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Molecular and Cellular Probes

Zili Chen, Yifei Ma, Yaozhen Pan, Haitao Zhu, Chao Yu, Chengyi Sun
Dysregulation of miR-1297 has been detected in various human cancers, and miR-1297 can function as either an oncogene or tumor suppressor. However, the role of miR-1297 in pancreatic adenocarcinoma has not been previously reported. Here, we investigated miR-1297 expression in pancreatic cancer and the role it plays in the development and metastasis of pancreatic adenocarcinoma. In the present study, MiR-1297 and metadherin (MTDH) expression in pancreatic cancer tissue was detected using quantitative real-time PCR (qRT-PCR) and western blot methods...
June 13, 2018: Molecular and Cellular Probes
Ping Guo, Yongxin Yu, Yingjie Pan, Shuling Yan, Yongjie Wang
A pair of nested PCR universal primers (NGIOF and NGIOR) specific for genogroup I (GI) noroviruses was designed based on all GI sequences available in public databases. The primers were evaluated for their specificity, sensitivity and coverage, which demonstrate their reliable performance upon detection of GI noroviruses in oysters.
June 11, 2018: Molecular and Cellular Probes
Marco Ligozzi, Liliana Galia, Maria Carelli, Pier Paolo Piccaluga, Erica Diani, Davide Gibellini
In this study, we describe a duplex real-time PCR assay for the simultaneous detection of KIPyV and WUPyV polyomaviruses based on TaqMan probes. This assay detected 500 copies/mL both for KIPyV and WUPyV in 100% of tested positive samples. We assessed this technique on 482 nasopharyngeal aspirate specimens from hospitalized pediatric patients with respiratory symptoms, previously analyzed with commercial multiplex assay for 16 major respiratory viruses. Our assay detected KIPyV genome in 15 out of 482 samples (3...
June 5, 2018: Molecular and Cellular Probes
Zhihua Ju, Jinming Huang, Qiang Jiang, Changfa Wang, Xiuge Wang, Shuhong Zhao
Bovine mastitis is an inflammation response of the mammary gland tissues caused mainly by pathogenic bacteria in cows. Previous studies showed that bta-miR-15a and bta-miR-16a modulate immunity and inflammation responses. In this study, we investigated the expression pattern and tissue localization of bta-miR-15a and bta-miR-16a. The expression levels of bta-miR-15a and bta-miR-16a were significantly upregulated in mammary tissues and blood neutrophils of mastitis-infected cows, compared with those of healthy cows (P < 0...
May 30, 2018: Molecular and Cellular Probes
Feng Lin, Li Liu, Gui-Jie Hao, Peng-Chen Sheng, Zheng Cao, Yang Zhou, Peng Lv, Ting Xu, Jinyu Shen, KePing Chen
White tail disease (WTD), a major disease prevailing in the larval stage of Macrobrachium rosenbergii, caused by Macrobrachium rosenbergii nodavirus (MrNV) associated with extra small virus (XSV), led to the economic loss of shrimp industry in China. In order to establish a convenient, sensitive and selective molecular diagnostic method to detect MrNV and XSV for the Chinese shrimp (MrNV/XSV-chin), a reverse transcription loop-mediated isothermal amplification (RT-LAMP) assay combined with a lateral flow dipstick (LFD) method were developed...
May 22, 2018: Molecular and Cellular Probes
Zhiqing Huang, Jianwei Zheng, Chunmei Shi, Qiang Chen
Coupling propidium monoazide (PMA) with quantitative PCR (PMA-qPCR) has been successfully applied to specific detection and quantification of viable cells in various samples. The optimal PMA treatment condition is usually determined through qPCR. However, it is a tedious, time consuming and costly process including DNA extraction and qPCR. To overcome this problem, a flow cytometry-based (FCM-based) method was first proposed in this study to replace qPCR for screening of the optimal PMA treatment condition for Helicobacter pylori, since the pure culture treated with PMA was actually a single cell suspension with fluorescent dye...
May 22, 2018: Molecular and Cellular Probes
Libing Liu, Jianchang Wang, Yunyun Geng, Jinfeng Wang, Ruiwen Li, Ruihan Shi, Wanzhe Yuan
A visible and equipment-free recombinase polymerase amplification assay combined with a lateral flow strip (LFS RPA) was developed to detect canine parvovirus type 2 (CPV-2), which is the etiological agent of canine parvovirus disease. The CPV-2 LFS RPA assay was developed based on the VP2 gene and is performed in a closed fist using body heat for 15 min; the products are visible to the naked eye on the LFS within 5 min. The assay could detect CPV-2a, CPV-2b and CPV-2c, and there was no cross-reaction with the other viruses tested...
