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Journal of Pediatric Health Care

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27916339/a-pregnant-teen-living-in-an-area-with-active-zika-virus-transmission
#1
Jane Cox
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 1, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27890530/provider-perspectives-on-adding-biomarker-screening-for-tobacco-smoke-exposure-to-lead-screening-at-well-child-visits
#2
Winta Ghidei, Gail Brottman, Eline Lenne, Tukhanh Quan, Anne Joseph
INTRODUCTION: Measurement of cotinine, a biomarker of tobacco smoke exposure, can accurately identify children at risk of health consequences from secondhand smoke. This study reports perspectives from pediatric health care providers on incorporating routine cotinine screening into well-child visits. METHODS: Key informant interviews (N = 28) were conducted with pediatric primary care providers: physicians, nurse practitioners, and registered nurses. RESULTS: Themes identified in the interviews included the following: (a) Cotinine screening would assess children's exposure to tobacco smoke more reliably than parental report; (b) Addressing positive cotinine screening results might require additional resources; (c) Wheezing and a history of emergency department visits increased the salience of cotinine screening; and (d) A better understanding of the significance of specific cotinine test values would improve utility...
November 24, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27843015/disordered-eating-behaviors-in-emerging-adults-with-type-1-diabetes-a-common-problem-for-both-men-and-women
#3
Elizabeth A Doyle, Sheila M Quinn, Jodie M Ambrosino, Kate Weyman, William V Tamborlane, Ania M Jastreboff
INTRODUCTION: Emerging adults (EA) with disordered eating behaviors (DEBs) and Type 1 diabetes (T1D) are at increased risk for severe complications of T1D, and these behaviors have been reported in EA women with T1D. Few studies, though, have included men. This study assessed the prevalence of DEB in both EA men and women with T1D. METHODS: DEB was measured with the diabetes-specific Diabetes Eating Problem Survey-Revised (DEPS-R); scores of 20 or greater indicate need for further evaluation for DEB...
November 11, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27839633/relationship-between-meal-plan-dietary-intake-body-mass-index-and-appetitive-responsiveness-in-college-students
#4
Robyn Gonzales, Jennifer S Laurent, Rachel K Johnson
INTRODUCTION: One third of the approximately 23,000 undergraduates in the United States are overweight or obese. College students appear to be more vulnerable to disproportionate weight gain during this time. METHOD: Cross-sectional. Diet, body mass index, and appetitive responsiveness were assessed in 80 undergraduates enrolled in three different meal plans, unlimited access, points, and none. RESULTS: Appetitive responsiveness was positively correlated with fat (r = 0...
November 7, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27839632/advocating-for-childcare-employee-single-dose-tdap-vaccination-to-combat-infant-pertussis
#5
Jeanette L H Parker, Ruth S Conner
Incidence rates of pertussis have been higher over the past 5 years than at any time since the first pertussis vaccine became widely available, with infants younger than 12 months old being particularly vulnerable. Once infected, infants may experience severe respiratory symptoms and incur high rates of hospitalization, and they account for the vast majority of pertussis-related deaths each year. With the diminished effectiveness of herd immunity, experts increasingly rely on cocooning to protect at-risk populations against infectious diseases such as pertussis...
November 7, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27816254/closing-in-on-crisis-informing-clinical-practice-regarding-nonsuicidal-self-injury-in-youth
#6
Cara C Young, Amanda J Simonton, Stephanie Key, Amanda N Barczyk, Karla A Lawson
Nonsuicidal self-injury (NSSI) in youth is a major public health concern. A retrospective chart review was conducted within a hospital system to examine (a) youth self-reports of reasons for engaging in NSSI and (b) additional contextual circumstances that may contribute to youth NSSI. Detailed history, physical examination, and treatment/discharge data were extracted by thoroughly reviewing all electronic documents in each medical record. The final sample (N = 135) were predominantly female (71.1%), and well over half (63...
