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Research in Developmental Disabilities

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28342404/cognitive-behavioural-therapy-and-mindfulness-based-stress-reduction-may-be-equally-effective-in-reducing-anxiety-and-depression-in-adults-with-autism-spectrum-disorders
#1
Bram B Sizoo, Erik Kuiper
Anxiety and depression co-occur in 50-70% of adults with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) but treatment methods for these comorbid problems have not been systematically studied. Recently, two ASD-tailored protocols were published: mindfulness based stress reduction (MBSR) and cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT). We wanted to investigate if both methods are equally effective in reducing anxiety and depression symptoms among adults with ASD. 59 adults with ASD and anxiety or depression scores above 7 on the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale, gave informed consent to participate; 27 followed the CBT protocol, and 32 the MBSR treatment protocol...
March 22, 2017: Research in Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334638/targeted-physical-activity-messages-for-parents-of-children-with-disabilities-a-qualitative-investigation-of-parents-informational-needs-and-preferences
#2
R L Bassett-Gunter, R J Ruscitti, A E Latimer-Cheung, J L Fraser-Thomas
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Physical activity (PA) has myriad benefits for children with disabilities (CWD). Information and messaging campaigns can promote PA among CWD. The overall purpose of the study was to gain an understanding of the development of PA information and messages targeting parents of CWD. The specific objectives were to identify parents' preferences regarding PA information and messaging content and preferred methods and sources of communication. METHOD: Focus groups were conducted with parents of CWD (N=28)...
March 20, 2017: Research in Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327383/sigueme-technology-based-intervention-for-low-functioning-autism-to-train-skills-to-work-with-visual-signifiers-and-concepts
#3
María Vélez-Coto, María José Rodríguez-Fórtiz, María Luisa Rodriguez-Almendros, Marcelino Cabrera-Cuevas, Carlos Rodríguez-Domínguez, Tomás Ruiz-López, Ángeles Burgos-Pulido, Inmaculada Garrido-Jiménez, Juan Martos-Pérez
BACKGROUND: People with low-functioning ASD and other disabilities often find it difficult to understand the symbols traditionally used in educational materials during the learning process. Technology-based interventions are becoming increasingly common, helping children with cognitive disabilities to perform academic tasks and improve their abilities and knowledge. Such children often find it difficult to perform certain tasks contained in educational materials since they lack necessary skills such as abstract reasoning...
March 16, 2017: Research in Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327382/health-assessment-instruments-for-people-with-intellectual-disabilities-a-systematic-review
#4
REVIEW
E J Bakker-van Gijssel, P L B J Lucassen, T C Olde Hartman, L van Son, W J J Assendelft, H M J van Schrojenstein Lantman-de Valk
BACKGROUND: People with intellectual disabilities (ID) experience health disparities and are less likely to undergo recommended age- and gender-specific screening and health promotion. New diagnoses are frequently missed. Assessments with the aid of health assessment instruments are a way to address these problems. AIM: The aim of this review is to find the available health assessment instruments for people with ID used in primary care and evaluate their quality...
March 16, 2017: Research in Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28288322/skill-related-physical-fitness-versus-aerobic-fitness-as-a-predictor-of-executive-functioning-in-children-with-intellectual-disabilities-or-borderline-intellectual-functioning
#5
Esther Hartman, Joanne Smith, Suzanne Houwen, Chris Visscher
Children with intellectual disabilities (ID) or borderline intellectual disabilities (BIF) often demonstrate impairments in executive functioning (EF). Studies in typically developing children show that aerobic fitness (AF) is positively related with EF. Skill-related physical fitness (SF) might, however, be a stronger predictor of EF than AF, as cognitive challenges are inherent in application of these skills. In this study, AF and SF were examined simultaneously in relationship with domains of EF in children with ID or BIF...
March 10, 2017: Research in Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28285893/motor-and-verbal-perspective-taking-in-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorder-changes-in-social-interaction-with-people-and-tools
#6
Breanna E Studenka, Sandra L Gillam, Daphne Hartzheim, Ronald B Gillam
BACKGROUND: Children with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) have difficulty communicating with others nonverbally, via mechanisms such as hand gestures, eye contact and facial expression. Individuals with ASD also have marked deficits in planning future actions (Hughes, 1996), which might contribute to impairments in non-verbal communication. Perspective taking is typically assessed using verbal scenarios whereby the participant imagines how an actor would interact in a social situation (e...
