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Research in Developmental Disabilities

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818714/the-role-of-physical-activity-in-improving-physical-fitness-in-children-with-intellectual-and-developmental-disabilities
#1
Kyla Collins, Kerri Staples
BACKGROUND: One in three children in North America are considered overweight or obese. Children with intellectual and developmental disabilities (IDD) are at an increased risk for obesity than their typically developing peers. Decreased physical activity (PA) and low physical fitness may be contributing factors to this rise in obesity. AIM: Because children with IDD are at an increased risk of diseases related to inactivity, it is important to improve health-related physical fitness to complete activities of daily living and improve health...
August 14, 2017: Research in Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806582/beck-s-cognitive-theory-and-the-response-style-theory-of-depression-in-adolescents-with-and-without-mild-to-borderline-intellectual-disability
#2
Martine M Weeland, Karin S Nijhof, R Otten, Ignace P R Vermaes, Jan K Buitelaar
AIM: This study tests the validity of Beck's cognitive theory and Nolen-Hoeksema's response style theory of depression in adolescents with and without MBID. METHODS: The relationship between negative cognitive errors (Beck), response styles (Nolen-Hoeksema) and depressive symptoms was examined in 135 adolescents using linear regression. RESULTS: The cognitive error 'underestimation of the ability to cope' was more prevalent among adolescents with MBID than among adolescents with average intelligence...
August 11, 2017: Research in Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802160/the-computerized-perceptual-motor-skills-assessment-a-new-visual-perceptual-motor-skills-evaluation-tool-for-children-in-early-elementary-grades
#3
Tsu-Hsin Howe, Hao-Ling Chen, Candy Chieh Lee, Ying-Dar Chen, Tien-Ni Wang
Visual perceptual motor skills have been proposed as underlying courses of handwriting difficulties. However, there is no evaluation tool currently available to assess these skills comprehensively and to serve as a sensitive measure. The purpose of this study was to validate the Computerized Perceptual Motor Skills Assessment (CPMSA), a newly developed evaluation tool for children in early elementary grades. Its test-retest reliability, concurrent validity, discriminant validity, and responsiveness were examined in 43 typically developing children and 26 children with handwriting difficulty...
August 9, 2017: Research in Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800425/implementing-the-adapted-physical-education-e-learning-program-into-physical-education-teacher-education-program
#4
Eun Hye Kwon, Martin E Block
According to the Ministry of Education Korea (2014), the approximately 70.4% of all students with disabilities are included in general schools in Korea. However, studies show that Korean GPE teachers do not feel comforatble or prepared to include students with disabilities (Oh & Lee, 1999; Roh, 2002; Roh & Oh, 2005). The purpose of this study was to explore whether an APE e-learning supplement would have an impact on the level of self-efficacy and content knowledge of pre-service teachers related to including students with intellectual disabilities...
August 8, 2017: Research in Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28779627/object-exploration-in-extremely-preterm-infants-between-6-and-9-months-and-relation-to-cognitive-and-language-development-at-24-months
#5
Mariagrazia Zuccarini, Annalisa Guarini, Silvia Savini, Jana M Iverson, Tiziana Aureli, Rosina Alessandroni, Giacomo Faldella, Alessandra Sansavini
Although early object exploration is considered a key ability for subsequent achievements, very few studies have analyzed its development in extremely low gestational age infants (ELGA- GA <28 weeks), whose early motor skills are delayed. Moreover, no studies have examined its developmental relationship with cognitive and language skills. The present study examined developmental change in Motor Object Exploration (MOE) and different types of MOE (Holding, Oral, Manual and Manual Rhythmic Exploration) in 20 ELGA and 20 full term (FT) infants observed during mother-infant play interaction at 6 and 9 months...
August 2, 2017: Research in Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28778051/the-psychological-and-physical-health-of-fathers-of-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorder-compared-to-fathers-of-children-with-long-term-disabilities-and-fathers-of-children-without-disabilities
#6
Monique Seymour, Rebecca Giallo, Catherine E Wood
BACKGROUND: The psychological and physical health of fathers of children with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) is under-researched. Due to the unique parenting demands, fathers of children with ASD may be at increased risk of experiencing psychological and physical health difficulties compared to fathers of children without disabilities (W/OD) and fathers of children with other long-term disabilities (LTD). What little research there is on fathers of children with ASD is often conducted on small clinical samples, or embeds the experiences of fathers within other groups...
August 1, 2017: Research in Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28778050/increasing-positive-attitudes-toward-individuals-with-disabilities-through-community-service-learning
#7
Janelle E Lawson, Rebecca A Cruz, Gregory A Knollman
Providing equal-status contact between those with and without disabilities can improve attitudes and reduce discrimination toward individuals with disabilities. This study investigated community service learning as a means by which to provide college students with equal-status contact with individuals with disabilities and increase their positive attitudes toward those with disabilities. A total of 166 college students in one university in the United States enrolled in an Introduction to Disability course received content on disability in society and participated in community service involving 20h of direct contact with individuals with disabilities...