November 2, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27776916/acute-rheumatic-fever-global-persistence-of-a-preventable-disease
#7
Francine Bono-Neri
The persistence of acute rheumatic fever continues to be seen globally. Once thought to be eradicated in various parts of the world, the disease came back with a vengeance secondary to a lack of diligence on the part of providers. Today, the global burden of group A streptococcal infection, the culprit of the numerous sequelae manifested in acute rheumatic fever, is considerable. Although a completely preventable disease, rheumatic fever continues to exist. It is a devastating disease that involves long-term, multisystem treatment and monitoring for patients who were unsuccessful at eradicating the precipitating group A streptococcal infection...
October 21, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27773349/the-effect-of-a-youth-centered-sexual-risk-event-history-calendar-srehc-assessment-on-sexual-risk-attitudes-intentions-and-behavior
#8
Michelle L Munro-Kramer, Nicole M Fava, Tanima Banerjee, Cynthia S Darling-Fisher, Michelle Pardee, Antonia M Villarruel, Kristy K Martyn
INTRODUCTION: The purpose of this study was to examine the effect of a youth-centered assessment, the Sexual Risk Event History Calendar (SREHC), compared with the Guidelines for Adolescent Preventive Services (GAPS) assessment, on sexual risk attitudes, intentions, and behaviors. METHODS: The Interaction Model of Client Health Behavior guided this participatory research-based randomized control trial. Youth participants recruited from university and community clinics in the Midwestern United States were randomized to a health care provider visit using either the SREHC or GAPS and completed surveys at baseline, postintervention, and 3, 6, and 12 months...
October 20, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27771045/evaluation-of-a-self-instructional-cpr-program-for-parents-with-children-enrolled-in-community-swim-lessons
#9
Rachel McCarrison, Dianxu Ren, Gail Ratliff Woomer, Brenda Cassidy
INTRODUCTION: This project evaluated an evidence-based self-instructional program aimed at improving cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) knowledge and confidence in parents with children in swim lessons. METHOD: A prospective, repeated-measures design evaluated the CPR Anytime Child program. Twenty-nine parents completed questionnaires before, immediately after, and 1 month after the program. RESULTS: Knowledge and confidence scores improved significantly over time...
October 19, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27745978/maternal-attitudes-normative-beliefs-and-subjective-norms-of-mothers-of-2-and-3-year-old-children
#10
Angela A Northrup, Arlene Smaldone
INTRODUCTION: This exploratory study examined maternal attitudes, normative beliefs, subjective norms, and meal selection behaviors of mothers of 2- and 3-year-old children. METHODS: Guided by the Theory of Reasoned Action, we had mothers complete three surveys, two interviews, and a feeding simulation exercise. Data were analyzed using descriptive and bivariate statistics and multivariate linear regression. RESULTS: A total of 31 mothers (50% Latino, 34% Black, 46...
October 13, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27743908/predictors-of-short-and-long-term-attrition-from-the-parents-as-agents-of-change-randomized-controlled-trial-for-managing-pediatric-obesity
#11
Nicholas D Spence, Amanda S Newton, Rachel A Keaschuk, Kathryn A Ambler, Mary M Jetha, Nicholas L Holt, Rhonda J Rosychuk, John C Spence, Arya M Sharma, Geoff D C Ball
INTRODUCTION: Attrition in pediatric weight management is a substantial problem. This study examined factors associated with short- and long-term attrition from a lifestyle and behavioral intervention for parents of children with overweight or obesity. METHOD: Fifty-two families with children ages 6 to 12 years old and body mass index at or above the 85th percentile participated in a randomized controlled trial focused on parents, comparing parent-based cognitive behavioral therapy with parent-based psychoeducation for pediatric weight management...
