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Research in Developmental Disabilities

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28692948/parenting-children-with-down-syndrome-an-analysis-of-parenting-styles-parenting-dimensions-and-parental-stress
#1
B Allyson Phillips, Frances Conners, Mary Elizabeth Curtner-Smith
BACKGROUND: Effective parenting is vital for a child's development. Although much work has been conducted on parenting typically developing children, little work has examined parenting children with Down syndrome. AIMS: The purpose of the current study was to compare the parenting styles and dimensions in mothers of children with DS and mothers of TD children. METHODS AND PROCEDURES: Thirty-five mothers of children with DS and 47 mothers of TD children completed questionnaires about parenting, parental stress, child behavior problems, and child executive function...
July 7, 2017: Research in Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28692947/how-services-for-children-with-disabilities-in-serbia-affect-the-quality-of-life-of-their-families
#2
Tamara Dzamonja Ignjatovic, Marko Milanovic, Nevenka Zegarac
BACKGROUND: Families that have children with disabilities face numerous difficulties related to the lack of services support, social isolation and poverty in Serbia. Mostly due to the prolonged effect of social and economic crisis, there are insufficient adequate and diverse community-based services for those families. AIMS: The aim of the study was to examine the effect of newly introduced services on the quality of families' life. METHODS: A pretest/posttest study was conducted at the beginning of service and one year later to evaluate the effect of services measured by Family Quality of Life Scale (Hoffman et al...
July 7, 2017: Research in Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28672178/the-relation-between-social-anxiety-and-biased-interpretations-in-adolescents-with-mild-intellectual-disabilities
#3
Esther O Houtkamp, Mariët J van der Molen, E Leone de Voogd, Elske Salemink, Anke M Klein
BACKGROUND: Cognitive theories of anxiety emphasize the importance of cognitive processes in the onset and maintenance of anxiety disorders. However, little is known about these processes in children and adolescents with Mild Intellectual Disabilities (MID). AIMS: The aim of this study was to investigate interpretation bias and its content-specificity in adolescents with MID who varied in their levels of social anxiety. METHOD AND PROCEDURES: In total, 631 adolescents from seven special secondary schools for MID filled in questionnaires to measure their levels of social anxiety...
June 30, 2017: Research in Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28651224/patterns-of-everyday-functioning-in-preschool-children-born-preterm-and-at-term
#4
Anna Karin Andersson, Lene Martin, Katarina Strand Brodd, Lena Almqvist
BACKGROUND/AIM: Children born preterm are at risk of neonatal complications but the long-term consequences for everyday functioning is not well known. The study aimed to identify patterns of everyday functioning in preschool children born preterm and at term in relation to perinatal data, neonatal risk factors, behaviour, and socioeconomic status. Registry data and data from parent rated questionnaires were collected for 331 children. METHOD: A person-oriented approach with a cluster analysis was used...
June 23, 2017: Research in Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645027/validity-of-the-growth-model-of-the-computerized-visual-perception-assessment-tool-for-chinese-characters-structures
#5
Huey-Min Wu, Cheng-Hsaun Li, Bor-Chen Kuo, Yu-Mao Yang, Chin-Kai Lin, Wei-Hsiang Wan
Morphological awareness is the foundation for the important developmental skills involved with vocabulary, as well as understanding the meaning of words, orthographic knowledge, reading, and writing. Visual perception of space and radicals in two-dimensional positions of Chinese characters' morphology is very important in identifying Chinese characters. The important predictive variables of special and visual perception in Chinese characters identification were investigated in the growth model in this research...
June 20, 2017: Research in Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645026/measuring-physical-activity-with-accelerometers-for-individuals-with-intellectual-disability-a-systematic-review
#6
REVIEW
Willie Leung, Erin A Siebert, Joonkoo Yun
BACKGROUND: Multiple studies have reported differing physical activity levels for individuals with intellectual disabilities when using accelerometers. One of the potential reasons for these differences may be due to how researchers measure physical activity. Currently there is a lack of understanding on measurement protocol of accelerometers. AIMS: The purpose of this study was to synthesize the current practice of using accelerometers to measure physical activity levels among individuals with intellectual disabilities...
June 20, 2017: Research in Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641146/early-development-and-predictors-of-morphological-awareness-disentangling-the-impact-of-decoding-skills-and-phonological-awareness
#7
Jeremy M Law, Pol Ghesquière
BACKGROUND: Morphological Awareness (MA) has been demonstrated to be influential on the reading outcomes of children and adults. Yet, little is known regarding MA's early development. AIM: The aim of this study is to better understand MA at different stages of development and its association with Phonological Awareness (PA) and reading. METHODS AND PROCEDURES: In a longitudinal design the development of MA was explored in a group of pre-reading children with a family risk of dyslexia and age-matched controls from kindergarten up to and including grade 2...
