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Research in Developmental Disabilities

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775869/mathematics-intervention-for-children-with-fetal-alcohol-spectrum-disorder-a-replication-and-extension-of-the-math-interactive-learning-experience-mile-program
#1
Katrina Kully-Martens, Jacqueline Pei, Julie Kable, Claire D Coles, Gail Andrew, Carmen Rasmussen
BACKGROUND: Individuals with fetal alcohol spectrum disorders (FASD) experience deficits in behavior, cognition, and academic functioning resulting from prenatal alcohol exposure (PAE). Although receiving intervention for developmental disabilities is a strong protective factor against negative outcomes in FASD, intervention research in this population is in its infancy. AIMS: The purpose of this study was to replicate and extend a mathematics intervention, the Math Interactive Learning Experience (MILE) program, which was developed in the USA specifically for children with FASD...
May 15, 2018: Research in Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29772450/understanding-one-s-body-and-movements-from-the-perspective-of-young-adults-with-autism-a-mixed-methods-study
#2
Ingrid Bertilsson, Amanda Lundvik Gyllensten, Arve Opheim, Gunvor Gard, Catharina Sjödahl Hammarlund
BACKGROUND: There are but a few studies of how persons with autism perceive their bodies and movements. Difficulties in perceiving the surrounding world along with disturbed motor coordination and executive functions may affect physical and psychological development. AIMS: To explore the experiences of body and movements in young adults with autism and how two physiotherapeutic instruments may capture these experiences. PROCEDURES: Eleven young adults (16-22 years) with autism were interviewed and assessed using Bruininks-Oseretsky Test of Motor Proficiency (BOT2) and Body Awareness Scale Movement Quality and Experience (BAS MQ-E)...
May 14, 2018: Research in Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29759823/self-rated-health-and-wellbeing-among-school-aged-children-with-and-without-special-educational-needs-differences-between-mainstream-and-special-schools
#3
Katharina Rathmann, Theres Vockert, Ludwig Bilz, Markus Gebhardt, Klaus Hurrelmann
BACKGROUND: Studies among students with special educational needs (SEN) in separate special schools (SSS) and mainstream schools (MS) are particularly applicable to educational attainment and social participation. However, indicators of health and wellbeing have rarely been considered. AIMS: This study investigates two related topics: first, health and wellbeing differences between students with SEN in special schools (SSS) and students without SEN in regular schools, and second, the rarely considered question whether health and wellbeing among students with SEN differ between school settings (i...
May 11, 2018: Research in Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29758388/second-language-learners-who-are-at-risk-for-reading-disabilities-a-growth-mixture-model-study
#4
Susanna S Yeung
This one-year longitudinal study examined the developmental trajectories of English reading in Chinese children learning English as a second language (ESL) and identified cognitive profiles of children who are at risk for English reading disability. One hundred and eighty-four Chinese ESL children from eight Hong Kong kindergartens were measured four times during their last year of kindergarten for phonological awareness, letter knowledge, vocabulary and English word reading. Growth mixture modeling was applied to classify the children based on their growth trajectories in English word reading...
May 11, 2018: Research in Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29758387/exploring-the-impact-of-disability-on-self-determination-measurement
#5
Cristina Mumbardó-Adam, Joan Guàrdia-Olmos, Climent Giné
BACKGROUND: Self-determination is a psychological construct that applies to both the general population and to individuals with disabilities that can be self-determined with adequate accommodations and opportunities. As the relevance of self-determination-related skills in life has been recently acknowledged, researchers have created a measure to assess self-determination in adolescents and young adults with and without disabilities. The Self-Determination Inventory: Student Report (Spanish interim version) is empirically being validated into Spanish...
May 10, 2018: Research in Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29754762/developmental-delay-in-communication-among-toddlers-and-its-relationship-to-caregiving-behavior-among-violence-exposed-posttraumatically-stressed-mothers
#6
R Torrisi, E Arnautovic, V C Pointet Perizzolo, M Vital, A Manini, F Suardi, M Gex-Fabry, S Rusconi Serpa, D S Schechter
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to understand if maternal interpersonal violence-related posttraumatic stress disorder (IPV-PTSD) is associated with delayed language development among very young children ("toddlers"). METHODS: Data were collected from 61 mothers and toddlers (ages 12-42 months, mean age = 25.6 months SD = 8.70). Child expressive and receptive language development was assessed by the Ages and Stages Questionnaire (ASQ) communication subscale (ASQCS) that measures language acquisition...
May 10, 2018: Research in Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29752028/the-cognitive-orientation-to-daily-occupational-performance-co-op-approach-best-responders-in-children-with-cerebral-palsy-and-brain-injury
#7
Michelle Jackman, Iona Novak, Natasha A Lannin, Claire Galea, Elspeth Froude
BACKGROUND: Identifying the characteristics of individuals who are most likely to respond to a certain rehabilitation intervention is advantageous for the child, family, clinicians and the healthcare system. AIM: To investigate the individual characteristics of children with cerebral palsy or brain injury who responded best to the Cognitive Orientation to daily Occupational Performance (CO-OP) Approach. METHODS: Post hoc analyses were conducted on 30 participants who participated in CO-OP within a larger randomized controlled trial...