June 2018: Molecular and Cellular Probes
Chunhe Wan, Longfei Cheng, Guanghua Fu, Cuiteng Chen, Rongchang Liu, Shaohua Shi, Hongmei Chen, Qiuling Fu, Yu Huang
Due to low doses of infection, an efficient and sensitive virus detection method is necessary to detect low amounts of goose hemorrhagic polyomavirus (GHPV). In this study, we have developed a TaqMan real-time PCR (qPCR) specific assay for the detection of GHPV. Specificity assay showed no cross-reactions with other common waterfowl viruses. The standard curve had a linear correlation of 0.997 and efficiency of 99% between the cycle threshold value and the logarithm of the plasmids copy number. The possible lowest detectable concentration was 35...
June 2018: Molecular and Cellular Probes
Yueshuang Ke, Ke Wang, Hui Xu, Chenxin Wang, Jing Zhang, Xianlu Zeng, Ruoxi Wang, Istvan Boldogh, Xueqing Ba
Poly (ADP-ribose) polymerase 1 (PARP1) is a DNA damage sensor that catalyzes the poly (ADP-ribose) (PAR) onto a variety of target proteins, such as histones, DSB repair factors and PARP1 itself under consumption of NAD+ . Besides, PARP1 can affect a variety of proteins in noncovalent modification manner to carry out specific cellular functions. Here, we established a method to generate non-radiolabeled free PAR by PARG moderately cleaving PAR from autoPARylated PARP1, and utilized dot-blot assay to determine the interaction between free PAR and interested proteins...
June 2018: Molecular and Cellular Probes
Chunhe Wan, Cuiteng Chen, Longfei Cheng, Guanghua Fu, Shaohua Shi, Qiuling Fu, Rongchang Liu, Hongmei Chen, Yu Huang
Pigeon torque teno virus (PTTV), a recently discovered circular DNA virus. Here, we developed a TaqMan-based real-time PCR for rapid and specific detection of PTTV infections with sensitivity up to 49.3 copies/μl. Positive signals can be observed by the assay in pigeon embryonated eggs, which indicted that PTTV can be transmitted vertically. Our findings play important implications for a better understanding the transmission of torque teno virus in pigeons.
June 2018: Molecular and Cellular Probes
Jie Yang, Yi Chen, Zhi Yu, Hui Ding, Zhongfu Ma
Long-term exposure to traffic-related pollutants can lead to a variety of respiratory diseases, including inflammation, asthma, and lung cancer; however, the underlying biological mechanisms are not fully understood. We focused on the effects of exposure to different air pollutants on the expression of genes associated with inflammatory immune responses, allergic reactions and asthma, and lung cancer. In order to understand the cellular responses induced by exposure to different traffic-related pollutants, we performed PCR array to evaluate the mRNA expression of genes associated with inflammatory immune responses, allergic reactions and asthma, and lung cancer in the lungs of mice exposed to three different environments, including the laboratory (clean air), and polluted parking garages in Foshan and Guangzhou for four weeks...
June 2018: Molecular and Cellular Probes
Waqar Islam
Efficient plant genome editing is dependent upon induction of double stranded DNA breaks (DSBs) through site specified nucleases. These DSBs initiate the process of DNA repair which can either base upon homologous recombination (HR) or non-homologous end jointing (NHEJ). Recently, CRISPR-Cas9 mechanism got highlighted as revolutionizing genetic tool due to its simpler frame work along with the broad range of adaptability and applications. So, in this review, I have tried to sum up the application of this biotechnological tool in plant genome editing...
June 2018: Molecular and Cellular Probes
Junying Sun, Gali Bingga, Zhicheng Liu, Chunhong Zhang, Haiyan Shen, Pengju Guo, Jianfeng Zhang
Differentiation of classical strains and highly pathogenic strains of porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus is crucial for effective vaccination programs and epidemiological studies. We used nested PCR and high resolution melting curve analysis with unlabeled probe to distinguish between the classical and the highly pathogenic strains of this virus. Two sets of primers and a 20 bp unlabeled probe were designed from the NSP3 gene. The unlabeled probe included two mutations specific for the classical and highly pathogenic strains of the virus...
June 2018: Molecular and Cellular Probes
Murugan Rajalaxmi, Rajamohamed Beema Shafreen, Karuppiah Chithiraiselvi, Shunmugiah Karutha Pandian
This study aimed to determine the antibiofilm activity of seawater microbes against Vibrio cholerae (VCO1) through functional metagenomics approach. A metagenomic library was constructed from Palk Bay seawater and the library was screened to identify the biofilm inhibitory metaclone. Metaclone SWMC166 (harbouring ∼30 kb metagenomic insert) was found to exhibit antibiofilm activity against VCO1. The biofilm inhibitory potential of partially purified ethyl acetate extract of SWMC166 (EA166) was further evaluated through microscopic studies and biochemical assays...