June 19, 2017: Research in Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28582687/evaluating-relationships-among-clinical-working-memory-assessment-and-inattentive-and-hyperactive-impulsive-behaviors-in-a-community-sample-of-children
#8
Alison M Colbert, Jin Bo
OBJECTIVE: This study examined relationships between inattentive and hyperactive/impulsive behaviors and working memory (WM) functioning, and the utility of WM in categorical diagnosis of ADHD versus considering ADHD symptoms on a continuum. METHOD: The study included 50 male children (6-12 years). Inattentive and hyperactive/impulsive behaviors were measured by the Conners-3P parent report, and WM was assessed by the WISC-IV WM subtests and Working Memory Index (WMI)...
June 2, 2017: Research in Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28578072/meal-time-behavior-difficulties-but-not-nutritional-deficiencies-correlate-with-sensory-processing-in-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorder
#9
Yael Shmaya, Sigal Eilat-Adar, Yael Leitner, Shimon Reif, Lidia V Gabis
BACKGROUND: Food aversion and nutritional difficulties are common in children with autism spectrum disorder. AIM: To compare meal time behavior of children with autism to their typically developing siblings and to typical controls and to examine if sensory profiles can predict meal time behavior or nutritional deficiencies in the autism group.
June 1, 2017: Research in Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28577424/specific-needs-of-families-of-young-adults-with-profound-intellectual-disability-during-and-after-transition-to-adulthood-what-are-we-missing
#10
Camille Gauthier-Boudreault, Frances Gallagher, Mélanie Couture
INTRODUCTION: At the age of 21, the trajectory of services offered to youth with profound intellectual disability (ID) change significantly since access to specialised services is more limited. Despite the desire of parents to avoid any impact on their child, several factors can influence the course of this transition. However, there is little research on facilitators and obstacles to the transition to adulthood, and impacts on people with a profound ID. It is therefore difficult to provide solutions that meet their specific needs...
May 31, 2017: Research in Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535411/the-effectiveness-of-the-computerized-visual-perceptual-training-program-on-individuals-with-down-syndrome-an-fmri-study
#11
Yi-Ting Wan, Ching-Sui Chiang, Sharon Chia-Ju Chen, Yee-Pay Wuang
This study investigated the effectiveness of the Computerized Visual Perception Training (CVPT) program on individuals with Down syndrome (DS, mean age=13.17±4.35years, age range: 6.54-20.75 years). All participants have mild intellectual disability classified by the standard IQ measures (mean=61.2, ranges from 55 to 68). Both the Test of Visual Perceptual Skill- Third Edition (TVPS-3) and functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) were used to evaluate the training outcomes. Results of TVPS-3 and fMRI showed that DS group had visual perceptual deficits and abnormal neural networks related to visual organization...
May 20, 2017: Research in Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28495659/social-inclusion-of-individuals-with-intellectual-disabilities-in-the-military
#12
Shirli Werner, Yael Hochman
BACKGROUND: Despite policies advocating the social inclusion of persons with disabilities in all settings that are a part of everyday life within society, individuals with intellectual disabilities (ID) are usually excluded from service in the military. AIMS: This study examined the meaning of service in the military for individuals with ID from the perspective of various stakeholder groups. METHODS AND PROCEDURES: Semi-structured qualitative interviews were conducted with 31 individuals with ID, 36 relatives, and 28 commanders...
May 7, 2017: Research in Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28460218/validating-the-preschool-and-kindergarten-behavior-scales-2-preschoolers-with-autism-spectrum-disorders
#13
Sofia Major, Maria João Seabra-Santos, Cristina P Albuquerque
Social skills deficits and some behavior problems are a well-established issue in preschoolers with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). However, most of the studies available analyze social skills or behavior problems of children with ASD, but not both. The present study intends to compare the social skills and behavior problems of 32 preschoolers with ASD paired with 32 typically developing preschoolers, as evidence of validity of the Portuguese version of the Preschool and Kindergarten Behavior Scales - Second Edition (PKBS-2)...
May 2, 2017: Research in Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28460217/verbal-working-memory-and-reading-abilities-among-students-with-visual-impairment
#14
Vassilios Argyropoulos, Elvira Masoura, Thomai K Tsiakali, Magda Nikolaraizi, Christina Lappa
AIM: This study investigated the relationship between working memory (WM) and reading abilities among students with visual impairment (VI). Seventy-five students with VI (visually impairment and blindness), aged 10-15 years old participated in the study, of whom 44 were visually impaired and 31 were blind. METHODS: The participants' reading ability was assessed with the standardized reading ability battery Test-A (Padeliadu & Antoniou, 2008) and their verbal working memory ability was assessed with the listening recall task from the Working Memory Test Battery for Children (Pickering et al...