August 1, 2017: Research in Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28763755/investigating-quality-of-life-and-self-stigma-in-hong-kong-children-with-specific-learning-disabilities
#8
Yi Chan, Yim Yuk Chan, Sui Lam Cheng, Yin Man Chow, Yau Wai Tsang, Clara Lee, Chung-Ying Lin
BACKGROUND: Children with specific learning disabilities (SpLD) are likely to develop self-stigma and have a poor quality of life (QoL) because of their poor academic performance. Although both self-stigma and poor QoL issues are likely to be found in low academic achievers without SpLD, children with SpLD have worse situation because their diagnosis of SpLD suggests that their learning struggles are biological and permanent. Specifically, students' perception of own capabilities may be affected more by the diagnosis of SpLD than their own actual performance...
July 29, 2017: Research in Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28753452/psychometric-properties-of-the-chinese-version-of-the-child-and-adolescent-factors-inventory-cafi-c
#9
Wei-Chang Chen, Gary M Bedell, Chia-Feng Yen, Tsan-Hon Liou, Lin-Ju Kang, Hua-Fang Liao, Ai-Wen Hwang
The Child and Adolescent Factors Inventory (CAFI) is a parent-report measure that assesses type and severity of impairments experienced by children and youth with a range of disabling conditions. The CAFI was translated from English into Traditional Chinese (CAFI-C) and has been used in the Disability Evaluation System (DES) in Taiwan. The aim of this study was to validate the use of the CAFI-C in the DES. Participants included 18,119 children and youth with disabilities between the ages of 6.0-17.9 (Mean=11...
July 25, 2017: Research in Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28750208/understanding-low-levels-of-physical-activity-in-people-with-intellectual-disabilities-a-systematic-review-to-identify-barriers-and-facilitators
#10
REVIEW
L W M Bossink, Annette Aj van der Putten, Carla Vlaskamp
BACKGROUND: People with intellectual disabilities (ID) undertake extremely low levels of physical activity. AIMS: To enhance understanding concerning low levels of physical activity in people with ID, this study has three aims: (1) to identify barriers to and facilitators of physical activity in people with ID; (2) to examine differences in barriers and facilitators between levels of ID (mild, moderate, severe, and profound); (3) to examine differences in barriers and facilitators between various stakeholder groups...
July 24, 2017: Research in Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28750207/eye-gaze-and-pupillary-response-in-angelman-syndrome
#11
Michael P Hong, Janna L Guilfoyle, Lindsey N Mooney, Logan K Wink, Ernest V Pedapati, Rebecca C Shaffer, John A Sweeney, Craig A Erickson
BACKGROUND: Angelman syndrome (AS) is a rare neurological disorder characterized by severe developmental disability, communication impairment, elevated seizure risk, and motor system abnormalities. AIMS: The aims of this study were to determine the feasibility of social scene eye tracking and pupillometry measures in individuals with AS and to compare the performance of AS participants to individuals with idiopathic Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) and typically developing controls (TDC)...
July 24, 2017: Research in Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28743046/multi-informant-assessment-of-siblings-of-youth-with-autism-spectrum-disorder-parent-child-discrepancies-in-at-risk-classification
#12
James A Rankin, Theodore S Tomeny, Tammy D Barry
BACKGROUND: The behavioral and emotional functioning of typically-developing (TD) siblings of youth with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) has been frequently assessed in the literature; however, these assessments typically include only one informant, rarely considering differences between parent and self-reports of sibling adjustment. AIMS: This study examined parent-youth reported informant discrepancies in behavioral and emotional functioning, including whether parent and youth reports yielded the same conclusions regarding TD sibling risk status...
July 22, 2017: Research in Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738222/thinking-inside-the-box-spatial-frames-of-reference-for-drawing-in-williams-syndrome-and-typical-development
#13
Kerry D Hudson, Emily K Farran
BACKGROUND: Successfully completing a drawing relies on the ability to accurately impose and manipulate spatial frames of reference for the object that is being drawn and for the drawing space. Typically developing (TD) children use cues such as the page boundary as a frame of reference to guide the orientation of drawn lines. Individuals with Williams syndrome (WS) typically produce incohesive drawings; this is proposed to reflect a local processing bias. AIMS: Across two studies, we provide the first investigation of the effect of using a frame of reference when drawing simple lines and shapes in WS and TD groups (matched for non-verbal ability)...