October 12, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27743907/parental-reflections-on-the-diagnostic-process-for-duchenne-muscular-dystrophy-a-qualitative-study
#12
Roxanna M Bendixen, Amy Houtrow
PURPOSE: Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD) is a rare neuromuscular disease with no known cure. We sought to update over 30 years of research reporting on the diagnostic delays in DMD. METHODS: Through personal interviews, this study qualitatively explored parents' experiences regarding receipt of the DMD diagnosis and the guidance for care provided. Thematic analysis identified themes and provided answers to the research questions being addressed. RESULTS: Four themes emerged: (a) Dismissive illustrates little consideration of parent concern in the diagnostic process; (b) Limited Knowledge describes misunderstandings about clinical signs, recommended screenings, and testing to achieve a diagnosis of DMD; (c) Careless Delivery reports on the manner in which the diagnosis was given; and (d) Lack of Guidance describes the follow-up that occurred after the diagnosis...
October 12, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27742481/management-of-a-16-year-old-with-axillary-lymphadenopathy-the-cat-s-in-the-bag
#13
Paige Johnson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 11, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27692972/implementation-of-a-diabetes-transition-of-care-program
#14
Jeanne M Little, Janice A Odiaga, Carla Z Minutti
For adolescents with diabetes, ineffective health care transition to adult health services may result in suboptimal adherence to medical supervision, leading to poor glycemic control, increased diabetes complications, and hospitalization. Despite national recommendations, few youth receive the needed preparation to transition to adult health services. A data transition registry was created at a large Midwest urban academic medical center to identify patients 14 years and older with Type 1 diabetes. Thirty-nine patients with Type 1 diabetes were identified, and 33 were eligible to begin transition planning...
September 29, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27692507/environmental-tobacco-smoke-public-perception-of-risks-of-exposing-children-to-second-and-third-hand-tobacco-smoke
#15
Christopher Roberts, Grace Wagler, Michele M Carr
INTRODUCTION: Extensive evidence exists regarding health risks posed by children's exposure to second-hand smoke, and there is increasing evidence concerning the risks of third-hand smoke. This evidence is most meaningful if the public is aware of these risks and can help curb childhood exposure. METHODS: Participants were selected at an academic medical center and asked to complete a survey. Responses were compared based on respondents' smoking status and the presence or absence of children in their homes...
September 27, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27692506/development-of-the-24-7-nurse-practitioner-model-on-the-inpatient-pediatric-general-surgery-service-at-a-large-tertiary-care-children-s-hospital-and-associated-outcomes
#16
Marketa Rejtar, Lee Ranstrom, Christina Allcox
Nurse practitioners (NPs) have been providing high-quality and safe patient care for a few decades, and evidence showing the extent of their impact is emerging. This article describes the implementation of a 24/7 NP patient care model on an inpatient pediatric general surgery service in a tertiary free-standing Children's Hospital in the Northeastern United States. The literature shows that there is limited evidence regarding NP models of care and their effect on patient outcomes. In response to policy changes leading to reduction of resident work hours and a more acute and complex inpatient pediatric general surgery patient population, our existing NP model evolved into a 24/7 NP Model in June 2011...
September 27, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27692505/reflections-on-incorporating-a-behavioral-intervention-into-a-busy-pediatric-subspecialty-clinic
#17
Sarah L Tsai, Mark A Clements, Timothy R Apodaca
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 27, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27692504/association-of-healthy-home-environments-and-use-of-patient-centered-medical-homes-by-children-of-low-income-families
#18
Xin Hu, Victoria L Phillips, Laura M Gaydos, Peter Joski
INTRODUCTION: Medicaid agencies have been promoting the patient-centered medical home (PCMH) model. Most caregivers choose physician practices for their children, and we hypothesized that those following healthier childrearing practices are more likely to seek care in a PCMH. METHOD: We selected children with public insurance plans (n = 20,801) from the 2011-2012 National Survey of Children's Health. We used generalized ordinal logistic regression with state fixed effects to assess the association between home environments and children's use of PCMHs...
September 27, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27765202/a-comprehensive-plan-to-prevent-bullying
#19
Martha K Swartz
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2016: Journal of Pediatric Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27666505/opioid-addiction-in-adolescents-a-background-and-policy-brief
#20
Adam Wenner, Kristin Hittle Gigli
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2016: Journal of Pediatric Health Care
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