April 28, 2017: Research in Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28458049/a-randomized-controlled-trial-of-a-telehealth-parenting-intervention-a-mixed-disability-trial
#15
Sharon Hinton, Jeanie Sheffield, Matthew R Sanders, Kate Sofronoff
BACKGROUND: The quality of parenting a child receives has a major impact on development, wellbeing and future life opportunities. AIMS: This study examined the efficacy of Triple P Online - Disability (TPOL-D) a telehealth intervention for parents of children with a disability. METHODS: Ninety-eight parents and carers of children aged 2-12 years diagnosed with a range of developmental, intellectual and physical disabilities were randomly assigned to either the intervention (51) or treatment-as-usual (47) control group...
April 27, 2017: Research in Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28458048/the-risk-of-injury-in-adults-with-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-a-nationwide-matched-cohort-population-based-study-in-taiwan
#16
Wu-Chien Chien, Chi-Hsiang Chung, Fu-Huang Lin, Chin-Bin Yeh, San-Yuan Huang, Ru-Band Lu, Hsin-An Chang, Yu-Chen Kao, Wei-Shan Chiang, Yu-Ching Chou, Chang-Huei Tsao, Yung-Fu Wu, Nian-Sheng Tzeng
BACKGROUND: Few studies have investigated the risk of injuries associated with adults with attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), even though several studies have suggested a higher risk of injury in children and adolescents with ADHD. AIMS: To investigate the risk of injury in adults with ADHD. METHODS AND PROCEDURES: We included 665 adults with ADHD from January 1, to December 31, 2000, and 1995 sex-, age- and index day-matched controls without ADHD from the Longitudinal Health Insurance Database (LHID) subset of the National Health Insurance Research Database in Taiwan...
April 27, 2017: Research in Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633042/feasibility-study-of-a-family-focused-intervention-to-improve-outcomes-for-children-with-fasd
#17
Natasha Reid, Sharon Dawe, Paul Harnett, Doug Shelton, Lauren Hutton, Frances O'Callaghan
BACKGROUND: Growing evidence shows that children with fetal alcohol spectrum disorder (FASD) can benefit from interventions, and specifically interventions focused on improving self-regulation. However, novel ways of improving outcomes for children with FASD need further investigation so that programs target not only the individual child but also the family context, which includes the parent-child relationship. AIMS: The current study aimed to evaluate the feasibility of an adapted version of the Parents under Pressure (PuP) program that addresses self-regulatory processes, through improving the parent-child relationship and the use of mindfulness-based strategies for both children and parents...
August 2017: Research in Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622657/patterns-of-multimorbidity-in-people-with-severe-or-profound-intellectual-and-motor-disabilities
#18
E A van Timmeren, A Waninge, H M J van Schrojenstein Lantman-de, A A J van der Putten, C P van der Schans
BACKGROUND: People with severe or profound intellectual and motor disabilities (SPIMD) experience multimorbidity and have complex health needs. Multimorbidity increases mortality, decreases functioning, and negatively influences quality of life. Information regarding patterns of multimorbidity in people with SPIMD may lead to proactive prevention, specifically detection and treatment of physical health problems at an early stage and prevention of secondary complications. AIM: The aim of this study was to explore patterns of multimorbidity in individuals with SPIMD...
August 2017: Research in Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28618319/distress-and-everyday-problems-in-dutch-mothers-and-fathers-of-young-adolescents-with-down-syndrome
#19
Jan Pieter Marchal, Hedy A van Oers, Heleen Maurice-Stam, Martha A Grootenhuis, A S Paul van Trotsenburg, Lotte Haverman
BACKGROUND: To provide targeted support to parents of children with DS, knowledge of their distress and everyday problems is crucial. For this purpose, psychosocial screening instruments can be a valuable addition to routine clinical practice. AIMS: To determine differences on a psychosocial screener concerning distress and everyday problems in parents of young adolescents (YAs) with DS versus control parents and in mothers of YAs with DS versus fathers. METHODS AND PROCEDURES: We compared outcomes of the Distress Thermometer for Parents in 76 mothers and 44 fathers of 11-13-year-olds with DS versus 64 mothers and 52 fathers of age-matched children without DS (comparing mothers and fathers separately)...
August 2017: Research in Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28599254/differences-in-patterns-of-physical-participation-in-recreational-activities-between-children-with-and-without-intellectual-and-developmental-disability
#20
Chi-Wen Chien, Sylvia Rodger, Jodie Copley
BACKGROUND: Children with intellectual and developmental disability (IDD) are at risk of experiencing limited participation in recreational activities, where they may be present but not physically engaged. AIM: To compare patterns of physical engagement in recreational activities between children with and without IDD. METHODS AND PROCEDURES: Fifty children with IDD (26 boys, 24 girls; mean age 8.7 years) were matched for age and sex with 50 typically developing children...
August 2017: Research in Developmental Disabilities
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