May 8, 2018: Research in Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29752027/reducing-challenging-behaviour-of-adults-with-intellectual-disabilities-in-supported-accommodation-a-cluster-randomized-controlled-trial-of-setting-wide-positive-behaviour-support
#8
Peter McGill, Leah Vanono, Will Clover, Emmett Smyth, Vivien Cooper, Lisa Hopkins, Nick Barratt, Christopher Joyce, Kate Henderson, Sheila Sekasi, Susy Davis, Roy Deveau
BACKGROUND: Improving the quality of social care through the implementation of setting-wide positive behaviour support (SWPBS) may reduce and prevent challenging behaviour. METHOD: Twenty-four supported accommodation settings were randomized to experimental or control conditions. Settings in both groups had access to individualized PBS either via the organisation's Behaviour Support Team or from external professionals. Additionally, within the experimental group, social care practice was reviewed and improvement programmes set going...
May 8, 2018: Research in Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29748114/gene-%C3%A3-environment-interaction-what-exactly-are-we-talking-about
#9
David S Moore
An ambiguity exists in how psychological scientists use the word "interaction." This word can refer to physical interactions between components that form the mechanisms in complex systems, but it can also refer to statistical interactions revealed by General Linear Statistical Models (e.g., Analyses of Variance). Statistical interactions indicate that the nature of the relationship between two variables depends on a third variable, but the discovery of such interactions does not constitute evidence of physical interactions between components in a system...
May 7, 2018: Research in Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29730506/the-severity-of-the-visual-impairment-and-practice-matter-for-drawing-ability-in-children
#10
Annie Vinter, Patrick Bonin, Pascal Morgan
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Astonishing drawing capacities have been reported in children with early visual impairments. However, most of the evidence relies on single case studies. Hitherto, no study has systematically jointly investigated, in these children, the role of (1) the severity of the visual handicap, (2) age and (3) practice in drawing. The study aimed at revealing the specificities of the drawing in children deprived from vision, as compared to children with less severe visual handicap and to sighted children performing under haptic or usual visual control...
May 3, 2018: Research in Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29730505/a-comparison-of-functional-academic-and-daily-living-skills-in-males-with-fragile-x-syndrome-with-and-without-autism
#11
Melissa Raspa, Vitor Franco, Ellen Bishop, Anne C Wheeler, Amanda Wylie, Donald B Bailey
BACKGROUND: Adaptive behaviors, such as functional academic and daily living skills, are critical for independence in adults with intellectual and developmental disabilities. However, little is known about these skills in fragile X syndrome (FXS), the most common form of inherited intellectual disability. AIMS: The purposes of this study were to describe the functional academic and daily living skills of males diagnosed with FXS across different age groups and compare skill attainment by autism status and other common co-occurring conditions...
May 3, 2018: Research in Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29724642/the-identification-of-speech-and-language-problems-in-elementary-school-diagnosis-and-co-occurring-needs
#12
Julie E Dockrell, Jane Hurry
BACKGROUND: Oral language skills are the foundation for success at school and in employment. A significant minority of children experience difficulties in the acquisition of oral language resulting in speech and language needs (SLN). There are disjunctures between clinical studies using standardised assessment and educational studies. The current study examines teacher reported SLN alongside assessments of language and cognitive skills to explore children's profiles of needs, developmental trajectories and risk factors...
April 30, 2018: Research in Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29724641/identifying-patterns-of-motor-performance-executive-functioning-and-verbal-ability-in-preschool-children-a-latent-profile-analysis
#13
Suzanne Houwen, Erica Kamphorst, Gerda van der Veer, Marja Cantell
BACKGROUND: A relationship between motor performance and cognitive functioning is increasingly being recognized. Yet, little is known about the precise nature of the relationship between both domains, especially in early childhood. AIMS: To identify distinct constellations of motor performance, executive functioning (EF), and verbal ability in preschool aged children; and to explore how individual and contextual variables are related to profile membership. METHODS AND PROCEDURES: The sample consisted of 119 3- to 4-year old children (62 boys; 52%)...
April 30, 2018: Research in Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29724640/organizational-performance-focused-on-users-quality-of-life-the-role-of-service-climate-and-contribution-to-others-wellbeing-beliefs
#14
Luminița Pătraș, Vicente Martínez-Tur, Yolanda Estreder, Esther Gracia, Carolina Moliner, José María Peiró
The investigation of organizational factors as precursors of the quality of life (QoL) of service users in organizations for individuals with intellectual disability has been relatively neglected.With this in mind, this study tests the mediation of service climate between employee's "contribution-to-others" wellbeing beliefs (COWBs) and organizational performance focused on the QoL of individuals with intellectual disability. A total of 104 organizations participated in the study. Data were collected from 885 employees and 809 family members of individuals with intellectual disability...