March 9, 2017: Research in Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28284567/the-analysis-of-three-dimensional-ground-reaction-forces-during-gait-in-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorders
#7
C Z C Hasan, Rozita Jailani, N Md Tahir, Suryani Ilias
Minimal information is known about the three-dimensional (3D) ground reaction forces (GRF) on the gait patterns of individuals with autism spectrum disorders (ASD). The purpose of this study was to investigate whether the 3D GRF components differ significantly between children with ASD and the peer controls. 15 children with ASD and 25 typically developing (TD) children had participated in the study. Two force plates were used to measure the 3D GRF data during walking. Time-series parameterization techniques were employed to extract 17 discrete features from the 3D GRF waveforms...
March 8, 2017: Research in Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28279586/a-comparison-of-age-cognitive-hormonal-symptomatic-and-mood-correlates-of-aggression-towards-others-in-boys-with-asd
#8
Vicki Bitsika, Christopher F Sharpley, John A Sweeney, Nicholas M Andronicos, Linda L Agnew, Wayne M Arnold
BACKGROUND: Aggression is a major problem in children with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) but little is known about the possible contributors to this behaviour. AIMS: To determine the relative strength of the relationships between developmental, cognitive, symptomatic, hormonal and mood factors and 'Aggression towards Others' in boys with ASD. METHOD: Predictors of Aggression towards Others were investigated in a sample of 136 boys with Autism Spectrum Disorder (M age=11...
March 6, 2017: Research in Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28268201/contrasting-approaches-to-the-response-contingent-learning-of-young-children-with-significant-delays-and-their-social-emotional-consequences
#9
Carl J Dunst, Melinda Raab, Deborah W Hamby
AIMS: The purpose of the analyses described in this paper was to evaluate the direct and indirect effects of two different approaches to child response-contingent learning on rates of child learning and both concomitant and collateral child social-emotional behaviour. METHOD: The participants were 71 children with significant developmental delays or multiple disabilities randomly assigned to either of the two contrasting approaches to interventions. RESULTS: Findings showed that an intervention which employed practices that built on existing child behaviour (asset-based practices) was more effective than an intervention focusing on teaching children missing skills (needs-based practices) for influencing changes in the rates of child learning as well as rates of child social-emotional behaviour mediated by differences in rates of child learning...
March 4, 2017: Research in Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28260624/psychometric-properties-of-the-japanese-version-of-the-adult-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-adhd-self-report-scale-asrs-j-and-its-short-scale-in-accordance-with-dsm-5-diagnostic-criteria
#10
Toshinobu Takeda, Yui Tsuji, Hiroshi Kurita
We developed the Japanese version of the Adult ADHD Self-Report Scale (ASRS-J) and report its psychometric properties. The ASRS-J and other questionnaires were administered to 48 adults with ADHD, 46 adults with non-ADHD psychiatric disorders, 96 non-clinical adults, and 894 university students. ADHD diagnoses were made using the Japanese semi-structured diagnostic interview for adult ADHD, which is compatible with the DSM-5. The ASRS-J, its subscales, and the short form, all had Cronbach's α values of around 0...
March 2, 2017: Research in Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28260623/visuo-spatial-knowledge-acquisition-in-individuals-with-down-syndrome-the-role-of-descriptions-and-sketch-maps
#11
Chiara Meneghetti, Silvia Lanfranchi, Barbara Carretti, Enrico Toffalini
Few studies on individuals with Down syndrome (DS) have explored how they learn space. The present study examines space learning from verbal descriptions in individuals with DS, and explores the role of external cues (such as a sketch map). Twenty-eight individuals with DS and 28 matched typically-developing (TD) children listened to route or survey descriptions with or without seeing a corresponding sketch map (Description+Sketch Map [D+SM] and Description alone [D], respectively). After hearing each description, they performed tasks that involved recognizing, arranging sequentially, and locating landmarks...
March 2, 2017: Research in Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28259062/the-association-between-parents-ratings-of-asd-symptoms-and-anxiety-in-a-sample-of-high-functioning-boys-and-adolescents-with-autism-spectrum-disorder
#12
Vicki Bitsika, Christopher F Sharpley
BACKGROUND: The relationship between symptoms of Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) and Generalised Anxiety Disorder (GAD) is complex and sometimes confounding. However, exploration of that relationship has significant potential to assist in treatment or avoidance of GAD by identifying ASD-related behaviours as 'targets' for intervention with anxious children as well as for preventative treatments that could be implemented into daily routines before children become anxious. To further understanding of this relationship, the association between parent-ratings of their sons' ASD symptoms and GAD symptoms was investigated in two samples of boys with high-functioning ASD...
