autism spectrum disorder (ASD) was used as a proxy for ID...
January 18, 2017: Research in Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107682/happy-faces-sad-faces-emotion-understanding-in-toddlers-and-preschoolers-with-language-impairments
#19
Carolien Rieffe, Carin H Wiefferink
BACKGROUND: The capacity for emotion recognition and understanding is crucial for daily social functioning. We examined to what extent this capacity is impaired in young children with a Language Impairment (LI). In typical development, children learn to recognize emotions in faces and situations through social experiences and social learning. Children with LI have less access to these experiences and are therefore expected to fall behind their peers without LI. METHOD: In this study, 89 preschool children with LI and 202 children without LI (mean age 3 years and 10 months in both groups) were tested on three indices for facial emotion recognition (discrimination, identification, and attribution in emotion evoking situations)...
January 17, 2017: Research in Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107681/enhancement-of-numeric-cognition-in-children-with-low-achievement-in-mathematic-after-a-non-instrumental-musical-training
#20
Fabiana Silva Ribeiro, Flávia H Santos
Studies suggest that musical training enhances spatial-temporal reasoning and leads to greater learning of mathematical concepts. The aim of this prospective study was to verify the efficacy of a Non-Instrumental Musical Training (NIMT) on the Numerical Cognition systems in children with low achievement in math. For this purpose, we examined, with a cluster analysis, whether children with low scores on Numerical Cognition would be grouped in the same cluster at pre and post-NIMT. Participants were primary school children divided into two groups according to their scores on an Arithmetic test...
January 17, 2017: Research in Developmental Disabilities
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