June 2018: Molecular and Cellular Probes
Wen Shi, Yuting Wang, Xuanyu Ren, Shuai Gao, Xiaojing Hua, Mengting Guo, Lijie Tang, Yigang Xu, Tong Ren, Yijing Li, Min Liu
Salmonid alphaviruses (SAVs), which include the etiological agents of salmon pancreas disease (PD) and sleeping disease (SD), are significant viral pathogens of European salmonid aquaculture, resulting in substantial economic losses to the salmonid-farming industry. Even though many countries including China have not reported the presence of SAV infections, these countries may be seriously threatened by these diseases as the salmon fish import trade increases. Thus, it is indeed necessary to develop efficient detection methods for the diagnosis and prevention of SAV infection...
June 2018: Molecular and Cellular Probes
Maria Cryskely Agra Batinga, Julia Teresa Ribeiro de Lima, Fabio Gregori, Jaqueline Assumpção Diniz, Kerstin Muner, Trícia M F S Oliveira, Helena Lage Ferreira, Rodrigo Martins Soares, Lara Borges Keid
Canine brucellosis is caused by Brucella canis, a gram negative and facultative intracellular bacterium that is commonly associated with reproductive failures in dogs. The accurate diagnosis of the infection relies on the use of serological tests associated with blood culturing to guarantee sensitivity. The polymerase chain reaction (PCR) can replace the culturing procedure for the direct diagnosis of the infection because of its speed, high specificity and sensitivity values; however, it depends on some laboratory infrastructure to be conducted...
June 2018: Molecular and Cellular Probes
Mohammad Ridhuan Mohd Ali, Amira Wahida Mohd Safee, Nor Hayati Ismail, Roslinda Abu Sapian, Hani Mat Hussin, Nabilah Ismail, Chan Yean Yean
BACKGROUND: Early diagnosis of leptospirosis is important for ensuring better clinical management and achieving better outcomes. Currently, serological assays suffer from inconsistent performance and are less useful for early diagnosis of leptospirosis. As an alternative, qPCR is more sensitive, specific and able to detect the presence of leptospiral DNA during the acute phase of the infection. Meanwhile, most molecular assays do not detect the non-pathogenic group of Leptospira, even though these groups may also infect humans, although less frequently and less severely...
April 2018: Molecular and Cellular Probes
Yaru Sun, Yuening Cheng, Peng Lin, Li Yi, Mingwei Tong, Zhigang Cao, Gaili Wang, Shuang Li, Shipeng Cheng, Wanzhe Yuan, Jianke Wang
Canine parvovirus (CPV) is an important pathogen in domestic dogs, and the original antigenic types CPV-2 and its variants, CPV-2a, 2b and 2c, are prevalent worldwide. A multiplex TaqMan real-time PCR method was developed for the detection and differentiation of four antigenic types of CPV. A set of primers and probes, CPV-305F/CPV-305R and CPV-2-305P (for CPV-2)/CPV-2a-305P (for CPV-2a, 2b and 2c), was able to differentiate CPV-2 and its variants (CPV-2a, 2b and 2c). Another set of primers and probes, CPV-426F/CPV-426R and CPV-2-426P (for CPV-2 and 2a)/CPV-2b-426P (for CPV-2b)/CPV-2c-426P (for CPV-2c), was able to differentiate CPV-2a (2), CPV-2b, and CPV-2c...
April 2018: Molecular and Cellular Probes
Hongmei Zhang, Kuiyu Wang, Shengjun Bu, Zhongyi Li, Chuanjing Ju, Jiayu Wan
Accurate and quantitative analysis of microRNA (miRNA) expression is critical for the diagnostics and theranostics of a disease. Herein, a proof-of-concept of a colorimetric horseradish peroxidase-mimicking DNAzyme (HRP-DNAzyme) biosensor for miRNA assay based on nuclease-assisted catalytic hairpin assembly (CHA) signal amplification was demonstrated. Duplex-specific nuclease (DSN) was employed to cleave the single-stranded DNA (ssDNA) chimeric probe (CP) on the magnetic bead (MB) surface via hybridization of the CP and target miRNA...
April 2018: Molecular and Cellular Probes
Xiaolong Zhou, Wentao Wang, Chengtao Du, Feifei Yan, Songbai Yang, Ke He, Han Wang, Ayong Zhao
OGG1 is the first enzyme in the base excision repair pathway (BER) responsible for repairing 8-oxoguanine DNA lesions. Recent studies found that OGG1 may also be involved in epigenetic regulation. In this study, we focused on the roles of OGG1 in histone modification. First, to study the effects of OGG1 on histone modification, the protein levels of symmetric dimethylation of histone H4 arginine-3 (H4R3me2s) were determined by western blot analysis following the knockdown or overexpression of OGG1. Second, the molecular mechanisms by which OGG1 regulates H4R3me2s were assessed by co-immunoprecipitation (CO-IP) assays in mouse embryonic fibroblast (MEF) wild-type (WT) and Ogg-/- cells...
April 2018: Molecular and Cellular Probes
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