March 1, 2017: Research in Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28254669/reactive-attachment-disinhibited-social-engagement-disorders-callous-unemotional-traits-and-comorbid-disorders
#13
Susan Dickerson Mayes, Susan L Calhoun, Daniel A Waschbusch, Rosanna P Breaux, Raman Baweja
BACKGROUND: DSM-5 Reactive Attachment Disorder (RAD) and Disinhibited Social Engagement Disorder (DSED) are rare, understudied, and controversial disorders. METHODS: Comorbidity in children diagnosed with RAD or DSED was compared with comorbidity in ADHD and autism to determine if RAD/DSED comorbidity differed from that for the two most common disorders in child psychiatric clinics. Samples included 4-17-year-olds, 20 with RAD and/or DSED, 933 with autism, and 895 with ADHD...
February 28, 2017: Research in Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28254668/inconsistent-staffing-and-its-impact-on-service-delivery-in-asd-early-intervention
#14
Rhylee Sulek, David Trembath, Jessica Paynter, Deb Keen, Kate Simpson
BACKGROUND: Inconsistent staffing (high turnover, casual workforce) is problematic in organisations, with the potential to impact both staff and services provided. Research has primarily focused on the impacts of inconsistent staffing in child welfare and community services with little evidence surrounding their ability to impact the outcomes for children with Autism Spectrum Disorders attending early-intervention services. AIM: The aim of this study was to explore staff views regarding the impact of staff turnover on the delivery of group based early intervention for children with ASD...
February 27, 2017: Research in Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28242393/psychological-distress-and-parent-reporting-on-child-health-the-case-of-developmental-delay
#15
Scott Veldhuizen, Chloe Bedard, Christine Rodriguez, John Cairney
BACKGROUND: Caregiver-completed screening questionnaires are a common first step in the identification of developmental delay. A caregiver's mood and anxiety level, however, may affect how he or she perceives and reports possible problems. AIMS: In this article, we consider the association between caregiver distress and the accuracy of the Ages and Stages Questionnaire (ASQ), a widely-used screen. METHODS AND PROCEDURES: Our sample includes 857 parent-child dyads drawn from the Psychometric Assessment of the NDDS Study (PANS) and the NDDS Alternate Responses Study (NARS)...
February 24, 2017: Research in Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222344/caring-for-children-with-intellectual-disabilities-part-2-detailed-analyses-of-factors-involved-in-respite-workers-reported-assessment-and-care-decisions
#16
Lara M Genik, C Meghan McMurtry, Lynn M Breau
Respite workers (RW) commonly care for children with intellectual disabilities (ID), and pain is common for these children. Little is known about factors which inform RW pain assessment and management-related decisions. OBJECTIVES: To describe/determine the following in response to a series of pain-related scenarios (e.g., headache, falling): (1) factors considered important by RW when assessing children with ID's pain; (2) whether children's verbal ability impacts pain assessment factors considered; (3) RW assessment and management approach...
February 20, 2017: Research in Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28254162/noise-and-autism-spectrum-disorder-in-children-an-exploratory-survey
#17
Shireen M Kanakri, Mardelle Shepley, James W Varni, Louis G Tassinary
BACKGROUND: With more students being educated in schools for Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) than ever before, architects and interior designers need to consider the environmental features that may be modified to enhance the academic and social success of autistic students in school. AIM: This study explored existing empirical research on the impact of noise on children with ASD and provides recommendations regarding design features that can contribute to noise reduction...
February 18, 2017: Research in Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222961/the-complex-role-of-social-care-services-in-supporting-the-development-of-sustainable-identities-insights-from-the-experiences-of-british-south-asian-women-with-intellectual-disabilities
#18
Kulsoom Jawaid Malik, Gemma Unwin, Michael Larkin, Biza Stenfert Kroese, John Rose
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Carers and service users with intellectual disabilities from minority ethnic groups have typically been reported to be dissatisfied with the social care services they receive. However, service users themselves have rarely been asked directly about their experiences of social care. This paper aims to understand the meaning of social care services in the lives of South Asian women with intellectual disabilities, in the United Kingdom. METHOD AND PROCEDURE: 10 British South Asian women with mild-moderate intellectual disabilities were interviewed about their experiences of social care services...
February 17, 2017: Research in Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222960/substance-use-and-abuse-in-individuals-with-mild-intellectual-disability-or-borderline-intellectual-functioning-an-introduction-to-the-special-section
#19
EDITORIAL
Robert Didden
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 17, 2017: Research in Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087203/the-use-of-modified-ride-on-cars-to-maximize-mobility-and-improve-socialization-a-group-design
#20
Hsiang-Han Huang, Chia-Ling Chen
AIM: To examine the effects of ride-on car (ROC) training versus conventional therapy on mobility and social function in young children with disabilities in a hospital-based environment. METHODS AND PROCEDURES: Twenty young children with disabilities, aged 1-3 years, were recruited. The treatment group (n=10) received ROC training of 2h/session, 2 sessions/week for a total of 9 weeks in the hospital environment. The control group (n=10) received conventional therapy alone...
January 10, 2017: Research in Developmental Disabilities
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