July 21, 2017: Research in Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738221/self-efficacy-of-physical-education-teachers-in-including-students-with-cerebral-palsy-in-their-classes
#14
Yeshayahu Hutzler, Sharon Barak
Children with cerebral palsy (CP) are often mainstreamed into the general education system, but are likely to be excluded from physical education (PE) classes. A questionnaire was constructed and utilized to measure PE teachers' self-efficacy (SE) toward inclusion of students with CP in each of three mobility categories (independent, using assistive devices, using wheelchair mobility) and the impact of experience and training on teachers' SE. Participants in the study were 121 PE teachers from different parts of Israel (mean age: 41...
July 21, 2017: Research in Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735160/longitudinal-assessment-of-gait-quality-in-children-with-bilateral-cerebral-palsy-following-repeated-lower-limb-intramuscular-botulinum-toxin-a-injections
#15
Felicity A Read, Roslyn N Boyd, Lee A Barber
BACKGROUND: Serial lower limb intramuscular Botulinum toxin-A (BoNT-A) injections are administered to children with bilateral spastic cerebral palsy (BCP) to reduce spasticity, improve walking and functional mobility, and delay the need for orthopaedic surgery. Gait quality is clinically assessed following BoNT-A with 2D video gait assessments (2DVGA) using the Edinburgh Visual Gait Score (EVGS). AIM: To determine the effect of three consecutive treatment cycles of lower limb intramuscular BoNT-A injections on gait quality using the EVGS in children with BCP by retrospectively reviewing repeated 2DVGA measures...
July 20, 2017: Research in Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735159/gender-comparisons-in-children-with-asd-entering-early-intervention
#16
Alexandra M Fulton, Jessica M Paynter, David Trembath
BACKGROUND: Males are diagnosed with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) approximately four times as often as females. This has led to interest in recent years of potential under-diagnosis of females, as well as negative consequences for females with ASD due to under-identification. A number of potential explanations for gender bias in diagnosis are discussed including that females and males may present differently despite showing the same core symptoms. Previous research has shown inconsistent findings in comparisons between genders in young children with ASD for whom early intervention is vital...
July 20, 2017: Research in Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735158/the-criterion-validity-and-intra-rater-reliability-of-the-japanese-version-of-the-functional-mobility-scale-in-children-with-cerebral-palsy
#17
Nobuaki Himuro, Hisato Nishibu, Hirokazu Abe, Mitsuru Mori
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to develop a Japanese version of the Functional Mobility Scale (FMS), and examine the criterion validity and intra-rater reliability of the FMS in Japan. METHODS: The translation of the FMS was performed according to international standards for the translation of measurements. For criterion validity, 111 children with cerebral palsy (mean age; 12year 1mo±3year 7mo; range 5-18) were rated the Japanese version of the FMS and Gross Motor Function Classification System (GMFCS)...
July 20, 2017: Research in Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28692948/parenting-children-with-down-syndrome-an-analysis-of-parenting-styles-parenting-dimensions-and-parental-stress
#18
B Allyson Phillips, Frances Conners, Mary Elizabeth Curtner-Smith
BACKGROUND: Effective parenting is vital for a child's development. Although much work has been conducted on parenting typically developing children, little work has examined parenting children with Down syndrome. AIMS: The purpose of the current study was to compare the parenting styles and dimensions in mothers of children with DS and mothers of TD children. METHODS AND PROCEDURES: Thirty-five mothers of children with DS and 47 mothers of TD children completed questionnaires about parenting, parental stress, child behavior problems, and child executive function...
July 7, 2017: Research in Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28692947/how-services-for-children-with-disabilities-in-serbia-affect-the-quality-of-life-of-their-families
#19
Tamara Dzamonja Ignjatovic, Marko Milanovic, Nevenka Zegarac
BACKGROUND: Families that have children with disabilities face numerous difficulties related to the lack of services support, social isolation and poverty in Serbia. Mostly due to the prolonged effect of social and economic crisis, there are insufficient adequate and diverse community-based services for those families. AIMS: The aim of the study was to examine the effect of newly introduced services on the quality of families' life. METHODS: A pretest/posttest study was conducted at the beginning of service and one year later to evaluate the effect of services measured by Family Quality of Life Scale (Hoffman et al...
July 7, 2017: Research in Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28672178/the-relation-between-social-anxiety-and-biased-interpretations-in-adolescents-with-mild-intellectual-disabilities
#20
Esther O Houtkamp, Mariët J van der Molen, E Leone de Voogd, Elske Salemink, Anke M Klein
BACKGROUND: Cognitive theories of anxiety emphasize the importance of cognitive processes in the onset and maintenance of anxiety disorders. However, little is known about these processes in children and adolescents with Mild Intellectual Disabilities (MID). AIMS: The aim of this study was to investigate interpretation bias and its content-specificity in adolescents with MID who varied in their levels of social anxiety. METHOD AND PROCEDURES: In total, 631 adolescents from seven special secondary schools for MID filled in questionnaires to measure their levels of social anxiety...
June 30, 2017: Research in Developmental Disabilities
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