April 30, 2018: Research in Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29716782/an-evaluation-of-the-movement-abc-2-test-for-use-in-italy-a-comparison-of-data-from-italy-and-the-uk
#15
Stefania Zoia, Marina Biancotto, Marco Guicciardi, Romina Lecis, Fabio Lucidi, Giovanna M Pelamatti, Marco Carrozzi, Aldo Skabar, David A Sugden, Anna L Barnett, Sheila E Henderson
BACKGROUND: The standardized test within the Movement Assessment Battery for Children-2nd edition (MABC-2) is used worldwide to assess motor problems in children. Ideally, any country using a test developed in another country should produce national norms to ensure that it functions effectively in the new context. AIM: The first objective of this study was to explore the differences in motor performance between Italian and British children. The second was to examine the structural validity of the test for the Italian sample...
April 28, 2018: Research in Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29709782/violence-prevention-in-special-education-schools-an-integrated-practice
#16
Patricia Pihl, Regine Grytnes, Lars Peter S Andersen
Research has shown that employees in special education settings are at high risk for work-related threats and violence. Previous research has not yet been able to identify the essential components of training programs that offer protection from work-related threats and violence. Therefore, the aim of this study was to explore how employees in special education schools deal with prevention of work-related threats and violence. Group interviews were conducted with 14 employees working at 5 special education schools...
April 27, 2018: Research in Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29706406/parental-overcontrol-x-oprm1-genotype-interaction-predicts-school-aged-children-s-sympathetic-nervous-system-activation-in-response-to-performance-challenge
#17
Lindsey C Partington, Jessica L Borelli, Patricia Smiley, Ella Jarvik, Hannah F Rasmussen, Lauren C Seaman, Erika L Nurmi
Parental overcontrol (OC), the excessive regulation of a child's behavior, cognition, and emotion, is associated with the development of child anxiety. While studies have shown that genetic factors may increase sensitivity to stress, genetic vulnerability to parental OC has not been examined in anxiety etiology. A functional polymorphism in the mu opioid receptor OPRM1 (A118G, rs1799971) has been shown to impact stress reactivity. Using a community sample of children (N = 85, 9-12 years old), we examined the main and interactive effects of maternal OC and child OPRM1 genotype in predicting children's sympathetic nervous system reactivity during a performance stressor...
April 26, 2018: Research in Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29705533/association-between-enterovirus-infection-and-speech-and-language-impairments-a-nationwide-population-based-study
#18
Tai-Hsin Hung, Vincent Chin-Hung Chen, Yao-Hsu Yang, Ching-Shu Tsai, Mong-Liang Lu, Roger S McIntyre, Yena Lee, Kuo-You Huang
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Delay and impairment in Speech and language are common developmental problems in younger populations. Hitherto, there has been minimal study of the association between common childhood infections (e.g. enterovirus [EV]) and speech and language. The impetus for evaluating this association is provided by evidence linking inflammation to neurodevelopmental disorders. Herein we sought to determine whether an association exists between EV infection and subsequent diagnoses of speech and language impairments in a nationwide population-based sample in Taiwan...
April 26, 2018: Research in Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29699725/trajectories-of-cognitive-development-in-toddlers-with-language-delays
#19
Laura Henry, Cristan Farmer, Stacy S Manwaring, Lauren Swineford, Audrey Thurm
BACKGROUND: Toddlers with early language delays (LD) are at risk for developmental difficulties, including autism spectrum disorder (ASD). However, little is known about early cognitive skill acquisition in this population. AIMS: To explore heterogeneity in cognitive development in toddlers with significant LD (n = 30) or typical development (n = 61), and how this relates to 36-month outcomes (ASD, non-ASD delays, or no delays). METHODS: Growth mixture modeling of nonverbal and verbal mental age (NVMA, VMA) scores from the Mullen Scales of Early Learning was conducted with data from 18, 24 and 36 months...
April 23, 2018: Research in Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29678313/is-the-amount-of-exposure-to-aggressive-challenging-behaviour-related-to-staff-work-related-well-being-in-intellectual-disability-services-evidence-from-a-clustered-research-design
#20
Samantha Flynn, Richard P Hastings, David Gillespie, Rachel McNamara, Elizabeth Randell
BACKGROUND: Previous research has demonstrated an association between aggressive challenging behaviour (CB) and reductions in work-related well-being for intellectual disability (ID) support staff. Much of this research has used subjective measures of CB. AIMS: To examine whether exposure to aggressive CB is associated with reduced work-related well-being in staff working in ID residential settings across the UK. METHODS AND PROCEDURE: A cross-sectional analysis was undertaken as part of a randomised trial; 186 staff from 100 settings completed questionnaires on their CB self-efficacy, empathy, positive work motivation, and burnout...
April 17, 2018: Research in Developmental Disabilities
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